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Organ Transplantation ; (6): 232-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920854


Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations, treatment and prognosis of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1). Methods Relevant literature review was conducted from Chongqing VIP, CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane databases. Clinical data of 57 patients with PH1 were collected, and the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment and prognosis were analyzed. Results A total of 35 eligible studies were searched, including 57 patients with PH1, 39 male and 18 female, aged 0.2-57.0 years old, and the age of onset was from date of birth to 42 years old. The specificity of clinical symptoms of 57 patients with PH1 was relatively low, including 41 cases of renal stones, 21 cases of renal calcification and/or calcium deposition, 12 cases of oxalic acid deposition outside the urinary system, 12 cases of lumbago, backache and abdominal pain, and 8 cases of ureteral stones. Besides, alternative symptoms, such as decreased urine output, metabolic acidosis, disorder of water and electrolyte, anemia and gross hematuria were also reported. Thirty-three patients were diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) upon admission. Twenty-six patients received transplantation. Among them, 17 cases underwent kidney transplantation (2 cases repeatedly received combined liver-kidney transplantation due to recurrence of stones and resumption of dialysis, and 1 case repeatedly received liver transplantation due to resumption of dialysis), 7 cases received combined liver-kidney transplantation, 2 cases underwent liver transplantation, and 3 cases received sequential liver-kidney transplantation, respectively. Thirty-one patients did not undergo transplantation. Significant differences were observed in the survival rate between patients treated with and without transplantation (85% vs. 58%, P < 0.05). Conclusions Clinical manifestations of PH1 are diverse and lack of specificity. A majority of PH1 patients are diagnosed with ESRD upon admission. Clinical prognosis of patients undergoing transplantation is better than that of those counterparts without transplantation. Prior liver transplantation or combined liver-kidney transplantation is recommended.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920595


@#Plaque pH detection technology can detect the risk of caries and assist in the prevention of caries, with a mature theory and a relatively simple operation. With the increasing demand for clinical caries risk detection technology and the rapid development of microelectrode techniques, there is an increasing variety of types of microelectrodes that can detect the pH of dental plaque, including glass microelectrodes, metal oxide microelectrodes and ion-sensitive field effect transistors. The glass microelectrode was the first microelectrode to be applied in this field, but its structure is weak. Among the various options, the iridium oxide microelectrode has become the most promising caries risk detection electrode in recent years because of its high strength and excellent response. Metal oxide microelectrodes can also effectively compensate for the insufficient strength of glass microelectrodes. With advances in electrode technology, miniaturized, sensitive ion-sensitive field effect transistors have attracted the attention of researchers. Scientists have also recently developed a way to detect the pH of dental plaque with an optical no-contact technique. Optical contactless detection technology will not damage the dental plaque structure, so it has great research and clinical prospects. Future research will further improve the strength and performance of these electrodes on the premise of ensuring miniaturization and achieving noncontact detection.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 222-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913174


The dense extracellular matrix (ECM) of the tumor severely limits the deep penetration of nanomedicine and weakens its anti-tumor effect. Based on this, the yeast vesicle biomimetic nanomedicine with active deep penetration ability of tumor tissue was designed and developed for enhanced tumor therapy. Results of characterization showed that the yeast cell vesicles (YCV) displayed a spherical morphology with diameter of around 100 nm and was well dispersed. Then the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) was selected as a model drug, and DOX was loaded into YCV to obtain YCV/DOX through electrostatic interaction, the encapsulation efficiencies of DOX were calculated as 82.5%. The drug release profile of YCV/DOX implied that DOX release showed a manner of pH-dependent, it may be that pH has affected the electrostatic effect of YCV and DOX. Compared with liposomes (Lipo), in vitro cell experiments showed that YCV from natural sources had stronger permeability in three-dimensional multicellular spheres. It is speculated that the mechanism may be good deformation capacity of YCV. A 4T1 xenograft tumor model was established to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of YCV/DOX. The results suggested that YCV/DOX has stronger tumor tissue penetration ability and could effectively inhibit the tumor growth. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of Zhengzhou University. This study brings new ideas for the development of biomimetic nanomedicine to overcome the ECM of solid tumors.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 169-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913161


During fluorescence-guided cancer surgery, ultra-pH sensitive (UPS) fluorescent nanoprobes has multiple advantages such as real-time imaging procedures, ultra-high imaging sensitivity as well as broad tumor detection specificity. UPS nanoprobes stay at "OFF" state at higher pH and turn into "ON" state at lower pH with emission of strong fluorescence. Moreover, the transition pH points (transition pH point, pHt) can be precisely controlled by structural-based strategy. One of the previously-reported UPS nanoprobes showed good imaging effect. However, it is still not clear about the effect of pHt on cancer imaging efficiency of UPS nanoprobes and to further identify the optimal UPS. In this study, we synthesized a series of UPS nanoprobes with pHt at 4.5, 6.2, 6.6, 7.8 by adjusting the hydrophobic blocks of UPS polymers. Each nanoprobe showed excellent stability in "OFF" state by dynamic light scattering and uniform morphology observed by transmission electron microscopy. In vitro imaging characterized the ultra-pH sensitive fluorescence transition of each probe. In vivo imaging results identified two UPS nanoprobes (NP-6.2 and NP-6.6) with superior tumor imaging effect. All animal experiments in this study were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Peking University Health Science Center and were strictly followed by the welfare regulations of laboratory animals of Peking University Health Science Center. Therefore, this study has explored the effect of pHt on the cancer imaging efficiency of UPS nanoprobes and provides a new idea for design of the other cancer microenvironment-responsive polymers.

Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): S222-S235, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353097


El reflujo gastroesofágico es una situación frecuente en el primer año de vida. En ausencia de signos y síntomas de alarma, se lo considera fisiológico. No requiere estudios y puede ser abordado por el pediatra con medidas no farmacológicas. La enfermedad por reflujo (definidaporsíntomasmolestosocomplicaciones) debe ser manejada por el gastroenterólogo. Los exámenes complementarios tienen indicaciones precisas y el tratamiento incluye medidas no farmacológicas, farmacológicas y quirúrgicas (si fuera necesario). Nuestro objetivo es describir los diferentes métodos diagnósticos, sus indicaciones y limitaciones, así como los recursos terapéuticos disponibles, incluidas las indicaciones y los efectos adversos

Gastro esophageal reflux is a frequent condition in infants. In the absence of warning symptoms and signs, it is considered physiologic. No exam is required and a non-pharmacologic approach can be instituted by pediatricians. Gastro esophageal reflux disease is characterized by troublesome symptoms or complications and should be managed by a pediatric gastroenterologist. Diagnostic tests have accurate indications and treatment includes pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic measures as well as surgery. Our objective is to describe the different diagnostic methods, their indications and limitations as well as the therapeutic resources available, including indications and adverse effects.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Gastroesophageal Reflux/therapy
rev. udca actual. divulg. cient ; 24(2): e1940, jul.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361229


RESUMEN El exceso o déficit en el volumen de fertirriego genera desbalances nutricionales, en razón a que influyen en el pH y la CE, afectando el desempeño de las plantas. Además, el descontrol del volumen de fertirriego puede causar excesos de lixiviados con efectos perjudiciales en el medioambiente. La fertirrigación en la producción de clavel en la Sabana de Bogotá, se hace de forma empiríca, por tanto, es indispensable ajustar el volumen de fertirriego a las necesidades del cultivo, para evitar los problemas mencionados. Por esta razón, se evaluó el efecto del control del volumen de fertirriego con lisímetro de peasada, en comparación con el manejo del fertirriego tradicional, en el desempeño de las plantas de miniclavel, sembradas en sutrato, en condiciones de invernadero. Para la evaluación, se realizó un diseño experimental en bloques completos al azar, con los tratamientos de sistema de cultivo con lisímetro (CL) y sistema de cultivo con fertirriego tradicional sin lisímetro (SL). Las variables evaluadas fueron volumen de riego, contenido nutricional de planta completa en cinco estadios fenológicos, pH y nutrientes mayores y secundarios (Ca-Mg), en el sustrato y en la solución drenada. El CL genera un ahorro en el volumen de fertirriego en comparación con el SL. Se encontraron diferencias en el continuo planta - sustrato - lixiviado, en N, K, Mg, así como en el pH del sustrato. El CL fue más eficiente, al generar mayor acumulación de masa seca, con el uso de menos agua y nutrientes, sin afectar el rendimiento, ni la calidad.

ABSTRACT The amount of fertigation excess or deficit generates nutritional unbalances given it affects pH, CE, and the nutrients balance influencing the plant development performance. In addition, the uncontrolled fertigation volume can cause an excess of leachates with detrimental effects on the environment. The Fertigation in carnation production in the Bogotá savanna is done empirically, therefore, it is essential to adjust the fertigation volume to the needs of the crop to avoid the mentioned problems. For this reason, the effect of the control of the fertigation volume with weighting lysimeters was evaluated in comparison with the management of traditional fertigation in the performance of the spray carnation plants sown in substrate under greenhouse conditions. For the evaluation, an experimental design was carried out in complete randomized blocks with a lysimeter crop system (LCS) and a traditional crop system without a lysimeter (WLS) as treatments. Irrigation volume, whole plant nutritional content in five phenological stages, pH, primary and secondary (Ca - Mg) nutrients in the substrate, and drainage solution were the variables evaluated. The LCS generates saving in the use of fertigation compared with WLS. Differences were found in the continuum plant - substrate - leached in N, K, Mg, as well as in the pH of the substrate. The LCS treatment was more efficient by generating greater dry mass accumulation, with the use of less water and nutrients without affecting the yield or quality.

Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 30-34, July. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283487


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop an amplification method of urea detection based on pHsensitive liposomes. RESULTS: The urease covalently immobilized on the magnetic particles and the pH-sensitive liposomes encapsulating ferricyanide were added to the cyclic-voltammeter cell solution where urea was distributed. The conversion of urea into carbonic acid seemed to induce a pH decrease that caused a reduction in the electrostatic repulsion between the headgroups of weakly acidic 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero3-succinate. The reduction induced the liposomes to release potassium ferricyanide that was encapsulated inside. The effects of urea concentration and pH value were investigated. A specific concentration (0.5 mg/mL) of the urea solution was set to observe the response. The activity of urease was reversible with respect to the pH change between 7 and 5. The sensitivity of this detection was almost identical to the comparable techniques such as an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a field-effect transistor. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the methodology developed in this study was feasible as a portable, rapid, and sensitive method.

Urea/analysis , Liposomes/chemistry , Urease/chemistry , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Enzymes, Immobilized , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 85-92, July. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283600


BACKGROUND: Nonribosomal peptide synthases (NRPS) can synthesize functionally diverse bioactive peptides by incorporating nonproteinogenic amino acids, offering a rich source of new drug leads. The bacterium Escherichia coli is a well-characterized production host and a promising candidate for the synthesis of nonribosomal peptides, but only limited bioprocess engineering has been reported for such molecules. We therefore developed a medium and optimized process parameters using the design of experiments (DoE) approach. RESULTS: We found that glycerol is not suitable as a carbon source for rhabdopeptide production, at least for the NRPS used for this study. Alternative carbon sources from the tricarboxylic acid cycle achieved much higher yields. DoE was used to optimize the pH and temperature in a stirred-tank reactor, revealing that optimal growth and optimal production required substantially different conditions. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a chemically defined adapted M9 medium matching the performance of complex medium (lysogeny broth) in terms of product concentration. The maximum yield in the reactor under optimized conditions was 126 mg L-1, representing a 31-fold increase compared to the first shaking-flask experiments with M9 medium and glycerol as the carbon source. Conditions that promoted cell growth tended to inhibit NRPS productivity. The challenge was therefore to find a compromise between these factors as the basis for further process development.

Peptide Synthases/metabolism , Bioreactors/microbiology , Escherichia coli , Temperature , Biotechnology , Carbon/metabolism , Models, Statistical , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Bioengineering , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e058, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254597


Objetivo: Comparar el pH de cuatro marcas de geles aclaradores a base de peróxido de hidrógeno de altas concentraciones (30%-35%) Whiteness HP Maxx (HPM), Lase Peroxide (LP), Whiteness HP Automixx (HPA)y Dash (DA), a través del tiempo de aplicación clínica (inicio, 15', 30' y 45'). Materiales y métodos: El estudio fue experimental in vitro. Se evaluaron 40 muestras (dientes bovinos) divididos en 4 grupos, uno para cada marca comercial de gel. Se preparó cada gel de acuerdo con las instrucciones del fabricante y se colocó una cantidad necesaria en la superficie vestibular; posteriormente, se registró el pH del gel con un pHmetro digital al inicio, 15, 30 y 45 minutos. Los datos se analizaron con las pruebas Anova, Friedman y Wilcoxon. Resultados: Hubo una tendencia a la disminución del pH desde el tiempo inicial de aplicación hasta el tiempo final, con excepción del grupo de la marca DA, el cual mostró que los valores del pH fueron aumentando a través del tiempo. En la marca HPM, existe una diferencia significativa entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación del gel y el resto de tiempos. En la marca LP, a partir de los 15' de aplicación, sí hay diferencia significativa entre los tiempos. En cuanto a la marca HPA, existieron diferencias significativas entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación y los demás tiempos. Finalmente, con la marca DA se encontró únicamente una diferencia significativa entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación y el tiempo final. Conclusiones: El pH de los geles aclaradores disminuyó a través del tiempo de aplicación clínica en todas las marcas estudiadas, con excepción de la marca Dash 30%, la cual mostró un aumento. (AU)

Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the pH of four bleaching agents based on high concentration hydrogen peroxide (30-35%) Whiteness HP Maxx (HPM), Lase Peroxide (LP), Whiteness HP Automixx (HPA) and Dash (DA) in different clinical periods (baseline, 15', 30' and 45'). Materials and methods: 40 specimens (bovine teeth) were divided into 4 groups; one group for each bleaching agent. Each bleaching agent was prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions and was applied on the vestibular surface. The pH of the bleaching agent was measured with a digital pH meter at baseline, 15, 30 and 45 minutes. ANOVA, Friedman and Wilcoxon tests were applied. Results: The pH values showed a trend to decreasing from the initial time of application to the final time, except for the DA group, which showed increasing pH values over time. The HPM group showed significant differences between baseline and the remaining periods. The LP group LP showed significant difference between 15' and the other periods. The HPA group showed significant differences between baseline and the remaining periods. Finally, the DA group, showed a significant difference between baseline and 45'. Conclusions: The pH values of 3 of the bleaching agents decreased over time, with the exception of Dash which increased in the different time periods. (AU)

Tooth Bleaching , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrogen Peroxide , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Experimental
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 200-204, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249358


Resumo Introdução: Muitos problemas relacionados à laringe têm sido atribuídos ao refluxo laringofaríngeo, inclusive disfonia, pigarro frequente, tosse crônica e sensação de "globus" faríngeo. No entanto, ainda há controvérsias quanto ao diagnóstico e à apresentação clínica dessa condição clínica. Objetivo: Descrever as características do refluxo laringofaríngeo de diferentes posições, em pacientes diagnosticados por meio de pHmetria orofaríngea. Método: Foi feita uma revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de 161 pacientes com refluxo laringofaríngeo diagnosticado por pHmetria orofaríngea de 24 horas. Os indivíduos do estudo foram categorizados em grupos com refluxo laringofaríngeo na posição ortostática e refluxo laringofaríngeo na posição supina com base nos resultados do pH. Os dois grupos foram comparados quanto à apresentação clínica e às características do pH. Resultados: Foram encontradas taxas significativamente mais altas de refluxo laringofaríngeo na posição ortostática em comparação à posição supina (p < 0,0001). Os resultados do índice de sintomas de refluxo foram significativamente maiores no grupo com refluxo laringofaríngeo na posição ortostática em comparação com o grupo com refluxo laringofaríngeo na posição supina. O uso do escore de Ryan composto (composite Ryan score) para a pHmetria orofaríngea de 24 horas foi significantemente maior no grupo com refluxo laringofaríngeo ortostático em relação ao grupo supino (p < 0,0001). Nenhuma diferença significante foi encontrada entre os grupos refluxo laringofaríngeo na posição ortostática e posição supina em relação à frequência da apresentação clínica ou classificações do índice de desvantagem vocal. Conclusão: O refluxo laringofaríngeo foi mais prevalente na posição ortostática entre os grupos de estudo. As características relacionadas ao refluxo, inclusive parâmetros de pH, foram mais evidentes no refluxo laringofaríngeo na posição ortostática.

Podium (Pinar Río) ; 16(1): 88-99, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155060


RESUMEN El presente estudio tiene como objetivo determinar el comportamiento de algunos indicadores bioquímicos en la orina de atletas femeninas de sable, de edad juvenil, después de una sesión de entrenamiento, entre los que se destacan el pH (reacción), la glucosa, la albúmina y uno de los tres cuerpos cetónicos (la acetona). La muestra estuvo representada por siete atletas de sable femenino, pertenecientes a La Academia provincial de esgrima, categoría juvenil, con una edad promedio de 16 años y dos de experiencia. El estadígrafo utilizado para las comparaciones fue la media. La determinación del pH, cuantitativamente en la orina, fue a través del papel del pH. La determinación de la glucosa se realizó a través del método del reactivo Benedict. La albúmina se determinó en la orina, a través del método del ácido sulfosalicílico. Y la determinación de la acetona fue mediante el método de Imbert. La motivación para la investigación se debe a la incorporación del sable femenino en la esgrima contemporánea, lo que estudia las características y rendimiento del sexo femenino en el sable, arma bien rápida y fuerte. Los resultados demuestran cómo la carga aplicada durante una sesión de entrenamiento de un microciclo seleccionado de la preparación especial provocó variaciones en la mayoría de los indicadores, demostrando la aparición de un estado de acidosis en la orina, como consecuencia del trabajo realizado. Y se constató, además, la utilidad en la determinación de la albúmina para caracterizar la intensidad de la carga física.

RESUMO O presente estudo visa determinar o comportamento de alguns indicadores bioquímicos na urina de atletas do sabre feminino, de idade juvenil, após uma sessão de treino, entre os quais se destacam o pH (reação), glicose, albumina e um dos três corpos cetónicos (acetona). A amostra foi representada por sete atletas do sabre feminino, pertencentes à academia de esgrima provincial, categoria juvenil, com uma idade média de 16 anos e dois anos de experiência. A estatística utilizada para as comparações foi a média. A determinação do pH, quantitativamente na urina, foi feita através do papel de pH. A glicose foi determinada utilizando o método do reagente de Benedict. A albumina foi determinada na urina, através do método do ácido sulfosalicílico. E a acetona foi determinada pelo método de Imbert. A motivação para a investigação deve-se à incorporação do sabre feminino na esgrima contemporânea, que estuda as características e o desempenho do sexo feminino no sabre, uma arma muito rápida e forte. Os resultados mostram como a carga aplicada durante uma sessão de treino de um microciclo selecionado da preparação especial causou variações na maioria dos indicadores, demonstrando o aparecimento de um estado de acidose na urina, como consequência do trabalho realizado. Foi também confirmada a utilidade da determinação da albumina para caracterizar a intensidade da carga física.

ABSTRACT The present study aims to determine the behavior of some biochemical indicators in the urine of female sabre athletes, of juvenile age, after a training session, among which pH (reaction), glucose, albumin and one of the three ketone bodies (acetone) stand out. The sample was represented by seven female sabre athletes, belonging to the provincial fencing academy, youth category, with an average age of 16 years and two years of experience. The statistic used for comparisons was the mean. The determination of pH, quantitatively in urine, was through pH paper. Glucose was determined by the Benedict's reagent method. Albumin was determined in urine, through the sulfosalicylic acid method. In addition, acetone was determined by Imbert's method. The motivation for the research is due to the incorporation of the female sabre in contemporary fencing, which studies the characteristics and performance of the female sex in the sabre, a very fast and strong weapon. The results show how the load applied during a training session of a selected microcycle of the special preparation caused variations in most of the indicators, demonstrating the appearance of a state of acidosis in the urine, as a consequence of the work performed. The usefulness of the determination of albumin to characterize the intensity of the physical load was also confirmed.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 73-80, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251524


Resumen La enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE) se define como el tránsito anormal del contenido gástrico hacia el esófago, que se da por una alteración de la barrera antirreflujo, causando síntomas o complicaciones. Para su correcto diagnóstico y abordaje terapéutico, se requiere de la integración de hallazgos clínicos, endoscópicos y monitorización del pH esofágico en 24 horas con o sin impedanciometría, la cual debe ser realizada con especificaciones técnicas, y su interpretación debe basarse en la mejor evidencia clínica disponible, con el objetivo de tener diagnósticos precisos que permitan tomar las mejores decisiones con los pacientes. Recientemente, en el Consenso de Lyon se han incorporado nuevas directrices para el diagnóstico de ERGE por monitorización de pH esofágico, las cuales se revisan en este artículo.

Abstract Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as the abnormal transit of gastric contents into the esophagus. It is caused by an alteration of the anti-reflux barrier, causing multiple symptoms or complications. In order to achieve accurate diagnosis and proper therapeutic approach, integration of clinical findings, endoscopic findings and 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring, with or without impedancometry, is required. These tests must be performed following technical specifications and their interpretation must be based on the best clinical evidence available to obtain accurate diagnoses that allow making the best decisions to the benefit of patients. Recently, the Lyon Consensus incorporated new guidelines for the diagnosis of GERD by esophageal pH monitoring, which are reviewed in this paper.

Humans , Male , Female , Therapeutics , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Electric Impedance , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Disease
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 271-276, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248932


This study aims to determine the relationship between indicators of the motor activity, pH factor, rumen and rectal temperature within 10 days after calving and to analyze the possibility of using the studied parameters as prognostic signs for diagnosing sub-acute rumen acidosis (SARA). The measurements were taken using bolus with sensors designed to monitor cow health. The motor activity, pH factor and ruminal temperature of 10 cows were measured during 10 days at a measurement interval of every 60 seconds. Next, the researchers calculated the average values of the obtained readings, which were divided into 2 groups according to a measurement interval of every 12 hours. Rectal temperature was measured using a veterinary thermometer every 12 hours (at 8 a.m. and at 8 p.m.). As a result, 200 measurements were obtained. Descriptive sampling statistics were calculated using the SPSS Statistics program. An increase in motor activity reduces the pH level of the rumen environment. Lowering the pH factor of the rumen environment leads to an increase in ruminal temperature. There is a positive statistically significant correlation between ruminal and rectal temperature. The nosology of SARA can be predicted by measuring the motor activity and rectal temperature of dairy cows.(AU)

Este estudo visa determinar a relação entre indicadores de atividade motora, fator de pH, temperatura ruminal e retal em até 10 dias após o parto e analisar a possibilidade de utilizar os parâmetros estudados como sinais prognósticos para o diagnóstico de acidose ruminal subaguda (SARA). As medições foram feitas usando bolus com sensores projetados para monitorar a saúde das vacas. A atividade motora, o fator de pH e a temperatura ruminal de 10 vacas foram medidos durante 10 dias em intervalos de medição de 60 segundos. A seguir, os pesquisadores calcularam os valores médios das leituras obtidas, que foram divididos em 2 grupos de acordo com um intervalo de medição a cada 12 horas. A temperatura retal foi medida com um termômetro veterinário a cada 12 horas (às 8h e às 20h). Como resultado, foram obtidas 200 medições. As estatísticas de amostragem descritiva foram calculadas usando o programa SPSS Statistics. Um aumento na atividade motora reduz o nível de pH do ambiente ruminal. A redução do fator de pH do ambiente ruminal leva a um aumento da temperatura ruminal. Existe uma correlação positiva estatisticamente significativa entre a temperatura ruminal e retal. A nosologia com SARA pode ser prevista medindo a atividade motora e a temperatura retal de vacas leiteiras.(AU)

Animals , Female , Cattle , Rumen , Acidosis/diagnosis , Acidosis/veterinary , Body Temperature , Postpartum Period/physiology , Prognosis
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(1): 131-139, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287797


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the need of performing esophageal pH monitoring and manometry in patients with clinical suspicion of Gastroesophageal reflux disease, as more accurate and practical complementary exams in the indication of surgical treatment. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out in the PubMed/Medline database, based on the recommendations of the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) protocol, selecting studies in humans, published in Portuguese, Spanish, and English, from January 1, 2009 to August 5, 2020. The following descriptors were used: "reflux gastroesophageal" AND "surgery" AND "surgical treatment" AND "esophageal manometry" OR "pH monitoring". After that, retrospective or prospective observational studies with a sample of less than 100 individuals, or with limited access, reports or case series, review articles, letters, comments, or book chapters were excluded. To facilitate the application of the exclusion criteria, the Rayyan management base was used. RESULTS: Out of the 676 studies found, 19 valid and eligible studies were selected to make inferences. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the best evidence, currently, considering national particularities, performing a 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring and esophageal manometry for all patients undergoing anti-reflux surgery.

Humans , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies, Veterinary as Topic , Manometry
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281916


Introdução: Alguns produtos à base de plantas podem afetar o pH salivar e a prevenção da cárie dentária. O consumo de chá tem efeitos inibidores sobre algumas bactérias orais. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito dos chás verde e preto sobre o pH salivar. Material e Métodos: neste estudo duplo-cego cruzado, amostras salivares de 50 estudantes saudáveis do sexo masculino da Faculdade de Odontologia de Zahedan, com idades entre 20-22 anos, foram coletadas para avaliação do pH salivar. Todos os voluntários foram solicitados a consumir chá preto comercial no primeiro dia e, em seguida, amostras de saliva foram coletadas antes de beber o chá, imediatamente após beber o chá, 5 e 10 minutos após o consumo do chá. Alternando com o consumo do chá verde, no segundo dia, as amostras de saliva foram coletadas novamente. Em seguida, o pH salivar foi estimado com um medidor de pH digital. Os dados foram analisados por meio de teste t independente e teste t de amostras pareadas. Resultados: O pH salivar médio antes e após o consumo de chá verde foi de 7,15 ± 0,05 e 7,56 ± 0,09, respectivamente, o que apresentou uma diferença notável (p <0,001). Foi de 7,14 ± 0,05 e 7,51 ± 0,10, respectivamente, para o chá preto, com diferença significativa (p <0,0001). O pH salivar médio após o consumo de chá verde foi significativamente maior do que o chá preto (p = 0,006). Conclusão: A ingestão de chá verde e preto levou a um aumento significativo no pH salivar, que foi maior após o consumo de chá verde em comparação com o chá preto. Este estudo sugere os efeitos benéficos de beber chá em fornecer um ambiente alcalino na cavidade oral (AU)

Background: Some herbal products could affect on salivary pH and prevention of dental caries. Tea consumption has inhibition effects on some oral bacteria. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of green and black tea on salivary pH. Material and Methods: In this double blinded cross-over trial, salivary samples of 50 healthy male students of Zahedan Faculty of Dentistry, aged 20-22 years old were collected for evaluation of salivary pH. All volunteers were asked to consume commercially black tea on the first day and then saliva samples were collected before drinking tea and immediately after drinking tea and 5 and 10 minutes after tea consumption. With replacing consumption of green tea, at the second day, saliva samples were collected again. Then the salivary pH was estimated with a digital pH-meter. Data were analyzed through independent t-test and paired samples t-test. Results: Mean salivary pH before and after green tea consumption were 7.15±0.05 and 7.56±0.09, respectively, which showed a remarkable difference (p<0.001). It was 7.14±0.05 and 7.51 ± 0.10, respectively, for black tea, with significant difference (p<0.001). Mean salivary pH after green tea consumption was significantly higher than black tea (p= 0.006). Conclusion:Both green and black tea intake led to a significant rise in salivary pH, which was higher after green tea consumption compared to black tea. This study suggests the beneficial effects of drinking tea in providing an alkaline environment in oral cavity (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Saliva , Tea , Dental Caries
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1566, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248504


ABSTRACT Background: The catheter of the esophageal pH monitoring is associated with nasal and throat discomfort, and different behave in patients. The capsule of the wireless pH monitoring may cause chest pain and complications. Aim: To compare the wireless and conventional pH monitoring concerning the degree of discomfort and limitations in daily activities, complications, ability to diagnose pathological reflux, and costs. Methods: Twenty-five patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux were prospectively submitted, in a simultaneous initial period, to 24-hour catheter esophageal pH monitoring and 48-hour wireless system. After removing each system, patients underwent a specific clinical questionnaire. Results: Fifteen patients (60%) pointed a higher discomfort in the introduction of the capsule (p=0.327). Discomfort and limitations in daily activities were lower on 2nd day (p<0.05); however, continued to be expressive (32% to 44%). Chest pain occurred in 13 (52%) patients. The diagnostic gain of pathological reflux was 12% with the wireless system (p=0.355). Conclusions: 1) There is no significant difference between the discomfort mentioned in the introduction of the capsule and the catheter; 2) during reflux monitoring, the wireless system provides significant less discomfort and limitations in daily activities; 3) there is no significant difference between the two methods in the ability to diagnose pathological reflux; 4) wireless pH monitoring has higher cost.

RESUMO Racional: O cateter da pHmetria esofágica associa-se ao desconforto nasal e na garganta, e comportamento diferente nos pacientes. A cápsula da pHmetria sem cateter pode causar dor torácica e complicações. Objetivo: Comparar as pHmetrias sem cateter e a convencional, em relação ao desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias, complicações, capacidade de diagnosticar refluxo patológico, e custos. Métodos: Vinte e cinco pacientes com sintomas de refluxo gastroesofágico foram prospectivamente submetidos, em um período inicial simultâneo, à pHmetria esofágica com cateter durante 24 h e à pHmetria sem cateter durante 48 h. Após a retirada de cada método, pacientes responderam o questionário clínico específico. Resultados: Quinze pacientes (60%) relataram maior desconforto na introdução da cápsula (p=0,327). Desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias foram menores no 2º dia (p< 0,05); entretanto, continuaram sendo expressivos (32% a 44%). Dor torácica ocorreu em 13 (52%) pacientes. O ganho diagnóstico no refluxo patológico foi de 12% com o sistema sem cateter (p=0,355). Conclusões: 1) Não há diferença significativa entre o desconforto relatado na introdução da cápsula e do cateter; 2) durante a monitorização do refluxo, o sistema sem cateter proporciona significativo menor desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias; 3) não há diferença significativa entre os dois métodos na capacidade de diagnosticar o refluxo patológico; 4) pHmetria sem cateter tem custo maior.

Humans , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Surveys and Questionnaires , Catheters , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 51(10): e20200885, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278874


ABSTRACT: This study compared the diagnostic value of pork quality evaluation methods using different pH threshold values and time-points with muscle metabolites concentration threshold values measured 45 min. post mortem in assessment of meat with lowered drip loss. Samples of 100 longissimus dorsi (LD) (Landrace × Yorkshire) × Duroc fatteners were examined after slaughter for following parameters: muscle acidity in 35 min, 2 h, 3 h, 24 h and 48 h (pH1, pH2, pH3, pH24 and pH48), colour lightness (L*, a*, b*), meat yield after curing and thermal processing in 72 °C (technological yield), water-holding capacity (WHC) and drip loss in 48, 96 and 144 h (DL48, DL96, DL144). To verify the accuracy of analysed methods two groups were distinguished according to DL48, e.g. Low DL (DL48≤4%) and High DL (DL48>4%). In High DL pH1 to pH48 were statistically lower while L*, WHC, DL48, DL96, DL144 were statistically higher (P≤0.05). On the basis of pH-dependent methods classification to RFN (red, firm, normal), PSE (pale, soft, exudative), DFD (dark, firm, dry) and AM (acid meat) was performed and then the percentage share of Low DL and High DL among meat classified as RFN was evaluated. Despite most samples were classified as RFN Low DL share among them did not exceed 50%. If meat sample shows metabolites concentration below threshold value and was assigned to Low DL (or was assigned to High DL above threshold value) it was regarded as correctly classified. The most promising cut-off point (correct classification of 73%) was 45 µmol both for glycogen and lactate.

RESUMO: Neste estudo foram analisadas 100 amostras de longissimus dorsi (LD) de suinos Landrace, Yorkshire (L × Y) × Duroc (D). Dois grupos foram distinguidos de acordo com a perda por gotejamento medida 48 horas após o abate, por ex. DL baixo (DL48≤%) e DL alto (DL48> 4%). Em DL alto maior leveza (L*), capacidade de retenção de água (WHC), perda por gotejamento em 48 (DL48), 96 (DL96), 144 (DL144) e menor acidez muscular de 35 min. a 48 horas post mortem (pH1 a pH48) foram anotados (P≤0.01). A baixa participação de DL dentro das amostras classificadas como RFN (vermelha, firme, normal) com base em vários métodos de avaliação da qualidade da carne suína usando diferentes pontos de tempo de pH e valores de limiar não excederam 50%. A tentativa de uso de várias concentrações de metabólitos musculares mediu 45 min. post mortem (glicogênio, lactato e suas combinações) como valores limiares na avaliação de DL baixo e DL alto foi então realizado. Os pontos de corte mais promissores (45 µmol por g de tecido muscular tanto para glicogênio quanto para lactato) permitiram classificar corretamente 83.82% de DL baixo e 50% de DL alto respectivamente abaixo e acima deles.

Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(1): e200095, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1287438


In the Southeast of Mexico, there are many native cichlids with commercial interest such as redhead cichlid (Vieja melanurus) and twoband cichlid (V. bifasciata), which have a great local demand and excellent meat quality. However, it is necessary to implement their culture based on nutrition studies and digestive biochemistry. This study's objective was to characterize these two cichlids' digestive proteases (pH, temperature, and inhibitors) through biochemistry techniques. Results showed that V. melanurus and V. bifasciata have a digestive capacity analogous to other omnivore fishes, where the optimal pH values of stomach proteases (4 and 2, respectively) and intestinal proteases (6 and 12, respectively), the optimal temperature of acid (35°C and 55°C, respectively) and alkaline proteases (45°C and 55°C, respectively) are quite similar. Both species presented high thermal and pH stabilities. Inhibition showed that V. melanurus is more sensitive to specific inhibitors for alkaline proteases than V. bifasciata. In conclusion, V. bisfasciata and V. melanurus have different digestive protease patterns. Both species can hydrolyze different protein ingredients to formulate a specific diet. Nevertheless, V. bifasciata is more resistant to the presence of inhibitors, which allow it to include vegetable proteins in its diet.(AU)

En el sureste de México, existen muchas especies de cíclidos nativos de interés comercial como el cíclido rojo (Vieja melanurus) y el cíclido de dos bandas (V. bifasciata), los cuales tienen una gran demanda local y tienen una excelente calidad de carne; sin embargo, es necesario implementar su cultivo con base en estudios de nutrición y bioquímica digestiva. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar las proteasas digestivas (pH, temperatura e inhibidores) de estos dos cíclidos nativos mediante técnicas bioquímicas. Los resultados mostraron que V. melanurus y V. bifasciata tienen una capacidad digestiva similar a otros peces omnívoros, donde los valores óptimos de pH de proteasas estomacales (4 y 2, respectivamente) e intestinales (6 y 12, respectivamente), la temperatura óptima de proteasas ácidas (35°C y 55°C, respectivamente) y alcalinas (45°C y 55°C, respectivamente) son muy parecidas. Ambas especies presentaron alta estabilidad térmica y de pH. La inhibición mostró que V. melanurus es más sensible a inhibidores específicos de proteasas alcalinas que V. bifasciata. En conclusión, V. bisfasciata y V. melanurus tienen diferentes patrones de proteasas digestivas, pero ambas especies pueden hidrolizar diversos ingredientes proteicos para formular dietas específicas; sin embargo, V. bifasciata es más resistente a la presencia de inhibidores, lo que permitiría incluir proteínas vegetales en su dieta.(AU)

Animals , Peptide Hydrolases , Perciformes/physiology , Digestive System Physiological Phenomena , Enzyme Inhibitors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921802


This paper aims to systematically analyze the peptides and proteins from Asini Corii Colla(ACC) through shotgun proteomics. After high-pH reversed-phase fractionation, the proteins and peptides in the hydrolysate of ACC were further separated by nano LC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS under the following conditions: Thermo Scientific EASY column(100 μm×2 cm, 5 μm, C_(18)) as precolumn, Thermo Scientific EASY column(75 μm×100 mm, 3 μm, C_(18)) for solid phase extraction, gradient elution with 0.1% formic acid in water(mobile phase A) and 84% acetonitrile in water containing 0.1% formic acid(mobile phase B), and MS in positive ion mode. Based on Uniprot_Equus caballus, MS data, and literature, 2 291 peptides were identified from ACC by MaxQuant, with 255 Maillard reactions(AML, CML, CEL)-modified peptides identified for the first time. Through alignment, the peptides were found to belong to 678 equine proteins. In conclusion, the combination of nano LC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS and shotgun proteomics achieved rapid and accurate identification of the proteins and peptides in ACC, which provides the key information and new insights for further investigation of chemicals and effective substances in ACC.

Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Horses , Peptides , Proteins , Proteomics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 760-764, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912228


Objective:To analyze the difference and clinical significance of reflux related parameters between patients with reflux asthma (RA) and typical gastroesophageal reflux disease (TGERD).Methods:From June 2017 to June 2020, at PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center, the clinical data of 120 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) who underwent gastroscopy, high-resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) and 24 h pH-impedance monitoring contemporaneously were retrospectively analyzed. The GERD patients were divided into RA group and TGERD group according to the symptom correlated indexes, 60 cases in each group. The reflux related indexes of two groups were compared, which included reflux esophagitis (RE) score, esophageal hiatal hernia, Hill grade score of gastroesophageal flap valve, upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressure, DeMeester score, and reflux episodes. Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:There were no significant differences in RE score and Hill grade score between TGERD group and RA group (0.0, 0.0 to 1.0 vs. 0.0, 0.0 to 1.8; 3.0, 2.0 to 3.0 vs. 3.0, 2.0 to 3.0) (both P>0.05). The detection rate of UES pressure less than 34 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) of RA group was higher than that of TGERD group (41.7%, 25/60 vs. 23.3%, 14/60), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.596, P=0.032). The UES pressure of RA group was lower than that of TGERD group (51.7 mmHg, 23.6 mmHg to 70.1 mmHg vs. 62.0 mmHg, 37.4 mmHg to 77.4 mmHg), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.105, P=0.035). There were no significant differences in other parameters of HREM between TGERD group and RA group (all P>0.05). The detection rates of DeMeester score more than 14.7, acid exposure time more than 4.5% and total reflux episodes more than 73 episodes of RA group were all higher than those of TGERD group (41.7%, 25/60 vs. 23.3%, 14/60; 40.0%, 24/60 vs. 21.7%, 13/60; 38.3%, 23/60 vs. 20.0%, 12/60, respectively), and the differences were all statistically significant ( χ2=5.546, 4.728 and 4.881, all P<0.05). The total reflux episodes and weak acid gas reflux episodes of RA group were both higher than those of TGERD group (60 episodes, 43 episodes to 98 episodes vs. 52 episodes, 34 episodes to 69 episodes; 12 episodes, 6 episodes to 21 episodes vs. 9 episodes, 3 episodes to 14 episodes), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=-2.323 and -2.053, both P<0.05). There were no significant differences in other parameters of 24 h pH-impedance monitoring between TGERD group and RA group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Low UES pressure, abnormal esophageal acid exposure and increased reflux episodes, especially weak acid gas reflux episodes, may be more likely to induce RA.