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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912988

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the surgical procedure selection, operation technique and safety of anatomic sublobar resection for pulmonary nodules. Methods     The clinical data of 242 patients with clinical stage ⅠA lung cancer who underwent anatomic sublobar resection in our hospital between 2017 and 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 81 males and 161 females with a median age of 57.0 (50.0, 65.0) years. They were divided into 4 groups according to the surgical methods, including a segmentectomy group (n=148), a combined segmentectomy group (n=31), an enlarged segmentectomy group (n=43) and an anatomic wedge resection group (n=20). The preoperative CT data, operation related indexes and early postoperative outcomes of each group were summarized. Results     The median medical history of the patients was 4.0 months. The median maximum diameter of nodule on CT image was 1.1 cm, and the consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR) was ≤0.25 in 81.0% of the patients. A total of 240 patients were primary lung adenocarcinoma. The median operation time was 130.0 min, the median blood loss was 50.0 mL, the median chest drainage time was 3.0 d, and the hospitalization cost was (53.0±12.0) thousand yuan. The operation time of combined segmentectomy was longer than that of the segmentectomy group (P=0.001). The operation time (P=0.000), intraoperative blood loss (P=0.000), lymph nodes dissected (P=0.007) and cost of hospitalization (P=0.000) in the anatomic wedge resection group were shorter or less than those in the other three groups. There was no significant difference in the drainage time, total drainage volume, air leakage or postoperative hospital stay among the four groups (P>0.05). Conclusion     The combined application of segmentectomy and wedge resection technique provides a more flexible surgical option for the surgical treatment of early lung cancer with ground glass opacity as the main component.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873704

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the clinical issues associated with video-assisted pulmonary segmentectomy and to provide reference for better implementation of thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy and reduction of perioperative complications through analyzing the clinical results of thoracoscopic segmentectomy. Methods    The clinical data of 90 patients who planned to undergo thoracoscopic segmentectomy in our department from October 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 35 males with an average age of 60.34±9.40 years and 55 females with an average age of 56.09±12.11 years. The data including lung nodule number, benign or malignant, preoperative location by Hookwire, preoperative planning and actual implementation, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume and time of drainage tube removal, postoperative hospital stay and complications were collected and analyzed. Results    Among the 90 patients, 38 were preoperatively positioned by Hook-wire, 52 were directly operated on; 87 were completed under thoracoscopic surgery among whom 3 underwent passive lobectomy after segmentectomy under thoracoscopic surgery, and 3 were converted to thoracotomy among whom 1 underwent lobectomy. Operation time was 198.58±56.42 min, intraoperative blood loss was 129.78±67.51 mL, lymph node samples were 6.43±1.41, drainage time was 2.98±1.25 d, the amount of postoperation drainage was 480.00±262.00 mL, hospital stay was 7.60±2.38 d. In all patients, 73 had single nodules and 17 had multiple nodules. Totally 113 pulmonary nodules were resected, 14 (12.39%) were benign nodules and 99 (87.61%) were malignant nodules. There was no perioperative death or serious complications. Conclusion    For those pulmonary parenchymal nodules which meet the  indications, it is feasible to perform thoracoscopic anatomic pulmonary segmentectomy according to preoperative thin-slice CT and three-dimensional computed tomography-bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) reconstruction results. Preoperative Hookwire localization can ensure effective edge resection and reduce unplanned lobotomy for intersegmental nodules and non-palpable peripheral pure ground-glass nodules.

3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 756-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Segmentectomy has gradually become one of the standard surgical methods for small pulmonary nodules with early lung cancer on imaging. This study aimed to investigate the perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent uniport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy for identifying the intersegmental boundary line (IBL) by the near-infrared fluorescence imaging with intravenous indocyanine green (ICG) method or the modified inflation-deflation (MID) method and assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the ICG fluorescence (ICGF)-based method.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the perioperative data in total 198 consecutive patients who underwent uniport VATS segmentectomy between February 2018 and August 2020. With the guidance of preoperative intelligent/interactive qualitative and quantitative analysis-three dimensional (IQQA-3D), the targeted segment structures could be precisely identified and dissected, and then the IBL was confirmed by ICGF-based method or MID method. Clinical effectiveness and postoperative complications of the two methods were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#An IBL was visible in 98% of patients by the ICGF-based group, even with the low-doses of ICG. The ICGF-based group was significantly associated with the shorter IBL clear presentation time [(23.59±4.47) s vs (1,026.80±318.34) s] (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ICGF-based method could highly accurately identify the IBL and make anatomical segmentectomy easier and faster, and therefore has the potential to be a feasible and effective technique to facilitate the quality of uniport VATS segmentectomy.


Subject(s)
Feasibility Studies , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Ion Transport , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906599

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To verify the feasibility and accuracy of the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks", developed by our center, in identifying intersegmental planes during pulmonary segmentectomy. Methods    We prospectively enrolled the patients who planned to receive thoracoscopic segmentectomy in West China Hospital of Sichuan University and The Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from September 2021 to October 2021. We took a relatively objective and feasible method, intravenous injection of indocyanine green, in identifying intersegmental planes as standard control. We intraoperatively judged the consistency between "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" and intravenous injection of indocyanine green in identifying intersegmental planes. We discerned main landmarks of intersegmental plane by the constant proportion segment module, which was built based on the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks", as well as distinguished the planes with discrepant fluorescence by peripheral intravenous indocyanine green injection. When the distance between the landmarks determined by the "ung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" and the segmental boundaries displayed by indocyanine green  fluorescence staining was ≤1 cm, the landmarks were judged to be consistent with the planes with discrepant fluorescence. As long as one of the landmarks was judged to be consistent, the method was considered to be feasible and accurate. Results 聽 聽 A total of 21 patients who underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy were enrolled, with 5 male and 16 female patients. The median age was 55 years, ranging from 34 to 76 years. A total of 11 patients received left-side surgery, while 10 patients received right-side surgery. In the operations of 21 pulmonary segmentectomies, at least one intersegmental landmark determined by the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" was consistent with the intersegmental plane determined by indocyanine green fluorescence staining in each patient. Conclusion 聽 聽The intersegmental landmarks determined by the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" are consistent with that determined by indocyanine green fluorescence staining. The method of "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" is feasible and accurate in identifying intersegmental planes during pulmonary segmentectomy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906585

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To summarize the perioperative and long-term outcomes of ground-glass opacity (GGO) dominant early stage lung cancer patients treated by anatomic segmentectomy. Methods     We collected clinical data of 756 patients from Western China Lung Cancer Database, who underwent intentional anatomic segmentectomy [tumor size (T) ≤ 2 cm, GGO ≥ 50%] in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University from 2009 to 2018. There were 233 males and 523 females at a median age of 53 (25-83) years including 290 (38.4%) patients of simple segmentectomy and 466 (61.6%) patients of complex segmentectomy. All patients were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma, including 338 (44.7%) patients of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and 418 (55.3%) patients of invasive adenocarcinoma. Results     The median operative time was 115 (38-300) min, the median blood loss was 20 (5-800) mL, 58 (7.7%) patients had postoperative complications and the postoperative stay was 4 (2-24) days. The median follow-up period was 43.0 (30.1-167.9) months. Five-year overall survival rate was 99.5% [95%CI (98.8%, 100.0%)], 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 98.8% [95%CI (97.5%, 100.0%)], and 5-year lung cancer-specific survival rate was 100.0%. Conclusion    Anatomic segmentectomy has favorable perioperative outcomes and excellent prognosis in GGO dominant early stage lung cancer patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904711

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effects of segmentectomy and lobectomy for ≤2 cm lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary and solid subtype negative by intraoperative frozen sections. Methods    The patients with adenocarcinoma who received segmentectomy or lobectomy in multicenter from June 2020 to March 2021 were included. They were divided into two groups according to a random number table, including a segmentectomy group (n=119, 44 males and 75 females with an average age of 56.6±8.9 years) and a lobectomy group (n=115, 43 males and 72 females with an average of 56.2±9.5 years). The clinical data of the patients were analyzed. Results    There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05). No perioperative death was found. There was no statistical difference in the operation time (111.2±30.0 min vs. 107.3±34.3 min), blood loss (54.2±83.5 mL vs. 40.0±16.4 mL), drainage duration (2.8±0.6 d vs. 2.6±0.6 d), hospital stay time (3.9±2.3 d vs. 3.7±1.1 d) or pathology staging (P>0.05) between the two groups. The postoperative pulmonary function analysis revealed that the mean decreased values of forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second percent predicted in the segmentectomy group were significantly better than those in the lobectomy group (0.2±0.3 L vs. 0.4±0.3 L, P=0.005; 0.3%±8.1% vs. 2.9%±7.4%, P=0.041). Conclusion    Segmentectomy is effective in protecting lungs function, which is expected to improve life quality of patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904651

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the feasibility and clinical value of free-of-puncture positioning in three-dimension-guided anatomical segmentectomy for ground-glass nodule (GGN) compared with percutaneous positioning. Methods    Clinical data of 268 enrolled patients undergoing anatomical pulmonary segmentectomy from October 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively collected, including 75 males and 193 females with an average age of 56.55±12.10 years. The patients were divided into two groups, including a percutaneous positioning group (n=89) and a free-of-puncture positioning group (n=179). Perioperative data of the two groups were compared. Results    The average CT scan times of the percutaneous positioning group was 3.01±0.98 times, and the numerical rating scale (NRS) score of puncture pain was 3.98±1.61 points. Pulmonary compression pneumothorax (≥30%) occurred in 7 (7.87%) patients and intercostal vascular hemorrhage occurred in 8 (8.99%) patients after puncture. Lung nodules were successfully found and removed in both groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the location of nodules (P=0.466), operation time (151.83±39.23 min vs. 154.35±33.19 min, P=0.585), margin width (2.07±0.35 cm vs. 1.98±0.28 cm, P=0.750), or the number of excised subsegments (2.83±1.13 vs. 2.73±1.16, P=0.530). Conclusion    Anatomical segmentectomy with three-dimensional navigation avoids the adverse consequences of puncture, which has the same clinical efficacy and meets the requirements of oncology compared with percutaneous positioning. The free-of-puncture positioning method can be used for GGN located in the central region of pulmonary segment/subsegment or adjacent to   intersegment veins instead of percutaneous positioning.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term outcomes of segmentectomy for stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer by two surgical methods.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 101 patients with stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer and undergoing segmentectomy admitted to the Department of Thoracic Surgery of The General Hospital of the Northern Theater Command from July 2016 to July 2020, including 50 patients who underwent Da Vinci robotic segmentectomy and 51 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic segmentectomy during the same period. By collecting the clinical data of the patients, the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, lymph node dissection stations, lymph node dissection number, drainage volume on the first day after the operation, total drainage volume on the third day after the operation, postoperative chest catheter insertion time, postoperative hospitalization days, and postoperative complication rate were compared and analyzed.Results:Patients in both groups successfully completed pulmonary segmental resection, and there were no cases of conversion to thoracotomy and perioperative death.Compared and analyzed the postoperative clinical results of the two groups, the intraoperative blood loss [(34.40±12.96) ml vs.(85.10±26.41)ml, P=0.000], the number of lymph node dissection stations(4.72±1.20 vs. 3.60±1.40, P=0.000) and the number of lymph node dissection(15.14±5.91 vs. 10.76±5.26, P=0.000) showed statistically significant differences, and RATS group was superior to VATS group.There were no statistically significant differences in operation time[(153.90±21.88) min vs.(155.39±25.04) min, P=0.751], drainage volume on the first day after surgery[(217.80±76.94) ml vs.(210.98±86.98) ml, P=0.678], total drainage volume three days after surgery[(612.60±169.93) ml vs.(595.10±203.90) ml, P=0.641], duration of chest drainage tube after operation[(5.36±2.33) days vs.(5.18±2.54) days, P=0.706], postoperative hospitalization days[(7.50±2.35) days vs.(7.47±2.93) days, P=0.956]and postoperative complication incidence. Conclusion:Da Vinci robot segmentectomy is a safe and effective surgical method, with less bleeding and more lymph node dissection stations and number than video-assisted thoracoscopic segmentectomy for stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of anatomic combined pulmonary segmental resection in patients with bronchiectasis.Methods:This study reviewed the data of patients who underwent thoracoscopic combined pulmonary segmentectomy for bronchiectasis in our hospital from January 2015 to June 2019.The surgical indications were a patient diagnosed with bronchiectasis by high-resolution CT(HRCT), radiographic presence of surgical target, clinical symptoms such as repeated infection, hemoptysis or persistent sputum, and poor relief of symptoms under medical treatment.A total of 113 patients with complete data were divided into two groups according to surgical methods: anatomical combined pulmonary segemectomy(anatomical group, 62 cases) and non-anatomical combined pulmonary segemectomy(non-anatomical group, 51 cases). Detection of two groups of patients with general information as well as the operation time, intraoperative blood loss and extubation time, postoperative complications(BPF, continuous leakage, hemoptysis and pulmonary infection, etc.), such as index to evaluate the safety, postoperative 1 year follow-up review, record the change of the two groups of postoperative lung function 1 year, pulmonary infection and the times of reentry haemoptysis symptom control, evaluation of operation effect.Results:The results showed that there were no statistical differences between the two groups in age, gender, lesion range, resection range and postoperative lung function(including FEV1% change in the predicted value and DLCO% change in the predicted value). However, the operative time in the two groups was(116.9±29.7)min in the dissection group, the non-anatomical group(107.3±28.6)min, comparison was made between the two groups( P=0.003). The number of days after thoracic drainage extraction in the anatomical group(5.6±3.8)days, non-anatomical group(6.9±5.0)days, there was a statistical difference between the two groups( P=0.03). In terms of postoperative complications, the number of patients admitted to hospital more than 2 times for postoperative hemoptysis, bronchopleural fistula and pulmonary infection within 1 year in the non-anatomical group was higher than that in the anatomical group, but there was no statistical difference. Conclusion:For patients with bronchiectasis requiring surgical treatment, thoracoscopic dissection combined with pulmonary segmental resection is safe and conducive to recovery, and has less complications, which is worthy of promotion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 483-489, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888572

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mortality of lung cancer ranks first among all malignant tumors, but there are few studies on the effect of different segmentectomy on lung function in patients with early lung adenocarcinoma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree of lung function preservation and short-term results of preoperative planning combined with fluorescence thoracoscopic precision segmentectomy and traditional segmentectomy in patients with early lung adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#From January 1, 2020 to October 31, 2020, 60 patients underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China: 30 patients in precision segmentectomy group and 30 patients in traditional segmentectomy group. The clinicopathological features, perioperative data and postoperative pulmonary function of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The operation time of the precision group was shorter than that of the traditional group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The preoperative pulmonary function accuracy group and the traditional group in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) were (3.65±0.63) L vs (3.54±0.64) L, (2.72±0.50) L vs (2.54±0.48) L and (20.36±3.02) mL/mmHg/min vs (19.16±3.18) mL/mmHg/min, respectively. One month after operation, the FVC, FEV1 and DLCO of pulmonary function accuracy group and traditional group were (3.35±0.63) L vs (2.89±0.57) L, (2.39±0.54) L vs (2.09±0.48) L and (17.43±3.10) mL/mmHg/min vs (15.78±2.865) mL/mmHg/min, respectively. Three months after operation, the FVC and DLCO of pulmonary function accuracy group and traditional group were (3.47±0.63) L vs (3.20±0.56) L and (19.38±3.02) mL/mmHg/min vs (17.79±3.21) mL/mmHg/min, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Preoperative planning combined with fluorescence thoracoscopic precise segmentectomy provides advantages in intersegmental plane recognition, vascular anatomy and postoperative recovery, which significantly shortens the operation time and makes the treatment more accurate.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886507

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the operation outcomes and learning curve of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods    All consecutive patients who underwent uniportal VATS between November 2018 and December 2020 in Shangjin Branch of West China Hospital of Sichuan University were retrospectively enrolled, including 62 males and 86 females with a mean age of 50.1±13.4 years. Operations included lobectomy, segmentectomy, wedge resection, mediastinal mass resection and hemopneumothorax. Accordingly, patients' clinical features in different phases were collected and compared to determine the outcome difference and learning curve for uniportal VATS. Results    Median postoperative hospital stay was 5 days, and the overall complication rate was 8.1% (12/148). There was no 30-day death after surgery or readmissions. Median postoperative pain score was 3. Over time, the operation time, incision length and blood loss were optimized in the uniportal VATS lobectomy, the incision length and blood loss increased in the uniportal VATS segmentectomy, and the postoperative hospital stay decreased in the uniportal VATS wedge resection. Conclusion    Uniportal VATS is safe and feasible for both standard and complex pulmonary resections. While, no remarkable learning curve for uniportal VATS lobectomy is observed for experienced surgeon.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881250

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the efficacy of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) anatomic basal segmentectomy. Methods    The clinical data of 15 patients who underwent uniportal VATS anatomic basal segmentectomy between June 2020 and December 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 4 males and 11 females with a median age of 53 (32-70) years. The incisions were placed in the fifth intercostal space across the mid-axillary line. All basal segmentectomies were performed through the interlobar fissure or inferior pulmonary ligament approach following the strategies of single-direction and stem-branch. Results    All patients underwent basal segmentectomy successfully with no conversion to multi-portal procedure or thoracotomy. The median operation time was 120 (90-160) min, median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) mL, median drainage time was 3 (2-5) d, and median postoperative hospital stay was 4 (4-10) d. The maximum diameter of the lesion in the resected basal segment was 1.2 (0.7-1.9) cm. The median resected lymph nodes were 7 (5-12). There was no evidence of nodal metastases. One patient suffered postoperative atelectasis and subsequent pneumonia. No perioperative death occurred. Conclusion    Uniportal VATS anatomic basal segmentectomy is feasible and safe. It can be performed in a simple manner following the strategy of single-direction.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881228

ABSTRACT

@#More and more relevant research results show that anatomical segmentectomy has the same effect as traditional lobectomy in the surgical treatment of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (diameter<2.0 cm). Segmentectomy is more difficult than lobotomy. Nowadays, with the promotion of personalization medicine and precision medicine, three-dimensional technique has been widely applied in the medical field. It has advantages such as preoperative simulation, intraoperative positioning, intraoperative navigation, clinical teaching and so on. It plays a key role in the discovery of local anatomical variation of pulmonary segment. This paper reviewed the clinical application of three-dimensional technique and briefly described the clinical application value of this technique in segmentectomy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881220

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the efficacy of thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy for stageⅠnon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods    We retrospectively reviewed the perioperative clinical data of patients with stageⅠNSCLC who underwent thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy (n=58) or simple segmentectomy (n=33) between January 2017 and March 2020 in our hospital. There were 36 males and 55 females with a median age of 57 years (range: 50-66 years). The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    There were no significant differences between the two groups in characteristics including age, sex, weight, comorbidities, preoperative pulmonary function, dominant composition of tumor, tumor histology and size, overall complications, estimated blood loss, prolonged air leakage, length of hospital stay, length of drainage, surgical margin distance or number of dissected lymph nodes. Only the operation time and number of staples for making intersegmental plane were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05). There was no perioperative death in both groups. Conclusion    Thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy is a feasible and safe technique for stageⅠNSCLC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881209

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the value of artificial intelligence (AI) diagnostic imaging system and three dimensional computed tomographic bronchoangiography (3D-CTBA) surgical planning system in the management of multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC). Methods    The clinical data of 53 patients with MPLC treated surgically in our hospital from January 2018 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 37 females, with a median age of 60 (39-75) years. The patients' preoperative CT was analyzed by AI and manually, and the data of patients who underwent 3D-CTBA were compiled to evaluate the value of AI and 3D-CTBA in the diagnosis and treatment of MPLC, respectively. Results     The sensitivity of AI screening for MPLC was 84.91%. The sensitivity (91.90% vs. 83.78%) and accuracy (85.60% vs. 84.00%) of AI diagnosis of high-risk MPLC infiltrative lesions were better than those of manual diagnosis. 3D-CTBA was used for planning the surgery in 12 patients, and the intraoperative situation was generally consistent with the reconstructed results. Conclusion    AI is of high value in identifying infiltrative lesions of MPLC. 3D-CTBA reconstruction of anatomical structures is accurate and can guide preoperative planning.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880244

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Precise segmentectomy has become the first choice of surgical treatment for pulmonary nodules and early lung cancer, and the key and difficult point of the surgery lies in the precise location and resection of the lesion. DeepInsight is an auxiliary software for precise lung surgery jointly developed by our center and Neusoft Company, which can determine the precise anatomy of the lung and locate the location of lung lesions before operation. This study is to verify the authenticity and reliability of DeepInsight lung bronchial angiography assisted surgery.@*METHODS@#In this study, 1,020 patients with pulmonary nodules <2.0 cm in diameter were included in the Department of Thoracic Surgery Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital from August 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was performed on all the included patients before surgery. The DeepInsight software was used to perform preoperative bronchial angiography on the operative side of the lung to identify the affected pulmonary segments, pulmonary arteries and pulmonary veins. Two thoracic surgeons independently assessed the visibility of the affected pulmonary vessels using the 5-point method, and the χ² test assessed the consistency between observers. In addition, virtual imaging and real anatomy of pulmonary vessels on the operative side were performed during the operation, and the involved pulmonary vessels were finally determined by 2 chief physicians of thoracic surgery.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistically significant differences between the number and spatial anatomy of the vessels involved in the pulmonary virtual imaging using DeepInsight software before operation and the number of vessels involved during operation in 1,020 patients. And the consistency among observers is quite satisfactory.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The DeepInsight software virtual imaging of pulmonary bronchial vessels can accurately reconstruct the actual pulmonary vessels and assist the completion of pulmonary segmental resection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782348

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the feasibility and clinical value of robot-assisted lung segmentectomy through anterior approach. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 77 patients who underwent robotic lung segmentectomy through anterior approach in our hospital between June 2018 to October 2019. There were 22 males and 55 females, aged 53 (30-71) years. Patients' symptoms, general conditions, preoperative imaging data, distribution of resected lung segments, operation time, bleeding volume, number of lymph node dissected, postoperative duration of chest tube insertion, drainage volume, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, perioperative death and other indicators were analyzed. Results    All operations were successfully completed. There was no conversion to thoracotomy, serious complications or perioperative death. The postoperative pathology revealed early lung cancer in 48 patients, and benign tumors in 29 patients. The mean clinical parameters were following: the robot Docking time 1-30 (M=4) min, the operation time 30-170 (M=76) min, the blood loss 20-400 (M=30) mL, the drainage tube time 2-15 (M=4) days, the drainage fluid volume 200-3 980 (M=780) mL and the postoperative hospital time 3-19 (M=7) days. Conclusion    Robotic lung segmentectomy through anterior approach is a safe and convenient operation method for pulmonary nodules.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829621

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the risk factors for complications after robotic segmentectomy. Methods    Clinical data of 207 patients undergoing robot-assisted anatomical segmentectomy in our hospital from June 2015 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 69 males and 138 females with a median age of 54.0 years. The relationship between clinicopathological factors and prolonged air leakage, pleural effusion, and pulmonary infection after surgery was analyzed. Results    After robot-assisted segmentectomy, 20 (9.7%) patients developed prolonged air leakage (>5 d), 17 (8.2%) patients developed pleural effusion, and 4 (1.9%) patients developed pulmonary infection. Univariate logistic regression showed that body mass index (BMI, P=0.018), FEV1% (P=0.024), number of N1 lymph nodes resection (P=0.008) were related to prolonged air leakage after robot-assisted segmentectomy. Benign lesion was a risk factor for pleural effusion (P=0.013). The number of lymph node sampling stations was significantly related to the incidence of pulmonary infection (P=0.035). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that the BMI (OR=0.73, P=0.012) and N1 lymph node sampling (OR=1.38, P=0.001) had a negative and positive relationship with prolonged air leakage after robot-assisted segmentectomy, respectively. Conclusion    The incidence of pulmonary complications after robot-assisted segmentectomy is low. The lower BMI and more N1 lymph node sampling is, the greater probability of prolonged air leakage is. Benign lesions and more lymph node sampling stations are risk factors for pleural effusion and lung infection, respectively. Attention should be paid to the prevention and treatment of perioperative complications for patients with such risk factors.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829264

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the clinical value of three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) in robotic lung segmentectomy. Methods    A non-randomized control study was performed and continuously enrolled 122 patients who underwent robotic lung segmentectomy in our hospital from January 2019 to January 2020. 3D-CTBA was performed before operations in 53 patients [a 3D-CTBA group, including 18 males, 35 females, with a median age of 52 (26-69) years] and not performed in the other 69 patients [a traditional group, including 23 males, 46 females, with a median age of 48 (30-76) years]. The clinical data of the patients were compared between the two groups. Results    All the patients were successfully completed the surgery and recovered from hospital, with no perioperative death. The baseline characteristics of the patients were not significantly different between the two groups (P>0.05). No significant difference was found in the operative time [120 (70-185) min vs. 120 (45-225) min, P=0.801], blood loss [50 (20-300) mL vs. 30 (20-400) mL, P=0.778], complications rate (17.0% vs. 11.6%, P=0.162), postoperative hospital stay [7 (4-19) d vs. 7 (3-20) d, P=0.388] between the two groups. In the 3D-CTBA group, 5 (9.4%) patients did not find nodules after segmentectomy, and only 1 (1.9%) of them needed lobectomy, but in the traditional group, 8 (11.6%) patients did not find nodules and had to carry out lobectomy, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The follow-up time was 10 (1-26) months, and during this period, there was no recurrence, metastasis or death in the two groups. Conclusion    3D-CTBA is helpful for accurate localization of nodules and reasonable surgical planning before operations, and reducing wrong resections in segmentectomy, without increasing the operation time, blood loss and complications. It is safe and effective in anatomical lung segmentectomy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829219

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety and efficiency of robotic lung segmentectomy. Methods    The clinical data of 110 patients receiving robotic or thoracoscopic segmentectomy in our hospital between June 2015 and June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into a robotic group [n=50, 13 males and 37 females aged 53.0 (46.0, 60.0) years] and a thoracoscopic group [n=60, 21 males and 39 females aged 61.0 (53.0, 67.0) years]. A propensity score-matched analysis was adopted to compare the perioperative data between the two groups. Results    After the propensity score-matched analysis, 34 patients were included in each group. In comparison with the thoracoscopic group, patients in the robotic group had less blood loss [40.0 (20.0, 50.0) mL vs. 60.0 (40.0, 80.0) mL, P<0.001], more stations of lymph node dissection [7.0 (6.0, 8.0) vs. 4.0 (3.0, 6.0), P<0.001], larger number of lymph node dissection [15.0 (11.0, 21.0) vs. 10.0 (6.0, 14.0), P=0.002], and a higher total cost of hospitalization [97.0 (92.0, 103.0) thousand yuan vs. 54.0 (42.0, 59.0) thousand yuan, P<0.001]. Conclusion    In contrast with the thoracoscopic segmentectomy, robotic segmentectomy has a similar operative safety, but less blood loss and a thorough lymphadenectomy.

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