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2.
Hepatología ; 5(1): 48-61, ene 2, 2024. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1530765

ABSTRACT

La albúmina sérica humana es la proteína más abundante en el plasma, su estructura molecular le confiere estabilidad, pero también flexibilidad para ligar y transportar un amplio rango de moléculas. Su función oncótica es la propiedad más reconocida que la lleva a introducirse en la terapéutica médica como un expansor de volumen. Sin embargo, en los últimos años se le han adicionado funciones con carácter antioxidante, inmunomodulador y de estabilización endotelial, que hacen presumir que su impacto terapéutico está más allá de sus funciones volumétricas. En los últimos años, específicamente en la cirrosis y la falla hepática aguda sobre crónica, se ha tenido un cambio en el paradigma fisiológico, desde una perspectiva netamente hemodinámica hacia una perspectiva inflamatoria, en donde las funciones oncóticas y no oncóticas de la albúmina están alteradas y tienen un carácter pronóstico en estas entidades. Este conocimiento creciente, desde una perspectiva inflamatoria, hace que se fortalezca el uso terapéutico de la albúmina sérica humana desde las indicaciones tradicionales como prevención de la disfunción circulatoria posparacentesis, prevención y tratamiento de lesión renal aguda, hasta las discusiones para administración a largo plazo en pacientes cirróticos con ascitis.


Human serum albumin is the most abundant protein in plasma, with a molecular structure that provides stability while also allowing flexibility to bind and transport a wide range of molecules. Its oncotic function is the most recognized property, leading to its introduction in medical therapy as a volume expander. However, in recent years, additional functions with antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and endothelial stabilization properties have been identified, suggesting that its therapeutic impact extends beyond its volumetric functions. Specifically, in cirrhosis and acute-on-chronic liver failure, there has been a shift in the pathophysiological paradigm from a purely hemodynamic perspective to an inflammatory perspective, where both oncotic and non-oncotic functions of albumin are altered and have prognostic significance in these conditions. This growing understanding from an inflammatory perspective strengthens the therapeutic use of human serum albumin, not only for traditional indications such as the prevention of post-paracentesis circulatory disfunction, prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury, but also for discussions regarding long-term administration in cirrhotic patients with ascites.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 122-126, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003519

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical value of serum vitamin A(Vit A)and basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGF)levels predicting retinopathy of prematurity(ROP).METHODS: Prospective cohort studies. A total of 411 premature or low birth weight infants with gestational age less than 37 wk or birth weight less than 2 500 g who were delivered in Hainan Branch, Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2020 to December 2022 were selected as subjects. The Vit A and bFGF levels in peripheral blood were detected at 7 d and 35 d after birth, respectively.RESULTS: A total of 392 premature infants or low birth weight infants completed clinical study, including 51 cases in stage 1-2 ROP group, 23 cases in stage 3-5 ROP group and 318 cases in the group without ROP. At 7 d postnatal, the serum Vit A(0.44±0.17 μmol/L)and bFGF(0.53±0.16 ng/L)levels in stage 1-2 ROP group were lower than those in the group without ROP(0.50±0.12 μmol/L and 0.63±0.15 ng/L; all P<0.05). The serum Vit A(0.34±0.18 μmol/L)and bFGF(0.44±0.18 ng/L)levels in stage 3-5 ROP group were lower than those in the group without ROP(P<0.05). The serum Vit A and bFGF levels in stage 3-5 ROP group were lower than those in stage 1-2 ROP group(P<0.05). At 35d postnatal, the serum Vit A(0.33±0.19 μmol/L)and bFGF(0.39±0.19 ng/L)levels in stage 3-5 ROP group were lower than those in stage 1-2 ROP group(0.43±0.16 μmol/L and 0.48±0.17 ng/L; all P<0.05). According to the ROC curve drawn by serum Vit A, the AUC value was 0.853, the maximum Youden index was 0.68, the best sensitivity was 73%, and the best specificity was 95%. According to the ROC curve drawn by serum bFGF, the AUC value was 0.828, the maximum Youden index was 0.58, the best sensitivity was 90%, and the best specificity was 68%. According to the ROC curve drawn by serum Vit A combined with bFGF, the AUC value was 0.917, the maximum Youden index was 0.70, the best sensitivity was 70%, and the best specificity was 100%.CONCLUSION: Serum Vit A and bFGF levels are sensitive and effective indicators for predicting ROP. If the serum Vit A or bFGF levels are lower in premature infants or low birth weight infants, it may indicate the higher probability of ROP and its pathological stages. In addition, the clinica value of serum Vit A combined with bFGF in the diagnosis of ROP is higher than that of Vit A or bFGF alone, and the misdiagnosis rate is reduced.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 455-463, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016654

ABSTRACT

Thrombus is a major factor leading to cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Although fibrinolytic anti-thrombotic drugs have been widely used in clinical practice, they are still limited by narrow therapeutic windows, short half-lives, susceptibility to inactivation, and abnormal bleeding caused by non-targeting. Therefore, it is crucial to effectively deliver thrombolytic agents to the site of thrombus with minimal adverse effects. Based on the long blood circulation and excellent drug-loading properties of human serum albumin (HSA), we employed genetic engineering techniques to insert a functional peptide (P-selectin binding peptide, PBP) which can target the thrombus site to the N-terminus of HSA. The fusion protein was expressed using Pichia pastoris and purified by Ni-chelating affinity chromatography. After being loaded with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs), the fusion protein formed homogeneous and stable nanoparticles (named as PBP-HSA@Au) with a diameter of 17.7 ± 1.0 nm and a zeta potential of -11.3 ± 0.2 mV. Cytotoxicity and hemolysis tests demonstrated the superb biocompatibility of PBP-HSA@Au. Platelet-targeting experiments confirmed the thrombus-targeting ability conferred by the introduction of PBP into PBP-HSA@Au. Upon near-infrared ray (NIR) irradiation, PBP-HSA@Au rapidly converted light energy into heat, thereby disrupting fibrinogen and exhibiting outstanding thrombolytic efficacy. The designed HSA fusion protein delivery system provides a precise, rapid, and drug-free treatment strategy for thrombus therapy. This system is characterized by its simple design, high biocompatibility, and strong clinical applicability. All animal experiments involved in this study were carried out under the protocols approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Jiangnan University [JN. No20230915S0301015(423)].

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 693-703, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016611

ABSTRACT

Qualitative analysis of the ingredients absorbed into blood and their metabolites of Xihuang pill (XHP) were conducted using high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) technology. Network pharmacology was used to explore the potential anticancer mechanisms of the ingredients against glioma, and their specific mechanisms were validated through molecular docking and experimental verification. SD rats were intragastrically administered with XHP, and rat serum samples were collected. Ingredients absorbed into blood and their metabolites were identified based on the retention time of chromatographic peaks, accurate molecular mass, characteristic fragment ions, and comparisons with reference substances and literature data. PharmMapper and SwissTarget Prediction databases were used to obtain the targets of the XHP-medicated serum, while GeneCards, OMIM, PharmGKB, TTD, and DrugBank databases were used to obtain glioma disease targets. The "component-target" network relationship diagram was constructed using Cytoscape 3.9.1 software. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network diagram was constructed using the STRING database, and the targets were analyzed using GO and KEGG analyses. Molecular docking was used to verify the binding ability of core targets with their corresponding compounds in XHP-medicated serum. The potential mechanism of the anti-glioma effect of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (KBA), a representative component of XHP-medicated serum, was verified using CCK-8 and Western blot assays. A total of 40 compounds were identified in the XHP-medicated serum, including 28 prototype components and 12 metabolites. The network pharmacology results showed that elemonic acid, 3-acetyl-β-boswellic acid, KBA, α-boswellic acid, and other 5 compounds might be the active ingredients of XHP-medicated serum in the treatment of glioma. Glutathione reductase (GSR), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY), aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B1 (AKR1B1) and glutaredoxin (GLRX) were identified as key targets, involving pathways such as glutathione metabolism and the pentose phosphate pathway. Further cell experiments showed that KBA significantly inhibited the proliferation of T98G cells with an IC50 of 30.96 μmol·L-1, and KBA (30 μmol·L-1) significantly downregulated the protein expression levels of GSR in T98G cells. In summary, XHP-medicated serum may exert its anti-glioma effect by regulating GSR and G6PD-targeted pathways involved in glutathione metabolism. These results provide valuable evidence for further investigating the mechanism of XHP in treating glioma. The animal welfare and experimental procedures were approved by the Ethical Committee of Laboratory Animals at Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine (approval No. ACU221001).

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 671-676, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016576

ABSTRACT

AIM:To establish a nomogram model to predict the effect of serum ferritin on diabetic retinopathy and evaluate the model.METHODS:A total of 21 variables, including ferritin, were screened by univariate and multivariate regression analysis to determine the risk factors of diabetic retinopathy. A nomogram prediction model was established for evaluation and calibration.RESULTS:Ferritin, duration of diabetes, hemoglobin, urine microalbumin, regularity of medication and body mass index were included in the nomogram model. The consistency index of the prediction model with serum ferritin was 0.813(95%CI: 0.748-0.879). The calibration curves of internal and external verification showed good performance, and the probability of the threshold suggested by the decision curve was in the range 10% to 90%. The model had a high net profit value.CONCLUSIONS:Serum ferritin is an important risk factor for diabetic retinopathy. A new nomogram model, which includes body mass index, duration of diabetes, ferritin, hemoglobin, urine microalbumin and regularity of medication, has a high predictive accuracy and could provide early prediction for clinicians.

7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 268-275, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016448

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the correlation between serum albumin levels and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in patients with early-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD), as well as the value of serum albumin levels in predicting the incidence and severity of CAC. MethodsThe study included 391 early-stage CKD patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2019 and December 2022. Demographic and biochemistry data, as well as the coronary CTA results, were collected. Based on the coronary artery calcification score (CACS), all patients were divided into non-CAC group (CACS=0, n=184) and CAC group (CACS>0, n=207). All patients were further divided into 3 groups based on the serum albumin levels: group A (serum albumin levels<35 g/L, n=30), group B (35 g/L≤ serum albumin levels< 40 g/L, n=198) and group C (serum albumin levels≥ 40 g/L, n=163). Univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate the association between serum albumin levels and CAC in early-stage CKD patients. Differences in CAC among groups were analyzed by using post-hoc multiple comparisons and ordinal logistic regression model analysis. ResultsPatients with CAC had significantly lower serum albumin levels than those without CAC (P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between serum albumin levels and CACS in early-stage CKD patients (P<0.01), as serum albumin decreased in levels, CAC increased in severity. ConclusionsOur study shows that early-stage CKD patients with lower serum albumin levels have a higher incidence of CAC. Low serum albumin level is an independent risk factor for CAC progression.

8.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 144-147, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016433

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the serum levels of thyroid function and hs-CRP expression in patients with syphilis and their relationship with coagulation function. Methods A total of 80 syphilis patients admitted to Bazhong Central Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 were selected as the study subjects and set as the observation group. In addition, 80 healthy individuals were selected as the control group, and 80 psoriasis patients were selected as the disease control group. Thyroid function, hs-CRP and coagulation function among different groups were compared. The correlation between thyroid function, hs-CRP, and coagulation function in patients with syphilis was analyzed, and the effectiveness of these parameters in predicting syphilis was analyzed. Results The values of FT3, FT4, TSH and hs-CRP in the observation group were higher than those in the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). The abnormal rates of thyroid function and hs-CRP level in the observation group were higher than those in the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). PT, APTT, and TT of the observation group were higher than those of the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). The abnormal rate of coagulation function in the observation group was higher than that in the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). The levels of FT3, FT4, TSH, hs-CRP, PT, APTT, and TT in the first stage were lower than those in the second and third stages, while these parameters in the secondary stage were lower than those in the third stage (P<0.05). The severity of syphilis was positively correlated with FT3, FT4, hs-CRP, APTT, and TT (P<0.05). Among these indicators, TT was more effective in the diagnosis of syphilis. Conclusion Syphilis patients have hyperthyroidism, accompanied by coagulation dysfunction and abnormal increase in hs-CRP, which are all related to the condition of syphilis patients. The combined prediction of syphilis patients has high effectiveness.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 461-468, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013638

ABSTRACT

Aim To research the neuroprotective effect of Haikun Shenxi (HKSX) medicated serum on N2a/ App695 cells and the underlying mechanism. Methods HKSX medicated serum was prepared and carbohydrate components in it was analyzed using high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) . N2a/ App695 cells were intervened with HKSX medicated serum, the cytotoxicity of HKSX medicated serum was measured by MTT; AP[_

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 398-401, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression levels of serum neuron specific enolase (NSE), interleukin-1β (IL-1β)and brain derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) in adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder(GAD), so as to provide reference for the early diagnosis and evaluation of GAD in adolescents.@*Methods@#From March 2020 to February 2023, 97 first episode adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder aged 13-18 years were selected in the study. According to the score of generalized anxiety disorder questionnaire (GAD-7) on admission, they were divided into mild moderate GAD group (58 cases) and severe GAD group (39 cases). At the same time, 90 healthy adolescents who participated in routine physical examination in the same period were selected as the control group. Variance analysis was conducted for comparison among serum NSE, IL-1β and BDNF level. LSD t was applied for further comparison, and the bivariate Pearson linear correlation analysis was carried out for the relationship among serum NSE, IL-1β and BDNF level.@*Results@#The differences among 3 groups of subjects on NSE and IL-1β, and BDNF were of statistical significance( F =10.73, 12.80, 20.67, P <0.01), and the differences between groups were statistically significant ( P <0.05). In the control group, serum NSE level was(8.70±1.35) μg/L, IL-1β was (18.42±5.43) pg/mL, both were the lowest. The levels of NSE and IL-1β in severe GAD group were(14.21±3.25) μg/L, (26.04±5.39)pg/mL, which were the highest. The serum BDNF level in control group was (27.16±4.42) ng/mL, which was the highest; and the severe GAD group was (10.46±3.27) ng/mL, which was the lowest. The bivariate Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that the serum NSE and IL-1β levels in GAD group were negatively correlated with the serum BDNF level ( r =-0.49, -0.57); the serum NSE level was positively correlated with the IL-1β level ( r =0.40) ( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The serum levels of NSE and IL-1β are abnormally increased in adolescents with GAD, and the serum levels of BDNF are significantly decreased. The serum levels of NSE, IL-1β and BDNF can be used as detection markers for adolescent GAD, which is helpful for early diagnosis and disease evaluation.

11.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 6-10, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012549

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSchizophrenia is a common severe mental disorder with complex pathogenesis. There are few studies on the correlation between kynurenine metabolites in peripheral serum and urine in schizophrenia. ObjectiveTo investigate the concentration of tryptophan-kynurenine metabolites and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum and urine in patients with schizophrenia, and their correlation with clinical symptoms, so as to explore potential biological characteristics related to schizophrenia. MethodsA total of 38 patients with schizophrenia who met the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), and were hospitalized or attended outpatient clinic at Hangzhou Seventh People's Hospital from December 2021 to December 2022 were included in the study. Additionally, 26 healthy individuals were concurrently recruited from the community of Hangzhou to serve as a control group. All participants were requested to complete the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS). The levels of tryptophan (TRP), kynurenine (KYN), kynurenic acid (KYNA), quinolinic acid (QUIN), picolinic acid (PIC), xanthurenate and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in both serum and urine were measured using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry. Serum and urine IL-6 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to examine the correlation between serum and urinary KYN metabolites, as well as the correlation between metabolite levels and clinical symptoms in the patient group. ResultsPatients with schizophrenia had significantly higher level of IL-6 in serum (U=798.500, P<0.01) and lower level of PIC in urine (U=253.000, P=0.013) compared with the control group. Additionally, level of serum KYN was positively correlated with QUIN/KYNA ratio and QUIN/PIC ratio (r=0.562, 0.438, P<0.05) in patients with schizophrenia. 5-HT/KYN ratio in serum was positively correlated with PANSS total score and negative symptom subscale score (r=0.458, 0.455, P<0.01) in patients with schizophrenia. ConclusionSerum TRP-KYN pathway metabolite levels in patients with schizophrenia were associated with neurotoxic metabolite ratios in urine and the severity of negative symptoms. [Funded by Zhejiang Medical and Health Science and Technology Program Exploratory (number, 2022KY990)]

12.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 179-182, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006855

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To prepare polyclonal antibodies against the serum albumin of human,cattle,sheep,pig and horse,and evaluate their efficacy in the identification of human serum albumin(HSA). Methods The specific polypeptides of human,cattle,sheep,pig and horse serum albumin were prepared by bioinformatics and polypeptide synthesis method,which were coupled with keyhole limpet hemocyanin(KLH)to prepare the peptide antigen after the purity was identified by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Male New Zealand white rabbits were immunized with polypeptide antigens of five species subcutaneously,with 2 for each kind of antigen. The antiserum was then obtained and purified by Protein A affinity chromatography to prepare the polyclonal antibody. The titers and specificity of the polyclonal antibodies were determined by ELISA and Western blot respectively,and the prepared five species of serum albumin were used to identify HSA products. Results The synthetic peptides of human,cattle,sheep,pig and horse serum albumin had a purity of over 91%,and the corresponding polyclonal antibodies all had the titer of 1∶160 000,which showed specific binding with the corresponding antigens and effectively identified the HSA products. Conclusion The polyclonal antibodies of human cattle,sheep,pig and horse serum albumin prepared in this study have good specificity and the preparation process is simple and rapid,suitable for the mass production,which lays a foundation of the development of HSA rapid identification kit.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 195-201, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011473

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To compare the differences of safety and immunogenicity of DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB hexavaccine,DTaPIPV-Hib pentavaccine plus HepB single vaccine or DTaP-IPV-HepB pentavaccine plus Hib single vaccine,so as to provide a reference for the marketing and use of hexavaccine in China.Methods Randomized controlled trials(RCTs)of DTaP-IPVHib-HepB hexavaccine,DTaP triple vaccine,Hib,IPV and HepB vaccines published at home and abroad were searched.The safety and immunogenicity of the hexavaccine were evaluated by Meta-analysis using Revman 5.4.1 software.Results A total of 7 articles,8 RCTs and 3 429 subjects were included. Meta-analysis of safety showed that there was no significant difference in the incidence of injection site and systemic adverse reactions after vaccination with hexavaccine and pentavaccine plus single vaccine(P > 0. 05)except for induration at the inoculation site and crying. Meta-analysis of immunogenicity showed no significant difference in antibody indexes after vaccination with hexavaccine and pentavaccine plus single vaccine(P > 0. 05).Conclusion The safety and immunogenicity of DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB hexavaccine in basic immunity was comparable to that of the control vaccine,and might be applied to infants and young children to prevent related diseases. However,due to the limitations of the quantity and quality of included studies,the above conclusions still depend on the further development of larger sample,multicenter and high-quality

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 351-355, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011381

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the relationship of miR-126 and miR-325 in serum and vitreous with the severity of proliferative vitreoretinopathy(PVR).METHODS: A total of 100 cases(100 eyes)with PVR who were treated in our hospital from October 2019 to October 2022 were selected and retrospectively studied. They were divided into a mild group(42 eyes)and a severe group(58 eyes)according to the degree of retinopathy, and another 30 cases(30 eyes)that underwent vitrectomy without retinopathy due to eye trauma in our hospital during the same period were selected as the control group. Fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression levels of miR-126 and miR-325 in serum and vitreous; ELISA was used to detect the levels of transforming growth factor β(TGF-β), platelet-derived growth factor(PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α)in serum and vitreous; and Pearson's method was used to analyze the correlation between the serum and vitreous levels of miR-126 and miR-325 correlated with the levels of TGF-β, PDGF, VEGF, and TNF-α; Logistic multifactorial analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors for the occurrence of severe PVR.RESULTS: Compared with the control group, miR-126 levels in serum and vitreous of PVR patients were decreased and lower in the severe PVR group than in the mild PVR group(both P&#x003C;0.05); miR-325 levels were increased and higher in the severe PVR group than in the mild PVR group(both P&#x003C;0.05). TGF-β, PDGF, VEGF, and TNF-α levels in serum and vitreous were increased in the severe PVR group compared to the mild PVR group(all P&#x003C;0.05). The miR-126 levels in serum and vitreous of patients with PVR were negatively correlated with miR-325, TGF-β, VEGF, TNF-α, and PDGF levels(all P&#x003C;0.05), and miR-325 was positively correlated with TGF-β, VEGF, TNF-α, and PDGF levels(all P&#x003C;0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that miR-325, TGF-β, PDGF, and TNF-α were all independent risk factors for the development of severe PVR in serum and vitreous, and miR-126 was an independent protective factor for the development of severe PVR in serum and vitreous(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: With the aggravation of PVR, miR-126 expression in serum and vitreous decreased while miR-325 expression increased and correlated with TGF-β, TNF-α, VEGF, and PDGF.

15.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469308

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was aimed to investigate Carbofuran (CF)-induced pathological changes in cattle egret. Two hundred cattle egrets were reared and equally divided into four groups and given different CF concentrations (0.03 mg/L, 0.02 mg/L, 0.01 mg/L and 0 mg/L (control group)). Hematology, serum biochemistry, histopathology, and immunological markers were studied. Our results confirm that CF induces anemic conditions, leukocytosis, elevated liver enzymatic activity, and alterations in renal biomarkers. Moreover, specific microscopic lesions such as multifocal necrosis, pyknotic nuclei, hemorrhages, congestion, and inflammatory cell proliferation were observed in the liver, kidney, spleen, and thymus. These findings suggest that CF can induce harmful effects, so the application of this pesticide in the field must be strictly monitored to mitigate the possibility of exposure to non-target species.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar as alterações patológicas induzidas por carbofurano (CF) em garças-vaqueiras. Duzentas dessas garças foram criadas e divididas igualmente em quatro grupos e receberam diferentes concentrações de CF: 0,03 mg/L; 0,02 mg/L; 0,01 mg/L; e 0 mg/L (grupo controle). Foram realizadas análises de hematologia, bioquímica sérica, histopatologia e marcadores imunológicos. Nossos resultados confirmaram que CF induz condições anêmicas, leucocitose, atividade enzimática hepática elevada e alterações nos biomarcadores renais. Além disso, lesões microscópicas específicas, como necrose multifocal, núcleos picnóticos, hemorragias, congestão e proliferação de células inflamatórias, foram observadas no fígado, rim, baço e timo. Esses achados sugerem que o CF pode causar efeitos nocivos, portanto a aplicação desse agrotóxico no campo deve ser rigorosamente monitorada para mitigar a possibilidade de exposição a espécies não alvo.

16.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Newcastle disease (ND) is an infectious, highly contagious and lethal disease of avian species. It is considered that ducks are natural reservoir or carrier for Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and are resistant against different strains of NDV. Current study was designed to evaluate the pathogenesis of Newcastle disease in domestic ducks through histopathology, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and serum biochemical changes. For this purpose, eighty ducks were reared for 42 days and divided in two groups A and B. Ducks in group A were challenged with (NDV) at rate of 0.1 ml of ELD50 (virus titer 107.32/100µl) on second week of age, whereas Group B was control negative. Splenomegaly, atrophy of thymus and necrotic lesion in kidney were observed on 9th day of post infection. Hepatic degeneration and mononuclear cell infiltration were noticed in proventriculus and intestine in challenged ducks. Viral antigen detected in lungs, intestine, proventriculus and lymphoid organs of infected ducks through IHC. Albumin and total protein values were significantly low in infected groups A as compared to control group B. ALT, AST, and ALP values were significantly high in infected group A. On 5th and 7th day of post infection oropharyngeal swabs were negative for NDV and cloacal swabs were positive for NDV through Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. It is concluded that ducks are susceptible to NDV and virulent strain of NDV caused disease in ducks.


Resumo A doença de Newcastle (DN) é uma doença infecciosa, altamente contagiosa e letal de espécies aviárias. Considera-se que os patos são reservatórios ou portadores naturais do vírus da doença de Newcastle (VDN) e são resistentes a diferentes cepas de VDN. O presente estudo foi desenvolvido para avaliar a patogênese da DN em patos domésticos por meio de histopatologia, imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) e alterações bioquímicas séricas. Para este propósito, 80 patos foram criados por 42 dias e divididos em dois grupos A e B. Os patos do grupo A foram submetidos ao VDN a uma taxa de 0,1 ml de ELD50 (título viral de 107,32 / 100 µl) na segunda semana de idade, enquanto o Grupo B foi controle negativo. Esplenomegalia, atrofia do timo e lesão necrótica no rim foram observadas no 9º dia pós-infecção. Degeneração hepática e infiltração de células mononucleares foram observadas no proventrículo e intestino em patos infectados. Antígeno viral foi detectado em pulmões, intestino, proventrículo e órgãos linfoides de patos infectados por IHQ. Os valores de albumina e proteína total foram significativamente baixos no grupo A infectado em comparação com o grupo B. Os valores de ALT, AST e ALP foram significativamente altos no grupo A. No 5º e no 7º dia após a infecção, os esfregaços orofaríngeos foram negativos para VDN, enquanto os esfregaços cloacais foram positivos para VDN por meio da reação em cadeia da polimerase via transcriptase reversa. Conclui-se que os patos são suscetíveis ao VDN e à cepa virulenta de VDN que causou doenças em patos.

17.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255055, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355865

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was aimed to investigate Carbofuran (CF)-induced pathological changes in cattle egret. Two hundred cattle egrets were reared and equally divided into four groups and given different CF concentrations (0.03 mg/L, 0.02 mg/L, 0.01 mg/L and 0 mg/L (control group)). Hematology, serum biochemistry, histopathology, and immunological markers were studied. Our results confirm that CF induces anemic conditions, leukocytosis, elevated liver enzymatic activity, and alterations in renal biomarkers. Moreover, specific microscopic lesions such as multifocal necrosis, pyknotic nuclei, hemorrhages, congestion, and inflammatory cell proliferation were observed in the liver, kidney, spleen, and thymus. These findings suggest that CF can induce harmful effects, so the application of this pesticide in the field must be strictly monitored to mitigate the possibility of exposure to non-target species.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar as alterações patológicas induzidas por carbofurano (CF) em garças-vaqueiras. Duzentas dessas garças foram criadas e divididas igualmente em quatro grupos e receberam diferentes concentrações de CF: 0,03 mg/L; 0,02 mg/L; 0,01 mg/L; e 0 mg/L (grupo controle). Foram realizadas análises de hematologia, bioquímica sérica, histopatologia e marcadores imunológicos. Nossos resultados confirmaram que CF induz condições anêmicas, leucocitose, atividade enzimática hepática elevada e alterações nos biomarcadores renais. Além disso, lesões microscópicas específicas, como necrose multifocal, núcleos picnóticos, hemorragias, congestão e proliferação de células inflamatórias, foram observadas no fígado, rim, baço e timo. Esses achados sugerem que o CF pode causar efeitos nocivos, portanto a aplicação desse agrotóxico no campo deve ser rigorosamente monitorada para mitigar a possibilidade de exposição a espécies não alvo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbofuran/toxicity , Birds , Cattle
18.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250607, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355881

ABSTRACT

Abstract Newcastle disease (ND) is an infectious, highly contagious and lethal disease of avian species. It is considered that ducks are natural reservoir or carrier for Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and are resistant against different strains of NDV. Current study was designed to evaluate the pathogenesis of Newcastle disease in domestic ducks through histopathology, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and serum biochemical changes. For this purpose, eighty ducks were reared for 42 days and divided in two groups A and B. Ducks in group A were challenged with (NDV) at rate of 0.1 ml of ELD50 (virus titer 107.32/100µl) on second week of age, whereas Group B was control negative. Splenomegaly, atrophy of thymus and necrotic lesion in kidney were observed on 9th day of post infection. Hepatic degeneration and mononuclear cell infiltration were noticed in proventriculus and intestine in challenged ducks. Viral antigen detected in lungs, intestine, proventriculus and lymphoid organs of infected ducks through IHC. Albumin and total protein values were significantly low in infected groups A as compared to control group B. ALT, AST, and ALP values were significantly high in infected group A. On 5th and 7th day of post infection oropharyngeal swabs were negative for NDV and cloacal swabs were positive for NDV through Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. It is concluded that ducks are susceptible to NDV and virulent strain of NDV caused disease in ducks.


Resumo A doença de Newcastle (DN) é uma doença infecciosa, altamente contagiosa e letal de espécies aviárias. Considera-se que os patos são reservatórios ou portadores naturais do vírus da doença de Newcastle (VDN) e são resistentes a diferentes cepas de VDN. O presente estudo foi desenvolvido para avaliar a patogênese da DN em patos domésticos por meio de histopatologia, imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) e alterações bioquímicas séricas. Para este propósito, 80 patos foram criados por 42 dias e divididos em dois grupos A e B. Os patos do grupo A foram submetidos ao VDN a uma taxa de 0,1 ml de ELD50 (título viral de 107,32 / 100 µl) na segunda semana de idade, enquanto o Grupo B foi controle negativo. Esplenomegalia, atrofia do timo e lesão necrótica no rim foram observadas no 9º dia pós-infecção. Degeneração hepática e infiltração de células mononucleares foram observadas no proventrículo e intestino em patos infectados. Antígeno viral foi detectado em pulmões, intestino, proventrículo e órgãos linfoides de patos infectados por IHQ. Os valores de albumina e proteína total foram significativamente baixos no grupo A infectado em comparação com o grupo B. Os valores de ALT, AST e ALP foram significativamente altos no grupo A. No 5º e no 7º dia após a infecção, os esfregaços orofaríngeos foram negativos para VDN, enquanto os esfregaços cloacais foram positivos para VDN por meio da reação em cadeia da polimerase via transcriptase reversa. Conclui-se que os patos são suscetíveis ao VDN e à cepa virulenta de VDN que causou doenças em patos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Newcastle disease virus , Ducks , Newcastle Disease/diagnosis
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559789

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 se caracteriza por la hiperglucemia debido a la insuficiente producción de insulina de las células β. La mieloperoxidasa promueve el estrés oxidativo durante la inflamación y la ceruloplasmina se considera su inhibidor endógeno. Objetivo: Evaluar la relación entre la ceruloplasmina y la mieloperoxidasa, determinadas simultáneamente en el suero de pacientes diabéticos tipo 2. Métodos: Se estudiaron 362 pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 y 110 sujetos sanos. La actividad sérica de la ceruloplasmina se determinó por el método de Siotto; y el de la mieloperoxidasa, por el de Kraeisz. Resultados: El 72 % de los pacientes diabéticos tenían hiperglucemia y el 77 % presentaba obesidad abdominal. Las actividades de ambas enzimas se incrementaron significativamente en relación con el grupo control. El coeficiente de correlación de la actividad enzimática resultó bajo. El cociente RMPO/CP de los pacientes diabéticos superó el de los controles. La ceruloplasmina no inhibió la mieloperoxidasa. Conclusiones: Predominó la mieloperoxidasa, por tanto, no se manifestó el efecto inhibitorio de la ceruloplasmina. La elevada actividad de la mieloperoxidasa se asocia con un agravamiento del cuadro clínico del paciente diabético.


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia due to insufficient insulin production by β cells. Myeloperoxidase promotes oxidative stress during inflammation and ceruloplasmin is considered its endogenous inhibitor. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between ceruloplasmin and myeloperoxidase, determined simultaneously in the serum of type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: A total of 362 type 2 diabetic patients and 110 healthy subjects were studied. Serum ceruloplasmin activity was determined by the Siotto KM method and myeloperoxidase by the Kraeisz JE method. Results: 72% of diabetic patients had hyperglycemia and 77% had abdominal obesity. The activities of both enzymes were significantly increased relative to the control group. The correlation coefficient of enzyme activity was low. The ORMO/CP ratio of diabetic patients exceeded that of controls. Ceruloplasmin did not inhibit myeloperoxidase. Conclusions: Myeloperoxidase predominated, therefore, the inhibitory effect of ceruloplasmin was not manifested. The high activity of myeloperoxidase was associated with a worsening of the clinical picture of the diabetic patient.

20.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 83: e0004, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535601

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This report was aimed at presenting a case of neurotrophic keratitis and concomitant SARS-CoV-2 infection in a patient who has recently undergone a corneal DALK transplant. One month after corneal transplantation with adequate corneal epithelialization, the patient presented neurotrophic keratitis with a torpid course of the corneal transplant coinciding with a SARS-CoV-2 infection, with an excessive host immune response. In addition, the patient presented a re-positivization of nasopharyngeal polymerase chain reaction of SARS-CoV-2 with past disease after starting treatment with autologous serum eye drops. The implications at the ophthalmological level of SARS-CoV-2 infection may be clarified as the time the illness progresses and we learn more about how it acts. In this case, the disparity of signs and symptoms, the antecedent of corneal surgery, and the possibility of a herpetic infection as a cause of the primary leukoma suggested neurotrophic keratitis. Nonetheless, the involvement of systemic SARS-CoV-2 infection in the process, triggering an excessive host immune response at the corneal level with an increase in inflammatory cytokines must be taken into account. No relationship was found between treatment with autologous serum and re-positivization of nasopharyngeal polymerase chain reaction, presenting the patient a favorable response to treatment.


RESUMO O objetivo deste relato foi apresentar um caso de ceratite neurotrófica e infecção concomitante por SARS-CoV-2 em paciente submetido recentemente a transplante de córnea DALK. Um mês após o transplante de córnea com adequada epitelização da córnea, o paciente apresentou ceratite neurotrófica com curso tórpido do transplante de córnea, coincidindo com infecção por SARS-CoV-2, com resposta imune excessiva do hospedeiro. Além disso, o paciente apresentou repositivização da reação em cadeia da polimerase nasofaríngeo de SARS-CoV-2, com doença pregressa após iniciar tratamento com colírio de soro autólogo. As implicações a nível oftalmológico da infecção por SARS-CoV-2, podem ser esclarecidas à medida que a doença progride e aprendemos mais sobre sua forma de atuação. Neste caso, a disparidade de sinais e sintomas, o antecedente de cirurgia de córnea e a possibilidade de infecção herpética como causa do leucoma primário sugeriram ceratite neurotrófica. No entanto, deve-se levar em consideração o envolvimento da infecção sistêmica por SARS-CoV-2 no processo, desencadeando uma resposta imune excessiva do hospedeiro no nível da córnea, com aumento de citocinas inflamatórias. Não foi encontrada relação entre o tratamento com soro autólogo e a repositivização da reação em cadeia da polimerase nasofaríngea, apresentando ao paciente uma resposta favorável ao tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Corneal Ulcer/diagnosis , Corneal Ulcer/therapy , Corneal Transplantation , Keratoplasty, Penetrating , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications , Immune Adherence Reaction , Corneal Ulcer/etiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Azithromycin , Cefixime , Serum , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Slit Lamp Microscopy , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Hydroxychloroquine , Immunity , Keratitis
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