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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 288-290, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642543

ABSTRACT

Objective To perform a spatial analysis of myocardium uhrastructure and the activity of mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase in sub-acute Keshan disease. Methods Myocardium samples were collected from the cases with sub-acute Keshan disease and non-myocarditis(control), and their ultrastructure was observed under electron microscope. The density of mitochondrion volume and cristal membrane and its volume were measured by a point-counting method, while mitochondrion volume was estimated by water displacement method, succinate dehydrogenase activity of mitochondrion by iron-copper method in sub-acute Keshan disease and non-myocarditis cases. Results The volume ratio of mitochondrion to the cell on myoeardium [(47.79±6.20)%], the area ratio of mitochondrion to sarcoplasm [(55.06±6.50) %], mitochondrion to myofibrils [(1.43±0,41)%], mitochondrion section area[(0.78±0.15)μm2], and ratio of the lesion of cristal membrane area to the matrix area and mitochondrion volume[(67.14±13.96)%, (44.62±13.44)%]in sub-acute Keshan disease group were obviously higher than those in control [(33.20±7.62)%, (38.07±9.43)%, (0.71±0.33)%, (0.44±0.07)μm2, (14.11± 12.51)%, (9.34±11.28)%; t = 3.75,7.93,6.61,36.40,52.65,37.51, all P < 0.05]. The volume ratio of myofibrils to cell[(34.52±5.12)%]and the area ratio of cristae mitochondria to matrix[(32.43±14.42)%]in sub-acute Keshan disease group was obviously less than those in control [(48.51±4.30)%, (86.04±12.37)%; t = 9.85, 53.46, both P < 0.05)]. Succinate dehydrogenase activity was negative in sub-acute Keshan disease group. Conclusions Myocardium ultrastructure changes in sub-acute Keshan disease including the increase of volume and areas of mitochondria and the damage of the cristal membrane in mitochondria. Succinate dehydrogenase activity is decreased or even disappeared.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516550

ABSTRACT

Transmission electron microscopy, histochemstry, immunohistochemistry and morphometry were used to study ultrastructural changes, succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) activity and myoglobin (Mb )content of the rabbit's myocardium bleeding to death and to hemorrhagic shock. The results were as follows: the myocardium showed different degrees of ultrastructural changes; various degrees of decreasing of SDH activity and deletion of Mb. These changes gradually become more serious with lapse of time after shock. The mechanism of the changes and the significance in forensic medicine are discussed.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110024

ABSTRACT

This experiment was designed for the evaluation of the usefulness of enzyme histochemistry in the determination of the lapse of time in brain wound, and also for the establishment of medicolegal 'biological time table' on brain wound. Brain injury was made by contusion and laceration of meninges and brain itself in rats. The results were as follows; 1) By routine histological technique, estimation of the lapse of time in brain wound could be possible 4 hours after the infliction of wound. 2) The earliest change of enzyme activities was recognizable by the decreased activities of ATPase and succinic dehydrogenase 30 minutes after the injury. These decreased enzyme activities were not recovered up to the 4th day after the brain injury. 3) Increased acid phosphatase activity was noticed 1 hour, and beta-glucuronidase, 2 hours after the injury in a mild degree. Both increased activities were pronounced following the lapse of time in brain wound. 4) No significant change was seen in alkaline phosphatase, monoamine oxidase, non-specific esterase and leucine aminopeptidase activities throughout the experimental period up to the 4th day. So the enzyme histochemistry of these enzymes seemed to be little valuable for the study on the timing of wound in brain injury. In the light of these results it appeared that the enzyme histochemistry, in particular of ATPase, succinic dehydrogenase, and acid phosphatase, for the estimation of timing of brain wound not only shortened the histological "lag period" up to 30 minutes after the injury, but also provided a useful information in determining the biological time table following the brain injury.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Adenosine Triphosphatases , Alkaline Phosphatase , Animals , Brain Injuries , Brain , Carboxylesterase , Contusions , Glucuronidase , Histological Techniques , Lacerations , Leucyl Aminopeptidase , Meninges , Monoamine Oxidase , Rats , Succinate Dehydrogenase , Wounds and Injuries
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549306

ABSTRACT

This paper is to report the results of the experimental study on the effects of the explosion sound waves on the hearing power and the activities of succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) and malic dehydrogenase (MDH) of the cochlea tissues in guinea pigs. The alterations of the hearing power and the activities of the two enzymes were monitored with auditory physiological and histochemical methods respectively. The results of the experiment were as follows:The activities of both SDH and MDH decreased significantly (P

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535002

ABSTRACT

The effects of superoxide dismutase (SOD) on mitochondrial function after hypoxic and reoxygenated perfusions in isolated rat hearts were observed. Significant decreases in respiration control ratio (RCR) and ADP/O ratio (P/O) as well as activities of succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) and cytochrome oxidase (CCO) were found alter 40 minutes' hypoxia and 20 minutes' reoxygenated perfusion. Adding SOD to the perfusion fluid during the reperfusion period could restore the decreased mitochondfial function, which was shown by increased RCR and P/O as well as activities of SDH and CCO.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549445

ABSTRACT

Using succinate as a substrate, the respiratory control rates (RCR's) of liver mitochondria of burned Sprague-Dawley rats (male, 20 percent of burned body surface area,III degree burn) were increased 15,30, 45, and 60 min after burn, the peak being at 30 min after burn (the sham group as control).In comparison with the sham group, the specific activity of succinic dehydro-genase was slightly decreased and the activities of cytochrome b and c + c1 were decreased significantly 30 min after burn.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549201

ABSTRACT

By histochemical methods of AKPase, ACPase, 5'-Nase, NSE and SDH, 10 cases of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its surrounding liver tissue were investigated. Generally, these enzyme activities in HCCs obviously decreased or completely disappeared, neverthless in one case, the AKPase of HCC showed notable activity, and in another case, the ACPase activity also marked.The surrounding liver tissue either in cirrhosis or in hepatic fibrosis appeared normal hepatic enzymatic activity. The differences of enzymes between HCCs and their surrounding liver tissues were distinct.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568558

ABSTRACT

In the present study, electron microscopic and cytochemical localization of succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) of the tumor-like growth tissue in the Tiger-head goldfish (Carassius aurtus) were attempted. The SDH was demonstrated according to the modified method described by Kerpel-Fronius and Hajos (1968). The main results are as follows:When the goldfish were twenty-months old, there was not only a highly active positive reaction of SDH on the periphery of jejune vesicle, but also on the mitochondria, cristae and cytoplasm membrane in the cells of the hyperplasitic tissue. At the same time, there were much crystal formation because cell disintegration. When the Tiger-head goldfish were ten and thirty-months old, the active reaction of SDH was not so strong as in the corresponding positions of cytodeme as When it was twenty-months old. The crystal formation were lesser than the others. But the control groups displayed the negative reaction of SDH in the corresponding positions.

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