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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13368, fev.2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557313

ABSTRACT

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common malignancy worldwide, with approximately 600,000 new cases each year. A small number of HNSCCs are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Frizzled related protein (FRZB) has been reported in many inflammatory diseases and cancers, but it is yet unclear how FRZB affects HNSCC, as well as its role and underlying mechanism. TIMER2 database was utilized to evaluate FRZB expression in cancer tissues, and FRZB expression in HNSCC tissues was confirmed by samples obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus. To identify whether FRZB could be used as a prognostic predictor, we performed univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. FRZB co-expression profile was explored using the LinkedOmics database, then Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene Ontology enrichment analyses were performed for these FRZB-related genes in HNSCC samples. Lasso regression analysis was subsequently used to screen for prognostic variables, and we determined the infiltration of immune cells in HNSCC patients to clarify the influence of FRZB on tumor immune microenvironment. At last, we assessed the association between FRZB expression and immune checkpoint gene, and compared the sensitivity of common chemotherapeutic agents. In this study, we found that FRZB was dysregulated in HNSCC tumor tissues and had a relationship with clinical parameters. The reliability and independence of FRZB as a factor in determining a patient's prognosis for HNSCC was also established. Additional investigation revealed that FRZB was linked to common immune checkpoint genes and may be implicated in immune infiltration.

2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218507

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Oral cancer, one of the most common cancers worldwide constitutes a major public health problem and is one of the leading cancer sites among men and women in India. Increased uptake of glucose in cancer cells are mediated by glucose transporters. Among 14 isoforms of glucose transporters, Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) isoform expression predominate Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Aim: To emphasize the expression of GLUT-1 in OSCC and to assess its role in tumor progression and prognosis. Materials and Methods: Hand searching and electronic databases such as PubMed/Medline, Google scholar and Science- Direct were done for mesh terms such as OSCC, GLUT-1, prognosis, tumor markers, prognostic marker and risk predictor. Studies were pooled and relevant articles were evaluated. Results: Final analysis identified thirteen articles after considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria. These studies evalu- ated 926 OSCC cases and 70 healthy controls for GLUT-1 immunoexpression. The data was extracted and evaluated manu- ally. GLUT-1 expression was found to be elevated in OPMDs and OSCC than in healthy controls. The pattern of expression of GLUT-1, its correlation with clinico-pathological features, role in tumour progression and prognosis, expression in tumor invasive front, correlation with other markers and role in therapeutics are also discussed in detail

3.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 173-180, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988713

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the world’s second leading cause of death in women, after lung cancer. Calreticulin (CRT), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) multipurpose protein, has been proposed as a potential biomarker for breast cancer. However, reports on the correlation between CRT expression and cell invasiveness in breast cancer micro-tissues are scarce. Thus, in the current study, we analyzed the potential correlation between CRT and invasiveness of breast cancer in a biological scaffold-based 3D co-culture system. Methods: MCF7, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-10A breast cell lines were co-cultured in a 3-dimensional (3D) system with MRC-5 lung fibroblast cell line in the cell density ratio of 3:1. Thereafter, calreticulin gene and protein expression levels were determined based on quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Moreover, via RT-qPCR analysis, the gene expression levels of calreticulin-related candidate metastasis genes in breast cancer micro-tissues were carried out. Results: The results showed occasional foci of lumen-like morphology in the non-cancerous breast micro-tissues and the formation of solid clusters for breast cancer micro-tissues. Moreover, immunohistochemistry results revealed protein expression of calreticulin in non-cancerous and cancerous breast micro-tissues with cytoplasmic and nucleic acid localizations. It was found that PCMT1 and ER-α genes were significantly downregulated (p < 0.01) in invasive breast cancer micro-tissues. Conclusion: This study suggests that CRT and CRT-related candidate metastasis genes may potentially serve as prognostic biomarkers in invasive breast carcinoma.

4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 813-819, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984576

ABSTRACT

Pseudogenes were initially thought to have no function and were called by aliases, such as "junk genes." With the emergence of large-scale genomics projects and more and more experimental studies, pseudogenes have been shown to play an important role in the occurrence and development of solid tumors, especially playing an important regulatory role in the occurrence and develepment of liver cancer, such as regulating the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, metastasis, and immunity of liver cancer cells. Recent studies showed that pseudogenes can act as regulators of oncogenes and tumor suppressors in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and can thus serve as prognostic markers and even therapeutic targets for this cancer type. In this review, we systematically summarize the mechanisms and functions of different pseudogenes in HCC and present their future prospects as therapeutic targets.

5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(supl.4): S133-S142, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420866

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The prognostic importance of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) in the tumor microenvironment of various cancers is increasingly recognized. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic value of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and CD45RO + TILs and their relation to histopathological features in larynx squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: Formalin-Fixed and Paraffin-Embedded (FFPE) samples from 63 primary larynx squamous cell carcinoma patients were immunostained for CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD45RO expression. Positive cells in micrographs from Invasive Margin (IM) and Tumor Center (CT) of tissue specimens counted by ImageJ software and their correlation with disease outcome were analyzed. Results: The expression level of TILs subpopulations was associated with clinicopathological markers as well as Overall Survival (OS) and Disease-Free Survival (DFS). In multivariate analysis, high frequency of CD45RO + cells in IM were confirmed as an independent prognostic marker for DFS (p = 0.007, HR = 4.968) and OS (p = 0.007, HR = 4.957). Similar findings were observed in the multivariate analysis of the combined frequency of CD45RO+cells in IM and CT. Conclusion: TILs are associated with patients clinicopathological features. Also, our findings indicate that CD45RO + TILs are a valuable marker for risk prediction in larynx SCC and could predict patients' outcomes.

6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225890

ABSTRACT

Background:POP scale andserum cholinesterase estimation are purported to be meaningful indicators for mortality prediction in the cases of organophosphorus poisoning. The present study was undertaken to substantiate the correlation ofPOP scale score and serum cholinesterase levels in acute OP poisoning with mechanical ventilation requirement and mortality in our setting. Methods:Data of 150 eligible participants was collected, with POP scale andserum cholinesterase levels being assessed during initial presentation in each of them. Clinical course of the cases was monitored anddocumented. Results:The observed case fatality rate was 32.7%. POP scale scoring revealed 30out of 75 patients to be from moderate group and 19 out of 22 patients to be from severe group. Forty nine outof 75 in moderate group & all patients in severe group required ventilator support. With respect to Serum Cholinesterase level; 20 out of 23 and 29 out of 77 patients died in the severe & moderate poisoning categories respectively. Forty eight out of 77 in moderate poisoning andall patients in severe poisoning required ventilator support. Conclusions: POP scale scoring and serum Cholinesterase level assessments are clinically relevant indicators in acute OP poisoning cases and are of great utility towards assessment ofmechanical ventilation requirement and mortality prediction.

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222369

ABSTRACT

Background: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) has been proven to be a diagnostic marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the prognostic value of serum LDH in OSCC is yet to be explored. The purpose of this study is to correlate the level of serum LDH with the degree of OSCC and to evaluate the role of serum LDH as a prognostic marker in OSCC. Methods: The investigators designed and implemented a prospective cohort study composed of patients with OSCC (n = 66) sub?grouped as follows: 2A—well?differentiated (n = 22), 2B—moderately differentiated (n = 22), 2C—poorly differentiated OSCC (n = 22), and normal healthy controls (n = 40). The primary outcome variable was the serum LDH measured at baseline (pre?treatment) and 2 and 12 months post?treatment in OSCC patients. The statistical analysis was performed using the student t?test and analysis of variance, and the P value was set at 0.05. Results: The habit of alcohol consumption alone as a single habit was found only in males (17.5%) (P = 0.3343), whereas betel quid chewing was more common among females (P = 0.0182). A significant difference was observed in the mean serum LDH between OSCC subjects (pre?treatment) (831.56 ± 93.43 IU/L) and controls (188.82 ± 25.53 IU/L), P < 0.00001. The baseline serum LDH was significantly higher in subgroup 2C (933.41 ± 46.1969 IU/L) than in the 2A (742.59 ± 46.5676 IU/L) and 2B (818.68 ± 58.1643 IU/L) subgroups (P = 0). There was a significant decline in the serum LDH within 2 months after treatment, and a further decrement was observed during a 12?month follow?up among the survivors of all three subgroups; P < 0.00001. Conclusion: Serum LDH can play a dual role as a reliable indicator of the degree of OSCC for decision?making in treatment modalities and as a prognostic marker of response to therapy.

8.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the prognos?c value of Intraabdominal Pressure in severe acute pancrea??s, compare it to APACHE II, to determine when to intervene based on intra abdominal pressure. Materials and Methods:We studied the role of intraabdominal pressure measurement as a prognos?c index and its applicability to determine the ?ming of interven?on in cases of severe acute pancrea??s as a prospec?ve cohort study from 2010- 2012, at Kamineni Hospital, L.B Nagar, Hyderabad. All pa?ents who were admi?ed with severe acute pancrea??s and consented to take part in the study were enrolled. All pa?ents were evaluated clinically, radiologically, biochemically and by the prognos?c indices – APACHE II, Ranson criteria and intra-abdominal pressure measurement. A total of 55 pa?ents were enrolled in this study. Intra-abdominal pressure was measured by intravesical technique using a Foley catheter.Intra-abdominal pressure was measured every 12 hours. Within 24 hours of admission, APACHE II score was obtained. Mul?variate analysis was u?lised for sta?s?cs. Results:Males comprised 73% of study popula?on. Mean age was 41.23± 13.74 years (17- 83 years). Ten pa?ents (18.81%) died. Among the non-survivors, the intraabdominal pressure (20.1± 3.1073 Vs 8.97± 4.39) and the APACHE II (17.5 ±4.09 Vs3.93 ±4.345),were significantly greater, P value <0.0001. The AUC for intra-abdominal pressureat 24 hours and at 72 hours was >0.7, which is highly significant. The sensi?vity for intra-abdominal pressure(>13 mm Hg) at 72 hours as a marker for mortality was 100%. Conclusion:The Intra-abdominal pressure monitoring is rapid, reproducible, inexpensive and minimally invasive, and can be used as a marker of the severity and prognosis of severe acute pancrea??s. Intra-abdominal pressure could poten?ally be used to guide the ?ming of interven?on. Compared to APACHE II, which is inclusive of mul?ple parameters, intra-abdominal pressure can serve the same purpose as a single prognos?c index. Further, we recommend a large, mul?centric studies to conclusively establish the predic?ve power of intra-abdominal pressure in acute pancrea??s and whether interven?ons known to reduce intraabdominal pressure, can alter the ul?mate outcome.

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225742

ABSTRACT

Background: Stroke is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Several prognostic factors like site and size of infarction, Glasgow coma scale, level of cerebral edema, intracranial tension have been found significant in stroke. Among the prognostic indicators ferritin has gained importance in recent times. It is considered an acute phase reactant and has been used for assessing the severity and prognosis of stroke.Aim of the study was tocorrelate the levels of serum ferritin with early neurological status and to predict the severity and prognosis earlier in patients of acute stroke.Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was done in Saveetha hospital, Chennai. Clinically diagnosed CVA patients within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms were recruited in this study. 122 patients above 18 years who fulfilled the criteria were included and patients with a recent history of inflammation, malignancy, and anemia were excluded.Results: Around 60.7% of patients had improved and the remaining of them deteriorated. The level of serum ferritin was well correlated with the patient's prognosis. Those who deteriorated had high serum ferritin when compared to those who improved and it was statistically significant.Conclusions: From our results, we concluded that patients with increased ferritin concentrations have a higher risk of poor clinical outcomes. These findings suggest that iron overload may counterbalance the benefits of thrombolytic therapy in patients with high ferritin levels. Therefore, serum ferritin can be used as a prognostic marker for assessing the severity and prognosis of stroke.

10.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 63-69, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364896

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective We evaluated the relevance of using the smudge cell percentage in the blood smear as a prognostic marker in CLL. Methods In this prospective study, 42 untreated Senegalese patients with CLL were enrolled. The diagnosis was established, based on the peripheral blood count and flow cytometry using the Matutes score. Cytogenetic aberrations, assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), were available for 30 patients, while the immunoglobulin heavy chain genes (IGVH) mutation status was performed by next-generation sequencing (NGS) in 24 patients. The SC percentage was determined in the blood smear, as previously described. Statistical analyses were executed using the GraphPad Prism 8. Results The mean age was 63 years (48 - 85) and the male: female sex ratio was 4.66. A low SC (< 30%) percentage was correlated with Binet stage B/C (p= 0.0009), CD38 expression (p= 0.039), unmutated IGVH status (p= 0.0009) and presence of cytogenetic abnormalities (for del 13q, p= 0.0012, while for other cytogenetic aberrations, p= 0.016). An inverse correlation was found between the SC percentage and the absolute lymphocyte count (r= -0.51) and patients with higher percentage of SCs had a prolonged survival. However, there was no correlation between the SC percentage and age (p= 0.41) or gender (median, 19% for males vs. 20% for females; p= 0.76). Conclusion When less than 30%, the SC was associated with a poor prognosis in CLL. Easy and affordable, the percentage of SCs in a blood smear could be a reliable prognostic marker, accessible to all CLL patients, mainly those in developing countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Prognosis , Senegal
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 534-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939743

ABSTRACT

Serum autoantibody markers have the advantages of easy specimen acquisition, simple detection technology and dynamic real-time monitoring. With the wide application of immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of malignant tumors, autoantibody markers in predicting tumor immune checkpoint inhibitors efficacy and forecasting irAEs (immune related adverse events) show good prediction of potential. This review mainly focused on the progress of autoantibody markers in the prediction of therapeutic effect and the monitoring of irAE in tumor immunotherapy.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Immunotherapy/adverse effects , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis
12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 748-753, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible role and clinical significance of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in intrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (IBDECs) in biliary atresia (BA).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on expression level of VDR in IBDECs of 38 BA children who underwent Kasai surgery in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University and the Children′s Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2019.Expression level of VDR in IBDECs of 38 children with BA was detected by immunohistochemical staining, and that in children with choledochal cysts was detected as negative control.Masson staining was performed to examine the degree of liver fibrosis.The correlation between the expression level of VDR in IBDECs of children with BA, and the degree of liver fibrosis during operation, the incidence of refractory cholangitis after Kasai portoenterostomy and the survival time of autologous liver was analyzed.Human intrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (HiBECs) were induced with dsRNA virus infection by polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid [Poly(I∶C)] in vitro, followed by detection of cell activity, apoptosis and VDR level.The differences between 2 independent groups were analyzed using Student t test.The relationship between the expression of VDR and clinicopathologic characteristics was conducted with χ2 test or Fisher′ s test.The Kaplan- Meier survival curve was used to analyze the differences in the survival time of autologous liver after Kasai in BA children with different VDR expression levels. Results:A total of 38 children with BA were included in this study.Among them, 23 cases showed no significant decrease of VDR protein level in IBDECs, and 15 cases showed a significant decrease in IBDECs.Compared with BA children without a significant decrease in VDR level in IBDECs, much severer liver fibrosis ( P<0.001) and significantly higher incidence of refractory cholangitis after Kasai procedure ( P=0.017) were detected in those with a significant decrease in VDR level.Compared with the control group, BA children with significantly lower VDR expression levels in HiBECs had a shorter autologous liver survival time ( P=0.030). Poly (I∶C) increased the apoptotic rate of HiBECs ( P<0.000 1) and decreased cell activity of HiBECs ( P<0.05), which significantly stimulated the secretion of inflammatory factors (interferon, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6) in the culture medium of HiBECs ( P<0.001). Poly (I∶C) significantly decreased the expression level of VDR protein in HiBECs ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Poly (I∶C) causes HiBECs damage and decreases VDR expression level in HiBECs of BA children, and the significantly decreased VDR expression level in IBDECs may be a marker of poor prognosis of BA.

13.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 489-496, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988572

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the infiltration abundance of macrophage M2 in breast cancer tissues and explore the correlation between VSIG4 and macrophage M2 and the potential mechanism of regulating the invasion and migration of breast cancer patients. Methods We downloaded the RNA-seq data of TCGA-BRCA and assessed the infiltration abundance of immune cells in the samples by CIBERSORT, and established a prognostic risk prediction model. Then, we analyzed the effect of macrophage M2 and VSIG4 on the prognosis of breast cancer patients. In addition, we analyzed the signaling pathway associated with VSIG4 by gene set enrichment analysis and predicted its upstream regulation of miRNA. Results The infiltration abundance of macrophage M2, age, PR status and pathological stage were involved in the establishment of risk prediction model, and the model had a good prediction performance (AUC=0.816). High infiltration of macrophage M2 (HR=1.35, P < 0.05) and high expression of VSIG4 (HR=1.4, P=0.039) suggested poor prognosis of breast cancer patients. VSIG4 could be regulated by upstream miR-29a-3p and significantly correlated with Toll-like receptor, cell adhesion, production and release of cytokine. Conclusion VSIG4 is significantly associated with breast cancer patients' prognosis and infiltration of macrophage M2, regulated by the upstream miR-29a-3p and promotes the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. It can be used as a potential prognostic marker for breast cancer.

14.
Appl. cancer res ; 40: 1-6, Oct. 19, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1282611

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most frequently occurring malignant tumor of the head and neck region. Chk2 (Checkpoint kinase 2) is considered a tumor suppressor gene that acts on the cellular response to DNA damage. However, the role of Chk2 in OSCC prognosis is not yet fully understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate Chk2 immunoexpression in OSCC and to elucidate the association between its expression and clinicopathological parameters of prognostic importance, including overall survival, disease-free survival, and metastasis-free survival. Methods: Chk2 expression was analyzed in 101 samples from patients with OSCC using immunohistochemistry. We stratified the patients into high expression (> 66% of cells positive for Chk2) and low expression (< 66%) groups. Results: Chk2 showed high expression in 57.43% of OSCC. In our study, the expression of Chk2 did not correlate with any of the prognostic parameters evaluated. There was no difference between overall survival, metastasis-free survival, and disease-free survival according to Chk2 expression. Conclusion: Despite the great importance of Chk2 in the development of different types of cancer, our findings do not favor Chk2 as a prognostic marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Checkpoint Kinase 2/metabolism , Prognosis , Survival Analysis
15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213016

ABSTRACT

Background: A prospective study to estimate the serum lactate levels and as a prognostic marker in patients with sepsis.Methods: 170 patients admitted with sepsis in B.L.D.E. (Deemed to be University) Shri. B. M. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Vijayapur from October 2014 to June 2016.Results: In this study the mean serum lactate value of first sample in survivors (146 patients) is 3.8±1.2 and non-survivors (24 patients) is 6.2±1.9 with p value<0.001 which is significant. The serum lactate value of the second sample in survivors (146) is 2.7±1.0 and in non survivors (24) is 6.3±1.8 with p value<0.001 which is significant. The mean value of serum lactate 1st sample collected at the time of admission is 4.1±1.6 and the mean value of serum lactate second sample collected at 24 - 48 hours after admission is 3.1±1.6.Conclusions: Lactate level more than 4 mmol/l, patients are at highest risk of mortality and an aggressive resuscitation strategy shall be warranted. Hence serum lactate is considered as an independent and significant prognostic marker in patients with sepsis and evaluates the treatment outcome.

16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-196454

ABSTRACT

Background: Metastasis associated colon cancer gene 1 (MACC1) is a gene that was first described as a c-Met transcription regulator causing the progression of colon cancer. In this study, protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of MACC1 in breast cancer and its relationship with clinicopathological prognostic parameters were investigated. Methods: Sixty-six cases with tumors underwent radical mastectomy for invasive ductal carcinoma and 25 control cases operated for mammoplasty were included in the study. In paraffin blocks of tumor and control tissues, MACC1 expression was investigated by the immunohistochemical method and Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-Time PCR). In addition, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was examined immunohistochemically in tumor tissues. The relationship between MACC1 expression in tumor tissues, clinicopathological prognostic parameters, and VEGF was investigated. Results: In this study, protein and mRNA expressions of MACC1 were found to be higher in tumor tissues compared with normal breast tissues. MACC1 protein expression was also associated with significant poor prognostic markers, such as high histologic grade, ER negativity, and HER2 positivity. However, there was no correlation between MACC1 expression and VEGF. Conclusion: According to these results, MACC1 expression may be a marker of breast carcinoma as well as an independent predictor of poor prognosis. In addition, MACC1 may not affect angiogenesis in breast cancer or even if it has an effect, it may not be associated with VEGF. However, it would be appropriate to support these results in a larger series by investigating in vivo and in vitro studies.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214711

ABSTRACT

Stroke is the leading cause of death worldwide and one of the main causes of long term disability. According to WHO, 15 million suffer from stroke each year. Studies have shown that levels of hsCRP measured shortly after stroke predicted complimentary aspects of prognosis. There is possibility that elevated hsCRP levels has direct relation to extent of cerebral tissue injury. We wanted to measure the levels of hsCRP in acute cerebrovascular accident. To correlate the level of hsCRP with severity of stroke and outcome.METHODSStudy was conducted in patients admitted in medical ward and medical ICU in tertiary care hospital (Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals). It was a cross sectional study. A total of 150 patients who presented with stroke and fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. In all patients hsCRP levels were measured within 48 hours of admission. Data was collected prospectively in a Microsoft Excel database. Statistical analysis was done using non-parametric ANOVA (Kruskal Wallis test) and Mann Whitney test.RESULTSMean age of patients was 59 ± 12 years. hsCRP levels were raised in stroke patients. Also values were found to be more in haemorrhagic stroke (value) than in ischemic stroke (value) and the difference was found to be significant. Significant correlation was also found between hsCRP levels and GCS with lower GCS scores associated with higher hsCRP levels in both types of stroke. Mean hsCRP level in survivors was 21.83 ± 23.17 mg/L and in non survivors was 82.07 ± 25.83 mg/L and the difference was statistically significant (p <0.0001)CONCLUSIONSWe concluded that hsCRP level is increased in cases of stroke (both ischemic and haemorrhagic) suggesting an inflammatory response in acute stroke. Increased levels of hsCRP correlated with severity of neurological deficit and worse outcome.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207310

ABSTRACT

Background: Serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels fluctuate in continuation with the pregnancy and thus become an important standalone marker in monitoring the adverse outcomes that may occur in pregnancy.Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology. A total of 240 pregnant women in their first trimester were included in the study. Serum PAPP-A levels were measured at 11-13+6week of gestation and were evaluated with respect to the feto-maternal outcome. The data was entered in MS excel spreadsheet and analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0.Results: The mean age of the study population was 27 years. Among the maternal pregnancy parameters, PIH, pre-term labor and Emergency LSCS were significantly associated with low (<0.5 MoM) Serum PAPP-A levels, P<0.05. All the fetal outcome measures: IUGR, IUD, low birth weight, SGA babies, prematurity and NICU admissions, were significantly associated with low (<0.5 MoM) Serum PAPP-A levels, p <0.05.Conclusions: Serum PAPP-A in the early pregnancy showed significant correlation with feto-maternal outcome. Thus, it has the potential to be used as a prognostic factor and in the management of adverse outcomes by increasing surveillance for pregnant women with high-risk factors.

19.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 145-151, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821229

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in autoimmune diseases (AID)-induced immunocompromised host (ICH) had a high incidence and poor prognosis. However, only a few studies had determined the clinical characteristics of these patients. Our study was to explore the characteristics and predictors of mortality in CAP patients accompanied with AID-induced ICH. METHODS: From 2013 to 2018, a total of 94 CAP patients accompanied with AID-induced ICH, admitted to Emergency Department of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, were enrolled in this study. Clinical data and the risk regression estimates of repeated predictors were evaluated by generalized estimating equations (GEEs) analysis. An open-cohort approach was used to classify patient’s outcomes into the survival or non-survival group. RESULTS: The hospital mortality of patients with CAP occurring in AID-induced ICH was 60.64%. No significant differences were found with respect to clinical symptoms and lung images between survival and non-survival groups, while renal insufficiency and dysfunction of coagulation had higher proportions in non-survival patients (P<0.05). Both noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) were performed more frequently in non-survival group (P< 0.05). By the multivariate GEEs analysis, the repeated measured longitudinal indices of neutrophilto- lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (odds ratio [OR]=1.055, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 1.025–1.086), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (OR=1.004, 95%CI 1.002–1.006) and serum creatinine (sCr) (OR=1.018, 95%CI 1.008–1.028), were associated with a higher risk of mortality. CONCLUSION: The CAP patients in AID-induced ICH had a high mortality. A signifi cant relationship was demonstrated between the factors of NLR, LDH, sCr and mortality risk in these patients.

20.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 101-107, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975090

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Aberrant expression of E-cadherin has shown to have correlation with advanced disease of prostate cancer. In this study, we evaluated the potential of E-cadherin as a prostate cancer prognostic marker and determined its correlation with patient outcomes. Method: 46 prostate cancer specimens in the form of paraffin-embedded tissue blocks were retrieved from the Histopathology Unit, Department of Pathology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur. The expression patterns of E-cadherin were determined by immunohistochemistry staining. The E-cadherin expression was evaluated and scored as positive (3+) and negative or loss of expression (2+ and 1+). The correlations of E-cadherin expression with patient outcomes which included biochemical failure, disease-free, metastasis and local recurrence were determined. Correlations of E-cadherin expression with the currently used traditional clinicopathological parameters were also evaluated. Results: There were significant correlations between E-cadherin expression with biochemical failure (p=0.005) and local recurrence (p=0.003). However, there were no significant correlations between E-cadherin expression with disease-free (p=0.864) and tumour metastasis (p=0.430). Comparing the correlation of E-cadherin expression with the traditional clinicopathological parameters, there were significant correlations between E-cadherin expression with pathological staging (p=0.001), Gleason score (p=0.004) and perineural invasion (p=0.001). However, there was no significant correlation between E-cadherin expression with positive tumour margin (p=0.320). Conclusion: These results support the potential use of E-cadherin as a prognostic tool for prostate cancer as well as an additional marker along the currently available traditional clinicopathological parameters.

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