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1.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 320-325, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013459

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma, a renal cortical tumor characterized by malignant epithelial cells with clear cytoplasm and compact alveolar or acinar growth pattern interspersed with intricate arborizing vasculature.1 This is rare in people less than 45 years old. Though it has varied clinical manifestations, its classical triad: abdominal mass, hematuria, and groin pain only present in four to 17% of cases.2 We therefore present a case of renal cell carcinoma occurring in an unusual age group who presented with vague gastrointestinal symptoms and polycythemia which accounts only less than 5% of cases.3@*Case Presentation@#This is a case of a 28-year-old Filipino male who presented with epigastric pain with abdominal fullness and anorexia who later complained of frequent vomiting after solid and liquid intake. CBC revealed polycythemia. Gastroscopy with biopsy showed esophagitis Los Angeles classification Grade A and duodenal mass obstructing 95% of the lumen. Computed tomographic scan of whole abdomen revealed large renal mass, right of 15.9x9.35x11.34cm extending superiorly at the antropyloric region causing gastric luminal narrowing down to first and second segments of duodenum with a 4.2cm enlarged lymph node in aortocaval area. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a huge complex right renal mass of 12x12x10cm in size extending beyond Gerota’s fascia with 8x5.2x6.2cm lymph node compressing the vena cava. Right radical nephrectomy was done for both supportive management to relieve the obstruction and for histologic diagnosis which revealed clear cell renal cell carcinoma. JAK2 gene mutation test was done to determine the cause of polycythemia and phlebotomy was performed to address the problem.@*Conclusion@#This case presents with vague gastrointestinal symptoms which is atypical of renal cell carcinoma, hence highlights the importance of properly investigating its cause. Furthermore, a multidisciplinary approach involving different subspecialties plays a significant role in the diagnosis and management in this patient.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Polycythemia
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 821-835, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011256

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy (RT) can potentially induce systemic immune responses by initiating immunogenic cell death (ICD) of tumor cells. However, RT-induced antitumor immunologic responses are sporadic and insufficient against cancer metastases. Herein, we construct multifunctional self-sufficient nanoparticles (MARS) with dual-enzyme activity (GOx and peroxidase-like) to trigger radical storms and activate the cascade-amplified systemic immune responses to suppress both local tumors and metastatic relapse. In addition to limiting the Warburg effect to actualize starvation therapy, MARS catalyzes glucose to produce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which is then used in the Cu+-mediated Fenton-like reaction and RT sensitization. RT and chemodynamic therapy produce reactive oxygen species in the form of radical storms, which have a robust ICD impact on mobilizing the immune system. Thus, when MARS is combined with RT, potent systemic antitumor immunity can be generated by activating antigen-presenting cells, promoting dendritic cells maturation, increasing the infiltration of cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and reprogramming the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, the synergistic therapy of RT and MARS effectively suppresses local tumor growth, increases mouse longevity, and results in a 90% reduction in lung metastasis and postoperative recurrence. Overall, we provide a viable approach to treating cancer by inducing radical storms and activating cascade-amplified systemic immunity.

3.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 151-161, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010745

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify phytochemical constituents present in the extract of flowers of Xanthoceras sorbifolia and evaluate their anti-oxidant and anti-hyperglycemic capacities.@*METHODS@#The AlCl3 colorimetric method and Prussian Blue assay were used to determine the contents of total flavonoids and total phenolic acids in extraction layers, and the bioactive layers was screened through anti - oxidative activity in vitro. The Waters ACQUITY UPLC system and a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.0 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm) were used to identify the ingredients. And anti-oxidative ingredients were screened by off-line UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS-free radical scavenging. The ameliorative role of it was further evaluated in a high-fat, streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic rat model and the study was carried out on NADPH oxidase (PDB ID: 2CDU) by molecular docking.@*RESULTS@#Combined with the results of activity screening in vitro, the anti - oxidative part was identified as the ethyl acetate layer. A total of 24 chemical constituents were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in the ethyl acetate layer and 13 main anti-oxidative active constituents were preliminarily screened out through off-line UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS-free radical scavenging. In vivo experiments showed that flowers of X. sorbifolia could significantly reduce the blood glucose level of diabetic mice and alleviate liver cell damage. Based on the results of docking analysis related to the identified phytocompounds and oxidase which involved in type 2 diabetes, quercetin 3-O-rutinoside, kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside, isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside, and isoquercitrin showed a better inhibitory profile.@*CONCLUSION@#The ethyl acetate layer was rich in flavonoids and phenolic acids and had significant anti-oxidant activity, which could prevent hyperglycemia. This observed activity profile suggested X. sorbifolia flowers as a promising new source of tea to develop alternative natural anti-diabetic products with a high safety margin.

4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(6): 677-687, Nov.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550288

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Salvage robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (S-RARP) has gained prominence in recent years for treating patients with cancer recurrence following non-surgical treatments of Prostate Cancer. We conducted a systematic literature review to evaluate the role and outcomes of S-RARP over the past decade. Materials and Methods: A systematic review was conducted, encompassing articles published between January 1st, 2013, and June 1st, 2023, on S-RARP outcomes. Articles were screened according to PRISMA guidelines, resulting in 33 selected studies. Data were extracted, including patient demographics, operative times, complications, functional outcomes, and oncological outcomes. Results: Among 1,630 patients from 33 studies, radiotherapy was the most common primary treatment (42%). Operative times ranged from 110 to 303 minutes, with estimated blood loss between 50 to 745 mL. Intraoperative complications occurred in 0 to 9% of cases, while postoperative complications ranged from 0 to 90% (Clavien 1-5). Continence rates varied (from 0 to 100%), and potency rates ranged from 0 to 66.7%. Positive surgical margins were reported up to 65.6%, and biochemical recurrence ranged from 0 to 57%. Conclusion: Salvage robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy in patients with cancer recurrence after previous prostate cancer treatment is safe and feasible. The literature is based on retrospective studies with inherent limitations describing low rates of intraoperative complications and small blood loss. However, potency and continence rates are largely reduced compared to the primary RARP series, despite the type of the primary treatment. Better-designed studies to assess the long-term outcomes and individually specify each primary therapy impact on the salvage treatment are still needed. Future articles should be more specific and provide more details regarding the previous therapies and S-RARP surgical techniques.

5.
Agora USB ; 23(1)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533570

ABSTRACT

El ideal educativo en los Estados Unidos de Colombia (1863-1886) fue implantar las innovaciones de los pedagogos europeos del momento: Pestalozzi, Froebel y Herbart, según los cuales el aprendizaje se lograba con la experimentación y el contacto con la naturaleza. La escuela primaria enseñaba el dominio del idioma para la lectura y la escritura; la matemática proporcionaba el conocimiento de las operaciones con números, para resolver problemas prácticos de la vida cotidiana y las actividades comerciales con el dominio de lo referente a pesas y medidas. Teniendo en cuenta estos motivos puede decirse que los catecismos matemáticos se adaptaron a estos requerimientos en lo que respecta a la temática.


The educational ideal in the United States of Colombia was to implement the innovations of the European pedagogues of the time: Pestalozzi, Froebel, and Herbart, according to whom learning was achieved through experimentation and contact with nature. The elementary school taught the mastery of language for reading and writing; mathematics provided the knowledge of operations with numbers, to solve daily-life practical problems and commercial activities with the mastery of weights and measures. By taking these reasons into account, it can be said that mathematical catechisms were adapted to these requirements in terms of the subject matter.

6.
Medwave ; 23(4): e2661, 31-05-2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436201

ABSTRACT

Introducción El cáncer de próstata es uno de los cánceres más frecuentes en Chile, con 8157 nuevos casos en 2020. A nivel mundial, 5 a 10% de los hombres presentan metástasis al diagnóstico, y la terapia de deprivación androgénica con o sin quimioterapia es el estándar de cuidado para estos pacientes. El uso de tratamiento local en este contexto tiene una recomendación formal debido a la falta de evi-dencia de alta calidad. Algunos estudios retrospectivos han intentado dilucidar el beneficio de la cirugía sobre el tumor primario en el contexto de la enfermedad metastásica, ya que se ha demostrado que es un tratamiento local eficaz para otras neoplasias metastá-sicas. A pesar de estos esfuerzos, el beneficio de la prostatectomía radical citorreductora como tratamiento local en estos pacientes sigue sin estar claro. Métodos Se realizó una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, que se mantiene mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE y Cochrane, entre otras. Se extrajeron los datos de las revisiones sistemáticas, se volvieron a analizar los datos de los estudios primarios, se realizó un metanálisis y se generó una tabla de resumen de resultados utilizando el enfoque GRADE. Resultados y conclusiones Se identificaron 12 revisiones sistemáticas, que incluían siete estudios primarios en total, ninguno de los cuales era un ensayo alea-torizado controlado. Sólo seis de esos siete estudios primarios se utilizaron en el resumen de resultados. A pesar de la falta de evi-dencia de alta calidad, los resultados de este resumen muestran los beneficios de realizar la cirugía en el tumor primario en términos de mortalidad por cualquier causas, mortalidad específica por cáncer y progresión de la enfermedad. También se observó un bene-ficio potencial en las complicaciones locales relacionadas con la progresión del tumor primario, lo que apoya la realización de esta intervención en pacientes con enfermedad metastásica. La ausencia de recomendaciones formales subraya la necesidad de evaluar los beneficios de la cirugía caso por caso, presentando la evidencia disponibles a los pacientes para un proceso de toma de decisiones compartido, teniendo en cuenta las futuras complicaciones locales que podrían ser difíciles de manejar.


Introduction Prostate cancer is one of the most frequent cancers in Chile, with 8157 new cases in 2020. Worldwide, 5 to 10% of men have metastatic disease at diagnosis, and androgen deprivation therapy with or without chemotherapy is the standard of care for these patients. The use of local treatment in this setting has no formal recommendation due to the lack of high- quality evidence. Some retrospective studies have sought to elucidate the benefit of surgery on the primary tumor in the setting of metastatic disease since it has been proven to be an effective local treatment for other metastatic malignant diseases. Despite these efforts, the benefit of cytoreductive radical prostatectomy as local treatment in these patients remains unclear. Methods We searched Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is main-tained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from systematic reviews, reanalyzed data from primary studies, conducted a meta- analysis, and generated a summary results table using the GRADE approach. Results and conclusions We identified 12 systematic reviews, including seven studies in total, none of which was a trial. Only six of those seven primary studies were used in the results summary. Despite the lack of high- quality evidence, the results summary shows the benefits of performing surgery on the primary tumor in terms of all- cause mortality, cancer- specific mortality, and disease progression. There was also a potential benefit in local complications related to the progression of the prima-ry tumor, supporting the implementation of this intervention in patients with metastatic disease. The absence of formal recommendations highlights the need to evaluate the benefits of surgery on a case- by- case basis, presenting the available evidence to patients for a shared decision- making process and considering future local complications that could be difficult to manage.

7.
Med. UIS ; 36(1)abr. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534828

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de la vesícula biliar es una enfermedad rara, con una incidencia mundial de 2 casos por cada 100 000 individuos con un pronóstico desfavorable. Con el aumento de colecistectomías por causas benignas, se ha incrementado la detección incidental de neoplasias vesiculares en las piezas quirúrgicas, siendo este el método diagnóstico más frecuente, generando retrasos en el manejo y requiriendo reintervenciones extensas. Debido a lo anterior, se resalta la importancia de un diagnóstico temprano preoperatorio, con el objetivo de ofrecer un tratamiento quirúrgico potencialmente curativo. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 72 años con un cuadro intermitente de dolor abdominal y pérdida de peso de un año de evolución, el cual fue diagnosticado con cáncer vesicular en etapa temprana y sometido a una colecistectomía laparoscópica extendida con linfadenectomía y hepatectomía parcial con una evolución a 6 meses sin complicaciones y bajo un protocolo de vigilancia periódica.


Gallbladder cancer is a rare disease, accounting a global incidence of 2 cases per 100 000 individuals with an unfavorable prognosis. The rise in cholecystectomies for benign causes has increased an incidental detection of vesicular neoplasms in the surgical specimens, being the main diagnostic method, therefore it generated delay in the management, requiring extensive re-interventions. It is important to improve early preoperative diagnosis, with the aim of offering a potentially curative surgical treatment. We present a case of a 72-year-old male with intermittent abdominal pain and weight loss of one year of evolution, who was diagnosed with early stage gallbladder cancer and underwent an extended laparoscopic cholecystectomy with lymphadenectomy and partial hepatectomy with a 6 months evolution without complications and under a periodic surveillance protocol.

8.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2023 Apr; 60(4): 297-306
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221640

ABSTRACT

Overdosing on medications can be unintentional or deliberate. Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used over-the-counter analgesic and antipyretic drug. APAP overdose can induce spleen and cardiotoxicity apart from hepatotoxicity. Bonduc nut is well-known for its medicinal and therapeutic properties. More scientific data is necessary to be therapeutically relevant. This study examined the effects of Bonduc nut extract (BNE) on APAP-induced spleen and cardiotoxicity in Wistar albino rats. The rats were divided into five groups of six rats each. In vitro assays were carried out to analyze antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging activity in aqueous, ethanol, and methanol solvents in Bonduc nut powder. Total phenolic content, DPPH, catalase, and peroxidase activity were used to test antioxidant activity. The rats were euthanized after the study period to examine antioxidant parameters such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, reduced glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase, as well as lipid peroxidation and histopathology of the spleen and heart tissues. Results suggest that compared to other solvents aqueous has better Invitro antioxidant ability and the same extract significantly increased the antioxidant and reduced lipid peroxidation followed by restoring the tissue morphology in APAP-induced spleen and cardiotoxicity. The outcome of the study revealed that aqueous BNE has a significant protective efficacy against APAP-induced spleen and cardiotoxicity in Wistar albino rats.

9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521878

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer ha causado más muertes que todas las guerras y catástrofes conocidas. En particular, el cáncer de mama se ha convertido en una pandemia que amenaza con seguir propagándose. Objetivo: Describir las diferencias en cuanto a los resultados obtenidos de la cirugía conservadora y radical como tratamiento del cáncer de mama. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico, observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo en un universo de 177 pacientes con diagnóstico de cáncer de mama en el servicio de Cirugía General del Centro de Investigaciones Médico Quirúrgicas de La Habana, Cuba. Todas recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico en el período comprendido de enero de 2011 a diciembre de 2016. Resultados: De las pacientes estudiadas, el 92,09 por ciento no presentaron antecedentes de patología mamaria, mientras que el 36,72 por ciento tuvieron como antecedente patológico familiar cáncer de mama. Predominaron las pacientes mayores de 70 años en ambas técnicas quirúrgicas. En el grupo de 30-40 años solamente se practicaron técnicas conservadoras. Con respecto al estadiamiento, predominó la etapa II de la enfermedad. La sobrevida global a los 5 años fue superior al 90 por ciento, mientras que el intervalo libre de enfermedad se mantuvo en valores similares para ambas técnicas. Conclusiones: Se realizaron mayor número de cirugías conservadoras de mama en pacientes que se encontraban en etapas clínicas más tempranas de la enfermedad y la sobrevida global de los procedimientos conservadores fue ligeramente mayor(AU)


Introduction: Cancer has caused more deaths than all known wars and catastrophes. Particularly speaking, breast cancer has become a pandemic that threatens to continue to spread. Objective: To describe the differences based on the results obtained from conservative and radical surgery as a treatment for breast cancer. Methods: An analytical, observational, descriptive and retrospective study was carried out with a universe of 177 female patients diagnosed with breast cancer in the general surgery service of Centro de Investigaciones Médico Quirúrgicas, of La Habana, Cuba. All of them received surgical treatment in the period from January 2011 to December 2016. Results: 92.09 percent of the patients studied had no history of breast pathology, while 36.72 percent had breast cancer as a family pathological history. Patients over 70 years of age predominated in both surgical techniques. In the group of 30-40 years of age only conservative techniques were performed. With respect to staging, there was a predominance of the disease in stage II. Overall survival at 5 years was higher than 90 percent, while the disease-free interval remained at similar values for both techniques. Conclusions: A greater amount of breast-conserving surgeries were performed in patients at earlier clinical stages of the disease, while overall survival of conservative procedures was slightly higher(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mastectomy, Radical , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
10.
Indian J Cancer ; 2023 Mar; 60(1): 127-133
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221766

ABSTRACT

Background: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) presents with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus in 10%�% cases and surgical management forms the mainstay of the treatment. The objective of this study is to assess the outcomes of the patients undergoing radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing open radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy between 2006 till 2018 was done. Results: A total of 56 patients were included. The mean (眘tandard deviation) age was 57.1 (�.2) years. The number of patients with levels I, II, III, and IV thrombus were 4, 29,10, and 13, respectively. The mean blood loss was 1851.8 mL, and the mean operative time was 303.3 minutes. Overall, the complication rate was 51.7%, while the perioperative mortality rate was 8.9%. The mean duration of hospital stay was 10.6 � 6.4 days. The majority of the patients had clear cell carcinoma (87.5%). There was a significant association between grade and stage of thrombus (P = 0.011). Using Kaplan朚eier survival analysis, the median overall survival (OS) was 75 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 43.5�6.5) months, and the median recurrence-free survival (RFS) was 48 (95% CI = 33.1�.3) months. Age (P = 0.03), presence of systemic symptoms (P = 0.01), radiological size (P = 0.04), histopathological grade (P = 0.01), level of thrombus (P = 0.04), and invasion of thrombus into IVC wall (P = 0.01) were found to be significant predictors of OS. Conclusion: The management of RCC with IVC thrombus poses a major surgical challenge. Experience of a center along with high-volume and multidisciplinary facility particularly cardiothoracic facility provides better perioperative outcome. Though surgically challenging, it offers good overall-survival and recurrence-free survival

11.
Indian J Cancer ; 2023 Mar; 60(1): 100-105
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221761

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the application value of laparoscopic ultrasound (LU) in retroperitoneal radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma with Type II inferior vena cava tumor thrombectomy (RRN-RCC-TII-IVCTT). Methods: The clinical data (operative time, length of tumor thrombus, tumor length, intraoperative bleeding, clinical stage, histological type, residual tumor tissue, and postoperative follow-up) of 6 patients who underwent LU-guided RRN-RCC-TII-IVCTT were retrospectively analyzed, and the intraoperative experience of LU was also summarized. Results: All 6 patients recovered well with liver and kidney functions returning to normal, and no tumor recurrence, metastasis, or vena cava tumor thrombus. Conclusions: LU-guided RRN-RCC-TII-IVCTT is a feasible treatment option, which locates the tumor accurately by retroperitoneal approach and provides the additional benefit of reduced intraoperative bleeding and shortened operative time, also achieving the much sought-after goal of precision.

12.
Rev. medica electron ; 45(1)feb. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442025

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la dificultad o imposibilidad de lograr una actividad sexual satisfactoria a pesar de estar presentes las condiciones adecuadas para su desarrollo exitoso, se conoce como disfunción sexual. Si la dificultad consiste en alcanzar y mantener la erección necesaria para una penetración se produce una disfunción eréctil. Objetivo: describir la disfunción eréctil en los pacientes con cáncer de próstata sometidos a prostatectomía radical por vía abierta vs. laparoscópica, en el Hospital Universitario Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández, de Matanzas, entre enero de 2010 y enero de 2020. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio longitudinal retrospectivo en los 40 pacientes que acudieron a la Consulta Provincial de Cáncer de Próstata y les fue realizado cirugía radical, entre enero de 2010 y enero de 2020. Resultados: el 52,5 % de los pacientes tienen un promedio de edad entre 65 y 74 años. Un índice de comorbilidad de Charlson de 3 a 5 puntos predominó en un 75 % de la muestra. En la vía laparoscópica, todos los casos presentaron disfunción eréctil, siendo severa en el 50 % de ellos. El 22,5 % del total no la tuvieron, representando un 30 % de los operados por cirugía abierta. Conclusiones: la prostatectomía radical continúa siendo considerada uno de los tratamientos de elección del cáncer de próstata órgano-confinado. La causa principal de la presencia de disfunción eréctil se atribuye al procedimiento quirúrgico; la edad avanzada puede contribuir a empeorar el pronóstico y las enfermedades coadyuvantes. Son heterogéneos los resultados en la esfera sexual de la prostatectomía radical laparoscópica y la prostatectomía radical abierta, comparados con la bibliografía internacional.


Introduction: the difficulty or impossibility of achieving a successful sexual activity despite being present the adequate conditions for its successful development is known as sexual dysfunction. If the difficulty consists in reaching and maintaining the erection necessary for a penetration, erectile dysfunction occurs. Objective: to describe the erectile dysfunction in patients with prostate cancer undergoing open vs. laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, in the Comandante Faustino Perez Hernandez University Hospital, of Matanzas, between January 2010 and January 2020. Materials and methods: a longitudinal retrospective study was carried out in the 40 patients who attended Prostate Cancer Provincial Consultation and underwent radical surgery between January 2010 and January 2020. Results: 52.5% of the patients were aged between 65 and 74 on average. A Charlson comorbidity index of 3 to 5 points prevailed in 75% of the sample. In the laparoscopic pathway all the cases presented erectile dysfunction, being severe in 50% of them. 22.5% of the total did not have it, representing 30% of those operated by open surgery. Conclusions: radical prostatectomy continues to be considered one of the treatments of choice for organ-confined prostate cancer. The main cause of the presence of erectile dysfunction is attributed to the surgical procedure; advanced age can contribute to a worse prognosis and adjuvant diseases. The results in the sexual sphere of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and open radical prostatectomy are heterogeneous compared with the international bibliography.

13.
Clinics ; 78: 100284, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Within the tertiary-case database, the authors tested for differences in long-term continence rates (≥ 12 months) between prostate cancer patients with extraprostatic vs. organ-confined disease who underwent Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP). Method: In the institutional tertiary-care database the authors identified prostate cancer patients who underwent RARP between 01/2014 and 01/2021. The cohort was divided into two groups based on tumor extension in the final RARP specimen: patients with extraprostatic (pT3/4) vs. organ-confined (pT2) disease. Additionally, the authors conducted subgroup analyses within both the extraprostatic and organ-confined disease groups to compare continence rates before and after the implementation of the new surgical technique, which included Full Functional-Length Urethra preservation (FFLU) and Neurovascular Structure-Adjacent Frozen-Section Examination (NeuroSAFE). Multivariable logistic regression models addressing long-term continence were used. Results: Overall, the authors identified 201 study patients of whom 75 (37 %) exhibited extraprostatic and 126 (63 %) organ-confined disease. There was no significant difference in long-term continence rates between patients with extraprostatic and organ-confined disease (77 vs. 83 %; p = 0.3). Following the implementation of FFLU+ NeuroSAFE, there was an overall improvement in continence from 67 % to 89 % (Δ = 22 %; p < 0.001). No difference in the magnitude of improved continence rates between extraprostatic vs. organ-confined disease was observed (Δ = 22 % vs. Δ = 20 %). In multivariable logistic regression models, no difference between extraprostatic vs. organ-confined disease in long-term continence was observed (Odds Ratio: 0.91; p = 0.85). Conclusion: In this tertiary-based institutional study, patients with extraprostatic and organ-confined prostate cancer exhibited comparable long-term continence rates.

14.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 32(4): 128-132, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1524280

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo principal de este estudio es evaluar la concordancia del reporte de la clasificación Vesical Imaging-Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS®) en resonancia magnética (RM) y el reporte de patología del espécimen de cistectomía y definir si este estudio puede considerarse un estándar en el proceso de estadificación en el paciente con diagnóstico clínico de cáncer de vejiga. Método: Estudio analítico retrospectivo de corte transversal, se incluyeron 34 pacientes llevados a cistectomía radical o parcial a quienes se realizó RM multiparamétrica prequirúrgica y se realizó un estudio de concordancia entre la clasificación VI-RADS® y el resultado de patología. Todas las resonancias fueron leídas y revisadas por un único radiólogo institucional. Resultados: El estudio de concordancia como resultado principal mostró un área bajo la curva para VI-RADS® ≥ 4 y resultado patológico positivo para compromiso muscular de 0,84, con una sensibilidad del 89.3% y especificidad del 50%, demostrando la adecuada precisión diagnóstica de la prueba. Conclusiones: La clasificación VI-RADS® es una herramienta de diagnóstico caracterizada por un excelente rendimiento diagnóstico cuando se evalúa la concordancia con el reporte de la patología final en el espécimen de la cistectomía.


Objective: The main objective of this study is to assess the concordance of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Vesical Imaging-Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS®) classification report and the pathology report of the cystectomy specimen and to define whether this study can be considered a standard in the staging process in patients with a diagnosis of bladder cancer. Method: Retrospective, cross-sectional analytical study that included 34 patients undergoing radical or partial cystectomy who underwent pre-surgical multiparametric MRI. A concordance study was performed between the VI-RADS® classification and the pathology result. All MRIs were read and reviewed by a single institutional radiologist. Results: The concordance study as the main result showed an area under the curve for VI-RADS® ≥ 4 and a positive pathological result for muscle involvement of 0.84, with a sensitivity of 89.3% and a specificity of 50%, demonstrating the adequate diagnostic accuracy of the test. Conclusions: The VI-RADS® classification is a diagnostic tool characterized by excellent diagnostic performance when evaluating the agreement with the final pathology report in the cystectomy specimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 654-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on renal function after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy.@*METHODS@#We reviewed the clinical data of 282 patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), who underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in the Department of Urology, Third Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from November, 2020 and June, 2022.According to whether DEX was used during the operation, the patients were divided into DEX group and control group, and after propensity score matching, 99 patients were finally enrolled in each group.The incidence of acute kidney injuries were compared between the two groups.Serum creatinine (sCr) data within 3 months to 1 year after the operation were available in 51 patients, including 26 in DEX group and 25 in the control group, and the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After propensity score matching and adjustment for significant covariates, there were no significant differences in postoperative levels of sCr, cystatin C (CysC), β2-microglobulin (β2-MG), hemoglobin (Hb), or C-reactive protein (CRP), extubation time, incidence of AKI, or length of hospital stay between the two groups (P>0.05).The intraoperative urine volume was significantly higher in DEX group than in the control group (P < 0.05).A significant correlation between AKI and CKD was noted in the patients (P < 0.05).The incidence of CKD did not differ significantly between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#DEX can not reduce the incidence of AKI or CKD after LRN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dexmedetomidine , Incidence , Propensity Score , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies
16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 345-349, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981944

ABSTRACT

The long-term survival outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) in Chinese prostate cancer (PCa) patients are poorly understood. We conducted a single-center, retrospective analysis of patients undergoing RP to study the prognostic value of pathological and surgical information. From April 1998 to February 2022, 782 patients undergoing RP at Queen Mary Hospital of The University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China) were included in our study. Multivariable Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis with stratification were performed. The 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year overall survival (OS) rates were 96.6%, 86.8%, and 70.6%, respectively, while the 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year PCa-specific survival (PSS) rates were 99.7%, 98.6%, and 97.8%, respectively. Surgical International Society of Urological Pathology PCa grades (ISUP Grade Group) ≥4 was significantly associated with poorer PSS (hazard ratio [HR] = 8.52, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42-51.25, P = 0.02). Pathological T3 stage was not significantly associated with PSS or OS in our cohort. Lymph node invasion and extracapsular extension might be associated with worse PSS (HR = 20.30, 95% CI: 1.22-336.38, P = 0.04; and HR = 7.29, 95% CI: 1.22-43.64, P = 0.03, respectively). Different surgical approaches (open, laparoscopic, or robotic-assisted) had similar outcomes in terms of PSS and OS. In conclusion, we report the longest timespan follow-up of Chinese PCa patients after RP with different approaches.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostate/pathology , Prostatectomy , Prognosis , Neoplasm Grading
17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1475-1482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997057

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of jejunostomy tube versus nasojejunal tube for enteral nutrition after radical resection of esophageal cancer. Methods    PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and CBM databases were searched to collect the clinical effects of jejunostomy tube versus nasojejunal nutrition tube after radical resection of esophageal cancer from inception to October 2021. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4 software. Results    Twenty-six articles were included, including 17 randomized controlled studies and 9 cohort studies, with a total of 35 808 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that: in the jejunostomy tube group, the postoperative exhaust time (MD=–4.27, 95%CI –5.87 to –2.66, P=0.001), the incidence of pulmonary infection (OR=1.39, 95%CI 1.06 to 1.82, P=0.02), incidence of tube removal (OR=0.11, 95%CI 0.04 to 0.30, P=0.001), incidence of tube blockage (OR=0.47, 95%CI 0.23 to 0.97, P=0.04), incidence of nasopharyngeal discomfort (OR=0.04, 95%CI 0.01 to 0.13, P=0.001), the incidence of nasopharyngeal mucosal damage (OR=0.13, 95%CI 0.04 to 0.42, P=0.008), the incidence of nausea and vomiting (OR=0.20, 95%CI 0.08 to 0.47, P=0.003) were significantly shorter or lower than those of the nasojejunal tube group. The postoperative serum albumin level (MD=5.75, 95%CI 5.34 to 6.16, P=0.001) was significantly better than that of the nasojejunal tube group. However, the intraoperative operation time of the jejunostomy tube group (MD=13.65, 95%CI 2.32 to 24.98, P=0.02) and the indent time of the postoperative nutrition tube (MD=17.81, 95%CI 12.71 to 22.91, P=0.001) were longer than those of the nasojejunal nutrition tube. At the same time, the incidence of postoperative intestinal obstruction (OR=6.08, 95%CI 2.55 to 14.50, P=0.001) was significantly higher than that of the nasojejunal tube group. There were no statistical differences in the length of postoperative hospital stay or the occurrence of anastomotic fistula between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    In the process of enteral nutrition after radical resection of esophageal cancer, jejunostomy tube has better clinical treatment effect and is more comfortable during catheterization, but the incidence of intestinal obstruction is higher than that of traditional nasojejunal tube.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in esophageal cancer tissues with sensitivity of radical radiotherapy and prognosis of patients.Methods:A total of 98 esophageal cancer patients admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from January 2017 to July 2019 were selected, and all patients received radical radiotherapy. The efficacy was assessed after 4 weeks of radiotherapy, partial remission (PR) + complete remission (CR) was treated as the sensitive group and disease progression (PD) + stable disease (SD) was treated as the tolerated group. The expression of EGFR in cancer tissues and paraneoplastic tissues (more than 5cm from the margin of cancer tissues) was measured by using immunohistochemistry. The expression of EGFR in cancer tissues and paraneoplastic tissues and the clinicopathological characteristics of the sensitive and tolerant groups were compared. Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the factors influencing the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between EGFR expression in cancer tissues and prognosis of patients.Results:The positive expression rate of EGFR in esophageal cancer tissues (66.3%, 65/98) was higher than that in paraneoplastic tissues (29.6%, 29/98), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2=26.49, P < 0.001). All 98 patients successfully completed radical radiotherapy, including 4 cases of CR, 60 cases of PR, 26 cases of SD and 8 cases of PD. The proportion of patients with highly differentiated and tumor length ≤1.5 cm in the sensitive group was higher than that in the tolerant group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The positive expression rate of EGFR in cancer tissues in the sensitive group (56.3%, 36/64) was lower than that in the tolerant group (85.3%, 29/34), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=8.39, P < 0.001). Multifactorial Cox regression analysis showed that poor differentiation, tumor long diameter >1.5 cm, and positive EGFR expression were independent risk factors for overall survival in patients with esophageal cancer (all P < 0.05). The difference in overall survival between patients with positive and negative EGFR expression was statistically significant ( χ2=9.70, P = 0.002). Conclusions:Highly-expressed EGFR in esophageal cancer tissues may suggest low sensitivity of radical radiotherapy and poor prognosis of patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 348-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of zinc donor regulating macrophage polarization, and to explore the correlation between serum zinc content and the clinical index during radical resection of lung cancer.Methods:One hundred and thirty-two patients who undergoing radical resection of lung cancer were enrolled in this study. The serum zinc content was detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometry before operation. The patients were allocated into high-Zn group and low-Zn group. The blood samples of the included subjects were collected before operation (before), immediately after operation (POP1) and 6 hours after operation (POP2), and the plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and catalase were detected. The correlation between serum zinc content and clinical features were analyzed. Metrological statistics was performed by using t test or Mann- Whitney test, and counting statistics was performed by χ2 test. Results:The POP1-hs-CRP[(1.69±0.66)mg/L vs. (1.99±0.43)mg/L, POP2-hs-CRP[(3.51±1.01)mg/L vs. (4.59±0.78)mg/L] and other indicators of high-Zn group were significantly lower than those of low-Zn group.Conclusion:There is a negative correlation between serum zinc content and the inflammation during radical resection of lung cancer, suggesting that appropriate zinc supplementation has a protective effect on radical resection of lung cancer patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1-6, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for postoperative early recurrence of patients with single large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (tumor diameter≥5cm).Methods:Clinical data of 135 single large HCC patients who underwent radical resection from Jan 2015 to Sep 2020 in Ningbo Medical Centre Lihuili Hospital were analyzed.Results:Seventy-five HCC patients suffered recurrence,among those 42 patients had early recurrence(within 12 months). Multivariate analysis showed that alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)≥400 ng/ml ( OR=3.510,95% CI: 1.528-8.064; P=0.003) and tumor microvascular invasion (MVI) ( OR=2.769,95% CI: 1.143-6.706; P=0.024) were independent risk factors for early recurrence of single large hepatocellular carcinoma. Survival analysis showed that early recurrence risk factors significantly reduced recurrence free survival (RFS)(AFP≥400 ng/ml, χ 2=23.038, P<0.001; MVI positive , χ 2=10.554, P=0.001) and overall survival (OS) (AFP≥400 ng/ml, χ 2=14.336, P<0.001; MVI positive, χ 2=10.481, P=0.001) in single large hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Conclusion:AFP≥400 ng/ml and MVI positive are independent risk factors for postoperative early recurrence in single large hepatocellular carcinoma patients.

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