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1.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 12(2): 61-77, Jul-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397171

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: establecer los parámetros para la evaluación visual e instrumental del color dental en estudios in-vitro a partir de la literatura científca publicada entre 2015 y 2021. Métodos: se realizó la búsqueda en las bases de datos: PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, Scielo y Lilacs; también en el motor de búsqueda Google Académico y las bibliotecas de las editoriales Wiley y Springer. Las palabras clave utilizadas fueron tooth, color, in-vitro, color perception, shade matching, thresholds, appearance, surrounding, "CIELAB" y "CIEDE2000". Teniendo en cuenta los criterios de elegibilidad, se seleccionaron los estudios de acuerdo al título, resumen y texto completo. Resultados: la búsqueda arrojó un total de 37 publicaciones que se agruparon en tres tópicos: 1. toma de color visual: condiciones ambientales, observadores y nivelación; 2. toma de color instrumental: instrumentos; y 3. procesamiento de datos: cálculo de la diferencia de color y umbrales de perceptibilidad (PT) y aceptabilidad (AT). Conclusiones: los aspectos más importantes en la evaluación visual son la iluminación, el ambiente para registro (sitio, entorno y fondo alrededor de la muestra), las condiciones geométricas de visualización, los observadores y el uso de guías. En la evaluación instrumental es relevante elegir el aparato apropiado de acuerdo con su precisión y reproducibilidad, como los espectroradiómetros y los espectrofotómetros de uso clínico. Se presenta el procesamiento de datos para establecer las variaciones de cada coordenada, las diferencias de color (ΔE): CIELAB y CIEDE2000, los umbrales y los lineamientos.


Objective: To establish the parameters for the visual and instrumental evaluation of tooth color in in-vitro studies based on the scientifc literature published between 2015 and 2021. Methods: The search was carried out in the databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, Scielo, Lilacs; search engine Google Scholar and publishers' library of Wiley and Scielo, using the keywords "tooth", "color", "in vitro", "color perception", "shade matching", "thresholds", "appearance", "surrounding", "CIELAB", and "CIEDE2000". The literature was selected according to the title, abstract and full text taking into the eligibility criteria. Results: It yielded a total of 37 publications, which were grouped into three topics: 1. visual color acquisition: environmental conditions for color acquisition, observers and levelling. 2. instrumental color sampling: instruments. 3. Data processing: Calculation of color diference and perception thresholds (PT) and acceptability thresholds (AT). Conclusions: The most important aspects in the visual assessment are lighting, the environment for color registration (site, environment and background around the sample), the geometric conditions of visualization, the observers and the use of guides. Regarding the instrumental assessment of color, the appropriate devices must be chosen according to its precision and reproducibility, being the spectrophotometers and spectroradiometers the most precise ones. It is presented how the data processing is carried out to establish the variations of each coordinate, the color diferences (ΔE): CIELAB and CIEDE2000, thresholds and guidelines.


Subject(s)
Tooth , Color Perception , In Vitro Techniques , Differential Threshold
2.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386600

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the observers diagnostic performance in panoramic radiography using monitor, tablet, X-ray image view box, and against window daylight as a visualization method in different diagnostic tasks. Thirty panoramic radiography were assessed by three calibrated observers for each visualization method, in standardized light conditions, concerning dental caries, widened periodontal ligament space, and periapical bone defects from the four first molars; mucosal thickening and retention cysts in maxillary sinus; and stylo-hyoid ligament calcification and atheroma. A five-point confidence scale was used. The standard-reference was performed by two experienced observers. Diagnostic values using window light were significantly lower for caries and periapical bone defect and retention cyst, stylo-hyoid ligament calcification detection (p<0.05). For atheroma detection, X-ray image view box, tablet, and widow light had lower accuracy than the evaluation on the monitor (p<0.05). Observers diagnostic performances are worsened using window light as an evaluation method for panoramic radiography for dental, sinus, and calcification disorders, while the monitor was the most reliable method.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el desempeño diagnóstico de los observadores en la radiografía panorámica utilizando monitor, tablet, caja de visualización de imágenes de rayos X y contra la luz del día de la ventana como método de visualización en diferentes tareas de diagnóstico. Treinta radiografías panorámicas fueron evaluadas por tres observadores calibrados para cada método de visualización, en condiciones de luz estandarizadas, con respecto a caries dental, espacio del ligamento periodontal ensanchado y defectos óseos periapicales de los cuatro primeros molares; engrosamiento de la mucosa y quistes de retención en el seno maxilar; y calcificación y ateroma del ligamento estilohioideo. Se utilizó una escala de confianza de cinco puntos. La referencia estándar fue realizada por dos observadores experimentados. Los valores diagnósticos con luz de ventana fueron significativamente menores para caries y defecto óseo periapical y quiste de retención, detección de calcificación del ligamento estilohioideo (p <0.05). Para la detección de ateroma, la caja de visualización de imágenes de rayos X, el tablet y la luz de viuda tuvieron una precisión menor que la evaluación en el monitor (p <0.05). El rendimiento diagnóstico del observador empeora al utilizar la luz de la ventana como método de evaluación de la radiografía panorámica para los trastornos dentales, de los senos nasales y de la calcificación, mientras que el monitor fue el método más fiable.


Subject(s)
Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Diagnosis, Oral , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
3.
Vigil. sanit. debate ; 10(2): 50-60, maio 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371231

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O processamento de alimentos orgânicos por pequenos produtores contribui para um sistema alimentar economicamente, socialmente e ambientalmente sustentável. É importante conhecer o perfil e as potenciais dificuldades dos processadores de alimentos orgânicos, organizados sob a modalidade do Sistema Participativo de Garantia da qualidade orgânica, devido ao seu crescimento e relevância social, para direcionamento de ações e políticas públicas com consequente fortalecimento da agricultura de bases agroecológica. Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos processadores de alimentos orgânicos do estado do Rio de Janeiro e identificar os principais desafios nas redes de produção e comercialização. Método: Estudo exploratório e descritivo com delineamento transversal realizado por pesquisa documental aos planos de manejos, manual de boas práticas, atas do Sistema Participativo de Garantia, certificados  emitidos pela Associação de Agricultores Biológicos do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, assim como outros documentos de atualização de Organismos Participativos de Avaliação da Conformidade Orgânica em relação aos produtores credenciados. Resultados: Observou-se que 60% dos processadores orgânicos no estado do Rio de Janeiro são vinculados ao Sistema Participativo de Garantia da qualidade orgânica. A unidade de processamento mais utilizada é a anexa ao domicílio. A maioria são agricultores ou microempreendedores familiares que recebem ajuda da família no processo produtivo e a atividade mais desenvolvida é a fabricação de conservas, geleias, molhos e doces. Menos de 70% possuíam alvará de funcionamento e licença sanitária, 97% tinham plano de manejo orgânico; 79% possuíam manual de boas práticas e 78%, plano de rastreabilidade. Das principais dificuldades, destacam-se: aquisição de matéria-prima, adequação às normas sanitárias e logística de distribuição. Conclusões: O estudo desvelou a potencialidade do processamento de produtos orgânicos para o desenvolvimento socioeconômico regional e a necessidade de mais incentivos para viabilizar a inclusão produtiva de pequenos empreendimentos.


Introduction: Smallholder organic food processing contributes to an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable food system. It is important to know the profile and potential difficulties of organic food processors, organized under the modality of the Participatory Organic Quality Assurance System, due to its growth and social relevance for targeting actions and public policies with the consequent strengthening of agriculture with an agroecological basis. Objective: Describe the profile of organic food processors in Rio de Janeiro state and identify the main challenges in the production and commercialization schemes. Method: This is an exploratory and descriptive study with transversal design developed by documental research of different documents: handling plans, good practices manual, minutes of the Participatory Organic Quality Assurance System, certificates issued by the Association of Biological Farmers of the State of Rio de Janeiro, and other updated documents of the Participative Organism of Organic Conformity Assessment related to the accredited producers. Results: Sixty per cent of the organic processors in the Rio de Janeiro state were linked to the Participatory Organic Quality Assurance System. The processing unit mostly used is the one attached to their homes. Most of them are farmers or family micro-entrepreneurs that have assistance of family members in the production process and the main activity carried out is the production of canned foods, jams, sauces, and homemade desserts. Less than 70% of the producers had an operation permit and sanitary license, 97% had an Organic Handling Plan; 79% had a Good Practices Manual and 78% had a Traceability Plan. Among the main difficulties, there were: raw resource acquisition, sanitary rules adequacy and logistics in supplies. Conclusions: The study demonstrated the potentiality of organic products processing for the local social and economic development, and the need of greater inducements to make an inclusive production of small enterprises feasible.

4.
Rev. CES psicol ; 15(1): 24-43, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376228

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: la esquizofrenia es una enfermedad crónica que genera gran discapacidad, para la cual se han reportado biomarcadores potenciales, pero sin suficiente validez clínica. El mismatch negativity (MMN) y el P3a son potenciales relacionados con eventos que han demostrado ser indicadores neurofisiológicos del procesamiento auditivo pre-atencional y potenciales biomarcadores. Objetivo: evaluar el MMN y P3a en pacientes con diagnóstico de esquizofrenia y su relación con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: estudio cuantitativo transversal de 23 sujetos con esquizofrenia (ESQ) y 22 controles sanos (SN). Las amplitudes promedio y latencias del MMN/P3a para la condición infrecuente en duración y frecuencia fueron obtenidas mediante un paradigma oddball auditivo en un EEG de 32 canales. Resultados: se encontraron diferencias para la condición frecuencia en la amplitud del MMN (p=0.046; CI 95% 0.009; 0.87) y la amplitud del P3a (p=0.042; CI 95% 0.025; 1.24) entre los grupos; la amplitud del MMN fue menor en el grupo ESQ (-0.36 DE 0.51 µV) en comparación con los participantes del grupo de SN (-0.81 DE 0.89 µV), mientras que la amplitud del P3a fue menor en el grupo SN (0.18 DE 0.97 µV) versus el grupo ESQ (0.82 DE 1.05 µV). En relación con las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, las asociaciones con el P3a fueron moderadas y con el MMN débiles. Conclusiones: la reducción de la amplitud del MMN a la condición frecuencia exhibe mayor utilidad que el P3a como medida de alta estabilidad en pacientes con esquizofrenia, lo que reitera su posible uso como biomarcador.


Abstract Background: schizophrenia is a chronic disease that generates great disability, which currently has potential biomarkers but without sufficient clinical validity. Mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a are event-related potentials that have been shown to be neurophysiological indicators of pre-attentional auditory processing and potential biomarkers. Objective: to evaluate MMN and P3a in patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and their relationship with sociodemographic and clinical variables. Method: a quantitative cross-sectional study of 23 subjects with schizophrenia and 22 healthy controls was performed. The average amplitudes and latencies of the MMN/P3a for the condition infrequent in duration and infrequent in frequency were obtained using an auditory oddball paradigm on a 32-channel EEG. Results: differences were found for the frequency condition in the amplitude of the MMN (p=0.046; 95% CI 0.009; 0.87) and the amplitude of the P3a (p=0.042; 95% CI 0.025; 1.24) between the groups; MMN amplitude was lower in schizophrenia (-0.36 SD 0.51 µV) compared to healthy controls (-0.81 SD 0.89 µV), while P3a amplitude was lower in healthy controls (0.18 SD 0.97 µV) versus the group with schizophrenia (0.82 SD 1.05 µV). In regard to sociodemographic and clinical variables, the associations with P3a were moderate, and showed weak MMN. Conclusions: MMN amplitude reduction to the frequency condition exhibits greater utility than P3a as a measure of high stability in schizophrenia, restating its potential use as a biomarker.

5.
Rev. CES psicol ; 15(1): 96-118, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376231

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: analizar el procesamiento emocional en niños, niñas y adolescentes argentinos de edad escolar según sexo. Método: estudio descriptivo-comparativo con un diseño ex post facto, transversal. Participaron en la investigación 67 mujeres y 74 varones escolarizados de entre 7 y 14 años dividido en tres franjas etarias. Para evaluar el procesamiento emocional se utilizaron las 60 imágenes específicas para niños y adolescentes del International Affective Picture System (IAPS), y para medir los juicios evaluativos se utilizó el Self Assessment Manikin (SAM). Resultados: la distribución de las imágenes muestra una correlación moderada negativa entre dos dimensiones afectivas básicas del procesamiento emocional, la valencia afectiva y la activación fisiológica, con valores similares en ambos sexos. Las mujeres puntuaron más bajo que los varones en valencia y arousal, aunque sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Los varones evaluaron los estímulos aversivos con menor grado de activación y los estímulos agradables con mayor activación. En general, se observa mayor agrupamiento de las imágenes desagradables y neutras en las mujeres respecto de las de los varones. Conclusión: en ambos sexos se presentó una relación inversa entre valencia y arousal, evidenciada en mayor activación ante imágenes desagradables, lo cual demostraría una tendencia reaccionaron a las imágenes desagradables con mayor intensidad mientras que los varones, valoraron las imágenes agradables con mayor intensidad.


Abstract Objective: to analyze emotional processing in Argentine school-age children and adolescents according to sex. Method: descriptive-comparative study with an ex post facto, cross-sectional design. 67 girls and 74 schooled boys aged between 7 and 14, participated in the research divided into three age ranges. The 60 specific images for children and adolescents from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) were used to assess emotional processing, and the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM) was used to measure evaluative judgments. Results: the distribution of the images shows a moderate negative correlation between valence and arousal, with similar values in both sexes. Women scored lower in valence and arousal compared to men, although without statistically significant differences. The men evaluated the aversive stimuli with a lower degree of activation and the pleasant stimuli with greater activation. In general, a greater grouping of unpleasant and neutral images is observed in women compared to those of men. Conclusion: in both sexes there was an inverse relationship between valence and arousal, evidenced in greater activation in the face of unpleasant images, which would demonstrate an avoidance trend when arousal levels are high. Females reacted to unpleasant images with greater intensity while males rated pleasant images with higher degree.

6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389822

ABSTRACT

Resumen El trastorno del procesamiento sensorial (TPS) es una condición frecuente, pero poco conocida por muchos profesionales de la salud. El procesamiento sensorial se define como la capacidad que posee el sistema nervioso central de interpretar y organizar las sensaciones del propio cuerpo y del ambiente, para su uso efectivo en el entorno mediante respuestas adaptativas. Por lo tanto, cualquier disfunción en el procesamiento (registro, modulación y/o discriminación) de estos estímulos se expresa como una respuesta desadaptativa, siendo significativo cuando esta impacta en la vida diaria del paciente. Es deber del médico sospechar este trastorno, acogiendo al paciente y su familia, derivando oportunamente a terapia ocupacional para su correcta evaluación y eventual manejo de acuerdo con las necesidades de cada paciente.


Abstract Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is an unknown condition for many health care professionals. Sensory processing is defined as the capacity of the central nervous system to interpretate and organize sensations from our own body and from the environment, for their proper use by adaptive responses. Any dysfunction in this processing (registration, modulation and or discrimination) is expressed by a maladaptive response, being considered abnormal when this response has a negative impact in the patient's daily activities. Is our duty as health care workers to suspect this disorder, help our patients and their families by doing a proper referral to an occupational therapist for their evaluation and management, according to each patient needs.

7.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 35: e210184, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387495

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the development and update of an instrument for food categorisation according to the extension and purpose of industrial processing, and to test its practical application. Methods After updating the instrument based on a recent publication on the NOVA classification, it was applied by five researchers to a database of 108 food items. These items are part of a database of foods announced in the health-related sections of supermarket promotional circulars. The Cohen's weighted kappa coefficient was calculated to determine intra-rater agreement; Fleiss' kappa and Kendall's coefficient were applied to determine inter-rater agreement. Results In the updated version, two classes of additives and eight substances considered by the most recent publication as specific to ultra-processed foods were added. The intra-rater agreement was 100% (p<0.001), indicating an "almost perfect" agreement; Fleiss' agreement among all raters ranged from 74% to 97% (p<0.001), which represents an agreement that ranged from "strong" to "almost perfect"; Kendall's W was higher than 0.93 (p<0.001) among all raters. Conclusion The updated instrument showed high agreement and proved to be a methodologically sound and applicable tool for the purpose of classifying foods by the extension and purpose of industrial processing.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o desenvolvimento e atualização de um instrumento para categorização dos alimentos de acordo com a extensão e propósito de seu processamento industrial e avaliar sua aplicação prática. Métodos Após a atualização do instrumento com base em publicação recente sobre o tema, ele foi aplicado por cinco pesquisadores em um banco de dados de 108 alimentos. Esses alimentos são parte de um banco de dados de alimentos anunciados em seções relacionadas à saúde de panfletos promocionais de supermercado. Para avaliar a concordância intra-avaliador foi calculado o kappa ponderado de Cohen e para a concordância interavaliadores foram calculados o kappa de Fleiss e o coeficiente de concordância de Kendall. Resultados Na versão atualizada foram adicionadas duas classes de aditivos e oito substâncias, consideradas pela publicação mais recente como específicas de alimentos ultraprocessados. A concordância intra-avaliador foi de 100% (p<0,001), o que indica uma concordância "quase perfeita"; a concordância de Fleiss entre todos os avaliadores variou de 74% a 97% (p<0,001), o que representa uma concordância que variou de "forte" a "quase perfeita"; a concordância de Kendall foi W >0,93 (p<0,001) entre todos os avaliadores. Conclusão O instrumento atualizado apresentou uma elevada concordância e mostrou-se uma ferramenta metodologicamente útil e aplicável quando se tem por objetivo classificar alimentos pela extensão e propósito do processamento industrial.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 592-596, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize th e p rocessing technology of Portulaca oleracea charcoal,and to investigate its improvement effect on the symptom of hemorrhoid model rats. METHODS The effects of roasting temperature ,dosage and roasting time on the processing technology of P. oleracea charcoal were investigated with Box-Behnken response surface methodology using comprehensive score of tannin content ,water-soluble extract content and appearance properties as the index. The optimal process parameters are selected and verified. The hemorrhoid model rats were treated with P. oleracea charcoal(0.8 g/mL)prepared by the optimal processing technology ,once a day ,for 11 days. After last medication ,the perianal pathological score of hemorrhoid model rats were performed ;serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),interleukin 6(IL-6)and IL- 1β were detected. RESULTS The optimal processing technology of P. oleracea charcoal included roasting temperature of 200 ℃, dosage of 150 g and roasting time of 14 min. Results of validation test showed that the comprehensive score of P. oleracea charcoal was 92.57,and relative error of it with predicted value (96.59)was -4.13%. External use of P. oleracea charcoal 0.8 g/mL prepared by the optimal processing technology could significantly promote the wound healing of hemorrhoid model rats ,reduced the amount of exudate ,and decreased the levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-β in serum. CONCLUSIONS The optimized processing technology of P. oleracea charcoal is feasible. P. oleracea charcoal prepared by the optimized processing technology has good curative effect on the symptom of hemorrhoid model rats.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 569-574, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920726

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare t he diff erences of the fingerprint and in vitro antioxidant activity between decoction pieces of Polygonum cuspidatum by integrated technology of habitat processing and processing (short for IPDP )and traditional processing decoction pieces (short for TPDP ). METHODS Ten batches of IPDP and ten batches of TPDP were prepared by integrated technology and traditional technology ,respectively. HPLC method was used to establish and compare the fingerprints of IPDP and TPDP. The scavenging rates of DPPH free radical ,ABTS free radical ,superoxide free radical and hydroxyl free radical and reducing activity of Fe 3+ were detected for IPDP and TPDP. In vitro antioxidant activities were compared between IPDP and TPDP. RESULTS There were 11 common peaks in the fingerprints of IPDP and TPDP ,among which 17 came from IPDP and 13 came from TPDP. The peak heights of peak 6(polydatin)and peak 15(emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside)in IPDP were significantly higher than those in the TPDP ,and the peak heights of peak 13(resveratrol),peak 17(emodin)and peak 19(physcion)in the TPDP were significantly higher than those in the IPDP. The results of in vitro antioxidant test showed that IPDP and TPDP had a certain scavenging capacity on DPPH free radical ,ABTS free radical ,superoxide free radical and hydroxyl free radicals ,and also had a certain reducing capacity on Fe 3+. CONCLUSIONS The integrated processing technology of P. cuspidatum has a good retention effect on the glycosides in P. cuspidatum ,and the in vitro antioxidant activity of IPDP is stronger than that of TPDP.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920594

ABSTRACT

@#With the improvement of computer computing capability and the accumulation of a large amount of medical data, artificial intelligence is gradually being applied in the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial tumors. Artificial intelligence technology can assist doctors in clinical diagnosis and improve the efficiency of clinical work and the accuracy of diagnosis. In recent years, researchers have focused primarily on the recognition of medical images. The commonly used method is to annotate a large number of images by experts for learning image features by machines. The available literature has been able to utilize artificial intelligence technology to diagnose tumors by analyzing medical images, pathological sections, and tumor photos. The main issues in the current research are uneven labeling data quality, small data size, limited research problems, and single data modalities. These problems need to be solved through the continuous improvement of algorithms and the accumulation of high-quality data. The future direction of artificial intelligence applications should be to integrate medical data from multiple sources, assist doctors in diagnosis, and explore a variety of noninvasive and easy-to-use new methods for the early diagnosis of tumors. This may completely change the existing diagnosis and treatment model of oral and maxillofacial tumors.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 172-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To op timize the i ntegrated technology of producing area processing and decoction pieces processing of Curcuma longa (hereinafter refer to “integrated technology ”). METHODS The content of ethanol-soluble extract in C. longa was determined by hot leaching method ;the contents of curcumin ,demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. On the basis of identification of producing area processing technology , Using overall desirability (OD) value of the contents of ethanol-soluble extract , curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin as evaluation indexes ,moisture content ,slice thickness and drying temperature as factors ,the integrated technology of C. longa was optimized by single factor tests combined with central composite design-response surface method ,and the validation tests were conducted. At the same time ,prepared product was compared with traditional decoction pieces prepared according to 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅰ). RESULTS The best integrated technology was that the fresh C. longa was boiled in boiling water for 5 min,dried at 50 ℃ to 40% water content ,cut into 2 mm thin slices ,and dried at 50 ℃ until moisture content not exceeding 15.0%. After validation ,The deviation between the average OD value (0.811 3,RSD=2.13%) and the predicted value (0.848 1)of the contents of ethanol-soluble extract ,curcumin,demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin was 4.34%. OD value of the contents of ethanol-soluble extract ,curcumin,demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin in decoction pieces prepared by integrated technology were all higher than those prepared by traditional technology. CONCLUSIONS The process optimized in this study is simple ,stable and feasible.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 332-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the content changes of ch emical constituents of processed products of Terminalia chebula at different temperatures ,and to compare its anti-ulcerative colitis effect. METHODS Processed products of T. chebula at different temperatures(160,180,200,220,240,260,280,300 ℃)were prepared by sand scalding technology. HPLC method was adopted to determine the contents of gallic acid ,chebulagic acid ,chebulinic acid and ellagic acid in crude drug and processed products of T. chebula at different temperatures. The mice were divided into blank group ,model group ,Mesalazin enteric-coated tablets group (positive control ,0.4 g/kg),crude drug and processed products groups of T. chebula at different temperatures (1.3 g/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Except for blank group ,other groups were given 6% acetic acid 0.1 mL via anus to induce ulcerative colitis model. After modeling ,blank group and model group were given water intragastrically ,and other groups were given relevant drug intragastrically ,20 mL/kg,once a day ,for consecutive 7 days. The general physical signs of mice in each group were observed and the body weight was recorded. The colorectal length and index ,serum levels of related inflammation indexes [superoxide dismutase (SOD),malondialdehyde (MDA),interleukin-10 (IL-10),IL-1 β ,tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)] were detected. The pathomorphological changes of colon and rectum were observed ,and the comprehensive score of pharmacodynamics was performed. RESULTS With the increase of processing temperature ,the contents of chebulagic acid and chebulinic acid decreased gradually ,the content of gallic acid increased first and then decreased ,and the content of ellagic acid increased. Compared with model group ,the general physical signs ,body weight ,colorectal length ,colorectal index and related inflammation indexes were all improved significantly in crude drug and processed products groups of T. chebula at different temperatures(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The glandular recess structure of colorectal tissue was repaired ,the infiltration of inflammatory cells was reduced ,and the comprehensive score of efficacy of processed products prepared at 260 ℃ was the highest. CONCLUSIONS The contents of chemical components in T. chebula processed at different temperatures change significantly and their anti-ulcerative colitis effects are different. The processed products of T. chebula prepared at 260 ℃ show the best anti-ulcerative colitis effect.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1706-1711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934952

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the eff ects of different habitat processing methods on the quality of Cyperus rotundus , such as sun-drying after steaming ,sun-drying after boiling and direct sun-drying ,and to investigate the optimal habitat processing method of C. rotundus from the perspective of chemical component. METHODS The fingerprint of C. rotundus was established by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)combined with the Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of TCM (2012 edition). The similarity evaluation was conducted to determine the common peak. Cluster analysis (CA)combined with principal component analysis (PCA)and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)was used to differentiate and compare C. rotundus treated by different habitat processing methods. And the contents of cyperrenone ,α-cyperone,luteolin and ferulic acid in C. rotundus were determined by HPLC. RESULTS There were 22 common peaks in the HPLC fingerprints of C. rotundus reated by different habitat processing methods ;their similarities were higher than 0.9;common peak 16 and common peak 20 were cyperrenone and α-cyperone. CA results showed that C. rotundus boiled for 4,8 and 12 min were clustered into one category,the rest of the samples clustered into one category. PCA results showed that comprehensive score of C. rotundus steamed for 10 and 15 min and boiled for 2 min were the highest. The steaming treatment had small effect on comprehensive score of samples,while the boiling treatment had a great effect on the quality of the samples ;the overall score of samples decreased sharply after boiling for 2 min. Results of PLS-DA showed that variable importance projection (VIP)of peak 20(α-cyperone),peak 16 (cyperrenone),peak 22,peak 17 and peak 22 in HPLC fingerprints were all higher than 1. The results of content determination showed that there was significant difference in the contents of α-cyperone,cyperrenone and luteolin in samples treated by different habitat processing methods.With the increase of steaming and boiling time ,the contents of α-cyperone,cyperrenone and luteolin showed a significant downward trend ,and boiling had a great impact on them. CONCLUSIONS Too long boiling treatment greatly;2019 destroys the chemical composition of C. rotundus , andsteaming for 10,15 min or boiling for 2 min is the optimal processing method.

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Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 167-170, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of digital technology in repair of soft tissue defect in hand by anterior tibial artery perforator flap.Methods:From January 2015 to February 2021, 9 patients with soft tissue defects in hand were repaired with anterior tibial artery perforator flap assisted by digital technology in flap design, including 6 males and 3 females aged from 19 to 63 years with a mean age of 33 years. The size of defects varied from 2.0 cm×1.5 cm to 4.0 cm×3.0 cm, with exposed bones or tendons. Preoperative CTA scan of lower limb was performed and three-dimensional image was reconstructed with Mimics 20.0. The anterior tibial artery perforator flap was designed according to the shape and size of the defect, then the resection of flap was digitally simulated. The flap based on the digital design was harvested and the defect was repaired in the operation. The size of flap was 2.5 cm×2.0 cm~4.5 cm×3.5 cm. Outpatient clinic follow-up was performed to evaluate the survival of flaps. Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand(DASH) was used for function evaluation.Results:All flaps were harvested successfully and all donor sites were closed directly. After surgery, 8 flaps survived completely. One flap developed venous occlusion that showed partial necrosis of the flap, and it was rescued after exploration and re-anastomosis. The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 21 months, with an average of 13 months. The DASH scores of the affected limb were 2 to 15 points at the last follow-up, with an average of 6.4 points. Mild scar hyperplasia occurred at donor site in 1 case without sensory abnormality.Conclusion:The digital technology is able to accurately locate the perforators by allowing an individualised design of the anterior tibial artery perforator flap. The flap is suitable for repair of small and medium-sized soft tissue defect in hand, and the digital technology has certain value in clinical application.

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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 391-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933807

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a serious chronic neurological disorder that can be detected by analysing the brain signals generated by brain neurons, with electroencephalography (EEG) becoming a key tool in the diagnosis of epilepsy. The application of specific methods for processing and analysing EEG signals is important in exploring the working mechanisms of the brain and in the diagnosis of neurological disorders of the brain. The article describes the application of EEG signals in epilepsy treatment through feature extraction, feature classification and other related analysis methods. The article presents an overview of recent research advances through the use of principal component analysis, independent component analysis, wavelet transform, linear discriminant analysis, support vector machine, artificial neural network and decision tree. It provides some reference for the detection and classification of seizures and future research directions.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate differences in cardiac function and perfusion parameters measured by IQ-SPECT and low energy high-resolution (LEHR)-SPECT, as well as effects of scattering correction (SC) and CT attenuation correction (AC) on myocardial perfusion imaging.Methods:From May 2020 to September 2020, 80 patients (58 males, 22 females, age (57±10) years) who underwent SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging were retrospectively enrolled in Fuwai Hospital. According to the standardized left ventricular end-diastolic diameter of body surface measured by two-dimensional echocardiography, patients were divided into 2 groups: A group ( n=34) with significantly enlarged left ventricle and B group ( n=46) with no significant enlargement of left ventricle. LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT gated myocardial perfusion imaging were performed in all patients. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), ejection fraction (EF), summed rest score (SRS) and total perfusion defect (TPD) were measured. Parameters measured by two methods and differences before and after SC and AC were compared by using paired t test and Wilcoxon signed rank test. The correlation was analyzed by Pearson correlation or Spearman rank correlation analyses, and the consistency was analyzed by Bland-Altman analysis. Results:In A group, EDV, EF and SRS measured by IQ-SPECT were significantly lower than those assessed by LEHR-SPECT after SC and AC (EDV: (257±137) vs (276±154) ml, EF: (21±11)% vs (26±13)%, SRS: 17(6, 25) vs 18(8, 28); t values: -2.63, -7.46, z=-2.14, all P<0.05); all parameters measured by LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT had well correlation ( r values: 0.965, 0.969, 0.967, rs values: 0.920, 0.960, all P<0.001) and consistency. In B group, EDV and EF measured by IQ-SPECT were significantly lower than those assessed by LEHR-SPECT after SC and AC (EDV: (96±40) vs (107±39) ml, EF: (46±15)% vs (54±16)%; t values: -6.23, -10.71, both P=0.001); SRS and TPD measured by IQ-SPECT after SC and AC were significantly lower than non-SC and non-AC (SRS: 2(1, 4) vs 5(3, 11), TPD: (3%(1%, 5%) vs 7%(3%, 12%); z values: -4.11, -4.16, both P<0.001); all parameters measured by LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT had well correlation ( r values: 0.956, 0.978, 0.958, rs values: 0.926, 0.944, all P<0.001) and consistency. Conclusions:There are good correlation and consistency of left ventricular function and myocardial perfusion parameters acquired by IQ-SPECT and LEHR-SPECT. Moreover, IQ-SPECT is able to shorten acquisition time, resulting in great potential in clinical application.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of motion correction (MC) on the calculated values of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) based on cadmium-zinc-telluride SPECT (CZT SPECT) images.Methods:Twenty-eight consecutive patients (10 males, 18 females, age: (60.75±11.62) years) with suspected or known coronary artery disease who underwent myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with dynamic CZT SPECT between June 2019 and August 2019 in TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The MBF and MFR during rest imaging and stress imaging were quantitatively analyzed. Corridor 4DM software was used to calculate the stress MBF (sMBF) and MFR of the coronary artery branches and left ventricular (LV) before and after MC. The paired t test and Pearson correlation were used for data analysis. Results:The sMBF and MFR of LV before MC were (0.82±0.49) ml·min -1·g -1 and 1.69±0.68 respectively. After MC the two parameters increased to (1.05±0.64) ml·min -1·g -1 and 2.12±0.77 respectively ( t values: -4.87, -6.01, both P<0.001). The sMBF and MFR in left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCX), right coronary artery (RCA) and LV before MC were correlated with those after MC ( r values: 0.69-0.96, all P<0.001). If MFR <2.0 was used as the reference of impaired MFR, data before MC showed 19 patients (67.9%, 19/28) had impaired MFR, while 13 patients (46.4%, 13/28) had impaired MFR based on MFR values after MC. Conclusion:For MPI quantitative imaging with CZT SPECT, the calculated values of sMBF and MFR after MC is higher than those before MC, suggesting that MC is helpful to reduce the false positive results which may be caused by the " creep" effect of the heart.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the morphology of dorsal medial talar neck osteophyte (DMTNO) and its association with anteromedial ankle impingement syndrome (AAIS) using CT 3D reconstruction images.Methods:The present retrospective study included 23 patients with AAIS due to DMTNO (case group) and 23 patients with DMTNO but without AAIS (control group) who had been admitted from February 2019 to June 2021. Multi-slice CT data (DICOM) of DMTNO in both groups were collected and imported into Arigin 3D Pro 3D reconstruction software to reconstruct and observe the 3D morphology of DMTNO. The dorsal convex distance, medial convex distance and anterior convex distance of DMTNO were measured to find their association with AAIS.Results:In the case group, DMTNO clearly showed a flat polyhedral shape with a large base and a small top; in the control group, DMTNO showed various shapes that were different mainly in an irregular top but similar in a large, long and narrow base. The dorsal convex distance [(8.07±2.30) mm] and medial convex distance [(6.70±2.62) mm] in the case group were significantly larger than those in the control group [(3.59±1.10) mm and (1.98±0.93) mm] ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the anterior convex distance ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The DMTNO leading to AAIS shows a flat polyhedral shape with a large base and a small top. No correlation is found between the anterior convex and AAIS whereas the dorsal convex and medial convex of DMTNO may be closely associated with AAIS.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate a rapid protocol for the acquisition of a three-dimensional (3D) image of corneal nerve distribution and its various parameters.Methods:Four SPF female C57BL/6 mice were selected and four corneal samples with complete limbi were obtained using a dissecting microscope after the sacrifice of mice euthanized by ether.After conventional fixation, permeabilization, and immunostaining by an anti-β-Ⅲ tubulin fluorescent-conjugated antibody, a whole-nerve image of the whole-mount cornea was captured under a 60X oil lens using a scientific complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor detector and a high-resolution deconvolution microscope.The 3D image of the corneal nerve fiber was obtained after 3D deconvolution processing, Z-axis data projection, and automatic stitching using the self-contained image processing software of the microscope system.The corneal nerve density in different areas was analyzed using the automatic detection mode in the Filament Tracer module and the manual Autopath module of the interactive microscopic image analysis software Imaris.The use and care of animals complied with the statement of the Association for Research in Visual and Ophthalmology, and the study protocol was approved by an Experimental Animal Welfare Committee of Jinan University (No.JN-A-2002-01).Results:It was found that stromal nerve fibers in a dense network entered the Bowman membrane near the limbus, and branches of stromal nerve fibers formed subbasal nerve plexus, which stretched toward the center of the cornea to form a dense neural network-like structure and converged into a vortex-like structure at the apex of the cornea.Some subbasal nerves entered the epithelial layer vertically and some branches of nerve endings were found.Through the automatic detection mode of Imaris software, a gradual increase of the density from (2 488.88±282.84)μm/μm 2 at the limbus to (5 766.66±298.55)μm/μm 2 at the center of the cornea of the subbasal nerve branches, and a decrease of the density from (40.99±0.99)μm/μm 2 at the limbus to (34.57±1.28)μm/μm 2 at the center of the stromal nerves were found.It was also found that the stromal nerves at the limbus entered the Bowman membrane for about 151 μm and then began to branch to form subbasal nerves. Conclusions:The high-resolution deconvolution microscope system can be used to study the 3D distribution of the whole corneal nerve.Additionally, Imaris can be used for obtaining various parameters of the corneal nerves automatically and quickly.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930186

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of different processed products of Epimedii Folium on cytotoxicity and the material basis of toxicity. Methods:By using the SRB method to investigate the effects of different processed products of Epimedii Folium on the proliferation of HaCaT cells; and based on the grey correlation analysis method to establish the data spectrum effect relationship of HPLC fingerprint spectrum-toxicity so as to determine the toxic components and processing methods. Results:The value of cytotoxicity IC 50 of different processed products of Epimedii Folium is as follow: vinegar fried> oil fried > original > single fried > salt fried > wine fried. Among the 12 characteristic chromatographic peaks, Peak No.3 (magnoflorine, correlation value: 0.870) and Peak No.6 (epimedin C, correlation value: 0.851) are highly correlated with the toxicity value. Conclusions:Both vinegar fried and oil fried Epimedii Folium have the effect of reducing toxicity. Magnoflorine and epimedin C may be the main toxic components in Epimedii Folium. The study provides scientific basis for the research on the process optimization of Epimedii Folium concocting to reduce toxicity.

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