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1.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 117: e210376, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386365

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (MIOC) is one of the first scientific journals created in Brazil and currently one of the most important biomedical journals in South America. Knowledge of the main themes disseminated over time and its main contributors can contribute towards a better understanding of its trajectory and future. OBJECTIVES Map the journal's scientific publication between 1909 and 2020. METHODS Data from three scientific databases was combined, alongside bibliometrics and network analysis to analyse publication records between 1909 and 2020. FINDINGS Publications increased substantially since the 1980s. The main publishing organisations are Brazilian. Excluding Brazil, the main publishing countries are the USA, Argentina, and Colombia. During the entire investigated period, the main themes refer to Chagas disease, schistosomiasis, and Leishmaniasis. During some periods, publications followed disease outbreaks in Brazil (e.g., dengue fever and yellow fever). MAIN CONCLUSIONS Since its foundation in 1909, the MIOC has focused on infectious and parasitic diseases. The editorial changes implemented from the 1980s onwards led MIOC to a relevant growth concerning annual publications and its transformation into an important communication vehicle for researchers from several Brazilian organisations besides Fiocruz, as well as organisations from other countries, especially within Latin America.

2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e023, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1360240

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The objective of this study is to present a tool to help understand how variables associated with oral cancer prevention relate to each other in a social network. A search of the Scopus database was performed using terms related to oral cancer and prevention from 2000 to 2020. The keywords were used as nodes and were analyzed using NodeXL, which produced the network graphic analysis. From the 1004 publications available, 4038 different keywords were obtained and then grouped into 75 constructs based on conceptual similarity. The most influential nodes were risk factors, comorbidities, epidemiology, and treatment. However, topics such as technology, telemedicine, self-examination, and diagnostic delay remain far removed from central relations. Network analysis enabled us to observe the bias of biological and basic science in the field and identify a need for studies concerning primary prevention, behavioral interventions, and inequalities in oral cancer.

3.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 55(4): 995-1006, jul.-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340887

ABSTRACT

Resumo Para além da defesa normativa e prescritiva da intersetorialidade, sabe-se pouco sobre os condicionantes de sua implementação. O objetivo deste artigo é suprir essa lacuna, usando uma estratégia analítico-metodológica baseada nos estudos acerca de implementação e metodologia da análise de redes sociais (ARS). Com base em dados primários coletados em entrevistas aprofundadas e analisados por meio da ARS, o texto compara duas ações intersetoriais destinadas à população em situação de rua: o projeto Oficina Boracea, desde seu início, em 2002, até 2016, e o programa De Braços Abertos (DBA), a partir de sua formulação, em 2013, até seu término, em 2016. Os resultados indicam que, mais do que um modelo de gestão bem-formulado, a intersetorialidade é um produto de interações cotidianas e estratégias de coordenação construídas entre diferentes escalões da burocracia e entre atores estatais e não estatais, em distintos arranjos de implementação.


Resumen Con excepción de la defensa normativa y prescriptiva de la intersectorialidad, poco se sabe sobre las condiciones para su implementación. El objetivo de este artículo es llenar ese vacío, utilizando una estrategia analítico-metodológica basada en estudios de implementación y en la metodología de análisis de redes sociales (ARS). A partir de datos primarios recopilados a través de entrevistas en profundidad y analizados mediante ARS, este artículo compara dos proyectos intersectoriales para personas sin hogar: el proyecto Oficina Boracea, desde su inicio en 2002 hasta 2016, y el programa De Braços Abertos (DBA), desde su formulación en 2013 hasta su finalización en 2016. Los resultados indican que, más de un modelo de gestión bien formulado, la intersectorialidad es el producto de interacciones cotidianas y estrategias de coordinación construidas entre diferentes niveles de burocracia y entre actores estatales y no estatales, en diferentes arreglos de implementación.


Abstract Apart from the normative and prescriptive defense of intersectorality, the conditions related to the implementation of intersectoral programs are still little explored. This article aims to fill this gap, using an analytical-methodological strategy based on studies on implementation and the methodology of social network analysis (SNA). Based on primary data collected through in-depth interviews and analyzed using SNA, this article compares two programs for homeless people: the Oficina Boracea program, from its beginning in 2002 to 2016, and the program De Braços Abertos (DBA), from 2013 when it started until its end, in 2016. The results indicate that intersectorality is more than a well-designed management model. It is the product of everyday interactions and coordination strategies built with the participation of different levels of bureaucracy and state and non-state actors, gathered in different implementation arrangements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Public Administration , Homeless Persons , Data Collection , Intersectoral Collaboration , Projects , Social Networking , Implementation Science
4.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(1): e1382, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156560

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A partir de la aparición de la epidemia COVID-19 se conforma un equipo multidisciplinario en Santiago de Cuba con participación de varias instituciones y activado por el Consejo de defensa provincial. El análisis integrado epidemiológico, la gestión gubernamental y la respuesta social resultarían determinantes en el control de la enfermedad. Objetivos: Identificar posibles grupos de casos con COVID-19 en la provincia Santiago de Cuba y caracterizar su transmisión según variables epidemiológicas. Métodos: Se desarrolló un estudio ecológico, comparándose los clústeres de transmisión de COVID-19. Se resumieron variables de interés y se realizó análisis de redes sociales desde el punto de vista de las relaciones entre casos y contactos, así como análisis espacial. Resultados: Se identificaron cinco grupos espaciales de transmisión en los municipios, uno en Palma Soriano, uno en Contramaestre y tres en Santiago de Cuba. Los antecedentes patológicos personales (hipertensión y procesos respiratorios), el sexo femenino, los casos sintomáticos y el promedio de 22 a 27 contactos por cada confirmado fueron las variables más relevantes. Se identificó fuente de infección introducida en 51 por ciento (25/49). Además, se identificaron redes sociales complejas en la transmisión de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: La transmisión de COVID-19 en la provincia Santiago de Cuba mostró grupos de casos y contactos con redes sociales epidemiológicas características para cada municipio, así como el modo de transmisión de acuerdo a la fuente de infección, relaciones de familiaridad o cercanía social y la relación de distancia espacial entre contactos, aspectos que influyeron en las bajas tasas de incidencia de la enfermedad, con predominio en su forma sintomática, edades jóvenes y en mujeres(AU)


Introduction: From the onset of COVID-19 epidemic, a multidisciplinary team is formed in Santiago de Cuba with the participation of several institutions and activated by the Provincial Defense Council. Integrated epidemiological analysis, government management and social response would be decisive in controlling the disease. Objectives: To identify possible groups of COVID-19 cases in the Santiago de Cuba province and to describe the transmission according to epidemiological variables. Methods: An ecological study was carried out, comparing COVID-19 transmission clusters. Variables of interest were summarized and analysis of social contact networks was carried out from the point of view of the relationships between cases and contacts, as well as spatial analysis. Results: Five spatial transmission groups were identified in the municipalities, one in Palma Soriano, one in Contramaestre and three in Santiago de Cuba. The personal pathological antecedents (hypertension and respiratory processes), female sex, symptomatic cases and the average of 22 to 27 contacts for each confirmed were the most relevant variables. A source of introduced infection was identified in 51 percent (25/49). In addition, complex social networks were identified in the transmission of the disease. Conclusions: The transmission of COVID-19 in Santiago de Cuba province showed groups of cases and contacts with characteristic epidemiological social networks for each municipality, as well as the mode of transmission according to the source of infection, relationships of familiarity or social closeness and the relationship of spatial distance between contacts, which influenced on the low incidence rates of the disease, with predominance of symptomatic form, young ages and in women(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cluster Analysis , Epidemiologic Methods , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Social Networking , Cuba
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically sort out and cluster the existing indicators of key issues in the quality of postgraduate clinical degree education based on the bibliometric study, so as to build a multidimensional quality assessment index system that integrates scientificity, rationality and representativeness, and to provide a scientific measurement tool for assessing clinical professional postgraduate education in China.Methods:By mining the related functions of UCINET6 network analysis integration software and its one-dimensional and two-dimensional data analysis NetDraw program, the social network analysis (SNA) method was used to extract and cluster the education quality problem set of clinical professional degree postgraduates.Results:A three-dimensional evaluation index system was constructed. The first dimension concluded such 8 key issues in the quality of postgraduate education in clinical medicine as ability assessment, teaching system, teaching quality assurance system, professional cognition and career prospects, assessment and evaluation system and organization, and the pulse taking and diagnosis.Conclusion:The clinical graduate education quality evaluation index system is an effective measurement tool for education quality improvement, based on a multidimensional perspective, with key issues as priority areas for intervention, providing an effective evidence-based basis for ensuring the development of professional graduate education efforts from 2020-2025.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 318-323, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923171

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlative characteristics of the National Occupational Health Standards by social network analytic method. METHODS: The national occupational health standards were searched and collected through the National Health Commission of the People′s Republic of China and the National Institute of Occupational Health and Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. And the normative reference file related information was extracted to build standard coupling matrix. UCINET6 software for Windows was used to compute the node feature specifications. The network topology diagram of standard mutual citation relationship was drawn using Netdraw 2.054. RESULTS: A total of 269 national occupational health standards were included, involving 361 normative references files. Among them, the highest degree centrality was 48.064 in GBZ/T 251 Guidelines for Prevention and Control of Occupational Hazard in Foundry of Automobile Manufacturing. The highest closeness centrality and betweenness centrality were 27.386 and 33.210, respectively, in GBZ 2.1 Occupational Exposure Limits for Hazardous Agents in the Workplace--Part 1 : Chemical Hazardous Agents. The topographic map of standard mutual reference network indicated that five national occupational health standards were located in the central position of the mutual reference network, which included GBZ 1 Hygiene Standards for the Design of Industrial Enterprises, GBZ 2.1 Occupational Exposure Limits for Hazardous Agents in the Workplace--Part 1: Chemical Hazardous Agents, GBZ 2.2 Occupational Exposure Limits for Hazardous Agents in the Workplace--Part 2: Physical Agents, GBZ 158 Warning Sign for Occupational Hazards in the Workplace and GBZ 159 Specifications of Air Sampling for Hazardous Substances Monitoring in the Workplace. CONCLUSION: The five national occupational health standards located in the central position of the mutual reference network were the key nodes that have a greater influence on other standards, and can be the focus of future standard management.

7.
Motriz (Online) ; 27: e10210015220, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154889

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aims: To introduce a platform called "InteractiveLab" (ILab) for collecting and analyzing ball passing networks during soccer games. Methods: The software was organized to collect data through a mobile interface and touch screen and simultaneously access that data from a remote database, allowing the automated acquisition, storage, and processing of data during games through an application from the web. The analysis is based on the concept of social networks, characterized by the interaction of players through passing exchanges. Results: This descriptive study presents the construction architecture and functioning of the developed software. It also presents the results of intra- and inter-rater reliability and a comparison with the manual collection method. Data were extracted and viewed according to the attacking unit classifications, with the following four outcomes: (a) interception, (b) lost ball, (c) incompletion, and (d) completion. This classification allows for the configuration of the data for a more precise analysis. Some limitations were highlighted, as well as future projections for the improvement of applications and analysis of the interactions network in the context of soccer. Conclusion: It is concluded that the InteractiveLab platform is a viable and beneficial tool that offers new possibilities for analysing performance in soccer. Moreover, given the lack of solutions that work similarly, this product also has market potential.

8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387001

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O presente artigo tem como objetivo descrever e analisar métodos de pesquisas em psicologia do trabalho que aplicaram a análise de redes sociais (ARS) para identificação de relações formadas entre trabalhadores em seus contextos laborais. Os métodos utilizados nessas investigações são essencialmente qualitativos, em articulação com uma análise quantitativa de dados matriciais, fazendo uso de entrevistas e de observação para a coleta de dados. Todas as pesquisas realizaram o mapeamento de redes egocentradas usando a técnica de geração de nomes. A análise das entrevistas foi realizada por meio de análise de conteúdo e os dados matriciais pelo programa UCINET. As pesquisas mostraram a possibilidade de variações na coleta dos dados, como a utilização de fotografias, do Diagrama da Escolta Social e diferentes maneiras de aplicar o gerador de nomes. A ARS mostrou-se um método versátil, compatível com contextos laborais e alternativa viável para estudos em psicologia do trabalho.


Resumen: El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir y analizar métodos de investigación en psicología del trabajo que aplicaron el análisis de redes sociales (ARS) para la identificación de las relaciones formadas entre trabajadores en sus contextos laborales. Los métodos utilizados en las investigaciones son esencialmente cualitativos, combinado con el análisis cuantitativo de los datos matriciales, haciendo uso de entrevistas y de la observación para la recolección de datos. Todas las encuestas realizaron el mapeo de redes egocentradas utilizando la técnica de generación de nombres. El análisis de las entrevistas fue realizado por medio de análisis de contenido y los datos matriciales por el programa UCINET. Las encuestas deemuestran la posibilidad de variaciones en la recolección de los datos, como la utilización de fotografías, del Diagrama de la Escuela Social y diferentes maneras de aplicar el generador de nombres. La ARS se mostró como un método versátil, compatible con contextos laborales y una alternativa viable a los estudios en psicología del trabajo.


Abstract: This article aims to describe and analyze methods of research in work psychology that applied the analysis of social networks (ARS) to identify relationships formed between workers in their work contexts. The methods used in these investigations are essentially qualitative, in conjunction with a quantitative analysis of matrix data, making use of interviews and observation for data collection. All the surveys carried out the mapping of self-centered networks using the naming technique. The analysis of the interviews was performed through content analysis and matrix data by the UCINET program. Research has shown the possibility of variations in data collection, such as the use of photographs, the Social Shield Diagram and different ways of applying the name generator. The ARS proved to be a versatile method compatible with work contexts and a viable alternative for studies in work psychology.

9.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 54(5): 1286-1306, set.-out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137006

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo analisa a capacidade de integração de políticas públicas suportadas por um mesmo instrumento de implementação. Partindo da abordagem dos estudos de implementação de políticas públicas que compreendem os instrumentos como "o estado em ação", isto é, ferramentas de ação pública por meio das quais a ação governamental se materializa e é operacionalizada (Lascoumes & Le Galès, 2007; Linder & Peters, 1990), examina-se o caso da Rede do Cadastro Único para Programas Sociais, formada pelo instrumento do Cadastro Único - composto por sua base de dados, normas, processos e estrutura municipal de cadastramento e coleta de dados - e pelos 20 programas sociais que se utilizam de suas informações cadastrais sobre 27 milhões de famílias, quase 80 milhões de pessoas de baixa renda, para seleção de beneficiários e gerenciamento de políticas voltadas ao combate das diferentes formas de vulnerabilidade social. Adotou-se a metodologia da análise de redes sociais para responder a duas perguntas principais: qual é a posição ocupada pelo Cadastro Único (CadÚnico) na rede de relações formada com as políticas sociais que o utilizam e quais são as condições e o nível de integração que o CadÚnico promove entre essas políticas usuárias? As métricas e os sociogramas de dois contextos temporais distintos, 2016 e 2018, demonstraram que, embora haja potencial para que promova maior integração entre as políticas, o CadÚnico ainda não se apresenta como instrumento potente de integração de políticas públicas.


Resumen Este artículo analiza la capacidad de integración de políticas públicas sustentadas por un mismo instrumento de implementación. Partiendo del enfoque de los estudios de implementación de políticas públicas que comprenden instrumentos como "el estado en acción", es decir, herramientas de acción pública por medio de las cuales la acción gubernamental se materializa y se pone en marcha (Lascoumes & Le Galès, 2007; Linder & Peters, 1990), se examina el caso de la Red del Registro Único para Programas Sociales, formada por su base de datos, normas, procesos y estructura municipal de registro y recolección de datos y también por los 20 programas sociales que utilizan la información de registro de 27 millones de familias, casi 80 millones de personas de bajos ingresos, para selección de beneficiarios y gestión de políticas dirigidas al combate de las diferentes formas de vulnerabilidad social. Se adoptó la metodología de Análisis de Redes Sociales para responder a dos preguntas principales: 1) ¿Cuál es la posición que ocupa el Registro Único en la red de relaciones formada con las políticas sociales que lo utilizan? 2) ¿Cuáles son las posibilidades y el nivel de integración que el Registro Único promueve entre esas políticas? Las métricas y sociogramas de dos contextos temporales distintos ‒2016 y 2018‒ demostraron que, aunque haya potencial para que promueva una mayor integración entre las políticas, el Registro Único todavía no se presenta como instrumento potente de integración de políticas públicas.


Abstract This article analyzes the capacity of policy integration through implementation tools. The research builds on studies on policy implementation, which understand such tools as "the state in action," i.e., instruments through which governments operate and deliver public services (Lascoumes & Le Galès, 2007; Linder & Peters, 1990). The research examines the case of the Brazilian Single Registry for Social Programs (Cadastro Único or CadUnico). The Single Registry is understood as part of a network providing social protection to the Brazilian population in social vulnerability. This work examines CadUnico as a complex system formed of a database and a set of norms and processes that work within the structure of local governments. The system gathers data used to coordinate 20 social programs, helping to select beneficiaries and manage policies that serve 27 million low-income families, reaching almost 80 million people. We adopted the social network analysis as a research method, seeking to answer two main questions: what is the position occupied by the Single Registry in the network of relationships formed by the federal social policies which use it, and what are the conditions and the level of integration which it promotes among these federal user policies? The metrics and sociograms of two distinct timeframes, 2016 and 2018, have demonstrated that, although the Single Register for Social Programs offers elements to promote some integration among public policies, there is no evidence of its effectiveness to this end.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Public Policy , Information Management , Information Dissemination , Social Networking , Community Integration , Social Programs
10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1-6, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817369

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:To analyze spatial distribution characteristics of pharmaceutical industry in the Yangtze RiverEconomic Belt,and to provide reference for regional pharmaceutical industry planning. METHODS:Based on the central analysis,agglomerated sub group analysis and secondary assignment program analysis of social network analysis,the industrial relevancebetween regional pharmaceutical industry and regional cities were studied(using the image matrix of agglomerated sub group),using regional pharmaceutical enterprises in the Yangtze River Economic Belt as the research object. RESULTS &CONCLUSIONS:The study involved 111 listed pharmaceutical companies in 82 regional cities,and 82 urban nodes formed aregional pharmaceutical industry distribution network,which could generate 8 urban cohesion subgroups,represented by Shanghai,Chengdu and Chongqing;Shanghai and Hangzhou in the Yangtze River Delta,Chengdu and Chongqing in the Chengdu and Chongqing economic circle have more advanced position in network centrality. The centrality of Shanghai was the highest(25.926),followed by Chongqing and Chengdu(both were 19.753). It shows that the spatial distribution of the pharmaceuticalindustry in the Yangtze River Economic Belt shows a distribution pattern dominated by the Yangtze River Delta urbanagglomeration. At the same time,the Chengdu-Chongqing urban agglomeration also shows a greater influence. The regional citiesplay different roles in industrial development. Chongqing and Taizhou have shown stronger industrial radiation capabilities,while?Shanghai and Hangzhou have shown stronger industrial absorption capacity.

11.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 30(2): e1335, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093068

ABSTRACT

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar los principales elementos a considerar en el diseño de un observatorio. Para esto se analizaron 61 observatorios de diversas temáticas, en su gran mayoría del contexto iberoamericano. La metodología empleada se estructuró en tres etapas, que partieron del análisis conceptual y los componentes principales de los observatorios; le siguieron su clasificación y las regularidades. Se plantearon las recomendaciones y los elementos básicos a definir para el diseño de los observatorios, entre los que se encuentran el objetivo, el alcance, los actores, los procesos y las salidas. En estas etapas se utilizan un conjunto de métodos y herramientas del análisis de la información y las redes sociales que contribuyen al estudio de los observatorios(AU)


The purpose of the study was to identify the main elements to be considered when designing an observatory. To achieve such a goal, analysis was conducted of 61 observatories of various topics, most of them from the Ibero-American context. The method used was structured into three stages: conceptual analysis and main components of the observatories, classification and regularities. Recommendations were made and a list of basic elements was provided which should be defined when designing the observatories, among them the objective, scope, actors, processes and outputs. Throughout these stages, use is made of a number of methods and tools for information and social network analysis which contribute to the study of observatories(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cluster Analysis , Science and Technology Observatories , Social Network Analysis
12.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 18(1): e45033, 2019-02-13.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122234

ABSTRACT

Objective:The goal of this quantitative and descriptive study was to analyze the articulation between a psychosocial care center and the intersectoral health network. Methodology:Data were collected in a municipality on the western border of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, from August to December 2017. Data analysis was performed using the Package for the Social Network Analysis -UCINET software. The study was based on the methodological framework of social network analysis. Results:The results indicated the existence of 37 agents involved in care provided to drug users. It was possible to observe several sectors of justice and public safety that provided direct or indirect care to users. However, the results revealed certain estrangement between these agents and other network services in the development of joint programs and case coordination. The metrics assessed indicated a low degree of interaction between the sectors, demonstrating the difficulty of the network in functioning in an integrated manner and building joint care possibilities. Conclusions:This study discusses the need for greater intersectoral articulation at the interaction levels assessed. It is necessary to plan municipal policies that favor this interaction between agents.


Objetivo: Estudo quantitativo, descritivo quese propõe a analisar a articulação entre um centro de atenção psicossocial e a rede de saúde intersetorial. Metodologia: A coleta de dados ocorreu de agosto à dezembro de 2017, em um município da fronteira oeste do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A análise dos dados foi organizada a partir da utilização do Software Package for the Social Network Analysis-UCINET. O estudo norteia-se pelo referencial metodológico de análise de redes sociais. Resultados: Os resultados apontaram a existência de 37 atores envolvidos no cuidado às pessoas que usam drogas. Foi possível observar diversos setores de justiça e segurança pública que prestavam cuidados diretos ou indiretos aos usuários. Contudo, os resultados indicaram certo distanciamento desses atores no tocante ao desenvolvimento de programas conjuntos e coordenação de casos com outros serviços da rede. Verificou-se, através das métricas investigadas, um baixo grau de interação entre os dispositivos, demonstrando a dificuldade por parte da rede em atuar de forma integrada e construir possibilidades de cuidado conjuntas. Considerações finais: Discute-se a necessidade de maior articulação intersetorial nos níveis de interação analisados neste estudo. Para isso, é preciso pensar em políticas municipais que favoreçam essa "costura" entre os atores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychotropic Drugs , Social Networking , Social Network Analysis , Psychiatry , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Health , Empathy , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Persons
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763916

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is supposed to figure out the keyword network from 2009 to 2018 with social network analysis and provide the research data that can help the Korea government's policy making on smoking cessation. METHODS: First, frequency analysis on the keyword was performed. After, in this study, I applied three classic centrality measures (degree centrality, betweenness centrality, and eigenvector centrality) with R 3.5.1. Moreover, I visualized the results as the word cloud and keyword network. RESULTS: As a result of network analysis, ‘smoking’ and ‘smoking cessation’ were key words with high frequency, high degree centrality, and betweenness centrality. As a result of looking at trends in keyword, many study had been done on the keyword ‘secondhand smoke’ and ‘adolescent’ from 2009 to 2013, and ‘cigarette graphic warning’ and ‘electronic cigarette’ from 2014 to 2018. CONCLUSION: This study contributes to understand trends on smoking cessation study and seek further study with the keyword network analysis.


Subject(s)
Korea , Policy Making , Smoke , Smoking Cessation
14.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 52(4): 571-592, jul.-ago. 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-957563

ABSTRACT

Resumo A reforma administrativa no Brasil, iniciada com a Constituição de 1988, permitiu a efetivação de políticas públicas descentralizadas, incluindo a municipalização do setor saúde e participação popular. Objetivando apreender como essas mudanças democráticas ecoaram na literatura internacional, o artigo analisou a produção científica da administração pública da saúde no Brasil, adotando o estudo de redes sociais. A pesquisa foi feita na base do Web of Science, utilizando termos relacionados com administração, delimitada por "Brazil" e "health", e softwares auxiliares BibExcel e Ucinet. A rede de publicações da administração se mostrou coesa, com práticas de democracia deliberativa e participação social. Ao incluir o termo "saúde", houve maior variação de temas, com destaque para a Reforma Sanitária e descentralização do Sistema Único de Saúde, de forma crítica e reflexiva, e notada ausência do controle social.


Resumen La reforma administrativa en Brasil, iniciada con la Constitución de 1988, permitió la efectuación de políticas públicas descentralizadas, tales como la municipalización del área de salud previendo mayor abertura para la participación popular. Objetivando aprehender como la efectuación de esos cambios tuvo eco en la literatura internacional, el presente artículo analizó la producción científica a respecto de la administración pública de la salud en Brasil, adoptando el estudio de redes sociales. La investigación se realizó con base en la Web of Science, utilizando los términos relacionados a la administración, delimitada por "Brazil" y "health", y los programas BibExcel e Ucinet. La red de publicaciones de la administración se mostró coherente, conteniendo prácticas de democracia deliberativa y participación social. Al incluir el término "salud", hubo una mayor variación de temas, con destaque para la Reforma Sanitaria Brasileña y la descentralización del Sistema Único de Salud, con enfoque más crítico y reflexivo, e importante laguna relativa al control social.


Abstract The Brazilian administrative reform was included in the 1988 Constitution, and it has promoted decentralized policies, including the municipalization of health and popular participation. The objective of this article is to understand how the implementation of these democratic changes were studied in the international literature. The scientific production on Brazilian public health administration was analyzed by studying social networks. The search was conducted in the Web of Science database, using administration terms, delimited by "Brazil" and "health," and using BibExcel and Ucinet software. The network of publications in administration was cohesive, containing practices of deliberative democracy and social participation. By including the term "health," more variations were found, particularly on the Brazilian Health Reform and on the decentralization of the National Health System, with a more critical and reflexive focus, albeit with a clear gap on social accountability.

15.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 26(1): 107-116, jan.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-952497

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução Este artigo objetiva identificar a relação entre o desempenho de um Programa de Controle da Hanseníase (PCH) e a sua relação com a rede social, em um município brasileiro. Método Foram realizadas coleta de dados secundários, visitas para observação e entrevistas com o coordenador local do programa (PCH), o secretário de saúde, outros dois coordenadores e com profissionais por estes citados, seguindo a técnica de gerador de nomes. Dezesseis entrevistas originaram a elaboração de seis redes individuais e três coletivas, configurando três momentos: (I) identificação do problema, (II) demonstração do problema e (III) tentativa de reestruturação. Resultados Observou-se uma centralidade de cliques, em que o coordenador do PCH e o da Vigilância Epidemiológica compartilhavam funções no PCH, com fortes laços pessoais. As demais ligações identificadas foram caracterizadas como fortes ou frágeis, e profissionais. Conclusão Foi identificada relação entre o desempenho do PCH (indicadores) e os diferentes tempos das redes sociais, o que acabou por influenciar no funcionamento deste.


Abstract: Introduction The aim of this study is to identify the relation between the performance of a Leprosy Control Program (LCP) and the social network, in a municipality of the brazilian north/northeast region. Method The social network analysis methodology was used. The criteria for choosing the municipality were defined based on low performance of its LCP. The researchers visited the municipality to conduct observations, interviews and secondary data collection. The interviews began with the local coordinator of the program (LCP), the health secretary and two other coordinators. Further interviews were performed with the professionals cited by the "key-informants", resulted by the use of the name generator technique. Sixteen interviews were conducted with professionals that work directly with the LCP, and it allowed the elaboration of six personal networks and three collective networks. From these, the scenario of the program in three stages were drew up, based on the social network structures: (I) problem identification, (II) statement of problem, and (III) restructuring. Results It was found a "double-centrality", what means that the general coordinator of the LCP and general coordinator of Epidemiologic Surveillance shared functions in the program, with very strong personal ties. Other relations were characterized as strong or weak and professional. Conclusion It was identified a relation between the LCP performance and the different times of the social networks, which influenced the functionality of this.

16.
Asian Oncology Nursing ; : 154-162, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717243

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify and compare research topics related to disclosure of cancer diagnosis among Korea and other countries using text network analysis. METHODS: Abstracts from 119 studies for the period of 2000~2015 were analyzed. An integrative literature review and text network analysis were applied to examine the research. The keywords from each article's abstracts were extracted by using a program, KrKwic, and analyzed using network-related measures including degree centrality, and clustering using the NetMiner program. RESULTS: The most important core keywords; ‘patient’, ‘cancer’, ‘diagnosis’, ‘disclosure’, ‘truth’, ‘physician’, ‘family’, ‘telling’, ‘information’, ‘preference’, ‘member’, ‘age’, and ‘tell’ ranked highly. Asian countries as Korea, Japan, and China showed a similar high centrality of degree of connection in family, which appeared as a factor that influences cancer diagnosis disclosure. CONCLUSION: These findings showed knowledge structure of disclosure of cancer diagnosis and its research trends. The 11 topics identified in this comparative study can provide further starting points for research of communication with cancer patients and their family.


Subject(s)
Asians , China , Diagnosis , Disclosure , Humans , Japan , Korea
17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 865-869, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the spatial distribution characteristics of pharmaceutical manufacturing industry in China. METHODS:According to public data of listed company,social network analysis method was used to analyze the data of listed companies in China's pharmaceutical manufacturing industry in respect of network density analysis(including overall network density and individual network density),network centrality analysis,cohesion analysis,core-edge analysis. The discussion and suggestion was put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:As of Sept. 30th,2015,there were 168 listed companies of national A share listed pharmaceutical manufacturing industry. Analysis of social network analysis software showed that the density of spatial city association network in China's pharmaceutical manufacturing industry was 0.021 0,and the network was also much dispersed, among which Beijing,Tianjin and Shanghai had the largest individual network. In network centrality analysis,the point outdegree of the whole network was 1.604% and the point indegree was 1.761%. The point outdegree and point indegree of Beijing were all in the forefront. The betweenness centrality of Beijing,Shanghai,Tianjin and Shenzhen was in high level relatively,and the eigenvector centrality of Beijing,Tianjin,Shanghai,Kunming,Shenzhen and Guangzhou was in high level relatively. Results of cohesion analysis were more comprehensive,the cities in the network could be divided into 8 subgroups. The whole network showed a more obvious core-edge feature. So,the coordinated development of China's pharmaceutical manufacturing industry can be promoted by paying attention to play radiation driving role of industrial center city,promoting coordinated development of regional industry and forming industrial agglomeration network.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752029

ABSTRACT

We studid the research status and network analysis of health food containing Angelica sinensis in the past 20 years with the methods of data mining. The key information of health food containing Angelica sinensis was obtained in State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) webpage, using Bibexcel analysis software generated co-occurrence matrix, and using Ucinet 6.0 Net Draw software drawed the social network graph according to the centrality. The data was calculated by SPSS19.0 software analysis. The results showed that 539 health food containing Angelica sinensis were successfully registered in 1997-2016 years, and the annual number of registration was the overall growth trend, there is a certain gap in R & D ability and level of health food containing Angelica sinensis with Angelica health food, brand advantage had not been established in health food containing Angelica sinensis; Health food containing Angelica sinensis form tend to preparation was very obvious such as capsule and oral liquid. The function of health food containing Angelica sinensis mainly concentrated in immune regulation and immune enhancement, removing chloasma, anemia improvment, anti-fatigue, relaxing bowel, improving sleep and anti-aging; and the compatibility of herbs with Angelica sinensis most often were Radix astragali membranacei, Radix rehmanniae, Poria cocos, Radix panacis ginseng, Radix codonopsitis pilosulae, Fructus zizyphi jujubae, Fructus lycii chinesis, Radix rehmanniae, Radix dioscoreae oppositae, Radix albus paeoniae lactiflorae, Colla Corii Asini, Saffron crocus, although compatibility is different, but the quality indexes are similar, the main detection of total polysaccharide and total saponin and total flavonoids. Research and development of health food containing Angelica sinensis should be in the form of regular food and adopt a multi index quality control model in future.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752028

ABSTRACT

To measure the structure relationship among indexes and different indexes groups based on the networkrelationship information. Methods: Tabu search algorithm was used as the concrete algorithm to study the composition ofindex groups and the structure relationship between them. Result: The results of simulation and real data show that Tabusearch algorithm accurately solve the division of indexes and measure the structure relationship among different groups.Conclusion: Tabu search algorithm measure the structure relationship among indexes and different indexes groups, whichextend to larger network and more complex situations.

20.
Summa psicol. UST ; 15(2): 134-144, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095452

ABSTRACT

En la actualidad, las plataformas virtuales (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, entre otras) han impactado en la cotidianeidad generando cambios en las interacciones personales y los patrones de relación. Generalmente, los usuarios de estas plataformas son adolescentes donde lo virtual se hace parte de la construcción de identidad y pertenencia al grupo de pares. El objetivo del trabajo es comprender las dinámicas de la cibercultura adolescente a través de la indagación en redes personales y virtuales de cuatro adolescentes de Mendoza-Argentina. Se escogió el estudio de caso, seleccionándose 4 adolescentes de entre 15 y 17 años. Las herramientas utilizadas fueron: cuestionario administrado a través del software Egonet, observación de la plataforma virtual que utiliza el participante y entrevista semidirigida como modalidad corroborativa de los datos. Los resultados aportan reflexiones para reflexionar en la cibercultura adolescente, resultando arduo diferenciar lo virtual de lo cara a cara y/o online de lo offline. Existe una gran interacción de los adolescentes en las redes virtuales, pueden identificar a sus seguidores y escoger las maneras de exponerse socialmente. Los familiares tienen un rol secundario, tanto en las redes personales y virtuales. Por último, las plataformas virtuales Instagram y Snapchat tienen mayor protagonismo entre las indagadas.


Nowadays, virtual platforms (such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter, amongst others) have a great impact on everyday life, generating changes in people´s interactions and relationship patterns. Usually, teenagers are the main users of these platforms, where the virtual becomes part of the construction of identity and peer group dynamics. The objective of this study was to understand the dynamics of teenage cyberculture through the investigation of personal and virtual networks of four teenagers in Mendoza, Argentina. A case study method was chosen, where four adolescents between 15 and 17 years old were chosen as participants. The study applies the following tools: a questionnaire administered through the Egonet software, the observation of the social network most frequently used by the subject and a semi-structured interview. The results lead us to reflect on a teen cyberculture in which peer relationships are virtualized, making it difficult to differentiate between online and offline. There is a great interaction between teenagers in virtual networks, where they can identify their followers and choose the way in which they socially expose themselves. Family bonds play a secondary role in both personal and virtual social networks. Furthermore, Instagram and Snapchat were found to be more popular amongst teenagers, rather than the others.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Internet , Social Networking , Argentina , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent Behavior
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