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Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 937-941, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407329


ABSTRACT The anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare congenital heart disease, generally diagnosed based on the clinical information and on echocardiographic and computed tomography angiography findings. Here we report two neonates successfully treated with surgery early in life.

Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 554-565, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394719


ABSTRACT Introduction: Pulmonary artery denervation (PADN) can reduce the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, reduce pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), and improve the quality of life in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). We conducted a systematic meta-analysis of the effectiveness of PADN in the treatment of PH patients. Methods: This is a comprehensive literature search including all public clinical trials investigating the effects of PADN on PH. Outcomes were mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), cardiac output (CO), right ventricular (RV) Tei index, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), and New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function grading. Results: A total of eight clinical studies with 213 PH patients who underwent PADN were included. Meta-analysis showed that after PADN, mPAP (mean difference [MD] -12.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] -17.74 to -7.27, P<0.00001) (mmHg) and PVR (MD -5.17, 95% CI -7.70 to -2.65, P<0.0001) (Wood unit) decreased significantly, CO (MD 0.59, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.86, P<0.0001) (L/min) and 6MWD (MD 107.75, 95% CI 65.64 to 149.86, P<0.00001) (meter) increased significantly, and RV Tei index (MD -0.05, 95% CI -0.28 to 0.17, P=0.63) did not change significantly. Also after PADN, the proportion of NYHA cardiac function grading (risk ratio 0.23, 95% CI 0.14 to 0.37, P<0.00001) III and IV decreased significantly. Conclusion: This meta-analysis supports PADN as a potential new treatment for PH. Further high-quality randomized controlled studies are needed.

Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 511-516, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394735


Abstract Introduction: In developing countries like India, it is common for late presentation of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients to a hospital as compared to that of developed countries. The objective of this study is to analyze the surgical outcome of TOF patients with age > 15 years. Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of the surgical outcomes of 45 adult patients undergoing correction for TOF. Epidemiology, symptomology, and preoperative evaluation were performed. Results: Most of the patients were male (33 [73%]). The median age was 21 years. A total of 42 (93.33%) patients had subaortic ventricular septal defect (VSD), while three (6.6%) patients presented with doubly committed VSD. The most common type of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction was combined infundibular and valvular types, accounting for 34 cases (75.5%). Six patients had infundibular RVOT obstruction, while three patients (6.6%) had predominantly valvular pulmonary stenosis. We performed trans-right atrial repair in 33 patients. Right atrium-pulmonary artery approach was used in five patients (11.1%). The most common postoperative complication was right bundle branch block, seen in 14 patients, with a mortality rate of 2% in the early postoperative period. We achieved excellent early and midterm survival results and significant improvement in functions and disease-free quality of life. Conclusion: Intracardiac repair in adult TOF can be performed with low mortality, less residual RVOT obstruction, and need for revision of RVOT far less frequent by using the Jhajhria Infundibular Resection Adequacy Assessment technique (JIRAAT) to assess for adequacy of infundibular resection.

Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 394-400, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376546


Abstract Introduction: Here we describe our technique and results of beating heart pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in four patients for treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: Retrospective analysis of data from patients who underwent PTE for CTEPH between January 2019 and September 2020. Patients were followed up with clinical assessment, 2D echocardiography, and computed tomography pulmonary angiogram. Results: Four patients were operated for CTEPH using our technique. Moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and severe TR were found in two patients each. Severe right ventricular (RV) dysfunction was found in all cases. Thrombi were classified as Jamieson type II in three cases and type I in one case. Postoperative median direct manometric pulmonary artery (PA) pressures decreased (from 46.5 mmHg to 23.5 mmHg), median CPB time was 126 minutes, and median temperature was 33.35 °C. Mechanical ventilation was for a median of 19.5 hours. There was one re-exploration. Median intensive care unit stay was 7.5 days. There was no mortality. Postoperative 2D echocardiography revealed decrease in median PA systolic pressures (from 85 mmHg to 33 mmHg), improvement in RV function by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (median 14 mm vs. 16 mm), and improved postoperative oxygen saturations (88.5% vs. 99%). In follow-up (ranging between 2-15 months), all patients reported improvement in quality of life and were in New York Heart Association class I. Conclusion: With our described simple modifications, advances in perfusion, and blood conservation technologies, one can avoid the need for deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during PTE.

Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): e133-e136, junio 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368481


El complejo ring-sling es una asociación entre el sling de la arteria pulmonar y la estenosis traqueal congénita por anillos traqueales completos. El sling de la arteria pulmonar es una forma rara de anillo vascular dentro de las cardiopatías congénitas. Se presenta el caso clínico de un niño con estridor laríngeo asociado a dificultad respiratoria evaluado en otro centro, donde se realizó endoscopia respiratoria y se observó compresión traqueal extrínseca. Ante la sospecha clínica de anillo vascular, se solicitó angiotomografía computada (angioTC) y se confirmó diagnóstico de sling de arteria pulmonar. Fue derivado a nuestro hospital y durante la intervención quirúrgica se realizó nueva endoscopia respiratoria y traqueobroncografía. Se llegó al diagnóstico de estenosis traqueal congénita con bronquio derecho accesorio (pig bronchus) y anillos vasculares completos, ambos reparados en el mismo acto quirúrgico.

The ring-sling complex is an association between pulmonary artery sling and congenital tracheal stenosis. Pulmonary artery sling is a rare form of vascular ring in congenital heart disease. The clinical case of a child with inspiratory laryngeal stridor associated with respiratory distress is presented, evaluated in another center where respiratory endoscopy was performed, observing extrinsic tracheal compression. Given the clinical suspicion of a vascular ring, CT angiography was requested, confirming the diagnosis of pulmonary artery sling. He was referred to our hospital and during the surgical intervention a new respiratory endoscopy and tracheobronchography were performed, reaching the diagnosis of congenital tracheal stenosis, right accessory bronchus (pig bronchus) and complete vascular rings, both repaired in the same surgical act.

Humans , Male , Infant , Tracheal Diseases , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Tracheal Stenosis/diagnosis , Bronchial Diseases/surgery , Vascular Malformations/complications , Vascular Ring/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Trachea/abnormalities , Bronchi/abnormalities , Bronchi/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 29(1): 36-40, ene.-feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376852


Resumen Introducción: Las alteraciones secundarias a la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC), como inflamación sistémica, anemia y sobrecarga hídrica, son un sustrato importante para el desarrollo de hipertensión arterial pulmonar. Objetivo: Valorar la relación de la presión sistólica de la arteria pulmonar (PSAP) por ecocardiograma con el tiempo y el tipo de terapia de reemplazo renal (TRR) en pacientes con ERC. Método: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo, llevado a cabo en el Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, en el que se analizaron medidas de tendencia central y medidas de dispersión. Para comparar porcentajes se utilizó la prueba de χ2 con el programa estadístico SPSS 25. Resultados: Se incluyeron 141 pacientes con ERC en TRR con diálisis peritoneal o hemodiálisis. Se clasificaron de acuerdo con la PSAP en normal (30 pacientes, 21.28%), leve (43 pacientes, 30.5%), moderada (16 pacientes, 12%) y grave (52 pacientes, 36.88%). El tiempo de TRR está relacionado con una PSAP mayor, con 3.53 años en caso de PSAP normal, 5.51 años en caso de PSAP leve, 6.00 años para la PSAP moderada y 6.38 años para la PSAP grave. La PSAP grave se presentó en 13 de 56 pacientes en diálisis peritoneal y en 39 de 85 en hemodiálisis (p = 0.034). Conclusiones: Se encontró que existe relación entre la PSAP con el tiempo y el tipo de sustitución renal en pacientes con ERC.

Abstract Introduction: The disorders secondary to chronic kidney disease (CKD), such as systemic inflammation, anemia, and fluid overload are an important substrate for the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Objective: To assess the relationship between pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) on echocardiogram and the duration and type of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with CKD. Method: A retrospective observational study at Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional La Raza. The analysis was performed using measures of central tendency and dispersion. Chi square was used to compare percentages through the SPSS 25 statistical program. Results: A total of 141 patients with CKD on RRT with peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis were included. They were classified according to PASP as normal (30 patients, 21.28%), mild (43 patients, 30.5%), moderate (16 patients, 12%) and severe (52 patients, 36.88%). The duration of RRT is related to a higher PASP, with 3.53 years for a normal PASP, 5.51 years for mild PASP, 6.00 years for moderate PASP, and 6.38 for those with severe PASP. Severe PASP occurred in 13 of 56 patients on peritoneal dialysis and 39 of 85 patients on hemodialysis (p = 0.034). Conclusions: This study found a relationship between PASP and the duration and type of renal replacement in patients with CKD.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935025


The heavily harsh plateau environment including low pressure, hypoxia, cold, dryness and strong ultraviolet radiation, seriously threatens the physical and mental health of those who quickly enter the plateau area. Lungs are the sensitive organs for high altitude injury. High-altitude lung diseases include the acute high-altitude lung disease (i.e., high-altitude pulmonary edema), the chronic high-altitude lung disease (i.e., high-altitude pulmonary artery hypertension) and the high-altitude de-adapted reaction. This review summarizes the pathogenic mechanisms and the main therapeutic drugs of high-altitude lung diseases based on the recent research. Moreover, the related formulations and administration routes are also reviewed here. It will provide support and counsel for the diagnosis and treatment of high-altitude lung diseases.

Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 88-91, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932150


Pulmonary artery sling (PAS) with bronchial bridge malformation is a very rare developmental malformation of vascular and trachea. In the past 2 years, we treated 3 children with pulmonary artery sling complicated with bronchial bridge, all of whom were clinically characterized by recurrent cough, asthma and dyspnea, which were confirmed by cardiac color ultrasound and chest CT three-dimensional reconstruction. All of the 3 children underwent surgical treatment, and no recurrent wheezing or respiratory tract infection occurred after surgery.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2315-2329, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929379


Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a life-threatening disease characterized by pulmonary vascular remodeling, in which hyperproliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) plays an important role. The cysteine 674 (C674) in the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase 2 (SERCA2) is the critical redox regulatory cysteine to regulate SERCA2 activity. Heterozygous SERCA2 C674S knock-in mice (SKI), where one copy of C674 was substituted by serine to represent partial C674 oxidative inactivation, developed significant pulmonary vascular remodeling resembling human PH, and their right ventricular systolic pressure modestly increased with age. In PASMCs, substitution of C674 activated inositol requiring enzyme 1 alpha (IRE1α) and spliced X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1s) pathway, accelerated cell cycle and cell proliferation, which reversed by IRE1α/XBP1s pathway inhibitor 4μ8C. In addition, suppressing the IRE1α/XBP1s pathway prevented pulmonary vascular remodeling caused by substitution of C674. Similar to SERCA2a, SERCA2b is also important to restrict the proliferation of PASMCs. Our study articulates the causal effect of C674 oxidative inactivation on the development of pulmonary vascular remodeling and PH, emphasizing the importance of C674 in restricting PASMC proliferation to maintain pulmonary vascular homeostasis. Moreover, the IRE1α/XBP1s pathway and SERCA2 might be potential targets for PH therapy.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1351-1362, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929342


Scaffold hopping refers to computer-aided screening for active compounds with different structures against the same receptor to enrich privileged scaffolds, which is a topic of high interest in organic and medicinal chemistry. However, most approaches cannot efficiently predict the potency level of candidates after scaffold hopping. Herein, we identified potent PDE5 inhibitors with a novel scaffold via a free energy perturbation (FEP)-guided scaffold-hopping strategy, and FEP shows great advantages to precisely predict the theoretical binding potencies ΔG FEP between ligands and their target, which were more consistent with the experimental binding potencies ΔG EXP (the mean absolute deviations | Δ G FEP - Δ G EXP |  < 2 kcal/mol) than those ΔG MM-PBSA or ΔG MM-GBSA predicted by the MM-PBSA or MM-GBSA method. Lead L12 had an IC50 of 8.7 nmol/L and exhibited a different binding pattern in its crystal structure with PDE5 from the famous starting drug tadalafil. Our work provides the first report via the FEP-guided scaffold hopping strategy for potent inhibitor discovery with a novel scaffold, implying that it will have a variety of future applications in rational molecular design and drug discovery.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928022


This study investigated the effect of salidroside on phenotypic transformation of rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells(PASMCs) induced by hypoxia. Rat pulmonary arteries were isolated by tissue digestion and PASMCs were cultured. The OD values of cells treated with salidroside at different concentrations for 48 hours were measured by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) to determine the appropriate concentration range of salidroside. The cells were divided into a normal(normoxia) group, a model(hypoxia) group, and three hypoxia + salidroside groups(40, 60, and 80 μg·mL~(-1)). Quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of cell contractile markers in each group, such as α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), smooth muscle 22(SM22), and calcium-binding protein(calponin), and synthetic marker vimentin. The expression levels of cell phenotypic markers and proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) were detected by Western blot. The proliferation of cells in each group was detected by the 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine(EdU) assay. Cell migration was measured by Transwell assay. As revealed by results, compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased mRNA and protein expression of contractile phenotypic markers of PASMCs and increased mRNA and protein expression of synthetic markers. Compared with the conditions in the model group, salidroside could down-regulate the mRNA and protein expression of synthetic markers in PASMCs and up-regulated the mRNA and protein expression of contractile phenotypic markers. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed potentiated proliferation and migration. Compared with the model group, the hypoxia + salidroside groups showed blunted proliferation and migration of cells after phenotypic transformation. The results suggest that salidroside can inhibit the expression of synthetic markers in PASMCs and promote the expression of contractile markers to inhibit the hypoxia-induced phenotypic transformation of PASMCs. The mechanism of salidroside in inhibiting the proliferation and migration of PASMCs is related to the inhibition of the phenotypic transformation of PASMCs.

Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Glucosides , Hypoxia , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Phenols , Pulmonary Artery , Rats
Clinics ; 77: 100083, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404311


Abstract Objectives: Due to Pulmonary Artery Endothelial Cell (PAEC) dysfunction, Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) persists even after the Pulmonary Embolism (PE) has been relieved. However, the mechanism behind this remains unclear. Method: Here, the authors incubated Human PAECs (HPAECs) with thrombin to simulate the process of arterial thrombosis. Results: CCK8 results showed a decrease in the viability of HPAECs after thrombin incubation. In addition, the expression of Tissue Factor (TF), Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein 1 (MCP-1), VCAM-1, ICAM-1, cleaved cas-pase 3, cleaved caspase 9, and Bax protein were all increased after thrombin incubation, while Bcl-2 was decreased. The effects of 3-MA treatment further suggested that autophagy might mediate the partial protective effects of Resveratrol on HPAECs. To observe the effects of Resveratrol in vivo, the authors established a Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH) model by repeatedly injecting autologous blood clots into a rat's left jugular vein. The results exhibited that Mean Pulmonary Arterial Pressure (mPAP) and vessel Wall Area/ Total Area (WA/TA) ratio were both decreased after Resveratrol treatment. Moreover, Resveratrol could reduce the concentration and activity of TF, vWF, P-selectin, and promote these Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) in plasma. Western blot analysis of inflammation, platelet activation, autophagy, and apoptosis-associated proteins in pulmonary artery tissue validated the results in PHAECs. Conclusions: These findings suggested that reduced autophagy, increased oxidative stress, increased platelet activation, and increased inflammation were involved in CTEPH-induced HPAEC dysfunction and the development of PH, while Resveratrol could improve PAEC dysfunction and PH.

Clinics ; 77: 100051, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384603


Abstract Objectives Some previous studies indicated that the excessive proliferation and migration of Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cells (PASMCs) could be observed in pulmonary artery intima after Pulmonary Embolism (PE) occurred. In addition, recent studies identified some miRNAs that are differentially expressed in the blood of PE patients, which might be used as a diagnostic biomarker for PE, including let-7a-5p, let-7b-5p, and miR-150-5p. Hence, the authors sought to explore the effects of let-7b-5p in PASMC proliferation and migration and the corresponding regulatory mechanism. Methods Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) was utilized to induce the hyper-proliferation model in PASMCs. The mRNA and protein expression levels were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot, respectively. The proliferation of PASMCs was evaluated by the detection of PCNA expression, as well as CCK-8 and Edu assays. Wound healing and Transwell assays were exploited to assess the migration ability of PASMCs. The targets of let-7b-5p were predicted based on two bioinformatics online tools. Dual-luciferase and Ago2 pull-down assays were applied to confirm the interaction between let-7b-5p and IGF1. Results 40 ng/mL PDGF was selected as the optimal concentration to induce PASMCs. let-7b-5p mimics suppressed the proliferation and migration of PDGF-induced PASMCs, while let-7b-5p inhibitor led to the opposite result. In further mechanism exploration, IGF1 was predicted and confirmed as the direct target gene of let-7b-5p. The promotion role of IGF1 overexpression on the proliferation and migration of PDGF-induced PASMCs was dramatically countered by let-7b-5p mimics. Conclusion let-7b-5p prohibits the proliferation and migration of PDGF-induced PASMCs by modulating IGF1.

Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 438-443, sep.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357210


Resumen Introducción: El origen anómalo de una de las ramas de la arteria pulmonar procedente de la aorta ascendente es poco frecuente. Objetivo: Identificar las características clínicas y quirúrgicas de los pacientes sometidos a reimplante de la rama afectada. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal, descriptivo, retrospectivo y retrolectivo, en el que se incluyeron los pacientes diagnosticados de origen anómalo de alguna de las ramas de la arteria pulmonar y que fueron tratados mediante cirugía correctiva en el Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, en el periodo del 1 de enero de 2003 al 31 de enero de 2019. De los expedientes se extrajeron las características demográficas, los antecedentes quirúrgicos, los diagnósticos, los reportes ecocardiográficos y tomográficos, la técnica quirúrgica y el estado posquirúrgico. Resultados: Se encontraron nueve pacientes sometidos a cirugía de corrección, con un promedio de edad de 2 ± 2 años, un peso de 11.4 ± 1.5 kg y una talla de 82 ± 15 cm. El 67% fueron de sexo masculino. La rama afectada con más frecuencia fue la derecha; el 68% se originaban directamente de la aorta y el 42% de un conducto arterioso persistente. La corrección con circulación extracorpórea tuvo un tiempo promedio de pinzamiento aórtico de 35 minutos y de soporte circulatorio de 45 minutos. Se utilizó el implante directo o con material sintético. Las complicaciones fueron falla ventricular, sangrado, arritmias y neumonía nosocomial. La mortalidad fue del 11%. Conclusiones: El tratamiento quirúrgico para el reimplante de la rama anómala de la arteria pulmonar es el procedimiento de elección, y con cuidados quirúrgicos y posteriores tiene un buen pronóstico a mediano y largo plazo.

Abstract Introduction: The anomalous origin of one of the branches of the pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is rare. Objective: To identify the clinical and surgical characteristics of the patients undergoing reimplantation of the affected branch. Method: An observational, cross-sectional, descriptive, retrospective and retrolective study was performed; patients diagnosed with anomalous origin of one of the branches of the pulmonary artery and treated by corrective surgery at the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chavez, in the period from January 1, 2003 to January 31, 2019, were included. It was extracted from the files: demographic characteristics, surgical antecedents, diagnoses, echocardiographic and tomographic reports, surgical technique and post-surgical status. Results: Nine patients underwent correction surgery, with an average age of 2 ± 2 years, 11.4 ± 1.5 kg and height 82 ± 15 cm; 67% were male. The most frequent affected branch was the right, 68% originated directly from the aorta and 42% from a patent ductus arteriosus. The correction with extracorporeal circulation had an average aortic cross-clamp of 35 minutes and circulatory support of 45 minutes, the direct or synthetic implant was used. The complications were ventricular failure, bleeding, arrhythmias and nosocomial pneumonia. Mortality was 11%. Conclusions: Surgical treatment for reimplantation of the anomalous branch of the pulmonary artery is the procedure of choice, which with surgical and subsequent care has a good prognosis in the medium and long term.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Replantation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 670-676, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351645


Abstract Introduction: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the anatomical deformations of the major vascular structures in the retrosternal area caused by adhesions following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This single-center, retrospective study included a total of 40 patients with a previous CABG who were admitted to our emergency unit for any reason and underwent a contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography (patient group) and 40 patients without previous cardiac surgery (control group) between January 2018 and November 2019. The retrosternal area was compared between the groups using the statistical shape analysis method. The distance between the sternum and the ascending aorta and pulmonary artery was measured and anatomical deformations of the retrosternal area were examined. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the anatomical structures of the retrosternal area between the patient and control groups (P<0.001). The distance from the midsternal line to the highest point of the pulmonary artery was statistically significantly shorter in the patient group, compared to the control group (P=0.013). The distance from the sternum to the ascending aorta was also shorter in the patient group, although it did not reach statistical significance (P>0.05). Conclusions: Our study results showed narrowing of the retrosternal area following CABG and a shorter distance from the sternum to the pulmonary artery than the ascending aorta. Based on these findings, surgeons should be cautious about possible injuries in patients requiring cardiac surgery with repeated median sternotomy.

Humans , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Sternotomy/adverse effects , Reoperation , Sternum/surgery , Sternum/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(4): 383-388, jul.-ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1351937


Resumen En el siguiente reporte se expone un caso complejo en el que coexisten malformaciones cardiacas congénitas de presentación atípica con un doble tracto de salida del ventrículo derecho, en un paciente con múltiples anomalías menores en la exploración física y un cariotipo normal. La atipia de cada una de estas y su coexistencia hacen pensar en posibles alteraciones genéticas que aún son desconocidas. Lo anterior supone un reto terapéutico con el fin de restaurar una fisiología cardiaca compatible con la vida, lo cual se logra en este caso mediante un cerclaje exitoso de la arteria pulmonar.

Abstract The following report presents a complex case in which congenital cardiac malformations of atypical presentation coexist with a double outlet right ventricle, in a patient with multiple minor abnormalities on the physical examination and a normal karyotype. The atypia of these and their coexistence suggest possible genetic alterations that are still unknown. Therefore, a therapeutic challenge in order to restore a cardiac physiology compatible with life is proposed, which is achieved in this case through a successful banding of the pulmonary artery.

Humans , Double Outlet Right Ventricle , Dextrocardia , Pulmonary Artery , Congenital Abnormalities , Hypertension, Pulmonary
Colomb. med ; 52(2): e4054611, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339737


Abstract Thoracic vascular trauma is associated with high mortality and is the second most common cause of death in patients with trauma following head injuries. Less than 25% of patients with a thoracic vascular injury arrive alive to the hospital and more than 50% die within the first 24 hours. Thoracic trauma with the involvement of the great vessels is a surgical challenge due to the complex and restricted anatomy of these structures and its association with adjacent organ damage. This article aims to delineate the experience obtained in the surgical management of thoracic vascular injuries via the creation of a practical algorithm that includes basic principles of damage control surgery. We have been able to show that the early application of a resuscitative median sternotomy together with a zone 1 resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in hemodynamically unstable patients with thoracic outlet vascular injuries improves survival by providing rapid stabilization of central aortic pressure and serving as a bridge to hemorrhage control. Damage control surgery principles should also be implemented when indicated, followed by definitive repair once the correction of the lethal diamond has been achieved. To this end, we have developed a six-step management algorithm that illustrates the surgical care of patients with thoracic outlet vascular injuries according to the American Association of the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) classification.

Resumen El trauma vascular torácico está asociado con una alta mortalidad y es la segunda causa más común de muerte en pacientes con trauma después del trauma craneoencefálico. Se estima que menos del 25% de los pacientes con una lesión vascular torácica alcanzan a llegar con vida para recibir atención hospitalaria y más del 50% fallecen en las primeras 24 horas. El trauma torácico penetrante con compromiso de los grandes vasos es un problema quirúrgico dado a su severidad y la asociación con lesiones a órganos adyacentes. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la experiencia en el manejo quirúrgico de las lesiones del opérculo torácico con la creación de un algoritmo de manejo quirúrgico en seis pasos prácticos de seguir basados en la clasificación de la AAST. que incluye los principios básicos del control de daños. La esternotomía mediana de resucitación junto con la colocación de un balón de resucitación de oclusión aortica (Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta - REBOA) en zona 1 permiten un control primario de la hemorragia y mejoran la sobrevida de los pacientes con trauma del opérculo torácico e inestabilidad hemodinámica.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1048-1053, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910267


Objective:To investigatethe relationship between right ventricular blood flow components and right ventricular function in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) by 4D-FLOW cardiovascular MR (4D-FLOW CMR).Methods:Thirty patients with PH were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent right heart catheterization to measure hemodynamics and CMR to measure right ventricular blood flow and right ventricular function within 1 week. The long-axis 4-chamber and contiguous short axis cineslices were acquired with balanced steady-state free precession sequence to calculate RV functional metrics including right ventricular end diastolic volume, end systolic volume, ejection fraction, stroke output and other functional parameters. Ventricular flow was acquired in sagittal direction, using a 3D retrospectively ECG-triggered, navigator-gated prototype sequence to analyze.RV function and flow parameters were correlated with Spearman correlation analysis.Results:Right ventricular percent of direction flow(RVPDF),percent of delayed eject flow (RVPDEF),percent of retained flow (RVPRI) and percent of residual volume(RVPRV) of PH patients measured with 4D-FLOW were 16.4%±9.2%, 16.1%±5.6%, 16.8%±6.1%, and 50.5%±12.3%, respectively. RVPDF negatively correlated with RVPRVo ( r=-0.703, P<0.001) while RVPDEF positively correlated with RVPRI( r=0.955, P<0.001). RVPDF was positively correlated with right ventricular stroke volume index (RVSVI)( r=0.38, P=0.041) and right ventricular eject fraction(RVEF)( r=0.69, P<0.001), and negatively correlated with right ventricular end systolic volume index(RVESVI)( r=-0.65, P<0.001) and right ventricular mass index(RVMI)( r=-0.45, P=0.004). RVPRVo was negatively correlated with RVEF( r=-0.58, P=0.007). The sum of RVPDF and RVPDEF (RVPDF+RVPDEF) was 35.2%±11.4%. RVEF correlated with RVPDF+RVPDEF ( r=0.825, P<0.001) and comparable to RVPDF+RVPDEF ( t=1.427, P=0.164). RVPDF was negatively correlated with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) ( r=-0.52, P=0.007) while RVPRVo was positively correlated with PVR ( r=0.54, P=0.004). Conclusions:4D-FLOW CMR can be used to measure right ventricular ejection fraction in PH patients without respiratory control. In PH patients, the right ventricular direct blood flow was significantly decreased, while the residual blood flow was significantly increased. The right ventricular direct blood flow and residual blood flow were related to the right ventricular function and pulmonary vascular resistance, which were important parameters to evaluate the right ventricular function and afterload in PH.