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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 32: e74792, jan. -dez. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554732

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as características e os desfechos obstétricos adversos em gestantes/puérperas infectadas pelo SARS-CoV-2 em serviço de referência. Método: série de casos retrospectiva entre gestantes com Covid-19 em um hospital universitário em Minas Gerais, Brasil, atendidas no serviço de 2020 a 2021, coletados em abril de 2022, empregando-se estatística descritiva para análise dos dados através do Statistical Package for the Social Science. Resultados: incluídas 26 gestantes, em sua maioria brancas, que tiveram como principais desfechos obstétricos adversos a internação em UTI (43,5%), parto prematuro (34,6%), dado reestratificado de semanas para dias para investigar o encurtamento da gestação, onde constatou-se média de 38,6 dias potenciais de gravidez perdidos dos 280 dias ideais, e ainda 15,4% evoluíram para óbito materno. Conclusão: o estudo proporcionou evidenciar a necessidade de vigilância e atenção às gestantes com foco nos principais desfechos adversos, podendo-se intervir em tempo oportuno para diminuir adversidades.


Objective: to analyze the characteristics and adverse obstetric outcomes in pregnant/puerperal women infected by SARS-CoV-2 at a reference service. Method: a retrospective case series conducted among pregnant women with Covid-19 in a university hospital from Minas Gerais, Brazil, treated at the service from 2020 to 2021. The cases were collected in April 2022 employing descriptive statistics for data analysis in the Statistical Package for the Social Science. Results: a total of 26 pregnant women were included, mostly white-skinned, whose main adverse obstetric outcomes were admission to the ICU (43.5%), premature birth (34.6%) and data restratified from weeks to days to investigate shortening of pregnancy, where a mean of 38.6 potential days of pregnancy were lost out of the ideal 280 days, and 15.4% resulted in maternal death. Conclusion: the study provided evidence of the need for surveillance and care for pregnant women with a focus on the main adverse outcomes, enabling timely intervention to reduce adversities.


Objetivo: analizar las características y resultados obstétricos adversos en gestantes/puérperas infectadas por SARS-CoV-2 en un servicio de referencia. Método: serie de casos retrospectiva entre gestantes con Covid-19 en un hospital universitario de Minas Gerais, Brasil, atendidas en el servicio de 2020 a 2021. Los datos se recolectaron en abril de 2022, se utilizó estadística descriptiva para analizar los datos mediante el Statistical Package for the Social Science. Resultados: se incluyeron 26 gestantes, la mayoría de raza blanca, cuyos principales resultados obstétricos adversos fueron ingreso a UCI (43,5%), parto prematuro (34,6%), dato reestratificado de semanas a días para investigar el acortamiento de la gestación, que arrojó como resultado un promedio de 38,6. Se comprobó que se perdieron en promedio 38,6 días potenciales de embarazo de los 280 días ideales, y muerte materna (15,4%). Conclusión: la evidencia que proporcionó el estudio indica que es necesario vigilar y atender a las gestantes enfocándose en los principales resultados adversos, lo que permite intervenir de forma oportuna para reducir adversidades.

2.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58441, Jan.-Jun. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550242

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A gestação configura-se como um acontecimento único e memorável para a vida de uma mulher. A gravidez de alto risco é uma experiência estressante em razão dos riscos a que estão submetidos a mãe e o bebê e devido às mudanças que afetam negativamente o seu equilíbrio emocional. Objetivo: Identificar os sentimentos vivenciados pela gestante frente à gravidez de alto risco. Método: Descritivo e exploratório com abordagem qualitativa, com amostra por conveniência composta por mulheres com gestação de alto risco, selecionadas de acordo com a disponibilidade do serviço de internamento, até a saturação das entrevistas. A coleta dos dados foi realizada em um período de dois meses através de entrevistas guiadas por um roteiro. Os dados foram analisados por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo segundo Minayo. Resultados: Fizeram parte 37 mulheres. Os resultados foram oeganizados nas categorias: Como se deu o diagnóstico de alto risco; Sentimentos ao descobrir que a gestação é/era de risco; Sentimentos em relação ao apoio familiar acerca da gestação de alto risco. Os sentimentos relatados pelas gestantes e puérperas que conviveram com a gravidez de alto risco, deixam evidentes os impactos que este evento traz não somente na saúde física sobretudo para a emocional, deixando as gestantes fragilizadas. Conclusão: Assim, o estudo nos permitiu perceber que os sentimentos vivenciados nesse processo podem interfir na vida dessas mulheres, e de forma negativa. Mas, que apesar dessa situação, estas expressam sentimentos ambíguos, pois mesmo com o risco gestacional, muitas mostram-se felizes pela dádiva de ser mãe.


Resumen Introducción: El embarazo se considera un evento único y memorable en la vida de una mujer. El embarazo de alto riesgo es una experiencia estresante debido a los riesgos a los que están expuestas tanto la madre como su bebé y a los cambios que afectan negativamente su equilibrio emocional. Objetivo: Identificar los sentimientos experimentados por las mujeres embarazadas frente a un embarazo de alto riesgo. Metodología: Descriptivo y exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo, con una muestra a conveniencia compuesta por mujeres con embarazos de alto riesgo, seleccionadas según la disponibilidad del servicio de hospitalización, hasta la saturación de las entrevistas. La recopilación de datos se llevó a cabo durante un período de dos meses a través de entrevistas guiadas. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando la técnica de análisis de contenido según Minayo. Resultados: Participaron 37 mujeres y los resultados se organizaron en las siguientes categorías: cómo se realizó el diagnóstico de alto riesgo; sentimientos al descubrir que el embarazo era de riesgo; sentimientos con respecto al apoyo familiar en relación con el embarazo de alto riesgo. Los sentimientos relatados por las mujeres embarazadas y posparto que vivieron un embarazo de alto riesgo evidencian los impactos que tiene este evento no solo en la salud física sino, especialmente, en el bienestar emocional, pues deja a las mujeres embarazadas en un estado de vulnerabilidad. Conclusión: El estudio nos permitió darnos cuenta de que los sentimientos experimentados en este proceso pueden interferir en la vida de estas mujeres de manera negativa. Sin embargo, a pesar de esta situación, muchas de ellas expresan sentimientos ambiguos, porque, incluso con el riesgo gestacional, están agradecidas por el regalo de la maternidad.


Abstract Introduction: Pregnancy is considered a unique and memorable event in a woman's life. High-risk pregnancy is a stressful experience due to the risks to which the mother and the baby are exposed, and due to the changes that negatively affect their emotional balance. Objective: To identify the feelings experienced by pregnant women facing high-risk pregnancy. Method: Descriptive and exploratory, employing a qualitative approach, the study featured a convenience sample of women with high-risk pregnancies, selected based on inpatient service availability, until interview saturation was achieved. Data collection was conducted over a two-month period through scripted interviews. Data analysis was performed utilizing Minayo's content analysis technique. Results: Thirty-seven women participated in the study. The results were categorized as follows: How the high-risk diagnosis was determined; Feelings upon discovering the pregnancy was high-risk; Feelings regarding family support regarding the high-risk pregnancy. The feelings reported by pregnant and postpartum women who experienced high-risk pregnancies clearly reveal the impacts this event has, not only on physical health, but especially on emotional well-being, leaving the pregnant women in a vulnerable state. Conclusion: The study allowed us to realize that the feelings experienced in this process can negatively interfere in the lives of these women. However, despite this situation, many of them express mixed feelings, because even with the gestational risk, they are grateful for the gift of motherhood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care/psychology , Women's Health , Pregnancy, High-Risk/psychology
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 98-102, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009231

ABSTRACT

The discoid meniscus is a common congenital meniscal malformation that is prevalent mainly in Asians and often occurs in the lateral discoid meniscus. Patients with asymptomatic discoid meniscus are usually treated by conservative methods such as observation and injury avoidance, while patients with symptoms and tears need to be treated surgically. Arthroscopic saucerization combined with partial meniscectomy and meniscus repair is the most common surgical approach., and early to mid-term reports are good. The prognostic factors are the patient's age at surgery、follow-up time and type of surgery. Some patients experience complications such as prolonged postoperative knee pain, early osteoarthritis, retears and Osteochondritis dissecans. The incidence of prolonged postoperative knee pain was higher and the incidence of Osteochondritis dissecans was the lowest. Retears of the lateral meniscus is the main reason for reoperation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Osteochondritis Dissecans , Treatment Outcome , Follow-Up Studies , Knee Joint/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Joint Diseases/surgery , Prognosis , Cartilage Diseases/surgery , Meniscus , Pain, Postoperative , Arthroscopy/methods
4.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE01901, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1519820

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a estrutura e o fluxo assistencial do acolhimento - classificação de risco e emergência obstétrica em uma maternidade pública no contexto da COVID-19. Métodos Estudo do tipo avaliação normativa e observacional nos setores de Acolhimento (Classificação de Risco e Emergência Obstétrica) de uma maternidade pública no Rio de Janeiro. A coleta de dados foi realizada de junho a agosto de 2020 por 480 horas de observação direta não participante, com registros sistematizados em checklist contendo variáveis relacionadas à disponibilidade e conformidade dos recursos estruturais, e à conformidade do fluxo assistencial. Os dados foram organizados em planilhas (Microsoft Excel® 2010) e analisados usando a estatística descritiva. Resultados A avaliação da estrutura obteve 80,3% de disponibilidade, resultando em classificação de alta disponibilidade e 91,1% de conformidade, obtendo conformidade adequada. O fluxo assistencial mostrou 72,7% de conformidade total; 9,1% de conformidade parcial e 18,2% de não cumprimento, configurando-se como alta conformidade. Conclusão A avaliação normativa indicou altas disponibilidade e conformidade em estrutura e fluxo assistencial nos cenários estudados.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la estructura y el flujo de asistencia de recepción, clasificación de riesgo y emergencia obstétrica, en una maternidad pública en el contexto del COVID-19. Métodos Estudio tipo evaluación normativa y observacional en los sectores de Recepción (clasificación de riesgo y emergencia obstétrica) de una maternidad pública en Rio de Janeiro. La recopilación de datos se realizó de junio a agosto de 2020 durante 480 de observación directa no participante, con registros sistematizados en una checklist con variables relacionadas con la disponibilidad y conformidad de los recursos estructurales y con la conformidad del flujo de asistencia. Los datos se organizaron en planillas (Microsoft Excel® 2010) y se analizaron usando la estadística descriptiva. Resultados La evaluación de la estructura obtuvo un 80,3 % de disponibilidad, que tuvo como resultado una clasificación de alta disponibilidad, y un 91,1 % de conformidad, con una conformidad adecuada. El flujo de asistencia mostró un 72,7 % de conformidad total, un 9,1 % de conformidad parcial y un 18,2 % de no cumplimiento, lo que se configura como alta conformidad. Conclusión La evaluación normativa indicó alta disponibilidad y alta conformidad en estructura y flujo de asistencia en los escenarios estudiados.


Abstract Objective Evaluate the structure and care flow - risk classification and obstetric emergency in a public maternity hospital in the context of COVID-19. Methods Normative and observational evaluation study in the Care sectors (Risk Classification and Obstetric Emergency) of a public maternity hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Data collection was carried out from June to August 2020 for 480 hours of non-participant direct observation, with records systematized in a checklist containing variables related to the availability and compliance of structural resources, and the compliance of the care flow. Data were organized into spreadsheets (Microsoft Excel® 2010) and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results The framework assessment scored 80.3% availability, resulting in a high availability rating, and 91.1% compliance, achieving adequate compliance. The care flow showed 72.7% of total compliance; 9.1% of partial compliance and 18.2% of non-compliance, configuring high compliance. Conclusion Normative evaluation indicated high availability and compliance in structure and care flow in the studied scenarios.

5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 22: eAO0514, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557730

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy among Brazilian women with preterm births and to compare the epidemiological characteristics and perinatal outcomes among preterm births of women with and without hypertension. Methods This was a secondary cross-sectional analysis of the Brazilian Multicenter Study on Preterm Birth. During the study period, all women with preterm births were included and further split into two groups according to the occurrence of any hypertensive disorder during pregnancy. Prevalence ratios were calculated for each variable. Maternal characteristics, prenatal care, and gestational and perinatal outcomes were compared between the two groups using χ2 and t-tests. Results A total of 4,150 women with preterm births were included, and 1,169 (28.2%) were identified as having hypertensive disorders. Advanced maternal age (prevalence ratio (PR) 2.49) and obesity (PR= 2.64) were more common in the hypertensive group. The gestational outcomes were worse in women with hypertension. Early preterm births were also more frequent in women with hypertension. Conclusion Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were frequent among women with preterm births, and provider-initiated preterm births were the leading causes of premature births in this group. The factors significantly associated with hypertensive disorders among women with preterm births were obesity, excessive weight gain, and higher maternal age.

6.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 33: e-33202, Jan.-Dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551671

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: De etiologia desconhecida, a hiperêmese gravídica é um quadro caracterizado por vômitos persistentes, perda de 5% ou mais do peso, cetonúria, hipocalemia e desidratação. Acredita-se que a gonadotrofina coriônica humana (hCG) provoque aumento das náuseas e vômitos por meio de seu estímulo à produção de estrogênio pelo ovário, provocando a exacerbação dos sintomas do "enjoo matinal". OBJETIVO: Logo, essa revisão narrativa tem como objetivo analisar as repercussões fetais do quadro de hiperêmese gravídica. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas buscas em Sistema Online de Busca e Análise de Literatura Médica - MEDLINE®. Sendo utilizadas os Medical Subject Headings (MeSh terms) e seus sinônimos: "hyperemesis gravidarum", "fetal risks", sendo selecionados ao todo 13 artigos. RESULTADOS: Os estudos demonstraram que a hiperêmese gravídica pode trazer malefícios para mãe e feto. A gestante pode apresentar distúrbios eletrolíticos, encefalopatia de Wernicke, fraqueza muscular, disfunções emocionais como depressão, ansiedade e estresse pós-traumático. DISCUSSÃO: Os estudos revelaram que a patologia pode estar relacionada ao risco aumentado para desfechos adversos no nascimento, como baixo peso ao nascer, nascimento prematuro e pequena estatura para idade gestacional. Ademais, alguns estudos relataram os riscos prejudiciais no neurodesenvolvimento do recém-nascido, como problemas psicológicos e comportamentais na idade adulta, redução à sensibilidade à insulina, e comorbidades (obesidade e doenças cardiovasculares) além de distúrbios de desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. CONCLUSÃO: Gestantes que apresentam o quadro de hiperêmese gravídica devem ser regularmente acompanhadas com consultas entre 1 a 2 semanas, conforme a gravidade do caso e o mais precocemente possível tratadas, a fim de evitar maiores complicações tanto maternas quanto fetais.


INTRODUCTION: Of unknown etiology, hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition characterized by persistent vomiting, 5% or more weight loss, ketonuria, hypokalemia and dehydration. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is believed to cause increased nausea and vomiting through its stimulation of estrogen production by the ovary, causing exacerbation of "morning sickness" symptoms. OBJECTIVE: Thus, this narrative review aims to analyze the fetal repercussions of hyperemesis gravidarum. METHODS: Searches were performed in the Online Medical Literature Analysis and Search System - MEDLINE®. The Medical Subject Headings (MeSh terms) and their synonyms were used: "hyperemesis gravidarum", "fetal risks", being selected a total of 13 articles. RESULTS: The studies showed that hyperemesis gravidarum can bring harm to mother and fetus. The pregnant woman may present electrolyte disturbances, Wernicke's encephalopathy, muscle weakness, emotional dysfunctions such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress. DISCUSSION: The studies revealed that hyperemesis gravidarum may be associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes. Furthermore, some studies reported harmful risks in neurodevelopment of the newborn, such as psychological and behavioral problems in adulthood, reduced sensitivity to insulin, and comorbidities (obesity and cardiovascular diseases) and neurodevelopmental disorders. CONCLUSION: Pregnant women who present with hyperemesis gravidarum should be followed up with consultations between 1 to 2 weeks, according to the severity of the case and treated as early as possible in order to avoid further complications both maternal and fetal.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Hyperemesis Gravidarum , Fetal Development , Hyperemesis Gravidarum/complications
7.
Femina ; 51(12): 666-673, 20231230. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532469

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Atualizar a estatística do serviço, reconhecendo a prevalência de amnior- rexe prematura no pré-termo e seus principais desfechos materno-fetais. Méto- dos: Estudo transversal realizado pela análise de prontuários médicos de pacien- tes internadas devido a amniorrexe prematura no pré-termo e de seus respectivos conceptos no Hospital Universitário da Faculdade de Medicina de Jundiaí durante o período de janeiro de 2020 a dezembro de 2021. Resultados: Participaram da pesquisa 161 pacientes e 166 conceptos, resultando em uma prevalência de 2,12% no período estudado, com intervalo de confiança de 95% (1,80-2,47). Entre os des- fechos maternos, 2,5% das gestantes compunham critérios para near miss mater- no; enquanto entre os desfechos fetais, o resultado foi de 54,8% dos conceptos apresentando complicações, sendo as mais prevalentes a síndrome do desconfor- to respiratório (36,3%), icterícia (39,5%), baixo peso (27,5%) e hipoglicemia (24,2%). Além disso, 40,4% necessitaram de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva, 22,9% foram classificados como near miss neonatal e 4,4% foram a óbito. Conclu- são: Os resultados seguiram os padrões nacionais e internacionais esperados para prevalência de amniorrexe prematura no pré-termo e seus desfechos materno-fe- tais, com alta porcentagem de internações e complicações neonatais e baixa taxa de complicações maternas.


Objective: To update service statistics, recognizing the preva- lence of the pathology and its main outcomes. Methods: Cros- s-sectional study carried out through the analysis of medical records of patients hospitalized due to preterm premature rup- ture of membranes and their respective fetuses at the Univer- sity Hospital of Jundiaí's Medical School during the period from January 2020 to December 2021. Results: A total of 161 patients and 166 fetuses participated in the research, resulting in a pre- valence of 2.12% in the period studied with 95% confidence in- terval (1.80-2.47). About the outcomes, 2.5% of the pregnant wo- men composed the criteria for maternal near miss; as for the fetus, complications evolved in 54.8% of the fetuses, the most prevalent being respiratory distress syndrome (36.3%), jaundice (39.5%), low birth weight (27.5%) and hypoglycemia (24.2%). In addition, 40.4% required admission to the intensive care unit, 22.9% were neonatal near miss and 4.4% died. Conclusion: The results followed the expected national and international standards for the prevalence of preterm premature rupture of membranes and its maternal and fetal outcomes, with a high percentage of hospitalizations and neonatal complications, and a low rate of maternal complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/diagnosis , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Maternal Mortality/trends , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Statistics , Congenital Hyperinsulinism/diagnosis , Near Miss, Healthcare/statistics & numerical data , Jaundice/complications
8.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 928, 16 octubre 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516529

ABSTRACT

El procedimiento quirúrgico cesárea con miras a la historia es considerada como un avance de suma importancia en la dismi-nución del riesgo de mortalidad materna y perinatal1.Es la intervención más realizada a nivel de especialidad lo que conlleva riesgos inherentes, quirúrgicos y anestésicos2,3.En el año 2015 la incidencia en el Ecuador de terminación del embarazo por cesárea es del 29,3% en el sector público, 49,9% en Seguridad Social y 69,9% en clínicas privadas4. Para la Or-ganización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) en el mismo año refiere que "En ninguna región del mundo se justifica la incidencia de cesárea superior al 10- 15%"5. La variabilidad de indicación de cesárea, hace que sea necesaria la creación de guías y protocolos, para de esta manera unificar los criterios médicos, de acuerdo a la mejor evidencia científica disponible.


The cesarean section surgical procedure is historically considered a very important advance in reducing the risk of maternal and perinatal mortality1.It is the most frequently performed intervention at the specialty level, which entails inherent surgical and anesthetic risks2,3.In 2015, the incidence in Ecuador of termination of pregnancy by cesarean section is 29,3% in the public sector, 49,9% in Social Security and 69,9% in private clinics4. For the World Health Or-ganization (WHO) in the same year, it states that "In no region of the world is the incidence of cesarean section higher than 10-15% justified" 5.The variability of the indication for cesarean section makes it ne-cessary to create guidelines and protocols, in order to unify me-dical criteria, according to the best scientific evidence available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Obstetric Surgical Procedures , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Parturition , Emergencies , Risk Management , Maternal Mortality , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Ecuador , Perinatal Mortality , Obstetric Labor Complications
9.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 93(3): 300-307, jul.-sep. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513583

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares en las gestantes son desafiantes, con alta morbimortalidad materna y perinatal, por lo que se recomienda un equipo cardio-obstétrico para su atención. Aun así, pocos datos evalúan el impacto de estos equipos. Por lo tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo comparar los resultados obstétricos, maternos y neonatales del seguimiento semiestructurado (SSE) en una clínica cardio-obstétrica con respecto a un seguimiento usual o seguimiento no estructurado (SNE) en gestantes con enfermedad cardiaca. Métodos: Se realizó un registro prospectivo de gestantes con cardiopatías. Se compararon las pacientes con SSE por un equipo cardio-obstétrico, contra aquellas con evaluación única o SNE. Se calculó el riesgo de eventos según la clasificación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud modificado (OMSm) y la escala del Cardiac Disease in Pregnancy Study II (CARPREG-II) y se evaluaron los desenlaces cardiacos, obstétricos y neonatales. Resultados: Se evaluaron 168 pacientes, 37 con SSE y 131 con evaluación única (SNE). Los principales diagnósticos fueron cardiopatía congénita, arritmias y valvulopatías. La media del CARPREG-II en pacientes de SNE fue 2.48 (DE: 2.3) y en pacientes de SSE fue 3.37 (DE: 2.45; p = 0.041). La media de la OMSm en pacientes de SNE fue 2.1 (DE: 1.6) y con SSE fue 2.65 (DE: 0.95; p = 0.0052). No hubo diferencias significativas en los desenlaces cardiacos primarios (13.8% en SNE vs. 5.4% en SSE; p = 0.134), cardiacos secundarios (5.3 en SNE vs. 2.7 en SSE; p = 0.410), obstétricos (10% en SNE vs. 16.2% en SSE; p = 0.253) y neonatales (35.9% en SNE y 40.5% en SSE; p = 0.486) a pesar de que las pacientes con SSE tenían un riesgo mayor que las pacientes con SNE según las escalas de la OMSm y el CARPREG-II. Conclusiones: En gestantes con cardiopatía, un SSE comparado con un SNE por un equipo cardio-obstétrico no mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los desenlaces cardiovasculares, obstétricos y neonatales, a pesar de que las pacientes con SSE tenían un riesgo significativamente más alto de desenlaces adversos por las escalas de la OMSm y el CARPREG-II. Esto sugiere que el SSE logra al menos equiparar los desenlaces a pesar del mayor riesgo de eventos adversos que tenían las pacientes de este grupo.


Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases in pregnant women are challenging, with high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, so a cardio-obstetric team is recommended for their care. Even so, little data evaluates the impact of these teams. Therefore, the present study aims to compare the obstetric, maternal, and neonatal outcomes of semi-structured follow-up (SSF) in a Cardio-obstetric clinic concerning regular or unstructured follow-up (USF) in pregnant women with heart disease. Methods: A prospective registry of pregnant women with heart disease was carried out. Patients with SSF by a cardio-obstetric team were compared with those with single evaluation or USF. The risk of events was calculated according to the modified World Health Organization (mWHO) classification and the CARPREG-II scale, and cardiac, obstetric, and neonatal outcomes were evaluated. Results: One hundred sixty-eight patients were evaluated, 37 with SSF and 131 with single evaluation (USF). The primary diagnoses were congenital heart disease, arrhythmias, and valve disease. The average CARPREG-II in USF patients was 2.48 (SD 2.3); in SSF patients, it was 3.37 (SD 2.45; p = 0.041). The average of the mWHO in patients with USF was 2.1 (SD 1.6), and with SSF, it was 2.65 (SD 0.95; p = 0.0052). There were no significant differences in primary cardiac outcomes (13.8% in USF vs. 5.4% in SSF; p = 0.134), secondary cardiac (5.3% in USF vs. 2.7% in SSF; p = 0.410), obstetric (10% in USF vs. 16.2% in SSF; p = 0.253) and neonatal (35.9% in USF and 40.5% in SSF; p = 0.486) even though patients with SSF had a higher risk than patients with USF according to the mWHO and CARPREG-II scales. Conclusions: In pregnant women with heart disease, an SSF compared with a USF by a cardio-obstetric team did not show statistically significant differences in cardiovascular, obstetric, and neonatal outcomes. However, patients with SSF had a significantly higher risk of adverse outcomes due to the mWHO and CARPREG-II scales. This result suggests that the SSF achieves at least equal outcomes despite the higher risk of adverse events that patients in this group had.

10.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 16(2): 11707, abr./jun. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510589

ABSTRACT

Analisar o comportamento da razão de mortalidade materna de 2012 a 2021, na Região Norte do Brasil. Estudo ecológico descritivo de base populacional e série temporal, de 2012 a 2021, com dados secundários da Região Norte do Brasil, disponíveis no Painel de Monitoramento de Mortalidade Materna e Nascidos Vivos. Entre 2012 e 2019, na Região Norte, a média da razão de mortalidade materna foi 72,19, mas, com a pandemia de COVID-19, elevou-se consideravelmente, sendo 92,16 em 2020 e 164 em 2021. Roraima apresentou a maior mortalidade materna na pandemia, em fevereiro de 2021 (705,65). Neste ano, o colapso do sistema de saúde do Amazonas impactou a razão de mortalidade materna, que foi 436,90 em fevereiro de 2021.A COVID-19 colaborou com o aumento da mortalidade materna, evidenciando desigualdades interestaduais e vulnerabilidades na assistência pré-natal, na infraestrutura hospitalar e socioeconômica da Região Norte, especialmente em Roraima e Amazonas.


To analyze the behavior of the maternal mortality ratio from 2012 to 2021 in the North Region of Brazil. Population-based descriptive ecological study and time series, from 2012 to 2021, with secondary data from the Northern Region of Brazil, available on the Monitoring Panel for Maternal Mortality and Live Births. Between 2012 and 2019, in the North Region, the average maternal mortality ratio was 72.19, but, with the COVID-19 pandemic, it increased considerably, being 92.16 in 2020 and 164 in 2021. Roraima presented higher maternal mortality in the pandemic, in February 2021 (705.65). That year, the collapse of the health system in Amazonas affected the maternal mortality ratio, which was 436.90 in February 2021.COVID-19 collaborated with the increase in maternal mortality, highlighting interstate inequalities and vulnerabilities in prenatal care, hospital, and socioeconomic infrastructure in the North Region, especially in Roraima and Amazonas.

11.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 893, 30 Junio 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451326

ABSTRACT

Los movimientos fetales son uno de los primeros signos de vitalidad fetal. Durante la gestación, éstos van apareciendo progresivamente. La adecuada adquisición y mantenimiento de los mismos durante la gestación indica un correcto desarrollo neuromuscular, así como de bienestar fetal1. La percepción materna de una Disminución de los Movimientos Fetales (DMF) constituye un motivo de consulta frecuente en los Servicios de Urgencias Obstétricas; toda paciente embarazada debe vigilar los movimientos fetales, mediante un conteo subjetivo de los movimientos del feto, a partir de las 24 semanas de gestación. La DMF constituye el 5 ­ 15% de motivos de consulta en los servicios de Urgencias en el tercer trimestre del embarazo. Hasta un 25% de fetos que presentan una DMF presentarán alguna complicación perinatal (malformaciones, retraso de crecimiento, parto prematuro, hemorragia fetomaterna, y éxitus fetal) incluso en población de bajo riesgo. El manejo inadecuado de la DMF representa un 10-15% de las muertes evitables a término1-3. Es por esto que ninguna paciente que consulte por Disminución de Movimientos Fetales debe ser dada de alta sin asegurarse del adecuado bienestar fetal.


Fetal movements are one of the first signs of fetal vitality. During gestation, they appear progressively. Adequate acquisition and maintenance of fetal movements during gestation indicates correct neuromuscular development, as well as fetal well-being1. Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements (DMP) is a frequent reason for consultation in Obstetric Emergency Departments; every pregnant patient should monitor fetal movements by subjectively counting fetal movements, starting at 24 weeks of gestation. FMD constitutes 5-15% of the reasons for consultation in the emergency department in the third trimester of pregnancy. Up to 25% of fetuses with FMD will present some perinatal complication (malformations, growth retardation, premature delivery, fetomaternal hemorrhage, and fetal death) even in low-risk populations. Inadequate management of FMD accounts for 10-15% of preventable deaths at term1-3. This is why no patient who consults for decreased fetal movements should be discharged without ensuring adequate fetal well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy , Fetal Development , Fetal Monitoring , Fetal Movement , Obstetrics , Heart Rate, Fetal , Oximetry , Cardiotocography , Parturition , Ecuador , Emergency Medical Services , Fetal Death
12.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop ; 18(1)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449248

ABSTRACT

La toxoplasmosis es una zoonosis causada por el protozoarioToxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), de gran impacto en la salud fetal cuando se adquiere durante el embarazo, debido al riesgo de transmisión vertical. Puede producir manifestaciones clínicas en los recién nacidos: coriorretinitis, hidrocefalia, calcificaciones y retardo psicomotor. La detección precoz y la instauración de una terapéutica adecuada son claves para evitar complicaciones asociadas a la transmisión materno fetal. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas de gestantes con diagnóstico de toxoplasmosis y de los recién nacidos de éstas, durante los años 2018 al 2021 que acudieron al Servicio de Infectología del Instituto de Previsión Social (IPS). Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte trasversal, utilizando un registro de datos de pacientes gestantes que acudieron al IPS durante los años 2018 al 2021. Resultados: Se incluyeron 62 gestantes; mediana de edad de 30 años, (21-44 años); 4 (6%) gestantes, realizaron su primera consulta en el primer trimestre, 39 (63%) en el segundo y 19 (31%) en el tercer trimestre. 9 (15%) pacientes fueron clasificadas como seroconversión, y 53 (85%) con sospecha de infección aguda. 55 pacientes fueron sometidas a amniocentesis; 26 (47%) tuvieron resultado de PCR detectable para Toxoplasma gondii en liquido amniótico, y 29 (53%) no detectable. Sólo 19 recién nacidos contaban con serologías para diagnóstico de toxoplasmosis congénita. Entre las complicaciones fetales se encontraron macrocefalia, e ictericia del RN.


Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), with a great impact on fetal health when acquired during pregnancy, due to the risk of vertical transmission. It can produce clinical manifestations in newborns: chorioretinitis, hydrocephalus, calcifications and psychomotor retardation. Early detection and the establishment of adequate therapy are key to avoiding complications associated with fetal-maternal transmission. Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics of pregnant women diagnosed with toxoplasmosis and their newborns, during the years 2018 to 2021 who attended the Infectious Diseases Service of the Social Welfare Institute (IPS). Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, using a data registry of pregnant patients who attended the IPS during the years 2018 to 2021. Results: 62 pregnant women were included; median age 30 years, (21-44 years); 4 (6%) pregnant women had their first consultation in the first trimester, 39 (63%) in the second and 19 (31%) in the third trimester. 9 (15%) patients were classified as having seroconversion, and 53 (85%) with suspected acute infection. 55 patients underwent amniocentesis; 26 (47%) had detectable PCR results for Toxoplasma gondii in amniotic fluid, and 29 (53%) undetectable. Only 19 newborns had serology tests for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. Among the fetal complications were macrocephaly, and newborn jaundice.

13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530346

ABSTRACT

Objetivo : Determinar los efectos de la infección Covid-19 asintomática, leve y moderada en el primer y segundo trimestres en los resultados del embarazo. Métodos : El estudio se realizó en las gestantes que acudieron al Departamento de Perinatología de la Universidad de Ciencias de la Salud de Izmir entre octubre de 2021 y julio de 2022. Se registraron las mujeres embarazadas que presentaban infección asintomática, leve y moderada por Covid-19 en el 1º y 2º trimestre y se siguió el desarrollo de la gestación. Resultados : Un total de 437 pacientes participaron en el estudio. El número de pacientes asintomáticos, leves y moderados de Covid-19 fue de 142, 157 y 138, respectivamente. Cada grupo se analizó como subgrupo del 1º y 2º trimestre según el momento de la infección por Covid-19. La edad media de las pacientes con Covid-19 moderado era superior a la de las pacientes con Covid-19 leve/asintomático (p=0,021). Se observó que el índice de masa corporal era mayor en las pacientes con Covid-19 moderado que en las pacientes con infección leve/asintomática (p=0,048). El parto pretérmino (entre las semanas 34 y 37) fue significativamente mayor en los casos con infección moderada por Covid-19 (p=0,041). Este aumento ocurrió principalmente en pacientes con infección por Covid-19 en el 2º trimestre. No hubo modificaciones significativas en las tasas de cesárea, trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo, pérdida fetal, retraso del crecimiento intrauterino, colestasis del embarazo y diabetes gestacional. Conclusiones : Los efectos de la infección por Covid-19 al inicio del embarazo (1º y 2º trimestres) siguen siendo objeto de investigación. La infección moderada por Covid-19, especialmente en el 2º trimestre, puede provocar un aumento de la tasa de partos prematuros.


Objectives: To evaluate the effects of asymptomatic, mild and moderate Covid-19 infection in the 1st and 2nd trimesters on pregnancy outcomes. Material and methods: The study was performed among patients who applied to the Perinatology Department of Izmir University of Health Sciences, between October 2021 and July 2022. Pregnant women who had asymptomatic, mild and moderate Covid-19 infection in the 1st and 2nd trimesters were registered and their pregnancy processes were followed. Results: A total of 437 patients participated in the study. The numbers of asymptomatic, mild and moderate Covid-19 patients were 142, 157 and 138, respectively. Each group was analyzed as 1st and 2nd trimester subgroups according to the time of Covid-19 infection. The mean age of patients with moderate Covid-19 was higher than with mild/asymptomatic Covid-19 (p=0.021). Body mass index was found to be higher in patients with moderate Covid-19 compared to patients with mild/asymptomatic infection (p=0.048). Preterm labor (between 34th and 37th weeks) was significantly higher with moderate Covid-19 infection (p=0.041). This significant increase was mainly due to the preterm birth rate in patients with previous Covid-19 infection in the 2nd trimester. There was no significant change in the rates of cesarean section, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, fetal loss, intrauterine growth restriction, cholestasis of pregnancy and gestational diabetes. Conclusions: The effects of Covid-19 infection in early pregnancy (1st and 2nd trimester) are still the subject of research. Moderate Covid-19 infection, especially in the 2nd trimester, may lead to an increase in the rate of preterm birth.

14.
Curitiba; s.n; 20230411. 78 p. tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1438135

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: O Coronavírus SARS-CoV-2, causador da covid-19, identificado em dezembro de 2019 e declarado em março de 2020 como uma pandemia, espalhou-se rapidamente, e desde então despertou olhares a respeito das populações vulneráveis, como gestantes e puérperas, consideradas suscetíveis quando se analisa o histórico de acometimento de doenças respiratórias nesta população. Objetivo: Analisar os desfechos obstétricos adversos em gestantes com covid-19 em um serviço de referência. Método: Estudo quantitativo transversal retrospectivo descritivo de série de casos entre gestantes internadas no serviço de ginecologia e obstetrícia em um Hospital Universitário localizado na região sudeste do Brasil, no período de 2020 a 2021. Resultados: Foram identificadas 26 gestantes com resultado positivo para o vírus, os desfechos encontrados foram admissão em UTI, uso de suporte ventilatório, parto prematuro, cesariana de emergência, necessidade de hemotransfusão e óbito. Sendo mais prevalente a necessidade de internação em UTI, seguida do parto prematuro que tiveram a datação corrigida em semanas para visualização de dias de vida perdidos, para maior precisão da investigação do encurtamento da gestação, o qual cálculo demonstrou que estes prematuros tiveram em média 38,6 dias potenciais de gravidez perdidos dos 280 dias ideais de gestação. Conclusão: O estudo proporcionou evidenciar a necessidade de vigilância e atenção às gestantes em futuras epidemias virais respiratórias com atenção focada nos principais desfechos adversos, assim podendo intervir em tempo oportuno e diminuir adversidades. Possibilitando como implicações para a prática fomentar protocolos de atendimento nas futuras epidemias para que não haja atrasos na tomada de decisão e intervenções ocorram em tempo oportuno.


Abstract: Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus, which causes covid-19, identified in December 2019 and declared a pandemic in March 2020, spread rapidly and has since awakened the attention of vulnerable populations, such as pregnant women and puerperal women, considered susceptible, when analyzing the history of respiratory diseases in this population. Objective: Analyze adverse obstetric outcomes in pregnant women with Covid-19 in a reference service. Method: Quantitative cross-sectional retrospective descriptive study of a case series among pregnant women admitted to the gynecology and obstetrics service at a University Hospital located in the southeastern region of Brazil, from 2020 to 2021. Results: Were identified 26 pregnant women with positive results for the virus, the outcomes found were admission to the ICU, use of ventilatory support, premature birth, emergency cesarean section, need for blood transfusion and death. Being more prevalent the need for hospitalization in the ICU, followed by premature birth that the dating in weeks was corrected to visualize the days of life lost, for greater precision in the investigation of the shortening of the pregnancy, which calculation showed that these premature infants had, on average, 38.6 potential days of pregnancy lost out of the ideal 280 days of pregnancy. Conclusion: The study provided evidence of the need for surveillance and care for pregnant women in future respiratory viral epidemics with attention focused on the main adverse outcomes, thus being able to intervene in a timely manner and reduce adversities. Implications for practice: Characterizing and knowing adverse outcomes makes it possible to promote care protocols in future epidemics and pandemics so that there are no delays in decision-making and interventions occur in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Medical Records , Death , Pregnant Women , COVID-19 , Intensive Care Units
15.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442307

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnancy is characterized as a physiological period with greater sensitivity to insulin resistance and changes in oxidative stress. Purinergic signaling is directly related to diabetes, as this condition modifies the concentration of extracellular ATP and the level of degradation of ATP to adenosine. Objective: Analyze oxidative stress and the purinergic system in pregnant women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) and compare them with low-risk pregnant women (LR). Materials and Methods: The research was of a quantitative approach of an experimental nature. The study was carried out at the Clínica da Mulher, which serves high-risk pregnant women, and at the Family Health Centers, which serves low-risk pregnant women, both located in Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Results: From the analysis, it was observed that oxidative stress was increased in pregnant women in LR compared to pregnant women with GDM by increasing the concentration of TBARS and reducing the concentration of Carbonyl Protein in pregnant women with LR. Regarding the purinergic system, there was a significant decrease in the hydrolysis of the nucleotides ATP, ADP, and AMP in pregnant women with GDM, and a significant increase in the hydrolysis of ADA, also in pregnant women with GDM. Conclusion: Therefore, pregnant women with GDM have less oxidative stress compared to pregnant women in LR concerning TBARS and Carbonyl Protein markers, thus allowing a greater antioxidant defense mechanism. Furthermore, concerning the purinergic system, there is an increase in the activity of ADA, which is directly related to the immunosuppression process, a necessary condition for the protection of the fetus during the gestational period (AU).


Introdução: A gravidez é caracterizada como um período fisiológico em que há uma maior sensibilidade a resistência à insulina e alterações no estresse oxidativo. A sinalização purinérgica está diretamente relacionada ao diabetes, pois esta condição modifica a concentração de ATP extracelular e o nível de degradação de ATP em adenosina. Objetivo:Analisar o estresse oxidativo e o sistema purinérgico em gestantes com Diabetes Mellitus Gestacional (DMG) e compará-los com gestantes de baixo risco (BR). Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi de abordagem quantitativa, de caráter experimental. O estudo foi realizado na Clínica da Mulher, que atende gestantes de alto risco, e nas Unidades de Saúde da Família, que atendem gestantes de baixo risco, ambas localizadas no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Resultados: A partir das análises, observou-se que o estresse oxidativo apresentou-se aumentado em gestantes de BR quando comparado a gestantes com DMG. No que tange ao sistema purinérgico, houve uma diminuição significativa na hidrólise dos nucleotídeos ATP, ADP e AMP em gestantes com DMG, bem como um aumento significativo na hidrólise de ADA, também em gestantes com DMG. Conclusão: Portanto, gestantes com DMG possuem menor estresse oxidativo quando comparado a gestantes de BR, permitindo assim, um maior mecanismo de defesa antioxidante. Para mais, no que se refere ao sistema purinérgico, verifica-se o aumento da concentração de ADA está diretamente relacionada ao processo de imunossupressão, condição necessária à proteção do feto durante o período gestacional (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Purines , Diabetes, Gestational , Oxidative Stress , Antioxidants
16.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 74(1): 28-36, ene.-mar. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1536051

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Describir la frecuencia de complicaciones maternas en mujeres gestantes con placenta previa (PP) mayor o menor y evaluar una posible asociación entre tipo de PP y la presencia de hemorragia materna severa y otros resultados maternos asociados. Materiales y métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva, descriptiva. Se incluyeron gestantes con 20 semanas o más de embarazo, con diagnóstico confirmado de placenta previa, quienes fueron atendidas en un hospital de alto nivel de complejidad localizado en Cali (Colombia), entre enero de 2011 y diciembre de 2020. Se excluyeron las gestantes con diagnóstico de placenta previa y acretismo placentario concomitante. Las variables recolectadas fueron: edad materna, índice de masa corporal, tabaquismo, obesidad, paridad, presencia de sangrado, hemorragia posparto, manejo de la hemorragia posparto, transfusión y admisión a UCI de la gestante. Se realizó análisis descriptivo. El protocolo fue aprobado por el comité de ética de la Fundación Valle de Lili. Resultados: 146 pacientes cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. La población estuvo constituida por mujeres con una mediana de edad de 32 años, sin antecedente quirúrgico, con diagnóstico prenatal de placenta previa a la semana 22. En el 70,5 % de los casos se trató de pacientes con placenta previa mayor. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron hemorragia posparto (37,9 % vs. 16,3 % para pacientes con placenta previa mayor y menor, respectivamente), requerimiento de transfusión (23,3 y 9,3 %, respectivamente) y el ingreso materno a la UCI (40,8 % vs. 18,6 %, respectivamente). No se registraron muertes maternas. Conclusiones: Las mujeres con placenta previa experimentan una frecuencia elevada de complicaciones; probablemente, dicha frecuencia es más alta cuando se documenta placenta previa mayor. Se requieren más estudios que comparen la frecuencia de complicaciones maternas según el tipo de placenta previa.


Objectives: To describe the frequency of maternal complications in pregnant women with major or minor placenta previa (PP), and to assess a potential association between PP type and the presence of severe maternal bleeding and other associated outcomes. Material and methods: Retrospective descriptive cohort. The study included pregnant women with 20 weeks of gestation or more and a confirmed diagnosis of placenta previa who were seen in a high complexity hospital in Cali (Colombia), between January 2011 and December 2020. Women with a diagnosis of placenta previa and concomitant placenta accreta were excluded. The collected variables were maternal age, body mass index, smoking, obesity, parity, presence of bleeding, postpartum hemorrhage, management of postpartum hemorrhage, transfusion, and maternal ICU admission. A descriptive analysis was performed. The protocol was approved by the ethics committee of Fundaciónn Valle de Lili. Results: A total of 146 patients met the inclusion criteria. The population consisted of women with a mean age of 32 years, with no history of prior surgery, with a prenatal diagnosis of placente previa at week 22; 70% were major placenta previa cases. The most frequent complications were postpartum hemorrhage (37.9 % vs. 16.3 % for patients with major and minor placenta previa, respectively), transfusion requirement (23.3 and 9.3 %, respectively), and maternal ICU admission (40.8 % vs. 18.6 %, respectively). There were no cases of maternal death. Conclusions: There is a high frequency of complications in women with placenta previa, and it is probably higher in cases of major placenta previa. Further studies are needed to compare the frequency of maternal complications according to the type of placenta previa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Colombia
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(3): 149-159, Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449714

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This article aims to review the literature regarding the use of technologies to promote mental health for pregnant women. We seek to: understand the strategies that pregnant women use for mental health care. Also, we investigate the existence of scientific evidence that validates such practices. Methods: This study follows the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews. We analyze 27 studies published between 2012 and 2019. We include publications in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. Results: The results revealed several different possibilities to use technology, including the use of text messages and mobile applications on smartphones. Mobile applications are the most commonly used approaches (22.5%). Regarding the strategies used, cognitive-behavioral approaches, including mood checks, relaxation exercises, and psychoeducation comprised 44.12% of the content. Conclusion: There is a need for further investigation and research and development efforts in this field to better understand the possibilities of intervention in mental health in the digital age.


Resumo Objetivo: Este artigo objetiva revisar a literatura quanto ao uso das tecnologias como promotoras de saúde mental de gestantes. Desta forma, compreender quais são as estratégias utilizadas no cuidado da saúde mental dessas mulheres, assim como verificar se há evidências científicas que justifiquem a implementação dessas práticas. Métodos: Este estudo segue o protocolo PRISMA para revisões sistemáticas de 27 estudos publicados em 2012-2019, incluindo publicações em português, inglês e espanhol. Resultados: Os resultados revelaram diferentes possibilidades de utilização da tecnologia, sendo o uso de mensagens de texto e de aplicativos em smartphones mais os utilizados (22,5%). No que se refere às ferramentas utilizadas, estratégias cognitivo-comportamentais, tais como verificação do humor, exercícios de relaxamento e psicoeducação compreenderam 44,12% do conteúdo. Conclusão: Verifica-se a necessidade de mais investimentos nessa área para que se possa compreender as possibilidades de intervenção em saúde mental na era digital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Prenatal Care , Telemedicine , Affective Symptoms/prevention & control
18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220219

ABSTRACT

Background: Managing a brain tumor during pregnancy is a highly confusing and challenging situation, complicated by several technical, medical, ethical, and sociocultural concerns. The interests of the mother and child are often pitted against each other, for which legal opinion may occasionally be needed. Case Report?We present the report of a young lady with intracranial well-differentiated chondrosarcoma who was determined to be pregnant in the immediate postoperative period. We discuss the management of challenges and dilemmas in devising optimum therapy, and the modifications and care required at each step to help safeguard maternal and fetal health. Risks with therapeutic radiation and measures to assess and pre-empt fetal doses that may assist decision-making are also discussed. Conclusion?Radiation therapy during pregnancy is challenging and requires multidisciplinary involvement and psychosocial support for the patient and family.

19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515504

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La condición nutricional de la mujer antes y durante el embarazo es uno de los determinantes del riesgo de morbimortalidad materna. Objetivo. Determinar la relación del incremento del índice de masa corporal y la presencia de infección de las vías urinarias en primigestas. Métodos. Estudio de casos y controles en expedientes de primigestas. Se estudiaron variables sociodemográficas (edad, escolaridad, vida en pareja y ocupación), condiciones obstétricas (riesgo obstétrico, semanas de inicio del control prenatal, semanas de resolución del embarazo y número de consultas prenatales), antropometría al inicio y al final del embarazo (peso, talla, índice de masa corporal y condición nutricional -peso bajo, peso normal, sobrepeso y obesidad-, ganancia de peso y ganancia de índice de masa corporal) y modificación de la condición nutricional al inicio y al final del embarazo. El análisis estadístico se efectuó con porcentajes, promedios, intervalos de confianza para promedios, prueba de chi2, razón de momios, intervalos de confianza para razón de momios, regresión lineal simple y proyección de la ocurrencia del evento. Resultados. Cuando el incremento del índice de masa corporal fue de 5 kg/m2, el promedio de infección de las vías urinarias correspondió a 1,62 y, si el incremento del índice de masa corporal fue 10 kg/m2, el promedio de infección de las vías urinarias fue 2,3. Conclusión. En nuestro estudio, a mayor incremento del índice de masa corporal durante el embarazo de la primigesta, mayor fue su probabilidad de presentar infección de las vías urinarias.


Introduction: The nutritional status of women before and during pregnancy is one of the determinants of the risk of maternal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To determine the relationship between the increase in body mass index and the presence of urinary tract infection in primigravidae. Methods: Case-control study in primigravidae records. We studied sociodemographic variables (age, schooling, life as a couple and occupation), obstetric conditions (obstetric risk, weeks of beginning of prenatal control, weeks of pregnancy resolution and number of prenatal visits), anthropometry at the beginning and end of pregnancy (weight, height, body mass index and nutritional condition -underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity-, weight gain and body mass index gain), and modification of nutritional condition at the beginning and end of pregnancy. Statistical analysis was performed with percentages, averages, confidence intervals for averages, Chi2 test, odds ratio, confidence intervals for odds ratio, simple linear regression, and projection of event occurrence. Results: When the increase in body mass index was 5 kg/m2, the mean urinary tract infection corresponded to 1.62 and, if the increase in body mass index was 10 kg/m2, the mean urinary tract infection was 2.3. Conclusion: In our study, the greater the increase in body mass index during pregnancy of the primigravida, the greater her probability of presenting urinary tract infection.

20.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526862

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Maternal and child health are essential to public health, especially during pregnancy, where urogenital infections can affect mothers and fetuses. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase obstetric risks and have complex connections with the human immunodeficiency virus ­ HIV. In Brazil, pregnant women with HIV are a growing concern, requiring focus and appropriate interventions. Objective: This study aimed to examine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of urogenital infections in pregnant women with and without HIV and to assess whether there are notable differences between these groups. Methods: A scoping review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses ­ Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) and Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines. Databases such as Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) were explored using relevant terms. Inclusion/exclusion criteria selected nine studies for analysis. A Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Study Design (PICOS) approach directed the search. Results: Pregnant women with HIV had a high prevalence of STIs, including Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and bacterial vaginosis. HIV infection appears to influence the risk and severity of urogenital infections. Pregnancy increases the risk of STIs, regardless of HIV status. Male partners may also influence the presence of STIs in pregnant women, especially those with HIV. Conclusion: This study highlights the association between HIV status and urogenital infections in pregnant women, indicating the need for appropriate screening and care. Prevention and treatment of STIs in pregnant women are essential for maternal and child health, regardless of HIV status. An in-depth understanding of these issues can improve public policies, clinical practices, and preventive interventions that target the overall health of these vulnerable populations.Keywords: HIV. Signs and symptoms. Female urogenital diseases and pregnancy complications. Pregnant women. Sexually transmitted infections


Introdução: A saúde materna e infantil é essencial na saúde pública, especialmente durante a gravidez, quando infecções urogenitais podem afetar mães e fetos. Infecções sexualmente transmissíveis (IST) aumentam riscos obstétricos e têm conexões complexas com o vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV). No Brasil, gestantes com HIV são uma preocupação crescente, requerendo foco e intervenções adequadas. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo examinar as características clínicas e epidemiológicas das infecções urogenitais em mulheres grávidas com e sem HIV, avaliando se há diferenças notáveis entre esses grupos. Métodos: Uma revisão de escopo foi conduzida, seguindo as diretrizes Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses - Extension for Scoping Reviews(PRISMA-ScR) e Joanna Briggs Institute. Bases de dados como Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) foram exploradas com termos relevantes. Os critérios de inclusão/exclusão selecionaram nove estudos para análise. Uma abordagem do tipo População, Intervenção, Comparação, Desfecho e Desenho do Estudo (PICOS) direcionou a pesquisa. Resultados: Mulheres grávidas com HIV apresentaram alta prevalência de IST, incluindo Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis e vaginose bacteriana. A infecção por HIV parece influenciar o risco e a gravidade das infecções urogenitais. A gravidez aumentou o risco de IST, independentemente do status de HIV. Os parceiros masculinos também podem influenciar a presença de IST em mulheres grávidas, especialmente aquelas com HIV. Conclusão: A associação entre o status de HIV e as infecções urogenitais em mulheres grávidas indica a necessidade de rastreamento e cuidado adequado. A prevenção e o tratamento de IST em gestantes são essenciais para a saúde materno-infantil, independentemente do status de HIV


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Urinary Tract Infections , HIV Infections/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections , Severity of Illness Index
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