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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term efficacy of endoscopic transluminal drainage(ETD) for acute pancreatitis complicated with walled-off necrosis (WON) or pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC).Methods:A total of 79 patients who were diagnosed as having WON or PPC by abdominal CT or ultrasound and treated with ETD in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital were enrolled. Past medical records and follow-up by phone call after discharge were analyzed for long-term outcomes including endocrine and exocrine functions and long-term quality of life.Results:A total of 50 patients were enrolled, including 31 patients with infected WON/PPC and 19 patients with uninfected WON/PPC. Seventeen patients (54.84%) in the infected WON/PPC group and 11 patients (57.89%) in the uninfected WON/PPC group lost 5% or more of their weight. There were no significant differences in the proportion of cases of weight loss of 5% or more ( P=0.833), or the weight loss between the two groups (12.59±8.89 kg VS 10.91±2.47 kg, P=0.522). Only one patient in the infected WON/PPC group had chronic abdominal pain. There was no significant difference in the Izbicki score between the two groups (23.79±6.74 VS 22.03±3.21, P=0.295). None of the patients developed steatorrhea after discharge. Five patients (16.67%, 5/30) in the infected WON/PPC group and 6 patients (40.00%, 6/15) in the uninfected WON/PPC group developed endocrine insufficiency with no significant difference ( P=0.140). Greater risk of secondary diabetes resulted from higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( HR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.0-3.4, P=0.044)and triglycerides ( HR=1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.3, P =0.029). Conclusion:ETD is safe and effective for WON and PPC. But there is possibility that patients develop secondary diabetes. Additionally, greater risk of secondary diabetes results from higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933617

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) combined with bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP) score on the severity and prognosis of acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:In this retrospective study, 204 AP patients admitted to the Department of ICU, Second Hospital of Anhui University from Jan 2015 to Dec 2020 were divided based on the severity: into SAP group (145 cases) and Non-SAP group (59 cases) with end point survival (177 cases) and death (27 cases). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn, and the predictive value of IAP, BISAP score and I-B (IAP and BISAP scores) in the severity and the prognosis of AP was studied. Medcalc software was used to compare the areas under ROC curve for different predictors.Results:IAP and BISAP scores increased with the severity of AP ( P<0.001), the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.791, 0.749 and 0.907 respectively,comparison of area under ROC curve showed that I-B combined assessment was superior to IAP value and BISAP score alone in predicting severity ( P<0.05). IAP and BISAP scores were higher in the death group than in the survival group ( P<0.001). The ROC curve results of IAP, BISAP score and I-B combined on the prognosis of AP showed that the AUC was 0.773, 0.841 and 0.950, respectively,comparison of area under ROC curve showed that I-B combined assessment was superior to IAP and BISAP score alone in predicting prognostic value ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Both IAP and BISAP scores can better predict the severity of and the prognosis of AP, and the combination of IAP and BISAP score is more valuable for prediction of prognosis in AP.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931671

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of large-volume versus restrictive fluid resuscitation on hemodynamics and prognosis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Methods:A total of 102 patients with severe acute pancreatitis who received treatment in The Second People's Hospital of Hefei, China between March 2018 and December 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo large-volume fluid resuscitation (control group, n = 51) or restrictive-volume fluid resuscitation (study group, n = 51). Hemodynamic indexes, intra-abdominal pressure and pulmonary function were compared between the two groups before and after resuscitation. All patients were followed up for 28 days after admission and their prognosis was recorded. Results:At 12 and 24 hours of resuscitation, intrathoracic blood volume index, global end-diastolic volume index, cardiac index, and central venous pressure in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P < 0.05). At 6 hours of resuscitation, cardiac index and central venous pressure in the study group were (4.87 ± 0.48) and (11.04 ± 2.08), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(4.53 ± 0.57), (9.48 ± 1.67), t = 3.25, 4.17, both P < 0.05). Before resuscitation, there was no significant difference in intra-abdominal pressure between the two groups ( P > 0.05). After resuscitation, intra-abdominal pressure in each group was significantly lower compared with that before resuscitation (both P < 0.05). After resuscitation, intra-abdominal pressure in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(12.78 ± 2.35) cmH 2O vs. (15.01 ± 2.42) cmH 2O, t = 4.72, P < 0.05). Before resuscitation, there were no significant differences in PaO 2 and oxygenation index between two groups (both P < 0.05). After resuscitation, PaO 2 and oxygenation index in each group were significantly higher compared with those before resuscitation (both P < 0.05). After resuscitation, PaO 2 and oxygenation index in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t = 3.02, 5.55, both P < 0.05). The incidence of abdominal compartment syndrome and the incidence of invasive mechanical ventilation in the study group were 27.45% (14/51) and 35.29% (18/51), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [47.06% (24/51), 56.86% (29/51), χ 2 = 4.19, 4.77, both P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, acute renal injury, abdominal drainage rate, mortality between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with large-volume fluid resuscitation, restrictive-volume fluid resuscitation can better improve hemodynamic indexes and pulmonary function, greatly decrease intra-abdominal pressure, and improve prognosis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and verify a predictive model based on CT characteristics for predicting infected walled-off necrosis (IWON) in MSAP and SAP patients.Methods:The clinical and CT data of 1 322 patients diagnosed as MSAP and SAP according to the 2012 Atlanta revised diagnostic criteria in the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2015 to December 2020 were continuously collected. Finally, 126 patients who underwent enhanced CT scans within 3 days after admission and percutaneous catheter drainage of WON during hospitalization were enrolled. Among them, there were 63 MSAP and 63 SAP patients. According to the results of the culture from drainage fluid, the patients were divided into sterile walled-off necrosis group (SWON group, n=31) and infected walled-off necrosis group (IWON group, n=95). Patients were divided into training set (18 patients with SWON and 74 patients with IWON from January 2015 to December 2018) and validation set (13 patients with SWON and 21 patients with IWON from January 2019 to December 2020). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to establish a model for predicting IWON. The model was visualized as a nomogram. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn. The predictive efficacy of the model was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, and the clinical application value was judged by decision curve analysis (DCA). Results:Univariate regression analysis showed that age, etiology, WON with bubble sign and the lowest CT value of WON were significantly associated with IWON. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, biliary acute pancreatitis, WON with bubble sign, and the greater minimum CT value of WON were independent predictors for IWON. The formula for the prediction model was 0.12+ 0.01 age-0.75 hyperlipidemia-1.62 alcoholic-2.62 other causes+ 19.18 WON bubble sign+ 0.10 minimum CT value of WON. The AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the model were 0.85 (95% CI 0.76-0.94), 67.57%, 88.89%, and 71.74% in the training set and 0.78(95% CI0.62-0.94), 66.67%, 84.62%, and 73.53% in the validation set, respectively. The decision analysis curve showed that when the nomogram differentiated IWON from SWON at a rate greater than 0.38, using the nomogram could benefit the patients. Conclusions:The prediction model established based on CT characteristics might non-invasively and accurately predict the presence or absence of IWON in MSAP and SAP patients, and provide a basis for guiding treatment and evaluating prognosis.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1865-1871, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941551

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of biliary, pancreatic, and ampullary tumors with the onset of acute pancreatitis (AP) and the clinical features of tumor-induced AP by retrospectively analyzing the clinical data of patients with tumor-induced AP. Methods Related clinical data were collected from the patients with AP who were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2013 to August 2021. The etiological composition of AP was analyzed, as well as the change in the incidence rate of tumor-induced AP; the clinical features of AP were compared between tumor-induced and non-tumor-induced AP and between the tumors at different locations to explore the pathogenesis of tumor-induced AP. For normally distributed continuous data, the t -test was used for comparison between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the SNK- q test was used for further comparison between two groups. For non-normally distributed continuous data, the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between two groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for further comparison between two groups. The chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of dichotomous categorical data between groups, and the goodness-of-fit test was used for comparison of polytomous categorical data between groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the differential factors for pancreatic tumor-induced AP, and a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent predictive factors for tumor-induced AP. Results A total of 8106 patients with AP were enrolled, among whom 84 patients (1.04%) had tumor-induced AP (tumor group). The tumor group had a significantly higher mean age than the non-tumor group ( t =6.050, P < 0.001). The mean time from initial onset of AP to tumor diagnosis was 7.38 months. Among the 84 patients with tumor-induced AP, 75 (89.2%) had mild AP (MAP), 8 (9.5%) had moderate severe AP, and 1(1.2%) had severe AP; as for the origin of tumor, 11(13.1%) had tumor originating from the lower biliary tract, 13(15.5%) had tumor originating from the ampulla, and 60(71.4%) had tumor originating from the pancreas. Recurrence of AP (risk ratio [ RR ]=8.362, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 3.162-22.115, P < 0.001), pancreatic duct dilatation ( RR =10.996, 95% CI : 3.871-31.236, P < 0.001), bile duct dilatation ( RR =7.738, 95% CI : 2.521-23.752, P < 0.001), and leukocyte count ( RR =0.766, 95% CI : 0.666-0.881, P < 0.001) were independent predictive factors for tumor-induced AP. Conclusion Tumor-induced AP is common in middle-aged and elderly men, with the clinical manifestations of MAP, easy recurrence, pancreatic duct dilatation/bile duct dilatation, and a persistent increase in the tumor marker CA19-9. Imaging examination of the biliary, pancreatic, and ampullary regions should be enhanced for AP with the above characteristics and no apparent trigger, and follow-up should be strengthened to avoid the missed diagnosis of tumor and the influence on prognosis.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1192-1197, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924806

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the common acute abdominal diseases of the digestive system, and early treatment to avoid aggravation to severe pancreatitis (SAP) is the key to guaranteeing prognosis. AP with acute kidney injury (AKI) can significantly increase the mortality rate of pancreatitis. Early diagnosis of AP with AKI is a top priority to reduce mortality rate. This article reviews the current studies on the early predictors for AKI in AP and briefly describes commonly used indicators (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, cystatin C, renal vascular resistance index, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin) and other valuable indicators. It is pointed out that a combination of various markers based on their sensitivity and specificity has a promising future in the diagnosis of AKI in AP.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908807

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and apply the optimal evidence-based practice plan for enteral nutrition management in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients.Methods:We combined the best evidence and scenario analysis to form the optimal evidence-based practice plan for enteral nutrition management in patients with severe acute pancreatitis, and integrated the plan into clinical practice. According to the procedure of evidence-based practice of the JBI Evidence-based Center, 18 nurses in the intensive care unit (ICU) were trained, and 30 SAP patients were subjected to a baseline review of the implementation of nutritional support care, with obstacles addressed and analyzed. The nutritional support quality were re-examined in another 30 SAP patients after the current plan was practiced.Results:Compared with the results of the baseline review, after the implementation of this plan, the implementation rate of the reviewed indicators was significantly improved; the ICU nurses showed a significant increase in the knowledge of SAP enteral nutrition (88.9% vs 33.3%, P<0.05. Except for the correct rate of catheter selection (100.0% vs 100.0%), the correct rate of implementation of the other 8 indicators (enteral nutrition timing selection, pre-catheterization evaluation, preparation, patients′ position, nutrition preparation selection, perfusion rate regalation, energy calculation, infusion method) was significantly improved (all P value <0.05). Furthermore, both the tolerance and satisfaction of SAP patients for enteral nutrition were significantly improved (all P value <0.05). Conclusions:The application of the optimal evidence-based practice plan for enteral nutrition management of SAP patients was beneficial to standardize the practice of ICU nurses, improve the quality of clinical care and improve the tolerance and satisfaction of enteral nutrition care of SAP patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and predictors of severe acute pancreatitis complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (SAP-ARDS).Methods:Clinical data of consecutive 313 SAP patients hospitalized from January 2000 to January 2020 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed, including 258 cases with ARDS (ARDS group) and 55 cases without ARDS (non-ARDS group). According to the severity of ARDS, ARDS group were further divided into mild ARDS group (165 cases) and moderate to severe ARDS group (93 cases). Clinical symptoms, laboratory examination and imaging results, ICU admission time and clinical outcome, as well as the local and systemic complications, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHEⅡ) within 24 h after admission, bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), CT severity index (CTSI), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and quick sequenctial organ failure assessment(qSOFA) score were recorded. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed to analyze independent risk factors of SAP complicated with moderate to severe ARDS. Receiver operating characteristics curves (ROC) was drawn to calculate area under the ROC curve (area under curve, AUC) and evaluate the performance of WBC and hsCRP in predicting SAP complicated with moderate to severe ARDS, and assess the performance of APACHEⅡ, BISAP, CTSI, SOFA and qSOFA scores in predicting SAP-ARDS endotracheal intubation.Results:The ICU length of stay and mortality rate of SAP-ARDS patients were significantly higher than those without ARDS [(8.3±11.6 day vs 5.7±7.7 day, 12.4% vs 3.6%, all P value <0.05)]. Univariate analysis showed that elevated WBC ( OR 4.52, 95% CI 1.64-12.4) and hsCRP ( OR 3.69, 95% CI 1.29-10.48) on admission were independent risk factors for moderate to severe ARDS with SAP. The AUC of WBC and hsCRP for predicting SAP with moderate to severe ARDS at admission were 0.651(95% CI 0.532-0.770) and 0.615 (95% CI 0.500-0.730), respectively. The predicted cut-off values (Cut-off values) were 17.5×10 9/L and 159 mg/L, respectively, and the sensitivity was 53.1% and 78.1%, the specificity was 78.1% and 48.4% respectively. The area under the ROC curve for APACHEⅡ, BISAP, CTSI, SOFA, and qSOFA score 24 h after admission in the early prediction of endotracheal intubation were 0.739 (95% CI 0.626-0.840), 0.705 (95% CI 0.602-0.809), 0.753 (95% CI 0.650-0.849 ), 0.737 (95% CI 0.615-0.836) and 0.663 (95% CI 0.570-0.794), and the optimum Cut-off values were 14 points, 3 points, 5 points, 7 points, 2 points, and the sensitivity and specificity for these predictors were 58.8% and 81.4%, 79.4% and 60.0%, 73.5% and 67.1%, 38.2% and 98.6%, 45.5% and 83.3%, respectively. Conclusions::Elevated blood WBC and hsCRP on admission were independent risk factors for moderate to severe ARDS in SAP. APACHEⅡ≥14, BISAP≥3, CTSI≥5, SOFA≥7, or qSOFA≥2 within the 24 h admission indictaed that the risk of SAP patients to receive endotracheal intubation was high.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908801

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:The clinical data of 142 SAP patients treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: group with PPC ( n=48) and group without PPC ( n=94) according to whether they were complicated with PPC. The sex, age, body mass index, etiology, past history of diabetes or pancreatitis, modified CT severity index (MCTSI) score within 3 to 10 days of the onset, APACHEⅡ score within 48 hours of admission, fasting time, oxygenation index, hematocrit, white blood cell count, the percentage of neutrophil, serum procalcitonin (PCT), the levels of albumin, urea nitrogen(BUN), serum calcium, lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine, whether complicated with ascites and whether hemofiltration treatment was performed within 24 hours after admission were recorded. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic stepwise regression were used to analyze the independent risk factors of PPC formation after SAP. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the efficacy of each index in predicting the formation of PPC in patients with SAP. Results:Univariate analysis showed that PPC formation significantly correlated with MCTSI score, APACHEⅡ score, fasting time, PCT, serum albumin, BUN, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, serum calcium level and ascites ( P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that MCTSI score ( OR=1.81, 95% CI 1.273-2.571, P=0.001) and fasting time ( OR=1.083, 95% CI 1.002-1.171, P=0.044) were the risk factors for PPC formation in SAP patients. Serum albumin ( OR=0.875, 95% CI 0.781-0.979, P=0.02) and serum calcium ( OR=0.02, 95% CI 0.002-0.178, P<0.001) were the protective factors for PPC formations. AUC predicted by MCTSI score, fasting time, serum albumin and serum calcium levels for PPC formations in patients with SAP were 0.783 (95% CI 0.706-0.860), 0.650 (95% CI 0.553-0.746), 0.809(95% CI 0.738-0.881) and 0.855(95% CI 0.795-0.915) respectively, and the best cut-off values predicted were 7 points, 17.5 days, 33.5 g/L and 1.79 mmol/L. Conclusions:MCTSI score >7, fasting time >17.5 days, hypocalcemia and low albumin level were the independent risk factors for SAP complicated with PPC, which need close follow-up and timely intervention.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) on the maturation and differentiation of dendritic cells (DCs) and the mechanism involved in the regulation of inflammation in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:The full-term fetal umbilical cords(about 4-5 cm) were collected from Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University after cesarean section. hUC-MSCs were isolated and cultured in primary culture. Flow cytometry was used for phenotype identification, adipogenic and osteogenic staining. 20 ml peripheral blood samples from 5 SAP patients were collected, and monocytes were isolated using lymphocyte separation solution and then induced by adding granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-4 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and cultured as DCs. According to different culture methods, DCs were divided into DCs group, hUC-MSCs+ DCs group and hUC-MSCs+ DCs+ NS398 group (NS398 was a specific inhibitor of COX-2, a downstream regulatory gene of NF-κB). The phenotype of DCs was detected by flow cytometry, and the levels of IL-1β, IL-lα, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-10 in the supernatant of cell culture for 24 hours were determined. The expression of toll like receptor (TLR)-4, IKKα and NF-κB-p65 were detected by Western blot.Results:The hUC-MSCs were successfully cultured, and their surface markers CD 90, CD 105 and CD 73 were positively expressed, and they could differentiate into adipocytes and bone cells. With the prolongation of culture time, DCs differentiated from immature to mature cells. Compared with the DCs group, the proportion of regulatory DCs (regDCs) was increased in the hUC-MSCs+ DCs group, and the marker CD 11b was significantly up regulated [(14.26±1.25)% vs (4. 87±0.58)%], CD 1a and CD 11c were significantly down regulated [(2.81±0.34)% vs (13.62±1.52)%, (3.88±0.5)% vs (11. 8±1.22)%]. All the difference were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The expression of IL-1β, INF-γ and IL-6 in culture supernatant were down regulated, but the difference was not statistically significant; The pro-inflammatory factor IL-1α was significantly decreased [(14.91±2.58)ng/L vs (30.19±7.75)ng/L], and the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 was significantly increased [ (17.03±4.69)ng/L vs (1.83±0.14)ng/L]. The expression levels of NF-κB-p65 and TLR4 were significantly down regulated (0.74±0.02 vs 0.97±0.01, 0.89±0.01 vs 1.72±0.01), and the expression of IKKα protein was significantly up regulated (1.12±0.01 vs 0.21±0.01) in hUC-MSCs-DCs group. All the differences were statistically significant (all P value<0.05). Compared with DCs group and hUC-MSCs+ DCs group, the expression levels of NF-κB-p65 and TLR4 were significantly down regulated (0.34±0.01 vs 0.97±0.01, 0.74±0.02 and 0.14±0.01 vs 1.72±0.01, 0.89±0.01), while the expression of IKKα protein was significantly up regulated (1.68±0.01 vs 0.21±0.01, 1.12±0.01) in hUC-MSCs+ DCS+ NS398 group. All the differences were statistically significant (all P value<0.05). Conclusions:In SAP patients, hUC-MSCs can inhibit the maturation and differentiation of DCs, and induce CD 11bhigh CD 1alow CD 11clowrregDCs to participate in immune regulation, which may play an anti-inflammatory role by inhibiting the inflammatory cascade through TLR4/IKKα/NF-κB/COX-2 pathway.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the superior effect of thoracic epidural block (TEB) used for analgesia in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:Fifty patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with SAP, with Japanese severity score (JSS) ≥3, onset time of SAP≤12 h, were divided into conventional analgesia group (group C) and TEB group.Sufentanil was intravenously infused for analgesia in group C. TEB was performed for analgesia in group TEB.In group C, sufentanil was intravenously infused at a rate of 0.2-0.3 μg·kg -1·h -1 after admission to hospital.In group TEB, an epidural catheter was placed at T 9, 10 interspace, and 0.66% lidocaine mixed with 0.33% ropivacaine was epidurally infused at a rate of 3-5 ml/h for 120 h after admission to hospital.Visual analog scale (VAS) score and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) were recorded at 1, 24, 48, 72 and 120 h of analgesia.HR, respiratory rate (RR), oxygenation index, computed tomography severity index (CTSI), JSS and Ranson scores were recorded at 24, 72 and 120 h of analgesia, and the de-criticalization within 72 h following analgesia was evaluated. Results:Compared with group C, VAS score and IAP were significantly deceased at each time point ( P<0.05), the rate of de-criticalization (60%/90%) was increased ( P<0.05), and Ranson score, CTSI score and JSS score were decreased at 120 h of analgesia in group TEB ( P<0.05). Conclusion:TEB can not only produce good analgesic effect, but also improve the development of the disease, which has superior effect compared with routine analgesia when used for the treatment of SAP.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910634

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Objective:To investigate the correlations between level of serum heparin binding protein (HBP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:A total of 86 patients with AP admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital, University of Science and Technology of China from December 2017 to May 2019 were included and divided into mild AP group (MAP) with 36 cases, moderate AP group (MSAP) with 26 cases, and severe AP group (SAP) with 24 cases. There were 25 healthy subjects were chosen as the control group. Serum HBP, PCT, and IL-18 levels were dynamically monitored in all patients at 1, 3 and 7 days after admission. The Spearman correlation analysis was conducted to detect the correlation between the three indicators and inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and APACHEII and Ranson score, and analyzed the early diagnostic value of HBP, PCT, and IL-18 in SAP patients.Results:In 86 AP patients, 53 were males and 33 were females, aged (48.3±8.0) years. In 25 healthy subjects, 15 were males and 10 were females, aged (40.5±5.9) years. Serum levels of HBP, PCT and IL-18 in AP patients were significantly higher than those of healthy control group at 1, 3 and 7 days after admission ( P<0.05), and the most significant increase was observed on the 1st day. At the meanwhile, HBP, PCT, and IL-18 were positively correlated with level of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, APACHEII and Ranson scores ( P<0.05). The AUC area of SAP diagnosis by using HBP, PCT or IL-18 alone was respectively 0.825, 0.896, 0.799, the Yoden index was respectively 0.605, 0.628, 0.583, the sensitivity and specificity were 75.3%, 76.2%, 74.8% and 85.2%, 86.6%, 83.5%. The AUC area, Yoden index, sensitivity and specificity of joint detection were 0.923, 0.787, 85.5%, 93.2%, and the positive predictive value and negative predictive value were also increased. Conclusion:Monitoring of serum HBP, PCT and IL-18 can predict the severity of AP patients, and it may serve as an early diagnostic marker for AP.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910602

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Objective:To study the efficacy and safety of early abdominal puncture drainage (APD) in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 189 patients with SAP who were managed at the Department of Intensive Medicine of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2013 to May 2020. According to whether ultrasound-guided APD was performed within one week after admission to ICU, these patients were divided into 2 groups: patients treated with APD (the APD group) and patients treated without APD (the non-APD group). Clinical data, including the acute physiological and chronic health status (APACHE) Ⅱ score, modified Marshall score, sequential organ failure evaluation (SOFA) score, and prognostic indicators including the retroperitoneal percutaneous drainage (PCD) rate and length of hospital stay, were compared between the two groups before and 1 week after surgery.Results:Of the 189 SAP patients in this study, there were 110 males and 79 females, aged (52.5±17.4) years old. On admission to ICU, the blood amylase, C-reactive protein, procalcalonin, interleukin-6, APACHE II score, modified Marshall score and SOFA score in the APD group were significantly higher than those in the non-APD group. After 1 week of treatment, most clinical indicators in the 2 groups were significantly improved, and there were no significant differences between these indicators (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the abdominal infection, retroperitoneal PCD and mortality rates between the APD group and the non-APD group ( P>0.05). The length of hospital stay [29 (18, 45) vs 21 (15, 32) d] and ICU stay [5 (3, 11) vs. 7 (5, 17) d] in the APD group were significantly higher than those in the non-APD group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For patients with SAP with peritoneal effusion, early APD effectively improved the condition and prognosis without increasing the peritoneal infection and mortality rates.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910600

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Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of pancreatic duct stent under endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the treatment of patients with hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGP).Methods:The clinical data of 66 patients with HTGP at the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 1, 2017 to June 1, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to treatment methods: conservative group ( n=46) and stent group ( n=20). The incidence of complications, the rate of transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU) for intensive treatment, the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score at 48 hours after admission, the level of triglycerides, and the application interval of enzyme inhibitor were compared between groups. Results:There were 53 males and 13 females, aged (39.3±9.7) years. There were no deaths in both groups, all 20 patients in the stent group underwent successful pancreatic duct stenting. Compared with before treatment, the level of blood white blood cell, amylase, triglycerides, and APACHE II scores of patients in the conservative group and the stent group were both significantly reduced after treatment ( P<0.05). After treatment, the APACHE II score of stent group patients was significantly lower than that of the conservative group [2.00(2.00, 4.00) vs 4.00(3.00, 5.25), P<0.05]. The length of fasting, hospitalization, and the enzyme inhibitor application of patients in the stent group were significantly lower than conservative group ( P<0.05). The complication rate of the stent group was significantly lower than conservative group [ 10.0% (2/20) vs 41.3% (19/46), P<0.05]. Conclusion:Pancreatic duct stenting can quickly relieve clinical symptoms of HTGP patients, reduce length of hospital stay and improve prognosis, which means it is a safe and effective treatment strategy for HTGP.

15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 762-770, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136297

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Comparison of radiological scoring systems, clinical scores, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and serum C-reactive protein level for severity and mortality in acute pancreatitis BACKGROUND/AIMS To compare radiological scoring systems, clinical scores, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for predicting the severity and mortality of acute pancreatitis (AP). MATERIALS AND METHODS Demographic, clinical, and radiographic data from 80 patients with AP were retrospectively evaluated. The harmless acute pancreatitis score (HAPS), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), Ranson score, Balthazar score, modified computed tomography severity index (CTSI), extrapancreatic inflammation on computed tomography (EPIC) score and renal rim grade were recorded. The prognostic performance of radiological and clinical scoring systems, NLR at admission, and serum CRP levels at 48 hours were compared for severity and mortality according to the revised Atlanta Criteria. The data were evaluated by calculating the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and area under the ROC (AUROC). RESULTS Out of 80 patients, 19 (23.8%) had severe AP, and 9 (11.3%) died. The AUROC for the BISAP score was 0.836 (95%CI: 0.735-0.937), with the highest value for severity. With a cut-off of BISAP ≥2, sensitivity and specificity were 68.4% and 78.7%, respectively. The AUROC for NLR was 0.915 (95%CI: 0.790-1), with the highest value for mortality. With a cut-off of NLR >11.91, sensitivity and specificity were 76.5% and 94.1%, respectively. Of all the radiological scoring systems, the EPIC score had the highest AUROC, i.e., 0.773 (95%CI: 0.645-0.900) for severity and 0.851 (95%CI: 0.718-0.983) for mortality, with a cut-off value ≥6. CONCLUSION The BISAP score and NLR might be preferred as early determinants of severity and mortality in AP. The EPIC score might be suggested from the current radiological scoring systems.


RESUMO Comparação dos sistemas de escores radiológicos, escores clínicos razão neutrófilo/linfócito e níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa para determinação da gravidade e mortalidade em casos de pancreatite aguda OBJETIVO Comparar sistemas de escores radiológicos, escores clínicos, os níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa (PCR) e a razão neutrófilo/linfócitos (RNL) como métodos de previsão de gravidade e mortalidade em casos de pancreatite aguda (PA). MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS Dados demográficos, clínicos e radiográficos de 80 pacientes com PA foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Os valores de Harmless Acute Pancreatitis Score (HAPS), Síndrome da Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica (SIRS), Índice de Gravidade na Pancreatite Aguda à Beira do Leito (BISAP), escore de Ranson, escore de Balthazar, Índice Modificado de Gravidade por Tomografia Computadorizada (CTSI), escore de Inflamação Extrapancreática em Tomografia Computadorizada (EPIC) e grau renal foram registrados. O desempenho prognóstico dos sistemas de escores clínicos e radiológicos e RNL no momento da internação e os níveis séricos de PCR após 48 horas foram comparados quanto à gravidade, de acordo com os critérios de Atlanta revisados e mortalidade. Os dados foram avaliados pelo cálculo das curvas ROC e da área sob a curva ROC (AUROC). RESULTADOS De 80 pacientes, 19 (23,8%) tinham PA grave e 9 (11,3%) morreram. A AUROC para o escore BISAP foi de 0,836 (95%CI: 0.735-0.937), com o valor mais alto de gravidade. Com um valor de corte de BISAP ≥ 2 , a sensibilidade e a especificidade foram de 68,4% e 78,7%, respectivamente. A AUROC para o a RNL foi de 0,915 (95%CI: 0.790-1), com o valor mais alto de mortalidade. Com um valor de corte de RNL > 11,91, a sensibilidade e a especificidade foram de 76,5% e 94,1%, respectivamente. Entre os sistemas de escore radiológico, o EPIC apresentou o maior valor de AUROC, 0,773 (95%CI: 0.645-0.900) para gravidade e 0,851 (95%CI: 0.718-0.983) para mortalidade com um valor de corte ≥6. CONCLUSÃO O escore BISAP e a RNL podem ser preferíveis como determinantes precoces de gravidade e mortalidade na PA. O escore EPIC pode ser sugerido entre os atuais sistemas de escores radiológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Lymphocytes , Acute Disease , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Neutrophils
16.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 643-648, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136255

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The Revised Atlanta Classification (RAC) is increasingly used in the evaluation of patients diagnosed with acute pancreatitis (AP). In our study, we aimed to evaluate the etiology, disease severity, and mortality rates of patients diagnosed with AP in our center in the previous 6 years. METHODS Patients diagnosed with AP between 2013 and 2018 were evaluated. AP etiology, demographic data, disease severity, and mortality rates according to the RAC were evaluated. RESULTS A total of 880 patients were included in the study. Five hundred and eighteen (59%) patients were female and 362 (41%) were male. Regarding the etiology, 474 (53.9%) patients had biliary AP (BAP), 71 (8.1%) had hyperlipidemic AP (HAP), and 44 (5%) had alcoholic AP (AAP). According to the RAC, 561 (63.7%) patients were considered to be in the mild AP group (MAP), 268 (30.5%) in the moderately severe AP (MSAP), and 51 (5.8%) in the severe AP (SAP). The mortality rate was 4.8% in the MSAP group and 49% in the SAP group. Mortality was 2.3 times in patients over 65 years old and 3.7 times higher in patients with ischemic heart disease. CONCLUSIONS In our country, BAP is still the main etiology of acute pancreatitis. Over the years, we have seen a decrease in BAP and idiopathic AP cases, while there was an increase in HAP cases due to factors such as lifestyle changes and fatty nutrition. We found that mortality was associated with disease severity, advanced age (> 65 y), hypertension, and ischemic heart disease regardless of the etiology.


RESUMO OBJETIVO A Classificação de Atlanta revisada (RAC) é cada vez mais usada na avaliação de pacientes diagnosticados com pancreatite aguda (PA). Em nosso estudo, objetivamos avaliar a etiologia, a gravidade da doença e as taxas de mortalidade de pacientes diagnosticados com PA em nosso centro nos últimos seis anos. MÉTODOS Foram avaliados pacientes diagnosticados com PA entre 2013 e 2018. Avaliaram-se a etiologia da PA, os dados demográficos, a gravidade da doença e as taxas de mortalidade de acordo com a RAC. RESULTADOS Um total de 880 pacientes foi incluído no estudo. Quinhentos e dezoito (59%) pacientes eram do sexo feminino e 362 (41%) do sexo masculino. Na etiologia, 474 (53,9%) pacientes apresentaram PA biliar (PAB), 71 (8,1%) PA hiperlipidêmica (PAH) e 44 (5%) PA alcoólica (PAA). De acordo com a RAC, 561 (63,7%) pacientes estavam em PA leve (MAP), 268 (30,5%) estavam em PA moderadamente grave (MSAP) e 51 (5,8%) estavam em grupos de PA grave (SAP). A taxa de mortalidade foi de 4,8% no grupo MSAP e de 49% no grupo SAP. A mortalidade foi vista como 2,3 vezes em pacientes acima de 65 anos e 3,7 vezes em pacientes com cardiopatia isquêmica. CONCLUSÕES Em nosso país, o PAB ainda é a principal etiologia da pancreatite aguda. Ao longo dos anos, observamos uma diminuição nos casos de PAB e PA idiopática, enquanto houve um aumento nos casos de PAH devido a fatores como mudança de estilo de vida e nutrição gordurosa. Descobrimos que a mortalidade estava associada à gravidade da doença, idade avançada (>65 anos), hipertensão e cardiopatia isquêmica, independentemente da etiologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Severity of Illness Index , Pancreatitis , Acute Disease
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861676

ABSTRACT

Background: Studies have indicated that dysfunction of intestinal barrier is closely related to the occurrence and development of acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). Aims: To investigate the intestinal barrier injury in mice with ANP induced by L-arginine and its mechanism on aggravating ANP. Methods: Thirty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into sham-operation (SO) group and ANP group. Mice in ANP group were intraperitoneally injected with 8% L-arginine (4.5 g/kg) twice at an interval of 1 hour, while mice in SO group were intraperitoneally injected with an equal volume of 0.9% NaCl solution. Mice were sacrificed 24, 48, 72 hours after the establishment of ANP. HE staining was used to evaluate the pathological score of pancreas and intestine. Serum amylase, lipase were determined. Inflammatory factors (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α) and intestinal permeability (DAO, D-lactic acid, LPS) were measured by ELISA assay. Western blotting was used to detect protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88 in pancreatic tissue and ileal tissue. Results: Compared with SO group, histopathological score of pancreatic tissue and ileal tissue were significantly increased at corresponding-time in ANP group (P<0.05), serum levels of amylase, lipase, inflammatory factors (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α) and intestinal permeability (DAO, D-lactic acid, LPS) were significantly increased (P<0.05), protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88 in pancreatic tissue and ileal tissue were significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions: Intestinal permeability is increased in ANP mice induced by L-arginine, and the secretion of LPS is increased, which may enhance the intestinal inflammation and systematic inflammation via activating TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway, thereby aggravating ANP.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 636-640, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819223

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen out differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and related candidate therapeutic drugs for acute pancreatitis (AP) using the bioinformatics method. MethodsHigh-throughput microarray datasets (GSE109227 and GSE65146) associated with AP in mice were downloaded from gene expression omnibus, and GEO2R was used to screen out DEGs. Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery was used to perform gene ontology and pathway enrichment analysis. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) was established in String database and visualized by Cytoscape, and then subnetwork modules and hub genes were screened out. The microRNAs associated with the hub genes were predicted and candidate drugs were screened out using Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD). ResultsA total of 130 upregulated and 16 downregulated DEGs were screened out in the high-throughput microarray datasets GSE109227 and GSE65146. DEGs were mainly involved in the biological processes such as inflammatory response, neutrophil chemotaxis, tumor necrosis factor-mediated cellular response, and positive regulation of gene expression, and they were also involved in the signaling pathways of extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, leukocyte transendothelial migration, and focal adhesion. A total of 12 hub genes and 6 subnetwork modules were screened out in the PPI network. The microRNAs including miR-199a-5p and miR-1-3p might regulate the post-transcriptional regulation of key genes. Genistein, resveratrol, and quercetin which were screened out from CTD database could reduce the expression of key genes. ConclusionRelated genes screened out by the bioinformatics method may play an important role in the development of AP and can be used as the basis for drug screening.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799054

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical value of plasma presepsin level in early severity evaluation for acute pancreatitis (AP) patients.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 67 patients with AP admitted in Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from December 2016 to January 2019 were prospectively selected. The patients were divided into mild AP group (MAP, n=36) and moderately severe and severe AP group (MSAP+ SAP, n=31) according to CTSI and with or without organ dysfunction and local or systemic complications on admission. Another 20 healthy normal subjects were selected as the control group. Plasma presepsin, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), white blood cell count (WBC), serum amylase and calcium levels were measured within 2 hours, and the APACHEⅡ score was calculated within 24 hours of admission. Receiver operating characteristic curves(ROC) were plotted and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the clinical value of presepsin, CRP, PCT, WBC, serum amylase and calcium for predicting the severity of AP patients, respectively.@*Results@#The plasma presepsin level in MAP, MSAP+ SAP and control group was (439.59±74.23)ng/L, (1097.82±93.15)ng/L and (97.31±21.57)ng/L, respectively. Plasma presepsin level in MAP and MSAP+ SAP patients with biliary pancreatitis were obviously higher than those patients with other etiological factors, and plasma presepsin level in MSAP+ SAP patients with hyperlipidemia-associated pancreatitis was significantly higher than those in the MAP group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The AUC of plasma presepsin in the diagnosis of MSAP+ SAP was 0.873(95% CI 0.734-0.922), which was greater than the AUC values of CRP, PCT, WBC and serum calcium; the optimal cut-off value was 951.94 ng/L; the diagnostic sensitivity was 85.6%, which was superior to CRP, PCT, WBC and serum calcium; and the specificity was 76.2%, which was second to 78.9% of serum calcium.@*Conclusions@#Plasma presepsin level can be used as a sensitive indicator for early severity evaluation of AP patients, with a specificity only second to serum calcium.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 9-12, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798704

ABSTRACT

For more than one hundred years, the surgery and non-surgery around acute necrosis pancreatitis, early and late stage-operative surgery have been strive explored, and every change in treatment concept, technological progress and breakthrough in efficacy have been gradually summarized and improved in practice.Clinical practice and basic research gradually clarified the understanding of the pathological physiological process of acute necrosis pancreatitis "two peaks of death", greatly improved the treatment of early organ failure, deepened the understanding of the diversity of pathological of local complications of acute necrosis pancreatitis, and changed the treatment mode of necrosis pancreatitis. A modern comprehensive treatment system has been gradually formed. That is, in the early stage of the disease, to prevent and control multi-organ failure as the main axis; In the later stage, to explore the best surgical intervention time as the main axis, the implementation of micro-invasive and open combination of intervention strategy, and strive to explore and improve the success rate of one-time surgery. At present, China′s treatment level of acute necrosis pancreatitis in many large-capacity centers is in the forefront of the world. Through the Pancreatic Surgery Group of Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association′s tour of the Guide and a large number of academic exchanges, the level of treatment of necrosis pancreatitis in China′s primary hospitals is also constantly improving. Therefore, we have reasons to believe that the day when China′s acute necrotizing pancreatitis diagnosis and treatment level can break further will not be far away.

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