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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454909

ABSTRACT

A new method for O-ethyl S-[2-( diisopropylamino) ethyl] methylphosphonothiolate ( VX) , sarin detection and its kinetic analysis based on piezoresistive microcantilever aptasensor was developed, where VX, sarin aptamers were immobilized on the microcantilever surface by biotin-avidin binding system. A linear relationship between the response voltage and the concentration of VX in the range of 2-60μg/L was obtained. The linear regression equation was △Ue=0. 886C-1. 039 (n=5, R=0. 984, p<0. 001) and the detection limit was 2μg/L ( S/N≥3 ) . A linear relationship between the response voltage and the concentration of sarin in the range of 10-60 μg/L was obtained, the linear regression equation was △Ue=0. 716C-2. 304 ( n=5, R=0 . 996 , p<0 . 001 ) and the detection limit was 10 μg/L ( S/N≥3 ) . The sensor showed no response for O-butyl methylphosphonochloridate, a structural analog of VX and sarin, which indicated high specificity and good anti-interference ability. On this basis, a reaction kinetic model based on receptor-ligand binding and the relationship with output voltage change was established. Response voltage (△Ue ) and response time( t0 ) were obtained from the fitting equation on different concentrations of VX, sarin fitted well with the measured values.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445823

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE The antagonism of obidoxi me on sarin induced miosis and visual impair-ment was evaluated and its antagonistic mechanism was investigated.METHODS ① 30 min after sarin (2 μg /0.1 mL per eye)was given as an eyedrop,the ability of the 2.5%,5.0%,7.5% obidoxi me and 1 .0% atropine to reverse effects of sarin on pupil dia meter and light reflex were evaluated at different ti mes.② Another 36 rabbits received sarin and at 30 min afer sarin exposure,the drugs above were ad-ministrated and their effects on pupillary light reflex,as well as the AChE activity of cornea,iris and reti-na were recorded 4h after the treatment.RESULTS ① Miosis and impaired pupillary light reflex oc-curred soon after sarin exposure but the abnormal pupil width and pupillary light reflex had disappeared by 48 h after sarin exposure;Subcequent to 1 .0% atropine treatment,the pupil dilatedinstead while the impaired light reflex did not i mprove significantly;unlike atropine,soon after ad ministration of 2.5%, 5.0%,7.5% obidoxi me,the pupil dia meter and light reflex were significantly increased(P <0.01 )and then had beco me normal totally by 24 h post-dose,much faster than those of the control and atropine treatment group.However,there was no significant difference in the recovery ti me between the different dose groups of obidoxi me.② 4h after treatment,the AChE activity in cornea and irisof sarin-treated group were (42 ±4)%,(26 ±2)%,respectively;the AChE activity in cornea of 2.5%,5.0%,7.5%obidoxi me were (74 ±1 1 )%,(81 ±10)% and (74 ±7)%,respectively,and the AChE activity in iris were(39 ±10)%,(43 ±8)% and (43 ±8)%,respectively ,co mpared with sarin-treated group,AChE activities of cornea and iris as well as light reflex of the obidoxi me-treated group were significantly increased(P<0.01 ).But there was no difference in light reflex and AChE activity between the sarin-treated and atropine-treated groups.CONCLUSION Obidoxi me showed better antagonism of sarin-induced ocular effects than that of the commonly used drug,atropine;the antagonistic mechanism is likely closely related to its rapid reactivation of the inhibited AChE in the cornea and iris.

3.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2011 Feb; 48(1): 29-34
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135297

ABSTRACT

Bacterial organophosphate hydrolases (OPH) have been shown to hydrolyze structurally diverse group of organophosphate (OP) compounds and nerve agents. Due to broad substrate range and unusual catalytic properties, the OPH has successfully been used to develop eco-friendly strategies for detection and decontamination of OP compounds. However, their usage has failed to gain necessary acceptance, due to short half-life of the enzyme and loss of activity during process development. In the present study, we report a simple procedure for immobilization of OPH on biocompatible gelatin pads. The covalent coupling of OPH using glutaraldehyde spacer has been found to dramatically improve the enzyme stability. There is no apparent loss of OPH activity in OPH-gelatin pads stored at room temperature for more than six months. As revealed by a number of kinetic parameters, the catalytic properties of immobilized enzyme are found to be comparable to the free enzyme. Further, the OPH‑gelatin pads effectively eliminate OP insecticide methyl parathion and nerve agent sarin.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Stability , Enzymes, Immobilized/chemistry , Escherichia coli/enzymology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Gelatin/chemistry , Hydrolysis , Insecticides/poisoning , Methyl Parathion/chemistry , Organophosphorus Compounds/chemistry , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/genetics , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/isolation & purification , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism , Sarin/chemistry , Substrate Specificity
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676552

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of intranasal(IN)delivery of nerve growth factor(NGF) on pyriform cortex of satin-poisoned rats.Methods Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with satin and atropine sulphate, pralidoxime to establish satin-poisoned rat model.Then NGF or saline was administered via the olfactory pathway.24 hours later, damaged and residual healthy neurons were estimated and quantified on pyriform cortex using hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and neuronal nuclei antigen(NeuN) immunohistochemistry.Results A massive quantity of degenerating neurons were seen in the pyriform cortex of rats with intranasal saline.And compared to the normal rats, the number of neurons of rats with intranasal saline was significantly reduced by 39.44% [(404.75?25.17)/mm~2].But the number of neurons in rats with intranasal NGF [(651.94?36.02)/mm~2] didn't change significantly compared to the normal rats.Conclusion Intranasal delivery of NGF, reducing the degenerating neurons on pyriform cortex of satin-exposure rats, is a potential treatment for satin intoxication.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549361

ABSTRACT

The samples of sea water and oceanic living things, including 8 kinds of animals and 21 plants were collected from Dinghai Qingdao and Yulin harbor in China and were experimented with mustard gas, lewisite, sarin and VX. The results showed that when fishes and crabs were in sea water of 5-35℃ which contaminated by mustard gas (50-750mg/l) for several minutes, they will appeared symptoms and died one hour later.The color of 12 kinds plants of Chlorophyta and Phaeophyta were changed just a few minutes after contacted with mustard gas and other agents.It also showed that effects of acid and alkali on plants of Phaeophyta have the same action as chemical agents as mentioned above.This method is simple and practical.Combining with some signs of chemical attack in war, it can be used for detection of gases, so it has some practical significance.

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