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1.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 27(3): e2220370, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384687

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of systemic teriparatide on sutural bone formation after premaxillary suture expansion in rats. Material and Methods: Twenty Wistar male rats (8-10 weeks old) were randomly divided into two groups, namely, control (C, n=10) and teriparatide (T, n=10). An expansion force was applied to the maxillary incisors using helical spring for a seven-day expansion period, for both groups. On the eighth day, the rats were kept for a seven-day consolidation period, and then 60 µg/kg teriparatide (once a day) was administered to group T subcutaneously for seven days. Then, all the rats were sacrificed, and histological sections were stained with hemotoxylin-eosin for examination. Anti-osteonectin, anti-osteocalcin, anti-Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and anti-transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis in the midpalatal suture area. Results: Histologically, the newly formed bone tissue was observed to be larger in group T than in group C. The number of immunoreactive osteoblasts for osteonectin, osteocalcin and VEGF antibodies was significantly higher in group T than in group C (p = 0.0001). The TGF-β antibody showed a mild reaction in group T, but did not reach significance in comparison with group C (p ˃ 0.05). Conclusion: Systemic teriparatide application following the premaxillary expansion of the suture area may stimulate bone formation and add to the consolidation of the expansion in rats by regulating osteonectin, osteocalcin and VEGF.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do uso sistêmico da teriparatida na formação óssea sutural após a expansão da pré-maxila em ratos. Material e Métodos: Vinte ratos machos da raça Wistar (com oito a dez semanas de vida) foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: controle (C, n=10) e teriparatida (T, n=10). Uma força de expansão foi aplicada aos incisivos superiores, usando uma mola helicoidal, por um período de expansão de sete dias em ambos os grupos. No oitavo dia, os ratos iniciaram um período de sete dias de consolidação, nos quais 60 µg/kg de teriparatida foram administrados (uma vez ao dia), por via subcutânea, para o grupo T. Posteriormente, todos os ratos foram sacrificados e cortes histológicos corados com hemotolixina-eosina foram examinados. Por meio de análise imuno-histoquímica da região da sutura palatina mediana, avaliou-se a presença de anti-ostenectina, anti-osteocalcina, anti-fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) e anti- fator transformador de crescimento (TGF-β). Resultados: Histologicamente, observou-se que o tecido ósseo recém-formado foi maior no grupo T do que no grupo C. O número de osteoblastos imunorreativos para anticorpos de osteonectina, osteocalcina e VEGF foi significativamente maior no grupo T do que no grupo C (p = 0,0001). O anticorpo TGF-β mostrou uma pequena reação no grupo T; porém, sem diferença significativa para o grupo C (p ˃ 0,05). Conclusão: O uso sistêmico de teriparatida após a expansão da sutura na região da pré-maxila pode estimular a formação óssea e melhorar a consolidação da expansão em ratos, por meio da regulação de osteonectina, osteocalcina e VEGF.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1398-1404, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134455

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study were bone defect complications that occur due to traumas or infections. Bone grafts are required to provide support, fill gaps and improve biological repair in skeletal damage. Dexamethasone plays role in calcium signaling modulation and used in diseases. Aim of this study was to evaluate osteonectin and osteopontin expressions in new bone development after dexamethasone application on tibial bone defects. Rats were divided into defect, defect+graft and defect+graft+dexamethasone treated groups. Tibial bone defect created, and rats were kept immobile for 28 days. Alloplastic material was placed in defect area in second and group third groups. 2.5 mg/kg Dex and normal saline were injected to dexamethasone and defect groups twice a week for 56 days. Inflammation and congestion were increased in defect and defect+graft groups. Defect+graft+dexamethasone group; increased number of osteoblast and osteocyte cells, dense bone matrix, formation of new bone trabeculae was observed. Defect+graft group; osteonectin expression in graft regions, osteoblast cells, some connective tissue cells and fibers were seen whereas in defect+graft+dexamethasone group; osteopontin expression in osteoblast and osteocyte cells of new bone trabeculae were observed. Dexamethasone may lead to formation of new bone trabeculae into the graft material resulting in increased osteoconduction and osteoinductive effect for differentiation of osteon.


RESUMEN: Los defectos óseos son complicaciones que ocurren debido a traumas o infecciones. Se requieren injertos óseos para proporcionar apoyo, llenar los espacios y mejorar la reparación biológica en el hueso dañado. La dexametasona desempeña un papel importante en la modulación de la señalización del calcio y se usa en enfermedades. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las expresiones de osteonectina y osteopontina en el desarrollo óseo después de la aplicación de dexametasona en defectos óseos tibiales. Las ratas se dividieron en grupos: defecto, defecto + injerto y defecto + injerto + grupos tratados con dexametasona. Se creó un defecto óseo tibial, y las ratas se mantuvieron inmóviles durante 28 días. El material aloplástico se colocó en el área del defecto en el segundo y tercer grupo. Se inyectaron 2,5 mg / kg de dexametasona y solución salina normal a grupos de defectos dos veces por semana durante 56 días. La inflamación y la congestión aumentaron en los grupos de defectos y defectos + injerto; En el grupo defecto + injerto + grupo tratado con dexametasona se observó un aumento en el número de osteoblastos y osteocitos, de matriz ósea densa y en la formación de nuevas trabéculas óseas. En el grupo defecto + grupo de injerto se observó la expresión de osteonectina en las áreas de injerto, osteoblastos, algunas células y fibras de tejido conectivo, mientras que en el grupo defecto + injerto + dexametasona se observó la expresión de osteopontina en osteoblastos y osteocitos y formación de nuevas trabéculas óseas . En conclusión la dexametasona puede conducir a la formación de nuevas trabéculas óseas en el material de injerto, lo que resulta en un aumento de la osteoconducción y un efecto osteoinductivo para la diferenciación del osteón.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/drug effects , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Bone Transplantation , Tibia/pathology , Bone Regeneration , Immunohistochemistry , Osteonectin/physiology , Bone Remodeling , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Osteopontin/physiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848091

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Defective dentition is a common oral disease, if it is not treated in time, there will be adverse effects such as tilting of the adjacent teeth and elongation of the jaws, causing occlusal disorder and interference, which will seriously affect the later repair. Especially in the diabetic patients with dentition loss, the impacts of diabetes on the occlusal elongation of the jaw teeth, and how osteonectin changes in this process, are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diabetes on tooth occlusion and elongation in mice by establishing a model of the occlusion of the jaws in diabetic mice. METHODS: A diabetic model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin in C57 BL/6J mice (purchased from the Animal Experimental Center of Shanxi Medical University). The mice were intraperitoneally injected with sodium citrate buffer. Thirty mice with successful modeling and control mice were removed, and the three right maxillary molars were removed to establish an experimental model of the extensional movement of the maxillary teeth. After 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 days, the right jaw was taken. The bone mineral density was measured by micro-CT. The number of osteoclasts was counted by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase staining. The expression level of osteonectin was detected by RT-qPCR. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of Shanxi Medical University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) With the time increasing, the bone mineral density of the right mandible in the two groups was gradually increased. The bone mineral density in the diabetic group was significantly lower than that in the control group at 3, 6, 9 and 12 days after surgery (P < 0.05). (2) With the time increasing, the number of osteoclasts in the right mandible of both groups was gradually increased. The number of osteoclasts in the diabetic group was significantly lower than that in the control group at 3, 6, 9 and 12 days after surgery (P < 0.05). (3) The expression level of osteonectin mRNA in the right mandible of both groups was gradually increased. The expression level of osteonectin mRNA in the diabetic group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 0, 3,6, 9 and 12 days after surgery (P< 0.05). (4) These results indicate that diabetes can reduce the bone construction ability during the extensional movement and promote osteonectin mRNA expression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815373

ABSTRACT

Objective @# To investigate the effect of miR-214 on the osteogenic differentiation of dental follicle cells (DFCs).@*Methods@#Purified DFCs were cultured in vitro by bidirectional differential passage, with the untransfected DFCs as the control group (DFCs group). The expression of miR-214-3p in DFCs was upregulated and downregulated by transfection of miR-214-3p(miR-214 mimics group) or miR-214-3p inhibitors(miR-214 inhibitor group) into DFCs. The expression levels of miR-214, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteonectin (OSN) and runt-related transcription factor-2(RUNX-2) were detected by qRT-PCR after 7 days of osteogenesis induction, the protein expression levels of RUNX-2 and β-catenin were detected by western blot, and the formation of mineralized nodules was observed with alizarin red staining after 14 days of osteogenesis induction. @*Results @# Compared with the DFCs group, in the miR-214 mimics group, the expression of miR-214 was upregulated after 7 days of osteogenesis induction. The mRNA expression of ALP, OSN and RUNX-2 in the miR-214 mimics group was lower than that in the DFCs group, but only ALP in the two groups was statistically significant (P > 0.05); the mRNA expression of ALP, OSN and RUNX-2 in the miR-214 inhibitor group was higher than that in the DFCs group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The protein expression of RUNX-2 and β-catenin in the miR-214 mimics group was lower than that in the miR-214 inhibitor group. The number of calcified nodules in the miR-214 mimics group was significantly less than that in the DFCs group, while that in the miR-214 inhibitor group was significantly higher than that in the DFCs group. @*Conclusion@#The upregulation of miR-214 can downregulate the expression of β-catenin, can inhibit the expression of ALP, OSN and RUNX-2 related to osteogenesis, and can inhibit osteogenic differentiation. The downregulation of miR-214 demonstrated the opposite results; miR-214 may downregulate the expression of β-catenin and inhibit the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs.

5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(4): e201900408, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001086

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate histologically and immunohistochemically the bone regeneration after application of simvastatin on tibial bone defects in rats. Methods: Sixty Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups as control (6 mm tibial bone defect), defect + graft (allograft treatment), and defect + graft + simvastatin (10 mg/kg/day) for 28 days. Results: Histopathological examination revealed inflammation in control group (defect group), congestion in blood vessels, and an increase in osteoclast cells. In defect + graft group, osteoclastic activity was observed and osteocyte cells were continued to develop. In defect + graft + simvastatin group, osteocytes and matrix formation were increased in the new bone trabeculae. Osteopontin and osteonectin expression were positive in the osteclast cells in the control group. Osteoblasts and some osteocytes showed a positive reaction of osteopontin and osteopontin. In defect + graft + simvastatin group, osteonectin and osteopontin expression were positive in osteoblast and osteocyte cells, and a positive expression in osteon formation was also seen in new bone trabeculae. Conclusion: The simvastatin application was thought to increase bone turnover by increasing the osteoinductive effect with graft and significantly affect the formation of new bone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tibia/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/pathology , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Autografts
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(3): e201900306, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989063

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of allopurinol administration on osteoinductive reaction and bone development with graft material. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups. In the control group, calvarial bone defect was only created without any treatment. In the Defect + Graft group, allograft treatment was performed by forming 8 mm calvarial bone defect. In the Defect + Graft + Allopurinol group, alloplastic bone graft was placed in the calvarial bone defect and then, allopurinol (50 mg/kg/day) treatment was intraperitoneally applied for 28 days. Results: Histopathological examination revealed inflammation, congestion in the vessels, and an increase in osteoclast cells in the defect area. We also observed that new osteocyte cells, increase in connective tissue fibers, and new bone trabeculae. Osteopontin expression was positive in osteoblast cells and lacunated osteocyte cells were located in the periphery of the new bone trabeculae. Osteopontin expression was also positive in osteoblasts and osteocytes cells of new bone trabeculae in the graft site. Conclusion: It has been shown that allopurinol treatment in rat calvaria defects may induce osteoblastic activity, matrix development, mature bone cell formation and new bone formation when used with autogenous grafts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Skull/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Allopurinol/pharmacology , Skull/injuries , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Autografts
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(9): e201900904, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054694

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Ganoderma lucidum, a kind of mushroom used for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities, was investigated in the present study for its possible healing effect on calvarial defects with bone grafts. Methods: Wistar male rats (n = 30) were divided into 3 groups: 1) the control (defect) group (n = 10), 2) defect and graft group (n = 10), and 3) defect, graft, and G. lucidum treated group (n = 10). The G. lucidum was administered to the rats at 20 mL/kg per day via gastric lavage. Results: In the defect and graft group, osteonectin positive expression was observed in osteoblast and osteocyte cells at the periphery of the small bone trabeculae within the graft area. In the defect, graft, and G. lucidum treated group, osteonectin expression was positive in the osteoblast and osteocyte cells and positive osteonectin expression in new bone trabeculae. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was positive in the inflammatory cells, fibroblast cells, and degenerated collagen fibril areas within the defect area. Conclusion: This study shows that, with its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, G. Lucidum is an important factor in the treatment of calvarial bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation , Reishi/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Skull/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Osseointegration/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900704, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038112

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: The effects of resveratrol administration on calvarial bone defects with alloplastic graft material was investigated for osteoinductive reaction and bone development in rats. Methods: Healthy male rats were randomly divided into 3 groups consisting of 10 rats. Groups were as follows: control (defect) group, defect + graft group, and defect + graft + resveratrol group. A calvarial bone defect was created in all groups, alloplastic bone grafts were applied to the defect in the 2nd and 3rd group, resveratrol (5 mg/kg/day) was added to the drinking water of the animals following graft application for 28 days in the 3rd group. Results: Increase in osteoclasts and necrotic changes were observed histopathologically in the control group. In the 2nd group, reduction of inflammation, congestion of blood vessels, increased osteblastic activity, osteoinductive effect, progression of osteocyte development and increased collagen fibers in connective tissue were observed. In the 3rd group, osteoblasts seemed to secrete bone matrix and accelerate osteoinductive effect with increased osteopregenitor activity and positive osteopontin and osteonectin expressions. Conclusion: Resveratrol treatment was thought to be an alternative and supportive drug for implant application by inducing new bone formation in the calvaral defect region as a result of short-term treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes/administration & dosage , Resveratrol/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Skull/drug effects , Drug Administration Schedule , Osteonectin/administration & dosage , Osseointegration/drug effects , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Osteopontin/administration & dosage
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 206-211, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893212

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the alveolar bone with histopathological and immunohistochemical methods. Wistar rats were divided into two groups, control and diabetes group. Control group was fed standard rat chow and drinking water for 8 weeks. Single dose (Streptozotocin) STZ (55 mg/kg), was dissolved in sodium citrate buffer and introduced intraperitoneal injection. Diabetes group and control group were compared in terms of glucose values. The blood glucose concentration in diabetic rats was significantly high (p <0.05). In diabetes group; periodontal membrane and the dilation of blood vessels, hemorrhage has also been a significant increase in inflammatory cells. In the diabetes group, osteonectin showed positive expression in periodontal membrane and showed negative expression in osteocytes of alveolar bone. Osteopontin expression in fibroblast cells and periodontal membrane collagen fibrils was positive, alveolar cells, osteocytes and bone matrix bone was found positive. Diabetes results showed that there formed periodontitis; due to the increase in inflammation inhibiting bone formation delaying the development of early bone cells.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar los efectos de la diabetes mellitus (DM) sobre el hueso alveolar con métodos histopatológicos e inmunohistoquímicos. Las ratas Wistar se dividieron en dos grupos, grupo control y grupo de diabetes. El grupo control fue alimentado con comida estándar y agua potable durante 8 semanas. La dosis única Streptozotocina (STZ) (55 mg/ kg), se disolvió en tampón de citrato de sodio y se introdujo mediante inyección intraperitoneal. El grupo diabetes y el grupo control se compararon en términos de valores de glucosa. La concentración de glucosa en sangre en ratas diabéticas fue significativamente alta (p <0,05). En el grupo diabetes hubo un aumento significativo de la membrana periodontal y dilatación de los vasos sanguíneos y hemorragia, con un aumento significativo de células inflamatorias. En el grupo diabetes, la osteonectina mostró una expresión positiva en la membrana periodontal además se observó expresión negativa en los osteocitos del hueso alveolar. La expresión de osteopontina en fibroblastos y fibrillas de colágeno en membrana periodontal fue positiva, las células alveolares, osteocitos y hueso de la matriz ósea dio positivo. Los resultados de la diabetes mostraron que existía periodontitis, debido al aumento de la inflamación que inhibió la formación ósea retardando el desarrollo de células óseas tempranas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alveolar Process/metabolism , Alveolar Process/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Blood Glucose , Blotting, Western , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Osteonectin/metabolism , Osteopontin/metabolism , Rats, Wistar
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(2): 763-769, June 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787066

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of melatonin healing in a tibial bone defect model in rats by means of histopathological and immunohistochemistry analysis. Twenty one male Wistar albino rats were used in this study. In each animal, bone defects (6 mm length ) were created in the tibias. The animals were divided into three groups. In group 1 control group (rats which tibial defects). Group 2 melatonin (10 mg/kg) + 14 days in the tibial defect group) was administered intraperitoneally to rats. Group 3 melatonin (10 mg/kg) + 28 days in the tibial defect group) was administered intraperitoneally to rats. Histopathological analysis of samples was performed to evaluate the process of osteoblastic activity, matrix formation, trabecular bone formation and myeloid tissue in bone defects. Immunohistochemical and immunoblot analysis demonstrated non-collagenous proteins (osteopontin and osteonectin) differences in tibial bone defects. The expression of osteopontin on tibia was increased by 14 days melatonin treatment. The expression of osteonectin on tibia was dramatically increased by 14 days melatonin treatment.


El objetivo fue evaluar por medio de análisis histopatológico e inmunohistoquímico los efectos cicatrizantes de la melatonina en un modelo de defecto óseo tibial en ratas. Se utilizaron 21 ratas albinas Wistar macho. En cada animal, se crearon defectos óseos en las tibias de 6 mm de longitud. Los animales se dividieron en tres grupos. El Grupo 1 correspondió al grupo control (defectos tibiales sin tratamiento). Al Grupo 2 se administró melatonina por vía intraperitoneal (10 mg/kg) 14 días posteriores al defecto tibial. Al Grupo 3 se administró melatonina por vía intraperitoneal (10 mg/kg) 28 días posteriores al defecto tibial. Se realizó un análisis histopatológico para evaluar los procesos de actividad osteoblástica, formación de matriz, formación de hueso trabecular y tejido mieloide en los defectos óseos. Los análisis inmunohistoquímicos y de inmunotransferencia mostraron diferencias de proteínas no colágenas (osteopontina y osteonectina). La expresión de osteopontina en defectos óseos tibiales se incrementó en el Grupo 2. La expresión de osteonectina en la tibia se incrementó fuertemente bajo el tratamiento con melatonina por 14 días.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Melatonin/pharmacology , Tibial Fractures/drug therapy , Tibia/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Osteonectin/drug effects , Osteonectin/metabolism , Osteopontin/drug effects , Osteopontin/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tibial Fractures/pathology , Tibia/pathology , Wound Healing/drug effects
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e93, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952019

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and osteonectin (ON) in pulp-like tissues developed by tissue engineering and to compare it with the expression of these proteins in pulps treated with Ca(OH)2 therapy. Tooth slices were obtained from non-carious human third molars under sterile procedures. The residual periodontal and pulp soft tissues were removed. Empty pulp spaces of the tooth slice were filled with sodium chloride particles (250-425 µm). PLLA solubilized in 5% chloroform was applied over the salt particles. The tooth slice/scaffold (TS/S) set was stored overnight and then rinsed thoroughly to wash out the salt. Scaffolds were previously sterilized with ethanol (100-70°) and washed with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). TS/S was treated with 10% EDTA and seeded with dental pulp stem cells (DPSC). Then, TS/S was implanted into the dorsum of immunodeficient mice for 28 days. Human third molars previously treated with Ca(OH)2 for 90 days were also evaluated. Samples were prepared and submitted to histological and immunohistochemical (with anti-TGF-β1, 1:100 and anti-ON, 1:350) analyses. After 28 days, TS/S showed morphological characteristics similar to those observed in dental pulp treated with Ca(OH)2. Ca(OH)2-treated pulps showed the usual repaired pulp characteristics. In TS/S, newly formed tissues and pre-dentin was colored, which elucidated the expression of TGF-β1 and ON. Immunohistochemistry staining of Ca(OH)2-treated pulps showed the same expression patterns. The extracellular matrix displayed a fibrillar pattern under both conditions. Regenerative events in the pulp seem to follow a similar pattern of TGF-β1 and ON expression as the repair processes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Stem Cells/drug effects , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Osteonectin/analysis , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Time Factors , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Immunohistochemistry , Osteonectin/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Tissue Engineering/methods , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects , Tissue Scaffolds , Odontoblasts/drug effects
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(6): 541-553, Nov-Dec/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-732593

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this paper was to evaluate the repair of onlay autogenous bone grafts covered or not covered by an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE) membrane using immunohistochemistry in rats with induced estrogen deficiency. Material and Methods Eighty female rats were randomly divided into two groups: ovariectomized (OVX) and with a simulation of the surgical procedure (SHAM). Each of these groups was again divided into groups with either placement of an autogenous bone graft alone (BG) or an autogenous bone graft associated with an e-PTFE membrane (BGM). Animals were euthanized on days 0, 7, 21, 45, and 60. The specimens were subjected to immunohistochemistry for bone sialoprotein (BSP), osteonectin (ONC), and osteocalcin (OCC). Results All groups (OVX+BG, OVX+BMG, SHAM+BG, and SHAM+BMG) showed greater bone formation, observed between 7 and 21 days, when BSP and ONC staining were more intense. At the 45-day, the bone graft showed direct bonding to the recipient bed in all specimens. The ONC and OCC showed more expressed in granulation tissue, in the membrane groups, independently of estrogen deficiency. Conclusions The expression of bone forming markers was not negatively influenced by estrogen deficiency. However, the markers could be influenced by the presence of the e-PTFE membrane. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Bone Transplantation/methods , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Polytetrafluoroethylene/therapeutic use , Biomarkers/analysis , Estrogens/deficiency , Immunohistochemistry , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis , Mandible/surgery , Osteoblasts/physiology , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteonectin/analysis , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Ovariectomy , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-167689

ABSTRACT

Background: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor occurring in second and third decades of life with a second peak later. Biopsy (needle or incision) is necessary for diagnosis along with imaging modalities (X-ray, CT scan etc) and serology. Due to diagnostic dilemma in certain cases and for prognosis of patients, immunohistochemistry is increasingly used. Aims: To assess the pathologic features and determinants of osteosarcoma in patients of the Indian subcontinent that would put an insight into its appearance and behavior. Methods and Material: Forty cases of biopsy proven osteosarcoma were selected over a period of three years. Histopathology was done for tumor typing, along with serology (pre and post-operative serum alkaline phosphatase). In all cases TNM staging and immunohistochemistry for antibodies to Osteonectin (ON) (diagnosis), S100 (differentiation), Ki 67 and Her2 (prognosis) was done. Results: Serum alkaline phosphatase was high in 37 (92%) cases initially and remained high in metastatic and recurrent lesions. Osteonectin was positive in 38 (95%) cases, S100 in 31 (77%), Ki 67 showed overlapping labeling indices between 4.8-18.8% and Her2 showed more positivity in higher stage tumors. Conclusions: Biopsy (along with imaging) is mandatory to diagnose osteosarcoma. Osteonectin is a good immunohistochemical marker to differentiate osteosarcoma from its mimics. For prognostication, serum alkaline phosphatase, post chemotherapy tumor necrosis (more than 90%), lack of Her2 expression are good parameters. S100 and Ki67 were found to have limited role in diagnosis and prognosis of osteosarcoma.

14.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2014 Jan-Mar 57 (1): 109-113
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-155982

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant tumor in which osteoid or bone is produced directly by tumor cells. Some OS cells are positive for cytokeratin (CK) and epithelial membrane antigen by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and this may lead to a misdiagnosis of metastatic carcinoma, particularly when the tumor location is unusual. On the other hand, gastrointestinal metastasis of OS is rare. We present the case of a 67-year-old Japanese man with a small intestinal intussusception due to metastasis of a CK-positive rib OS. The tumor cells were positive for CK, osteopontin and osteonectin by IHC and a diagnosis of a CK-positive chest wall OS metastasizing to the small intestine was considered. Osteoid or bone formation was histologically absent and therefore chest wall OS had to be differentially diagnosed from metastatic carcinoma of unknown origin. A postmortem histological analysis confi rmed a rib OS. Awareness of CK-positive OS is important for making a correct diagnosis and for disease management and an immunohistochemical analysis of the tumor for expression of osteopontin and osteonectin may be used to support the diagnosis. In addition, this case shows that rib OS can metastasize to the gastrointestinal tract, albeit rarely, which may induce an intestinal intussusception.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457447

ABSTRACT

Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is expressed in esophageal cancer abnormally.On the one hand,recent studies show that high SPARC expression is correlated with progression and metastasis of esophageal cancer.On the other hand,high SPARC expression increases chemosensitivity and improves short-term efficacy in patients.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133861

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), also known as osteonectin or basement-membrane-40 (BM-40), is a member of a family of matricellular proteins, whose functions are to modulate cell-matrix interactions, growth and angiogenesis in colorectal cancer. In this study, the expression of SPARC was evaluated and its correlations with clinicopathological parameters were investigated. METHODS: The researchers analyzed the expression patterns of SPARC by using immunohistochemistry in 332 cases of colorectal cancer of tissue microarray. The clinicopathological characteristics were defined by using the TNM criteria of the Union for International Cancer Control. Clinicopathological factors such as age, sex, histologic type of the tumor, pathologic tumor stage, TNM stage, and lymphovascular invasion were evaluated according to the SPARC expression. RESULTS: The hazard ratios expressing SPARC in tumor cells, in the stroma, and in both tumor cells and the stroma were 2.10 (P = 0.036), 3.27 (P = 0.003) and 2.12 (P = 0.038), respectively. Patient survival was decreased in patient expressing SPARC in the stroma, and this result showed statistical significance (P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that SPARC expression in a tumor and in the stroma correlates with disease progression and may be used as a prognostic marker for colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Cysteine , Disease Progression , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Osteonectin , Prognosis , Proteins
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133860

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), also known as osteonectin or basement-membrane-40 (BM-40), is a member of a family of matricellular proteins, whose functions are to modulate cell-matrix interactions, growth and angiogenesis in colorectal cancer. In this study, the expression of SPARC was evaluated and its correlations with clinicopathological parameters were investigated. METHODS: The researchers analyzed the expression patterns of SPARC by using immunohistochemistry in 332 cases of colorectal cancer of tissue microarray. The clinicopathological characteristics were defined by using the TNM criteria of the Union for International Cancer Control. Clinicopathological factors such as age, sex, histologic type of the tumor, pathologic tumor stage, TNM stage, and lymphovascular invasion were evaluated according to the SPARC expression. RESULTS: The hazard ratios expressing SPARC in tumor cells, in the stroma, and in both tumor cells and the stroma were 2.10 (P = 0.036), 3.27 (P = 0.003) and 2.12 (P = 0.038), respectively. Patient survival was decreased in patient expressing SPARC in the stroma, and this result showed statistical significance (P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that SPARC expression in a tumor and in the stroma correlates with disease progression and may be used as a prognostic marker for colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Cysteine , Disease Progression , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Osteonectin , Prognosis , Proteins
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23061

ABSTRACT

Tooth development involves bud, cap, bell and hard tissue formation stages, each of which is tightly controlled by regulatory molecules. The aim of this study was to identify genes that are differentially expressed during dental hard tissue differentiation. Sprague-Dawley rats at postnatal days 3, 6 and 9 were used in the analysis. Differential display RT-PCR (DD-PCR) was used to screen differentially expressed genes between the 2nd (root formation stage, during mineralization) and 3rd (cap stage, before mineralization) molar germs at postnatal day 9. The DNA detected in the 2nd molar germs showed homology to osteonectin only (GenBank accession no. NM_012656.1). The level of osteonectin mRNA expression was much higher in the 2nd molar germs than in the 3rd molar germs and was found to increase in a time-dependent manner from the early bell stage to the root formation stage in the 2nd molar germs. The pattern of osteonectin protein expression was consistent with these RT-PCR results. Osteonectin protein was found by immunofluorescent analysis to localize in odontoblasts and preodontoblasts rather than the dentin matrix itself. Further studies are needed to validate the involvement of osteonectin in mineralization and root formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dentin , DNA , Molar , Odontoblasts , Osteonectin , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , RNA, Messenger , Tooth
19.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 11(3): 77-84, Jul.-Set. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-792212

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: as lesões fibro-ósseas benignas (LFOB) correspondem a um grupo diverso de patologias caracterizadas pela substituição do tecido ósseo por tecido conjuntivo e matriz extracelular mineralizada. Pouco se conhece a respeito da etiologia desse grupo de lesões. Propomo-nos a analisar por meio da técnica imunohistoquímica a expressão de 3 moléculas (osteonectina, TGFβ-1 e BMP 2/4) envolvidas no metabolismo ósseo. Métodos: Trinta e dois casos diagnosticados como osso normal (ON,8), displasia fibrosa (DF,8), displasia cemento-óssea (DCO,8) e fibroma cemento-ossificante (FCO,8) foram selecionados. Resultados: A osteonectina e a BMP2/4 foram positivas em todos os casos. O TGFβ-1 revelou positividade em 1 caso de DCO e FCO. Conclusão: Os achados imunohistoquímicos sugerem que as LFOB tem processos diferentes de produção de tecido ósseo.


Background: Benign fibro-osseous lesions (BFOL) comprise a diverse group of pathologies characterized by the replacement of normal bone by fibrous tissue and a mineralized product. Little is known about the biology of this group of lesions. We have analyzed the immunohistochemical expression of three molecules involved in bone metabolism, namely osteonectin, TGF-b1, and BMP2/4. Methods: Thirty-two cases diagnosed as normal jaw bone (NJB, 8 cases), fibrous dysplasia (FD, 8 cases), cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD, 8 cases), and cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF, 8 cases) were selected. Results: Osteonectin and BMP2/4 antibodies were positive in all cases. TGFb-1 labeling was seen in one case of COD and COF. Conclusion: The immunohistochemistry findings suggest that BFOL have different processes of osseous tissue production.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387475

ABSTRACT

Secreted rotein acidicand rich in cysteine (SPARC), belonging to a family of matricellular proteins, is a multifunctional calcium-binding glycoprotein. In tumors, it functions as de-adhesion, antiproliferation, and regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions. But in different tumors,SPARC performances different biological effects, as in melanoma, breast cancer, esophageal cancer, etc, SPARC is associated with a highly aggressive tumor phenotype, while in ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, non-small cell lung cancer,SPARC may function as a tumor suppressor.

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