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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 163-169, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011455

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical efficacy of Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) with Qi deficiency and its effects on TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) levels. MethodA total of 200 patients with CFS of Qi deficiency were randomly divided into a control group (100 cases) and an observation group (100 cases). The control group was treated with vitamin B compounds, and the observation group was treated with Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture for two weeks. The scores of TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, levels of serum SOD, MDA, and ox-LDL and the incidence of adverse reactions were observed and compared before and after treatment in two groups. ResultAfter treatment, the total effective rate of the control group was 54.34% (50/92), while that of the observation group was 88.54% (85/96). The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (χ2=27.13,P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, scores of fatigue self-assessment scale (FSAS), physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, scores of FSAS, physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, MDA levels in the two groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05), ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and SOD levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). After treatment, compared with those in the control group, the serum MDA and ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the serum SOD was significantly increased (P<0.05). No serious adverse events or adverse reactions occurred during this clinical trial. ConclusionHuangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture has a good clinical curative effect in the treatment of CFS with Qi deficiency, which can effectively improve the fatigue symptoms of patients, increase the level of SOD, and reduce the level of serum MDA and ox-LDL. It is related to the production of antioxidants, inhibiting the production of lipid peroxides, and improving the body's ability to resist oxidative stress.

2.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2023 Mar; 61(3): 175-184
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222584

ABSTRACT

Loboob as a traditional drug in Iranis known for its beneficial effects on busulfan-induced oligospermia. In this experimental study, protective effects of loboob (a Persian traditional remedy) on sexual hormones, antioxidant levels and stereological changes of testis tissue were evaluated in an oligospermia rat model induced by busulfan. Fifty male rats were randomly divided into five different groups: control, received no treatments; and the other groups administrated with a single dose of busulfan (10 mg/kg body weight). After 30 days, these groups were treated with 0, 35, 70 or 140 mg/kg/day of loboob for 60 days. Blood samples were collected for hormone and antioxidant enzyme assays. Unbiased stereology was performed on testis tissues to evaluate the volume of different parts of the testis and the number of various testis cells. Data indicated that FSH, LH and MDA were increased, and testosterone, catalase, SOD were decreased in the busulfan group, while treatment with loboob at 70 and 140 mg/kg significantly improved these parameters (P <0.05). Treatment with 70 and 140 mg/kg of loboob ameliorated the germinal epithelium volume, types A and B spermatogonia, spermatocytes, elongated and round spermatids, and Sertoli cells in the seminiferous tubules (P <0.05). High concentration of loboob also improved testis weight and volume, and leydig cell number (P <0.05). Thus, loboob is more effective for the recovery of seminiferous tubules and their cells than for the interstitial tissue. Loboob with various antioxidants, minerals and vitamins could overcome the side effects of busulfan.

3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 602-616, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982403

ABSTRACT

Blueberries are rich in phenolic compounds including anthocyanins which are closely related to biological health functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of blueberry anthocyanins extracted from 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberries in mice. After one week of adaptation, C57BL/6J healthy male mice were divided into different groups that were administered with 100, 400, or 800 mg/kg blueberry anthocyanin extract (BAE), and sacrificed at different time points (0.1, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, or 12 h). The plasma, eyeball, intestine, liver, and adipose tissues were collected to compare their antioxidant activity, including total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-PX/GPX) content, and the oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde (MDA) level. The results showed that blueberry anthocyanins had positive concentration-dependent antioxidant activity in vivo. The greater the concentration of BAE, the higher the T-AOC value, but the lower the MDA level. The enzyme activity of SOD, the content of GSH-PX, and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of Cu,Zn-SOD, Mn-SOD, and GPX all confirmed that BAE played an antioxidant role after digestion in mice by improving their antioxidant defense. The in vivo antioxidant activity of BAE indicated that blueberry anthocyanins could be developed into functional foods or nutraceuticals with the aim of preventing or treating oxidative stress-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Blueberry Plants , Anthocyanins/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Superoxide Dismutase , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase-1
4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 618-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941483

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect and mechanism of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) induced by donor liver after cardiac death in rat models. Methods Rat models of orthotopic liver transplantation were established by "magnetic ring + double cuff" method. SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group (Sham group), orthotopic liver transplantation group (OLT group), NMN treatment + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN group), NMN+sirtuin-3 (Sirt3) inhibitor (3-TYP) + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN+3-TYP group), respectively. Pathological changes and hepatocyte apoptosis of the rats were observed in each group. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were determined. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in liver tissues were detected. The expression levels of Sirt3, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)Ⅱ, PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), Parkin and translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane 20 (TOMM20) in liver tissues were measured. Postoperative survival of the rats in each group was analyzed. Results Compared with the Sham group, serum ALT and AST levels were higher in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the levels of ALT and AST were decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the levels of ALT and AST were increased in the NMN +3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). The liver tissue structure of rats in the Sham group was basically normal. In the OLT group, pathological changes, such as evident congestion, vacuolar degeneration and hepatocyte necrosis, were observed in the liver tissues. Compared with the Sham group, Suzuki score and apoptosis rate were higher in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN group were lower than those in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN+3-TYP group were higher compared with those in the NMN group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the SOD content was increased, whereas the MDA content was decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3 and TOMM20 proteins were down-regulated, whereas those of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3, PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was down-regulated in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the relative expression levels of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were down-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was up-regulated in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). In the Sham group, the 7 d survival rate of rats was 100%, 50% in the OLT group, 75% in the NMN group and 58% in the NMN+3-TYP group, respectively. Conclusions NMN may enhance the antioxidative capacity of the liver, induce PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitochondrial autophagy, and alleviate IRI of the liver by up-regulating Sirt3, thereby playing a protective role in the donor liver after cardiac death.

5.
Annals of Dentistry ; : 40-46, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906573

ABSTRACT

@#The ovaries represent the female reproductive organs that determine the women's fertility status and their systemic and oral health, correlating to sex steroid hormone alteration. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cassava leaves extract treatment to SOD expression in the animal model-ovaries after Porphyromonas gingivalis injection. 15 female Sprague Dawley rats were used and divided into five groups: (1) control without cassava leaves extract treatment (C); (2) P. gingivalis without cassava leaves extract treatment (T1); (3) P. gingivalis and cassava leaves extract (T2); (4) P. gingivalis and vitamin C (T3); and (5) P. gingivalis and metronidazole (T4). Animal were euthanised at day seven after the initial treatment to collect ovaries. The ovaries sections were immunohistochemically stained to quantify SOD expression using light microscope while the Image J software was used to quantify the SOD expression. The results showed that all of the follicle types had the same intensity of SOD expression. Most of the follicles exhibited low intensity of SOD expression, except for atretic follicles. In conclusion, P. gingivalis and cassava leaves extract influenced SOD expression in the ovaries of animal models, which increased the SOD expression.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 56-63, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the protective effect of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction on acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model rats and explore its mechanism, so as to provide experimental basis for clinical drug use. Method:The 60 SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: group, model group, high, middle and low dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction and omeprazole control group. The rat model of gastric ulcer was induced by acetic acid. The rats in the high, middle and low dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction were intragastrically administered at the dose of 28,14,7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>, and with omeprazole at the dose of 4.17 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>in normal saline, respectively. The rats in the blank group and model group were intragastrically infused with the same volume of normal saline once a day. After 14 days of continuous treatment, the rats were killed, the blood was collected, the area and inhibition rate of gastric ulcer were measured and calculated, the histopathological sections of gastric mucosa were made and the state of gastric mucosal injury was observed, and the changes of gastric mucosal repair factor, gastric tissue related protein, oxidative stress factor and inflammatory factor in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Detected the expression of p62 Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-related protein 1 (Keap1), nuclear transcription factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signal pathway-related proteins in gastric mucosa by Western blot. Result:Compared with control group, the gastric mucosa of the model group showed obvious pathological changes and a large number of leukocytes infiltrated. In model group, the ulcer area was significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the contents of mucin mucoprotein 5AC (MUC5AC), epidermal growth factor (EGF), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and increased prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> (PGE<sub>2</sub>) were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the gastrin (GAS), 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were significantly increased. The expression of HO-1 and Nrf2 protein decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the content of Keap1 increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the expression of p62 protein decreased. Compared with model group, the hierarchical structure of cells in Xiangsha Yuyang decoction high dose group and omeprazole group were clearer and regular, middle and low dose groups could also repair gastric mucosa to a certain extent. The high and middle dose groups of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction could significantly reduce the gastric ulcer area of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer rat model (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increase the ulcer inhibition rate. It can effectively promote the expression of MUC5AC and EGF in gastric mucosa, decrease the level of GAS(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), decrease the level of 8-OHdG and MDA, increase the activity of SOD(<italic>P</italic><0.01), decrease the expression level of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and COX-2, increase the content of PGE<sub>2</sub>, and significantly increase the amount of Nrf2 and HO-1 protein in gastric mucosa(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The high dose group of Xiangsha Yuyang decoction could decrease the protein expression of Keap1(<italic>P</italic><0.05) and increase the expression of p62 protein. Conclusion:Xiangsha Yuyang decoction is effective in the treatment of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model rats, which can effectively reduce the ulcer area, increase the ulcer inhibition rate and protect the ulcer tissue. Its mechanism may be related to activating p62/Keap1/Nrf2 signal pathway and regulating the expression of related genes so as to improve inflammatory response and regulate oxidative stress response.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 571-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886786

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of mild hypothermia on the renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), and the expression profile of RNA-binding motif protein 3(RBM3) and its downstream effector molecules during this process. Methods Eighteen healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group, IRI group and mild hypothermia pretreat (MHP) group, with 6 rats in each group. Serum creatinine level was measured to evaluate the renal function. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to assess the renal tissue injury. Western blot was used to determine the relative expression levels of RBM3, Yes-associated protein 1(YAP1), nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2), B cell-lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in the kidney tissues. Immunohistochemical staining was employed to further detect the expression levels of RBM3 and YAP1 proteins. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was adopted to detect the cell apoptosis of kidney tissues. Malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were evaluated to determine the oxidative stress level of kidney tissues. Results Compared with the NC group, the serum creatinine level, the pathological injury score of kidney tissues and the expression levels of RBM3, YAP1 and Nrf2 proteins were significantly up-regulated, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was considerably lower, the apoptosis rate was remarkably elevated, the MDA content was significantly increased and the SOD activity was dramatically reduced in the IRI and MHP groups (all P < 0.05). Compared with the IRI group, the serum creatinine level and the pathological injury score of kidney tissues were significantly decreased, the expression levels of RBM3, YAP1 and Nrf2 proteins were significantly up-regulated, the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was considerably higher, the apoptosis rate was significantly decreased, the MDA content was significantly decreased and the SOD activity was considerably elevated in the MHP group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Mild hypothermia may exert protective effect upon renal IRI and it could alleviate cell apoptosis and oxidative stress injury induced by IRI, probably by up-regulating the expression level of RBM3 and its downstream effector molecules of YAP1 and Nrf2.

8.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 115-117,121, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663431

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of serum superoxide dismutase(SOD),high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP)and myocardial injury markers in acute coronary syndrome(ACS)and evaluate their relationship and diagnostic values.Methods Case control study was conducted.This study enrolled 64 ACS patients and 50 non-ACS patients from the 181st Hospital of Chinese PLA in 2015.Serum SOD,hsCRP were tested and myocardial injury markers such as cardiac tro-ponin I(cTnI),creatin kinase MB(CK-MB)were also tested.Student t test and Pearson test were used as statistical meth-ods.Results Compared with control group,SOD of ACS group were significant lower(t=4.136,P<0.001)and hsCRP, Mb,cTnI,CK and CK-MB were significant higher(t=-5.396,-3.495,-5.578,-4.655 and -4.614,all P<0.001). The area under ROC curve of SOD,hsCRP,MYO,cTnI,CK and CK-MB was 0.713,0.758,0.699,0.879,0.841 and 0.802 respectively.After pearman test,the serum SOD were correlated to hsCRP,total cholesterol(TC)and low density lipopro-tein(LDL-C)(r=-0.493,0.548 and 0.404,all P<0.01).Serum hsCRP was correlated to cTnI,triglyceride(TG)and SOD(r=0.671,-0.417 and -0.493,all P<0.01).Conclusion cTnI was positively correlated to hsCRP and markers of myocardial injury.hsCRP was negatively correlated with SOD.It implicated that oxidative stress,inflammatory response and serum lipid deposition may act an important role in the occurrence and development of ACS.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 441-446, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492494

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of curcumin (Cur)on AngⅡ-induced proliferation and oxidative stress of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs).Methods Primary rat VSMCs were cultured and divided into control group,AngⅡ group,AngⅡ+Cur 5μmol/L group,AngⅡ+Cur 10μmol/L group,AngⅡ+Cur 20μmol/L group,and Cur 20μmol/L group.The proliferation of AngⅡ-induced VSMCs was measured by MTT assay.The mRNA and protein expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)and p47phox were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot.Nitric oxide (NO)production was measured by Griess reaction.Production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS)was measured by DCFH-DA staining,and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD)and glutathione peroxidase (Gpx)were detected by xanthine oxidase assay and visible spectrophotometer. small interfering RNA (siRNA)was used to silence the expression of p47phox to further explore the mechanism for Cur inhibiting the proliferation of AngⅡ-induced VSMCs and oxidative stress.Results VSMCs activities were not significantly affected by Cur at the concentration between 0 and 80μmol/L.Cur (5,10 and 20μmol/L)significantly inhibited AngⅡ-induced proliferation of VSMCs.Cur had an inhibitory effect on the overexpression of NO,iNOS, p47phox and ROS in VSMCs and upregulated the activities of SOD and Gpx in a concentration-dependent manner. AngⅡ-induced ROS production in VSMCs was significantly attenuated by pretreatment with p47phox specific siRNA.Conclusion Cur can inhibit the proliferation and oxidative stress of AngⅡ-induced VSMCs.

10.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 834-839, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To chemically modify superoxide dismutase (SOD) with 6-O-quaternized chitosan. METHODS: 2, 3- Epoxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride was grafted to reactive C6-OH of chitosan to obtain O-(2-hydroxyl) propyl-3-trimethyl ammonium chitosan chloride (O-HTCC). O-HTCC was covalently coupled to SOD via EDC/NHS-mediated reaction, followed by purification on DEAE Sepharose fast flow column. The conjugates were analyzed by SDS-PAGE, HPLC, and circular dichroism. The enzyme activity of the conjugates was determined using pyrogallol autoxidation assay. RESULTS: SOD was successfully modified by O-HTCC at an efficiency of 90%. The homogeneous conjugates showed similar secondary structure and retained 81.1% of enzyme activity compared with native SOD. CONCLUSION: SOD can be efficiently modified by O-HTCC to prepare O-HTCC-SOD conjugates with high activity retention rate.

11.
Br J Med Med Res ; 2014 May; 4(15): 2955-2968
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-175229

ABSTRACT

Copper is widely used in industry. It has been associated with several health hazards among exposed workers. Aim: to measure the indicators of oxidative stress as malondialdehyde level and superoxide dismutase enzyme activity and their association with copper and arsenic levels among copper smel=ter workers. Subjective and methods: This study was conducted on forty workers in a secondary copper smelting factory, who were occupationally exposed to copper. They were compared with forty non-exposed individuals. Full history, clinical examinations were done. Serum copper, serum arsenic, urinary arsenic, malondialdehyde and superoxide dismutase were measured. Environmental measurements of copper and arsenic dusts were carried out at different workplace areas. Results: Environmental measurements in the workplace were within the normal permissible limits in Egypt. Statistically significant differences were found between exposed and control as regards the prevalence of the respiratory and neurological symptoms. Compared to the control group, serum copper, serum arsenic, urinary arsenic and malondialdehyde blood levels were significantly higher among the exposed worker (P<0.01). Each one was positively correlated with the duration of employment. Superoxide dismutase activities in blood were significantly decreased and negatively correlated with the duration of employment. Conclusion: The disruption of hemostasis induced by oxidative stress may promote the development of health hazards with continued occupational exposure to copper fumes. Recommendation: Blood levels of malondialdehyde and superoxide dismutase enzyme activity can be used as indicators of oxidative stress among exposed workers.

12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-155206

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Oxidative stress contributes to severity of ulcerative colitis (UC) but the status of erythrocyte antioxidant defence remains unknown. The present study was aimed to study the role of oxidative stress and antioxidant levels in erythrocytes of UC patients from north India. Methods: A total of 81 adult UC patients and 85 age and sex matched apparently healthy controls were included in this study. Levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO), reduced glutathione (GSH), catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured in erythrocytes. Results: Mean age of UC patients was 43.5 yr (range 18-64 yr) while in the control group this was 45.3 yr (range 20-64 yr). LPO, catalase and SOD levels in UC patients were significantly increased (P<0.05) compared to healthy controls, while GSH levels in UC patients were significantly decreased (P<0.05) compared to healthy controls Ulcerative colitis activity score (UCAI) was 157.4±27.6 in UC patients. Interpretation & conclusions: Increased levels of LPO, SOD, catalase and a decreased level of GSH represent that oxidative stress plays a significant role in pathophysiology of UC. Further, the levels of LPO, GSH, catalase and SOD remained same during different UCAI.

13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157577

ABSTRACT

Zinc being a stronger electron acceptor than iron might replace iron from the critical thiol groups. So, Zinc supplementation in Tubercular Subjects might help the decompartmentalised state of iron in the body to revert back to normal compartmentalized state of iron. Again, Zinc inhibits the formation of superoxide radicals. Thus, Zinc supplementation might decrease the excess superoxide with simultaneous decrease in the formation of soluble oxygen made by dismutation reaction by the iron cofactored superoxide dismutase secreted extracellularly by the pathogenic M. tuberculosis. The study shows early and effective recovery with Zinc supplementation (50mgm. of elemental zinc orally / day for one month) along with anti - Tubercular drug therapy. This gets support by the significant changes in the serum level of three enzymes – Glutamine Synthetase, Superoxide Dismutase and Cholienesterase. Again, the dose of zinc supplementation instituted with a great benefit and without any toxic symptoms and signs, is below the Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL) based on the superoxide dismutase activity in erythrocytes with zinc intake.


Subject(s)
Antitubercular Agents/administration & dosage , Dietary Supplements , Drug Tolerance , Cholinesterases/blood , Female , Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/blood , Humans , Male , No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Zinc/administration & dosage , Zinc/therapeutic use
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 134-138, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447219

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanism of anti-aging effect of dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) and compound amino acid (AA) injection by mesotheray in D-galactose-induced skin aging rat.Methods Eighty rats were randomly divided into aging treatment group (60 cases),aging control group (10 cases) and normal control group (10 cases).The skin aging models were established by subcutaneous infectim of D-galactose.From the 18th day,the aging treatment group were injected intradermally in the rats' both sides hip skin with 0.2% DMAE+ AA,0.1% DMAE+AA,0.2%DMAE,0.1% DMAE,AA,and saline,once a week.After four weeks,HE,water content,superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity,hydroxyproline (HYP) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were measured.Results Compared with the aging control group,the epidermal and the dermal thickness and the collagen area of rats skin' increased significantly in 0.2 % DMAE+ AA and 0.1% DMAE+ AA treatment groups (P<0.05).0.2% DMAE+AA and 0.1 % DMAE+AA treatment groups also had higher SOD activity,HYP content and lower MDA content than other groups (P<0.05),but no difference was noted among normal control group,0.2% DMAE+AA and 0.1% DMAE+AA group (P>0.05).There were no differences in water content among groups (P>0.05).Conclusions Intradermal injection with 0.1% DMAE+ AA and 0.2 % DMAE+AA in aging rats may increase the epidermal and the dermal thickness and the collagen of rats skin' improve SOD activity,HYP content and decreased MDA content,indicating that it has ability to clear skin free radicals,enhance antioxidant capacity and skin collagen metabolism,and thus prevent skin aging.

15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153943

ABSTRACT

Background: Radiotherapy has an important role in treatment of oral cancer, but it causes some deleterious effect on healthy cells. Radiation produces free radicals which cause lipo-peroxidation, alteration of protein, and DNA damage, and eventually cell death. This study is designed to evaluate protective role of antioxidants in oral malignancies treated with radiotherapy. Methods: This study is conducted in patients of oral cancer treated with radiotherapy. Patients were divided into two groups, control (n=7) and test (n=9). Patients in control group treated with radiotherapy alone and in test group were supplemented with oral antioxidants throughout the radiotherapy course. Pre and post radiotherapy levels of MDA, SOD and Glutathione reductase were measured in blood and cancerous tissue in both groups and statistically compared. TNM staging before and after radiotherapy and side effects of radiotherapy were also compared in both groups. Results: On statistical comparison of mean difference values of MDA, SOD & GR of control v/s test group, it was noticed that there was a significant reduction in MDA (p<0.05) and significant increase in GR levels (p<0.05) but non significant increase in SOD levels (p>0.05) in test group in comparison to control group for both blood and tissue levels. TNM status of patients improved significantly after radiotherapy in test group. Comparison of side effects between both groups indicated that there was reduction in side effects in test group after radiotherapy. Conclusion: These findings indicated the protective role of antioxidants against free radicals produced in oral malignancies treated with radiotherapy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 302-304, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418613

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on the inhibition of proliferation and the induction of apoptosis of human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines FRH-0201.Methods Exponentially growing human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines FRH-0201 were exposed to EPA in vitro and cell growth was assessed by methylthiazolyl tetrazolium assay (MTT) assay,agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry.Results After adding EPA,the proliferation of FRH-0201 cells were inhibited in a dose-dependent manner while apoptosis was induced.Flow cytometry detected apoptosis peaks and we found that superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity reduced significantly (P<0.05,respectively; P<0.001) while malondialdehyde (MDA) rose significantly (P < 0.01,respectively; P<0.001) after adding EPA with differing concentrations to human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines FRH-0201.Conclusions EPA can induce apoptosis of FRH-0201 cells in vitro and inhibit proliferation,possibly through increasing the lipid peroxidation.

17.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 100-105, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188633

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: During oxidative stress, the levels of oxygen free radical increase dramatically, which plays a role in apoptosis, aging and is chemic injury, but also leads to positive effects such as induction of host defense genes and mobilization of ion transport systems. It has been suggested that the advantages of laparoscopic surgery are closely related to the reduced oxidative stress that occurs during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) when compared to open cholecystectomy (OC). This study was conducted to compare oxidative stress markers including total antioxidant status (TAS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and gluthathione reductase (GR) between the LC group and OC group to determine if these surgical procedures result in different patterns of oxidative stress. METHODS: Our prospective study included fifty patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis and cholecystitis, of whom 25 underwent LC and 25 underwent OC. The plasma levels of oxidative stress markers (TAS, SOD, and GR) were measured preoperatively and on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd postoperative days. RESULTS: The postoperative hospitalization days differed significantly between the two groups (p0.05). An acceptable postoperative decrease in SOD was observed in the OC group, especially after the 2nd postoperative day (p0.05) upon analysis of covariance. A significant postoperative decrease in the level of SOD was observed in the OC group, especially after the 2nd postoperative day (p<0.01), and there was also a significant difference in the serial change in SOD between groups (p=0.020). The level of GR in the OC group decreased significantly on the 2nd postoperative day (p=0.022). Moreover, ANCOVA revealed a significant difference in the serial changes in thelevel of GR between the two groups (p=0.039). CONCLUSION: Our study compared oxidative stress between LC and OC groups based on the levels of TAS, SOD, and GR. We found that minimally invasive surgery, such as laparoscopic cholecystectomy, produced less oxidative stress than open surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging , Apoptosis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis , Cholelithiasis , Hospitalization , Ion Transport , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Oxidative Stress , Oxidoreductases , Oxygen , Plasma , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Superoxide Dismutase
18.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 346-352, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855687

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the interspecific and intraspecific genetic relationships of six species in Curcuma L. Methods: The superoxide dismutase (SOD), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and cytochrome-oxidase (COD) were studied by vertical slab Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). The three isozymes data were analysed by using clustering method UPGMA. Results: The six species in Curcuma L. can largely be distinguished by zymogram of three isozymes; Moreover, PPO and COD can be used to distinguish the different accessions in the same species of Curcuma L. Conclusion: The genetic relationships among different accessions are related with the geographical origin. Clustering approach could make a distinction between Curcuma longa and C. sichuanensis. The differentiation has happened between the wild and cultivated species of Curcuma L.

19.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 516-521, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389469

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanism of oxidative damage in myocardial tissue after limb ischemia reperfusion (IR), and the protective effects of heme oxygenase-1 on myocardial injury in experimental rats. Method The models of bilateral hind limbs ischemia and reperfusion in rats were established by using tourniquets applied to the roots of both hind limbs until palm blanched and pulseless for 4 hours. A total of 56 SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into 7 groups, namely one normal control group ( n = 8) and 6 ischemia-reperfusion groups as per different lengths of reperfusion time, e. g. 2 hrs, 4 hrs, 8 hrs, 16 h rs and 24 hr ( n = 8 each). The experimental rats were sacrificed after different lengths of reperfusion time. Specimens of myocardium and blood were taken for assays of malonaldehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), and pathological changes of myocardium were observed, and the expressions of HO-1 mRNA in myocardium were detected. Data were analyzed with ANOVA. Results (1) Compared with the control group, the levels of serum MDA and myocardial MDA of rats were increased in all IR groups and were higher (P < 0.05), and the levels of MDA reached the peak after reperfusion for 4 hours. The levels of serum SOD and myocardial SOD in rats of all IR groups were decreased and lower than those in rats of the control group ( P < 0.05), and the levels of serum SOD dropped away to the lowest point after reperfusion for 4 hours, and the levels of myocardial SOD fell off to the bottom after reperfusion for 8 hours. The levels of serum MPO and myocardial MPO were significantly increased in rats of all IR groups compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The levels of serum MPO reached peak after reperfusion for 4 hours, and the levels of myocardial MPO were increased to the highest spot after reperfusion for 6 hours. (2) The pathological changes in myocardium showed the most severe damage after reperfusionfor 4-6 hours.(3) After reperfusion for 2 hours, there were no significant differences in the expression of HO-1 mRNA between IR groups and control group (P >0.05), and after reperfusion for 4 hours and over, the expressions of HO-1 mRNA were markedly increased in IR groups and reached peak after reperfusion for 16 hours in comparison with the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusions The activation of neutrophils and free radicals may play a primarily adverse role in myocardial injury after limb IR, and the increase in the expression of HO-1 mRNA lessens the harm effects of IR on myocardium.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 838-840, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969445

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To observe the effects of repeated dosing of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4) or 7.5% sodium chloride on brain edema after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats. Methods 167 male SD rats were divided into four groups randomly: Sham operation group (S, n=20), ICH control group (M, n=38), 7.5% sodium chloride group (N, n=55) and 6% hydroxyethyl starch group (H, n=54). The model of the ICH was established with stereotactically infusing 50 μl of the autologous femoral artery blood into the right caudate nucleus. group N and group H received 7.5% sodium chloride 5 ml/kg and 6% hydroxyethyl starch 30 ml/kg at 2 h, 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after operation respectively. The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the tissue around the hemorrhage were measured at different time point. Results The IL-6 in group N was significantly more than that in group M at 24 h and 72 h after infusion (P<0.05), and the TNF-α in group H was less than that in group M at 24 h and 48 h after infusion (P<0.05). The SOD in group M decreased to the bottom at 48 h and 72h after ICH. SOD in group N and group H at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after infusion was both significant more than that in group M (P<0.05). MDA in group H at 72 h after infusion was less than that in group M (P<0.05). Conclusion Repeated infusion of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4) or 7.5% sodium chloride can decrease inflammatory response of brain tissue after ICH, which may protect brain from oxidative damage.

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