Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 10.026
Filter
1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225686, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366509

ABSTRACT

Aim: Tooth loss is very prevalent in Brazil, reflecting high demand for dental services, especially those related to oral rehabilitation. This study aimed to assess the quality of life in total edentulous patients rehabilitated with implants and fixed prosthesis. Methods: Thirty-two patients were evaluated before and after rehabilitation with dental implants and fixed prosthesis using the OHIP-14 questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) after 6 months follow-up. Results:OHIP-14 revealed a significant improvement after treatment in all seven parameters and in the global score (P < 0.001). VAS presented positive results related to patient satisfaction regarding oral rehabilitation, except for the hygiene of the fixed dentures. Conclusion: At the end of this study, OHIP-14 scores decreased by 50% in most of the questions raised, and VAS presented positive results, except for hygiene of the fixed dentures, presenting an improvement in the quality of life of total edentulous patients after rehabilitation with implants and fixed prosthesis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Dental Implants , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Patient Satisfaction , Denture, Complete
2.
Interdisciplinaria ; 39(1): 311-323, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360496

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los profesionales de la salud de las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) enfrentan situaciones de sufrimiento humano, competitividad y demanda, que podrían perjudicar su calidad de vida y su salud mental. El objetivo del estudio fue describir los trastornos mentales comunes y la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en profesionales de la salud de la UCI en Salvador, Brasil. Este estudio transversal con 195 profesionales utilizó un cuestionario sociodemográfico y laboral, el Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) de trastornos mentales comunes y el 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36v2) de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. El 29.7 % de los profesionales presentaron trastornos mentales comunes, especialmente entre profesionales de enfermería (RP = 2.28; IC 1.19-4.39; p = .007). La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud para todos los profesionales estuvo disminuida, principalmente en función social (44.25 ± 10.15) y rol emocional (45.86 ± 10.58). El SRQ-20 correlacionó fuertemente con los dominios dolor corporal (r = -.502), salud general (r = -.526), vitalidad (r = -.656), función social (r = -.608), salud mental (r = -.631) y el componente de salud mental (r = -.638) del SF-36v2 (p < .01). Los profesionales con trastornos mentales comunes mostraron una calidad de vida relacionada con la salud más deteriorada, esencialmente en dominios del componente de salud mental, y refirieron también dolor corporal. Es necesario discutir e implementar estrategias de evaluación, prevención y promoción de la salud mental entre los profesionales de las UCI para que sean consideradas dentro de las políticas de salud laboral.

3.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 36-44, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361184

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La incontinencia urinaria por esfuerzo (IUE) tiene una alta prevalencia en mujeres adultas, afectando variables psicológicas, sociales y funcionales como la disminución de capacidad de equilibrio, debido a una escasa contribución en los movimientos del tronco hacia una corrección postural. Objetivo: Determinar los efectos de un programa basado en ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación sobre el equilibrio estático y la calidad de vida en mujeres con IUE. Materiales y métodos: Participaron 18 mujeres con IUE durante 12 semanas en 10 sesiones de ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación (hábitos de higiene, micción, ingesta de líquidos). Pre y post-intervención se evaluó equilibrio estático mediante oscilografía postural y calidad de vida mediante el International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short-Form (ICQ-SF). Los datos fueron analizados con la prueba no paramétrica de Wilcoxon. Resultados: Se encontró una disminución significativa en el área de desplazamiento del centro de presión en el subtest ojos abiertos (p=0,027) y en el Subtest ojos cerrados (p=0,006). Disminuyó la sintomatología asociada a IUE (p=0,0001). Conclusiones: Pos-intervención mejora equilibrio estático y calidad de vida, confirmando los efectos positivos de este programa que pueden servir de orientación a profesionales de la salud que trabajan con mujeres con IUE.


Abstract Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has high prevalence in adult women, affecting psychological, social and functional variables, including decreased balance capacity, due to a lack of trunk movements that contribute to postural correction. Objective: To determine how a program based on pelvic floor muscle exercises and education affects static balance and quality of life of women with SUI. Materials and methods: 18 SUI female patients participated in a 12 week/10 sessions program that included pelvic floor muscle exercises and education (hygiene habits, urination, fluid intake). Static balance and quality of life were assessed before and after the intervention using postural oscillography and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form(ICQ-SF), respectively. Data were analyzed with the non-parametric Wilcoxon test. Results: The displacement area of the center of pressure in the open (p=0.027) and closed (p=0.006) subtests showed a significant reduction. Likewise, the amount of symptoms associated with SUI decreased (p=0.0001). Conclusions: Intervention improves static balance and quality of life, confirming the positive effects of this program, which can serve as a guide for health professionals who work with women with SUI.

4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 62-68, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361724

ABSTRACT

Próteses totais imediatas e overdentures mandibulares em carga imediata, são boas alternativas para restaurar a função e a estética. Além disso, proporcionam um fator psicológico positivo, eliminando as consequências emocionais e sociais da perda dos dentes. O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um caso clínico, com cinco anos de acompanhamento, utilizando parâmetros clínicos e ferramentas qualitativas, para analisar o impacto na qualidade de vida do paciente e no sucesso do tratamento. Este caso clínico foi desenvolvido em um projeto assistencial da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brasil, que promove a reabilitação oral de pacientes de baixa renda com dentes severamente comprometidos. Paciente do sexo masculino, 57 anos, apresentou-se para tratamento com condição severa de saúde dental e periodontal. O plano de tratamento proposto foi a extração dos dentes remanescentes e confecção de prótese total imediata maxilar e overdenture mandibular, em carga imediata, sobre implantes. O paciente foi acompanhado periodicamente, a cada seis meses, para substituição do o´rings, conforme recomendação do fabricante. Após 5 anos, as próteses foram reembasadas com resina acrílica termopolimerizável e os componentes protéticos da overdenture foram substituídos. Em um acompanhamento qualitativo, a equipe utilizou uma entrevista narrativa, com foco nos impactos do tratamento na qualidade de vida desse paciente. Ele confirmou, em um relato em primeira pessoa, sua satisfação com o tratamento realizado e a melhora nas relações sociais, afetivas e no trabalho, mostrando como a reconquista do sorriso pode transformar a experiência pessoal do indivíduo(AU)


Immediate complete dentures and mandibular immediately loaded overdentures are good alternatives to restore function and aesthetics. Moreover, they provide positive psychological factor, eliminating the emotional and social consequences of tooth loss. The aim of this study was to report a clinical case, with five years of follow-up using clinical parameters and qualitative tools, to analyze the impact on quality of life and the success of treatment. This clinical case was developed in an assistance project of the Dental School of Federal University of Minas Gerais in Brazil, which promotes oral rehabilitation of low-income patients with severely damaged dentitions. A 57-yearold male patient presented for treatment with a severe dental and periodontal health condition. The proposed treatment plan was extraction of the remaining teeth and making maxillary immediate complete denture and mandibular immediately loaded implant-supported overdenture. The patient was monitored periodically, every six months, to replace the polymer ring ball attachment, according to the manufacturer's recommendation. After 5 years, the prostheses were relining with heat-polymerized acrylic resin and overdenture prosthetic components were replaced. In a qualitative follow-up, the team used a narrative interview, focusing on the impacts of treatment in the quality of life of this patient. He confirms, in a firstperson account, his satisfaction with the treatment performed and improvements in social and affective relations and in the work, showing how the reconquest of the smile can transform the personal experience of the individual(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dental Care , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Quality of Life , Acrylic Resins , Oral Health , Denture, Overlay
5.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022302, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363555

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized as a condition of chronic and generalized muscle pain, resulting primarily in decreased functional capacity and emotional changes of the patient. Physical exercise (PE) can promote different effects in FMS depending on the chosen method: aerobic training (AT) alone, resistance training (RT) alone or the combination of both in concurrent training (CT). OBJECTIVE: To synthesize data from clinical trials on the effects of resistance training and aerobic training in people with FMS. METHODS: Searches were performed in the Pubmed, Scielo, Virtual Health Library, Scopus and Web of Science databases. Articles published between 2009 and 2020 were analyzed. RESULTS: Eighteen randomized clinical trials were included to compose the discussion of this review. Altogether 1,136 individuals with FMS who participated in interventions with PE were analyzed; 10 studies used RT as an intervention method; 8 applied AT and 3 used CT. In 3 studies more than one method was used. Studies pointed out that there were significant improvements in biological and psychophysiological aspects at the end of the interventions. CONCLUSION: The analyzed articles suggested that PE through both RT and AT, alone or combined, is an alternative treatment for the population with FMS, being a low-cost intervention and providing significant improvements for these patients.


INTRODUÇÃO: A síndrome de fibromialgia (SFM) é caracterizada como um quadro de dor muscular crônica e generalizada, que causa principalmente diminuição da capacidade funcional e alterações no aspecto emocional do paciente. O exercício físico (EF) pode promover efeitos distintos na SFM a depender do método aplicado: treinamento aeróbico (TA) isolado, treinamento resistido (TR) isolado, ou a combinação de ambos como treinamento concorrente (TC). OBJETIVO: Sintetizar os dados de ensaios clínicos sobre os efeitos do treinamento resistido e do treinamento aeróbico em pessoas com SFM. MÉTODOS: As buscas foram realizadas nos bancos de dados PubMed, SciELo, Virtual Health Library, Scopus e Web of Science. Foram analisados artigos publicados entre 2009 e 2020. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 18 ensaios clínicos randomizados para compor a discussão desta revisão. Ao todo foram analisadas 1.136 pessoas com SFM que participaram das intervenções com EF; 10 estudos utilizaram TR como método de intervenção; 8 aplicaram TA e 3 empregaram o TC. Em 3 estudos foram utilizados mais de um método como estratégia. Os estudos apontaram que ao final das intervenções, houve melhoras significativas em aspectos biológicos e psicofisiológicos. CONCLUSÃO: Os artigos analisados sugeriram que o EF por meio tanto do TR quanto do TA, isolado ou combinado, é uma alternativa de tratamento para a população com SFM, por serem intervenções de baixo custo financeiro e proporcionarem melhoras significativas para esses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Endurance Training , Pain , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 316-325, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364940

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common syndrome associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially urinary incontinence in children, which may affect the patient's quality of life (QoL). Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to be associated with OAB syndrome. This study evaluated the relationship between vitamin D status and OAB-related symptoms and QoL in children. Materials and Methods: The study included 52 pediatric patients with OAB-related urinary incontinence and 41 healthy children. LUTS were assessed using the Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Symptoms Score (DVISS) questionnaire, and QoL was assessed using the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PINQ). Oral vitamin D supplementation was given to patients with OAB with vitamin D deficiency. Urinary symptoms and QoL were evaluated before and after vitamin D supplementation. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was more common in the OAB group (75%) than in the control group (36.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that vitamin D status (<20ng/mL) was a significant predictor of OAB. Both pre-treatment and post-treatment DVISS and PINQ scores showed a positive correlation. After vitamin D supplementation, 8 (23.5%) patients had a complete response and 19 (55.9%) patients had a partial response. Significant improvement in QoL was also achieved. Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency is more common in children with urinary incontinence and OAB than in healthy children. Although vitamin D deficiency is not routinely evaluated for every patient, it should be evaluated in treatment-resistant OAB cases. Vitamin D supplementation may improve urinary symptoms and QoL in patients with OAB.

7.
Rev Bras Hipertens ; 29(1): 19-28, 20220310.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367464

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a influência do uso da tecnologia educacional híbrida blended learning (ensino presencial associado por meio do ambiente virtual de aprendizado "E-Care da Hipertensão") na melhoria do controle da pressão arterial. Métodos: Ensaio Clinico Randomizado Controlado, realizado no período de novembro de 2015 a março de 2016,dividido em dois grupos: a) Grupo Hibrido com 14 pacientes submetidos a orientação individual por meio da consulta de Enfermagem a cada 20 dias com a utilização do recurso tecnológico educacional digital "E-Care da Hipertensão" ; b) Grupo Controle com 16 pacientes em que se utilizou da consulta com orientação individual por meio da consulta de Enfermagem a cada 20 dias sem o uso da tecnologia educacional. Os grupos foram acompanhados por 120 dias, utilizando o Teste de Morisk-Green, e exame da MAPA e WHOQOL-bref na randomização e aos 120 dias. Resultados: Para o Grupo Hibrido quando realizadas as comparações no início do estudo (momento da randomização) ao final 120 dias observou-se diferenças estatísticas em relação a diversas variáveis, a saber: a) circunferência abdominal, na randomização 99,61±10 vs. 96,69±8 (p=0,006); b) em relação a MAPA na pressão arterial sistólica PAS de vigília (PAS) 159,61±15mmHg vs. 143,30±19mmHg (p=< 0,001); c) pressão arterial diastólica na vigília (PAD) 106,61±12mmHg vs. 95,92±15mmHg (p= < 0,001); d) quanto a carga pressórica da MAPA na randomização para PAS na vigília obteve-se 93,28±7mmHg vs. 66,38±31mmHg (p=0,003); e) quanto aos valores da PAD 92,63±11mmHg vs. 70,96±28mmHg (p=0,002). Conclusão: Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos resultados analisados em 120 dias com o uso da tecnologia educacional na modalidade hibrida quando comparada com o grupo controle que realizou apenas consulta individual pelo enfermeiro


The Hypertension is a chronic manageable, however, in clinical practice several difficulties in joining the therapeutic plan. In this regard, several studies analyze the influence of different educational technologies in therapeutic adhesion, but little is known about educational technology hybrid. Objective: Evaluate the influence of the use of educational technology hybrid (face-to-face education associated through the virtual environment of learning "E-Care of hypertension") in improving blood pressure control. Method: Clinical Randomized Controlled Study divided into two groups: the Hybrid Group with 14) patients undergoing individual guidance through the nursing consultation every 20 days with the use of educational technology digital feature "E-Care of hypertension"; In hybrid mode b) control group with 16 patients in which the query was used with individual guidance through the nursing consultation every 20 days without the use of educational technology. All patients in both groups were followed for 120 days and 7 queries. The research took place in the period of December 2014 to March 2017. Approved by the CEP under CAAE 08625112.7.0000.0068. Results: There were no differences with statistical significance between the groups on randomization and at the end of 120 days as socio demographic and hemodynamic variables. However when held Control Group comparison in 120 days and randomization in relation to your perception about the WHOQOL quality of lifestatistical difference was observed between the beginning of the study (randomization) 2,73±0,9 vs. 3,80±0,94 to 120 days (p=0,012). For the Hybrid Group when performed comparisons at the beginning of the study (time of randomization) the end 120 days statistics differences were observed in relation to several variables, namely: a) abdominal circumference the randomization 99,61±10 vs. 96,69±8 (p=0,006); b) for Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) in systolic blood pressure, SBP in awake 159.61± 15mmHg vs. 143.30 ± 19mmHg (p = < 0.001); c) diastolic blood pressure (DBP) on the eve 106,61±12mmHg vs. 95,92±15mmHg (p = < 0,001);d) as the pressure load of the (ABPM) on randomization to SBP on vigiía was obtained 93,28±7mmHg vs. 66,38±31mmHg (p=0,003); e) as for the values of the SBP 92,63±11mmHg vs. 70,96±28mmHg (p=0,002); f) for the period of sleep SBP obtained value of 140,61± 15mmHg vs. 131,38± 21mmHg (p = 0,044); g) with respect to DBP the values were 86,37± 24mmHg vs. 71,06±31mmHg (p=0,039). As for the test of Morisky-Gren, was not with statistical significance differences between the Hybrid Group and the Control Group. Conclusion: There were no significant differences in the results analyzed in 120 days with the use of educational technology in hybrid mode when compared with the control group which held only individual consultation by a nurse. On the other hand, the comparison between the study group itself, proved to be effective with satisfactory results and may be an alternative to be perfected as an educational tool

8.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 24(1): 06-11, 20220322.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362801

ABSTRACT

The individuals with Hansen's disease experience situations of prejudice that, together with stigma and discrimination, culminate in social isolation and restrictions in social relationships. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of leprosy patients about their quality of life. This is a cross-sectional, quantitative study, whose convenience sample consisted of 94 leprosy patients, undergoing treatment, who attended health units in the city of Cuiabá, MT, Brazil. A structured questionnaire with sociodemographic data and information about the patient's knowledge about leprosy, prejudice, self-esteem and quality of life, was applied between April and August 2018.The results showed in the investigated population a predominance of males (55.3%), individuals with high school education (28.7%) and with an income ranging from 1 to 3 minimum wages (67%).The interviewees pointed out the side effects (44.7%) and the duration period (28.7%) as the greatest difficulty in the treatment. Most of the investigated (72.3%) had great knowledge about the disease, among which 26.6% had already suffered the leprosy reaction.40.4% of individuals were depressed and sad, and 69.1% had problems in employment after the diagnosis of the disease. When the quality of life was investigated, 45.7% of leprosy patients classified the domains evaluated between bad and very bad. Physical pain was associated with 43.7% of the individuals being unable to perform daily tasks. It can be concluded that leprosy causes suffering beyond pain and discomfort, with great social and psychological impact. (AU)


Os pacientes com hanseníase vivenciam situações de preconceito que, com o estigma e a discriminação, culminam para o isolamento social e a restrição dos relacionamentos sociais. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a percepção do paciente com hanseníase sobre sua qualidade de vida. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo, cuja amostra de conveniência foi composta por 94 pacientes hansenianos, em fase de tratamento, que frequentavam as Unidades de Saúde do município de Cuiabá/MT, Brasil. Um questionário estruturado com dados sociodemográficos e informações sobre o conhecimento do paciente sobre a hanseníase, preconceito, autoestima e qualidade de vida, foi aplicado entre abril e agosto de 2018. Os resultados mostraram, na população investigada, um predomínio de indivíduos do sexo masculino (55,3%), com ensino médio completo (28,7%) e com renda entre 1 e 3 salários mínimos (67%). Os entrevistados apontaram como maior dificuldade do tratamento os efeitos colaterais (44,7%) e o período de duração (28,7%). A maioria dos investigados (72,3%) apresentava grande conhecimento sobre a doença, dentre os quais 26,6% já haviam sofrido a reação hansênica. 40,4% dos indivíduos encontravam-se deprimidos e tristes e 69,1%, tiveram problemas no emprego após o diagnóstico da doença. Quando a qualidade de vida foi investigada, 45,7% dos hansenianos classificaram os domínios avaliados entre ruim e muito ruim. A dor física foi associada ao impedimento do desempenho das tarefas diárias por 43,7% dos indivíduos. Pode-se concluir que a hanseníase causa sofrimento aos indivíduos que ultrapassa a dor e o mal-estar estritamente vinculados ao prejuízo físico, com grande impacto social e psicológico. (AU)

9.
BrJP ; 5(1): 39-46, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364400

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of socio-educational booklets is recommended for assisting in the control of chronic pain. However, the efficacy and safety of these light technologies have not yet been tested enough for widespread application, based on the model of scientific evidence. This study aimed to assess the effect of a health education program in individuals suffering from CP using the EducaDor booklet. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial conducted with chronic pain patients from Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS - Primary Health Care Units) in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Assessments were performed using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), Visual Analog Scale of Pain (VAS-P) and World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Bref (WHOQoL-bref ), before and after the intervention, for intra and intergroup analyses: Test Group (Booklet) and Control Group (Conventional Care). The contents of the EducaDor booklet were presented didactically in six meetings with an interval of one week between them. RESULTS: The sample was composed of 10 individuals in each group (n = 20). In the Control Group, there was an increase in pain intensity (p=0.034), while the Test Group showed a reduction in pain intensity (p=0.015) and a lower level of interference in the physical, psychological, social relationships and environmental quality of life domains (p<0.05). In the intergroup comparisons, an improvement was observed in the domain of social relationships in the Test Group (p=0.015). CONCLUSION: EducaDor booklet has been shown to be effective and safe for the education of patients suffering from CP by reducing pain intensity and improving patients' quality of life.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Recomenda-se a utilização de cartilhas socioeducativas para auxiliar no controle da dor crônica (DC). No entanto, a eficácia e a segurança dessas tecnologias leves foram pouco testadas para ampla aplicação, com base no modelo de evidências científicas. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de um programa de educação em saúde em indivíduos com DC por meio da cartilha EducaDor. MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico randomizado realizado com indivíduos que apresentam DC em Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS) de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Os participantes foram submetidos à aplicação do Inventário Breve de Dor (BPI), Escala Analógica Visual (EAV) e do instrumento de Qualidade de Vida da Organização Mundial da Saúde - Bref (WHOQoL-bref ), antes e após a intervenção, para análises intra e intergrupos: Grupo Teste (booklet) e Grupo Controle (cuidado convencional). O conteúdo da cartilha EducaDor foi apresentado didaticamente em seis encontros com intervalo de uma semana entre eles. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 10 pessoas em cada grupo (n = 20). No Grupo Controle, houve aumento da intensidade da dor (p=0,034), enquanto o Grupo Teste apresentou redução da intensidade de dor (p=0,015) e menor nível de interferência nos domínios de qualidade de vida físico, psicológico, social e ambiental (p<0,05). Nas comparações intergrupos, observou-se melhora no domínio relações sociais no Grupo Teste (p=0,015). CONCLUSÃO: A cartilha EducaDor mostrou-se eficaz e segura para a educação de pacientes com DC, por reduzir a intensidade da dor e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes.

10.
BrJP ; 5(1): 32-38, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364407

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychological aspects and its relationship with bruxism from a representative sample of the Brazilian population. METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet-based survey was conducted in a nationally representative sample of Brazilian adults to estimate the sociodemographic correlates and characteristics of bruxism, the quality of life of individuals World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL) and Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) in the Brazilian population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research was collected from May to August 2020. The data were analyzed using qualitative analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1476 Survey forms were completed, and 1265 (85.70%) respondents declared presenting daytime clenching; over half of respondents (843, 57.11%) reported that they have grinding of teeth; and 1054 (71.41%) reported both clenching and grinding of teeth. Most of the respondents (1128, 76.42%) reported a negative perception of oral symptoms on the last month and all (1476, 100.00%) were feeling nervous or stressed during the period of social withdrawal induced by the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, 289 (19.58%) started having symptoms of fatigue or pain in the muscles of the face upon awakening and 318 (21.54%) started having muscle fatigue and discomfort in the teeth upon awakening. CONCLUSION: Findings have shown that all respondents were feeling nervous or stressed during the period of social withdrawal induced by the COVID-19 pandemic and reported bruxism symptoms. They also had lower averages of WHOQOL and SCS, suggesting worse perception of quality of life and self-compassion.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 nos aspectos psicológicos e sua relação com o bruxismo a partir de amostra representativa da população brasileira. MÉTODOS: Foi conduzida uma pesquisa transversal baseada na internet em uma amostra representativa de adultos brasileiros para estimar os correlatos sociodemográficos e as características do bruxismo, a qualidade de vida (WHOQOL) dos indivíduos e a autocompaixão (SCS) na população brasileira durante a pandemia por COVID-19. A pesquisa foi coletada de maio a agosto de 2020. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise qualitativa. RESULTADOS: Foram preenchidos 1.476 formulários da Pesquisa e 1.265 (85,70%) respondentes declararam apresentar apertamento diurno; mais da metade dos entrevistados (843, 57,11%) relatou ranger de dentes; e 1.054 (71,41%) relataram tanto apertamento quanto ranger de dentes. A maioria dos entrevistados (1.128, 76,42%) relatou percepção negativa dos sintomas de bruxismo no último mês e todos (1.476, 100,00%) estavam se sentindo nervosos ou estressados durante o período de afastamento social induzido pela pandemia de COVID-19. Além disso, 289 (19,58%) iniciaram sintomas de fadiga ou dor nos músculos da face ao acordar e 318 (21,54%) iniciaram com fadiga muscular e desconforto nos dentes ao acordar. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados mostraram que todos os entrevistados estavam se sentindo nervosos ou estressados durante o período de afastamento social induzido pela pandemia de COVID-19 e relataram sintomas de bruxismo. Também apresentaram médias mais baixas no WHOQOL e SCS, sugerindo pior percepção de qualidade de vida e autocompaixão.

12.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 46-52, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Developing and validating a disease-specific instrument in the Brazilian Portuguese language to assess the Health-Related Quality of Life of children with functional constipation, applied to parents/caregivers. Methods: The process of developing the questionnaire was carried out in the following steps: items generation concerning functional constipation; elaboration of the preliminary questionnaire; assessment by health professionals; identifying problems or inconsistencies by the researchers; improvement of the questions; obtaining a final questionnaire named Pediatric Functional Constipation Questionnaire-Parent Form (PedFCQuest-PR) with 26 questions divided into four domains. Responses options use a Likert scale based on the events of the last four weeks. The process of validation was an observational, cross-sectional study in a sample of 87 parents/caregivers of children from 5 to 15 years of age diagnosed with Functional constipation according to the Rome IV Criteria. The questionnaire was applied simultaneously to the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL TM 4.0) as a control. Results: The questionnaire validation included 87 parents/caregivers. The children's median age was 8.2 years, with a long time of constipation symptoms associated with fecal incontinence in approximately two-thirds. Internal consistency reliability for the Total Scale Score of PedFC-Quest-PR by Coefficient Alpha of Cronbach score was 0.86. Convergent and divergent validity of PedFCQuest-PR was demonstrated by correlating the domains of both questionnaires. Conclusion: This study provides evidence that PedFCQuest-PR is a reliable instrument. The results showed a high degree of internal consistency and validity of the instrument for future applications.

13.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 575-580, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359328

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a rinite é um distúrbio respiratório crônico comum, de alta prevalência no Brasil e no mundo, que representa um fardo considerável para os portadores. Está associada a sintomas incômodos, que reduzem a qualidade de vida e do sono, acarretando em prejuízos sociais, emocionais e funcionais. Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida e do sono conforme o grau de incômodo dos sintomas dos pacientes com rinite, acompanhados no Sistema Único de Saúde da região Oeste da Bahia. Metodologia: um estudo de corte transversal que avaliou 169 pacientes entre 12 e 90 anos diagnosticados clinicamente com rinite, atendidos em ambulatório de Otorrinolaringologia no município de Barreiras (Bahia), entre novembro de 2018 a setembro de 2019, através do Questionário Modificado de Qualidade de Vida em Rinoconjuntivite, Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh. Resultados: a qualidade de vida e do sono foram significantemente afetadas pela rinite, sendo os piores índices relacionados aos pacientes que atribuíram maior gravidade à doença. Ainda, limitações em atividades recreativas e domésticas devido à rinite se associaram a um sono de má qualidade. Não foi encontrada relação significativa entre sonolência diurna e qualidade de vida. Conclusão: os achados sinalizam a necessidade de orientar os pacientes quanto à higiene do sono, medidas de controle do ambiente e o efetivo tratamento medicamentoso. Também enfatizam a necessidade de avaliar as percepções singulares dos pacientes quanto à sua qualidade de vida para direcionar as estratégias de cuidado e monitorizar o tratamento e o controle da doença.


Introduction: the rhinitis is a common chronic respiratory disorder, highly prevalent in Brazil and worldwide, that mean a considerable onus for patients. It is associated with uncomfortable symptoms, wich reduce the quality of life and sleep, resulting in social, emotional and functional losses. Objective: to evaluate the quality of life and sleep according to degree of nuisance of patients with rhinitis being followed up in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in the Western Bahia. Methods: a cross-sectional study that evaluated 169 patients between 12 and 90 years old diagnosed clinically with rhinitis, seen at an Otorhnolaryngology service in Barreiras (Bahia), between November 2018 and September 2019, through the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Modified Questionnaire, Epworth Slipness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results: quality of life and sleep were significantly affected by rhinitis, with the worst rates related to patients who attributed greater severity to the disease. Also, limitations in recreational and domestic activities due to rhinitis were associated with poor sleep. No significant relationship was found between daytime sleepiness and quality of life. Conclusion: the findings signal the need to guide patients on sleep hygiene, environmental control measures and effective pharmacological management. They also emphasize the need to assess patients' unique perceptions of their quality of life to guide care strategies and monitor the disease treatment and control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Sleep , Rhinitis , Adolescent , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 581-585, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359351

ABSTRACT

Introdução: do ponto de vista clínico, são muitos os elementos para a deterioração da qualidade de vida (QV) na Doença de Parkinson (DP). Objetivo: analisar a QV de idosos com DP vinculados a um programa de atenção à saúde do idoso. Metodologia: estudo transversal com 11 idosos com DP. A QV foi avaliada por meio do Parkinson's Disease Questionary-39, a incapacidade através da Escala de Hoehn e Yahr modificada (HY). As partes I (estado mental), II (atividades da vida diária), III (motricidade) e IV (complicações da terapia) da Escala Unificada de Avaliação da Doença de Parkinson (UPDRS); o tempo de doença e o gênero foram considerados para análise. Resultados: a percepção da QV foi pior no domínio mobilidade e melhor no domínio estigma. Não houve diferença na QV entre os sexos. O tempo de doença influenciou a QV referente à comunicação nos homens (p = 0,02). Houve correlação (moderada a forte) entre a QV domínio cognição com a UPDRS IV (p = 0,04). As mulheres apresentaram correlação entre a QV domínio mobilidade e a HY (p = 0,05) e a III (p = 0,04) e entre a QV domínio atividade de vida diária e a HY (p = 0,02), II (p = 0,01) e III (p = 0,01); os homens entre a QV domínio suporte social e a II (p = 0,01). Conclusão: a percepção da QV de idosos com DP vinculados a um programa de saúde foi similar entre os sexos e permeia as funções corpóreas e atividades do dia-a-dia.


Introduction: from a clinical point of view, there are many elements for the deterioration of quality of life (QoL) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Objective: analyze the QoL of elderly people with PD linked to an elderly health care program. Methodology: cross-sectional study with 11 elderly people with PD. QoL was assessed using the Parkinson's Disease Questionary-39, disability using the Modified Hoehn and Yahr Scale (HY). Parts I (mental status), II (activities of daily living), III (motor skills) and IV (therapy complications) of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Assessment Scale (UPDRS); disease duration and gender were considered for analysis. Results: The perception of QoL was worse in the mobility domain and better in the stigma domain. There was no difference in QoL between genders. The time of illness influenced the Qol regarding communucation in men (p = 0.02). There was correlation (moderate to strong) between QoL cognition domain with UPDRS IV (p = 0.04). Womem showed correlations between QoL mobility domain and HY (p = 0.05) and III (p = 0.04) and between QOL domain activity of daily living and HY (p = 0.02), II (p = 0.01) and III (p = 0.01); men between QoL social support domain and II (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Perception of the QoL of elderly people with PD linked to a health program was similar between genders and permeates bodily functions, day-to-day activities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Parkinson Disease , Quality of Life , Aged , Motor Activity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 217-221, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365360

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at the oral health problems of elderly patients with diabetes. A training course of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine was constructed, helping patients improve their oral health quality of life. METHODS: A randomized controlled prospective experimental study was conducted. A total of 190 elderly patients were divided randomly into an observation group and a control group with 95 cases in each. The control group received regular health education, while the observation group was based on the control group to implement the integrated experiential learning of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in small groups. The oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior, and blood glucose control status along with the oral health quality of life of the two groups were compared before the intervention and at 3-month postintervention. RESULTS: Three months after the intervention, the fasting blood glucose control and the 2-h postprandial blood glucose/glycosylated hemoglobin levels in the observation group were significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The oral health quality of life in the observation group was significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The small-group experiential learning model of integrated Chinese and Western medicine can promote the transformation of knowledge-beliefs-behaviors in elderly patients with diabetes, which is conducive to controlling blood sugar levels and improving the quality of oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Oral Health , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Quality of Life , China , Prospective Studies , Problem-Based Learning , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 108-112, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356303

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Despite optimal medical treatment, many heart failure (HF) patients continue to show a high prevalence of symptoms, which contributes to a high morbidity and poor health-related quality of life (HRQL). Mindfulness meditation may be effective in improving the quality of life in these patients. Objective: A systematic review was conducted to evaluate if mindfulness meditation programs are effective in promoting and improving the quality of life in patients with heart failure. Methods: The PubMed (MEDLINE), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), LILACS, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched between October and November of 2019. Articles were selected if they evaluated mindfulness intervention, with an experimental or quasi-experimental design, in adults with heart failure and measured health-related quality of life. Results: This systematic review identified 108 studies through database searches. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of three studies were considered qualified. These studies took place in the Netherlands, the USA, and Brazil, and occurred between 2005 and 2015. Sample sizes varied from 19 to 215, and the average range of participants within each study varied from 43.2 to 75.4 years. Compared to control programs, mindfulness-based meditation programs improved the quality of life in two studies (p= 0.041 and p=0.03). Conclusion: Mindfulness-based meditation programs improved the quality of life in patients with HF. Therefore, there is limited data to strengthen this recommendation to this population, and future research is warranted in order to present consistency in the intervention protocols.

17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 17-23, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357467

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects almost 30% of the adult population. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the evolution of symptoms in patients diagnosed with AR and septal deviation prior to and following septoplasty (STP). DESIGN AND SETTING: Quasi-experimental study developed in A Coruña University Hospital. METHODS: Patients aged 18-65 years who had been diagnosed with AR and septal deviation were recruited. Obstruction airflow was evaluated before and after surgery, by means of anterior rhinomanometry (RNM). Severity symptoms and quality of life were assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the ESPRINT questionnaire, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 50 subjects underwent STP and 42 were included in this study. Their mean age at the time of surgery was 34.16 ± 9.74 years (range 18-64). Significant reductions in mean VAS and ESPRINT were observed after surgery (P < 0.01). These outcomes were considered to represent an overall improvement in quality of life. The RNM results also improved significantly, from mean values of 478.07 ± 165.4 cm3/s before STP to 826.4 ± 175.5 cm3/s afterwards (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The negative correlations of VAS and ESPRINT with RNM, from before and to after STP, demonstrate the efficacy of scales and questionnaires as objective methods for determining obstruction in the absence of rhinomanometry. Patients with allergic rhinitis and septal deviation showed improvements in obstruction severity and medication use after STP.

18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 129-136, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364370

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms that occur during hemodialysis sessions. Despite the high prevalence of dialysis headache, it has been little studied. Objective: To evaluate the characteristics, impact and factors associated with dialysis headache. The behavior of the cerebral vasculature was also compared between patients with and without dialysis headache. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients who underwent hemodialysis were assessed through a semi-structured questionnaire, the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was performed in the first and fourth hours of hemodialysis. Results: A total of 100 patients were included; 49 of them had dialysis headache. Women (OR=5.04; 95%CI 1.95-13.04), younger individuals (OR=1.05; 95%CI 1.01-1.08), individuals with higher schooling levels (OR=3.86; 95%CI 1.4-10.7) and individuals who had spent longer times on dialysis programs (OR=0.99; 95%CI 0.98-1) had more dialysis headache (logistic regression). Individuals with dialysis headache had worse quality of life in the domains of pain and general state of health (56.9 versus 76.4, p=0.01; 49.7 versus 60.2, p=0.03, respectively). Dialysis headache was associated with significantly greater impact on life (OR=24.4; 95%CI 2.6-226.6; logistic regression). The pulsatility index (transcranial Doppler ultrasonography) was lower among patients with dialysis headache than among those without them. Conclusions: Dialysis headaches occur frequently and are associated with worse quality of life and patterns of cerebral vasodilatation.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A cefaleia é um dos sintomas mais frequentes que ocorrem durante as sessões de hemodiálise. Apesar da alta prevalência, essa cefaleia é pouco estudada. Objetivo: Avaliar as características, impacto e fatores associados à cefaleia da diálise. O comportamento da vasculatura cerebral também foi comparado entre pacientes com e sem cefaleia da diálise. Métodos: Este foi um estudo transversal. Pacientes consecutivos submetidos à hemodiálise foram avaliados por meio de questionário semiestruturado, do Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale e Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Foi realizada ultrassonografia Doppler transcraniana na primeira e na quarta horas de hemodiálise. Resultados: Foram incluídos 100 pacientes, 49 deles tinham cefaleia da diálise. Mulheres (OR=5,04; IC95% 1,95-13,04), indivíduos mais jovens (OR=1,05; IC95% 1,01-1,08), com maior escolaridade (OR=3,86; IC95% 1,4-10,7) e que passaram mais tempo em programas de diálise (OR=0,99, IC95% 0,98-1) tiveram mais cefaleia da diálise (regressão logística). Indivíduos com cefaleia dialítica tiveram pior qualidade de vida nos domínios dor e estado geral de saúde (56,9 versus 76,4, p=0,01; 49,7 versus 60,2, p=0,03, respectivamente). A cefaleia da diálise foi associada a um impacto significativamente maior na vida (OR=24,4; IC95% 2,6-226,6; regressão logística). O índice de pulsatilidade (ultrassonografia Doppler transcraniana) foi menor entre os pacientes com cefaleia da diálise do que entre aqueles sem. Conclusões: A cefaleia da diálise ocorre com frequência e está associada a pior qualidade de vida e a padrões de vasodilatação cerebral.

19.
Braz. dent. j ; 33(1): 77-86, jan.-fev. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1364487

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the study was to develop the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile - Aesthetic Questionnaire (OHIP-Aes-Braz) and test its psychometric properties. The questionnaire test versions were developed by a panel of experts and a pre-test was conducted in a focus group. Data used for testing its psychometric properties were obtained from a randomized controlled clinical trial on tooth bleaching. Seventy-nine Brazilian adults were included. The questionnaires were applied before tooth bleaching treatment (baseline), one week (T1), and one month after the intervention (T2). Reliability was assessed in terms of internal consistency and stability, while validity was ascertained by criterion and construct validity. The sensitivity to change was assessed comparing the total scores at baseline and T2, using the Wilcoxon test (α = 0.05). Both stability and internal consistency (intra-class correlation coefficient=0.95, Cronbach's α = 0.92) proved to be adequate. Construct validity was confirmed as the correlation between OHIP-Aes-Braz scores with tooth color satisfaction and self-perceived oral health were in the expected direction. A positive correlation between OHIP-Aes-Braz and OHIP-14 (rs=0.63) and OIDP (rs=0.77) was observed. The instrument was responsive once differences in total scores before and after treatment were statistically significant (p<0.001). The OHIP-Aes-Braz presented good psychometric properties and showed sensitivity to change regarding aesthetics evaluation in Brazilian adults treated with tooth bleaching. A valid and reliable instrument allows a suitable assessment of oral health-related quality of life in Brazilian patients submitted to aesthetics dental interventions.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi desenvolver a versão brasileira do Oral Health Impact Profile - Aesthetic Questionnaire (OHIP-Aes-Braz) e testar suas propriedades psicométricas. As versões de teste do questionário foram desenvolvidas por um painel de especialistas e um pré-teste foi realizado em um grupo focal. Os dados usados para testar suas propriedades psicométricas foram obtidos a partir de um ensaio clínico randomizado controlado de clareamento dental. Setenta e nove brasileiros adultos foram incluídos. Os questionários foram aplicados antes do tratamento clareador (baseline), uma semana (T1) e um mês após a intervenção (T2). A confiabilidade foi avaliada em termos de consistência interna e estabilidade, enquanto a validade foi avaliada pela validade de critério e de construto. A sensibilidade à mudança foi avaliada pela comparação entre os escores totais no baseline e T2, usando o teste de Wilcoxon ((=0,05). Tanto a estabilidade quanto a consistência interna (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse=0,95, alfa de Cronbach=0,92) mostraram-se adequadas. A validade de construto foi confirmada uma vez que a correlação dos escores do OHIP-Aes-Braz com a satisfação com a cor dos dentes e a autopercepção da saúde bucal foram na direção esperada. Uma correlação positiva entre OHIP-Aes-Braz e OHIP-14 (r s =0,63) e OIDP (r s =0,77) foi observada. O instrumento foi responsivo uma vez que as diferenças nos escores totais antes e depois do tratamento foram estatisticamente significantes (p<0,001). O OHIP-Aes-Braz apresentou boas propriedades psicométricas e mostrou sensibilidade a mudanças na avaliação estética em adultos brasileiros submetidos ao clareamento dental. Um instrumento válido e confiável permite uma avaliação adequada da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal em pacientes brasileiros submetidos a intervenções odontológicas estéticas.

20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): 48-54, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365529

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and midterm prognosis of transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) in sexagenary patients in China. Methods: Forty-six sexagenary patients who underwent transcatheter device closure of ASDs in our hospital were included in this study. The patients' preoperative and postoperative clinical symptoms, echocardiographic results, and quality of life were investigated and analyzed. Results: Of the 46 sexagenary patients who participated in the study, 40 completed the study. After ASD closure, the clinical symptoms of the patients significantly improved, and the number of patients with dyspnea and palpitations significantly decreased after the operation. According to the echocardiographic results, few patients had a tiny residual shunt after closure, but the shunt disappeared completely at the three-month follow-up. The size of the right ventricular cavity was significantly smaller postoperatively compared with preoperatively. Regarding the patients' quality of life, their feedback in all dimensions of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (or SF-36) was significantly improved at the three-month follow-up, and it remained improved at the one-year follow-up. Conclusion: The clinical outcomes and subjective quality of life of sexagenary patients with ASDs improved significantly after transcatheter device closure of ASDs. Therefore, we believe that for sexagenary patients with ASDs, transcatheter device closure is a favorable treatment.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL