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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226415, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354995

ABSTRACT

Aim: Facial orthopaedic treatments based on the stimulation or restrictions of craniofacial bone growth are more effective when carried out during the pubertal growth spurt. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the reproducibility of two cervical vertebrae methods (CVM) with manual tracing and direct visual inspection. Methods: A sample of 60 lateral cephalometric radiographs (10 of each of the 6 CVM stages) was randomly selected from 171 records. 5 orthodontists classified these radiographs according to the skeletal maturation stage in 2002 and 2005, and the application of both methods was conducted by direct visual inspection and evaluation through manual tracing. Results: The average reliability of the two methods determination and the two forms of evaluation was substantial. The direct visual inspection evaluation showed the highest reliability and agreement interexaminer values for both methods, as well as the intraexaminers evaluation. Conclusion: The reproducibility of CVM method was substantial, indicating its clinical use to determine the skeletal maturity and the ideal moment for treatment execution


Subject(s)
Bone Development , Cervical Vertebrae , Reproducibility of Results
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 456-459, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376679

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The passing technique requires a high skill level because the futsal field is narrow, and the distance between players is short, demanding strength and accuracy. An instrument of performance test is necessary to verify the evolution of this technique among the players. Objective: This study aims to develop a test instrument to measure the performance of futsal passing. Methods: Instrument preparation and reliability validity tests were applied in 120 athletes. Results: The results evidenced validity in the instrument with one minute passing time; that is, pass one is 0.855, and pass two is 0.857. The reliability value of the first Pass is 0.81, and the second Pass is 0.812. Conclusion: The development of the pass test tool is valid and reliable for its use in measuring the basic passing technique in soccer. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução: A técnica de passe requer um alto nível de habilidade pois o campo de futsal é estreito e a distância entre jogadores é pequena, demandando força e precisão. Um instrumento de teste de desempenho é necessário para verificar o desenvolvimento na evolução dessa técnica entre os jogadores. Objetivo: O objetivo desse trabalho é desenvolver um instrumento de teste para mensurar o desempenho no passe de futsal. Métodos: Testes de preparação de instrumentos e validade de confiabilidade foram aplicados em 120 atletas. Resultados: Os resultados evidenciaram validade no instrumento com um minuto no tempo do passe, isto é, a validade de um passe é de 0,855 e de dois passes é de 0,857. O valor de confiabilidade do primeiro passe é de 0,81 e do segundo passe é de 0,812. Conclusão: O desenvolvimento da ferramenta no teste de passe é válido e confiável para sua utilização no aferimento da técnica básica de passe no futebol. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: La técnica del pase pide un alto nivel de habilidad porque el campo de fútbol de salón es estrecho y la distancia entre los jugadores es pequeña, lo que exige fuerza y precisión. Es necesario un instrumento de prueba de rendimiento para comprobar el desarrollo en la evolución de esta técnica entre los jugadores. Objetivo: El objetivo de este trabajo es desarrollar un instrumento de prueba para medir el rendimiento en el pase del futsal. Métodos: Se aplicaron pruebas de validez del instrumento y de fiabilidad en 120 atletas. Resultados: Los resultados evidenciaron la validez en el instrumento con un minuto en el tiempo de la pasada, es decir, la validez de una pasada es de 0,855 y de dos pasadas es de 0,857. El valor de fiabilidad de la primera pasada es de 0,81 y de la segunda de 0,812. Conclusión: El desarrollo de la herramienta en el test de pase es válido y fiable para su uso en la medición de la técnica básica de pase en el fútbol. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

3.
Acta fisiatrica ; 29(3): 184-189, set. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391030

ABSTRACT

Pouco se sabe sobre o número de sessões necessárias para estabilização da carga máxima em 10 repetições em idosos não treinados. Objetivo: Verificar a reprodutibilidade do teste de 10 RM em mulheres com mais de 60 anos que não apresentam experiência prévia com treinamento de força. Método: Vinte e duas idosas (67,73 ± 5,43 anos) participantes somente da ginástica do programa Prev Quedas realizaram as sessões de teste-reteste de 10 RM em quatro exercícios: cadeira extensora, tríceps no pulley, mesa flexora e rosca direta bíceps. O programa Prev Quedas é um programa de extensão que oferece atividades físicas ao público de todas as idades de forma gratuita visando contribuir para prevenção de quedas. Foram utilizados os testes de ANOVA unidirecional com post hoc de Bonferroni, plotagem de Bland-Altman e Coeficiente de Correlação Intraclasse (CCI) com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: Os níveis de reprodutibilidade foram excelentes em todos os exercícios variando de 0,83 a 0,95 não havendo diferença significativa entre as sessões. A concordância entre as sessões teste-reteste foi classificada como boa para todos os exercícios. A literatura apresenta uma carência com relação à reprodutibilidade dos testes de 10 RM, principalmente para idosos. Porém, os dados de reprodutibilidade do presente estudo concordam com aqueles referentes aos testes de 1 RM aplicados em adultos jovens. Conclusão: Com base nos achados apresentados, parece haver necessidade da realização de 2 sessões de avaliação para estabilização da carga em 10 repetições máximas para idosas não treinadas.


Little is known about the number of sessions required to stabilize the maximum load in 10 repetitions in untrained older adults. Objective: The objective of the study was to verify the reproducibility of the 10 MR test in women over 60 years of age who have no previous experience with strength training. Method: Twenty-two elderly women (67.73 ± 5.43 years) participating only in the Prev Quedas gymnastics program performed the 10 MR test-retest sessions in four exercises: extension chair, triceps in the pulley, flexor table, and biceps curl. The Prev Quedas program is an extension program that offers physical activities to the public of all ages free of charge to contribute to the prevention of falls. One-way ANOVA tests with Bonferroni post hoc, Bland-Altman plot, and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) with a 95% confidence interval were used. Results: Reproducibility levels were excellent in all exercises, varying from 0.83 to 0.95, with no significant difference between sessions. The agreement between the test-retest sessions was classified as good for all exercises. The literature shows a lack regarding the reproducibility of the 10 MR tests, mainly for the elderly. However, the reproducibility data of the present study agree with those referring to the 1 MR tests applied to young adults. Conclusion: Based on the findings presented, there seems to be a need for 2 evaluation sessions to stabilize the load in 10 maximum repetitions for untrained elderly women.

4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(7): 912-916, July 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394592

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to validate the internal structure of the Brazilian version of the Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with individuals over 18 years old of both sexes, with Brazilian Portuguese as their native language. The structure of the Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire was tested by confirmatory factor analysis. The model fit was evaluated by the following indices: root mean square error of approximation, comparative fit index, Tucker-Lewis index, standardized root mean square residual, and χ²/degrees of freedom. We used the Akaike information criterion and Bayesian information criterion to compare different structures of the Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 241 individuals participated in this study. The original structure of the Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire with 16 items and 3 domains was compared to a structure with 14 items and 3 domains. The internal structure of the Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire with 14 items showed better fit indices and lower Akaike information criterion and Bayesian information criterion values. CONCLUSION: The best internal structure of the Brazilian version of the Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire in adults presents 3 domains and 14 items.

5.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 16(2): 171-180, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384668

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Repeated cognitive assessment in longitudinal studies favors the occurrence of retest effects, usually increasing the scores obtained at the follow-up assessments when compared to baseline. Therefore, retest effects can compromise the evaluation of cognitive decline in older adults. Objectives: We aimed to verify the occurrence of the retest effect and the impact of sociodemographic characteristics on the follow-up scores in a sample of 5,592 participants with a diverse sociodemographic profile, who were assessed twice during 4 years of follow-up. Methods: We tested two possible approaches to correct the retest effect and calculated the Reliable Change Index. Results: We observed increased scores at the follow-up assessment after 4 years, but the results indicate a modest occurrence of retest effects. The regression difference correction successfully generated follow-up corrected scores, while the mean difference did not provide effective corrections. Sociodemographic characteristics had a minor impact on the retest. Conclusions: We recommend the regression difference correction for retest effects. The absence of this methodological approach might lead to biased results using longitudinal cognitive scores.


RESUMO. Avaliações cognitivas repetidas em estudos longitudinais favorecem a ocorrência de efeitos de retestagem ou de prática, geralmente aumentando os escores obtidos nas avaliações de acompanhamento quando comparados aos da primeira avaliação. Sendo assim, os efeitos do retestagem podem comprometer a verificação do declínio cognitivo em idosos. Objetivos: Objetivamos verificar a ocorrência do efeito de prática e o impacto das características sociodemográficas nos escores de seguimento em uma amostra de 5.592 participantes com perfil sociodemográfico diverso, avaliada duas vezes durante quatro anos de seguimento. Métodos: Testamos duas abordagens possíveis para corrigir o efeito de prática e calculamos o índice de mudança confiável. Resultados: Observamos escores sutilmente maiores na avaliação de seguimento após quatro anos, o que sugere a ocorrência de efeitos de retestagem. A correção pela diferença da regressão gerou escores corrigidos de acompanhamento satisfatórios, enquanto a correção pela diferença média não forneceu correções eficazes. As características sociodemográficas tiveram impacto mínimo no efeito de prática. Conclusões: Recomendamos a forma de correção pela diferença da regressão para efeitos de retestagem. A ausência dessa abordagem metodológica, quando utilizamos escores cognitivos longitudinais, pode levar a resultados enviesados.

6.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(2): 250-259, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385091

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) and their suppression may be considered useful in monitoring cochlear function and the efferent auditory pathway inhibitory effect. Nonetheless, the establishment of reliable parameters of response variations is of great importance. Objectives To verify the replicability of test and retest in the research of the inhibitory effect of the efferent pathway using contralateral suppressing stimulus during DPOAE recording for clinical applicability. Methods Cross-sectional study with 48 volunteers, aged 18 to 30 years, with normal audiometric thresholds. The procedures included were audiometric and immittance measures to overrule any conductive or sensorineural conditions and DPOAE recordings without and with contralateral suppression with a 60 dBHL white noise. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions amplitudes were analyzed and compared in both conditions with Wilcoxon test, and the Spearman correlation test was used to assess test-retest reliability. Results The comparative analysis showed differences between amplitudes in test and retest conditions only in 1,500 Hz for DPOAE measures with all other tested frequencies showing no differences, and no difference was observed in all recorded frequencies in the test and retest comparison for DPOAE suppression. The degree of correlation between test and retest of DPOAE amplitude was good at 6,000 Hz and strong (r > 0.880) at the other frequencies. For DPOAE with suppression, all frequencies presented strong correlation between test and retest: 1,500 Hz (r = 0.880), 2,000 Hz (r = 0.882), 3,000 Hz (r = 0.940), and 6,000 Hz (r = 0.957). Conclusions The study found good replicability in contralateral suppression of DPOAE with potential clinical applicability, and we recommend conducting the test from 2000Hz to higher frequencies for more reliable results.

7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 356-369, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376537

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Oral anticoagulants are the treatment of choice for diverse types of coagulation disorders. Warfarin is widely used by the Brazilian population, possibly due to its lower cost than other oral anticoagulants. However, it has a high risk of serious adverse effects if used incorrectly. The Anticoagulation Knowledge Tool (AKT) can assess a patient's knowledge about her/his oral anticoagulant therapy and can assist health professionals in identifying patients with difficulties in adherence. This study aimed to translate, culturally adapt, and validate the AKT into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: After a standard forward-backward procedure to translate the AKT into Brazilian Portuguese (AKT-Br), a version of the instrument was applied in three groups (patients, pharmacists, and the general population). The reliability of the AKT-Br was tested using an internal consistency measure and test-retest. The validity of the instrument was confirmed with data from the contrasted groups. All statistical analyses were performed with RStudio. Results: The median scores obtained with the AKT-Br were 29.0, 17.0, and 7.5 for pharmacists, patients, and the general population, respectively (maximum score of 35 points). There was moderate internal consistency for the instrument and test-retest reliability was satisfactory. Analysis of variance for validity of the groups revealed a significant relationship between the total score and the evaluated groups. Conclusion: The ATK-Br is a reliable and valid tool to assess knowledge about oral anticoagulants. AKT-Br can be used in clinical practice as an auxiliary tool to improve patient care through personalised educational interventions.

8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 502-510, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The Schatzker classification is the most used for tibial plateau fractures. Kfuri et al.12 reviewed Schatzker's initial classification describing in more detail the involvement of the tibial plateau in the coronal plane, allowing a better understanding of the fracture pattern and a more accurate surgical planning. The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the interobserver agreement of these classifications and to evaluate the influence of the experience of the observer on the reproducibility of the instruments. Methods An observational and retrospective study was conducted by evaluating the radiological study of 20 adult individuals with tibial plateau fractures, including radiographs and computed tomography (CT). The fractures were classified once by 34 examiners with varied experience (24 specialists and 10 residents in Orthopedics and Traumatology), according to the Schatzker classification and to the modification proposed by Kfuri. The Fleiss Kappa index was used to verify interobserver agreement. Results The interobserver agreement index was considered moderate for the Schatzker classification (κ = 0.46) and mild for the Kfuri modification (κ = 0.30). The Schatzker classification showed moderate agreement, with κ = 0.52 for residents and κ = 0.45 among specialists. The Kfuri classification showed mild agreement, with Kappa values for residents and specialists of 0.39 and 0.28, respectively. Conclusion The Schatzker classification and the classification modified by Kfuri presented moderate and mild interobserver agreement, respectively. In addition, the residents presented higher agreement than the specialists for the two systems studied.


Resumo Objetivo A classificação de Schatzker é a mais utilizada para as fraturas do planalto tibial. Kfuri et al.12 revisaram a classificação inicial de Schatzker descrevendo com mais detalhes o envolvimento do planalto tibial no plano coronal, permitindo uma melhor compreensão do padrão de fratura e um planejamento cirúrgico mais acurado. Os objetivos do presente estudo são avaliar a concordância inter-observador dessas classificações e avaliar a influência da experiência dos observadores na reprodutibilidade dos instrumentos. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo observacional e retrospectivo, por meio da avaliação do estudo radiológico de 20 indivíduos adultos com fraturas do planalto tibial, incluindo radiografias e tomografia computadorizada (TC). As fraturas foram classificadas 1 vez por 34 examinadores com experiência variada (24 especialistas e 10 residentes em Ortopedia e Traumatologia), de acordo com a classificação de Schatzker e com a modificação proposta por Kfuri. O índice Kappa de Fleiss foi usado para verificar a concordância interobservadores. Resultados O índice de concordância inter-observador foi considerado moderado paraa classificação de Schatzker (κ = 0,46) e leve para a modificação de Kfuri (κ = 0,30). A classificação de Schatzker apresentou concordância moderada, com κ = 0,52 para residentes e κ = 0,45 entre os especialistas. A classificação de Kfuri apresentou concordância leve com valores de Kappa para residentes e especialistas de 0,39 e 0,28, respectivamente. Conclusão A classificação de Schatzker e a classificação modificada por Kfuri apresentaram concordância interobservadores moderada e leve, respectivamente. Além disso, os residentes apresentaram concordâncias superiores aos especialistas para os dois sistemas estudados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tibial Fractures , Reproducibility of Results , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
9.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 41-54, mayo 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393994

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El estigma se ha asociado negativamente al control metabólico y la calidad de vida de pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2. El cuestionario Diabetes Stigma Assesment Scale 2 (DSAS 2) fue diseñado para medir específicamente el estigma asociado en personas con este tipo de diabetes. Sin embargo, las propiedades psicométricas de su versión en español aún no han sido analizadas. Objetivo. Analizar la validez y confiabilidad de la versión en español del DSAS 2 en población colombiana. Materiales y métodos. Se solicitó a 501 pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2 en Barranquilla contestar la versión en español del DSAS 2, un cuestionario con indicadores sociodemográficos y clínicos, así como instrumentos de medición de la depresión, la autoeficacia y el estrés. Se hizo un análisis factorial (exploratorio y confirmatorio) para determinar la estructura interna del DSAS 2 en español y se usó el coeficiente alfa (α) para evaluar su confiabilidad. Además, se analizó la relación entre los puntajes del DSAS 2 y las otras variables estudiadas. Resultados. La estructura de tres factores (trato diferente-juicio, culpa y vergüenza) se ajustó adecuadamente a los datos (raíz del error cuadrático medio (RMSEA)=0,081, índice de ajuste comparativo (CIF)=0,959, índice de Tucker-Lewis (TLI)=0,95) y su confiabilidad fue buena (α=0,76). Se observaron correlaciones significativas del puntaje del DSAS 2 en español con la autoeficacia (rs=-0,37; p<0,001), el estrés (rs=0,24; p<0,001) y la presencia de síntomas depresivos (rs=0,1; p=0,021). Además, los puntajes de la escala mostraron variaciones asociadas a variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Conclusiones. La versión en español presenta ciertas diferencias con la versión original del DSAS2, sin embargo, su validez y confiabilidad son suficientes y adecuadas para su uso en Colombia.


Introduction: The perception of stigma has been negatively associated with the metabolic control and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Stigma Assessment Scale 2 (DSAS 2) was designed to specifically measure the stigma associated with this type of diabetes. However, the psychometric properties of its Spanish version have not yet been addressed. Objective: To analyze the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of DSAS 2 in a Colombian population. Materials and methods: In total, 501 patients with type 2 diabetes from Barranquilla answered the Spanish version of DSAS 2, a questionnaire with sociodemographic and clinical indicators, as well as instruments to measure depression, self-efficacy, and stress. We performed a factor analysis (exploratory and confirmatory) to determine the internal structure of the DSAS 2 in Spanish and used the alpha coefficient (α) to evaluate its reliability. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship between the DSAS 2 scores and the other variables under study. Results: The three-factor structure (different treatment / judgment, guilt and shame) showed good fit to the data (RMSEA = 0.081, CFI = 0.959, TLI = 0.95) and good reliability (α = 0.76). Significant correlations of the scores of the DSAS 2 Spanish version were observed with self-efficacy (rs=-0.37, p<0.001), stress (rs =0.24 , p<0.001), and depression (rs=0.1, p=0.021). Besides, the scores showed variations associated with sociodemographic and clinical variables. Conclusions: The Spanish version showed certain differences compared with the original version of the DSAS2 but there was adequate evidence of its validity and reliability to be used in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Reproducibility of Results , Social Stigma
10.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-8, may. 11, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399824

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between oral and maxillofacial radiologists (OMFR) and oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) for the detection of bifid mandibular canal (BMC) and accessory mental foramen (AMF) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: This retrospective study involved 22 examiners (11 OMFR and 11 OMFS) who independently assessed 30 CBCT volumes from patients (n = 60 hemi-mandibles) under preoperative radiographic evaluation for implant placement. The examiners scored the presence of BMC and AMF in each hemimandible. The interexaminer agreements were assessed using Fleiss' kappa statistics. Results: For intra-examiner agreement, 40% of the sample was reevaluated. The interexaminer agreement between OMFR and OMFS was slight (0.12) for the detection of BMC and fair (0.24) for AMF. The agreement among OMFR for detection of BMC was fair (0.22), and it was slight among OMFS (0.15). The agreement among OMFR for detection of AMF was substantial (0.61), and among OMFS it was fair (0.22). Agreements between OMFR and OMFS were slight for BMC and fair for AMF, independently of the years of experience. Intraexaminer agreement ranged from 60% to 90% among OMFR and from 55% to 90% among OMFS. Conclusion: A slight and a fair agreement between OMFR and OMFS was found for the detection of BMC and AMF, respectively. In general, OMFR obtained higher agreement among themselves, mainly for detection of AMF.


Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la con-cordancia entre los radiólogos orales y maxilofaciales (ROMF) y los cirujanos orales y maxilofaciales (COMF) para la detección del canal mandibular bífido (CMB) y el foramen mentoniano accesorio (FMA) mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico. CBCT). Material y Métodos: Este estudio retrospectivo involucró a 22 examinadores (11 ROMF y 11 COMF) que evaluaron de forma independiente 30 volúmenes CBCT de pacientes (n = 60 hemimandíbulas) bajo evaluación radiográfica preoperatoria para la colocación de implantes. Los examinadores puntu-aron la presencia de CMB y FMA en cada hemimandíbula. Los acuerdos entre examinadores se evaluaron utilizando las estadísticas kappa de Fleiss. Resultados: Por concordancia intraexaminador se reeva-luó el 40% de la muestra. El acuerdo entre examinadores entre ROMF y COMF fue ligero (0,12) para la detección de CMB y regular (0,24) para FMA. La concordancia entre ROMF para la detección de CMB fue regular (0,22) y leve entre COMF (0,15). El acuerdo entre ROMF para la detección de FMA fue sustancial (0,61), y entre COMF fue justo (0,22). Los acuerdos entre ROMF y COMF fueron leves para CMB y justos para FMA, independientemente de los años de experiencia. La concordancia entre examinadores varió del 60 % al 90 % entre ROMF y del 55 % al 90 % entre COMF. Conclusión: Se encontró un acuerdo leve y justo entre ROMF y COMF para la detección de CMB y FMA, respec-tivamente. En general, se obtuvo mayor acuerdo entre ROMF, principalmente para la detección de FMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Radiologists , Mental Foramen/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Canal/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anatomic Variation , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
11.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(2): 175-182, March-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375782

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the content validity and the test-retest reliability of the Questionnaire for Screen Time of Adolescents (QueST). Methods: A study was conducted with high school adolescents from Southern Brazil enrolled in public education (2019). The QueST measures screen time across five constructs: studying, working/internship-related activities, watching videos, playing games, using social media/chat applications. Content validation involved consulting with experts and adolescents to evaluate whether the five constructs were clear and representing screen time behaviors, all ratings were quantified. The experts' evaluation provided Content Validity Indexes (CVI) for clarity and representativeness of the questionnaire. Students answered the QueST twice (1-week apart), and differences between applications were verified. Test-retest reliability was assessed using Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) and Bland-Altman analyses. Results: Among the experts, the CVI indicated 94% and 98% of clarity and representativeness, respectively. All items were highly clear for at least 70% of the students. Test-retest reliability was assessed with 104 students (16.3 ± 1.02 years; 66.3% girls). The ICC ranged from 0.41 (95%CI 0.24-0.56) for videos to 0.76 (95%CI 0.66-0.83) for social media/chat applications on weekdays; and from 0.24 (95%CI 0.04-0.41) for videos to 0.67 (95%CI 0.54-0.77) for social media/chat applications on weekends. The lowest mean difference was -4.6 min for working on weekdays, while the highest was 40.6 min for videos on weekends. Conclusions: The QueST proved to be fair to excellent for measuring different screen time constructs. However, the item of videos (weekends) showed poor stability. The QueST demonstrates satisfactory content validity attested by the experts and adolescents.

12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(3): 367-371, Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376143

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate intra- and inter-rater reliability in the analysis of digital images of donor areas for skin in burn patients using the CaPAS plugin in the ImageJ®. METHODS: Donor sites were reviewed by two independent reviewers in duplicate. The capture of images was standardized on the same device and distance (with a millimeter ruler), without a flash. The evaluators were trained to capture the images and use the plugin. RESULTS: We selected 70 images from donor areas, from men and women between 18 and 60 years old. In the analysis of intra-examiner reliability, eight of the nine variables exhibited excellent reliability (0.985-0.998) and one (entropy) exhibited good reliability (0.525). The same was true for the inter-examiner analysis: excellent reliability for eight variables (0.824-0.993) and good reliability for entropy (0.501). CONCLUSIONS: The CaPAS plugin has proven to be a reliable tool for use in research in skin donor areas in burns, as demonstrated by its excellent intra- and inter-examiner reliability values. This is a pioneering study in the quantitative assessment of skin donor areas in burn patients using the CaPAS plugin.

13.
Acta fisiátrica ; 29(1): 42-49, mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363398

ABSTRACT

A versão brasileira da Escala de Participação (P-Scale) é um instrumento de avaliação que mensura restrições em participação em indivíduos com diversas condições de saúde.Objetivos: Avaliar a confiabilidade interexaminador e teste-reteste da versão brasileira da P-Scale em um grupo de pacientes pós-acidente vascular cerebral (AVC).Método: Estudo metodológico, avaliou 20 pacientes com diagnóstico de AVC atendidos em um Centro de Reabilitação. A confiabilidade do escore total foi avaliado por meio do Coeficiente de Correlação Intraclasse (ICC). A confiabilidade interavaliador e teste-reteste de cada item foi medida pelo Coeficiente Kappa com ponderação quadrática. Para avaliação da concordância entre os escores obtidos item por item interavaliador e teste-reteste, foi utilizado o gráfico Bland-Altman.Resultados: A versão brasileira da P-Scale apresentou confiabilidade quase perfeita da maioria dos itens (kw>0,81), sem erros sistemáticos de mensuração avaliados pelo gráfico de concordância de Bland-Altman (p= 0,350) e excelente confiabilidade teste-reteste do escore total (ICC= 0,96; p= 0,000). Em relação à confiabilidade interexaminador, os itens apresentaram confiabilidade variando de quase perfeita (kw>0,81) a regular (0,210,40) e o gráfico de concordância de Bland-Altman indicou diferenças sistemáticas de mensuração (p= 0,018) apenas para dois casos atípicos. ICC da confiabilidade interexaminador do escore total foi excelente tanto na análise da amostra total (ICC= 0,95 para 20 indivíduos; p= 0,000), quanto na amostra sem os casos atípicos (ICC= 0,97 para 18 casos; p= 0,000).Conclusão: A versão brasileira da P-Scale apresentou excelente confiabilidade teste-reteste e interexaminador para avaliar participação em pacientes após AVC.


The Brazilian version of the Participation Scale (P-Scale) is an evaluation instrument that assesses the restrictions in participation in individuals with several different health conditions. Objectives:Evaluating the interexaminer and test-retest reliability of the Brazilian verson of the P-Scale in a group of stroke patients. Methods:Methodological study that evaluated 20 stroke patients attended in a Rehabilitation Center. The reliability of the total score was evaluated using the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The interexaminer and test-retest reliability of each item were measured using the quadratic weighted Kappa Coefficient. To evaluate the agreement between the scores obtainted per each interexaminer and test-retest item, the Bland-Altman graphic was used. Results: The Brazilian version of the P-Scale presented an almost perfect reliability in most items (kw>0.81), with no systemic measuring errors according to the Bland-Altman agreement graphic (p=0.350) and an excellent total score test-retest reliability (ICC=0.96; P=000). Regarding interexaminer reliability, the items varied from almost perfect (kw>0.81) to regular (0.210.40) and the Bland-Altman agreement graphic only indicated systemic measuring differences (p=0.018) in two atypical cases. The ICC of interexaminer reliability total score was excellent in both the analysis of the entire sample (ICC=0.95 for 20 individuals; p=0.000) and in the sample without including the atypical cases (ICC=0.97 for 18 individuals; p=0.000). Conclusion:The Brazilian version of the P-Scale presented excellent interexaminer and test-retest reliability to evaluate participation in stroke patients.

14.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(1): 11-19, mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388167

ABSTRACT

Resumen El uso de escalas de predicción clínica puede incrementar la detección temprana de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC). Su rendimiento en población latinoamericana ha sido pobremente estudiado. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar la validez y reproducibilidad del cuestionario PUMA, como herramienta de tamización en atención primaria en población colombiana, mediante un estudio tipo corte transversal; donde se establecieron las características operativas del cuestionario, área bajo la curva de características operativas del receptor (ACOR) y el mejor punto de corte para esta población. 1.980 sujetos fueron incluidos en el análisis. La prevalencia de EPOC correspondió a 18,9%. La capacidad discriminatoria del cuestionario fue de 0,69 (IC95%: 0,66-0,72), para un punto de corte óptimo mayor de 5, con una sensibilidad del 60%, especificidad 66% y un valor predictivo negativo de 88%. La escala PUMA para tamizaje de pacientes en riesgo de EPOC tiene una capacidad discriminatoria moderada y una excelente reproducibilidad en la población estudiada.


The use of clinical prediction scales may increase the early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The performance characteristics of these scales in the Latin American population is poorly studied. We aimed to evaluate validity and reproducibility of PUMA questionnaire as a screening tool in primary care in a Colombian population. A cross-sectional study was performed. Operational characteristics of the questionnaire, the area under the received operator curve (AUROC), and the best cut-off point of the score were calculated. 1,980 individuals were included in this analysis. Prevalence of COPD was 18.9%. AUROC of the questionary was 0.69 (CI95%: 0.66-0.72), with an optimal cut-off point greater than 5 (sensitivity 60%, specificity 66%); predictive negative value was 88%. PUMA's scale for the screening of patients at risk of COPD has a moderate accuracy and an excellent reproducibility in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colombia/epidemiology
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 95-106, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356307

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular impairment, increasing the rates of atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic events. Additionally, adverse kidney events are directly linked with T2DM and cardiovascular diseases. In this context, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have demonstrated both cardioprotective and renoprotective effects in patients with or without T2DM. Therefore, the present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or other add-on antidiabetic agents (ADA) in patients with or without T2DM. Objetive: The present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or add-on other ADA in patients with or without T2DM. Methods: The entrance criteria to SGLT2i studies were: describing any data regarding cardiovascular effects; enrolling more than 1,000 participants; being approved by either the FDA or the EU, and having available access to the supplementary data. The trial had to exhibit at least one of the following results: major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure, renal or cardiovascular adverse events, or non-cardiovascular death. The significance level of 0.05 was adopted in the statistical analysis. Results: Nine trials with a total of 76,285 participants were included in the meta-analysis. SGLT2i reduced MACE (RR 0.75, 95% CI [0.55-1.01]), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.72, 95% CI [0.55-0.93]), cardiovascular death (RR 0.66, 95% CI [0.48-0.91]), hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.58, 95% CI [0.46-0.73]), renal or cardiovascular adverse events (RR 0.55, 95% CI [0.39-0.78]), and non-cardiovascular death (RR 0.88, 95% CI [0.60-1.00]). Conclusions: Conjunction overall data suggests that these drugs can minimize the risk of cardiovascular events, thus decreasing mortality in patients, regardless of the presence of T2DM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiotonic Agents , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 , Hospitalization , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(1): 335-349, jan. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356039

ABSTRACT

Resumo A avaliação do Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE) é ação estratégica para garantir a qualidade da gestão. O objetivo deste estudo é desenvolver e validar um instrumento de indicadores de desempenho para avaliação da gestão do PNAE no contexto nacional. Trata-se de um estudo psicométrico de construção e validação de indicadores de desempenho. Foram estabelecidos 12 indicadores, posteriormente, avaliados em painel de especialistas em relação a sete atributos. Para obter consenso foi utilizada a técnica Delphi e a validade de conteúdo foi analisada com a Razão de Validade de Conteúdo. Para a validade de constructo e confiabilidade, nutricionistas que trabalham na execução do PNAE avaliaram a relevância dos indicadores respondendo um questionário online. A taxa de resposta dos especialistas na primeira rodada da técnica Delphi foi de 43,3% (13/30) e de 69,2% (9/13) na segunda rodada. Um novo indicador foi desenvolvido após a avaliação do painel de especialistas. Um total de 281 nutricionistas participaram do estudo da relevância dos indicadores. No geral, a validade de conteúdo e constructo foi alcançada para 13 indicadores. Todos os 13 indicadores se apresentaram relevantes, com potencial para promover a avaliação da gestão operacional do PNAE.


Abstract The evaluation of the National School Food Program (PNAE) is a strategic action to ensure the quality of management. This study aims to develop and validate an instrument of performance indicators to assess the management of the PNAE in the national context. A psychometric study was carried out for the development and validation of performance indicators. Twelve indicators were subsequently established and evaluated by an expert panel concerning seven attributes. The Delphi technique was used for the consensus of the expert panel, and the content validity of the indicators was analyzed with the Content Validity Ratio. Nutritionists working on the implementation of the PNAE assessed the relevance of the indicators by answering an online questionnaire to construct validity and reliability. Thirteen (43.3%, 13/30) experts participated in the Delphi round 1 and nine (69.2%, 9/13) completed the Delphi round 2. A new indicator was developed after the experts' suggestions. Furthermore, 281 nutritionists participated in this study assessing the relevance of the indicators. Overall, content and construct validity were achieved for 13 indicators. All were considered relevant and had the potential to promote the assessment of PNAE operational management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schools , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Reproducibility of Results , Delphi Technique , Consensus
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 56-60, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360702

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the quantitative sensory testing for measuring the thermal pain threshold on myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle of individuals with chronic neck pain. METHODS: Thirty female participants were included, aged between 18 and 45 years and with bilateral myofascial trigger points, active and centrally located in the upper trapezius muscle. Two measurements with quantitative sensory testing were performed by each examiner at an interval of 1 week between them. RESULTS: We observed substantial reliability for the intra-rater analysis (intraclass correlation coefficient ranging between 0.876 and 0.896) and excellent reliability for the inter-rater analysis (intraclass correlation coefficient ranging between 0.917 and 0.954). CONCLUSION: The measurement of the thermal pain threshold on myofascial trigger points in individuals with chronic neck pain has acceptable reliability values, supporting the use of the quantitative sensory testing in the research setting and the clinical environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Neck Pain/epidemiology , Trigger Points/physiopathology , Superficial Back Muscles/physiopathology , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/diagnosis , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Chronic Pain , Middle Aged
18.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 39: e200060, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1375417

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to translate, adapt and validate the Sport Imagery Questionnaire for Children to Brazilian Portuguese. For this purpose, analyzes of reproducibility, internal consistency and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. The final sample consisted of 521 athletes from 14 sports and ages 14 and 19 (M = 16.31, SD = 1.18). High indices of internal consistency (? = 0.870), reproducibility (0.824) and content validity were verified. In the confirmatory factor analysis, it was observed the appropriate global indexes of adjustment to the five-factor instrument model (RMSEA = 0.060; CFI = 0.90; TLI = 0.88; SRMR = 0.047). The translated instrument has adequate psychometric indicators to evaluate sport imagery, presents a reproducible factor structure and is a reliable test to measure the frequency of imagery use in Brazilian adolescent athletes.


O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir, adaptar e validar o Sport Imagery Questionnaire for Children para o português brasileiro. Para tanto, foram realizadas análises de reprodutibilidade, consistência interna e análise fatorial confirmatória. A amostra final foi composta de 521 atletas praticantes de 14 modalidades esportivas e com idades entre 14 e 19 anos (M = 16,31, DP = 1,18). Foram verificados altos índices de consistência interna (? = 0,870), reprodutibilidade (0,824) e validade de conteúdo. Na análise fatorial confirmatória, foram observados os índices globais adequados de ajuste ao modelo do instrumento de cinco fatores (RMSEA = 0,060; CFI = 0,90; TLI = 0,88; SRMR = 0,047). O instrumento traduzido possui indicadores psicométricos adequados para avaliar a imagética no esporte, apresenta uma estrutura fatorial reproduzível e é um teste confiável para medir a frequência de uso de imagética em atletas adolescentes brasileiros.


Subject(s)
Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Adolescent , Athletes
19.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 44: e20210207, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377441

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The existence of a general factor related to psychiatric symptoms is supported by studies using a variety of methods in both clinical and non-clinical samples. Objectives This study aims to evaluate the replicability of the internal structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory in a large Brazilian sample. Methods Participants were 6,427 Brazilian subjects (81% female). Mean age was 42.1 years (standard deviation [SD] = 13.6, Min = 13, Max = 80). All participants completed the online version of the Brief Symptom Inventory. This scale presents a general score (GSI) and nine specific clusters of symptoms (depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety, interpersonal sensibility, psychoticism, paranoid ideation, obsessive-compulsive behavior, hostility, and somatization symptoms). Results Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to assess the factor structure of the BSI. The results showed that the best-fitting model was a bifactor solution and the general factor was the main dimension explaining most of the reliable variability in the data. Conclusion The findings suggest that the BSI's internal structure was replicated in a non-clinical sample and that the general factor is the most reliable score. However, it is necessary to better understand the meaning of the general factor scores in a non-clinical sample to increase interpretability of scores.

20.
CoDAS ; 34(3): e20200207, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356162

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a confiabilidade teste-reteste do Masking Level Difference em estudantes universitárias normo-ouvintes. Método Estudo prospectivo descritivo com 78 adultos jovens do gênero feminino sem queixas auditivas, submetidas à versão, em compact disc, do Masking Level Difference da Auditec of Saint Louis. O Masking Level Difference foi determinado por meio da diferença entre as relações sinal-ruído nos limiares auditivos encontrados nas condições antifásica e homofásica. O teste foi aplicado pelo mesmo examinador em dois momentos (teste e reteste) com intervalo de sete a 14 dias entre eles. A análise estatística inferencial incluiu comparação das situações teste e reteste por meio do teste t de Student para amostras pareadas, cálculo do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e dos intervalos de confiança de 95% para as relações sinal/ruído nos limiares auditivos nas condições antifásica e homofásica e para o cálculo do Masking Level Difference. Resultados A média da relação sinal-ruído no limiar auditivo na condição homofásica foi -12,59 dB e -12,46 dB nas situações teste e reteste, respectivamente, e -21,54 dB e -21,08 dB na condição antifásica. A média do Masking Level Difference foi 8,95 dB no teste e 8,74 dB no reteste. Os coeficientes de correlação intraclasse obtidos foram 0,436, 0,625 e 0,577 para as condições homofásica, antifásica e Masking Level Difference, respectivamente. Conclusão O teste Masking Level Difference mostrou grau moderado de confiabilidade teste-reteste em estudantes universitárias normo-ouvintes.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the test-retest reliability of the Masking Level Difference in normal hearing female university students. Methods Prospective descriptive study with 78 young female adults without hearing complaints, submitted to the compact disc version of the Masking Level Difference by Auditec of Saint Louis. The threshold was determined by the difference between signal-to-noise ratios at hearing thresholds found in the antiphasic and homophasic conditions. The test was applied by the same examiner in two moments (test and retest) with an interval of seven to 14 days between them. Inferential statistical analysis included comparison of test and retest situations using Student's t test for paired samples, calculation of the intraclass correlation coefficient and calculation of 95% confidence intervals for signal-to-noise ratios at hearing thresholds found in the antiphasic and homophasic conditions and for masking level difference. Results The average signal-to-noise ratio at hearing threshold ​​in the homophasic condition was -12.59 dB and -12.46 dB in the Test and Retest situations, respectively, and -21.54 dB and -21.08 dB in the antiphasic condition. The average value ​​in the final Masking Level Difference result was 8.95 dB in the Test and 8.74 dB in the Retest. Intraclass correlation coefficient values ​​obtained were 0.436, 0.625 and 0.577 for homophasic, antiphasic and Masking Level Difference conditions, respectively. Conclusion The Masking Level Difference showed moderate test-retest reliability in normal hearing adults female university students.

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