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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(4): 688-695, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385145

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Patients often take 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) for the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, 5-ARIs can decrease prostate specific antigen (PSA) by approximately half and therefore may lead to false negative PSA tests. We investigated false-screening rates in men on 5-ARIs undergoing PSA testing and whether ordering physicians noticed false negative findings. Materials and Methods A single institution, retrospective study was conducted on patients with a PSA value documented between 2014 and 2017. Patient demographics, PSA results, 5-ARI usage, and providing clinician characteristics were collected. Published normal PSA values were used to determine PSA test positivity; values for those on 5-ARIs were doubled. Results A total of 29,131 men were included. 1,654 (5.7%) were prescribed 5-ARIs at least 12 months prior to PSA evaluation. 118 men (7.1%) had a value that would be positive if corrected for 5-ARI usage, 33 (27.9%) of which had no indication that the provider had noted this. There was no effect on rates of false negative values if the PSA was ordered by a different provider than the one who prescribed the 5-ARI (p = 0.837). However, if the provider who ordered the PSA test was an urologist, the likelihood that a false negative value would be identified was lower (p=0.001). Conclusions More than a quarter of men with false negative tests were missed. This occurred more often when the ordering provider was not an urologist. An educational opportunity exists to improve the quality of PSA testing by preventing false negative tests.

2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(3): 389-396, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385107

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To report the prevalence of the definitions used to identify post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), and to compare the rates of PPI over time under different criteria. Materials and Methods: In the period from January 1, 2000, until December 31, 2017, we used a recently described methodology to perform evidence acquisition called reverse systematic review (RSR). The continence definition and rates were evaluated and compared at 1, 3, 6, 12, and >18 months post-operative. Moreover, the RSR showed the "natural history" of PPI after LRP. Results: We identified 353 review articles in the systematized search, 137 studies about PPI were selected for data collection, and finally were included 203 reports (nr) with 51.436 patients. The most used criterion of continence was No pad (nr=121; 59.6%), the second one was Safety pad (nr=57; 28.1%). A statistically significant difference between continence criteria was identified only at >18 months (p=0.044). From 2013 until the end of our analysis, the Safety pad and Others became the most reported. Conclusion: RSR revealed the "natural history" of PPI after the LRP technique, and showed that through time the Safety pad concept was mainly used. However, paradoxically, we demonstrated that the two most utilized criteria, Safety pad and No pad, had similar PPI outcomes. Further effort should be made to standardize the PPI denomination to evaluate, compare and discuss the urinary post-operatory function.

3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 244-262, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364955

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This review aimed to analyze interventions raised within primary and tertiary prevention concerning the disease's incidence, progression, and recurrence of Prostate Cancer (PCa). Priority was given to the multidisciplinary approach of PCa patients with an emphasis on modifiable risk factors. Materials and Methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature review in the following databases: Embase, Central, and Medline. We included the most recent evidence assessing cohort studies, case-control studies, clinical trials, and systematic reviews published in the last five years. We only included studies in adults and in vitro or cell culture studies. The review was limited to English and Spanish articles. Results: Preventive interventions at all levels are the cornerstone of adherence to disease treatment and progression avoidance. The relationship in terms of healthy lifestyles is related to greater survival. The risk of developing cancer is associated to different eating habits, determined by geographic variations, possibly related to different genetic susceptibilities. Discussion: PCa is the second most common cancer in men, representing a leading cause of death among men in Latin America. Prevention strategies and healthy lifestyles are associated with higher survival rates in PCa patients. Also, screening for anxiety and the presence of symptoms related to mood disorders is essential in the patient's follow-up concerning their perception of the condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prostatic Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Incidence , Risk Factors , Life Style
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 212-219, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364948

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Despite the neuroanatomy knowledge of the prostate described initially in the 1980's and the robotic surgery advantages in terms of operative view magnification, potency outcomes following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy still challenge surgeons and patients due to its multifactorial etiology. Recent studies performed in our center have described that, in addition to the surgical technique, some important factors are associated with erectile dysfunction (ED) following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). These include preoperative Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) score, age, preoperative Gleason score, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). After performing 15,000 cases, in this article we described our current Robotic-assisted Radical Prostatectomy technique with details and considerations regarding the optimal approach to neurovascular bundle preservation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/complications , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/prevention & control , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
5.
An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 83(1): 49-53, ene.-mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374222

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción. El cáncer de próstata puede detectarse por el tacto rectal. Objetivo. Explorar la percepción y disposición al tacto rectal. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo. La unidad de análisis fue el paciente que viene a consulta externa. Se utilizó entrevista a profundidad. Resultados. La percepción del tacto rectal tuvo como categorías apriorísticas el machismo, la homosexualidad, vergüenza, dolor e impotencia sexual. Se tuvo como categoría emergente la predisposición al tacto rectal del servicio de urología, predisposición por el beneficio de realizar el tacto rectal y predisposición de los pacientes que ya se realizaron el tacto rectal. Conclusiones. La percepción tiene categorías emergentes como son la predisposición al tacto rectal en pacientes del servicio de urología, predisposición de los pacientes que tuvieron una consulta anterior. La disposición al tacto rectal es aceptada por los pacientes ya que es una indicación médica realizada por un profesional capacitado.


ABSTRACT Introduction. Prostate cancer can be detected by digital rectal examination. Objectives. To explore the perception and disposition to digital rectal examination. Methods. A qualitative study was carried out. The unit of analysis was the patient who comes to the service's outpatient consultation. An in-depth interview was used. Results. The perception of digital rectal examination has as a priori categories that are machismo, homosexuality, shame, pain and sexual impotence. The emerging category was predisposition to digital rectal examination in the urology service, predisposition due to the benefit of performing digital rectal examination, and predisposition of patients who had already undergone digital rectal examination. Conclusions. The perception has emerging categories such as the predisposition to digital rectal examination in patients of the urology service, predisposition of patients who had a previous consultation. The willingness to digital rectal examination is accepted by patients as it is a medical indication performed by a trained professional.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 97-101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the killing effects in vitro of a new photosensitizer black titanium dioxide b-TP-700-mediated photodynamics on prostate cancer cell line PC-3 cells.Methods:The b-TP-700 was successfully prepared by using solid phase in situ thermal reduction method. PC-3 cells were treated with 31.25, 62.5, 125, 250, 500, 1 000 μg/ml b-TP-700 for 12, 24, 48 h. The cell activity was detected by using CCK-8 method, and the morphology of PC-3 cells was observed by using confocal fluorescence microscope, the toxicity of b-TP-700 to PC-3 cells was also judged. PC-3 cells were treated with different concentrations of b-TP-700 (31.25, 62.5, 125, 250, 500 μg/ml) and irradiated with laser (1 W/cm, 808 nm) for 1, 3, 5, 7 min. The cell activity was detected by using CCK-8 method. The production of reactive oxygen species in PC-3 cells cultured in 250 μg/ml b-TP-700 after laser irradiation for 5 min was detected by using confocal fluorescence microscopy. The non-laser irradiation cells were selected as the control group.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in cell activity of PC-3 cells treated with different concentrations of b-TP-700 for the same time ( F value was 1.26, 0.39 and 0.37, respectively; all P > 0.05). PC-3 cells were treated with 1 000 μg/ml b-TP-700 for 24 h, no obvious morphological changes and no obvious dead cells were observed under fluorescence microscope. When PC-3 cells were treated with the same concentration of b-TP-700, the activity of PC-3 cells was decreased with the extension of laser excitation time. Under the same laser excitation time, the activity of PC-3 cells was decreased with the increase of b-TP-700 concentration (all P < 0.05). Under laser irradiation, obvious green fluorescence could be detected in the PC-3 cells treated with 250 μg/ml b-TP-700, while almost no green fluorescence could be observed in the control group. Conclusions:A new photosensitizer b-TP-700 has the good reactive oxygen generation ability. b-TP-700-mediated photodynamics show obvious killing effects on prostate cancer PC-3 cells in vitro, which is expected to be a new method for the treatment of prostate cancer.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 81-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of astragalin on the cell proliferation and cell cycle of prostate cancer cell line C4-2B through up-regulating the expression of miRNA-513 (miR-513).Methods:Prostate cancer cell line C4-2B cells were taken and treated with 125 μg/L of astragalin for 48 h (astragalin group), and untreated C4-2B cells were set as the control group. The methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to detect the proliferation ability of C4-2B cells in the two groups, and cell cycle was detected by using flow cytometry. The miRNAMap prediction software was used to predict that the targeted gene of miR-513 was the forkhead box protein R2 (FOXR2), and the dual luciferase gene reporter assay was used to verify it. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the relative expression levels of miR-513 and FOXR2 mRNA in the two groups of cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of FOXR2, cyclin-dependent kinase 7 (CDK7), β-actin and cyclin H in the two groups of C4-2B cells.Results:Compared with the control group, the proliferation activity of C4-2B cells in the astragalin group was decreased from day 2 to day 5 (all P < 0.05). The proportions of S-phase cells in the control group and the astragalin group were (48.1±3.2)% and (36.0±2.1)%, respectively. The proportion of S-phase cells in the astragalin group was decreased ( t = 3.12, P = 0.021); the proportions of G 2-phase cells were (24.9±3.3)% and (11.8±2.4)%, respectively. The proportion of G 2-phase cells in the astragalin group was decreased ( t = 3.18, P = 0.019). The relative expression levels of miR-513 in C4-2B cells of the control group and the astragalin group were 1.01±0.22 and 6.55±0.61, respectively. The relative expression levels of miR-513 in C4-2B cells in the astragalin group was increased ( t = 7.70, P < 0.01). The dual luciferase reporter gene assay verified that FOXR2 was the targeted gene of miR-513. The relative expression level of FOXR2 mRNA in C4-2B cells of the control group and the astragalin group was 1.04±0.14 and 0.19±0.06, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 5.53, P = 0.002), suggesting that after astragalin promoted the expression of miR-513, the FOXR2 mRNA expression was decreased. The relative expression levels of FOXR2, CDK7 and cyclin H protein in C4-2B cells in the astragalin group were all decreased compared with those in the control group. Conclusions:Astragalin inhibits the proliferation of prostate cancer C4-2B cells and induces cell cycle arrest by up-regulating the expression of miR-513.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of driving pressure (ΔP)-guided PEEP titration on lung injury in elderly patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).Methods:Forty-six American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ patients, aged 65-80 yr, with body mass index of 19-28 kg/m 2, with Assess Respiratory Risk in Surgical Patients in Catalonia score assessed as medium to high risk, scheduled for elective RARP, were divided into control group (group C, n=23) and ΔP titration group (group D, n=23) using a random number table method.Volume-controlled mechanical ventilation was used after anesthesia induction and tracheal intubation.In group C, 5 cmH 2O was used to fix PEEP.In group D, the optimal PEEP was titrated after computer-controlled breathing and after establishing Trendelenburg position and pneumoperitoneum, the first titration started from 4 cmH 2O and increased by 1 cmH 2O every 4 min until ΔP reached the minimum value or PEEP increased to 12 cmH 2O, and the second titration was increased in increments as the method described above based on the optimal PEEP of the first titration.At 4 min after completion of the first PEEP titration (T 1, 4 min after mechanical ventilation with fixed PEEP in group C), 2 h after establishment of Trendelenburg position (T 2), 1 min after extubation (T 3) and 2 h after operation (T 4), serum concentrations of Clara cell protein (CC16), surfactant protein D (SP-D), soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1). Pulmonary complications were assessed within 7 days after operation. Results:The serum concentrations of CC16, SP-D, sRAGE and sICAM-1 were significantly higher at T 2-4 than at T 1 in two groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group C, the serum concentrations of CC16, SP-D, sRAGE and sICAM-1 were significantly decreased at T 2-4 ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the incidence of pulmonary complications within 7 days after operation in group D ( P>0.05). Conclusions:ΔP-guided PEEP titration can reduce lung injury in elderly patients undergoing RARP.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 379-383, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) on biochemical recurrence in patients treated with radical prostatectomy (RP).Methods:From June 2012 to November 2020, 403 cases treated with RP in the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Median age was 67 (range 47-81) years old. Median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 18.0 (range 1.9-813.0) ng/ml. All patients received prostate biopsy and were confirmed with prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma according to pathology. The Gleason score of 44 (10.9%) cases were 6, 65 (16.1%) cases were 3+ 4, 62 (15.4%) cases were 4+ 3, and 232 (57.5%) cases were ≥8. 73 (18.1%) patients received neoadjuvant hormonal therapy. RP and pelvic lymph node dissection were carried out in all patients including 10 open surgery, 144 laparoscopic surgery and 249 robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The χ 2 test was used to analyze the correlation between LVI and clinicopathological characteristics. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to summarize time-to-biochemical recurrence end point and compare biochemical recurrence-free survival between LVI positive and negative groups. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to test the possible factors of biochemical recurrence with Cox proportional-hazard model. Results:Of all 403 patients treated with RP, the final Gleason score of 68 (16.9%) cases were≤6, 87 (21.6%) cases were 3+ 4, 89 (22.1%) cases were 4+ 3, and 159 (39.5%) cases were≥8. 179 (44.4%) patients had positive surgical margins. The rate of seminal vesicle invasion was 23.6% (95 patients). There were 167 (41.4%) cases with T 1~2 and 236 (58.6%) cases with T 3~4 pathological stage. 39 (9.7%) patients had lymph node metastasis. 62 (15.4%) patients were LVI positive and 341 (84.6%) patients were LVI negative. There were statistically significant differences in biopsy and final Gleason score, pathological stage, rates of seminal vesicle invasion and rates of positive lymph node between LVI positive and negative patients ( P<0.05). 259 (64.3%) patients received adjuvant hormonal therapy and 70 (17.4%) patients received adjuvant hormonal plus radiation therapy. Median follow-up time was 22 (range 6-89) months. 23 (37.1%) occurred biochemical recurrence in LVI positive cases and median biochemical recurrence-free survival was 41 months. Meanwhile, 71 (20.8%) occurred biochemical recurrence in LVI negative cases and median biochemical recurrence-free survival was not reached, significantly longer than LVI positive cases ( P<0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that PSA level, biopsy gleason score, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, pathological stage, positive surgical margins, seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node metastasis and LVI were significantly associated with prognostic prediction of biochemical recurrence. Conclusions:LVI implies shorter biochemical recurrence-free survival and could be an independent predictor on biochemical recurrence in patients treated with RP.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 299-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933217

ABSTRACT

A patient aged 68 years old presented urinary frequency, urgency, and gross hematuria for 1 month, with initial PSA of 72.72 ng/ml and alkaline phosphatase (ALP)of 114 U/L. Prostate biopsy pathology showed small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of prostate. The patient was immediately administered 6 cycle of chemotherapy including etoposide and cisplatin combined with medical castration. The CDK4 gene was detected 1.99 times amplification by peripheral blood free DNA (cfDNA)gene analysis. The chemotherapy was followed by parbosini therapy. The number and density of bone metastases continued to decrease significantly by bone scan at 3 and 6 months after treatment, with a continuous decline of ALP and PSA. After 1 year of follow-up, pelvic MRI and bone systemic imaging indicated stable lesions, with PSA of 0.05 ng/ml and ALP of 59 U/L.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 253-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933207

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies in older men. Prostate cancer patients with distant metastasis often have a poor prognosis, and more than half of Chinese prostate cancer patients have developed distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis. In recent years, with the disclosure of the results of a number of global multi-center clinical trials, combination therapy and precision therapy have become two major themes in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa). The American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO-GU) Cancers Symposium is a grand meeting of the urologic oncology community. Several research advances reported at the meeting will help to update the treatment strategy of mPCa. This article interprets and comments on a number of milestone studies on mPCa treatment at the ASCO-GU 2022 annual meeting, with a view to providing help for the clinical treatment decisions of mPCa patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 187-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences of prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) positive rate and postoperative complications between transperineal cognitive prostate biopsy (COG-TPBx) and transrectal cognitive prostate biopsy (COG-TRBx) based on biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI).Methods:The data of 276 patients undergoing prostate biopsy from January 2019 to June 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively reviewed. 157 patients underwent COG-TPBx(TPBx group) and 119 patients underwent COG-TRBx (TRBx group). The average age [(66.39 ± 8.31) vs. (66.30 ± 8.42)years], body mass index (BMI) [(23.85±2.49) vs. (23.68±2.61) kg/m 2], PSA values [9.43(1.47-19.80) vs. 8.94(0.66-19.99) ng/ml], prostate volume [37.92(13.99-167.40) vs. 40.78(11.67-188.21) cm 3], PSA density [0.21(0.04-1.17) vs. 0.20(0.04-1.04) ng/(ml·cm 3)], and suspicious digital rectal examination [17.20% (27/157) vs. 21.10% (25/119) ] were not significantly different between TPBx group and TRBx group. The positive rate of PCa, CsPCa, as well as post-biopsy complications of the two groups were compared. Results:There were no significant differences in the positive rate of PCa [49.68%(78/157) vs. 47.06%(56/119), P=0.666] and CsPCa [38.22%(60/157) vs. 34.45%(41/119), P=0.520] between the two groups. In stratification analysis, TPBx group has a significantly higher positive rate of both PCa [54.69%(35/64)] and CsPCa[43.75%(28/64)] in apex zone than TRBx group[39.62%(21/53) and 20.75%(11/53), all P<0.05). Moreover, the postoperative complications were not significantly different in TPBx group compared to that in TRBx group [10.19% (16/157) vs. 12.61%(15/119), P= 0.567]. Conclusions:Our investigations revealed that the overall positive rate of PCa, CsPCa, and the complications were not statistically different between COG-TPBx and COG-TRBx. COG-TPBx has a significantly higher positive rate of both PCa and CsPCa in apex zone.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 181-186, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore independent risk factors and risk stratification for diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) in biopsy-naive patients with nonsuspicious multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI).Methods:The data of 549 patients who underwent initial systematic biopsy (SB) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Kunshan between October 2015 and January 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Nonsuspicious mpMRI was defined as Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS)≤2. All patients received systematic 12 core prostate biopsy, 278 of them by transperineal and 271 by transrectal biopsies. The median age of the patients was 67 (62, 73) years, the median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 9.01 (6.15, 13.64) ng/ml, the median prostate volume was 48.41 (35.85, 64.28) ml, and 54 patients were positive in digital rectal examination (DRE). Taking CsPCa as the outcome index, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed on age, tPSA, f/tPSA and PSA density (PSAD) to obtain the optimal cut-off value, and logistics regression was used to explore the independent risk factor of CsPCa in mpMRI negative patients. The optimal cut-off value when the negative predictive value (NPV) of mpMRI diagnosis of CsPCa was 100%, was taken as the protective factor, and the risk stratification model was finally proposed.Results:Of all 549 cases, 44 were CsPCa, 35 were clinically insignificant prostate cancer and 470 were non-prostate cancer. There were significant differences in age (71 vs. 67 years old), tPSA (11.95 vs. 8.75 ng/ml), PSAD [0.31 vs. 0.18 ng/(ml·cm 3)], f/tPSA (0.12 vs. 0.16) and DRE positive rate (38.6% vs. 7.3%) between CsPCa group and non-CsPCa group ( P<0.01). Cut-off values were taken in ROC analysis when the Youden index was at its maximum. The optimal cut-off values of each continuous variable were: age=65 years, tPSA=10ng/ml, f/tPSA=0.2 and PSAD=0.15 ng/(ml·cm 3). Multivariate analysis showed that ages over 65 years ( OR=3.43, 95% CI 1.55-7.58, P=0.002), f/t PSA ratio<0.2 ( OR=3.84, 95% CI 1.28-11.56, P=0.016), PSAD>0.15 ng/(ml·cm 3) ( OR=3.60, 95% CI 1.13-11.51, P=0.03) and positive DRE ( OR=5.20, 95% CI 2.39-11.32, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of CsPCa. When NPV was 100%, the cut-off values were taken as the protective factors: age≤55 years, f/tPSA≥0.3, PSAD≤0.1 ng/(ml·cm 3). Combined with independent risk factors, preliminary risk stratification was conducted: those with ≥2 high risk factors were considered as high risk group, those with ≥2 protective factors were considered as low risk group, and the middle region was considered as medium risk group. Conclusions:Patients with age>65 years, f/tPSA<0.2, PSAD > 0.15 ng/(ml·cm 3) and DRE positive are independent risk factors of CsPCa in mpMRI negative patients. Patients in the high-risk group were recommended to undergo prostate biopsy, while patients in the low-risk group could be considered to avoid biopsy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 176-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, safety and short-term effect of the Hood technique in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).Methods:The data of 24 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent RARP with Hood technique From June 2020 to March 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age was 67.8 (57-76) years, and the mean body mass index was 25.17(18.31-32.54)kg/m 2. The mean tPSA value was 18.36(4.21-67.57)ng/ml and the mean biopsy Gleason score was 7.3 (6-8). In term of the clinical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the T 1c stage in 1 case, T 2a stage in 5 cases, T 2b stage in 4 cases and T 2c stage in 14 cases. During Hood technique, the anterior bladder were limitedly isolated without exposing the outline of pelvis and prostate. Results:All the cases were completed robotically without conversion, transfusion or positive surgical margin. The average robot-assisted operation time was 84.5(63-110) mins. Estimated blood loss was 75.3(20-180) ml. The average time for maintaining the drain was 3.7(3-5) days. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.1(4-11) days. The mean catheterization time was 7.3(6-9) days after surgery. 23 patients achieved continence immediately after catheter removal, while 1 patient had continence full-recovery 2 weeks after surgery. The mean surgical Gleason score was 7.9 (6-9). In term of the surgical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the pT 2a stage in 4 case, T 2b stage in 6 cases, T 2c stage in 14 cases.During 3-12 months’ follow-up, no biochemical recurrence was found. Conclusions:Hood technique were safe and valid in RARP with excellent immediate continence recovery. It facilitated Retzius sparing in a convenient approach with low positive surgical margin rate.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 122-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of mpMRI combined with Partin table, MSKCC nomogram and CAPRA score in predicting extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion of prostate cancer.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2021, a total of 178 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy were selected. The average age of patients was (68.3±3.5) years, the average preoperative PSA level was (24.5±7.1)ng/ml, and the average percentage of positive cores in biopsy was 44.3%. The clinical T 1c stage was determined in 67 cases (37.6%), T 2a in 69 cases (38.8%) and T 2b-2c in 42 cases(23.6%). Biopsy Gleason score of 3+ 3=6 was found in 45 cases(25.3%), 3+ 4=7 in 41 cases(23.0%), 4+ 3=7 in 26 cases(14.6%), 8 with different combinations in 36 cases(20.2%), and 9 or 10 in 30 cases(16.9%). According to preoperative PSA level, biopsy Gleason score, clinical stage, age, total biopsy cores and positive cores, the posibility of extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion were predicted using 2012-version Partin table and MSKCC nomogram. CAPRA score of each patient was calculated. The prediction schemes were built as follows: ①mpMRI alone, ②mpMRI combined with Partin scale, ③mpMRI combined with MSKCC nomogram, ④mpMRI combined with CAPRA score. The results of each prediction scheme were compared with postoperative pathological reports. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between predictive results and postoperative pathological outcomes. The receiver operating characteristic curve of each prediction scheme was drawn. The area under curve was used to compare the predictive accuracy of each combination scheme for the pathological results of prostate cancer. The decision analysis curve of each prediction scheme was drawn. The clinical benefits of each scheme were analyzed by comparing the net return under different risk thresholds. Results:mpMRI predicted extracapsular extension in 21 cases(11.8%) and seminal vesicle invasion in 16 cases(9.0%). The postoperative pathological results reported extracapsular extension in 27 cases(15.2%) and seminal vesicle invasion in 39 cases(21.9%). Logistic regression analysis showed that mpMRI and clinical scales were predictors related to the pathological results of prostate cancer( P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve of each scheme showed that the area under curve for predicting extracapsular extension by using mpMRI, mpMRI combined with Partin table, mpMRI combined with MSKCC nomogram and mpMRI combined with CAPRA score were 0.599, 0.652, 0.763 and 0.780, respectively, and the area under curve for predicting seminal vesicle invasion were 0.607, 0.817, 0.826 and 0.820, respectively. Compared with simple application of mpMRI, except that the scheme of mpMRI combined with Partin table had no obvious advantage in predicting extracapsular extension( P=0.117), any other combined scheme had higher prediction accuracy( P<0.01). mpMRI combined with MSKCC nomogram or CAPRA score was better than mpMRI combined with Partin table in predicting extracapsular invasion ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in predicting seminal vesicle invasion among these three combination schemes ( P>0.05). The net income of the combined prediction scheme was higher than that of using mpMRI alone under any risk threshold. The scheme of using mpMRI combined with MSKCC nomogram had the highest net income. Conclusions:mpMRI combined with clinical scales has good accuracy in predicting pathological characteristics of prostate cancer in Chinese population. Compared with other schemes in this study, the combination scheme of mpMRI combined with MSKCC nomogram has the highest prediction accuracy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of the combination of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in identifying the grade group of prostate cancer, using parameters derived from the two imaging modalities. Method:Prostate cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology and received 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI during September 2018 to May 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively studied. The median age was 68(64-75), with the median PSA level of 14.74(7.75-24.19)ng/mL. All patients received mpMRI before biopsy. On biopsy, 6(12.2%) patients had International Society of Urological Pathology grade group(ISUP GG) 1 diseases, 16(32.7%) had ISUP GG 2 diseases, 12(24.5%) had ISUP GG 3 diseases, and 15(10.9%) had ISUP GG 4 or 5 diseases. Patients were then divided into high-grade group (ISUP 4-5) and low-grade group(ISUP 1-3). The median age of patients in high-grade group and low-grade group were 65(62-76) and 71(65-74), respectively. The PSA level in high-grade group and low-grade group were 15.11(6.63-42.86) ng/ml and 12.31(7.94-18.25) ng/ml, respectively. No significant differences were found in age and PSA level between the two groups ( P=0.334, P=0.448). All patients underwent 18F-PSMA PET/CT within 4 weeks after biopsy. The maximum standardized uptake value(SUV max) and the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC min)were recorded, and the ratio of SUV max/ ADC minwere calculated. The correlation between the above parameters and ISUP grade group were analyzed.The diagnostic value of the parameters was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The data of 49 patients were analyzed. The average ADC minwas (0.57±0.16)×10 -3 mm 2/s, with the average SUV max and SUV max/ADC min of 15.30±12.54 and (29.69±23.72)×10 3, respectively. Statistical differences were found in SUV max ( P=0.012) and SUV max/ADC min ( P=0.002) between the high- and low-grade groups, while ADC min ( P=0.411) showed no statistical differences between the two groups. Significant positive correlations were found between SUV max(r=0.501, P<0.001), SUV max/ADC min (r=0.527, P<0.001) and ISUP grade group, respectively. There was a negative correlation between ADC min and ISUP grade group (r=-0.296, P=0.039). SUV max/ADC min was the best index to distinguish high-grade group from low-grade group prostate cancer with the area under the curve(AUC) of 0.749. In contrast, the AUC of SUV maxand ADC min were 0.731 and 0.615, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SUV max/ADC min were 73.3% and 85.3%, respectively, with a critical value of 37.23×10 3. Conclusion:The combination use of 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI could improve the diagnostic efficiency for prostate cancer, compared to either modality alone. The ratio of SUV max/ADC min has a positive correlation with ISUP grade group, and is a promising index for distinguishing the high-grade prostate cancer from low-grade cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 111-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and accuracy of transperineal prostate targeted biopsy guided by holographic image.Methods:Clinical data of 10 patients with transperineal prostate targeted biopsy guided by holographic image in Peking University Shougang Hospital between May and September 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The average age was (70.9±10.3) years old, the median PSA was 15.1(6.02-1110.14) ng/ml, prostate MRI were performed before biopsy and the PI-RADS scores were all ≥ 3, and the number of suspicious target lesions was 1.4±0.5. CT examinations of urinary system were performed on the premise of mild lithotomy position and positioning stickers pasted on the skin of perineum and lower abdomen. The original data of CT and MRI were obtained, holographic image models were firstly made separately and then fused into a complete model, and the puncture paths were planned for the target lesions. At the time of puncture, the patient took the same body position as in CT scan, the operator wore a mixed reality head mounted display (HoloLens glasses), and the skin positioning stickers were used for visual registration between the holographic model and the real human body. Then under the guidance of the virtual puncture path, the puncture biopsy gun was placed, fired after reaching the predetermined depth, a transrectal ultrasound probe was placed to clarify the position of the puncture needle, and the objective accuracy of puncture was judged by comparison of ultrasound and MRI images. If the first shot was judged to be inaccurate, it was allowed to make a supplementary shot after adjusting the angle. After holographic guided biopsies, cognitive fusion targeted biopsies and 12-needle systematic biopsies were performed routinely, and the proportion of positive needles of the three different biopsy methods were calculated respectively.Results:All the 10 cases were successfully completed, including 16 holographic image guided shots, 28 cognitive fusion targeted shots and 116 systematic shots. The objective accuracy of holographic image guided biopsy after first shot judgments was 68.8% (11/16), while it raised to 87.5% (14/16) after supplementary shots. The proportion of positive needles in the three puncture methods were 56.3% (9/16), 42.9% (12/28) and 19.8% (23/116), respectively ( P=0.002). The results of subjective questionnaire showed that holographic model was helpful to improve the spatial understanding of lesions. The satisfaction of intraoperative holographic registration and guided puncture were 90% and 60%, respectively. No puncture related complication occurred in this group. Conclusion:The study preliminarily confirmed the feasibility of holographic image-guided prostate targeted biopsy. This new puncture method has better objective accuracy, and the proportion of positive needles is significantly better than systematic biopsy.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 51-55, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the trend of prostate cancer incidence in Chinese tumor registration areas between 1988 and 2015.Methods:Collect the data including number of males, prostate cancer incidence rate and age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population(ASIRW) in Chinese tumor registration areas between 1988 and 2015. Calculate the average annual increase rate, and evaluate the trend of changes in the incidence of prostate cancer in China.Results:From 1988 to 2015, the number of male population covered by Chinese tumor registration areas increased from 10.41 million to 162.76 million, an average annual increase of 10.72%.The incidence of prostate cancer increased from 1.71 per 100 000 to 10.39 per 100 000, with an annual percentage change of 6.91%. The ASIRW increased from 1.82 per 100 000 to 6.05 per 100 000, with an average annual increase of 4.55%. In 1988—1997, 1998, 1999—2008, 2009—2010, and 2011—2015, the average annual increase rate of the male population covered by Chinese tumor registration areas was 0.99%, 36.73%, 7.92%, 37.55%, and 20.88% respectively. The average annual increase rate of prostate cancer incidence was 8.43%, -0.75%, 12.08%, -9.74%, 3.01%, and the average annual increase rate of ASIRW was 5.94%, -6.01%, 8.88%, -7.04%, 0.78%, respectively.Conclusions:The incidence of prostate cancer in Chinese tumor registration areas increased gradually during the early era of epidemiological investigation, followed by a rapid increase and a subsequent mild increase. With the rapid changes in the national cancer registration area and the population covered, the incidence of prostate cancer has declined in a short period of time.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 46-50, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) in patients with PI-RADS score 3.Methods:The data of 133 consecutive patients with the PI-RADS score 3 from January 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 4-needle transperineal targeted biopsy and 12-needle systematic prostate biopsy (SB). The overall age was 66 (60-72) years, and the overall PSA value was 8.22 (5.95-11.41) ng/ml. All patients underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), and PI-RADS v2.0 score was 3. Patients were divided into two mutually exclusive groups: non CsPCa group and CsPCa group. The differences of lesion location, laterality, focality and sequence parameters of mpMRI between the two groups were compared, and multivariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent predictors of PI-RADS score 3 in patients with CsPCa.Results:Biopsy results showed 57 cases of prostate cancer, including 41 cases of CsPCa, and 76 cases of non-prostate cancer. The detection rate of prostate cancer was 46.62 %(57/133), and the detection rate of CsPCa was 30.83 %(41/133). There were 41 cases in CsPCa group and 92 cases in non CsPCa group. There was no significant difference between CsPCa group and non CsPCa group in age [66 (58-70) years vs. 66 (60-72) years], body mass index [24.22 (21.82-25.71) kg/m 2 vs. 23.71 (21.99-26.12) kg/m 2], PSA [9.39 (6.35-12.55) ng/ml vs. 7.67 (5.83-10.51) ng/ml], abnormal rate of rectal digital examination [21.95% (9/41) vs. 9.78% (9/92)] (all P > 0.05). There was significant difference in PSAD [0.40 (0.16-0.65) ng/ml 2 vs. 0.17 (0.12-0.24) ng/ml 2] ( P<0.05). In MRI, PI-RADS=3 lesions were mainly located in the transitional zone [46.62 %(62/133)]. In CsPCa group, MRI lesions were located in peripheral zone in 16 cases, transitional zone in 19 cases, and both areas in 6 cases. There were 16 cases on the right, 15 cases on the left and 10 cases on both sides. The lesions were diffused in 19 cases and localized in 22 cases. In the non CsPCa group, 41 lesions were located in the peripheral zone, 43 in the transitional zone, and 8 in both areas. There were 26 cases on the right, 35 cases on the left and 31 cases on both sides. The lesions were diffuse in 56 cases and localized in 36 cases. There was no significant difference in lesion location, side and diffusion degree between the two groups ( P> 0.05). Compared with the non CsPCa group, the positive rate of all MRI sequences in CsPCa group was higher (82.93% vs. 40.22%, P < 0.001), the positive rate of T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) was higher (92.68% vs. 75.00%, P = 0.018), the positive rate of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) was higher (90.24% vs. 56.52%, P < 0.001), the maximum diameter was larger[(0.67(0.30-1.19)mm vs. 0.48(0.20-0.62)mm, P < 0.001], and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was lower[0.70(0.61-0.87) vs. 1.10(0.86-1.50), P < 0.001]. Concurrently, PSAD and lesion ADC were important predictors of CsPCa in logistic regression model [mean 10 fold cross validation AUC: 0.78(95% CI 0.65-0.88)]. Conclusions:Most of the MRI lesions in patients with PI-RADS 3 were located in the transitional zone, and the MRI lesions in CsPCa were more obvious and diffusion limited. PSAD and ADC values are independent predictors for the diagnosis of CsPCa in patients with PI-RADS score 3, and the log 2PSAD-ADC prediction model is helpful to find CsPCa from patients with PI-RADS score 3 and protect patients from unnecessary biopsy.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 40-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnostic efficacy of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-1007 PET/CT and mpMRI in the diagnosis of pelvic lymph node metastasis of prostate cancer (PCa). Methods:The clinical data of 30 patients who underwent 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT and mpMRI examinations in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from November 2018 to April 2021 were analyzed. The average age was (68.4±6.4) years old. The preoperative total PSA was 45.70(16.07, 100.00)ng/ml. Among 30 patients, 14 cases were found lymph node positive by PET/CT and 7 cases were found lymph node positive by mpMRI.Combined with the two preoperative imaging methods and the patient's PSA level, there was 1 patient in stage T 1, 20 patients in stage T 2, 6 patients in stage T 3, and 3 patients in stage T 4. Twenty-nine cases were classified as high risk group and one case was in moderate risk group.All 30 patients underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and enlarged pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND). According to the postoperative pathological results, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the two imaging techniques for the diagnosis of PCa pelvic lymph node metastasis were calculated, and the consistency of the two imaging techniques for the postoperative pathological results was observed by Kappa test. Results:All the 30 patients were confirmed to be PCa by postoperative pathology, among which 10 patients were positive for pelvic lymph node biopsy. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT for pelvic lymph node metastasis were 100.0% (10/10), 80.0% (16/20), 71.4%(10/14) and 100.0%(16/16) respectively, and Kappa value was 0.727. The sensitivity and specificity of mpMRI were 70.0% (7/10) and 100.0% (20/20), the positive and negative predictive values were 100.0% (7/7) and 87.0%(20/23)respectively, and the Kappa value was 0.757. The P values of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value between the two imaging methods were 0.18, 0.07, 0.30, <0.01, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT in diagnosing the number of pelvic lymph node metastasis were 100%(28/28), 98.2% (373/380), 80.0% (28/35) and 100.0%(373/373), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of mpMRI in diagnosing the number of pelvic lymph node metastasis were 78.6% (22/28), 100.0% (380/380), 100.0% (22/22) and 98.4%(380/386), respectively. The P values of the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of lymph node detection by the two imaging methods were all <0.01, and the differences were statistically significant. Conclusions:The sensitivity and negative predictive value of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT for the detection of positive lymph node were higher than mpMRI. The specificity and positive predictive value of mpMRI in detecting positive lymph node metastasis were higher than 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT examination.

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