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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255120, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364532

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the antiulcerogenic and antioxidant activities of Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) seed ethanolic extract in rats. We assessed the antioxidant potential using free radical scavenging on DPPH, ß-carotene bleaching activity, ferric reducing power, and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. In the antiulcerogenic study, pre-treatment with Plantago ovata seeds ethanolic extract (POE) (400 mg/kg b.wt) significantly protected against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats by decreasing the ulcer index value and preserving the integrity of the gastric mucosa. The oxidative stress status in the stomach tissues showed a significant increase in the antioxidant enzyme levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase with a significant decrease in lipid peroxidation during pre-treatment with POE. In conclusion, the POE protects against gastric ulcer due to its antioxidant potential and presence of bioactive molecules.


O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar as atividades antiulcerogênica e antioxidante das sementes de Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) em ratos. O potencial antioxidante foi avaliado utilizando o método do sequestro do radical livre DPPH, autooxidação do ß-caroteno, poder redutor de ferro e atividade de sequestro do radical hidroxila. No estudo antiulcerogênico, o pré-tratamento com o extrato etanólico das sementes de Plantago ovata (POE) (400 mg/Kg b.wt) reduziu a úlcera gástrica induzida pelo etanol em ratos, diminuindo o valor do índice de úlcera e preservando a integridade da mucosa gástrica. O estudo do estresse oxidativo nos tecidos estomacais mostrou um aumento significativo dos níveis das enzimas antioxidantes superóxido dismutase, catalase e glutationa peroxidase, com uma diminuição significativa da peroxidação lipídica enquanto pré-tratamento com POE. Em conclusão, o POE protege contra úlcera gástrica devido aos seus potenciais antioxidantes e à presença de moléculas bioativas.


Subject(s)
Rats , Plantago , Stomach Ulcer , Gastric Mucosa , Phytotherapy , Antioxidants
2.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-6, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006603

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) of D-galactose (D-gal) accelerates aging and develops aging models. A low dose of long-term use and a high dose of short-term use of D-gal can induce natural aging in mice, like brain, cardiac, liver, renal, and skin aging, and erectile dysfunction. Our research aims to determine whether a high dose of short-term use of D-gal. i.p. in rats can induce natural aging and affect the following parameters: body weight (BW), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), C-reactive protein (CRP), and myostatin.@*Methods@#A daily D-gal i.p. dose of 300 mg/ml/kg for seven days was carried out to induce aging parameters in the rats. After seven days, the body and gastrocnemius circumference of the rats were weighed, and biochemical analysis for SOD, VEGF, CRP, and myostatin in the blood plasma was done.@*Results@#The data obtained were analyzed using nonparametric statistics Friedman test and Mann-Whitney test. After the seven day-intervention, both the control (NaCl 0.9% i.p.) and the high dose of short-term use of D-gal i.p. groups showed no significant difference in the body weight and gastrocnemius circumference. However, D-gal administration could increase the blood plasma level of SOD, VEGF, CRP, and myostatin.@*Conclusion@#We conclude that a high dose of short-term intraperitoneal D-galactose can be administrated to induce aging in rat models. The SOD, VEGF, CRP and myostatin can be used as aging parameters.


Subject(s)
Aging , Galactose , Myostatin , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 163-169, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011455

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical efficacy of Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) with Qi deficiency and its effects on TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) levels. MethodA total of 200 patients with CFS of Qi deficiency were randomly divided into a control group (100 cases) and an observation group (100 cases). The control group was treated with vitamin B compounds, and the observation group was treated with Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture for two weeks. The scores of TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, levels of serum SOD, MDA, and ox-LDL and the incidence of adverse reactions were observed and compared before and after treatment in two groups. ResultAfter treatment, the total effective rate of the control group was 54.34% (50/92), while that of the observation group was 88.54% (85/96). The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (χ2=27.13,P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, scores of fatigue self-assessment scale (FSAS), physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, scores of FSAS, physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, MDA levels in the two groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05), ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and SOD levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). After treatment, compared with those in the control group, the serum MDA and ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the serum SOD was significantly increased (P<0.05). No serious adverse events or adverse reactions occurred during this clinical trial. ConclusionHuangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture has a good clinical curative effect in the treatment of CFS with Qi deficiency, which can effectively improve the fatigue symptoms of patients, increase the level of SOD, and reduce the level of serum MDA and ox-LDL. It is related to the production of antioxidants, inhibiting the production of lipid peroxides, and improving the body's ability to resist oxidative stress.

4.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469400

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to determine the antiulcerogenic and antioxidant activities of Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) seed ethanolic extract in rats. We assessed the antioxidant potential using free radical scavenging on DPPH, -carotene bleaching activity, ferric reducing power, and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. In the antiulcerogenic study, pre-treatment with Plantago ovata seeds ethanolic extract (POE) (400 mg/kg b.wt) significantly protected against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats by decreasing the ulcer index value and preserving the integrity of the gastric mucosa. The oxidative stress status in the stomach tissues showed a significant increase in the antioxidant enzyme levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase with a significant decrease in lipid peroxidation during pre-treatment with POE. In conclusion, the POE protects against gastric ulcer due to its antioxidant potential and presence of bioactive molecules.


Resumo O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar as atividades antiulcerogênica e antioxidante das sementes de Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) em ratos. O potencial antioxidante foi avaliado utilizando o método do sequestro do radical livre DPPH, autooxidação do -caroteno, poder redutor de ferro e atividade de sequestro do radical hidroxila. No estudo antiulcerogênico, o pré-tratamento com o extrato etanólico das sementes de Plantago ovata (POE) (400 mg/Kg b.wt) reduziu a úlcera gástrica induzida pelo etanol em ratos, diminuindo o valor do índice de úlcera e preservando a integridade da mucosa gástrica. O estudo do estresse oxidativo nos tecidos estomacais mostrou um aumento significativo dos níveis das enzimas antioxidantes superóxido dismutase, catalase e glutationa peroxidase, com uma diminuição significativa da peroxidação lipídica enquanto pré-tratamento com POE. Em conclusão, o POE protege contra úlcera gástrica devido aos seus potenciais antioxidantes e à presença de moléculas bioativas.

5.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2023 Mar; 61(3): 175-184
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222584

ABSTRACT

Loboob as a traditional drug in Iranis known for its beneficial effects on busulfan-induced oligospermia. In this experimental study, protective effects of loboob (a Persian traditional remedy) on sexual hormones, antioxidant levels and stereological changes of testis tissue were evaluated in an oligospermia rat model induced by busulfan. Fifty male rats were randomly divided into five different groups: control, received no treatments; and the other groups administrated with a single dose of busulfan (10 mg/kg body weight). After 30 days, these groups were treated with 0, 35, 70 or 140 mg/kg/day of loboob for 60 days. Blood samples were collected for hormone and antioxidant enzyme assays. Unbiased stereology was performed on testis tissues to evaluate the volume of different parts of the testis and the number of various testis cells. Data indicated that FSH, LH and MDA were increased, and testosterone, catalase, SOD were decreased in the busulfan group, while treatment with loboob at 70 and 140 mg/kg significantly improved these parameters (P <0.05). Treatment with 70 and 140 mg/kg of loboob ameliorated the germinal epithelium volume, types A and B spermatogonia, spermatocytes, elongated and round spermatids, and Sertoli cells in the seminiferous tubules (P <0.05). High concentration of loboob also improved testis weight and volume, and leydig cell number (P <0.05). Thus, loboob is more effective for the recovery of seminiferous tubules and their cells than for the interstitial tissue. Loboob with various antioxidants, minerals and vitamins could overcome the side effects of busulfan.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 491-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(ALS)is a fetal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive loss of upper and lower motor neu-rons,leading to skeletal muscle atrophy,weakness,and paralysis.Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in ALS pathogenesis,including the familial forms of the disease arising from mutations in the gene coding for superox-ide dismutase(SOD1).Additionally,the abnormal accu-mulation of TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 ku(TDP-43)is a pathological feature present in almost all patients,even though the pathogenesis of ALS is unclear.Current-ly,there is no drug that can cure ALS/FTLD.Tetramethyl-pyrazine nitrone(TBN)is a derivative of tetramethylapyr-azine,derived from traditional Chinese medicine Ligusti-cum chuanxiong,which has been extensively proven to have therapeutic effects on various models of neurode-generative diseases.METHODS We investigated the therapeutic effect of TBN in the SOD1G93A and TDP-43M337V ALS mouse models.In the SOD1G93A trans-genic mouse model,TBN was administered to mice via intraperitoneal or intragastric injection after the onset of motor deficits.We injected the TDP-43M337V virus into the striatum of mice unilaterally and bilaterally,and then administered TBN 30 mg·kg-1 intragastrically to observe changes in behavior and survival rate of mice.RESULTS TBN slowed the progression of motor neuron disease,as evidenced by improved motor performance,reduced spi-nal motor neuron loss and associated glial response,and decreased skeletal muscle fiber denervation and fibrosis.TBN treatment activated mitochondrial antioxidant activity through the PGC-1α/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and decreased the expression of human SOD1.In the mice with unilateral injection of TDP-43M337V into the striatum,TBN improved motor deficits and cognitive impairment in the early stages of disease progression.In mice with bilateral injection of TDP-43M337V into the striatum,TBN not only improved motor function but also prolonged survival.Moreover,we demonstrate that its therapeutic effect may be through activation of the Akt/mTOR/GSK-3β and AMPK/PGC-1α/Nrf2 signaling pathways.CONCLUSION TBN shows promise as an agent for the treatment of ALS/FTLD.TBN is currently undergoing clinical investigation for several indications,including a Phase Ⅱ trial for ALS.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 309-314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005761

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To observe the penetration and biological activity of PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD into human astrocytes and whether it can mitigate hypoxia damages. 【Methods】 ①Immunohistochemistry and fluorescence test: We labeled the Cu, Zn-SOD by a monoclonal antibody, combined it with the fluorescent secondary antibody labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) to observe the effect of transduced PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD on the viability of human astrocytes. ② The experimental group: After hypoxic damage model, the cells were divided into three groups: blank control, group Cu, Zn-SOD, and group PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD. Group blank was added with DMEM medium (excluding serum) as control; DMEM medium was added to the other two for one hour (excluding serum) with its fusion proteins (Cu, Zn-SOD and PTD4 -Cu, Zn-SOD) with the final concentration of 2 μmoL/L. After the intervention, we used SOD and MDA test kits to observe PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD and Cu, Zn-SOD in astrocytes after fusion protein intervention. 【Results】 The PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD fusion protein could have aggregation distribution in the nucleus by FITC fluorescently labeled. After the intervention, it could increase the SOD activity in astrocytes in group PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD and group Cu, Zn-SOD compared with control group, but the SOD activity was more obvious in the fusion proteins PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD group. And the dose of MDA was reduced in group PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD compared with group Cu, Zn-SOD and control group. 【Conclusion】 PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD fusion protein can transcellular membrane of human astrocytes. The fusion protein PTD4-Cu, Zn-SOD can increase the SOD activity and reduce the content of MDA by human astrocytes from hypoxia injury.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1507-1514, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013743

ABSTRACT

Aim To confirm the antidepressant effect of the volatile oil part of the disassembled prescription drugs (Chai Hu, Dang Gui and Bo He, referred to as CDB) from Xiaoyao Powder and investigate its mechanism via Nrf2/H0-1 signaling pathway on OB model rats. Methods GC-MS analysis of the main components of volatile oil part of CDB was performed. The rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, fluoxetine hydrochloride group (FLX, 10 mg • kg

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1493-1499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013729

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of miR-124a on oxidative stress injury and β-cell function of pancreas in type 2 diabetic mice. Methods The wild-type C57BL/6 mice and the C57BIV6 mice with low expression of miR-124a were randomly divided into two groups, namely wild-type control (WT Con), miR-124a

10.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21233, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429964

ABSTRACT

Abstract Telomerase enzyme is necessary for the elongation of telomeres while telomerase being critical for aging and cancer. Metformin, ibuprofen, and acetylsalicylic acid used in this research are drugs that millions of people already use and that many are likely to use in future. In this study, the effects of these drugs on telomerase activity of Mus musculus swiss albino mice in liver tissue were investigated and the telomerase activity was measured with a PCR-ELISA based kit. In the study a possible connection between telomerase enzyme activity and activities of antioxidant enzymes was also investigated by determining the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase enzymes. The data obtained show that metformin slightly decreased telomerase enzyme activity in low dose application; however, this change was not statistically significant. In ibuprofen application, there was a significant inhibitory effect when high doses were used; whereas, there was a slight inhibitory effect at low doses. In acetylsalicylic acid application, a slight activator effect was detected; it was not statistically significant, though. Metformin was observed to increase catalase and SOD activities in general while low and high doses of acetyl salicylic acid showed different effects. In addition, ibuprofen caused a statistically significant increase in liver SOD values. It is important to note that this study demonstrated a significant inhibitory effect of ibuprofen on telomerase enzyme activity in animal models..


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Aspirin/adverse effects , Ibuprofen/adverse effects , Telomerase/analysis , Metformin/adverse effects , Catalase
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 577-597, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971714

ABSTRACT

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting both upper and lower motor neurons (MNs) with large unmet medical needs. Multiple pathological mechanisms are considered to contribute to the progression of ALS, including neuronal oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Honokiol (HNK) has been reported to exert therapeutic effects in several neurologic disease models including ischemia stroke, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Here we found that honokiol also exhibited protective effects in ALS disease models both in vitro and in vivo. Honokiol improved the viability of NSC-34 motor neuron-like cells that expressed the mutant G93A SOD1 proteins (SOD1-G93A cells for short). Mechanistical studies revealed that honokiol alleviated cellular oxidative stress by enhancing glutathione (GSH) synthesis and activating the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2)-antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway. Also, honokiol improved both mitochondrial function and morphology via fine-tuning mitochondrial dynamics in SOD1-G93A cells. Importantly, honokiol extended the lifespan of the SOD1-G93A transgenic mice and improved the motor function. The improvement of antioxidant capacity and mitochondrial function was further confirmed in the spinal cord and gastrocnemius muscle in mice. Overall, honokiol showed promising preclinical potential as a multiple target drug for ALS treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 243-252, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982696

ABSTRACT

Pinellia ternata is an important medicinal plant, and its growth and development are easily threatened by high temperature. In this study, comprehensive research on physiological, cytological and transcriptional responses to different levels of heat stress were conducted on a typical phenotype of P. ternata. First, P. ternata exhibited tolerance to the increased temperature, which was supported by normal growing leaves, as well as decreased and sustained photosynthetic parameters. Severe stress aggravated the damages, and P. ternata displayed an obvious leaf senescence phenotype, with significantly increased SOD and POD activities (46% and 213%). In addition, mesophyll cells were seriously damaged, chloroplast thylakoid was fuzzy, grana lamellae and stroma lamellae were obviously broken, and grana thylakoids were stacked, resulting in a dramatically declined photosynthetic rate (74.6%). Moreover, a total of 16 808 genes were significantly differential expressed during this process, most of which were involved in photosynthesis, transmembrane transporter activity and plastid metabolism. The number of differentially expressed transcription factors in MYB and bHLH families was the largest, indicating that these genes might participate in heat stress response in P. ternata. These findings provide insight into the response to high temperature and facilitate the standardized cultivation of P. ternata.


Subject(s)
Pinellia/genetics , Heat-Shock Response/genetics , Photosynthesis/genetics , Plants, Medicinal/genetics , Phenotype
13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 602-616, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982403

ABSTRACT

Blueberries are rich in phenolic compounds including anthocyanins which are closely related to biological health functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of blueberry anthocyanins extracted from 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberries in mice. After one week of adaptation, C57BL/6J healthy male mice were divided into different groups that were administered with 100, 400, or 800 mg/kg blueberry anthocyanin extract (BAE), and sacrificed at different time points (0.1, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, or 12 h). The plasma, eyeball, intestine, liver, and adipose tissues were collected to compare their antioxidant activity, including total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-PX/GPX) content, and the oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde (MDA) level. The results showed that blueberry anthocyanins had positive concentration-dependent antioxidant activity in vivo. The greater the concentration of BAE, the higher the T-AOC value, but the lower the MDA level. The enzyme activity of SOD, the content of GSH-PX, and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of Cu,Zn-SOD, Mn-SOD, and GPX all confirmed that BAE played an antioxidant role after digestion in mice by improving their antioxidant defense. The in vivo antioxidant activity of BAE indicated that blueberry anthocyanins could be developed into functional foods or nutraceuticals with the aim of preventing or treating oxidative stress-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Blueberry Plants , Anthocyanins/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Superoxide Dismutase , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase-1
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 245-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations are the most common driver mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To prolong the survival of the patients, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) resistance in NSCLC is a major challenge that needs to be addressed urgently, and this study focuses on investigating the mechanism of cigarette smoke (CS) induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.@*METHODS@#PC-9 and A549 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 1 µmol/L Gefitinib for 4 h and 10% cigarette smoke extract (CSE) for 48 h. Western blot was used to detect Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) protein expressions; DCFH-DA probe was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS); CCK-8 kit was used to detect cell activity, and EdU was used to detect cell proliferation ability. Sirt3 overexpression plasmid (OV-Sirt3) was transfected in PC-9 and A549 cells and treated with 1 µmol/L Gefitinib for 4 h and 10% CSE for 48 h after N-acetylcysteine (NAC) action. The expressions of Sirt3 and SOD2 were detected by Western blot; the ROS level in the cells was detected by DCFH-DA probe, and the cell activity was detected by CCK-8.@*RESULTS@#CSE induced an increase in the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of both PC-9 and A549 cells to Gefitinib (P<0.01) and enhanced the proliferation of PC-9 and A549 cells, suggesting that CS induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC. ROS was involved in CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance (P<0.05). CSE induced low expressions of Sirt3 and SOD2 (P<0.01), and Sirt3/SOD2 was associated with poor prognosis in lung cancer patients (P<0.05). OV-Sirt3 in PC-9 and A549 cells reversed CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance (P<0.05) and significantly reduced ROS production. NAC reversed CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance in PC-9 and A549 cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ROS/Sirt3/SOD2 pathway is involved in CS-induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gefitinib/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Sirtuin 3/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cigarette Smoking , Sincalide/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor
15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 618-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941483

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect and mechanism of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) induced by donor liver after cardiac death in rat models. Methods Rat models of orthotopic liver transplantation were established by "magnetic ring + double cuff" method. SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group (Sham group), orthotopic liver transplantation group (OLT group), NMN treatment + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN group), NMN+sirtuin-3 (Sirt3) inhibitor (3-TYP) + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN+3-TYP group), respectively. Pathological changes and hepatocyte apoptosis of the rats were observed in each group. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were determined. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in liver tissues were detected. The expression levels of Sirt3, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)Ⅱ, PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), Parkin and translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane 20 (TOMM20) in liver tissues were measured. Postoperative survival of the rats in each group was analyzed. Results Compared with the Sham group, serum ALT and AST levels were higher in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the levels of ALT and AST were decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the levels of ALT and AST were increased in the NMN +3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). The liver tissue structure of rats in the Sham group was basically normal. In the OLT group, pathological changes, such as evident congestion, vacuolar degeneration and hepatocyte necrosis, were observed in the liver tissues. Compared with the Sham group, Suzuki score and apoptosis rate were higher in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN group were lower than those in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN+3-TYP group were higher compared with those in the NMN group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the SOD content was increased, whereas the MDA content was decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3 and TOMM20 proteins were down-regulated, whereas those of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3, PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was down-regulated in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the relative expression levels of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were down-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was up-regulated in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). In the Sham group, the 7 d survival rate of rats was 100%, 50% in the OLT group, 75% in the NMN group and 58% in the NMN+3-TYP group, respectively. Conclusions NMN may enhance the antioxidative capacity of the liver, induce PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitochondrial autophagy, and alleviate IRI of the liver by up-regulating Sirt3, thereby playing a protective role in the donor liver after cardiac death.

16.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18957, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374547

ABSTRACT

Abstract The extract of Belamcanda chinensis leaves (BCLE) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of diabetes-related hyperlipidemia in Hainan province, South China. In this study, the lipid-decreasing effects of BCLE on obese diabetes were investigated on KK-Ay mice. The component F2 ameliorated lipid disorder, as indicated by decreased levels of body weight, liver index, levels of TC, TG and LDL-c in the serum and liver. The enhancement effect of F2 on liver SOD and the inhibitory effect of F2 on MDA demonstrated that F2 exhibited significant antioxidant activity on liver injury. F2 also prevented vacuolar degeneration and reduced pathological tissue injury in liver. In addition, the component F1 decreased the levels of TG, LDL-c and MDA in the liver. These findings suggest that F2 may have therapeutic potential in the prevention and therapy of hyperlipemia and liver disease associated with obesity-related diabetes.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 571-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886786

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of mild hypothermia on the renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), and the expression profile of RNA-binding motif protein 3(RBM3) and its downstream effector molecules during this process. Methods Eighteen healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group, IRI group and mild hypothermia pretreat (MHP) group, with 6 rats in each group. Serum creatinine level was measured to evaluate the renal function. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to assess the renal tissue injury. Western blot was used to determine the relative expression levels of RBM3, Yes-associated protein 1(YAP1), nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2), B cell-lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in the kidney tissues. Immunohistochemical staining was employed to further detect the expression levels of RBM3 and YAP1 proteins. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was adopted to detect the cell apoptosis of kidney tissues. Malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were evaluated to determine the oxidative stress level of kidney tissues. Results Compared with the NC group, the serum creatinine level, the pathological injury score of kidney tissues and the expression levels of RBM3, YAP1 and Nrf2 proteins were significantly up-regulated, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was considerably lower, the apoptosis rate was remarkably elevated, the MDA content was significantly increased and the SOD activity was dramatically reduced in the IRI and MHP groups (all P < 0.05). Compared with the IRI group, the serum creatinine level and the pathological injury score of kidney tissues were significantly decreased, the expression levels of RBM3, YAP1 and Nrf2 proteins were significantly up-regulated, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was considerably higher, the apoptosis rate was significantly decreased, the MDA content was significantly decreased and the SOD activity was considerably elevated in the MHP group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Mild hypothermia may exert protective effect upon renal IRI and it could alleviate cell apoptosis and oxidative stress injury induced by IRI, probably by up-regulating the expression level of RBM3 and its downstream effector molecules of YAP1 and Nrf2.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 56-63, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the protective effect of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction on acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model rats and explore its mechanism, so as to provide experimental basis for clinical drug use. Method:The 60 SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: group, model group, high, middle and low dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction and omeprazole control group. The rat model of gastric ulcer was induced by acetic acid. The rats in the high, middle and low dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction were intragastrically administered at the dose of 28,14,7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>, and with omeprazole at the dose of 4.17 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>in normal saline, respectively. The rats in the blank group and model group were intragastrically infused with the same volume of normal saline once a day. After 14 days of continuous treatment, the rats were killed, the blood was collected, the area and inhibition rate of gastric ulcer were measured and calculated, the histopathological sections of gastric mucosa were made and the state of gastric mucosal injury was observed, and the changes of gastric mucosal repair factor, gastric tissue related protein, oxidative stress factor and inflammatory factor in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Detected the expression of p62 Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-related protein 1 (Keap1), nuclear transcription factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signal pathway-related proteins in gastric mucosa by Western blot. Result:Compared with control group, the gastric mucosa of the model group showed obvious pathological changes and a large number of leukocytes infiltrated. In model group, the ulcer area was significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the contents of mucin mucoprotein 5AC (MUC5AC), epidermal growth factor (EGF), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and increased prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> (PGE<sub>2</sub>) were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the gastrin (GAS), 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were significantly increased. The expression of HO-1 and Nrf2 protein decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the content of Keap1 increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the expression of p62 protein decreased. Compared with model group, the hierarchical structure of cells in Xiangsha Yuyang decoction high dose group and omeprazole group were clearer and regular, middle and low dose groups could also repair gastric mucosa to a certain extent. The high and middle dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction could significantly reduce the gastric ulcer area of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer rat model (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increase the ulcer inhibition rate. It can effectively promote the expression of MUC5AC and EGF in gastric mucosa, decrease the level of GAS(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), decrease the level of 8-OHdG and MDA, increase the activity of SOD(<italic>P</italic><0.01), decrease the expression level of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and COX-2, increase the content of PGE<sub>2</sub>, and significantly increase the amount of Nrf2 and HO-1 protein in gastric mucosa(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The high dose group of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction could decrease the protein expression of Keap1(<italic>P</italic><0.05) and increase the expression of p62 protein. Conclusion:Xiangsha Yuyang decoction is effective in the treatment of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model rats, which can effectively reduce the ulcer area, increase the ulcer inhibition rate and protect the ulcer tissue. Its mechanism may be related to activating p62/Keap1/Nrf2 signal pathway and regulating the expression of related genes so as to improve inflammatory response and regulate oxidative stress response.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 839-843, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014445

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of astragalus polysaccharide (APS) on depressive behaviors, hippocampal damage and Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway in rats. Methods Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, depression group, APS low dose group and APS high dose group. Rats (except the control group) underwent chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for 28 days. The depressive behaviors were assessed by tail suspension test, forced swim test and sucrose preference test. The histopathological changes of the hippocampus were valuated by HE staining. Levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) protein and Nrf2 mRNA were measured. The hippocampal levels of oxidative stress were evaluated. Results Compared with the control group, the depression group showed significant depressive behaviors and hippocampal damage. The depression group had higher levels of Nrf2 and MDA, but lower levels of HO-1, SOD, CAT and GSH-Px than the control group. However, APS does-dependently attenuated the hippocampal damage and depressive behaviors, increased hippocampal levels of Nrf2, HO-1, SOD, CAT and GSH-Px, but decreased hippocampal levels of MDA in rats. Conclusions APS can attenuate CUMS-induced hippocampal damage and depressive behaviors in rats, and the effects may be associated with the activation of Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 263-270, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014327

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the therapeutic effect of 35% and 70% ethanol elution sites of Gardeniae Fructus extract on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol induced ulcerative colitis (UC) in rats, and to identify the chemical composition of the active elution site using mass spectrometry. Methods The UC model induced by TNBS was used in rats, and the different eluted parts were administered by gavage at a dose of 2. lg/kg for 7 days. Body weight measurement , disease activity index (DAI) score, and pathological score of colon tissues were compared. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) , superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde ( MDA ) , nitric oxide ( NO ) , tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) , interleukin in mouse colon tissue -6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 (3 (IL-ip) levels were compared among groups. Liquid-mass spectrometry was used to identify the chemical components of the parts with better efficacy. Results Compared with model group, the weight loss in 35% elution site group was significantly improved, the DAI and histopathology scores were markedly reduced, and the contents of MPO, NO, MDA, TNF-a, IL-6 and IL-1(3 in tissues were apparently reduced. SOD content increased significantly (P <0. 01). A total of 19 chemical components were identified by LC-MS, 11 of which were iri- doids. Conclusions The 35% elution site of Gardeni- a has obvious therapeutic effect on UC rats, and the iridoid component may be the material basis for its function.

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