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Braz. j. anesth ; 73(3): 316-339, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439605


Abstract Background and objectives: In this systematic review, we carried out an assessment of perioperative costs of local or regional anesthesia versus general anesthesia in the ambulatory setting. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted to find relevant data on costs and cost-effectiveness analyses of anesthesia regimens in outpatients, regardless of the medical procedure they underwent. The hypothesis was that local or regional anesthesia has a lower economic impact on hospital costs in the outpatient setting. The primary outcome was the average total cost of anesthesia calculated on perioperative costs (drugs, staff, resources used). Results: One-thousand-six-hundred-ninety-eight records were retrieved, and 28 articles including 27,581 patients were selected after reviewing the articles. Data on the average total costs of anesthesia and other secondary outcomes (anesthesia time, recovery time, time to home readiness, hospital stay time, complications) were retrieved. Taken together, these findings indicated that local or regional anesthesia is associated with lower average total hospital costs than general anesthesia when performed in the ambulatory setting. Reductions in operating room time and postanesthesia recovery time and a lower hospital stay time may account for this result. Conclusions: Despite the limitations of this systematic review, mainly the heterogeneity of the studies and the lack of cost-effectiveness analysis, the economic impact of the anesthesia regimes on healthcare costs appears to be relevant and should be further evaluated.

Humans , Outpatients , Anesthesia, Conduction , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Anesthesia, General , Length of Stay
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225535


Background: Nearly one third of people who suffer major psychiatric disorders end up with a long- term disability and dependency. They are most likely to be non-adherent to medication due to various reasons including lack of knowledge or insight about their illness and treatment which in turn leads to exacerbation of their illness, reduce treatment effectiveness, or make them less responsive to subsequent treatment, multiple hospitalizations and poor quality of life. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in outpatients attending the Psychiatry OPD using the consecutive sampling technique. Subjects meeting the ICD-10 Diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders, age 18 year and above, subjects willing to participate in the study were included. A structured proforma, the Drug attitude inventory and the WHO-QOL-BREF questionnaires were used for assessment. Results: Mean age of subjects = 38.07 + 11.07 years. Mean medication cost = Rs. 917.82 + 397.89. 87 subjects participated in the study and of them 48% were adherent to medication and 52% were non-adherent. 56% of males and 43% females were adherent to medication. There was significant association between the occupation and the type of family of the subjects and medication adherence (p<0.05). Majority of patients with medication non-adherence were seen in schizophrenia, delusional disorder, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and substance related disorder. Majority (44.5%) of them reported fear of side effects, followed by stopping the medication when feeling better (35.5%) as the reasons for non-adherence followed by cost, embarrassment, etc. There was significant association between the psychological and social quality of life and medication adherence (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study implicates the importance of psycho education about the diagnosis, prognosis, need for medication and the expected adverse effects which should be clearly explained to the patient. The therapeutic alliance is the most effective component in helping the patient maintain medication adherence and subsequently better quality of life.

Rev. panam. salud pública ; 47: e14, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432094


ABSTRACT Objective. To compare the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria isolated from inpatient and outpatient samples in Ecuador. Methods. A secondary analysis was done of data on bacteria isolated from inpatient and outpatient samples. Data were taken from the 2018 national antimicrobial resistance surveillance database of the National Reference Center for Antimicrobial Resistance. The variables included were: age, sex, inpatient versus outpatient setting, type of specimen, bacterial species identified, pattern of resistance to antibiotics, and geographic area. Results. Data from 57 305 bacterial isolates were included in the study: 48.8% were from hospitalized patients, 55.7% were from women, and 60.1% were from patients older than 45 years. Urine (42.9%) and blood (12.4%) were the most common clinical samples. Overall, 77.1% of bacterial isolates were gram-negative (83% and 71% in outpatients and inpatients, respectively). The most common gram-positive and gram-negative species were Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, respectively. Antimicrobial resistance levels were high (up to 80% for some antimicrobial drugs), and were higher in hospitalized patients compared with outpatients. A variety of carbapenemases were found to confer resistance to carbapenems (antibiotics of last resort) in gram-negative bacteria. Conclusions. The study findings provide an important baseline on antimicrobial resistance in Ecuador. This will allow the strengthening of guidelines of the surveillance system, the creation of public policies for standardization of laboratory methodologies, the proper handling of information, and the development of empirical therapy guidelines based on local epidemiology.

RESUMEN Objetivo. Comparar las características epidemiológicas de la resistencia a los antimicrobianos en cepas bacterianas aisladas de muestras de pacientes de servicios hospitalarios y ambulatorios en Ecuador. Métodos. Se realizó un análisis secundario de los datos sobre cepas bacterianas aisladas en muestras de pacientes de servicios hospitalarios y ambulatorios. Se recogieron los datos de la base de datos nacional del 2018 para la vigilancia de la resistencia a los antimicrobianos del Centro de Referencia Nacional para la Resistencia a los Antimicrobianos. Las variables incluidas fueron: edad, sexo, entorno hospitalario frente a entorno ambulatorio, tipo de muestra, especies bacterianas detectadas, patrón de resistencia a los antibióticos y zona geográfica. Resultados. En el estudio se incluyeron datos de 57 305 cepas aislamientos bacterianos: 48,8% fueron de pacientes hospitalizados, 55,7% fueron de mujeres y 60,1% fueron de pacientes mayores de 45 años. La orina (42,9%) y la sangre (12,4%) fueron las muestras clínicas más comunes. En general, 77,1% de las cepas bacterianas aisladas fueron gramnegativas (83% y 71% en pacientes de servicios ambulatorios y hospitalarios, respectivamente). Las especies grampositivas y gramnegativas más comunes fueron Staphylococcus aureus y Escherichia coli, respectivamente. Los niveles de resistencia a los antimicrobianos fueron elevados (hasta 80% en el caso de algunos fármacos antimicrobianos) y fueron más elevados en los pacientes de servicios hospitalarios en comparación con los pacientes de servicios ambulatorios. Se encontró que una variedad de carbapenemasas confiere resistencia a los carbapenémicos (antibióticos de último recurso) en bacterias gramnegativas. Conclusiones. Los resultados del estudio proporcionan una línea de base importante sobre la resistencia a los antimicrobianos en Ecuador, que permitirá el fortalecimiento de las directrices del sistema de vigilancia, la creación de políticas públicas para la estandarización de los métodos de laboratorio, una adecuada gestión de la información y la elaboración de orientaciones de tratamiento empírico basadas en las características epidemiológicas locales.

RESUMO Objetivo. Comparar a epidemiologia da resistência aos antimicrobianos em bactérias isoladas de amostras hospitalares e ambulatoriais no Equador. Métodos. Foi feita uma análise secundária de dados sobre bactérias isoladas de amostras hospitalares e ambulatoriais. Os dados foram obtidos do banco de dados nacional de vigilância da resistência aos antimicrobianos de 2018 do Centro Nacional de Referência para a Resistência aos Antimicrobianos. As variáveis incluídas foram: idade, sexo, ambiente hospitalar versus ambiente ambulatorial, tipo de espécime, espécies bacterianas identificadas, padrão de resistência a antibióticos e área geográfica. Resultados. Foram incluídos no estudo os dados de 57 305 isolados bacterianos: 48,8% eram de pacientes hospitalizados, 55,7% eram de mulheres e 60,1% eram de pacientes com mais de 45 anos. As amostras clínicas mais comuns foram urina (42,9%) e sangue (12,4%). No total, 77,1% dos isolados bacterianos eram gram-negativos (83% e 71% em pacientes ambulatoriais e pacientes internados, respectivamente). As espécies gram-positivas e gram-negativas mais comuns foram Staphylococcus aureus e Escherichia coli, respectivamente. Os níveis de resistência aos antimicrobianos foram elevados (até 80% para alguns antimicrobianos) e foram mais elevados em pacientes hospitalizados em comparação com pacientes ambulatoriais. Foram encontradas várias carbapenemases que conferem resistência aos carbapenêmicos (antibióticos de último recurso) em bactérias gram-negativas. Conclusões. Os resultados do estudo fornecem uma importante linha de base sobre a resistência aos antimicrobianos no Equador. Isto permitirá o fortalecimento das diretrizes do sistema de vigilância, a criação de políticas públicas para padronização de metodologias laboratoriais, o manejo adequado de informações e o desenvolvimento de diretrizes para a antibioticoterapia empírica com base na epidemiologia local.

Rev. panam. salud pública ; 47: e52, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432101


ABSTRACT Objectives. To determine the level of adherence to clinical guidelines in prescribing amoxicillin to children younger than 5 years with pneumonia in outpatient settings in Colombia from 2017 to 2019, and assess the factors associated with adherence Methods. This was a cross-sectional study of secondary data from the Colombian Integrated Social Protection Information System database. Adherence was defined as prescription of oral amoxicillin for bacterial and unspecified pneumonia and non-prescription for viral pneumonia. Variables examined included: age (< 1 year, 1-4 years) of child; sex; cause of pneumonia (bacterial, viral, unspecified); region (Andean, Amazonian, Pacific, Caribbean, Insular, Orinoquian); and payment mechanism (without prior authorization, capitation, direct payment, pay per case, pay for event). Results. Of 215 925 cases of community-acquired pneumonia reported during 2017-2019, 64.8% were from the Andean region, 73.9% were bacterial pneumonia and 1.8% were viral pneumonia. Adherence to guidelines was observed in 5.8% of cases: this was highest for children diagnosed with viral (86.0%) compared with bacterial (2.0%) pneumonia. For children diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia, 9.4% were prescribed any antibiotic. A greater proportion of children covered by capitated payments (22.3%) were given treatment consistent with the guidelines compared with payment for event (1.3%). Conclusion. In this first study from Colombia, adherence to guidelines for outpatient treatment of children with bacterial pneumonia was low and was better for viral pneumonia. Further qualitative studies are needed to explore the reasons for this lack of adherence and why bacterial pneumonia was the most commonly reported etiology.

RESUMEN Objetivos. Determinar el nivel de adherencia a las directrices clínicas al momento de prescribir amoxicilina a menores de 5 años con neumonía en entornos de atención ambulatoria en Colombia entre el 2017 y el 2019, así como evaluar los factores asociados con la adherencia. Métodos. Este fue un estudio transversal de datos secundarios de la base de datos del Sistema Integral de Información de la Protección Social de Colombia. La adherencia se definió como la prescripción de amoxicilina por vía oral para las neumonías bacterianas y no especificadas, y la ausencia de prescripción para las neumonías virales. Las variables examinadas incluyeron: edad (< 1 año, 1 a 4 años); sexo; causa de la neumonía (bacteriana, viral, no especificada); región (andina, amazónica, Pacífico, Caribe, insular, Orinoco); y mecanismo de pago (sin autorización previa, capitación, pago directo, pago por caso, pago por evento). Resultados. De 215 925 casos de neumonía adquirida en la comunidad notificados durante el período 2017-2019, el 64,8% correspondieron a la región andina, el 73,9% a neumonía bacteriana y el 1,8% a neumonía viral. Se observó la adherencia a las directrices en el 5,8% de los casos: esta cifra fue más alta para la población infantil diagnosticada con neumonía viral (86,0%) que para la diagnosticada con neumonía bacteriana (2,0%). En el caso de la población infantil diagnosticada con neumonía bacteriana, al 9,4% se le recetó algún antibiótico. La proporción de población infantil cubierta por pagos capitados (22,3%) que recibió un tratamiento en consonancia con las directrices fue mayor que la de la población cubierta por pagos por evento (1,3%). Conclusión. En este primer estudio de Colombia, la adherencia a las directrices sobre el tratamiento ambulatorio de la población infantil con neumonía bacteriana fue bajo, en tanto que resultó superior en el caso de la neumonía viral. Se necesitan más estudios cualitativos para indagar sobre los motivos de esta falta de adherencia y las razones por las cuales la neumonía bacteriana fue la etiología notificada con mayor frecuencia.

RESUMO Objetivos. Determinar o nível de adesão às diretrizes clínicas para prescrição de amoxicilina em regime ambulatorial para crianças menores de 5 anos com pneumonia na Colômbia, de 2017 a 2019, e avaliar os fatores associados à adesão. Métodos. Estudo transversal de dados secundários do banco de dados do Sistema Integrado de Informação sobre Proteção Social da Colômbia. Definiu-se adesão como prescrição de amoxicilina oral para pneumonia bacteriana e não especificada, e não prescrição para pneumonia viral. As variáveis examinadas incluíram: idade da criança (< 1 ano, 1-4 anos), sexo, etiologia da pneumonia (bacteriana, viral, não especificada), região (Andina, Amazônica, Pacífica, Caribenha, Insular, Orinoco) e mecanismo de pagamento (sem autorização prévia, capitação, pagamento direto, pay-per-case, pay-for-event). Resultados. Dos 215.925 casos de pneumonia adquirida na comunidade notificados nos anos 2017-2019, 64,8% ocorreram na região Andina, 73,9% foram pneumonia bacteriana e 1,8% foram pneumonia viral. A adesão às diretrizes foi observada em 5,8% dos casos. Foi maior para crianças com diagnóstico de pneumonia viral (86,0%) em comparação com pneumonia bacteriana (2,0%). Para as crianças com diagnóstico de pneumonia bacteriana, 9,4% receberam algum antibiótico. Uma proporção maior de crianças cobertas por pagamentos capitados (22,3%) recebeu tratamento compatível com as diretrizes, contra apenas 1,3% no esquema de pay-for-event. Conclusão. Neste primeiro estudo da Colômbia, a adesão às diretrizes para tratamento ambulatorial de crianças com pneumonia bacteriana foi baixa, sendo melhor para pneumonia viral. Mais estudos qualitativos são necessários para explorar as razões dessa falta de adesão e por qual motivo a pneumonia bacteriana foi a etiologia mais comumente notificada.

Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(3): 338-343, ago. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394449


Resumen La evidencia que relaciona la terapia oncológica con la incidencia por COVID-19 varía según el tipo de terapia administrada. La incidencia informada en pacientes que reciben tratamiento oncológico varía entre 1 y 4%. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la incidencia por COVID-19 en pacientes oncológicos en tratamiento activo y evaluar si existe asociación con el esquema recibido. Se utilizó una cohorte retrospectiva que incluyó de forma consecutiva a los pacientes adultos que realizaron tratamiento ambulatorio desde marzo/2020 hasta abril/2021 en un Hospital Público de referencia. El evento principal fue el diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19. La asociación con los tratamientos oncológicos fue evaluada mediante regresión logís tica multivariada ajustando por edad, sexo, localización del tumor, cobertura de salud y localidad de residencia. Se incluyeron 463 pacientes, mediana de edad 58 años (RIC = 47-66), 73.3% (n = 337) mujeres. La incidencia de COVID-19 fue 5.6% (n = 26) con una tasa de mortalidad del 12% (n = 3). El riesgo de infección fue mayor en los que estaban realizando tratamiento únicamente con anticuerpos monoclonales, 14.3% vs. 4.9% (OR-ajustado = 3.3, p = 0.03) y aquellos en tratamiento con inhibidores de puntos de control inmunológicos, 23.1% vs. 5.1% (OR-ajustado = 5.8, p = 0.03). La quimioterapia citotóxica, sola o en combinación con anticuerpos mo noclonales, no presentó mayor riesgo de infección. La edad, sexo, sitio tumoral, cobertura de salud y localidad de residencia no se asoció con la incidencia de COVID-19. En base a nuestros resultados, el tratamiento con anticuerpos monoclonales o inhibidores de puntos de control inmunológicos se asoció con mayor incidencia de infección por COVID-19.

Abstract Evidence linking anticancer therapy with the incidence of COVID-19 varies according to the type of therapy administered. The reported COVID-19 incidence in patients receiving antineoplastic treatment varies between 1 and 4%. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of COVID-19 in cancer patients under active treatment and to assess whether there is an association with the received anticancer therapy. It was a retrospective cohort that consecutively included adult outpatients who underwent treatment in a referral center from March 2020 to April 2021. The primary endpoint was the confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19. The association with anticancer treatments was evaluated using multivariate logistic regression adjusting for age, sex, tumor site, health coverage status, and place of residence. The sample included 463 patients, the median age was 58 years (IQR = 47-66), 73.3% (n = 337) were women. The incidence of COVID-19 was 5.6% (n = 26) with a mortality rate of 12% (n = 3). The risk of infection was higher in patients undergoing treatment only with monoclonal antibod ies, 14.3% vs. 4.9% (adjusted OR = 3.3, p = 0.03) and those in treatment with immunotherapy, 23.1% vs. 5.1% (adjusted OR = 5.8, p = 0.03). Cytotoxic chemotherapy, alone or in combination with monoclonal antibodies, did not present an increased risk of infection. Age, sex, tumor site, health coverage, and place of residence did not show association with the incidence of COVID-19. Based on our results, treatment with monoclonal antibodies or immunotherapy was associated with a higher rate of COVID-19 infection while chemotherapy did not modify the incidence of COVID-19.

Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(4): 512-521, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403225


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between obesity and hospitalization in mild COVID-19 adult outpatients in Brazil. Subjects and methods: Adults with signs and symptoms suggestive of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection who sought treatment in two hospital (public and private) emergency departments were prospectively enrolled. Patients with confirmed COVID-19 at inclusion were followed by phone calls at days D7, D14 and D28. Multivariable logistic regression models were employed to explore the association between obesity and other potential predictors for hospitalization. Results: A total of 1,050 participants were screened, and 297 completed the 28-day follow-up and were diagnosed with COVID-19 by RT-PCR. The median age was 37.2 (IQR 29.7-44.6) years, and 179 (60.0%) were female. The duration of symptoms was 3.0 (IQR 2.0-5.0) days, and 10.0 (IQR 8.0-12.0) was the median number of symptoms at inclusion. Ninety-five (32.0%) individuals had obesity, and 233 (78.5%) had no previous medical conditions. Twenty-three participants (7.7%) required hospitalization during the follow-up period. After adjusting, obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) (OR = 2.69, 95% CI 1.63-4.83, P < 0.001) and older age (OR = 1.05, 95% CI 1.01-1.09, P < 0.001) were significantly associated with higher risks of hospitalization. Conclusion: Obesity, followed by aging, was the main factor associated with hospital admission for COVID-19 in a young population in a low-middle income country. Our findings highlighted the need to promote additional protection for individuals with obesity, such as vaccination, and to encourage lifestyle changes.

Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Jun; 70(6): 2158-2162
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224373


Purpose: To study the awareness on mucormycosis among outpatients who visited six tertiary eye care hospitals at Madurai, Pondicherry, Coimbatore, Tirunelveli, Chennai, and Tirupati. Methods: This was a telephone?based survey conducted using questionnaires consisting of 38 questions in five sections from July 5 to 25, 2021. Patients visiting the eye hospitals for an examination were contacted over their phones and responses were directly entered onto the Google forms platform. Results: A total of 4573 participants were included in the study. Among all participants, a cumulative 83% of participants had some knowledge of mucormycosis. More than 80% of them reported that their prime source of information was through mass communication like television or radio. Around 34.8% of the respondents were aware that it can occur after treatment for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID?19) infection, only half of them (54.3%) knew that systemic steroids were the main risk factor. The knowledge scores were higher for participants who were diabetics (n = 1235) or had been affected by COVID?19 earlier (n = 456) or whose friends had mucormycosis earlier (n = 312). Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) scores of nonprofessional health?care workers (n = 103) were much better compared to patients. Conclusion: Such KAP studies give us an idea of the impact of the measures taken for educating the public. In this study, a cumulative 83% of participants had some knowledge of mucormycosis and 86% knew that this was an emergency. More than 50% of the participants were not aware that diabetes is a risk factor for mucormycosis.

Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213139, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365379


ABSTRACT Objective: to assess safety, efficacy and quality of life in patients with benign pleural effusions undergong pleural drainage with Wayne pleural catheter (DW) in an outpatient setting. Method: this is a prospective study, in which 47 patients were evaluated between July 2017 and October 2018. Patients with non-malignant pleural effusions underwent pleural drainage with clinical evolution compatible with outpatient care were included. Patients who underwent drainage due to other conditions and patients were excluded. Results: after catheter placement, the mean length of hospital stay was 3.14 (± 3.85) days, and 21 patients (44.68%) were discharged within 24 hours. The mean time with the catheter was 12.63 (± 7.37) days. The analysis of the pleural fluid was transudate in 87.3% of cases and exudate in 12.3%. The causes of pleural effusion were heart failure (72.3%), renal failure (19.1%), liver failure (6.3%) and pneumonia (8.5%). The quality of life, analyzed according to the parameters of the questionnaire SF 36, showed low average values when compared to other studies. Analyzing each descriptor, the average was greater only in the limitation related to physical aspects. In the other descriptors, the results were similar, but smaller. Conclusion: the outpatient use of pleural catheters of the Wayne type (pigtail) proved to be feasible, safe and with a low associated infection rate. This is a viable option for selected patients.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a segurança, a eficácia, as complicações e a qualidade de vida da alta precoce e acompanhamento ambulatorial de pacientes com derrames pleurais benignos submetidos à drenagem pleural com dreno de Wayne (DW). Método: estudo prospectivo, em que foram avaliados 47 pacientes entre julho de 2017 e outubro de 2018. Foram incluídos os pacientes com derrames pleurais não malignos, submetidos a drenagem pleural com evolução clínica compatível com o cuidado ambulatorial. Foram excluídos os pacientes submetidos a drenagem por outras afecções. Resultados: após a drenagem, a média do tempo de internação dos pacientes foi de 3,14 (±3,85) dias, sendo que 21 pacientes (44,68%) tiveram alta em até 24 horas após a drenagem. O tempo médio de permanência com o dreno foi de 12,63 (±7,37) dias. A análise do líquido pleural mostrou tratar-se de transudato em 87,3% dos casos e de exsudato em 12,3%. Dentre as causas do derrame pleural, destacaram-se insuficiência cardíaca (72,3%), insuficiência renal (19,1%), hepatopatias (6,3%) e pneumonias (8,5%). A qualidade de vida, analisada segundo os parâmetros do questionário SF 36, teve valores médios baixos, principalmente em relação a outros estudos. Na análise de cada descritor, a média apresentou-se maior somente na limitação por aspectos físicos. Nos demais descritores, os resultados foram semelhantes, mas menores. Conclusão: o uso ambulatorial de cateteres pleurais do tipo Wayne (pigtail) mostrou-se factível, seguro e com baixa taxa de infecções associadas. Trata-se de opção viável para pacientes selecionados.

Humans , Pleural Effusion/therapy , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Catheters/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958759


Digital and intelligent technology is an important driving force to promote the transformation and innovation of medical service mode and improve service quality. In February 2020, Peking Union Medical College Hospital established an intelligent outpatient pre-admission medical history collection system in order to improve the intelligent level of clinical application business system and the medical experience of outpatients.The system consisted of artificial intelligence capability layer, application service layer, capability resource layer and user application layer and hardware technology architecture. By docking with the hospital information system and using mobile terminal App, patients could submit pre-admission medical history information by themselves, and generate structured patient history for the visiting doctors to call. By November 2021, the pre-admission medical history collection system had covered 80% of the departments of the hospital, serving 1.68 million people in total, and the patient filling rate had reached 60%. The duration of patient′s medical history collection and the duration of doctor′s outpatient electronic medical record writing had been continuously shortened, greatly improving the efficiency of outpatient medical services.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957936


Objective:To investigate the changes of disease constitution in general practice outpatients before and after COVID-19 pandemic.Methods:Rank-sum ratio (RSR)method and Pareto method were used to comprehensively analyze the disease composition of patients in general practice outpatients in Huacao Community Health Service Center of Shanghai from January 2019 to December 2021.Results:The number of visits to general practice clinic decreased from 2019 to 2021. The top five diseases in RSR were circulatory system, endocrine, nutrition and metabolism, respiratory system, digestive system, and nervous system(RSR=1.000,0.917,0.896,0.813 and 0.750), all of which were classified as Class A factors, with a cumulative composition ratio of 80.45%. Taking the above 5 categories as the main diseases, and consistency analysis was performed for the annual changes. The coefficient of concordance of the top five diseases was poor, and not statistically significant ( WR=0.956, χ 2=11.47, P>0.01), suggesting that the disease spectrum was changed. The visits of patients with respiratory diseases dropped from the 2nd place to the 3rd after COVID-19 pandemic, with an average annual change rate of-14.31%, the lowest among all diseases. Among the top five diseases, nervous system disease had the highest annual change rate (7.68%). Among the factors affecting health status and contact with health care institutions, eye and appendage diseases ranked the first with the annual change rate of 12.97% and 10.35%,respectively. Conclusions:After the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the disease spectrum in general practice clinics has changed. Measures must be taken in time to meet the needs for medical care.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936602


Objective: This study aimed to elucidate the factors that affect medication adherence in outpatients with depression using multivariate analysis.Methods: A web-based survey on medication adherence, medication attitude (Drug Attitude Inventory-10; DAI-10), medication self-management, and satisfaction with the prescribing physician/pharmacy for outpatients with depression was conducted in January 2018. T-tests and path analysis were performed to evaluate comparisons of responses based on gender, high/low importance of medication guidance, high/low intention to consult, and high/low frequency of consultations.Results: For mean scores, no significant difference was observed between males and females according to a t-test. In terms of the importance of medication guidance, the high importance group had significantly higher prescribing physician/pharmacy satisfaction and better self-management. In terms of intention to consult, respondents with high intention to consult had significantly higher scores on the DAI-10, better self-management, and higher prescribing physician/pharmacy satisfaction. In terms of frequency of consultations, only pharmacy satisfaction was significantly higher in the high-frequency group. Path analysis revealed that, in general, adherence was influenced by medication attitude and self-management, and prescribing physician/pharmacy satisfaction and self-management were influenced by medication attitude. In the intergroup comparison, pharmacy satisfaction did not affect medication adherence in males or the group with low importance of medication guidance. In addition, medication attitude did not affect adherence only in the non-consultation group.Discussion: These results suggest that it is necessary to improve the medication support measures at pharmacies for outpatients with depression. Furthermore, in order for the measures to improve medication attitudes and adherence to be effective, it is necessary for patients to understand the benefits and importance of using pharmacists effectively, including medication support and consultation, and to be actively involved in the maintenance and promotion of patients' health.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936139


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effects of ozone (O3) concentrations measured with different approaches across different seasons on the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits, as well as the differentiation of such effects across different groups of patients.@*METHODS@#The outpatient data of three grade A tertiary hospitals in Lanzhou City spanning from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2017, as well as air pollution and meteorological data during the same period were collected. Considering the nonlinear relationship between O3 concentrations and the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits and meteorological factors, a generalized additive temporal sequence model was employed to analyze the short-term association between changes in O3 concentrations and the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits. Taking into account of the variations in O3 concentrations within 1 day, this study adopted different measurement approaches to address the three types of O3 exposures, namely, the maximum 1 h daily concentration (O3max1h), the maximum 8 h daily concentration (O38h) and the mean 24 h daily concentration (O324h) as the short term exposure indicators to O3, followed by a model-based analysis.@*RESULTS@#The increase in short-term exposure levels to O3 in summer had a significant effect on the increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits. With lag0 for the current day, every 10 μg/m3 increase in atmospheric concentration of O3max1h was associated with an increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits by 3.351% (95%CI: 1.231%-5.516%); for every 10 μg/m3 increase in O38h concentration, the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits increased by 3.320% (95%CI: 0.197%-3.829%); for every 10 μg/m3increase in O324h concentration, the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits in summer increased by 6.600% (95%CI: 0.914%-12.607%); moreover, an increase in exposure to O3max1h also led to a significant rise in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits among the males.@*CONCLUSION@#The increase in short-term exposure levels to O3 in summer in Lanzhou City has a significant effect on the increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits; O3max1h is more closely correlated with the increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits.

Humans , Male , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/analysis , Asthma/etiology , China/epidemiology , Outpatients , Ozone/analysis , Particulate Matter , Seasons , Tertiary Care Centers
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 150-152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933513


Objective:To clarify patterns of skin diseases among outpatients at first and return visits to Hospital of Dermatology of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in 2019.Methods:Data were collected from the outpatient electronic medical record information system in Hospital of Dermatology of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1st to December 31st, 2019, and patterns of skin diseases among outpatients at first and return visits were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The total number of outpatient consultations was 1 440 580 in 2019, including 941 755 (65.37%) first visits and 498 825 (34.63%) return visits, and the daily average number of outpatient consultations was 4 332. The top 10 most prevalent skin diseases were eczema, acne, urticaria, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, vitiligo, neurodermatitis, pigmented nevus, tinea pedis and onychomycosis among outpatients at the first visits, with the number of outpatient visits being 739 175 and accounting for 78.49% of the total first visits; the top 10 most prevalent skin diseases among outpatients at the return visits were eczema, acne, psoriasis, urticaria, vitiligo, seborrheic dermatitis, neurodermatitis, pigmented nevus, keloid and rosacea, with the number of outpatient visits being 399 594 and accounting for 80.11% of the total return visits.Conclusion:In 2019, skin diseases predominated by common diseases, such as eczema and acne, among outpatients at Hospital of Dermatology of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932948


Objective:To explore the effect of case management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the nurse-led clinics.Methods:A total of 50 patients with COPD who met the selection criteria in the outpatient department of the respiratory department of Shantou Central Hospital were enrolled from March 2019 to March 2020. Case management was carried out by specialist nurses in the outpatient department. Body Mass Index (BMI), the forced expiratory volume in one second/predicted value ratio (FEV 1%pred), modified British medical research council (mMRC), 6-min walking distance (6MWD), COPD assessment test (CAT), and St.George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), basic activities of daily living (BADL) were compared before and after 6 months′ case management. The difference of medication compliance after case management was also analyzed. Results:There were statistically significant differences in the mMRC[(1.9±1.2) vs (1.4±1.1) points], 6MWD[(238.1±84.9) vs (284.1±113.8) m] and CAT scores [(19.7±6.6) vs (17.1±5.9) points], which suggested the improvement of dyspnea, self-conscious symptoms and exercise performance in these patients (all P<0.05). The BADL scores [(87.8±5.4) vs (90.00±7.5) points] and the total score of SGRQ [(48.0±7.3) vs (45.0±6.9) points] were significantly different (both P<0.01). These indicators were improved after the implementation of case management. Patients were followed up for 1 month, 3 months and 6 months, and the improvement of medication compliance score was statistically significant [(7.1±0.8) vs (7.4±0.8) vs (7.7±0.5) points] ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The implementation of respiratory nursing clinic can effectively manage COPD patients, improve medication compliance of patients, so as to improve the degree of dyspnea, self-conscious symptoms, self-care ability and exercise endurance of patients.

International Eye Science ; (12): 1234-1238, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929514


AIM: To observe the changes of disease spectrum and characteristics of orbital disease distribution in orbital outpatients, introduce the procedures and methods of diagnosis and treatment of orbital diseases in our hospital and define the work focus and social needs in orbital disease. METHODS: Prospective observational study. A registration form was designed to record the gender, age and diagnosis of orbital outpatients in our treatment group. The orbital diseases were divided into seven categories for statistical analysis. The composition ratio, male to female ratio, age of onset, subtypes of dominant diseases and the top three common diseases were analyzed. This paper introduces the diagnosis and treatment process of the orbital disease specialty clinic of our hospital.RESULTS: A total of 1 059 patients with orbital diseases were registered from April 1 to December 31, 2021. The most common orbital diseases were thyroid-related ophthalmopathy(TAO)in 325 cases(30.7%), followed by orbital tumors in 282 cases(26.6%), orbital trauma in 213 cases(20.1%), orbital inflammation in 205 cases(19.4%). Orbital vascular malformation, congenital and genetic venereal diseases and other orbital diseases were 34 cases(3.2%). Pathological diagnosis: orbital tumors in 150 cases(72.8%)were benign, the first three benign tumors were hemolymphangioma, orbital cyst and neurogenic tumor. Orbital tumors in 56 cases were malignant(27.2%), the first three malignant tumors were orbital lymphoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland and rhabdomyosarcoma. The most common orbital injury was orbital blowout fracture, followed by optic nerve injury and orbital soft tissue injury. Orbital non-infectious inflammation accounted for 89.8% and 10.2% with infectious inflammation.CONCLUSION: The spectrum of orbital diseases has changed, and the most common and dominant diseases are TAO, orbital tumor, orbital trauma and orbital inflammation, accounting for 96.8% of the total, which are the main work content in orbital profession. Medical resources of orbital diseases should be rationally allocated according to the changes of disease spectrum to meet the needs of social development.

ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 35: e1690, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402875


ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: The success of peritoneal dialysis depends on the proper placement and functional longevity of the dialysis catheter. Laparoscopic implantation of a catheter through a rectus sheath tunneling can minimize the risks of catheter failure. AIMS: This study aims to describe one-port simplified technique for laparoscopic placement of a peritoneal dialysis catheter with rectus sheath tunneling. METHODS: The simplified laparoscopic insertion of a Tenckhoff catheter with rectus sheath tunneling was performed in 16 patients with chronic renal failure. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, no major complications occurred. Three patients were excluded. One was referred to the renal transplant some weeks after implantation, and one died for other reasons during the follow-up. Another patient needed adhesiolysis due to previous surgery, so an additional port was necessary. The other 13 catheters worked properly, and no postoperative hemorrhage, early leaks, hernia, or catheter migration occurred. One patient had a tunnel infection 11 months after the implant. No peritonitis was observed during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The technique is simple, reproducible, and safe, with good results in catheter function, few complications, and a high catheter survival rate. It does not require a special device or trocar and avoids excessive port sites.

RESUMO - RACIONAL: O sucesso da diálise peritoneal depende da implantação adequada e da longevidade funcional do cateter. O implante laparoscópico através da tunelização na bainha do reto abdominal minimiza os riscos de disfunção do cateter. OBJETIVOS: Descrever técnica simplificada com portal único para o implante laparoscópico de cateter de diálise peritoneal com tunelização na bainha do reto abdominal. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se inserção laparoscópica de cateter de Tenckhoff com tunelização da bainha do reto em 16 pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica. RESULTADOS: Durante o período de acompanhamento não ocorreram complicações relacionadas ao procedimento. Três pacientes foram excluídos: um foi encaminhado para transplante renal algumas semanas após o implante e outro faleceu por outro motivo durante o acompanhamento. Um terceiro necessitou de lise de aderências devido à operação anterior, portanto foi necessário um portal adicional. Os outros 13 pacientes apresentaram bom funcionamento do cateter. Não houve hemorragia pós-operatória, vazamentos, hérnia ou migração do cateter. Um paciente teve infecção no túnel subcutâneo 11 meses após o implante. Não foi observada peritonite durante o período de acompanhamento. CONCLUSÕES: A técnica é simples, reprodutível, segura, com bons resultados de funcionalidade, poucas complicações e alta taxa de sobrevida do cateter. Ela não requer trocarte especial e evita o uso excessivo de portais.

Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(3): 454-460, dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1352612


Objetivo: Descrever saberes e práticas realizadas por pessoas com úlcera venosa no cuidado da lesão. Método: Estudo descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado com onze pacientes em tratamento de úlcera venosa em um Serviço Ambulatorial de Estomaterapia em Brasília, Distrito Federal. A coleta de dados foi realizada entre abril e maio de 2019 por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas, que foram gravadas e posteriormente transcritas na íntegra. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados: A maioria era do sexo feminino e com mais de sessenta anos. Três categorias emergiram a partir da análise de conteúdo das entrevistas: práticas e saberes gerais no autocuidado da úlcera; mitos e crenças que perpassam o autocuidado; e dificuldades vivenciadas durante o cuidado com a úlcera. Conclusão: Este estudo desvelou saberes, práticas e também crenças que os pacientes com úlcera venosa apresentam a respeito da doença vascular e do processo de cicatrização da lesão, os quais propiciam melhor direcionamento no planejamento e no desenvolvimento de ações educativas em saúde voltada às necessidades dos usuários do ambulatório de forma a potencializar o autocuidado. (AU)

Objective: To describe knowledge and practices performed by people with venous ulcers in the care of injuries. Methods: A descriptive study with a qualitative approach, carried out with eleven patients undergoing treatment of venous ulcers in an Outpatient Stomatherapy Service in Brasília, Federal District. Data collection was carried out between April and May 2019 through semi-structured interviews, which were recorded and later transcribed in full. The data were submitted to thematic content analysis. Results: Most were female and over sixty years old. Three categories emerged from the content analysis of the interviews: general knowledge and practices in ulcer self-care; myths and beliefs that permeate self-care; and difficulties experienced during ulcer care. Conclusion: This study unveiled the knowledge, practices and also beliefs that patients with venous ulcers have about vascular disease and the wound healing process, which provide better guidance in the planning and development of educational health actions aimed at the needs of outpatient users in order to enhance self care. (AU)

Objetivo: Describir el conocimiento y las prácticas realizadas por personas con úlceras venosas en el cuidado de lesiones. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo, realizado con once pacientes sometidos a tratamiento de úlceras venosas en un Servicio de Estomatoterapia ambulatorio en Brasilia, Distrito Federal. La recopilación de datos se realizó entre abril y mayo de 2019 a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas, que se registraron y luego se transcribieron en su totalidad. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis de contenido temático. Resultados: La mayoría eran mujeres y mayores de sesenta años. Del análisis de contenido de las entrevistas surgieron tres categorías: conocimiento general y prácticas en el autocuidado de úlceras; mitos y creencias que impregnan el autocuidado; y dificultades experimentadas durante el cuidado de la úlcera. Conclusión: Este estudio reveló el conocimiento, las prácticas y también las creencias que los pacientes con úlceras venosas tienen sobre la enfermedad vascular y el proceso de curación de heridas, que proporcionan una mejor orientación en la planificación y el desarrollo de acciones educativas de salud dirigidas a las necesidades de los usuarios del ambulatorio para mejorar el autocuidado. (AU)

Varicose Ulcer , Outpatients , Knowledge , Nursing Care
Rev. Fac. Med. (Bogotá) ; 69(4): e200, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376278


Abstract Introduction: The variability of respiratory symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considered to be low or nonexistent. However, some authors state that there may be fluctuations. Objectives: To describe symptom variability in patients with COPD throughout the day and night for four weeks using a patient diary, and to validate a questionnaire created for such purpose (Colombian Self-Ad -ministered Instrument of Symptom Variability in COPD - EPOC-CoVaSy). Materials and methods: Cohort study conducted in 96 patients with COPD treated between June and December 2016 at the Centro de Atención Pulmonar - CAP in Barranquilla, Colombia, who filled out a patient diary for four weeks and, after this period, the self-administered EPOC-CoVaSy instrument. Independence and comparison of frequencies of categorical and continuous variables were established using the chi- square and the Fisher ' s exact tests and the Pearson's correlation coefficient, respectively. A MANO-VA was performed using linear regression models to determine the correlations between the results of the diary and the instrument. Results: Participants' mean age was 73.3±8.3 years and 71.87% were male. According to the analysis of the diaries, the mean scores (visual analog scale) for all symptoms and the performance of activities of daily living ranged between 0.5 and 2.5, being higher in the morning (mean scores between 1.5 and 2.5) than in the afternoon and night (mean scores between 0.5 and 1.5); however, symptom variability was minimal. These results were similar to those obtained in the EPOC-CoVaSy instrument, demonstrating a high correlation between both instruments that allowed to confirm that EPOC-CoVaSy is a useful instrument to measure such variability. Conclusions. Based on the findings of the present study, it can be concluded that there is a slight variability in COPD symptoms throughout the day, which should be considered when establishing treatment regimens for this disease. Likewise, it was determined that the EPOC-CoVaSy instrument is valid to measure such variability in Colombian patients with COPD.

Resumen Introducción. Se considera que la variabilidad de los síntomas respiratorios de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) es baja o inexistente. Sin embargo, algunos autores afirman que se pueden presentar fluctuaciones. Objetivos. Describir la variabilidad de síntomas en pacientes con EPOC a lo largo del día y la noche durante cuatro semanas mediante un diario del paciente, y validar un cuestionario desarrollado para tal fin (Instrumento Colombiano Autoadministrado de Variabilidad de Síntomas en EPOC: EPOC-CoVaSy). Materiales y métodos. Estudio de cohorte realizado en 96 pacientes con EPOC atendidos entre junio y diciembre de 2016 en el Centro de Atención Pulmonar - CAP, en Barranquilla, Colombia, quienes diligenciaron un diario del paciente durante cuatro semanas y, luego de este periodo, el instrumento autoadministrado EPOC-CoVaSy. La independencia y comparación de frecuencias de las variables categóricas y continuas se establecieron mediante las pruebas % 2 y exacta de Fisher y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, respectivamente. Se realizó un MANOVA, utilizando modelos de regresión lineal, para determinar las correlaciones entre los resultados del diario y el instrumento. Resultados. La edad promedio de los participantes fue 73.3±8.3 años y 71.87% eran hombres. Según el análisis de los diarios, los puntajes promedio (escala visual analógica) para todos los síntomas y el desempeño de actividades diarias oscilaron entre 0.5 y 2.5, siendo más altos en la mañana (puntajes promedio entre 1.5 y 2.5) que en la tarde y noche (puntajes promedio entre 0.5 y 1.5); sin embargo, esta variabilidad fue mínima, lo que coincidió con los resultados obtenidos en el EPOC-CoVaSy, evidenciándose una alta correlación entre ambos instrumentos que permitió confirmar que la herramienta diseñada es útil para medir dicha variabilidad. Conclusiones. Con base en los hallazgos del presente estudio, se puede concluir que existe una leve variabilidad en los síntomas de EPOC a lo largo del día, la cual debe considerarse a la hora de establecer esquemas de tratamiento para esta enfermedad. Asimismo, se estableció que el EPOC-CoVaSy es válido para medir dicha variabilidad en la población colombiana con EPOC.

Acta méd. colomb ; 46(2): 13-17, Jan.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349876


Abstract Objective: to establish some variables associated with anxiety and depression with clinical importance in patients with COPD from the outpatient clinic in Santa Marta, Colombia. Design: a cross-sectional analytical study. Background: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic disease that affects approximately one in ten people in the general Colombian population. COPD is often associated with anxiety and depression. However, information on the variables associated with anxiety and depression in patients with COPD is limited. Participants: adult COPD patients were included. The patients were classified according to the GOLD initiative and the combined assessment. Interventions: none. Measurements: clinically important anxiety and depression were assessed with the 10-item versions of the Zung scales. Results: 409 patients between 40 and 102 years of age participated, mean of 73.0 years (SD=10.2 years), 58.7% male, 88.8% married (or in free union), 73.6% residents in low stratum (I, II or III), 92.7% exposed to cigarettes or wood smoke (biomass), 44.5% in GOLD 3 or 4, 22.2% classified in the combined evaluation C or D, 19.1% presented clinically significant anxiety and 27.9% clini cally significant depression. Clinically important anxiety showed a significant association with the combined assessment C or D (OR=2.08, 95%CI 1.19-3.63) and female sex (OR=1.80, 95%CI 1.10 2.99) and depression with clinical importance showed a significant relationship with female sex (OR=2.35, 95%CI 1.50-3.70) and the combined C or D evaluation (OR=2.04, 95%CI 1.22-3.42). Conclusions: The prevalence of clinically important anxiety and depression is high in COPD patients. Anxiety and depression are associated with female gender and the severity of COPD. Anxiety and depression must be evaluated in all patients with COPD evaluated in an outpatient clinic, particularly in women and in patients classified C or D in the combined evaluation. (Acta Med Colomb 2021; 46. DOI:

Resumen Objetivo: establecer algunas variables asociadas a ansiedad y depresión con importancia clínica en pacientes con EPOC de la consulta externa de Santa Marta, Colombia. Diseño: estudio analítico transversal. Marco de referencia: la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) es un padecimiento crónico que afecta aproximadamente a una de cada diez personas de la población general colombiana. La EPOC con frecuencia se asocia a ansiedad y depresión. Sin embargo, es limitada la información sobre las variables asociadas a ansiedad y depresión en pacientes con EPOC. Participantes: se incluyeron pacientes adultos con EPOC. Los pacientes se clasificaron según la iniciativa GOLD y la evaluación combinada. Intervenciones: ninguna. Mediciones: la ansiedad y la depresión con importancia clínica se evaluaron con las versiones de 10 ítems de las escalas de Zung. Resultados: participaron 409 pacientes entre 40 y 102 años, media de 73.0 años (DE=10.2 años), 58.7% de sexo masculino, 88.8% casado (o en unión libre), 73.6% residentes en estrato bajo (I, II o III), 92.7% expuesto a cigarrillo o humo de leña (biomasa), 44.5% en GOLD 3 o 4, 22.2% clasificados en la evaluación combinada C o D, 19.1% presentaron ansiedad con importancia clínica y 27.9% depresión con importancia clínica. La ansiedad con importancia clínica mostró asociación significativa con la evaluación combinada C o D (OR= 2.08; IC95% 1.19-3.63) y sexo femenino (OR=1.80; IC95% 1.10-2.99) y la depresión con importancia clínica mostró relación significativa con sexo femenino (OR=2.35; IC95% 1.50-3.70) y la evaluación combinada C o D (OR=2.04; IC95% 1.22-3.42). Conclusiones: la prevalencia de ansiedad y depresión con importancia clínica es alta en pa cientes con EPOC. Ansiedad y depresión se asocian a sexo femenino y a la gravedad de la EPOC. Es necesario evaluar ansiedad y depresión en todos los pacientes con EPOC evaluados en consulta externa, particularmente, en mujeres y en pacientes clasificados C o D en la evaluación combinada. (Acta Med Colomb 2021; 46. DOI:

Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 36(1): 51-55, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151552


Introdução: As queimaduras encontram-se em quarto lugar como o tipo de trauma mais comum do mundo, gerando um desafio pela gravidade das lesões apresentadas pelos pacientes. Este estudo tem como objetivo rastrear o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes atendidos no ambulatório do Centro de Tratamento de Queimaduras (CTQ) do Hospital Municipal do Tatuapé (HMT/SP). Métodos: Foram analisados os dados obtidos a partir das fichas de atendimento do ambulatório do CTQ do HMT/SP, no período de janeiro de 2019 a janeiro de 2020, utilizando as seguintes variáveis: sexo, idade, agente causal, extensão da queimadura e região acometida. Resultados: Maior predomínio de queimadura no sexo masculino (55,3%). Houve porcentagem maior na população entre 21 a 30 anos (15,9%), seguidos de perto pelos menores de 10 anos (15,8%). O principal agente causador foi escaldo/líquidos aquecidos (56,8%); seguido de queimadura por contato (14,7%), a grande maioria dos pacientes foram acometidos por queimadura de médio porte (90,1%), ou seja, entre 11 e 20% de superfície corpórea queimada e o tórax/abdome a região mais acometida. Conclusão: O perfil epidemiológico demonstrado nesse estudo, mostrou-se compatível, na maioria dos dados, com o perfil encontrado em outros centros especializados em tratamento de queimados.

Introduction: Burns are in fourth place as the most common type of trauma globally, generating a challenge due to the severity of patients' injuries. This study investigates the epidemiological profile of patients treated at the Burn Treatment Center (BTC) outpatient clinic of the Hospital Municipal do Tatuapé (HMT/SP). Methods: Data obtained from the outpatient records of the BTC outpatient clinic of the HMT/SP were analyzed from January 2019 to January 2020, using the following variables: gender, age, causal agent, burn extension, and affected region. Results: Higher predominance of burns in males (55.3%). There was a higher percentage in the population between 21 and 30 years (15.9%), followed closely by children under 10 years of age (15.8%). The leading causative agent was scalded/heated liquids (56.8%); followed by contact burn (14.7%), the vast majority of patients were affected by medium-sized burn (90.1%), i.e., between 11 and 20% of the burned body surface and the thorax/abdomen the most affected region. Conclusion: The epidemiological profile demonstrated in this study was compatible, in most data, with the profile found in other centers specialized in treating burns.