Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 114
Filter
1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(3): 417-424, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447695

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The aim of the study was to investigate clinical significance of soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) serum level in head and neck cancer and to evaluate its role as a possible prognostic and predictive biomarker. Methods A prospective analysis of sPD-L1 levels in 60 patients diagnosed and treated due to malignant and non-malignant lesions in the region of head and neck was performed in peripheral blood by an ELISA test. Results The range of sPD-L1 in the study group was 0.16-1.63 ng/mL, mean 0.64 ± 0.32. There were no differences in the mean sPD-L1 regarding patients' age, sex, and the localization of the lesion. Statistically significant difference was revealed in the average sPD-L1 level (p = 0.006) depending on the histopathological advancement of the lesions, 0.704 ± 0.349 and 0.512 ± 0.177 respectively in the malignant and benign group. The separate analysis of laryngeal lesions confirmed statistical difference in sPD-L1 (p = 0.002) for the malignant lesions (0.741 ± 0.353) compared with the benign (0.489 ± 0.175). The sPD-L1 level of 0.765 ng/mL or higher, revealed 35% sensitivity and 95.5% specificity for the diagnosis of head and neck malignant lesions (AUC = 0.664, 95% CI 0.529‒0.8, p-value = 0.039). The 1-year DFS was 83.3% in the group of patients with low sPD-L1 levels (< 0.765 ng/mL) and 53.8% in patients with high sPD-L1 (≥0.765 ng/mL). The 2-year OS were 68% and 69.2% respectively in both groups. The log-rank test confirmed statistically significant prognostic value of sPD-L1 level for 1-year DFS (p-value = 0.035). Conclusions sPD-L1 is a promising prognostic and early recurrence predictive biomarker for head and neck cancers, most significantly for laryngeal lesions. Level of evidence 3.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 327-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of M2 tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and their correlation with clinicopathological features, and the significance of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression.Methods:From January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2020, a total of 320 HCC patients who underwent surgical resection at the Third People′s Hospital of Nantong were included. The distribution of CD163 labeled and PD-L1 CD163 double-labeled M2 TAM in HCC tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the cell density was calculated. The cell density> the average cell density (112/mm 2) was judged as high-density, the cell density≤ the average cell density was judged as low-density. The correlation between CD163 positive and PD-L1 CD163 double positive M2 TAM density and the clinical pathological characteristics of HCC and its impact on prognosis were analyzed. Chi-square test was used to analyze the correlation between M2 TAM expression and the clinical pathological characteristics of HCC. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves, and log-rank test was used for inter group comparison. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to indentify the relevant factors affecting the prognosis of HCC. Results:TAM were mainly distributed in the tumor edge stroma and tumor sinusoids, CD163 positive M2 TAM were the main macrophage subtype. PD-L1 expression was observed in CD163 positive M2 TAM in HCC tissues, and PD-L1 positive M2 TAM were mainly distributed in the tumor edge stroma. The rate of high-density CD163 positive M2 TAM in HCC tissues was 44.4% (142/320). High-density CD163 positive M2 TAM was correlated with histological grade, TNM stage, and PD-L1 expression on tumor infiltrating immune cells in HCC tissues ( χ2=4.65, 6.72 and 42.19, P=0.031, =0.011 and <0.001). High-density PD-L1 and CD163 double positive M2 TAM in HCC tissues was correlated with microvascular invasion and TNM stage ( χ2=11.96 and 8.74, P=0.001 and 0.004). The median disease-free survival (DFS) time and overall survival (OS) time of patients with high-density CD163 positive M2 TAM were 21 and 36 months, respectively, which were lower than those of patients with low-density CD163 positive M2 TAM (50 and 103 months, respectively); the median DFS time and OS time of patients with high-density PD-L1 CD163 double-positive M2 TAM were 12 and 15 months, respectively, which were lower than those of patients with low-density PD-L1 CD163 double-positive M2 TAM (28 and 45 months, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (all log-rank tests, all P<0.001). The results of multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that high-density CD163 positive M2 TAM, microvascular invasion and high TNM stage were independent risk factors for evaluating DFS and OS of patients with HCC (DFS time: HR=2.408 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.778 to 3.261), 2.603 (95% CI 1.860 to 3.641), 4.032 (95% CI 2.833 to 5.747), all P<0.001. OS time: HR=2.007 (95% CI 1.457 to 2.764), 4.144 (95% CI 2.881 to 5.960), 4.292 (95% CI 2.915 to 6.329), all P<0.001). Conclusions:High-density of CD163 positive M2 TAM in HCC tissues indicates high malignancy and poor prognosis, and it is an independent prognostic risk factor. The expression of PD-L1 in M2 TAM suggests stronger tumor aggressiveness and worse prognosis in HCC.

3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 53-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991706

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and significance of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and programmed death 1 (PD-1) in colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis.Methods:A total of 134 patients with colorectal cancer who received treatment in Xuancheng People's Hospital during 2014-2021 were included in this study. These patients consisted of 74 patients with colorectal cancer combined with schistosomiasis (patient group) and 60 patients with only colorectal cancer (control group). The expression of PD-L1 and PD-1 in colorectal cancer tissue was detected by an immunohistochemical method. The differences in PD-L1 and PD-1 expression were compared between the two groups. The relationships between PD-L1 and PD-1 expression and clinical pathological characteristics were determined.Results:The positive expression rates of PD-L1 and PD-1 in cancer cells and interstitial lymphocytes were 55.4% and 60.8% respectively in the patient group and they were 35.0% and 40.0% respectively in the control group. The positive expression rates of PD-L1 and PD-1 were significantly higher in the patient group than the control group ( χ2 = 5.55, 5.74, both P < 0.05). The expressions of PD-L1 and PD-1 in the patient group were correlated with lymph node metastasis and high tumor-node-metastasis stage ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:PD-L1 and PD-1 are highly expressed in colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis and are related to their invasive behavior. PD-1/PD-L1 singaling pathway may be involved in the molecular mechanism underlying the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis. Blocking PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway may be a new strategy for immunotherapy of colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 858-865, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990707

ABSTRACT

Biliary tract cancer is a highly lethal disease composed of diverse epithelial tumors, of which incidence is increasing. Nearly two-thirds of patients with biliary tract cancer are in local advanced stage or metastasized at diagnosis. Systemic therapies are the primary treat-ment options, but the prognosis is poor. In recent years, the emergence of immune checkpoint inhibitors has changed the treatment prospects for advanced solid tumors, and multiple clinical trials and related studies have been conducted worldwide. Based on clinical experiences and pertinent researches in the field, the authors expound upon the research progress in immune checkpoint inhibitors treatment of advanced biliary tract cancer.

5.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 407-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effects of ring finger protein 43 (RNF43) on CD8 + T cell-mediated anti-tumor immune reaction in melanoma. Methods:RNF43 gene was over-expressed and knockdown in mouse melanoma cells line B16-OVA by lentivirus infection; In vivo proliferation of mouse melanoma cells line B16-OVA in the Lv-Ctrl-OE, Lv-RNF43-OE, Lv-Ctrl-KD and Lv-RNF43-KD groups was detected by subcutaneous tumorigenesis assay in mice, and the expression levels of CD8 + T cells perforin and interferon γ (IFN-γ) in tumor immune microenvironment of melanoma were detected by flow cytometry; The expression levels of β-catenin and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) mRNA in cells were detected by quantitative real-time PCR assay; The effect of RNF43 on the transcriptional regulation of PD-L1 was detected by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Results:Stable RNF43 over-expressing and RNF43 knockdown mouse melanoma cells lines Lv-RNF43-OE and Lv-RNF43-KD were successfully constructed. The results of subcutaneous tumorigenesis experiment in mice showed that the tumor mass of the Lv-RNF43-OE group was (0.08±0.06) g, which was significantly smaller than that of the Lv-Ctrl-OE group [ (1.04±0.52) g], with a statistically significant difference ( t=3.71, P=0.032) ; The tumor mass of Lv-RNF43-KD group was (1.94±0.29) g, with no statistically significant difference ( t=-1.70, P=0.164) compared with that of the Lv-Ctrl-KD group (1.15±0.74) g. The flow cytometry results showed that the fluorescence intensity of CD8 + T cell perforin in the Lv-RNF43-OE group was 9 034 ± 2 628, which was significantly higher than that in the Lv-Ctrl-OE group (3 847 ±1 637), with a statistically significant difference ( t=-3.35, P=0.015) ; The fluorescence intensity of CD8 + T cell perforin in the Lv-RNF43-KD group was 966±247, which was significantly lower than that in the Lv-Ctrl-KD group (2 226±646), with a statistically significant difference ( t=3.16, P=0.034) ; The fluorescence intensity of IFN-γ of CD8 + T cell in the Lv-RNF43-OE group was 2 422±429, which was significantly higher than that of 1 688±324 in the Lv-Ctrl-OE group, with a statistically significant difference ( t=-2.73, P=0.034) ; The fluorescence intensity of IFN-γ of CD8 + T cell in the Lv-RNF43-KD group was 614 (454, 863), with a statistically significant difference ( Z=-1.96, P=0.050) compared with 1 159 (1 152, 2 068) in the Lv-Ctrl-KD group. The results of quantitative real-time PCR showed that the relative expression level of β-catenin mRNA in the Lv-RNF43-OE group was 0.67±0.16, which was significantly lower than that of 1.00±0.11 in the Lv-Ctrl-OE group, with a statistically significant difference ( t=2.98, P=0.041) ; The relative expression level of PD-L1 mRNA in the Lv-RNF43-OE group was 0.32±0.09, which was significantly lower than that of 1.00±0.09 in the Lv-Ctrl-OE group, with a statistically significant difference ( t=9.13, P=0.001). The results of the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay showed that the PD-L1 promoter luciferase activity in the pCMV6-NC, RNF43, RNF43+β-catenin and β-catenin groups were 1.00±0.00, 0.84±0.00, 1.49±0.00 and 1.57±0.03 ( F=2 218.33, P<0.001). Further pairwise comparison showed that compared with the pCMV6-NC group, PD-L1 promoter luciferase activity was significantly lower in the RNF43 group ( P<0.001) and significantly higher in the RNF43+β-catenin and β-catenin groups ( P<0.001; P=0.003) ; compared with the RNF43 group, PD-L1 promoter luciferase activity was significantly higher in the RNF43+β-catenin group ( P<0.001) . Conclusion:RNF43 may reduce the expression of PD-L1 mRNA in melanoma by inhibiting the expression of β-catenin and promote CD8 + T cell-mediated anti-tumor immune reaction.

6.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 270-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989350

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is currently the leading cause of death in the intensive care unit, and its survivors also experience long-term immunosuppression and high rates of recurrent infections. At present, the clinical treatment of sepsis is still based on antibiotics, intravenous rehydration, and vasopressors, and there is no targeted drug treatment. However, as the rate of antibiotic resistance continues to increase, immunotherapy is highly anticipated as a new treatment. Patients with sepsis are often accompanied by acute leukocyte immune dysfunction and immunosuppression, which may be an important risk factor for the increasing morbidity and mortality of patients. Targeted inhibition of specific cell surface inhibitory immune checkpoint receptors and ligands, such as programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1), programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), and other targets, can improve the host’s resistance to infection. In this paper, the research progress of PD-1 and PD-L1 in the immune response to sepsis was summarized to provide a theoretical basis for their further application in the treatment of sepsis in the future.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 385-393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of programmed death 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its relationship with clinical features and prognosis, and to examine its effect on PD-1-positive natural killer (NK) cells against AML cells in vitro.Methods:The bone marrow samples of 65 AML patients and the peripheral blood of 32 AML patients diagnosed in Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2019 to December 2020 were prospectively collected, and the peripheral blood of 24 healthy people was taken as healthy control. The expression level of PD-L1 in bone marrow tumor cells and expression level of PD-1 in peripheral blood NK cells were detected by flow cytometry. The correlations of PD-1 expression in bone marrow tumor cells and PD-1 expression in NK cells with the clinicopathological features, curative effect and prognosis of patients were analyzed. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression level of PD-L1 in AML cell line THP-1 (target cells) and the expression level of PD-L1 in NK cell line NKL (effector cells). THP-1 cells treated with and without 25 μmol/L of PD-L1 inhibitor fraxinellone were used as experimental group and control group, and co-cultured with NKL cells at different effector-to-target ratios. The apoptosis of THP-1 cells and the expression of NKG2D in NKL cells were detected by flow cytometry, the cell proliferation status was detected by CCK-8 and the cell proliferation inhibition rate was calculated; the levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the supernatant of co-culture system were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:The proportion of AML patients with PD-L1-positive expression in bone marrow tumor cells was higher than that in the healthy control group [38.5% (25/65) vs. 8.3% (2/24), P = 0.029]. The proportion of AML patients with PD-1-positive expression in peripheral blood NK cells was higher than that in the healthy control group [40.6% (13/32) vs. 12.5% (3/24), P = 0.035]. There were no statistical differences in sex, age, hemogram, proportion of primordial cells, risk stratification, chromosomal karyotype, gene mutation (except NPM1 gene), fusion gene and French-American-British cooperative group (FAB) typing between patients with PD-L1 positive and negative in bone marrow tumor cells and between patients with PD-1 positive and negative in peripheral blood NK cells (all P > 0.05). In relapsed/refractory patients, the proportion of patients with PD-L1-positive expression in bone marrow tumor cells was higher than that in newly treated patients [58.8% (10/17) vs. 31.2% (15/48), P = 0.045]. There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with PD-1-positive expression in peripheral blood NK cells between relapsed/refractory patients and newly treated patients [(38.5% (5/13) vs. 42.1% (8/19), P = 0.837]. There was no statistical difference in complete remission (CR) rate between PD-L1 positive and negative patients [69.6% (16/23) vs. 74.3% (26/35), P > 0.05]. There was no statistical difference in CR rate between PD-1 positive and negative patients [66.7% (8/12) vs. 70.6% (12/17), P > 0.05]. There was no statistical difference in recurrence rate after CR between PD-L1 positive and negative patients [12.5% (2/16) vs. 19.2% (5/26), P > 0.05]. There was no statistical difference in recurrence rate after CR between PD-1 positive and negative patients [25.0% (2/8) vs. 16.7% (2/12), P > 0.05]. Flow cytometry showed that the positive rate of PD-1 in NKL cells was (67±6)% and the positive rate of PD-L1 in THP-1 cells was (85±5)%. After co-culture with NKL cells, the apoptotic rate and proliferation inhibition rate of THP-1 cells were higher in the experimental group compared with the control group, the expression of NKG2D on the surface of NKL cells was elevated, and the levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α in the co-culture supernatant were increased. Conclusions:In AML patients, the expression of PD-L1 in bone marrow tumor cells is high, and the expression of PD-1 in peripheral blood NK cells is also high. The expression of PD-L1 in bone marrow tumor cells of relapsed/refractory AML patients is higher than that of newly treated patients. Inhibition of PD-L1 expression in THP-1 cells can enhance the tumor killing activity of NKL cells in vitro. The mechanism may be that inhibition of PD-L1 expression in THP-1 cells up-regulates the expression of NKL cell activated receptor NKG2D and promotes the secretion of IFN- γ and TNF- α.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 117-128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969814

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of programmed death protein-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in liver cancer stem-like cells (LCSLC) and its effect on the characteristics of tumor stem cells and tumor biological function, to explore the upstream signaling pathway regulating PD-L1 expression in LCSLC and the downstream molecular mechanism of PD-L1 regulating stem cell characteristics, also tumor biological functions. Methods: HepG2 was cultured by sphere-formating method to obtain LCSLC. The expressions of CD133 and other stemness markers were detected by flow cytometry, western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were used to detect the expressions of stemness markers and PD-L1. The biological functions of the LCSLC were tested by cell function assays, to confirm that the LCSLC has the characteristics of tumor stem cells. LCSLC was treated with cell signaling pathway inhibitors to identify relevant upstream signaling pathways mediating PD-L1 expression changes. The expression of PD-L1 in LCSLC was down regulated by small interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression of stem cell markers, tumor biological functions of LCSLC, and the changes of cell signaling pathways were detected. Results: Compared with HepG2 cells, the expression rate of CD133 in LCSLC was upregulated [(92.78±6.91)% and (1.40±1.77)%, P<0.001], the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were also higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05), the number of sphere-formating cells increased on day 7 [(395.30±54.05) and (124.70±19.30), P=0.001], cell migration rate increased [(35.41±6.78)% and (10.89±4.34)%, P=0.006], the number of transmembrane cells increased [(75.77±10.85) and (20.00±7.94), P=0.002], the number of cloned cells increased [(120.00±29.51) and (62.67±16.77), P=0.043]. Cell cycle experiments showed that LCSLC had significantly more cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase than those in HepG2 [(54.89±3.27) and (32.36±1.50), P<0.001]. The tumor formation experiment of mice showed that the weight of transplanted tumor in LCSLC group was (1.32±0.17)g, the volume is (1 779.0±200.2) mm(3), were higher than those of HepG2 cell [(0.31±0.06)g and (645.6±154.9)mm(3), P<0.001]. The expression level of PD-L1 protein in LCSLC was 1.88±0.52 and mRNA expression level was 2.53±0.62, both of which were higher than those of HepG2 cells (P<0.05). The expression levels of phosphorylation signal transduction and transcription activation factor 3 (p-STAT3) and p-Akt in LCSLC were higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05). After the expression of p-STAT3 and p-Akt was down-regulated by inhibitor treatment, the expression of PD-L1 was also down-regulated (P<0.05). In contrast, the expression level of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in LCSLC was lower than that in HepG2 cells (P<0.01), there was no significant change in PD-L1 expression after down-regulated by inhibitor treatment (P>0.05). After the expression of PD-L1 was knockdown by siRNA, the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were decreased compared with those of siRNA-negative control (NC) group (P<0.05). The number of sphere-formating cells decreased [(45.33±12.01) and (282.00±29.21), P<0.001], the cell migration rate was lower than that in siRNA-NC group [(20.86±2.74)% and (46.73±15.43)%, P=0.046], the number of transmembrane cells decreased [(39.67±1.53) and (102.70±11.59), P=0.001], the number of cloned cells decreased [(57.67±14.57) and (120.70±15.04), P=0.007], the number of cells in G(0)/G(1) phase decreased [(37.68±2.51) and (57.27±0.92), P<0.001], the number of cells in S phase was more than that in siRNA-NC group [(30.78±0.52) and (15.52±0.83), P<0.001]. Tumor formation in mice showed that the tumor weight of shRNA-PD-L1 group was (0.47±0.12)g, the volume is (761.3±221.4)mm(3), were lower than those of shRNA-NC group [(1.57±0.45)g and (1 829.0±218.3)mm(3), P<0.001]. Meanwhile, the expression levels of p-STAT3 and p-Akt in siRNA-PD-L1 group were decreased (P<0.05), while the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 and β-catenin did not change significantly (P>0.05). Conclusion: Elevated PD-L1 expression in CD133(+) LCSLC is crucial to maintain stemness and promotes the tumor biological function of LCSLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Ligands , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
9.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 179-185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972325

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the changes of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and programmed death-1 (PD-1) expression on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and evaluate their association with organ failure and mortality during early sepsis. METHODS: In total, 40 healthy controls and 198 patients with sepsis were included in this study. Peripheral blood was collected within the first 24 h after the diagnosis of sepsis. The expression of PD-L1 and PD-1 was determined on APCs, such as B cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells (DCs), by flow cytometry. Cytokines in plasma, such as interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-10, and IL-17A were determined by Luminex assay. RESULTS: PD-1 expression decreased significantly on B cells, monocytes, myeloid DCs (mDCs), and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) as the severity of sepsis increased. PD-1 expression was also markedly decreased in non-survivors compared with survivors. In contrast, PD-L1 expression was markedly higher on mDCs, pDCs, and monocytes in patients with sepsis than in healthy controls and in non-survivors than in survivors. The PD-L1 expression on APCs (monocytes and DCs) was weakly related to organ dysfunction and inflammation. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the PD-1 percentage of monocytes (monocyte PD-1%)+APACHE II model (0.823) and monocyte PD-1%+SOFA model (0.816) had higher prognostic value than other parameters alone. Monocyte PD-1% was an independent risk factor for 28-day mortality. CONCLUSION: The severity of sepsis was correlated with PD-L1 or PD-1 over-expression on APCs. PD-L1 in monocytes and DCs was weakly correlated with inflammation and organ dysfunction during early sepsis. The combination of SOFA or APACHE II scores with monocyte PD-1% could improve the prediction ability for mortality.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 96-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of microRNA-424-5p (miR-424-5p) on the drug resistance of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cells by regulating the programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Human DLBCL cell line CRL2631 cells were induced to construct CRL2631-CHOP resistant cell line. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of MiR-424-5p, PD-L1 mRNA and protein, and multidrug resistance gene-1 (MDR-1) protein in CRL2631 cells and CRL2631-CHOP cells, respectively. The target genes of MiR-424-5p was verified by dual luciferase reporter assay. The miRNA simulation/interference technology and thiazole blue (MTT) method were used to detect the resistance of CRL2631 cells and CRL2631-CHOP cells to CHOP.@*RESULTS@#Compared with CRL2631 cells, the drug resistance of CRL2631-CHOP cells to CHOP and the levels of MDR-1 protein (P<0.05), PD-L1 mRNA and protein in the cells were significantly increased (both P<0.001), while the relative level of MiR-424-5p was significantly reduced (P<0.001). The result of the dual luciferase reporter assay showed that PD-L1 was the direct downstream target gene of MiR-424-5p (P<0.001). After transfection of MiR-424-5p inhibitor, the resistance of CRL2631 cells to CHOP drugs increased, and the expression level of MDR-1 protein (P<0.01), PD-L1 mRNA and protein also increased significantly (both P<0.01). After transfection of MiR-424-5p mimics, the resistance of CRL2631-CHOP cells to CHOP drugs decreased, and the expression level of MDR-1 protein (P<0.001), PD-L1 mRNA and protein also decreased significantly (both P<0.001). Overexpression of PD-L1 could reverse the inhibitory effect of upregulating MiR-424-5p on PD-L1 (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulation of MiR-424-5p enhances the drug resistance of DLBCL cells by regulating the PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance , Luciferases , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction
11.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 40-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986475

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1/2 in T cell subsets and myeloma cells in the bone marrow from newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients and their relation with clinical features. Methods We collected the bone marrow and clinical data of 22 NDMM patients and 18 cases of healthy controls. We sorted CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells and myeloma cells by flow cytometry, and observed the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1/2. Results Compared with the control group, the proportion of CD8+T cells in the NDMM group was significantly higher, while the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ was significantly lower (both P < 0.05). The expression levels of PD-1 and PD-L2 in CD4+T cells in the NDMM group were significantly higher than those in the control group (both P < 0.05). The expression levels of PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 in T cell subsets and myeloma cells of NDMM patients were not correlated with the gender, age, immune typing, Durie-Salmon stage and subtypes, ISS stage or mSMART3.0 stratification (both P > 0.05). Conclusion Most of MM patients suffering immune abnormality, which may be associated with the mutual immunosuppressive effects between T lymphocytes and plasma cells which expressing PD-1 and PD-L1/2.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 29-34, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990603

ABSTRACT

In the past decade, rapid breakthroughs have been made in the systemic treat-ment of advanced unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Single systemic therapy has little effect on controlling tumor local recurrence and distant metastasis, and the combination modality therapy is the treatment for the majority of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. The change of tumor microenvironment is the research hotspot of antitumor therapy at present. Targeted therapy, immunotherapy and radiotherapy can lead to a change in the tumor microenvironment of primary hepatic carcinoma. The synergistic effect of combined therapy is particularly important. The authors report the clinical efficacy of programmed death ligand-1 inhibitor plus vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor in the first-line treatment of a patient with advanced unresectable hepatocellular carci-noma. The results show that partial response being achieved according to the modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors, and the survival time is more than 20 months with no obvious adverse reactions and high quality of life.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 114-120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913002

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, atezolizumab, a programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has shown clinical efficacies against many different solid malignancies. In late October 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to atezolizumab for the treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy. With the development of clinical trials, the applications of atezolizumab in lung cancer treatment have gradually expanded. In this review, we summarized the current clinical status of atezolizumab in the treatment of lung cancer.

14.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 40-45, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906678

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: To investigate effects of Maxingloushi decoction on lung inflammation and programmed death markers (programmed death-1 [PD-1], programmed death-ligand 1 [PD-L1]) in the lung tissue, peripheral blood, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BLF) in a mouse model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Thirty-six mature male BALB/C mice were randomly divided into normal group (group A, n=6), COPD model group (group B, n=10), Maxingloushi decoction + COPD group (group C, n=10), and PD-1 inhibitor + COPD group (group D, n=10). The COPD model was established by smoke inhalation combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Levels of PD-1 and PD-L1 in plasma and BLF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Histopathological techniques were used to semi-quantitatively analyze the immuno-fluorescence optical density (IOD) value of the lung tissue. RESULTS: In plasma and BLF, the expression of PD-1 in the group B was higher than that in the group A, and the expression of PD-L1 was lower than that in the group A. The expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in the lung tissue was normalized in the group C in comparison with the group B (P<0.05) and the group D (P<0.05), and inflammatory cell infiltration in the lung tissue was also improved. CONCLUSIONS: These findings reveal that COPD causes an immune imbalance in the peripheral blood and lung tissue, and that both Maxingloushi decoction and PD-1 inhibitor treatment can mitigate lung inflammation in COPD by reducing PD-1 expression and increasing PD-L1 expression. The treatment effect of Maxingloushi decoction may be superior to that of PD-1 inhibitor.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 413-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of the expressions of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) with the prognosis in uterine cervical cancer tissues.Methods:A total of 82 patients with uterine cervical cancer hospitalized at Nantong Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinicopathological data of all patients were collected and sorted out. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the positive expression of PD-L1 protein in cancer tissues, and Western blot was used to detect the expression level of IL-10 protein in cancer tissues. The survival of all patients for 24-month follow-up was recorded and 82 patients were divided into the survival group and the death group. The clinicopathological characteristics and the expressions of PD-L1 and IL-10 in both groups were compared. Multivariate Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the factors affecting the survival of patients with uterine cervical cancer. The value of PD-L1 and IL-10 expressions predicting the survival in uterine cervical cancer was evaluated by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The best cut-off value of IL-10 relative expression in cancer tissues obtained from ROC curve analysis predicting 24-month survival of patients was used to group; ≥ the best cut-off value was treated as IL-10 high expression group, and < the best cut-off value was treated as IL-10 low expression group. Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the survival of PD-L1 positive and negative groups, IL-10 high and low expression groups.Results:There was no loss of follow-up in 82 patients during 24-month follow-up, of which 11 cases (13.4%) died and 71 cases (86.6%) survived. The proportion of patients with Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging Ⅲ-Ⅳ, poor differentiation, tumor long diameter > 4 cm and lymph node metastasis in the death group was higher than that of those in the survival group (all P < 0.05). PD-L1 was positive in 9 of 11 patients in the death group and 11 of 71 patients in the survival group ( P < 0.001). The relative expression level of IL-10 protein in the death group was higher than that in the survival group (1.18±0.32 vs. 0.89±0.21, P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that FIGO staging, tissue differentiation degree, tumor long diameter, whether lymph node had metastasis or not, whether PD-L1 was positive and the relative expression level of IL-10 protein were independent factors affecting patients' 24-month survival (all P < 0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of PD-L1 and IL-10 single and the combination of both predicting 24-month survival in cancer tissues was 0.748 (95% CI 0.664-0.894), 0.710 (95% CI 0.655-0.884) and 0.839 (95% CI 0.742-0.951), respectively. There were 20 cases in PD-L1-positive group and 62 cases in PD-L1-negative group. The best cut-off value of relative expression level of IL-10 protein was 7.12. There were 19 cases in IL-10 high expression group and 63 cases in IL-10 low expression group. The overall survival of patients in PD-L1-positive group was worse than that in PD-L1-negative group (24-month overall survival rate: 55.0% vs. 96.8%, P = 0.001). The overall survival of patients in IL-10 high expression group was worse than that in IL-10 low expression group (24-month overall survival rate: 57.9% vs. 95.2%, P = 0.001). Conclusions:The prognosis of patients with positive PD-L1 and IL-10 high expressions in uterine cervical cancer tissues is poor. The combined detection of PD-L1 and IL-10 has a high predictive effect on the prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1517-1524, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953550

ABSTRACT

@#Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although improvement has been achieved in platinum-based chemotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors-based molecular targeted therapy, they still have limitations. Immunotherapy has recently emerged as a very effective new treatment, and there is now growing enthusiasm in cancer immunotherapy worldwide. We summarized the effects of immune checkpoint inhibitors in clinical trials, and the current status and progress of anti programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) agents in lung cancer treatment. Attention has been paid to finding out the factors which influence the therapeutic effect of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy and reducing the occurrence of adverse events.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 416-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935230

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the actual efficacy of programmed death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and explore potential prognostic predictive biomarkers. Methods: Patients with metastatic NSCLC who were treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2016 to December 2019, either as monotherapy or in combination with other agents, were consecutively enrolled into this study. We retrospectively collected the data of demographics, clinical information and pathologic assessment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and conduct the survival analysis. Major endpoint of our study is progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints include objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and overall survival (OS). Results: The ORR of 174 patients who underwent PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor was 28.7%, and the DCR was 79.3%. Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) occurred in 23 patients (13.2%). Brain metastasis, line of treatment, and treatment patterns were associated with the ORR of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (P<0.05). After a median follow-up duration of 18.8 months, the median PFS was 10.5 months (ranged from 1.5 to 40.8 months) while the median OS was not reached. The 2-year survival rate was estimated to be 63.0%. The pathologic type was related with the PFS of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (P=0.028). Sex, age, brain metastasis and autoimmune diseases were associated with OS (P<0.05). Analysis of the receptor characteristic curve (ROC) of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicting ORR of immunotherapy in metastatic NSCLC showed that the areas under the curve of NLR before immunotherapy (NLR(C0)), NLR after one cycle of immunotherapy (NLR(C1)) and ΔNLR were 0.600, 0.706 and 0.628, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that NLR(C1) was an independent factor of the ORR of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (OR=0.161, 95% CI: 0.062-0.422), and the efficacy of combination therapy was better than that of single agent (OR=0.395, 95% CI: 0.174-0.896). The immunotherapy efficacy in patients without brain metastasis was better than those with metastasis (OR=0.291, 95% CI: 0.095-0.887). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that NLR(C1) was an independent influencing factor of PFS of metastatic NSCLC patients after immunotherapy (HR=0.480, 95% CI: 0.303-0.759). Sex (HR=0.399, 95% CI: 0.161-0.991, P=0.048), age (HR=0.356, 95% CI: 0.170-0.745, P=0.006) were independent influencing factors of OS of metastatic NSCLC patients after immunotherapy. Conclusions: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors are proved to be efficacious and have tolerable toxicities for patients with metastatic NSCLC. Patients at advanced age could still benefit from immunotherapy. Brain metastasis is related to compromised response. Earlier application of immunotherapy in combination with other modalities enhances the efficacy without elevating risk of irAEs. NLR(C1) is an early predictor of clinical outcome. The OS of patients younger than 75 years may be improved when treated with immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Brain Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 382-388, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of CXCL5 in tumor immune of lung cancer and to explore the potential molecular mechanisms. Methods: A total of 62 cases of patients with lung cancer admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University from May 2018 to December 2019 were recruited as study object. Another 20 cases of patients with pulmonary infectious diseases and 20 cases of healthy control were selected as control. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine serum levels of CXCL5 in patients with lung cancer, pulmonary infectious diseases and healthy control. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) was used to detect the expressions of CXCL5 and PD-1/PD-L1 in tumor and paracarcinoma tissues of patients with lung cancer. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between CXCL5 and PD-1 in tumor and paracarcinoma tissues of patients with lung cancer. Lewis cells either expressing CXCL5 or vector plasmids were used to establish C57BL/6J mice model of lung cancer, and all mice were then divided into vehicle and PD-1 antibody treatment groups, 10 mice for each group. The mice survival and tumor growth curves were recorded. IHC was used to evaluate the expressions of CXCL5, PD-1 as well as the proportions of CD8(+) T and Treg cells in xenograft tumor tissues. Results: In patients with lung cancer, the serum level of CXCL5 [(351.7±51.5) ng/L] was significant higher than that in patients with pulmonary infectious diseases and healthy control [(124.7±23.4) ng/L, P<0.001]. The expression levels of CXCL5 (0.136±0.034), CXCR2 (0.255±0.050), PD-1 (0.054±0.012) and PD-L1 (0.350±0.084) in tumor were significant higher than those in paracarcinoma normal tissues [(0.074±0.022), (0.112±0.023), (0.041±0.007) and (0.270±0.043) respectively, P<0.001]. CXCL5 was significant positively correlated with PD-1 in tumor tissues of lung cancer (r=0.643, P<0.001), but not correlated with PD-1 in paracarcinoma tissues(r=0.088, P=0.496). The vector control group, CXCL5 overexpression group, vector control + anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group and CXCL5 overexpression + anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group all successfully formed tumors in mice, while CXCL5 overexpression increased the tumor growth significantly (P<0.01), which was abrogated by the treatment of anti-PD-1 antibody. CXCL5 overexpression decreased the mice survival time significantly (P<0.01), this effect was also abrogated by the treatment of anti-PD-1 antibody. The proportion of CD8(+) T cells in CXCL5 overexpression group [(10.40±2.00)%] was significant lower than that in vector control group [(21.20±3.30)%, P=0.002]. The proportion of CD4(+) Foxp3(+) Treg cells in CXCL5 overexpression group [(38.40±3.70)%] was significant higher than that in vector control group [(23.30±2.25)%, P<0.001]. After the treatment of anti-PD-1 antibody, no significant difference were observed for the proportion of CD8(+) T cells [(34.10±5.00)% and (33.40±4.00)% respectively] and Treg cells [(14.70±3.50)% and (14.50±3.30)% respectively] in xenograft tumor tissues between CXCL5 overexpression+ anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group and vector control + anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group (P>0.05). Conclusion: The expressions of CXCL5 and PD-1/PD-L1 are all increased significantly in the tumor tissues of patients with lung cancer, CXCL5 may inhibit tumor immune of lung cancer via modulating PD-1/PD-L1 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Chemokine CXCL5/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 260-267, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935209

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1, SP142) and PD-L1 (22C3) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and analyze their correlation with the clinicopathological factors and prognosis. Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 259 patients with TNBC treated in Cancer Hospital from August 2010 to December 2013 were collected. Whole section of surgical tissue samples were collected to conduct PD-L1 (SP142) and PD-L1 (22C3) immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. The PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and tumor infiltrating immune cells were visually assessed respectively, the relationship between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathologic characterizes were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to test the correlations between PD-L1 expression and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: The positive rates of SP142 (immune cell score, ICs≥1%) and 22C3 (combined positive score, CPS≥1) were 42.1%(109/259) and 41.3%(107/259) in TNBC tissues, respectively, with a total coincidence rate of 82.3%. The Kappa value of positive expression cases was 0.571 and the distribution difference of SP142 and 22C3 positive expression cases was statistically significant (P<0.001). The PD-L1 positive patients were less likely to have vascular invasion (P<0.05), but with higher histological grade and Ki-67 proliferation index (P<0.05). The recurrence/metastasis cases(8) of the patients with positive PD-L1 (SP142) was significantly lower than that of patients with negative PD-L1(SP142, 27, P=0.016). The positive expression of PD-L1 (SP142) patients were longer DFS (P=0.019). The OS of patients with positive PD-L1 (SP142) were longer than those with negative PD-L1 (SP142), but without significance (P=0.116). The positive expression of PD-L1 (22C3) was marginally associated with DFS and OS of patients (P>0.05). Conclusions: The expression of PD-L1 (22C3) is different from that of PD-L1 (SP142) in TNBC, and the two antibodies can't be interchangeable for each other in clinical tests. PD-L1 (SP142) status is an independent prognostic factor of DFS in TNBC. The DFS is significantly prolonged in patients with positive expression of PD-L1 (SP142).


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Prognosis , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 234-239, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), the expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), cell proliferation-associated antigen (Ki-67) in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and their correlation with clinical feature such as gender, histological type and TNM stage.Methods:The tissue samples of 340 elderly NSCLC patients with definite histopathological diagnosis were collected from January 2020 to December 2020 in Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, including 195 males and 145 females, age between 68.9±6.0 years. Patients were grouped according to clinical features such as gender, histological type and TNM stage. The expression of EGFR mutation, PD-L1 and Ki-67 were detected by Super-ARMS and immunohistochemistry. The correlation between tnem and clinical features was statistically analyzed, and the correlation between EGFR mutation and PD-L1/Ki-67 expression was further analyzed separately.Results:In elderly NSCLC patients′ tissues, the positive rate of EGFR mutation was 48.53% (165/340). L858R and 19del mutations were the most common types, which were 56.36% (93/165), 30.30% (50/165) respectively. The mutation rate of EGFR was higher in women, lung adenocarcinoma, well-differentiated, and low-stage patients, which were 65.52% (95/145), 53.77% (164/305), 56.75% (143/252), 52.53% (135/257) respectively. In addition, the positive rate of PD-L1 expression was higher in elderly patients with non-adenocarcinoma lung cancer and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, which were 37.14% (13/35), 24.53% (13/53) respectively. The negative rate of PD-L1 expression was higher in elderly patients with NSCLC in stage Ⅰ+Ⅱ, no lymph node metastasis and weakly positive Ki-67, which were 89.11% (229/257), 87.63% (248/283), 94.71% (197/208) respectively. Correlation analysis showed that EGFR mutation was negatively correlated with the expression of PD-L1 and Ki-67 (PD-L1: r=-0.22, P<0.001; Ki-67: r=-0.32, P<0.001). Conclusion:There is a negatively correlation between EGFR mutation and the expression of PD-L1 and Ki-67 in elderly NSCLC, suggesting that the combined detection of EGFR mutation and PD-L1 expression could provide the basis for precise targeted therapy for elderly NSCLC patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL