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1.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 29: 1-15, abr. 2024. fig, tab, quad
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1561336

ABSTRACT

Identificar e analisar os temas presentes em artigos que relacionam, de alguma maneira, a Educação Física e o Programa Academia da Saúde é o objetivo deste manuscrito. Os dados foram coletados nos bancos de dados LILACS, SciELO, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Portal dos Periódicos Eletrônicos e em 12 periódicos da Educação Física. Foram selecionados e analisados os conteúdos de 54 artigos. Os resultados mostraram que houve maior número de publicações em 2020, com destaque para pesquisas realizadas no estado de Minas Gerais. O maior número de publicações consta na Revista Brasileira de Atividade Física & Saúde. Detecta-se o interesse crescente por estudos com objetos ampliados que considerem a complexidade das condições de saúde dos grupos e das comunidades atendidas no programa, especialmente a partir das aproximações com a Saúde Coletiva.


The aim of this manuscript is to identify and analyze the themes present in articles that in some way relate Physical Education and the the Health Gym Program, of Brazil. Data was collected from the LILACS, SciELO, Virtual Health Library, Electronic Periodicals Portal and 12 Physical Education journals. The contents of 54 articles were selected and analyzed. The results showed that there was a greater number of publications in 2020, with an emphasis on research carried out in the state of Minas Gerais. The largest number of publications was in the Brazilian Journal of Physical Activity & Health. There is a growing interest in studies with broader objects that consider the complexity of the health conditions of the groups and communities served by the program, especially based on approaches to Collective Health.


Subject(s)
Physical Education and Training , Exercise , Public Health
2.
Licere (Online) ; 27(01): 220-243, março.2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555047

ABSTRACT

A vida cotidiana, para além de um conjunto de atividades desenvolvidas e vivenciadas ao longo dos dias, é também um tempo recheado de sentidos e significados. Inseridos nesse tempo, estão o lazer e a saúde, elementos centrais para a manutenção da vida individual e coletiva. Inseridos também em diferentes currículos acadêmicos, estes grandes campos de conhecimento são, muitas vezes, apresentados e tratados de forma separada durante o processo de formação acadêmica profissional. Este texto, fruto de uma Residência pós-doutoral no Programa de Pós-Graduação Interdisciplinar em Estudos do Lazer, é uma composição conjunta entre um terapeuta ocupacional e um profissional de Educação Física, na tentativa de aproximar os núcleos de conhecimento e apresentar uma nova possibilidade de abordagem para os Estudo do Lazer.


Everyday life, in addition to a set of activities developed and experienced throughout the day, is also a time filled with meanings and meanings. Included in this time are leisure and health, central elements for maintaining individual and collective life. Also included in different academic curricula, these major fields of knowledge are often presented and treated separately during the process of professional academic training. This text, the result of a post-doctoral residency in the Interdisciplinary PostGraduate Program in Leisure Studies, is a joint composition between an occupational therapist and a Physical Education professional, in an attempt to bring knowledge centers closer together and present a new possibility approach to Leisure Studies.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 263-266, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012517

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the intervention effect of 12 week spinal health exercise on adolescents high and low shoulders, in order to provide empirical evidence for exploring simple and feasible measures to intervene.@*Methods@#In February 2023, 60 high and low shoulder students from a vocational high school in a certain county of Luzhou City were randomly selected as the research subjects by convenient sampling method. Paired sampling was used to randomly divide participants into an intervention group and a control group with 30 students each group. The intervention group received spinal health gymnastics intervention during 12 weeks of morning exercises and large break exercises for twice a day, with two groups each time; the control group maintained their previous morning exercises and large break exercises. A follow up study was conducted on the height difference between the left and right shoulder peaks of the intervention group and the control group students before intervention, after 12 weeks intervention, at 4 weeks post intervention. The t-test was used to analyze the changes in shoulder peak height difference between the intervention group and the control group.@*Results@#Before intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in the height of the left and right shoulder peaks between the intervention group [(2.50±1.19)cm] and the control group [(2.49±1.20)cm] adolescents ( t=0.05, P > 0.05). After 12 weeks of intervention, the difference in shoulder height between the left and right sides of adolescents in the intervention group decreased, compared to that before intervention [(1.43±1.15, 2.50±1.19)cm], while the control group increased compared to that before intervention [(2.58±1.19, 2.49±1.20) cm], and the differences were both statistically significant ( t= -78.17 , 20.15, P <0.05). At 4 weeks post intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in the height of the left and right shoulder peaks between the intervention group [(1.44±1.15)cm] and the control group [(2.59±1.18)cm] compared to 12 weeks after the intervention ( t=1.80, 1.05, P >0.05). The intervention group [(2.49±1.26, 2.52±1.16) (1.43±1.21, 1.44±1.13) (1.44±1.21, 1.45±1.14)cm] and the control group [(2.45±1.24, 2.52±1.20) (2.55±1.24, 2.61±1.18) (2.55±1.22, 2.62±1.18)cm] showed no statistically significant difference in the height of the left and right shoulder peaks between males and females before intervention, after 12 weeks of intervention, and after stopping intervention for 4 weeks ( t =-0.08, -0.03, -0.02; -0.15, -0.12, -0.15, P >0.05).@*Conclusions@#Spinal health gymnastics has a good effect on correcting high and low shoulders in adolescents. Spinal health gymnastics should be promoted on campus to promote adolescent posture health.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 253-257, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012515

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of after school exercise service (referred to as the "after school ES") on physical health, so as to provide evidence for possible beneficial effect of after school ES.@*Methods@#Students in the fourth grade of primary school were recruited from September 2021 to July 2022 in Changsha City and divided into the control group ( n =220) and the after school ES group ( n =220). The control group only participated in the regular physical education activities of the school. The after school ES group received after school ES for one academic year, 4 times a week, 40-50 minutes per time, for a total of 32 weeks. Body shape indicators such as height, weight and percentage of body fat, as well as physical fitness indicators such as 50 meter running, grip strength and progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run (PACER) were measured in September to October 2021 and June to July 2022, respectively. Independent sample t-test, Chi square test and two factors repeated measurement analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis of the data.@*Results@#After one academic year, compared with the control group [(13.52±2.30)kg], muscle mass of primary school students in the after school ES group [(13.76±2.32)kg] significantly increased, while waist to hip ratio [(0.95±0.16)] and percentage of body fat [(20.17±7.43)%] significantly decreased compared to the control group [(1.01±0.21), (22.02±12.34)%]( F=330.70, 6.85, 4.33, P <0.05). The proportion of overweight and obesity in after school ES group decreased significantly from 19.5% to 12.3% ( χ 2=4.35, P <0.05). Compared with the control group, the scores of 50 meter running [(10.00±1.06, 10.21±0.83)s], 1 minute sit up [(33.25±8.24, 30.76±9.34)times], sitting and flexion [(14.53±7.50, 8.59±6.32)cm], 1 minute rope skipping [(125.01±30.50, 115.97±32.09)times], eyes closed and single legged standing [(30.00±34.72, 25.72±23.82)s], selective response time [(635.66±91.72, 652.79±120.42)ms] and VO 2max [(45.31± 1.02 , 43.67±0.85)mL/(kg〖 ·min)] in the after school ES group were significantly improved, with statistical significance ( F= 5.32 , 443.14, 97.23, 814.07, 36.49, 6.11, 396.91, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#After school ES can improve body shape of primary school students, reduce the risk of overweight and obesity and enhance physical fitness. It is recommended that schools should appropriately increase after school ES to promote physical fitness of students.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 110-114, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011359

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of group sports game intervention on social ability and quality of life of children with austism spectrum disorders (ASD),so as to provide reference for rehabilitation intervention of social and quality of life of children with ASD.@*Methods@#From September 2021 to January 2022, 72 children with ASD aged 4-6 in the children s rehabilitation department of Xiangyang Central Hospital were selected to participate in the study, and were randomly divided into experimental group ( n =36) and control group ( n =36). The control group received routine rehabilitation training (including individual sports game training), and the experimental group replaced individual sports game training with group sports game training on the basis of routine rehabilitation.The course content mainly included three parts: warm up before class, group sports games and relaxation after class. The course combined social skills with sports games, and was carried out in a group form (divided into 12 groups with 3 people in each group), and was trained five times a week for 60 minutes, for a total of 12 weeks. The scores of Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Version 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQL 4.0) were observed before and after treatment. t-test and χ 2 test were used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in SRS scores between the experimental group and the control group before intervention ( t =-0.63, P >0.05). After the intervention, the total response rate in the experimental group was 83.33 %, higher than 41.67% in the control group χ 2=13.33, P <0.05),and the SRS scores decreased in the experimental group and control group ( t =17.75,8.71, P <0.05). The SRS scale score of the experimental group Social perception (17.67±4.12) , social cognition (30.33±4.99) , social communication (50.33±9.39) , social motivation (24.25±6.78) scores and total scores ( 152.67± 25.82) were lower than those of the control group(22.17±5.34,36.00±4.13,62.58±11.07,34.42±7.13,186.33±29.03)( t = -4.88,-2.03,-2.13,-3.58,-3.01, P <0.05).After the intervention, the scores of social function (53.33±18.01) and total score (283.83±51.83) on PedsQL 4.0 scale in experimental group were higher than those in control group(23.33±15.13,218.00±39.01) ( t =4.42,3.52, P <0.05). After the intervention, Autism Treatment Evaluation Scale (ATEC) scores of experimental groups(44.33±14.72) was lower than that in control group ( 59.33±16.95)( t =-2.32, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The intervention of group sports game has a significant effect on improving social ability and life quality of children with ASD.

6.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 30: e2022_0430, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515067

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: the influence of physical activity in physical education lessons on the attention indicators of schoolchildren. Material and Methods: 141 students, aged 15-16, who studied in the 9th grade, took part in the experiment. The main research method was the "Trondyke Test", which determines the level of attention development of students. The test was used before and after the physical education lesson 1 time per month for 5 months. Results: students who did not engage in physical education in the lesson were not able to significantly improve their performance in the test, which indicates a possible adaptation to the test after its first performance before the lesson. Students who were engaged in physical exercises could significantly increase the test results. Conclusion: the results obtained determine the effectiveness of the influence of a physical education lesson at school on the indicators of students attention. This study will serve as an additional motivation for students to engage in physical culture, since the impact of physical exercises has a positive effect not only on the development of physical qualities, but also on the attention of schoolchildren. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective Comparative Study.


RESUMEN Objetivos: la influencia de la actividad física en las clases de educación física en los indicadores de atención de los escolares. Material y métodos: Participaron en el experimento 141 escolares, de 15-16 años, que cursaban el noveno grado. El principal método de investigación fue la "Prueba de Trondyke", que determina el nivel de desarrollo de la atención de los escolares. La prueba se usó antes y después de la lección de educación física una vez al mes durante 5 meses. Resultados: los jóvenes que no participaron en educación física en la lección no pudieron mejorar significativamente su rendimiento en la prueba, lo que indica una posible adaptación a la prueba después de su primera actuación antes de la lección. Los escolares que realizaban ejercicios físicos pudieron aumentar significativamente los resultados de la prueba. Conclusión: los resultados obtenidos determinan la efectividad de la influencia de una lección de educación física en la escuela sobre los indicadores de atención de los escolares. Este estudio servirá como una motivación adicional para que los estudiantes participen en la cultura física, ya que el impacto de los ejercicios físicos tiene un efecto positivo no solo en el desarrollo de las cualidades físicas, sino también en la atención de los escolares. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio Comparativo Retrospectivo.


RESUMO Objetivos: a influência da atividade física nas aulas de Educação Física nos indicadores de atenção dos escolares. Material e métodos: participaram do experimento 141 escolares, de 15 a 16 anos, que estudaram na 9a série. O principal método de pesquisa foi o "teste de Trondyke", que determina o nível de desenvolvimento da atenção dos escolares. O teste foi utilizado antes e depois da aula de Educação Física uma vez por mês durante 5 meses. Resultados: Os estudantes que não praticaram Educação Física na aula não conseguiram melhorar significativamente seu desempenho no teste, o que indica uma possível adaptação ao teste após sua primeira apresentação antes da aula. Os estudantes que estavam envolvidas em exercícios físicos foram capazes de aumentar significativamente os resultados do teste. Conclusão: os resultados obtidos determinam a eficácia da influência de uma aula de Educação Física na escola nos indicadores de atenção das crianças. Este estudo servirá como uma motivação adicional para os estudantes se envolverem na cultura física, uma vez que o impacto dos exercícios físicos tem um efeito positivo não apenas no desenvolvimento das qualidades físicas, mas também na atenção dos alunos. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo Comparativo Retrospectivo.

7.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 28: 1-9, mar. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437627

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta pesquisa foi descrever e analisar a série temporal da inserção de profissionais de educação física (PEF) no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) no período de 2007 a 2021, bem como apresentar a distribuição por regiões e estados de profissionais no território brasileiro. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo e de série temporal que utilizou dados secundários oriundos do sistema de consultas do Cadastro Nacional dos Estabelecimentos de Saúde (CNES). Analisou-se o quantitativo de PEF no SUS nas cinco regiões e nos vinte e seis estados e no Distrito Federal entre 2007 e 2021 e reali-zou-se a análise temporal para verificar a distribuição dos PEF nas regiões brasileiras. Os resultados apontam para um crescimento no número de PEF entre 2007 (n = 22) e 2020 (n = 7.560) em todo o país. Em 2021 observa-se uma redução de 2,8% no quantitativo de PEF. Entre as regiões, os maio-res quantitativos foram observados nas regiões Nordeste e Sudeste, enquanto nos estados a maior concentração foi em Minas Gerais, seguido de São Paulo, Pernambuco, Bahia e Rio Grande do Sul. Observou-se uma tendência crescente de PEF nas regiões Norte e Sul. Conclui-se que o quantitativo de PEF atuantes no SUS teve um crescimento expressivo durante o período analisado, sendo fruto das políticas públicas e programas voltados à promoção da atividade física constituídos ao longo do tempo. Apesar disso, há importantes disparidades geográficas que não devem ser desconsideradas, reforçando a necessidade de estratégias coletivas e investimentos em políticas públicas que fomentem a inserção dos PEF na rede assistencial e de fortalecimento do SUS


The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the time series of physical education professionals (PEF in Portuguese) in the Unified Health System (SUS in Portuguese) from 2007 to 2021, as well as to present their distribution by Brazilian regions and states. This is a time series study which used secondary data from the Consultation System of the National Registry of Health Establishments (CNES in Portuguese). We analyzed the number of PEF in the country, in the five Regions and in the twenty-six States and the Fed-eral District between 2007 and 2021 and the temporal analysis was carried out to verify the distribution of PEF in the Brazilian regions. The results point to an increase in the number of PEF between 2007 (n = 22) and 2020 (n = 7560). In 2021, there is a 2.8% reduction in the amount of PEF. Among the regions, the highest numbers were observed in the Northeast and Southeast regions, while in the states the highest con-centration was in Minas Gerais, followed by São Paulo, Pernambuco, Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul. There was an increasing trend in the distribution of PEF in the North and South regions. The number of PEF working in the SUS had an expressive growth during the analyzed period, being the result of public policies and programs aimed at promoting physical activity constituted over time. Despite this, there are important geographic disparities that should not be disregarded, reinforcing the need for collective strategies and financ-ing in public policies that encourage the insertion of PEFs in the care network and the strengthening of SUS


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Education and Training/statistics & numerical data , Unified Health System , Health Promotion , Brazil , Registries , Demography , Epidemiology, Descriptive
8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532831

ABSTRACT

Analisar as concepções sobre competição esportiva em publicações acadêmicas brasileiras é o foco deste trabalho. Utilizando-se da revisão sistemática, do tipo estado da arte, foram analisados 175 artigos no recorte temporal 2010-2020 (11 anos) em 14 revistas da área da Educação Física. Há parcimônia dos/as autores/as quanto a complexidade da competição e foram salutares indicativas do rememorar a essência do tema; independente da área de conhecimento específico, foram recorrentes indicativos de um processo respeitoso e pedagógico da competição aos praticantes. Ademais, confirmam que amadores e profissionais; homens e mulheres; idosos e jovens, todos podem (e devem) ter a opção da experiência esportiva no âmbito competitivo (AU).


Analyzing the concepts about sports competition in Brazilian academic publication is the objective of this paper. Using the state-of-art systematic review, 175 articles were considered from 14 Physical Education Journals from 2010 to 2020 (11 years). There is parsimony by the authors regarding the complexity of the competition and greetings indicative of remembering the essence of the theme; regardless of the area of specific knowledge, there were recurrent indicators of a respectful and pedagogical process of the competition for practitioners. Also, it was confirmed that amateurs and professionals; men and women; elderly and young; everyone can (and should) have the possibility of sporting experience in the competitive environment (AU).


Analizar las concepciones sobre la competición deportiva en las publicaciones académicas brasileñas es el foco de este trabajo. Utilizando la revisión sistemática del tipo estado del arte, se buscarán 175 artículos en el período de 2010-2020 en 14 revistas del área de Educación Física. Hay parcimônia a la complejidad de la competición y fueron saludos indicativos de recordar la esencia del tema; independientemente del área de conocimiento específico, fueron recurrentes indicativos para un proceso respetuoso y pedagógico de la competencia por practicantes. También confirman que los atletas aficionados y profesionales; hombres y mujeres; ancianos y jóvenes, todos pueden (y deben) tener la opción de la experiencia deportiva en el entorno competitivo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Competitive Behavior
9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 119-122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964387

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effectiveness of spinal guidance exercise on adolescents of mild idiopathic scoliosis, so as to provide an experimental reference and method for promoting adolescents spinal health.@*Methods@#From the scoliosis screening, 96 children who met the diagnostic criteria were selected in June 2021, and were divided into the experimental group and the control group, with 48 cases in each group. The experimental group received a 12 week Longji Daoyin exercise training, and the control group received health education, observation and monitoring. Before and after the experiment, the axial trunk rotation (ATR) and scoliosis Cobb angle of the two groups were tested respectively, and the subjective sensation of the patients was measured by Scoliosis Research Society-22(SRS-22) questionnaire.@*Results@#After 12 weeks, the ATR and Cobb angles of the experimental group decreased [( 5.02± 2.85,7.59±3.94)°],compared to (7.08±2.84)° and (15.84±2.00)° before intervention( t =14.02, 17.09, P < 0.01 ). Scores of functional activity, self image and mental health in the SRS-22 score increased from (4.65±0.14)(3.49±0.21) and (3.99±0.17) to(4.77±0.14)(4.62±0.13)(4.42±0.13)( t =-4.86,-39.12,-13.92, P <0.01 ). The ATR and Cobb angles of the control group increased from (6.94±2.15)° and (15.82±1.76)° to (8.25±2.49)° and (18.63±3.12)°( t =7.44,8.99, P <0.01), and the scores of self image and mental health in the SRS-22 score decreased from (3.49±0.19) and (4.00±0.15) to (3.44±0.18) and (3.94±0.14)( t =-3.74,-4.39, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Early adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is easy to aggravate during the observation period. Longji Daoyin exercise is of preventive and therapeutic significance.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1692-1696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998885

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the intervention effect of aerobic step exercise on sleep quality of female college students, so as to provide a new perspective to improve the sleep quality of female college students.@*Methods@#In the 2020 fall semester, a total of 41 female college students with mild or more severe sleep disorders were selected from Beijing Normal University through a questionnaire and were randomly divided into experimental group ( n =29) and control group ( n =12). The experimental group received 55 minutes/time step aerobic exercise intervention for 8 weeks, three times a week, while the control group received no exercise intervention from October to December. The two groups maintained the original learning and living habits, without additional physical activity. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale and portable sleep monitor were used to assess the subjects sleep quality from both subjective and objective aspects. Changes in energy metabolism were observed by triaxial accelerometer and standing body composition analyzer.@*Results@#After exercise intervention, subjective sleep quality factor (1.24±0.43, 0.86±0.58), sleep efficiency factor (0.66±0.67, 0.07±0.25), sleep disorder factor (1.24± 0.51 , 1.03±0.18), daytime dysfunction factor (1.90±0.86, 1.48± 0.82 ) and PSQI score (7.21±1.85, 5.66±2.09) significantly improved ( t=3.64, 4.63, 2.27, 2.36, 3.29, P <0.05). The ratio of sleep to wakefulness decreased (25.54±7.86, 20.85± 5.13), the ratio of deep sleep (31.79±12.20, 38.32±10.19) and sleep efficiency (73.99±7.91, 78.68±5.12) increased significantly ( t=-2.12, -2.39, -2.21, P <0.05). Lean body mass [(38.55±2.95, 39.07±2.94)g] and basal metabolic rate [(1 257.45±41.14, 1 262.66 ±42.22)kcal] of the experimental group significantly increased after the intervention of medium high intensity aerobic pedal exercise ( F=5.95, 3.49, P <0.05). Total energy expenditure was positively correlated with subjective sleep quality and sleep efficiency ( r=-0.26, -0.44, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The 8 week aerobic step exercise intervention can increase the daytime energy consumption and basic metabolism of female college students. Improve the sleep depth and efficiency of female college students, reduce sleep disorders, and then effectively improve sleep quality.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 973-978, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of self-management and daily physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) of Zang and Han nationalities in Tibetan, China, and to compare the difference in daily management between T2DM patients of Zang and Han nationalities, to develop reasonable and effective chronic disease management strategies for long-term out-of-hospital management of T2DM patients of Zang nationalities.Methods:A total of 265 T2DM patients with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥ 7% who were admitted to the Endocrinology Ward of the Hospital of Chengdu Office of People's Government of Tibet Autonomous Region from November 2020 to April 2021 and who were from different regions of Tibet were included in this study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The general data of all included patients were collected. Glucose and lipid metabolism-related indicators were determined. The Generalized Diabetes Self-Management Efficacy Scale and International Physical Activity Questionnaires (IPAQ) were used to evaluate patients' levels of self-management and daily physical activity.Results:The hemoglobin level in T2DM patients of Zang nationality was (154.09 ± 24.11) g/L, which was significantly higher than that in T2DM patients of Han nationality ( P < 0.05). The total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, and low-density lipoprotein in T2DM patients of Zang nationality were (4.63 ± 1.41) mmol/L, (7.94 ± 2.19) mmol/L, and (2.75 ± 1.11) mmol/L, respectively, which significantly higher compared with T2DM patients of Han nationality (all P < 0.05). Compared with T2DM patients of Han nationality, T2DM patients of Zang nationality had lower self-management scores (81.40 ± 15.44) points, diet control scores (17.26 ± 4.97) points, physical exercise scores (11.67 ± 4.42) points, prevention and treatment of high and low blood sugar score (12.21 ± 5.72) points. The differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Moderate-intensity physical activity was a significant difference between T2DM patients of Zang and Han nationalities ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with T2DM patients of Han nationality, T2DM patients of Zang nationality have lower overall self-management levels, including diet control, physical exercise, prevention and management of high and low blood glucose, and moderate-intensity physical activity. Targeted individualized education should be carried out according to the Tibetan cultural characteristics, to further develop an intervention method and an out-of-hospital management strategy for chronic disease, which are suitable for T2DM patients of Zang nationality.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 512-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972734

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of a ketogenic diet (KD) alone and in combination with resistance training (KD+RT) on body composition and glucolipid metabolism of obese and female college students, and to provide a theoretical basis for the application of KD+RT in obese patients.@*Methods@#Totally 45 obese and female college students in Wuyi University were recruited and randomly divided into KD group ( n =23) and KD+RT group ( n =22) in September 2021. After received training for 4 weeks, the changes of body composition and glucose and lipid metabolism of obese and female college students were compared before and after intervention.@*Results@#Both a 4 week KD and KD+RT led to decreases in weight, BMI, body fat mass, body fat percentage, waist to hip ratio, visceral fat area of obese female college students ( t =16.19, 16.21, 12.42, 7.99, 2.10, 6.37; 18.82, 18.02, 17.80, 10.72, 3.41, 7.59, P <0.01). The change of muscle mass was decreased in KD group( t=4.12, P <0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference in KD+RT group( P >0.05). Both a 4 week KD and KD+RT significantly reduced the levels of the fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin and triglyceride (TG) of obese female college students ( t =10.15, 8.94 , 6.94, 7.63; 9.23, 12.75, 9.85, 9.09, P <0.01), and increased the high density lipoprotein (HDL) level( t =-7.36, -5.22, P <0.01). However, only KD+RT group had a significant decrease in the level of LDL ( t =5.27, P <0.01), and there was no significant change in the level of TC both groups ( P >0.05). After the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between the KD+RT group compared to the KD group ( P >0.05), except for a significant decrease in triacylglycerol ( t =2.51, P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#Both a short term KD and KD+RT show beneficial changes in body composition and glucolipid metabolism in obese female college students. However, the KD+RT is superior to a KD in maintaining muscle mass and reducing the effects of lipid metabolism.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1863-1866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004908

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of obese primary school students, so as to provide a theoretical basis and practical reference for HIIT exercise prescription in schools.@*Methods@#From August to December 2022, 25 obese children [age:(11.0±0.4)years, BMI:(23.3±0.8)kg/m 2] from a primary school in Shenzhen were recruited and divided into an exercise group ( n =13) and a control group ( n =12). After 12 weeks of exercise intervention [The durations of load period and intermittent period were 15 s, load exercise intensity was 100% maximal aerobic speed (MAS), and intermittent exercise intensity was 50% MAS, each time there were 2 groups× 8 rounds, and the rest between groups was 2 minutes, totaling 10 minutes, and 20 meter shuttle run test (20 m-SRT) was performed once every 4 weeks to adjust and update MAS], the changes in body composition and cardio respiratory fitness indexes of obese subjects before and after the intervention were compared.@*Results@#After the intervention, body weight, BMI, body fat, body fat percentage, and visceral adipose tissue area of obese subjects in the exercise group decreased from (55.6±6.2)kg, (22.7±0.6)kg/m 2, (41.8±6.9)kg, ( 23.4± 5.5)% and (102.4±39.0)cm 2 to (52.3±5.8)kg, (21.1±0.8)kg/m 2, (38.6±6.3)kg, (20.2±4.5)% and (84.2±26.9)cm 2, respectively( t =8.73, 10.96, 7.02, 4.92, 4.95, P <0.05). SBP decreased from (115.4±9.7)mmHg to (112.3±8.7)mmHg ( t = 2.96 , P <0.05). The content of skeletal muscle, 20 m-SRT and VO 2max increased from (21.3±5.3)kg, (21.6±4.9) times and (39.4±2.0)mL/(kg ·min) to (21.8±5.2)kg, (31.4±6.3)times and (43.6±2.6)mL/(kg ·min), respectively ( t =-3.33, -8.37, -10.56 , P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#HIIT is an effective way to improve the body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of obese primary school students. It is recommended that schools with the necessary conditions use this method as an intervention measure to help reduce weight and improve cardiovascular health among obese students.

14.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0383, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407606

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The quality of explosive strength in pliometry is one of the most determinant factors for solid construction of the physical fitness of sports dancers and the material base for completing the complete harmony of movements, being the central quality of all visual impressions of sports dancers. Objective: Verify the impacts of plyometric training on the lower limbs of sports dancers. Methods: 20 male and 20 female university students with sports dance training were divided into four groups for comparative study. Results: The training method of type "maximal resistance at 85% 1RM, half squat for 3 times + 30% 1RM, rapid jump followed by squat for four times" was better for improving the vertical jump height of sports dancers; Using "85% 1RM, half squat for 3 times + 15% 1RM, rapid jump followed by squat for four times" presented better for the performance of sport dance athletes in-situ half jump height and the effect was shown to be better in in-situ vertical jump height. Conclusion: The submaximal plyometric resistance training method can significantly promote the lower limb explosiveness of sports dancers and can be used in sports dance training with practical effectiveness. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A qualidade da força explosiva em pliometria é um dos fatores mais determinantes para uma construção sólida da aptidão física dos bailarinos esportivos e a base material para a conclusão da completa harmonia dos movimentos, sendo qualidade central de todas as impressões visuais dos bailarinos esportivos. Objetivo: Verificar os impactos do treino de pliometria sobre os membros inferiores dos dançarinos esportivos. Métodos: 20 estudantes universitários do sexo masculino e 20 do sexo feminino, com formação em dança esportiva, foram divididos em 4 grupos para estudo comparativo. Resultados: O método de treinamento do tipo "resistência máxima em 85% 1RM, meio agachamento por 3 vezes + 30% 1RM, salto rápido seguido de agachamento por 4 vezes" foi melhor para aprimorar a altura de salto vertical de dançarinos esportivos; Usando "85% 1RM, meio agachamento por 3 vezes + 15% 1RM, salto rápido seguido de agachamento por 4 vezes" apresentou-se melhor para o desempenho dos atletas de dança esportiva in-situ meia altura de salto e o efeito mostrou-se melhor na altura de salto vertical in-situ. Conclusão: O método de treinamento de resistência submáximo em pliometria pode promover significativamente a explosividade do membro inferior dos dançarinos esportivos, e pode ser usado no treinamento de dança esportiva com eficácia prática. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La calidad de la fuerza explosiva en la pliometría es uno de los factores más determinantes para una sólida construcción de la aptitud física de los bailarines deportivos y la base material para la realización de la armonía completa de los movimientos. Objetivo: Verificar los impactos del entrenamiento de pliometría en los miembros inferiores de los bailarines deportivos. Métodos: 20 estudiantes universitarios masculinos y 20 femeninos con formación en danza deportiva fueron divididos en 4 grupos para el estudio comparativo. Resultados: El método de entrenamiento del tipo "resistencia máxima al 85% de 1RM, media sentadilla durante 3 veces + 30% de 1RM, salto rápido seguido de sentadilla durante 4 veces" fue mejor para mejorar la altura de salto vertical de los bailarines deportivos. Conclusión: El método de entrenamiento de resistencia pliométrica submáxima puede promover significativamente la explosividad de las extremidades inferiores de los bailarines deportivos, y puede utilizarse en el entrenamiento de la danza deportiva con eficacia práctica. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

15.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0350, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407609

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Figure skating is characterized by a high degree of flexibility, balance, and technical precision. It belongs to the sports group that combines high speed and endurance. Therefore, it is very important for athletes to correctly master these techniques and physical strength and execute precise movements in their performances. Objective Explore the effect of stretching training on the lower limb explosive strength of figure skating athletes. Methods 20 outstanding male figure skaters from the Chinese team were selected as volunteers. The experimental method was used using the OPTOJUMP test system, among other instruments, for comparison of pre and post-intervention results. Results Through scientific observation, it was found that skaters have less requirement for upper limb strength training, minimizing its importance because upper limb strength training can assist in motor coordination of athletes' lower limbs and help them stabilize to perform dynamic movements. Therefore upper limb strength training is also emphasized in the proposed training. Conclusion The stretching training on the lower limb strength of figure skating athletes proved to be useful for the improvement of performance and execution of the intrinsic movements of the sport. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução A patinação artística é caracterizada por um alto grau de combinação de flexibilidade, equilíbrio e precisão técnica. Ela pertence ao grupo esportivo que combina alta velocidade e resistência. Portanto, é muito importante para os atletas dominar corretamente essas técnicas, a força física e executar movimentos precisos em suas apresentações. Objetivo Explorar o efeito do treino de alongamento sobre a força de explosão nos membros inferiores dos atletas de patinação artística. Métodos 20 patinadores artísticos masculinos de destaque da equipe chinesa foram selecionados como voluntários. Foi utilizado o método experimental utilizando o sistema de teste OPTOJUMP entre outros instrumentos para comparação de resultados pré e pós intervenção. Resultados Através da observação científica, descobriu-se que os patinadores têm menos exigências para o treinamento de força nos membros superiores, minimizando a sua importância pois o treinamento de força nos membros superiores pode auxiliar na coordenação motora dos membros inferiores dos atletas e ajuda-los na estabilização para executar movimentos dinâmicos, portanto o treinamento de força dos membros superiores superior também é enfatizado no treino proposto. Conclusão O treino de alongamento sobre a força de explosão nos membros inferiores dos atletas de patinação artística mostrou-se útil para o aprimoramento da performance e execução dos movimentos intrínsecos do esporte. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El patinaje artístico se caracteriza por un alto grado de combinación de flexibilidad, equilibrio y precisión técnica. Pertenece al grupo de los deportivos que combinan alta velocidad y resistencia. Por lo tanto, es muy importante para los atletas dominar correctamente estas técnicas, la fuerza física y ejecutar movimientos precisos en sus presentaciones. Objetivo Explorar el efecto del entrenamiento de estiramiento en la fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores de los atletas de patinaje artístico. Métodos Se seleccionaron como voluntarios 20 destacados patinadores artísticos masculinos del equipo chino. Se utilizó el método experimental con el sistema de pruebas OPTOJUMP, entre otros instrumentos, para comparar los resultados antes y después de la intervención. Resultados A través de la observación científica, se descubrió que los patinadores tienen menos necesidad de entrenar la fuerza de las extremidades superiores, minimizando su importancia porque el entrenamiento de la fuerza de las extremidades superiores puede ayudar a la coordinación motora de las extremidades inferiores de los atletas y ayudarles en la estabilización para realizar movimientos dinámicos, por lo que el entrenamiento de la fuerza de las extremidades superiores también se enfatiza en el entrenamiento propuesto. Conclusión El entrenamiento de estiramientos sobre la fuerza de los miembros inferiores de los atletas de patinaje artístico demostró ser útil para la mejora del rendimiento y la ejecución de los movimientos intrínsecos del deporte. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

16.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0152, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394837

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: In today's rapid development of science and technology, digital network data mining technology is developing as fast as the expansion of the frontiers of science and technology allows, with a very broad application level, covering most of the civilized environment. However, there is still much to explore in the application of sports training. Objective: Analyze the feasibility of data mining based on the digital network of sports training, maximizing athletes' training. Methods: This paper uses the experimental analysis of human FFT, combined with BP artificial intelligence network and deep data mining technology, to design a new sports training environment. The controlled test of this model was designed to compare advanced athletic training modalities with traditional modalities, comparing the athletes' explosive power, endurance, and fitness. Results: After 30 days of physical training, the athletic strength of athletes with advanced fitness increased by 15.33%, endurance increased by 15.85%, and fitness increased by 14.23%. Conclusion: The algorithm designed in this paper positively impacts maximizing athletes' training. It may have a favorable impact on training outcomes, as well as increase the athlete's interest in the sport. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigating treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: No rápido desenvolvimento atual de ciência e tecnologia, a tecnologia de mineração de dados de rede digital desenvolve-se tão rápido quanto a expansão das fronteiras da ciência e tecnologia permitem, com um nível de aplicação muito amplo, cobrindo a maior parte do ambiente civilizado. No entanto, ainda há muito para explorar da aplicação no treinamento esportivo. Objetivo: Análise de viabilidade da mineração de dados com base na rede digital da formação esportiva, maximizar o treinamento dos atletas. Métodos: Este trabalho utiliza a análise experimental da FFT humana, combinada com a rede de inteligência artificial da BP e tecnologia de mineração profunda de dados, para projetar um novo ambiente de treinamento esportivo. O teste controlado deste modelo foi projetado para comparar modalidades avançadas de treinamento atlético com as modalidades tradicionais, comparando o poder explosivo, resistência e condição física do atleta. Resultados: Após 30 dias de treinamento físico, a força atlética dos esportistas com aptidão física avançada aumentou 15,33%, a resistência aumentou 15,85%, e o condicionamento físico aumentou 14,23%. Conclusão: O algoritmo desenhado neste artigo tem um impacto positivo na maximização do treinamento dos atletas. Pode ter um impacto favorável nos resultados do treinamento, bem como aumentar o interesse do atleta pelo esporte. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: En el rápido desarrollo actual de la ciencia y la tecnología, la tecnología de extracción de datos de redes digitales se desarrolla tan rápido como lo permiten las fronteras en expansión de la ciencia y la tecnología, con un nivel de aplicación muy amplio que abarca la mayor parte del entorno civilizado. Sin embargo, aún queda mucho por explorar de la aplicación en el entrenamiento deportivo. Objetivo: Análisis de viabilidad de la minería de datos basada en la red digital de entrenamiento deportivo, maximizar la formación de los atletas. Métodos: Este trabajo utiliza el análisis experimental de la FFT humana, combinado con la red de inteligencia artificial BP y la tecnología de minería de datos profunda, para diseñar un nuevo entorno de entrenamiento deportivo. La prueba controlada de este modelo se diseñó para comparar las modalidades de entrenamiento atlético avanzado con las modalidades tradicionales, comparando la potencia explosiva, la resistencia y la forma física del atleta. Resultados: Después de 30 días de entrenamiento físico, la fuerza atlética de los atletas con un estado físico avanzado aumentó en un 15,33%, la resistencia aumentó en un 15,85% y el estado físico aumentó en un 14,23%. Conclusión: El algoritmo diseñado en este trabajo tiene un impacto positivo en la maximización del entrenamiento de los atletas. Puede tener un impacto favorable en los resultados del entrenamiento, así como aumentar el interés del atleta por el deporte. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Physical Fitness/physiology , Neural Networks, Computer , Athletic Performance/physiology , Athletes
17.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0171, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394839

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Muscle strength is directly related to its cross-sectional area and the volume of its fibers, but there is no absolute linear relationship between hypertrophy and improvement in athletic performance. Under this complex perspective, muscle training strategies have been implemented to promote relevant muscle strength and improve overall athletic ability. Objective: Explore the impacts of muscle strength training on young athletes based on sport kinetic principles. Methods: we adopted the method of intragroup statistical comparison with body indexes of 10 volunteers undergoing muscle training focused on the core and lower limb set. Results: Muscle strength gain was effectively verified via electromyogram, and the test of athletic skills showed an evolution in jumping, balance, and reduction of wrong passes. Conclusion: Evidence-based muscle training can increase muscle strength and promote sports skill gain in young athletes. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A força muscular está ligada diretamente à área de sua seção transversal e ao volume de suas fibras, porém não há relação linear absoluta entre hipertrofia e melhora no desempenho atlético. Sob essa complexa perspectiva, estratégias de treinamento muscular vêm sendo implementadas para promover a força muscular relevante, no intuito de promover a melhora da capacidade atlética geral. Objetivo: Explorar os impactos do treinamento de força muscular nos jovens atletas baseado nos princípios cinéticos do esporte. Métodos: adotou-se o método de comparação estatística intragrupo com índices corporais de 10 voluntários submetidos ao treinamento muscular focado no conjunto do core e membros inferiores. Resultados: O ganho de força muscular foi efetivamente constatado via eletromiograma e o teste das habilidades atléticas demonstrou uma evolução no salto, equilíbrio e redução de passes errados. Conclusão: O treinamento muscular baseado em evidências consegue aumentar a força muscular e promover o ganho de habilidade esportiva nos jovens atletas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La fuerza muscular está directamente relacionada con su área transversal y con el volumen de sus fibras, pero no existe una relación lineal absoluta entre la hipertrofia y la mejora del rendimiento deportivo. Bajo esta compleja perspectiva, se han implementado estrategias de entrenamiento muscular para promover la fuerza muscular pertinente, con el fin de promover la mejora de la capacidad atlética general. Objetivo: Explorar los impactos del entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular en jóvenes atletas basándose en los principios de la cinética deportiva. Métodos: se adoptó el método de comparación estadística intragrupo con los índices corporales de 10 voluntarios sometidos a un entrenamiento muscular centrado en todo el núcleo y las extremidades inferiores. Resultados: La ganancia de fuerza muscular se verificó eficazmente a través del electromiograma y la prueba de habilidades atléticas mostró una evolución en los saltos, el equilibrio y la reducción de los pases erróneos. Conclusión: El entrenamiento muscular basado en la evidencia puede aumentar la fuerza muscular y promover la ganancia de habilidades deportivas en los atletas jóvenes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Athletic Performance/physiology , Resistance Training/methods , Athletes , Youth Sports/physiology
18.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0166, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394840

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Physical training for the elderly is extremely popular. However, there is a lack of analysis on sports injuries in the elderly. Objective: Study the analysis of movement in sports training techniques and preventing sports injuries in the elderly. Methods: Participating in a 15-minute running and warm-up activity before using the standard FMS test kit, they followed seven test movements, each repeated three times; they did so during six weeks of training based on the recommendations for the prevention of sports injuries presented in this paper. Results: Among the 14 elderly subjects with a total FMS score <14 points, most functional motor scores were 15-16 points, of which 19 points were high, and 9 points were low. In the intervention based on the perspective of sports injuries, the FMS measurement value of the elderly was much better than before, and the evaluation of the technical analysis of movement after the correction was significantly higher than before. Conclusion: The prevention of sports injuries proposed in this paper can effectively help the elderly to prevent sports injuries. This paper considers the FMS trial design as an example for analyzing movements in sports training of the elderly and formulating standards. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O treinamento físico em idosos é extremamente popular, entretanto, carece de análise sobre as lesões esportivas em idosos. Objetivo: Estudar a análise do movimento nas técnicas de treinamento esportivo e a prevenção de lesões esportivas em idosos. Métodos: Participando de uma atividade de 15 minutos de corrida e aquecimento antes de utilizar o kit de teste padrão FMS, seguiram-se sete movimentos de teste, cada um deles repetidos 3 vezes; fizeram-no durante seis semanas de treinamento com base nas recomendações de prevenção de lesões esportivas apresentadas neste trabalho. Resultados: Entre os 14 sujeitos idosos com pontuação total de FMS <14 pontos, a maioria das pontuações motoras funcionais foram de 15-16 pontos, dos quais 19 pontos foram altos e 9 pontos foram baixos. Na intervenção baseada sob a ótica das lesões esportivas, o valor de medição FMS dos idosos foi muito melhor do que anteriormente, e a avaliação da análise técnica do movimento após a correção foi significativamente maior do que aquela antes da correção. Conclusão: A prevenção de lesões esportivas proposta neste trabalho pode efetivamente ajudar os idosos a prevenir as lesões esportivas. Este documento considera o projeto de ensaio do FMS como um exemplo para analisar os movimentos no treinamento esportivo das pessoas idosas e para formular padrões. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El entrenamiento físico en las personas mayores es muy popular, sin embargo, hay una falta de análisis sobre las lesiones deportivas en las personas mayores. Objetivo: Estudiar el análisis del movimiento en las técnicas de entrenamiento deportivo y la prevención de lesiones deportivas en las personas mayores. Métodos: Participando en una actividad de carrera y calentamiento de 15 minutos antes de utilizar el kit de prueba estándar de FMS, se siguieron siete movimientos de prueba, cada uno repetido 3 veces; lo hicieron durante seis semanas de entrenamiento basado en las recomendaciones para la prevención de lesiones deportivas presentadas en este trabajo. Resultados: Entre los 14 sujetos de edad avanzada con una puntuación total de FMS <14 puntos, la mayoría de las puntuaciones motoras funcionales eran de 15-16 puntos, de los cuales 19 puntos eran altos y 9 puntos eran bajos. En la intervención basada en la perspectiva de las lesiones deportivas, el valor de medición de la FMS de los ancianos fue mucho mejor que antes, y la evaluación del análisis técnico del movimiento después de la corrección fue significativamente mayor que antes de la corrección. Conclusión: La prevención de las lesiones deportivas propuesta en este artículo puede ayudar eficazmente a las personas mayores a prevenir las lesiones deportivas. Este documento considera el diseño de la prueba FMS como un ejemplo para analizar los movimientos en el entrenamiento deportivo de las personas mayores y para formular normas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Aged , Exercise , Exercise Test , Physical Functional Performance , Movement/physiology
19.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0197, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394845

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction The recent development of the deep learning algorithm as a new multilayer network machine learning algorithm has reduced the problem of traditional training algorithms easily falling into minimal places, becoming a recent direction in the learning field. Objective Design and validate an artificial intelligence model for deep learning of the resulting impacts of weekly load training on students' biological system. Methods According to the physiological and biochemical indices of athletes in the training process, this paper analyzes the actual data of athletes' training load in the annual preparation period. The characteristics of athletes' training load in the preparation period were discussed. The value, significance, composition factors, arrangement principle and method of calculation, and determination of weekly load density using the deep learning algorithm are discussed. Results The results showed that the daily 24-hour random sampling load was moderate intensity, low and high-intensity training, and enhanced the physical-motor system and neural reactivity. Conclusion The research shows that there can be two activities of "teaching" and "training" in physical education and sports training. The sports biology monitoring research proves to be a growth point of sports training research with great potential for expansion for future research. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução O recente desenvolvimento do algoritmo de aprendizado profundo como um novo algoritmo de aprendizado de máquina de rede multicamadas reduziu o problema dos algoritmos de treinamento tradicionais, que facilmente caiam em locais mínimos, tornando-se uma direção recente no campo do aprendizado. Objetivo Desenvolver e validar um modelo de inteligência artificial para aprendizado profundo dos impactos resultantes dos treinos semanais de carga sobre o sistema biológico dos estudantes. Métodos De acordo com os índices fisiológicos e bioquímicos dos atletas no processo de treinamento, este artigo analisa os dados reais da carga de treinamento dos atletas no período anual de preparação. As características da carga de treinamento dos atletas no período de preparação foram discutidas. O valor, significância, fatores de composição, princípio de arranjo e método de cálculo e determinação da densidade de carga semanal usando o algoritmo de aprendizado profundo são discutidos. Resultados Os resultados mostraram que a carga diária de 24 horas de amostragem aleatória foi de intensidade moderada, treinamento de baixa densidade e alta intensidade, e o sistema físico-motor e a reatividade neural foram aprimorados. Conclusão A pesquisa mostra que pode haver duas atividades de "ensino" e "treinamento" na área de educação física e no treinamento esportivo. A pesquisa de monitoramento da biologia esportiva revela-se um ponto de crescimento da pesquisa de treinamento esportivo com grande potencial de expansão para pesquisas futuras. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El reciente desarrollo del algoritmo de aprendizaje profundo como un nuevo algoritmo de aprendizaje automático de red multicapa ha reducido el problema de los algoritmos de entrenamiento tradicionales, que caen fácilmente en lugares mínimos, convirtiéndose en una dirección reciente en el campo del aprendizaje. Objetivo Desarrollar y validar un modelo de inteligencia artificial para el aprendizaje profundo de los impactos resultantes del entrenamiento de la carga semanal en el sistema biológico de los estudiantes. Métodos De acuerdo con los índices fisiológicos y bioquímicos de los atletas en el proceso de entrenamiento, este artículo analiza los datos reales de la carga de entrenamiento de los atletas en el período de preparación anual. Se analizaron las características de la carga de entrenamiento de los atletas en el periodo de preparación. Se analizan el valor, el significado, los factores de composición, el principio de disposición y el método de cálculo y determinación de la densidad de carga semanal mediante el algoritmo de aprendizaje profundo. Resultados Los resultados mostraron que la carga diaria de 24 horas de muestreo aleatorio era de intensidad moderada, de baja densidad y de alta intensidad de entrenamiento, y que el sistema físico-motor y la reactividad neural mejoraban. Conclusión La investigación muestra que puede haber dos actividades de "enseñanza" y "formación" en la educación física y el entrenamiento deportivo. La investigación sobre el seguimiento de la biología del deporte demuestra ser un punto de crecimiento de la investigación sobre el entrenamiento deportivo con un gran potencial de expansión para futuras investigaciones. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Computational Biology/methods , Athletic Performance/physiology , Deep Learning , Physical Education and Training/methods
20.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0184, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394858

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Although the overall physical health of university students has positive rates in recent years, indicators such as body composition, vital capacity, and flexibility have declined, following the indicators of speed and strength. Several studies corroborate the beneficial impacts of strength training, accelerating the metabolism of university students, reducing injuries and joint pain, and increasing flexibility, bone density, and self-image of obese students. In light of this situation, the government, through schools and related departments, encourage effective measures to control the current situation under a new context. Objective Study the impacts of strength training on the physical fitness of college students. Methods 70 male college students in a physical education institute were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, with 35 people in each group. Systematically protocoled and scientifically validated physical exercises were performed for eight weeks. After the implementation of physical exercise, physical quality indicators were evaluated. Results Functional physical training raised the scores of several sports of male college students. There was also an effective reduction in blood pressure in obese youth, improvement in vascular elasticity index, vital capacity, cardiovascular system function, exercise capacity, and strengthening physique. The results of the seven FMS tests were significantly improved. Physical function training can significantly improve and strengthen students' core, hip, shoulder, knee, and ankle stability and flexibility. Conclusion Strength training has been shown to improve college students' physical health indices. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução Embora a saúde física geral dos estudantes universitários tenha índices positivos nos últimos anos, indicadores como a composição corporal, a capacidade vital e a flexibilidade tiveram um declínio, acompanhando os indicadores de velocidade e força. Vários estudos corroboram sobre os impactos benéficos do treinamento de força, acelerando o metabolismo dos estudantes universitários, reduzindo lesões e dores articulares, aumentando a flexibilidade, densidade óssea e a autoimagem dos estudantes obesos. Diante dessa situação, o governo, por intermédio das escolas e departamentos correlacionados incentiva medidas eficazes para controlar a situação atual sob um novo contexto. Objetivo Estudar os impactos do treino de força sobre a aptidão física dos estudantes universitários. Métodos 70 estudantes universitários do sexo masculino em um instituto de educação física foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo experimental e grupo controle, com 35 pessoas em cada grupo. Exercícios físicos sistematicamente protocolados e cientificamente validados foram executados por oito semanas. Após a implementação do exercício físico, avaliou-se os indicadores de qualidade física. Resultados O treinamento físico funcional elevou as pontuações de vários esportes de estudantes universitários do sexo masculino. Também houve redução efetiva na pressão arterial de jovens obesos, melhora do índice de elasticidade vascular, capacidade vital, função do sistema cardiovascular, capacidade de exercício e alcançar o propósito de fortalecer o físico. Os resultados dos sete testes de FMS foram significativamente aprimorados. O treinamento em funções físicas pode melhorar e fortalecer significativamente a estabilidade do core dos alunos, estabilidade e flexibilidade do quadril, ombro, joelho e tornozelo. Conclusão O treinamento de força demonstrou-se eficaz em melhorar os índices de saúde física nos estudantes universitários. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Aunque la salud física general de los estudiantes universitarios presente índices positivos en los últimos años, indicadores como la composición corporal, la capacidad vital y la flexibilidad tuvieron un descenso, acompañando a los indicadores de velocidad y fuerza. Varios estudios corroboran los efectos beneficiosos del entrenamiento de fuerza, acelerando el metabolismo de los estudiantes universitarios, reduciendo las lesiones y el dolor articular, aumentando la flexibilidad, la densidad ósea y la autoimagen de los estudiantes obesos. Ante esta situación, el gobierno, a través de las escuelas y los departamentos relacionados, impulsa medidas eficaces para controlar la situación actual en un nuevo contexto. Objetivo Estudiar el impacto del entrenamiento de fuerza en la condición física de los estudiantes universitarios. Métodos 70 estudiantes universitarios varones de un instituto de educación física fueron divididos aleatoriamente en grupo experimental y grupo de control, con 35 personas en cada grupo. Se realizaron ejercicios físicos sistemáticamente protocolizados y científicamente validados durante ocho semanas. Tras la realización del ejercicio físico, se evaluaron los indicadores de calidad física. Resultados El entrenamiento físico funcional aumentó las puntuaciones de varios deportes de los estudiantes universitarios masculinos. También hubo una reducción efectiva de la presión arterial de los jóvenes obesos, la mejora del índice de elasticidad vascular, la capacidad vital, la función del sistema cardiovascular, la capacidad de ejercicio y lograr el propósito de fortalecer el físico. Los resultados de las siete pruebas FMS mejoraron significativamente. El entrenamiento de la función física puede mejorar y fortalecer significativamente la estabilidad del core, la cadera, el hombro, la rodilla y el tobillo de los estudiantes y la flexibilidad. Conclusión El entrenamiento de fuerza ha demostrado ser eficaz para mejorar los índices de salud física de los estudiantes universitarios. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Students , Exercise , Physical Fitness/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Universities , Case-Control Studies
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