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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 50(4): e201, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407945

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The Surgical Safety Checklist implemented by the World Health Organization has proven to decrease perioperative morbidity and mortality; however, the barriers and limitations to its implementation are consistently reported in the literature. Objective To establish the level of appropriation of the surgical safety checklist in the training of human resources in anesthesiology, in addition to identifying the perception and the level of implementation of such checklist at the national scale. Methods Descriptive cross-sectional study conducted through a survey administered to the residents of anesthesiology in Colombia. Likert-type questions were included, distributed into three domains: appropriation, perception and implementation. Results 215 answers corresponding to 54.5 % of the population were analyzed, comprising participants from all of the anesthesiology programs in the country. 20% of the residents have never been subject to formal academic reviews about checklists, and this trend did not change throughout the residency; 97.2 % considers that the implementation of the lists improves the safety of surgical procedures and 40 % have seen rejection or indifference by surgeons. 80.5 % of the residents have seen the frequent use of the checklist, while only 13.5% have seen the use of the checklist during the three surgical moments - before the induction of anesthesia, before the surgical incision, and before the patient leaves the operating room 88 % have observed that the form is completed without actually doing the verification. Conclusions There is limited exposure to education about the surgical safety checklist in anesthesiology postgraduate programs in the country. The residents have a favorable perception about the value of the list, however, there are some shortcomings in its administration.


Resumen Introducción: La lista de verificación de cirugía segura implementada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud ha demostrado disminuir la morbimortalidad perioperatoria; no obstante, en la literatura se reportan de manera sistemática las barreras y limitaciones en su aplicación. Objetivo: Establecer el grado de apropiación de la lista de verificación de cirugía segura en la formación del talento humano en anestesiología en entrenamiento, así como determinar la percepción y el nivel de implementación de dicha lista a escala nacional. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado mediante una encuesta a los residentes de anestesiología en Colombia. Se incluyeron preguntas tipo Likert distribuidas en 3 dominios: apropiación, percepción e implementación. Resultados: Se analizaron 215 respuestas correspondiente a un 54,5 % de la población y se contó con la participación de todos los programas de anestesiología del país. El 20 % de los residentes nunca ha tenido revisiones académicas formales sobre listas de verificación y esta tendencia no se modificó a lo largo de la residencia, el 97,2 % considera que la implementación de las listas incrementa la seguridad de los procedimientos quirúrgicos y el 40 % ha observado rechazo o indiferencia por parte de los cirujanos. El 80,5 % de los residentes ha observado su aplicación frecuente, solo el 13,5 % ha observado aplicar la lista en los tres momentos (antes de la inducción anestésica, antes de la incisión quirúrgica, antes de la salida del paciente del quirófano) y el 88 % ha observado diligenciar el formato sin realizar la verificación. Conclusiones: Existe poca exposición a la enseñanza de la lista de verificación de cirugía segura en los posgrados de anestesiología del país. Los residentes tienen una percepción favorable sobre la utilidad de la lista; sin embargo, su implementación tiene falencias en cuanto a la forma de aplicación.

2.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(2): 11-32, 15 de junio 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378683

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study describes basic nursing care during the perioperative. Introduces the origins of perioperative nursing, general care that must be practiced with patient in this context. During the preoperative, care related with risk assessment and preparation of patient from the emotional and physical point of view are important. The trans-operative is related with the anesthesia used, surgical position, preparation of the skin, maintenance of normothermia, among many others. The postoperative depends on the type of anesthesia and surgical procedure, emphasizing on airway permeability, hemodynamic stability, pain, and symptomatology being presented by patients until they are stable and suitable for transfer to another service or their home.


Resumen Se describen los cuidados de enfermería básicos durante el perioperatorio. Se presentan los orígenes de la enfermería perioperatoria, los cuidados generales que se deben tener con el paciente en este contexto. En el preoperatorio es importante los cuidados relacionados con la valoración del riesgo, la preparación del paciente desde el punto de vista emocional y físico. Durante el transoperatorio se relacionan con la anestesia utilizada, la posición quirúrgica, la preparación de la piel, el mantenimiento de la normotermia, entre muchos otros. En el posoperatorio dependen del tipo de anestesia y procedimiento quirúrgico, realizando énfasis en la permeabilidad de la vía aérea, la estabilidad hemodinámica, el dolor, y la sintomatología que va presentando el paciente hasta que este estable y apto para trasladarse a otro servicio o para su casa.


Resumo São descritos os cuidados básicos de enfermagem durante o período perioperatório. São apresentadas as origens da enfermagem perioperatória, bem como os cuidados gerais que devem ser tomados com o paciente nesse contexto. No pré-operatório, são importantes os cuidados relacionados à avaliação de risco e o preparo do paciente do ponto de vista emocional e físico. Durante o transoperatório, estão relacionados à anestesia utilizada, à posição cirúrgica, ao preparo da pele, à manutenção da normotermia, entre muitos outros. No pós-operatório, dependem do tipo de anestesia e procedimento cirúrgico, enfatizando a permeabilidade da via aérea, estabilidade hemodinâmica, dor e os sintomas que o paciente apresenta até que esteja estável e apto a se transferir para outro serviço ou para sua casa.


Subject(s)
Operating Rooms , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Perioperative Period , Nursing Care
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 219-226, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376518

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: A potentially new marker of cardiovascular diseases — proadrenomedullin is the precursor of adrenomedullin, which is a multifunctional peptide hormone, produced in most of the tissues in response to cellular stress, ischemia, and hypoxia. Methods: Ninety-three people, aged 51-79 years, were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were severe or corrected valvular disease, acute coronary syndrome, age ≥ 80 years, glomerular filtration rate < 45 ml/min, active infectious diseases, and cancer. The subjects were observed for adverse events, including reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by ≥ 10%, first incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF), and the necessity of using dopamine during hospitalization. Results: Use of pressure amines, occurrence of the first AF episode, and left ventricular dysfunction defined by a decrease in LVEF by at least 10% compared to the value before surgery were reported in the perioperative period. No death, sudden cardiac arrest with effective resuscitation, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, or heart failure were observed. Significantly higher proadrenomedullin concentration was observed in the group with reduced postoperative LVEF (1.68 vs. 0.77 nmol/l, P=0.005). The relative risk of a decrease in ejection fraction in the group of patients with proadrenomedullin concentration ≥ 0.77 nmol/l was more than twelve-fold higher (95% confidence interval 1.69-888.33; P=0.013) than in the group of patients with a concentration of proadrenomedullin < 0.77 nmol/l. Conclusion: The higher baseline concentration of proadrenomedullin has a predominantly predictive value of postoperative left ventricular systolic dysfunction.

4.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1453, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1406462

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: desenvolver um protocolo de prevenção e tratamento da hipotermia perioperatória. Método: pesquisa do tipo desenvolvimento tecnológico em saúde, realizada em três etapas: i) revisão de diretrizes clínicas sobre fatores de risco para desenvolvimento de hipotermia perioperatória; ii) identificação da ocorrência de hipotermia perioperatória e dos fatores de risco associados ao seu desenvolvimento em um centro cirúrgico; e iii) elaboração do protocolo de prevenção de hipotermia perioperatória. Resultados: os fatores de risco identificados nas diretrizes foram categorizados em características clínicas (idade, Índice de Massa Corporal, comorbidades e temperatura corporal) e anestésico-cirúrgicas (tipo e duração da anestesia e da cirurgia e temperatura da sala cirúrgica). Na segunda etapa, 90 pacientes cirúrgicos foram avaliados. A ocorrência de hipotermia foi de 28,9% na admissão cirúrgica, 77,8% na admissão da Sala de Recuperação Pós-Anestésica e 45,6% na alta do centro cirúrgico. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre ocorrência de hipotermia e índice ASA (p = 0,049), idade (p = 0,037), comorbidades (p = 0,031) e hipotermia pré-operatória (p = 0,015). Conclusão: para elaboração do protocolo, foram considerados os fatores de risco descritos na literatura, os resultados de estudo local e o acesso às tecnologias disponíveis na instituição. As ações incluíram os seguintes aspectos: avaliação de fatores de risco e de situações desencadeantes; monitorização e registro da temperatura e outros parâmetros; aquecimento passivo para pacientes normotérmicos; aquecimento ativo para pacientes hipotérmicos; infusão de soluções endovenosas aquecidas; suporte de oxigênio para pacientes hipotérmicos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: de sarrollar un protocolo paralaprevención y el tratamiento de la hipotermia perioperatoria. Método: una investigación de desarrollo tecnológico sanitario, desarrollada en tres etapas: Revisión de las directrices clínicas sobre los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de la hipotermia perioperatoria; Identificación de la ocurrencia de la hipotermia perioperatoria y de los factores de riesgo asociados a su desarrollo en un centro quirúrgico y Elaboración de un protocolo de pre vención de la hipotermia perioperatoria. Resultados: los factores de r iesgo identificados en las directrices se clasificaron en caracterí st icas clínica s (edad, Índice de Masa Corporal, comorbilidades, temperatura corporal) y anestésico-quirúrgicas (tipo y duración de la anestesia y la cirugía, temperatura del quirófano). En la segunda etapa, se evaluaron 90 pacientes quirúrgicos. La apar ición de hipotermia fue del 28,9% al ingreso quirúrgico, del 77,8% al ingreso en la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica y del 45,6% al alta del quirófano. Se encontró una a sociación estadísticamente significativa entre la aparición de hipoter mia y el índice ASA (p = 0,049), la edad (p = 0,037), las comorbilidades (p = 0,031), la hipotermia preoperatoria (p = 0,015). Conclusión: para desarrollar el protocolo, se consideraron los factores de r iesgo descritos en el documento, los resultados de un estudio local y el acceso a las tecnologías disponibles en la institución. Las acciones incluían la evaluación de los factores de rie sgo y las situaciones desencadenantes, la monitorización y el registro de la temperatura y otros parámetros, el calentamiento pasivo para los pacientes normotérmicos, el calentamiento act ivo para los pacientes hipotérmicos, la infusión de soluciones intravenosas calentadas y el apoyo de oxígeno para los pacientes hipotérmicos.


ABSTRACT Objective: to develop a protocol for the prevention and treatment of perioperative hypothermia. Method: research of the technological development in health type, carried out in three stages: i) review of clinical g uidelines on risk factors for the development of perioperative hypothermia; ii) identification of the occur rence of perioperative hypothermia and the risk factors a ssociated with its development in a surgical center; and iii) development of a protocol for the prevention of perioperative hypothermia. Results: the risk factors identified in the guidelines were categorized into clinical characteristics (age, Body Mass Index, comorbidities and body temperature) and anesthetic-surgical characteristics (type and duration of anesthesia and surgery and operat ing room temperature). In the second stage, 90 surgical patients were evaluated. The occurrence of hypothermia was 28.9% at surgical admission, 77.8% at admission to the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit and 45.6% at discharge from the operating room. There was a statistically significant association bet ween the occurrence of hypothermia and ASA index (p = 0.049), age (p = 0.037), comorbidities (p = 0.031) and preoperative hy pothermia (p = 0.015). Conclusion: for the elaboration of the protocol, the risk factors described in the literat ure, the results of a local study and the access to the technologies available in the instit ution were considered. The actions included the following aspects: a ssessment of risk factors and triggering situations; monitoring and recording of temperature and other parameters; passive warming for normothermic patients; active warming for hypothermic patients; infusion of war med intravenou s solutions; oxygen support for hypothermic patients.

5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223125, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: perioperative risk assessment is essential to mitigate surgical complications, which suggests individual and collective interest since the number of surgical procedures in Brazil has been expanding steadily. The aim of this study was to summarize and detail the main calculators, indexes and scores regarding perioperative pulmonary, renal, hepatobiliary, hematological and surgical site infection risks for general non-cardiac surgeries, which are dispersed in the literature. Method: a narrative review was performed based on manuscripts in English and Portuguese found in the electronic databases Pubmed/MEDLINE and EMBASE. Results: the review included 11 tools related to the systems covered, for which the application method and its limitations are detailed. Conclusion: the non-cardiovascular perioperative risk estimation tools are beneficial when disturbances are identified in the preoperative clinical examination that justify a possible increased risk to the affected system, so the use of these tools provides palpable values to aid in the judgment of surgical risk and benefit as well as it identifies factors amenable to intervention to improve outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: a avaliação de risco perioperatório é essencial para mitigação das complicações cirúrgicas, o que aventa interesse individual e coletivo uma vez que o número de procedimentos cirúrgicos no Brasil vem se expandindo de maneira crescente. O objetivo deste estudo foi resumir e detalhar as principais calculadoras, índices e escores dos riscos perioperatórios pulmonar, renal, hepatobiliar, hematológico e de infecção de sítio cirúrgico para cirurgias gerais não cardíacas, os quais encontram-se dispersos na literatura. Método: foi realizada revisão narrativa a partir de manuscritos em inglês e português encontrados nas bases eletrônicas Pubmed/MEDLINE e EMBASE. Resultados: a revisão incluiu 11 ferramentas relativas aos sistemas abordados, para as quais detalha-se o método de aplicação e suas limitações. Conclusão: as ferramentas de estimativa de risco perioperatório não cardiovascular encontram benefício quando se identifica no exame clínico pré-operatório alterações que justifiquem possível risco aumentado ao sistema afetado, assim a utilização destas ferramentas fornece valores palpáveis para auxílio no julgamento de risco e benefício cirúrgico bem como identifica fatores passíveis de intervenção para melhoria dos desfechos.

6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223124, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365398

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The number of surgical procedures in the world is large and in Brazil it has been expressing a growth trend higher than the population growth. In this context, perioperative risk assessment safeguards the optimization of the outcomes sought by the procedures. For this evaluation, anamnesis and physical examination constitute an irreplaceable initial stage which may or may not be followed by complementary exams, interventions for clinical stabilization and application of risk estimation tools. The use of these tools can be very useful in order to obtain objective data for decision making by weighing surgical risk and benefit. Global and cardiovascular risk assessments are of greatest interest in the preoperative period, however information about their methods is scattered in the literature. Some tools such as the American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA PS) and the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) are more widely known, while others are less known but can provide valuable information. Here, the main indices, scores and calculators that address general and cardiovascular perioperative risk were detailed.


RESUMO O número de procedimentos cirúrgicos no mundo é amplo e no Brasil vem expressando tendência de crescimento superior ao crescimento populacional. Nesse contexto, a avaliação de risco perioperatório resguarda a otimização dos desfechos buscados pelos procedimentos. Para a realização dessa avaliação, a anamnese e exame físico constituem etapa inicial insubstituível, a qual pode ou não ser seguida de exames complementares, intervenções para estabilização clínica e aplicação de ferramentas de estimativa de risco. A utilização destas ferramentas pode ser bastante útil a fim de se obter um dado objetivo para a tomada de decisão pesando-se risco e benefício cirúrgico. As avaliações de risco global e cardiovascular são as de maior interesse no pré-operatório, entretanto informações sobre seus métodos encontram-se dispersas na literatura. Algumas ferramentas como o American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA PS) e Índice de Risco Cardíaco Revisado (RCRI) são mais amplamente conhecidos, enquanto outros são menos conhecidos em nosso meio mas podem fornecer informações valiosas. Aqui detalhou-se os principais índices, escores e calculadoras que abordam risco perioperatório geral e cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Physical Examination , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Brazil , Risk Assessment/methods
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943028

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyzed perioperative safety of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) for patients with colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis (CRPM) and to construct a predictive model for serious advese events (SAE). Methods: A descriptive case-series study was conducted to retrospectively collect the clinicopathological data and treatment status (operation time, number of organ resection, number of peritoneal resection, and blood loss, etc.) of 100 patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer or appendix mucinous adenocarcinoma who underwent CRS at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2019 to August 2021. There were 53 males and 47 females. The median age was 52.0 (39.0-61.8) years old. Fifty-two patients had synchronous peritoneal metastasis and 48 had metachronous peritoneal metastasis. Fifty-two patients received preoperative neoadjuvant therapy. Primary tumor was located in the left colon, the right colon and the rectum in 43, 28 and 14 cases, respectively. Fifteen patients had appendix mucinous adenocarcinoma. Measures of skewed distribution are expressed as M (range). Perioperative safety was analyzed, perioperative grade III or higher was defined as SAE. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of SAEs were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. A nomogram was plotted by R software to predict SAE, the efficacy of which was evaluated using the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and correction curves. Results: The median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) score was 16 (1-39). Sixty-eight (68.0%) patients achieved complete tumor reduction (tumor reduction score: 0-1). Sixty-two patients were treated with intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion chemotherapy (HIPEC). Twenty-one (21.0%) patients developed 37 SAEs of grade III-IV, including 2 cases of ureteral injury, 6 cases of perioperative massive hemorrhage or anemia, 7 cases of digestive system, 15 cases of respiratory system, 4 cases of cardiovascular system, 1 case of skin incision dehiscence, and 2 cases of abdominal infection. No grade V SAE was found. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that CEA (OR: 8.980, 95%CI: 1.428-56.457, P=0.019), PCI score (OR: 7.924, 95%CI: 1.486-42.259, P=0.015), intraoperative albumin infusion (OR: 48.959, 95%CI: 2.115-1133.289, P=0.015) and total volume of infusion (OR: 24.729, 95%CI: 3.956-154.562, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for perioperative SAE in CRS (all P<0.05). Based on the result of multivariate regression models, a predictive nomogram was constructed. Internal verification showed that the AUC of the nomogram was 0.926 (95%CI: 0.872-0.980), indicating good prediction accuracy and consistency. Conclusions: CRS is a safe and effective method to treat CRPM. Strict screening of patients and perioperative fluid management are important guarantees for reducing the morbidity of SAE.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/therapy , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Appendiceal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Female , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 543-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941473

ABSTRACT

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) can be cured by liver transplantation; however, perioperative complications still affect posttransplant outcomes. In recent years, early rehabilitation for critical illness, liver disease, and surgery have significantly improved organ reserve function, surgery tolerance, and postoperative quality of life. They could also be applied in the perioperative period of liver transplantation in patients with ACLF. Therefore, the Transplantation Immunology Committee of Branch of Organ Transplantation Physician of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, the Organ Transplant Rehabilitation Committee of China Association Rehabilitation Medicine, and the Branch of Organ Transplantation Physician of Guangdong Medical Doctor Association conducted a comprehensive review of rehabilitation in end-stage liver disease, critical illness and surgical patients by summarizing current evidence and best clinical practices and proposed a practice consensus on evaluation of cardiopulmonary and physical function, rehabilitation or physiotherapies, as well as the safety concerns in perioperative liver transplant recipients. It will be a valuable resource for hepatologists, transplant surgeons, and intensivists as they care for ACLF patients during transplantation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935040

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the strategies of perioperative antithrombotic therapy in the patient undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty after coronary stent implantation. Methods The antithrombotic therapy in one patient undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty after coronary stent implantation was analyzed with the review of related literatures. Results The patient developed non-ST segment elevated myocardial infarction due to the stop of aspirin three days before operation and no low molecular weight heparin was used. The antithrombotic treatment and prevention of venous thromboembolism were analyzed. Conclusion Antithrombotic therapy should be selected reasonably in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty after coronary stent implantation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the perioperative effect of radial artery as a sequential graft in coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Methods:The clinical data and perioperative complications of 109 patients, who underwent radial artery(RA) or great saphenous vein(SVG) as a sequential graft during CABG from April 2020 to December 2020 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, were analyzed, there were 86 males and 23 females, aged from 39 to 79 years, with an average of(61.1±8.0)years old. According to the graft materials, they were divided into the RA group(n=47) and SVG group(n=62).Results:There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, gender, comorbidities, echocardiographic results, transplant vascular indexes, coronary angiography results, and operation methods(on-pump or off-pump, use of left internal mammary artery, number and distribution of distal anastomoses)( P>0.05). There were also no significant difference between the two groups in ICU stay, postoperative hospital stay and drainage with 24 hours after CABG( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative cerebrovascular events, postoperative infection and secondary thoracotomy in the RA group were higher than that in the SVG group. The incidence of myocardial infarction, postoperative ventricular arrhythmia and postoperative IABP assistance in the SVG were higher than that in the RA group, but the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). Conclusion:The application of radial artery as a sequential graft during CABG does not increase the risk of perioperative complications, and the patients recover smoothly.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 320-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs on bleeding and cardio-cerebral vascular events in perioperative period of catherization for peritoneal dialysis.Methods:The clinical data of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis catheterization in Peking University Third Hospital from July 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into drugs discontinuation group and drugs continuation group according to whether the anticoagulant drugs or antiplatelet drugs were discontinued or not. Baseline clinical data and bleeding and cardio-cerebral events after surgery were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for bleeding and cardio-cerebral events.Results:A total of 57 patients were included in the study, with 34 males and 23 females. The age was (67.37±13.93) years old (range from 27 to 97 years old). There were 37 patients in drugs discontinuation group and 20 patients in drugs continuation group. The proportions of acute myocardial infarction events in drugs continuation group were higher than those in drugs discontinuation group in 3 months and 6 months before surgery (10/20 vs 3/37, χ2=10.671, P=0.001; 11/20 vs 3/37, χ2=12.980, P<0.001 respectively). The median drugs discontinuation time was 5.0(2.0, 14.0) d (range from 1 to 30 d) before surgery, and median restore medication time was 4.0(3.0, 7.0) d (range from 1 to 14 d) after surgery in drugs discontinuation group. There was no significant difference in the proportion of bleeding (10/37 vs 8/20, χ2=1.011, P=0.315) and cardio-cerebral events (4/37 vs 0/20, χ2=0.964, P=0.326) between drugs discontinuation group and drugs continuation group within 2 weeks after surgery. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that drugs discontinuation before surgery was not an independent influencing factor for bleeding events ( OR=0.656, 95% CI 0.195-2.206, P=0.496), however combination of aspirin and clopidogrel before surgery was an independent influencing factor for bleeding events ( OR=4.038, 95% CI 1.044-15.626, P=0.043). All cardio-cerebral events (4 cases) happened in drugs discontinuation group, and myocardial angina in 6 months before surgery ( OR=9.764, 95% CI 0.928-102.682, P=0.058) and increased serum calcium concentration ( OR=1.491, 95% CI 0.976-2.278, P=0.065) were related with an elevated trend for cardio-cerebral events. Conclusions:Whether anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs are discontinued before catherization surgery for peritoneal dialysis is not an independent influencing factor for bleeding events after surgery. The risk of postoperative bleeding in patients using combination of aspirin and clopidogrel should be paid attention. Myocardial angina in 6 months before surgery and higher serum calcium are related with an elevated trend for cardio-cerebral events after drugs discontinuation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of IL-6 trans-signaling pathway in perioperative neurocognitive disorder in mice.Methods:Eighty-four SPF healthy male C57BL/6 wild-type mice and 84 SPF healthy male IL-6R -/- mice, aged 12-14 weeks, weighing 25-35 g, were used.The 84 wild-type mice were divided into 4 groups ( n=21 each) using a random number table method: sham group (SH group), surgery group (S group), sgp130Fc (specific IL-6 trans-signaling pathway blocker) group (F group), and sgp130Fc+ surgery group (FS group). In S group and FS group, internal fixation was performed under general anesthesia with sevoflurane after tibial fracture.Mice only received anaesthesia with sevoflurane in SH group and F group.In FS group and F group, sgp130Fc 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected before anesthesia.Blood samples were collected from the celiac vein at 24 h after surgery for determination of the concentrations of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in plasma by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Then the mice were sacrificed, brains were removed, and hippocampal tissues were obtained for measurement of the contents of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α (by ELISA) and for observation of activation of microglias in the hippocampal DG region (by immunofluorescence staining, n=6). Cognitive function was evaluated by contextual fear conditioning test ( n=15) on 3 days after surgery.Eighty-four IL-6R -/- mice were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n=21 each): sham group (KO-SH group), surgery group (KO-S group), saline group (KO-C group), and hyper IL-6 (specific IL-6 trans-signaling pathway activator) group (KO-H group). The treatment in KO-SH group and KO-S group was the same as those previously described in SH group and S group, respectively.0.9% NaCl solution 100 μl was intraperitoneally injected in KO-C group, 100 μl hyper IL-6 40 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected in KO-H group, and 24 h later blood was collected from the celiac vein for measurement of the concentrations of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α in plasma by ELISA.Then the mice were sacrificed, brains were removed, and hippocampal tissues were obtained for determination of the contents of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α (by ELISA) and for observation of activation of microglias in the hippocampal DG region (by immunofluorescence staining, n=6). Cognitive function was evaluated by contextual fear conditioning test ( n=15) on 3 days after surgery. Results:Compared with SH group, the percentage of freezing time in the contextual fear conditioning test was significantly decreased, and the activation of microglias in the hippocampal DG region and levels of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α in plasma and hippocampi were increased in S group ( P<0.05). Compared with S group, the percentage of freezing time in the contextual fear conditioning test was significantly increased, and the activation of microglias in the hippocampal DG region and levels of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α in plasma and hippocampus were decreased in FS group ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the percentage of freezing time, activation of microglias in the hippocampal DG region, and levels of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α in plasma and hippocampi between KO-S group and KO-SH group ( P>0.05). Compared with KO-C group, the percentage of freezing time in the contextual fear conditioning test was significantly decreased, and the activiation of microglias in the hippocampal DG region and levels of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α in plasma and hippocampus were increased in KO-H group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:IL-6 trans-signaling pathway is involved in the process of perioperative neurocognitive disorder in mice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 329-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application and effect of multidisciplinary collaboration in patients with tophi during perioperative period.Methods:Forty-five patients undergoing tophaceous gout surgery in our hospital from May to October 2020 were selected as the control group and treated with routine treatment.From November 2020 to April 2021, 41 patients undergoing tophaceous gout surgery in our hospital who were treated with multidisciplinary collaboration management mode were included as the intervention group. Postoperative pain, blood uric acid level, hospitalization expenses, hospitalization days and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results:After implementing the multidisciplinary integration man-agement mode, the pain score of the patients at 4 hours, 1 day and 3 days after operation was lower than that of the control group [(3.6±1.0) vs (4.1±1.0), t=2.33, P=0.022; (2.5±0.8) vs (3.0±0.6), t=3.85, P<0.001; (1.8±0.5) vs (2.2±0.7), t=3.52, P<0.001], the serum uric acid level was significantly lower than that of the control group at 1 month and 3 months after operation [(355±58) vs (3928±39), t=3.50, P=0.001; (316±48) vs (366±47), t=4.84, P<0.001], the hospitalization days and hospitalization expenses were significantly decreased [(8.90±2.48) d vs (10.62±3.96) d, t=2.44, P=0.017; (1.00±0.13) ten thousand yuan vs (1.11±0.17) ten thousand yuan, t=3.34, P=0.001], and the patient satisfaction was markedly improved (97.6% vs 82.2%, χ2=3.87, P=0.049). Conclusion:The multi-disciplinary collaboration mode in patients with tophi during perioperative period can effectively reduce the postoperative pain, improve the quality of care, promote reha-bilitation, improve the outcome, and reduce the economic burden of patients, which is worthy of popularization and being applied in clinic.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value and risk of electronic bronchoscope applied in perioperative management of children with congential tracheoesophageal fistula.Methods:Sixty-five children with congential tracheoesophageal fistula performed electronic bronchoscope examination from September 2014 to November 2020 were enrolled in this study.The results of examination and complications were analyzed.Results:Sixty-three children with congenital tracheoesophageal fistula were diagnosed by electronic bronchoscopy.The diagnosis rate was 96.92%.Fifty-four children with congenital tracheoesophageal fistula were diagnosed by esophagography.The diagnosis rate was 91.53%.Sixty-one children with congenital tracheoesophageal fistula were diagnosed by multislice spiral computed tomography.The diagnosis rate was 93.85%.Airway anatomic abnormity was found in 27 children, including three cases of nasopharyngeal soft tissue collapse, 14 cases of laryngomalacia, five cases of tracheal stenosis, nine cases of tracheobronchomalacia, and nine cases of tracheobronchial and abnormal opening of the bronchus.The incidence was 41.54%.Three children with difficult ventilator weaning were related to tracheobronchial stenosis or tracheobronchomalacia.They were gradually weaning from ventilator after a long period of mechanical ventilation and treatment.Two children with transient decrease in oxygen saturation were noticed as complication.Conclusion:Electronic bronchoscopy is a safe and effective method for the diagnosis of congenital tracheoesophageal fistula and recurrence after operation.It is of great value to the airway management after operation by early detection of respiratory anatomic abnormity.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930698

ABSTRACT

Patients in the perioperative period are often at risk of malnutrition due to the disease itself, surgical trauma, stress, and fasting. Oral nutritional supplementation is widely used in the perioperative period as the first choice for nutritional therapy. This article summarizes the effects, usage, adverse reactions and coping methods of oral nutritional supplementation during perioperative period, aiming to understand the current status of oral nutritional supplementation in perioperative period, and provide reference for subsequent application research of oral nutritional supplementation in perioperative period.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the practical effects of perioperative diet optimization in pediatric fracture surgery, and explore the clinical efficacy and application value of circular management combined with diet optimization.Methods:Totally 76 children with selective fracture surgery were selected from May 2020 to October 2020 admitted to Wuxi 9th People′s Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University. They were divided into experimental group (38 cases) and control group (38 cases) by random number table method. Experimental group conducted circular management combined with diet optimization for nursing, while control group used only simple diet optimization management. The time and the amount of fasting before and after operation of two groups were recorded, and the compliances of two groups were evaluated according to the total amount of intake. The incidence of subjective adverse feelings, including hunger, thirst, dizziness, fatigue and nausea, were observed. And the satisfactions of patients with nursing management were also evaluated.Results:The preoperative fasting time, preoperative drinking prohibition time, postoperative diet recovery time were (8.25 ± 1.56), (2.76 ± 0.69), (1.17 ± 0.58) h in experimental group, and (9.79 ± 2.51), (3.47 ± 1.18), (1.50 ± 0.80) h in control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-3.21, -3.17, -2.07, all P<0.05). The compliance rates to nursing and fasting before and after operation in control group were 57.9% (22/38), 65.8% (25/38), 76.3% (29/38) and 81.6% (31/38) respectively, which were significantly lower than all 100.0% (38/38) in experimental group ( P<0.05). During preoperative period (hunger), postoperative period when allowing intake (hunger, thirst, dizziness, feebleness) and 6 hours after intake (thirst, feebleness), the incidences of subjective adverse feelings in experimental group were statistically lower than those in control group ( Z values were -3.17- -1.97, all P<0.05). The satisfaction to dietary nursing management in experimental group was (93.82 ± 4.57) scores, which remained higher than (87.24 ± 6.65) scores in control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.03, P<0.01). Conclusions:Single perioperative diet optimization can easily be affected by the unstable clinical compliance of traumatic children, resulting in a low implementation rate. The combination of circular management and diet optimization can improve the intervention implementation and treatment compliance, shorten the time of diet prohibition, accelerate the postoperative recovery, and reduce the occurrence of perioperative adverse reactions.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930376

ABSTRACT

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be employed to monitor regional oxygen saturation (rSO 2), to reflect the oxygen metabolism and local effective blood perfusion of the measured site in a real-time and noninvasive manner.NIRS has been extensively used in monitoring blood perfusion of brain, kidney, gastrointestinal tract and organ function evaluation in different conditions.During the perioperative period of congenital heart disease, hemodynamic fluctuation may easily cause organ hypoperfusion, which would lead to the development of ischemia, hypoxia and internal environment disorder, thus resulting in harmful changes in tissue oxygenation status.However, there is no change in the arterial oxygen saturation (SaO 2) and mixed venous saturation (SvO 2). NIRS can be employed to sensitively monitor the changes of tissue rSO 2, so as to prevent further injury caused by tissue ischemia and hypoxia.This paper briefly describes the basic principle, limitations and new progress of NIRS in the perioperative application of CHD, in order to provide new ideas and directions for its clinical application in the perioperative period of CHD, early evaluate the patient′s condition and guide clinical work.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927856

ABSTRACT

Dexmedetomidine is an α2 adrenoceptor agonist and has cardioprotective effect,the mechanism of which is being studied.Increasing studies have proved the clinical value of dexmedetomidine in reducing postoperative complications and improving the prognosis of patients.Therefore,this review summarizes the cardiac protection mechanism of dexmedetomidine based on the existing studies and expounds the application of dexmedetomidine in the perioperative period of cardiovascular surgery.


Subject(s)
Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Heart , Humans
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923434

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the effect of perioperative nebulization of ipratropium bromide on preoperative pulmonary function and incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications as well as safety in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients who underwent lung resection in thoracic surgery. Methods    During November 18, 2013 to August 12, 2015, 192 COPD patients with a necessity of selective surgical procedures of lobectomy or right bilobectomy or segmentectomy under general anaesthesia in 10 centers were 1 : 1 randomized to an ipratropium bromide group (96 patients) and a placebo group (96 patients), to compare the effect on preoperative pulmonary function and incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications. The average age of treated patients was 62.90±6.50 years, with 168 male patients and 22 female patients. Results     The demographic and baseline characteristics were well-balanced between the two groups. The adjusted mean increase of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in the ipratropium bromide group was significantly higher than that in the placebo group (169.90±29.07 mL vs. 15.00±29.35 mL, P<0.05). The perioperative use of ipratropium bromide significantly decreased incidence of postoperative pneumonia (2.6% vs. 14.1%, P<0.05). There was no ipratropium bromide related adverse event (AE) observed in this trial. Conclusion    This trial indicates that perioperative nebulization of ipratropium bromide significantly improves preoperative lung function and reduces postoperative pneumonia in COPD patients undergoing lung resection in thoracic surgery, and has good safety profile.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920832

ABSTRACT

@#The incidence of complications after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma is high up to about 20%-50%. The incidence of pneumonia, pleural effusion, tracheal intubation, anastomotic fistula and cardiac events is relatively high. Among them, pulmonary complications are the most common complications after esophageal cancer operation and cause the most perioperative deaths. Among the factors that influence the occurrence of postoperative complications of esophageal cancer, the amount of fluid infusion during and after the operation is closely related to the occurrence of postoperative complications. Moreover, in the environment of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), it is more important to optimize the postoperative fluid management of esophageal cancer. Restricted fluid therapy plays a more and more important role in patients undergoing esophagectomy. This review integrated the relevant research results and discussed the advantages of the restricted fluid therapy compared with other fluid therapy, how to control the restricted infusion volume and infusion speed and how to monitor and evaluate the infusion process and the selection of infusion types, so as to provide reference for clinical practice test.

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