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An. bras. dermatol ; 97(6): 786-788, Nov.-Dec. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403181


Abstract Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease that gradually poses a certain threat to public health and economic growth. Tuberculosis typically affects the lungs, pleura, and lymph nodes and rarely the skin. Cutaneous tuberculosis manifesting as ulcerated lesions is also rare and often misdiagnosed and missed by clinicians. Here, the authors report a 29-year-old female patient presenting a vulvar ulcer for 10 months, accompanied by irregular menstruation and increased vaginal secretions. After a skin biopsy and endometrial PCR testing, it was finally diagnosed as vulvar ulcerative cutaneous tuberculosis secondary to genital tuberculosis. Antituberculosis treatment was effective. Cutaneous tuberculosis is called a great imitator. In order to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis by clinicians, the authors systematically reviewed this disease as well.

J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210166, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394423


Resumo As úlceras de membros inferiores, secundárias à doença venosa crônica (DVC), constituem um problema significativo de saúde pública no Brasil e representam cerca de 70% do total dessas úlceras. Apesar dos recentes avanços tecnológicos e das diversas opções terapêuticas utilizadas para essas lesões crônicas, existem diversos fatores que podem estar implicados na resistência ao tratamento. A calcificação distrófica cutânea (CDC) é uma condição rara e frequentemente subdiagnosticada, que, quando associada à DVC, pode estar associada à refratariedade no processo cicatricial. Neste artigo, relatamos um caso de CDC em paciente portador de DVC e discutimos a sua etiologia, fisiopatologia e possíveis opções de tratamento.

Abstract Lower limb ulcers secondary to chronic venous disease (CVD) are a significant public health problem in Brazil and account for about 70% of these ulcers. Despite recent technological advances and the various therapeutic options for treatment of these chronic injuries, several factors may be involved in resistance to treatment. Dystrophic calcinosis cutis (DCC) is a rare and often underdiagnosed condition that, when in conjunction with CVD, may be associated with a refractory healing process. In this article, we report a case of DCC in a patient with CVD and discuss its etiology, pathophysiology and possible treatment options.

Humans , Male , Aged , Venous Insufficiency , Calcinosis/therapy , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Leg Ulcer/therapy , Wound Healing , Calcinosis/physiopathology , Chronic Disease , Leg Ulcer/physiopathology
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210190, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405502


Resumo A bullosis diabeticorum (BD) é uma manifestação cutânea infrequente do diabetes e pode afetar os membros superiores. Caracteriza-se pelo aparecimento espontâneo e indolor de flictenas não inflamatórias de aspecto sanguinolento, que podem evoluir para necrose, requerendo que se faça diagnóstico diferencial com doenças dermatológicas, como porfiria cutânea tarda, pseudoporfiria, epidermólise bolhosa adquirida e penfigoide bolhoso, e doenças vasculares, como vasculites, doença arterial periférica, doença de Buerger, entre outras. Neste relato, descreve-se o caso de um paciente masculino de 77 anos, hipertenso e diabético mal controlado, apresentando aparecimento espontâneo de lesões bolhosas de membros superiores, que evoluíram, após ruptura espontânea, para ulcerosas necróticas. A biópsia da lesão diagnosticou a presença de espessamento hialino de vasos dérmicos e de bolhas subcórneas, compatíveis com o diagnóstico de BD. Após a interrupção do tabagismo e a otimização do controle glicêmico associado a corticoterapia tópica, houve melhora, com cicatrização das lesões. A apresentação da BD em membros superiores é mais rara, sendo necessário o diagnóstico diferencial com outras lesões cutâneas e vasculares.

Abstract Bullosis diabeticorum (BD) is an uncommon cutaneous manifestation of diabetes that can affect the upper limbs. It is characterized by spontaneous and painless non-inflammatory bloody blisters, which can progress to necrosis, requiring differential diagnosis to rule out other dermatological diseases, such as porphyria cutanea tarda, pseudoporphyria, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, and pemphigoid, and vascular diseases, such as vasculitis, peripheral arterial disease, and Buerger's disease, among others. In this report, we describe a 77-year-old male patient with poorly controlled diabetes and hypertension who presented with spontaneous onset of lesions on the upper limbs, initially with bullous characteristics, progressing to necrotic ulcers after spontaneous rupture. A biopsy revealed hyaline thickening of the dermal vessels and subcorneal bullae, consistent with a diagnosis of BD. After smoking cessation and optimization of glycemia control combined with topical corticosteroid therapy, the condition improved and lesions began to heal. This presentation of BD involving the upper limbs is rare, requiring differential diagnosis to rule out other cutaneous and vascular lesions.

An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 762-764, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355644


Abstract Lobomycosis is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by the yeast Lacazia loboi, typically found in tropical and subtropical geographical areas. Transmission occurs through traumatic inoculation into the skin, especially in exposed areas, of men who work in contact with the soil. Lesions are restricted to the skin and subcutaneous tissue, with a keloid-like appearance in most cases. The occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma on skin lesions with a long evolution is well known; however, there are scarce reports of lobomycosis that developed into squamous cell carcinoma. The authors report a patient from the Brazilian Amazon region, with lobomycosis and carcinomatous degeneration, with an unfavorable outcome, due to late diagnosis.

Humans , Male , Lacazia , Lobomycosis/pathology , Keloid/pathology , Skin/pathology , Brazil
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 102(2): 1-10, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356967


Resumen La vasculopatía livedoide (VL), es una enfermedad vascular oclusiva que afecta la microvasculatura, se caracteriza por ser recurrente y no inflamatoria. Su incidencia es de 1/100.000 casos por habitantes, afectando en su mayoría a mujeres de edad media. Su patogenia se desconoce, pero se destaca el componente trombótico de la misma, causado por un estado de hipercoagulabilidad, que conduce a la oclusión vascular, debiendo distinguirse una forma primaria y una secundaria.Clínicamente se observan úlceras dolorosas a nivel maleolar que evolucionan progresivamente a una cicatrización atrófica, blanquecina nacarada y estrellada característica.Presentamos un caso clínico en un varón con múltiples comorbilidades y difícil tratamiento, el cual requirió un trabajo multidisciplinario.

Abstract Livedoid vascular disease (VL), is an occlusive vascular disease that affects the microvasculature, is characterized by being recurrent and non-inflammatory. Its incidence is 1 / 100,000 cases per inhabitant, affecting mostly middle-aged women. Its pathogenesis is unknown, but its thrombotic component stands out, caused by a state of hypercoagulability, which leads to vascular occlusion, and a primary and secondary form must be distinguished. Clinically, painful ulcers are observed at the malleolar level, progressing progressively to characteristic atrophic, pearly whitish and starry healing. We present a clinical case in a male with multiple comorbidities and difficult management, which required multidisciplinary work.

An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 315-318, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285056


Abstract Lymphocytic thrombophilic arteritis is a recently described entity, histopathologically characterized by lymphocytic vasculitis that affects the arterioles of the dermo-hypodermic junction, associated with deposition of fibrin and a luminal fibrin ring. A 49-year-old female patient presented with achromic maculae and a well-defined ulcer on the medial aspect of the left lower limb. The biopsy showed intense inflammatory infiltrate in the papillary dermis with a predominance of lymphocytes, and medium-caliber vessels surrounded by mononuclear infiltrates in the deep reticular dermis. Masson's trichrome staining showed intense destruction of the muscle layer of the vascular wall and a fibrin ring. Good clinical response was attained with azathioprine. The authors believe that the ulceration might be another clinical presentation or represent an atypical progression of this condition.

Humans , Female , Arteritis , Leg Ulcer/etiology , Ulcer , Biopsy , Lymphocytes , Middle Aged
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280959


Introduction: Chikungunya virus is spreading worldwide due to migration and globalization and could be presented with systemic and with unusual symptoms. Objective: To report a case of virus-transmitted infection detected in a woman during the gynecological examination at a vulvar clinic. Case report: A 73-year-old Caucasian woman attended a vulvar clinic because of dyspareunia and vulvar burning. Ulcers were observed on labia minora and perineum. A Chikungunya was diagnosed by seroconversion in paired specimens. She was prescribed prednisolone 40 mg once a day for 10 days. After oral steroid treatment, the woman had no body rashes or lesions on her genitals. Conclusion: This study emphasized that rare signs of unusual vulvitis with ulcers could be associated with Chikungunya infection.

Introdução: O vírus Chikungunya está se espalhando pelo mundo por conta da migração e da globalização, podendo apresentar sintomas sistêmicos e incomuns. Objetivo: Relatar um caso de infecção pelo vírus detectado em uma mulher por ocasião do exame ginecológico em clínica de patologia vulvar. Relato do caso: Uma mulher caucasiana de 73 anos foi a uma clínica vulvar por causa de dispareunia e queimação vulvar. Úlceras foram observadas nos pequenos lábios e no períneo. O diagnóstico de Chikungunya foi realizado por soroconversão em espécimes pareados. Foi prescrita prednisolona 40 mg uma vez ao dia por dez dias. Após o tratamento com esteróides orais, a mulher não apresentou erupções ou lesões nos órgãos genitais. Conclusão: Este estudo enfatizou que quadros raros de vulvite com úlcera podem estar associados à infecção por Chikungunya.

Humans , Female , Aged , Ulcer/virology , Vulvitis/virology , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Gynecological Examination
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878937


Based on the characteristics of clinical symptoms of chronic skin ulcers in traditional Chinese and Western medicine, the current animal models of skin ulcers are summarized. This article analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of animal models according to the etiology and pathogenesis of chronic skin ulcers, traditional Chinese and Western medicine diagnostic criteria and observation indicators, and eva-luates the agreement between the existing animal models and the characteristics of clinical syndromes of traditional Chinese and Western medicine for chronic skin ulcers. Through analysis and comparison, it is found that most of the existing modeling methods are single-factor animal models, and there are certain gaps in the physiological and pathological characteristics of chronic skin ulcers caused by clinical multi-factors and interactions. Most of the modeling methods are guided by Western medicine. The lack of pathogenic factors of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the process of modeling. Therefore, this article proposes to establish a reasonable quantification standard for chronic skin ulcer animal models, and to establish a combination model of chronic skin ulcer disease with traditional Chinese and Western medicine as the focus of future animal model research.

Animals , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Skin Ulcer/drug therapy , Syndrome
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 856-860, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911542


Objective:To analyze clinical features and distribution patterns of livedoid vasculopathy lesions, especially obvious livedo reticularis and purpuric lesions.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 64 patients with confirmed livedoid vasculopathy in Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from July 2017 to October 2020, and analyzed retrospectively.Results:Among the 64 patients, 23 were males and 41 were females, aged 13 - 54 years; their age at onset ranged from 7 to 51 years, and 48 developed livedoid vasculopathy before the age of 25 years; the course of disease ranged from 6 months to 10 years. Livedoid vasculopathy occurred or worsened in summer in 49 patients, and skin lesions mainly manifested as necrotic irregular purpura, purpuric dermatosis-like erythema, irregular ulcers, livedo reticularis, telangiectasia, irregular white atrophic scars and pigmentation. Among the 64 patients, ulcers and necrotic purpura were mostly irregular, and occurred on the dorsum of the foot and around the ankle. A total of 40 patients presented with purpuric dermatosis-like lesions, including 32 with pigmented purpura and 4 with telangiectatic purpura. Besides, numbness, tingling and other symptoms of nerve terminal damage occurred in 4 patients.Conclusion:Clinical manifestations of livedoid vasculopathy are diverse, and differential diagnosis is important for patients with generalized livedo reticularis, purpuric dermatosis-like lesions and symptoms such as numbness.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909296


The purpose of this review is to evaluate the promoting effects of amniotic membrane tissue on ulcer healing and investigate the underlying mechanism, providing new ideas for diabetic foot management. A computer-based online search of CNKI, PubMed and other databases to screen multi-center, randomized controlled trials published in high-impact journals using biological dressings, diabetic foot and other search terms. The retrieved data were analyzed and summarized. Amniotic membrane tissue and its derivatives can greatly shorten the time taken for healing of ulcer surface. This occurs possibly because they can promote angiogenesis and neural repair and prevent against infection. Moreover, the new derivatives provide great ease in use. Therefore, amniotic membrane and its derivatives provide a new tool for diabetic foot management.

Fisioter. Bras ; 21(5): 535-541, Nov 19, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283583


Introdução: A pele é um órgão do corpo humano que fica bastante exposto ao meio externo, fazendo com que sofra lesões mais facilmente, estas podem tornar-se cicatrizes não estéticas e que levam tempo para se recuperar. Objetivo: Investigar as principais técnicas fisioterapêuticas que auxiliam na recuperação da lesão cutânea. Métodos: Revisão de literatura realizada através das plataformas Pubmed, Scielo e Google acadêmico, selecionando artigos publicados entre os anos de 2010 a 2020, considerando as palavras-chave: cicatrização, modalidades de fisioterapia e lesão cutânea. Resultados: Foram levantados 15 artigos, identificando as modalidades: ultrassom terapêutico, massagem, laserterapia, ledterapia, microcorrente e terapia compressiva. Conclusão: A laserterapia é o recurso mais indicado para o tratamento de feridas cutâneas. (AU)

Introduction: The Skin is an organ of the human body that is quite exposed to the external environment, making it easier to suffer injuries, these can become non-aesthetic scars that take time to recover. Objective: To investigate the main physical therapy techniques that assist in the recovery of skin lesions. Methods: Literature review conducted through the Pubmed, Scielo and Google Scholar platforms, selecting articles published between 2010 and 2020, considering the keywords: healing, physical therapy modalities and skin injury. Results: Fifteen articles were collected, identifying the modalities: therapeutic ultrasound, massage, laser therapy, ledtherapy, microcurrent and compressive therapy. Conclusion: Lasertherapy is the most indicated resource for the treatment of the wound healing. (AU)

Humans , Wound Healing , Physical Therapy Modalities , Therapeutics , Lasers
Aquichan ; 20(1): e2012, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1124139


ABSTRACT Objective: To present the construction and validation process of an instrument to evaluate the knowledge and practice of nurses in palliative care toward the person with cutaneous malignant tumor wound. Materials and Methods: Methodological, quantitative study with applying the Delphi technique, conducted in two stages. The first was carried out with 30 judges and the second with 17. The analysis used the Lambda 2 Guttmann coefficient, Kappa index, and Content Validity Index (CVI). Results: Of the 112 items of the original instrument, 28 were excluded, given that the percentiles of Lambda 2 Guttmann, Kappa, and CVI had indicators lower than acceptable; thus, the second version of the instrument resulted with 84 items, which presented 100 % acceptance in the Delphi 2 phase. Conclusions: From the evaluation by the judges, a version of the instrument was defined with adequate content validity and concordance indices, which could contribute to the evaluation of knowledge and practice of nurses in palliative care toward the person with cutaneous malignant tumor wound.

RESUMEN Objetivo: presentar el proceso de construcción y validación de un instrumento para evaluar el saber y el quehacer de enfermeros en los cuidados paliativos hacia la persona con herida tumoral maligna cutánea. Materiales y método: estudio metodológico, cuantitativo, con aplicación de la técnica Delphi, realizada en dos etapas. La primera se realizó con 30 jueces y la segunda, con 17. Para el análisis, se emplearon coeficiente de Lambda 2 Guttman, índice Kappa y Índice de Validez de Contenido (IVC). Resultados: de los 112 ítems del instrumento original, 28 fueron excluidos, pues los porcentuales de Lambda 2 Guttman, el Kappa y el IVC presentaron indicadores menores que el aceptable; así, la segunda versión del instrumento resultó en 84 ítems, lo que presentó aceptación en 100 % en la fase Delphi 2. Conclusiones: a partir de la evaluación de los jueces, se definió una versión del instrumento con índice de concordancia y validez de contenido adecuados, que podrá aportar a la evaluación del saber y del quehacer de enfermeros en los cuidados paliativos hacia la persona con herida tumoral maligna cutánea.

RESUMO Objetivo: apresentar o processo de construção e validação de um instrumento para avaliar o saber e o fazer de enfermeiros nos cuidados paliativos destinados à pessoa com ferida tumoral maligna cutânea. Materiais e método: estudo metodológico, quantitativo, com aplicação da técnica Delphi, realizada em duas etapas. A primeira realizada com 30 juízes; a segunda, com 17. Para a análise, utilizaram-se o coeficiente de Lambda 2 Guttman, o índice Kappa e o Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC). Resultados: dos 112 itens do instrumento original, 28 foram excluídos, pois os percentuais de Lambda 2 Guttman, o Kappa e o IVC apresentaram escores menores do que o aceitável; desse modo, a segunda versão do instrumento resultou em 84 itens, o qual apresentou aceitação em 100 % na fase Delphi 2. Conclusões: a partir da avaliação dos juízes, foi definida uma versão do instrumento com índice de concordância e validade de conteúdo adequados, que poderá contribuir para a avaliação do saber e do fazer de enfermeiros nos cuidados paliativos destinados à pessoa com ferida tumoral maligna cutânea.

Humans , Male , Female , Palliative Care , Skin Ulcer , Nurse's Role , Validation Studies as Topic , Neoplasms
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825975


We report a successful conversion of anti-coagulant therapy from warfarin to heparin for a case of mechanical heart valve and warfarin-induced skin ulcer. A 57-year-old female who was diagnosed with Ebstein disease and underwent mechanical valve replacement suffered from a recurring and resistant leg skin ulcer. Nine years after the induction of warfarin, her right leg skin ulcer occurred suddenly and worsened gradually. No dermatological treatment could cure it and three auto-skin transplantations were performed in the past four years. The definitive cause of the ulcer could not be diagnosed by any laboratory study or image inspection. Further, after every transplant surgery, the resumption of warfarin had made her ulcer recur and worsen. Therefore, we finally came to think of this disease as the warfarin-induced skin ulcer. To avoid warfarin, subcutaneous self-injection therapy of Heparin-Ca was applied as her anti-coagulation after the 4th transplant surgery. The patient was discharged from hospital on post-operative day 78 with a good condition of the transplanted skin graft and right leg. An adequate level of APTT could be maintained with injections of 10,000 units of Heparin-Ca twice a day and data on D Dimer and cardiac echography show no thromboembolism at the out-patient visits. The result of auto-skin transplantation is also a good course under this therapy. As we have very few reports concerning heparin self-injection therapy for artificial valves, it is very important that careful observation should be continued.

An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 744-746, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054899


Abstract This report describes a case of unusual deep skin ulcers with tortuous sinus tract formation in an immunocompetent woman. She was initially diagnosed with a Staphylococcus aureus skin infection and histopathologically diagnosed with pyoderma gangrenosum. However, culture from the deep end of ribbon gauze inserted into the subcutaneous sinus tract revealed shiny, light-yellow mucoid colonies, which were identified as Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii. She was treated with fluconazole for nine months and completely healed. Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection caused by variants of C. neoformans species. Cutaneous manifestations of cryptococcosis are quite divergent, rarely occurring as deep skin ulcers with sinus formation.

Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Ulcer/microbiology , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Cryptococcosis/pathology , Cryptococcus neoformans/isolation & purification , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Immunocompetence , Skin Ulcer/drug therapy , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Immunocompromised Host , Cryptococcosis/microbiology , Cryptococcosis/drug therapy , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 729-743, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054881


Abstract Pyoderma gangrenosum is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by chronic ulcers due to an abnormal immune response. Despite the existence of diagnostic criteria, there is no gold standard for diagnosis or treatment. In Latin America, recognizing and treating pyoderma gangrenosum is even more challenging since skin and soft tissue bacterial and non-bacterial infections are common mimickers. Therefore, this review aims to characterize reported cases of pyoderma gangrenosum in this region in order to assist in the assessment and management of this condition. Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Chile are the countries in Latin America that have reported the largest cohort of patients with this disease. The most frequent clinical presentation is the ulcerative form and the most frequently associated conditions are inflammatory bowel diseases, inflammatory arthropaties, and hematologic malignancies. The most common treatment modalities include systemic corticosteroids and cyclosporine. Other reported treatments are methotrexate, dapsone, and cyclophosphamide. Finally, the use of biological therapy is still limited in this region.

Humans , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/diagnosis , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Prevalence , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/therapy , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/epidemiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Latin America/epidemiology
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 32(5): 564-570, Set.-Out. 2019. tab, graf


Resumo Objetivo Investigar as evidências científicas sobre as úlceras de pernas como sequela da hanseníase. Métodos Revisão Integrativa da Literatura (RIL). Para identificação do tema e questão de pesquisa, utilizou-se a estratégia PICo, na sequencia procedeu-se a busca nas bases de dados: Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs), Banco de dados em Enfermagem (BDENF), EMBASE (Elsevier), PUBMED (National Library of Medicine), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics), selecionados os descritores específicos para cada uma delas e elaboradas as respectivas estratégias de busca. Os idiomas considerados foram: inglês, português e espanhol. O período da RIL foi indeterminado. Para a seleção dos estudos, utilizou-se a ferramenta Ryyan que permitiu dois dos autores independentemente incluir, excluir, ou ficar indeciso, as discordâncias foram solucionadas por um terceiro. Os artigos selecionados foram classificados de acordo com a Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). E para a interpretação dos resultados os artigos foram agrupados por semelhança e categorizados da seguinte maneira: autor, ano país, nível de evidência, objetivos e resultados, conclusão e recomendação. Resultados Identificou-se 415 estudos e 10 foram incluídos na revisão. O resultado principal obtido foi o tratamento tópico da úlcera, as vulnerabilidades e os determinantes que assolam os acometidos pela hanseníase não foram estudados. Conclusão Não há fortes evidências sobre as terapias para o tratamento de úlceras de pernas decorrentes da hanseníase que apoiem a diminuição de sequelas incapacitantes ocasionadas pela doença perpetuando o estigma e a desigualdade social.

Resumen Objetivo investigar las evidencias científicas sobre las úlceras de piernas como secuela de la lepra. Métodos revisión integradora de la literatura (RIL). Para la identificación del tema y pregunta de la investigación, se utilizó la estrategia PICo, luego se procedió a la búsqueda en las bases de datos: Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (Lilacs), Banco de dados em Enfermagem (BDENF), EMBASE (Elsevier), PUBMED (National Library of Medicine), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics), se seleccionaron los descriptores específicos para cada una y se elaboraron las respectivas estrategias de búsqueda. Se consideraron los idiomas inglés, portugués y español. El período de la RIL fue indeterminado. Para la selección de los estudios, se utilizó la herramienta Ryyan, que permitió dos de los autores independientemente incluir, excluir o estar indeciso, las discrepancias fueron resueltas por un tercero. Los artículos seleccionados se clasificaron según la Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Y para la interpretación de los resultados, los artículos se agruparon por semejanza y se categorizaron de la siguiente manera: autor, año, país, nivel de evidencia, objetivos y resultados, conclusión y recomendación. Resultados se identificaron 415 estudios y se incluyeron 10 en la revisión. El resultado principal obtenido fue el tratamiento tópico de la úlcera, las vulnerabilidades y los determinantes que asolaron a los afectados por la lepra no fueron estudiados. Conclusión no hay fuertes evidencias sobre las terapias para el tratamiento de úlceras de piernas resultantes de la lepra que justifiquen la reducción de secuelas incapacitantes provocadas por la enfermedad, perpetuando el estigma y la desigualdad social.

Abstract Objective To investigate the scientific evidence on leg ulcers as leprosy sequel. Methods This is an Integrative Literature Review (ILR). In order to identify the theme and research question, the PICo strategy was used, in the sequence the search was carried out in Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Latin American & Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), (BDENF), EMBASE (Elsevier), PUBMED (National Library of Medicine), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics) databases. Specific descriptors were selected for each of them and respective search strategies were created. The languages considered were English, Portuguese and Spanish. The ILR period was indeterminate. For the study selection, the Ryyan tool was used and allowed two of the authors to independently include, exclude or remain undecided, disagreements were solved by a third party. The selected articles have been ranked according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). And for interpretation of results, the articles were grouped by similarity and categorized into author, country year, level of evidence, objectives and results, conclusion and recommendation. Results 415 studies were identified and 10 were included in the review. The main outcome was the topical treatment of ulcers, the vulnerabilities and the determinants that afflict those affected by leprosy were not studied. Conclusion There is no strong evidence on therapies for the treatment of leprosy-induced leg ulcers that support the reduction of disabling sequel caused by disease perpetuating stigma and social inequality.

Skin Ulcer/therapy , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Leg Ulcer/therapy , Leprosy/complications , Evidence-Based Practice , Leprosy/nursing
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 399-404, jul.-sep. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047163


Introdução: A Úlcera de Marjolin é definida como a malignização de cicatrizes, geralmente, crônicas, decorrentes de diversos tipos de lesão, sendo mais comum lesões por queimaduras. Métodos: Foi realizado levantamento bibliográfico nas plataformas BVS, PubMed, SciELO e Cochrane, tendo como critério de inclusão estudos publicados nos últimos 5 anos, que envolvem a espécie humana, disponíveis na web nos idiomas inglês ou português. Resultados: Analisados um total de 31, dos quais apenas 6 compuseram a amostra final. Discussão: As úlceras de Marjolin são encontradas em cicatrizes antigas de queimaduras, podem ocorrer em qualquer local, sendo mais comuns em membros superiores e inferiores. O diagnóstico inicia-se com a suspeita clínica baseada em características das lesões: lesões ulcerativas crônicas que não cicatrizam, com bordas elevadas e endurecidas e odor desagradável, podendo apresentar descarga purulenta. Esse só pode ser efetivado, entretanto, por meio do histopatológico da lesão. O período de latência entre a injúria da lesão e a sua malignização é, em média, de 30 a 35 anos. O tratamento deve ser individualizado, uma vez que depende de diversos fatores. Contudo, considera-se o padrão ouro a excisão cirúrgica. Conclusão: O conhecimento dos profissionais de saúde acerca dessa condição faz-se imprescindível para o melhor prognóstico do paciente. De modo que possíveis casos de malignização não tenham o seu diagnóstico subestimado, permita a terapêutica adequada à minimização das recidivas, e medidas profiláticas sejam efetivadas, no que tange à prevenção da queimadura e à minoração de fatores de risco para a malignização.

Introduction: Marjolin's ulcer is defined as a malignancy within scars that is usually chronic and results from several lesion types, with burn injuries being the most common. Methods: A bibliographic survey was conducted of the Virtual Health Library, PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online, and Cochrane databases using the inclusion criteria of studies published in the last 5 years, human studies, and published in English or Portuguese. Results: A total of 31 studies were analyzed, of which only 6 were included in the final sample. Discussion: Marjolin's ulcer is found in old burn scars and can occur anywhere, but it is more common in the upper and lower limbs. The diagnosis begins with the clinical suspicion based on lesion characteristics: chronic unhealed ulcerative lesions with high and hardened edges, an unpleasant odor, and purulent discharge. However, the diagnosis can only be made histopathologically. The latency period between injury and malignancy is 30­35 years. Although treatment should be individualized since it depends on several factors, surgical excision is considered the gold standard. Conclusion: Knowledge about this condition is essential to better patient prognosis and prevent underestimation of possible cases of malignancy, allowing for appropriate therapy to minimize recurrence and enabling prophylactic measures to prevent burn injury and reduce risk factors for malignancy.

Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Skin Ulcer , Surgery, Plastic , Wound Healing , Burns , Burns, Electric , Carcinoma , Skin Ulcer/surgery , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Burns/surgery , Burns/complications , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/complications
Infectio ; 23(2): 212-214, Apr.-June 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-989953


Resumen Las lesiones anogenitales hipertróficas, pseudotumorales y similares a placas, son presentaciones atípicas del virus herpes simple (VHS). Estas lesiones desarrollan resistencia a los tratamientos y se presentan en inmunocomprometidos, especialmente aquellos con infección por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 38 años de edad, VIH/SIDA, con antecedente de carcinoma escamocelular infiltrante de canal anal, con lesiones múltiples hipertróficas anogenitales y exudativas, a quien se le confirma infección por VHS-1, sin respuesta a aciclovir ni valaciclovir a dosis óptimas, el cual resuelve con 21 días de foscarnet intravenoso. Nuestro caso muestra la importancia de considerar el uso de foscarnet en adultos con infección de VIH y del VHS, que no respondan a tratamiento de primera línea, en un país donde no hay esquemas establecidos de manejo para este tipo de presentaciones y donde existe la limitante de no haber disponibilidad en pruebas para resistencia a antivirales.

Abstract Pseudotumoral, hypertrophic, plaque-like anogenital ulcers are atypical features of herpes simplex infection. These ulcers develop treatment resistance and they appear in immunocompromised mainly those infected by human immunodeficiency virus. We present a 38 years-old man with AIDS and personal history of infiltrative squamous carcinoma of anal canal with multiple hypertrophic and exudative ulcers secondary to VHS-1 etiology without response to acyclovir neither valacyclovir at optimal doses but complete answer with 21 days of foscarnet treatment. Our case highlights the role of foscarnet in adults with HIV-HSV coinfection that don't respond to frst line treatment in a country that doesn't have clear treatment recommendations in these cases and with the limitations of absence of antiviral resistance test.

Humans , Male , Adult , Anal Canal , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Foscarnet , Herpes Simplex , Antiviral Agents , Ulcer , Multiple Trauma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Herpes Genitalis
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(2): 110-112, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus., tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026531


A vasculopatia livedoide é uma doença rara caracterizada pela oclusão da microvasculatura da derme, originando lesões maculosas que, posteriormente, podem evoluir para úlceras e cicatrizes atróficas. Como um fenômeno vaso-oclusivo, o tratamento geralmente é realizado com antiplaquetários e fibrinolíticos. O presente relato descreve o caso de uma paciente refratária à terapia convencional, que obteve regressão da doença utilizando a rivaroxabana, um fármaco inibidor seletivo do fator Xa. (AU)

Livedoid vasculopathy is a rare disease characterized by occlusion of the dermis microvasculature, leading to spotted lesions that can later develop into ulcers and atrophic scars. As a vaso- occlusive phenomenon, treatment is usually performed with antiplatelet and fibrinolytic agents. The present report describes the case of a female patient refractory to conventional therapy who presented disease remission using rivaroxaban, a selective factor Xa inhibitor drug. (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Skin Diseases, Vascular/drug therapy , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/drug therapy , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Livedoid Vasculopathy , Paresthesia , Pentoxifylline/therapeutic use , Polyneuropathies/diagnosis , Thrombosis/complications , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Nifedipine/therapeutic use , Fibromyalgia , Skin Diseases, Vascular/complications , Skin Diseases, Vascular/diagnosis , Connective Tissue Diseases/complications , Lower Extremity/injuries , Electromyography , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/complications , Factor Xa Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Foot/pathology , Diverticular Diseases , Smokers , Gabapentin/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use