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2.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC6484, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We describe the case of a female patient with calcification in renal topography, initially diagnosed as lithiasis in the left kidney, and later attributed to calcification of intrarenal vascular aneurysm. Next, we discuss the relevance of considering such an entity in the differential diagnoses of intrarenal calcifications before choosing any form of specific interventional treatment.

3.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210035, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340180

ABSTRACT

Abstract Various vascular complications following renal transplantation include renal artery and vein thrombosis, renal artery stenosis, pseudoaneurysm, and iliac artery dissection. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is the most common, while iliac artery dissection is the rarest of these various vascular complications. We describe an elderly male, who had both external iliac artery dissection and TRAS at 2 months following renal transplantation. He underwent successful percutaneous endovascular intervention of both complications. The post-intervention course was uneventful, with improvement in graft renal functions and left lower limb perfusion.


Resumo As diversas complicações vasculares possíveis após um transplante renal incluem trombose da veia e artéria renais, estenose da artéria renal, pseudoaneurisma e dissecção da artéria ilíaca. Entre essas diversas complicações, a estenose da artéria renal transplantada é a mais comum, enquanto a dissecção da artéria ilíaca é a mais rara. Relatamos o caso de um homem idoso que desenvolveu tanto dissecção da artéria ilíaca quanto estenose da artéria renal transplantada 2 meses após transplante renal. As intervenções endovasculares percutâneas foram bem-sucedidas em ambas as complicações. O período pós-intervenção cursou sem complicações, com melhora na função renal do enxerto e na perfusão do membro inferior esquerdo.

4.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210012, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279373

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 45-year-old woman with known hypothyroidism and no other comorbidities was incidentally found to have multiple right renal artery aneurysms. The largest aneurysm measured 5 x 4.5 cm and arose from an inferior segmental branch while two smaller aneurysms arose from an upper segmental branch of the right renal artery. We performed an ex-vivo repair with reverse saphenous vein graft under cold preservation followed by orthotopic kidney auto-transplantation. Her postoperative course was unremarkable and at 1-year follow-up her right kidney is preserved. In this article, we report successful treatment of complex multiple right renal artery aneurysms and describe the surgical technique used for successful repair.


Resumo Uma mulher de 45 anos com hipotireoidismo conhecido e sem outras comorbidades teve achado incidental de múltiplos aneurismas da artéria renal direita. O maior aneurisma media 5 x 4,5 cm e tinha origem no ramo segmentar inferior, juntamente com dois pequenos aneurismas originários do ramo segmentar superior da artéria renal direita. Realizamos o reparo ex vivo com enxerto reverso de veia safena, sob preservação a frio, seguido de autotransplante renal ortotópico. O pós-operatório ocorreu sem intercorrências, e a paciente teve o rim direito preservado no seguimento de 1 ano. Neste artigo, relatamos o tratamento bem-sucedido de múltiplos aneurismas complexos da artéria renal direita e descrevemos a técnica cirúrgica utilizada para o reparo bem-sucedido.

5.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200141, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279375

ABSTRACT

Resumo O aneurisma da artéria renal é uma condição rara, que vem sendo cada vez mais diagnosticada devido ao uso mais amplo da angiotomografia. Descrevemos um caso de aneurisma da artéria renal tipo II complexo em uma paciente com hipertensão arterial sistêmica e doença renal crônica não dialítica. O tratamento estabelecido foi o reparo endovascular através da combinação da técnica de remodelamento com stents em T e molas, para a preservação dos ramos arteriais renais. Foram obtidos resultados arteriográficos satisfatórios e boa evolução clínica.


Abstract Renal artery aneurysm is a rare condition that is being diagnosed with increasing frequency because of wider use of angiotomography. We describe a case of complex type II renal artery aneurysm in a patient with systemic arterial hypertension and non-dialysis chronic kidney disease. The treatment performed was endovascular repair using the remodeling technique with T-stenting and coils to preserve the renal arterial branches, obtaining satisfactory arteriographic results and good clinical outcomes.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 215-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873733

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) combined with stent implantation in the treatment of transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) after renal transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 21 patients with TRAS after renal transplantation undergoing PTA combined with stent implantation were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of TRAS in renal transplant recipients was summarized. The changes of relevant indexes in patients with TRAS were statistically compared before and after interventional treatment. Clinical prognosis of patients with TRAS was evaluated. Results The incidence of TRAS in renal transplant recipients was 4.1%(21/507). TRAS was diagnosed at postoperative 5 (4, 7) months, and 67% (14/21) of patients developed TRAS within postoperative 6 months. Compared with the values before interventional therapy, the serum creatinine level, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and peak flow velocity of transplant renal artery of patients with TRAS were significantly decreased, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and interlobar arterial resistance index were significantly increased at 1 week and 1 month after interventional therapy (all P < 0.05). During postoperative follow-up after PTA combined with stent implantation, 1 patient suffered re-stenosis of the transplant renal artery, which was improved after simple balloon dilatation. One patient developed pseudoaneurysm formation at the puncture site of the right femoral artery. One patient presented with renal atrophy and loss of function due to atresia of the transplant renal artery. All the remaining 18 patients were well recovered after surgery. Conclusions PTA combined with stent implantation is the optimal treatment of TRAS after renal transplantation, which can significantly improve the function of transplant kidney and considerably prolong the survival time of transplant kidney.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether renal artery involvement is an independent risk factor of acute renal injury (AKI) KDIGO stage 3 after moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection.Methods:From December 2015 to October 2017, 492 consecutive patients with acute Stanford A-type aortic dissection received surgical treatment, 486 of them were included in the study. All patients underwent aortic CTA to determine the extent of aortic dissection and renal artery involvement. According to the standard of Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), the renal function of patients after operation was graded. The risk factors of AKI KDIGO stage 3 were analyzed.Renal artery involvement and other risk factors were included in univariate analysis, and significant variables in univariate analysis were included in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:In 492 patients, 40 (8.13%) died in hospital, of which 6 died of severe bleeding during operation or failed to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass which lead to unable to leave the Weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass and these 6 patients were excluded in the research. Among 486 patients included in the study, 251 (51.64%) had AKI. Among them, 83 (17.08%) were in the KDIGO stage 1, 56 (11.52%) in stage 2 and 112 (23.05%) in stage 3.The results of univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in renal artery involvement, age, time from onset to operation, D-dimer, leukocytes and platelets in peripheral blood, creatinine clearance rate, time of cardiopulmonary bypass during operation and aortic cross-clamping time( P>0.05). The above risk factors were included in multivariate logistic regression. The results showed that preoperative renal artery involvement ( OR=1.94, P=0.02), age ( OR=1.03, P=0.02), creatinine clearance rate<85 ml/min ( OR=2.28, P=0.001), and intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass time ( OR=1.01, P=0.02) were independent risk factors. The incidence of AKI in patients with renal artery involvement was 54.65%, significantly higher than 41.98% in patients without renal artery involvement ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Renal artery involvement is an independent risk factor of AKI KDIGO stage 3 after moderate deep hypothermic circulatory arrest of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911765

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in evaluating the severity of renal artery stenosis.Methods:Eighty six patients with suspected renal artery stenosis admitted to Shanxi Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA), Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) and CEUS examinations. With DSA results as gold standard the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of CEUS and DUS in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis were analyzed. The consistency between CEUS and DSA in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis was evaluated. The accuracy of DUS and CEUS in diagnosis of renal artery stenosis was assessed by the area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) and compared between groups.Results:Among 153 renal arteries from 86 patients examined by DSA, 101 showed the stenosis ≥30% (49 left and 52 right renal arteries), and there were 31, 45, 20 and 5 renal arteries with grade I, II, III and IV stenosis. The sensitivity and specificity of DUS in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis were 74.3% (75/101) and 76.9% (40/52),respectively. DUS showed 21, 42, 20 and 4 renal arteries with grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ stenosis, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of CEUS in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis were 88.1% (89/101) and 86.5%(45/52), respectively. CEUS showed 26, 43, 23 and 4 renal arteries with grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ stenosis, respectively. There was a significant difference between DUS and DSA in grading of renal artery stenosis (χ2=4.447, P=0.03),and there was a moderate consistency between DUS and DSA ( Kappa=0.480). There was no significant difference between CEUS and DSA in grading renal artery stenosis (χ2=0.842, P=0.36) with a good consistency ( Kappa=0.730). The AUC of CEUS in diagnosis of renal artery stenosis was higher than that of DUS [0.873 (95% CI: 0.808-0.938) vs. 0.756 (95% CI:0.673-0.839); Z=4.361, P<0.01]. Conclusion:The study suggests that contrast-enhanced ultrasonography may be used as a diagnostic method for grading renal artery stenosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 730-734, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the advantages of the modified right renal artery dissection in the laparoscopic resection of right renal carcinoma combined with venous tumor thrombus.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2016, a retrospective analysis of the three-dimensional CT images of renal blood vessels in 70 patients with full abdominal CT plain scan plus enhanced scan from Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University was performed. On the sagittal plane of the right margin of the aorta, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 14 cases (20.0%), posterior in 33 cases(47.1%), and below in 23 cases(32.9%). In addition, on the sagittal plane of the left margin of the inferior vena cava, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 1 case (1.4%), posterior in 26 cases(37.1%), and below in 43 cases (61.4%). Based on this finding, 11 patients with right kidney cancer combined with venous tumor thrombus, admitted to Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from June 2016 to December 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. The average age of the patients was(58.7±6.8)(45-68) years old. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction of the renal blood vessels was shown on the sagittal plane of the right margin of the aorta before the operation, and the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 0 cases, posterior in 7 cases, and lower in 4 cases. On the sagittal plane of the left margin of the inferior vena cava, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 0 case, behind in 3 cases, and below in 8 cases. Renal tumors are located in the upper middle in 5 cases and in the lower middle in 6 cases. The maximum diameter of the tumor to be resected was 8.5-12.0 cm, with an average of (10.0±1.4) cm. Among them, 4 cases had Mayo grade 0 tumor thrombus, 4 cases were grade Ⅰ tumor thrombus, and 3 cases were grade Ⅱ tumor thrombus. All 11 cases underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. During the operation, it was found that the relationship between the right renal artery and the left renal vein was consistent with the preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction of renal blood vessels. The modified right renal artery dissection method was used, that is, the right renal artery was detected and ligated between the inferior vena cava and the aorta, using the left renal vein as a mark, and then the right kidneys and vein tumor thrombi were removed.Results:All of the 11 operations in this group were completed successfully. The operation time was (110.5±29.8)(70-150) min, the average time of right renal artery dissection was(28.5±5.8)(16- 33) min, and the amount of intraoperative bleeding was(112.7±83.5)(20-300) ml. No serious complications occurred during the operation in 11 cases. Postoperative pathological examination showed 10 cases of clear cell carcinoma and 1 case of papillary cell carcinoma. The postoperative hospital stay was 4.2 (4.18±0.75) days. There were no complications such as secondary bleeding, infection, lower extremity venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. All 11 patients were followed up for 3 to 42 months, with an average of(19.5±12.1) months. One patient died 23 months after the operation, and no tumor recurrence or metastasis occurred in the remaining patients.Conclusions:When the right renal artery runs to the left edge of the inferior vena cava, it is mostly behind the left renal vein. In the laparoscopic resection of right renal cancer with venous tumor thrombus, the modified right renal artery dissection method can quickly find and dissociate the right renal artery. The operation time is short, the intraoperative bleeding is less, and no postoperative complications occur.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 836-841, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and validate a prognostic model of a contrast-enhanced ultrasound scoring(CEUS)system for evaluating renal artery stenosis(RAS)in the elderly.Methods:This was a single-center retrospective study.A total of 324 elderly RAS patients admitted to Beijing Hospital from October 2017 to July 2020 were randomly assigned into the model group(n=174)and the validation group(150)in a 1∶1 ratio.Clinical and imaging data of patients on admission including general conditions, previous medical history, blood pressure, blood creatinine, renal artery stenosis and cortical blood perfusion in the affected kidney and renal function(GFR)at 1-year follow-up were collected.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to establish a model of the CEUS scoring system.The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve and area under the ROC curve(AUC)were used to evaluate prediction accuracy.Clinical application value of the CEUS scoring system model was evaluated via decision curve analysis using a nomogram.Results:Baseline clinical and radiomic data had no significant difference between the model group and the validation group( P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that age( OR=1.242, 95% CI: 1.081-1.427, P<0.01), diabetes( OR=1.545, 95% CI: 1.107-2.156, P<0.05), blood pressure( OR=1.328, 95% CI: 1.056-1.670, P<0.05), renal function( OR=2.374, 95% CI: 1.216-3.887, P<0.01)and cortical blood perfusion parameter( OR=2.646, 95% CI: 1.553-6.369, P<0.01)were risk factors for the deterioration of renal function during 1 year follow-up.Based on these results, a nomogram for the CEUS scoring system model was drawn, and its consistency index, the C-Index, was 0.725(95% CI: 0.653-0.776). The AUC of the CEUS scoring system was 0.824 and the Youden index was 0.711 in the model group, with a specificity of 0.774 and a sensitivity of 0.837.The AUC of the CEUS scoring system was 0.853 and the Youden index was 0.715 in the validation group, with a specificity of 0.684 and a sensitivity of 0.889.There was no significant difference in ROC curve between the two groups( D=1.387, P>0.05). In addition, calibration charts of the two models showed that the calibration curve of the CEUS scoring system was close to the standard curve, with no statistically significant difference( P>0.05). Conclusions:The CEUS scoring system model can be used to predict the risk of worsening renal function in elderly RAS patients during 1-year follow-up.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of the cortical blood perfusion parameter of wash-in area under curve (iAUC) with contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) on the effect of short-term outcomes of stent implantation in patients with severe renal artery stenosis (RAS).Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on 82 patients with unilateral severe RAS who received stent implantation in Beijing Hospital from October 2017 to December 2019. According to the baseline iAUC before CEUS, all patients were divided into the poorly-perfused group (iAUC<850.0 dB×s) (37 cases) and the well-perfused group (iAUC≥850.0 dB×s) (45 cases). Baseline and perioperative clinical-imaging data were analyzed between the two groups. Followed up for 10-12 (11.5±1.7) months, Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Log-rank test were used to analyze the rate of adverse cardiac and renal vascular events and hypertension control rates.Results:Compared with the well-perfused group, the poorly-perfused group showed a longer course of hypertension, more diabetic patients, higher systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, 24 h average systolic blood pressure, and 24 h average diastolic blood pressure, lower glomerular filtration rate, and severe renal artery stenosis. Besides, the iAUC, wash-out AUC and the peak intensity were lower, the average transit time was longer, and the hypoglycemic treatment rate was higher (all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Log-rank test analysis showed that the occurrence of cardio-renal vascular events ( HR=0.361, 95% CI=0.144-0.907, P=0.012) and renal function deterioration rate ( HR=0.286, 95% CI=0.090-0.914, P=0.035) in the well-perfused group were significantly lower than those in the poorly-perfused group. The blood pressure results demonstrated that the effective rate of hypertension treatment in the well-perfused group was significantly higher than that in the poorly-perfused group (93.3% vs 59.5%, P<0.001), but the improvement rate of hypertension (60.0% vs 43.2%) and cure rate (28.9% vs 16.2%) were not statistically significant between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Severe RAS patients with decreased baseline iAUC often have diabetes, longer duration of hypertension, significantly reduced glomerular filtration rate and more severe RAS, short-term outcomes are worse with stent implantation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the changes of fetal renal artery blood flow parameters in fetuses with isolated borderline oligohydramnios (IBO) in the middle and third trimesters by Doppler ultrasound, and to assess its correlations with maternal and infant pregnancy outcomes.Methods:Twenty-seven IBO fetuses (IBO group) and 27 gestational age-matched normal fetuses (control group) from April to October 2019 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University underwent prenatal ultrasound examination during the middle and third trimesters. Renal artery blood flow parameters, including renal artery pulsatility index (RAPI), volume corrected renal artery pulsatility index (vcRAPI) and pregnancy outcomes were measured and compared between the two groups. Once diagnosed IBO, patients were recommended to the obstetric clinic for consultation and intervention. The correlation between RAPI, vcRAPI measured before intervention and prepartum amniotic fluid volume and pregnancy outcomes was analyzed, the ROC curve was plotted to find the better predictor.Results:The vcRAPI of the IBO group was higher than that of the control group ( P=0.015). In the IBO group, the vcRAPI measured before intervention was higer in those fetuses who were still IBO before delivery( P=0.048). In the IBO group, the correlation of the vcRAPI measured before intervention and IBO before delivery was statistically significant ( OR=2.41, 95% CI=1.06-5.43, P=0.035). The ROC curve showed that the sensitivity of vcRAPI to IBO was 0.67, the specificity was 0.75( P=0.002). Conclusions:Compared with RAPI, The vcRAPI may reflect the increase in fetal renal artery perfusion resistance of IBO group more timely. The higher vcRAPI before intervention in the IBO group have difficulty in recovering amniotic fluid volume before delivery.Increased vcRAPI is a better predictor of IBO before delivery.

13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E389-E395, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904413

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the hemodynamic effects of morphological parameters on renal artery stenosis (RAS), so as to provide theoretical references for clinical practice. Methods The idealized models of RAS were established, then the hemodynamic effects from morphological parameters of stenosis including its area, symmetry, length and shape on renal artery was explored using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. Results The renal perfusion, pressure drop and wall shear stress (WSS) distributions in renal artery were significantly correlated with area stenosis (AS). When the stenosis area increased from 50% to 70%, all hemodynamic parameters changed significantly. In addition, an asymmetrical stenosis resulted in a significant increase of abnormally high WSS and length of recirculation flow in renal artery, but the change of stenosis length or shape only led to marginal changes in hemodynamics. Conclusions Although AS is still the most significant factor to influence hemodynamics in RAS, other morphological parameters, especially asymmetric stenosis, cannot be neglected. Therefore, it is suggested that clinical treatment plans should be a comprehensive evaluation based on these morphological parameters.

14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 490-497, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137292

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To examine the biochemical and histopathological renal effects of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury using a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) model in rats and to investigate the potential protective effects of whortleberry (Vaccinium myrtillus). Methods: Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four groups - control, sham (I/R+glycerol), I/R, and I/R+whortleberry. Midline laparotomy alone was performed in the control group. Atraumatic abdominal clamps were attached under anesthesia to the abdominal aorta beneath the level of the renal artery in the groups subjected to I/R. Sixty-minute reperfusion was established one hour after ischemia. The sham group received five intraperitoneal doses of glycerol five days before I/R. The I/R+whortleberry group received a single intraperitoneal 50 mg/kg dose diluted with saline solution five days before I/R. All animals were finally euthanized by cervical dislocation following 60-min reperfusion. Results: Increases were observed in malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and tubular necrosis scores (TNS) in thin kidney tissues and in numbers of apoptotic renal tubule cells, together with a decrease in glutathione (GSH) levels, in sham and I/R groups. In contrast, we observed a decrease in MDA levels, TNS, and numbers of apoptotic renal tubule cells, and an increase in GSH levels with whortleberry treatment compared to the I/R group. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that whortleberry may be effective against acute kidney injury by reducing oxidative stress and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/prevention & control , Vaccinium myrtillus , Aortic Rupture , Rats, Wistar , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Kidney , Models, Theoretical
15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212829

ABSTRACT

Renal tumors are best diagnosed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) abdomen along with history and physical examination. In case of suspicious lesions in respect to location like lesion arising from the bifurcation of renal artery and close to major vessels with all features suggesting of tumor with absent contrast enhancement and absent color flow on Doppler study should be further investigated keeping other possibility of Renal artery aneurysm with thrombus mimicking as renal tumor. CT angiography should be done in every case of suspicious lesion because this will change the further management protocol from Nephrectomy in case of renal tumor to kidney preserving minimally invasive procedure for renal artery aneurysm. Like in this case diagnosis of Renal cell carcinoma was made on the basis of CECT abdomen findings and managed further as per the management protocol for renal tumor but intraoperatively found renal artery aneurysm. On conclusion every suspicious lesion of kidney should be further investigated for renal artery aneurysm so that kidney preserving procedure could be planned preoperatively.

16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 194-202, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090584

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate usage of renal artery embolization (RAE) for renal injuries and discuss the indications for this treatment. Materials and Methods A retrospective study was performed evaluating the electronic medical records of all patients with renal trauma admitted to two major comprehensive hospitals in Shantou city from January 2006 to December 2015. Results There were 264 and 304 renal traumatic patients admitted to hospital A and B, respectively. LGRT was the reason for presentation in the majority of patients (522, 91.9%). A total of 534 (94.0%) patients were treated conservatively. RAE was performed in 9 patients from 2012 to 2015 at hospital A, including in 6 patients (6/9, 66.7%) with LGRT, and 3 patients (3/9, 33.3%) with HGRT. No patient underwent interventional therapy (RAE) at hospital B during the same period. No significant differences in the operative rate of hospital A were observed between the two time periods (2006-2011 and 2012-2015). The operative rate for LGRT between the two hospitals from 2006 to 2011 and 2012 to 2015 was not significantly different. Hospital A showed a significant decrease in the rate of conservative treatment for patients with LGRT. In the univariate and multivariate analyses, the AAST renal grade both were significantly associated with undergoing RAE. Conclusions LGRT was present in the majority of patients, and most cases of renal trauma could be treated with conservative treatment. RAE was well utilized for the treatment of renal trauma. However, some patients with LGRT were treated with unnecessary interventional therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Renal Artery/injuries , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Kidney/blood supply , Kidney Diseases/therapy , Trauma Severity Indices , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kidney Diseases/etiology , Kidney Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 84(1): 3-8, tab, graf, il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125846

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir la evolución perioperatoria de pacientes sometidos a nefrectomía con y sin embolización de la arteria renal (EAR) prequirúrgica, en un hospital de alta complejidad de Medellín, Colombia. Materiales y Métodos: Observacional descriptivo retrospectivo; se incluyeron pacientes de 18-90 años con diagnóstico de tumor renal, sometidos a nefrectomía con y sin EAR prequirúrgica. Las variables cualitativas se expresaron por medio de frecuencias y proporciones, y las cuantitativas mediante medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Resultados: Se incluyeron 71 pacientes con una media de edad de 58,1 (DE: 10,6) años, 41 eran mujeres y el 69% tenía diagnóstico de carcinoma de células claras. La media del volumen de sangrado intraoperatorio fue de 540,8 cc, y 19,7% requirió transfusión. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 2,6 horas y el 38% presentó alguna complicación, con una mortalidad total del 4,2%. Al observar comparativamente los pacientes con EAR (15 pacientes) versus aquellos sin ella (56 pacientes), se identificó un mayor volumen de sangrado intraoperatorio y la necesidad de transfusión en los primeros. Conclusión: Los pacientes sometidos a EAR presentaron un mayor volumen de sangrado, mayor frecuencia de transfusión y complicaciones postoperatorias, siendo necesario un consenso sobre su real pertinencia terapéutica.


Abstract Aim: To describe the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing nephrectomy with and without preoperative Renal Artery Embolization (RAE) in a high-complexity hospital in Medellín, Colombia. Materials and Methods: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study; 18-90 years old patients with renal tumor diagnosis, submitted to nephrectomy with and without preoperative RAE were included. Qualitative variables were expressed by measures of frequencies and proportions, and quantitative variables were expressed by measures of central tendency and dispersion. Results: 71 patients with a media age of 58,1 (SD: 10,6) years were included, 41 were women and 69% were diagnosed with clear cell carcinoma. The blood loss volume media was 540.8 cc, and 19.7% required transfusion. The operative time media was 2.6 hours and 38% had any complication, with a total mortality of 4.2%. Comparatively observing patients with RAE (15 patients) versus patients without RAE (56 patients), a higher intraoperative blood loss and transfusion requirements were identified in the first ones. Conclusion: Patients submitted to RAE presented greater volume of bleeding, greater frequency of transfusion and post-operative complications, requiring a consensus on its real therapeutic relevance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Renal Artery/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Colombia , Embolization, Therapeutic
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866277

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of color Doppler ultrasonography (CDFI) in evaluating the degree of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) in the elderly by using ROC curve analysis.Methods From March 2015 to September 2018,117 patients with ARAS admitted to Anji Branch of the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Zhejiang University were selected.All patients underwent color Doppler ultrasonography and renal artery angiography.Renal artery angiography was used as the gold standard.The diagnostic value of color Doppler ultrasonography for ARAS was analyzed.The changes of color Doppler ultrasonography indicators of renal artery in different degrees of stenosis were compared.The ROC curve was used to analyze the value of color Doppler ultrasound in evaluating the degree of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis in the elderly.Results Using renal arteriography as the gold standard,the sensitivity of color ultrasonography for ARAS was 82.17% (129/157),and the specificity of diagnosis was 80.52% (62/77).The PSV [(227.59 ± 34.28) cm/s] and EDV [(57.39 ± 6.48) cm/s] in the severe stenosis group were higher than those in the moderate stenosis group [(183.84 ±41.05) cm/s and(50.29 ± 5.22) cm/s] (t =6.269,6.506,all P < 0.05) and the mild stenosis group [(128.47 ± 52.35) cm/s and(37.52 ± 7.15) cm/s] (t =10.517,12.813,all P < 0.05) and the non-stenosis group [(86.49 ± 28.94) cm/s and (26.48 ± 5.02) cm/s] (t =18.598,21.971,all P < 0.05).The RI in the severe stenosis group [(0.41 ±0.07)] was lower than that in the moderate stenosis group [(0.47 ± 0.06)] (t =4.966,P < 0.05) and the mild stenosis group [(0.52 ±0.07)] (t =8.496,P <0.05) and the no stenosis group [(0.70 ±0.11)] (t =17.101,P < 0.05).The ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic value of color ultrasound parameters for moderate and severe stenosis.The area under the diagnostic curve of PSV,EDV and RI for moderate and severe stenosis was 0.869,0.932 and 0.937,respectively.Conclusion CDFI plays an important role in the early diagnosis and clinical screening of elderly patients with ARAS.It is helpful to judge the degree of renal artery stenosis and evaluate the condition of the patients.It is non-invasive,simple and inexpensive,and worthy of clinical application.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861931

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the value of renal artery plus renal vein CTA in preoperative evaluation on renal arteriovenous anatomy and tumor thrombi of massive renal carcinoma. Methods Renal artery + renal vein CTA obtained with 256-slice spiral CT of 56 patients with renal carcinoma confirmed by postoperative pathology were retrospectively analyzed, and the images were reconstructed. The anatomical situation of renal artery and renal vein, the location and type of tumor thrombi were observed and compared with surgical operation findings. Results All 56 patients had single tumor, located in the left kidney in 26 cases, while in the right kidney in 30 cases. The maximum diameter of tumor was 71-144 mm ([84.33±20.59]mm). There was no significant difference of the variation rate between the healthy side and the affected side of renal arteries nor veins (all P>0.05). CTA showed totally 117 tumor feeding arteries, while 118 tumor feeding arteries were found during operation, and the coincidence rate was 99.15% (117/118). CTA showed 69 draining veins, so did surgical operation, and the coincidence rate was 100% (69/69). CTA showed tumor thrombi infiltrating renal vein in 5 cases (5/56, 8.93%), infiltration of renal vein and inferior vena cava in 9 cases (9/56, 16.07%), including 5 cases of Mayo type 0, 3 cases of type , 4 cases of type Ⅱ, 2 cases of type III, whereas 42 cases (42/56, 75,00%) were found without infiltrating renal vein. Conclusion Preoperative renal artery plus renal vein CTA can accurately evaluate renal arteriovenous anatomy and location and type of tumor thrombi of renal mass renal carcinoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861031

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the correlation of intra-renal arterial resistance index (RI) and abdominal aortic intima-media thickness (AA-IMT) in type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients with color Doppler ultrasonography. Methods: Ninety-three patients with type 2 DN were enrolled, and 35 healthy volunteers were enrolled as control group (group A). DN patients were divided into 3 groups according to the level of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), i.e. group B (n=33)with GFR≥90 ml/(min•1.73 m2), group C (n=31) with 60 ml/(min•1.73 m2)≤GFR<90 ml/(min•1.73 m2) and group D (n=29) with GFR<60 ml/(min•1.73 m2). The intra-renal arterial RI and AA-IMT were obtained with color Doppler ultrasonography. Results: The values of RI and AA-IMT of group B, C, D were higher than those of group A (all P<0.05), while those of group C, D were higher than group B (all P<0.05), and RI and AA-IMT of group D were higher than those of group C (both P<0.05). RI was positively correlated with AA-IMT (r=0.90, P<0.01), glycosylated hemoglobin (r=0.58, P<0.01), glucose (r=0.66, P<0.01), total cholesterol (r=0.42, P<0.01), low density lipoprotein (r=0.03, P<0.01), creatinine (r=0.64, P<0.01), uric acid (r=0.54, P<0.01) and negatively correlative with estimated GFR (eGFR) (r=-0.84, P<0.01), respectively. Taken RI=0.70 as the cut-off point as an indicator of mild renal damage (GFR<90 ml/ [min•1.73 m2] )of DN patients, patients with RI above 0.70 had higher AA-IMT than those with RI lower values (P<0.05), and the sensibility was 84.1%, specificity was 92.9%. AA-IMT and eGFR were independent predictors of RI. Conclusion: The intra-renal arterial RI and AA-IMT in the patients of type 2 DN can be noninvasively obtained with color Doppler ultrasonography for evaluation on microvascular and macrovascular injuries of type 2 DN patients.

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