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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354779

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) features in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), in terms of degenerative changes, condylar excursions and positioning as well as their possible correlations with signs and symptoms. Methods: Clinical records of patients diagnosed with TMD who were seen between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. These patients were divided into the following groups based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD): arthralgia, myalgia, and arthralgia and myalgia groups. The CBCT examination findings of the patients were evaluated in relation to degenerative changes, estimates of condylar excursion, and condylar positioning. The likelihood ratio test was used to verify the possible differences among the three groups, whereas the chi-square test was used to verify the possible differences among the signs and symptoms for the tomographic findings (p ≤ 0.050). Results: In this study, 65 patients with TMD were included. These patients were predominantly female (84.6%) with a mean age of 40.6 years. Tomographic findings of flattening, hyperexcursion and posterior condylar positioning were frequent. A significant correlation was noted between osteophyte and lateral capsule pain (p = 0.027), erosion and posterior capsule pain (p = 0.026), and flattening, pseudocysts (p < 0.050) and condylar excursion (p < 0.001) with mouth opening. Conclusion: Few correlations were noted between degenerative changes and signs of joint pain as well as degenerative changes and condylar hypoexcursion with mouth opening. These correlations were likely associated with division by diagnosis, whereas condylar positioning did not correlate with signs and symptoms


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandibular Condyle
2.
FEMINA ; 50(3): 178-183, 20220331. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367572

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o perfil epidemiológico e clínico e a assistência médica fornecida às pacientes acompanhadas no ambulatório específico para endometriose em um hospital universitário público brasileiro. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal retrospectivo. Foram incluídos os prontuários médicos de 153 pacientes com endometriose acompanhadas em nosso ambulatório desde sua criação, em fevereiro de 2017, até abril de 2020. Os dados coletados foram utilizados para estabelecer os sintomas mais prevalentes, os métodos diagnósticos utilizados, os locais acometidos com maior frequência, o tratamento clínico estabelecido e as características epidemiológicas da população estudada. Resultados: A idade média das pacientes foi de 35,2 ± 7,23 anos. Os sintomas mais prevalentes foram dismenorreia (88,2%), dispareunia (65,4%) e infertilidade (52,9%). O ovário foi o local mais acometido (60,1%). A coexistência de doenças autoimunes foi identificada em 7,2% das pacientes. Cerca de 47,7% das pacientes foram diagnosticadas com ressonância magnética pélvica e 45% foram tratadas com dienogeste. Conclusão: O reconhecimento da epidemiologia da endometriose, os sintomas mais frequentes e as comorbidades associadas à doença podem permitir aos profissionais de saúde melhorar sua capacidade diagnóstica e realizar uma assistência clínica individualizada e eficiente.(AU)


Objective: To analyze the epidemiological and clinical profile and the medical assistance provided to patients followed up in the specific outpatient clinic of endometriosis in a Brazilian public university hospital. Methods: It was a cross-sectional retrospective study. Medical records of 153 patients with endometriosis followed up in our specific outpatient clinic, since its creation, in February 2017, until April 2020 were included. Data collected was used to establish the most prevalent symptoms, diagnostic methods used, most frequent sites of involvement, clinical treatment and epidemiological characteristics of the study population. Results: The mean age of patients was 35.2 ± 7.23 years old. The most prevalent symptoms were dysmenorrhea (88.2%), dyspareunia (65.4%) and infertility (52.9%). Ovary was the most affected site (60.1%). The coexistence of autoimmune disease was identified in 7.2% patients. About 47.7% were diagnosed by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 45% were treated with dienogest. Conclusion: The recognition of endometriosis epidemiology, the most frequent symptoms and the comorbidities associated with the disease may enable health care professionals to improve the diagnostic capacity and to perform an individualized and efficient clinical assistance.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging
3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 154-159, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913131

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and pathological features of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 1326 patients with unexplained liver disease who attended Nanjing Second Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019, among whom 8 patients were diagnosed with PFIC3 based on clinical/pathological manifestation and gene sequencing results (1 patient did not undergo liver biopsy due to contraindication). Clinical, laboratory, imaging, and pathological findings were analyzed and a literature review was performed for the pathology of ABCB4-related diseases to summarize the clinical and pathological features of PFIC-3. Results Among the 8 patients with PFIC3, there were 5 male patients and 3 female patients, with a median age of 29.5 years. Of all 8 patients, 4 (50%) manifested as chronic cholestasis and 4 (50%) manifested as biliary cirrhosis, among whom 3 (75%) had the manifestation of portal hypertension. As for biochemical examination, 75% (6/8) had an increase in alkaline phosphatase, and 100% (8/8) had an increase in gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. As for imaging examination, 50% (4/8) had cholecystitis, 25% (2/8) had gallstones, 25% (2/8) had bile duct dilatation, 75% (6/8) had splenomegaly, and 25% (2/8) had liver cirrhosis. As for liver biopsy, all 7 patients manifested as bile duct injury and/or reduction, and 57.1% (5/7) had absence of the bile duct. Multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein 3 (MDR3) immunohistochemical staining showed normal expression in 42.9% (3/7) of the patients and reduced expression in 57.1% (4/7) of the patients. Literature review obtained 17 articles with a description of the bile duct or MDR3 immunohistochemistry. Among the 7 patients with low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis, 71.4% (5/7) had normal bile duct, 14.3% (1/7) had bile duct reduction, and 14.3% (1/7) had absence of the bile duct; among the 6 patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, 16.7% (1/6) had normal bile duct, 50% (3/6) had bile duct reduction, and 33.3% (2/6) had absence of the bile duct; among the 8 patients with PFIC3, 25% (2/8) had bile duct reduction and 75% (6/8) had absence of bile duct; among the 21 patients with PFIC3, 9.5% (2/21) had normal expression of MDR3, 23.8% (5/21) had a reduction in the expression of MDR3, and 66.7% (14/21) had absence of the expression of MDR3. Conclusion PFIC3 mainly manifests as cholestasis, cholelithiasis, and hepatic fibrosis. Pathological manifestation includes bile duct injury and bile duct reduction or absence of the bile duct in severe cases, and the degree of injury is associated with disease severity. MDR3 immunohistochemistry may show normal expression, reduced expression, or absence of expression, and diagnosis cannot be excluded in patients with normal expression. Genetic testing can be performed for diagnosis when necessary.

4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e029, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1364594

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The new coronavi rus, which has spread worldwide, has spiraled out of control in Brazil. The number of infected children has increased, and more Infants Special Care Units are needed to prevent deaths. This study aims to report the most common signs and symptoms in children infected by seasonal respiratory viruses and those infected by COVID-19. This knowledge is essential to educate pediatric dentists, who may contribute to identifying the difference in symptoms and notify the cases, thus preventing the spread of COVID-19. This study was carried out in a Family Health Center of Ipojuca, state of Pernambuco, Brazil, and included 54 children seen for dental emergency care. The parents provided information about the signs and symptoms of their children' s health conditions during the lockdown from March to July 2020. All children had a serological test to detect any exposure to the virus. Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Mann-Whitney tests were used to assess the distribution of the data and compare the quantitative variables between the groups. Among the study participants, 16.7% tested positive for COVID-19. The most prevalent symptoms were headache (38.9%), sneezing (35.2%), and fever (20.4%); six out of nine children with a positive test had symptoms after infection of an adult in the family. Children infected with COVID-19 showed similar clinical signs to those with negative results. Pediatric dentists should acquire knowledge to report on sick children and prevent the spread of the disease.

5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2463, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360145

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo investigar a ocorrência de queixa vocal autorreferida no uso profissional da voz em atores profissionais de teatro; correlacionar presença de queixa vocal com três protocolos de autoavaliação do impacto de uma alteração vocal: Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV), Escala de Desconforto do Trato Vocal (EDTV) e Índice de Desvantagem Vocal -10 (IDV-10); verificar quais protocolos são mais robustos à detecção do impacto de possível disfonia nessa população. Métodos Participaram 75 atores profissionais de teatro, ambos os gêneros, 18 a 64 anos. Os atores informaram a presença ou ausência de queixa vocal e responderam a três protocolos de autoavaliação: Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV), Escala de Desconforto do Trato Vocal (EDTV) e Índice de Desvantagem Vocal-10 (IDV-10). Resultados constatou-se que 25% dos atores apresentaram queixa vocal. O grupo com queixa (GCQ) apresentou maior número de sintomas vocais e maior frequência e intensidade de desconforto de trato vocal, quando comparado ao grupo sem queixa (GSQ). IDV-10 não identificou desvantagem vocal nos grupos. No GCQ, houve correlação forte entre ESV e IDV-10 e correlação muito forte entre os escores de frequência e intensidade da EDTV. No GSQ, houve correlação moderada entre ESV e EDTV, ESV e IDV-10 e correlação muito forte entre os escores de frequência e intensidade da EDTV. Conclusão neste estudo, 25% dos atores profissionais de teatro apresentaram queixa vocal. A correlação entre a queixa vocal e os protocolos foi positiva e variou de moderada à forte. No GCQ, a ESV e a EDTV foram instrumentos mais robustos na detecção do impacto de uma possível disfonia.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the occurrence of self-reported vocal complaints in the professional use of the voice in professional theater actors; analyze the correlation between the presence of vocal complaint and three self-assessment protocols of the vocal problem impact; The Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS), the Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) scale and the Voice Handicap Index -10 (VHI -10); verify the most robust protocols to identify dysphonia in this population. Methods The participants were 75 professional theater actors, men and women, between 18 and 64 years old. They answered to a questioner informing presence or absence of vocal complaint and to three self-assessment protocols: VoiSS, VTD and VHI-10. Results 25% of the actors presented vocal complaints. The group with vocal complaint (GwVC) had more voice symptoms and higher frequency and intensity of vocal tract discomfort than the group with no vocal complaint (GnVC). No group presented voice handicap considering the VHI-10 and a very high correlation between the VTD frequency and intensity scores. The GnVC presented moderate correlation between the VoiSS and the VTD, moderate correlation between the VoiSS and the VHI-10 and, a very high correlation between the VTD frequency and intensity scores. Conclusion In this study, 25% of professional theater actors presented vocal complaints. The correlation between vocal complaints and protocols was positive and ranged from moderate to strong. The VoiSS and the VTD were more robust identify dysphonia in the GwVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Art , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Sickness Impact Profile , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Occupational Diseases , Self Concept , Surveys and Questionnaires , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Dysphonia
6.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2492, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360146

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar quais são os sinais e sintomas de disfagia orofaríngea mais presentes nos idosos residentes em Instituições de Longa Permanência. Estratégia de pesquisa revisão integrativa realizada em quatro bases de dados: Embase, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed e Web of Science, com uso de termos na língua inglesa e aplicação de filtros por idioma e idade. Critérios de seleção estudos disponíveis na forma de texto completo em inglês, português ou espanhol, sem restrição de tempo de publicação, relacionados a idosos residentes em Instituições de Longa Permanência que referiram disfagia orofaríngea. Foram excluídos estudos relacionados a idosos da comunidade ou que estavam em hospitais, e com outras condições de saúde não relacionadas aos problemas de deglutição. Resultados de 389 estudos, 16 foram incluídos nesta revisão, publicados entre os anos de 1986 e 2020. Houve predomínio de participantes do sexo feminino, com média mínima de idade de 71 anos e máxima de 87 anos. Os sinais e sintomas mais frequentes de disfagia orofaríngea foram presença de tosse e engasgo, além de outros relevantes, como pressão de língua diminuída, voz molhada, perda de peso e deglutição lenta. Conclusão de acordo com os estudos revisados, os sinais e sintomas mais frequentes relacionados à disfagia orofaríngea nos idosos institucionalizados foram presença de tosse e engasgo, antes, durante ou após a deglutição.


Abstract Purpose To identify the most prevalent signs and symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia in elderly adults who live in old folks' home. Research strategy Integrative review carried out in four databases: Embase, Lilacs, MEDLINE/Pubmed, and Web of Science using English terms and filters for language and age. Selection criteria Studies available in the full-text form in English, Portuguese or Spanish, with no publication time restrictions, related to elderly people living in care homes who reported oropharyngeal dysphagia. Studies related to elderly people in the community or in hospitals and with other health issuesthat were not related to swallowing disorders were excluded. Results Of 389 studies, 16 were included in this review, published between 1986 and 2020. There was a predominance of female participants whose minimum mean age was 71 and maximum, 87. The most frequent signs and symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia were the presence of coughing and choking, in addition to other relevant ones, such as diminished tongue pressure, wet voice, weight loss, and slow swallowing. Conclusion According to the reviewed studies, the most frequent signs and symptoms related to oropharyngeal dysphagia in elderly people living in care homes were (the) presence of coughing and choking, before, during or after swallowing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Mass Screening , Long-Term Care , Sickness Impact Profile , Homes for the Aged , Mortality
7.
CoDAS ; 34(4): e20190065, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360369

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo verificar e comparar o desvio da qualidade vocal, sintomas vocais e índice de sintomas de refluxo em pacientes com diagnóstico clínico sugestivo de refluxo laringofaríngeo (RLF). Método participaram deste estudo prospectivo 100 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com faixa etária entre 18 e 60 anos que apresentaram sinais de RLF no exame nasofibrolaringológico. Os participantes responderam ao questionário Índice de Sintomas do Refluxo Faringo-Laríngeo (ISRFL) para determinar presença de sintomas de refluxo e a Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV). Tiveram suas vozes gravadas para a avaliação perceptivoauditiva. Foram contatadas três fonoaudiólogas com experiência em voz e manteve-se a de maior confiabilidade. Resultados 100 vozes avaliadas, 34 eram adaptadas e 66 desviadas. O tipo de qualidade vocal predominante foi rugoso e o grau de desvio leve. A média dos escores no ESV e ISRFL dos indivíduos com vozes desviadas foi significativamente maior que no grupo de vozes adaptadas em ambos os protocolos (p<0,01). O sintoma relatado com maior frequência e intensidade, em ambas as avaliações, foi pigarro. Houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas quando analisados os pares dos tipos de qualidade vocal: rugosa-adaptada (p=0,0021) e tensa-adaptada (p=0,0075) no ESV, e rugosa-adaptada (p=0,001) no ISRFL. Conclusão indivíduos com vozes desviadas referiram maior ocorrência de sinais e sintomas vocais relacionadas ao RLF mensurados pela ESV e ISRFL. As inúmeras teorias a respeito da doença não tornam possível uma única conclusão sobre o assunto. São necessários novos estudos na área a fim de auxiliar o profissional no diagnóstico e tratamento do paciente com RLF.


ABSTRACT Purpose Verify and compare vocal deviation in quality, vocal symptoms and reflux symptom index in patients with clinical diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Methods 100 individuals of both genders participated in this prospective study, aged between 18 and 60 years old, who presented signs of LPR in the nasofibrolaryngological exam. Participants answered the Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) questionnaire to determine the reflux index and the Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS). Their voices were recorded for the auditory-perceptual assessment. Three speech therapists with voice experience were contacted and the most reliable one was maintained. Results 100 examined voices, 34 were classified as adapted and 66 as deviated. The predominant vocal quality type was rough and a slight degree of deviation. The average score on VoiSS and RSI of individuals with deviated voice is significantly higher than the adapted voice group on both protocols (p<0.01). The symptom reported with most frequency and intensity, in both analyses, was throat clearing. There were statistically significant differences once analyzed the vocal quality types by pairs: rough-adapted (p=0.0021) and tense-adapted (p=0.0075) on VoiSS, and rough-adapted (p=0.001) on RSI. Conclusion Individuals with deviated voice reported higher occurrence of LPR related vocal signals and symptoms measured by VoiSS and RSI. The numerous theories about the disease do not make possible a single conclusion on the subject. Further studies are needed in the area to assist the professional in the diagnosis and treatment of the RLF patient.

8.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0163345, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374010

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar associações entre contexto de trabalho e manifestações clínicas da COVID-19 em profissionais de saúde. Métodos Estudo transversal, com profissionais de saúde do nordeste brasileiro, das categorias médica, enfermagem e fisioterapia de diferentes áreas de atuação. Foi enviado um questionário do Google Forms por meio de redes sociais reunindo variáveis demográficas, acadêmicas, do contexto de trabalho, manifestações clínicas e dados relacionados a realização de teste para COVID-19 (não foi especificado o teste realizado) e se o resultado confirmava infecção ativa ou presença de anticorpos (categorizado como positiva). Realizou-se teste de Qui-Quadrado de Pearson e análise multivariada de regressão logística binária, com teste de Qui-Quadrado de Wald, considerando p-value <0,05, Odds Ratio e Intervalo de Confiança de 95%. Resultados Aceitaram participar do estudo 1.354 profissionais. Destes, 324 referiram teste positivo para COVID-19, com prevalência de 23,9% (324/1.354). Evidenciou-se associação estatística entre manifestação de sintomas e resultado positivo (p=0,000). As características do contexto de trabalho relacionadas a número de empregos, cenário de prática, contato com pacientes críticos e emprego na capital foram as variáveis independentes associadas ao resultado positivo para COVID-19 (p<0,05). Identificou-se que 54,8% da variável dependente pode ser relacionada ao setor de trabalho, número de empregos, febre, perda de olfato e paladar. Conclusão Profissionais de saúde dos centros urbanos, contexto hospitalar, unidades de cuidados críticos e com mais de um emprego são mais acometidos pela COVID-19, tendo o resultado positivo do exame uma estreita relação com os sintomas de febre, perda de olfato e paladar característicos da doença.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar asociaciones entre contexto de trabajo y manifestaciones clínicas de la COVID-19 en profesionales de salud. Métodos Estudio transversal, con profesionales de salud del nordeste brasileño, de las categorías médica, enfermería y fisioterapia de distintas áreas de actuación. Se envió un cuestionario del Google Forms a través de redes sociales que reúnen variables demográficas, académicas, del contexto de trabajo, manifestaciones clínicas y datos relacionados con la realización de pruebas de COVID-19 (no se especificó la prueba realizada) y si el resultado confirmaba la infección activa o la presencia de anticuerpos (categorizado como positiva). Se realizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado de Pearson y el análisis multivariado de regresión logística binaria, con prueba de chi-cuadrado de Wald, considerando p-value <0,05, Odds Ratio e Intervalo de Confianza del 95 %. Resultados 1.354 profesionales aceptaron participar del estudio. De estos, 324 refirieron prueba positiva de COVID-19, con una prevalencia de 23,9 % (324/1.354). Se evidenció una asociación estadística entre la manifestación de síntomas y el resultado positivo (p=0,000). Las características del contexto de trabajo relacionadas al número de empleos, escenario de práctica, contacto con pacientes críticos y empleo en la capital fueron las variables independientes asociadas al resultado positivo de COVID-19 (p<0,05). Se identificó que 54,8 % de la variable dependiente puede estar relacionada con el sector de trabajo, número de empleos, fiebre, pérdida de olfato y paladar. Conclusión Profesionales de salud de los centros urbanos, contexto hospitalario, unidades de cuidados críticos y con más de un empleo son los más afectados por la COVID-19, y tiene el resultado positivo del examen una estrecha relación con los síntomas de fiebre, pérdida de olfato y de paladar característicos de la enfermedad.


Abstract Objective To analyze associations between work context and clinical manifestations of COVID-19 in health professionals. Methods This is a cross-sectional study, with health professionals from the northeast of Brazil, from the medical, nursing and physiotherapy categories from different areas of expertise. A Google Forms questionnaire was sent through social networks, gathering demographic, academic, work context, clinical manifestations and data related to testing for COVID-19 (the test performed was not specified) and whether the result confirmed infection active or presence of antibodies (categorized as positive). Pearson's chi-square test and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis were performed, with Wald's chi-square test, considering p-value <0.05, Odds Ratio and 95% confidence interval. Results A total of 1,354 professionals agreed to participate in the study. Of these, 324 reported a positive test for COVID-19, with a prevalence of 23.9% (324/1,354). There was a statistical association between symptom onset and positive result (p=0.000). The work context characteristics related to the number of jobs, practice setting, contact with critically ill patients and employment in the capital were the independent variables associated with a positive result for COVID-19 (p<0.05). It was identified that 54.8% of the dependent variable can be related to the work sector, number of jobs, fever, loss of smell and taste. Conclusion Health professionals from urban centers, hospitals, critical care units and those with more than one job are more affected by COVID-19, with the positive test result being closely related to the symptoms of fever, loss of smell and taste that are characteristic of the illness.

9.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039007434, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374036

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar os indicadores clínicos mais relevantes para o Diagnóstico de Enfermagem Desobstrução ineficaz de vias aéreas. Método Estudo metodológico de análise de conteúdo organizado em três fases: definição conceitual do fenômeno de interesse, construção da estrutura do fenômeno de interesse e análise dos juízes sobre a estrutura construída. Resultados Foram identificados 21 indicadores clínicos. Apenas Sons respiratórios aumentados e Retração subcostal não foram indicadores significativamente relevantes para o diagnóstico. Conclusão Os indicadores de maior relevância para o diagnóstico Desobstrução ineficaz de vias aéreas foram: Dispneia, Mudanças no ritmo respiratório, Ruídos adventícios respiratórios, Taquipneia, Acúmulo excessivo de muco, Tosse ineficaz, Sons respiratórios diminuídos, Ortopneia, Cianose, Inquietação, Dificuldade para verbalizar e Uso da musculatura acessória para respirar.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar a los indicadores clínicos más relevantes para el Diagnóstico de Enfermería Desobstrucción ineficaz de las vías aéreas. Métodos Estudio metodológico de análisis de contenido organizado em tres fases: definición conceptual del fenómeno de interés, construcción de la estructura del fenómeno de interés y análisis de los jueces sobre la estructura construida. Resultados Se identificaron 21 indicadores clínicos. Únicamente Sonidos respiratorios aumentados y Retracción subcostal no fueron indicadores significantemente relevantes para el diagnóstico. Conclusión Los indicadores de mayor relevancia para el diagnóstico Desobstrucción ineficaz de las vías aéreas fueron: Disnea, Cambios en el ritmo respiratorio, Ruidos adventicios respiratorios, Taquipnea, Acúmulo excesivo de mucosidad, Tos ineficaz, Sonidos respiratorios disminuidos, Ortopnea, Cianosis, Inquietud, Dificultad para verbalizar y Uso de la musculatura accesoria para respirar.


Abstract Objective To identify the most relevant clinical indicators for the Ineffective airway clearance Nursing Diagnosis. Method This is a methodological study of content analysis organized into a conceptual definition of the phenomenon of interest, construction of the phenomenon of interest structure and analysis by judges on the constructed structure. Results Twenty-one clinical indicators were identified. Only Increased breath sounds and Subcostal retraction were not significantly relevant for the diagnosis. Conclusion The most relevant indicators for the Ineffective airway clearance diagnosis were: Dyspnea, Alteration in respiratory rate, Adventitious respiratory noises, Tachypnea, Excessive sputum, Ineffective cough, Decreased breathing sounds, Orthopnea, Cyanosis, Restlessness, Difficulty verbalizing and Use of accessory muscles to breathe.

10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e066, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1374751

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate all the existing literature on the efficacy of treatments used to relieve the signs and symptoms associated with teething. A systematic search up to February 2021, without restrictions on language or date of publication, was carried out in MEDLINE/PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, LILACS, BBO, OpenGrey, Google Scholar, Portal de Periódicos da CAPES, clinicaltrials.gov, and the references of the included studies. Clinical studies that evaluated the effect of any intervention to alleviate the signs and symptoms associated with teething in babies and children were included. The risk of bias was assessed using the ROB-2 and ROBINS-I tools. The characteristics and results of the individual studies were extracted and synthesized narratively. The GRADE approach was followed to rate the certainty of the evidence. Three randomized and two non-randomized clinical trials were included. The outcomes of these five articles were classified as high or serious risk of bias. Three studies using homeopathy reported improvement in appetite disorders, gum discomfort, and excess salivation. One study showed a new gel with hyaluronic acid was more effective than an anesthetic gel in improving signs and symptoms such as pain, gingival redness, and poor sleep quality. Another study applied non-pharmacological treatments, which were more effective, especially against excess salivation. Although the present systematic review suggests some therapies could have a favorable effect on signs and symptoms related to teething, definitive conclusions on their efficacy cannot be drawn because of the very low certainty of the evidence. The existing literature on the subject is scarce and heterogeneous and has methodological flaws; therefore, further high-quality investigations are necessary.

11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210967, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253959

ABSTRACT

There is no much published data on the mothers' false beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething in Sudan. Aim: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted to assess mothers` knowledge about infant teething process and to evaluate mothers' practices used to alleviate teething disturbances in Gadarif city, eastern Sudan. Methods: Questionnaires were used to collect data. Multivariate logistics regression models were performed and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results/Conclusion: Of a total of 384 participating mothers, 126 (32.8%) had good knowledge about infant teething. The mothers' knowledge was associated with a higher number of children in the family (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.14) and with having a job (AOR = 2.22). Mothers residing in rural areas (AOR = 0.40) and mothers with lower than secondary education (AOR = 0.43) were less likely to have good knowledge about teething. Diarrhea (88.5%), fever (86.5%), an urge to bite (76.6%), and poor appetite (71.9%) were the signs and symptoms most attributed to teething by mothers. Only the mother's knowledge about teething was associated with reporting fever as a sign. A considerable number (317; 82.6%) of mothers reported performing "Dokhan" (acacia wood smoke), 313 (81.5%) preferred to administer paracetamol or other systemic analgesics, 262 (68.2%) agreed that a child with tooth eruption should be taken to a hospital or health center, and 216 (56.3%) believed that antibiotics relieved symptoms related to teething


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Tooth Eruption , Child , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge , Mothers
12.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e57289, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365803

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar sinais e sintomas apresentados por crianças e adolescentes que despertam nos profissionais de saúde a suspeita/identificação de violência sexual. Método estudo com abordagem qualitativa realizado em 2019, com 30 profissionais de um hospital público da Bahia, mediante gravação das entrevistas com base em questionário semiestruturado e analisadas segundo Bardin. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados dor, sangramento, alteração ou laceração da genitália e/ou ânus e Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis constituem sinais e sintomas que despertam os profissionais para suspeita e/ou identificação da vivência de violência sexual infantojuvenil. Conclusão os profissionais de saúde suspeitam e/ou identificavam a vivência de violência sexual quando crianças e adolescentes apresentam complicações relacionadas ao trato genital e anal, que podem resultar em óbito.


RESUMEN Objetivo identificar señales y síntomas presentados por niños y adolescentes que despiertan la sospecha / identificación de violencia sexual en los profesionales de la salud. Método estudio con enfoque cualitativo realizado en 2019, junto a 30 profesionales de un hospital público de Bahía, mediante el registro de las entrevistas en base a un cuestionario semiestructurado y analizadas según Bardin. El proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. Resultados dolor, sangrado, alteración o laceración de los genitales y / o ano e Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual son señales y síntomas que hacen sospechar y / o identificar, a los profesionales, la experiencia de violencia sexual contra niños y adolescentes. Conclusión los profesionales de la salud sospechan y / o identifican la experiencia de violencia sexual cuando los niños y adolescentes tienen complicaciones relacionadas con el tracto genital y anal, que pueden resultar en la muerte.


ABSTRACT Objective to identify signs and symptoms presented by children and adolescents that lead health personnel to suspect or identify sexual violence. Method this qualitative study was conducted in 2019, with 30 health personnel from a public hospital in Bahia, by recording interviews based on a semi-structured questionnaire, which were analyzed by reference to Bardin. The project was approved by the research ethics committee. Results pain, bleeding, alteration or laceration of the genitalia and/or anus and sexually transmitted infections are signs and symptoms that lead health personnel to suspect and/or identify that children and adolescents have experienced sexual violence. Conclusion health personnel suspected and/or identified the experience of sexual violence when children and adolescents had complications relating to the genital and anal tract, which can result in death.

13.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e57289, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354084

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar sinais e sintomas apresentados por crianças e adolescentes que despertam nos profissionais de saúde a suspeita/identificação de violência sexual. Método: estudo com abordagem qualitativa realizado em 2019, com 30 profissionais de um hospital público da Bahia, mediante gravação das entrevistas com base em questionário semiestruturado e analisadas segundo Bardin. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: dor, sangramento, alteração ou laceração da genitália e/ou ânus e Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis constituem sinais e sintomas que despertam os profissionais para suspeita e/ou identificação da vivência de violência sexual infantojuvenil. Conclusão: os profissionais de saúde suspeitam e/ou identificavam a vivência de violência sexual quando crianças e adolescentes apresentam complicações relacionadas ao trato genital e anal, que podem resultar em óbito.


Objective: to identify signs and symptoms presented by children and adolescents that lead health personnel to suspect or identify sexual violence. Method: this qualitative study was conducted in 2019, with 30 health personnel from a public hospital in Bahia, by recording interviews based on a semi-structured questionnaire, which were analyzed by reference to Bardin. The project was approved by the research ethics committee. Results: pain, bleeding, alteration or laceration of the genitalia and/or anus and sexually transmitted infections are signs and symptoms that lead health personnel to suspect and/or identify that children and adolescents have experienced sexual violence. Conclusion: health personnel suspected and/or identified the experience of sexual violence when children and adolescents had complications relating to the genital and anal tract, which can result in death.


Objetivo: identificar señales y síntomas presentados por niños y adolescentes que despiertan la sospecha / identificación de violencia sexual en los profesionales de la salud. Método: estudio con enfoque cualitativo realizado en 2019, junto a 30 profesionales de un hospital público de Bahía, mediante el registro de las entrevistas en base a un cuestionario semiestructurado y analizadas según Bardin. El proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. Resultados: dolor, sangrado, alteración o laceración de los genitales y / o ano e Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual son señales y síntomas que hacen sospechar y / o identificar, a los profesionales, la experiencia de violencia sexual contra niños y adolescentes. Conclusión: los profesionales de la salud sospechan y / o identifican la experiencia de violencia sexual cuando los niños y adolescentes tienen complicaciones relacionadas con el tracto genital y anal, que pueden resultar en la muerte.

14.
Iatreia ; 34(4): 295-306, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350829

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas, clínicas y paraclínicas de los pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Universitario de Neiva, entre los años 2014 y 2018 e identificar los factores de riesgo que se asocien con la mortalidad. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional analítico retrospectivo. Se calcularon las medias, la desviación estándar, frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Se realizó un análisis de normalidad con el Test de Shapiro-Wilk. Se evaluó la asociación de diferentes variables sociodemográficas y clínicas con el riesgo de mortalidad usando regresión logística. Resultados: se registraron 305 eventos, predominantemente leves (117 casos). El 2018 fue el año con mayor número de reportes (35,45 %). La mayoría eran personas jóvenes con una edad media de 17 años, principalmente de los 0 a 11 años (61 %). Más del 90% eran pacientes residentes del departamento Huila y más de la mitad (67 %) pertenecían al régimen subsidiado. La mayoría de las picaduras ocurrieron durante el día, siendo las extremidades la ubicación más frecuentemente reportada (82 %). Se encontró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre un cuadro grave y la mayor necesidad de UCI. Conclusiones: el escorpionismo es un problema de salud pública infravalorado en Colombia. La población pediátrica tiene mayor riesgo de desarrollar complicaciones y síntomas graves en la escorpiotoxicosis. Un cuadro grave en cualquier edad aumenta la probabilidad de ingreso a una UCI, requerimiento frecuente de soporte hídrico e inotrópico y la necesidad de antihipertensivos, al igual que dosis elevadas de antiveneno.


SUMMARY Objective: To describe the sociodemographic, clinical and paraclinical characteristics of the patients treated at the Neiva University Hospital between 2014 and 2018, and identify risk factors that are associated with mortality. Materials and Methods: Observational, analytic retrospective, study. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. Normality analysis was performed with the Shapiro-Wilk Test. The relationship of different sociodemographic and clinical variables and the risk of mortality were evaluated using logistic regression. Results: 305 events were registered, predominantly mild (117 cases), being 2018 the year with the highest number of reports (35.45%). Most were young people, with a mean age of 17 years, mainly between 0-11 years (61%). More than 90% resided in the Huila department and more than half (67%) belonged to the subsidized regime. Most bites occurred during the day, with the extremities being the most frequently reported location (82%). A statistically significant association was found between a severe condition and an increased need for an ICU. Conclusions: Scorpionism is an undervalued public health problem in Colombia. The pediatric population is at increased risk of developing severe complications and symptoms in scorpiotoxicosis. A severe condition at any age increases the probability of ICU admission, more frequent requirement for inotropic and liquids supply, and the use of antihypertensive drugs and high doses of anti-venom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mortality , Scorpion Stings , Scorpions , Signs and Symptoms , Bites and Stings , Public Health , Research Report
15.
Medicina UPB ; 40(2): 41-49, 13 oct. 2021. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1342180

ABSTRACT

La infección respiratoria causada por el SARS-CoV-2 fue declarada pandemia por la OMS en marzo 11 de 2020. Este nuevo beta-coronavirus, producto probablemente de la mutación aleatoria de un coronavirus infectante de animales, ha impactado la humanidad, creado una gran mortalidad entre la población, y también ha desestabilizado la interacción entre los seres humanos y su calidad de vida. El trabajo conjunto de investigadores que han analizado los casos de COVID-19, los mecanismos biológicos, los efectos en el ser humano y las posibles vías de intervención conducen a exitosos avances científicos en el entendimiento de la infección, la creación de inmunidad y el uso de ciertos medicamentos, además de una novedosa e histórica forma de creación de nuevas vacunas eficientes y seguras. No se puede olvidar el esfuerzo en medidas de protección personal como el lavado de manos, higiene de superficies, distanciamiento social y equipos de protección, entre otras. En esta revisión narrativa analizamos algunos puntos importantes en el proceso infeccioso, manifestaciones clínicas, diagnóstico, manejo y prevención de la enfermedad por coronavirus 2019, COVID-19.


The respiratory infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 was declared a pandemic by the WHO on March 11, 2020. This new beta-coronavirus, probably the product of the random mutation of a coronavirus infecting animals, has affected humanity, created great mor-tality among the population, and it has also destabilized the interaction between human beings and their quality of life. The joint work of researchers who have analyzed the COVID-19 cases, the biological mechanisms, their effects on human beings, and possible intervention pathways have led to successful scientific advances in the understanding of the infection, the creation of immunity, the use of specific medications, in addition to an innovative and historical way of creating new vaccines that are both efficient and safe. It is also crucial to note that the effort to produce positive results involves the continued used of safety precautions such as handwashing, surface disinfection, social distancing and protective equipment, among others. This narrative review will analyze relevant aspects regarding the process of infection, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and prevention of the disease caused by the 2019 coronavirus, COVID-19.


A infecção respiratória causada pelo SARS-CoV-2 foi declarada pandemia pela OMS em 11 de março de 2020. Este novo beta-coronavírus, provavelmente produto da mutação aleatória de um coronavírus que infecta animais, impactou a humanidade, criou uma grande mortalidade entre a população, e também desestabilizou a interação entre o ser humano e sua qualidade de vida. O trabalho conjunto de investigadores que anali-saram os casos de COVID-19, os mecanismos biológicos, os efeitos no ser humano e as possíveis vias de intervenção conduzem a avanços científicos exitosos na compreensão da infecção, na criação de imunidade e na utilização de certos medicamentos, além de uma forma nova e histórica de criar novas vacinas eficientes e seguras. Não se pode esquecer o esforço em medidas de proteção individual como lavagem das mãos, higiene das superfícies, distanciamento social e equipamentos de proteção, entre outros. Nesta revisão narrativa analisamos alguns pontos importantes no processo infeccioso, manifes-tações clínicas, diagnóstico, manejo e prevenção da doença coronavírus 2019, COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Protective Devices , Signs and Symptoms , World Health Organization , Vaccines , Hand Disinfection , Mortality , Coronavirus , Physical Distancing , Immunity
16.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1310-1327, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352113

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: muchos casos de covid-19 son asintomáticos al ingresar. El desarrollo de síntomas pudiera tener relación con la terapéutica empleada. Objetivo: caracterizar clínicamente los pacientes infectados con SARS-CoV-2 y la evolución de los síntomas en relación con el ingreso, en el Hospital Militar Docente Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy, de Matanzas. Materiales y métodos: estudio retrospectivo de las historias clínicas de pacientes ingresados confirmados con SARS-CoV-2 hasta el 26 de junio de 2020. Se estudiaron 145 pacientes, divididos en dos grupos: sintomáticos y asintomáticos al ingresar. Se recabaron datos demográficos, antecedentes patológicos personales, síntomas y evolución, parámetros humorales, tratamiento, estadía hospitalaria y complicaciones. Se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi cuadrado y de U de Mann-Whitney, según el tipo de variable. Resultados: la mayoría de los pacientes ingresó sintomático. Solo hasta 19 años predominaron los asintomáticos. Los hipertensos, diabéticos y con insuficiencia renal tuvieron mayor proporción de sintomáticos al momento del ingreso. Un pequeño grupo (n= 38) nunca desarrollo síntomas. En los sintomáticos predominaron tos, malestar general, fiebre, dolor faríngeo, congestión nasal, anosmia y falta de aire. Posterior al ingreso prevalecieron diarreas, dispepsia y vómitos. Los sintomáticos tuvieron mayores valores de enzimas hepáticas, más infección respiratoria baja y distress respiratorio, así como estadía hospitalaria extensa, ingreso en cuidados intensivos y fallecidos. Conclusiones: más de la mitad de los pacientes ingresaron con predominio de síntomas generales y respiratorios. Después del ingreso predominó la sintomatología digestiva, posiblemente relacionada con la terapéutica empleada. Los pacientes sintomáticos al ingresar, tuvieron peores parámetros humorales, más complicaciones y estadía hospitalaria más prolongada (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: many cases of covid-19 are asymptomatic when admitted to the hospital. The development of symptoms may be related to the therapies used. Objective: to characterize clinically the patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 and the evolution of symptoms in relation to admission, in the Military Hospital Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy, of Matanzas. Materials and methods: retrospective study of clinical records of SARS-CoV-2-confirmed patients admitted up to June 26, 2020. 145 patients were studied, divided into two groups: symptomatic and asymptomatic ones at admission. Demographic data, personal pathological history, symptoms and evolution, humoral parameters, treatment, hospital stay and complications were collected. The Chi square and Mann-Whire U tests were used, depending on the type of variable. Results: most patients were symptomatic at admission. Asymptomatic ones predominated only up to 19 years. Hypertensive, diabetic and renal impaired patients had a higher proportion of symptoms at admission. A small group (n = 38) never developed symptoms. Cough, general discomfort, fever, pharyngeal pain, nasal congestion, anosmia and shortness of breath were the predominated symptoms. Diarrhea, dyspepsia and vomiting prevailed after admission. The symptomatic patients showed higher liver enzyme values, more low respiratory infection and respiratory distress, and also had more extended hospital stay, admission to intensive care and deceases. Conclusions: more than half of the patients were admitted with predominance of general and respiratory symptoms. After admission, digestive symptoms predominated, possibly related to the therapies used. Symptomatic patients on admission had worse humoral parameters, more complications and longer hospital stay (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Patients , Clinical Evolution/methods , Medical Records , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/therapy
17.
Av. enferm ; 39(3): 376-384, 01 de septiembre de 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291134

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the nursing diagnoses of risk for decreased cardiac tissue perfusion and risk for activity intolerance and establish the association between the components of both diagnoses and the signs and symptoms of acute coronary syndromes. Materials and methods: Observational and associative study with 75 patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome in a Brazilian public hospital. Inferential statistics and multiple Poisson regression models were applied. Results: 84% of the patients showed risk for activity intolerance and 80% reported risk for decreased cardiac tissue perfusion. Risk factors were present in more than 50% of the sample. The diagnoses showed a high frequency in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Pharmacological agents, presence of comorbidities, and family and personal history were associated with the diagnoses. Absence of evidence of decreased cardiac tissue perfusion as dyspnea, radiation to shoulder and jaw, and pain time less than ten hours acted as protective factors. Conclusions: There is a high cardiovascular vulnerability of patients with acute coronary syndrome to the proposed nursing diagnoses. Therefore, we recommend further studies to determine the predictive power of the assessed risk diagnoses for those focusing on this health problem.


Objetivo: identificar los diagnósticos de enfermería sobre el riesgo de disminución de la perfusión tisular cardíaca y el riesgo de intolerancia a la actividad y establecer la asociación existente entre los componentes de ambos diagnósticos y los signos y síntomas de los síndromes coronarios agudos. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional y asociativo realizado con 75 pacientes diagnosticados con síndrome coronario agudo en un hospital público de Brasil. Se aplicaron estadísticas inferenciales y modelos de regresión de Poisson múltiples. Resultados: 84 % de los pacientes presentó riesgo de intolerancia a la actividad y 80 % riesgo de disminución de la perfusión del tejido cardíaco. Los factores de riesgo estuvieron presentes en más del 50 % de la muestra. Los diagnósticos mostraron una alta frecuencia en pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo. Factores como el uso de agentes farmacológicos, la presencia de comorbilidades y antecedentes familiares y personales fueron asociados con ambos diagnósticos. La ausencia de evidencia sobre disminución de la perfusión del tejido cardíaco como disnea, radiación en el hombro y la mandíbula o la presencia de dolor por un período inferior a diez horas actuaron como factores protectores. Conclusiones: existe una alta vulnerabilidad cardiovascular de los pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo a los diagnósticos de enfermería propuestos, por lo que se sugiere realizar más estudios con el fin de determinar el poder predictivo de los diagnósticos de riesgo evaluados para aquellos encargados de estudiar este problema.


Objetivo: identificar os diagnósticos de enfermagem risco de perfusão tecidual cardíaca diminuída e risco de intolerância à atividade e estabelecer a associação entre os componentes desses diagnósticos e os sinais e sintomas das síndromes coronarianas agudas. Materiais e métodos: estudo observacional e associativo realizado com 75 pacientes com diagnóstico de síndrome coronariana aguda em um hospital público brasileiro. Estatísticas inferenciais e modelos de regressão de Poisson múltiplos foram aplicados. Resultados: 84 % apresentaram risco para intolerância à atividade e 80 % risco para diminuição da perfusão do tecido cardíaco. Os fatores de risco estiveram presentes em mais de 50 % da amostra. Os diagnósticos apresentaram alta frequência em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda. Agentes farmacológicos, presença de comorbidades, história familiar e pessoal estiveram associados aos diagnósticos. Ausência de evidências de diminuição da perfusão do tecido cardíaco como dispneia, radiação para ombro e mandíbula e tempo de dor menor que dez horas atuaram como fatores de proteção. Conclusões: há alta vulnerabilidade cardiovascular dos pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda aos diagnósticos de enfermagem propostos, assim, recomendamos novos estudos para determinar o poder preditivo dos diagnósticos de risco avaliados para aqueles com enfoque no problema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Signs and Symptoms , Nursing Diagnosis , Risk Factors , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Nursing Process
18.
SOBECC ; 26(3): 189-196, 30-09-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1343230

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as evidências científicas disponíveis na literatura sobre os sinais e sintomas relacionados à exposição à fumaça cirúrgica em trabalhadores do bloco operatório. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura, com busca nas seguintes bases de dados: Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Web Of Science e SCOPUS. Resultados: Foram 1.351 estudos pré-selecionados, sendo 4 por busca manual. Ao fim, obtiveram-se cinco artigos para análise. Os sinais e sintomas encontrados foram: tosse, ardência de faringe, espirros, rinite, lesão nasofaringe, sensação de corpo estranho na garganta, congestão nasal, inflamação das vias aéreas, lacrimejamento dos olhos, náuseas, vômitos, dor abdominal, fraqueza, cãibra, cefaleia, sonolência, tonturas, irritabilidade, desconforto (como mau cheiro na roupa). Conclusão: Observaram-se grandes avanços nas pesquisas propostas, estudos que embasam a intensidade dos sinais e sintomas e orientação dos riscos nocivos que proporcionem aos gestores conhecimento e fundamentação científica para futuras intervenções tanto contra a proteção ao trabalhador como para prevenção de risco no ambiente de trabalho.


Objective: To analyze the scientific evidence available in the literature on signs and symptoms related to surgical smoke exposure among surgical block workers. Method: This integrative literature review searched the following databases: MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Web of Science, and Scopus. Results: A total of 1,351 studies were pre-selected, 4 of which were found by manual search. In the end, five articles were analyzed. The signs and symptoms identified were: cough, burning sensation in the pharynx, sneezing, rhinitis, nasopharyngeal lesion, foreign body sensation in the throat, nasal congestion, airway inflammation, lacrimation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness, muscle cramp, headache, drowsiness, lightheadedness, irritability, discomfort (such as unpleasant smell in clothes). Conclusion: Great advances have been detected in the studies proposed. These investigations lay the foundation for the intensity of signs and symptoms and the orientation regarding harmful risks, providing managers with the knowledge and scientific basis for future interventions, both to protect the team and to prevent risks in the work environment.


Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia científica disponible en la literatura sobre signos y síntomas relacionados con la exposición al humo quirúrgico en trabajadores de quirófano. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura, buscando en las siguientes bases de datos: Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, Web Of Science y SCOPUS. Resultados: Hubo 1.351 estudios preseleccionados, cuatro por búsqueda manual. Al final, se obtuvieron cinco artículos para su análisis. Los signos y síntomas encontrados fueron: tos, ardor faríngeo, estornudos, rinitis, lesión nasofaríngea, sensación de cuerpo extraño en la garganta, congestión nasal, inflamación de las vías respiratorias, lagrimeo de los ojos, náuseas, vómitos, dolor abdominal, debilidad, calambres, dolor de cabeza, somnolencia, mareos, irritabilidad, malestar como mal olor en la ropa. Conclusión: Hubo grandes avances en la investigación propuesta, estudios que apoyan la intensidad de los signos y síntomas y orientaciones sobre riesgos nocivos que brinden a los gestores conocimiento y fundamento científico para futuras intervenciones, tanto contra la protección del trabajador como para la prevención de riesgos en el entorno laboral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Health , Electrocoagulation , Electrosurgery , Operating Rooms , Smoke , Workplace
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 494-496, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285088

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study reports the clinical case of a 42-year-old patient with ulcerated lesions who was followed up by general practitioners with the diagnosis of recurrent cellulitis. However, when referred to the Dermatology division a diagnosis of Behçet's syndrome was established based on clinical criteria. Although there are defined clinical criteria for this syndrome, sometimes its diagnosis can be challenging, due to lack of knowledge of the disease and extremely heterogeneous clinical phenotype. The authors highlight the potential difficulties in establishing the diagnosis considering the multiple clinical findings during the investigation process, contributing to the risk of increased morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Referral and Consultation , Ulcer/diagnosis , Chronic Disease
20.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(278): 5932-5947, jul.-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1343203

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: buscar na literatura científica o que as evidências apontam sobre a assistência da enfermagem ao paciente em cuidados paliativos direcionada ao controle de sintomas. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados Lilacs, Scielo, Medline e periódicos da Capes, cujo corpus da análise foi de 8 artigos. Foram incluídos artigos disponíveis nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol, publicados nos últimos 5 anos, disponíveis na íntegra e gratuitamente. Resultados: Os artigos selecionados apresentaram características diversas, possuindo populações alvo, amostras, finalidades e métodos variados. Após análise dos dados foram encontradas informações que se complementaram acerca do tema, possibilitando apresentação dos resultados em duas categorias: Manifestações clínicas em pacientes em cuidados paliativos e Assistência de enfermagem no manejo de paciente em cuidados paliativos. Conclusão: A enfermagem tem papel de auxiliar na monitoração dos casos de câncer e intervir nos sintomas físicos e psicológicos através de tratamentos farmacológicos e não farmacológicos.(AU)


Objective: to search in the scientific literature what the evidence points about nursing care for patients in palliative care directed to symptom control. Method: Integrative literature review carried out in the Lilacs, Scielo, Medline and Capes journals databases, whose corpus of analysis was 8 articles. Articles available in English, Portuguese and Spanish, published in the last 5 years, were available in full and free of charge. Results: The selected articles had different characteristics, having target populations, samples, purposes and varied methodological means. After analyzing the data, information was found that complemented each other on the topic, made it possible to present the results in two categories: Clinical manifestations in patients in palliative care and Nursing assistance in the management of patients in palliative care. Conclusion: Nursing has the role of assisting in the monitoring of cancer cases and intervening in physical and psychological symptoms through pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments.(AU)


Objetivo: buscar en la literatura científica qué apunta la evidencia sobre los cuidados de enfermería al paciente en cuidados paliativos dirigidos al control de síntomas. Método: Revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos de las revistas Lilacs, Scielo, Medline y Capes, cuyo corpus de análisis fue de 8 artículos. Los artículos disponibles en inglés, portugués y español, publicados en los últimos 5 años, estaban disponibles en su totalidad y de forma gratuita. Resultados: Los artículos seleccionados tenían características diferentes, teniendo poblaciones objetivo, muestras, propósitos y medios metodológicos variados. Luego del análisis de los datos, se encontró información que se complementaba sobre el tema, posibilitó presentar los resultados en dos categorías: Manifestaciones clínicas en pacientes en cuidados paliativos y Asistencia de enfermería en el manejo de pacientes en cuidados paliativos. Conclusión: Enfermería tiene el rol de asistir en el seguimiento de los casos de cáncer e intervenir en los síntomas físicos y psicológicos mediante tratamientos farmacológicos y no farmacológicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Neoplasms , Nursing Care , Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing
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