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2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173639

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Herein, we report 3 cases of nodular fasciitis presenting with periorbital mass. CASE SUMMARY: An 18-year-old male presented with a mass in his left lateral temple area 3 months in duration. On physical examination, a subcutaneous mass approximately 20 mm in size was palpable with upper eyelid swelling. Orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed T1 isointensity and T2 hyper intensity and a well-circumscribed enhancing lesion. A 36-year-old male presented with a 6-month history of a bump under his right upper eyelid. External examination revealed a 15 mm-sized subcutaneous mass in the right central sub-brow area. Orbital computed tomography showed a homogenous, well-circumscribed mass with moderate enhancement. A 3-year-old boy presented with a mass in his right upper eyelid 4 months in duration. A subcutaneous mass approximately 10 mm in size was palpated at the medial superior orbital rim. Orbital MRI revealed an enhanced mass of irregular shape. Surgical excision was performed for all cases. Histopathological examination showed pathognomonic proliferation of spindle cells and immunohistochemical stains showed the spindle cells were positive for smooth muscle actin, negative for S-100 and negative for CD34, consistent with nodular fasciitis. Recurrence of the tumors after excision in the 3 cases was not observed after 4 months, 3 months and 48 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Nodular fasciitis is rare but can occur at the periorbital region. In particular, nodular fasciitis should be considered as a differential diagnosis of a subcutaneous mass short in duration in children or young adults.


Subject(s)
Actins , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Coloring Agents , Diagnosis, Differential , Eyelids , Fasciitis , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Orbit , Physical Examination , Recurrence , Young Adult
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104549

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of chronic osteomyelitis of the orbit. CASE SUMMARY: A 61-year-old woman visited the ophthalmology clinic with a 3-month history of right periorbital swelling and pain. She had a history of ondontitis treated with oral antibiotics three months previously. A hard, tender, swollen mass was palpated near the right lower eyelid extending to the floor of the right orbit. Otherwise, there were no other clinically-specific ocular signs. Orbital computed tomography and bone scan findings suggested right periorbital soft tissue inflammation with underlying osteomyelitis of maxillar and zygomatic bones involving the inferior and lateral orbital walls. The patient was admitted and treated with broad spectrum systemic antibiotics. After 7 days, periorbital soft tissue swelling and pain were improved, but the size of the hard mass was unchanged. Seven days after admission, incision and drainage of the periorbital hard mass near the lower eyelid and debridement of the necrotic and pyogenic tissue were performed. Histologic examination showed chronic granulomatous inflammation and bony necrosis of the mass. The patient was discharged after receiving systemic antibiotics for 7 more days. At the 6-month follow-up, no recurrence or abnormal findings in the right periorbital region were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic orbital osteomyelitis should be treated with combined systemic antibiotics and surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Debridement , Drainage , Eyelids , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Inflammation , Middle Aged , Necrosis , Ophthalmology , Orbit , Osteomyelitis , Recurrence
4.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2011 Oct-Dec; 29(4): 431-433
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143873

ABSTRACT

Dirofilariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Dirofilaria, a parasite of domestic and wild animals. The disease is transmitted by inoculation of mosquitoes infected with the microfilariae during their blood meal. Accidental infection of man results in lung nodule, subcutaneous mass anywhere in the body or ocular lesion that may be subconjunctival or periorbital. The incidence of ocular dirofilariasis is on the rise in several parts of India particularly in Kerala. Here we report a case of ocular dirofilariasis with cellulitis presenting as a periorbital mass.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cellulitis/parasitology , Cellulitis/pathology , Dirofilaria/isolation & purification , Dirofilariasis/diagnosis , Dirofilariasis/parasitology , Dirofilariasis/pathology , Female , Humans , India , Microscopy , Middle Aged , Orbital Diseases/parasitology , Orbital Diseases/pathology , Parasitology
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