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1.
Acta ortop. bras ; 32(spe1): e277229, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556718

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the epidemiological profile of patients treated at a philanthropic hospital specialized in Orthopedics and Traumatology, located in a significant urban center, and evaluate the efficacy of initial empirical antibiotic treatment. Methods: Patients diagnosed with hand infections from September 2020 to September 2022 were included, excluding cases related to open fractures or post-surgical infections and those with incomplete medical records. The chi-square test was performed using STATISTICA ® software to correlate various variables. Results: A total of 34 patients participated, including 24 men and 10 women, with an average age of 41.9 years. Most male patients had Diabetes Mellitus, HIV, and drug addiction, and they resided in urban areas. Half of the patients did not report any apparent trauma. The most common infectious agent was Staphylococcus aureus*. Nearly 62% of patients required a change in the initial antibiotic regimen, with Penicillin being the most frequently substituted medication. Beta-lactam antibiotics and Quinolones were the most effective. Conclusion: These results suggest the importance of carefully evaluating the epidemiological profile of patients with acute hand infections and improving initial empirical treatment to ensure appropriate and effective therapy. Level of Evidence IV, Cross-Sectional Observational Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes atendidos em um hospital filantrópico referência em Ortopedia e Traumatologia localizado em um centro urbano importante, e avaliar a eficácia do tratamento antibiótico empírico inicial. Métodos: Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico de infecção na mão, atendidos no período de setembro de 2020 a setembro de 2022, excluindo-se casos relacionados a fraturas expostas ou pós-cirúrgicas e aqueles com prontuários incompletos. Realizou-se o teste do qui-quadrado, utilizando o software STATISTICA ® para correlacionar diversas variáveis. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 34 pacientes, sendo 24 homens e 10 mulheres, com média de idade de 41,9 anos. A maioria era de homens, com alta incidência de diabetes mellitus, HIV e drogadição, que residiam em áreas livres. Metade não relatou trauma evidente. O agente infeccioso mais comum foi o Staphylococcus aureus. Aproximadamente 62% dos pacientes precisaram de troca do esquema inicial de antibióticos, sendo a penicilina o medicamento mais frequentemente substituído. Os antibióticos beta-lactâmicos e quinolonas foram os mais eficientes. Conclusão: Esses resultados sugerem a importância de avaliar cuidadosamente o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes com infecções agudas na mão e aprimorar o tratamento empírico inicial para garantir uma terapia adequada e eficaz. Nível de Evidência IV, Estudo Observacional Transversal.

2.
Clinics ; 79: 100342, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557594

ABSTRACT

Abstract The authors conducted a prospective observational study to investigate the prognostic value of high-sensitivity Troponin I (hs-TnI) in the short- and long-term periods after orthopedic surgery, including Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty (THA and TKA, respectively), in a tertiary orthopedic center in Brazil. Perioperative Myocardial Injury (PMI) was defined as an absolute increase in hs-TnI of ≥ 26 ng/L above preoperative values. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality assessed at 30 days and 18 months after surgery. The secondary endpoint consisted of a composite outcome: cardiovascular death, acute myocardial infarction, angina requiring revascularization, and/or stroke. The authors compared Relative Risks (RR) of all-cause mortality and composite outcomes in patients with or without PMI at 30 days and 18 months. A Cox proportional hazards model for long-term outcomes was calculated and adjusted for age > 70 years, gender, and Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) class ≥ 2. PMI occurred in 3.4 % of all surgeries. At 30-days, 6.6 % of patients with PMI had died versus none without PMI. At 18 months, 20.0 % of PMI versus 4.7 % without PMI had died (RR = 5.0; 95 % Confidence Interval [95 % CI 1.3-19.3]). Based on composite outcomes in short and long-term periods, the RRs were 16.2 (95 % CI 2.7-96.5) and 7.7 (95 % CI 2.2-26.6), respectively. PMI was associated with all-cause mortality after 18 months and increased risk for a composite outcome (Hazard Ratio [HR = 3.97], 95 % CI 1.13-13.89 and HR = 5.80, 95 % CI 1.93-17.45, respectively). Patients with PMI who underwent THA or TKA presented worse short- and long-term prognoses compared to those without PMI.

3.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 48(2): e038, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559435

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: Bons programas de residência médica (PRM) devem investir na estruturação e no desenvolvimento contínuo dos serviços de assistência no contexto da rede de saúde, na organização da estrutura de apoio às atividades didáticas e assistenciais, e na remuneração e capacitação contínua de preceptores e coordenadores. Objetivo: Este estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo buscou caracterizar o perfil dos egressos do Programa de Residência Médica em Ortopedia e Traumatologia (PRMOT) do HCFMRP-USP e coletar dados sobre as características do programa que orientem ações de aperfeiçoamento na metodologia de ensino. Método: Participaram do estudo egressos do PRMOT ou que concluíram os programas de complementação especializada e residência médica em cirurgia da mão entre 1964 e 2020. Resultado: Foi encaminhado um questionário a 302 indivíduos (73,6% do total de egressos), obtendo 214 respostas (70,8% dos indivíduos contatados ou 52,2% do total de egressos). Indivíduos do sexo masculino correspondem a 92,5% dos egressos, e 71,9% residem no estado de São Paulo. As duas subespecialidades mais cursadas foram cirurgia do joelho e da mão. A pós-graduação stricto sensu fez parte da formação acadêmica de 40,6% dos egressos, dos quais 60,7% trabalharam com ensino médico. Dos egressos, 71% atuam na subespecialidade escolhida. Na avaliação do ensino do PRMOT e do grau de satisfação profissional, os aspectos que se destacaram positivamente foram: capacitação para atendimento em níveis terciário e secundário, número de atendimentos, variabilidade dos casos e preparo para o mercado de trabalho. Os aspectos que se destacaram negativamente foram: remuneração mensal, carga horária de aulas teóricas e realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos. Conclusão: O estudo conseguiu traçar o perfil do egresso e determinar os pontos fortes e as oportunidades de melhoria do PRMOT do HCFMRP-USP.


Abstract Introduction: Good Medical Residency Programs (PRM) must invest in the structuring and continuous development of care services in the health network setting; in the organization of the support structure for teaching and care activities and in the remuneration and continuous training of preceptors and coordinators. Objective: This study is an observational, cross-sectional, and descriptive investigation aimed at providing an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of individuals who have successfully completed the medical residency program in Orthopedics and Traumatology (MRPOT) at the Clinic Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. Additionally, the study seeks to gather comprehensive data regarding the features of the educational program in order to offer insights for potential enhancements. The study encompassed a total of 418 participants who completed their training between 1964 and 2020. Methods: This group includes physicians who not only graduated from the MRPOT but also those who completed supplementary specialized programs and medical residencies in hand surgery, all within the same department. Data were systematically collected through an electronic questionnaire. Results: Among the participants, 302 graduates (73.6% of the total cohort) were identified, and responses were obtained from 214 individuals, which corresponds to 70.8% of the reached contacts or 52.2% of the entire graduate pool. The predominant demographic of the sample is male, with 198 respondents (92.5%), most of whom reside in the state of São Paulo (154 individuals, 71.9%). A significant portion of the participants, 184 (86%), pursued further specialized training or embarked on additional medical residencies within the field. The most prevalent subspecialties within this group are Knee Surgery, accounting for 63 individuals (34.2%), and Hand Surgery, comprising 49 individuals (26.6%). Postgraduate education played a role in the academic training of 87 respondents (40.6%). Research activities primarily took place within public universities (81%) and were carried out by 79 graduates (36.9%). A substantial proportion, 130 individuals (60.7%), had prior experience in medical education, either as preceptors or professors for both undergraduate and medical residency levels. The majority of participants, 152 individuals (71%), currently practice within their respective subspecialties. However, a considerable number of graduates also engage in traumatology (34.1%) and general orthopedics (31.8%). The evaluation of the educational framework of the program and the level of professional satisfaction revealed notable aspects that received positive assessments from the respondents. These included the diversity and volume of cases, training tailored for tertiary and secondary care, and preparation for the professional sphere. On the other hand, concerns were raised regarding the adequacy of monthly remuneration, the scarcity of theoretical instruction, and the limited exposure to surgical training. These specific areas garnered lower scores both in the objective metrics and subjective feedback. Conclusion: This study effectively delineated the characteristics of MRPOT graduates and identified the program's key strengths. Simultaneously, it highlights areas that have drawn criticism and warrant attention.

4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 59(1): 119-124, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559597

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To quantify the use of social media platforms by orthopedic traumatologists with an emphasis on demographic, practice-based, and regional differences. Materials and Methods: Using the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) membership database, online searches were performed to identify professional profiles on numerous social media platforms. This presence was then quantified by a cumulative social media score which was correlated to the demographic information collected. Results: In total, 1,262 active fellowship-trained orthopedic traumatologists were identified. Surgeons practicing in an academic setting were found to be more likely to use numerous social media platforms and to present an overall greater social media score than those in private practices. No significant differences in use were found based on practice region. Conclusion: Social media platforms are currently underused by orthopedic traumatologists. Level of Evidence: IV.


Resumo Objetivo: Quantificar o uso de plataformas de rede social por traumato-ortopedistas, com ênfase nas diferenças demográficas, regionais e de tipo de prática clínica. Materiais e Métodos: Utilizando o banco de dados de membros da Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA), foram realizadas pesquisas on-line para identificar perfis de profissionais em diversas plataformas de rede social. Esta presença foi quantificada por uma pontuação cumulativa de redes sociais, que foi correlacionada com as informações demográficas coletadas. Resultados: Foram identificados 1.262 profissionais com treinamento especializado em trauma ortopédico. Observou-se que os cirurgiões que atuam em ambiente acadêmico têm maior probabilidade de usar diversas plataformas de rede social e apresentam pontuação geral maior em redes sociais do que aqueles que atuam em consultório particular. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas quanto ao uso de redes sociais com base na região de atuação. Conclusão: Atualmente, as plataformas de rede social são subutilizadas pelos traumato-ortopedistas. Nível de Evidência: IV.

5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 59(1): 107-118, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559606

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The present study compared the difference in load and pressure distribution behavior of the blade plate and locked plate for varus osteotomy of the proximal femur per the finite element method. Methods: Modeling was performed by scanning a medium-sized left femur with medial valgus deformity made of polyurethane. Results: The stiffness of the locked plate is higher compared with that of the blade plate. However, this difference was not significant. In addition, the locked plate has proximal locking screws to ensure that the bending moments on the screws are smaller during loading. Conclusion: In summary, both plates are well-established and effective. However, the study using the finite element method plays a fundamental role in understanding the load and pressure distribution of the implant. Moreover, it opens up new possibilities for further studies, including surgical proposals and customized implant materials.


Resumo Objetivo: Testar a diferença do comportamento de distribuição de cargas e pressões da placa lâmina comparativamente com a placa bloqueada para osteotomia varizante do fêmur proximal através do método de elementos finitos. Métodos: A modelagem foi realizada através do escaneamento de um fêmur esquerdo com deformidade medial em valgo fabricado em poliuretano de tamanho médio. Resultados: Como resultados, pode-se inferir que a rigidez da placa bloqueada é maior do que a da placa lâmina. No entanto, essa diferença não foi significativa e, além disso, a placa bloqueada possui parafusos de travamento proximal para garantir que os momentos de flexão que agem nos parafusos sejam ainda menores durante o carregamento. Conclusão: Em síntese, ambos os materiais são consagrados e eficazes para serem utilizados, porém o estudo pelo método de elementos finitos apresenta papel importante para compreendermos a situação de distribuição de cargas e pressões do implante e abre novas possibilidades para novos estudos, como, por exemplo, o estudo da proposta cirúrgica e materiais a serem implantados de forma individual e personalizada.

6.
Acta ortop. bras ; 32(1): e277177, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is the idiopathic osteonecrosis of the capital femoral epiphysis in children. It is a self-healing condition, and the morphology of the hip may vary according to the severity of the disease, among several other factors. The treatment focuses on attempts to prevent femoral head collapse, obtain functional hip motion recovery, and reduce pain. Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) of the femoral head has been reported in 2% to 7% of patients diagnosed with healed LCPD. Although OCD may remain asymptomatic, the osteochondral fragment has the potential to become unstable, evolving into symptoms of pain, locking, catching, and snapping. Case report: We present a case report of a ten-year-old boy with an OCD lesion following LCPD who underwent effective osteochondral fixation through the surgical hip dislocation approach. The patient evolved to excellent functional recovery at 1 year post-operatively. Discussion: The surgical hip dislocation approach allows anatomical fixation of the OCD fragment, as well as improvement of hip biomechanics, decreasing pain, improving range of motion and joint congruency, and preserving the native articular cartilage. It also gives the surgeon the opportunity to assess hip stability, femoroacetabular impingement and labral tears, allowing a wide variety of options for the treatment of the healed LCPD. Level of Evidence IV; Type of study Case Report.


RESUMO Introdução: A Doença de Legg-Calvé-Perthes (DLCP) é a osteonecrose idiopática da epífise femoral proximal em crianças. É uma condição auto resolutiva, porém a morfologia final do quadril pode variar de acordo com a gravidade da doença. O tratamento concentra-se na tentativa de prevenir o colapso da cabeça femoral, obtendo recuperação funcional do movimento do quadril e redução da dor. A osteocondrite dissecante (OCD) da cabeça femoral foi relatada em 2% a 7% dos pacientes diagnosticados com DLCP já curada. Embora a OCD possa permanecer assintomática, o fragmento osteocondral tem potencial para se tornar instável, evoluindo para sintomas de dor, bloqueio, impacto e estalido. Relato de caso: Apresentamos o relato de caso de um menino de 10 anos com OCD da cabeça femoral após DLCP, submetido à fixação osteocondral do fragmento por meio da abordagem cirúrgica de luxação do quadril. O paciente evoluiu com excelente recuperação funcional 1 ano após a cirurgia. Discussão: A abordagem cirúrgica da luxação do quadril permite a fixação anatômica do fragmento da OCD, bem como a melhora da biomecânica do quadril, diminuindo a dor, melhorando a amplitude de movimento e a congruência articular e preservando a cartilagem articular nativa. Também dá ao cirurgião a oportunidade de avaliar a estabilidade do quadril, impacto femoroacetabular e lesões labrais, permitindo uma ampla variedade de opções para o tratamento das sequelas da DLCP. Nível de evidência IV; tipo de estudo Relato de Casos.

7.
Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 40-43, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007137

ABSTRACT

Objective: General practitioners in rural clinics are required to deal with musculoskeletal problems, but they often lack the confidence. We aim to confirm changes in their confidence in orthopedic practices after using tele-education.Materials and Methods: We conducted tele-education in orthopedic practices from June 1, 2022, to November 30, 2022. Using a teleconference system, the first author, an orthopedic specialist, provided tele-education training to an independent general practitioner in a rural clinic. We adopted a 7-point Likert scale to assess the general practitioner’s confidence levels. In pre- and post-research, the counts and confidence levels in the scale were assessed for 18 types of orthopedic practices each month. Furthermore, we interviewed the general practitioner to examine the factors influencing their confidence.Results: The confidence levels increased for all measurement items. The most experienced orthopedic practice was “Advising on daily care for musculoskeletal problems”, with confidence levels increasing from 3 to 6. The least experienced orthopedic practice was “Manipulative reduction of radial head subluxation”, with confidence levels increasing from 4 to 5. The factors that influenced the change in confidence levels were regular feedback and unrestricted availability of consultations.Conclusion: Tele-education in orthopedics may enhance general practitioners’ confidence in orthopedic practices.

8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536342

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome del túnel carpiano es una de las causas más frecuentes de dolor crónico, su mayor incidencia está entre la quinta y sexta década de la vida; en Colombia tiene una alta incidencia, llegando al 14 por ciento especialmente en cierto grupo de trabajadores. El abordaje terapéutico incluye tratamiento médico y quirúrgico; en la actualidad ha sido ampliamente discutida la elección entre método endoscópico y cirugía abierta como primera línea de tratamiento. Objetivo: Desarrollar una revisión acerca de los aspectos clínicos y las diferentes opciones de abordaje terapéutico del síndrome del túnel carpiano a través de una exploración de la literatura científica existente. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos SciELO, PubMed, ScienceDirect y Lilacs con las palabras clave indexadas en el DeCS. Conclusión: El síndrome de túnel carpiano es una entidad común con un impacto clínico importante en la vida del paciente, su sintomatología y sus complicaciones afectan las actividades diarias de quien lo padece; el abordaje terapéutico de esta enfermedad se establece comúnmente de forma escalonada, el abordaje quirúrgico es un tema ampliamente discutido; sin embargo, no hay evidencia contundente que establezca una de las opciones quirúrgicas como la definitiva(AU)


Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most frequent causes of chronic pain, with its highest incidence between the fifth and sixth decades of life; in Colombia, it has a high incidence, reaching 14 percent especially in a certain group of workers. The therapeutic approach includes medical and surgical treatment; currently, the choice between the endoscopic method or open surgery as the first line of treatment has been widely discussed. Objective: To develop a review of the clinical aspects and the different options of therapeutic approach for carpal tunnel syndrome, through an exploration of the existing scientific literature. Methods: A search was carried out in the SciELO, PubMed, ScienceDirect and Lilacs databases, using the keywords indexed in the DeCS. Conclusion: Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common entity with an important clinical impact on the patient's life; its symptomatology and complications affect the daily activities of those who suffer from it. The therapeutic approach to this disease is commonly established in a stepwise manner; the surgical approach is a widely discussed topic. However, there is no conclusive evidence that establishes one of the surgical options as the definitive one/AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnosis , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/epidemiology , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 727-733, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529951

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess the economic and professional impact (including teaching and training) during the covid-19 pandemic, as well as the prevalence of major depressive episode and generalized anxiety disorder, on shoulder and elbow surgeons in Brazil. Methods Cross-sectional study carried out with surgeons who are members of the Brazilian Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (SBCOC). Sampling was non-probabilistic for convenience. The information was obtained through a self-administered online questionnaire, through the SBCOC members' registered e-mails, using structured questions and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) instruments to screening for major depressive episode and generalized anxiety disorder, respectively. Results 119 participants were evaluated. The commitment in teaching was affirmed by 87.7% of the surgeons, there was a reduction above 50% of the surgical volume for about 4 out of 10 surgeons and reduction of the income above 50% for about 17.3%, due to the fact that 55.5% of professionals did not have professional stability. The major depressive episode had a prevalence of 26.7% in the sample, and generalized anxiety disorder was presented by 20% of the surgeons. Conclusion The combination of the negative impact on professional and financial factorsmay have affected shoulder and elbow surgeons in Brazil, generating high rates of anxiety and depression.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o impacto econômico e profissional (incluindo ensino e treinamento) durante a pandemia de covid-19, bem como a prevalência de episódio depressivo maior e de transtorno de ansiedade generalizada, nos cirurgiões de ombro e cotovelo do Brasil. Métodos Estudo transversal realizado com os cirurgiões membros titulares da Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia de Ombro e Cotovelo (SBCOC). A amostragem foi não probabilística por conveniência. As informações foram obtidas por meio de questionário online autoaplicado, através de divulgação pelo e-mail cadastrado dos membros da SBCOC, utilizando questões estruturadas e os instrumentos Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) e Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) para rastreio de episódio depressivo maior e transtorno de ansiedade generalizada, respectivamente. Resultados Foram avaliados 119 participantes. O comprometimento no ensino foi afirmado por 87,7% dos cirurgiões, houve redução acima de 50% do volume cirúrgico para cerca de 4 em cada 10 cirurgiões e redução da renda acima de 50% para cerca de 17,3%, sendo que 55,5% dos profissionais não apresentavam estabilidade profissional. O episódio depressivo maior apresentou uma prevalência de 26,7% na amostra, e o transtorno de ansiedade generalizada foi apresentado por 20% dos cirurgiões. Conclusão A combinação do impacto negativo sobre fatores profissionais e financeiros pode ter afetado os cirurgiões de ombro e cotovelo do Brasil, gerando elevados índices de ansiedade e depressão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedic Surgeons/economics , COVID-19/economics , Working Conditions , Income
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 742-749, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529948

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Training a competent physician requires to direct the resident profile of graduate students for practice activities. We sought to identify the doctor-patient relationship orientation and the self-assessment of the core competencies, which they pointed out needed to be developed. Methods All 56 orthopedic residents admitted between 2016 and 2019 participated in the present prospective observational study. The Patient Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS) and a self-assessment questionnaire were answered at the beginning and end of the first year of residency (R1) in Orthopedics and Traumatology. We calculated mean and standard deviation for PPOS items and scores and analyzed them through the paired t-test. Self-Assessment Questionnaire answer options were "yes" or "I need to improve it" and skills were classified in decreasing order of the frequency of "I need to improve it" responses with description of absolute number and percentage. We compared frequencies using Fisher Test. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. GraphPad Prism 8.4.3 (GraphPad Software, San Diego, CA, USA) and Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, USA) were used for statistical analysis. Results In the period between the beginning and the end of R1, the total PPOS mean score significantly decreased from 4.63 to 4.50 (p= 0.024), more biomedical-focused. Around one-third of the residents identified competencies of patient care, practice-based learning and improvement, and interpersonal and communication skills as needed to improve. Conclusions The PPOS and self-assessment activities could promote reflection practices and are possible tools for learner-centered competency assessment. Biomedical guidance tends to prevail as the training of physicians progresses, and periodic self-assessments can be worked on to build a growth mindset.


Resumo Objetivo A formação de um médico competente requer direcionar o perfil de pós-graduação residente para atividades práticas. Buscou-se identificar a orientação de relacionamento médico-paciente e a autoavaliação das competências fundamentais que eles apontaram que precisavam ser desenvolvidas. Métodos Todos os 56 residentes em ortopedia admitidos entre 2016 e 2019 participaram do presente estudo observacional prospectivo. A Escala de Orientação Médico-Paciente (Patient Practitioner Orientation Scale [PPOS, na sigla em inglês]) e um questionário de autoavaliação foram respondidos no início e no final do primeiro ano de residência (R1) em Ortopedia e Traumatologia. Calculamos o desvio médio e padrão para itens e pontuações de PPOS e os analisamos através do teste t emparelhado. As opções de resposta do Questionário de Autoavaliação foram "sim" ou "preciso melhorar" e as habilidades foram classificadas na ordem decrescente da frequência das respostas "preciso melhorar" com descrição de número absoluto e percentual. Comparamos frequências usando o teste de Fisher. Consideramos significativos valores-p < 0,05. Os programas GraphPad Prism 8.4.3 (GraphPad Software, San Diego, CA, EUA) e Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, EUA) foram utilizados para análise estatística. Resultados No período entre o início e o final do R1, a média total de PPOS diminuiu significativamente, de 4,63 para 4,50 (p= 0,024), mais focada em biomédica. Cerca de um terço dos residentes identificou competências do cuidado ao paciente, aprendizagem e melhoria baseadas na prática e habilidades interpessoais e de comunicação, como necessitando melhorar. Conclusões As atividades de PPOS e autoavaliação podem promover práticas de reflexão e são possíveis ferramentas para avaliação de competência centrada no aluno. A orientação biomédica tende a prevalecer à medida que a formação dos médicos progride e as autoavaliações periódicas podem ser trabalhadas para construir uma mentalidade de crescimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedics , Physician-Patient Relations , Competency-Based Education , Self-Testing , Internship and Residency
11.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 48(4): 12-22, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527564

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Dentro de las recomendaciones internacionales para la formación de médicos expertos, se encuentra el integrar la mejor evidencia disponible a la práctica clínica y contribuir a la creación del conocimiento científico. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la implementación de un programa formal de investigación en residentes de ortopedia y traumatología. Metodología: Se desarrolló un programa de investigación para residentes de ortopedia y traumatología, coordinado por un equipo con formación en metodología y bioestadística. El objetivo principal fue que los residentes lograran adquirir herramientas en el desarrollo del método científico e integrar la medicina basada en la evidencia en la práctica profesional. Para ello, se enfocó en tres ejes: 1. formación general 2. análisis crítico de la literatura y 3. desarrollo de investigación científica. Resultados: El año 2015 se implementó el programa. Comenzó con el módulo de formación general a través de seminarios de investigación y una rotación mensual obligatoria. De forma semanal se implementaron reuniones de revisiones críticas de la literatura a partir de casos clínicos y cada dos o tres meses sesiones de journal club. Se han formulado 30 proyectos de investigación, 22 de ellos se han presentado en congresos y ha habido un total de 27 publicaciones con coautoría de residentes (6 de primer autor). Conclusión: A través del programa de investigación, los residentes han adquirido herramientas para poder integrar la medicina basada en la evidencia a su práctica profesional y desarrollar proyectos científicos.


Introduction: In the international recommendations for resident education, there is integrating the best available evidence into clinical practice and contributing to the creation of scientific knowledge. This research aims to describe implementing a formal research program for orthopedic residents. Methodology: We developed a research program for orthopedic residents coordinated by a team trained in methodology and biostatistics. The main objective for residents was to acquire tools to develop the scientific method and to integrate evidence-based medicine into professional practice. To do this, it focused on: 1. theoretical courses, 2. critical analysis of literature, and 3. creation of scientific research. Results: 2015, the program started with a theoretical course through research seminars and a mandatory monthly rotation. Critical analysis of articles meetings were weekly, and journal club sessions every 2 or 3 months. Residents formulated 30 research projects and presented 22 at national and international congresses. There were 27 scientific publications with resident participation (6 were lead authors). Conclusion: Through the research program, residents have acquired tools to integrate evidence-based medicine into their professional practice and develop scientific projects.

12.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514486

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Son múltiples las afecciones ortopédicas que sufre una mujer embarazada, por ello las demandas de atención por esta causa van en ascenso. Objetivo: Actualizar el tratamiento de las lesiones traumáticas y ortopédicas en la paciente embarazada y coordinar las indicaciones de la cesárea. Métodos: Se utilizan métodos teóricos y empíricos para realizar análisis del conocimiento actualizado sobre estas. Resultados: Se determinó que el parto normal es posible después de una fractura pélvica, siempre que no existan secuelas que dañen el canal del parto. El dolor de espalda fue un síntoma común en las mujeres embarazadas, pero en las que presentaron escoliosis las molestias fueron más frecuentes. La diastasis de la sínfisis del pubis se asoció con la maniobra de McRoberts; y la indicación de cesárea se sugirió a partir de criterios puramente obstétricos, aunque se respetaron las afecciones ortopédicas y traumáticas presentes en las pacientes. Conclusiones: Incrementar los conocimientos del personal que trabaja con la embarazada, a partir de sus factores de riesgo y las posibilidades de mitigación de daño por estas causas.


Introduction: pregnant women suffer from multiple orthopaedic conditions; therefore, care demands for this cause are on the rise. Objective: to update the treatment of traumatic and orthopaedic injuries in pregnant patients and coordinate the indications for cesarean section. Methods: theoretical and empirical methods were used to carry out the analysis of updated knowledge regarding these affections. Results: we determined that normal delivery is possible after a pelvic fracture, as long as there are no sequelae that damage the birth canal. Back pain was a common symptom in pregnant women but in those with scoliosis the discomfort was more frequent. Symphysis pubis diastasis was associated with the McRobert's maneuver; and the indication for cesarean section was suggested based on purely obstetric criteria, although the orthopaedic and traumatic conditions present in the patients were respected. Conclusions: to increase the knowledge of the personnel, who work with the pregnant women, based on their risk factors and the possibilities of mitigating damage due to these causes.


Subject(s)
Orthopedics , Scoliosis , Pregnancy , Pubic Symphysis Diastasis , Joint Diseases
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 580-585, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521795

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The study aimed to compare whether the diagnoses of orthopedic diseases at telemedicine (TM) consultations are the same as those established at face-to-face visits. Method Primary, observational, prospective, analytical study, with subjects from the local municipal network who were referred to the orthopedics outpatient clinic from May to June 2021. Subjects underwent two assessments: a telemedicine (TM) consultation and a face-to-face (FF) visit. Two different physicians attended to the patients and established a diagnosis. The physician performing the FF visit was not aware of the previous diagnoses. We compared the diagnoses obtained at both modalities to assess the degree of similarity. In addition, we determined the time required for consultations and the degree of satisfaction of the physicians. Results We evaluated 43 patients and seven physicians, totaling 44 TM and 43 FF visits. The diagnostic similarity index was 81.4%. TM consultations were shorter (mean time, 4.8 minutes) than FF visits. Physicians were less satisfied with TM in the four criteria evaluated (respective scores of 79.1, 23.3, 46.6, and 37.2). Conclusion TM consultations have a diagnoses agreement higher than 80% compared with FF visits. On the other hand, TM consultations were faster, and physicians were less satisfied with them in comparison with FF visits.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do estudo foi comparar se os diagnósticos das doenças ortopédicas realizados por teleconsulta (TC) são os mesmos dos atendimentos presenciais. Método Estudo primário, observacional, prospectivo, analítico, com dados colhidos de maio a junho de 2021, com participantes provenientes da rede municipal local que foram encaminhados ao ambulatório de ortopedia de referência e oferecida participação no estudo com duas avaliações: a primeira por teleatendimento e a segunda de forma presencial. Cada participante foi atendido por dois diferentes profissionais, e cada um emitiu um diagnóstico. Os profissionais do atendimento presencial não conheciam os diagnósticos prévios. Os diagnósticos emitidos foram comparados para avaliar o grau de semelhança. Ainda, foi aferido o tempo para realização dos atendimentos e o grau de satisfação do profissional participante. Resultados Foram avaliados 43 pacientes e 07 profissionais participaram, totalizando 44 TC e 43 atendimentos presenciais. O índice de semelhança do diagnóstico foi de 81,4%. A TC teve um tempo menor para realização (média de 4,8 minutos), que o presencial. A satisfação dos profissionais foi menor na TC nos quatro critérios avaliados, sendo, respectivamente, 79,1, 23,3, 46,6 e 37,2. Conclusão A TC tem concordância no diagnóstico superior a 80% em comparação ao atendimento presencial. Já a realização do teleatendimento teve menor tempo de duração e os profissionais se consideraram menos satisfeitos em relação ao atendimento presencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Orthopedics/trends , Remote Consultation , Diagnosis , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
14.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 12-19, jun. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1511662

ABSTRACT

Las deformidades angulares en fémur distal son frecuentes en la consulta de ortopedia. Dependiendo del tipo de deformidad y la edad del paciente existen diferentes técnicas de corrección quirúrgica para mejorar la biomecánica de la rodilla, evitar el dolor y prevenir el daño del aparato extensor, la artrosis temprana y degeneración tardía de la articulación de la rodilla. Se realizó un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal haciendo uso del Sistema LCP como tratamiento de las deformidades angulares en Fémur Distal en pacientes con madurez esquelética alcanzada tratados en el Hospital Ortopédico Infantil durante el periodo 2012 ­ 2022. Se incluyeron un total de 17 pacientes que representan 23 rodillas; predominó el género femenino con un 76% respecto al masculino con solo 24%. La edad media de intervención quirúrgica de fue de 15±1,66 años y la edad de evaluación final de 16±1,7años. Al comparar los promedios de la evaluación radiológica pre y postoperatoria, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas <0,05 en cuanto a la corrección de la Desviación del Eje Mecánico (MAD), Ángulo Femoral Distal Lateral mecánico (LDFAm) y ángulo Femoro Tibial (AFT). El tiempo de consolidación promedio fue de 11,3±1,4 semanas, no se presentaron complicaciones inherentes al acto quirúrgico ni postoperatorias. Existen varias modalidades de tratamiento para deformidades angulares en fémur distal y el escoger una depende de la preferencia, entrenamiento del cirujano, su equipo y recursos disponibles(AU)


Angular deformities in distal femur are frequently in the orthopedic clinic, the most common of which is valgus and is characterized by an alteration of the mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (<85º). Depending of the type of deformity and the patient age at which it occurs, there are different surgical techniques correction to improve the biomechanics of the knee, avoid pain and prevent damage to the extensor apparatus, early osteoarthritis and late degeneration of the knee joint. An observational, descriptive, longitudinal study was carried out using the LCP System as a treatment for angular deformities in the Distal Femur in patients with reached skeletal maturity treated at the Hospital Ortopédico Infantil during the period 2012-2022. A total of 17 patients were included, representing 23 knees; the female predominated with 76% compared to the male with only 24%. The average age of surgical intervention was 15±1.66 years and the age of the final evaluation was 16±1.7 years. When comparing the averages of the pre and postoperative radiological evaluation, statistically significant differences <0.05 were found in terms of the correction of the Mechanical Axis Deviation (MAD), mechanical Lateral Distal Femoral Angle (LDFAm) and Femoro-Tibial angle ( AFT). The average consolidation time was 11.3 ± 1.4 weeks and there were no complications inherent to the surgical act or postoperative. There are several treatment modalities of angular deformities of the distal femur and the choice one depends of the preference and training of the surgeon, his team and the resources available(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Lower Extremity Deformities, Congenital , Femoral Fractures, Distal/surgery , Osteotomy
15.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 59-65, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1513180

ABSTRACT

El Schwannoma o Neurilemoma es un tumor benigno de derivación neuroectodérmica que se origina en las células de Schwann, que constituyen la envoltura de los nervios. Es el tumor benigno más común de los nervios periféricos, tiene predisposición a originarse a partir de nervios periféricos sensoriales y puede presentarse como tumores en tejidos blandos. La presentación intraósea del Schwannoma es rara y corresponde al 0,2% de los tumores óseos primarios. Se presenta caso clínico de paciente masculino de 36 años de edad con tumor en cóndilo femoral medial de rodilla derecha de 4 años de evolución, cursando con dolor intermitente moderado a quien se le practicó el protocolo oncológico, imagenológico e histológico, de la Unidad de Oncología Ortopédica del estado Monagas. Se diagnosticó Schwannoma intraóseo, se procedió a realizar resección marginal y reconstrucción con alloinjerto y fijación con placa y tornillos con excelente evolución postoperatoria. El Schwannoma intraóseo es extraordinariamente raro y su ubicación en el fémur lo es aún más. El objetivo del presente trabajo es reportar un caso de Schwannoma Intraóseo, mostrar las estrategias para su diagnóstico y los tratamientos aplicados, así como la revisión de los datos al respecto existentes en la literatura(AU)


Schwannoma or Neurilemoma is a benign tumor of neuroectodermal derivation that originates in Schwann cells, which constitute the nerve sheath. It is the most common benign tumor of the peripheral nerves, has a predisposition to originate from peripheral sensory nerves, and can present as soft tissue tumors. The intraosseous presentation of Schwannoma is rare and corresponds to 0,2% of primary bone tumors. A clinical case of a 36-yearold male patient with a tumor in the medial femoral condyle of the right knee of 4 years of evolution is presented, presenting with moderate intermittent pain who underwent the oncological, imaging and histological protocol of the Oncology Unit. Monagas State Orthopedic. Intraosseous Schwannoma was diagnosed, marginal resection and allograft reconstruction and plate and screw fixation were performed with excellent postoperative evolution. Intraosseous Schwannoma is extraordinarily rare and its location in the femur is even more so. The objective of this paper is to report a case of Intraosseous Schwannoma, show the strategies for its diagnosis and the treatments applied, as well as the review of the existing data in the literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Peripheral Nerves/pathology , Bone Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218851

ABSTRACT

Rapid maxillary expansion is often considered the treatment of choice for the correction of maxillary constriction. Several studies highlight the effect of rapid maxillary expansion in increasing nasal length and volume. The aim of this study is quantifying the volumetric changes of the upper airway, the maximum restricted area of the upper airway and the nostrils area, after the intervention of a rapid maxillary expansion using bimaxillary CBCT. A retrospective study was carried out, in which 14 patients of 12 year old with a diagnosis of unilateral or bilateral crossbite and skeletal maxillary constriction were selected. The treatment was carried out with a Mcnamara-type rapid expansion device and 8 mm of disjunction was planned. An initial bimaxillary CBCT was requested and another 15 days after treatment. Measurements were made at the maxillary level, upper airway and the maximum restricted area and the cross section of the nostril area, using 3D measuring softwares. It was obtained that, for every 1 mm of planned disjunction, 0.65 mm of maxillary disjunction is achieved, an upper airway gain of 0.7 cm3, the maximum restricted area gain of the upper airway of 9 mm2 and a gain in the nostrils area of 7.4 mm2 on average. In conclusion rapid maxillary expansion generates a significant increase in the volume of the upper airway and its narrower area.

17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 191-198, Mar.-Apr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Historically, surgeries on the immature skeleton were reserved for open or articular fractures. In recent years, the improvement in the quality and safety of anesthesia, new imaging equipment, implants designed especially for pediatric fractures, associated with the possibility of shorter hospitalization time and rapid return to social life has demonstrated a new tendency to evaluate and treat fractures in children. The purpose of this update article is to answer the following questions: (1) Are we really turning more surgical in addressing fractures in children? (2) If this is true, is this surgical conduct based on scientific evidence? In fact, in recent decades, the medical literature demonstrates articles that support better evolution of fractures in children with surgical treatment. In the upper limbs, this is very evident in the systematization of the reduction and percutaneous fixation of supracondylar fractures of the humerus and fractures of the forearm bones. In the lower limbs, the same occurs with diaphyseal fractures of the femur and tibia. However, there are gaps in the literature. The available published studies show low scientific evidence. Thus, it can be inferred that, even though the surgical approach is more present, the treatment of pediatric fractures should always be individualized and conducted according to the knowledge and experience of the professional physician, taking into account the presence of technological resources available for the care of the small patient. All possibilities, non-surgical and/or surgical, should be included, always instituting actions based on science and in agreement with the family's wishes.


Resumo Historicamente, as cirurgias no esqueleto imaturo eram reservadas às fraturas expostas ou articulares. Nos últimos anos, a melhora na qualidade e segurança das anestesias, novos equipamentos de imagem, implantes desenhados especialmente para fraturas pediátricas, associados à possibilidade de menor tempo de hospitalização e rápido retorno ao convívio social vêm demonstrando uma nova tendência de avaliar e tratar fraturas na criança. O objetivo deste artigo de atualização é responder às seguintes questões: (1) estamos realmente ficando mais cirúrgicos na abordagem das fraturas em crianças? (2) Caso isto seja verdadeiro, esta conduta cirúrgica está baseada em evidências científicas? De fato, nas últimas décadas, a literatura médica demonstra artigos que suportam melhor evolução das fraturas na criança com o tratamento cirúrgico. Nos membros superiores, isto fica muito evidente na sistematização da redução e fixação percutânea das fraturas supracondilianas do úmero e das fraturas de ossos do antebraço. Nos membros inferiores, o mesmo ocorre com fraturas diafisárias do fêmur e tíbia. No entanto, há lacunas na literatura. Os estudos publicados são geralmente com baixa evidência científica. Assim, pode-se deduzir que, mesmo sendo a abordagem cirúrgica mais presente, o tratamento de fraturas pediátricas deve ser sempre individualizado e conduzido de acordo com o conhecimento e experiência do médico profissional, levando em conta a presença de recursos tecnológicos disponíveis para o atendimento do pequeno paciente. Deve-se incluir todas as possibilidades, não cirúrgicas e/ou cirúrgicas, sempre instituindo ações baseadas na ciência e em concordância com os anseios da família.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Fractures, Bone , Salter-Harris Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Growth Plate/surgery
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 211-221, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449786

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Extended curettage with adjuvants of giant cell tumors of bone is associated with a lower rate of recurrence of the tumor while preserving the adjacent joint. The present study was conducted to estimate the recurrence rate and functional outcome after using argon beam as an adjuvant for extended curettage. Methods We selected 50 patients with giant cell tumors, meeting all the inclusion criteria, who underwent extended curettage using high speed burr and argon beam photocoagulation between July 2016 to January 2019. On their follow-up visit, they were assessed for any complaints of pain and signs like tenderness, locally raised temperature, and decreased range of motion of the adjacent joint. Radiologically, the patients were assessed for any increased lucency around the cement mantle and uptake of the subarticular graft. Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTS) was administered to the patients, and range of motion of the adjacent joint was compared with the contralateral joint. Results Recurrence was found in 4 patients, that is, an 8% recurrence rate. Twenty-six out of 28 patients with a tumor in the lower limb had a grade-5 weight bearing status 6 months from the surgery, and their range of motion was comparable to contralateral healthy joint with an average MSTS score of 27 (18-30). Conclusion Extended curettage of giant cell tumors using argon beam coagulation is associated with low recurrence rates of the tumor and is an effective modality in the treatment of these tumors besides having a functional outcome comparable to the healthy limb.


Resumo Objetivo A curetagem estendida com adjuvantes de tumores de células gigantes do osso está associada a uma menor taxa de recidiva da neoplasia e à preservação da articulação adjacente. Este estudo foi feito para estimar a taxa de recidiva e o resultado funcional após o uso de plasma de argônio como adjuvante à curetagem estendida. Métodos Cinquenta pacientes com tumores de células gigantes que atendiam a todos os critérios de inclusão foram selecionados para o estudo e submetidos à curetagem estendida com broca de alta velocidade e fotocoagulação com plasma de argônio entre julho de 2016 e janeiro de 2019. À consulta de acompanhamento, os pacientes foram avaliados quanto a quaisquer queixas de dor e sinais como sensibilidade, aumento local da temperatura e diminuição da amplitude de movimento da articulação adjacente. Radiologicamente, os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à presença de qualquer aumento de radiotransparência ao redor do manto de cimento e incorporação do enxerto subarticular. O questionário Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTS) foi administrado aos pacientes e a amplitude de movimentação da articulação adjacente foi comparada à articulação contralateral. Resultados Quatro pacientes apresentaram recidiva, o que corresponde a uma taxa de 8%. Seis meses após a cirurgia, 26 de 28 pacientes com tumor no membro inferior tinham capacidade de sustentação de peso de grau 5 e amplitude de movimento comparável à articulação saudável contralateral, com pontuação MSTS média de 27 (intervalo de 18 a 30). Conclusão A curetagem estendida de tumores de células gigantes com coagulação por plasma de argônio está associada a baixas taxas de recidiva da neoplasia; é uma modalidade eficaz no tratamento desses tumores e o resultado funcional é comparável ao do membro saudável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/therapy , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone/therapy , Argon Plasma Coagulation , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 351-355, Mar.-Apr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449808

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chronic distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) dislocation has been treated historically with complex osteotomies and reconstructive procedures, often resulting in intractable stiffness and loss of function. It is desirable to use a technique of fixation that will not only restore the wrist biomechanics but also be cosmetically appealing to the individual. We present a novel technique of reduction and fixation of a chronically dislocated DRUJ in a 26-year-old male using a minimally invasive approach, with successful restoration of DRUJ function and no postoperative complications.


Resumo Luxação crônica da articulação radioulnar distal (ARUD) foi tratada historicamente com osteotomias complexas e procedimentos reconstrutivos, geralmente resultando em rigidez intratável e perda de função. É desejável usar uma técnica de fixação que não apenas restaure a biomecânica do punho, mas também seja esteticamente atraente para o indivíduo. Apresentamos uma nova técnica de redução e fixação de uma ARUD deslocada cronicamente em um homem de 26 anos, usando uma abordagem minimamente invasiva, com restauração bem-sucedida da função da ARUD e sem complicações pós-operatórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Orthopedics/trends , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Wrist Injuries/diagnosis , Wrist Injuries/psychology , External Fixators
20.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 13(1): 1-8, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512756

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: surgical site infections (SSI) continue to be a major concern in orthopedic oncology and pose as great a challenge as cancer recurrence, despite the preventive potential of surgery. SSI can be avoided if evidence-based measures are taken. The objective was to assess the frequency of infections in oncological orthopedic surgeries and associated risk factors and inflammatory markers in a reference hospital in the state of Pernambuco. Methods: the frequency of SSI, the identification of isolated microorganisms, the risk factors and the profile of Th1 and Th2 inflammatory markers (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF and IFN-Ƴ) in patients with musculoskeletal cancer were analyzed. Results: SSI were found in 9.1% of patients undergoing orthopedic surgery. Bivariate analysis revealed that a surgical team comprising more than five members (p=0.041) and the need for intraoperative transfusion (p=0.012) were correlated with a higher risk of SSI. The measurement of ultrasensitive C-reactive protein levels to assess the inflammatory response after SSI showed results that were superior to the reference values for each sample, ranging from >5 to >200mg/dl by the immunoturbidimetric method. Of the IL-2, INFγ and TNF (Th1) and IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 (Th2) levels, only interleukin 6 showed high levels, between 6.68 and 58.76 pg/mL. Conclusion: the study found that surgical team with five or more members and blood transfusion were factors associated with the development of SSI in orthopedic surgery in patients with musculoskeletal cancer. Among the inflammatory markers, interleukin 6 (IL-6) showed the highest correlation with the outcome.(AU)


Justificativa e objetivos: as infecções do sítio cirúrgico (ISC) continuam sendo uma grande preocupação na oncologia ortopédica e representam um desafio tão grande quanto a recorrência do câncer, apesar do potencial preventivo da cirurgia. As ISC podem ser evitadas se forem tomadas medidas baseadas em evidências. O objetivo foi avaliar a frequência de infecções em cirurgias ortopédicas oncológicas e os fatores de risco e marcadores inflamatórios associados em um hospital de referência no estado de Pernambuco. Métodos: foram analisados a frequência de ISC, a identificação de microrganismos isolados, os fatores de risco e o perfil de marcadores inflamatórios Th1 e Th2 (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF e IFN-Ƴ) em pacientes portadores de câncer musculoesquelético. Resultados: as ISC foram encontradas em 9,1% dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia ortopédica. A análise bivariada revelou que uma equipe cirúrgica composta por mais de cinco membros (p=0,041) e a necessidade de transfusão intraoperatória (p=0,012) foram correlacionadas com maior risco de ISC. A dosagem dos níveis de proteína C reativa ultrassensível para avaliação da resposta inflamatória após ISC apresentou resultados superiores aos valores de referência para cada amostra, variando de >5 a >200mg/dl pelo método imunoturbidimétrico. Dos níveis de IL-2, INFγ e TNF (Th1) e IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 (Th2), apenas a interleucina 6 apresentou níveis elevados, entre 6,68 e 58,76 pg/mL. Conclusão: o estudo constatou que equipe cirúrgica com cinco ou mais membros e transfusão sanguínea foram fatores associados ao desenvolvimento de ISC em cirurgia ortopédica em pacientes com câncer musculoesquelético. Entre os marcadores inflamatórios, interleucina 6 (IL-6) apresentou maior correlação com o desfecho.(AU)


Justificación y objetivos: las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico (ISQ) siguen siendo una preocupación importante en la oncología ortopédica y representan un desafío tan grande como la recurrencia del cáncer, a pesar del potencial preventivo de la cirugía. Las ISQ se pueden prevenir si se toman medidas basadas en la evidencia. El objetivo fue evaluar la frecuencia de infecciones en cirugías ortopédicas oncológicas y los factores de riesgo y marcadores inflamatorios asociados en un hospital de referencia en el estado de Pernambuco. Métodos: se analizaron la frecuencia de ISQ, la identificación de microorganismos aislados, los factores de riesgo y el perfil de marcadores inflamatorios Th1 y Th2 (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF e IFN-Ƴ) en pacientes con cáncer musculoesquelético. Resultados: se encontraron ISQ en el 9,1% de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía ortopédica. El análisis bivariado reveló que un equipo quirúrgico compuesto por más de cinco miembros (p=0,041) y la necesidad de transfusión intraoperatoria (p=0,012) se correlacionaron con un mayor riesgo de ISQ. La medición de los niveles de proteína C reactiva ultrasensible para evaluar la respuesta inflamatoria después de la ISQ presentó resultados superiores a los valores de referencia para cada muestra, variando de >5 a >200 mg/dl por el método inmunoturbidimétrico. De los niveles de IL-2, INFγ y TNF (Th1) e IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 (Th2), solo la interleucina 6 mostró niveles elevados, entre 6,68 y 58,76 pg/mL. Conclusión: el estudio encontró que el equipo quirúrgico con cinco o más miembros y la transfusión el estudio encontró que un equipo quirúrgico con cinco o más miembros y transfusión de sangre fueron factores asociados con el desarrollo de ISQ en cirugía ortopédica en pacientes con cáncer musculoesquelético. Entre los marcadores inflamatorios, la interleucina 6 (IL-6) mostró la mayor correlación con el resultado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound Infection , Bone Neoplasms/complications , Risk Factors , Muscle Neoplasms/complications
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