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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(1): 147-150, feb. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365140

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de endometriosis torácica (TES) es un trastorno poco común caracterizado por la presencia de tejido endometrial ectópico en la cavidad torácica. La manifestación clínica típica es un neumotórax espontáneo, que generalmente se presenta con dolor torácico, disnea y/o tos. El diagnóstico requiere un alto nivel de sospecha clínica junto con una historia ginecológica completa. Los estudios de imáge nes pueden ayudar con el diagnóstico, pero el gold standard es la cirugía toracoscópica videoasistida (VATS). Se ha demostrado que el tratamiento quirúrgico en combinación con al menos 6 meses de tratamiento médico hormonal mejora el pronóstico y reduce la recurrencia de esta entidad. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 40 años con antecedentes de endometriosis pélvica y múltiples episodios de neumotórax, que consultó en nuestra institución por un nuevo episodio de neumotórax espontáneo. Se realizó una VATS donde se identificaron nódulos en la pleura parietal y orificios diafragmáticos. En el postoperatorio continuó con tratamiento hormonal. A los 6 meses de seguimiento refirió mejoría del dolor y no presentó nuevos episodios de neumotórax.


Abstract. Thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES) is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue in the chest cavity. The typical clinical manifestation is a spontaneous pneumothorax, which usually presents with chest pain, dyspnea, and/or cough. The diagnosis requires a high level of clinical suspicion and a complete gynecological history. Imaging studies can help with the diagnosis, although the gold standard is video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Surgical treatment in combination with at least 6 months of hormonal medical treatment has been shown to improve the prognosis and reduce the recurrence of this entity. We present the case of a 40-year-old patient with a history of pelvic endometriosis and multiple episodes of pneumothorax, who consulted at our institution for a new episode of spon taneous pneumothorax. A VATS was performed where nodules in the parietal pleura and diaphragmatic orifices were identified. In the postoperative period, she continued with hormonal treatment. At 6 months of follow-up, she reported improvement in pain and did not present new episodes of pneumothorax.

2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 165-169, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365335

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the clinical characteristics and seasonal distribution of patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax and examined the relationships between meteorological factors and pneumothorax development overall and in terms of first episode and recurrence. METHODS: The hospital records of 168 pneumothorax patients treated in our clinic between January 2016 and December 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. A cluster was defined as two or more patients with pneumothorax presenting within three consecutive days. Meteorological factors were compared between days with and without pneumothorax patients. This comparison was based on meteorological data from the day of symptom onset (D), the day before symptom onset (D1), and the difference between those days (D-D1). Meteorological data from the index day (D) were also compared between patients with first episode and recurrence of pneumothorax. RESULTS: The study included 149 (88.7%) men and 19 (11.3%) women. The mean age was 25.02±6.97 (range, 17-35; median, 26) years. Of note, 73 (43.4%) patients underwent surgery. The highest number of patients presented in November (n=19, 11.3%). In terms of season, most presentations occurred in autumn. Humidity was significantly lower on recurrence days compared with first episode (p=0.041). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that meteorological factors (i.e., atmospheric pressure, humidity, wind speed, temperature, and precipitation) were not associated with pneumothorax development. By comparing the patients with first episode and recurrence, the humidity was significantly lower in the recurrence group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pneumothorax/etiology , Pneumothorax/epidemiology , Recurrence , Atmospheric Pressure , Weather , Retrospective Studies , Meteorological Concepts
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920820

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the occurrence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) and the risk factors in patients with spontaneous pneumothorax who underwent micro single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods    A total of 158 patients with spontaneous pneumothorax who underwent micro single-port VATS in our hospital from April 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively included, including 99 males and 59 females, with an average age of 40.53±9.97 years. The patients were divided into a PPC group (n=21) and a non-PPC group (n=137) according to whether PPC occurred after the operation, and the risk factors for the occurrence of PPC were analyzed. Results    All 158 patients successfully completed the micro single-port VATS, and there was no intraoperative death. The postoperative chest tightness, chest pain, and dyspnea symptoms basically disappeared. During the postoperative period, there were 3 patients of pulmonary infection, 7 patients of atelectasis, 4 patients of pulmonary leak, 6 patients of pleural effusion, 1 patient of atelectasis and pleural effusion, and the incidence of PPC was 13.29% (21/158). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lung disease [OR=32.404, 95%CI (2.717, 386.452), P=0.006], preoperative albumin level≤35 g/L [OR=14.912, 95%CI (1.719, 129.353), P=0.014], severe pleural adhesions [OR=26.023, 95%CI (3.294, 205.557), P=0.002], pain grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ 24 hours after the surgery [OR=64.024, 95%CI (3.606, 1 136.677), P=0.005] , age [OR=1.195, 95%CI (1.065, 1.342), P=0.002], intraoperative blood loss [OR=1.087, 95%CI (1.018, 1.162), P=0.013] were the risk factors for PPC after micro single-port VATS. Conclusion    There is a close relationship between PPC after micro single-port VATS and perioperative indexes in patients with spontaneous pneumothorax. Clinically, targeted prevention and treatment can be implemented according to the age, pulmonary disease, preoperative albumin level, intraoperative blood loss, degree of pleural adhesion and pain grading 24 hours after surgery.

4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 318-323, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362982

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Por ser un procedimiento de mínima invasión, la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) es el procedimiento más utilizado para el manejo de la patología litiásica biliar. Sin embargo, puede presentar complicaciones que comprometen la vida del paciente. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino de 63 años es llevado a CPRE por una coledocolitiasis recidivante gigante. Durante el procedimiento presentó una disección aérea masiva con neumotórax bilateral a tensión, secundarios a una perforación duodenal, que derivó en una fístula bilio-retroperitoneal. Se trató de forma conservadora con una adecuada evolución. Discusión. Se han descrito pocos casos de neumotórax como complicación de la CPRE. Se considera que este es el primer caso publicado de neumotórax a tensión manejado exitosamente de forma conservadora. Conclusión. El diagnóstico temprano de las disecciones aéreas es el único predictor independiente que podría cambiar el curso clínico de esta patología y su manejo dependerá de la experticia del cirujano y del estado clínico del paciente.


Introduction. Because it is a minimally invasive procedure, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the most widely used procedure for the management of biliary lithiasic pathology. However, it can present complications that compromise the life of the patient. Clinical case. A 63-year-old male patient is taken to ERCP for a giant recurrent choledocholithiasis. During the procedure presented a massive air dissection with bilateral tension pneumothorax, secondary to a duodenal perforation, which led to a bilio-retroperitoneal fistula. It was treated conservatively with adequate evolution.Discussion. Few cases of pneumothorax have been described as a complication of ERCP. This is considered to be the first published case of tension pneumothorax successfully managed conservatively. Conclusion. Early diagnosis of air dissections is the only independent predictor that could change the clinical course of this pathology, and its management will depend on the expertise of the surgeon and the clinical status of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biliary Fistula , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Pneumothorax , Prostheses and Implants , General Surgery
5.
S. Afr. med. j ; 112(2): 81-85, 2022.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1358373

ABSTRACT

We describe a case of prolonged SARS-CoV-2 RNA shedding in an HIV-negative 21-year-old man recovering from abdominal and thoracic trauma. Nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs collected at 12 time points over a 95-day span all tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Genotyping revealed canonical beta-variant E484K and N501Y mutations at earlier time points. Human rhinovirus, coronavirus NL63 and respiratory syncytial virus B were detected at different time points by RT-PCR. Full blood analysis at time point 9 (day 82) showed leukopenia with lymphocytosis. The patient's NP swab tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR 101 days after the first positive test. The prolonged duration of SARS-CoV-2 RNA shedding in the context of trauma presented here is unique and has important implications for COVID-19 diagnosis, management and policy guidelines


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pneumothorax , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
6.
Horiz. meÌüd. ; 21(4): e1681, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356247

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Diversas terapias son empleadas para el manejo del enfisema subcutáneo en adultos, pero no se ha encontrado alguna referencia del drenaje subcutáneo mediante la técnica de Beck en pacientes pediátricos. Presentamos el caso clínico de una paciente de catorce años de edad con un trauma cerrado debido a una caída desde una altura de diez metros. Al ingreso, la paciente muestra pérdida de conciencia y desarrolla un síndrome de distrés respiratorio, por lo que se le indica ventilación mecánica. Siete días después se produce un enfisema subcutáneo y se realiza una inserción con angiocatéter fenestrado empleando la técnica de Beck. El enfisema en la zona superior del tórax y el rostro disminuyó a las 24 horas, y a las 72 horas la resolución fue completa.


ABSTRACT Several therapies are used for the management of subcutaneous emphysema in adults, but no reference to subcutaneous drainage using Beck's technique has been found in pediatric patients. This is the clinical case of a 14-year-old female patient who presented a blunt force trauma that resulted from a ten-meter-high fall. On admission, she was unconscious and developed respiratory distress syndrome, thus mechanical ventilation was indicated. Seven days later, subcutaneous emphysema occurred, and a fenestrated angiocatheter was inserted using Beck's method. At 24 hours, the emphysema was reduced in the upper chest and face, and, at 72 hours, complete resolution was observed.

7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1147, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347386

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Dentro de la atención al lesionado con trauma torácico se cuenta con varios medios diagnósticos, entre ellos la evaluación por ecografía focalizada en trauma extendido a tórax, el cual ha mostrado una alta sensibilidad, aun realizado por médicos no radiólogos como cirujanos generales, emergencistas e intensivistas. Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad de la ecografía torácica extendida realizada por cirujanos en lesionados con traumatismo torácico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo de evaluación de pruebas diagnósticas con un diseño transversal, en 1052 pacientes ingresados en la sala de emergencia. Se les realizó la evaluación por ecografía torácica extendida en el Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García", durante el período comprendido entre enero de 2020 y febrero de 2021. Resultados: Fueron realizados en un periodo de 1 año un total de 1052 ultrasonidos torácicos, 221 casos fueron positivos, de ellos 81 neumotórax (7,7 por ciento) y 62 hemoneumotórax (5,9 por ciento) todos confirmados por tomografía de tórax. La edad promedio fue de 45,27 (18-97), el sexo masculino prevaleció con 772 casos (73,4 por ciento). Los mecanismos productores de trauma más frecuentes fueron: caída de altura 273 casos (26 por ciento) y trauma contuso 181 casos (17,2 por ciento). La ecografía torácica extendida obtuvo una sensibilidad de un 95,24 por ciento y una especificidad de 99,88 por ciento en el diagnóstico lesiones torácicas. Conclusiones: La ecografía torácica extendida demostró que en manos de los cirujanos generales es una herramienta confiable, segura, no invasiva, poco costosa, repetible, que permite diagnosticar rápidamente lesiones torácicas y tratarlas(AU)


Introduction: Within care for the injured patient with thoracic trauma there are several diagnostic means. For example, extended focused assessment with sonography for thoracic trauma has shown high sensitivity, even when performed by non-radiologists such as general surgeons, emergency specialists and intensivists. Objective: To determine the usefulness of extended thoracic sonography performed by surgeons on injured patients with thoracic trauma. Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study of diagnostic tests assessment was carried out in 1052 patients admitted to the emergency room. They were assessed by extended thoracic sonography at General Calixto García University Hospital, during the period between January 2020 and February 2021. Results: A total of 1052 thoracic ultrasounds were performed in a period of one year, of which 221 cases were positive. Of them, 81 were pneumothorax (7.7 percent) and 62 were hemopneumothorax (5.9 percent), all confirmed by chest tomography. The average age was 45.27 (18-97). The male sex prevailed, with 772 cases (73.4 percent). The most frequent trauma-producing mechanisms were altitude fall, accounting for 273 cases (26 percent), and blunt trauma, accounting for 181 cases (17.2 percent). Extended thoracic ultrasound showed a sensitivity of 95.24 percent and a specificity of 99.88 percent in the diagnosis of thoracic injuries. Conclusions: Extended thoracic ultrasound showed that, in the hands of general surgeons, it is a reliable, safe, noninvasive, inexpensive and repeatable tool that allows rapid diagnosis and treatment of thoracic injuries(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods , Emergency Service, Hospital , Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma/methods , Hemopneumothorax/diagnostic imaging , Tomography/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Diagnostic Tests, Routine/methods , Observational Studies as Topic
8.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1414, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357300

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El neumotórax espontáneo es la causa más frecuente de ingreso urgente en los servicios de cirugía torácica. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes ingresados con diagnóstico de neumotórax espontáneo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de 93 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico y radiológico de neumotórax espontáneo, se establecieron las variables del estudio y se utilizaron frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes. Para la asociación de las variables se empleó el estadígrafo ji cuadrado con un nivel de confiabilidad del 95 por ciento. Resultados: Predominó el neumotórax espontáneo primario (65,5 por ciento), el sexo masculino fue el más afectado (80,6 por ciento), con mayor frecuencia en el hemitórax derecho (72,2 por ciento) y el tabaquismo como antecedente (83,9 por ciento). La pleurostomía mínima fue el tratamiento definitivo en el 72 por ciento de los pacientes. La complicación más frecuente después de la pleurostomía, fue la fuga persistente de aire. El tratamiento quirúrgico con pleurodesis mecánica, ofreció un 100 por ciento de efectividad. La mortalidad quirúrgica fue nula. Conclusiones: El neumotórax espontáneo predomina en el sexo masculino en una proporción de 4,2:1, en pacientes menores de 40 años de edad. El antecedente patológico personal que más se asocia es la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica. El síntoma predominante es el dolor torácico. El neumotórax espontáneo primario fue más frecuente y el hemitórax derecho el más afectado. El tabaquismo está presente como antecedente en ambos tipos de neumotórax espontáneo. La modalidad de tratamiento más utilizada es la pleurostomía mínima(AU)


Introduction: Spontaneous pneumothorax is the most frequent cause of urgent admission to thoracic surgery services. Objective: To characterize patients admitted with a diagnosis of spontaneous pneumothorax. Methods: A descriptive study of 93 patients with a clinical and radiological diagnosis of spontaneous pneumothorax was carried out, the study variables were established and absolute frequencies and percentages were used. For the association of the variables, the chi square statistic was used with a confidence level of 95 percent. Results: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax predominated (65.5 percent), the male sex was the most affected (80.6 percent), with greater frequency in the right hemithorax (72.2 percent) and smoking as the antecedent (83.9 percent). Minimal pleurostomy was the definitive treatment in 72 percent of the patients. The most frequent complication after pleurostomy was persistent air leak. Surgical treatment with mechanical pleurodesis offered 100 percent effectiveness. There was not surgical mortality. Conclusions: Spontaneous pneumothorax predominated in males in a ratio of 4.2: 1, in patients under 40 years of age. The most associated personal pathological history was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The predominant symptom was chest pain. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax was more frequent and the right hemithorax the most affected. Smoking was present as a history in both types of spontaneous pneumothorax. The most widely used treatment modality was minimal pleurostomy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Pneumothorax/diagnosis , Tobacco Use Disorder , Smoking , Clinical Diagnosis , Pleurodesis/methods , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Pneumothorax/therapy , Pneumothorax/diagnostic imaging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Thoracentesis/methods
9.
Medisan ; 25(4)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340211

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El trauma torácico se encuentra entre las primeras causas de muerte, fundamentalmente en personas jóvenes. Objetivos: Caracterizar a una población operada por traumatismos torácicos según variables clinicoepidemiológicas y describir los hallazgos tomográficos posquirúrgicos. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional y descriptivo de 48 pacientes atendidos en el Servicio de Radiología del Provincial Clínico-Quirúrgico Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, de enero del 2016 a diciembre del 2018, a los cuales se les realizó tomografía computarizada multidetector. Resultados: Los traumas torácicos predominaron en personas jóvenes del sexo masculino, asociadas fundamentalmente a acciones violentas que provocaron traumas abiertos. La contusión pulmonar resultó ser el hallazgo tomográfico inicial más frecuente, en tanto, el neumotórax persistente y el hemotórax coagulado constituyeron los hallazgos tomográficos más influyentes en la decisión de una reintervención quirúrgica. Conclusiones: La tomografía es un medio diagnóstico que permite una descripción detallada del estado posoperatorio de los órganos afectados, con un alto valor orientativo para decidir procedimientos quirúrgicos posteriores.


Introduction: The thoracic trauma is among the first causes of death, fundamentally in young people. Objectives: To characterize a population operated due to thoracic trauma according to clinical epidemiological variables and describe the postsurgical tomographic findings. Methods: An observational and descriptive study of 48 patients assisted in the Radiology Service of Saturnino Lora Teaching Clinical Surgical Provincial Hospital was carried out in Santiago de Cuba, from January, 2016 to December, 2018, to whom a multidetector computed tomography was carried out. Results: The thoracic traumas prevailed in young male people, fundamentally associated with violent actions that caused open traumas. The lung contusion was the most frequent initial tomographic finding, as long as, the persistent pneumothorax and the coagulated hemothorax constituted the most influential tomographic findings in the decision of a surgical reintervention. Conclusions: Tomography is a diagnostic means that allows a detailed description of the postoperative state in the affected organs, with a high orientative value to decide later surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Pneumothorax/surgery , Thoracic Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Hemothorax/surgery
10.
Colomb. med ; 52(2): e4034519, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249645

ABSTRACT

Abstract Definitive management of hemodynamically stable patients with penetrating cardiac injuries remains controversial between those who propose aggressive invasive care versus those who opt for a less invasive or non-operative approach. This controversy even extends to cases of hemodynamically unstable patients in which damage control surgery is thought to be useful and effective. The aim of this article is to delineate our experience in the surgical management of penetrating cardiac injuries via the creation of a clear and practical algorithm that includes basic principles of damage control surgery. We recommend that all patients with precordial penetrating injuries undergo trans-thoracic ultrasound screening as an integral component of their initial evaluation. In those patients who arrive hemodynamically stable but have a positive ultrasound, a pericardial window with lavage and drainage should follow. We want to emphasize the importance of the pericardial lavage and drainage in the surgical management algorithm of these patients. Before this concept, all positive pericardial windows ended up in an open chest exploration. With the coming of the pericardial lavage and drainage procedure, the reported literature and our experience have shown that 25% of positive pericardial windows do not benefit and/or require further invasive procedures. However, in hemodynamically unstable patients, damage control surgery may still be required to control ongoing bleeding. For this purpose, we propose a surgical management algorithm that includes all of these essential clinical aspects in the care of these patients.


Resumen El manejo definitivo de los pacientes hemodinámicamente estables con heridas cardíacas penetrantes continúa siendo controversial con abordajes invasivos versus manejos conservadores. Estas posiciones contrarias se extienden hasta aquellos casos de pacientes hemodinámicamente inestables donde se ha descrito y considerado la cirugía de control de daños como un procedimiento útil y efectivo. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la experiencia en el manejo quirúrgico de heridas cardíacas penetrantes con la creación de un algoritmo práctico que incluye los principios básicos del control de daños. Se recomienda que a todos los pacientes con heridas precordiales penetrantes se les debe realizar un ultrasonido torácico como componente integral de la evaluación inicial. Aquellos que presenten un ultrasonido torácico positivo y se encuentren hemodinámicamente estables se les debe realizar una ventana pericárdica con posterior lavado. Se ha demostrado que el 25% de las ventanas pericárdicas positivas no se benefician ni requieren de posteriores abordajes quirúrgicos invasivos. Antes de este concepto, todos los pacientes con ventana pericárdica positiva terminaban en una exploración abierta del tórax y del pericárdico. Los pacientes hemodinámicamente inestables requieren de una cirugía de control de daños para un adecuado y oportuno control del sangrado. Con este propósito, se propone un algoritmo de manejo quirúrgico que incluye todos estos aspectos esenciales en el abordaje de este grupo de pacientes.

11.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 46(1): 30-33, Mar. 30,2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292877

ABSTRACT

La cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF) es una alternativa en la oxigenoterapia de pacientes en insuficiencia respiratoria aguda hipoxémica, especialmente en contexto de pandemia por SARS-CoV-2. Existen muchos beneficios, con distintos niveles de evidencia y muy pocos efectos adversos reportados a su uso descritos en adultos. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, que cursando con una neumonía grave por SARS-CoV-2, mientras recibía terapia con CNAF, desarrolló un neumotórax. Esta complicación asociada a la terapia con CNAF es poco reportada en la literatura, lo que motiva este reporte.


High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) is an alternative to deliver oxygen in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure, especially in the context of SARS-CoV-2 outbreak. There are plenty of benefits described, with different evidence levels and very few adverse effects published in adults until now. We report the case of a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, presenting with SARS-CoV-2 severe pneumonia that while receiving oxygen with HFNC developed pneumothorax. This complication associated with HFNC has not been commonly described, which motivates this report.

12.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 155-160, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150543

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este artículo fue reportar el caso de un paciente con antecedente de enfisema bulloso bilateral que le ocasionó un neumotórax persistente de difícil tratamiento. Caso clínico. Se trata de un paciente de 50 años de edad con diagnóstico de neumotórax asociado con un enfisema bulloso bilateral, en quien estaba contraindicado el tratamiento quirúrgico. El cuadro clínico comenzó con dolor en el hemitórax derecho y disnea, que se fue intensificando hasta el punto de no tolerar el decúbito. En la radiografía de tórax se observó colapso del pulmón derecho con múltiples bulas en ambos pulmones, por lo que se practicó una pleurotomía mínima alta derecha. La evolución del paciente no fue favorable por persistir el neumotórax, lo cual llevó al uso de un tratamiento alternativo. Discusión. En los pacientes con neumotórax persistente por enfisema bulloso bilateral sin indicación quirúrgica, el talco es una alternativa menos invasiva para lograr una sínfisis pleural con buenos resultados, método cuya utilidad se demuestra


Introduction. The aim of this report was to present the case of a patient with a history of bilateral bullous emphysema that causes a persistent pneumothorax that was difficult to treat. Clinical case. This is a 50-year-old patient diagnosed with pneumothorax associated with bilateral bullous emphysema, in whom surgical treatment being contraindicated. The clinical picture began with pain in the right hemithorax and dyspnea, which intensified to the point of not tolerating decubitus. In the chest X-ray, collapse of the right lung was observed with multiple bullae in both lungs, therefore a right upper minimum pleurotomy was performed. The patient's evolution was not favorable due to persisting pneumothorax, which led to the use of an alternative treatment. Discussion. In patients with persistent pneumothorax due to bilateral bullous emphysema without surgical indication, talc is a less invasive alternative to achieve a pleural symphysis with good results, a method whose utility is demonstrated


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumothorax , Diagnostic Imaging , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Lung Diseases
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of different gestational ages in neonatal pneumothorax and the influencing factors of adverse outcomes.Methods:Newborns with pneumothorax hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit, the division of neonatology of Shengjing hospital, China Medical University from Jan.2012 to Dec.2018 were included.Babies were divided into both premature group and full-term group according to gestational age(GA), and survival group and death group according to the outcomes.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors of death from pneumothorax in neonates.Results:150 children were included, of them 101 males, 49 females(2.06: 1), 103 outborn(68.7%)and 123 unilateral pneumothorax(82.0%). The overall mortality was 9.3%(14/150). There were 60 premature infants with gestational age(GA)28~36w and birth weight(BW)624~4 000 g, 5(8.3% in the premature group)died, and the other 90 were full-term infants with GA37~42w, BW2 650~4 700 g, 9(10.0% in the fullterm group)died.The rates of premature rupture of membranes(26.7%), resuscitation(26.7%), pulmonary surfactant(PS)(30.0%)and mechanical ventilation before pneumothorax(56.7%)in the preterm group were significantly higher than that in the term group(12.2%, 13.3%, 3.3% and 26.7%, P<0.05). Premature rupture of membranes more than 24 h( OR=1.230, 95% CI 3.800~3.940, P<0.05), mechanical ventilation( OR=2.491, 95% CI 1.322~4.694, P<0.05)and pulmonary hemorrhage( OR=36.846, 95% CI 5.840~232.462, P<0.05)were independently influencing factors of mortality.Apgar scores≥7 at one minute( OR=0.157, 95% CI 0.032~0.761, P<0.05)decreased the mortality. Conclusion:The majority of neonatal pneumothorax occurs within 48 h of birth and most are unilateral.The pneumothorax in preterm was mostly resulted from perinatal factors.Some factors are associated with the increasing of mortality.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886545

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the optimal treatment scheme for the first primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in young patients. Methods    The clinical data of 171 patients with the first PSP were retrospectively analyzed who were treated in Huaihe Hospital of Henan University between November 2011 and October 2017. There were 157 males and 14 females with a median age of 18 years at onset and a median body mass index of 18.51 kg/m2. According to the treatment methods, they were classified into two groups, a conservative treatment group (a non-surgical group, n=86) and a surgical group (n=85). The characteristics including clinical data, efficacy evaluation criteria, complications and recurrence of the two groups were analyzed. Results    As a result, 73.68% of the patients suffered PSP in their daily routine. The drainage duration in the non-surgical group was longer than that in the surgical group (4 d vs. 3 d, P=0.008). There was no statistical difference in the success rate of lung re-expansion between the two groups (98.85% vs. 100.00%, P=1.000). The proportion of the surgical group using postoperative analgesic drugs was higher than that in the non-surgical group (48.23% vs. 10.46%, P=0.000). The recurrence rate of the surgical group was lower than that of the non-surgical group (3.53% vs. 46.51%, P=0.000). No relationship between smoking and recurrence of pneumothorax was found in both groups (P=0.301, P=1.000). The success rate of lung re-expansion in the non-surgical group was not statistically different between the 24F subgroup and the 12F subgroup (39/39 vs. 33/34, P=0.458). No advantage of intraoperative pleural fixation was found in the surgical group (P=0.693). Conclusion    Thoracoscopic surgery is the first choice for the treatment of the first PSP in young patients.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877458

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Many institutions still perform routine chest radiography (CXR) after tube thoracostomies despite current guidelines suggesting that this is not necessary for simple cases. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of routine CXR following ultrasonography-guided catheter thoracostomies for the detection of complications of symptomatic pleural effusions in hospitalised patients.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective review of 2,032 ultrasonography-guided thoracostomies on hospitalised patients with symptomatic effusions at a single institution from April 2012 to May 2015. The aetiology of effusions was not systemically registered, but patient demographics, procedural details and clinical outcomes were collected. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test. Generalised estimating equation analysis was performed to assess the relationship between CXR findings and complications while controlling for age.@*RESULTS@#Out of 2,032 CXRs, 92.96% (n = 1,889) were normal, 5.81% (n = 118) showed pneumothorax and 1.23% (n = 25) showed catheter kinking. 99 pneumothoraces and 24 kinked catheters were detected in the first hour post procedure. 97.40% (n = 115) of patients with pneumothorax were stable or had minor complications, such as a vasovagal event. 0.20% (n = 4) of the cases had a serious complication following chest drain insertion, resulting in cardiovascular collapse. There was no significant relationship between CXR results and occurrence of complications (p = 0.244). Amount of fluid drained or side of insertion did not affect the clinical outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#Routine use of CXR after tube thoracostomy did not significantly change patient management, which was concordant with recent guidelines. Instead, adverse clinical outcomes or procedural factors should guide investigations.

16.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(7): e360708, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1284914

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To develop a specific device for pleural drainage in hypertensive pneumothorax. Methods The prototype was modeled from the free version of a 3D modeling application, printed on a 3D printer using ABS® plastic material, and tested in a pleural drainage simulator. Results Pleural drainage in the simulator using the prototype was feasible and reproducible. Conclusions While the prototype is functional in the simulator, it requires improvement and refinement for use in humans.

17.
Clinics ; 76: e2242, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Pneumothorax is a catastrophic event associated with high morbidity and mortality, and it is relatively common in neonates. This study aimed to investigate the association between ventilatory parameters and the risk of developing pneumothorax in extremely low birth weight neonates. METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study analyzed 257 extremely low birth weight neonates admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between January 2012 and December 2017. A comparison was carried out to evaluate the highest value of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), peak inspiratory pressure (PIP), and driving pressure (DP) in the first 7 days of life between neonates who developed pneumothorax and those who did not. The primary outcome was pneumothorax with chest drainage necessity in the first 7 days of life. A matched control group was created in order to adjust for cofounders associated with pneumothorax (CRIB II score, birth weight, and gestational age). RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in PEEP, PIP, and DP values in the first 7 days of life between extremely low birth weight neonates who had pneumothorax with chest drainage necessity and those who did not have pneumothorax, even after adjusting for potential cofounders. CONCLUSIONS: Pressure-related ventilatory settings in mechanically ventilated extremely low birth weight neonates are not associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax in the first 7 days of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pneumothorax/etiology , Pneumothorax/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 891-896, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144012

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of blind axillary vein puncture utilizing the new surface landmarks for the subclavian method. Methods: This prospective and randomized study was performed at two cardiology medical centers in East China. Five hundred thirty-eight patients indicated to undergo left-sided pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation were enrolled, 272 patients under the axillary access and 266 patients under the subclavian approach. A new superficial landmark was used for the axillary venous approach, whereas conventional landmarks were used for the subclavian venous approach. We measured lead placement time and X-ray time from vein puncture until all leads were placed in superior vena cava. Meanwhile, the rate of success of lead placement and the type and incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in baseline characteristics or number of leads implanted. There were high success rates for both strategies (98.6% [494/501] vs. 98.4% [479/487], P=0.752) and similar complication rates (14% [38/272] vs. 15% [40/266], P=0.702). Six cases in the control group developed subclavian venous crush syndrome and five had pneumothorax, while neither pneumothorax nor subclavian venous crush syndrome was observed in the experimental group. Conclusion: We have developed a new blind approach to cannulate the axillary vein, which is as effective as the subclavian access, safer than that, and also allows to get this vein without the guidance of fluoroscopy, contrast, or echography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Axillary Vein/surgery , Axillary Vein/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Superior , Punctures , China , Prospective Studies , Defibrillators, Implantable
19.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(4): e1435, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144511

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La linfangioleiomiomatosis pulmonar constituye un desafío, tanto en su manejo diagnóstico como en la atención de sus complicaciones. Es una enfermedad rara que se caracteriza por la proliferación del músculo liso alrededor de las estructuras bronco-vasculares, linfáticos y en el intersticio pulmonar, unido a la dilatación quística de los espacios aéreos terminales. Objetivo: Describir la evolución clínica y el tratamiento de un paciente con linfangioleiomiomatosis pulmonar. Presentación de caso: Se presenta un caso de linfangioleiomiomatosis pulmonar que desde el punto de vista clínico se manifestó por neumotórax a repetición. Se llegó a diagnóstico definitivo mediante la realización de una biopsia de pulmón. Desarrollo: La linfangioleiomiomatosis es una entidad rara que afecta fundamentalmente a mujeres en edad fértil y que se caracteriza por la presencia de un patrón quístico difuso. Su prevalencia e incidencia es desconocida. Conclusiones: Se puede concluir que la presencia de neumotórax espontáneo o recidivante en una mujer en edad fértil, o embarazada, debe sospecharse linfangioleiomiomatosis(AU)


Introduction: Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis constitutes a challenge, both in its diagnostic management and in the care of complications. It is a rare disease characterized by the proliferation of smooth muscle around the bronchovascular and lymphatic structures and in the pulmonary interstitium, together with cystic dilation of the terminal air spaces. Objective: To describe a diagnosed case of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Case report: A case of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis is reported, which was clinically showed as recurrent pneumothorax. A definitive diagnosis was reached by performing a lung biopsy. Discussion: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a rare entity that mainly affects women of childbearing age and is characterized by the presence of a diffuse cystic pattern. Its prevalence and incidence is unknown. Conclusions: It can be concluded that the presence of spontaneous or recurrent pneumothorax in a woman of childbearing age, or pregnant, should be suspected lymphangioleiomyomatosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pneumothorax/complications , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/diagnosis , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/mortality , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/pathology
20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204759

ABSTRACT

Community acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia usually present in children with some comorbidity and may have fulminant course in these children. In this case report authors have described a healthy child with MRSA pneumonia complicated by bilateral pneumothorax.

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