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1.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(3): 330-333, jul.-set. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408046

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las vasculitis sistémicas pueden llegar a afectar los vasos sanguíneos de todos los tamaños, provocando necrosis e inflamación. La granulomatosis con poliangitis (GPA) es una vasculitis de vasos pequeños y medianos. Las presentaciones clínicas pueden ser locales o difusas en el tracto gastrointestinal. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con diagnóstico de vasculitis sistémica asociada a anticuerpos anticitoplasma (ANCA) mieloperoxidasa (MPO) (poliangitis microscópica) confirmada con biopsia renal, con clínica de 15 días consistente en astenia, adinamia, oliguria subjetiva, edema de miembros superiores e inferiores, hiporexia y melenas. En el examen físico, el tacto rectal fue positivo para melenas, posteriormente presentó anemización secundaria a melenas, por lo que se realizó videocápsula endoscópica en la que se evidenciaron hallazgos compatibles con vasculitis entérica. Durante su estancia presentó compromiso multisistémico dado por la afectación renal, pulmonar, neurológica y gastrointestinal, manejada en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI), donde se iniciaron pulsos de esteroide sistémico y hemodiálisis. Conclusión: la vasculitis gastrointestinal es una complicación rara; sin embargo, ocurre y causa una grave amenaza para la vida de los pacientes. El diagnóstico diferencial debe cubrir otras enfermedades inflamatorias, especialmente la enfermedad de Crohn. Su adecuado reconocimiento influencia de forma significativa el pronóstico, pues el inicio rápido de la terapia con esteroides puede cambiar el curso de la enfermedad.


Abstract Systemic vasculitis can affect blood vessels of all sizes, causing necrosis and inflammation. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a vasculitis of small and medium blood vessels. Clinical manifestations may be local or diffuse in the gastrointestinal tract. We present a patient's case with systemic vasculitis associated with anti-cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), myeloperoxidase (MPO) antibodies (microscopic polyangiitis) confirmed through renal biopsy, presenting a 15-day clinical picture consisting of asthenia, adynamia, subjective oliguria, edema of the upper and lower limbs, hyporexia, and melena. The digital rectal examination was positive for melena in the physical examination, later presenting melena with secondary anemization. An endoscopic video capsule was performed, showing findings compatible with enteric vasculitis. During his stay, he presented multisystemic involvement due to renal, pulmonary, neurological, and gastrointestinal involvement, managed in the intensive care unit (ICU), where systemic steroid pulses and hemodialysis started. Conclusion: although gastrointestinal vasculitis is a rare complication, it occurs and threats patients' lives. Differential diagnosis should cover other inflammatory diseases, especially Crohn's disease. Gastrointestinal vasculitis early diagnosis significantly influences prognosis, as prompt steroid therapy can change the course of the disease.

2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(1): 117-122, Jan.-Mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374448

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Behçet's disease is a rare immune-mediated disorder that can affect the gastrointestinal tract. The prevalence and extension of small bowel involvement is largely unknown. Objective The aim of this study was to describe the small bowel lesions diagnosed by double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) and to verify if these findings were associated to the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms and disease activity after long-term follow-up. Methods This study included 19 Behçet's disease patients who underwent DBE. After a mean follow-up of 15 years the endoscopic findings were associated to the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms, disease activity and current therapy through collection of electronic medical records. Results A total of 63.2% patients were female and the mean age was 37 years at the time of DBE. Mean disease duration at baseline was 24 years. 11 patients had no gastrointestinal symptoms and eight patients presented either abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding or diarrhea. The average procedure time was 1 hour and 30 minutes and the ileum was achieved in all patients but one. Small bowel ulcers were diagnosed in 78.9%, with 63.1% of jejunal involvement. Two patients presented only small bowel edema and two were normal by DBE. Eight patients had concomitant gastric ulcers. Gastrointestinal symptoms prior to DBE were present in 36.8% of the patients and, after follow-up, all of them persisted with some of the symptoms. Bleeding was reported by three patients at baseline and persisted in only one patient. The frequency of treatment with steroids and immunomodulators was 31.6% and 57.9% at baseline, respectively, and 21% in both at the end of the follow-up. No patient was treated with biologics at the time of the DBE procedure and the current rate of biologic use is 21%. Conclusion Small bowel involvement in Behçet's disease was frequently demonstrated by DBE even in asymptomatic patients. Understanding clinical evolution of the disease over the years and the impact of such diagnosis still represents a challenge, possibly with the need for novel treatment.


RESUMO Contexto A doença de Behçet é uma doença imunomediada rara que pode afetar o trato gastrointestinal. A prevalência e extensão do envolvimento do intestino delgado é desconhecida. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever as lesões do intestino delgado diagnosticadas por enteroscopia de duplo balão (EDB) e verificar se esses achados estavam associados à presença de sintomas gastrointestinais e atividade da doença após seguimento de longo prazo. Métodos Este estudo incluiu 19 pacientes com doença de Behçet que foram submetidos a EDB. Após seguimento médio de 15 anos, os achados endoscópicos foram associados à presença de sintomas gastrointestinais, atividade da doença e terapia atual por meio de coleta de prontuário eletrônico. Resultados Um total de 63,2% dos pacientes eram do sexo feminino e a média de idade era de 37 anos no momento da EDB. A duração média da doença no início do estudo foi de 24 anos. 11 pacientes não apresentaram sintomas gastrointestinais e oito pacientes apresentaram dor abdominal, sangramento gastrointestinal ou diarréia. O tempo médio do procedimento foi de 1 hora e 30 minutos e o íleo foi atingido em todos os pacientes, exceto em um. Úlceras de intestino delgado foram diagnosticadas em 78,9%, sendo 63,1% de acometimento jejunal. Dois pacientes apresentaram apenas edema de intestino delgado e dois apresentaram EDB normais. Oito pacientes tinham úlceras gástricas concomitantes. Sintomas gastrointestinais prévios à EDB estavam presentes em 36,8% dos pacientes e, após o seguimento, todos persistiram com alguns dos sintomas. Sangramento foi relatado por três pacientes no início do estudo e persistiu em apenas um paciente. A frequência de tratamento com esteroides e imunomoduladores foi de 31,6% e 57,9% no início do estudo, respectivamente, e 21% em ambos ao final do seguimento. Nenhum paciente foi tratado com biológicos no momento da EDB e a taxa atual de uso de biológicos é de 21%. Conclusão O envolvimento do intestino delgado na doença de Behçet foi frequentemente demonstrado por EDB mesmo em pacientes assintomáticos. Compreender a evolução clínica da doença ao longo dos anos e o impacto de tal diagnóstico ainda representa um desafio, possivelmente com a necessidade de novos tratamentos.

3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 33-39, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376903

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in developed countries has been estimated between 2-5 %, associated with high morbidity and mortality. Etiological identification is sometimes difficult and requires diagnostic methods, such as video capsule endoscopy (VCE). Aim: This study intends to characterize the findings of this technique in patients with unexplained iron deficiency anemia. Materials and methods: Descriptive observational retrospective study. We describe the VCE findings (PillCamSB2-SB3) in all patients seen between 2011 and 2019. The findings were interpreted according to the Saurin classification: normal (P0), uncertain potential (P1), and high bleeding potential (P2). Results: Of the 490 VCEs performed during the study period, 155 indicated iron deficiency anemia; 106 were women (68.4 %), and the mean age was 57.1 ± 16.6 years. The main comorbidities were cardiovascular in 23 (18.3 %) and arterial hypertension in 16 (12.6 %). Antiplatelets were present in 18 (15.4 %) and anticoagulants in six (5.1 %). Small bowel lesions were vascular in 44 studies (28.4 %), inflammatory in 33 (21.2 %), and neoplastic in seven (4.5 %). Angiectasias were the most frequent lesions in 33 cases (21.3 %). P2 lesions were present in 53 VCEs (34.2 %). Conclusions: VCE is helpful in the study of iron deficiency anemia and helps detect positive findings in the midgut in three out of four patients for which it is indicated. The most frequent significant P2 lesions were vascular. These findings allow providing adequate treatment.


Resumen Introducción: la prevalencia de la anemia ferropénica en países desarrollados se ha estimado entre 2 %-5 %, asociada con una alta morbimortalidad. La identificación etiológica a veces es difícil, y requiere de métodos diagnósticos, como la videocápsula endoscópica (VCE). Objetivo: el objeto del presente estudio fue caracterizar los hallazgos de esta técnica en pacientes con anemia ferropénica inexplicada. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo. Se describen los hallazgos de VCE (PillCamSB2-SB3) en todos los pacientes atendidos entre 2011 y 2019. Los hallazgos se interpretaron según la clasificación de Saurin: normal (P0), potencial incierto (P1) y alto potencial de sangrado (P2). Resultados: del total de 490 VCE realizadas durante el período del estudio, 155 se efectuaron con indicación de anemia ferropénica; 106 fueron mujeres (68,4 %) y la edad media fue de 57,1 ± 16,6 años. Las comorbilidades principales fueron cardiovasculares en 23 (18,3 %) e hipertensión arterial en 16 (12,6 %). La ingesta de antiplaquetarios se presentó en 18 (15,4 %) y anticoagulantes en 6 (5,1 %). Las lesiones en el intestino delgado fueron vasculares en 44 estudios (28,4 %), inflamatorias en 33 (21,2 %) y neoplásicas en 7 (4,5 %). Las angiectasias fueron las lesiones más frecuentes en 33 casos (21,3 %). En 53 VCE se presentaron lesiones P2 (34,2 %). Conclusiones: la VCE es útil en el estudio de la anemia ferropénica, y ayuda a detectar hallazgos positivos en el intestino medio en 3 de cada 4 pacientes en los cuales se indica su uso. Las lesiones P2 significativas más frecuentes fueron las vasculares. Estos hallazgos permiten enfocar un tratamiento adecuado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Capsule Endoscopy , Intestine, Small , Patients , Retrospective Studies , Hemorrhage , Anticoagulants
4.
Rev. int. sci. méd. (Abidj.) ; 24(1): 63-69, 2022. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397070

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. Le but de cette étude était d'étudier les aspects épidémiologiques, histologiques et thérapeutiques des cancers primitifs du grêle. Méthodes. Il s'est agi d'uneétude transversale à visée descriptive sur 10 ans et incluant tous les patients traités pour cancers primitifs de l'intestin grêle. La collecte des données a été rétrospective. Le test de Khi 2 a été utilisé pour la comparaison des données avec un seuil de signifi cation de 5%. Résultats. Cinquante-quatre dossiers de patients ont inclus dans l'étude dont 33 patients de sexe féminin (61,1%). L'âge moyen était de 34,3 ans. Trente-deux patients (59,3 %) ont été admis dans un tableau d'urgence chirurgicale, soit 24 occlusions intestinales aiguës et 8 péritonites aiguës généralisées. Les autres patients ont été admis dans un contexte de masse abdominale douloureuse. Le cancer était localisé sur l'iléon dans 27 cas (50%), sur le jéjunum dans 11 cas (20,3%) et sur le duodénum dans 16 (29,7%) cas. L'adénocarcinome était le type histologique le plus fréquent (35,2%), suivi des tumeurs endocrines (33,3%). Un envahissement local ou métastatique était noté chez 46 patients (85,2%) au moment du diagnostic. Une résection - anastomose a été réalisée dans 29 cas (53,7%) et une dérivation interne dans 19 cas (35,3%). La survie à 1 an était de 70%. Conclusion. Les cancers primitifs de l'intestin grêle sont souvent des adénocarcinomes.Ils surviennent chez des patients jeunesavec une prédominance des localisations iléales.


Subject(s)
Peritonitis , Therapeutics , Epidemiology , Intestinal Neoplasms , Intestine, Small
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of magnetic-controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) for small intestine disease screening in physical examination population.Methods:Physical examination data of 1 230 individuals who received MCE examination from January to December 2019 in institute of Health Management were collected and retrospectively analyzed, and then divided into the gastrointestinal symptoms group and the group without gastrointestinal symptoms. Statistical analysis included the completion rate of MCE, the detection rate for small intestine disease in two groups, the relation between the gastrointestinal symptoms and small intestine diseases.Results:The mean age of the subjects was (54.4±17.3) years. The success rate of completion was 99.43%, and the detection rate of intestine diseases was 30.09%(368/1 230). Different genders and symptoms had no effect on the passage time of MCE through the small intestines, but the passage time of MCE through the small intestines in the age group younger than 50 years old [(242.9±88.7) min] was significantly less than in the age group greater than or equal to 50 years old [(336.4±112.1) min]( P<0.05). The detection rate of a duodenal bulbal ulcer and duodenitis was 1.73% (11/635) and 6.14% (39/635) respectively, in the symptomatic group, which were significantly higher than in the asymptomatic group 0.17%(1/595)及2.02%(20/595)( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the detection rate of positive lesions between the two groups. Conclusion:There is a certain incidence of small intestinal diseases in people undergoing physical examinations. Magnetic-controlled capsule endoscopy can effectively complete the screening and diagnosis of small intestinal diseases while completing stomach examination, which is an effective tool for early diagnosis and prevention of small intestinal diseases in people undergoing physical examinations.

6.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 1081-1087, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405259

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Six Lonchura striata and six Copsychus saularis birds were selected in this study, morphological index of the small intestine was measured by quantitative biology and image analysis. The changes of goblet cells and Na+/K+ATPase were detected by AB-PAS staining and ELISA to inform the different mechanisms of the digestion and absorption of nutrients between the Lonchura striata and Copsychus saularis. The villus height, crypt depth and muscle thickness of each segment of small intestine of Lonchura striata were smaller than those of Copsychus saularis, and the difference of ileum muscle thickness was significant. In addition, the ileum villus height/crypt depth (VH/CD) value of Lonchura striata was significantly less than that of Copsychus saularis. The number of goblet cells in duodenum and jejunum of Lonchura striata and Copsychus saularis had no significant difference, but the number of goblet cells in ileum of Copsychus saularis was significantly larger than that of Lonchura striata. The vitality of Na+/K+-ATPase in different intestinal segments of the Lonchura striata and the Copsychus saularis was different. The vitality of Na+/K+-ATPase in the Lonchura striata was significantly higher than that of the Copsychus saularis. It can be concluded that the digestion and absorption capacity of Copsychus saularis and Lonchura striata are significantly different, and the reason may be due to their different diets and intestinal floras.


RESUMEN: En este estudio se seleccionaron seis aves Lonchura striata y seis Copsychus saularis, a las cuales se midió mediante biología cuantitativa y análisis de imágenes el índice morfológico del intestino delgado. Los cambios de las células caliciformes y Na+/K+ATPasa se detectaron mediante tinción AB- PAS y ELISA para informar los diferentes mecanismos de digestión y absorción de nutrientes entre Lonchura striata y Copsychus saularis. La altura de las vellosidades, la profundidad de las criptas y el grosor del músculo de cada segmento del intestino delgado de Lonchura striata fueron menores que los de Copsychus saularis, y se observó una diferencia significativa en el grosor de la músculatura del íleon. Además, el valor de la altura de la vellosidad del íleon/profundidad de la cripta (VH/CD) de Lonchura striata fue significativamente menor que el de Copsychus saularis. En el número de células caliciformes del duodeno y del yeyuno de Lonchura striata y Copsychus saularis no hubo una diferencia significativa, pero el número de células caliciformes en el íleon de Copsychus saularis fue significativamente mayor que el de Lonchura striata. Hubo diferencias en la vitalidad de Na+/K+-ATPasa en diferentes segmentos intestinales de Lonchura striata y Copsychus saularis. La vitalidad de Na+/K+-ATPasa en Lonchura striata fue significativamente mayor que la de Copsychus saularis. Se puede concluir que la capacidad de digestión y absorción de Copsychus saularis y Lonchura striata son significativamente diferentes, posiblemente debido a sus distintas dietas y floras intestinales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Birds/anatomy & histology , Intestine, Small/anatomy & histology , Passeriformes/anatomy & histology
7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 83-89, 20211217. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355312

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las adherencias postoperatorias son la causa más frecuente de obstrucción de intestino delgado. La clínica sugiere el diagnóstico, pero de manera poco precisa la causa y el sitio de la obstrucción. La tomografía computarizada contrastada es el estudio óptimo y permite identificar de manera oportuna a los pacientes que requieren intervención quirúrgica. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la correlación entre la clínica y el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada contrastada de abdomen, en pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias. Métodos. Estudio prospectivo, transversal y analítico de pacientes con sospecha clínica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias y antecedentes quirúrgicos y su correlación con el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada de abdomen contrastada, de pacientes atendidos entre marzo de 2016 y febrero de 2019 en un hospital de segundo nivel. Resultados. Se incluyeron 41 pacientes, la media de edad fue de 59 años y el género masculino el más comprometido (68,3 %, n=28); la ausencia de evacuaciones estuvo presente en 97,5 % (p=0,026). La tomografía computarizada contrastada mostró el sitio de obstrucción en 73 % de los pacientes y la localización de la obstrucción más prevalente fue en íleon distal (31,7 %, n=13). Se asoció a leucocitosis (p=0,041) y a dolor más intenso (p=0,049), sin presentar irritación peritoneal. Conclusión. La obstrucción localizada en el íleon distal se caracterizó por presentar más dolor y mayor recuento leucocitario, sin correlación como factor de riesgo para requerir tratamiento quirúrgico.


Introduction. Postoperative adhesions are the most common cause of small bowel obstruction. The clinical presentation suggests the diagnosis, but imprecisely the cause and the site of the obstruction. Contrast computed tomography is the optimal study and allows the timely identification of patients requiring surgical intervention. The objective of this study was to analyze the correlation between the symptoms and the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography in patients with suspected diagnosis of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions. Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional and analytical study of patients with clinical suspicion of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions and surgical history, and its correlation with the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography, during March 2016 to February 2019 in a secondary level hospital. Results. Forty-one patients were included, the mean age was 59 years and the male gender was the most frequent (68.3%, n=28); the absence of evacuations was present in 97.5% (p=0.026). Contrast computed tomography showed the obstruction site in 73% of the patients. The most prevalent location of the obstruction was in the distal ileum (31.7%, n=13). It was associated with leukocytosis (p=0.041) and more intense pain (p=0.049), without presenting peritoneal irritation. Conclusion. The obstruction located in the distal ileum was characterized by more pain and a higher white blood cell count, without correlation as a risk factor for requiring surgical treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Tissue Adhesions , Diagnosis , Intestine, Small
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 732-737, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291284

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El enterocele es causado por un defecto herniario del piso pélvico, siendo el más común la hernia interrecto-vaginal. Se produce por un debilitamiento del piso pélvico, por diversos factores, entre ellos, las cirugías en la región pélvica, el estreñimiento crónico o las patologías que aumentan la presión intraabdominal, el antecedente de prolapso rectal o vaginal, y también, factores congénitos. Presentación de caso. Paciente femenina de 84 años de edad, con antecedentes de un parto eutócico y múltiples procedimientos quirúrgicos, entre ellos histerectomía hace 40 años y rectosigmoidectomía por enfermedad diverticular complicada hace 6 años, quien cuatro meses antes presenta constipación crónica, que empeora en los días previos a su ingreso, con dolor perineal intenso y salida de asas intestinales a nivel de la región perineal, que la obliga a consultar a Urgencias. Al encontrarse con asas intestinales expuestas, con cambios de coloración, es intervenida quirúrgicamente con resultado satisfactorio, postquirúrgico inmediato optimo y seguimiento por consulta externa por 3 meses sin evidencia de recidiva. Discusión. La hernia interrecto-vaginal tiene una incidencia baja y una presentación clínica variada. El único tratamiento es quirúrgico


Introduction. The enterocele is produced by an hernia defect of the pelvic floor, being the most common the interrecto-vaginal hernia. It is produced by weakness of the pelvic floor for multiples factors, among them surgeries of the pelvic region, chronic constipation or pathologies that increase intra-abdominal pressure, a history of rectal or vaginal prolapse, and congenital factors. Case report. A 84-year-old female patient, with a history of eutocic delivery and multiple surgical procedures, including hysterectomy 40 years ago and rectosigmoidectomy for complicated diverticular disease 6 years ago, presented four months earlier with chronic constipation, which worsens in the days before her admission, with intense perineal pain and exit of intestinal loops at the level of the perineal region, which forced her to consult the emergency room. At examination the intestinal loops were found exposed, with color changes, she underwent surgery with satisfactory results, optimal immediate postoperative and outpatient follow-up for 3 months with no evidence of recurrence. Discussion. Interrecto-vaginal hernia has a low incidence and a varied clinical presentation. The only treatment is surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Perineum , Douglas' Pouch , Hernia , Pelvic Floor , Intestine, Small
9.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 46(2): 52-59, jun. 10,2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353338

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is considered the gold standard surgical technique for obesity. The variation in limb length may be related to metabolic improvement and nutritional deficiencies. However, the ideal measurement still a controversial subject in the literature. This study aims to perform an integrative literature review and associate the optimal limb length, considering the maximum weight loss with the minimum nutritional complications. Methods: Integrative literature review conducted using electronic searches (1992 - 2020) in databases MEDLINE/Pubmed and BVS (Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde)/LILACS, through the terms "(bariatric surgery) AND (limb length)".A total of 340 articles were found, 26 articles were included in this review. Results: Current evidence supports using shorter limb lengths in patients with BMI < 50 kg/m2, and longer limbs in patients with severe type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or dyslipidemia or superobese patients (BMI >= 50 kg/m2), considering the benefits in comorbidities resolution. A shorter common limb increases the inci-dence of nutritional disorders. There is a wide variation in jejunoileal length among patients. Conclusion: Measuring the intraoperative jejunoileal length and individualizing the surgery may bring benefits in weight loss, comorbidities resolution, and reduce the incidence of nutritional disorders. However, more randomized controlled trials are needed on this topic.


Introducción: el bypass gástrico en Y de Roux se considera la técnica quirúrgica estándar de oro para la obesidad. La variación en la longitud del asa intestinalpuede estar relacionada con la mejora metabólica y las deficiencias nutricionales, sin embargo, la longitud ideal sigue siendo un tema controvertido en la literatura. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar una revisión integradora de la literatura y asociar la longitud ideal del asa intestinal, considerando la máxima pérdida de peso con las mínimas complicaciones nutricionales. MaterialesyMétodos: revisión bibliográfica integradora realizada mediante búsquedas electrónicas (1992 - 2020) en bases de datos MEDLINE/Pubmed y BVS (Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde) / LILACS, a través de los términos "(bariatric surgery) AND (limb length)". Se encon-traron un total de 340 artículos, 26 artículos fueron incluidos en esta revisión.Resultados: la evidencia actual respalda el uso de asas intestinales más cortas en pacientes con IMC < 50 kg/m2 y asas intestinales más largas en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 grave y/o dislipidemia o pacientes superobesos (IMC > = 50 kg/m2), considerando los beneficios en la resolución de comorbilidades. La asa común más corto aumenta la incidencia de trastornos nutricionales. Existe una amplia variación en la longitud yeyunoileal entre los pacientes. Conclusiones: la medición de la longitud yeyunoileal intraoperatoria y la individualización de la cirugía pueden traer beneficios en la pérdida de peso, la resolución de comorbilidades y reducir la incidencia de trastornos nutricionales. Sin embargo, se necesitan más ensayos controlados aleatorios sobre este tema.

10.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(2): 241-246, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388644

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El dispositivo intrauterino (DIU) es un método anticonceptivo muy popular, eficaz y seguro. Aunque posee complicaciones bien descritas como es la migración, la que puede ser a otros órganos dentro de la cavidad peritoneal. La fístula uteroyeyunal es un evento clínico poco frecuente, pero de gran repercusión si no es diagnosticada y tratada. Se presenta el caso de una paciente usuaria de DIU, el que migra a cavidad abdominal, con posterior formación de fístula uteroyeyunal.


ABSTRACT The intrauterine device is a popular, efficient and safe contraceptive. Although it has some well described complications, such as migration, which may be to the different organs inside of the peritoneal cavity. The uterus-jejunal fistula is a rare clinical event, but with great repercussion if it is not well assessed and treated properly. We present the clinical case of a patient with a migrated intrauterine device and a fistula uterus-jejunal formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Diseases/etiology , Intrauterine Device Migration/adverse effects , Fistula/etiology , Jejunal Diseases/etiology , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy , Fistula/surgery , Intestinal Perforation , Jejunal Diseases/surgery
11.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 46(1): 34-37, Mar. 30,2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293293

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors of the small intestine is usually challenging. They are infrequent, and the clinical course is insidious with nonspecific manifestations. Routine endoscopic and abdominal imaging studies are more often unremarkable. Therefore, distant metastases are frequently detected at the time of diagnosis. The tumor markers chromogranin A, synaptophysin, and neuron-specific enolase, and capsule endoscopy, and device-assisted enteroscopy are useful resources to establish a diagnosis. The aim was to present a case of neuroendocrine tumor of small intestine diagnosed with base in findings of the capsule endoscopy and further open surgery.


El diagnóstico de tumores neuroendocrinos del intestino delgado suele ser un desafío. Son infrecuentes y el curso clínico es insidioso con manifestaciones inespecíficas. Los estudios de imágenes endoscópicos y abdominales de rutina suelen ser anodinos. Por tanto, las metástasis a distancia se detectancon frecuencia en el momento del diagnóstico. Los marcadores tumorales cromogranina A, sinaptofi-sina y enolasa neuronal específica, y la cápsula endoscópica y la enteroscopía asistida por dispositivo son recursos útiles para establecer un diagnóstico. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar un caso de tumor neuroendocrino de intestino delgado diagnosticado con base en hallazgos de la cápsula endoscópica y de una nueva cirugía abierta.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of magnetic-controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) for small intestine disease screening in physical examination population.Methods:Physical examination data of 1 230 individuals who received MCE examination from January to December 2019 in Health Research institutes were collected and retrospectively analyzed, and then divided into the gastrointestinal symptoms group and the group without gastrointestinal symptoms. Statistical analysis in cluded the completion rate of MCE, the detection rate for small intestine disease in two groups, the relation between the gastrointestinal symptom and small intestine diseases.Results:The mean age of the subjects was (54.4±17.3) years. The success rate of completion was 99.43%, and the detection rate of intestine diseases was 30.09%(368/1 230). Different genders and symptoms had no effect on the passage time of MCE through the small intestines, but the passage time of MCE through the small intestine in the age group younger than 50 years old [(242.9±88.7) min] was significantly less than in the age group greater than or equal to 50 years old [(336.4±112.1) min]( P<0.05). The detection rate of a duodenal bulbal ulcer and duodenitis was 1.73% (11/635) and 6.14% (39/635), respectively, in the symptomatic group, which were significantly higher than in the asymptomatic group 0.17%(1/595)及2.02%(20/595)( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the detection rate of positive lesions between the two groups. Conclusion:There is a certain incidence of small intestinal diseases in people undergoing physical examinations. Magnetic-controlled capsule endoscopy can effectively complete the screening and diagnosis of small intestinal diseases while completing stomach examination, which is an effective tool for early diagnosis and prevention of small intestinal diseases in people undergoing physical examinations.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906260

ABSTRACT

Based on theory of "paired relationship between the heart and the small intestine" in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), heart disease can affect the small intestine, and intestinal diseases can also affect the heart. The heart controls mental activities, so if the secretions function of small intestine is impaired, it will hinder the mind of the mind. Modern medicine has found that intestinal flora is closely related to cognitive function, which is consistent with the "paired relationship between heart and small intestine" in TCM. Diabetes cognitive impairment (DCI) is a category of "diabetes dementia" in TCM. According to TCM, the imbalance of spleen and stomach is the starting factor of diabetes dementia, and the phlegm turbidity of spleen deficiency is the pathological product of diabetes dementia. Previous projects have proved that intestinal flora disturbance is the modern pathological basis of spleen and stomach imbalance in TCM, suggesting that restoring spleen and stomach function to adjust intestinal microbial homeostasis is helpful for the prevention and treatment of diabetes dementia. At present, many achievements have been made in the study of the mutual causality between diabetes and intestinal flora disorder. In recent years, the incidence of DCI has increased rapidly, and the pathogenesis is complex and unclear, which increases the difficulty of treatment. Therefore, finding new targets should not be ignored. Given the complex connections among intestinal flora, diabetes and cognitive impairment, it is particularly important to tease out the relationship among the three. Based on previous scientific research, the author analyzed layer by layer and found that intestinal flora can not only affect the synthesis of neurotransmitters in the brain, but also participate in the common pathogenesis of diabetes and cognitive impairment such as chronic inflammation, insulin resistance and blood glucose rise, with a typical target effect. The pathogenic mechanism of intestinal flora in DCI was summarized in order to establish a new target and direction for the treatment, and to explore the scientific connotation of TCM in regulating spleen and stomach for treatment of diabetes dementia.

15.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(4): e519, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156521

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La oclusión intestinal mecánica es una enfermedad frecuente en los servicios quirúrgicos, sin embargo el vólvulo de intestino delgado es una de sus causas poco frecuentes. Objetivos: Describir las características clínicas de un caso de oclusión intestinal por vólvulo de íleon. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 63 años, con antecedentes de etilismo y pancreatitis crónica, para lo cual no llevaba tratamiento regular. Acudió al cuerpo de guardia por dolor abdominal de aproximadamente 24 horas de evolución. Presentó dos vómitos con restos alimentarios, sin fiebre u otros síntomas de interés. Semiotécnicamente el dolor era mantenido, difuso en todo el abdomen, intenso, punzante, no se aliviaba con analgésicos, sin otros síntomas acompañantes. Se realizaron estudios de laboratorio e imagenológicos, los resultados fueron sugerentes de un síndrome oclusivo y/o perforativo. Se decidió tratamiento quirúrgico, se diagnosticó una oclusión intestinal por vólvulo de íleon. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico del vólvulo de intestino delgado, requiere un alto índice de sospecha, debido a lo infrecuente en el adulto. Los hallazgos de imagen son de utilidad en el diagnóstico temprano. El tratamiento es eminentemente quirúrgico; se impone la resección intestinal del segmento afectado siempre que el tejido intestinal no sea viable(AU)


Introduction: Mechanical intestinal occlusion is a common disease in surgical services, however small bowel volvulus is one of its rare causes. Objectives: To describe the clinical characteristics of a case of intestinal occlusion due to ileum volvulus. Clinical case: A 63-year-old male patient, with a history of ethylism and chronic pancreatitis, for which he did not have regular treatment. He went to emergency due to abdominal pain of approximately 24 hours of evolution. He presented two vomits with food debris, without fever or other symptoms of interest. Semiotechnically the pain was maintained, diffuse throughout the abdomen, intense, stabbing, it was not relieved with analgesics. No other accompanying symptoms. Laboratory and imaging studies were performed, the results were suggestive of an occlusive and/or perforative syndrome. Surgical treatment was decided, an intestinal occlusion was diagnosed by ileum volvulus. Conclusions: The diagnosis of the small intestine volvulus requires a high index of suspicion, due to the infrequent occurrence in the adult. Image findings are useful in early diagnosis. The treatment is eminently surgical; Intestinal resection of the affected segment is imposed as long as the intestinal tissue is not viable(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Intestinal Volvulus/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery
16.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 67(3): 239-252, sep.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251919

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Este trabajo describe los efectos del probiótico Saccharomyces cerevisiae sobre el área, número de criptas de Lieberkühn en duodeno y yeyuno, y producción de moco en ambas secciones intestinales de pollos de engorde. Fueron empleados los tejidos de un total de 27 individuos clasificados en un grupo control GC (n=12) y un grupo suplementado con probióticos GP (n=15). Los resultados revelaron que los grupos suplementados con el S. cerevisiae presentaron una mayor amplitud del área de las criptas en duodeno (p= 0,0119) y yeyuno (p= 0,0355), menor número de criptas por milímetro en duodeno (p= 0,0420) y mayor producción de moco en duodeno respecto al grupo control (p= 0,0185), mientras que en yeyuno no se observaron diferencias significativas. Se concluyó que el uso de Saccharomyces cerevisiae aumentó el tamaño del área de las criptas en ambas secciones intestinales y aumentó la producción de moco en duodeno; lo cual, al aumentar la superficie de absorción intestinal, seguramente podría resultar en mejoras de los parámetros productivos.


ABSTRACT This work describes the effects of the probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the area, number of Lieberkühn crypts in the duodenum and jejunum, and mucus production in both intestinal sections. Tissues from a total of 27 individuals were used, classified in control group - GC (n = 12) and group supplemented with probiotics - GP (n = 15). The results revealed that the group supplemented with S. cerevisiae presented a greater area of the crypts in the duodenum (p = 0.0119) and jejunum (p = 0.0355), less number of crypts per millimeter in the duodenum (p = 0.0420) and higher mucus production in the duodenum compared to the control group (p = 0.0185), while in the jejunum no significant differences were observed. It was concluded that the use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae increased the size of the crypt area in both intestinal sections and increased mucus production in the duodenum; which by increasing the intestinal absorption surface could surely result in improvements in the productive parameters.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces , Tissues , Chickens , Probiotics , Intestine, Small , Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Duodenum , Photograph , Hematoxylin , Intestinal Absorption
17.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 283-288, July-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131671

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) appears to be common in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The rate of SIBO has been estimated at 25%-88% in this setting. However, different demographic, socioeconomic, and disease-related factors may exist between South American and North American or European populations that may limit the generalization of these findings, as the data are mainly derived from North American or European studies. OBJECTIVE: We studied the prevalence and predictors of SIBO in CD outpatients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, between June 2011 and June 2016, the medical records of 110 CD patients were assessed for presence of SIBO using the H2/CH4 glucose breath test. Univariate analysis was performed to investigate the potential association between SIBO and demographic, disease-related data, systemic markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate). RESULTS: The SIBO rate was high in CD patients (30%). Patients with and without SIBO were comparable according to demographics, systemic inflammatory biomarkers, and disease characteristics, except to the stricturing phenotype more common in the SIBO-positive CD patients (48.5% vs 19.5%, P=0.001). CONCLUSION: In Brazilian CD patients, SIBO is a highly prevalent condition. Stricturing phenotype demonstrated association with SIBO. An individualized screening plan followed by the timely treatment for SIBO should be carried out as part of quality of care improvement in CD individuals.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O supercrescimento bacteriano de intestino delgado (SBID) parece ser comum em pacientes com doença de Crohn (DC). A taxa de SBID tem sido estimada entre 25-88% neste cenário. Entretanto, diferenças demográficas, socioeconômicas e dos fatores relacionados à doença podem existir entre as populações da América do Sul e da América do Norte ou europeias que podem limitar a generalização destes achados, uma vez que os dados são derivados principalmente de estudos norte-americanos ou europeus. OBJETIVO: Estudar a prevalência e os preditores de SBID em pacientes ambulatoriais com DC. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo retrospectivo os registros médicos de 110 pacientes com DC que haviam sido submetidos ao teste respiratório do hidrogênio e metano expirados para o diagnóstico de SBID, entre junho de 2011 e junho de 2016, foram avaliados. Análise univariada foi realizada para investigar a potencial associação entre SBID com os dados demográficos, relacionados à DC e marcadores sistêmicos de inflamação (proteína C-reativa e velocidade de hemossedimentação). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de SBID foi elevada em pacientes com DC (30%). Os pacientes com e sem SBID foram comparáveis de acordo com os dados demográficos e de biomarcadores de inflamação sistêmica, bem como das características da DC, exceto pelo fenótipo estenosante, mais comum nos pacientes com DC e SBID (48,5% vs 19,5%, P=0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Em pacientes brasileiros com DC, SBID é uma condição altamente prevalente. O fenótipo estenosante demonstrou associação com o SBID. O planejamento de um screening individualizado seguido por tratamento apropriado para SBID deve ser incluído como parte da melhoria na qualidade de cuidados a ser oferecida para os pacientes com DC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crohn Disease/complications , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Brazil , Breath Tests , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Intestine, Small
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1321-1328, July-Aug. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131480

ABSTRACT

Fifteen New Zealand adult rabbits were randomly allocated into three groups: Sham-operated (group A), Ischemia and Reperfusion (group B) and Carolina Rinse Solution (CRS) (group C). Groups B and C were subjected to one hour of ischemia and two hours of reperfusion. In group C, ten minutes before reperfusion, the bowel lumen was filled with CRS, and the segment immersed in CRS. Necrosis and loss of integrity of the villi were visible in groups B and C. Edema of the submucosa and circular muscle was observed in all groups. Hemorrhage was observed in different layers for groups B and C, but group C showed more severe hemorrhage in different layers during reperfusion. All groups showed polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration on the base of the mucosa, submucosa, and longitudinal muscle, in addition to polymorphonuclear leukocytes margination in the mucosal and submucosal vessels. Necrosis of enterocytes, muscles, crypts of Lieberkühn and myenteric plexus was observed in groups B and C during reperfusion. Topical and intraluminal Carolina Rinse Solution did not attenuate the effects of ischemia and reperfusion in the small intestine of rabbits.(AU)


Quinze coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram alocados em três grupos: instrumentado (grupo A), isquemia e reperfusão (grupo B) e solução de Carolina rinse (CRS) (grupo C). Os grupos B e C foram submetidos a uma hora de isquemia e a duas horas de reperfusão. No grupo C, 10 minutos antes da reperfusão, o segmento isolado foi imerso e teve seu lúmen preenchido com CRS. Os grupos B e C apresentaram necrose e perda progressiva da integridade das vilosidades. Foi observado edema na submucosa e na camada muscular circular em todos os grupos. Nos grupos B e C, foi observada hemorragia em diferentes camadas, mas, no grupo C, a hemorragia foi mais intensa durante a reperfusão. Todos os grupos apresentaram infiltrado de PMN na base da mucosa, na submucosa e na camada muscular longitudinal e marginação de PMN nos vasos da mucosa e da submucosa. Durante a reperfusão, foi observada necrose dos enterócitos, das camadas musculares, das criptas de Lieberkühn e do plexo mioentérico nos grupos B e C. O uso tópico e intraluminal de CRS não atenuou os efeitos da isquemia e da reperfusão no intestino delgado de coelhos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Reperfusion/veterinary , Allopurinol/administration & dosage , Deferoxamine/administration & dosage , Glutathione/administration & dosage , Ischemia/veterinary , Jejunum/surgery
19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209496

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Small bowel injury is common after blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma resulting in significant mortality andmorbidity in a generally active population. Delay in diagnosis and treatment results in a worse outcome. Our study aims todelineate the magnitude of the problem in a tertiary care teaching hospital and determine the factors resulting in a poor outcome.Materials and Methods: This institution-based, observational descriptive study was conducted over a period of 15 months. Thesample included patients with blunt or penetrating abdominal, trauma with small intestinal perforation. Patients with concurrentmajor CNS, cardiothoracic, and orthopedic trauma were excluded from the study. Various factors likely to affect final outcomewere recorded. The appropriate surgical procedure was performed and post-operative recovery and any complications includingmortality data were recorded and analyzed.Results and Analysis: A total of 38 patients were included. Males outnumbered females. Mean age of presentation was 32.03years signifying a younger population. Motor vehicle accidents and blunt trauma were more common. Mortality rate was 18.4%.The presence of shock at admission and death was significantly related. Delay in surgery significantly increased the length ofhospital stay.Conclusion: Small intestinal perforation resulting from abdominal trauma is a condition associated with a very high mortalityand morbidity, especially in a young and active population. The efforts to reduce its incidence are beyond this discussion, butmeasures to reduce its resultant mortality and morbidity are definitely possible and feasible in a well-equipped, tertiary caresetting. This requires sincere, well-concerted efforts from all strata of government including health caregivers.

20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(2): 196-206, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126308

ABSTRACT

Resumen En pacientes sin una causa clara de sangrado gastrointestinal luego de una endoscopia digestiva alta y baja, la causa se encontrará en el intestino delgado hasta en el 77 % de los casos. Ante el excelente rendimiento diagnóstico de la videocápsula endoscópica (VCE) para el estudio de este segmento del tracto gastrointestinal, surge la duda de si debería ser el método diagnóstico inicial de este grupo de pacientes con posible sangrado del intestino delgado (PSID) o si la realización de una nueva endoscopia alta y baja o algún método alternativo de estudio del intestino delgado debería serlo. En esta revisión se evalúa y evidencia el rendimiento diagnóstico superior y la mayor seguridad de la VCE como abordaje inicial de pacientes con PSID en relación con otros métodos. Sin embargo, se pone en tela de juicio la mejor costo-efectividad de este abordaje en nuestro medio, que en otros ha sido claramente demostrada.


Abstract When neither upper nor lower gastrointestinal endoscopy can find a clear cause of gastrointestinal bleeding, it will eventually be found in the small intestine in up to 77% of cases. Given the excellent diagnostic performance of video capsule endoscopy for studying this segment of the gastrointestinal tract, the question of whether it should become the initial diagnostic method for patients with possible bleeding from the small intestine arises. The alternatives are to perform additional upper and lower endoscopic procedures or to use some alternative method of studying the small intestine. This review documents and evaluates the superior diagnostic performance and greater safety of videocapsule endoscopy as the initial approach for possible bleeding from the small intestine and compares it with other methods. However, the cost-effectiveness of this approach, clearly demonstrated elsewhere, is questioned in our setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Effectiveness , Capsule Endoscopy , Hemorrhage , Intestine, Small
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