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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888059

ABSTRACT

Paris polyphylla var. chinensis(PPC) is used as one of the origin plants of Paridis Rhizoma described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). Its resources shortage makes the planting scale gradually expand, and plenty of aerial parts are abandoned because of not being effectively used. On the basis of previous research, this study separated steroidal saponins to further clarify the chemical composition of the aerial parts of PPC. As a result, three pairs of 25R or 25S epimers of furostanol saponins were obtained by various column chromatography techniques. Their structures were identified as neosolanigroside Y6(1), solanigroside Y6(2), neoprotogracillin(3), protogracillin(4), neoprotodioscin(5) and protodioscin(6) by spectral data combining with chemical transformation. Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 2, 3 and 5 are isolated from Paris plants for the first time. Compounds 4 and 6 are isolated from this plant for the first time. Previously, only several spirostanol glycosides with 25S configuration were isolated from Paris plants. Guided by mass spectrometry, the present study isolated the furostanol saponins with 25S configuration from this genus for the first time, which further enriches the chemical information of Paris genus and provides a reference for the isolation of similar compounds.


Subject(s)
Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Plant Extracts , Rhizome , Saponins
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888028

ABSTRACT

Paridis Rhizoma(PR) is prepared from the dried rhizome of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis(PPY) or P. polyphylla var. chinensis(PPC) in Liliaceae family. The rapid development of PPY or PPC planting industry resulted from resource shortage has caused the waste of a large number of non-medicinal resources. To clarify the chemical compositions in rhizomes, fibrous roots, stems, leaves, seeds and pericarps of PPC, and explore the comprehensive application value and development prospect of these parts, the qualitative and quantitative analyses on the different parts of PPC were carried out by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) and high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). A total of 136 compounds were identified, including 112 steroidal saponins, 6 flavonoids, 11 nitrogen-containing compounds and 7 phytosterols. Rhizomes, fibrous roots, and seeds mainly contained protopennogenyl glycosides and pennogenyl glycosides; leaves and stems mainly contained protodiosgenyl glycosides and diosgenyl glycosides; pericarps mainly contained pennogenyl glycosides, followed by diosgenyl glycosides. The total level of four saponins was the highest in fibrous roots and rhizomes, followed by those in the pericarps and arillate seeds, and the lowest in the stems and exarillate seeds. This study can provide data support for the comprehensive development and rational application of non-medicinal parts of PPC.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Rhizome , Saponins , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878857

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the expression pattern of miRNA in the process of embryo dormancy and provide a reference for the mechanism of regulating seed dormancy and germination by miRNA. We used high-throughput sequencing technology, bioinformatics analysis and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(qPCR) technology to sequence, screen and identify miRNAs of dormant and dormant embryos. The results showed that there were 23 811 977, 24 276 695, 20 611 876 and 20 601 811 unique sequences in the four sample libraries during the period of dormancy and dormancy release. MiRNAs are mainly distributed between 21 and 24 nt, among which the length of 24 nt occurred most frequently. A total of 31 known miRNAs were identified, belonging to 13 different families. 93 new miRNAs were predicted by bioinformatics software. Ten miRNAs(mir156 a-5 p, mir160 a-5 p, mir160 h-1, mir169 a-5 p, mir157 d, mir159 a-1, mir395-3, mir156 f-5 p, mir156-2 and mir171 a-3 p) were screened out. In this study, 10 miRNAs related to seed dormancy release were identified. The target genes mainly involved carbohydrate metabolism, plant hormone signal transduction, cell division and growth. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the sequencing results were consistent with the actual results.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Humans , Liliaceae , MicroRNAs , Plant Dormancy , RNA, Plant , Seeds
4.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1342-1346, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Paris polyphylla var. chinensis. METHODS: The compounds were isolated and purified from the 75% ethanol extract by chromatography on HPD100 macroporous resin, silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20 as well as semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral data. RESULTS: Eleven compounds were isolated and identified as corchionoside C (1), β-ecdysterone (2), coronatasterone (3), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-galactopyranoside (4), astragalin (5), isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (6), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(l→2)-β-D-galactopyranoside(7), isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(l→2)-β-D-galactopyranoside (8), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(l→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (9), isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(l→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (10), and isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-gentiobioside (11). CONCLUSION: Compounds 1 and 3-11 are isolated from this plant for the first time and compounds 1, 3-5 and 8-10 are isolated from Paris plants for the first time.

5.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684915

ABSTRACT

One endophytic stain SS02 was isolated from the underground stems of Paris polyphylla var. Chinensis franch. The ferments of SS02 showed antibiosis activities against 13 kinds of the crop causes germs. The characteristics of morphology,physiological and biochemical showed that SS02 belonged to Bacillus sp. The 16S rDNA of SS02 was PCR and sequenced. The accession of GenBank is AY842144. The one 16S rDNA phylogenetic tree was constructed by comparing with the published 16S rDNA sequences of the relative bacteria species. In the phylogenetic tree SS02 and Paenibacillus daejeonensis was the closest relative with 97.7% sequence similarity. According to the phylogenetic analysis it was identified as Paenibacillus daejeonensis SS02.

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