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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1120-1126, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886994

ABSTRACT

Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to establish the quality of different medicinal parts of Poria cocos (Poriae Cutis, rubra Poria, white Poria, Poria cum Radix Pini) by using ultra-performance convergence chromatography coupled with photo-diode array and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPC2-PDA-Q-TOF/MSE). A total of 18 chromatographic peaks were detected from Poria cocos by UPC2-PDA. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were used to compare the four medicinal parts. The results showed that there were significant differences in the components of different medicinal parts, and the main triterpenoic acids were poricoic acid A, poricoic acid B, dehydroeburicoic acid, and dehydrotrametenolic acid. When combined with the common active component polyporenic acid C, a method for determination of five triterpenoic acids in different parts of Poria cocos was established. These components could be separated within 15 min, and the amount of methanol was 3.63% of that of HPLC method. Taking the five triterpenoid acids as an index, the content of triterpenoid acids in different parts of Poria cocos from high to low were Poriae Cutis, rubra Poria, white Poria and Poria cum Radix Pini. The method is simple, rapid, and uses minimal solvent. The mobile phase of environment-friendly gas carbon dioxide has unique advantages in reducing environmental pollution, which can provide a basis for the development and standard formulation of Poria cocos and its related products.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878969

ABSTRACT

Dabie Mountain in Anhui province is a genuine producing area of Poria cocos, commonly known as Anling. Jinzhai county in Anhui province is a traditional producing area of P. cocos, and it is also a key county for poverty alleviation in Dabie Mountains. Poverty alleviation of traditional Chinese medicine producing area is an important measure to implement the major strategic deployment of the central government. The planting of P. cocos is helpful to promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry in Dabie Mountains and help poverty alleviation. P. cocos is a saprophytic fungus with special demands on soil and ecological environment, and its planting appears a scattered and irregular distribution. Traditional investigation methods are time-consuming and laborious, and the results are greatly influenced by subjective factors. In order to obtain the suitable planting area of P. cocos in Jinzhai county, according to the field survey, the research team has explored the regional, biological characteristics and cultivation methods of P. cocos in the county, and obtained the altitude distribution area suitable for the growth of P. cocos. Then, the MaxEnt niche model was used to analyze the relationship between ecological factors and distribution areas, and the potential distribution zoning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was studied. Combined with the characteristics of P. cocos planting pattern, taking ZY-3 remote sensing image as the data source, the maximum likelihood method was used to extract the area that could be used for P. cocos cultivation in Jinzhai county, and the reason why artificial planting P. cocos was mainly distributed in the west of Jinzhai county was analyzed. The suitable regional classification of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was obtained by superposition of suitable altitude distribution area, MaxEnt analysis and area extracted from remote sensing image, which provided data support for the planting planning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county.


Subject(s)
Altitude , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Soil , Wolfiporia
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878887

ABSTRACT

In this study, the antioxidant property changes in fermented Ziziphi Spinosae Semen(FZSS) with Poria cocos were analyzed by DPPH, ABTS and FRAP methods. Then the content determination of active ingredients and ~1H nuclear magnetic resonance(~1H-NMR) spectroscopy were also used to investigate the mechanism of FZSS with P. cocos in enhancing the antioxidant activity. The results showed that the content of active ingredients such as total phenols, total saponins and total polysaccharides were significantly increased during the fermentation time. The results of ~1H-NMR metabonomics showed that the contents of amino acids such as leucine, lysine, valine and alanine, nitrogen compounds such as creatine, creatinine, and betaine, and secondary metabolites, for instance, jujuboside A and spinosin were higher after fermentation, and above components showed positive correlation with antioxidant capacity in Pearson correlation analysis. Therefore, it was inferred that the enhancement of antioxidant activity of FZSS may be the result of the joint action of various chemical components. This study preliminarily clarified the mechanism of FZSS in enhancing the antioxidant activity, and provided new research ideas for the product development and utilization of FZSS.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Poria , Semen , Wolfiporia , Ziziphus
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 564-570, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establis h the UPLC fingerprint of Poria co cos aqueous extract ,and to investigate its relationship with sedative and hypnotic effect. METHODS :Ten batches of P. cocos from different areas were extracted with water to obtain the aqueous extract. UPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Waters HSS-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% phosphoric acid solution-acetonitrile-methanol (gradient elution ) at the flow rate of 0.4-0.2 mL/min. The detection wavelengths were set at 210 and 242 nm. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and sample size was 2 μL. The fingerprints of 10 batches of P. cocos aqueous extracts were established by using the Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Fingerprint (2012A version),and the common peaks were identified. The sedative and hypnotic effects of 10 batches of P. cocos aqueous extracts from different areas under the synergistic action of pentobarbital sodium were investigated by taking the sleeping rate ,sleep latency and sleep duration of mice as the single efficacy index. After data transformation of single efficacy index and total efficacy (single indexes calculated by analytic hierarchy process ),grey correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the common peaks in fingerprint of P. cocos aqueous extract and the single efficacy index and total efficacy. RESULTS :There were 24 common peaks in 10 batches of aqueous extract of P. cocos , and 11 components were identified , i.e. 16 α-hydroxydehydrotrametenolic acid (peak 6),16α-hydroxytrametendic acid (peak 7),poricoic acid B (peak 9),dehydrotumulosic acid(peak 10),poricoic acid A (peak 12),polyporenic acid C (peak 15),3-O-acetyl-16α-hydroxydehydrotrametenolic acid (peak 17),dehydropachymic acid (peak 20),pachymic acid (peak 21),dehydrotrametenolic acid (peak 22),dehydroeburicoic acid (peak 24). Grey correlation analysis showed ,the correlation between 24 peaks and sleep duration was greater than 0.6(0.611 5- 0.811 8);the correlation between 24 peaks and sleep latency was greater than 0.6(0.605 9-0.790 4),except for peaks 14,24 and 2;the correlation of 24 peaks between sleeping rate was greater than 0.6(0.606 4-0.721 6),except for peaks 23,19,17 and 5; the correlation of 24 peaks between total efficacy was greater than 0.6(0.619 0-0.781 2),except for peaks 2,5,19. The top 10 chromatographic peaks related to the total efficacy were peak 15(polyporenic acid C ),peak 16,peak 8,peak 11,peak 12 (poricoic acid A ), peak 1, peak 7 (16 α-hydroxytrametendicacid), peak 3, peak 9 (poricoic acid B ) and peak 20 (dehydropachymic acid ). CONCLUSIONS :UPLC fingerprint of P. cocos aqueous extract was established and 11 components were identified. Ten components such as polyporus acid C are closely related to the total efficacy of sedation and hypnosis ,which preliminarily reveal the material basis of the sedative and hypnotic effect of P. cocos .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846699

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the regulation of polar extract of Poria cocos on neurotransmitter and circadian rhythm metabolic pathway. Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model group, positive drug venlafaxine hydrochloride group (35 mg/kg), and polar extract of P. cocos group (15 g/kg). Rats were modeled and ig administrated for 28 d simultaneously, and the body weight, sugar preference rate, and opening behavior were observed dynamically after administration. The levels of tryptophan (Trp), 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HT), and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), noradrenaline (NE), dopamine (DA), acetylcholiner (Ach), γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamic acid (Glu), the proportion of GABA/Glu in serum were measured by LC-MS. The expression of key genes in the circadian rhythm pathway in liver tissue was detected by using qRT-PCR. Results: Polar extracts of P. cocos significantly improved the abnormality of the sugar preference rate and opening behavior. And polar extracts of P. cocos significantly restored the levels of 5-HT, 5-HIAA, Trp, NE, Ach, GABA, the proportion of GABA/Glu in serum and regulated the gene expression levels of Arntl, Per1, Per2, Per3, and Nr1d1 in hepatocyte. Conclusion: The polar extract of P. cocos could improve neurotransmitters and circadian rhythm disorders in CUMS rats through enhancing the 5-HT metabolic pathway, regulating Ach-NE signaling interaction and the equilibrium of proportion of amino acids neurotransmitter and restoring the expression levels of Arntl, Per1, Per2, Per3, and Nr1d1 involved in the circadian rhythm.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846420

ABSTRACT

Poria cocos is a traditional Chinese medicine with homology of medicine and food in China. It has the effects of promoting diuresis, eliminating dampness, invigorating spleen, calming heart and so on. It is widely used in medicine, food and health care products. With the in-depth study of P. cocos, its triterpenes, polysaccharides and other major chemical components, as well as its wide range of pharmacological effects and application development research have attracted much attention. This paper systematically reviewed the chemical components and pharmacological effects of P. cocos, according to the concept of quality markers, the quality markers of P. cocos were predicted and analyzed from the aspects of the biosynthetic approach and specificity of chemical components, traditional medicinal efficacy, traditional medicinal properties, measurable components, different processing methods and so on, which provides a scientific basis for quality evaluation and product development of P. cocos.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846363

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the prescription rules of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating alcoholic liver disease (ALD) based on TCM inheritance support system (V2.50). Methods: The literatures about TCM prescriptions for treating ALD were collected from CNKI, Wanfang database, and VIP database. The TCM inheritance platform system was used to analyze the prescription rules of TCM in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease. Results: Statistics showed that the majority of prescriptions were used to treat alcoholic fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic cirrhosis. Through "frequency statistics" analysis, 107 prescriptions were found involving 149 flavors of TCM, with a cumulative frequency of 1 195 times. Twenty-three Chinese medicines with a frequency of ≥ 15 times were used, and the cumulative frequency was 737 times (62%). The most frequently used medicines were blood-activating and stasis-removing drugs, water-diffusing and damp-permeating drugs, tonics, heat-clearing drugs, antialcoholic poisons and qi-regulating drugs. The commonly used doses of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Poria cocos, Bupleurum chinense, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Atractylodes macrocephala, Alismatis Rhizoma, and Curcumae Radix in the top 10 medicines ranked in the frequency of medication accorded with the prescribed doses in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (2015 edition), while Crataegi Fructus, Artemisiae Scopariae Herba, and Puerariae Lobatae Radix exceeded the prescribed doses. In the frequency analysis of drug pairs, the combination of S.miltiorrhiza and B. chinense was the most widely used. According to the association rules of drug combination, the correlation between Curcumae Radix and S. miltiorrhiza was the strongest, that was, the probability of S. miltiorrhiza appearing with the emergence of Curcumae Radix was 88%. From the network display chart, it was indicated that S. miltiorrhiza and P. cocos were the main herbs for treatment. Through unsupervised entropy hierarchical clustering algorithm, 14 core combinations for new clustering were extracted, and seven new prescriptions can be obtained by further clustering. Conclusion: The basic principles of TCM treatment of ALD include promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, removing dampness, tonifying, detoxifying alcohol, and promoting qi, and with "protecting spleen and stomach function" as its purpose, which accords with the theoretical basis of traditional Chinese medicine in treating alcoholic liver disease. Core combinations and new prescriptions provide references for clinical drug use and new drug research and development, but new prescriptions must be further evaluated with the combination of traditional Chinese medicine theory and clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 316-325, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842002

ABSTRACT

Objective: The research indicated that the nature of Chinese medicine is mainly related to body's substance and energy metabolism. The purpose of the study is to elucidate the substance basis for warm nature of Poria cocos (called Fuling (FL) in Chinese). Methods: In terms of the effects of its separated fractions on the substance and energy metabolism in rat models of cold-deficiency with Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (called Fuzi (FZ) in Chinese), with hot nature, as reference drug. Biochemical indexes in the material metabolism, energy metabolism, endocrine system, nervous system and nucleotide system were determined, then analyzed by additive, cluster and principal component analysis (PCA). Results: The medicinal natures of oligosaccharides and amino acids fractions were attributable to plain and crude polysaccharides, volatile oils and triterpenoids fractions were attributable to mild warm. Conclusion: The nature of FL was regarded as mild warm based on the old records of Chinese medicine and fractions of crude polysaccharides, volatile oils and triterpenoids might be the main substance basis for the warm nature of FL. It is the first time that substance basis of FL was elucidated from view point of medicinal nature.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2101-2106, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for th e content determination of 7 kinds of triterpenoids in Poria cocos ,and to compare the differences of the above components in P. cocos from different habitats ,so as to provide reference for the quality control of P. cocos . METHODS :Using 36 batches of P. cocos from different habitats as samples ,HPLC method was used for content determination of dehydrotomorphic acid , polyporhinic acid C , 3-epidehydrotomorphic acid , 3-O-acetyl-16 α-hydroxy-hydrogenolysaccharic acid ,dehydrotomorphic acid ,pachymic acid and dehydrotrametenolic acid. The column was performed on Thermo Acclaim 120 C18 with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-phosphoric acid water (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm. The column temperature was 30 ℃,and the injection volume was 20 μL. SPSS 21.0 statistical software was used for cluster analysis of 36 batches of P. cocos from different habitats. RESULTS : The linearity of 7 triterpenoids was good in the range of their mass concentration (all r≥0.999 0);average recoveries were 96.74%-104.04%(RSD=0.54%-1.55%,n=6). RSDs of precision ,and reproducibility stability (24 h)tests were all lower than 3.0%(n=6). RSD of durability test was lower than 5.0%(n=2). There were some differences in the single content of 7 indicator components among samples from different habitats ,but the total content difference was not obvious (the total content of most samples was in the range of 1.3-1.9 mg/g). After cluster analysis ,36 batches of sample were clustered into 5 categories,i.e. S 27 was clustered into class Ⅰ;S30 and S 34 were clustered into class Ⅱ;S2,S8 and S 9 were clustered into class Ⅲ;S10,S11,S12 and S 14 were clustered into class Ⅳ;and the remaining 26 batches of samples were clustered into class Ⅴ. CONCLUSIONS :The method is simple ,and has good precision ,repeatability and durability. It can be used for the simultaneous determination of above 7 components in P. cocos . There has no significant difference in the quality of P. cocos from different habitats. The content of P. cocos in most producing areas is uniform in content and stable in quality ,only a few of them are different. Δ 基金项目 :国家重点研发计划中医药现代化研究重点专项

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 692-695, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:Compare the difference of total protein content of Poria cocos from different producing areas. METHODs:Using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as control ,0.4 mol/L sodium hydroxide solution as exctraction solution , Coomassie brilliant blue G- 250 as chromogenic reagent ,visible spectrophotometry at 595 nm was used to determine the contents of total protein of P. cocos ;cluster analysis was used to classify 34 batches(S1-S34)of P. cocos from different producing areas. RESULTS:The linear range of BSA was 1.45-17.40 μ g/mL (r=0.999 6). RSDs of precision ,stability (20 min) and reproducibility tests were all lower than 3%;recoveries were 100.14%-104.26%(RSD=1.43%,n=9). The contents of total protein in 34 batches of P. cocos from different producing areas were 0.388 4%-1.129 7%. The results of cluster analysis showed that among 34 batches of P. cocos ,the total protein content of P. cocos produced in Yingshan county of Hubei province (S2,S3) was higher than 1%,clustered into one category ;the total protein contents of P. cocos produced in Hubei ,Yunnan,Anhui and Hunan(S1,S5-S10,S12,S13,S16,S17,S19-S21,S23-S25,S28,S30,S31)were 0.653 5%-0.946 1%,clustered into one categony,and the remaining batch content were 0.388 4%-0.601 2%,clustered into one category. CONCLUSIONS :Established method is suitable for the content determination of total protein content of P. cocos . The protein content of P. cocos from Yingshan county of Hubei province is the highest ,followed by Yunnan and Anhui in 34 batches of P. cocos from different producing areas.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773252

ABSTRACT

SATB1 plays a crucial role in the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer,and inhibition of SATB1 expression can effectively control breast cancer metastasis. In this study,homogeneous polysaccharides were isolated from Poria cocos and their sulfated derivatives were prepared to screen out the polysaccharide compositions with inhibitory effects on SATB1 expression. Smal-molecule components were removed from P. cocos by ethanol extraction,and P. cocos crude polysaccharide PPS was obtained by water extraction and ethanol precipitation. Then PPS was successively separated by DEAE Sepharose fast flow anion-exchange and Superdex-75 gel permeation chromatographic steps to give PPSW-1. The structure of PPSW-1 was identified and its sulfated derivatives were prepared. Then their inhibitory effects on human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were investigated. A kind of polysaccharide,PPSW-1 with inhibitory effect on human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells,was obtained from P. cocos,with a relative molecular weight of 3. 06×104,and structure of 1,6-branched 1,3-α-D-galactan. PPSW-1 and its sulfated derivative Sul-W-1 showed good inhibitory effect on cells migration,and the water solubility of Sul-W-1 was better than that of PPSW-1. In addition,it was found that polysaccharide of P. cocos and its sulfated derivative can inhibit expression of SATB1. In this study,a kind of homogeneous polysaccharide with inhibitory effect on human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells was isolated from P. cocos,and its sulfated derivative with similar efficacy but better solubility was prepared,laying the foundation for the substance basis study of P. cocos.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Humans , Matrix Attachment Region Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Sulfates , Wolfiporia , Chemistry
12.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 406-411, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842052

ABSTRACT

Objective: Poria cocos and Polyporus umbellatus are similar medicinal fungi in traditional Chinese medicines. A method for fingerprint analysis of monosaccharide composition of polysaccharides by HPLC combined with chemometrics methods has been developed for characterization and discrimination of them in this research. Methods: The polysaccharides were extracted by decocting in water, and then completely hydrolyzed with hydrochloride. Monosaccharides in the hydrolyzates were derivatized with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP) for HPLC analysis. More than 20 batches of P. cocos and P. umbellatus from different regions were analyzed. Results: The fingerprints of P. cocos showed five common characteristic peaks, which were identified by comparing with the reference substances. The five peaks corresponded to the derivatives of mannose, ribose, glucose, galactose, and fucose. At the same time, the fingerprints of P. umbellatus showed eight common characteristic peaks, of which seven were identified as the derivatives of mannose, ribose, rhamnose, glucose, galactose, xylose, and fucose. Moreover, the similarity of their fingerprints was respectively calculated by the Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of TCM published by China Pharmacopoeia Committee (Version 2004A). And the data were further processed by hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA). The similarity evaluation and HCA indicated that there were no significant difference in P. cocos or P. umbellatus samples from different geographical regions, but PCA was performed to characterize the difference in monosaccharide constituents between P. cocos and P. umbellatus, and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) showed the overall correct classification rate was 100%. Conclusion: The fingerprint analysis method of monosaccharide composition of water-soluble polysaccharides can distinguish P. cocos and P. umbellatus, and can be applied for the authentication or quality control for P. cocos and P. umbellatus.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776907

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome characterized by obesity, hyperglycemia and liver steatosis is becoming prevalent all over the world. Herein, a water insoluble polysaccharide (WIP) was isolated and identified from the sclerotium of Poria cocos, a widely used Traditional Chinese Medicine. WIP was confirmed to be a (1-3)-β-D-glucan with an average Mw of 4.486 × 10 Da by NMR and SEC-RI-MALLS analyses. Furthermore, oral treatment with WIP from P. cocos significantly improved glucose and lipid metabolism and alleviated hepatic steatosis in ob/ob mice. 16S DNA sequencing analysis of cecum content from WIP-treated mice indicated the increase of butyrate-producing bacteria Lachnospiracea, Clostridium. It was also observed that WIP treatment elevated the level of butyrate in gut, improved the gut mucosal integrity and activated the intestinal PPAR-γ pathway. Fecal transplantation experiments definitely confirmed the causative role of gut microbiota in mediating the benefits of WIP. It is the first report that the water insoluble polysaccharide from the sclerotium of P. cocos modulates gut microbiota to improve hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. Thereby, WIP from P. cocos, as a prebiotic, has the potential for the prevention or cure of metabolic diseases and may elucidate new mechanism for the efficacies of this traditional herbal medicine on the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria , Classification , Genetics , Metabolism , Butyrates , Metabolism , Fatty Liver , Drug Therapy , Fungal Polysaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Genetics , Hyperglycemia , Drug Therapy , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Intestines , Microbiology , Male , Metabolic Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Mice , Mice, Obese , Prebiotics , Wolfiporia , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851077

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the non-polysaccharide chemical constituents of Poria cocos and their anti-complementary activity. Methods: The anti-complementary bioassay-guided isolation was carried out with the hemolysis test as guide. All isolates were evaluated for their in vitro anti-complementary activities on the classical pathway. The structures were identified by various spectroscopic data including ESI-MS, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR data. Results: Eleven compounds were isolated from the EtOAc fraction of P. cocos extracts, including stigmasterol (1), lupeol (2), oleanolic acid (3), ursolic acid (4), polyporenic acid C (5), tumulosic acid (6), dehydrotumulosic acid (7), 3-epi-dehydrotumulosic acid (8), pachymic acid (9), dehydropachymic acid (10), and dehydrotrametenolic acid (11). Compounds 1-4 were obtained from this plant for the first time, and compounds 3-11 showed the anti-complementary activity in different degrees. Conclusion: Triterpenoid acids are the main anti-complementary constituents in the chemical constituents of P. cocos non-polysaccharides (CH50 0.10-0.27 g/L).

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850801

ABSTRACT

Objective: The quality markers of Poria cocos were identified based on the “in vitro-in vivo” multidimensional chemical group associated network and in vivo pharmacokinetics, and the mass spectrometry method for quantitative detection of quality markers was established to evaluate the quality of P. cocos. Methods: A quantitative analysis method of triterpenoids in P. cocos was established by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadruple tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) while dioscin was chosen as internal reference substance. The pharmacokinetic curves of active ingredients in vivo were drawn. Seven quality markers of P. cocos including dehydrotumulosic acid, tumulosic acid, and poricoic acid B were identified based on the results of pharmacokinetics. The content of high content components and quality markers in 10 batches of P. cocos were detected and used as variables for cluster analysis of 10 batches of P. cocos. Results: There were differences in the results of clustering analysis with different indexes as variables in evaluating the quality of P. cocos. Conclusion: To a certain extent, the method of quality control of P. cocos with high content components is one-sided. In order to comprehensively and accurately control the quality of P. cocos, it is necessary to take into full account the in vivo and in vitro changes and the in vivo dynamic process of P. cocos composition, and select the effective quality markers related to its pharmacodynamics for its quality control.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774546

ABSTRACT

HPLC specific chromatograms of Poria were established, and the concentrations of 10 triterpenoids(16α-hydroxydehydrotrametenolic acid, poricoic acid B, dehydrotumulosic acid, poricoic acid A, polyporenic acid C, poricoic acid AM, 3-O-acetyl-16α-hydroxydehydrotrametenolic acid, dehydropachymic acid, pachymic acid, and dehydrotrametenolic acid) were simultaneously determined. Chromatographic analysis was conducted on a Welch Ultimate XB C_(18) column(4.6 mm × 250 mm,5 μm). Acetonitrile solution(contain 3% tetrahydrofuran)(A) and 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(B) were used as the mobile phase with gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1). The column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 20 μL. The experimental data were analyzed by the SPSS 22.0 and GraphPad Prism 7.0. The established triterpenoids fingerprints were specific, and the 10 components were well separated and showed good linearity(r≥0.999 6) within the concentration ranges tested. The mean recoveries were between 98.53%-103.8%(RSD 1.7%-2.7%). The method was specific and repeatable, and could be used for identification and quality evaluation of Poria. The results showed that the contents of 10 triterpenoids were positively correlated with each other. The contents of 10 triterpenoids of samples collected from producing areas were higher than that collected from markets. The total contents of 10 triterpenoids of samples collected from Hubei and Yunnan province were slightly higher than that from Anhui province, but the contents of samples from Anhui province were varied in smaller ranges.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Materia Medica , Poria , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851637

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a new method and validate its feasibilities by the simultaneous quantitative assay of four triterpenes in Poria cocos. Methods A new quality evaluation method of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) was established and validated for P. cocos. Pachymic acid (PA), dehydropachymic acid (DPA), dehydrotumulosic acid (DTA), and dehydrotrametenolic acid (DMA) were selected as analytes while pachymic acid was chosen as internal reference substance to evaluate the quality. The relative correction factor (RCF) of pachymic acid to the other three triterpenes were calculated. The method was evaluated by the comparison of quantity between external standard method and QAMS method. Results The contents of four triterpenes in 17 batches of P. cocos from QAMS method were not significantly different from those from external standard method. Conclusion The method with a single marker is accurate and feasible to determine PA, DPA, DTA, and DMA when some authentic standard substance are unavailable.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776404

ABSTRACT

Poria cocos is one of medical materials frequently used in China and well marketed at home and abroad. Based on the analysis of exports and imports data of P. cocos, we found that large proportions of P. cocos were exported, while only a small proportions of those were imported in China between 2011 and 2016. During periods of these six years, the annual exporting trade of P. cocos in quantity significantly decreased, but that in dollars tend to increase slightly and the unit-prices of P. cocos significantly increased. Statistically, the average annual export trade of P. cocos from 2011 to 2016 in quantity and dollars were 9 279.73 tons and 35.454 million dollars, respectively. And the average annual export in unit-price was 4.14 dollars per kilogram. In total, P. cocos came from 29 provinces and exported to 44 countries through 21 ports. More than 98% of total exports of P. cocos were flew to the markets of countries in Asia, of which Hong Kong was the major partner in import trade of P. cocos. Large amount of P. cocos came from Guangdong province and exported mainly through Shenzhen port. Except the exports, China also imports P. cocos from other countries, among which Korea was the major country exports largest amount of P. cocos to China. And most of P. cocos were imported by Jilin province and mainly through Changchun port. To improve the export kinetic, quality and profits of P. cocos, and thus enhance the international competitiveness of the industry of P. cocos, Chinese governments should emphasize the researches on the products of P. cocos, broaden the demand space of the high-end customers, stimulate the high-end market grow in high speed and accelerate the process of standardization in future.


Subject(s)
China , Commerce , Republic of Korea , Wolfiporia
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327212

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf hydroethanolic extract (PHE) against nephrotic syndrome (NS) in rats and to identify the potential active components from PHE.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The high content compounds were isolated and purified by using column chromatography followed by preparative highperformance liquid chromatography (p-HPLC). Forty male Wistar rats with adriamycin (ADR)-induced NS were randomly divided into 5 groups, 8 in each group: model control group, positive control group (with prednisone treatment), PHE low-dose group, PHE middle-dose group and PHE high-dose group. Another 8 rats were recruited as vehicle control group. All rats received the intragastric administration of corresponding drugs or saline for 30 days. During the experimental period, rats' behavior and appearance were observed and recorded daily, and their body weights were recorded weekly. After treatment, 24-h urine samples were collected to evaluate the urine protein and urine creatinine (Ucr); then the rats were sacrificed to collect carotid blood and to determine the levels of serum total protein (TP), albumin (Alb), globulin (Glo), total cholesterol (TC) and cytokine interlukin-4 (IL-4).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six acidic components were isolated and identified from the PHE section: pachymic acid, 15α-hydroxydehydrotumulosic acid, trametenolic acid, dehydropachymic acid, 3β-hydroxy-lanosta-7,9(11), 24-trien-21-oic-acid and dehydroeburicoic acid. Compared with the model control group, the urine protein content were significantly decreased in the PHE treatment groups and positive control group (P<0.05), especially PHE middle-dose group (P<0.01). The Ucr values and serum levels of TP, Glo, TC and IL-4 in PHE low- and middle-dose groups were also presented obvious recover tendency as compared with the model control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). However, positive control group and all PHE groups indicated no significant therapeutic effect on raising Alb value, although PHE low- and middle-dose treatment groups showed better outcomes than positive control group (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PHE showed an encouraging therapeutic effect against ADR-induced NS in a rat model. PHE might be a group of effective substances for the treatment of NS.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696132

ABSTRACT

As national strategic resources,traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) resource is the material basis for the pharmaceutical industry and health services.The high-efficiency utilization of TCM resource is a major strategic issue that realize the resource conservation and environment friendly recycling economy,guarantee the sustainable development of medicine.But currently,on one hand,the wild TCM resource was seriously damaged and in a serious shortage of stock,the cultivation variety was degenerated,the tending of endangered medicinal materials and the development of alternative varieties were faced many problems.On the other hand,the limited resources cannot be effectively utilized,which results in the waste of resources.Therefore,two ecological restricted resources,poria cocos and Chinese gall,were studied for comprehensive utilization of resources to explore the comprehensive exploitation and utilization of TCM resource as well as the pattern of sustainable development.We suggested that TCM resource should be taken into account as a whole for comprehensive utilization.We should especially pay attention to basic research for the sustainable development of TCM resource,discovery of bioactive substance,excavation and transformation for functional components,the use of biotechnology,the product development,the formation and extension of industry chain.So as the comprehensive exploitation and utilization of TCM resources and sustainable development would be realized.

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