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1.
Acta ortop. bras ; 32(1): e271849, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1549997

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Functional incapacity caused by physical alterations leads to significant limitations in daily activities and has a major impact on the return of people with disabilities to the social space and the workplace. This calls for an evaluation of the long-term influence of the use of a device specially developed for orthostatic posture on the physiological, biomechanical and functional parameters of amputees and spinal cord patients. Objective: The objective was evaluate the effect of postural support device use on function, pain, and biomechanical and cardiologic parameters in spinal cord injury and amputees patients compared to a control group. Methods: The orthostatic device was used by the participants for a period of ten consecutive days, for three cycles of 50 minutes each day, and a 15-day follow-up. Participants were positioned and stabilized using adjustable straps on the shoulders, trunk, and hips. The primary outcome was brief pain inventory. Fifteen participants were included the control group, 15 in the amputee group, and 15 in the spinal cord group. Results: Our results demonstrate that the use of the device allows the orthostatic position of amputees and spinal cord patients evaluated for ten days, leading to improved functionality and pain in the spinal cord and amputee groups compared to the control group. In addition, no changes were observed for secondary outcomes, indicating that the use of the device did not cause harm interference to patients. Conclusion: The long-term use of the orthostatic device is beneficial for improving functionality, reduce pain in amputees and spinal cord injury patients. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results of treatment.


RESUMO Introdução: A incapacidade funcional causada por alterações físicas leva a limitações significativas nas atividades diárias e gera um grande impacto no retorno das pessoas com deficiência ao espaço social e ao local de trabalho, demandando a avaliação da influência em longo prazo do uso de um dispositivo especialmente desenvolvido para a postura ortostática nos parâmetros fisiológicos, biomecânicos e funcionais de pacientes amputados e com medula espinhal. Objetivo: O objetivo foi avaliar o efeito do uso do dispositivo de suporte postural na função, dor e parâmetros biomecânicos e cardiológicos em pacientes com lesão medular e amputados em comparação com um grupo controle. Métodos: O aparelho ortostático foi utilizado pelos participantes por um período de dez dias consecutivos, em três ciclos de 50 minutos diários, com acompanhamento de 15 dias. Os participantes foram posicionados e estabilizados por meio de alças ajustáveis nos ombros, tronco e quadris. O desfecho primário foi o questionário Breve Inventário de Dor. Quinze participantes foram incluídos no grupo controle, 15 no grupo amputado e 15 no grupo medular. Resultados: Nossos resultados demonstram que o uso do dispositivo permite a posição ortostática de amputados e pacientes com lesão medular avaliados por dez dias, levando a melhora da funcionalidade e dor nos grupos de amputados e medula espinhal em relação ao grupo controle. Além disso, não foram observadas alterações nos resultados secundários, indicando que o uso do dispositivo não causou interferência prejudicial aos pacientes. Conclusão: O uso prolongado do dispositivo ortostático é benéfico para melhorar a funcionalidade, reduzir a dor em amputados e pacientes com lesão medular. Nível de Evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação dos resultados de tratamento.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 30: e2022_0193, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441311

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Analyze the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on cardiometabolic parameters, and cardiorespiratory fitness to compile the most used HIIT training types in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: This is a systematic review of searches performed in the electronic databases PubMed / Medline, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Studies included I) needed to apply HIIT training II) adults with SCI to analyze III) cardiometabolic aspects and cardiorespiratory fitness. Two independent reviewers selected the articles for inclusion, extracted their data, and assessed their methodological quality. Results: 654 studies were found. Thus, 12 studies, 11 pre- and post-intervention, and one control group (CG) with 106 participants were analyzed. Pre- and post-HIITT intervention results revealed significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiometabolic aspects (VO2peak, LDH, HDL, insulin resistance). In addition, GC results revealed significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness observed in the intervention group (HIIT) compared to the moderate-low intensity (GC) group. Seven studies used the arm ergometer as the primary exercise modality. Two studies described functional electrical stimulation (FES) performed with the arm ergometer plus electrical stimulation in the lower limbs. None reported heart rate dynamics during the study period. Conclusion: High-intensity interval training improves physical fitness and cardiometabolic health in adults with SCI. Evidence level II; Systematic Review of level II studies.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar los efectos del entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad (HIIT) sobre los parámetros cardiometabólicos, fitness cardiorrespiratorio y recopilar los tipos de HIIT más utilizados en el entrenamiento en adultos con lesión medular (LME). Métodos: Se trata de una revisión sistemática, para lo cual se realizaron búsquedas en bases de datos electrónicas PubMed/Medline, Science Direct y Google Scholar. Se incluyeron estudios que I) necesitaban aplicar entrenamiento HIIT en II) adultos con SCI y analizar III) aspectos cardiometabólicos y aptitud cardiorrespiratoria. Dos revisores independientes seleccionaron los artículos para su inclusión, extrajeron sus datos y evaluaron su calidad metodológica. Resultados: De los 654 estudios encontrados, se analizaron 12 estudios, 11 pre y post intervención y 1 grupo control (GC) con un total de 106 participantes. Los resultados previos y posteriores a la intervención HIIT revelaron una mejora significativa en la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria y los aspectos cardiometabólicos (VO2pico, LDH, HDL, resistencia a la insulina). Los resultados de GC revelaron una mejora significativa en la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria observada del grupo de intervención (HIIT) en comparación con el grupo de intensidad moderada-baja (GC). Siete estudios utilizaron el ergómetro de brazo como la modalidad principal de ejercicio. Dos estudios describieron la estimulación eléctrica funcional (EEF) realizada con el ergómetro de brazo más la estimulación eléctrica en los miembros inferiores. Ninguno informó la dinámica de la frecuencia cardíaca durante el período de estudio. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento intervalos de alta intensidad mejora la condición física y la salud cardiometabólica en adultos con LME. Evidencia de nivel II; Revisión sistemática de estudios de nivel II.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar os efeitos do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade (HIIT) nos parâmetros cardiometabólicos, aptidão cardiorrespiratória e compilar os tipos de HIIT mais utilizados no treinamento em adultos com lesão da medula espinhal (LME). Métodos: Trata-se de revisão sistemática, para a qual foram realizadas pesquisas nas bases de dados eletrônicas PubMed / Medline, Science Direct e Google Scholar. Foram incluídos estudos em que I) o treinamento HIIT era aplicado em II) adultos com LME e analisaram III) os aspectos cardiometabólicos e aptidão cardiorrespiratória. Dois revisores independentes selecionaram os artigos para a inclusão, extraindo seus dados e avaliarando a sua qualidade metodológica. Resultados: 654 estudos foram encontrados. Desses, 12 estudos, 11 pré e pós intervenção e 1 grupo controle (GC) com um total de 106 participantes foram analisados. Resultados pré e pós intervenção de HIIT revelaram significante melhora na aptidão cardiorrespiratória e aspectos cardiometabólicos (VO2pico, LDH, HDL, resistência à insulina). Resultados do GC revelaram uma significativa melhoria na aptidão cardiorrespiratória observada no grupo de intervenção (HIIT) em relação ao grupo de intensidade moderada-baixa (GC). Sete estudos usaram o ergômetro de braço como modalidade de exercício primária. Dois estudos descreveram a estimulação elétrica funcional (EEF) realizada com o ergômetro de braço adicionando estimulação elétrica nos membros inferiores. Nenhum relatou a dinâmica da frequência cardíaca durante o período do estudo. Conclusão: O treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade melhora a aptidão física e a saúde cardiometabólica em adultos com LME. Nível de evidência II; Revisão sistemática de Estudos de Nível II.

3.
Acta fisiátrica ; 30(3): 209-212, set. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531032

ABSTRACT

Recentemente, a terapia por ondas de choque extracorpóreas (TOCE) mostraram-se ser uma promissora tecnologia não invasiva para neuromodulação e recuperação funcional devido a melhora em brotamento neuronal, neuroproteção, controle de neuroplasticidade e reorganização neuronal, além de atuar em fatores de neurogênese. Objetivo: Descrever um caso que usa TOCE como um adjuvante na reabilitação de trauma medular. Relato de caso: LPS, 25 anos, estudante de medicina, sofreu uma queda de altura indeterminada com fratura de C5 e lesão medular associada a trauma cranioencefálico. Na fase aguda, ele se recuperou adequadamente, tendo sido submetido a descompressão e fixação de coluna e hospitalizado por 5 meses devido a disautonomias e infecções urinárias. Após esse período, ele iniciou um programa de reabilitação intensiva para tetraplegia espástica com classificação inicial segundo o ASIA (American Spinal Injury Association) nível C5 motor e C6 sensório. O tratamento incluiu 10 sessões de TOCE, realizadas com Duolith SD1 (Storz Medical, Suíça) com uma densidade de energia de 0,25mJ/mm², 5 cm e 3 cm de profundidade de foco, 2000 pulsos aplicados na linha média de coluna níveis C5 a T1 e 2000 pulsos a 5 cm de profundidade aplicados em região plantar bilateral. Bloqueio com toxina botulínica e fenol foram realizados com resposta parcial apesar da dose otimizada de baclofeno.


Recently, extracorporeal shockwaves (ESWT) have shown as a promising non-invasive technology for neuromodulation and functional recovery, due to improving neuronal budding, neuroprotection, control of neuroplasticity and neuronal reorganization, in addition to acting on neurogenesis factors. Objective: To describe a case that uses ESWT as an adjuvant to the rehabilitation of spinal cord trauma. Case Report: LPS, 25 years old, medical student, suffered a fall from an undetermined height with C5 fracture and spinal cord injury, associated with a cranioencephalic trauma. In the acute phase, he was rescued properly, performed decompression and spinal cord fixation and remained hospitalized for 5 months due to dysautonomia and urinary infections. After this period, he started an intensive in-patient rehabilitation program for spastic tetraplegia with initial classification according to ASIA C5 (motor) and C6 (sensory). The treatment included 10 sessions of ESWT, made with Duolith SD1 (Storz Medical, Switzerland) with an Energy flux density 0,25 mJ/mm2, at 5cm and 3cm depth focus, 2000 pulses each over the spinal cord at the midline of levels from C5 to T1, and 2000 pulses at 5cm depth focus applied at plantar region bilaterally.

4.
Rev. méd. hered ; 34(3)jul. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530290

ABSTRACT

Objetivo : Determinar los factores condicionantes para la participación laboral de las personas con discapacidad por lesión medular de un instituto especializado de rehabilitación. Material y métodos : Estudio observacional, retrospectivo y relacional; se incluyeron 224 pacientes con lesión medular del Departamento de Investigación, Docencia, y Atención en Ayuda al Tratamiento del Servicio de Rehabilitación Profesional que fueron atendidos en el periodo 2016 al 2019. Se recolectaron variables clínicas, sociodemográficas y contextuales; y la actividad económica antes y después de la lesión. Resultados : El 65 % de pacientes fueron del sexo masculino, de edad media de 38,61 ± 13,33; según el nivel de lesión medular el 85,3% de pacientes tenía paraplejia, el 62,5% con grado de lesión en la escala ASIA A; el tiempo de evolución fue de más de 1 año 30,4%, estado civil soltero 52,2%, de procedencia Lima y provincias el 51,3%, con grado de instrucción de secundaria 50,9%, nivel socioeconómico de pobreza extrema en 61%. Se encontró diferencia significativa entre la participación laboral antes de la LM y el sexo (p<0,01) y la condición laboral (p<0,0069). La participación laboral después de la LM tuvo una diferencia significativa con el nivel socioeconómico (p<0.005) y el grado de lesión en la escala ASIA (p<0,014). El análisis de regresión logística mostró que el único factor asociado con la participación laboral fue el tiempo transcurrido de la lesión medular (p=0,039; OR=19,9). Conclusiones : Los pacientes con LM con menores ingresos económicos ubicados en grupos de pobreza pobre extremo y no extremo tuvieron mayor participación laboral; así como los que tuvieron un mayor grado de lesión en la escala ASIA. Asimismo, el único factor predictor de la participación laboral fue el tiempo transcurrido desde la lesión.


SUMMARY Objective : To determine the conditioning factors for labor participation in persons with disability due to spine lesions attended at a specialized rehabilitation center. Methods : A retrospective observational study was carried out at the Departamento de Investigación, Docencia, y Atención en Ayuda al Tratamiento del Servicio de Rehabilitación Profesional from 2016 to 2019, 224 patients were evaluated. Clinical, sociodemographic and contextual variables were collected as well as economic activity before and after the trauma. Results : 65% of patients were males; mean age was 38.61 ± 13.33; 85.3% had paraplegia and 63.5% had a lesion grade A on the ASIA scale; duration of illness was higher than one year in 30.4%; 52.2% were single; 51.3% come from provinces of Peru; 50.9% had secondary school level and 61% lived in extreme poverty. A significative difference for labor participation was found between sex (p<0.01) and labor condition (p<0.014) before the spinal lesion. Labor participation after the spinal lesion correlated with socioeconomic level (p<0.005) and the degree of the lesion based on the ASIA scale (p<0.014). The logistic regression analysis found that only duration of illness correlated with labor participation (p=0.039; OR=19.9). Conclusions : Patients with spinal lesions who lived in extreme poverty had higher labor participation as well as those with higher scores in the ASIA scale. The only predicting factor for labor participation was duration of illness.

5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 331-336, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449803

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the current practice of using of methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS) in acute spinal cord Injuries (ASCIs) among spine surgeons from Iberolatinoamerican countries. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study design as a survey was conducted. A questionnaire composed of 2 sections, one on demographic data regarding the surgeons and MPSS administration, was sent by email to members of the Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, in the Spanish acronym) and associated societies. Results A total of 182 surgeons participated in the study: 65.4% (119) orthopedic surgeons and 24.6% (63) neurosurgeons. Sixty-nine (37.9%) used MPSS in the initial management of ASCIs. There were no significant differences between countries (p = 0.451), specialty (p = 0.352), or surgeon seniority (p = 0.652) for the use of corticosteroids in the initial management of ASCIs. Forty-five (65.2%) respondents reported using an initial high-dose bolus (30 mg/Kg) followed by a perfusion (5.4 mg/ kg/h). Forty-six (66.7%) surgeons who used MPSS only prescribed it if the patients presented within 8 hours of the ASCI. Most of the surgeons (50.7% [35]) administered high-dose corticosteroids because of the conviction that it has clinal benefits and improves neurological recovery. Conclusion Results from the present survey show that MPSS use in ASCI is not widespread within spine surgeons and that the controversy regarding its use remains unresolved. This is probably due to the low level of evidence of the available data, to variations over the years, to inconsistencies in acute care protocols, and to health service pathways.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a prática atual de uso do succinato sódico de metilprednisolona (MPSS, na sigla em inglês) nas lesões agudas da medula espinal (LAMEs) entre cirurgiões de coluna de países ibero-americanos. Métodos Um estudo transversal descritivo foi realizado. O questionário continha duas seções, uma sobre os dados demográficos dos cirurgiões e acerca da administração de MPSS, e foi enviado por correio eletrônico aos membros da Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, na sigla em espanhol) e sociedades associadas. Resultados No total, 182 cirurgiões participaram do estudo: 65,4% (119) eram cirurgiões ortopédicos e 24,6% (63), neurocirurgiões. Sessenta e nove (37,9%) usaram MPSS no tratamento inicial da LAME. Não houve diferenças significativas entre países (p = 0,451), especialidades (p = 0,352) ou senioridade do cirurgião (p =0,652) em relação ao uso de corticosteroides no tratamento inicial da LAME. Destes, 45 (65,2%) relataram a administração de um bolus de alta dose (30 mg/kg) seguido por perfusão (5,4 mg/kg/h). Quarenta e seis (66,7%) dos cirurgiões que usam MPSS apenas o prescrevem a pacientes tratados nas primeiras 8 horas após a LAME. A maioria dos cirurgiões (50,7% [35]) administrou corticosteroides em alta dose devido à convicção de seus benefícios clínicos e melhora da recuperação neurológica. Conclusão Os resultados do presente questionário mostram que o uso de MPSS na LAME não está disseminado entre os cirurgiões de coluna e que a controvérsia sobre sua administração ainda não foi resolvida. É provável que isto se deva ao baixo nível de evidência dos dados existentes, a variações ao longo dos anos, a inconsistências nos protocolos terapêuticos agudo e a diferentes sistemas de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 337-341, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449790

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to evaluate the current practice in terms of timing to surgery in acute spinal cord injury (ASCI) patients among spinal surgeons from Iberolatinoamerican countries. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study design as a questionnaire was sent by an email for all members of the Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, in the Spanish acronym) and associated societies. Results A total of 162 surgeons answered questions related to the timing for surgery. Sixty-eight (42.0%) considered that ASCI with complete neurology injury should be treated within 12 hours, 54(33.3%) performed early decompression within 24 hours, and 40 (24,7%) until the first 48 hours. Regarding ASCI with incomplete neurological injury, 115 (71.0%) would operate in the first 12 hours. There was a significant difference in the proportion of surgeons that would operate ASCI within ≤ 24 hours, regarding the type of injury (complete injury:122 versus incomplete injury:155; p<0.01). In the case of patients with central cord syndrome without radiological evidence of instability, 152 surgeons (93.8%) would perform surgical decompression: 1 (0.6%) in the first 12 hours, 63 (38.9%) in 24 hours, 4 (2.5%) in 48 hours, 66 (40.7%) in the initial hospital stay, and 18 (11.1%) after neurologic stabilization. Conclusion All inquired surgeons favour early decompression, with the majority performing surgery in the first 24 hours. Decompression is performed earlier in cases of incomplete than in complete injuries. In cases of central cord syndrome without radiological evidence of instability, there is a tendency towards early surgical decompression, but the timing is still extremely variable. Future studies are needed to identify the ideal timing for decompression of this subset of ASCI patients.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a prática atual em termos de momento de realização da cirurgia em pacientes com lesão medularaguda (LMA) entre cirurgiões de coluna de países ibero-americanos. Métodos Estudo transversal descritivo com base em um questionário enviado por correio eletrônico para todos os membros da Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, na sigla em espanhol) e sociedades associadas. Resultados Um total de 162 cirurgiões responderam a perguntas relacionadas ao momento da cirurgia. Sessenta e oito (42,0%) consideraram que a LMA com lesão neurológica completa deve ser tratada em até 12 horas, 54 (33,3%) realizariam a descompressão precoce em até 24 horas e 40 (24,7%) fariam este procedimento nas primeiras 48 horas. Em relação à LMA com lesão neurológica incompleta, 115 (71,0%) operariam nas primeiras 12 horas. Houve diferença significativa na proporção de cirurgiões que fariam o tratamento cirúrgico da LMA em ≤ 24 horas quanto ao tipo de lesão (lesão completa [122] versus lesão incompleta [155]; p<0.01). Em pacientes com síndrome medular central sem evidência radiológica de instabilidade, 152 cirurgiões (93,8%) realizariam a descompressão cirúrgica: 1 (0,6%) nas primeiras 12 horas, 63 (38,9%) em 24 horas, 4 (2,5%) em 48 horas, 66 (40,7%) no internamento inicial e 18 (11,1%) após a estabilização neurológica. Conclusão Todos os cirurgiões participantes favoreceram a descompressão precoce; a grande maioria realizaria a cirurgia nas primeiras 24 horas. A descompressão é feita antes em casos de lesões incompletas do que em lesões completas. Nos casos de síndrome medular central sem evidência radiológica de instabilidade, há uma tendência à descompressão cirúrgica precoce, mas o momento de intervenção ainda é extremamente variável. Estudos futuros são necessários para identificar o momento ideal para descompressão neste subconjunto de pacientes com LMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
7.
Acta fisiátrica ; 30(1): 7-12, mar. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434760

ABSTRACT

O trauma raquimedular (TRM) é a principal etiologia relacionada à lesão medular em homens jovens. Em decorrência da complexidade ao atendimento desses pacientes e às suas complicações, os custos envolvidos nesses casos são vultosos. Objetivo: Avaliar os custos associados ao atendimento hospitalar e ambulatorial dos pacientes com lesão medular traumática num serviço universitário. Métodos: Este estudo baseou-se na revisão de informações clínicas sobre a lesão medular e suas complicações, bem como a busca de valores relacionados ao atendimento no período hospitalar e ambulatorial de indivíduos com lesão medular traumática num serviço universitário em 2009. Resultados: Foram contabilizados 51 pacientes com trauma na coluna vertebral, dos quais 14 apresentaram TRM (idade= 38,9 ± 20,8; homens: 86%). Os custos do atendimento foram R$402.908,68 na ausência de lesão medular e R$304.433,77 com lesão medular. Os custos do atendimento estiveram relacionados com o tempo de internação, o número de intercorrências clínicas e procedimentos cirúrgicos. A reabilitação correspondeu a 23% dos custos dos pacientes com TRM. Conclusão: Os custos relacionados ao atendimento do paciente com TRM são maiores que aqueles associados ao trauma de coluna sem lesão neurológica. O número de complicações clínicas correlaciona-se diretamente ao tempo de internação e os custos desse atendimento. A reabilitação corresponde a menor parte das despesas no cuidado aos pacientes com TRM


Spinal cord injury (SCI) is the main etiology related to spinal cord injury in young men. Due to the complexity of health care for these patients and their complications, the costs involved in these cases are high. Objective: To evaluate the costs associated with hospital and outpatient care for patients with traumatic spinal cord injury at a university service. Methods: This study was based on the review of clinical information about spinal cord injury and its complications, as well as the search for monetary amounts related to inpatient and outpatient care of individuals with traumatic SCI in a university service in 2009. Results: There were 51 patients with spinal trauma, of which 14 had SCI (age= 38.9 ± 20.8 years; men: 86%). Costs were R$402,908.68 in the absence of spinal cord injury and R$304,433.77 with spinal cord injury, and were statistically associated to the length of stay, the number of clinical complications and surgical procedures. Rehabilitation accounted for 23% of costs for patients with SCI. Conclusion: The costs related to the care of patients with SCI are higher than those associated with spinal trauma without neurological damage. The number of clinical complications is directly correlated with the length of hospital stay and the costs of this care. Rehabilitation corresponds to a smaller part of the expenses in the care of patients with SCI

8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(1): 43-51, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423085

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: We evaluated the outcomes of the selective intercostal artery reconstruction for preventing spinal cord injury during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Methods: We retrospectively assessed 84 consecutive patients who underwent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repairs between 2004 and 2016. The mean age of the patients was 57.3 years. We performed preoperative multidetector computed tomography in 74 patients (88.0%) to identify the Adamkiewicz artery. Spinal cord injury preventive measures included motor evoked potential monitoring, hypothermia induction, Adamkiewicz artery or other intercostal artery reconstruction, and cerebrospinal fluid drainage. Results: The hospital death rate was 5.9%, and paraplegia occurred in four patients (4.7%). The Adamkiewicz artery or other intercostal arteries were reconstructed selectively in 46 patients (54.7%). Of these patients, 41 underwent postoperative multidetector computed tomography, which revealed occlusion of the reconstructed grafts in 23 patients (56.0%). There was no paraplegia in the patients who underwent reconstruction of the Adamkiewicz artery, which was patent on postoperative multidetector computed tomography. Univariate analysis showed no significant effect of various risk factors on the development of spinal cord injury. Conclusion: Outcome of open surgery for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in our institution regarding spinal cord injury was satisfactory. The benefits of Adamkiewicz artery reconstruction remain inconclusive, and further larger studies are required to identify its validation for spinal cord protection in thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

9.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 27-32, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970962

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#There are many infectious and inflammatory causes for elevated core-body temperatures, though they rarely pass 40 ℃ (104 ℉). The term "quad fever" is used for extreme hyperpyrexia in the setting of acute cervical spinal cord injuries (SCIs). The traditional methods of treating hyperpyrexia are often ineffective and reported morbidity and mortality rates approach 100%. This study aims to identify the incidence of elevated temperatures in SCIs at our institution and assess the effectiveness of using a non-invasive dry water temperature management system as a treatment modality with mortality.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of acute SCI patients requiring surgical intensive care unit admission who experienced fevers ≥ 40 ℃ (104 ℉) were compared to patients with maximum temperatures < 40 ℃. Patients ≥18 years old who sustained an acute traumatic SCI were included in this study. Patients who expired in the emergency department; had a SCI without radiologic abnormality; had neuropraxia; were admitted to any location other than the surgical intensive care unit; or had positive blood cultures were excluded. SAS 9.4 was used to conduct statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#Over the 9-year study period, 35 patients were admitted to the surgical intensive care unit with a verified SCI. Seven patients experienced maximum temperatures of ≥ 40 ℃. Six of those patients were treated with the dry water temperature management system with an overall mortality of 57.1% in this subgroup. The mortality rate for the 28 patients who experienced a maximum temperature of ≤ 40 ℃ was 21.4% (p = 0.16).@*CONCLUSION@#The diagnosis of quad fever should be considered in patients with cervical SCI in the presence of hyperthermia. In this study, there was no significant difference in mortality between quad fever patients treated with a dry water temperature management system versus SCI patients without quad fever. The early use of a dry water temperature management system appears to decrease the mortality rate of quad fever.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Hyperthermia , Retrospective Studies , Cervical Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Neck Injuries , Soft Tissue Injuries , Hyperthermia, Induced
10.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1451242

ABSTRACT

: A obtenção da satisfação do paciente é uma das ferramentas de investigação de indicadores de qualidade, sendo fonte de informação relevantes para o desenvolvimento de melhorias na qualidade da assistência. Objetivo: O estudo teve por intuito compreender a visão e a satisfação de pacientes com lesão medular internados em um centro de referência em reabilitação, quanto aos cuidados de enfermagem, de forma a evidenciar o papel do profissional enfermeiro na adesão durante o processo de reabilitação e readaptação. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma pesquisa de campo de caráter misto com abordagem exploratória observacional, realizada em um centro de reabilitação, com 22 participantes, sendo que 21 destes corresponderam à pesquisa qualitativa. Para a coleta de dados, foram aplicados o Instrumento de Satisfação do Paciente (ISP) e um questionário com 4 questões norteadoras. Resultados: A satisfação dos participantes em relação aos cuidados de enfermagem foi positiva nos três domínios, sendo o domínio educacional o mais bem avaliado (4,39), seguido da área técnica profissional (4,06) e por último confiança (4,04). Os resultados qualitativos foram divididos em duas categorias "Relação enfermeiro-paciente" e "A percepção do cuidado". Conclusão:Tornou-se claro o papel do enfermeiro na adesão à reabilitação, sendo possível constatar a relação da satisfação com os aspectos de humanização em saúde


Obtaining patient satisfaction is one of the research tools for quality indicators, being a source of relevant information for the development of improvements in the quality of care. Objective: The study aimed to understand the vision and satisfaction of patients with spinal cord injury hospitalized in a Rehabilitation Reference Center, regarding nursing care, in order to highlight the role of nurses in adherence during the rehabilitation and readaptation process. Methodology: This is a mixed field research with an exploratory observational approach, carried out in a Rehabilitation Center, with 22 participants, 21 of which corresponded to qualitative research. For data collection, the Patient Satisfaction Instrument (PSI) and a questionnaire with 4 guiding questions were applied. Results: The classification of participants in relation to nursing care was positive in the three domains, with the educational domain being the best evaluated (4.39), followed by the technical-professional area (4.06) and finally trust (4.04). Qualitative results were divided into two categories "Nurse-patient relationship" and "Perception of care". Conclusion: In addition, the role of nurses in adherence to rehabilitation became clear, and it was possible to verify the relationship between satisfaction and aspects of humanization in health


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Spinal Cord Injuries/rehabilitation , Patient Satisfaction , Nursing Care , Paraplegia , Quadriplegia , Thoracic Vertebrae , Brazil , Cervical Vertebrae , Lumbar Vertebrae
11.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1511609

ABSTRACT

A Lesão Medular acomete as funções sexuais devido à interrupção dos estímulos neurais, determinando as disfunções sexuais que dependem do nível, tipo da lesão, fatores físicos, psíquicos e sociais. Surge, assim, o processo de reabilitação sexual no sentido de promover a reinserção desses indivíduos. Objetivo: Identificar as alterações fisiológicas, fatores psicológicos e sociais intrínsecos, dentro do contexto da sexualidade em indivíduos com Lesão Medular. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, de abordagem quantitativa, nos quais foram incluídos 50 participantes com Lesão Medular em um Centro de Reabilitação. O instrumento de coleta utilizado foi o Questionário de Sexualidade Humana na Lesão Medular, abordando aspectos da sexualidade nos períodos antes e após a lesão. Resultados: A sexualidade foi afetada negativamente, sendo que a vida sexual ativa, após a lesão, teve em média de frequência 2,02 (±1,80), vontade 7,15 (±2,66) e satisfação sexual 4,80 (±3,08), mostrando que esta reduziu significativamente. Quanto às respostas sexuais, a ejaculação é a mais afetada: média 0,61 (±2,08), seguida da ereção 3,02 (±3,20), orgasmo masculino 2,95 (±3,49) e orgasmo feminino 0,22 (±0,67). Além disso, foi possível constatar uma lacuna existente na abordagem da temática pelos profissionais de saúde, onde apenas 21(42%) dos indivíduos receberam algum tipo de aconselhamento sexual após a lesão. Conclusão: Tornaram-se claros os impactos negativos das alterações enfrentadas após a Lesão Medular quanto aos ajustes físicos, psicológicos e sociais ressaltando a necessidade de capacitação dos profissionais para que estejam aptos a realizarem a reabilitação sexual desses indivíduos


Spinal cord injury affects sexual functions due to interruption of neural stimuli, determining sexual dysfunctions that will depend on the level, type of injury, physical, psychological and social factors. Thus arises the process of sexual rehabilitation, in the sense of promoting the reintegration of these individuals. Objective: Identify the physiological alterations, intrinsic psychological and social factors, within the context of sexuality in individuals with Spinal Cord Injury. Methods: This is an exploratory, descriptive study with a quantitative approach, in which 50 participants with Spinal Cord Injury in a Rehabilitation Center were included. The collection instrument used was the Questionnaire of Human Sexuality in Spinal Cord Injury, addressing aspects of sexuality in the periods before and after the injury. Results: Sexuality was negatively affected, in which active sex life after the injury had an average frequency of 2.02 (±1.80), desire 7.15 (±2.66) and sexual satisfaction 4.80 (±3 .08), showing that it reduced significantly. As for sexual responses, ejaculation is the most affected, mean 0.61 (±2.08), followed by erection 3.02 (±3.20), male orgasm 2.95 (±3.49) and female orgasm 0.22 (±0.67). In addition, it was possible to verify an existing gap in the approach of the theme by health professionals, where only 21 (42%) of the individuals received some type of sexual counseling after the injury. Conclusion: It became clear the negative impacts of the alterations faced after the Spinal Cord Injury regarding the physical, psychological and social adjustments, emphasizing the need for professional training so that they are able to carry out the sexual rehabilitation of these individuals


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Spinal Cord Injuries/rehabilitation , Spinal Cord Injuries/physiopathology , Sexuality/psychology
12.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 59-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996128

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of the combination of acupuncture and medication on orthostatic hypotension after incomplete cervical spinal cord injury. Methods: Ninety-two patients with orthostatic hypotension after incomplete cervical spinal cord injury were divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 46 cases in each group. The control group was treated with oral midodrine hydrochloride on the basis of conventional treatment, and the observation group was treated with acupuncture in addition to the intervention used in the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The changes in supine and orthostatic blood pressures, motor and sensory scores, quadriplegic function index score, clinical efficacy, and safety evaluation were observed. Results: During the treatment, 2 cases dropped out in the observation group, and 3 cases dropped out in the control group. After 4 weeks of treatment, the clinical efficacy of the observation group was better than that of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the supine systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in the two groups had no significant changes (P>0.05), while the orthostatic systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, the motor and sensory scores, and the quadriplegic function index score were significantly higher than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Adverse reactions were mild in both groups. Conclusion: The combination of acupuncture and medication can significantly improve the orthostatic blood pressure, motor and sensory function and daily living ability of patients with orthostatic hypotension after incomplete cervical spinal cord injury, and it is safe and reliable.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 978-984, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen plasma exosomal protein molecular markers in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) by applying Label-Free quantification and bioinformatics analysis.Methods:Fifty plasma specimens from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (from January 2021 to June 2022) were collected from SCI patients and healthy people, respectively. Plasma exosomes were isolated using ultracentrifugation and identified by transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and western blot. Plasma exosomal differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were analyzed using Label-Free quantitative proteomics, and DEPs were characterized, annotated, and enriched based on Gene Ontology (GO) and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) databases. The screened DEPs were validated by western blot and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using plasma exosomal specimens.Results:According to the spinal cord injury classification of the American Spinal Injury Association, 14 cases were grade A, 19 cases were grade B, 12 cases were grade C, and 5 cases were grade D. Plasma exosomes of SCI patients and control groups showed typical cup-like morphology, with diameters mainly ranging from 30-200 nm. A total of 493 exosomal proteins were identified by Label-Free quantification, and 126 proteins were screened for differential expression, of which 38 were up-regulated and 88 were down-regulated. GO annotation revealed that DEPs were mainly involved in functions such as protein activation cascade, complement activation and immune response. KEGG pathway analysis revealed that DEPs were involved in biological pathways such as complement and coagulation cascade reactions, proteasome and neurodegenerative disease pathways. Two candidate proteins, APOB and S100A9, were initially screened based on quantitative results from proteomics and bioinformatics analyses. Western blot results showed that the relative expression of S100A9 protein in plasma exosomes of 30 SCI patients (1.62±0.19) was elevated compared with that of 30 control groups (0.86±0.24), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=8.55, P<0.001), while the relative expression of APOB protein (1.06±0.13 and 1.02±0.23) were not statistically significant ( t=0.46, P=0.653). The results of ELISA analysis showed that the expression of S100A9 in plasma exosomes of patients with different degrees of SCI (grade A 197.7±11.7 pg/ml, grade B 151.7±15.2 pg/ml, grade C 136.3±14.7 pg/ml) had statistical significance ( F=69.94, P<0.001), the higher the severity of SCI, the higher the expression of S100A9 in plasma exosomes (A vs. B, q=13.11, P<0.001; A vs. C, q=15.66, P<0.001; B vs. C, q=4.19, P=0.005). Conclusion:S100A9 is a potentially valid plasma exosomal molecular marker for assessing the severity of SCI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 652-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal evidence for the nursing management of limb spasm in patients with spinal cord injury.Methods:Based on the "6S" evidence model, the databases including CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and Cochrane Library, the guideline websites such as the National Guideline Clearinghouse, Guidelines International Network and Registered Nurses′ Association of Ontario, and the websites of professional associations such as the Royal College of Physicians, American Spinal Injury Association and Canadian Spine Association were systematically searched. Search period of each database was set from the year of inception until July 2022. Two investigators independently screened the literatures related to the management of limb spasm in patients with spinal cord injury, and conducted quality evaluation and evidence recommendation level evaluation.Results:Totally 17 literatures consisting of 6 guidelines, 3 expert consensuses, 5 systematic reviews, 2 evidence summaries, and 1 clinical decision were included. Moreover, 30 pieces of evidence were summarized from 3 aspects, including evaluation and identification, drug therapy (chemical denervation, and oral medication), rehabilitation training (hydrotherapy, electrical stimulation, magnetic stimulation, vibration therapy, heat and cold therapy, body position, and exercise therapy).Conclusion:Nursing staff can set up a multidisciplinary team according to the clinical environment and take into consideration of the characteristics of spinal cord injury patients to provide personalized interventions involving evaluation and identification, drug therapy, rehabilitation training, etc., so as to alleviate the degree of limb spasm.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 450-458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Enolase inhibition (ENOblock) on autophagy- related protein expression and motor function promotion after spinal cord injury in rats.Methods:A total of 160 female SD rats were divided into sham-operation group, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) autophagy inhibitor treatment group (3-MA group), spinal cord injury group and ENOblock treatment group (ENOblock group) according to the random number table, with 40 rats per group. Back laminectomy without injury to the spinal cord was performed in sham-operation group. Spinal cord injury at T 8 was induced by using a modified Allen weight-drop apparatus to establish a spinal cord injury model in the rest three groups. 3-MA and ENOblock groups were injected 3-MA (2.5 mg/kg) and ENOblock (100 μg/kg) into the caudal vein immediately after injury, respectively. Sham-operation and spinal cord injury groups were injected same dose of isotonic sodium chloride solution into the caudal vein. At 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after injury, BBB score was used to evaluate lower limb motor function. At day 3 after injury, the ratio of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-II to LC3-I and protein expressions of autophagy effector protein (Beclin-1) and polyubiq-uitinbinding protein (p62) were detected by Western blotting. At day 7 after injury, LC3-Ⅱ and Beclin-1 positive cells in the injured area of the spinal cord were determined by immunofluorescence staining. At day 3 after injury, the mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase in the injured area of the spinal cord were detected by RT-PCR. Results:At 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after injury, BBB score was lowered in 3-MA group [(1.4±1.1)points, (2.4±0.9)points, (3.8±1.8)points, (7.6±1.1)points, (9.0±2.1)points], spinal cord injury group [(0.8±0.5)points, (1.8±0.9)points, (3.6±0.9)points, (6.2±1.3)points, (8.0±0.7)points] and ENOblock group [(2.0±0.9)points, (2.2±0.8)points, (4.8±1.1)points, (10.6±1.5)points, (13.2±0.8)points] compared to sham-operation group [(21.0±0.0)points at all time points] (all P<0.05). Moreover, the score in ENOblock group was significantly higher than that in spinal cord injury group at 14, 21 days after injury, and the score in 3-MA group was significantly higher than that in spinal cord injury group at day 21 after injury (all P<0.05). At day 3 after injury, Western blotting showed that the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expressions of Beclin-1 and p62 were 0.46±0.10, 0.41±0.03, 0.81±0.03 in sham-operation group, 0.66±0.06, 0.69±0.02, 0.59±0.05 in 3-MA group, 0.85±0.06, 1.07±0.03, 0.41±0.02 in spinal cord injury group and 0.68±0.06, 0.66±0.08, 0.55±0.02 in ENOblock group. By comparison, spinal cord injury group showed significantly higher ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expression of Beclin-1 and significantly lower protein expression of p62 than sham-operation group (all P<0.05); 3-MA and ENOblock groups showed significantly lower ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expression of Beclin-1 and significantly higher protein expression of p62 than spinal cord injury group (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expressions of Beclin-1 and p62 between 3-MA and ENOblock groups (all P>0.05). At day 7 after injury, immunofluorescence staining showed that LC3-II and Beclin-1 positive cells in 3-MA and ENOblock groups were less than those in spinal cord injury group. At day 3 after injury, RT-PCR showed that mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase in spinal cord injury group (1.08±0.16, 0.98±0.17) were higher than those in sham-operation group (0.25±0.06, 0.29±0.03). Moreover, mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase in 3-MA group (0.77±0.11, 0.72±0.04) and ENOblock group (0.81±0.10, 0.64±0.09) were lower than those in spinal cord injury group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase between 3-MA and ENOblock groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Autophagy activity is significantly up-regulated after spinal cord injury in rats. ENOblock can inhibit autophagy and promote motor function recovery in rats by regulating the expression of autophagy-related proteins.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 408-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992616

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury leads to extremely high mortality and disability rates and its treatment has always been a global challenge. The survival of patients with spinal cord injury is partially lengthened with the development of medical treatments, but the clinical outcome is still not satisfactory. Some important progress has been made in the basic researches over spinal cord injury, such as analysis of repair mechanism of spinal cord injury and development of cellular therapies and biological scaffolds of spinal cord injury in China. However, some basic researches show insufficient understanding of the microenvironment and animal model of spinal cord injury and lack support from clinical problems, leading to too simplistic or contradictory conclusions. There is an urgent need to reexamine the research methods and carry out basic and clinical translational researches. Therefore, the authors discuss the key problems and difficulties in basic researches over spinal cord injury and propose improvement suggestions, aiming to provide a reference for conducting basic researches correctly and accelerating clinical innovational transformation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 271-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992598

ABSTRACT

Most patients with spinal cord injury suffer from limb motor dysfunction. Given drugs, surgery and other conventional treatments are often not effective, the patients can only rely on a wheelchair to move or even lie in bed for a long time, seriously affecting their quality of life. Brain computer interface (BCI) technology provides a non-muscular pathway for the recovery of motor function in patients with spinal cord injury, which allows the patients to recover partial motor function through the normal function of their own non-diseased spinal cord or external mechanical devices. After decades of development of BCI technology, signal collection devices can identify and collect the motor signals of the brain more accurately, transform the signal by characteristic analysis, and implement the brain command by using the output device. A large number of experimental and clinical studies have also proved that the application of BCI technology in patients with spinal cord injury can partially improve the motor function of upper and lower limbs. Therefore, BCI technology has attracted more and more attention. The authors summarized the BCI technology and its influence on motor function rehabilitation in patients with spinal cord injury, so as to provide a reference for the rehabilitation of motor function in patients with spinal cord injury.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 76-82, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992575

ABSTRACT

Patients with spinal cord injury is associated with seriously affected gastrointestinal function and imbalance of intestinal flora, leading to increased inflammation of spinal cord nerves. With the proposal of the theory of gut microbiota-gut-brain axis in recent years, the regulatory role of gut microbiota in the central nervous system and gastrointestinal system has gradually attracted attention. Although a considerable number of studies have focused on the effects of intestinal flora characteristics on spinal cord nerve function repair in patients with spinal cord injury from different perspectives, there are numerous research models for treating spinal cord injury with intestinal flora as intervention targets and remains a lack of unified and effective clinical treatment methods. In this paper, the authors review the research progress in characteristics of intestinal microflora and intestinal microflora-targeted therapeutic methods in patients with spinal cord injury, hoping to provide a reference for the clinical treatment and basic research of spinal cord injury.

19.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 208-214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the relevant evidence for the management of fixation in traumatic spinal cord injury patients, which provides a reference for the clinical care and care of patients.Methods:A systematic search was conducted for evidence related to spinal injuries from domestic and foreign databases, relevant guideline websites, etc. The types of literature were best practice, expert consensus, systematic review, evidence summary, clinical decision-making, etc. The search time was from the establishment of databases to January 31, 2022. Three researchers used the Multidimensional Systematic Review Tool to evaluate systematic review literature. Five researchers used the guideline research and evaluation tool AGREE Ⅱ to evaluate clinical practice guidelines, and used the Australian JBI Evidence-Based Health Care Center (2016) to evaluate expert consensus and expert opinion with the authenticity evaluation tool for expert opinions and professional consensus articles. And extracted and summarized evidence according to the subject.Results:Finally, 10 articles were included, including 4 clinical decision-making, 4 guidelines and 2 systematic evaluations. The 30 pieces of evidence include the assessment, prevention, cervical spinal fixation, and management after traumatic spinal cord injury.Conclusions:The evidence emphasizes the importance of standardized assessment of cervical risk factors in all emergency adult patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. In the emergency department, we need to improve the ability of spinal evaluation and fixation in patients with penetrating neck injury, optimize the timeliness process of emergency trauma, reduce the occurrence of potential complications, and improve patient outcomes.

20.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 840-846, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of tetramethylpyrazine on the expressions of ferroptosis related molecules after spinal cord injury; To explore the mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine promoting the repair of spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:Totally 36 SD rats were divided into sham-operation group, model group and tetramethylpyrazine group according to random number table method, with 12 rats in each group. The rats in the sham-operation group underwent laminectomy without injury to the spinal cord. The SCI model was prepared in the other two groups. The rats in the tetramethylpyrazine group were intraperitoneally injected with tetramethylpyrazine of 80 mg/kg, and the rats in the sham-operation group and model group were intraperitoneally injected with the same volume of normal saline, once a day, continuous intervention for 28 days. One day before operation and 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, 28 days after operation, BBB limb motor function score was used to evaluate the limb motor function of rats. Nissl staining was used to observe the morphology of neurons. Prussian staining was used to observe iron deposition. Assay kit was used to detect the contents of MDA and ROS in spinal cord tissue. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of xCT, GPX4 and ACSL4, and qPCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of mRNA of xCT, GPX4 and ACSL4.Results:On the 14th, 21st and 28th days after operation, compared with the model group, the BBB score of tetramethylpyrazine group increased ( P<0.01); tetramethylpyrazine could significantly improve the morphology and structure of neurons and reduce the iron content in spinal cord tissue; compared with the model group, the contents of MDA and ROS in the spinal cord tissue of tetramethylpyrazine group decreased ( P<0.01); the levels of xCT and GPX4 mRNA and protein increased ( P<0.01), while the expression of ACSL4 mRNA and protein decreased ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Tetramethylpyrazine can regulate lipid peroxidation by regulating the expressions of ferroptosis related molecules, which is conducive to the recovery of limb motor function in rats with spinal cord injury.

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