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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e249472, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364512

ABSTRACT

Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is the most common rust disease of wheat. The fungus is an obligate parasite capable of producing infectious urediniospores. To study the genetic structure of the leaf rust population 20 RAPD primers were evaluated on 15 isolates samples collected in Pakistan. A total of 105 RAPD fragments were amplified with an average of 7 fragments per primer. The number of amplified fragments varied from 1 to 12. GL Decamer L-07 and GL Decamer L-01 amplified the highest number of bands (twelve) and primer GL Decamer A-03 amplified the lowest number of bands i.e one. Results showed that almost all investigated isolates were genetically different that confirms high genetic diversity within the leaf rust population. Rust spores can follow the migration pattern in short and long distances to neighbor areas. Results indicated that the greatest variability was revealed by 74.9% of genetic differentiation within leaf rust populations. These results suggested that each population was not completely identical and high gene flow has occurred among the leaf rust population of different areas. The highest differentiation and genetic distance among the Pakistani leaf rust populations were detected between the leaf rust population in NARC isolate (NARC-4) and AARI-11and the highest similarity was observed between NARC isolates (NARC-4) and (NARC-5). The present study showed the leaf rust population in Pakistan is highly dynamic and variable.


A ferrugem da folha, causada por Puccinia triticina, é a ferrugem mais comum do trigo. O fungo é um parasita obrigatório, capaz de produzir urediniósporos infecciosos. Para estudar a estrutura genética da população de ferrugem da folha, 20 primers RAPD foram avaliados em 15 amostras de isolados coletadas no Paquistão. Um total de 105 fragmentos RAPD foram amplificados com uma média de 7 fragmentos por primer. O número de fragmentos amplificados variou de 1 a 12. GL Decamer L-07 e GL Decamer L-01 amplificaram o maior número de bandas (doze), e o primer GL Decamer A-03 amplificou o menor número de bandas, ou seja, um. Os resultados mostraram que quase todos os isolados investigados eram geneticamente diferentes, o que confirma a alta diversidade genética na população de ferrugem da folha. Os esporos de ferrugem podem seguir o padrão de migração em distâncias curtas e longas para áreas vizinhas. Os resultados indicaram que a maior variabilidade foi revelada por 74,9% da diferenciação genética nas populações de ferrugem. Esses resultados sugeriram que cada população não era completamente idêntica e um alto fluxo gênico ocorreu entre a população de ferrugem da folha de diferentes áreas. A maior diferenciação e distância genética entre as populações de ferrugem da folha do Paquistão foram detectadas entre a população de ferrugem da folha no isolado NARC (NARC-4) e AARI-11 e a maior similaridade foi observada entre os isolados NARC (NARC-4) e (NARC-5). O presente estudo mostrou que a população de ferrugem da folha no Paquistão é altamente dinâmica e variável.


Subject(s)
Triticum/parasitology , Biomarkers , Agricultural Pests , Fungi/genetics , Puccinia/genetics
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246984, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285632

ABSTRACT

Abstract Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; belong to Phylum Mollusca and being bioindicators, intermediate hosts of parasites and pests hold a key position in the ecosystem. There are three species of Genus Physa i.e. P. fontinalis, Physa acuta and P. gyrina water bodies of Central Punjab and were characterized on the basis of molecular markers High level of genetic diversity was revealed by polymorphic RAPD, however SSR markers were not amplified. The multivariate analysis revealed polymorphism ranging from 9.09 percent to 50 percent among the three Physid species. Total number of 79 loci were observed for the three species under study and 24 loci were observed to be polymorphic. These RAPD fragment(s) can be developed into co dominant markers (SCAR) by cloning and can be further sequenced for the development of the Physa species specific markers to identify the introduced and native species in Pakistan.


Resumo Os físidos pertencem à classe Gastropoda; pertencem ao filo Mollusca e, sendo bioindicadores, hospedeiros intermediários de parasitas e pragas, ocupam uma posição-chave no ecossistema. Existem três espécies do gênero Physa, ou seja, P. fontinalis, Physa acuta e P. gyrina em corpos d'água do Punjab Central e foram caracterizadas com base em marcadores moleculares. Alto nível de diversidade genética foi revelado por RAPD polimórfico, no entanto os marcadores SSR não foram amplificados. A análise multivariada revelou polimorfismo variando de 9,09% a 50% entre as três espécies de Physid. Um número total de 79 loci foi observado para as três espécies em estudo e 24 loci foram observados como polimórficos. Esses fragmentos RAPD podem ser desenvolvidos em marcadores codominantes (SCAR) por clonagem e podem ser posteriormente sequenciados para o desenvolvimento de marcadores específicos da espécie Physa para identificar as espécies introduzidas e nativas no Paquistão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gastropoda , Introduced Species , Pakistan , Phylogeny , Ecosystem , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246934, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285605

ABSTRACT

Abstract Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; Phylum Mollusca have important position in food web and act as bio indicators, pests and intermediate host. Being resistant these are called cockroaches of malacology. Physid snails were collected from different water bodies of Faisalabad (Punjab) and were identified up to species using morphological markers. The morphometry of the specimens was carried out with the help of a digital Vernier caliper in millimeters (mm) using linear measurement of shell characters. Linear regression analysis of the AL/SW ratio vs AL and SL/SW ratio vs AL indicated that allometric growth exists only in Physa acuta when compared with P.gyrina and P. fontinalis. This study will lead to assess the status of the Physid species in Central Punjab. The Principal component analysis shows that the Component 1 (Shell Length) and component 2 (Shell Width) are the most prolific components and nearly 80 percent of the identification. The distance between P. acuta and P. fontinalis is 5.4699, P. acuta and P. gyrina is 7.6411, P. fontinalis and P. gyrina is 16.6080 showing that P. acuta resembles with P. fontinalis, and both these specimens donot resemble with P. gyrina. P.acuta is an invasive species and shows bioactivity making it a potent candidate for bioactive substances.


Resumo Os físidos pertencem à classe Gastropoda; o filo Mollusca possui importante posição na teia alimentar e atua como bioindicador, praga e hospedeiro intermediário. Por serem resistentes, são chamadas baratas de malacologia. Os caramujos físidos foram coletados em diferentes corpos d'água de Faisalabad (Punjab) e identificados até as espécies por meio de marcadores morfológicos. A morfometria dos corpos de prova foi realizada com auxílio de paquímetro digital Vernier em milímetros (mm) por meio de medida linear dos caracteres da casca. A análise de regressão linear da razão AL / SW vs. AL e razão SL / SW vs. AL indicou que o crescimento alométrico existe apenas em Physa acuta quando comparado com P. gyrina e P. fontinalis. Este estudo levará a avaliar a situação das espécies de físido no Punjab Central. A análise do componente principal mostra que o componente 1 (comprimento da casca) e o componente 2 (largura da casca) são os componentes mais prolíficos e quase 80% da identificação. A distância entre P. acuta e P. fontinalis é 5,4699, P. acuta e P. gyrina é 7,6411, P. fontinalis e P. gyrina é 16,6080, mostrando que P. acuta se assemelha a P. fontinalis, e ambos os espécimes não se parecem com P. gyrina. P. acuta é uma espécie invasora e apresenta bioatividade, tornando-se uma candidata potente para substâncias bioativas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Snails , Introduced Species
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244123, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278562

ABSTRACT

Abstract Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is an important component of the innate immune system and have been associated with several autoimmune diseases, such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to investigate polymorphisms in TLR9 gene in a Brazilian SLE patients group and their association with clinical manifestation, particularly Jaccoud's arthropathy (JA). We analyzed DNA samples from 204 SLE patients, having a subgroup of them presenting JA (n=24). A control group (n=133) from the same city was also included. TLR9 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (−1237 C>T and +2848 G>A) were identified by sequencing analysis. The TLR9 gene genotype frequency was similar both in SLE patients and the control group. In the whole SLE population, an association between the homozygosis of allele C at position −1237 with psychosis and anemia (p < 0.01) was found. Likewise, the homozygosis of allele G at position +2848 was associated with a discoid rash (p < 0.05). There was no association between JA and TLR9 polymorphisms. These data show that TLR9 polymorphisms do not seem to be a predisposing factor for SLE in the Brazilian population, and that SNPs are not associated with JA.


Resumo O receptor Toll-like 9 (TLR9) é um componente importante do sistema imunológico inato e tem sido associado a várias doenças autoimunes, como o Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico (LES). O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar polimorfismos no gene TLR9 em um grupo de pacientes brasileiros com LES e sua associação com a manifestação clínica, particularmente a artropatia de Jaccoud (JA). Foram analisadas amostras de DNA de 204 pacientes com LES, e um subgrupo com JA (n=24). Um grupo de controle (n=133) da mesma cidade também foi incluído. Os polimorfismos de nucleotídeos únicos TLR9 (SNPs) (−1237 C>T e +2848 G>A) foram identificados pela análise de sequenciamento. A frequência do genótipo genético TLR9 foi semelhante tanto em pacientes com LES quanto no grupo controle. Em toda a população de LES, foi encontrada associação entre a homozigose do alelo C na posição −1237 com psicose e anemia (p < 0,01). Da mesma forma, a homozigose do alelo G na posição +2848 foi associada a uma erupção cutânea discoide (p < 0,05). Não houve associação entre polimorfismos JA e TLR9. Esses dados mostram que os polimorfismos TLR9 não parecem ser um fator predisponível para o LES na população brasileira, e que os SNPs não estão associados ao JA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Toll-Like Receptor 9/genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Brazil , Pilot Projects , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Gene Frequency/genetics
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(11): 1558-1564, Nov. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406591

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder that normally affects women of reproductive age in the range of 18-44 years. This study aimed to investigate the allelic frequencies of two polymorphisms, IRS rs18012781 and INSR rs1799817, which are suspected to be involved in polycystic ovary syndrome. METHODS: The samples were obtained from the patients admitted to the Near East University Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. The samples were divided into two groups: control and polycystic ovary syndrome groups. Blood samples were collected from 55 women in the control group and 65 samples from the patient group. DNA from whole blood was obtained. The allelic frequencies of single-nucleotide polymorphisms were determined using real-time PCR. Results were presented as the heterozygous and homozygous state of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the allelic frequencies of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms between the patient and control groups. Further statistical analysis investigating the INSR Tm using the Mann-Whitney U test value revealed that there was no difference in the homozygous and heterozygous state of INSR rs1799817. The result of this study showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the allelic frequencies of IRS1 rs1801278 and INSR rs1799817 between the patient and control groups. CONCLUSION: These single-nucleotide polymorphisms do not seem to modify the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome, and they cannot be used as a marker in clinical circumstances to evaluate the possible occurrence of polycystic ovary syndrome.

6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(6): 735-741, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403180

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Leprosy represents a long-term communicable disease resulting from Mycobacterium leprae infection. IL-17A is one of the pro-inflammatory cytokines that protects humans against many fungal and bacterial pathogens. Objective: To investigate IL-17A (rs2275913) gene polymorphism and its circulating level in leprosy patients, and to correlate the detected results with different clinical aspects of leprosy in the investigated patients. Methods: 60 patients with leprosy, and 29 age and sex-matched volunteers were investigated for IL-17A serum level and IL-17A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) by ELISA and RFLP-PCR respectively. Results: IL-17A serum level was significantly higher in leprosy patients than in controls (p = 0.034), and in TL than LL (p = 0.017). IL-17A (rs2275913 A/G) G allele and GG genotype were associated significantly with LL (p = 0.005and 0.001 respectively). IL-17A (rs2275913 A/G) AG genotype carriers demonstrated the highest IL-17A serum levels; however, its lowest levels were found in IL-17A (rs2275913 A/G) AA genotype carriers (p = 0.005). Grade 2 disability (p = 0.030) and positive slit skin smear (SSS) (p = 0.005) were significantly associated with IL-17A (rs2275913 A/G) GG genotype. Study limitations: The small number of studied subjects. Conclusions: IL -17A may have a pivotal role in leprosy pathogenesis. IL-17A (rs2275913) GG genotype plus G allele might be related to the development of LL in the Egyptian population.

8.
Braz. dent. j ; 33(4): 12-20, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1394095

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study aimed to explore the influence of genetic polymorphisms in ANKK1 and DRD2 on the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in construction workers. This cross-sectional study included only male subjects. All construction workers were healthy and over 18 years age. Illiterate workers and functionally illiterate workers were excluded. The diagnosis of TMD was established according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Genomic DNA was used to evaluate the genetic polymorphisms ANKK1 (rs1800497) and DRD2 (rs6275; rs6276) using Real-Time PCR. Chi-square or Fisher exact tests were used to evaluate genotypes and allele distribution among the studied phenotypes. The established alpha of this study was 5%. The sample included a total of 115 patients. The age of the patients ranged from 19 to 70 years (mean age 38.2; standard deviation 11.7). Chronic pain (87.7%), disc displacement (38.2%), and joint inflammation (26.9%) were the most frequently observed signs and symptoms. The genetic polymorphism rs6276 in DRD2 was associated with chronic pain (p=0.033). In conclusion, our study suggests that genetic polymorphisms in DRD2 and ANKK1 may influence TMD signs and symptoms in a group of male construction workers.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi explorar a influência de polimorfismos genéticos em ANKK1 e DRD2 sobre os sinais e sintomas da disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) em trabalhadores da construção civil. Este estudo transversal incluiu apenas indivíduos do sexo masculino. Todos os trabalhadores da construção civil eram saudáveis ​​e maiores de 18 anos. Foram excluídos os trabalhadores analfabetos e analfabetos funcionais. O diagnóstico de DTM foi estabelecido de acordo com o Research Diagnostic Criteria para DTM (RDC/TMD). O DNA genômico foi usado para avaliar os polimorfismos genéticos ANKK1 (rs1800497) e DRD2 (rs6275; rs6276) usando PCR em tempo real. Testes qui-quadrado ou exato de Fisher foram utilizados para avaliar genótipos e distribuição de alelos entre os fenótipos estudados. O alfa estabelecido deste estudo foi de 5%. A amostra incluiu um total de 115 pacientes. A idade dos pacientes variou de 19 a 70 anos (média de idade 38,2; desvio padrão 11,7). Dor crônica (87,7%), deslocamento de disco (38,2%) e inflamação articular (26,9%) foram os sinais e sintomas mais observados. O polimorfismo genético rs6276 em DRD2 foi associado a dor crônica (p=0,033). Em conclusão, nosso estudo sugere que polimorfismos genéticos em DRD2 e ANKK1 podem influenciar sinais e sintomas de DTM em um grupo de trabalhadores da construção civil do sexo masculino.

10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 444-456, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385277

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one of the most abundant neurotransmitters in the nervous system. NPY acts as a potent stimulator of angiogenesis, inflammation, and adipogenesis, through the NPY 2 receptor (NPY2R). Changes in the NPY signaling pathway have been linked to Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Objectives The purpose of this study is to determine the association between variants in the NPY and NPY2R genes, as well as the severity of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods Approximately 221 ACS patients and 278 healthy controls were selected for this study. Four variants in NPY and two variants in NPY2R genes were genotyped using Taqman allelic discrimination and sequencing. The Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to verify the genotype frequencies. The logistic regression analyses were used for the evaluation of the studied variables. Haplotype analysis was used to evaluate the linkage disequilibrium (LD) between the variants (p<0.05). Results An association of NPY c.20T>C variant was found with the ACS group when compared to the healthy group. In the analysis between variants and risk factors in the ACS group, NPY c.84G>A was associated with hypertension. The analysis between TIMI risk showed a significance for NPY c.20T>C between the low and intermediate/high TIMI risk groups. In the haplotype analysis, strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) was found between the variants NPY c.150G>A and NPY c.-485T>C. Conclusion The NPY c.20T>C variant appears to contribute to the development of ACS. The NPY2R c.-1116A>G variant may contribute to the early development of ACS and the NPY c.84G>A variant appears to contribute to the development of hypertension. In addition, the NPY c.20T>C is associated with a protective effect in ACS severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Neuropeptide Y , Acute Coronary Syndrome/etiology , Receptors, Neuropeptide Y , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 434-443, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385265

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The 9p21 region is the most relevant locus associated with coronary heart disease in different populations. However, there are no studies that prove that this region is a risk factor in the Venezuelan population. Objectives: To analyze whether or not the 9p21 rs1333049 polymorphism is a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Venezuelan patients, as well as to investigate its correlation with cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), age of occurrence, type and severity of infarction, and the correlation of the rs10757274 polymorphism with severity of coronary artery disease. Methods: This was an association study, including 487 unrelated Venezuelan individuals, grouped in 354 patients with AMI and 133 controls. The rs1333049 and rs10757274 polymorphisms were determined using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique with sequence-specific primers. The analysis of association was determined using the SNPStats tool. The continuous variable description and the correlations were performed using the SPSS statistical software. Significance was established at p<0.05. Results: A positive correlation was observed between the rs1333049 polymorphism and the presence of hypertension ( r: 0.145, p: 0.006), and between hypertension and heart infarction ( r: 0.318, p: <0.0001). A positive correlation was found between the rs10757274 polymorphism and the number of coronary vessels that presented obstructive lesions in patients aged ≤ 55 years ( r: 0.276, p: 0.0078). Conclusion: The rs1333049 polymorphism at the 9p21 locus is correlated with hypertension in Venezuelan patients, while the rs10757274 polymorphism is associated with the progression of coronary atherosclerosis, suggested by the correlation with the number of coronary vessels that presented significant obstructive lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Coronary Artery Disease/ethnology , Chromosomes/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Venezuela , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Hypertension/ethnology
12.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(4): 551-581, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403227

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Recent studies have shown that two common methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase ( MTHFR ) gene polymorphisms (C677T and A1298C) might correlate with thyroid dysfunction, but the results remain inconsistent. We carried out a meta-analysis aiming to assess the relationship of both polymorphisms with thyroid dysfunction. The PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), CBMdisc (China Biology Medicine disc), WeiPu and Wanfang databases were searched up to September 2021. Case-control and cohort studies on MTHFR polymorphism and thyroid dysfunction were identified. Eight studies from six publications were finally included in our meta-analysis, including 817 patients and 566 controls. After pooled analysis, we found that the MTHFR C677T polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of hypothyroidism (TT vs. CC+CT/recessive model: OR = 2.07, 95% CI: 1.02-4.20, P = 0.04; TT vs. CC/homozygote model: OR = 2.35, 95% CI: 1.13-4.86, P = 0.02), while trial sequential analysis (TSA) revealed that it could be a false positive result. The MTHFR A1298C polymorphism was related to a decreased risk of hypothyroidism (C vs. A/allele model: OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.44-0.92, P = 0.02; CC vs. AC+AA/recessive model: OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.22-0.79, P = 0.007; CC vs. AA/homozygote model: OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.25-0.85, P = 0.02), which was conclusive according to TSA. The results of this meta-analysis suggest that MTHFR A1298C seems to be a protective factor for hypothyroidism, while the MTHFR C677T polymorphism may be a risk factor. However, more well-designed studies with larger sample sizes are needed to obtain more reliable results of the association between the MTHFR C677T polymorphism and hypothyroidism.

13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(4): 383-389, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To explore possible genes related to the development of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Methods: The authors identified 285 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of 11 candidate genes (BMPR2, EPAS1, PDE3A, VEGFA, ENG, NOTCH3, SOD3, CPS1, ABCA3, ACVRL1, and SMAD9), using an Illumina Asian Screening Array-24 v1.0 BeadChip Array. The FastLmmC and R package was used for statistical analyses. The chi-square test and Cochrane-Armitage trend test were used to compare the allele and genotype frequencies between the groups and to test the genetic models, respectively. Results: A total of 45 PPHN infants and 294 control subjects were analyzed. The most common cause of PPHN was meconium aspiration syndrome. Among the 285 SNPs, 17 SNPs from 6 candidate genes (BMPR2, EPAS1, PDE3A, VEGFA, ENG, and NOTCH3) were significantly associated with PPHN (P < 0.05). After using the Bonferroni correction (P < 0.00018), only the rs17034984 SNP located in intron 1 of the EPAS1 gene remained significantly different between the PPHN and control subjects (P = 0.00014). The frequency of the TC/TT genotype of rs17034984 in the gene with the dominant model was significant in the patients with PPHN (OR = 5.38, 95% CI: 2.15-13.49). The T allele frequency of rs17034984 in the gene showed a significant difference compared with the control subjects (OR = 4.89, 95% CI: 2.03-11.82). Conclusions: The present study suggests that the rs17034984 variant of EPAS1 gene is associated with PPHN.

14.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 107-112, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372953

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma revisão atualizada sobre o papel dos polimorfismos genéticos na etiologia da endometriose. Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica feita no PubMed utilizando os descritores "polymorphism and endometriosis". Foram identificados 36 artigos e após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão foram selecionados 17 artigos para a amostra final. Os principais resultados foram: 1) cerca de 60% dos artigos foram publicados em 2019; 2) em 35,3% dos estudos o número de casos e controles investigados foi menor que 100; 3) a maioria dos trabalhos investigou de um a dois polimorfismos por gene; 4) a produção científica sobre endometriose é maior em países orientais; 5) houve heterogeneidade quanto aos periódicos onde os trabalhos foram publicados; 6) as principais técnicas para detecção de polimorfismos foi a PCR-RFLP e o PCR em tempo real, com frequências semelhantes. Em suma, os polimorfismos genéticos podem estar implicados na etiologia da endometriose.


The aim of this study is to present an updated review on the role of genetic polymorphisms in the etiology of endometriosis. This is a literature review made on PubMed using the descriptors "polymorphism and endometriosis". A total 36 articles were identified and, after applying the inclusion criteria, 17 articles were selected for the final sample. The main results were: 1) approximately 60% of the articles were published in 2019; 2) 35.3% of the studies investigated less than 100 cases and controls; 3) most studies investigated one to two polymorphisms per gene; 4) scientific production on endometriosis is higher in Eastern countries; 5) heterogeneity was observed regarding the journals where works were published; 6) the main techniques for detecting polymorphisms were PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR, with similar frequencies. In summary, it can be concluded that genetic polymorphisms may be implicated in the etiology of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Infertility, Female/diagnosis
15.
J. bras. nefrol ; 44(2): 224-231, June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386027

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) genes have been implicated in renal hemodynamics as potent regulators of vascular tone and blood pressure. It has been linked to a reduction in plasma nitric oxide levels. Several studies have recently been conducted to investigate the role of NOS3 gene polymorphisms and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, the results are still unclear and the mechanisms are not fully defined. As a result, we conducted a meta-analysis to examine the relationship between NOS3 gene polymorphism and ESRD in autosomal polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients. Methods: To assess the relationship between NOS3 gene polymorphism and ESRD, relevant studies published between September 2002 and December 2020 were retrieved from the PubMed (Medline), EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Web of Science databases. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a fixed-effect model. To assess the heterogeneity of studies, we used Cochrane's Q test and the Higgins and Thompson I2 statistics. Results: Our meta-analysis of 13 studies showed that the presence of the two NOS3 gene polymorphisms significantly increased ESRD risk in ADPKD patients with 4a/b gene polymorphism (aa+ab vs. bb: OR=1.95, 95% CI=1.24-3.09, p=0.004). In addition, no significant association was found between the NOS3 894G>T (Glu298Asp) polymorphism and the risk of ESRD in ADPKD patients (GT+TT vs. GG: OR=1.21, 95% CI=0.93-1.58, p=0.157). There was no evidence of publication bias. Conclusions: The findings of the current meta-analysis suggest that NOS3 intron 4a/b polymorphism plays a vital role in the increasing risk of ESRD in ADPKD patients.


Resumo Introdução: Genes da óxido nítrico sintase endotelial (eNOS) têm sido implicados na hemodinâmica renal como potentes reguladores do tônus vascular e pressão arterial. Tem sido vinculado a uma redução nos níveis plasmáticos de óxido nítrico. Realizou-se recentemente vários estudos para investigar o papel de polimorfismos do gene NOS3 e doença renal em estágio terminal (DRET). Entretanto, os resultados ainda não são claros e os mecanismos não estão totalmente definidos. Como resultado, realizamos meta-análise para examinar a relação entre polimorfismo do gene NOS3 e DRET em pacientes com doença renal policística autossômica dominante (DRPAD). Métodos: Para avaliar a relação entre polimorfismo do gene NOS3 e DRET, recuperou-se estudos relevantes publicados entre Setembro-2002 e Dezembro-2020 dos bancos de dados PubMed (Medline), EMBASE, Google Scholar, Web of Science. Calculamos odds ratio (OR) e intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95% utilizando modelo de efeitos fixos. Para avaliar a heterogeneidade dos estudos, utilizamos teste Q de Cochrane e estatísticas I2 de Higgins e Thompson. Resultados: Nossa meta-análise de 13 estudos mostrou que a presença dos dois polimorfismos do gene NOS3 aumentou significativamente o risco de DRET em pacientes com DRPAD com polimorfismo do gene 4a/b (aa+ab vs. bb: OR=1,95; IC 95%=1,24-3,09; p=0,004). Ademais, não encontramos associação significativa entre polimorfismo 894G>T NOS3 (Glu298Asp) e risco de DRET em pacientes com DRPAD (GT+TT vs. GG: OR=1,21; IC 95%=0,93-1,58; p=0,157). Não houve evidência de viés de publicação. Conclusões: Achados da meta-análise atual sugerem que o polimorfismo intron 4a/b do NOS3 desempenha papel vital no aumento do risco de DRET em pacientes com DRPAD.

16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(6): 785-791, June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387154

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder, characterized by the dysregulation of ovarian angiogenesis. This alteration can be related to changes in the activities of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms have been observed in the promoter, intronic, and untranslated regions of the VEGF gene, and several studies have suggested that these polymorphisms may be associated with the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the association between rs2010963 and rs833061 polymorphisms and haplotypes of VEGF in the etiology of polycystic ovary syndrome. METHODS: A total of 210 women, 102 diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome and 108 controls, participated in this study. The genotyping of the samples was performed by PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR for rs2010963 and rs833061 polymorphisms, respectively. The statistical analyses were performed by the chi-square test and logistic regression model. RESULTS: The clinical characteristics of the patients showed that 75.8% of the patients did not become pregnant, 36.3% had a family history of polycystic ovary syndrome, 58.6% were obese, and about 60% had clinical characteristics of hyperandrogenism. There were no associations between the distribution of rs2010963 (OR 1.24; 95%CI 0.60-2.57; p=0.56) and rs833061 (OR 0.78; 95%CI 0.32-1.92; p=0.59) in patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: The patients with polycystic ovary syndrome have similar rates of VEGF polymorphisms rs2010963 and rs833061 on the general population.

17.
Colomb. med ; 53(2): e2044874, Jan.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404388

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Fat Mass and Obesity-related (FTO) has been one of the genes consistently related to common obesity. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FTO have been linked with the IRX3 gene. Aim: This study was designed by testing the hypothesis that: i) common SNPs in FTO and IRX3 are associated with obesity and related disorders; ii) there is significant linkage disequilibrium between both genes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on the Colombian Caribbean Coast. Anthropometric and biochemical variables were measured, and obesity and metabolic disorders were diagnosed. Four SNPs were genotyped: 3 at FTO locus (rs17817449, rs8050136, rs9939609) and one at IRX3 locus (rs3751723). LD between these SNPs was estimated. A logistic regression model was applied to estimate associations. Results: A total of 792 subjects were included. FTO and IRX3 were not in LD (D'≤ 0.03; R2≤ 0.03). TT genotype (rs9939609) was found to be associated with waist circumference (p= 0.04; adj-p= 0.01), and IRX3 SNP with Body Weight Excess (BWE) (OR= 1.06, adj-p= 0.03). One FTO-IRX3 haplotype was associated with BWE (G-A-A-T, rs17817449-rs8050136-rs9939609-rs3751723; OR= 0.67, p= 0.04). The statistical significance of these relations continued after admixture adjustment for a three-hybrid population (p= 0.03). Conclusions: FTO was related to waist circumference, and IRX3 was associated with BWE in Latin American adults. This relation remained statistically significant after an adjustment for sex, age, and genetic ancestry was performed. Despite that these genes were not in LD, findings of a haplotype involving FTO-IRX3 suggest a gene-gene interaction associated with an increased risk of BWE.


Resumen Introducción: FTO (Fat Mass and Obesity-related) se ha relacionado de manera consistente con la obesidad. Recientemente, Polimorfismos de Nucleótido Único (SNP) en este gen se han relacionado con el gen IRX3. Objetivo: Probar la hipótesis de que: i) SNPs en FTO e IRX3 están asociados con la obesidad y trastornos relacionados; ii) existe desequilibrio de ligamiento (LD) significativo entre ambos genes. Métodos: se realizó un estudio transversal en la costa caribe colombiana. Se valoraron variables antropométricas y bioquímicas, la obesidad y trastornos metabólicos. Se genotipificaron 4 SNPs: 3 en FTO (rs17817449, rs8050136, rs9939609) y uno en IRX3 (rs3751723). Se estimó el LD entre estos SNPs. Se aplicó un modelo de regresión logística para estimar asociaciones. Resultados: Se incluyeron 792 sujetos. FTO e IRX3 no se encontraron en LD (D' ≤0.03; R2 ≤0.03). El genotipo TT (rs9939609) se encontró asociado con la circunferencia de la cintura (p= 0.04; adj-p= 0.01), y el SNP IRX3 con el Exceso de Peso (EP) (OR= 1.06, adj-p= 0.03). Se encontró un haplotipo FTO-IRX3 asociado con EP (G-A-A-T, rs17817449-rs8050136-rs9939609-rs3751723; OR= 0.67, p= 0.04). Esta asociación persistió después del ajuste para una población mixta (p= 0.03). Conclusiones: FTO se encontró asociado con la circunferencia de la cintura e IRX3 con EP en adultos latinoamericanos. Estas asociaciones persistieron tras el ajuste por sexo, edad y ascendencia genética. Aunque estos genes no estaban en LD, los hallazgos de un haplotipo entre FTO-IRX3 sugieren una interacción gen-gen asociada con un mayor riesgo de EP.

18.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 24(1): 56-61, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407965

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN A partir de visualización por electroforesis capilar de 9 regiones micro-satélites amplificadas con cebadores fluoromarcados se determinó el polimorfismo de los marcadores Hmct5, 102, HV 30, 548, HV 15, 416, m574, 103 y 358 identificados en el ADN de muestras de tejido foliar de 12 clones de caucho (Hevea brasiliensis) conservados en jardines clonales de AGROSAVIA en Colombia y 25 clones en jardines clonales de origen en Brasil. Con base en los resultados del análisis se consolidó una base de datos que permite corroborar la identidad por conformidad de clones de caucho a partir de muestras foliares. El protocolo establecido consiste en una aproximación metodológica para la amplificación de dichas regiones micro-satélites por PCR punto final y la visualización de los fragmentos obtenidos de este procedimiento por electroforesis capilar multiplexada, reduciendo costos y optimizando el tiempo en laboratorio. Adicionalmente se encontraron discrepancias entre el perfil electroforético obtenido del clon FX 3864 muestreado en Colombia con el obtenido en Brasil. Se propone considerar la necesidad de corroborar la identidad de los clones reproducidos en jardines clonales para su comercialización en Colombia, utilizando metodologías sensibles y reproducibles, como la estandarizada en este estudio.


ABSTRACT The polymorphism of 9 regions identified in the DNA of leaf tissue sampled from 12 rubber clones conserved in clonal gardens of AGROSAVIA in Colombia and 25 clones in clonal gardens of origin in Brazil was visualized by capillary electrophoresis after amplification with the fluorolabeled primer microsatellite markers Hmct5, 102, HV 30, 548, HV 15, 416, m574, 103 and 358. Upon the results analysis, a database was consolidated that allows to corroborate the genetical identity by conformity with 37 rubber clones from leaf samples. The established protocol is a methodological approach using end-point PCR towards the amplification by multiplexed capillary electrophoresis of micro-satellite regions and their visualization, reducing costs and optimizing time in the laboratory. Additionally, discrepancies were found between the electrophoretic profile obtained from clone FX 3864 sampled in Colombia with that obtained in Brazil. It is proposed to consider the need to corroborate the identity of the clones reproduced in clonal gardens for their commercialization in Colombia, using sensitive and reproducible methodologies, such as the one standardized in this study.

19.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(2): 271-284, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400222

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Asthma is an inflammatory airway disease that is influenced by several factors. An evolutionarily conserved serine/ threonine kinase named mTOR plays a key role in the integration of environmental signals in the form of growth factors, amino acids, and energy. In the immune system, mTOR is a critical regulator. The mTOR pathway exerts central control over processes in the immune response and in T-cell proliferation, multiplication, and differentiation. Variations in the gene responsible for mTOR complexes have been associated with different critical levels of cytokines, increased likelihood of developing asthma, and increased prevalence of atopy. Objective and method: This study aimed to investigate the association of mTOR gene variants with asthma, asthma severity, and atopy, as well as to perform a cytokine analysis. Result and conclusion: The findings reinforce the importance of mTOR gene variants in the development of asthma.


Introdução: A asma é uma doença inflamatória das vias aéreas, com diversos fatores influenciando essa condição inflamatória. A mTOR, uma serina/treonina quinase evolutivamente conservada, desempenha um papel central na integração de sinais ambientais na forma de fatores de crescimento, aminoácidos e energia. No sistema imunológico, a mTOR se apresenta como um regulador crítico. A via mTOR se destaca pelo controle central na resposta do sistema imunológico, bem como na proliferação, multiplição e diferenciação das células T. Variações no gene responsável pelos complexos mTOR têm sido associadas a diferentes níveis críticos de citocinas, aumento da probabilidade de desenvolver asma e aumento da prevalência de atopia. Objetivo e método: O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a associação entre as variantes do gene mTOR com asma e sua gravidade, atopia, além da análise de citocinas. Resultado e conclusão: Os achados reafirmam a importância das variantes do gene mTOR no desenvolvimento da asma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma , Threonine , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Serine , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Prevalence , Cytokines , Immune System , Immunity , Methods
20.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(2): 170-177, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395056

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: Conocer la diversidad genética de Aedes aegypti en el corredor vial transfronterizo Central-Alto Paraná de Paraguay, con registros de casos de dengue. Materiales y métodos: Se seleccionaron veinte hembras adultas de la eclosión de huevos de Ae. aegypti procedentes de casas geolocalizadas en los departamentos de Alto Paraná, Caaguazú, Cordillera y Central, entre el 2018 y 2019. Se extrajo ADN del tejido de las hembras para amplificación aleatoria de sus patrones polimórficos mediante amplificación aleatoria del ADN polimórfico por PCR (RAPD-PCR), usando cebadores H3 y B03 a fin de conocer parámetros genéticos de diversidad poblacional. Las relaciones entre las poblaciones de mosquitos según la localidad fueron visualizadas mediante análisis no apareado de la media aritmética. Las áreas idóneas de distribución geográfica real y potencial de estas poblaciones de Ae. aegypti fueron analizadas mediante DIVA-GIS 7.3.0 y MAXENT. Resultados: Se identificaron 40 loci mediante perfiles RAPD-PCR, con diferenciación génica moderada (Gst = 0,12). El corredor transfronterizo presentó condiciones bioclimáticas para la presencia de poblaciones variantes de Ae. aegypti, siendo determinantes en la distribución la precipitación del trimestre más cálido y la temperatura media del trimestre más seco. Conclusiones: Se evidencia que existe diversidad genética moderada en las poblaciones de Ae. aegypti procedentes de zonas con registros de casos de dengue ubicadas en el corredor vial transfronterizo que une los departamentos Central y Alto Paraná de Paraguay. El estudio de variabilidad genética de Ae. aegypti es de gran utilidad para la vigilancia entomoepidemiológica y evaluación de posibles eventos de resistencia al control químico.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the genetic diversity of Aedes aegypti in the Central-Alto Paraná cross-border road corridor of Paraguay, an area that has reports of dengue cases. Materials and methods: Twenty adult females were selected from hatching Ae. aegypti eggs from households geolocated in the departments of Alto Paraná, Caaguazú, Cordillera and Central, between 2018 and 2019. DNA was extracted from the tissue of females for amplifying their polymorphic patterns by random amplification of polymorphic DNA by PCR (RAPD-PCR), using primers H3 and B03 in order to identify genetic parameters of population diversity. The relationships between mosquito populations according to locality were observed by unpaired arithmetic mean analysis. We used DIVA-GIS 7.3.0 and MAXENT to analyze the suitable areas of actual and potential geographic distribution of these Ae. aegypti populations. Results: Forty loci were identified by RAPD-PCR profiling, with moderate gene differentiation (Gst = 0.12). The cross-border corridor presented bioclimatic conditions for the presence of variant populations of Ae. aegypti, with precipitation in the warmest quarter and mean temperature in the driest quarter being determinant in the distribution. Conclusions: There is evidence of moderate genetic diversity in Ae. aegypti populations from areas that have reported dengue cases in the cross-border road corridor linking the Central and Alto Paraná departments of Paraguay. The study of genetic variability of Ae. aegypti is very useful for entomo-epidemiological surveillance and evaluation of possible resistance to chemical control.


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Aedes , Mosquito Vectors , Genetic Variation , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Vector Control of Diseases , Vector Borne Diseases
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