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1.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Porto Alegre ; 64(1): e123181, dez 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526439

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effect of the exposure time and the type of composite in the production of radiographic artifact at the tooth / restorative interface. Materials and Methods: In 20 healthy bovine incisors, cavity preparations and class II restorations were made using composite resins Filtek Bulk Fill One (group 1) and Filtek Z350 (group 2). Then, the teeth were exposed to obtain digital radiographs, varying the exposure time by 0.07, 0.10, 0.14, 0.20 and 0.25s. The images were evaluated for investigation of the presence of artifact through the analysis of the modified number of pixels (QPXD) and the average gray value in class II (MGVR) restorations, using the Image J software (National Health Institute). Results: The presence of artifact was observed in all evaluated samples, regardless of the type of restorative material and the exposure time employed. There was no statistically significant difference in QPXD and MGVR between the resins used (ANOVA 2 factors, p p> 0.05). The MGVR analysis indicated that there were no statistically significant differences between resins or between exposure times (p> 0.05). There was a correlation between QPXD and MGVR (r = 0.29) for Filtek Bulk Fill One resin. Discussion: This study reveals the importance of attention to the region of the tooth-restoration interface by the Surgeon-Dentist, who must combine the radiographic findings diagnosed using digital tools to clinical signs in order to compose a unique therapeutic project with a real need for intervention, if there is such need. Conclusion: The presence of altered pixels on dentin in the region of the tooth-restoration interface was identified in all specimens. The variation in the exposure time as well as the type of the restorative composite did not influence the increase or decrease of QPXD and neither in MGVR. However, there was a correlation between QPXD and MGVR for Filtek Bulk Fill One resin.


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito do tempo de exposição e do tipo de compósito na produção de artefato radiográfico na interface dente/material restaurador. Materiais e Métodos: Em 20 incisivos bovinos hígidos foram feitos preparos cavitários e restaurações classe II utilizando resinas compostas Filtek Bulk Fill One (grupo 1) e a Filtek Z350 (grupo 2). Em seguida, os dentes foram expostos para obtenção das radiografias digitais, variando o tempo de exposição em 0,07, 0,10, 0,14, 0,20 e 0,25s. As imagens foram avaliadas para investigação da presença de artefato através da análise do número de pixels modificado (QPXD) e do valor médio de cinza nas restaurações de classe II (MGVR), utilizando o software Image J (Instituto Nacional de Saúde, Bethesda, MD, EUA). Resultados: Observou-se a presença de artefato em toda amostra avaliada, independente de tipo de material restaurador e tempo de exposição empregado. Não se observou diferença estatisticamente significativa na QPXD e nos MGVR entre as resinas utilizadas (ANOVA 2 fatores, p p>0,05). A análise do MGVR indicou que não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as resinas nem entre os tempos de exposição (p>0,05). Observou-se uma correlação entre a QPXD e o MGVR (r=0,29) para a resina Filtek Bulk Fill One. Discussão: Como significado clínico, o presente estudo revela a importância da atenção à região da interface dente-restauração por parte do Cirurgião-Dentista, o qual deve aliar os achados radiográficos diagnosticados com o auxílio de ferramentas digitais aos sinais clínicos, para compor um projeto terapêutico singular com uma real necessidade de intervenção, caso haja. Conclusão: Foi identificado a presença de pixels alterados sobre a dentina na região da interface dente-restauração em todos os corpos de prova. A variação do tempo de exposição como também o tipo do compósito restaurador não influenciou no aumento ou diminuição do QPXD e nem tão pouco no MGVR. Contudo houve correlação entre o QPXD e o MGVR para a resina Filtek Bulk Fill One.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1660-1665, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528795

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Sex identification of a deceased human individual by means of the mandible is very important for forensic dentistry. The aim of the present study was to determine the sex of Chilean individuals by mandible analysis in panoramic radiographies. Linear and angular parameters of the mandible were analyzed from panoramic radiographies (PR). The study included PR of adult Chilean individuals, of both sexes, with optimum solution and contrast, and which allowed the angles and rami of the mandible to be viewed. Sex was determined by univariate and bivariate discriminant function analysis. The sample consisted of 594 PR of individuals aged between 18 and 84 years. The best sex predictor using univariate discriminant function analysis was the mandibular ramus height (MRH) (74.1 %), followed by the distance from the mental foramen - mandibular base (DMF-MB) (69.1 %) and the bicondylar breadth (BC) (66.7 %). The parameters that presented the lowest sex prediction were the angle of the mandible (AM) with 55.0 % and the distance between mental foramina (DMF) with 53.7 %. The best sex prediction was obtained by the step model of discriminant function analysis (80.2 %), including only three parameters: MRH, BC and DMF-MB. The parameters height of the mandibular ramus, bicondylar breadth and distance from the mental foramen - base of the mandible are good predictors of sex in Chilean individuals when used in conjunction; they are therefore indicated for sex determination in the contemporary Chilean population.


La identificación humana de un individuo fallecido a través de la mandíbula es muy relevante para la odontología forense. El objetivo de este estudio fue estimar el sexo de individuos Chilenos a través del análisis de la mandíbula, utilizando radiografías panorámicas. Fueron analizados parámetros lineales y angulares de la mandíbula, a través de radiografías panorámicas (RP). Se incluyeron RP de individuos chilenos adultos, ambos sexos, con solución y contraste óptimos, y que permitían la visualización de los ángulos y ramas de la mandíbula. Se realizó análisis por función discriminante univariada y bivariada para estimación del sexo. Fueron incluidas 594 RP de individuos entre 18 y 84 años. Para el análisis de función discriminante univariado, la altura de la rama mandibular (ARM) fue el parámetro más predictivo (74,1 %), seguido de la distancia foramen mentoniano - base de la mandíbula (DFM-BM) (69,1 %) y el ancho bicondilar (ABCo) (66,7 %). Los parámetros que presentaron menor predicción sexual fueron el ángulo de la mandíbula (AM) con un 55,0 % y la distancia inter-forámenes mentonianos (DIFM), con el 53.7 %. El análisis por pasos fue el modelo de análisis de función discriminante que presentó la mayor predicción sexual (79,5 %), en el cual fueron incluidos sólo tres parámetros: ARM, ABCo y DFM-BM. Los parámetros altura de la rama de la mandíbula, ancho bicondilar y distancia desde el foramen mentoniano hasta la base de la mandíbula son buenos predictores del sexo en individuos Chilenos cuando utilizados en conjunto y están indicados para estimar el sexo en la población chilena contemporánea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sex Determination by Skeleton , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Discriminant Analysis , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Forensic Dentistry , Mandible/anatomy & histology
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 60(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550853

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El uso de radiografías como elemento complementario para el diagnóstico es fundamental para la práctica profesional de todo cirujano dentista. Por tanto, es importante conocer no solo los beneficios de la radiología oral y los fundamentos de protección radiológica, sino también determinar su nivel de aplicación o la adherencia frente al cumplimiento de los aspectos normativos que regulan el uso de la radiación ionizante en odontología. Objetivo: Relacionar el conocimiento sobre los cuidados en radiología bucal, las ventajas y los peligros en la toma de radiografías con el cumplimiento de las normas de protección radiológica y radiación ionizante en estudiantes de odontología de una clínica dental docente. Métodos: La población de estudio estuvo constituida por 180 estudiantes del cuarto año de la carrera de odontología, que emplearon los equipos radiológicos en la clínica docente asistencial durante los años 2019 (segundo semestre) y 2020 (primer trimestre). Se tomó como muestra representativa a 104 estudiantes, incorporados al estudio mediante muestreo aleatorio simple. Se aplicaron dos instrumentos de recolección de datos, uno para evaluar el conocimiento (cuestionario) y otro para verificar el cumplimiento de normas (lista de chequeo) sobre la protección radiológica y el diagnóstico por imágenes en la práctica odontológica. Para el análisis estadístico se aplicó la prueba estadística chi cuadrado con un nivel de significancia del 95 %. Resultados: No se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa (p = 0,30) entre el conocimiento teórico sobre la protección radiológica y el diagnóstico por imágenes, respecto el cumplimiento de las normas que regulan su aplicación (p > 0,05). El 90 % de participantes tienen conocimientos entre regulares y excelentes. Sin embargo, solo el 32 % cumple las normas técnicas de protección sobre radiación ionizante en su práctica clínica. Conclusión: Los estudiantes de odontología tienen suficiente conocimiento sobre protección radiológica y diagnóstico por imágenes. Sin embargo, este conocimiento no se refleja en prácticas adheridas a las normas.


Introduction: The use of radiographs as a complementary element for diagnosis is fundamental to the professional practice of every dental surgeon. Therefore, it is important to know not only the benefits of oral radiology and the fundamentals of radiological protection, but also to determine their level of application or adherence to compliance with the regulatory aspects that regulate the use of ionizing radiation in dentistry. Objective: To relate the knowledge of oral radiology care, the advantages and dangers in taking radiographs with compliance with the norms of radiological protection and ionizing radiation in dental students of a dental teaching clinic. Methods: The study population consisted of 180 fourth year dental students who used the radiological equipment in the teaching dental clinic during 2019 (second semester) and 2020 (first quarter). A representative sample of 104 students was taken, incorporated into the study by simple random sampling. Two data collection instruments were applied, one to evaluate knowledge (questionnaire) and the other to verify compliance with standards (checklist) on radiological protection and diagnostic imaging in dental practice. For the statistical analysis the chi-square statistical test was applied with a significance level of 95 %. Results: No statistically significant relationship was found (p = 0.30) between theoretical knowledge of radiological protection and diagnostic imaging with respect to compliance with the norms that regulate its application (p > 0.05). Ninety percent of participants have fair to excellent knowledge. However, only 32 % comply with the technical norms of ionizing radiation protection in their clinical practice. Conclusion: Dental students have sufficient knowledge of radiation protection and diagnostic imaging. However, this knowledge is not reflected in practices that adhere to the standards.


Subject(s)
Humans
4.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535299

ABSTRACT

Introduction: extraction of lower third molars involve the possible occurrence of complications such as injury of the content of the Inferior Alveolar Canal. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 6488 lower molar records of digital panoramic radiographs of patients from 6 Latin American countries from 2010-2015. The variables studied were the depth of lower third molar according to the Pell and Gregory classification, and the proximity of a third molar to the Inferior Alveolar Canal that was evaluated according to the proposed classification, based on a modification of the Langlais et al classification.20 Descriptive and bivariate statistical analyses were performed. Results: in terms of the proximity, the highest frequency was Intact with 27.45%(n=1781). Regarding the depth of the lower third molar, the most frequent were the Position B with 46.90%(n=3043) and Position A with 46.75%(n=3033). The proximity and depth of the lower third molar had statistical difference according to age(p<0.01) and sex (p<0.001). The overall proximity of the lower third molar to the Inferior alveolar canal, according to depth was 37.52%(n=1766) in Position A, in Position B it was 54.51%(n=2566) and Position C was 7.97%(n=375) and had association between variables(p<0.001). Conclusions: taking into consideration the modified classification of Langlais et al.20, lower third molars are close to the Inferior Alveolar Canal, and according to the Pell and Gregory classification for the depth, the most frequent positions are A and B. In addition, proximity and depth were associated with each other, and with the co-variables country, age, and sex.


Introducción: la extracción de terceros molars inferiores implica la posible aparición de complicaciones, como la lesión del contenido del Canal Alveolar Inferior. Métodos: se realizó un estudio transversal con una muestra de 6488 registros de terceros molares inferiores de radiografías panorámicas digitales en pacientes de 6 países latinoamericanos, entre 2010-2015. Las variables fueron profundidad del tercer molar inferior según la clasificación de Pell y Gregory, y proximidad del tercer molar al Canal Alveolar Inferior, evaluada según una clasificación propuesta, basada en la clasificación modificada de Langlais et al.20 Se realizaron análisis estadísticos descriptivos y bivariados. Resultados: en la proximidad, la mayor frecuencia se presentó en Intacto con 27,45%(n=1781); en cuanto a la profundidad del tercer molar inferior, las más frecuentes fueron la Posición B con 46,90%(n=3043) y la Posición A con 46,75%(n=3033). La proximidad y profundidad del tercer molar inferior presentaron diferencias estadísticas de acuerdo con la edad (p<0,01) y sexo (p<0,001). La proximidad total del tercer molar inferior al canal alveolar inferior, según la profundidad fue de 37,52%(n=1766) en Posición A, en Posición B de 54,51%(n=2566) y Posición C de 7,97%(n=375). Además, se presentó asociación entre las variables (p<0,001). Conclusiones: considerando la clasificación modificada de Langlais et al.20, la mayoría de los terceros molares inferiores están próximos al canal alveolar inferior; y según la profundidad de Pell y Gregory, las posiciones más frecuentes son A y B. Además, la proximidad y la profundidad se asociaron entre sí, y con las co-variables país, edad y sexo.

5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535425

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las radiografías dentales son una de las exposiciones médicas más frecuentes a la radiación ionizante. El uso de radiación ionizante está asociado a un riesgo probable de desencadenar efectos biológicos adversos y posibles daños a la salud del paciente. Para evitar que los pacientes reciban dosis innecesariamente altas durante estas exposiciones, la Comisión Internacional de Protección Radiológica recomienda la utilización de los niveles de referencia para diagnóstico, como una herramienta efectiva de ayuda a la optimización de la protección radiológica de los pacientes. Objetivo: Estimar los niveles de referencia para diagnóstico en radiografía dental intraoral y panorámica en la ciudad de Bogotá, D. C. Metodología: Se evaluaron los parámetros de exposición radiográficos de los equipos y la calidad de imagen en 68 equipos de radiografía dental periapical y 23 equipos de radiografía panorámica. Se estimaron las magnitudes dosimétricas de kerma incidente en aire (Kai) en equipos intraorales para la radiografía de un maxilar molar de un adulto y el producto kerma aire-área (PKA) en equipos de radiografía panorámica en un examen de un adulto estándar. Resultados: El tercer cuartil de la distribución de kerma incidente en aire para radiografía intraoral fue de 3,3 mGy y del producto kerma aire-área para radiografía panorámica fue de 103,9 mGycm2. En la distribución de frecuencias de kerma incidente en aire para radiografía intraoral, el porcentaje más alto de equipos estuvo en el rango de 2,0-3,0 mGy. En la distribución de frecuencias del producto kerma aire-área para los equipos de radiografía panorámica, el porcentaje más alto de equipos estuvo en el rango de 60 a 80 mGycm2. Discusión: Las instituciones consideradas para establecer los Niveles de Referencia para Diagnóstico en este estudio contaron con una adecuada calidad de la imagen evaluada con un maniquí dental, pero las variaciones en las dosis de radiación entre instituciones señalan la necesidad de implementar herramientas que contribuyan a la optimización de las prácticas. Conclusiones: Se recomienda usar los valores de los niveles de referencia para diagnóstico encontrados en esta investigación para optimizar la protección radiológica en las exposiciones radiológicas dentales, y se espera que este estudio sirva de base para nuevas investigaciones en las demás ciudades del país.


Introduction: Dental X-rays are one of the most frequent medical exposures to ionizing radiation. The use of ionizing radiation is associated with a probable risk of triggering adverse biological effects and possible damage to the patient's health. To prevent patients from receiving unnecessarily high doses during these exposures, the International Commission on Radiological Protection recommends the use of diagnostic reference levels as an effective tool to help optimize radiological protection for patients. Objective: To estimate diagnostic reference levels in intraoral and panoramic dental radiography in the city of Bogotá, D.C. Methodology: In 68 periapical dental radiography equipment and 23 panoramic radiography equipment, the radiographic exposure parameters of the equipment and image quality were evaluated. The dosimetric magnitudes of incident air kerma (Ka,i) in intraoral equipment for the radiography of a maxillary molar of an adult and the air kerma-area product (PKA) in panoramic radiography equipment in a standard adult examination were estimated. Results: The third quartile of the incident air kerma distribution for intraoral radiography was 3,3 mGy and the air kerma-area product for panoramic radiography was 103,9 mGycm2. In the frequency distribution of incident air kerma for intraoral radiography, the highest percentage of equipment was in the range of 2,0-3,0 mGy, and in the frequency distribution of the air kerma-area product for equipment of panoramic radiography, the highest percentage of the equipment was in the range of 60 to 80 mGy cm2. Discussion: The institutions considered to establish the diagnostic reference levels in this study had an adequate quality of the image evaluated with a dental phantom, but the variations in radiation doses between institutions indicate the need to implement tools that contribute to the optimization of the practices. Conclusions: It is recommended to use the values of the diagnostic reference levels found in this research to optimize radiological protection in dental radiological exposures, and it is expected that this study will serve as a basis for further research in other cities of the country.

6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1343-1347, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521027

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The present study aimed to evaluate wrist (lunate) anatomy in terms of the incidence of lunatum morphology on plain-radiographs among the Anatolian (Turkey) population, accompanied by demographic analysis. We obtained all the patients' data regarding demographical features, diagnosis, and posteroanterior (PA) X-ray imaging. Two radiograph-reviewers repeated the analysis twice, one month later, blinded to their findings before the previous review. The lunatum structure was determined as Type-1 (n:293) and Type-2 (n:207) for each radiograph. Most of the 500 wrists' radiographs [n:293 (58.6 %)] were type-I lunate. The mean age was 36.7±13.3 (range:18-90) years. Sex distribution was as follows: 185 (63.1 %) males to 108 (36.9 %) females. Type-2 lunate was seen in 207 participants (41.4 %). The mean age for type-2 was 41.6±15.2 (18-88) years. 142 (68.6 %) participants were male sex, while 65 (31.4 %) were females. The mean age of subjects with type-I showed a difference with type-II (p=0.007). There was no relationship in terms of sex (p=0.206) between the groups. In the Anatolian region, type-1 lunate was dominant compared to type-2. The incidence rate of lunate type in Anatolian population was similar to the Arab population.


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la anatomía de la articulación radiocarpiana en términos de la incidencia de la morfología del hueso semilunar en radiografías simples entre la población de Anatolia (Turquía), acompañado de un análisis demográfico. Obtuvimos todos los datos de los pacientes con respecto a las características demográficas, el diagnóstico y las imágenes de rayos X posteroanteriores (PA). Dos revisores de radiografías repitieron el análisis dos veces, un mes después, sin conocer sus hallazgos antes de la revisión anterior. La estructura del lunatum se determinó como Tipo-1 (n:293) y Tipo-2 (n:207) para cada radiografía. La mayoría de las 500 radiografías de muñecas [n:293 (58,6 %)] fueron semilunar tipo I. La edad media fue de 36,7±13,3 (rango: 18-90) años. La distribución por sexos fue la siguiente: 185 (63,1 %) hombres y 108 (36,9 %) mujeres. El semilunar tipo 2 se observó en 207 participantes (41,4 %). La edad media para el tipo 2 fue de 41,6±15,2 (18-88) años. 142 (68,6 %) participantes eran del sexo masculino, mientras que 65 (31,4 %) eran del sexo femenino. La edad media de los sujetos con tipo I mostró una diferencia con el tipo II (p = 0,007). No hubo relación en cuanto al sexo (p=0,206) entre los grupos. En la región de Anatolia, el semilunar tipo 1 era dominante en comparación con el tipo 2. La tasa de incidencia del tipo semilunar en la población de Anatolia fue similar a la de la población árabe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Turkey , Wrist Joint/anatomy & histology , Radiography , Anatomic Variation
7.
Rev. nav. odontol ; 50(2): 46-53, 20232010.
Article in Portuguese, English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518581

ABSTRACT

O estágio de desenvolvimento humano é intimamente relacionado à sua maturidade óssea ou dentária, sendo essencial para a escolha do tratamento de alterações dentofaciais em crianças e adolescentes por ortodontistas e odontopediatras. Existem diversos indicadores biológicos para determinar a maturação do indivíduo, como a idade cronológica e as alterações hormonais, porém esses indicadores podem sofrer interferências. Visando uma determinação de desenvolvimento e dos picos de crescimento mais precisa, para um melhor diagnóstico e plano de tratamento, foram desenvolvidos diversos métodos para determinar a idade esquelética e a idade dentária, sendo estes a avaliação da maturação carpal, da morfologia das vértebras cervicais, da fusão óssea da sincondrose esfeno-occipital e da sutura palatina mediana, bem como dos estágios da calcificação dentária. A avaliação das radiografias de mão e punho é o padrão ouro da predição da idade esquelética, e sua correlação com outros métodos já é evidente. Sendo assim, é possível utilizar a avaliação das vértebras cervicais e das idades dentárias de Nolla e Demirjian.


The stage of human development is closely related to bone or dental maturity, being essential for the choice of treatment for dentofacial changes in children and adolescents by orthodontists and pediatric dentists. There are several biological indicators to determine an individual's maturation, such as chronological age and hormonal changes, but these indicators can suffer interference. Aiming at a more accurate determination of development and growth peaks, for a better diagnosis and treatment plan, several methods have been developed to determine skeletal age and dental age, these being the assessment of carpal maturation, the morphology of the cervical vertebrae, bone fusion of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis and the median palatal suture, as well as the stages of dental calcification. The evaluation of hand and wrist radiographs is the gold standard for predicting skeletal age, and its correlation with other methods is already evident. Therefore, it is possible to use the assessment of cervical vertebrae and dental ages by Nolla and Demirjian.

8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525611

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A odontologia legal permite a identificação humana por meio da comparação de dados observados em uma documentação odontológica ante mortem (AM) com as informações coletadas post mortem (PM), sendo os exames radiográficos grandes aliados neste processo. Objetivo: Demostrar a contribuição da radiografia panorâmica como fonte de informação para a identificação humana. Relato do caso: foi encaminhado um corpo carbonizado, com parte da região bucomaxilofacial preservada e que ao exame necroscópico era possível identificar a presença de restaurações e ausências dentais. A apresentação de radiografia panorâmica anterior à morte e a realização de exame radiográfico panorâmico no corpo carbonizado possibilitou a comparação de pontos coincidentes e divergências explicáveis, permitindo a identificação positiva do caso. Conclusão: Ao final da perícia foi determinada a identidade da vítima e foi comprovada a importância da radiografia panorâmica para a identificação humana com base em caracteres identificadores anatômicos e terapêuticos presentes no complexo bucomaxilofacial


Introduction: Forensic dentistry allows human identification through the comparison of data observed in ante-mortem (AM) dental documentation with information collected post-mortem (PM), with radiographic examinations being great allies in this process. Objective: To demonstrate the contribution of panoramic radiography as a source of information for human identification. Case report: a charred body was sent, with part of the oral and maxillofacial region preserved and upon necroscopic examination it was possible to identify the presence of restorations and missing teeth. The presentation of a panoramic radiograph prior to death and the performance of a panoramic radiographic examination of the charred body made it possible to compare coincident points and explainable divergences, allowing positive identification of the case. Conclusion: At the end of the forensic examination of the case, the identity of the victim was determined and the importance of panoramic radiography for human identification based on anatomical and therapeutic identifying characters present in the oral and maxillofacial complex was proven

9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 75(5)oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530068

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El neumotórax oculto (NTXO) se encuentra hasta en el 15% de los traumatismos torácicos. Existen antecedentes del manejo conservador de esta patología (sólo observación), aunque su práctica continúa siendo discutida, especialmente, en traumatismos penetrantes. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir nuestra experiencia en el manejo conservador del NTXO. Materiales y Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo realizado durante un período de 3 años en un Hospital de Trauma nivel I. Se incluyeron pacientes con traumatismo torácico (cerrado o penetrante) con NTXO. Se dividieron en dos grupos (conservados o drenados), realizándose una comparación de su evolución. Resultados: En 3 años fueron admitidos con traumatismo torácico 679 pacientes. De 93 pacientes con NTXO, 74 (80%) fueron conservados inicialmente y 19 (20%) tratados con drenaje pleural. Dos (3%) presentaron progresión del neumotórax en el seguimiento radiológico (conservación fallida). No se registraron complicaciones relacionadas con la ausencia de drenaje pleural. Las complicaciones y estancia hospitalaria fueron menores en el grupo de manejo conservador. Conclusión: Pacientes con NTXO por traumatismo de tórax (cerrado o penetrante), sin requerimiento de ventilación asistida y hemodinámicamente estables, pueden manejarse de manera conservadora con un monitoreo cercano durante 24 horas en forma segura, con menor tasa de complicaciones y de estancia hospitalaria.


Background: Occult pneumothorax (OPTX) is found in up to 15% of chest injuries. There is a history of conservative management of this pathology (only observation), although its practice continues to be discussed, especially in penetrating trauma. The objective of this paper is to describe our experience in the conservative management of OPTX. Materials and Method: Retrospective cohort study conducted over a 3-year period at a level I Trauma Center. Patients with thoracic trauma (blunt or penetrating) with OPTX were included. They were divided into two groups (preserved or drained) comparing their evolution. Results: Over a 3-year period 679 patients were admitted with chest trauma. From 93 patients with OPTX, 74 (80%) were initially preserved and 19 (20%) drained. Two patients (3%) presented pneumothorax progression in the follow-up imaging. There were no complications related to the absence of pleural drainage. Complications and hospital stay were lower in the conservative management group. Conclusion: Patients with OPTX due to chest trauma (blunt or penetrating), without requiring assisted ventilation and hemodynamically stable, can be safely conservative managed with close monitoring for 24 hours, with a lower rate of complications and hospital stay.

10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 719-726, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529950

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objectives of this study are to compare absolute values of acromial index (AI) and critical shoulder angle (CSA) obtained in both radiographs and magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the shoulder; and to compare the interobserver and intra-observer agreement for AI and CSA values measured in these image modalities. Methods Patients who had medical indication of investigating shoulders conditions through radiographs and MRI were included. Images were taken to two fellowship-trained shoulder surgeons, which conducted measurements of AI and CSA in radiographs and in MRI. Twelve weeks after the first evaluation, a second evaluation was conducted. Inter- and intra-observer reliability was presented as an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) and agreement was classified according to Landis & Koch criteria. The differences between two measurements were evaluated using Bland-Altman plots. Results 134 shoulders in 124 subjects were included. Mean intra-observer ICC for CSA in X-rays and in MRI were 0.936 and 0.940, respectively; for AI, 0.908 and 0.022. Mean inter-observer ICC for CSA were 0.892 and 0.752 in X-rays and MRI respectively; for AI, ICC values were 0.849 and 0.685. All individual analysis reached statistical power (p< 0.001). Mean difference for AI values measured in X-rays and in MRI was 0.01 and 0.03 for observers 1 and 2, respectively. Mean difference for CSA values obtained in X-rays and MRI was 0.16 and 0.58 for observers 1 and 2, respectively. Conclusion Both MRI and X-rays provided high intra- and interobserver agreement for measurement of AI and CSA. Absolute values found for AI and CSA were highly correlated in both image modalities. These findings suggest that MRI is a suitable method to measure AI and CSA. Level of Evidence II, Diagnostic Study.


Resumo Objetivo Os objetivos deste estudo foram comparar os valores absolutos do índice acromial (IA) e do ângulo crítico do ombro (ACO) obtidos em radiografias e ressonâncias magnéticas (RM) do ombro e comparar a concordância interobservador e intraobservador dos valores de IA e ACO medidos nessas modalidades de imagem. Métodos Pacientes com indicação médica de investigação de doenças dos ombros por meio de radiografias e RM foram incluídos no estudo. As imagens foram levadas para dois cirurgiões de ombro treinados que realizaram medidas de IA e ACO em radiografias e RM. Doze semanas após a primeira avaliação, uma segunda avaliação foi realizada. A confiabilidade inter e intraobservador foi apresentada como coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI) e a concordância foi classificada segundo os critérios de Landis e Koch. As diferenças entre duas medidas foram avaliadas por meio de gráficos de Bland-Altman. Resultados Cento e trinta e quatro ombros de 124 indivíduos foram incluídos no estudo. O CCI intraobservador médio para ACO em radiografias e RM foi 0,936 e 0,940, respectivamente; para IA, foi 0,908 e 0,022. O CCI interobservador médio para ACO foi 0,892 e 0,752 em radiografias e RM, respectivamente; para IA, os valores de CCI foram 0,849 e 0,685. Todas as análises individuais apresentaram poder estatístico (p < 0,001). A diferença média dos valores de IA em radiografias e RM foi 0,01 e 0,03 para os observadores 1 e 2, respectivamente. A diferença média dos valores de ACO em radiografias e RM foi 0,16 e 0,58 para os observadores 1 e 2, respectivamente. Conclusão Tanto a RM quanto as radiografias tiveram alta concordância intra e interobservador para medida de IA e ACO. Os valores absolutos de IA e ACO foram altamente correlacionados em ambas as modalidades de imagem. Esses achados sugerem que a RM é um método adequado para determinação de IA e ACO. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo Diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acromion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome , Rotator Cuff Injuries
11.
Radiol. bras ; 56(5): 248-254, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529316

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) model, trained with the Brazilian "Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto Musculoesquelético" (ELSA-Brasil MSK, Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, Musculoskeletal) baseline radiographic examinations, for the automated classification of knee osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out with 5,660 baseline posteroanterior knee radiographs from the ELSA-Brasil MSK database (5,660 baseline posteroanterior knee radiographs). The examinations were interpreted by a radiologist with specific training, and the calibration was as established previously. Results: The CNN presented an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.866 (95% CI: 0.842-0.882). The model can be optimized to achieve, not simultaneously, maximum values of 0.907 for accuracy, 0.938 for sensitivity, and 0.994 for specificity. Conclusion: The proposed CNN can be used as a screening tool, reducing the total number of examinations evaluated by the radiologists of the study, and as a double-reading tool, contributing to the reduction of possible interpretation errors.


Resumo Objetivo: Desenvolver um modelo computacional - rede neural convolucional (RNC) - treinado com radiografias da linha de base do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto Musculoesquelético (ELSA-Brasil Musculoesquelético), para a classificação automática de osteoartrite dos joelhos. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal abrangendo todos os exames da linha de base do ELSA-Brasil Musculoesquelético (5.660 radiografias dos joelhos em incidência posteroanterior). Os exames foram interpretados por médico radiologista com treinamento específico e calibração previamente publicada. Resultados: A RNC desenvolvida apresentou área sob a curva característica de operação do receptor de 0,866 (IC 95%: 0,842-0,882). O modelo pode ser calibrado para alcançar, não simultaneamente, valores máximos de 0,907 para acurácia, 0,938 para sensibilidade e 0,994 para especificidade. Conclusão: A RNC desenvolvida pode ser utilizada como ferramenta de triagem, reduzindo o número total de exames avaliados pelos radiologistas do estudo, e/ou como ferramenta de segunda leitura, contribuindo com a redução de possíveis erros de interpretação.

12.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516336

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A cárie dentária é uma doença multifatorial que compreende vários fatores biológicos e sociais. A superfície proximal dos dentes é uma região de difícil visualização que pode esconder pequenas lesões cariosas no esmalte dentário, impossibilitando o diagnóstico através de inspeções visuais e táteis. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a profundidade da cárie proximal nos exames radiográficos convencionais e digitais, comparando as profundidades das lesões consideradas nestes exames às do exame histológico. Método: Foram utilizados exames radiográficos interproximais de 40 dentes humanos, 20 pré-molares e 20 molares, com alterações clínicas em uma das superfícies proximais, como lesões de mancha branca ou acastanhada e pequenas cavitações. Três profissionais especializados em radiologia odontológica com mais de cinco anos de experiência clínica mediram a profundidade das lesões pelos exames radiográfico e digital das amostras. Para obter os resultados, utilizou-se a técnica de análise de variância (ANOVA). Resultados: Constatou-se um nível de significância de 5% nas mensurações dos exames radiográficos convencionais e digitalizados, mostrando a fidelidade das imagens radiográficas em relação a real profundidade da lesão. Conclusão: Conclui-se que os exames de imagem avaliados foram eficientes na determinação da profundidade das lesões de cárie proximal.


Introduction: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that comprises several biological and social factors. The proximal surface of the teeth is a region of difficult visualization that can hide small carious lesions in the dental enamel, making diagnosis through visual and tactile inspection infeasible. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the depth of proximal caries in the conventional and digitized radiographic examinations, comparing the depths of the lesions considered in these examinations to those of the histological examination. Method: Interproximal radiographic examinations of 40 human teeth, 20 premolars and 20 molars, with clinical alterations on one of the proximal surfaces, such as white or brown spot lesions and small cavitations, were used. Three professionals specialized in dental radiology with more than five years of clinical experience measured the depth of the lesions by radiographic examination of the samples. To obtain the results, we used the technique of analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: A level of significance of 5% was found in conventional and digitized radiographic measurements, showing the fidelity of the radiographic images in relation to the actual depth of the lesion. Conclusion: It was concluded that the imaging tests evaluated were efficient in determining the depth of proximal caries lesions.


Subject(s)
Radiography, Bitewing/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Observer Variation , Analysis of Variance , Molar/diagnostic imaging
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1101-1106, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514325

ABSTRACT

La investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la influencia de la morfología externa de la raíz de primeros premolares superiores en la existencia de sobreestimación radiográfica durante la preparación para poste. Con este fin se realizó un estudio transversal in vitro, donde 60 premolares superiores uniradiculares fueron instrumentadas con fresas Gates Glidden y Pesso de calibre 1, 2 y 3. Seguidamente se obtuvieron imágenes radiográficas digitales de cada pieza dentaria mediante un aparato posicionador a una distancia constante en sentido vestíbulo lingual, asimismo se realizaron imágenes tomográficas volumétricas de las muestras. En ambas técnicas imagenológicas se midió el espesor a mesial y distal de las piezas. La sobreestimación fue calculada mediante la diferencia de la medida tomográfica menos la radiográfica. Los resultados indicaron que en ambas paredes radiculares hubo diferencia significativa entre las medidas radiográficas y tomográficas (p<0,05), encontrándose en la pared distal diferencias altamente significativas (p<0,001); además se evidenció que la sobreestimación radiográfica fue mayor en la pared distal. El estudio concluyó que existe sobreestimación radiográfica en premolares superiores durante la preparación para poste de un 20,42 % en promedio, siendo la pared distal la estructura que presenta mayor sobreestimación.


SUMMARY: he investigation´s objective was to determine the influence of external morphology of the root of upper first premolars in the existence of radiographic overestimation during preparation for post. An in vitro cross-sectional study was carried out, where 60 single-rooted upper premolars were instrumented with burs. Gates Glidden and Pesso of caliber 1, 2 and 3, then, digital radiographic images of each dental piece were obtained by means of a positioning device at a constant distance in the buccolingual direction; volumetric tomographic images of the samples were also performed. In both imaging techniques, the mesial and distal thickness of the pieces was measured. The overestimation was calculated by the difference of the tomographic measurement minus the radiographic one. The results indicated that in both root walls there was a significant difference between the radiographic and tomographic measurements (p<0.05), with highly significant differences being found in the distal wall (p<0.001); In addition, it was evidenced that the radiographic overestimation was greater in the distal wall. The study concluded that there is radiographic overestimation in upper premolars during post preparation of 20.42% on average, with the distal wall being the structure that presents the greatest overestimation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Radiographic Image Enhancement , Cross-Sectional Studies , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
14.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 93(2): 223-232, Apr.-Jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447254

ABSTRACT

Resumen Esta guía propone brindar una ayuda a todos los médicos para la identificación metódica de cada marca comercial de marcapasos por radiografía simple de tórax, por medio de sus componentes electrónicos (conectores de electrodos, circuito lógico y batería), siendo necesario para la interrogación de dispositivos de marcapasos posterior a su implante. Se describirán los diferentes tipos de marcapasos, electrodos y modos de programación más frecuentemente utilizados.


Abstract This guide provides help for medical doctors systematically identifying each commercial brand of pacemakers by thoracic radiography through their electronic components (electrode connectors, logic circuit, and battery); this is crucial for watching the pacemaker after being implanted. We aimed to describe the different cardiac stimulation devices, electrodes, and programming modes more frequently used.

15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(2): 196-199, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440358

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones fibro-óseas son consideradas benignas y componen un grupo de patologías de desórdenes que se caracterizan por el reemplazo de un hueso normal por un tejido compuesto de fibras colágenas, fibroblastos y tejido mineralizado. Presentamos un hallazgo radiográfico obtenido de un paciente de sexo masculino de 41 años de edad que asiste a un centro de radiología para realizarse una radiografía panorámica, el examen revela un interesante hallazgo radiográfico en la hemi mandíbula izquierda, donde se observa una lesión fibro-ósea con expansión ósea a nivel de reborde marginal y cortical basal mandibular, desplazamiento de canal mandibular, desplazamiento dentario, compromiso de cortical alveolar y rizálisis en diferentes niveles en los dientes adyacentes a la lesión. De acuerdo a los antecedentes anteriores se establece una hipótesis diagnóstica de Fibroma Osificante de larga data debido a su radiopacidad. La Organización Mundial de la Salud lo clasifica como una neoplasia ósea benigna con afección al esqueleto craneofacial, de mayor incidencia en mandíbula, se presenta generalmente entre la 3º y 4º década de vida. Concluimos que las lesiones fibro-óseas pueden ser detectadas como un hallazgo radiográfico, esto es relevante para un tratamiento precoz, sin embargo, el diagnóstico debe realizarse complementando los antecedentes clínicos e histopatológicos de la lesión, poniendo especial atención en el diagnóstico diferencial.


Fibro-osseous lesions are considered benign and make up a group of disorder pathologies that are characterized by the replacement of normal bone by tissue composed of collagen fibers, fibroblasts, and mineralized tissue. We present a radiographic finding obtained from a 41-year-old male patient who attended a radiology center for a panoramic radiograph. The examination revealed an interesting radiographic finding in the left hemi-mandible, where a fibro-osseous lesion was observed. with bone expansion at the level of the marginal ridge and basal mandibular cortex, displacement of the mandibular canal, dental displacement, compromise of the alveolar cortex and rizalysis at different levels in the teeth adjacent to the lesion. According to the previous antecedents, a long-standing diagnostic hypothesis of Ossifying Fibroma is established due to its radiopacity. The World Health Organization classifies it as a benign bone neoplasm affecting the craniofacial skeleton, with the highest incidence in the jaw, generally presenting between the 3rd and 4th decade of life. We conclude that fibro-osseous lesions can be detected as a radiographic finding, this is relevant for early treatment, however the diagnosis must be made by complementing the clinical and histopathological history of the lesion, paying special attention to the differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/pathology
16.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 91(1): 46-49, ene.-jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1443356

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La neumonía redonda es una enfermedad que se presenta comúnmente en niños menores de 8 años, Streptococcus pneumoniae es el agente más frecuente que causa este tipo característico de neumonía. Tiene una incidencia que representa menos del 1% de las lesiones de monedas. Este es el primer caso documentado de neumonía redonda en Honduras. Descripción del caso clínico: Se reporta el caso de una paciente preescolar con historia de 7 días de presentar tos húmeda sin predominio de horario, acompañada de fiebre de 5 días de evolución, por lo que solicita atención médica en la Sala de Emergencia del Hospital de Occidente. Al examen físico: paciente en buen estado general, con frecuencia respiratoria 32 respiraciones por minuto, saturación de oxígeno 95%, sin dificultad respiratoria y pulmones bien ventilados. Fue ingresada a Sala de Pediatría, ya que presentaba un hemograma con leucocitosis y neutrofilia. En radiografía de tórax se observó radiopacidad homogénea en lóbulo inferior en pulmón izquierdo, motivo por el cual se decidió realizar tomografía computarizada de tórax en la cual se concluyó diagnóstico de neumonía redonda. Posteriormente después de terapia antibiótica con ampicilina se realizó radiografía control donde se observó resolución del consolidado neumónico. Conclusiones: El conocimiento de esta patología permitirá al médico reconocer que se trata de una enfermedad que tiene un curso benigno. Se recomienda siempre sospecharla en el contexto de un cuadro indicativo de infección respiratoria más un consolidado neumónico esférico de bordes definidos para evitar pruebas diagnósticas innecesarias...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Pneumococcal Infections , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Odontol. sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 26(2): e25050, Marzo 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437080

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de calcificación del complejo estilohioideo en radio-grafías panorámicas digitales de un centro radiológico. Métodos. El tipo de estudio fue cualitativo, diseño descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo; se estudiaron 400 radiografías panorámicas digitales entre edades de 25 a 70 años. Se realizó una evaluación visual de las radiografías panorámicas digitales donde se observó el tipo y patrón de calcificación del ligamento estilohioideo. Resultados. El 56,8% presentó calcificación del complejo estilohioideo en radiografías panorámicas digitales; según sexo en el grupo femenino se presentó en un 64,6%; respecto al grupo etario el 65.8% presentó calcificación en adultos de 30 a 59 años; según el lado afectado el 71,4% fue bilateral, según la apariencia radiográfica el tipo I presentó una mayor frecuencia con un 50,1% en el lado derecho y el 62,5% en el lado izquierdo; finalmente el patrón de calcificación más frecuente fue el completamente calcificado con un 23,8% en el lado derecho y un 48,5% en el lado izquierdo. Conclusión. La frecuencia de calcificación del complejo estilohioideo en ra-diografías panorámicas digitales en la muestra estudiada fue alta por lo que es importante el uso de la radiografía panorámica como medio de diagnóstico para poder detectar este tipo de hallazgos que junto a una evaluación clínica nos permitan hacer un correcto diagnóstico en fin de un tratamiento adecuado.


Objective: To determine the frequency of the stylohyoid complex calcification in digital panoramic radiographs of a radiological center. Methods.The type of study was quali-tative, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective design; 400 digital panoramic radio-graphs between the ages of 25 and 70 were analyzed. A visual evaluation of the digital panoramic radiographs was performed to assess the type and pattern of the stylohyoid ligament calcification. Results. The 56.8% presented calcification of the stylohyoid com-plex in digital panoramic radiographs; according to sex in the female group it was present in 64.6%; Regarding the age group, 65.8% presented calcification in adults aged 30-59 years-old; According to the affected side, 71.4% were bilateral, according to the radio-graphic appearance, type I presented a higher frequency with 50.1% on the right side and 62.5% on the left side. Finally, the most frequent calcification was the completely calcified pattern, with 23.8% on the right side and 48.5% on the left side. Conclusion.The frequency of calcification of the stylohyoid complex in digital panoramic radio-graphs in the sample studied was high, so it is important to use panoramic radiography as a means of diagnosis to be able to detect this type of findings that, together with a clinical evaluation, allow us to make a correct diagnosis and perform an adequate treatment.

18.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 395-400, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440343

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Craniofacial symmetry is an important factor in creating a harmonious facial appearance. Genetic and external factors may cause the formation of mandibular asymmetry. The aim of this study was to evaluate vertical mandibular asymmetries in adolescents who had unilateral mandibular first permanent molar (FPM) teeth extracted at an early age. The study group consisted of 60 subjects (30 females, 30 males with a mean age of 16.18±1.04 years) who had their mandibular permanent first molar tooth extracted before the age of 12, and the control group consisted of 60 healthy subjects (30 females, 30 males with a mean age of 16.23±0.92 years). Condylar asymmetry index (CAI), ramal asymmetry index (RAI), and condylar-ramal asymmetry index (CRAI) were calculated using panoramic radiographs of the subjects. Independent samples t-test was used to evaluate the differences between groups. CAI, RAI, and CRAI values were similar between male and female subjects in both control and study groups, and no statistically significant difference was found (p>0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed between the group who had their mandibular first permanent molar teeth extracted at an early age and the control group (p>0.05). CAI values were relatively higher in both groups, but there was no significant difference between the CAI, RAI, and CRAI values between the groups.


La simetría craneofacial es un factor importante para crear una apariencia facial armoniosa. Factores genéticos y externos pueden causar la formación de asimetría mandibular. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las asimetrías mandibulares verticales en adolescentes a quienes se les extrajo el primer molar permanente (FPM) mandibular unilateral a una edad temprana. El grupo de estudio consistió en 60 sujetos (30 mujeres, 30 hombres con una edad media de 16,18±1,04 años) a quienes se les extrajo el primer molar mandibular permanente antes de los 12 años, y el grupo control consistió en 60 sujetos sanos (30 mujeres, 30 hombres con una edad media de 16,23±0,92 años). El índice de asimetría condilar (CAI), el índice de asimetría ramal (RAI) y el índice de asimetría condilar-ramal (CRAI) se calcularon utilizando radiografías panorámicas de los sujetos. Se utilizó la prueba t de muestras independientes para evaluar las diferencias entre los grupos. Los valores de CAI, RAI y CRAI fueron similares entre los hombres y las mujeres tanto en el grupo control como en el de estudio, y no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p>0.05). No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo al que se le extrajo el primer molar permanente mandibular a una edad temprana y el grupo control (p>0,05). Los valores de CAI fueron relativamente más altos en ambos grupos, pero no hubo diferencias significativas entre los valores de CAI, RAI y CRAI entre los grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Tooth Extraction , Facial Asymmetry , Mandibular Condyle/diagnostic imaging , Molar/surgery , Radiography, Panoramic
19.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 56(1)abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442367

ABSTRACT

Knowing an individual's age is necessary for several situations, both in the living and the deceased. The London Atlas uses dental development and eruption to estimate age. Testing the method in different populations is necessary to assess its performance. This study aimed to assess the performance of the London Atlas method in a Russian sample using panoramic radiographs. A sample of 703 panoramic radiographs of Russian individuals (n = 405 females, 57.61% and n = 298 males, 42.39%) with ages between 8 and 23 years were analyzed. The results showed overestimation in individuals from 8 to 14 years and underestimation from 15 to 23 years. The mean difference between estimated and chronological ages did not exceed 0.7 years among individuals with ages below 19 years. The difference increased to over three years in individuals from 20 to 23 years. Statistically significant differences were found between females and males between 17 and 18 years (p<0.05). The London Atlas is suitable for Russian children and adolescents aged between 8 and 19 years; however, it showed unsatisfactory results for application in individuals over 20 years (AU).


Conhecer a idade de um indivíduo, vivo ou morto, é essencial em diversas situações. O método London Atlas utiliza desenvolvimento e erupção dentais para estimar a idade. Testar o método em diferentes populações é importante para avaliar sua performance. Esse estudo objetivou analisar o desempenho do London Atlas em uma amostra de origem russa, utilizando radiografias panorâmicas. Uma amostra de 703 indivíduos russos (n = 405 mulheres, 57,61% e n = 298 homens, 42,39%), com idades entre 8 e 23 anos foram analisadas. Resultados obtidos mostram uma superestimação em indivíduos de 8 a 14 anos e subestimação nos grupos de 15 a 23 anos. A diferença média entre idades estimadas e reais não excederam o valor de 0,7 anos nos indivíduos com idade abaixo de 19 anos. Essa diferença aumentou em até três anos em indivíduos de 20 a 23 anos. Diferenças estatisticamente significantes foram encontradas entre homens e mulheres com 17 e 18 anos (p<0,05). O London Atlas é adequado para crianças e adolescentes de origem russa, com idades de 8 a 19 anos. No entanto, observou-se resultados insatisfatórios para sua aplicação em indivíduos acima de 20 anos (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Radiography, Panoramic , Russia , Forensic Anthropology , Growth and Development , Forensic Dentistry
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 246-251, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to assess the reproducibility of digital planning for cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) among surgeons with different levels of experience. In addition, it attempts to determine the degree of planning reliability based on a contralateral THA or on a spherical marker positioned at the greater trochanter for calibration. Methods Two evaluators with different experience levels (A1 and A2) performed independently the retrospective digital surgical planning of 64 cementless THAs. Next, we compared the planning with the implants used in the surgery. The reproducibility was excellent when planning and implants were identical; proper in case of a single-unit variation; and inappropriate if there was variation in two or more units. The present analysis also determined the calibration accuracy between the contralateral THA and the spherical marker at the greater trochanter level. Results The present study demonstrated greater success when the most experienced evaluator performed the planning and greater accuracy for the contralateral THA. When splitting the analysis per parameter (contralateral THA or spherical marker), there was a statistical difference only for the planning of A1 and the implants used in the surgery. This difference occurred in the excellent category, with 67.3% for contralateral THA compared with 30.6% for a spherical marker (p < 0.001), and in the inappropriate category, with 7.1% for contralateral THA compared with 30.6% for a spherical marker (p < 0.001). Conclusions Digital planning is more accurate when performed by an experienced evaluator. The contralateral prosthesis head was a better reference than a marker on the greater trochanter.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a reprodutibilidade do planejamento digital da artroplastia total de quadril (ATQ) sem cimento entre cirurgiões com diferentes níveis de experiência e o grau de confiabilidade no planejamento baseado na ATQ contralateral com o método de marcador esférico posicionado ao nível do trocanter maior. Método Dois avaliadores com níveis de experiência diferentes (A1 e A2) realizaram de forma independente o planejamento digital operatório retrospectivo de 64 ATQs sem cimento. O planejamento foi comparado com os implantes utilizados na cirurgia, sendo classificados como: excelentes, quando idênticos; adequados, quando houve variação de uma unidade; e inadequados, quando ocorreu variação de duas ou mais unidades. Na presente análise, também foi avaliada a acurácia do parâmetro de calibragem entre a ATQ contralateral comparada com o marcador esférico ao nível do trocanter maior. Resultados O estudo demonstrou maior êxito no planejamento quando realizado pelo avaliador mais experiente, com maior acurácia na ATQ contralateral. Ao fragmentar a análise de acordo com o parâmetro utilizado (ATQ contralateral ou marcador esférico), houve diferença estatística apenas na comparação do planejamento do avaliador A1 com os implantes utilizados na cirurgia. Esta diferença ocorreu na classificação excelente com 67,3% em ATQ contralateral como parâmetro contra 30,6% com marcador esférico (p < 0,001) e inadequado de 7,1% contra 30,6%, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Conclusões A acurácia do planejamento digital é mais precisa quando realizada por um avaliador experiente e a utilização da cabeça de prótese contralateral como referência se mostrou superior à utilização de um marcador no trocanter maior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Care Planning , Radiography , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
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