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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920375

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics, trend and influencing factors of occupational pneumoconiosis in Guizhou, and to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of occupational pneumoconiosis. Methods A total of 1 974 mining patients in Guizhou province were selected from 2019-2020 by stratified sampling survey method. According to whether they were accompanied by occupational pneumoconiosis, they were divided into control group (n=1218) and experimental group (n=756) to analyze the morbidity characteristics, changing trend and influencing factors of occupational pneumoconiosis. Results From 2019 to 2020, 756 (38.30%) of the 1974 mining people in Guizhou suffered from occupational pneumoconiosis, including 602 (79.63%) in stage I, 86 (11.38%) in Stage II, and 68 (8.99%) in stage III. The average age was (57.36±6.89) years, and the average length of service was (15.56±4.47) years. The onset age was mainly from 50 to 69 years, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=8.214,P2=25.429,P2=8.797,P2=27.212,P<0.05). There were significant differences in age, sex, smoking ratio, length of exposure to dust and complications between the two groups (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age, length of dust exposure and complications were independent risk factors for occupational pneumoconiosis (P<0.05). Conclusion The occupational pneumoconiosis in Guizhou area is mainly male, the high incidence age is 50-69 years old, the development is stable, while the incidence of silicosis is increasing in recent years, among which the dust exposure age, age and complications are the high risk factors of occupational pneumoconiosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935815

ABSTRACT

Occupational pneumoconiosis is one of the main occupational diseases in China. Progressive massive fibrosis in pneumoconiosis should be distinguished from lung cancer for their similar imaging features which is often identified by (18)F-FDG PET-CT in clinic. Here we reported two cases of pneumoconiosis. Both of them were suspected of carrying malignant tumors by preoperative PET-CT exam, however, nodules in these two patients were all proved to be benign by intraoperative pathology which suggested that there is false-positive possibility in the distinguishment of pneumoconiosis nodules by (18)F-FDG PET-CT.


Subject(s)
Fibrosis , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Pneumoconiosis/pathology , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province, and provide reference for the prevention and control of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry. Methods: The data of 7019 newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis patients in non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province from January 1956 to December 2019 were collected through the Jiangsu Province Pneumoconiosis Follow-up Network Report System, including the gender of the pneumoconiosis patients, the name of the employer and the location, the industry classification of the employer, the duration of dust exposure in dust exposure, the name of occupational pneumoconiosis disease, the date of diagnosis of pneumoconiosis, etc. The collected case data of patients with pneumoconiosis were entered into the statistical software, and the characteristics of the patients' diagnosis time, region and industry were analyzed. Results: The number of confirmed pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province was mostly in 2007 (395 cases) , concentrated in Wuxi City (40.96%, 2875/7019) and Suzhou City (27.72%, 1946/7019) . The industries to which the patients belonged were mainly non-metallic mining and dressing (60.95%, 4278/7019) , and the most common type of pneumoconiosis was silicosis (96.40%, 6766/7019) . The patients were mainly stageⅠpneumoconiosis (61.33%, 4305/7019) . There were statistically significant differences in the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure among patients with different pneumoconiosis stages (P<0.01) . The differences in the average diagnosis age and the average duration of dust exposure of patients with different types of pneumoconiosis were statistically significant (P<0.05) , the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure of electric welders were the smallest, which were (44.92±7.74) years old and (17.38±10.15) years, respectively. Conclusion: The regional and industry distribution characteristics of new pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province are obvious, and attention should be paid to the treatment of pneumoconiosis patients with young diagnosed age and short duration of dust exposure, as well as the personal protection and health protection of front-line workers such as electric welders who are exposed to productive dust in a short period of time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Coal Mining , Dust , Humans , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis/epidemiology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935809

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence of pneumoconiosis in Ningbo city from 1967 to 2019, and to analyze the distribution characteristics and change trend of pneumoconiosis. Methods: In February 2021, the data of pneumoconiosis patients in Ningbo city from 1967 to 2019 were sorted out. The data from 1967 to 1987 were from historical case files of Zhejiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the data from 1988 to 2005 were from the historical case files of Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the data from 2006 to 2019 were from the pneumoconiosis report card in China Disease Prevention and Control Information System; Followed up and supplement relevant information, including basic information, basic information of employers and information related to pneumoconiosis diagnosis, and comprehensively analyze the composition and development trend, population characteristics and industry characteristics of pneumoconiosis. Results: From 1967 to 2019, a total of 1715 cases of pneumoconiosis were reported in Ningbo City, including 1254 cases of stageⅠpneumoconiosis, 258 cases of stageⅡpneumoconiosis, 172 cases of stage Ⅲpneumoconiosis. 1202 cases of silicosis (70.09%) , 296 cases of asbestosis (17.26%) , 40 cases of welder's pneumoconiosis (2.33%) , 32 cases of graphite pneumoconiosis (1.87%) were reported. There were 1296 male cases (75.57%) and 419 female cases (24.43%) were reported. Silicosis (91.15%, 1102/1209) and welder's pneumoconiosis (100.00%, 40/40) were the most common pneumoconiosis in males, while asbestosis (90.24%, 268/297) and graphite pneumoconiosis (87.50%, 28/32) were the most common pneumoconiosis in females. The average age was (49.71±10.90) years old and the average length of service was (10.98±6.96) years. The top three reported pneumoconiosis cases were construction industry (336 cases, 19.59%) , ferrous metal smelting and rolling industry (317 cases, 18.48%) and non-metallic mineral products industry (315 cases, 18.37%) . The top three reported pneumoconiosis cases were 414 cases (24.14%) in Ninghai County, 294 cases (17.14%) in Yuyao City and 272 cases (15.86%) in Yinzhou District. Conclusion: With the development of industries in Ningbo City, government departments should strengthen supervision and management of enterprises involving silica dust and welding fume to curb the high incidence of pneumoconiosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asbestosis , China/epidemiology , Female , Graphite , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Silicosis/epidemiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the survival status and its influencing factors of occupational pneumoconiosis patients in Shizuishan City, and to analyze the disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis and its trend, so as to provide scientific basis for formulating comprehensive prevention and treatment measures of occupational pneumoconiosis. Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted during July to December 2020 to explore the survival status of occupational pneumoconiosis patients who had been reported from 1963 to 2020 in Shizuishan City. The Kaplan-Meier method and Life-table method were used for survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of survival time. The disability adjusted life years (DALY) was applied to analyze the disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis and its temporal trend. Results: From 1963 to 2020, a total of 3263 cases of occupational pneumoconiosis were reported in Shizuishan City, of which 1467 died, so that the fatality rate was 44.96%. The median survival time was 26.71 years, average age of death was (70.55±10.92) years old. There were significant differences in the survival rates of occupational pneumoconiosis patients among different types, diagnosis age, exposure time, industry, initial diagnosis stage and whether upgraded (P<0.05) . As the survival time increased, the survival rate of patients decreased gradually. When the survival time was ≥50 years, the cumulative survival rate of patients was 4.20%. Cox regression analysis suggested that the type of pneumoconiosis, industry, diagnosis age, exposure time, initial diagnosis stage and whether upgraded were the influencing factors for the survival time of patients with occupational pneumoconiosis (P<0.05) . The total DALY attributable to occupational pneumoconiosis from 1963 to 2020 in Shizuishan City was 48026.65 person years, of which the years of life lost (YLL) was 15155.39 person years, and the average YLL was 10.33 years/person, and the years lost due to disability (YLD) was 32871.26 person years, and the average YLD was 10.07 years/person. The DALY attributed to coal worker's pneumoconiosis and silicosis were 39408.51 person years and 6565.02 person years, respectively, and they accounted for 82.06% and 13.67% of the total disease burden in Shizuishan City, respectively. The DALY caused by occupational pneumoconiosis in the age group of 40-49 years old and the first diagnosis of stage I occupational pneumoconiosis were higher, which were 20899.71 and 36231.97 person years, respectively. The average YLL and average YLD showed a volatility downtrend over time. Conclusion: The disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis cannot be ignored in Shizuishan City, and timely targeted measures should be taken for key populations and key industries. It is recommended that life-cycle health management and hierarchical medical should be taken to improve the life quality of patients and prolong their lifes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anthracosis , China/epidemiology , Coal Mining , Cost of Illness , Humans , Middle Aged , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935775

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pneumoconiosis in Qinghai Province from 2011 to 2020, and to provide a basis for the formulation of prevention and control strategy. Methods: In April 2021 , the cases of pneumoconiosis were monitored by the Occupational Disease and Health Hazard Factors Monitoring Information System in Qinghai Province from 2011 to 2020. The distribution of pneumoconiosis, the composition of diseases and the working years exposed to dust were analyzed. Results: All 1026 cases of pneumoconiosis were newly diagnosed in Qinghai Province from 2011 to 2020, silicosis and coal worker pneumoconiosis were the main diseases (78.36% ,804/1026). Stage Ⅰ pneumoconiosis were 484 (47.17%,484/1026) cases. 359 (34.99%,359/1026) cases, 315 (30.70%,315/1026) cases and 252 (24.56%, 252/1026) cases had been diagnosed respectively in Xining City, Haidong City and Haixi Prefecture; 628 (61.21%,628/1026) cases and 418 (40.74%, 418/1026) cases engaged in mining industry and large-sized enterprise, respectively. The working years exposed to dust in silicosis cases were shorter than that in coal worker pneumoconiosis and other pneumoconiosis (P <0.05). Conclusion: The pneumoconiosis area and industry focus in Qinghai Province is obvious. The supervision and adninistration of small and micro scale employers should be strengthened to protect the health rights and interests of workers, especially for the key area and industry.


Subject(s)
Anthracosis/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Coal Mining , Dust , Health Services Accessibility , Human Rights , Humans , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis/epidemiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the pattern and characteristics of occupational diseases in Weihai City from 2009 to 2020, and to provide scientific basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention. Methods: In February 2021, retrospective analysis was performed on the cases of occupational diseases diagnosed from 2009 to 2020 in Weihai City. The relevant information and data were collected to analyze the types of occupational diseases, onset age, working age, diagnosis time, industry distribution, economic type and enterprise size distribution. Results: From 2009 to 2020, a total of 453 cases of new occupational diseases were reported in Weihai City. There were 431 males (95.14%) and 22 females (4.86%) . The average onset age was (49.16±8.51) years, and the average working age was (17.89±9.30) years. The incidence of pneumoconiosis and other respiratory diseases (322 cases, 71.08%) , occupational otolaryngology and oral diseases (71 cases, 15.67%) and occupational chemical poisoning (36 cases, 7.95%) were the top 3 cases, of which 313 cases were pneumoconiosis and 69 cases were noise deafness. The cases were mainly concentrated in the 40-59 years age group (357 cases, 78.81%) and the 10-19 years working age group (175 cases, 38.63%) . There were significant differences in the incidence of occupational diseases in different ages and different working ages (χ(2)=97.64, 80.74, P<0.001) . The new cases were mainly in mining industry (134 cases, 29.58%) , shipbuilding or maintenance industry (97 cases, 21.41%) , and private enterprises (350 cases, 77.26%) . Conclusion: Pneumoconiosis and noise deafness are the main emerging occupational diseases in Weihai City. Occupational disease prevention and control in private enterprises such as mining and shipbuilding or maintenance industry should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Industry , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935754

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect of gene expression and genotype of the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) from coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) , It is explored whether CWP is related to ATM gene. Methods: In October 2020, the relevant information of 264 subjects who received physical examination or medical treatment in the Department of occupational diseases of Guiyang public health treatment center from January 2019 to September 2020 was collected. Through the occupational health examination, 67 healthy people with no history of exposure to occupational hazards were selected as the healthy control group; The coal miners with more than 10 years of coal dust exposure history and small shadow in the lung but not up to the diagnostic criteria were the dust exposure control group, a total of 66 people; The patients with the same history of coal dust exposure and confirmed stage I were coal worker's pneumoconiosis stage I group, a total of 131 people. The expression of ATM was detected by QRT PCR. ATM rs189037 and rs1801516 were genotyped by massarray. Results: There was significant difference in the expression of ATM among the groups (P<0.05) ; Compared with the healthy control group, the expression of ATM in the dust exposed control group was significantly increased (P<0.05) . With the occurrence and development of CWP, the GG of rs189037 wild type decreased, the GA of mutant heterozygote and AA of homozygote increased, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05) ; Rs1801516 wild type GG and mutant heterozygote GA had no significant changes (P>0.05) . There were significant differences in age, neutrophils and basophils among rs189037 groups (all P<0.05) . There were no significant differences in blood pressure, eosinophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, smoking and drinking history among rs189037 groups (all P>0.05) . Compared with wild-type GG, the or of mutant heterozygotes and homozygotes increased, but the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05) . Conclusion: ATM gene may be one of the early activation genes of CWP and rs189037 may be the functional loci which affects gene expression. ATM gene is related to inflammatory response, Neutrophils and basophils have an impact on the development of CWP.


Subject(s)
Anthracosis/genetics , Ataxia Telangiectasia , Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins/genetics , China , Coal , Coal Mining , Humans , Miners , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935745

ABSTRACT

Objective: In order to find out the prevalence and death of pneumoconiosis in Qingyuan City, to explore the regularity of pneumoconiosis and lay a foundation for the prevention and management of pneumoconiosis. Methods: In August to December 2019, the basic data of pneumoconiosis from 1949 to 2018 were obtained through the monitoring of death causes of residents, occupational disease management system, Guangdong population information system and other means. The reported cases of pneumoconiosis were followed up, and retrospective investigation was conducted to analyze the basic conditions, the length of service exposed to dust, the time of diagnosis, the type of disease, the stage and the combined status of tuberculosis of pneumoconiosis cases. Results: From 1949 to 2018, a total of 466 cases of new pneumoconiosis were reported in Qingyuan City, including 325 cases of death (69.74%) , 114 cases of survival (24.46%) and 27 cases of loss of follow-up (5.80%) . The cases were mainly concentrated in the age group of 40-89 years (80.04%, 373/466) . There were 411 male cases (88.20%) and 7 female cases (1.50%) . The median length of service exposed to dust was 10.7 (6.0, 16.0) years. The diagnosis time of pneumoconiosis cases was mainly from 1949 to 1986 (68.67%, 320/466) , and the death cases were mainly from 1949 to 1986 (82.77%, 269/325) . Silicosis was the main type of pneumoconiosis (398 cases, 85.41%) . 200 cases (42.92%) were diagnosed as stage I pneumoconiosis, 185 cases (39.69%) were stage II pneumoconiosis, 81 cases (17.38%) were stage III pneumoconiosis at the first diagnosis. 102 cases (21.89%) were pneumoconiosis with tuberculosis. The proportion of death and lost follow-up cases diagnosed as stage I pneumoconiosis for the first time was significantly lower than that of survival cases, and the proportion diagnosed as stage II pneumoconiosis and the complication rate of tuberculosis were significantly higher than those of survival cases (χ(2)=15.48, 11.29, 32.73, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Pneumoconiosis in Qingyuan City is mainly silicosis. The number of new cases has been increasing in the past decade, and the prevention and control situation is still severe. The comprehensive prevention and treatment of silica dust should be included in the focus of supervision of government functional departments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Dust , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Silicosis/epidemiology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the security situation of patients with occupational pneumoconiosis in Gansu Province to lay the foundation for strengthening the security measures for patients with pneumoconiosis. Methods: In August 2020, a follow-up survey was conducted on the current patients with occupational pneumoconiosis diagnosed and surviving in Gansu Province from 1949 to 2019, to obtain the information of industrial injury insurance, employer compensation, medical insurance, subsistence allowance and so on, and analyze their distribution characteristics. The proportion of patients enjoying various security, medical insurance reimbursement and subsistence allowances was tested by chi square. Results: Among the current patients with occupational pneumoconiosis in Gansu Province, 72.0% (5335/7410) enjoyed the benefits of work-related injury insurance, 8.2% (609/7410) enjoyed the compensation paid by the employer, 91.5% (6780/7410) had medical insurance, and 2.8% (204/7410) had no guarantee. Among the patients with occupational pneumoconiosis, 374 enjoyed the minimum living allowance, accounting for 5.05% (374/7410) ; the first diagnosis period with a high proportion of minimum living allowance was phase Ⅲ, accounting for 15.14% (43/284) . Conclusion: The proportion of medical insurance outpatient and inpatient reimbursement of occupational pneumoconiosis patients in Gansu Province is still at a low level. It is suggested that relevant departments should introduce relevant security policies for workers without fixed employers to reduce the economic burden of patients.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Humans , Pleasure , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923341

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of occupational diseases in Dandong from 2015 to 2019, discuss the characteristics and rules of occupational diseases, and provide theoretical basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention measures. Methods The occupational disease report data of Dandong from 2015 to 2019 were collected and analyzed by using Excel and SPSS statistical software. Results From 2015 to 2019, a total of 112 new cases of occupational diseases were reported in Dandong, including 108 cases of occupational pneumoconiosis, accounting for 96.43%. Four patients with other occupational diseases, accounting for 3.57% . Among the newly reported cases of occupational diseases, 111 cases were male, accounting for 99.10%, and one case was female, accounting for 0.89%. There were statistically significant differences in the reported conditions of different types of occupational diseases according to gender (P 0.05). The length of contact at the onset of the disease was mainly concentrated in 11-20 years, and there was no statistical significance in the comparison of the length of contact at the onset of different types of occupational diseases (P > 0.05). In terms of industry distribution, the mining industry reported the most cases (87 cases, accounting for 77.68%). The private enterprises were more concentrated, accounting for 68 cases, 60.71%. Small and medium-sized enterprises reported the most new cases of occupational diseases, with 107 cases, accounting for 95.54%. There was statistical significance in the new cases of occupational diseases with different industry distribution (P 0.05). Conclusions Occupational pneumoconiosis accounted for the majority of new cases of occupational diseases in Dandong city from 2015 to 2019, indicating that occupational pneumoconiosis is still the focus of occupational disease prevention and control in Dandong City. In the future occupational disease prevention work, we should actively standardize the implementation of the “Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases”, do a good job in the supervision and management of key groups and positions, and effectively protect the health of workers.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-952975

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the distribution and keywords of Chinese and English literature on pneumoconiosis and smoking, and to explore its characteristics and evolutionary laws. Methods: In November 2020, using PubMed, Web of Science, SinoMed, and CNKI as search databases, literature search was performed using Chinese and English search terms related to pneumoconiosis and smoking. The document management software Note Express 3.5.0 and the bibliometric analysis software VOS viewer 1.6.10 were used to analyze the publication year, number of publications, countries, research institutions and keywords. Results: In the English literature, there were 938 articles about pneumoconiosis and smoking related research, and the literature was first published in 1962. Among them, the United States published the largest number of articles (450 articles), and China published 29 articles, ranking fourth. There were a total of 601 research articles on pneumoconiosis and smoking in Chinese literature. The literature was first published in 1976. The institution that published the most articles was China Medical University (23 articles), followed by Lanzhou University (15 articles). Keyword co-occurrence analysis showed that domestic and foreign literatures were the main research hotspots on occupational exposure, carcinogenicity, risk factors, lung function, and DNA damage of pneumoconiosis and smoking. Conclusion: The research on pneumoconiosis and smoking focuses on carcinogenicity, risk factors, lung function, DNA damage mechanism, etc., providing research hotspots for the prevention and clinical treatment of related diseases.


Subject(s)
United States , Humans , Bibliometrics , Publications , PubMed , Databases, Factual , Smoking/epidemiology , China
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-952962

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the level and trend of occupational pneumoconiosis disease burden in Tianjin from 2010 to 2019, and to provide scientific basis for making prevention and control countermeasures and suggestions. Methods: In June 2021, the data of occupational pneumoconiosis cases in Tianjin from 2010 to 2019 were selected from Follow-up survey of occupational pneumoconiosis patients in Tianjin and occupational "Health Hazardous Surveillance Information System", the subsystem of China Disease Control and Prevention Information System. Disability-adjusted life year (DALY) , years of life lost (YLL) and years lost due to disability (YLD) were used to comprehensively measure the disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis by region, year, disease type, industry, sex and age; Kruskal-wallis H test was used for univariate analysis of DALY loss in pneumdo-niosis occupational. Results: A total of 43089 person-years of DALY due to pneumoconiosis in Tianjin from 2010 to 2019, of which the YLD accounted for about 2/3 (28277 person-years) , the YLL accounted for about 1/3 (14812 person-years) , and the average DALY was 7.34 person-years. The industrial distribution of pneumoconiosis burden in Tianjin was mainly concentrated in the manufacturing industry accounting for 90.6% of the whole industry. The disease types were mainly concentrated in silicosis, foundry pneumoconiosis, asbestosis and cement pneumoconiosis accounting for 34.4%, 16.9%, 13.3% and 10.5%, and the age distribution was mainly concentrated in the 50~<85 years old age group, accouling for 83.6%. The median DALY of occupational pneumoconiosis patients with different pneumoconiosis stages, disability grades and years of service exposed to dust were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis in Tianjin was still serious. It is necessary to take targeted intervention measures for key industries and population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Disability-Adjusted Life Years , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Silicosis/epidemiology , Cost of Illness , China/epidemiology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-952956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the change trend of underground dust concentration, the incidence and survival status of pneumoconiosis patients, and provide reference for improving the working environment of dust-exposed workers and the prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis patients in the future. Methods: In February 2020, a retrospective investigation was conducted on the dust data of underground mining operations in a steel enterprise in Jiangsu Province from 1991 to 2019, and the case data of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis from 1956 to 2019 were collected. The time trends of the number of pneumoconiosis patients and dust concentration, the stage of pneumoconiosis and survival status of patients were analyzed. Results: From 1956 to 2019, a total of 241 patients with pneumoconiosis were diagnosed in the steel enterprise. From 1991 to 2019, the annual average dust concentration in the mine showed a downward trend as a whole. Compared with the transportation platform (14.28%, 1447/10132) , the average dust concentration exceeding rate of the mining platform (43.68%, 8415/19263) was significantly higher (χ(2)=2674.84, P<0.01) . The average age of pneumoconiosis patients was (73.54±10.42) years old, and the average working age of dust exposure was (21.41±8.68) years, of which 85 cases (35.27%) survived and 156 cases (64.73%) died. The main type of pneumoconiosis was silicosis (90.46%, 218/241) , and the main stage of pneumoconiosis was the stage I (96.68%, 233/241) ; The higher the stage of pneumoconiosis, the younger the diagnosis age (P<0.01) . The average survival time of patients was (27.264±1.982) years, and the median survival time was 28 years. The cumulative survival rates of patients with pneumoconiosis in different diagnosis time periods were significantly different (χ(2)=35.57, P<0.01) . Conclusion: The improved dust-proof measures have a significant effect on reducing the concentration of underground dust. We need to focus on the dust control of underground mining platforms and the treatment of patients with stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Incidence , Coal Mining , Steel , Retrospective Studies , Pneumoconiosis/diagnosis , Dust , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects
15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 736-744, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950017

ABSTRACT

Effective therapy options for pneumoconiosis are lacking. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) presents a favorable prospect in the treatment of pneumoconiosis. A pilot study on TCM syndrome differentiation can evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of TCM and lay a foundation for further clinical research. A double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial was conducted for 24 weeks, in which 96 patients with pneumoconiosis were randomly divided into the control and treatment groups. Symptomatic treatment was conducted for the two groups. The treatment group was treated with TCM syndrome differentiation, and the control group was treated with placebo. The primary outcomes were the six-minute walking distance (6MWD) and the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score. The secondary outcomes were the modified British Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (mMRC), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Assessment Test (CAT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and pulmonary function. Only 83 patients from the 96 patients with pneumoconiosis finished the study. For the primary outcome, compared with the control groups, the treatment group showed a significantly increased 6MWD (407.90 m vs. 499.51 m; 95% confidence interval (CI) 47.25 to 135.97; P < 0.001) and improved SGRQ total score (44.48 vs. 25.67; 95% CI -27.87 to -9.74; P < 0.001). The treatment group also significantly improved compared with the control group on mMRC score (1.4 vs. 0.74; 95% CI -1.08 to -0.23; P =0.003), CAT score (18.40 vs. 14.65; 95% CI -7.07 to -0.43; P =0.027), and the total symptom score (7.90 vs. 5.14; 95% CI -4.40 to -1.12; P < 0.001). No serious adverse events occurred. This study showed that TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment had a favorable impact on the exercise endurance and quality of life of patients with pneumoconiosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Quality of Life , Pilot Projects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Pneumoconiosis/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Syndrome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-944067

ABSTRACT

@#To explore the effect of β-nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) on respiratory muscle function and its mitochondrial related mechanism, the rat model of chronic pneumoconiosis was established by intratracheal injection of quartz dust.Three months after the model was established, the treatment group was given NMN 300 and 150 mg/kg by gavage.All indexes were detected 4 weeks after administration.The results showed that the pneumoconiosis model rats had obvious respiratory abnormalities and ventilation disorders, including the respiratory rate increase, the respiratory amplitude decrease (P < 0.01), the significantly decreased blood pH value, PaO2 and SaO2, and significantly increased PaCO2 (P < 0.01).NMN could significantly improve the respiratory function and increase the blood oxygen saturation of the model rats.It could significantly enhance the contractile function and ATP content of diaphragm and improve muscle fatigue (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).In model rats,the mitochondrial membrane potential of diaphragm and activity of SDH decreased significantly (P < 0.01), while the activity of SOD decreased and the level of MDA increased (P < 0.05), however, NMN could significantly improve oxidative stress and mitochondrial function of diaphragm.NMN could significantly up-regulate the mRNA levels of mitochondrial biogenesis related genes such as Sirt1, Pgc-1α, Nrf1 and Tfam in the diaphragm. In conclusion, this experiment showed that NMN intragastric administration can regulate the function of diaphragm mitochondria in pneumoconiosis model rats, improve diaphragm energy metabolism, enhance diaphragm contraction function, and then improve the state of respiration and ventilation, which may be mediated by promoting the biogenesis of diaphragm mitochondria.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 228-233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943379

ABSTRACT

@#Coal workers' pneumoconiosis(CWP)is one of the most common occupational diseases. The pathogenesis of CWP remains unclear and effective therapeutic drug is not exist. Therefore,looking for CWP-related biomarkers have become a focus of research. In recent years,intensive studies have been carried out on the pathogenesis of CWP,such as inflammatory response,alveolar epithelial cell injury,extracellular matrix remodeling,epigenetics,oxidative stress and immune dysfunction. It has been found that some biomarkers were related to CWP,such as high mobility group protein 1,nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family protein 3,surfactant protein,mucoprotein 5B,osteopontin,aminin,DNA methylation,microRNA,long noncoding RNA,cytochrome b-245-alpha polypeptide and cluster of differentiation,and others. These biomarkers are helpful for early screening,monitoring efficacy and pathogenesis research of CWP. However,it is necessary to further explore biomarkers with high sensitivity and specificity and conduct prospective clinical value evaluation to better guide the prevention and treatment of CWP .

18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 206-210, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943374

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the application value of chest dual-energy subtraction (DES) technology in the diagnosis of occupational pneumoconiosis. Methods A total of 86 patients with suspected pneumoconiosis and 21 dust-exposure workers were selected as the research subjects using random sampling method. The posterior and anterior chest radiographs were taken by digital radiography (DR) and DES technology, and the difference of chest radiographs of DR, DES and combined groups were compared. Results The positive rate of superior chest radiographs in DR group was higher than that in DES group (72.9% vs 56.1%, P<0.05). The determination of shadow shape and size, total density and stage of pneumoconiosis on chest radiographs in DES group and combined group were consistent with those in DR group (all Kappa values >0.75, all P<0.01). However, the judgment of small shadow intensity, small shadow aggregation and large shadow distribution in the two groups were not superior to those in the DR group (Kappa value was 0.67, 0.74, both P<0.01). There was no significant difference between DES group and DR group in the determination of small shadow intensity, small shadow aggregation and large shadow distribution (P>0.05). However, there were statistically significant difference in this index between the combined group and DES group and DR group (all P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in shadow shape and size, total density and stage of pneumoconiosis in chest radiographs among these three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion There was no difference between DES alone and DES combined with DR for the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis in terms of shadow shape and size, total density and stage of pneumoconiosis when compared with the gold standard DR. The value of DES in the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis needs further study.

19.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1236-1239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906798

ABSTRACT

@#Pneumoconiosis is a serious occupational disease in China. Early imaging examination is one of the important measures for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of pneumoconiosis. Digital radiography (DR) and computed tomography (CT) play an important role in the screening and diagnosis of pneumoconiosis, as well as the recent rise of artificial intelligence (AI) technology. This paper reviews the latest progress in technical parameter debugging and quality control of DR, optimization of AI computer-aided system and CT-aided diagnosis of pneumoconiosis, summarizes the advantages and problems in the application of the three technologies, providing research directions for imaging diagnosis of pneumoconiosis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906640

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occupational health status of dust exposed workers in Binhai New Area of Tianjin, and to provide a scientific basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention strategies. Methods On-duty physical examination data of dust exposed workers in Binhai New Area in 2019 were collected, and data processing and statistical analysis were conducted by Excel 2016 and SPSS22.0. Results A total of 20 898 dust exposed workers were included in the physical examination in 2019. Among them, 158 were abandoned in the examination of posterior-anterior high kV chest X-ray or digital radiography (DR) chest X-ray, 14 were abandoned in the examination of lung function, and a total of 20 726 were included in the final examination. Thirty-seven cases (0.18%) were found to be suspected of pneumoconiosis, 51 cases (0.25%) were found to be contraband, and 15 cases (0.072%) were found to be pneumoconiosis. The detection rate of abnormal chest radiograph was 4.73%, and the detection rate of abnormal lung function was 6.99%. Conclusion The detection rates of abnormal chest X-ray and pulmonary function of dust exposed workers in this area are rising with the increase of exposure time. Attention should be paid to the prevention of occupational pneumoconiosis by promoting the publicity and education of dust workers in large enterprises, strengthening the management of occupational health in collective enterprises, especially for older workers with long working years.

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