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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225272, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354777

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the pre-clinical and clinical students` perceptions about the non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques in paediatric dentistry and to investigate the influence of the dental curriculum on the students` knowledge regarding this issue. Methods: A total of 283 students from the IV-and X-semester completed a questionnaire, consisted of 12 statements, describing the nonpharmacological behaviour management techniques for the treatment of paediatric dental patients. The acceptability rate was evaluated with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. Results: The students from all courses demonstrated high acceptance for Reinforcement and Desensitization techniques and low for the Negative reinforcement and Physical restraint. The comparison between the perceptions of the pre-clinical and clinical students demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the acceptance of the physical restraint, along with Nonverbal communication, Modelling and Parental presence/absence (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results provide information about the students' knowledge and skills in behaviour management techniques together with some insights about how the educational process can modify the students` perceptions and views in dealing with paediatric dental patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pediatric Dentistry , Methods
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226321, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354787

ABSTRACT

Aim: This cross-sectional observational study aimed to evaluate the influence of the Universities lockdown measures on academic perspectives and psychosocial aspects of Brazilian finalyear dental students. Methods: 268 undergraduate students regularly enrolled in a Dentistry course at public universities were asked about anxiety, depression, stress sensitivity, and their academic perspectives by using an online survey. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to measure anxiety and depression, while the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) evaluated stress levels. The academic perspective was evaluated by five affirmatives regarding possible difficulties that will be faced when school reopens and after graduation. The possible association between fear of having COVID-19 with psychosocial outcomes and COVID-19 association with academic perspectives were analyzed by ANOVA and chisquare tests, respectively, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Considering possible associations between the fear of having COVID-19 and psychosocial aspects, significant values were found for anxiety (P = 0.018) and stress sensitivity (P = 0.002). Regarding students' academic perspectives, COVID-19 had significant impact on less opportunity to perform procedures (P = 0.023), additional expenses with personal protective equipment (P = 0.007), and concerns of consulting elderly people (P = 0.012). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic led to increased psychological impairments and enlarged concerns with learning and biosecurity, which might impact academic perspectives. Thus, being aware of these apprehensions, university professors and staff can improve the clinical training of final-year dental students in an empathetic way


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Students, Dental , Depression , Pandemics , COVID-19
3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 30: e63609, jan. -dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361561

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar a ocorrência de isolamento social e solidão e sua relação com fatores sociodemográficos e de saúde em graduandos de enfermagem no contexto da pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudo transversal, descritivo e correlacional, desenvolvido com 147 estudantes de enfermagem que responderam um formulário eletrônico, contendo Questionário de caracterização, Escala de Solidão da Universidade de Califórnia e Escala de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse. Resultados: evidenciou-se a ocorrência de isolamento social percebido em 42,2% dos estudantes, e que, 8,8% dos estudantes apresentaram isolamento social conforme indicador rede de discussão, e 6,8% de acordo com o indicador de apoio social. Observou-se a solidão em 49,7% dos estudantes. Ambos foram associados com depressão, ansiedade e estresse, além de outras variáveis. Conclusão: identificou-se isolamento social e solidão e a relação destes com outras variáveis durante a pandemia de COVID-19, demandando intervenções por parte das instituições de ensino e dos formuladores de políticas de saúde.


Objective: to identify the occurrence of social isolation and loneliness and their relationship with sociodemographic and health factors in nursing undergraduates in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: in this cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study, 147 nursing students answered an electronic form comprising a characterization questionnaire, the University of California Loneliness Scale and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. Results: perceived social isolation was found to occur in 42.2% of the students, and 8.8% experienced social isolation according to the discussion network indicator, and 6.8%, according to the social support indicator. Loneliness was observed in 49.7% of students. Both were associated with depression, anxiety and stress, and other variables. Conclusion: this study found isolation and loneliness and their relationship with other variables during the COVID-19 pandemic, requiring interventions by educational institutions and health policymakers.


Objetivo: identificar cómo ocurre el aislamiento social y la soledad y su relación con factores sociodemográficos y de salud en estudiantes de enfermería en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudio transversal, descriptivo y correlacional, desarrollado junto a 147 estudiantes de enfermería que respondieron un formulario electrónico, que contenía un cuestionario de caracterización, la Escala de Soledad de la Universidad de California y la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés. Resultados: resaltó la incidencia de aislamiento social percibido en el 42,2% de los estudiantes, y que el 8,8% de los estudiantes presentó aislamiento social según el indicador de red de discusión, y el 6,8% según el indicador de apoyo social. La soledad se verificó en el 49,7% de los estudiantes. Ambos fueron asociados con depresión, ansiedad y estrés, además de otras variables. Conclusión: se identificaron el aislamiento social y la soledad y su relación con otras variables durante la pandemia de COVID-19, requiriendo intervenciones por parte de las instituciones de enseñanza y de los formuladores de políticas de salud.

4.
Interdisciplinaria ; 39(1): 163-178, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360486

ABSTRACT

Resumen Frente al dominio del neoliberalismo en las sociedades contemporáneas, las posibilidades de consumo resultan abrumadoras, en tanto mecanismo de configuración identitaria y evidencia de nuevas formas de inclusión/exclusión de los sujetos respecto de los grupos sociales. Esta investigación aborda un segmento de la sociedad chilena que no escapa de esta lógica: los hombres jóvenes. Los jóvenes, en general, constituyen un segmento propenso al riesgo financiero, con altos niveles de endeudamiento, al menos en la sociedad chilena. En este escenario, el artículo explora los significados de consumo que construyen hombres universitarios de pregrado, de tres áreas de formación profesional de una universidad de la Región de La Araucanía (Chile). Se utiliza una metodología cualitativa, aplicando la técnica de redes semánticas naturales. La muestra estuvo conformada por estudiantes de las áreas de las Ciencias Sociales, Ciencias de la Salud y Ciencias de la Ingeniería, de edades entre 18 y 24 años, con un total de 51 sujetos. Los resultados indican una red semántica general abundante, cuyo núcleo está representado por la palabra "alimentarse", seguido por significados asociados a dinero, comprar y necesidad, que dan cuenta de la dimensión material del consumo. Son relevantes, además, los conceptos asociados a drogas y alcohol. A propósito de los hallazgos, se sugiere explorar la relación de la alimentación con el cuerpo masculino, así como la posesión de bienes materiales y las orientaciones al éxito en los hombres jóvenes, sobre todo en lo referente al proceso de construcción de masculinidades juveniles.


Abstract In the face of the dominance of neoliberalism in Western societies the possibilities of consumption are overwhelming. This type of societies are associated with a consumerist culture and lifestyle, where the capacity of consumption is the fundamental criterion of inclusion/exclusion of the subjects. Consumption intervenes significantly in the construction of people's personal and social identity. The desires and longings generated by the consumer society are related to the acquisition of lifestyles. In this sense, subjects give meaning to objects and experiences. The interest of this research is in young people. Young people represent a segment of interest for the economic market; therefore, they constitute a group that is financially in risk. The high levels of indebtedness of the youth population in Chile must be considered. Specifically, men handle money from a young age and carry out certain paid activities, especially in popular sectors. Men are projected as active consumers in the economic market, an area where the traditional gender division has diminished, directing men to production and women to consumption. On the other hand, empirical evidence shows the association between masculinities and material possessions, money and orientation to success. It is also possible to mention a relative scarcity of studies linking men and consumption in Latin America. In this context, the present article explores the meaning of consumption as constructed by university men in three areas of professional training, who are pursuing undergraduate careers, in the Araucanía Region. A qualitative methodology is used to achieve the research objective, applying the technique of natural semantic networks. A case study is carried out. The sample was conformed by students of Social Sciences (18 subjects), Health Sciences (15 subjects) and Engineering Sciences (18 subjects), aged between 18 and 24 years old, with a total of 51 subjects. All students are from a private university in the Araucanía Region, Chile.

5.
Interdisciplinaria ; 39(1): 275-283, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360493

ABSTRACT

Resumen La formación académica de los profesionales de ciencias de la salud lleva implícito el desarrollo armonioso e integral como ser humano, considerando, entre otros elementos, el autoconcepto y los estilos de vida a fin de que se constituya en un agente proactivo de cambio en el lugar donde se desempeñe. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar la influencia del autoconcepto sobre los estilos de vida en estudiantes de una universidad privada de Lima Este. Su diseño es no experimental de tipo cuantitativo con enfoque explicativo-causal y transversal. El método de muestreo utilizado fue el no probabilístico. Participaron 135 estudiantes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión y contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética de la universidad. Para el logro de los objetivos, se aplicó el cuestionario de estilos de vida (PEPS-I), para la variable autoconcepto el test AF-5. En el análisis descriptivo, el promedio del perfil de estilos de vida corresponde a la dimensión autoactualización (43.2), seguido de la dimensión responsabilidad en la salud (26.1) y la dimensión ejercicio con el promedio más bajo (12.4). En el análisis de la variable autoconcepto, el autoconcepto social obtuvo mayor promedio (43.2) y el autoconcepto físico presentó menor promedio (28.2). Una vez concluido el estudio, se pudo afirmar que el autoconcepto influye significativamente sobre el estilo de vida de los estudiantes (β = .80; p < .05); es decir que el autoconcepto logró explicar el 80 % del perfil de estilo de vida que llevaban los estudiantes.


Abstract The academic formation of health science professionals involves their harmonious and integral development as human beings, considering, among other elements, self-concept and lifestyles, in order to become a proactive agent of change in the place where they work. Generally, health science students at the university level in Peru start as adolescents and continue into their later teenage years, a time when self-concept and behavior are developing with a relation between the two. Additionally, university students often do not eat a balanced diet, sleep an adequate number of hours each night, or do enough exercise during the week. This problem is compounded when they have a heavy course load, as is often the case for students in the health sciences. With this in mind, the objective of this study was to identify the influence of self-concept on lifestyles in students of a private university in eastern Lima. The study has a non-experimental design and it is a quantitative study with an explanatory-causal and cross-sectional approach. The sampling method used was non-probabilistic, and 135 students participated in the study, meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Their ages ranged from 16 to 24 years old (M = 20) and the majority of the participants were female (87 %). The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the university. Two previously validated instruments were chosen to measure the primary variables of the study. The Lifestyle Questionnaire (PEPS-I), consisting of 48 questions with answers on a Likert scale, consists of six factors and was chosen since it has already been validated with adolescents in Peru. The AF-5 has 30 questions grouped into five factors, and it was chosen for the self-concept variable since it has already been validated in a sample of university students in Peru. Both instruments were administered with the support of the Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences of the university where the study was carried out. Teachers of different courses granted around 20 minutes of their class time for the study team members to come in, present the study, ask for informed consent, and then apply the instruments with those who were willing to participate. In the descriptive analysis, the average of the lifestyle profile corresponds to the self-realization dimension (43.2), followed by the health responsibility dimension (26.1) and the lowest average belongs to the exercise dimension (12.4). In the analysis of the self-concept variable, the social self-concept obtained the highest average (43.2) and the physical self-concept presented the lowest average (28.2). A model was developed to explore the relationships between the two variables and within the factors of each variable. This model shows that self-concept significantly influences the lifestyle of these students (β = .80; p < .05), that is, self-concept is able to explain 80 % of the lifestyle profile that the students currently hold. Within each variable, most of the factors for self-concept had values equal to or greater than .80, except for the family factor which had a value of .55 while the factors for lifestyles were all above .75 except for the exercise factor. Health science education at the university level should include integral formation not only about knowledge that can be used to treat future patients, but also about lifestyle changes that can help their own health. Self-concept and lifestyle are both in a process of formation during the university years, and they are related. Simply learning about the benefits of healthy lifestyles is not enough, as many health science students are taught these concepts but yet do not put them into practice. Social self-concept in particular, since it was the highest score among the related factors, could be a key way to encourage health science students to take what they learn and put it into practice in their own lives.

6.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 72-86, ene.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364258

ABSTRACT

Resumen La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo traducir e identificar las propiedades psicométricas del Behavioral Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (BERQ) en 315 universitarios de Lima, Perú, entre los 16 y 44 años (M edad = 21.31; DE edad = 3.39; 59.7 % hombres). Para la evaluación se aplicó el BERQ y el Inventario Multicultural de Depresión Estado Rasgo (IMÜDER), y las evidencias de validez de la estructura interna se obtuvieron por medio de un análisis factorial confirmatorio y un modelamiento exploratorio de ecuaciones estructurales, mientras que las evidencias de validez en relación con otras variables se obtuvieron a través de un análisis de regresión lineal. Los resultados indican que la estructura pentafactorial se replica en la muestra peruana, que las estrategias adaptativas predicen significativamente el eutrés, y que las estrategias desadaptativas predicen el distrés; además, los valores de confiabilidad fueron aceptables. Al final se discuten aspectos teóricos y prácticos de los hallazgos y la importancia de continuar brindando evidencia para su utilización en diferentes poblaciones y contextos, teniendo en cuenta que esta la primera vez que se analiza una versión en español del BERQ.


Abstract The present study aimed to translate and identify the psychometric properties of the Behavioral Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (BERQ) in 315 university students from Lima, Peru, aged 16 to 44 years (Mage = 21.31; SD = 3.39; 59.7% male). The BERQ and the Multicultural Inventory of Trait State Depression (IMUDER) were administered for the assessment. Evidence of internal structure validity was obtained through confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling, while evidence of validity in relation to other variables was obtained through linear regression analysis. The results indicate that the pentafactorial structure is replicated in the Peruvian sample; that adaptive strategies significantly predict eutres, and that maladaptive strategies predict distress; in addition, reliability values were acceptable. At the end, theoretical and practical aspects of the findings and the importance of continuing to provide evidence for its use in different populations and contexts are discussed, taking into account that this is the first time that a Spanish version of the BERQ has been analyzed.

7.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 87-104, ene.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364259

ABSTRACT

Resumen Aunque el consumo de marihuana es altamente prevalente entre universitarios de Argentina, poco se sabe respecto a los factores que permiten distinguir a los consumidores frecuentes de marihuana de quienes consumen esporádicamente. Por esta razón, en el presente trabajo se indagó sobre las posibles variaciones en los contextos de consumo, motivos de consumo, normas percibidas y estrategias conductuales de protección entre universitarios con consumo frecuente o esporádico de marihuana, y se analizó la utilidad de este conjunto de variables para distinguir entre estos los tipos de consumidores mencionados. Para ello, se contó con una muestra de 1083 estudiantes universitarios argentinos que completó una encuesta en línea sobre el consumo de sustancias. En particular, este trabajo se realizó con la submuestra que reportó consumir marihuana en los últimos 30 días (n = 158; 51.3 % mujeres). Dicha encuesta interrogaba sobre el consumo de marihuana y las consecuencias negativas asociadas, así como por motivos de consumo, normas sociales percibidas y estrategias conductuales de protección. Como resultado, los consumidores frecuentes presentaron mayor cantidad de consecuencias negativas (M = 4.92) que los consumidores esporádicos (M = 1.82; p < .05), y se halló un perfil distintivo en un conjunto de variables. A nivel multivariado, los motivos de animación (OR = 1.230; p < .05), las estrategias conductuales de protección (OR = .941; p < .05), el consumo en solitario (OR = 2.024; p < .05) y el consumo en fiestas universitarias (OR = 2.669; p < .05) discriminaron significativamente entre ambas clases de consumidores. En general, los hallazgos revelaron subpoblaciones heterogéneas de consumidores de marihuana que difieren no solo en el consumo y sus consecuencias, sino también en los contextos de consumo y en un conjunto de variables relevantes. Estas subpoblaciones distintivas requieren de intervenciones diferentes y específicas.


Abstract Although marijuana use is highly prevalent among university students in Argentina, little is known about the factors that distinguish frequent marijuana users from sporadic users. For this reason, the present study investigated the possible variations in the contexts of consumption, motives for consumption, perceived norms, and protective behavioral strategies among university students with frequent or sporadic marijuana use, and analyzed the usefulness of this set of variables to distinguish between these two types of users. For this purpose, a sample of 1083 Argentine university students completed an online survey on substance use. In particular, this work was conducted with the subsample that reported using marijuana in the last 30 days (n = 158; 51.3 % female). The survey asked about marijuana use and associated negative consequences, as well as motives for use, perceived social norms, and protective behavioral strategies. As a result, frequent users had a higher number of negative consequences (M = 4.92) than sporadic users (M = 1.82; p < .05), and a distinctive profile was found on a set of variables. At the multivariate level, cheerleading motives (OR = 1.230; p < .05), protective behavioral strategies (OR = .941; p < .05), solo use (OR = 2.024; p < .05), and college party use (OR = 2.669; p < .05) discriminated significantly between the two classes of users. Overall, the findings revealed heterogeneous subpopulations of marijuana users that differ not only in use and its consequences, but also in contexts of use and in a set of relevant variables. These distinct subpopulations require different and specific interventions.

8.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 105-120, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364260

ABSTRACT

Resumo A violência de gênero contra as mulheres está relacionada à desigualdade de gênero. Ela é compreendida como a ruptura de qualquer forma de integridade da mulher - física, sexual, psicológica, patrimonial, econômica ou moral - e pode ocorrer tanto no âmbito privado-familiar como nos espaços de trabalho e públicos. A violência de gênero repercute na saúde e na qualidade de vida das mulheres em qualquer âmbito social. No caso deste estudo, ela foi analisada no ambiente universitário e no desenvolvimento acadêmico delas. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo objetivou analisar as evidências acerca da prevalência da violência de gênero em mulheres estudantes universitárias e seus fatores associados. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC e ASSIA, em que 22 artigos atenderam aos critérios de seleção. As evidências disponíveis na literatura indicaram diferentes formas de violência de gênero em mulheres universitárias, perpetradas por parceiros íntimos e outros agressores. A prevalência de violência de gênero em mulheres estudantes universitárias apontada nos estudos variou entre 1,3% e 85%, diferindo de acordo com o tipo de violência. A violência está associada com fatores sociais e comportamentais, uma vez que as estudantes mais jovens apresentaram maiores índices de violência, assim como as de raça/etnia não branca, as que se identificavam como homossexuais ou bissexuais e as que tinham histórico de vitimização anterior. Evidências sobre o uso de álcool e outras drogas por parte das mulheres e a participação em irmandades sociais diferiram de acordo com o tipo de violência. Assim, conclui-se que a prevalência da violência de gênero na população de mulheres estudantes universitárias varia de acordo com a sua tipificação, é majoritariamente perpetrada por homens próximos a elas e está associada com marcadores sociais.


Resumen La violencia de género contra las mujeres está relacionada con la desigualdad de género y se entiende que es la interrupción de cualquier forma de integridad de las mujeres. Puede ser del tipo físico, sexual, psicológico, patrimonial, económica o moral y puede ocurrir tanto en el entorno privado-familiar, como en el trabajo y los espacios públicos. La violencia de género tiene un impacto en la salud y la calidad de vida de las mujeres y puede generalizarse en entornos universitarios, lo que también implica el desarrollo académico de las mujeres. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la evidencia sobre la prevalencia de la violencia de género en estudiantes universitarias y sus factores asociados. Esta es una revisión integral de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC y ASSIA, en la que 22 artículos cumplieron con los criterios de selección. La evidencia disponible en la literatura ha indicado diferentes formas de violencia de género en mujeres universitarias perpetradas por parejas íntimas y otros agresores. La prevalencia de la violencia de género en las estudiantes universitarias informadas en los estudios varió entre el 1,3% y el 85%, difiriendo según el tipo de violencia. La violencia está asociada a factores sociales y de comportamiento, ya que las estudiantes más jóvenes tuvieron tasas más altas de violencia, así como aquellos de raza/etnia no blanca, aquellos que se identificaron como homosexuales o bisexuales y los que tenían un historial de victimización Anterior. Las pruebas sobre el uso de alcohol y otras drogas por parte de las mujeres y la participación en hermandades sociales diferían según el tipo de violencia. Por lo tanto, se concluye que la prevalencia de la violencia de género en la población de estudiantes universitarias varía según su tipificación, en su mayoría es perpetrada por hombres cercanos a ellas y está asociada con marcadores sociales.


Abstract Gender-based violence against women is related to gender inequality and is understood as the disruption of any form of the woman's integrity. It can be physical, sexual, psychological, patrimonial, economic or moral, and can occur in the private-family environment as well as in the work and public spaces. Gender-based violence affects the health and quality of life of women and can be disseminated in several ways in the university environments, which also affects the women's aca-demic development. The present study aimed to analyze the evidence about the prevalence of gender-based violence among female university students and its associated factors. This is an integrative literature review performed in the LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC and ASSIA databases, in which 22 articles met the selection criteria. Evidence available in the literature have indicated different forms of gender-based violence among college women perpetrated by intimate partners and other aggressors. The prevalence of gender-based violence in female university students reported in the studies varied between 1.3% and 85%, differing according to the type of violence. Such violence is associated to social and behavioral factors, as younger students presented higher rates of violence, as well as those of a non-white race/ethnicity, those who identified themselves as homosexual or bisexual, and those with a previous history of victimization. Evidence about the use of alcohol and other drugs by women and their participation in social fraternities or sororities differed according to the type of violence. Thus, one may conclude that the prevalence of gender-based violence among the population of female university students varies according to its typification, is mostly perpetrated by men close to the women and is associated with social markers.

9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(3): 207-209, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365716

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: One of the basic tasks of physical education in colleges and universities is to guide students to exercise and strengthen their physical fitness. Therefore, we need to study the physical function status of college students and the law of change in the learning process. Objective: To conduct physical training for college students and study the impact of exercise on physical function. Methods: Female college students are randomly divided into three groups with different training programs. The training cycle lasts 12 weeks. Results: There were statistical differences in the physical functions and qualities of the three groups of students after different training programs. Aerobic and strength training has obvious effects on improving students' skills. Conclusion: The combination of aerobic exercise and strength training enhances the physical function of female students. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Uma das tarefas básicas da educação física em escolas e universidades é orientar os alunos para que façam exercícios e fortaleçam sua aptidão física. Portanto, precisamos estudar o status da função física de estudantes universitários e a lei da mudança no processo de aprendizado. Objetivo: Conduzir treinamentos físicos para alunos universitários e estudar o impacto da atividade na função física. Métodos: Universitárias (sexo feminino) foram aleatoriamente separadas em três grupos, com diferentes programas de treinamento. O ciclo de treinamento durou 12 semanas. Resultados: Houve diferenças estatísticas na função e qualidade físicas dos três grupos de estudantes depois de programas de treinamento diferentes. Treinos aeróbicos e de força tem efeitos evidentes na melhoria da habilidade das estudantes. Conclusão: O exercício aeróbico combinado com treino de força melhora a função física de estudantes do sexo feminino. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação de resultados de tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Una de las tareas básicas de la educación física en escuelas y universidades es orientar a los alumnos para que hagan ejercicios y fortalezcan su aptitud física. Por lo tanto, necesitamos estudiar el status de la función física de estudiantes universitarios y la ley del cambio en el proceso de aprendizaje. Objetivo: Conducir entrenamientos físicos para alumnos universitarios y estudiar el impacto de la actividad en la función física. Métodos: Universitarias (sexo femenino) fueron aleatoriamente separadas en tres grupos, con diferentes programas de entrenamiento. El ciclo de entrenamiento duró 12 semanas. Resultados: Hubo diferencias estadísticas en la función y calidad físicas de los tres grupos de estudiantes después de programas de entrenamiento diferentes. Entrenamientos aeróbicos y de fuerza tienen efectos evidentes en la mejoría de la habilidad de las estudiantes. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico combinado con entrenamiento de fuerza mejora la función física de estudiantes del sexo femenino. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados de tratamiento.

10.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(1): 18-29, Junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372728

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la empatía es definida como la habilidad que pueden asumir las personas para ponerse en lugar de otros, de ahí que resulta lógico pensar que es uno de los ejes centrales en la relación odontólogo-paciente. Objetivo: determinar el nivel empatía en estudiantes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción en el año 2021. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. Los participantes fueron evaluados mediante la Escala de Empatía Médica de Jefferson, además se recabaron datos sociodemográficos. Se aplicó la prueba estadística Chi cuadrado de Pearson y el Test Exacto de Fisher con un nivel de confianza del 95 %. Resultado: participaron 125 estudiantes del tercero al quinto año, el 56 % residía en Asunción, con una edad promedio de 23 ± 2 años. La empatía promedio fue de 91,46 (CD = 9,48). La mayoría de los estudiantes tuvo un nivel de empatía bajo (68,8 %) en el componente "Cuidado con compasión", alto (89,6 %) en el componente "Toma de perspectiva" y media (66,4 %) en el componente "Ponerse en el lugar del otro". El 71,2 % tuvo nivel medio de empatía global. No se encontró asociación del nivel de empatía con sexo (p=1,00) ni curso académico (p=0,56). Conclusión: la mayoría de los estudiantes presentaron nivel medio de empatía; siendo alto para la toma de perspectiva, medio para ponerse en el lugar del otro y bajo para el cuidado de compasión.


ABSTRACT Introduction: empathy is defined as the ability that people can assume to put themselves in the place of others, hence it is logical to think that it is one of the central axes in the dentist-patient relationship. Objective: to determine the level of empathy in students of the Facultad de Odontología of Universidad Nacional de Asunción in the year 2021. Methodology: it was a cross-sectional descriptive observational study. The participants were evaluated using the Jefferson Medical Empathy Scale, and sociodemographic data were also collected. Pearson's Chi square statistical test and Fisher's Exact Test were applied with a confidence level of 95 %. Result: 125 students from third to fifth year participated, 56 % resided in Asunción, with an average age of 23 ± 2 years. The mean empathy was 91,46 (cd = 9,48). Most of the students presented low empathy (68.8%) in the "Care with Compassion" component, high (89.6 %) with respect to "Perspective Taking", and medium (66.4 %) regarding to "put yourself in the place of the other". The 71.2 % had a medium level of global empathy. No association was found between the level of empathy and gender (p=1.00) or academic year (p=0.56). Conclusion: most of the students presented a medium level of empathy, being high for perspective taking, medium for putting yourself in another's shoes, and low for compassionate care.

11.
Psicol. pesq ; 16(1): 1-23, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356621

ABSTRACT

Transtornos Mentais Comuns (TMC) caracterizam-se por sintomas que causam sofrimento. Esta revisão sistemática teve por objetivo descrever e analisar artigos sobre prevalência de TMC entre universitários brasileiros. A busca foi realizada no Portal da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde com os descritores "Acadêmicos" OR "Universitários" AND "Transtornos Mentais Comuns". Dentre os 229 artigos elegíveis, foram incluídos 18. A prevalência de TMC detectada variou de 19% a 55,3%, e em 11 estudos foi maior que 40%; frequência superior às identificadas em estudos internacionais com universitários, nacionais com população geral e outras amostras. Sugere-se medidas de atenção em saúde mental para este público.


Common Mental Disorders (CMD) are characterized by symptoms that cause suffering. This systematic review aimed to describe and analyze articles on the prevalence of CMD among Brazilian university students. The search was carried out on the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde Portal using the keywords "Academic" OR "University Students" AND "Common Mental Disorders". Among the 229 eligible articles, 18 were included. The prevalence of CMD detected ranged from 19% to 55.3%, and in 11 studies it was greater than 40%; higher than when compared to international studies with university students, nationals with general population and other samples. Mental health care interventions are suggested for this public.


Los Trastornos Mentales Comunes (TMC) se caracterizan por síntomas que causan sufrimiento. Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo describir y analizar artículos sobre la prevalencia de Trastornos Mentales Comunes (TMC) entre estudiantes universitarios brasileños. La búsqueda se realizó en el Portal de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud con los descriptores "Académicos" OR " Universitarios" AND "Trastornos Mentales Comunes". Entre los 229 artículos elegibles, se incluyeron 18. La prevalencia de TMC detectada osciló entre el 19% y el 55,3%, y en 11 estudios fue superior al 40%. Dicha frecuencia es más alta que las identificadas en estudios internacionales con universitarios, nacionales con población general y otras muestras. Se sugieren medidas de atención en salud mental para este público.

12.
Psicol. pesq ; 16(1): 1-20, jan.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356622

ABSTRACT

A morte ainda causa aversão em alunos e profissionais da saúde e é enfrentada como fracasso desde a formação acadêmica. O estudo objetivou de forma geral, avaliar o medo da morte em estudantes da área da saúde. Aplicou-se um questionário sociodemográfico e a escala do medo da morte Collet-Lester em 366 estudantes de medicina, psicologia, enfermagem e fisioterapia. Os resultados indicaram que apenas o curso de medicina e fisioterapia apresentaram diferenças significativas nas subescalas referentes ao medo da morte, nas demais análises levantou-se hipóteses. Identificou-se que houve uma tendência dos estudantes de enfermagem apresentar maior medo em relação à própria morte e os de psicologia em medo do próprio processo de morrer. Concluiu-se que o medo da morte do outro surge como característica comum entre os estudantes dos quatro cursos, apontando diferenças no medo da morte entre os diferentes períodos dos cursos analisados.


Death still causes aversion in students and health professionals and is faced as a failure since academic training. The study aimed, in general, to assess the fear of death in health students. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Collet-Lester fear of death scale were applied to 366 students of medicine, psychology, nursing and physiotherapy. The results indicated that only the medical and physical therapy courses showed significant differences in the subscales related to fear of death, in the other analyzes, hypotheses were raised. It was identified that there was a tendency for nursing students to be more afraid of their own death and those of psychology to be afraid of their own dying process. It was concluded that the fear of death of the other emerges as a common characteristic among students of the four courses, pointing out differences in fear of death between the different periods of the analyzed courses.


La muerte todavía causa aversión en estudiantes y profesionales de la salud y es enfrentada como un fracaso desde la formación académica. El estudio tuvo como objetivo, en general, evaluar el miedo a la muerte en estudiantes del área de la salud. Se aplicó un cuestionario sociodemográfico y la escala de miedo a la muerte de Collet-Lester a 366 estudiantes de medicina, psicología, enfermería y fisioterapia. Los resultados indicaron que sólo el curso de medicina y fisioterapia presentaron diferencias significativas en las subescalas relacionadas con el miedo a la muerte, en los otros análisis se plantearon hipótesis. Se identificó que los estudiantes de enfermería tenían una tendencia a tener más miedo a su propia muerte y que los estudiantes de psicología tenían miedo del proceso mismo de morir. Se concluyó que el miedo a la muerte del otro surge como una característica común entre los estudiantes de los cuatro cursos, señalando diferencias en el miedo a la muerte entre los diferentes períodos de los cursos analizados.

13.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 18-28, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361182

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los factores relacionados con la funcionalidad familiar en estudiantes universitarios podrían asociarse con la deserción académica e impactar de manera negativa sobre el rendimiento académico. Objetivo: Describir las relaciones entre las características sociodemográficas y familiares, con la funcionalidad familiar, el soporte de amigos y el rendimiento académico en los estudiantes de odontología de una universidad pública de la ciudad de Cartagena. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal, con una muestra de 438 estudiantes. Se utilizó un instrumento tipo encuesta sobre variables sociodemográficas, características familiares y de la vivienda. Los datos fueron analizados a partir de estadística descriptiva y análisis bivariados con la prueba Chi cuadrado de Pearson. Resultados: Se observó una relación estadísticamente significativa entre la edad y la funcionalidad familiar (p=0,0029). Asimismo, se obtuvo una relación significativa entre la procedencia y el soporte de amigos (p=0,0230), así como entre la baja escolaridad y la funcionalidad familiar (p=0,0018). Conclusiones: La identificación de los factores que se relacionan con la funcionalidad familiar y el soporte de amigos pueden contribuir a determinar qué aspectos deben considerarse para el diseño e implementación de intervenciones académicas dirigidas a estudiantes del programa.


Introduction: Academic dropout in college students could be associated with family functionality, which could also negatively impact their academic performance. Objective: To describe the relationship between sociodemographic and family characteristics with family functionality, friend support, and academic performance in Odontology students from a public university in the city of Cartagena (Colombia). Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 438 students. A survey-type instrument was used to obtain information regarding sociodemographic variables as well as family and home characteristics. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis with a Pearson's Chi square test. Results: A statistically significant relationship was observed between students' age and family functionality (p=0.0029). Likewise, a significant relationship was found between the origin of the students and friend support (p=0.0230), as well as between low education level and family functionality (p=0.0018). Conclusions: The identification of factors related to family functionality and friend support can contribute to determining important aspects to be considered for the design and implementation of academic interventions focused on Odontology students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Family , Student Dropouts , Family Health , Dentistry , Family Relations , Academic Performance
14.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 11-17, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361181

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El intercambio de experiencias con pares en la práctica diaria permite al estudiante el aprendizaje del cuidado de enfermería. Objetivo: Comprender las representaciones sociales del cuidado, construidas desde el cotidiano del estudiante de enfermería mexicano. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cualitativo, basado en la teoría de la representación social en 46 estudiantes que realizaban prácticas clínicas, a quienes se les aplicó entrevista semiestructurada, que se analizó a través de la agrupación de categorías empíricas que sustentan la composición de los resultados subsecuentes, comparando los datos con relatos de los informantes. Resultados: La concepción del proceso de cuidado se estructura con rangos que representan lo social de los entrevistados durante su formación, la cual los torna vulnerables en dicho proceso. Las vivencias se construyen y reconstruyen en su afán por descubrir sus experiencias en el cuidar para dar respuesta a los desafíos del ser. Sin embargo, en estas experiencias se altera su mundo, irrumpiendo la paz mental. Conclusiones: Los procesos de interacción posiciona al estudiante frente al mundo social del cuidado a partir de bases filosóficas, a fin de reflexionar con su ser y hacer, acción que orienta sus conductas en el cotidiano del cuidado del otro.


Introduction: The exchange of daily practicing experiences with peers is useful for students to learn about nursing care. Objective: To understand the social representations of health care that are constructed from the daily life experiences of the Mexican nursing student. Materials and methods: A qualitative study based on the social representation theory with 46 students who carried out clinical practices. A semi-structured interview was applied, which was analyzed through grouping of empirical categories that support the composition of the subsequent results, comparing the data with reports from the participants. Results: The conception of the health care process is structured with ranges that represent the social aspects of the students during their training, which in turn makes them vulnerable. The experiences are constructed and re-constructed as a consequence of the students' eagerness to discover their experiences in health care in order to respond to their challenges. However, these experiences affect the students' world, disrupting their peace of mind. Conclusions: Interaction processes position students in the face of the social world of health care based on philosophical bases in order to reflect with their being and doing, an action that guides their behavior in the daily care of the other.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing , Delivery of Health Care , Students, Nursing , Nursing Education Research , Clinical Clerkship , Nursing Care
16.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 20(1): 164-187, ene.-abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365870

ABSTRACT

Resumen (analítico) Investigaciones previas sostienen que la relación docente-estudiante es un factor relevante para el compromiso escolar y rendimiento académico. Sin embargo, su impacto ha sido poco explorado en estudiantes con necesidades educativas especiales. Este estudio examina la influencia de la relación docente-estudiante en el compromiso escolar según la percepción de estudiantes de primer año medio con necesidades educativas especiales de una Región de Chile. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, de tipo fenomenológico y de alcance descriptivo-analítico. Se desarrollaron diez entrevistas en profundidad a estudiantes con necesidades educativas especiales, las que se analizaron mediante el método de comparación constante de la teoría fundamentada. Los resultados revelan el rol clave de los/as docentes en el compromiso escolar a través de la satisfacción de las necesidades de vinculación y competencia de sus estudiantes, pero no de su autonomía.


Abstract (analytical) The results of existing research studies show that the teacher-student relationship is a relevant factor that affects academic engagement and school performance. However, there is limited evidence of its impact on students with special educational needs. This study examines the influence of the teacher-student relationship on school engagement based on the perceptions of students with special educational needs in their first year of high school education in Chile. The study used a qualitative, phenomenological, and descriptive-analytical design. A total of ten indepth interviews were conducted with students with special educational needs. The data was analysed using the methodological guidelines of grounded theory. The results highlight the key role of teachers in academic engagement by satisfying students' psychological needs in the areas of connection and competence, but not satisfying students' need for autonomy.


Resumo (analítico) Pesquisas anteriores afirmam que a relação professor-aluno é um fator relevante para o engajamento e desempenho acadêmico. No entanto, seu impacto tem sido pouco explorado em alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais. Este estudo examina a influência da relação professor-aluno no compromisso escolar segundo a percepção dos alunos com alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais do primeiro ano do ensino médio, da Chile. O desenho foi qualitativo, fenomenológico, descritivo-analítico em escopo. Foram realizadas 10 entrevistas em profundidade com alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais. Os dados foram analisados segundo as diretrizes metodológicas da teoria fundamentada nos dados. Os resultados apontam para o papel fundamental do professor no comprometimento escolar, por meio da satisfação das necessidades de vinculação e competência de seus alunos, mas não de sua autonomia.


Subject(s)
Schools , Students , Education, Primary and Secondary
17.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 20(1): 255-280, ene.-abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365874

ABSTRACT

Resumen (analítico) La extensión de la escolaridad en Argentina y la creación de escuelas secundarias en el campo ha significado transformaciones en el espacio rural y las juventudes rurales. A partir de una investigación realizada desde el enfoque histórico-etnográfico en el norte de la provincia de Entre Ríos, advertimos que la escuela secundaria es el espacio privilegiado de sociabilidad de las y los jóvenes y nos centramos en la Fiesta del Estudiante Rural para comprender los procesos de identificación de estas juventudes. La condición de juventud y la condición de estudiante están estrechamente implicadas en el espacio rural y las y los jóvenes construyen identificaciones por oposición a sus pares urbanos y en relación con el campo, entendido en tanto paisaje natural escindido de las actividades productivas y laborales de la ruralidad.


Abstract (analytical) he rollout of public education across the country in Argentina and the building of secondary schools in the countryside generated transformations for rural areas and rural youth. This study uses a historical-ethnographic approach to conduct research in the northern area of the province of Entre Ríos. The authors identified that secondary school is a privileged space for the social development of young people, focusing on the Rural Student Festival to understand these youth identities. The youth condition and the student condition are closely linked to rural areas. Rural young people construct identifications that are in opposition to urban students and aligned with the countryside, which they understand as a natural landscape that is unrelated to agricultural and labor activities.


Resumo (analítico) A extensão da escolaridade na Argentina e a criação de escolas secundárias no campo geraram transformações no meio rural e na juventude rural. A partir de uma investigação realizada a partir de uma abordagem histórico-etnográfica no norte da província de Entre Ríos, afirmamos que o ensino médio é o espaço privilegiado de sociabilidade dos jovens e nos concentramos no Festival do Estudante Rural para compreender as identidades destes jovens. A condição de jovem e a condição de estudante estão intimamente envolvidas no meio rural e os jovens constroem identificações em oposição aos estudantes urbanos e em relação ao campo, entendido como paisagem natural alheia às atividades produtivas e laborais do campo.


Subject(s)
Students , Rural Areas , Education, Primary and Secondary , Educational Status , Adolescent
18.
Odontol. Sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 25(2): e22689, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368299

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Describir las actividades y características de las Sociedades Científicas de Estudiantes de Odontología (SCEO) peruanas. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo y prospectivo que tuvo como población de estudio al total de SCEO peruanas existentes hasta octubre de 2021. Se elaboró una ficha de recolección sobre las características sociodemográficas y de formación (año de fundación, cantidad de miembros, actividad), asimismo, sobre las actividades académicas, investigativas y de difusión a través de redes sociales. Se registraron las actividades difundidas en las redes sociales institucionales y se encuestó a los líderes de cada SCEO para ampliar la información obtenida y solicitar los registros de producción científica de cada SCEO, lo cual se corroboró a través de búsquedas en Scopus, WoS, SciELO, etc. Resultados. Se identificaron 10 SCEO; nueve tuvieron menos de dos años de trayectoria y seis reportaron seguir activas en sus funciones. El desarrollo de seminarios de metodología, bioestadística y tesis fueron las actividades académicas de formación encontradas así como el desarrollo de clubes de lectura crítica. Ocho SCEO compartían sus actividades académicas a través de redes sociales así como audiovisuales (infografías, afiches, videos académicos, etc). Cinco SCEO indicaron presentar al menos una publicación científica; una de ellas presentó 42 artículos publicados, de los cuales 19 (45%) se encontraron en la base de datos Scopus. Conclusiones. Las SCEO se encuentran en etapas tempranas de su formación. Sus principales actividades académicas e investigativas se enfocan en la formación de competencias investigativas de sus miembros, asimismo, estas actividades son difundidas a través de sus redes sociales.


Objective. Describe the activities and characteristics of the Peruvian Scientific Societies of Dental Students (SCEO). Methods. Descriptive and prospective study that had as a study population the total of existing Peruvian SCEO until October 2021. A collection sheet was prepared about the sociodemographic and training characteristics (year of foundation, number of members, activity), also on the academic, research and dissemination activities through social networks. The activities disseminated on institutional social networks were recorded and the leaders of each SCEO were surveyed to expand the information obtained and request the scientific production records of each SCEO, which was corroborated through searches in Scopus, WoS, SciELO, etc. Results. Ten SCEO were identified; nine had less than two years of experience and six reported that they were still active in their functions. The development of methodology, biostatistics and thesis seminars were the academic training activities found as well as the development of a Critical Reading Club. Eight SCEOs shared their academic activities through social networks as well as audiovisuals (infographics, posters, academic videos, etc). Five SCEOs indicated submitting at least one scientific publication; one of them presented 42 published articles, of which 19 (45%) were found in the Scopus database. Conclusions. SCEOs are in the early stages of their formation. Its main academic and investigative activities focus on the formation of investigative competencies of its members, likewise, these activities are disseminated through its social networks.

19.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(1): 50-52, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357106

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: College students face increasing pressure in all aspects of study and life. They urgently need a way to relieve stress. Physical exercise is the best choice for college students to relieve stress. Objective: To explore the relationship between physical exercise and disease prevention in college students. Methods: The article conducts a logistic regression analysis of physical exercise in college students and analyzes the relationship between the physical exercise factors and the occurrence of physical diseases. Results: The incidence of disease in students participating in physical exercise is low. The prevalence of diabetes, obesity, and hyperlipidemia decreased with the increase of physical activity intensity. Conclusions: Diligently participation in physical exercises can help college students resist diseases. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies -investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Os estudantes universitários enfrentam pressão crescente em todos os aspectos do estudo e da vida. Eles precisam com urgência de um modo de aliviar o estresse. Nesse caso, o exercício físico é a melhor escolha para aliviar o estresse. Objetivo: Explorar a relação entre exercício físico e prevenção de doenças em estudantes universitários. Métodos: O artigo consiste de análise de regressão logística do exercício físico em universitários e investiga a relação entre o exercício físico e a ocorrência de doenças físicas. Resultados: A incidência da doença em alunos que praticam exercícios físicos é baixa. A prevalência de diabetes, obesidade e hiperlipidemia diminuiu com o aumento da intensidade da atividade física. Conclusões: A participação diligente em exercícios físicos pode ajudar os estudantes universitários a serem mais resistentes a doenças. Nível de Evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Los estudiantes universitarios se enfrentan a una presión cada vez mayor en todos los aspectos del estudio y la vida. Necesitan urgentemente una forma de aliviar el estrés. En este caso, el ejercicio físico es la mejor opción para dicha tensión. Objetivo: Explorar la relación entre ejercicio físico y prevención de enfermedades en estudiantes universitarios. Métodos: El artículo consiste en un análisis de regresión logística del ejercicio físico en estudiantes universitarios e investiga la relación entre el ejercicio físico y la aparición de enfermedades físicas. Resultados: La incidencia de enfermedades en los estudiantes que practican ejercicio es baja. La prevalencia de enfermedades como diabetes, obesidad e hiperlipidemia disminuyó al aumentar la intensidad de la actividad física. Conclusiones: La práctica rutinaria de actividades físicas puede ayudar a los estudiantes universitarios a ser más resistentes a las enfermedades. Nivel de Evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

20.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 25-36, 01/03/2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367714

ABSTRACT

Objective. The present study aimed to determine male nursing students' perception of gender barriers in nursing curricula. Methods. This descriptive study was conducted on 150 B.Sc. and M.Sc. nursing students at Tabriz School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz university of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran that were selected through convenience sampling. The study data were collected using Inventory of Male Friendliness in Nursing Programs-Short (IMFNP-S). This scale has 17 items for investigating male nursing students' perception of gender barriers in nursing curricula. Each item is a 5-point Likert-type scale scored from 0 to 4; total scale score could range from 0 to 68, higher scores representing male nursing students' perception of less gender barriers in nursing curricula. Results. The total mean score of gender barriers was 35.11+6.15. The most important barriers included different requirements/limitations in obstetrics apprenticeship (Median=1), and need for proving oneself because of people's expectation of nurses to be female (Median=2). On the other hand, the least important barriers were lack of important people's support on one's career decisions (Median=3), and lack of opportunity to work with other male nurses (Median=3). The scale score was not associated with the socio-demographic characteristics studied. Conclusion. The most male nursing students feel various gender issues in the nursing curriculum in a medium level that may negatively impact on their learning, professional performance and motivation and tendency to nursing. Furthermore, this vicious cycle can lead to lack of professional development, leaving the job and burnout. Thus, creating a gender-neutral environment can make nursing programs more male friendly.


Objetivo. Describir la percepción de los estudiantes varones de enfermería sobre las barreras de género en los planes de estudio de enfermería. Métodos. Este estudio descriptivo se llevó a cabo con la participación de 150 varones estudiantes de enfermería de la Escuela de Enfermería y Partería de Tabriz, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Tabriz, Irán, seleccionados mediante un muestreo por conveniencia. Los datos del estudio se recogieron utilizando el Inventory of Male Friendliness in Nursing Programs-Short (IMFNP-S). Esta escala tiene 17 ítems con opciones de respuesta tipo Likert de 5 puntos que se puntúa de 0 a 4; la puntuación total de la escala puede oscilar entre 0 y 68, y las puntuaciones más altas representan la percepción de menos barreras de género. Resultados. La puntuación media total de las barreras de género fue de 35.11+6.15. Las barreras más importantes incluían los diferentes requisitos o limitaciones en el aprendizaje de la obstetricia (Mediana=1), y la necesidad de probarse a sí mismo debido a la expectativa de la gente de que las enfermeras sean mujeres (Mediana=2). Por otro lado, las barreras menos importantes fueron la falta de apoyo de personas importantes en las decisiones de la carrera profesional (mediana=3) y la falta de oportunidades para trabajar con otros enfermeros (mediana=3). La puntuación de la escala no se asoció con las características sociodemográficas estudiadas. Conclusión. La mayoría de los estudiantes varones de enfermería sienten diversas barreras de género en el plan de estudios de enfermería en un nivel medio, que puede repercutir negativamente en su aprendizaje, motivación, rendimiento profesional y en la tendencia hacia la enfermería. Además, esta situación puede conducir a la falta de desarrollo profesional, al abandono del trabajo y al agotamiento. Así pues, la creación de un entorno neutral desde el punto de vista de género puede hacer que los programas de enfermería sean más favorables a los hombres


Objetivo. Descrever a percepção dos estudantes de enfermagem homens sobre as barreiras de gênero nos planos de estudo de enfermagem. Métodos. Este estudo descritivo se levou a cabo com a participação de 150 homens que eram estudantes de enfermagem da Escola de Enfermagem e Parteira de Tabriz, Universidade de Ciências Médicas de Tabriz, Irã, que foram selecionados mediante uma amostragem por conveniência. Os dados do estudo se recolheram utilizando o Inventory of Male Friendliness in Nursing Programs-Short (IMFNP-S). Esta escala tem 17 itens com opções de resposta tipo Likert de 5 pontos que se pontua de 0 a 4; a pontuação total da escala pode oscilar entre 0 e 68, e as pontuações maiores representam a percepção de menos barreiras de gênero. Resultados. A pontuação média total das barreiras de género foi de 35.11+6.15. As barreiras mais importantes incluíam os diferentes requisitos ou limitações na aprendizagem da obstetrícia (Média=1), e a necessidade de provar-se a si mesmo devido à expectativa das pessoas de que as enfermeiras sejam mulheres (Média=2). Por outro lado, as barreiras menos importantes foram a falta de apoio de pessoas importantes nas decisões da carreira profissional (média=3) e a falta de oportunidades para trabalhar com outros enfermeiros (média=3). A pontuação da escala não se associou com as características sociodemográficas estudadas. Conclusão. A maioria dos estudantes de enfermagem homens sentem diversas barreiras de gênero no plano de estudos de enfermagem num nível médio, que pode repercutir negativamente na sua aprendizagem, motivação e rendimento profissional, e tendência à enfermagem. Além disso, esta situação pode conduzir à falta de desenvolvimento profissional, ao abandono do trabalho e ao esgotamento. Assim pois, a criação de um entorno neutral desde o ponto de vista de gênero, pode fazer que os programas de enfermagem sejam mais favoráveis aos homens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Students, Nursing , Curriculum , Nurses, Male , Perception
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