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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245329, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285618

ABSTRACT

Abstract The cold storage of milt implies potentials alterations in its quality because the storage generates as main process, free radicals that produce spermatozoa membrane lipids damage with the consequent motility and fertilising capacity disruptions. To decrease the damage generated by free radicals the cells have antioxidant defences (proteins, enzymes, and low molecular weight substances). The objective of the present study evaluated the time storage effect and different antioxidants prepared in spermatic diluents on sperm viability of O. mykiss milt stored at 4°C. The two-way ANOVA denoted that the time storage and antioxidant influence have significant effects separated or combined on viability parameters (sperm motility and viability, proteins concentrations and superoxide dismutase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma). In contrast, only the storage time affected the fertilising capacity and catalase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma. The resulting analysis can conclude that the antioxidant presence improves the viability of cold stored milt, especially the transport conditions and the antioxidants allow the fecundity despite motility decrease.


Resumo O armazenamento a frio de leite implica potenciais alterações em sua qualidade, pois gera como processo principal radicais livres que provocam danos aos lipídios da membrana dos espermatozoides, com as consequentes alterações na motilidade e na capacidade de fertilização. Para diminuir os danos causados pelos radicais livres, as células têm defesas antioxidantes (proteínas, enzimas e substâncias de baixo peso molecular). O presente estudo avaliou o efeito do tempo de armazenamento e diferentes antioxidantes preparados em diluentes espermáticos no armazenamento de viabilidade de O. mykiss milt a 4°C. A ANOVA de duas vias denotou que o armazenamento no tempo e a influência antioxidante têm efeitos significativos separados ou combinados nos parâmetros de viabilidade (motilidade espermática, viabilidade espermática, concentrações de proteínas e atividade enzimática da superóxido dismutase no plasma seminal), enquanto apenas o tempo de armazenamento afetou a capacidade de fertilização e atividade enzimática da catalase no plasma seminal. A análise resultante pode concluir que a presença de antioxidante melhora a viabilidade do leite frio, especialmente as condições de transporte, e os antioxidantes permitem a fecundidade apesar da diminuição da motilidade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Cryopreservation , Antioxidants
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 843-847, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407324

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: To clarify the potential protective role of cilostazol on rat myocardial cells with ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) models. Methods: The study was conducted with three groups of 10 Wistar rats (control group, rats without any coronary ischemia; sham group, rats with coronary ischemia but without cilostazol administration; and cilostazol group, rats with coronary ischemia and cilostazol administration). The level of myocardial injuries was measured by analyzing cardiac troponin T and creatine kinase MB levels in blood samples. In tissue samples, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), nitric oxide, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde were used to determine the amount of tissue damage. Tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin method, and samples were examined under light microscope. Results: The mean level of ATP was 104.4 in the cilostazol group and 149.1 in the sham group (P=0.044). SOD level was significantly higher in the cilostazol group than in the sham group (2075.3 vs. 1783.7, P=0.043). According to histopathological examination, all samples were classified as G0 in the control group. In the sham group, one sample was categorized as G1, six samples as G2, and three samples as G3. In the cilostazol group, nine samples and one sample were categorized as G1 and G2, respectively (P=0.011). Conclusion: Cilostazol has beneficial effects on Wistar rats' myocardial cells in regard to decreasing inflammatory process, necrosis, and fibrosis. Our findings revealed that the use of cilostazol significantly decreased ATP and increased SOD levels in Wistar rats' myocardial cells after IRI.

3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 212-218, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376517

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is an ischemic condition that occurs as a result of partial or complete interruption of blood flow by narrowing or complete blockage of the vessels supplying the heart, which are called coronary arteries. Our objective in this study is to investigate the RhoA/Rho-associated kinase (ROCK)-1 signaling pathway and oxidative stress in CAD patients. Methods: A total of 81 individuals aged between 40-70 years - including 45 patients (15 females and 30 males) who were admitted to the Artvin State Hospital Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic and were diagnosed with CAD and 36 healthy volunteers (15 females and 21 males) - participated in this study. Serum samples were tested for total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), RhoA, and ROCK-1 values. Results: Serum RhoA, MDA levels, and ROCK-1 activity in the CAD group were found to be statistically significantly higher than in the control group (P<0.001). Concordantly, serum SOD activity was found to be statistically significantly lower in the CAD group than in the control group (P<0.001). Conclusion: Inhibition of the activity of RhoA/ROCK-1 pathway would be beneficial in treating cardiovascular diseases since this pathway plays an important role in the development of these diseases.

4.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(2): 256-267, mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395304

ABSTRACT

Gentamicin induced acute nephrotoxicity (GIAN) is considered as one of the important causes of acute renal failure. In recent years' great effort has been focused on the introduction of herbal medicine as a novel therapeutic agent for prevention of GIAN. Hence, the current study was designed to investigate the effect of green coffee bean extract (GCBE) on GIAN in rats. Results of the present study showed that rat groups that received oral GCBE for 7 days after induction of GIAN(by a daily intraperitoneal injection of gentamicin for 7days), reported a significant improvement in renal functions tests when compared to the GIAN model groups. Moreover, there was significant amelioration in renal oxidative stress markers (renal malondialdehyde, renal superoxide dismutase) and renal histopathological changes in the GCBE-treated groups when compared to GIAN model group. These results indicate that GCBE has a potential role in ameliorating renal damage involved in GIAN.


La nefrotoxicidad aguda inducida por gentamicina (GIAN) se considera una de las causas importantes de insuficiencia renal aguda. En los últimos años, el gran esfuerzo se ha centrado en la introducción de la medicina herbal como un nuevo agente terapéutico para la prevención de GIAN. Por lo tanto, el estudio actual fue diseñado para investigar el efecto del extracto de grano de café verde (GCBE) sobre la GIAN en ratas. Los resultados del presente estudio mostraron que los grupos de ratas que recibieron GCBE oral durante 7 días después de la inducción de GIAN (mediante una inyección intraperitoneal diaria de gentamicina durante 7 días), informaron una mejora significativa en las pruebas de función renal en comparación con los grupos del modelo GIAN. Además, hubo una mejora significativa en los marcadores de estrés oxidativo renal (malondialdehído renal, superóxido dismutasa renal) y cambios histopatológicos renales en los grupos tratados con GCBE en comparación con el grupo del modelo GIAN. Estos resultados indican que GCBE tiene un papel potencial en la mejora del daño renal involucrado en GIAN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Gentamicins/toxicity , Coffea/chemistry , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Coffee , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Kidney Function Tests , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Antioxidants/pharmacology
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1)feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385597

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Carnosine is known as a natural dipeptide, which inhibits the proliferation of tumor cells throughout its action on mitochondrial respiration and cell glycolysis. However, not much is known about its effects on the metabolism of healthy cells. We explored the effects of Karnozin EXTRA® capsule with different concentrations of L-carnosine, on the cell viability and the expressions of intermediate filament vimentin (VIM) and superoxide dismutase (SOD2) in normal fibroblasts BHK-21/C13. Furthermore, we investigated its action on the energy production of these cells. Cell viability was quantified by the MTT assay. The Clark oxygen electrode (Oxygraph, Hansatech Instruments, England) was used to measure the "intact cell respiration rate", state 3 of ADP-stimulated oxidation, maximum oxidation capacity and the activities of complexes I, II and IV. Results showed that Karnozin EXTRA® capsule in concentrations of 2 and 5 mM of L-carnosine did not induce toxic effects and morphological changes in treated cells. Our data revealed a dose-dependent immunofluorescent signal amplification of VIM and SOD2 in the BHK-21/C13 cell line. This supplement substantially increased the recorded mitochondrial respiration rates in the examined cell line. Due to the stimulation of mitochondrial energy production in normal fibroblasts, our results suggested that Karnozin EXTRA® is a potentially protective dietary supplement in the prevention of diseases with altered mitochondrial function.


RESUMEN: La carnosina se conoce como dipéptido natural, que inhibe la proliferación de células tumorales a través de su acción sobre la respiración mitocondrial y la glucólisis celular. Sin embargo, no se sabe mucho de sus efectos sobre el metabolismo de las células sanas. Exploramos los efectos de la cápsula Karnozin EXTRA® con diferentes concentraciones de L-carnosina, sobre la viabilidad celular y las expresiones de vimentina de filamento intermedio (VIM) y superóxido dismutasa (SOD2) en fibroblastos normales BHK-21 / C13. Además, estudiamos su acción sobre la producción de energía de estas células. La viabilidad celular se cuantificó mediante el ensayo MTT. Se utilizó el electrodo de oxígeno Clark (Oxygraph, Hansatech Instruments, Inglaterra) para medir la "tasa de respiración de células intactas", el estado 3 de oxidación estimulada por ADP, la capacidad máxima de oxidación y las actividades de los complejos I, II y IV. Los resultados mostraron que la cápsula de Karnozin EXTRA® en concentraciones de 2 y 5 mM de L- carnosina no indujo efectos tóxicos ni cambios morfológicos en las células tratadas. Nuestros datos revelaron una amplificación de señal inmunofluorescente dependiente de la dosis de VIM y SOD2 en la línea celular BHK-21 / C13. Este suplemento aumentó sustancialmente las tasas de respiración mitocondrial registradas en la línea celular examinada. Debido a la estimulación de la producción de energía mitocondrial en fibroblastos normales, nuestros resultados sugirieron que Karnozin EXTRA® es un suplemento dietético potencialmente protector en la prevención de enfermedades con función mitocondrial alterada.

6.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e237809, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249244

ABSTRACT

Abstract Water stress executes severe influences on the plant growth and development through modifying physio-chemical properties. Therefore, a field experiment was designed to evaluate the antioxidant status and their enhancements strategies for water stress tolerance in chickpea on loam and clay loam soils under agro-ecological conditions of Arid Zone Research Institute, Bahawalpur (29.3871 °N, 71.653 °E) and Cholistan farm near Derawer (28.19°N, 71.80°E) of Southern Punjab, Pakistan during winter 2014-15. Experimental treatments comprised of two chickpea cultivars i.e. Bhakhar 2011 (drought tolerant) and DUSHT (drought sensitive), two water stress levels i.e. water stress at flowering stage and water stress at flowering + pod formation + grain filling stage including well watered (control) and two exogenous application of osmoprotectants i.e. glycine betaine (GB) 20 ppm and proline 10 uM including distilled water (control). Results indicated that water stress at various growth stages adversely affects the growth, yield and quality attributes of both chickpea cultivars. Exogenous application of GB and proline improved the growth, yield and quality parameters of both chickpea cultivars even under water stress conditions. However, superior results were obtained with exogenously applied GB on Bhakhar 2011 under well-watered conditions. Similarly, foliar spray of GB on chickpea cultivar Bhakhar 2011 under stress at flowering + pod formation + grain filling stage produced maximum superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase contents. These results suggested that application of GB mitigates the adverse effects of water stress and enhanced tolerance in chickpea mainly due to higher antioxidant enzymes activity, demonstrating the protective measures of plant cells in stress condition. Hence, antioxidants status might be a suitable method for illustrating water stress tolerance in chickpea.


Resumo O estresse hídrico exerce fortes influências no crescimento e no desenvolvimento das plantas, modificando as propriedades físico-químicas. Portanto, a presente atividade de pesquisa foi projetada para avaliar o status antioxidante e suas estratégias de aprimoramento para tolerância ao estresse hídrico no grão-de-bico em condições agroecológicas, no Instituto de Pesquisa da Zona Árida, Bahawalpur (29.3871 ° N, 71.653 ° E) e fazenda do Cholistan, perto de Derawer (28.19 ° N, 71,80 ° E), no sul de Punjab, Paquistão, durante Rabi 2014-15. Tratamentos experimentais compostos de dois genótipos de grão-de-bico, como Bhakhar 2011 (tolerante à seca) e DUSHT (sensível à seca), dois níveis de estresse hídrico, ou seja, estresse hídrico no estágio de floração, estresse hídrico na fase de floração e estresse hídrico na fase de floração + formação de vagem + estágio de enchimento de grãos, incluindo água bem controlada (controle) e duas aplicações exógenas de osmoprotetores, isto é, glicina betaína 20 ppm e prolina 10 uM, incluindo água destilada (controle). Os resultados indicaram que o estresse hídrico em vários estágios de crescimento afeta negativamente os atributos de crescimento, rendimento e qualidade de ambas as cultivares de grão-de-bico. A aplicação exógena de glicina betaína e prolina melhorou os parâmetros de crescimento, rendimento e qualidade de ambos os genótipos de grão- de-bico, mesmo sob condições de estresse hídrico. No entanto, resultados superiores foram obtidos com glicina betaína aplicada exogenamente em Bhakhar 2011, em condições bem regadas. Além disso, o spray foliar de glicina betaína na cultivar de grão-de-bico Bhakhar 2011, sob estresse na fase de floração + formação de vagem + enchimento de grãos, produziu o máximo de superóxido dismutase, peroxidase e catalase. Esses resultados sugeriram que a aplicação de glicina betaína atenua os efeitos adversos do estresse hídrico e aumenta a tolerância no grão-de- bico, principalmente pela maior atividade de enzimas antioxidantes, demonstrando medidas protetoras das células vegetais em condições de estresse. Portanto, o status de antioxidantes pode ser um método adequado para ilustrar a tolerância ao estresse hídrico no grão-de-bico.


Subject(s)
Cicer , Pakistan , Water , Dehydration , Antioxidants
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 65: e22200702, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364476

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Boron is one of the most important micronutrients for plants. Plants may suffer from deficiency or with boron toxicity. Boron plays a role in significant physiological and biochemical events in plants such as synthesis of the cell wall, membrane integrity, antioxidation, transport of photosynthesis products to other organs of the plant. The enzyme activities of ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in three different safflower cultivars (Balcı, Dinçer and Remzibey) subjected to different boric acid concentrations (0, 5, 10, 15 mM) were measured spectrophotometrically, and the changes in the expression levels of the genes that encode these enzymes were obtained by quantitative RT-qPCR. When both the spectrophotometric measurements and the mRNA values were evaluated together, both the activity and mRNA values of APX and GR enzymes were found to be the highest in the Dinçer cultivar among the varieties treated with 15 mM boric acid, while the lowest values of these enzymes were determined in the Remzibey cultivar. According to the RT-qPCR results, the lowest SOD and CAT values were determined in Remzibey. The Dinçer cultivar was found to have the highest antioxidant capacity (APX, GR) to cope with oxidative stress caused by boric acid application at high concentrations. The sensitive Remzibey cultivar was found to have the lowest antioxidant capacity to cope with such oxidative stress. Balcı was found to be closer to Dinçer than to Remzibey in terms of boron tolerance. As a result, the boron-sensitive cultivar had low antioxidant activity.


Subject(s)
Trace Elements/administration & dosage , Boron/administration & dosage , Agricultural Cultivation , Carthamus tinctorius/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism , Trace Elements/toxicity , Boron/toxicity , Gene Expression/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Carthamus tinctorius/enzymology , Carthamus tinctorius/genetics
8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 618-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941483

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect and mechanism of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) induced by donor liver after cardiac death in rat models. Methods Rat models of orthotopic liver transplantation were established by "magnetic ring + double cuff" method. SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group (Sham group), orthotopic liver transplantation group (OLT group), NMN treatment + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN group), NMN+sirtuin-3 (Sirt3) inhibitor (3-TYP) + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN+3-TYP group), respectively. Pathological changes and hepatocyte apoptosis of the rats were observed in each group. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were determined. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in liver tissues were detected. The expression levels of Sirt3, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)Ⅱ, PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), Parkin and translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane 20 (TOMM20) in liver tissues were measured. Postoperative survival of the rats in each group was analyzed. Results Compared with the Sham group, serum ALT and AST levels were higher in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the levels of ALT and AST were decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the levels of ALT and AST were increased in the NMN +3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). The liver tissue structure of rats in the Sham group was basically normal. In the OLT group, pathological changes, such as evident congestion, vacuolar degeneration and hepatocyte necrosis, were observed in the liver tissues. Compared with the Sham group, Suzuki score and apoptosis rate were higher in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN group were lower than those in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN+3-TYP group were higher compared with those in the NMN group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the SOD content was increased, whereas the MDA content was decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3 and TOMM20 proteins were down-regulated, whereas those of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3, PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was down-regulated in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the relative expression levels of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were down-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was up-regulated in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). In the Sham group, the 7 d survival rate of rats was 100%, 50% in the OLT group, 75% in the NMN group and 58% in the NMN+3-TYP group, respectively. Conclusions NMN may enhance the antioxidative capacity of the liver, induce PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitochondrial autophagy, and alleviate IRI of the liver by up-regulating Sirt3, thereby playing a protective role in the donor liver after cardiac death.

9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 769-779, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351662

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In this study, patients before and after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and control subjects were evaluated for erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase enzyme activities, in addition to glutathione, malondialdehyde, serum total sialic acid, lipid-bound sialic acid, total antioxidant status, trace elements and mineral levels. The correlation of these variables with coronary artery disease (CAD) was also assessed. Methods: A total of 30 CAD patients and 30 control subjects were included in the study. CAD patients were divided into three groups: before surgery (BS), first day after surgery (1st day AS) and seventh day after surgery (7th day AS). Results: Malondialdehyde (MDA) and total sialic acid (TSA) levels were significantly higher in CAD (BS) than in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.05). In addition, GSH and TAS levels were significantly lower in the 1st day AS group than in the control group (P<0.001, P<0.01). Moreover, Co, Cu, Mg, Se, V and Zn levels were significantly lower in CAD (BS) group than in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.05, P<0.001). Conclusions: It was concluded that the levels of LDL-C, total cholesterol, triglycerides and CRP significantly associated with parameters, as well as Cu, Ca and SOD activity, should be measured together to monitor CAD. It is also considered that measuring TSA and MDA might be an appropriate choice for biomarkers of CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Superoxide Dismutase , Trace Elements , Coronary Artery Bypass , Oxidative Stress , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Malondialdehyde , Antioxidants
10.
Clinics ; 76: e2226, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy and volume-modulated arc therapy have become the main treatments for esophageal carcinoma; however, side effects caused by radiotherapy greatly impact the quality of life in these patients. This study aimed to explore the impact of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels on the prognosis of patients with ESCC undergoing radiotherapy. METHODS: Patients aged between 18 and 80 years with lower-middle ESCC who underwent radiotherapy were eligible for this assessment. Adverse events, responses, treatment outcomes, and overall survival (OS) were assessed. Between 2012 and 2014, 195 patients were enrolled, of which 65 were assigned to the low- and high-SOD groups based on their serum SOD values. RESULTS: The baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups, except for the T staging. Adverse events in the low-SOD group were significantly higher than those in the high-SOD group (radiation esophagitis, p=0.007; radiation pneumonitis, p=0.032; leukopenia, p=0.023; thrombocytopenia, p=0.037; anemia, p=0.041). There were no significant differences in response, treatment outcomes, or OS. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, high serum SOD activity improved post-radiotherapy quality of life but did not impact the prognosis of patients with ESCC. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to report that serum SOD activity is associated with radiation-induced toxicity and moderately increased radiotherapeutic response in patients with ESCC undergoing radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Esophageal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/radiotherapy , Prognosis , Quality of Life , Superoxide Dismutase , China , Chemoradiotherapy
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1767-1788, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888834

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is a cerebrovascular disease normally caused by interrupted blood supply to the brain. Ischemia would initiate the cascade reaction consisted of multiple biochemical events in the damaged areas of the brain, where the ischemic cascade eventually leads to cell death and brain infarction. Extensive researches focusing on different stages of the cascade reaction have been conducted with the aim of curing ischemic stroke. However, traditional treatment methods based on antithrombotic therapy and neuroprotective therapy are greatly limited for their poor safety and treatment efficacy. Nanomedicine provides new possibilities for treating stroke as they could improve the pharmacokinetic behavior of drugs

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922252

ABSTRACT

To construct a hypobaric hypoxia-induced cell injury model. Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells were randomly divided into control group, normobaric hypoxia group and hypobaric hypoxia group. The cells in control group were cultured at normal condition, while cells in other two groups were cultured in normobaric hypoxia and hypobaric hypoxia conditions, respectively. CCK-8 method was used to detect cell viability to determine the optimal modeling conditions like the oxygen concentration, atmospheric pressure and low-pressure hypoxia time. The contents of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected by microplate method. The apoptosis ratio and cell cycle were analyzed by flow cytometry. The hypobaric hypoxia-induced cell injury model can be established by culturing for 24 h at 1% oxygen concentration and 41 kPa atmospheric pressure. Compared with the control group and normobaric hypoxia group, the activity of LDH and the content of MDA in hypobaric hypoxia group were significantly increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the percentage of apoptosis was increased (all <0.05), and the cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase. A stable and reliable cell injury model induced by hypobaric hypoxia has been established with PC12 cells, which provides a suitable cell model for the experimental study on nerve injury induced by hypoxia at high altitude.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Hypoxia , Hypoxia , Malondialdehyde , PC12 Cells , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06722, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1180873

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the effects of injectable trace minerals (ITM) on antioxidant and immune response, resistance to endoparasites, health and growth of newborn Boer kids. Forty-six Boer kids [24 males and 22 females; 3.94±1.03kg of body weight (BW); 6.2±2.4 d of age] were enrolled in the study. Kids were stratified by type of birth (twins or singlet), sex, and BW and assigned to 1 of 2 treatments: one subcutaneous injection (0.1mL/4.5kg of BW) of (1) saline solution or (2) ITM (60, 10, 5, and 15mg/mL of Zn, Mn, Se and Cu, respectively). Blood samples were collected on d 0, 7, 14, 28 and 56. Feces samples were collected on d 56 and BW on d 0, 28 and 56. Kids were checked daily for signs of diarrhea. ITM kids had greater (P<0.01) plasma concentration of superoxide dismutase and tended (P=0.06) to have greater plasma concentration of glutathione peroxidase. ITM kids had greater (P=0.05) concentration of eosinophils, but no differences (P≥0.11) were observed for other hemogram variables. The ITM application did not affect (P≥0.11) the EPG count. However, ITM kids had less (P=0.02) cumulative incidence of diarhea until d 42 (3.85 vs. 25.93±6.8% for ITM vs. Saline kids, respectively) but no differences (P>0.10) were observed after d 42. The ITM application did not affect (P≥0.40) the growth of kids (0.071 vs. 0.065±0.005kg/day for ITM vs. Saline kids, respectively). Thus, the ITM application, increased the plasma concentration of antioxidant enzymes and eosinophils, decreased the incidence of diarrhea only in the middle of the experiment, but did not affected the EPG count and growth of Boer kids.(AU)


Este estudo avaliou os efeitos de microminerais injetáveis (ITM) na resposta antioxidante e imune, resistência a endoparasitas, saúde e crescimento de cabritos Boer recém-nascidos. Quarenta e seis cabritos [24 fêmeas e 22 machos; 3,94±1,03kg de peso corporal (PC); 6,2±2,4 dias de idade] foram incluídos no estudo. Os animais foram estratificados por tipo de nascimento (gêmeos ou singular), sexo e peso ao nascimento (PN) e atribuídas a 1 de 2 tratamentos. Uma injeção subcutânea (0,1ml/4,5 de PC de (1) Solução salina ou (2) ITM (60,10,5 e 15mg/ml de Zn, Mn, Se e Cu, respectivamente). As amostras de sangue foram coletadas nos dias 0, 7, 14, 28 e 56. As amostras de fezes foram coletadas no dia 56 e PC nos dias 0, 28 e 56. Os recém-nascidos foram verificados diariamente quanto a sinais de diarreia. Os cabritos ITM apresentaram maior (P<0.01) concentração de superóxido desmutase no plasma e tenderam (P=0,06) a ter maior concentração de glutationa peroxidase no plasma. Os animais ITM apresentaram maior (P=0,05) concentração de eosinófilos, mas não foram observadas diferenças (P≥0.11) para outras variáveis do hemograma. A aplicação de ITM não afetou (P≥0.11) a contagem de EPG. No entanto, os cabritos ITM apresentaram menor incidência cumulativa de diarreia (P=0,02) ate d 42 (3,85 vs. 25,93±6,8% para animais ITM vs. animais salina, respectivamente), mas nenhuma diferença (P>0.10) foi observada após d 42. A aplicação do ITM não afetou (P≥0.40) o crescimento dos animais (0.071 vs. 0.065±0.005kg/dia para ITM vs. Salina, respectivamente). Assim, a aplicação do ITM aumentou a concentração plasmática de enzimas antioxidantes e eosinófilos, diminuiu a incidência de diarreia somente na metade do experimento, mas não afetou a contagem de OPG e crescimento de cabritos Boer recém-nascidos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Infant, Newborn , Superoxide Dismutase , Goats/immunology , Enzymes , Glutathione Peroxidase , Injections , Antioxidants , Body Weight , Parturition , Diarrhea
14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 692-696, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene Val16Ala polymorphism and the susceptibility to prostate cancer.Methods:All literatures related to MnSOD gene polymorphism and susceptibility to prostate cancer were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, China Knowledge Network and Wanfang databases. The retrieval time was from the database establishment to September 19, 2018. Literature screening and data extraction were independently done by 2 investigators, and Meta-analysis was performed by using Stata 12.0 software.Results:A total of 17 studies were included in the final analysis, including 7 101 prostate cancer cases and 9 146 healthy controls (people working at hospital and the ordinary people). The results of Meta-analysis showed that MnSOD gene Val16Ala polymorphism was not associated with susceptibility to prostate cancer under the homozygous model ( OR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.02-1.23, P = 0.435), heterozygous model ( OR = 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.24, P = 0.765), dominant model ( OR = 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.23, P = 0.552) and allele comparison model ( OR = 1.07, 95% CI 1.02-1.12, P = 0.106). Conclusion:There may not be the relationship between MnSOD gene Val16Ala polymorphism and the susceptibility to prostate cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) overexpression on hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to hippocampal neurons of mice exposed to high glucose and its relationship with SOD2.Methods:The normally cultured HT22 neurons at the logarithmic phase were selected and divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: high-glucose normoxia group (HG group), high glucose+ H/R group (HHR group) and high glucose+ H/R+ SIRT3 overexpression group (HHR+ SIRT3 group). To establish high glucose model, the neurons in 3 groups were cultured in high-glucose culture medium (glucose concentration of 50 mmol/L) for 8 h. In HHR and HHR+ SIRT3 groups, the cells were exposed to glucose-free and hypoxia for 6 h and then cultured in the high-glucose normoxic environment for 24 h to establish the high glucose and HR injury model.In HHR+ SIRT3 group, the neurons were transfected with SIRT3 overexpressed lentivirus.The cell viability was recorded by the cell counting kit-8 assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) content was detected by flow cytometry, mitochondrial malonaldehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, catalase (CAT) activity and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were determined by colorimetry, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was detected by JC-1 probe, and the expression of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1), mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), SIRT3, SOD2 and acetylated SOD2 (ac-SOD2) was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with HG group, cell viability, SOD activity, CAT activity, ATP content, MMP, NRF1 and the expression of TFAM and SIRT3 were significantly decreased, and ROS content, MDA content and ac-SOD2/SOD2 ratio were increased in group HHR and group HHR+ SIRT3 ( P<0.05). Compared with HHR group, cell viability, SOD activity, CAT activity, ATP content, MMP, NRF1 and the expression of TFAM and SIRT3 were significantly increased, and ROS content, MDA content and ac-SOD2 /SOD2 ratio were decreased in HHR+ SIRT3 group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:SIRT3 overexpression can alleviate hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to hippocampal neurons of mice incubated in high glucose medium, and the mechanism is related to activation of SOD2 deacetylation.

16.
Annals of Dentistry ; : 40-46, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906573

ABSTRACT

@#The ovaries represent the female reproductive organs that determine the women's fertility status and their systemic and oral health, correlating to sex steroid hormone alteration. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cassava leaves extract treatment to SOD expression in the animal model-ovaries after Porphyromonas gingivalis injection. 15 female Sprague Dawley rats were used and divided into five groups: (1) control without cassava leaves extract treatment (C); (2) P. gingivalis without cassava leaves extract treatment (T1); (3) P. gingivalis and cassava leaves extract (T2); (4) P. gingivalis and vitamin C (T3); and (5) P. gingivalis and metronidazole (T4). Animal were euthanised at day seven after the initial treatment to collect ovaries. The ovaries sections were immunohistochemically stained to quantify SOD expression using light microscope while the Image J software was used to quantify the SOD expression. The results showed that all of the follicle types had the same intensity of SOD expression. Most of the follicles exhibited low intensity of SOD expression, except for atretic follicles. In conclusion, P. gingivalis and cassava leaves extract influenced SOD expression in the ovaries of animal models, which increased the SOD expression.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of Kaixinsan in improving cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD) model rats based on the epichlorohydrin associated protein-1 (Keap-1)/nuclear factor E2 related factor (Nrf2)/manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) signaling pathway. Method:The AD model was established by injecting Amyloid <italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub> (A<italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub>, 5 μL) into the lateral ventricle. After modeling, the experimental rats were randomly divided into model group, donepezil group, and Kaixinsan low dose, medium dose and high dose groups. Another normal control group was also established. The donepezil group received donepezil tablets (1.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), Kaixinsan low dose, medium dose and high dose groups received corresponding doses of Kaixinsan (10, 20, 40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>, respectively), and the normal control group and model group were given with equal volume of pure water. Morris water maze was used to test the learning and memory ability of rats. The pathological morphology of hippocampal CA3 area was observed by Nissl staining. The expression levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in serum were detected by colorimetry, and the protein expression levels of Keap-1, Nrf2 and MnSOD in hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western bolt. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the escape latency, total swimming distance and first arrival time of the plateau in the model group increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the times of crossing the plateau and the time in target quadrant decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the rats in donepezil group and Kaixinsan groups showed less latency, lower total swimming distance and first arrival time on the platform (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while the times of crossing the platform and time in target quadrant increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the normal control group, the expression levels of MPO and iNOS in serum of the model group increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the expression levels of SOD decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, the expression of MPO and iNOS in serum of donepezil group and Kaixinsan groups decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while the expression of SOD increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). In the normal control group, the neurons in the hippocampal CA3 of the rats were arranged neatly, without obvious Nissl body shrinkage. The neurons in the CA3 of the hippocampus of the model group were not arranged neatly, with obvious neuron loss and pyknosis of Nissl body. The neurons in the CA3 of the hippocampus of the rats in the donepezil group and Kaixinsan groups were arranged neatly, with increased number of neurons and decreased Nissl body shrinkage. Compared with the normal control group, the integrated optical density (<italic>IA</italic>) and protein level of Keap-1 in the hippocampus of the model group decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the <italic>IA</italic> and protein level of Nrf2 and MnSOD increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, <italic>IA</italic> and protein levels of Keap-1 and MnSOD in hippocampus of rats in donepezil group and Kaixinsan groups increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while <italic>IA</italic> and protein levels of Nrf2 decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Kaixinsan could alleviate memory impairment in AD rats, and its mechanism may be related to its regulation of Keap-1/Nrf2/MnSOD signaling pathway.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the protective effect of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction on acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model rats and explore its mechanism, so as to provide experimental basis for clinical drug use. Method:The 60 SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: group, model group, high, middle and low dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction and omeprazole control group. The rat model of gastric ulcer was induced by acetic acid. The rats in the high, middle and low dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction were intragastrically administered at the dose of 28,14,7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>, and with omeprazole at the dose of 4.17 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>in normal saline, respectively. The rats in the blank group and model group were intragastrically infused with the same volume of normal saline once a day. After 14 days of continuous treatment, the rats were killed, the blood was collected, the area and inhibition rate of gastric ulcer were measured and calculated, the histopathological sections of gastric mucosa were made and the state of gastric mucosal injury was observed, and the changes of gastric mucosal repair factor, gastric tissue related protein, oxidative stress factor and inflammatory factor in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Detected the expression of p62 Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-related protein 1 (Keap1), nuclear transcription factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signal pathway-related proteins in gastric mucosa by Western blot. Result:Compared with control group, the gastric mucosa of the model group showed obvious pathological changes and a large number of leukocytes infiltrated. In model group, the ulcer area was significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the contents of mucin mucoprotein 5AC (MUC5AC), epidermal growth factor (EGF), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and increased prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> (PGE<sub>2</sub>) were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the gastrin (GAS), 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were significantly increased. The expression of HO-1 and Nrf2 protein decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the content of Keap1 increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the expression of p62 protein decreased. Compared with model group, the hierarchical structure of cells in Xiangsha Yuyang decoction high dose group and omeprazole group were clearer and regular, middle and low dose groups could also repair gastric mucosa to a certain extent. The high and middle dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction could significantly reduce the gastric ulcer area of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer rat model (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increase the ulcer inhibition rate. It can effectively promote the expression of MUC5AC and EGF in gastric mucosa, decrease the level of GAS(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), decrease the level of 8-OHdG and MDA, increase the activity of SOD(<italic>P</italic><0.01), decrease the expression level of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and COX-2, increase the content of PGE<sub>2</sub>, and significantly increase the amount of Nrf2 and HO-1 protein in gastric mucosa(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The high dose group of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction could decrease the protein expression of Keap1(<italic>P</italic><0.05) and increase the expression of p62 protein. Conclusion:Xiangsha Yuyang decoction is effective in the treatment of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model rats, which can effectively reduce the ulcer area, increase the ulcer inhibition rate and protect the ulcer tissue. Its mechanism may be related to activating p62/Keap1/Nrf2 signal pathway and regulating the expression of related genes so as to improve inflammatory response and regulate oxidative stress response.

19.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 571-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886786

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of mild hypothermia on the renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), and the expression profile of RNA-binding motif protein 3(RBM3) and its downstream effector molecules during this process. Methods Eighteen healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group, IRI group and mild hypothermia pretreat (MHP) group, with 6 rats in each group. Serum creatinine level was measured to evaluate the renal function. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to assess the renal tissue injury. Western blot was used to determine the relative expression levels of RBM3, Yes-associated protein 1(YAP1), nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2), B cell-lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in the kidney tissues. Immunohistochemical staining was employed to further detect the expression levels of RBM3 and YAP1 proteins. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was adopted to detect the cell apoptosis of kidney tissues. Malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were evaluated to determine the oxidative stress level of kidney tissues. Results Compared with the NC group, the serum creatinine level, the pathological injury score of kidney tissues and the expression levels of RBM3, YAP1 and Nrf2 proteins were significantly up-regulated, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was considerably lower, the apoptosis rate was remarkably elevated, the MDA content was significantly increased and the SOD activity was dramatically reduced in the IRI and MHP groups (all P < 0.05). Compared with the IRI group, the serum creatinine level and the pathological injury score of kidney tissues were significantly decreased, the expression levels of RBM3, YAP1 and Nrf2 proteins were significantly up-regulated, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was considerably higher, the apoptosis rate was significantly decreased, the MDA content was significantly decreased and the SOD activity was considerably elevated in the MHP group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Mild hypothermia may exert protective effect upon renal IRI and it could alleviate cell apoptosis and oxidative stress injury induced by IRI, probably by up-regulating the expression level of RBM3 and its downstream effector molecules of YAP1 and Nrf2.

20.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 436-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881528

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the protective effect of sevoflurane preconditioning on lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and its influence on the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88)/nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway. Methods Forty healthy adult SD rats were randomly divided into the control group (Sham group), lung IRI model group (LIRI group), sevoflurane group (Sev group) and TLR4 inhibitor TAK-242 combined with sevoflurane group (TAK+Sev group), 10 rats in each group. The pathological changes of lung tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and the pathological injury score was graded. The cell apoptosis of lung tissues was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick- end labeling (TUNEL) and the apoptosis rate was calculated. The wet-to-dry (W/D) ratio of lung tissues was measured to determine the water content of lung tissues. The levels of oxidative stress-related parameters in the lung tissues and inflammatory factors in both the lung tissues and serum were detected. The expression levels of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway-associated proteins in the lung tissues were determined by Western blot. Results Compared with the Sham group, the pathological injury score, W/D ratio, cell apoptosis rate, malondialdehyde (MDA) level, inflammatory factor level and the relative expression levels of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 proteins in the lung tissues were significantly increased, whereas the superoxide dismutase (SOD) level and the relative expression level of NF-κB inhibitory protein α(IκBα) were significantly decreased in the LIRI and Sev groups (all P < 0.05). Compared with the LIRI group, the pathological injury score, W/D ratio, cell apoptosis rate, MDA level, inflammatory factor level and the relative expression levels of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 proteins were significantly decreased, whereas the SOD level and the relative expression level of IκBα were significantly increased in the Sev and TAK+Sev groups (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sev group, the pathological injury score, W/D ratio, cell apoptosis rate, MDA level, inflammatory factor level and the relative expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB p65 proteins were significantly decreased, while the relative expression level of IκBα was significantly increased in the TAK+Sev group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Sevoflurane preconditioning may inhibit the activation of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway and suppress inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress, thereby effectively mitigating the lung IRI.

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