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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e12953, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550149

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bone regeneration is crucial for repairing bone tissue following various injuries. Research techniques that enable the study of metabolic changes in bone tissue under different conditions are important for understanding bone repair and remodeling. This study used bone scintigraphy to evaluate osteogenesis secondary to osteotomy in a preclinical model of New Zealand rabbits. For this purpose, we conducted a longitudinal, prospective, case-control study in which scintigraphic variables were measured in both the right forearm (case-operated) and the left forearm (control - non-operated). The study sample consisted of 10 rabbits subjected to osteotomy, followed by a 12-week postoperative evaluation period, divided into six imaging stages at 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. We observed that the operated forearm showed significantly higher external radiation than the control side, using the pinhole collimator, denoting an increase in the biodistribution and tropism of the radiopharmaceutical to the operated forearm. Among the three evaluated time points, osteoblastic activity was highest in the second week and presented a significant decline in the 8th and 12th weeks, denoting regeneration and resolution of the surgical injury; the control forearm was also influenced by the inactivity imposed by the operated forearm. This fact was notably evidenced by the reduction in the metabolic activity of osteoblasts in the left forearm. Our study suggested that bone scintigraphy was sensitive enough to semi-quantitatively differentiate the metabolic activity of osteoblasts in the operated forearm in the three temporal landmarks evaluated in the study.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469397

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study was designed to investigate the effect of Coconut Oil on the levels of some liver and hematological parameters in carbon tetrachloride intoxicated rabbits. Also the antioxidant capacity of Coconut Oil for various concentrations was assessed on the basis of percent scavenging of (DPPH) free radical. Experimental animals were divided into five groups, eight rabbits in each group. These were: group A (Normal control), group B (Toxic control), group C (Standard control), group D (Treated with Coconut Oil 50 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication), group E (Treated with Coconut Oil 200 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication). The effects observed were compared with a standard hepatoprotective drug silymarine (50 mL/kg body weight). The Coconut Oil (200 mL/kg body weight) significantly (P 0.05) reduced the elevated serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) when compared to a toxic control rabbits. The results of extract treated rabbits were similar to silymarine administered rabbits group. Treatment with Coconut Oil root and silymarine caused no significant changes in RBC, Platelets, (Hb), (MCH) concentration and (HCT) values. However, significant (P 0.05) increase was observed in the total WBC count. The present study suggested that Coconut Oil can be used as an herbal alternative (need further exploration i.e to detect its bioactive compound and its efficacy) for hepatoprotective activity.


Resumo O estudo foi desenhado para investigar o efeito do óleo de coco nos níveis de alguns parâmetros hepáticos e hematológicos em coelhos intoxicados com tetracloreto de carbono. Também a capacidade antioxidante do óleo de coco para várias concentrações foi avaliada com base na porcentagem de eliminação de radicais livres (DPPH). Os animais experimentais foram divididos em cinco grupos, oito coelhos em cada grupo. Estes foram: grupo A (controle normal), grupo B (controle tóxico), grupo C (controle padrão), grupo D (tratado com óleo de coco 50 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4), grupo E (tratado com óleo de coco 200 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4). Os efeitos observados foram comparados com um fármaco hepatoprotetor padrão silimarina (50 mL/kg de peso corporal). O óleo de coco (200 mL/kg de peso corporal) reduziu significativamente (P 0,05) os níveis séricos elevados de alanina transaminase (ALT), aspartato transaminase (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), quando comparado a um coelho controle tóxico. Os resultados dos coelhos tratados com extrato foram semelhantes aos do grupo de coelhos administrados com silimarina. O tratamento com raiz de óleo de coco e silimarina não causou alterações significativas nos valores de RBC, Plaquetas, (Hb), (MCH) e (HCT). No entanto, observou-se aumento significativo (P 0,05) na contagem total de leucócitos. O presente estudo sugeriu que o óleo de coco pode ser usado como uma alternativa fitoterápica (precisa de mais exploração, ou seja, para detectar seu composto bioativo e sua eficácia) para atividade hepatoprotetora.

3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252555, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364519

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to investigate the effect of Coconut Oil on the levels of some liver and hematological parameters in carbon tetrachloride intoxicated rabbits. Also the antioxidant capacity of Coconut Oil for various concentrations was assessed on the basis of percent scavenging of (DPPH) free radical. Experimental animals were divided into five groups, eight rabbits in each group. These were: group A (Normal control), group B (Toxic control), group C (Standard control), group D (Treated with Coconut Oil 50 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication), group E (Treated with Coconut Oil 200 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication). The effects observed were compared with a standard hepatoprotective drug silymarine (50 mL/kg body weight). The Coconut Oil (200 mL/kg body weight) significantly (P<0.05) reduced the elevated serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) when compared to a toxic control rabbits. The results of extract treated rabbits were similar to silymarine administered rabbits group. Treatment with Coconut Oil root and silymarine caused no significant changes in RBC, Platelets, (Hb), (MCH) concentration and (HCT) values. However, significant (P<0.05) increase was observed in the total WBC count. The present study suggested that Coconut Oil can be used as an herbal alternative (need further exploration i.e to detect its bioactive compound and its efficacy) for hepatoprotective activit.


O estudo foi desenhado para investigar o efeito do óleo de coco nos níveis de alguns parâmetros hepáticos e hematológicos em coelhos intoxicados com tetracloreto de carbono. Também a capacidade antioxidante do óleo de coco para várias concentrações foi avaliada com base na porcentagem de eliminação de radicais livres (DPPH). Os animais experimentais foram divididos em cinco grupos, oito coelhos em cada grupo. Estes foram: grupo A (controle normal), grupo B (controle tóxico), grupo C (controle padrão), grupo D (tratado com óleo de coco 50 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4), grupo E (tratado com óleo de coco 200 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4). Os efeitos observados foram comparados com um fármaco hepatoprotetor padrão silimarina (50 mL/kg de peso corporal). O óleo de coco (200 mL/kg de peso corporal) reduziu significativamente (P<0,05) os níveis séricos elevados de alanina transaminase (ALT), aspartato transaminase (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), quando comparado a um coelho controle tóxico. Os resultados dos coelhos tratados com extrato foram semelhantes aos do grupo de coelhos administrados com silimarina. O tratamento com raiz de óleo de coco e silimarina não causou alterações significativas nos valores de RBC, Plaquetas, (Hb), (MCH) e (HCT). No entanto, observou-se aumento significativo (P<0,05) na contagem total de leucócitos. O presente estudo sugeriu que o óleo de coco pode ser usado como uma alternativa fitoterápica (precisa de mais exploração, ou seja, para detectar seu composto bioativo e sua eficácia) para atividade hepatoprotetora.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Carbon Tetrachloride , Palm Oil , Biomarkers/blood , Liver
4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 13-17, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the concentration and change characteristics of 1, 5-anhydroglucitol (1, 5-AG) in the vitreous humor of rabbit cadavers with hyperglycemic metabolism, and to explore the value of 1, 5-AG in forensic pathology identification of death caused by hyperglycemic metabolism disorders.@*METHODS@#A diabetic hyperglycemic rabbit model was established by using alloxan. Eighteen rabbits with fasting glucose concentration ≥13.80 mmol/L (experimental group) and 18 healthy rabbits with fasting glucose concentration ≤6.10 mmol/L (control group) were selected. After death from air embolism. The blood samples were collected immediately, and vitreous humor samples were collected at 0 h, 12 h, 24 h and 36 h after death. The concentration of 1, 5-AG in the blood and vitreous humor of rabbits was determined.@*RESULTS@#The blood glucose concentration in the experimental group was (25.10±3.14) mmol/L. At the time of death, there was no significant difference in the concentration of 1, 5-AG in the blood [(0.94±0.20) μg/mL] and in the vitreous humor (0.99±0.05 μg/mL, P>0.05). The concentration of 1, 5-AG in the vitreous humor of the experimental group was lower than that of the corresponding control group at all time points (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference betwwen 1, 5-AG concentration in vitreous humor between earch time point in the experimental group and the control group (P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the concentration of 1,5-AG in blood was negatively correlated with blood glucose in both control group and experimental group (control group: r=-0.79, P<0.05; experimental group: r=-0.97, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitreous humor can replace blood as an effective test sample for 1,5-AG detection. The concentration of 1, 5-AG in rabbit vitreous humor remains stable within 36 hours after death and is not affected by the change of postmortem interval. If the concentration of 1, 5-AG decreases significantly, it indicates the existence of hyperglycemia in rabbits before death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Postmortem Changes , Vitreous Body/metabolism , Cadaver , Autopsy
5.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 180-186, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996143

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of large pushing Tianheshui manipulation intervention on the body temperature of young rabbits with endotoxin-induced fever and discuss its antipyretic mechanism.Methods:Thirty-two young rabbits meeting the standards were selected from 40 ordinary young male New Zealand rabbits after being adapted for 7 d,and randomly divided into a normal group,a model group,a large pushing Tianheshui group,and an ibuprofen group according to the random number table method,with 8 rabbits in each group.Rabbits in the model group,the large pushing Tianheshui group,and the ibuprofen group were subjected to preparing the endotoxin-induced fever model by intravenous lipopolysaccharide from the marginal ear vein.Rabbits in the large pushing Tianheshui group received Tuina(Chinese therapeutic massage)manipulation intervention 1.5 h and 2.5 h after modeling,respectively.Rabbits in the ibuprofen group were intragastrically given ibuprofen suspension 1.5 h after modeling.The dynamic changes in body temperature were observed for the young rabbits after fever modeling.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the content changes in positive mediators of hypothalamic body temperature,including prostaglandin(PG)E2 and cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP),as well as negative mediators of hypothalamic body temperature,including arginine vasopressin(AVP)and α-melanocyte stimulating hormone(α-MSH).Results:The body temperature of the young rabbits in the model group was significantly higher than that in the normal group at 0.5-4.0 h,5.0 h,and 5.5 h after modeling(P<0.01),showing two obvious fever peaks in the model group at 1.5 h and 3.0 h after modeling,respectively,with the highest peak at 1.5 h.Compared with the model group,body temperatures of the large pushing Tianheshui group and the ibuprofen group decreased significantly after 0.5 h of intervention(P<0.05).Compared with the normal group,the contents of PGE2 and cAMP were significantly increased(P<0.05),and the contents of AVP and α-MSH were significantly decreased(P<0.01)in the hypothalamus of the model group.Compared with the model group,the contents of PGE2 and cAMP were significantly decreased(P<0.01),and the levels of AVP and α-MSH were significantly increased(P<0.01)in the hypothalamus in the large pushing Tianheshui group and the ibuprofen group.There were no significant differences in the PGE2,cAMP,AVP,and α-MSH contents in the hypothalamus between the ibuprofen group and the large pushing Tianheshui group(P>0.05).Conclusion:Large pushing Tianheshui manipulation has a significant antipyretic effect on endotoxin-induced fever in young rabbits.The mechanism may be related to inhibiting the positive regulators(PGE2 and cAMP)and promoting the negative regulators(AVP and α-MSH)of hypothalamic control of body temperature.

6.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 10-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996122

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on the plasma levels of trimethylamine (TMA), trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), and flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) in rabbits with atherosclerosis (AS), as well as to explore the possible mechanism of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion in treating AS. Methods: After 1-week adaptive feeding, 28 male New Zealand rabbits were divided into a blank group, a model group, an antibiotic group, and a herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group according to the random number table method, with 7 rabbits in each group. Rabbits were fed with a basic diet in the blank group, while with a basic diet plus 1% choline in the remaining groups to prepare the AS model. Rabbits were given drinking water with broad-spectrum antibiotics in the antibiotic group, and herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group for 12 weeks. The atherosclerotic plaques by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the blood lipid levels, the plasma TMA and TMAO levels by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry were detected for rabbits in each group at the end of interventions. Liver FMO3 protein expression was detected by Western blotting. Liver FMO3 mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: HE staining showed that the arterial wall was rough, the intima was significantly thickened, and more foam cells and lipid deposits were seen in rabbits of the model group. Arterial wall thickening was not obvious with a few foam cells and lipid deposits in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group. Compared with the blank group, the serum levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) were increased (P<0.01), the plasma levels of TMA and TMAO were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the expression levels of liver FMO3 protein and mRNA were all increased (P<0.05, P<0.01); while the serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level was decreased in the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the LDL-C and TC levels were decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.05), the HDL-C levels were increased (P<0.01), the TMA and TMAO levels were decreased (P<0.05), while the protein and mRNA expression levels of FMO3 were decreased without statistical significance in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group and the antibiotic group. Conclusion: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can slow atherosclerotic plaque formation and regulate lipid levels in AS rabbits, and the mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of TMA and TMAO expression in the plasma.

7.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e383423, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1513541

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and autograft on non-critical bone repair. Methods: Four bone defects (8.3 × 2 mm) were produced on the calvarium of 15 rabbits. The surgical defects were treated with either autograft, autograft associated to PRF, PRF alone, and sham. Animals were euthanized on the second, fourth or sixth posteoperative week. Histological analyses for presence of bone development on deffect was evaluated comparing the groups treated with autograft and without the autograft separately within the same period. Mann-Whitney's tests were used to compare the percentage of bone repair in each post-operative period for autograft × autograft + PRF groups and also for control × PRF groups (α = 5%). Results: No differences were observed between the groups that received autograft and autograft associated to PRF on the second and fourth postoperative week, but areas treated with PRF demonstrated significant osteogenesis when compared to sham group on the fourth and sixth weeks. The groups that received PRF (with autograft or alone) demonstrated an enlarged bone deposition when compared to their control group. Conclusions: The use of PRF may influence bone repair and improve the bone deposition in late period of repair demonstrating osteoconductive and osteogenic properties.

8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(5): e20230064, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513681

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The study aimed to evaluate the clinical and tissue response to a hollow polymethylmethacrylate orbital implant with a multiperforated posterior surface in an animal model after evisceration. Methods: Sixteen New Zealand rabbits had their right eye eviscerated. All animals received a hollow polymethylmethacrylate implant 12 mm in diameter that is multiperforated in its posterior hemisphere. The animals were divided into four groups, and each one had the eye exenterated at 7, 30, 90, and 180 days post-evisceration. Clinical signs were assessed daily for 14 days post-evisceration and then every 7 days until 180 days. Inflammatory pattern, collagen structure, and degree of neovascularization generated with implant placement were analyzed with hematoxylin-eosin, picrosirius red, and immunohistochemistry staining. Results: There were no signs of infection, conjunctival or scleral thinning, or implant exposure or extrusion in any animal during the study. On day 7, the new tissue migrated into the implant and formed a fibrovascular network through the posterior channels. Inflammatory response reduced over time, and no multinuclea­ted giant cells were found at any time. Conclusion: Hollow polymethylmethacrylate orbital implants with a multiperforated posterior surface enable rapid integration with orbital tissues by fibrovascular ingrowth. We believe that this orbital implant model can be used in research on humans.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a resposta tecidual e clínica a um implante orbitário de polimetilmetacrilato, oco e multiperfu­rado em sua porção posterior em modelo animal após evisceração. Métodos: Dezesseis coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram submetidos à evisceração do globo ocular direito. Todos receberam implante oco de polimetilmetacrilato de 12 mm de diâmetro, multiperfurado em sua semiesfera posterior. O estudo foi dividido em avaliação clínica e histopatológica. A avaliação clínica foi diária até 14 dias pós-evisceração e, a cada sete dias, até completar 180 dias. Os animais foram divididos em grupos de quatro animais e cada um foi submetido à exenteração com 07, 30, 90 e 180 dias e depois à eutanásia. A análise histopatológica teve por fim caracterizar o padrão inflamatório, a estrutura do colágeno e o grau de neovascularização. Para isso, além da tradicional coloração pela hematoxilina-eosina, utilizou-se o corante Picrosirius Red (PSR) e imuno-histoquímica com o marcador CD 34. Resultados: Não houve sinais de infecção, afinamento conjuntival ou escleral, exposição ou extrusão do implante em nenhum animal durante o estudo. Já no sétimo dia, o tecido neoformado migrou para dentro do implante formando uma rede fibrovascular através dos canais posteriores. A resposta inflamatória diminuiu ao longo do tempo avaliado e não foram encontradas células gigantes multinucleadas. Conclusão: O implante analisado permite a sua integração aos tecidos orbitários pelo crescimento fibrovascular em seu interior. Os autores acreditam que este modelo de implante orbital pode fazer parte de testes com humanos.

9.
CienciaUAT ; 17(1): 139-151, jul.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404112

ABSTRACT

Resumen La crianza de conejos contribuye a la obtención de proteína animal, así como de ingresos por la venta de dicha especie. La descripción y caracterización de los sistemas de producción de estos animales arrojan información valiosa para el diseño de planes de intervención y mejoras. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar las principales variables que influyen en la heterogeneidad de los sistemas productores de conejos en el municipio Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. La muestra estuvo formada por 49 fincas. Se obtuvo la información cuantitativa de indicadores productivos, reproductivos y sociales, a través de un análisis de factores, usando componentes principales (CP). Se calcularon las puntuaciones factoriales de cada caso, en cada CP, y los estadísticos descriptivos de los indicadores medidos. En las condiciones del territorio estudiado, la eficiencia estuvo determinada por 6 CP que explicaron el 77.6 % de la varianza: 1) tamaño del rebaño y áreas de forrajes; 2) comportamiento reproductivo; 3) edad del productor y manejo reproductivo; 4) mortalidad; 5) edad al destete y sacrificio y 6) número de montas para gestar las conejas. La caracterización a partir del uso de CP, y el índice factorial de cada caso de estudio en cada CP, sirve de base para interpretar la gran heterogeneidad existente en los indicadores estudiados, así como su similitud, y contribuye a definir relaciones y comportamientos en la caracterización de fincas cunícolas en esta región, lo que permitirá implementar planes de mejora productiva.


Abstract The breeding of rabbits contributes to obtaining animal protein and generating income from the sale of this species. The description and characterization of the production systems of these animals provide valuable information for the design of intervention and improvement plans. The aim of this study was to determine the main variables that influence the heterogeneity of the rabbit production systems in the Ciego de Ávila municipality, Cuba. The sample consisted of 49 farms. Quantitative data on productive, reproductive and social indicators were obtained through factor analysis using principal components (PC). The factor scores of each case were calculated, in each PC, and descriptive statistics of the indicators measured. In the conditions of the studied territory, the efficiency was determined by 6 PC that explained 77.6 % of the variance: 1) size of the herd and forage areas; 2) reproductive behavior; 3) age of the producer and reproductive management; 4) mortality; 5) age at weaning and age at slaughter and 6) number of mounts to gestate the breeders. The characterization from the use of PC, and the factor index for each case study in each PC, serve as the basis for interpreting the great existing heterogeneity in the indicators studied, as well as their similarity. It also contributes to defining relationships and behaviors in the characterization of rabbit farms in this region, which will allow the implementation of productive improvement plans.

10.
Rev. colomb. cienc. pecu ; 35(2)jun. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535785

ABSTRACT

Background: Comparative features of embryos developed under in vitro and in vivo conditions are particularly important in designing embryo transfer procedures that fulfil embryo-recipient synchronization requirements. Objective: To determine the degree of asynchrony in rabbit embryo development between cultured and in vivo embryos. Methods: A total of 55 non- lactating multiparous female rabbits were used. Embryos were classified as 16-cells or early morulae at 48 hours post-coitum (hpc). Embryos were cultured during 30 or 32 h and embryo development was compared with in vivo embryos of 72 hpc. In vitro and in vivo embryos at 72 hpc were classified as early or compacted morulae. Bayesian statistics was used. Difference between in vivo and in vitro embryos and the actual probability of the difference between the in vivo and in vitro embryo higher than zero (P) was estimated. Results: The percentage of compacted morulae was higher in in vivo embryos than in in vitro embryos with +6 h of asynchrony (73.5 and 32.8%, P=1.00). But the percentage of compacted morulae was similar with +8 h asynchrony. Conclusions: In vitro embryos delay their development by + 8 hours compared to in vivo embryos.


Antecedentes: El desarrollo comparativo de embriones producidos in vitro e in vivo es particularmente importante para el diseño de procedimientos de transferencia de embriones cuando se requiere sincronización entre el embrión y la hembra receptora. Objetivo: Determinar el grado de asincronía en el desarrollo embrionario entre embriones in vivo y cultivados. Métodos: Un total de 55 conejas multiparas no lactantes fueron utilizadas. Los embriones se clasificaron en 16 células o mórulas tempranas a las 48 horas después del coito (hpc). Los embriones se cultivaron durante 30 ó 32 horas y el desarrollo embrionario se comparó con embriones de 72 hpc obtenidos in vivo. Los embriones in vitro e in vivo a 72 hpc se clasificaron como mórulas tempranas o compactas. Se utilizó estadística bayesiana. Se estimó la diferencia entre embriones in vivo e in vitro y la probabilidad de que la diferencia sea superior a cero (P). Resultados: El porcentaje de mórulas compactas fue mayor en embriones in vivo que en embriones in vitro con +6 horas de asincronía (73,5 y 32,8%, P=1,00), pero el porcentaje de mórulas compactas fue similar con asincronía de +8 horas. Conclusión: Los embriones cultivados retrasan +8 horas su desarrollo en comparación con los embriones in vivo.


Antecedentes: A aquisição do desenvolvimento de embriões produzidos in vitro e in vivo é particularmente importante na concepção de procedimentos de transferência de embriões em que a sincronização entre o embrião e a fêmea receptora é necessária. Objetivo: Determinar o grau de assincronia no desenvolvimento embrionário entre embriões cultivados e in vivo. Métodos: Um total de 55 coelhos multíparos não lactantes foram usados. Os embriões foram classificados em 16 células ou mórulas iniciais 48 horas de gestação (hpc). Os embriões foram cultivados por 30 ou 32 horas e o desenvolvimento embrionário foi comparado com embriões de 72 hpc obtidos in vivo. Embriões in vitro e in vivo a 72 hpc foram classificados como mórulas precoces ou compactadas. Estatísticas bayesianas foram usadas. A diferença entre embriões in vivo e in vitro e a probabilidade de que a diferença seja maior que zero (P) foi estimada. Resultados: A porcentagem de mórulas compactadas foi maior em embriões in vivo do que em embriões in vitro com +6 horas de assincronia (73,5 e 32,8%, P=1,00). Mas a porcentagem de mórulas compactadas foi semelhante com assincronia de +8 horas. Conclusão: Embriões cultivados atrasam seu desenvolvimento em +8 horas em comparação com embriões in vivo.

11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): 65-73, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365536

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In this study, Anzer propolis, which can only be obtained from the Eastern Black Sea region in Turkey, is studied for its effect on spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion injury. Methods: A total of 12 healthy male New Zealand White rabbits with an average weight of 3.0 to 3.5 kg were separated into two blind and randomized groups: the ischemia/reperfusion group (n=6) and the treatment group (n=6). Each rabbit in the treatment group was given a dose of 100 mg/kg of ethanol-dissolved Anzer propolis orally 1 hour before surgery. Blood samples were examined at the 0th hour and postoperatively at the 24th and 48th hours. Tissue samples were taken at the 48th hour during the sacrification. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of postoperative Tarlov scoring (P=0.012). There was a difference between the two groups in terms of the blood levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) at the 48th hour, myeloperoxidase (MPO) at the 24th and 48th hours, ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) at the 24th hour, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and total oxidant status (TOS) at the 48th hour (P<0.005). There was also a difference between the two groups in terms of apoptotic index data obtained with the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)‐mediated dUTP nick‐end labelling (TUNEL) method in the histopathological examination (P=0.001). In the transmission electron microscopic (TEM) analysis, while ischemia/reperfusion group generally had axon-myelin separation, axoplasmic dissolution and myelin separation, the propolis treatment group had normal myelin sequencing. Discussion: In our study, after biochemical, histopathological, ultrastructural and neurological functional examination, it was demonstrated that Anzer propolis has sufficient neuroprotective effect on spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion injury in rabbits.

12.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(supl.1): 102-107, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420818

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction A challenge in phonosurgery is achieving good vocal quality with minimal vocal fold fibrosis. Fibrin glue can be applied to minimize fibrosis; however, its use in the larynx is based primarily on clinical experience, particularly in extensive lesions. Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of application of fibrin glue on collagen concentration at the late phase of the healing process after detaching a pedicled flap of the vocal fold cover in rabbits. Methods In this prospective animal study, twelve adult male rabbits underwent laryngeal microsurgery, in which an incision was made along the entire length of both vocal folds, followed by extensive mucosal detachment and section of the incision ends. Fibrin glue was applied in the left vocal fold, and the mucosa was repositioned. In the right vocal fold, the mucosa was repositioned without treatment with fibrin glue. After 3-months, the rabbits were euthanized. Histological analyses were performed, and the data collected were subjected to statistical analysis. Results Vocal folds treated with fibrin glue presented higher collagen concentration in Masson trichrome staining and significantly higher (p< 0.05) collagen concentration in picrosirius red staining compared to control vocal folds. Conclusion Treatment with fibrin glue led to greater vocal fold fibrogenesis in the present study. Nonetheless, further studies are necessary to determine the prophylactic effect of sealants in laryngeal surgeries that require extensive detachment of the vocal fold cover.


Resumo Introdução Um desafio na fonocirurgia é conseguir uma boa qualidade vocal com o mínimo de fibrose das pregas vocais. A cola de fibrina pode ser aplicada para minimizar a fibrose; porém, seu uso na laringe é baseado principalmente na experiência clínica, particularmente em lesões extensas. Objetivo Avaliar o efeito da aplicação da cola de fibrina na concentração de colágeno na fase tardia do processo de cicatrização, após o descolamento do retalho pediculado da cobertura da prega vocal em coelhos. Método Neste estudo prospectivo com animais, 12 coelhos adultos machos foram submetidos à microcirurgia de laringe, na qual uma incisão foi feita em toda a extensão de ambas as pregas vocais, seguida de extenso descolamento da mucosa e secção das extremidades da incisão. A cola de fibrina foi aplicada na prega vocal esquerda e a mucosa foi reposicionada. Na prega vocal direita, a mucosa foi reposicionada sem tratamento com cola de fibrina. Após três meses, os coelhos foram sacrificados. Análises histológicas foram feitas e os dados coletados foram submetidos à análise estatística. Resultados As pregas vocais tratadas com cola de fibrina apresentaram maior concentração de colágeno na coloração tricrômica de Masson e concentração significativamente maior de colágeno (p < 0,05) na coloração com picrosirius red comparadas às pregas vocais controle. Conclusão O tratamento com cola de fibrina resultou em maior fibrogênese das pregas vocais no presente estudo. Contudo, novos estudos são necessários para determinar o efeito profilático dos selantes em cirurgias de laringe que requerem extenso descolamento da cobertura das pregas vocais.

13.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220023, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1409932

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O osso bovino inorgânico é o enxerto mais utilizado na Odontologia, tendo como desvantagem longo tempo de integração ao leito receptor. Os bifosfonatos têm sido utilizados para modular a quantidade e a qualidade do osso regenerado e diminuir o tempo de integração do enxerto. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito do bifosfonato alendronato de sódio (ALN) 0,5%, associado ou não ao osso bovino inorgânico, na reparação de defeitos ósseos. Material e método: Dois defeitos ósseos foram confeccionados na calvária de 12 coelhos, sendo a cavidade esquerda/experimental preenchida com: GI = osso bovino inorgânico (Bio-Oss®); GII = Bio-Oss® + ALN 0,5%; GIII = ALN 0,5%; e a cavidade direita por coágulo sanguíneo (controle). Os animais foram mortos aos 60 dias pós-operatórios. Por meio de análise histomorfométrica calculou-se o percentual de osso neoformado e remanescente do biomaterial em relação à área total do defeito. Resultado: Osso neoformado: GI = 38,16 ± 15,44%; GII = 55,77 ± 16,75%; GII I = 60,28 ± 11,45%. Controle = 45,11 ± 11,09%. Remanescente do enxerto: GI = 7,02 ± 5,36% e GII = 16,59 ± 9,56%. Não houve diferença quanto ao percentual de osso neoformado entre os grupos (ANOVA p = 0,15512; teste de Tukey F = 2,089). O percentual de remanescente do enxerto também foi estatisticamente semelhante entre os grupos GI e GII (teste de Tukey F = 5,019). Conclusão: O uso tópico da solução de ALN 0,5% isoladamente ou associado ao osso bovino liofilizado não alterou o percentual de neoformação óssea nem a degradação dos grânulos do enxerto.


Introduction: Inorganic bovine bone is the most used graft in dentistry, with the disadvantage of long integration time into the receptor bed. Bisphosphonates have been used to modulate the quantity and quality of regenerated bone and decrease graft integration time. Objective: To evaluate the effect of alendronate sodium bisphosphonate (ALN) 0.5%, associated or not with Inorganic bovine bone, in the repair of bone defects. Material and method Two bone defects were made in the calvaria of 12 rabbits, and the left/experimental cavity was filled with: GI = Inorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss®); GII = Bio-Oss® + 0.5% ALN; GIII = 0.5% ALN; and the right cavity/blood clot control. The animals were killed at 60 days after surgery. Through histomorphometric analysis, the percentage of newly formed bone and remnant biomaterial relative to the total area of the defect was calculated. Result: Neoformed bone: GI = 38.16 ± 15.44%, GII = 55.77 ± 16.75%; GIII= 60.28 ± 11.45%; Control=45,11 ± 11,09%. Graft remnant: GI = 7.02 ± 5.36% and GII = 16.59 ± 9.56%. There was no difference in the percentage of newly formed bone between the groups (ANOVA p = 0.15512; Tukey's test F = 2.089). The percentage of graft remnant was also statistically similar between groups GI and GII (Tukey's test F = 5019). Conclusion: Topical use of 0.5% ALN solution alone or associated with lyophilized bovine bone did not change the percentage of bone neoformation, nor the degradation of graft granules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Skull , Bone and Bones , Bone Regeneration , Analysis of Variance , Bone Substitutes , Alendronate , Diphosphonates
14.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(1): e235808, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355583

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction During open surgical dislocated hip reduction, several anatomical structures, such as the round ligament, are approached. However, there is controversy over both the possibility of preserving the ligament and its functional importance. Materials and Methods This experimental study used skeletally immature rabbits as a model for congenital hip dislocation. Thirty-six rabbits comprised the sample that was submitted to the round ligament analysis. The sample was stratified for analysis (biomechanics, zymography, histology, and immunohistochemistry). Statistical analysis compared the unstable side to the control side of each rabbit. Results Biomechanical assays showed that the mean maximal strength of the round ligament on the unstable side was similar to that of the control side (p = 0.594), which was also the case with maximum deformation (p = 0.328). Histologically, there was a statistically significant increase in cellularity on the unstable side (p <0.001). Additionally, there was significantly greater collagen occupancy on the control side (p <0.001). Zymography revealed no significant difference in the amount of active metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) (p = 0.068). Conclusions Although histological analysis found evidence of significant changes in the RL in unstable hips, there were no significant differences in zymography, and no changes were observed in biomechanical tests. Evidence Level V; Experimental study.


RESUMO Introdução Durante a redução cirúrgica aberta de luxação de quadril, várias estruturas anatômicas são abordadas, entre elas, o ligamento redondo. No entanto, há controvérsias quanto à possibilidade de preservação desse ligamento, bem como sua importância funcional. Materiais e Métodos Este estudo experimental usou coelhos esqueleticamente imaturos como modelo de luxação congênita do quadril. Trinta e seis coelhos compuseram a amostra que foi submetida à análise do ligamento redondo. A amostra foi estratificada para análise (biomecânica, zimografia, histologia e imuno-histoquímica). A análise estatística comparou o lado instável com o lado controle de cada coelho. Resultados Os ensaios biomecânicos mostraram que a força máxima média do ligamento redondo no lado instável era semelhante ao lado controle (p = 0,594), o que também ocorreu com a deformação máxima (p = 0,328). Em termos histológicos, houve um aumento estatisticamente significante da celularidade no lado instável (p < 0,001). Além disso, houve maior ocupação de colágeno no lado controle (p < 0,001). A zimografia não mostrou diferença significativa da quantidade de metaloproteinase 2 ativa (MMP-2) (p = 0,068). Conclusões Embora a análise histológica tenha encontrado evidências de alterações significativas do LR nos quadris instáveis, não houve diferenças significativas na zimografia e não foram observadas alterações nos testes biomecânicos. Nível de evidência V; Estudo experimental.

15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 601-605, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a carbofuran intragastric administration death model in rabbits, and to observe the postmortem distribution and postmortem redistribution of carbofuran-7-phenyl glucuronic acid (Glu-7PH) in rabbits.@*METHODS@#The postmortem distribution: Rabbits were given an administration of 1/2LD50, LD50, 2LD50 carbofuran. Dead rabbits were dissected immediately. Rabbits that had remained alive 2 hours were sacrificed by carbon dioxide (CO2) inhalation and dissected immediately. The myocardium, cardiac blood, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain and right hindlimb muscle were collected. The postmortem redistribution: After giving an administration of 4LD50 carbofuran, the myocardium, cardiac blood, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain, and right hindlimb muscle were collected at 0, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h postmortem in supine position at 15 ℃ room temperature. The quantity of Glu-7PH was determined by LC-MS/MS.@*RESULTS@#The postmortem distribution: Among the three dose groups, there were significant differences in the quantities of Glu-7PH in different tissues. The postmortem redistribution: There was no significant difference in the Glu-7PH quantities in cardiac blood, mycardium, spleen, kidney, brain and right hindlimb muscle, but there was a significant difference in the Glu-7PH quantities in the liver and lung.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mycardium, cardiac blood, liver, lung, kidney, brain and hindlimb muscle of rabbits can be used as appropriate samples for Glu-7PH detection. However, it should be noted that Glu-7PH was redistributed postmortem in rabbit liver and lung.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Carbofuran , Chromatography, Liquid , Postmortem Changes , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Autopsy
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 579-583, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the cooling reaction kinetic characteristics of the temperature difference between cadaver temperature and ambient temperature (hereinafter referred to as "cadaver temperature difference") according to the reaction kinetics method.@*METHODS@#Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups with 6 rabbits in each group. The rabbits were injected with 10% potassium chloride solution intravenously. After death, the rabbits were placed at 5 ℃, 10 ℃, 15 ℃, 20 ℃ and 25 ℃ environment condition, respectively, and the rectal temperature was measured every minute for 20 hours. The measured cadaver temperature was subtracted from ambient temperature, and the cadaver temperature difference data was calculated using the reaction kinetics formula. The linear regression equation was fitted for analysis, and the experimental results were applied to the temperature difference data of human body after death for verification.@*RESULTS@#Under different environmental conditions, the linear coefficient determination of temperature difference -ln(C/C0) in rabbits was 0.99, showing a good linear relationship with time t. The application of human body temperature data after death was consistent with the results of animal experiments.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Under stable conditions, the temperature difference cooling process after death in rabbits is a first-order kinetic response. The method can also be used to study the temperature difference in human body after death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rabbits , Body Temperature , Temperature , Kinetics , Cadaver
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 144-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of electroporation-mediated local gene therapy on the expression of Wnt3a and β-catenin in callus of distraction gap during mandibular distraction osteogenesis of rabbits.Methods:The experiments were conducted in the laboratory of the Affiliated Friendship Plastic Surgery Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from September 2019 to December 2019. Forty eight New-Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control group (group A), gene therapy group (group B) and normal saline group (group C), with 16 rabbits in each group. After bilateral mandible osteotomy and distractors were implanted, the distractors were activated at a speed of 0.8 mm/d on 4th day, postoperatively, and lasted for 7 days, followed by consolidation period. Group A distracted only, group B was subject to local injection of recombinant plasmid pIRES-hBMP2-hVEGF165 in the distraction gap and electroporation stimulation at the beginning of activation distractors; and group C local injection of the same dose of normal saline in the distraction gap and electroporation stimulation at the beginning of activation distractors. Four animals in each group were sacrificed on the day at the end of distraction, 7th, 14th, 28th days of consolidation period, respectively. The callus in the distraction gap was taken for immunohistochemical staining and RT-PCR to detect the expression of Wnt3a and β-catenin, and image analysis was performed. SPSS 22.0 statistical software was used for data analysis.Results:Immunohistochemical staining showed that Wnt3a and β-catenin were mainly located in the cytoplasm and nuclei of fibroblasts, chondrocytes and osteoblasts in callus tissue. Immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR showed that the expression of Wnt3a and β-catenin reached a peak at the end of distraction. With the disappearance of distraction tension, the expression of Wnt3a and β-catenin gradually decreased. After gene therapy intervention, the expression of Wnt3a and β-catenin was significantly increased, and the expression of Wnt3a and β-catenin in group B was the highest at each time point, with statistically significant difference compared with groups A and C ( F=96.3, P<0.01). Conclusions:Gene therapy promotes the expression of Wnt3a and β-catenin in the callus of distraction gap, regulating the balance of the bone reconstruction system and thus promoting the formation of new bone in the distraction gap.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 68-73, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare 89Zr labeled Daratumumab and evaluate its feasibility in the imaging diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM). Methods:According to the principle of 89Y (p, n) 89Zr nuclear reaction, 89Zr was produced by cyclotron solid target system (30 μA, 1.5 h) and automatic purification module. The radionuclide purity, half-life and impurity metal ion concentration were detected. Desferrioxamine (DFO) was coupled with Daratumumab and then chelated with 89Zr to prepare 89Zr-DFO-Daratumumab. The quality control analyses of three consecutive batches were carried out. Pharmacokinetic evaluation and 89Zr-DFO-Daratumumab microPET/CT imaging were performed in normal rabbits and orthotopic myeloma mouse models, respectively. The SUV in situ myeloma and that in normal bone were compared by independent-sample t test. Results:About 560 MBq of 89Zr was obtained, and there were only two characteristic energy peaks of 89Zr (909 keV and 511 keV) by γ spectrometer. The half-life of 89Zr was 78.2 h, and the content of metal impurities was small. 89Zr-DFO-Daratumumab was prepared with pH of 7.2, radiochemical purity of more than 99%, good stability in vitro, and sterility and endotoxin tests were passed. Pharmacokinetic studies in rabbits showed that 89Zr-DFO-Daratumumab was gradually distributed from blood to liver, spleen, kidney and bone joints over time and metabolism. The results of microPET/CT imaging in orthotopic myeloma mouse models showed that the SUVs of 89Zr-DFO-daratumumab in situ myeloma were significantly higher than those in normal bone (2 h: 0.22±0.02 vs 0.06±0.00; 1 d: 0.38±0.01 vs 0.08±0.00; t values: 8.89, 21.90, both P=0.001). Conclusion:89Zr and 89Zr-DFO-daratumumab are successfully prepared, and relevant quality control and biological evaluation in vivo and in vitro are completed, which verify the feasibility of 89Zr-DFO-Daratumumab in the imaging diagnosis of MM, thus laying a foundation for clinical transformation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1847-1858, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927822

ABSTRACT

Myostatin gene (MSTN) encodes a negative regulator for controlling skeletal muscle growth in animals. In this study, MSTN-/- homozygous mutants with "double muscle" phenotypic traits and stable inheritance were bred on the basis of MSTN gene editing rabbits, with the aim to establish a method for breeding homozygous progeny from primary MSTN biallelic mutant rabbits. MSTN-/- primary mutant rabbits were generated by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology. The primary mutant rabbits were mated with wild type rabbits to produce F1 rabbits, whereas the F2 generation homozygous rabbits were bred by half-sibling mating or backcrossing with F1 generation rabbits of the same mutant strain. Sequence analysis of PCR products and its T vector cloning were used to screen homozygous rabbits. The MSTN mutant rabbits with 14-19 week-old were weighed and the difference of gluteus maximus tissue sections and muscle fiber cross-sectional area were calculated and analyzed. Five primary rabbits with MSTN gene mutation were obtained, among which three were used for homozygous breeding. A total of 15 homozygous rabbits (5 types of mutants) were obtained (M2-a: 3; M2-b: 2; M3-a: 2; M7-a: 6; M7-b: 2). The body weight of MSTN-/- homozygous mutant rabbits aged 14-19 weeks were significantly higher than that of MSTN+/+ wild-type rabbits of the same age ((2 718±120) g vs. (1 969±53) g, P < 0.01, a 38.0% increase). The mean cross sections of gluteus maximus muscle fiber in homozygous mutant rabbits were not only significantly higher than that of wild type rabbits ((3 512.2±439.2) μm2 vs. (1 274.8±327.3) μm2, P < 0.01), but also significantly higher than that of MSTN+/- hemizygous rabbits ((3 512.2±439.2) μm2 vs. (2 610.4±604.4) μm2, P < 0.05). In summary, five homozygous mutants rabbits of MSTN-/- gene were successfully bred, which showed a clear lean phenotype. The results showed that the primary breeds were non-chimeric mutant rabbits, and the mutant traits could be inherited from the offspring. MSTN-/- homozygous mutant rabbits of F2 generation could be obtained from F1 hemizygous rabbits by inbreeding or backcrossing. The progenies of the primary biallelic mutant rabbits were separated into two single-allelic mutants, both of which showed a "double-muscle" phenotype. Thus, this study has made progress in breeding high-quality livestock breeds with gene editing technology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Gene Editing , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Mutation , Myostatin/metabolism , Phenotype
20.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(supl.1): 103-122, out.-dez. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360462

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo analisa a singularidade dos processos históricos, científicos e políticos que vão da descoberta da doença que passou a ser conhecida como mixomatose infecciosa, causada pelo vírus do mixoma (MYXV), à sua aplicação no controle de uma praga de coelhos na Austrália. A narrativa segue especialmente as pesquisas de Henrique de Beaurepaire Aragão, pesquisador do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, e posteriormente os esforços da cientista Jean Macnamara para promover pesquisas e implementar o MYXV na Austrália. Foram consultadas notas de pesquisa de cientistas, documentos oficiais que registraram o desenvolvimento dos experimentos, bem como periódicos. Nesse processo, foi considerado o desenvolvimento histórico do campo de estudos da virologia e controle biológico.


Abstract This article analyzes the singularity of historical, scientific, and political processes from the discovery of the disease caused by the myxoma virus (MYXV) that came to be known as infectious myxomatosis to the application of this virus against a plague of rabbits in Australia. This narrative focuses on research by Henrique de Beaurepaire Aragão, a researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, and later efforts by the scientist Jean Macnamara to promote studies and implement MYXV in Australia. The scientists' research notes were consulted, along with official documents recording the experiments and periodicals. In this process, the historical development of virology and biological controls as a field of study was also considered.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Pest Control , Pest Control, Biological , Myxomatosis, Infectious , Australia , Virology , History, 20th Century
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