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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 706-714, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare effects of conservative treatment and percutaneous kyphoplasty on paravertebral muscle degeneration in patients with osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures.Methods:A retrospective case control analysis was conducted on 286 cases of osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures from January 2017 to December 2019. There were 54 males and 232 females, with a mean age of 67.7 (range, 52-90 years). According to the treatment, the patients were divided in to conservative treatment group (134 patients) and percutaneous kyphoplasty treatment group (152 patients). The pre-operation and post-operation of paravertebral muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and fatty infiltration (FI% ) , bed rest time, visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), the sagittal view Cobb angle, and the anterior column height of fractured vertebra were compared between these two groups.Results:The two groups had no significant difference in CSA and FI% of paravertebral muscle in each plane of the intervertebral discs of the L 3-4、L 4-5 and L 5S 1. The CSA of multifidus in each plane of the intervertebral discs three months after operation were 6.56±1.26 cm 2, 6.87±1.31 cm 2, and 7.14±1.29 cm 2; the CSA of erector were 12.39±2.16 cm 2, 14.72±2.67 cm 2, and 16.45±3.09 cm 2; the CSA of psoas major were 7.05±1.52 cm 2, 8.12±1.75 cm 2, and 8.68±1.66 cm 2, which all were larger than those in conservative treatment group and showed significant difference between two groups ( P<0.05). However, the two groups had no significant difference in FI% of paravertebral muscle three months after operation. The CSA of multifidus in each plane of the intervertebral discs one year after operation were 6.43±1.23 cm 2, 6.62±1.42 cm 2, and 7.06±1.32 cm 2; the CSA of erector were 12.02±2.08 cm 2, 14.53±2.76 cm 2, and 16.39±2.84 cm 2; the CSA of psoas major were 6.98±1.47 cm 2, 8.01±1.59 cm 2, and 8.37±1.72 cm 2, which all were larger than those in conservative treatment group and showed significant difference between two groups ( P<0.05). The FI% of multifidus in each plane of the intervertebral discs one year after operation were 31.40%±5.84% , 32.54%±6.64% , and 33.26%±7.16% ; the FI% of erector were 22.64%±3.47% , 23.08%±3.72% , and 23.84%±3.99% ; the FI% of psoas major were 9.23%±2.20% , 9.72%±2.54% , and 10.98%±2.43% , which all were less than those in conservative treatment group and showed significant difference between two groups ( P<0.05). Two groups had significant difference in bed rest time as (9.21±2.52) d vs. (40.32±9.79) d ( t=37.79, P<0.001). The VAS, ODI score at the time of the first day after treatment and the last follow-up of the surgical treatment group were all significantly lower than those of conservative treatment group ( P<0.05). The operation could effectively improve the kyphosis deformity and reduce the loss the anterior column height of fractured vertebra compared with conservative treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusion:There exists paravertebral muscle degeneration of varying degrees during the course of the osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures. Compared to conservative treatment, percutaneous kyphoplasty treatment can not only significantly relieve pain in the short term, improve quality of patient's life, but also significantly delay the degeneration of paravertebral muscle.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 396-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of bone cement leakage after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A multi-center, large-sample, case-control study was carried out to analyze the clinical data of 2 273 OVCF patients (2 689 vertebrae) undergone PVP at four hospitals between May 2018 and October 2021, including 994 males and 1 279 females, with the age of 52-91 years [(69.1±3.1)years]. Of all, 581 patients (604 vertebrae) were allocated to leakage group and 1 692 patients (2 085 vertebrae) to no leakage group according to the occurrence of bone cement leakage. The gender, age, fracture sites, vertebral compression degree, endplate integrity of fractured vertebrae, surgical segments, surgical approaches and bone cement injection volume were recorded. Univariate analysis was used to investigate the correlation between those indicators with bone cement leakage. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors for bone cement leakage.Results:Univariate analysis showed that gender, age, fracture sites, vertebral compression degree, bone cement injection volume were related to bone cement leakage after PVP ( P<0.05 or 0.01), but no correlation was found in the endplate integrity of fractured vertebrae, surgical segments and surgical approaches (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that fracture sites ( OR=1.68, 95% CI 1.11-2.55, P<0.05), vertebral compression degree more than 40% ( OR=1.98, 95% CI 1.29-3.02, P<0.01), bone cement injection volume greater than or equal to 5.5 ml ( OR=1.55, 95% CI 1.07-2.26, P<0.05) were significantly associated with bone cement leakage after PVP. Conclusion:Thoracic vertebral fracture, vertebral compression degree more than 40% and bone cement injection volume greater than or equal to 5.5 ml are independent risk factors for bone cement leakage after PVP in OVCF.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 389-395, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of percutaneous curved vertebroplasty (PCVP) and unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 104 patients with single vertebral OVCF treated in Tianjin Hospital from September 2019 to September 2020, including 21 males and 83 females; aged 50-91 years [(70.3±7.7)years]. AO classification of the fracture was type A1 in 65 patients and type A2 in 39. The patients received PCVP (PCVP group, n=51) or unilateral PKP surgery (unilateral PKP group, n=53). The operation time, bone cement injection volume, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, effective dispersion times of bone cement and excellent rate of bone cement distribution were compared between the two groups. In evaluation of the therapeutic effects of the two groups, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) were measured preoperatively and at postoperative 24 hours, 3 months and 6 months; Beck index was measured preoperatively and at postoperative 24 hours and 3 months. The rate of bone cement leakage and rate of refracture of adjacent vertebral bodies were compared between the two groups. Results:All patients were followed up for 6-8 months [(6.4±0.7)months]. The operation time, bone cement injection volume and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency in PCVP group was (12.15±1.63)minutes, (2.13±0.28)ml and (24.74±1.71)times, shorter or less than (22.09±1.62)minutes, (5.30±0.52)ml and (30.09±1.86)times in unilateral PKP group (all P<0.01). The effective dispersion times of bone cement in PCVP group was (1.42±0.04)times, higher than (1.18±0.02)times in unilateral PKP group ( P<0.01). The excellent rate of bone cement distribution in PCVP group was 94%, higher than 70% in unilateral PKP group ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in VAS, ODI and Beck index between the two groups before operation and at 24 hours and 3 months after operation (all P>0.05). VAS and ODI in PCVP group were (1.20±0.49)points and 16.52±5.22 at 6 months after operation, lower than (1.49±0.58)points and 20.16±5.16 in unilateral PKP group (all P<0.01). VAS and ODI in the two groups were significantly improved at 24 hours, 3 months and 6 months after operation when compared with those before operation (all P<0.05). Beck index in the two groups detected at 24 hours and 3 months after operation was improved from that before operation (all P<0.05). Unilateral PKP group showed Beck index was 0.75±0.07 at 3 months after operation, significantly lower than 0.79±0.07 at 24 hours after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant change in PCVP group ( P>0.05). The leakage rate of bone cement in PCVP group was 16% (8/51), lower than 47% (25/53) in unilateral PKP group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the incidence of refracture of adjacent vertebral bodies between the two groups during follow-up ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For OVCF, PCVP is superior to unilateral PKP in terms of operation time, amount of bone cement injection, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, dispersion effect of bone cement in vertebral body, pain, function improvement, maintenance of injured vertebral height and incidence of bone cement leakage.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 301-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of the novel bone cement bridging screw system combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of symptomatic chronic osteoporotic vertebral fractures (SCOVF) with intravertebral vacuum cleft (IVC).Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyze the clinical data of 27 patients with SCOVF admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from August 2016 to August 2018, including 6 males and 21 females; age 69-88 years [(75.2±4.9)years]. All patients were treated by the novel bone cement bridging screw combined with PVP. The operation time, amount of bone cement injected and occurrence of bone cement leakage or displacement were recorded. The vertebral body index (VBI), vertebral body angle (VBA), two-segment Cobb angle (BCA), visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were compared preoperatively, at day 1 after operation and at the last follow-up. The results of the MOS 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) and Odom′s criteria were compared preoperatively and at the last follow-up to evaluate pain relief and neurological recovery.Results:All patients were followed up for 36-48 months [(40.2±3.7)months]. The operation time was 37-70 minutes [(49.6±10.8)minutes], with the amount of bone cement injected for 3-6 ml [(34.7±0.9)ml]. Intraoperative bone cement leakage occurred in 4 patients (15%), among which 3 had lateral vertebral leakage and 1 superior intervertebral disc leakage. There was no bone cement displacement during the postoperative period to the last follow-up. The VBI, VBA, BCA, VAS and ODI were (43.1±5.9)%, (21.0±2.6)°, (45.0±6.3)°, 7.6 (7.0, 8.0)points, (79.9±7.6)% preoperatively, were (78.7±2.6)%, (12.7±2.1)°, (26.1±4.7)°, 3.2 (3.0, 4.0)points, (50.0±9.3)% at day 1 after operation, and were (78.0±2.3)%, (13.2±2.4)°, (27.1±4.9)°, 2.0 (2.0, 2.0)points, (22.9±5.1)% at the last follow-up. There were significant differences in above five measures at day 1 after operation and at the final follow-up in comparison with the preoperative values (all P<0.05), and their values measured at day 1 after operation and at the final follow-up were also significantly different (all P<0.05). The SF-36 score in physical function, role physical, body pain, vitality and social function was 45.2 (40.0, 50.0)points, 28.7 (25.0, 50.0)points, 15.9 (10.0, 22.0)points, 48.3 (40.0, 60.0)points, 29.2 (25.0, 37.5)points preoperatively, significantly different from 78.0 (75.0, 85.0)points, 75.0 (75.0, 75.0)points, 68.1 (64.0, 74.0)points, 62.0 (55.0, 70.0)points, 34.7 (25.0, 37.5)points at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in SF-36 before operation and at the last follow-up in dimensions of general health, emotional function and mental health (all P>0.05). According to Odom′s criteria, 19 patients were graded as excellent, 7 good, 1 fair and 0 poor, with an excellent and good rate of 96%. Conclusion:For SCOVF patients with IVC, the novel bone cement bridging screw system combined with PVP has advantages of no displacement of bone cement, satisfactory fixation, significant pain relief and satisfactory functional recovery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 187-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932225

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) is a kind of fragility fracture, and osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (OTLF) is the most common type. At present, OTLF has gradually been a common disease in the elderly, among which improper treatments may cause serious complications and even death, bringing a heavy burden to the family and society. Accordingly, in-depth researches on the prevention and treatment of this disease is significant to improve the quality of life for the elderly and reduce social burden. Accurate choices of treatments depend on fracture classifications. A variety of OTLF classifications have been proposed by domestic and foreign scholars, but each has its own defects, and to distinguish their differences may be problematic. Therefore, it is difficult to apply each classification. In this study, the authors review the research progress in different classification and scoring sytems for OTLF to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932212

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) is mostly noted in the elderly with many comorbidities and most of them are treated by non-surgical treatments such as analgesia, antiosteoporosis or rehabilitation and by minimally invasive vertebroplasty. However, when there is instability, neurological dysfunction or severe kyphosis, open surgery is still necessary. The authors discuss the relevant issues in the indications, surgical approaches, results and complications of open surgery for OVF so as to provide a reference for better clinical treatment.

7.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(3): e251954, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374146

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the involvement of orthopedists and orthopedic residents with fragility fractures, in its clinical, therapeutic, and social aspects. Methods: Cross-sectional observational and prospective study that took place in the period from June to August 2020. Results: 540 participants were analyzed. The population consisted of orthopedists (85.56%; N = 462) and residents (14.44%; N = 78), with a greater proportion of individuals from 41 to 50 years of age (36.67%; N = 198) and from the Southeast region (57.22%; N = 309). For 47.04% (N = 254) of the participants, the profile of the patient at risk for fragility fracture corresponds to: woman, sedentary, smoker and over 60 years of age. The consensus among the participants (97.96%; N = 529) is that fragility fractures occur in or near home environments. Moreover, 47.59% (N = 257) believe that the first fragility fracture is the most important predictive risk factor for subsequent occurrences and 63.89% (N = 345) of the participants claim to attend more than 15 cases per year. Regarding treatment, 74.44% (N = 402) are dedicated exclusively to orthopedic aspects (68.33%; N = 369). However, 62.41% (N = 337) of the participants believe that patients with fragility fractures should receive medication and supplements. Likewise, 70.74% (N = 382) of the participants consider that home security measures and training of family members are important, and they attribute the role to the multidisciplinary team. Conclusions: Fragility fractures are frequent in the routine of Brazilian orthopedists. However, they are not familiar with adjuvant treatments for fragility fractures, acting almost exclusively in the orthopedics aspects of these injuries. Level of Evidence II, Prospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o entendimento entre ortopedistas e residentes em ortopedia sobre as fraturas por fragilidade, em seus aspectos clínicos, terapêuticos e sociais. Métodos: Estudo transversal, observacional e prospectivo que ocorreu no período de junho de agosto de 2020. Resultados: Foram analisados 540 participantes. A população foi composta por ortopedistas (85,56%; N = 462) e residentes (14,44%; N = 78), com prevalência de idade entre 41 e 50 anos (36,67%; N=198) e oriundos da região Sudeste (57,22%; N = 309). Para 47,04% (N = 254) dos participantes o perfil do paciente em risco para fratura por fragilidade corresponde a: mulher, sedentária, tabagista e acima dos 60 anos de idade. Sendo consenso entre os participantes (97,96%; N = 529) que as fraturas por fragilidade ocorrem em ambientes domiciliares ou próximo a eles. Além disso, 47,59% (N = 257) dos participantes acreditam que a primeira fratura por fragilidade seja o fator de risco preditivo mais importante para novo episódio de fratura e 63,89% (N = 345) dos avaliadores atendem mais de 15 casos por ano. Em relação ao tratamento, 74,44% (N = 402) dedicam-se exclusivamente aos aspectos ortopédicos (68,33%; N = 369). No entanto, 62,41% (N = 337) dos participantes acreditam que paciente devam receber medicamentos e suplementos. Da mesma forma, 70,74% (N = 382) dos avaliadores consideram que medidas de segurança domiciliar e treinamento de familiares sejam importantes e atribuídas a equipe multiprofissional. Conclusão: As fraturas por fragilidade são frequentes na rotina dos ortopedistas brasileiros. No entanto, estes não estão familiarizados com tratamentos adjuvantes nas fraturas consideradas por fragilidade, atuando quase que exclusivamente nos aspectos ortopédicos envolvidos nestas lesões. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo Prospectivo.

8.
Coluna/Columna ; 21(2): e257080, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375242

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Kyphoplasty (KP) and vertebroplasty (VP) are both widely adopted treatments for patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF), however, which of these techniques is more effective has not yet been established. We performed a systematic review of articles, followed by meta-analysis, in an attempt to establish the differences between KP and VP. Initially, 187 articles were obtained, 20 of which were systematically reviewed and submitted to meta-analysis. Thus, 2,226 patients comprised the universe of the present article, 1202 of whom underwent KP and 1024 of whom underwent VP. The statistically significant results observed included lower mean bone cement leakage (ml) in the group submitted to kyphoplasty, with OR: 1.50 [CI95%: 1.16 - 1.95], p <0.05; shorter mean surgical time (minutes), 0.45 [CI90% 0.08 - 0.82], p <0.1, for the group submitted to VP as compared to the KP group; and a lower mean postoperative Oswestry Disability Index score in the KP group, OR: −0.14 [CI95%: −0.28 - 0.01], p <0.05. KP was more effective in improving physical function and had a lower frequency of cement leakage when compared to VP, although it requires longer surgical time. Level of evidence III; Systematic review of level III studies.


RESUMO Tanto a cifoplastia (KP) quanto a vertebroplastia (VP) são tratamentos bastante adotados para pacientes com fratura vertebral osteoporótica (FVO), no entanto, ainda não foi estabelecido qual destas é a técnica de maior eficácia. Realizamos uma revisão sistemática de artigos, seguida de metanálise, na tentativa de estabelecer as diferenças entre KP e VP. Foram obtidos inicialmente 187 artigos, sendo que destes, 20 foram revisados sistematicamente e submetidos à metanálise. Assim, 2226 pacientes compuseram o universo do presente artigo, sendo 1202 destes submetidos à KP e 1024 à VP. Entre os resultados estatisticamente significativos, foi observado um menor extravasamento médio de cimento ósseo (ml) no grupo submetido à cifoplastia, OR: 1,50 [IC 95%: 1,16 - 1,95], p < 0,05; o tempo médio de operação (minutos) 0,45 [IC 90%: 0,08 - 0,82], p < 0,1, na comparação entre KP e VP é menor no grupo submetido à vertebroplastia e no pós-cirúrgico, o Índice Médio de Incapacidade de Oswestry foi menor no grupo KP OR: −0,14 [IC 95% −0,28 - 0,01], p < 0,05. A KP foi mais eficaz na melhora da função física e menor frequência de extravasamento de cimento quando comparada à VP embora demande maior tempo cirúrgico. Nível de evidência III; Revisão sistemática de estudos de nível III.


RESUMEN Tanto la cifoplastía (KP) como la vertebroplastía (VP) son tratamientos ampliamente adoptados en pacientes con fractura vertebral osteoporótica (FVO), sin embargo, aún no se ha establecido cuál de ellas es la técnica más eficaz. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de artículos, seguida de un metaanálisis, en un intento de establecer las diferencias entre KP y VP. Inicialmente se obtuvieron 187 artículos, de los cuales 20 fueron revisados sistemáticamente y sometidos a un metaanálisis. Así, 2226 pacientes constituyeron el universo del presente artículo, 1202 de ellos sometidos a KP y 1024 a VP. Entre los resultados estadísticamente significativos, se observó una menor extravasación media de cemento óseo (ml) en el grupo sometido a cifoplastía, OR: 1,50 [IC 95%: 1,16 - 1,95], p <0,05; el tiempo medio de intervención (minutos) 0,45 [IC 90% 0,08 - 0,82], p <0,1, en la comparación entre KP y VP es menor en el grupo sometido a vertebroplastía y en el posquirúrgico, el Índice de Discapacidad de Oswestry promedio fue menor en el grupo KP OR: −0,14 [IC 95 % CI −0,28 - 0,01], p <0,05. La KP fue más eficaz en la mejora de la función física y con menor frecuencia de extravasación de cemento en comparación con la VP, aunque requiere un tiempo quirúrgico más prolongado. Nivel de evidencia III; Revisión sistemática de estudios de nivel III.

9.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(4): e253507, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393782

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Population ageing is an inexorable truth. This is the reason for an increase in the number of studies analyzing common pathologies, such as osteoporosis, in older people. Osteoporosis is a disease resulting from bone fragility, thus increasing the risk of fracture. Although the occurrence is predominant in women, studies analyzing the male population have raised interest among the scientific community. Nevertheless, there is no consensus regarding the best way to estimate the risk of fracture. Bone density testing and TBS (trabecular bone score) assessments are alternatives available for diagnosing. To assess the relationship between bone mineral density, the changes in TBS and fractures in older men. We conducted an integrative review of the literature in the LILACS, Scopus and PubMed databases, searching for studies in the last five years. We found 97 studies, and five of these matched our guiding question. We found five articles that matched our selecting criteria. All five presented the importance of using TBS for a better accuracy in improving the estimate of risk of fracture in older men. The association of TBS with bone density is important to best estimate the risk of fracture in elder men. Level of Evidence II, Diagnostic Studies.


RESUMO O envelhecimento populacional é uma realidade inexorável. Portanto o número de estudos relacionados às patologias comuns em idosos, como a osteoporose, tende a crescer. A osteoporose é uma doença caracterizada pelo aumento da fragilidade óssea, elevando o risco de fratura. Embora seja uma patologia predominante em mulheres, os estudos analisando a população masculina tem despertado interesse na comunidade científica. Entretanto, ainda não há consenso sobre a melhor forma estimar o risco de fratura. A densitometria óssea e a avalição do trabecular bone score (TBS) são alternativas disponíveis para o diagnóstico. Avaliar a relação entre a densidade mineral óssea, a alteração do TBS e a presença de fratura em idosos masculinos. Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura nas bases de dados LILACS, Scopus e PubMed, procurando estudos realizados nos últimos cinco anos. Foram encontrados 97 estudos, sendo que cinco se adequavam aos nossos critérios de seleção. Todos os estudos mostraram a importância do uso do TBS para uma melhor acurácia no intuito de aprimorar a estimativa do risco de fratura em homens idosos. A associação do TBS com a densidade óssea é útil para estimar de forma mais adequada o risco de fratura. Nível de Evidência II, Estudos Diagnósticos.

10.
Actual. osteol ; 18(1): 29-39, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1395951

ABSTRACT

La osteoporosis es una enfermedad sistémica que deteriora la calidad del hueso y su arquitectura. Como consecuencia, predispone a fracturas por fragilidad, entre las cuales las fracturas vertebrales son frecuentes. Estas se asocian a una gran morbimortalidad. La vertebroplastia ha surgido en 1984 como alter-nativa terapéutica para tratar algunos tumores vertebrales y fracturas vertebrales osteoporóticas dolorosas. Este procedimiento consiste en la inyección de cemento guiado por imágenes, para estabilizar la vértebra fracturada y disminuir el dolor. La vertebroplastia puede ser realizada con anestesia local, sedación o anestesia general. La fuga de cemento fuera de la vértebra es una complicación común; sin embargo esto no suele tener traducción clínica y solamente se trata de un hallazgo imagenológico. En este artículo revisaremos las indicaciones, contraindicaciones, la eficacia, controversias y las complicaciones de la vertebroplastia percutánea. (AU)


Osteoporosis is a systemic disease characterized by bone quality deterioration. As a consequence of this deterioration, osteoporosis results in high fracture risk due to bone fragility. Fractures to the spine are common in this scenario, and relate to an increased morbi-mortality. Vertebroplasty emerged in 1984 as an alternative to treat painful vertebral tumors and osteoporotic vertebral fractures. This procedure relies on image guided cement injection to achieve pain relief and strengthen the vertebral body. Vertebroplasty can be performed under local anesthesia, mild sedation, or general anesthesia. Among its complications, cement leakage is common but it is rarely associated with any symptoms and it is usually an imaging finding. In this article, we will review indications and contraindications, effectiveness, controversies and complications related to percutaneous vertebroplasty. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spinal Fractures/therapy , Vertebroplasty/methods , Osteoporotic Fractures/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Spinal Fractures/classification , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects , Osteoporotic Fractures/classification
11.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353181

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar a utilização de recursos e os custos médicos diretos associados às fraturas por fragilidade, sob as perspectivas do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e do Sistema de Saúde Suplementar (SSS) no Brasil, por meio de abordagem de microcusteio. Métodos: Para a determinação do padrão de utilização de recursos, foi conduzida uma revisão da literatura sobre o manejo das fraturas por fragilidade (fêmur proximal, terço distal do rádio e vértebra). As condutas foram validadas por dois especialistas. Foram considerados apenas custos diretos, sob as perspectivas do SUS e do SSS como fontes pagadoras, a partir de listas oficiais de preços adequadas a cada categoria de custos e a cada perspectiva. Resultados: Os custos finais médios atribuídos ao tratamento cirúrgico da fratura de fêmur proximal, sob as perspectivas do SUS e do SSS, foram de R$ 5.612,13 e R$ 52.384,06, respectivamente. Para as fraturas do terço distal do rádio, os custos médios por paciente para o tratamento conservador e cirúrgico foram de R$ 661,53 e R$ 1.405,21, respectivamente, sob a perspectiva do SUS, e de R$ 8.917,75 e R$ 21.689,92, para a perspectiva privada. Quanto às fraturas vertebrais, os custos por paciente para o tratamento conservador e cirúrgico foram de R$ 1.165,93 e R$ 9.775,56, respectivamente, no cenário do SUS, e de R$ 15.053,32 e R$ 54.596,78, respectivamente, sob a perspectiva do SSS. Conclusões: No Brasil, custos diretos das fraturas por fragilidade são relevantes, justificando a preocupação não apenas clínica, mas também econômica para fontes pagadoras e sociedade


Objective: To estimate the resources utilization, and direct medical costs associated with fragility fractures, from the perspectives of the Unified Healthcare System (SUS) and Supplementary Healthcare System (SSS) in Brazil, through a microcosting approach. Methods: A literature review was conducted regarding the management of fragility fractures (proximal femur, distal radius third of the radius and vertebra) to determine the pattern of resource utilization. The methods were validated by two experts. Only direct costs were considered, from the perspectives of SUS and SSS as paying sources, based on official price lists appropriate to each cost category and perspective. Public bid databases provide the actual market prices for the SUS perspective. Results: The average final costs attributed to the surgical treatment of the proximal femur fractures from the perspectives of SUS and SSS were BRL 5,612.13 and BRL 52,384.06, respectively. For fractures of the distal radius, the average costs per patient for conservative and surgical treatment were BRL 661.53 and BRL 1,405.21, respectively, from the SUS perspective, and BRL 8,917.75 and BRL 21,689.92, from the private perspective. For vertebral fractures, the cost per patient for conservative and surgical treatment were BRL 1.165,93 and BRL 9.775,56, respectively, in the SUS scenario and BRL 15.053,32 and BRL 54.596,78, respectively, under the SSS perspective. Conclusions: In Brazil, direct costs of fragility fractures are substantial, justifying not only clinical but also economic concerns for payers and society

12.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(2): 104-110, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357255

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las fracturas por fragilidad son una complicación frecuente de la osteoporosis y generan alto impacto en la calidad de vida del adulto mayor. Las fracturas de cuello femoral, radio distal, húmero proximal y vértebras toracolumbares, en el contexto de un traumatismo menor, se consideran fracturas por fragilidad. Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia de factores de riesgo en personas mayores de 50 arios con fracturas por fragilidad atendidas en un hospital del departamento de Boyacá. Metodología: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y de corte transversal. Se incluyeron 242 pacientes que presentaron fracturas por fragilidad con diagnóstico confirmado por estudio imagenológico. Resultados: El 62,8% de la población fue femenina. La edad condiciona un aumento del número de fracturas de fémur. El 10,7% de la población tenía un antecedente de fractura, con un aumento de la prevalencia a mayor edad. La fractura de radio distal fue la más frecuente en el 36,8% de la población. Cerca del 40% de los pacientes eran hipertensos y el 7,9% tenía diabetes, en tanto que el 9,7% eran consumidores crónicos de inhibidores de la bomba de protones. El 2,4% consumía glucocorticoides previamente al evento. Conclusiones: El comportamiento poblacional de las fracturas por fragilidad en nuestra ins titución es similar al de otros lugares, tanto a escala nacional como internacional. Por tanto, es importante empezar a crear conciencia sobre la prevención secundaria de la osteoporo sis, con el fin de disminuir las complicaciones, mejorar los desenlaces y disminuir los gastos que consigo trae.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Fragility fractures are a frequent complication of osteoporosis and lead to increased morbidity and mortality, as well as decreasing quality of life of the elderly popu lation, and represents high costs for health care systems. After minor trauma, fractures of the femoral neck, distal radius, proximal humerus, and thoraco-lumbar vertebrae are associated with osteoporosis, and are considered fragility fractures. Objective: To identify the prevalence of risk factors in people over 50 years of age with fragility fractures treated at a third level hospital in the department of Boyacá, Colombia. Methodology: Observational, descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional study. An evaluation was made on 242 patients between 50 and 100 years of age with any of the previously mentioned 4 fragility fractures. Fracture diagnosis had to be confirmed by plain radiography or computed tomography. Results: The majority (62.8%) of the study population was female. Age was associated with an increase in the number of femur fractures. A history of previous fractures was observed in 10.7% of the cases, with prevalence increasing with age. Distal radius fracture was the most frequent in 36.8% of the population. About 40% of the patients had hypertension and 7.9% were diabetic. Chronic use of proton pump inhibitors was observed in 9.7%, and 2.4% consumed glucocorticoids prior to the event. Conclusions: The behaviour of fragility fractures of the population in our institution is simi lar to that of other places, both nationally and internationally. It is therefore important to start raising awareness about secondary prevention of osteoporosis, in order to reduce complications, improve outcomes, and reduce associated costs.

13.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(1): e181, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347551

ABSTRACT

El FRAX es una herramienta que mide el riesgo de fractura y cuenta con un algoritmo computarizado desarrollado por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, basado en modelos globales de cohortes de población, combinados con factores de riesgo clínico. La herramienta fue diseñada inicialmente para su aplicación por los médicos de atención primaria en mujeres posmenopáusicas y hombres sobre 50 años, aunque es válida en general entre 40-90 años. Nos propusimos desarrollar un estudio epidemiológico-clínico sobre osteoporosis y fracturas en la población general y algunos grupos especiales de riesgo que incluyen mujeres posmenopáusicas, pacientes con afecciones reumáticas, endocrinas, cáncer y con infección por VIH, así como describir el papel desempeñado por FRAX como herramienta de medición del riesgo de fractura a los 10 años de ocurrida. Asimismo, constituye un gran reto conocer e identificar los principales grupos vulnerables o de riesgo para osteoporosis y fracturas en la población cubana. Esta aplicación nos resulta prioritaria en los grupos identificados, pues permitirá conocer los riesgos de fracturas a corto y largo plazos e implementar correcta y racionalmente los estudios DXA, disponibles en el país para la toma de decisiones terapéuticas(AU)


The FRAX is a tool that has a computerized algorithm developed by the World Health Organization, based on global models of population cohorts, combined with clinical risk factors, which measures the risk of fracture. The tool was initially designed for use by primary care physicians in postmenopausal women and men over 50 years of age, although it is generally valid between 40-90 years. We set out to develop a clinical epidemiological study on osteoporosis and fractures in the general population and some special risk groups that include post-menopausal women, patients with rheumatic, endocrine, cancer and HIV-infected conditions, as well as the role played by FRAX as a measurement tool. The ten-year risk of fracture related to the importance of knowing and identifying the main vulnerable or risk groups for osteoporosis and fractures in the Cuban population constitutes a great challenge. This application is a priority for those groups previously identified as it will allow us to know the short and long-term risks of fractures and implement the correct use of DXA studies, available in the country with a rational use and therapeutic decision-making(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis , Risk Groups , Risk Factors , Fractures, Bone , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/diagnosis , Absorptiometry, Photon/methods , Epidemiologic Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1062-1067, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909977

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic thoracolumbar vertebral fracture(OTVF)is a common clinical manifestation of patients with osteoporosis, which can lead to secondary kyphosis, scoliosis, lumbar pain and even neurological symptoms and seriously affect the quality of life of patients. Although the treatment of OTVF has been satisfactory now, there still ramain many challenges, such as early identification, accurate diagnosis and standardized treatment. In response to these problems, Chinese scholars have innovated a number of technologies in the field of OTVF diagnosis and treatment, and achieved remarkable research results during the“13th Five-Year Plan”period. A number of guidelines and expert consensus have been formulated around the core problems in diagnosis and treatment of OTVF. The authors summarize the representative new technologies and research achievements in diagnosis and treatment of OTVF during the 13th Five-Year Plan period in China.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 968-972, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909964

ABSTRACT

The osteoporotic fracture is characterized by a high disability rate,poor internal fixation strength,delayed bone healing,etc.,which greatly affects elderly health,so accelerating fracture healing is the key point of therapeutic strategies. Current researches mainly concentrate in bone formation acceleration and resorption inhibition,but the outcomes turn out to be unsatisfactory under the coupling of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. The accumulation of yellow adipose tissue in the medullary cavity is often arisen in patients with osteoporotic fractures,but its role and mechanism in bone metabolism remain unclear. Bone marrow adipocytes are differentiated from mesenchymal stromal cells and possess unique metabolic and secretory functions involving in energy metabolism,maintenance of hematopoietic microenvironment and regulation of bone metabolism balance. However,the role of bone marrow adipose tissue(BMAT)in osteoporotic fracture healing requires more elucidation. In this study,the authors discuss the key role and molecular mechanism of BMAT in the regulation of bone metabolism and homeostasis,aiming to provid new ideas and targets for the promotion of osteoporotic fracture healing.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 955-960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909962

ABSTRACT

Thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF)is more common in patients with osteoporosis,which seriously affects the life quality of the elderly. Percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP)and percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)are the conventionally effective strategies for treatment of OVCF,whereas quite a lot OVCF patients still sufferred from residual back pain,affecting postoperative recovery. Bone density,postoperative infection,cement leakage induced nerve injury,fascia injury and facet joint violation may be the potential factors for residual back pain. In this study,the authors review advances in the definition of residual back pain in OVCF after surgery and related risk factors including injured vertebrae,bone density,fascia injury,intravertebral vacuum cleft,cement volume and distribution,surgical related factors including facet joint violation,hoping to provide a reference for clinical treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 683-687, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909922

ABSTRACT

The osteoporotic fracture is characterized by difficult treatment and poor prognosis. The studies of bone biology show that bone microenvironment changes during osteoporotic fractures,such as changes in immune factors,abnormal chemotaxis and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs),decreased estrogen secretion and receptor down-regulation and decreased mechanical sensitivity,which affect the fracture healing process. Current studies have shown that by improving the phenotypic polarization of macrophages,enhancing the chemotactic osteogenic activity of MSCs,supplementing estrogen and improving the biomechanical properties of bone can remodel the balance of bone microenvironment,thereby effectively improve the bone quality. The authors explore the effect and mechanism of bone microenvironment on healing of osteoporotic fractures from the perspectives of changes in bone microenvironment and imbalance of bone microenvironment that affect fracture healing and methods of bone microenvironment reconstruction,so as to provide new ideas for clinical treatment of osteoporotic fractures.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 488-493, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909895

ABSTRACT

The osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (OTLF) accounts for nearly half of all osteoporotic fracture. Although this kind of fracture is more likely to heal spontaneously, some patients may experience complications such as chronic lower back pain, decreased pulmonary function, kyphosis, neurological dysfunction and mobility problems. Some relevant guidelines and expert consensus on osteoporosis and OTLF have been made at home and abroad, but there still exists a great controversy regarding the choice of treatment options for OTLF. Therefore, by summarizing the treatment progress of OTLF, the authors put forward the viewpoint of stepwise treatment of OTLF from the two aspects of the choice of treatment mode and the choice of surgical plan. At the same time, the concept of precision treatment is proposed, including accurate diagnosis, accurate treatment and application of intraoperative digital assistive technology, to provide a reference for clinicians to reasonably choose treatment methods.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 481-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909894

ABSTRACT

The osteoporotic fracture, also known as fragility fracture, occurs due to osteoporosis. With the acceleration of aging in China, the incidence of osteoporotic fracture increases rapidly, which causes significant changes in the spectrum of orthopedic trauma. The osteoporotic fracture has both the commonness and particularity of fracture, which poses challenges to orthopedic surgeons. Meanwhile, the fast improvement of interdisciplinary research and the advancement of basic research in bone metabolism have brought many opportunities to facilitate the treatment of osteoporotic fracture. The authors intend to illustrate the challenges and solutions during the treatment of osteoporotic fracture by elaborating the awareness, fracture assessment, drug development, implant design, postoperative rehabilitation and refracture prevention to establish an improved protocol for the therapy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 422-428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore different surgical treatment options and effect for intraspinal cement leakage after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).Methods:A retrospective case series study was carried out to analyze the clinical data of 5 patients with intraspinal cement leakage after PVP for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) admitted to People's Hospital of Shanxi between May 2016 and January 2020, including 1 male and 4 females, with the age of 65-82 years [(75.4±7.5)years]. Injured segments were located at T 12-L 1 in 1 patient, L 1 in 1, L 2-4 in 1, L 3 in 1 and L 4-5 in 1. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) classification was grade C in 2 patients and grade D in 3. Muscle strength was grade II in 2 patients and grade III in 3. The leakage of bone cement in the spinal canal was strip or columnar in 3 patients, leaning to one side of the spinal canal and adjacent to the nerve root, and the bone cement was removed by transforaminal endoscope for decompression. The leakage of bone cement in the dura mater and spinal canal was found in 2 patients. The intradural bone cement leakage was removed by durotomy, and the bone cement in the spinal canal was removed by transpedicular osteotomy, bone graft fusion and internal fixation. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), ASIA grade and muscle strength were observed before operation, at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-16 months [(13.6±1.8)months]. The VAS was significantly decreased at postoperative 3 days, 3 months and at the last follow-up [(2.6±0.6)points, (2.1±0.3)points, (1.9±0.5)points] when compared to (7.1±1.5)points before operation ( P<0.01). However, the VAS had no statistical difference at different time points after operation ( P>0.05). The ODI was 42.4±10.2, 25.6±6.0 and 21.4±3.6 at postoperative 3 days, 3 months and at the last follow-up, significantly different from that before operation (74.2±7.3) ( P<0.05 or 0.01). However, the ODI had no statistical difference at postoperative 3 months and at the last follow-up ( P>0.05). Two patients with preoperative ASIA grade C recovered to grade D and 3 patients with preoperative grade D recovered to grade E at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). Two patients could walk without crutches with muscle strength improved from grade II preoperatively to grade IV at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). Three patients had completed recovery of neurological function with muscle strength improved from grade III preoperatively to grade V at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). Conclusions:For OVCF patients with intraspinal canal cement leakage and neurological symptoms after PVP, if the bone cement is located on one side of the spinal canal and adjacent to the nerve root, the bone cement should be removed by foraminal endoscope for decompression; if the cement leakage occurs in the dura mater, the dura mater should be cut to remove the bone cement for decompression, which can effectively relieve pain and promote functional recovery.

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