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1.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2023 Feb; 61(2): 83-89
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222597

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer, the second most common cancer after lung cancer, is the most common cancer type diagnosed in women. No definitive treatment has been established for breast cancer yet, but essential fatty acids offer a promising option. Omega fatty acids are classified in the essential fatty acids that the body cannot produce and, therefore, must be taken through the foods of animal or plant origin. Although in the literature the omega fatty acids have been shown to exhibit significant positive effects in inhibiting various tumor types, their mechanism of action, the apoptotic pathways they employ, and the genes they control have not been clarified yet. In this study, various doses and combinations of omega-3 [Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] and omega-6 [Linoleic acid (LA)] fatty acids were administered to human breast cancer MCF7 cell line for 24 h, and using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, the protein expression levels of the following apoptosis-related genes were determined: phospho-p53 (Ser15), p53, Bad, phospho-Bad (Ser112), cleaved Caspase-3 (Asp175), and cleaved PARP (Asp214). Even though there was no significant difference observed in the expressions of phospho-p53 (Ser15) and p53 at all doses, other protein expressions were found to increase significantly, suggesting that Omega-3 and -6 can mediate apoptotic pathway to induce cell death in breast cancer cells.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 463-469, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013831

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of γ-ray on the mRNA,protein expression levels and metabolic activity level of the key drug metabolic enzyme CYP3A1 in rat liver. Methods Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, 24 h post-radiation group and 72 h post-radiation group. The experimental group was exposed to total body irradiation of single 6 Gy γ-ray. Blood was collected from the orbital venous plexus for blood routine examination and biochemical analysis 24 h and 72 h after irradiation, and liver tissue was prepared for quantifying expression of CYP3A1 mRNA and liver-specific microRNA (miR-122-5p) through RT-PCR. The expression level of CYP3A1 protein was analyzed by Western blot, and the metabolic activity level of CYP3A1 detected by the specific substrate midazolam combined with LC-MS method. Results Com¬pared with the control group, the weights of the rats in the radiation group significantly decreased, and the number of white blood cells was markedly reduced. Simultaneously, the activities of alanine aminotrans-ferase and alkaline phosphatase continuously descended, as well as the levels of total bilirubin and bile acid significantly increased, which indicated that the liver may be damaged after radiation. The relative expression of CYP3A1 mRNA continued to increase significantly 24 h and 72 h after irradiation. CYP3A1 protein expression and metabolic activity levels showed an obvious increasing trend 24 h after irradiation, and rose significantly 72 h after irradiation compared with the control group. At the same time, the expression of miR-122-5p in liver of rats in the 24 h and 72 h post-radiation group continued to decrease rapidly compared with the control group. Conclusions γ-ray radiation may arouse damage effect on liver, which leads to the continuous up-regulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of the capital metabolic enzyme CYP3A1 in liver tissue, as well as the elevation of the metabolic activity level. The regulatory mechanism might be related to miR-122-5p.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1696-1704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013715

ABSTRACT

Aim To elucidate the effect of corilagin (Cor) on cholesterol metabolism in macrophages and the underlying mechanism. Methods Molecular docking was applied to predict the protein target of Cor on cellular cholesterol metabolism. The RAW264.7 macrophage foam model induced by 80 mg • L

4.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 115-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979599

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To express and purify MPT83 protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and evaluate its application value in immunological diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) using clinical samples. Methods Using Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv genome as the template, Mtb mpt83 gene was amplified by PCR and connected to PET-21a (+) to construct prokaryotic expression vector, and then transferred into E.coli DH5α. The positive colonies were picked out and retained. The recombinant plasmid pET-mpt83 of the strain with positive colony PCR was extracted, identified by double digestion, and the samples of the positive colonies were sent for sequencing. The correctly sequenced plasmids then were transferred into BL21 competent cells for induction, expression and purification with nickel column affinity chromatography. The purified products were identified by 12 alkyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blotting. Mouse polyclonal antiserum was prepared by immunizing mice with purified protein. 8 patients clinically diagnosed as tuberculosis pleural effusion (TB group) and 8 adenocarcinomas patients (CA group) were enrolled and their pleural effusion and plasma were collected. 8 healthy people (HC group) were enrolled as the control group and their plasma were collected. An indirect ELISA was used to detect the level of specific antibodies recognizing MPT83 protein in the samples. Results Mtb MPT83 protein was successfully expressed and purified. The serum titer of MPT83 mouse polyclonal antibody was as high as 1∶1 280 000. The plasma levels of MPT83 antigen specific antibodies in TB group were significantly higher than those in HC group (P<0.05), while the plasma levels of MPT83 antigen specific antibodies in CA group were not significantly different from those in HC group (P>0.05). Compared with the HC group, there was no significant difference in pleural fluid in both the TB and CA groups (P>0.05). The ROC curve was used to analyze the OD values of plasma in TB group and HC group, and the area under the curve was greater than 0.7, showing high diagnostic efficacy. Conclusion MPT83 protein has high antigen specificity and immunogenicity, which has great application value in the immunological diagnosis of tuberculosis.

5.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 115-120, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To estimate postmortem interval (PMI) by analyzing the protein changes in skeletal muscle tissues with the protein chip technology combined with multivariate analysis methods.@*METHODS@#Rats were sacrificed for cervical dislocation and placed at 16 ℃. Water-soluble proteins in skeletal muscles were extracted at 10 time points (0 d, 1 d, 2 d, 3 d, 4 d, 5 d, 6 d, 7 d, 8 d and 9 d) after death. Protein expression profile data with relative molecular mass of 14 000-230 000 were obtained. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares (OPLS) were used for data analysis. Fisher discriminant model and back propagation (BP) neural network model were constructed to classify and preliminarily estimate the PMI. In addition, the protein expression profiles data of human skeletal muscles at different time points after death were collected, and the relationship between them and PMI was analyzed by heat map and cluster analysis.@*RESULTS@#The protein peak of rat skeletal muscle changed with PMI. The result of PCA combined with OPLS discriminant analysis showed statistical significance in groups with different time points (P<0.05) except 6 d, 7 d and 8 d after death. By Fisher discriminant analysis, the accuracy of internal cross-validation was 71.4% and the accuracy of external validation was 66.7%. The BP neural network model classification and preliminary estimation results showed the accuracy of internal cross-validation was 98.2%, and the accuracy of external validation was 95.8%. There was a significant difference in protein expression between 4 d and 25 h after death by the cluster analysis of the human skeletal muscle samples.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The protein chip technology can quickly, accurately and repeatedly obtain water-soluble protein expression profiles in rats' and human skeletal muscles with the relative molecular mass of 14 000-230 000 at different time points postmortem. The establishment of multiple PMI estimation models based on multivariate analysis can provide a new idea and method for PMI estimation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Multivariate Analysis , Postmortem Changes , Protein Array Analysis , Technology
6.
Tropical Biomedicine ; : 209-214, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936920

ABSTRACT

@#Circumsporozoite protein (CSP) is a sporozoite major surface protein of Plasmodium species. The protein showed promising protection level as a vaccine candidate against Plasmodium falciparum infection. There is a lack of studies on P. knowlesi CSP (PkCSP) as a vaccine candidate due to the high polymorphic characteristic of central repeat region. Recent studies showed the protein has a relatively conserved region at the C-terminal, which consists of T- and B-cell epitopes. This could be the target region for vaccine development against the pre-erythrocytic stage of the parasite. In this study, recombinant PkCSP was expressed using Escherichia coli system. Recombinant PkCSP was immunized in animal models and the antiserum was evaluated using immunoblot analysis. Results showed that PkCSP can be successfully expressed using the bacterial system. Endpoint titre of the antiserum were ranged up to 1:819200. Immunoblot analysis showed the antiserum recognized recombinant PkCSP but not total protein extract from P. knowlesi erythrocytic stage. In conclusion, PkCSP could elicit strong immune response in animal models. However, serum antibodies could not recognize protein from the parasite’s erythrocytic stage extract indicating it is not expressed at the erythrocytic stage. Therefore, PkCSP remains as a potential pre-erythrocytic vaccine candidate against P. knowlesi infection.

7.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 54: 26-36, nov.2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510830

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The heterologous expression of parasitic proteins is challenging because the sequence composition often differs significantly from host preferences. However, the production of such proteins is important because they are potential drug targets and can be screened for interactions with new lead compounds. Here we compared two expression systems for the production of an active recombinant aldehyde dehydrogenase (SmALDH_312) from Schistosoma mansoni, which causes the neglected tropical disease schistosomiasis. RESULTS We produced SmALDH_312 successfully in the bacterium Escherichia coli and in the baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS). Both versions of the recombinant protein were found to be active in vitro, but the BEVS-derived enzyme showed 3.7-fold higher specific activity and was selected for further characterization. We investigated the influence of Mg2+, Ca2+ and Mn2+, and found out that the specific activity of the enzyme increased 1.5-fold in the presence of 0.5 mM Mg2+. Finally, we characterized the kinetic properties of the enzyme using a design-of-experiment approach, revealing optimal activity at pH 7.6 and 41C. CONCLUSIONS Although, E. coli has many advantages, such as rapid expression, high yields and low costs, this system was outperformed by BEVS for the production of a schistosome ALDH. BEVS therefore rovides an opportunity for the expression and subsequent evaluation of schistosome enzymes as drug targets


Subject(s)
Baculoviridae/enzymology , Escherichia coli/enzymology , Schistosomiasis/drug therapy , Kinetics , Proteins/pharmacokinetics , Baculoviridae/chemistry , Escherichia coli/chemistry
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 244-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872604

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacological approaches were used to predict the components, targets and pathways of Erhuang decoction (EhD) in the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). The SwissTargetPrediction platform, DisGeNET, Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) databases were used to predict potential targets of EhD and were integrated with the predicted targets for the treatment of ALI. A protein-protein interaction network model was constructed by using String database and Cytoscape software; the DAVID platform was used for Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. A network of drug components-targets-pathways was constructed by Cytoscape software and the SwissDock platform was used to dock the molecules of EhD found in blood with the key disease targets. An ALI model was established in mice and inflammatory factor detection and Western blot protein expression experiments with lung tissue sections were carried out to verify the effect of EhD in the treatment of ALI. Animal experiment ethical requirements were approved by the Ethical Committee Experimental Animal Center of Shandong University (Grant Number: 2016020). We identified 148 potential targets including signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), vascular endothelial cell growth factor A (VEGFA), RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), and nuclear factor-kappa B/p65 (RELA). The potential targets are largely associated with the biological processes of inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Additional pathways relate to cancer, VEGF signaling, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling, along with other signaling pathways. Pharmacodynamic experiments showed that EhD could significantly reduce the content of inflammatory factors and the degree of lung injury of ALI mice. Western blot revealed that EhD could significantly decrease the expression of NF-κB/p65 and upregulate the expression of NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha (IκBα). From the perspective of network pharmacology, the mechanisms of EhD in the treatment of ALI is consistent with the characteristics of multiple ingredients, multiple targets and multiple pathways. This research provides a reference for further study of the mechanism of this traditional Chinese medicine.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 939-949, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878605

ABSTRACT

Pichia pastoris is one of the most widely used recombinant protein expression systems. In this study, a novel method for rapid screening of P. pastoris strains capable of efficiently expressing recombinant proteins was developed. Firstly, the ability to express recombinant proteins of the modified strain GS115-E in which a functional Sec63-EGFP (Enhanced green fluorescent protein) fusion protein replaced the endogenous endoplasmic reticulum transmembrane protein Sec63 was tested. Next, the plasmids carrying different copy numbers of phytase (phy) gene or xylanase (xyn) gene were transformed into GS115-E to obtain recombinant strains with different expression levels of phytase or xylanase, and the expression levels of EGFP and recombinant proteins in different strains were tested. Finally, a flow cytometer sorter was used to separate a mixture of cells with different phytase expression levels into sub-populations according to green fluorescence intensity. A good linear correlation was found between the fluorescence intensities of EGFP and the expression levels of the recombinant proteins in the recombinant strains (0.8<|R|<1). By using the flow cytometer, high-yielding P. pastoris cells were efficiently screened from a mixture of cells. The expression level of phytase of the selected high-fluorescence strains was 4.09 times higher than that of the low-fluorescence strains after 120 h of methanol induction. By detecting the EGFP fluorescence intensity instead of detecting the expression level and activity of the recombinant proteins in the recombinant strains, the method developed by the present study possesses the greatly improved performance of convenience and versatility in screening high-yielding P. pastoris strains. Combining the method with high-throughput screening instruments and technologies, such as flow cytometer and droplet microfluidics, the speed and throughput of this method will be further increased. This method will provide a simple and rapid approach for screening and obtaining P. pastoris with high abilities to express recombinant proteins.


Subject(s)
6-Phytase/genetics , Pichia/genetics , Plasmids , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Saccharomycetales
10.
Tropical Biomedicine ; : 143-148, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904658

ABSTRACT

@# Normocyte binding protein Xa (NBPXa) has been implied to play a significant role in parasite invasion of human erythrocytes. Previous phylogenetic studies have reported the existence of three types of NBPXa for Plasmodium knowlesi (PkNBPXa). PkNBPXa region II (PkNBPXaII) of type 1, type 2 and type 3 were expressed on mammalian cell surface and interacted with human and macaque (Macaca fascicularis) erythrocytes. The binding activities of PkNBPXaII towards human and macaque erythrocytes were evaluated using erythrocyte-binding assay (EBA). Three parameters were evaluated to achieve the optimal protein expression of PkNBPXaII and erythrocyte binding activity in EBA: types of mammalian cells, post transfection time and erythrocyte incubation time. COS-7, HEK-293, and CHO-K1 cells showed successful expression of PkNBPXaII, despite the protein expression is weak compared to the positive control. COS-7 was used in EBA. All three types of PkNBPXaII showed rosette formation with macaque erythrocytes but not with human erythrocytes. Future studies to enhance the PkNBPXaII expression on surface of mammalian cells is indeed needed in order to elucidate the specific role of PkNBPXaII in erythrocytes invasion.

11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 1-9, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) bypasses the TCA cycle via GABA shunt, suggesting a relationship with respiration. However, little is known about its role in seed germination under salt conditions. RESULTS: In this study, exogenous GABA was shown to have almost no influence on mungbean seed germination, except 0.1 mM at 10 h, while it completely alleviated the inhibition of germination by salt treatment. Seed respiration was significantly inhibited by 0.1 and 0.5 mM GABA, but was evidently enhanced under salt treatment, whereas both were promoted by 1 mM GABA alone or with salt treatment. Mitochondrial respiration also showed a similar trend at 0.1 mM GABA. Moreover, proteomic analysis further showed that 43 annotated proteins were affected by exogenous GABA, even 0.1 mM under salt treatment, including complexes of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides new evidence that GABA may act as a signal molecule in regulating respiration of mungbean seed germination in response to salt stress.


Subject(s)
Seeds/growth & development , Vigna , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Respiration , Stress, Physiological , Proteins , Germination , Proteomics , Salt Tolerance , Salt Stress
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 523-534, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128390

ABSTRACT

Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is regarded as a crucial clinically significant therapeutic agent against several pathological conditions. Recently, recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology has enabled the production of many drugs of rDNA-origin including IGF-1. Securing a readily available supply of IGF-1 is invaluable to clinical research and biotechnological domains. In this work, the cloning of a full-length bovine IGF-1 cDNA and the successful expression of its cognate recombinant IGF-1 protein is reported. Single-strand cDNA was prepared from liver tissues, through the specific reverse transcription (RT) of IGF-1 mRNA. Subsequently, a PCR amplicon of ~543bp was successfully amplified. Recombinant pTARGET™ vector harboring IGF-1 insert was successfully cloned into competent E. coli JM109 cells. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that the recombinant IGF-1 has been expressed at the expected size of 7.6kDa. The outcome provides a robust basis for transecting the recombinant pTARGETTM vector, harboring the IGF-1 cDNA insert, into mammalian cells. Optimal initial glucose concentration was found to be 10g/l with corresponding protein concentration of 6.2g/l. The proliferative biological activity crude recombinant IGF-1 protein was verified on HeLa cell lines. This is envisaged to facilitate large-scale production of recombinant IGF-1 protein, thereby enabling thorough investigation of its clinical and pharmaceutical effects.(AU)


O fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina-1 (IGF-1) é considerado um agente terapêutico clinicamente significativo contra várias condições patológicas. Recentemente, a tecnologia de DNA recombinante (rDNA) permitiu a produção de muitos medicamentos de origem rDNA, incluindo o IGF-1. Garantir um suprimento prontamente disponível de IGF-1 é inestimável para pesquisas clínicas e domínios biotecnológicos. Neste trabalho, relata-se a clonagem de um cDNA de IGF-1 bovino de comprimento total e a expressão bem-sucedida de sua proteína IGF-1 recombinante cognata. O cDNA de cadeia simples foi preparado a partir de tecidos do fígado, por meio da transcrição reversa específica (RT) do mRNA de IGF-1. Posteriormente, um amplificador de PCR de ~ 543pb foi amplificado com sucesso. O vetor pTARGET™ recombinante contendo a inserção de IGF-1 foi clonado com sucesso em células competentes E. coli JM109. A análise por SDS-PAGE revelou que o IGF-1 recombinante foi expresso no tamanho esperado de 7,6kDa. O resultado fornece uma base robusta para a transferência do vetor pTARGETTMTM recombinante, abrigando a inserção de cDNA de IGF-1 em células de mamíferos. Verificou-se que a concentração inicial ideal de glicose é 10g/L, com a concentração de proteína correspondente de 6,2g/L. A proteína IGF-1 recombinante bruta de atividade biológica proliferativa foi verificada nas linhas celulares HeLa. É previsto que isso facilite a produção da proteína IGF-1 recombinante em larga escala, permitindo, assim, uma investigação completa dos seus efeitos clínicos e farmacêuticos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Recombinant Proteins , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/genetics , Buffaloes/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Escherichia coli , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
13.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1714-1719, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847977

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND; At present, the mechanism of exercise preconditioning for myocardial protection has not been fully elucidated. It is reported that Rho/ROCK pathway plays a key role in cardiovascular disease. Whether exercise preconditioning adapts to the myocardium through the Rho/ROCK signaling pathway remains to be studied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of exercise preconditioning in rats with myocardial injury after exhaustive exercise. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats of 5 weeks old were randomly divided into three groups: Control group, simple exhaustive exercise group (EE group), and exercise preconditioning group after exhaustive exercise (EP+EE group). At 1 hour after modeling, a serum sample from each rat was taken for biochemical analysis. The levels of aspartate aminotransferase, phosphocreatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase were detected. Myocardial tissue samples from each rat were taken for pathological observation using hematoxylin-alkaline reddish-picric acid staining. TUNEL method was used to observe apoptosis in the myocardial tissue. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-10 in the myocardial tissue were detected by ELISA. The expression of RhoA, ROCK1, ROCK2, Bax, and Bcl-2 protein was analyzed by western blot. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The levels of aspartate aminotransferase, phosphocreatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase of the EE group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The levels of aspartate aminotransferase, phosphocreatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase of the EP+EE group were significantly lower than those of the EE group (P < 0.05). The boundary of cardiomyocytes was unclear in the EE group, in which there were more plaque-like or flaky red-like areas as well as more obvious ischemia-anoxia changes as compared with the control group. Some cardiomyocytes presented with unclear boundary in the EP+EE group with some plaque-like brilliant red-like areas, and the degree of ischemia and anoxemia was significantly lower in the EP+EE group than the EE group. The apoptotic index value of the EE group was significantly higher than that of the control group, and the apoptotic index value of the EP+EE group was significantly lower than that of the EE group (P< 0.05). The tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-10 levels in the EE group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-10 levels in the EP+EE group were significantly lower than those in the EE group (P < 0.05). The Bcl-2/Bax of the EE group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The Bcl-2/Bax of the EP+EE group was significantly higher than that of the EE group (P < 0.05). The levels of RhoA, ROCK1 and ROCK2 in the EE group were significantly higher than those in the control group. The levels of RhoA, ROCK1 and ROCK2 in the EP+EE group were significantly lower than those in the EE group (P < 0.05). These findings indicate that exercise preconditioning has a protective effect against myocardial injury and improves cardiac function in rats. The mechanism may be related to the Rho/ROCK pathway.

14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 678-682, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843844

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression and expression efficiency of recombinant adeno-associated viral containing human thyrotropin receptor A subunit (rAAV2/9-hTSHR289-IRES-ZS Green) in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (NIH3T3) or in mice. Methods: NIH3T3 was infected by rAAV2/9-hTSHR289-IRES-ZsGreen and its TSHR289 protein expression was detected by Western blotting. Female BALB/c mice were intramuscularly injected with different doses of rAAV2/9-hTSHR289-IRES-ZsGreen; the expressions of the target protein in different organs were determined by immunofluorescence while the serum TSHR antibody (TRAb) titer was determined by radioimmunoassay. Results: NIH3T3 cells transfected with rAAV2/9-hTSHR289-IRES-ZsGreen expressed hTSHR289 protein both at 48 h and 72 h. The expression of target protein at 48 h or 72 h was significantly higher than that at 24 h (P<0.05). There were different levels of TSHR289 expression in leg skeletal muscle, heart, liver and spleen under fluorescence microscope. The results of radioimmunoassay showed that the higher dose injection produced a higher titer of TSHR antibody, but only the TRAb level in high dose and control injection exhibited a statistical difference (P<0.05) at week 4, week 8 and week 12. Furthermore, strong antibody response was observed in the mice injected with high dose and medium dose of rAAV2/9-hTSHR289-IRES-ZsGreen at week 4 and gradually weakened between 4 and 8 weeks. In addition, the antibody lasted for 12 weeks. Results: rAAV2/9-hTSHR289-IRES-ZsGreen can highly express hTSHR289 protein in vivo and in vitro, and the hTSHR289 protein displays strong immunogenicity. It indicates that rAAV2/9-hTSHR289-IRES-ZsGreen might become a more effective means of preparing Graves' disease model.

15.
Malaysian Journal of Health Sciences ; : 73-81, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822663

ABSTRACT

@#In the search for universal vaccine candidates for the prevention of avian influenza, the non-structural (NS)-1 protein of avian influenza virus (AIV) H5N1 has shown promising potential for its ability to effectively stimulate the host immunity. This study was aimed to produce a bacterial expression plasmid using pRSET B vector to harbour the NS1 gene of AIV H5N1 (A/Chicken/Malaysia/5858/2004 (H5N1)) for protein expression in Escherichia coli (E. coli). The NS1 gene (687 bp) was initially amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and then cloned into a pGEM-T Easy TA vector. The NS1 gene was released from pGEM-T-NS1 using EcoRI and XhoI restriction enzymes (RE). The pRSET B vector was also linearized using the same RE. The digested NS1 gene and linearized pRSET B were ligated using T4 DNA ligase to form the expression plasmid, pRSET B-NS1. The NS1 gene sequence in pRSET B-NS1 was confirmed by DNA sequencing. To prepare recombinant bacterial cells for protein expression in the future, pRSET B-NS1 was transformed into E. coli strain BL21 (DE3) by heat-shock. Colonies bearing the recombinant plasmid were screened using PCR. The DNA sequencing analysis revealed that the NS1 gene sequence was 97% homologous to that of AIV H5N1 A/Chicken/Malaysia/5858/2004 (H5N1). These results indicated that the NS1 gene of influenza A/Chicken/Malaysia/5858/2004 (H5N1) was successfully amplified and cloned into a pRSET B vector. Bacterial colonies carrying pRSET B-NS1 can be used for the synthesis of NS1-based influenza vaccine in the future and thereby aid in the prevention of avian influenza.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2424-2434, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878498

ABSTRACT

This study intends to obtain recombinant proteins of ALT1 and ALT2 isozymes by using genetic recombination technology. Monoclonal antibodies ALT1 and ALT2 with high specificity and high activity were prepared and screened (ALT1 monoclonal antibody has been successfully prepared and published). The localization, distribution and expression of ALT1 and ALT2 isozymes in human tissues were discussed. The ALT2 genes were amplified from human liver cancer cell (HepG2) by RT-PCR method. The mature ALT2 gene was subcloned into the pET32a-ALT2 prokaryotic expression vector. Its ligation product was transformed into BL21(DE3) competent cells, and transformed into competent cells to express ALT2 proteins induced by IPTG. The recombinant proteins of ALT2 were purified by nickel column (Ni⁺) affinity chromatography. Balb/c mice were immunized with recombinant proteins of ALT2. Positive serum mouse spleen cells and myeloma cells SP2/0 were selected for cell fusion. The positive cell lines were selected by indirect ELISA and subcloned by limited dilution method. Affinity chromatography was used to purify ALT2 antibodies. The expression and distribution of ALT2 in human normal tissues were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Results show that the expression of ALT isoenzyme in tissues was almost the same at gene mRNA level and protein level. ALT1 is highly expressed in liver, kidney and skeletal muscle, and moderately expressed in gastrointestinal smooth muscle. ALT2 is highly expressed in fat, skeletal muscle and myocardium, and is poorly expressed in gastrointestinal smooth muscle. Immunohistochemical studies show that ALT1 is highly expressed in hepatocytes, renal medullary tubules and muscle fibers, ALT2 is highly expressed in adipocytes and myocardial cells, and ALT1 and ALT2 in gastrointestinal tissues are mainly expressed in mucosa of upper intestinal wall region. The results showed that the isoenzymes ALT1 and ALT2 were mainly expressed in the mucosa of the upper part of the intestinal wall. It is widely distributed in the tissues, providing theoretical basis for understanding the mechanism of ALT activity increase under different pathological conditions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Alanine Transaminase , Cloning, Molecular , Isoenzymes/genetics , Liver , Recombinant Proteins
17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 37: 18-24, Jan. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049076

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 11S globulin from amaranth is the most abundant storage protein in mature seeds and is well recognized for its nutritional value. We used this globulin to engineer a new protein by adding a four valinetyrosine antihypertensive peptide at its C-terminal end to improve its functionality. The new protein was named AMR5 and expressed in the Escherichia coli BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RIL strain using a custom medium (F8PW) designed for this work. RESULTS: The alternative medium allowed for the production of 652 mg/L expressed protein at the flask level, mostly in an insoluble form, and this protein was subjected to in vitro refolding. The spectrometric analysis suggests that the protein adopts a ß/α structure with a small increment of α-helix conformation relative to the native amaranth 11S globulin. Thermal and urea denaturation experiments determined apparent Tm and C1/2 values of 50.4°C and 3.04 M, respectively, thus indicating that the antihypertensive peptide insertion destabilized the modified protein relative to the native one. AMR5 hydrolyzed by trypsin and chymotrypsin showed 14- and 1.3-fold stronger inhibitory activity against angiotensin I-converting enzyme (IC50 of 0.034 mg/mL) than the unmodified protein and the previously reported amaranth acidic subunit modified with antihypertensive peptides, respectively. CONCLUSION: The inserted peptide decreases the structural stability of amaranth 11S globulin and improves its antihypertensive activity.


Subject(s)
Peptides/metabolism , Proteins/metabolism , Globulins/metabolism , Antihypertensive Agents/metabolism , Seeds , Temperature , Culture Media , Amaranthus , Protein Stability , Phytochemicals
18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200679

ABSTRACT

Cardiac arrhythmia affects ~ 6% in those over 65 years of age (old), but with 0.2% occurrence in those of 45 years and below (young). Arrhythmia can result from dysregulation of the cardiac impulse generation and its conduction. Connexin proteins are responsible for cardiac impulse conduction, and phosphorylation of connexin 43 determines its functional ability. In this study, Phosphorylated connexin 43, density and expression were assessed in ventricular tissues from young (6 months old) and old (24 monthsold) Wister rats, using the techniques of western blot and immunohistochemistry. Results show that phosphorylated Cx43 in the left ventricle of 24 months old rats significantly declined (P=0.04 & 0.01) by method of western blot and immunohistochemistry respectively, but did not differ in the right ventricle. The left ventricle is known to be responsible for cardiac output. This data suggest an age-associated decline in the expression of phosphorylated connexin 43 in the left ventricle, which may play a significant role in the development of cardiac arrhythmia in the elderly.

19.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 25: e.20190030, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484761

ABSTRACT

Background:Crude venom of the banded tiger waspVespa affinis contains a variety of enzymes including hyaluronidases, commonly known as spreading factors.Methods:The cDNA cloning, sequence analysis and structural modelling of V. affinis venom hyaluronidase (VesA2) were herein described. Moreover, heterologous expression and mutagenesis of rVesA2 were performed.Results:V. affinis venom hyaluronidase full sequence is composed of 331 amino acids, with four predicted N-glycosylation sites. It was classified into the glycoside hydrolase family 56. The homology modelling exhibited a central core (α/β)7 composed of Asp107 and Glu109, acting as the catalytic residues. The recombinant protein was successfully expressed in E. coli with hyaluronidase activity. A recombinant mutant type with the double point mutation, Asp107Asn and Glu109Gln, completely lost this activity. The hyaluronidase from crude venom exhibited activity from pH 2 to 7. The recombinant wild type showed its maximal activity at pH 2 but decreased rapidly to nearly zero at pH 3 and was completely lost at pH 4.Conclusion:The recombinant wild-type protein showed its maximal activity at pH 2, more acidic pH than that found in the crude venom. The glycosylation was predicted to be responsible for the pH optimum and thermal stability of the enzymes activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Protein Structural Elements , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase , Recombinant Proteins , Wasp Venoms/chemistry
20.
Biol. Res ; 52: 42, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019506

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prognosis remains one of most crucial determinants of gastric cancer (GC) treatment, but current methods do not predict prognosis accurately. Identification of additional biomarkers is urgently required to identify patients at risk of poor prognoses. METHODS: Tissue microarrays were used to measure expression of nine GC-associated proteins in GC tissue and normal gastric tissue samples. Hierarchical cluster analysis of microarray data and feature selection for factors associated with survival were performed. Based on these data, prognostic scoring models were established to predict clinical outcomes. Finally, ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) was used to identify a biological GC network. RESULTS: Eight proteins were upregulated in GC tissues versus normal gastric tissues. Hierarchical cluster analysis and feature selection showed that overall survival was worse in cyclin dependent kinase (CDK)2, Akt1, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), Notch4, and phosphorylated (p)-protein kinase C (PKC) α/ß2 immunopositive patients than in patients that were immunonegative for these proteins. Risk score models based on these five proteins and clinicopathological characteristics were established to determine prognoses of GC patients. These proteins were found to be involved in cancer related-signaling pathways and upstream regulators were identified. CONCLUSION: This study identified proteins that can be used as clinical biomarkers and established a risk score model based on these proteins and clinicopathological characteristics to assess GC prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Analysis , Tissue Array Analysis , Neoplasm Staging
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