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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924605

ABSTRACT

Pelvic floor muscles play an important role in inner unit functioning related to excretion, reproduction, support of pelvic organs, posture, and respiration, while their weakening is a characteristic health problem for many women. The pelvic floor is closely related to women’s life events, and protection and strengthening of the pelvic floor in accordance with life stages will lead to the prevention of pelvic floor disorders (pelvic frailty). Pelvic floor muscle exercises may be the first choice for prevention, improvement, and/or conservative treatment of pelvic organ prolapse caused by weakening of pelvic floor muscle groups. Also, pelvic floor muscle exercises can be done on a daily and continuous basis as a fitness activity; but proper assessment and practice with appropriate methods are important. In addition, an integrated program that includes lifestyle modification can enhance its effectiveness. In order to realize the lifelong well-being of women, there is a need to further develop effective pelvic floor exercises in creating a more comprehensive prevention-care health system for society.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924604

ABSTRACT

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the descent of one or more of the anterior vaginal wall, posterior vaginal wall, the uterus (cervix), or the apex of the vagina (vaginal vault or cuff scar after hysterectomy). This is a female specific illness and is one of the women’s health problems that negatively impacts quality of life (QOL). The causes of prolapse are multifactorial. However, it is primarily associated with vaginal delivery, which leads to pelvic floor muscle and connective tissue injury. POP presents with various symptoms that may include urinary, bowel, and/or sexual dysfunction. Available POP treatments vary according to the degree of the prolapse symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) is the treatment of first choice for mild POP (evidence level Ⅰ, recommended grade A). In Japan, it is not yet covered by health insurance, so patients have limited opportunities to learn about correct PFMT under the diagnosis from a specialist physician in pelvic floor disorder. In this article, the PFMT for POP provided in our hospital is reported.

3.
Rev. peru. ginecol. obstet. (En línea) ; 67(4): 00012, oct.-dic 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361105

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La evisceración vaginal se presenta en 0,36% a 0,96% de las pacientes postoperadas de histerectomía. La causa más frecuente es la dehiscencia de la cúpula vaginal, con mayor riesgo en la histerectomía laparoscópica en relación a la de abordaje abierto. Se describe el caso de una mujer de 63 años con historia de prolapso total de útero, sin antecedente quirúrgico, que ingresó a emergencia por evisceración vaginal. La rotura ocurrió en la pared vaginal posterior, en donde se había formado una úlcera por roce. Se realizó laparotomía para reducir el intestino y reparar el desgarro de la pared vaginal. La corrección del prolapso se practicó ocho meses después con resultados satisfactorios. El tipo de cirugía reparadora depende del tipo y viabilidad de la víscera herniada y se puede realizar por vía vaginal, abdominal o combinada, mediante laparotomía o laparoscopia.


ABSTRACT Vaginal evisceration occurs in 0.36% to 0.96% of postoperative hysterectomy patients. The most frequent cause is vaginal vault dehiscence, with a higher risk in laparoscopic hysterectomy than in open approach. We describe the case of a 63-yearold woman with a history of total prolapse of the uterus, with no surgical history, who was admitted to the emergency room for vaginal evisceration. The rupture occurred in the posterior vaginal wall, where a friction ulcer had formed. Laparotomy was performed to reduce the bowel and repair the tear in the vaginal wall. Correction of the prolapse was done eight months later with satisfactory results. The type of reparative surgery depends on the type and viability of the herniated viscus and can be performed vaginally, abdominal or combined, by laparotomy or laparoscopy.

4.
Colomb. med ; 52(3): e2064198, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360377

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Pelvic floor dysfunctions have an impact on women's sexual function. A Chilean study found that 74% of women have pelvic floor dysfunctions, but there is no validated tool for them. Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) for assessing sexual function in Chilean women with pelvic floor dysfunctions. Methods: Cross-sectional study of psychometrics in 217 women with pelvic floor dysfunction, age 18 or older, and sexually active (last 6 months). Non-probability, convenience sampling. Tool: PISQ-12. Experts checked content validity, construct validity with confirmatory factor analysis, reliability with Cronbach's alpha, and discriminating capacity with Pearson and McDonald's omega. Results: Population is mainly perimenopausal, highly educated with no income and with urinary incontinence (89.4%). Psychometric analysis supports a three-factor structure: sexual response, female sexual problems, and male sexual problems, with a good (α= 0.85), acceptable (α= 0.73), and poor (α= 0.63) reliability, respectively, but McDonald's omega was acceptable for all three. These were related to age (rs: -0.33), education (rs: 0.36), number of pregnancies (rs: -0.18) and vaginal births (rs: -0.25). Conclusions: PISQ-12 is valid and reliable for measuring sexual dimension and problems. Age, education, and number of pregnancies and vaginal births are moderately correlated to sexual response.


Resumen Introducción: Las disfunciones del piso pélvico impactan la función sexual de mujeres que la padecen. En un estudio chileno un 74% de las mujeres presentó disfunción sexual sin tener un instrumento validado para esta población. Objetivo: Evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del Pelvic Organ Prolapse Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) para medir la función sexual en mujeres chilenas con disfunciones del piso pélvico. Métodos: Estudio transversal psicométrico de 217 mujeres con disfunción del piso pélvico, igual /mayor a 18 años, sexualmente activas (últimos 6 meses). Muestreo no probabilístico de conveniencia. Cuestionario: PISQ-12. Se realizó juicio de expertos para validez de contenido, análisis factorial confirmatorio para validez de constructo y el α de Cronbach para confiabilidad y capacidad discriminativa con Pearson y ω de McDonald. Resultados: Población principalmente perimenopáusica, alta escolaridad sin ingresos y con Incontinencia Urinaria (89.4%). El análisis psicométrico apoyó una estructura de tres factores: respuesta sexual, limitaciones sexuales femeninas y limitaciones sexuales masculinas, con confiabilidad buena (α= 0.85) aceptable (α= 0.73) y pobre (α= 0.63), respectivamente, aunque el ω de McDonald mostró valores aceptables para los tres. Éstos se relacionaron con edad (rs: -0.33), escolaridad (0.36), número de embarazos (-0.18) y partos vaginales (-0.25). Conclusiones: El PISQ-12 es válido y confiable, midiendo la dimensión sexual y limitaciones sexuales. La edad, escolaridad, número de embarazos y partos vaginales se correlaciona con la respuesta sexual en intensidad moderada.

5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 570-577, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347252

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sacral colpopexy is one of the standard procedures to treat apical pelvic organ prolapse. In most cases, a synthetic mesh is used to facilitate the colposuspension. Spondylodiscitis is a rare but potentially serious complication that must be promptly diagnosed and treated, despite the lack of consensus in the management of this complication.We report one case of spondylodiscitis after a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy and sacral colpopexy treated conservatively. We also present a literature review regarding this rare complication. A conservative approach without mesh removal may be possible in selected patients (stable, with no vaginal lesions, mesh exposure or severe neurologic compromise). Hemocultures and culture of imageguided biopsies should be performed to direct antibiotic therapy. Conservative versus surgical treatment should be regularly weighted depending on clinical and analytical progression. A multidisciplinary team is of paramount importance in the follow-up of these patients.


Resumo A colpopexia sacral é um dos procedimentos padrão para tratar o prolapso de órgãos pélvicos apical. Na maioria dos casos, uma tela sintética é usada para facilitar a colposuspensão. A espondilodiscite é uma complicação rara, mas potencialmente grave, que deve ser prontamente diagnosticada e tratada, apesar da falta de consenso no manejo dessa complicação. Relatamos um caso de espondilodiscite após histerectomia supracervical laparoscópica e colpopexia sacral tratada conservadoramente. Também apresentamos uma revisão da literatura sobre essa complicação rara. Uma abordagem conservadora sem remoção da tela pode ser possível em pacientes selecionadas (estáveis, sem lesões vaginais, exposição da tela ou comprometimento neurológico grave). Hemoculturas e cultura de biópsias guiadas por imagem devemser realizadas para direcionar a antibioticoterapia. O tratamento conservador versus o cirúrgico deve ser avaliado regularmente, dependendo da progressão clínica e analítica. Uma equipe multidisciplinar é de suma importância no acompanhamento desses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Discitis/etiology , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Laparoscopy , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Conservative Treatment
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 82-89, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134308

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to determine pre-operative and post-operative sexual function scores of patients who underwent four-arm polypropylene mesh implantation surgery to treat urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Materials and Methods: A prospective study from January 2011 to November 2015 including patients (n: 72) submitted to surgical mesh implantation (four-arm anterior mesh implant (Betamix POP4®, Betatech Medical, Turkey) questioned the patients with Female Sexual Function Index evaluation form. The questionnaire was applied to all patients at pre-operative, post-operative 3rd month and post-operative 1st year periods. Results: The mean age of the patients was 47.2±7.1 years. The mean Body Mass Index (kg/m2) was 28.7±3.7. The average of incontinence duration (year) was 4.6±2.6 and the average for operation time (min) was 35.7±2.1. After the urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse surgery, it was observed that incontinence complaints of patients reduced. Furthermore, there was a positive change in quality of life and sexual function of patients at the post-operative period. There was a statistically significant increase according to Female Sexual Function Index score among all three periods (16%, 86% and 100% respectively, p=0.001) and improvement of sexual functions was observed. Conclusions: Transvaginal mesh use in the surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse improves quality of life. However, risk factors such as transvaginal mesh usage indication, surgical technique and experience of the surgeon, suitability of the material, the current health status of the patient and postoperative personal care of the patient may affect the success of operations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Adult , Urinary Incontinence , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Quality of Life , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Turkey , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 46-53, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156084

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been considered another tool for use during the pre- and postoperative periods of the management of pelvic-organ prolapse (POP). However, there is little consensus regarding its practical use for POP and the association betweenMRI lines of reference and physical examination.We aimedto evaluate the mid- to long-term results of two surgical techniques for apical prolapse. Methods In total, 40 women with apical POP randomized from 2014 to 2016 underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC group; n = 20) or bilateral vaginal sacrospinous fixation with an anterior mesh (VSF-AM group; n = 20). A physical examination using the POP Quantification System (POP-Q) for staging (objective cure) and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS: subjective cure), were applied and analyzed before and one year after surgery respectively. All MRI variables (pubococcigeous line [PCL], bladder base [BB], anorectal junction [ARJ], and the estimated levator ani subtended volume [eLASV]) were investigated one year after surgery. Significance was established at p < 0.05. Results After a mean 27-month follow-up, according to the MRI criteria, 60% of the women were cured in the VSF-AM group versus 45% in ASC group (p= 0.52). The POP-Q and objective cure rates by MRI were correlated in the anterior vaginal wall (p= 0.007), but no correlationwas foundwith the subjective cure. The eLASVwas largeramongthe patients with surgical failure, and a cutoff of ≥ 33.5mm3 was associated with postoperative failure (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [ROC]: 0.813; p= 0.002). Conclusion Both surgeries for prolapse were similar regarding theobjective variables (POP-Q measurements and MRI cure rates). Larger eLASV areas were associated with surgical failure.


Resumo Objetivo A ressonância magnética (RM) tem sido considerada uma outra ferramenta para uso pré e pós-operatório em casos de prolapso de órgãos pélvicos. Contudo, pouco consenso existe sobre a sua prática para prolapso e a associação entre as linhas de referência da RM e o exame físico. Nós objetivamos avaliar resultados de médio a longo prazo de duas técnicas cirúrgicas para prolapso apical. Métodos Um total de 40mulheres com prolapso apical foramsubmetidas entre 2014 a 2016 a sacrocolpopexia abdominal (grupo SCA; n = 20) ou fixação bilateral vaginal no ligamento sacroespinhoso com tela anterior (grupo FVLS-TA; n = 20). Os exames físicos comestadiamento usando o Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System (POP-Q: cura objetiva), e o International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS: cura subjetiva) foram analisados antes e depois de um ano da cirurgia, respectivamente. O exame de RM (linha pubococcígea [LPC], base vesical [BV], junção anorretal [JAR] e o volume subtendido estimado do levantador do ânus [VSELA]) foi realizado um ano antes da cirurgia. Estabeleceu-se o nível de significância em 5%. Resultados Depois de uma média de 27 meses de seguimento, de acordo com a RM, 60% das mulheres foram curadas no grupo FVLS-TA versus 45% no grupo SCA (p = 0.52). As curas objetivas associadas ao POP-Q e à RM foram correlacionadas na parede vaginal anterior (p = 0.007), mas nenhuma correlação foi encontrada com a cura subjetiva. O VSELA foi maior entre as pacientes com fracasso da cirurgia, e um ponto de corte de ≥ 33.5mm3 esteve associado ao fracasso da cirurgia (area sob a curva característica de operação do receptor [COR]: 0.813; p = 0.002). Conclusão Ambas as cirurgias para o prolapso foram similares nas curas objetivas tanto pelo POP-Q quanto pela RM. Áreas maiores de VSELA estiveramassociadas como fracasso das cirurgias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , ROC Curve , Treatment Outcome , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Middle Aged
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921556

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the patients after transvaginal mesh(TVM)implantation surgery by using transperineal ultrasound(TPUS),compare the diagnosis of pelvic organ prolapse(POP)by TPUS and clinical examination[according to the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification(POP-Q)system published by the International Continence Society],and to explore the role of ultrasound in postoperative evaluation as well as the high-risk factors of post-surgery POP recurrence. Methods This is a retrospective study based on the POP-Q records and TPUS data sets of patients within 6 months after TVM surgery during September 2013 and November 2019.The diagnostic results of TPUS and POP-Q were compared.The incidences of hiatal ballooning and levator avulsion were separately compared between the TPUS group and the control group. Results A total of 147 patients were enrolled.The Kappa values between TPUS and POP-Q in the diagnosis of anterior and posterior compartment POP were 0.268(


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Floor/diagnostic imaging , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Ultrasonography
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the changes of anorectal angle (ARA) under 3 physiological states and pelvic organ prolapse(POP) in postpartum women by transperineal ultrasound.Methods:The retrospective study enrolled 147 female in 6-8 weeks after delivery examined by pelvic floor ultrasound examinations in Fujian Medical University Second Affiliated Hospital from November 2019 to June 2021, who were divided into POP group and control group. Volume data of pelvic floor ultrasound examinations were obtained at rest, during contraction and during maximal Valsalva maneuver. The differences in the changes of ARA under 3 physiological states between the two groups were compared, and the correlation between the change state of ARA during maximal Valsalva maneuver and POP was analyzed.Results:Compared with ARA at rest, ARA decreased during contraction (χ 2=42.64, P<0.001) and increased during maximal Valsalva maneuver (χ 2=38.43, P<0.001). There was no difference of ARA between the POP group and control group in the 3 physiological states ( P>0.05). However, the risk of POP increased when ARA decreased during maximal Valsalva maneuver ( OR=2.690, 95% CI=1.074-6.739, P<0.05). Conclusions:The decrease of ARA during maximal Valsalva maneuver may increase the risk of POP, and the change of ARA during maximal Valsalva maneuver can be brought into the ultrasonic observation indicators of POP.

10.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 345-351, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143172

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Currently, problems such as constipation due to outlet obstruction, rectal/vaginal prolapse and fecal and urinary incontinence have become increasingly more frequent because of the population aging process, with great impact on the quality of life. Objective: To describe a technique for surgical repair of middle/posterior pelvic floor compartments and extra-mucosal rectal wall treatment by transperineal and vaginal approach, using native tissues and present the results in twenty patients submitted to this surgical technique. Method: Patients with symptoms secondary to middle/posterior pelvic floor descent and anatomical changes confirmed by proctological exam and pelvic MRI defecography. Results were evaluated through the Agachan constipation score, using pre- and post-operative questionnaires. Results: Immediate repair of rectocele and musculature, with prompt improvement of constipation, sustained by 42 months. There were no severe complications in the postoperative period. Conclusion: This is an effective technique, with adequate anatomic repair, improvement of constipation scores and with low risk.


RESUMO Introdução: Problemas como constipação intestinal por obstrução de saída, prolapsos retal/vaginal e incontinências fecal e urinária são cada vez mais frequentes pelo envelhecimento populacional, com grande impacto na qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Descrever técnica para correção do compartimento médio/posterior do assoalho pélvico e tratamento extramucoso da parede retal, por vias perineal e vaginal, utilizando tecidos nativos. Apresentar os resultados da cirurgia em 20 pacientes submetidas à técnica. Método: Pacientes com sintomas secundários ao descenso de assoalho pélvico médio/posterior, submetidas à propedêutica - exame proctológico e defecografia por RNM de pelve que confirmaram as alterações anatômicas. A avaliação dos resultados foi feita com questionários no pré e pós-operatório, com a utilização do escore de Agachan para constipação intestinal. Resultado: Correção imediata da retocele e da musculatura, com melhora imediata da constipação intestinal, sustentada ao longo de 42 meses. Sem complicações graves no pós-operatório. Conclusão: Técnica eficaz, com correção anatômica adequada, associada a melhora significativa dos escores de constipação e de baixo risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pelvic Floor/abnormalities , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Pelvic Floor Disorders/surgery
11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207878

ABSTRACT

Background: The pelvic floor muscles (PFM) play an important role in supporting the pelvic and abdominal organs and controlling urinary and fecal continence, in addition to their role in the sexual function. The objective of this study was to compare pelvic floor muscle strength in primiparous 6 months after delivery and nulliparous women, to evaluate pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) in these women and to find the association of PFD with pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS).Methods: A total of 100 women were recruited in the cross-sectional study which included 28 nulliparous and 72 primiparous women 6 months after delivery. The assessment included general physical examination (GPE), POP-Q and assessment of pelvic floor muscle strength by modified oxford score and perineometer.Results: Endurance of PFMS measured by duration of contraction and number of contractions/min was higher in nulliparous. Mean of the duration of contraction was significantly higher in nulliparous group as compared to primipara i.e., 28.61 seconds and 23.9 seconds in nulliparous and primiparous group respectively (p=0.005). Mean of the number of contractions performed in one minute was significantly higher in nulliparous group as compared to primipara i.e., 31.04 and 19.97 in nulliparous and primiparous group respectively (p<0.0001). None of the nulliparous women had any PFD symptoms, while 4.17% of the primiparous patients had PFD in the form of bladder symptoms and 1.39% of them had PFD in the form bowel symptoms. Vaginal squeeze pressure was found to be affected by mode of delivery. It was lowest in instrumental delivery. It was 39.78±13.33 cmH20 in vaginal delivery, 51.42±12.88 cmH2O in Caesarean section and 31.67±14.36 cmH2O in instrumental delivery (p-0.039).Conclusions: Endurance of PFMS measured by duration of contraction and number of contractions/min was higher in nulliparous. Vaginal squeeze pressure was found to be affected by mode of delivery. It was lowest in instrumental delivery.

12.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 270-274, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126162

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El prolapso de órganos pélvicos es infrecuente durante el embarazo y se asocia principalmente a mujeres multíparas. Dado que la población gestante no es la ideal para manejo quirúrgico, los pesarios son útiles para controlar los síntomas con pocos efectos adversos y contraindicaciones. Por su baja incidencia, la información reportada en la literatura se deriva de reportes de caso y las recomendaciones se extrapolan de pacientes no embarazadas. METODOLOGÍA: Revisión de la literatura y exposición de casos. Resultados: Se exponen cuatro casos de gestantes con prolapso de órganos pélvicos manejadas exitosamente con pesarios hasta el final de la gestación sin presentar complicaciones serias. CONCLUSIONES: Los pesarios son un método seguro y eficaz para el manejo de síntomas de prolapsos de órganos pélvicos durante el embarazo.


INTRODUCTION: Pelvic organ prolapse is rare during pregnancy and is associated to women with multiple vaginal child births. Pregnant women are not ideal candidates for surgical management of prolapse, making pessaries useful for symptom control with few adverse effects. Due to its low incidence, information reported in literature is derived from case reports and recommendations are extrapolated from non-pregnant patients. METHODOLOGY: Literature review and presentation of cases. RESULTS: Four cases of pregnant women with pelvic organ prolapse successfully managed with pessaries until the end of pregnancy without presenting serious complications are described. Conclusions: Pessaries are a safe and effective way to treat symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pessaries , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/therapy
13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207777

ABSTRACT

Background: Pelvic floor defects is one of the commonest conditions requiring gynecological reference. This study was aimed at evaluation of epidemiology which would help us in having a better understanding regarding the prevalence, risk factors, the natural course and associated complications of the disease in Indian women where the number of women presenting with pelvic floor defects is on a rise but there is a considerable lack of research in literature as compared to the western population.Methods: It was an observational, non-interventional, prospective type of study including 88 patients over a period of 3 years at the department of obstetrics and gynecology at a tertiary hospital in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.Results: The mean age of the patients was 52.38±11.35 years, 54 (61.36%) of the patients were of postmenopausal age group. The mean duration for which the complaints were present were 48±6.73 months. Seventy-six patients (86.83%) presented with complaints of mass per vagina, 22 patients (25%) had history of prolonged labor and 9 patients (10.2%) had history of instrumental delivery. Eighty-six women (97.72%) had history of all vaginal deliveries and only 4 (4.54%) patients had history of a caesarean section. Forty-four patients (55.69%) of patients had grade 3 utero-vaginal descent, 74 patients (84.09%) presented with cystocele and 79 (89.77%) of the patients presented with rectocele.Conclusions: This paper provides an insight into the factors affecting the prevalence of this disease in Indian women and the unique differences from other populations.

14.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207573

ABSTRACT

Background: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the descent of the pelvic organs beyond their anatomical confines. The definitive treatment of symptomatic prolapse is surgery but its management in young is unique due to various considerations. Aim of this study was to evaluate anatomical and functional outcome after abdominal sacrohysteropexy and vaginal hysterectomy for pelvic organ prolapse in young women.Methods: A total 27 women less than 35 years of age with pelvic organ prolapse underwent either abdominal sacrohysteropexy or vaginal hysterectomy with repair. In all women, pre-op and post-op POP-Q was done for evaluation of anatomical defect and a validated questionnaire was given for subjective outcome.Results: Anatomical outcome was significant in both groups as per POP-Q grading but the symptomatic outcome was better for sacrohysteropexy with regard to surgical time, bleeding, ovarian conservation, urinary symptoms, sexual function.Conclusions: Sacrohysteropexy is a better option.

15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 5-14, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056367

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The exact prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse is difficult to establish. The anatomical changes do not always consist with the severity or the symptoms associated with prolapse. There are many risk factors associated with pelvic organ prolapse and this review aims to identify the epidemiology and pathophysiology while looking at the known risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse. PubMed search involved a number of terms including: epidemiology, risk factors, reoccurrence indicators, management and evaluation. Several risk factors have been associated with pelvic organ prolapse, all contribute to weakening of the pelvic floor connective tissue/collagen, allowing the pelvic organs to prolapse through the vaginal walls. Among the risk factors are genetic background, childbirth and mode of delivery, previous hysterectomy, menopausal state and the ratio between Estrogen receptors. The "Integral theory" of Petros and the "Levels of Support" model of Delancey enable us to locate the defect, diagnose and treat pelvic organ prolapse. The currently available demographic data is not reliable enough to properly estimate the true extent of pelvic organ prolapse in the population. However, standardization of the diagnosis and treatment may significantly improve our ability to estimate the true incidence and prevalence of this condition in the coming years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/etiology , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/physiopathology , Parity , Menopause/physiology , Risk Factors , Collagen/physiology , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/therapy , Obesity/complications , Obesity/physiopathology
16.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 680-686, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136268

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a very frequent situation in our population that may lead to a significant decrease in patients' quality of life. Currently, we are looking for predictive factors for the development of POPs; thus, this study seeks to evaluate whether the Fibulin 5 polymorphism (FBLN5) is associated with the occurrence of POP. METHODS This is a cohort study with postmenopausal women who were divided into groups by POP stage: POP stages 0 and I (control group) and POP stages III and IV (case group). Subsequently, analyses of genetic polymorphisms of FBLN5 were performed using the Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) technique. RESULTS A total of 292 women were included in the study. Pregnancy, parity and vaginal delivery in the patients, as well as in data described in the literature, were related to the occurrence of POP in the univariate analysis. However, after binary logistic regression, home birth and age remained independent risk factors for POP. We found no association between the FBLN5 polymorphism and the occurrence of POP (p = 0.371). CONCLUSION There was no association between the FBLN5 polymorphism and the occurrence of POP in Brazilian women.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS O prolapso de órgãos pélvicos (POP) é uma situação muito frequente em nossa população que pode levar a uma diminuição significativa da qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Atualmente, buscam-se fatores preditivos para o desenvolvimento de POPs e, assim, este estudo correlaciona um polimorfismo de Fibulina 5 (FBLN5) com a ocorrência da doença. MÉTODOS Estudo de coorte com mulheres na pós-menopausa, divididas por grupos pelos estádios 0 e I do POP (grupo controle) e POP III e IV (grupo caso). Posteriormente, análises do polimorfismo genético de FBLN5 foram realizadas utilizando a técnica de Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos de Restrição (RFLP). RESULTADOS Um total de 292 mulheres foi incluído no estudo. Gestação, paridade e parto vaginal, como bem descritos na literatura, foram relacionados à ocorrência de POPs na análise univariada. No entanto, após a regressão logística binária, o parto domiciliar e a idade permaneceram como fatores de risco independentes para os POPs. Não encontramos associação deste polimorfismo FBLN5 com a ocorrência de POP (p=0,371). CONCLUSÃO Não houve associação deste polimorfismo FBLN5 com a ocorrência de POPs em mulheres brasileiras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Quality of Life , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Cohort Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855844

ABSTRACT

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is caused by a variety of causes, such as weak pelvic floor support system, abnormal location of female reproductive system and adjacent organs, uterine prolapse, anterior and posterior vaginal wall prolapse and other clinical diseases. In this paper, the epidemiology, etiology and current treatment of the disease were summarized, and the basic pathogenesis and the application prospect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the disease were described in detail.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To assess short-term functional outcomes achieved by robot-assisted sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected clinical and operative data for female patients who underwent either pure laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (a control group, =20) or robot-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (a study group, =20) between December 2017 and December 2018. The clinical indicators included age, gestational age, parity, the stage of pelvic organ prolapse. Perioperative data included operative time and total blood loss. Post-operative outcomes included hospital stay, the time of detaining urethral catheterization, and the restart of anal exhaust after surgery. At the same time, complications and quality of life were observed till 6 months after the surgery.@*RESULTS@#There were no definitely differences in the perioperative data between the 2 groups. It is worth mentioning that robot-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy was superior in strict operative time. With a follow-up of 6 months, the study group's anatomic repair rate was 100% (20/20), while the control group was 95% (19/20). Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-short Form 20 (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire-short Form 7 (PFIQ-7) were used to evaluate patients' quality of life. There was no significant difference in the scores between the study group and the control group before and 6 months after surgery. Only the data of the PFDI-20 questionnaires at 1 month after operation were statistically significant, and in the control group was larger than that in the study group, showing that robotic surgery can recover faster than laparoscopy, and the quality of life can be improved quickly.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Robot-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is a safe and reliable technique, faster than laparoscopy in recovery and has a short-term effect.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793035

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with penetrating moxibustion and biofeedback electrical stimulation on postpartum pelvic organ prolapsed (POP).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with POP who had delivery 6 weeks ago were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the observation group, EA was applied at Zigong (EX-CA 1), Ciliao (BL 32), Huiyang (BL 35), etc. while penetrating moxibustion was performed at acupoints of abdomen and lumbosacral region alternately every other day. In the control group, biofeedback electrical stimulation was provided. The treatment for 6 weeks was given once every other day, 3 times a week in both groups. Before treatment, after treatment and 6 months after delivery, pelvic floor muscle strength, pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) evaluation and pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form-7 (PFIQ-7) were observed to assess the therapeutic effect.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the sustained contraction and rapid contraction force of pelvic floor muscle after treatment and 6 months after delivery were increased in both of the two groups (<0.05), and the changes in the observation group were larger than those in the control group (<0.05). After treatment and 6 months after delivery, the POP degree in the observation group was alleviated to the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the scores of PFIQ-7 after treatment and 6 months after delivery were reduced in the two groups (<0.05), and the changes in the observation group were larger than those in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture combined with penetrating moxibustion can strengthen the pelvic floor muscle contractility of patients with postpartum pelvic organ prolapse, and are superior to biofeedback electrical stimulation in improving the pelvic organ prolapse status and life quality.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207109

ABSTRACT

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the descent of pelvic organs through the vagina, which sometimes causes hydronephrosis. Here authors report a case of an eighty five year old woman with a fourth degree uterine prolapse with obstructive uropathy. She was treated with a conservative surgery Le Fort’s colpocleisis. Following which the patient’s renal functions and symptoms improved. Hence authors conclude that colpocleisis can be considered as the option for elderly women who have completed the family with no desire to preserve the sexual function especially in women with co morbities where pelvic reconstructive surgeries pose a challenge.

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