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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3039-3045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981434


This study aims to investigate the role of slient mating-type information regulation 2 homolog 1(SIRT1)/tuberous sclerosis complex 2(TSC2)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathways in the Periplaneta americana extract CⅡ-3-induced senescence of human leukemia K562 cells. K562 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 0(control), 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μg·mL~(-1) of P. americana extract CⅡ-3. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) and flow cytometry were employed to examine the proliferation and cell cycle of the K562 cells. Senescence-associated β-galactosidase stain kit(SA-β-gal) was used to detect the positive rate of senescent cells. Mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by flow cytometry. The relative mRNA level of telomerase reverse transcriptase(TERT) was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The mRNA and protein levels of SIRT1, TSC2, and mTOR were determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results showed that CⅡ-3 significantly inhibited the proliferation of K562 cells and the treatment with 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 for 72 h had the highest inhibition rate. Therefore, 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 treatment for 72 h was selected as the standard for subsequent experiments. Compared with the control group, CⅡ-3 increased the proportion of cells arrested in G_0/G_1 phase, decreased the proportion of cells in S phase, increased the positive rate of SA-β-Gal staining, elevated the mitochondrial membrane potential and down-regulated the mRNA expression of TERT. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of SIRT1 and TSC2 was down-regulated, while the mRNA expression of mTOR was up-regulated. The protein expression of SIRT1 and p-TSC2 was down-regulated, while the protein expression of p-mTOR was up-regulated. The results indicated that P. americana extract CⅡ-3 induced the senescence of K562 cells via the SIRT1/mTOR signaling pathway.

Humans , Animals , Periplaneta , Sirtuin 1/genetics , K562 Cells , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Mammals
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1446-1451, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822363


OBJECTIVE:To preliminarily study the antitumor mechanism of Periplaneta americana extract C Ⅱ-3 on MFC tumor-bearing mice. METHODS :Balb/c mice were randomly divided into model group (normal saline 20 mL/kg)and C Ⅱ-3 group (200 mg/kg),with 6 mice in each group. MFC cell suspension (0.2 mL)was injected under the right armpit of mice. On the next day,mice were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 10 d. 24 h after the last administration ,Based on the measurement of tumor size , 1H-NMR technology combined with unsupervised PCA ,supervised PLS-DA and OPLS-DA were used to compare metabolic spectrum of liver tissue from tumor-bearing mice of 2 groups,to analyze differential metabolites and to explore the potential antitumor mechanis m of C Ⅱ -3. RESULTS :Compared with model group ,the tumor body was significantly reduced in tumor-bearing mice of C Ⅱ-3 group. There were differences in 1H-NMR spectra between the 2 No.81960712); groups. According to unsupervised PCA ,supervised PLS-DA and OPLS-DA ,totally six potential differential metabolites ,as glycogen (increased),pyruvate (decreased),arginine (de- creased),hydroxyproline (increased),inosine (increased) and niacinamide (increased),were identified in the liver tissue,which were mainly attributed to the metabolism of arginine ,energy and nucleic acid. CONCLUSIONS:The anti tumor effect of C Ⅱ-3 may be related to the regulation of arginine metabolism ,energy metabolism and nucleic acid metabolism.

Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 164-172, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873233


Objective:To prepare Periplaneta americana thermosensitive hydrogel and investigate its effect on wound healing in diabetic rats. Method:Taking N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and acrylic acid (AAc) as monomers, thermosensitive poly(NIPAM-co-AAc) [P(NIPAM-co-AAc)] polymeric material was prepared by free radical polymerization, then thermoresponsive copolymer P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA was synthesized by conjugating P(NIPAM-co-AAc) to hyaluronic acid (HA). The structure and lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the graft copolymer were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR) and ultraviolet spectrophotometry (UV). P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel was prepared by dialysis method, and it was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), rotation rheometer and thermogravimetric analyzer to observe section structure, rheological properties and thermal stability. Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to identify the inclusion of P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA temperature sensitive material for P. americana extract, and to investigate the effect of P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel on wound healing in diabetic rats, and the rate of wound healing was calculated by Image-Pro Plus 6.0 software. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson staining were used to observe the pathological changes of the wounds of rats in each group. Result:P(NIPAM-co-AAc)-g-HA temperature sensitive material was successfully synthesized, its LCST was between 29 ℃ and 31 ℃, it had a dense and uniform porous structure and could uniformly include P. americana extract. Pharmacodynamic studies showed that P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel group had the best effect on promoting wound healing, its infiltration degree of inflammatory cells was significantly reduced, collagen and fibroblasts arranged neatly and compactly, and the density of neovascularization was significantly increased by comparing with the model group. Conclusion:P. americana thermosensitive hydrogel can effectively promote wound healing of diabetic rats and overcome the shortage of marketed P. americana liquid preparations, this paper can provide a reference for the development of P. americana extract preparations to promote wound healing in diabetic patients.

Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 353-358, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858406


OBJECTIVE: To explore the antitumor effect and immunity change of Periplaneta americana CⅡ3 and related synthetic peptide HFDT1 in mice and to provide a base for clinical application of the materials. METHODS: Sixty BALB/c mouse tumor model with leukemia L1210 were established and divided into five groups. The mice were treated with Periplaneta americana CⅡ3 high dose, low dose, HFDT1, CTX and normal saline for 10 d, respectively. Twelve mice were as normal control group. The tumor inhibition rates and weight of body were observed in different groups. Then the results were observed including thymus and spleen index, the numbers of immune cells in peripheral blood, the ratio of splenic total lymphocytes, splenic B cell(CD45R+) and T cell(CD3+), T cell subset(CD3+ CD4+ and CD3+ CD8+ T cell), and the levels of IgG, IgA and IgM in serum through weight, auto-analysis of blood cell, flow cytometry, sandwich-antibody ELISA from thymus, spleen, peripheral blood in the mice. RESULTS: The results showed that CⅡ3 and HFDT1 inhibited the growth of mouse L1210 tumor and maintained the mouse weights. They increased the mouse thymus indexes and spleen indexes effectively and the numbers of peripheral blood immune cells. They maintained the spleen lymphocyte and regulated the ratio of T and B lymphocytes, CD3+ CD4+ T cell and CD3+ CD8+ T cell. They increased the levels of serum IgG, IgA and IgM. CONCLUSION: Periplaneta americana extract CⅡ3 and related synthetic peptide HFDT1 have a strong inhibition effect to tumor. The antitumor effect of CⅡ3 and HFDT1 may be achieved through to improve immune function. They are hoped to become efficient and low toxicity antitumor drugs. Especially HFDT1, it has an extensive application because it can be synthesized by artificial methods.

World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 50-54, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789743


BACKGROUND:Periplaneta americana extract is recognized to have a positive effect on gastrointestinal mucosa. This study aimed to investigate the effects of periplaneta americana extract on immune function, nutrition status and gastrointestinal complications of early enteral nutrition patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). METHODS:Patients with SIRS were randomly divided into two groups:treatment and control groups. All patients in the two groups received conventional therapy including enteral nutrition, but periplaneta americana extract, an additional Chinese medicine, was given to the patients in the treatment group. At the beginning of treatment (0 day) and 1, 3, and 7 days after treatment, the levels of immunoglobulin (IgA), total lymphocyte count (TLC), total protein (TP) and prealbumin (PA) were respectively tested in patients' venous blood. The incidences of bloating, diarrhea, aspiration pneumonia and high blood sugar at 7 days after treatment were recorded. The mortality of the patients in 28 days was recorded. RESULTS:At 3 and 7 days after treatment, the levels of IgA and TLC in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). At 7 days after treatment, the levels of TP and PA in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The incidences of bloating and diarrhea in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group, the differences were significant (P<0.05). The mortality of treatment group was lower than that of the control group (P>0.05). CONCLUSION:Periplaneta americana extract could reduce gastrointestinal complications and improve immune function and nutritional status in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome.