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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 70-74, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820941

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate mental health status of public health aid professionals in Africa and its influencing factors. Methods From July of 2018 to July of 2019, all the third and forth batches of members from the Second Phase of the Fixed Biological Safety Laboratory Technical Cooperation Project in Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention totaling 21 individuals were tested by Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90), general information forms and influencing factors forms before departure, at three and six months in Sierra Leone, and at one month after return respectively. Results Some of public health aid professionals experienced a phased psychological abnormality response (SCL-90>160). The total score of SCL-90 rises after the team departs for the Sierra Leone, peaks at 3 months, and then falls to the baseline level, showing a low-high-low trend. The scores of hostile and paranoid factors show a low-high-low-high trend. At different time points, there was no statistical difference between the total scores of SCL-90(P>0.05) and the force factor score was statistically different (P<0.05). Conclusions The overall mental health status of the public health aid professionals is well. All departments should take appropriate measures to protect and pay attention to the mental health development of public health aid professionals.

2.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 223-228, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985108

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the factors affecting changes of Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90) of patients with traumatic subdural effusion. Methods One hundred and forty-two cases of patients with traumatic subdural effusion from the Center of Forensic Identification, Wannan Medical College collected from 2007-2018 were tested with SCL-90. The differences between SCL-90 results and the national norm and the influences of gender, age, education level, the number of effusion sites and location on SCL-90 results were analyzed. Results The differences between the scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, terror, paranoia and psychosis factors and total mean scores in SCL-90 of traumatic subdural effusion and that of the national norm had statistical significance (P<0.05). The differences in depression and hostility factor scores between males and females had statistical significance (P<0.05). The differences in compulsion, anxiety and terror factor scores and total mean scores among different age groups had statistical significance (P<0.05). The differences in hostility, paranoia and psychosis factors among patients with different degrees of education had statistical significance (P<0.05). The differences in depression, anxiety, hostility and terror factor scores and total mean scores among single-site group, double-site group and multi-site group had statistical significance (P<0.05). The differences in somatization, depression and anxiety factor scores and total mean scores between the right cerebral hemisphere group and the left cerebral hemisphere group and bilateral hemisphere group had statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion Traumatic subdural effusion can cause certain psychological changes, which are related to the primary trauma of arachnoid tear as well as the number and location of effusion sites. Attention should be paid to the influence of the above factors during the assessment of psychological symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anxiety , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Subdural Effusion , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 234-237, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mental status of the infertile men and explore the risk factors for the mental disorders.METHODS: Men with perceived male infertility were divided into two groups(mild or severe)according to their severity of semen quality from Aug. 2015 to Feb. 2016 in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University.Their mental health was assessed with the symptom check list(SCL-90).Multiple Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors of the mental disorders.RESULTS: The SCL-90 total score,somatization factor score,depression factor score,anxiety factor score and psychoticism factor score of the poor semen quality group were significantly higher than those of the group with better semen quality(P<0.05).RESULTS: of the Logistic regression analysis showed that the general risk factors for mental disorders in infertile men were irregular daily life,irregular meals,lack of regular exercise,recent experience of significant adverse events and poor semen quality.Among them,poor semen quality was the risk factor for the anxiety factor,while the risk factors for depression were irregular daily life,lack of regular exercise and recent experience of significant adverse events.CONCLUSION: Men with perceived male infertility tend to have more severe psychological disorders when their semen quality is poor.Men who do not have regular daily life,meals or exercise,or who have recently experienced significant adverse events or who have poorer semen quality are more prone to mental disorders.

4.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 308-312, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777965

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the current status and factors associated with the mental health condition of older adults. Methods A convenience sampling survey was conducted using symptom check list 90 (SCL-90) among the Chinese older adults aged 60 or above from January to March, 2018. The older adults aged 80 or above were selected for this study. Chi-square test and binary logistic regression model were used to analyze the influencing factors. Results The total participants were 485. The SCL-90 positive detection rate was 20.21%. The symptoms of the four highest detection rates were somatization (39.38%), others (25.15%), obsessive-compulsive symptoms (24.33%) and depression (22.68%). The older adults with normal BMI (OR=0.537, 95% CI: 0.250-0.857, P=0.027) and lived in county town (OR=0.224, 95% CI:0.075-0.667, P=0.007) showed lower SCL-90 positive detection rate. These who had been educated for 1-5 years (OR=11.092, 95% CI: 4.446-27.671, P<0.001), 6-8 years (OR=9.800, 95% CI: 3.464-27.721, P<0.001), 9~11 years (OR=19.279, 95% CI : 6.722-55.297, P<0.001), 12 years and above (OR=24.321, 95% CI: 7.894-74.929, P<0.001) had higher SCL-90 positive detection rate compared with those who were uneducated. Conclusion The mental health condition of Chinese older adults is mainly influenced by residence place, education level, family income self-evaluation and BMI status.

5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 576-583, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyse the mental state of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Chengdu.@*Methods@#One thousand five hundred and thirty-six AR patients from Sichuan Provincial Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Sichuan People′s Hospital, Sichuan Second Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were selected from July 2013 to January 2018. Eight hundred and twenty-seven patients were screened into study group by inclusion and exclusion standards. The symptom check list 90 (SCL-90) was used to group and score the mental state of these patients according to nine classification criteria: gender, BMI, age, marital status, monthly salary, disease duration, living environment, education level and working environment. Then, the scores were compared within groups. Inter-group comparison was made between the study group and the Chinese norm, and the positive factors for psychological disorders were extracted. Four symptoms in the study group, i.e. nasal itching, sneezing, clear discharge and nasal congestion, were scored on the visual analogue scale (VAS). SPSS 19.0 software was used to carry out statistical analysis. Partial correlation analysis was performed between the positive factors and the symptom scores by multiple regression statistical method.@*Results@#The total score of SCL-90 in the study group was 2.64±0.25, which was accorded with mild to moderate mental health impairment. There were 124 (15.0%) without mental health damage, 176 (21.3%) with mild damage, 474 (57.3%) with mild to moderate damage, 41 (5.0%) with moderate to severe damage and 12 (1.4%) with severe damage. The in-group comparison showed that the top three categories of different items were the living environment, gender and working environment. The scores of somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, psychosis, other (sleep, diet) and total average score of urban residents were higher than that of country residents (3.29±0.61 vs 2.65±0.50, 2.81±0.77 vs 2.05±0.38, 3.10±0.19 vs 2.49±0.67, 3.40±0.84 vs 2.49±0.70, 3.04±0.64 vs 2.33±0.51, 3.02±0.55 vs 2.40±0.77, 3.40±0.41 vs 2.52±0.77, 2.91±0.11 vs 2.29±0.40, Z value was 4.88, 5.25, 4.57, 5.91, 5.09, 4.63, 5.55, -4.55, respectively, all P<0.05). Women scored higher than man for somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression and others (2.66±0.51 vs 2.00±0.45, 3.37±0.47 vs 2.63±0.51, 3.44±0.57 vs 2.85±0.52, 3.47±0.36 vs 2.76±0.45, Z value was -5.10, -5.51, -4.86, -5.28, respectively, all P<0.05). The scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, psychosis and other (sleep, diet) were higher in the indoor group than those in the outdoor group (3.49±0.64 vs 2.78±0.46, 3.33±0.30 vs 2.56±0.68, 3.28±0.60 vs 2.67±0.31, 3.50±0.85 vs 2.85±0.37, Z value was 5.31, 5.79, 4.89, 5.00, respectively, all P<0.05). The outdoor group scored higher on obsessive-compulsive symptoms, anxiety and hostility (3.44±0.40 vs 2.83±0.35, 3.40±0.50 vs 2.57±0.93, 3.34±0.88 vs 2.69±0.56, Z value was 4.96, 6.22, 5.08, respectively, all P<0.05). The inter-group comparison found that depression, anxiety, psychosis and other (sleep, diet) could be partially correlated with VAS scores as 4 positive factors. The results of partial correlation analysis showed that depression was positively correlated with sneezing and nasal runny discharge, anxiety was positively correlated with nasal itching and nasal obstruction, psychosis was positively correlated with nasal itching and sneezing, and other (sleep, diet) was positively correlated with nasal runny discharge and nasal obstruction.@*Conclusion@#AR patients have mild to moderate mental health impairments, which are correlated with AR symptoms.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 32-38, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733754

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mental health status and characteristics of professional degree postgraduates.Methods 326 professional degree postgraduates from 3 universities were selected as subjects by cluster sampling.Symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90) was applied to assess psychological health of the postgraduates in order.Results 1) The positive rate of psychological symptom screening was 11.11%.The detection rate of psychological problems from high to low was:obsessive-compulsion,interpersonal sensitivity,depression,hostility,somatization,paranoid ideation,anxiety,phobic anxiety and psychoticism.2) Excluding the factors of phobic anxiety,there was significant age difference in each factor score and total score of SCL-90 (P<0.05).The somatization,interpersonal sensitivity,anxiety,hostility,paranoid ideation,psychoticism factor scores and total score of the "≥30 years" group was significantly higher than those of "≤24 years"and the "25-29 years" group (P<0.05),the depression factor scores of "≥ 30 years" was significantly higher than the "≤24 years" group (P<0.01).3) The scores of somatizations (P=0.038) and obsessive-compulsive factors (P=0.043) of doctoral students were significantly higher than those of master students.4) In different grades,there were significant differences in the scores of obsessive-compulsives,depression,anxiety,hostility,paranoid ideation factor scores and SCL-90 total score (P<0.05).The factor scores and total score of the Grade Three were significantly higher than those of the first grade (P<0.05),and the scores of hostilities,paranoid ideation factors and total score were significantly higher than those of the second grade (P<0.05).5) Excluding phobic anxiety,the factor scores and total score of SCL-90 in the "peace and tranquility" group were significantly lower than those of "quarrel" group (P<0.05).6) Except for somatization and paranoia ideation,the factor scores and total score of SCL-90 of caring group were significantly lower than those non-caring group (P<0.05).Conclusion The psychological health of graduate students of professional degree varies with age,educational level and grade,and is influenced by collective atmosphere and mentor attitude.The differences in the characteristics of the crowd should be taken into full consideration in the mental health education of colleges and universities,and the educational model should be explored,the educational goals,contents and forms should be refined to improve the mental health level of the population.

7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(3): 319-324, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950073

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Hypoparathyroidism is characterized by parathyroid hormone deficiency and hypocalcemia. It has been demonstrated that these patients may also present psychiatric symptoms and decrease of quality of life. The aims of this study were to evaluate the presence of psychopathological symptoms in a cohort of patients with hypoparathyroidism and compare to a control group. Subjects and methods: Patients were submitted to a cross-sectional Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) questionnaire that evaluates psychopathological symptoms by means of the Global Severity Index (GSI), Positive Symptoms Total (PST) and Positive Symptom Distress Index (PSDI). A score based in the positive symptoms was calculated (T-score). The test group was composed of patients with hypoparathyroidism, and control by thyroidectomized patients without hypoparathyroidism. A correlation between the presence of psychological symptoms and clinical features was analyzed. Results: The study included 57 patients with a mean age of 51.1 ± 16.4 years; 20 as a control and 37, test group. There were no differences between groups regarding gender, mean age and age at diagnose. Hypoparathyroidism patients presented higher GSI index than the control group (p = 0.038). Mean T-score of the test group was as elevated as 58.2 ± 5.3 (reference range < 55). No correlation of the number of psychological symptoms to clinical and laboratorial parameters was observed. Conclusion: Patients with hypoparathyroidism attending our outpatient clinics presented an increase in the number of self-report of psychological symptoms when compared with a control group. However, no correlation with hypocalcemia and clinical parameters was observed. Future studies are necessary to evaluated if the absence of PTH play a role on it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Hypoparathyroidism/psychology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cohort Studies , Self Report , Hypoparathyroidism/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 745-748, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807443

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the mental health of female doctors and nurses.@*Methods@#Investigat the psychologic status of female doctors and nurses using symptom checklist 90. And statistical software was applied to analyze results of symptom checklist 90.@*Results@#There were differences in the score of SCL-90 between doctor and nurse groups, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Negative life events (OR=2.940) , relative suffer from mental illness (OR=3.683) , shift work (OR=1.611) and heavy workload (OR=2.265) were found to risk factors for the positive of SCL-90.@*Conclusion@#There were differences in the score of SCL-90 between doctor and nurse groups. Negative life events, relative suffer from mental illness, shift workand heavy workload are risk factors for SCL-90 positive of female doctors and nurses.

9.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 201-206, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806215

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the psycho-social and behavioral outcomes of microtia children and psychological health of their parents after microtia reconstruction, and to observe the effects of microtia reconstruction on the psycho-social health of microtia children and their parents.@*Methods@#72 patients were recruited and investigated for their psycho-social behavioral problems with Achenbach′s Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Their parents were investigated for psychological health with symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90). The patients and their parents were both assessed with questionnaire before the after operation (6 to 12months post-operation).@*Results@#After microtia reconstruction, the scores of CBCL and SCL-90 decreased significantly.①As determined from CBCL, after operation the scores of activity and sociality ability of the patients increased with significant difference in statistics (P<0. 01). The behavioral problems raw scores were lower than that of pre-operation. The percentage of behavioral problems of the microtia children decreased significantly compared with that before operation, it was significant in statistics (P<0. 01). ②As determined from SCL- 90, it is found out that the general scores and the number of positive items of the parents with microtia children decreased with significant difference in statistics (P<0.01). The scores of SCL-90 factors decreased with a significant difference in statistics (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#There was significant improvement in the psycho-social behavioral outcomes of microtia children and their patients after microtia reconstruction. There is a positive effect of microtia reconstruction on microtia children and their parents.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 115-118, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806003

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the mental health status and its impact factors among nurses, finding ways to improve the mental health of nurses.@*Methods@#A total of 13 425 female healthcare workers aged from 18 to 65 were selected as study objects. The survey was conducted with unified design questionnaire. The survey included the basic situation of the individuals and SCL-90 questionnaire. Comparing the female doctors, the mental health status and its impact factors of nurses were analyzed.@*Results@#The income, age, education and occupation, which include shift work, heavy work load and overtime work are different between nurses and doctors. The main mental health problems of nurses were obsessive-compulsive symptoms, depressive symptoms and somatization. The results of univariate analysis indicated that shift work, overtime work, and heavy work load affected the positive rate of each factor. The results of multivariate analysis showed that occupation, shift work, overtime work, and heavy work load have significant adverse effects on the positive rate of the total score in female healthcare workers (P<0.01) . The positive rate of each dimension of SCL-90 in nurses is significantly higher than that of doctors.@*Conclusion@#The mental health problems of nurses are significantly higher than doctors. The main reasons are low occupational level and adverse workstyles which include shift work, heavy workload and so on. Health administration and hospital management departments should pay much more attention to the mental health of nurses, improving their mental health through a variety of ways.

11.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 840-843, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809492

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the mental health of occupational females in different industries.@*Methods@#We investigated the psychologic status of Chinese occupational females using symptom checklist 90. And statistical software was applied to analyze results of symptom checklist 90.@*Results@#There were 41, 166 effec-tive questionnaires. The number of positive questionnaires was 14 361, and the positive rate was 34.89%. The positive rate of obsessive-compulsive factor was 24.07%. The positive rate of somatization factor was 16.12%. The positive rate of depression was 15.50%. The median positive item number was 20 (IQR: 34) , and the median split of positive symptoms was 2.11 (IQR: 0.37) . There were differences in the positive rate of SCL-90 scale among different age groups, different regions and different industries, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . The positive rate of SCL-90 for the occupational females was 34.89%. The top three factors of the high-est positive SCL-90 were obsessive-compulsive symptoms, somatization and depression.@*Conclusion@#There were differences in the psychological status of occupational females for different regions, different ages and different occupations.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1963-1965, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609995

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mental health status of physical examination population,and provide the basis for mental health guidance.Methods The SCL-90 scale in the cloud service system of PEM was used to evaluate the gender, marriage, age, education, income and other factors in the physical examination cases of our hospital.Results The positive rate of SCL-90 in 809 patients was 27.94%.Female scores,and the scores of somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, depression, anxiety, terror of women were higher than those of men except paranoid.Unmarried population scores and the scores of all factors were higher than those of married and divorced people.The scores of all factors in the 18-<30 year-old cases was the highest among all cases;the scores of depression,hostility and paranoid was decreased with the increase of age;the score of somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, terror,spirit of 50-60 year-old cases were the lowest among all cases.The higher the degree of education,and the more economic income, the lower the psychological evaluation of each factors scored.Conclusion The mental health problems of female,unmarried,low age,low education,low-income groups are grim.

13.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 817-820,845, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605589

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mental health of old people who live in endowment institutions in Shandong Province and its influencing factors. Methods: A sample of 2200 old people over 60 years old was selected with the stratified random sampling method. They were investigated using the self-designed questionnaires, symptom checklist (SCL-90), and Social Support Rating Scale. A total of 2013 questionnaires were recovered effectively (91. 5%), and 271 questionnaires were analyzed in this study. Results:41. 7% of old people in endowment insti-tutions in Shandong Province is positive in SCL -90 . Multivariate analysis showed that self -care ability ( P =0 . 045 ) and type of chronic disease ( P=0 . 025 ) associated with mental health problems of old people in Shandong Province. Conclusion:The mental health status of old people in endowment institutions in Shandong Province was not optimistic and its influencing factors included self-care ability and the type of chronic disease. It should take measures to promote successful aging in Shandong Province.

14.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 112-114, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the mental health between the urban mothers and rural mothers of children with cleft lip and pal-ate.Methods:1 68 mothers(including 1 24 rural and 44 urban)of the children with cleft lip and palate were included in the trial group and 82 mothers of normal children were included in the control group.The subjects were tested by the self-assessment symptom lists of SCL-90 for the evaluation and comparison of mental health.Results:The scores of nine dimensions of trial group in somatization, forcing symptoms,depression,anxiety,etc were significantly higher than those of the control group(P <0.05).The scores of nine di-mensions of rural group in somatization,forcing symptoms,depression,anxiety,etc were higher than those of the urban group,the ri-val,psychotic and total scores showed significant differences(P <0.05);Conclusion:The mental health status of mothers of children with cleft lip and palate is poorer than that of those of normal children.That of the rural mothers is poorer than that of the urban ones. Special attention should be paid to the mental health status of the parents of children with cleft lip and palate.

15.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 382-385, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501692

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the mental health status of doctors in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. Methods The 673 doctors in different clinic character in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were investigated by questionnaire and symptom checklist-90(SCL-90),and estimate the results through F-test and t-test . Results Doctors in SCL-90 in addition to interpersonal relationships(1.59±0.49, t=-1.02,P>0.05) and the rest of the factors:somatization (1.48 ± 0.55, t=2.32), force(1.75 ± 0.43, t=2.34),depress(1.67 ± 0.44,t=3.00), anxiety(1.55 ± 0.57, t=3,71), hostility(1.76±0.47,t=5.65),horrible(1.48±0.32,t=6.35),stubborn(1.65±0.39, t=4.04),insanity(1.43±0.46, t=3.39)are higher than the national norm, there is statistical difference (P<0.05). In different gender groups, in addition to the somatization and forced, female doctors other project factors were higher than male doctors, including interpersonal relationships(1.62 ± 0.37, 1.56 ± 0.41), hostility factor(1.79 ± 0.38, 1.73 ± 0.43) differences were statistically significant (t=2.15, t=2.07, P均<0.05). In different professional title ,Doctors with primary professional title in addition to the body of the rest are higher than the title doctor. Anxiety factor differences have statistical significance in different groups (F=2.73, P<0.05). In different department , Emergency department and pediatric clinicians in addition to depression, anxiety and other factors of points were higher than those of physicians and surgeons, the difference in interpersonal relationship factors have statistical significance in different groups (F=4.54, P<0.05). Conclusion The scores aboutdoctors, SCL-90 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University in addition to interpersonal relationships, the rest of the factors are higher than the national norm ,showing that clinic doctors were in psy chological sub health state, especially in female doctors, primary professional title dortors and Emergency department and pediatric clinicians.

16.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 5-8, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490019

ABSTRACT

Objectives To discuss mental health of fresh graduate students in China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (hereinafter referred to as our academy); To provide psychological basis for education and management of graduate students.Methods All 2014 fresh graduate students in our academy took psychological test via SCL-90 and comparison was made between this result and normal results of Chinese graduate students.Results The primary psychological problems of graduate students from our academy were shown as obsessive compulsive disorder (14.02%), interpersonal barriers (7.32%), depression (8.54%), and anxiety (5.49%). Among the freshmen, psychological health level of doctor candidates is higher than that of master candidates . Mental health of fresh TCM graduate students is better than that of national college students, with statistical significance (P<0.01). Conclusion Mental health of TCM graduate students is better. There is specificity for TCM students’ mental health maintenance. Therefore, health maintenance for TCM students should make full use of advantages in TCM major.

17.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 718-721, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618599

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of psychological factors on temporomandibular disorders(TMD) in school students.Methods:52 school students aged 14-26 years with TMD classified as muscular dysfunction (MD,n =26),temporomandibular displacement(TD,n =14) and MD with TD(MD +TD,n =12),and 53 healthy adolescents as the controls were investigated.All the participants accepted TMD examination and their psychological status were tested by symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90).The patients were divided into acute(case history ≤6 months,n =32) and chronic(case history >6 months,n =20) groups.The psychological differences among the related groups were analyzed by SPSS 17.0 statistical software package.Results:The total and the factor scores of the TMD group were higher than those of control(P < 0.05).There was no significant statistically difference between the MD group and the TD group(P > 0.05).MD + TD group got higher SCL-90 total score and factor scores (except depression,phobic anxiety and Psychoticism score) than the other 2 groups (P < 0.05).The acute and chronic group got similar SCL-90 total scores and factor scores (P > 0.05),except somatization score (P < 0.05).There was a positive correlation between the TMD pain level and total score of SCL-90.Conclusion:The psychological status have remarkable influence on the students with TMD.The pain degree of TMD is affected by psychological factors.Therefore,psychological therapy should be applied during the diagnosis and treatment of students with TMD.

18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 591-595, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352649

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impacts on physical and mental health of the patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) treated with electroacupuncture (EA) or Diane 35.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two patients of PCOS were randomized into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 36 cases in each group. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to relieving liver stagnation and regulatingactivity at Ganshu (BL 18), Danzhong (CV 17), Qimen (LR 14), Zhongwan (CV 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taichong (LR 3). Afterarrival, the electric stimulation was added for 30 min. Acupuncture treatment was given 3 times a week. In the western medication group, Diane 35 was taken since the 5th day of menstruation and lasted for 21 days. The cycle of treatment was 3 months in the two groups. Before treatment and at the end of treatment, the symptom scores were evaluated and the self-report symptom inventory, symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) was used for the mental health evaluation and the comparison was made between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those before treatment in the same group, the symptom scores were reduced significantly after treatment in the two groups (both<0.01). After treatment, the symptom scores in the acupuncture group were reduced significantly as compared with those in the western medicationgroup (<0.01). After treatment, the scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety and hostility were reduced significantly as compared with those before treatment in the acupuncture group (all<0.05). After treatment, the scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility and phobic factor were lower significantly than those in the western medication group (all<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EA with relieving liver stagnation and regulatingactivity reduces the symptom scores of PCOS and SCL-90 scores, acting on regulating both physical and mental conditions. The effects achieved with acupuncture are better than those with Diane 35.</p>

19.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 355-357,365, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792396

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the mental health status among Chinese officials for providing the evidence for mental health promotion.Methods Meta -analysis was used.The data were extracted from 1 995 to 201 2 published papers on the mental health of Chinese officials.And the results was compared with the norm established in 2006.Results The scores of SCL -90 scale among the police officials were significantly higher than that of the norm(P <0.05)and the effect fell in the middle effect scope of Cohen(0.2 <d <0.8),while there was no significant difference between the non -police group and the norm on the score (P >0.05 ).Conclusion The meta -analysis demonstrates that the mental health of Chinese officials is not optimistic.More attention should be paid to promote the officials'mental health.

20.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 935-937, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470624

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify distinct subgroups of military personnel from Paracel Islands based on mental status for providing basis to intervention measures.Methods 174 enlisted military personnel were interviewed by symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90).The factor scores of SCL-90 were compared with army man norm and control group,then the cluster analysis was conducted.Results Interpersonal sensitivity,phobic and psychoticism of military personnel on Paracel Islands((1.65±0.56),(1.24±0.33),(1.44±0.46)) scored lower than those of army man norm (P<0.05).Interpersonal sensitivity of military personnel on Paracel Islands scored lower than those of control (P<0.05),depression and anxiety of them had no difference to control (P>0.05),while other factors of them scored higher than control.According to cluster analysis,174 military personnel were divided into three subgroups.The first subgroup with high scores for all nine SCL-90-R dimensions,the second cluster showed moderate scores and the third cluster had lowest scores.Statistically significant sociodemographic differences could be found between the cluster groups (P<0.05).Conclusion The mental health status of military personnel stationed in Paracel Islands is good on the whole,and can be divided into three clusters with different demographic and service characteristics.

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