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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911567

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare toally endoscopic thyroidectomy(TET) with open thyroidectomy(OT) in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer.Methods:Data of 190 patients at Liuzhou People's Hospital from Jul 2017 to Dec 2019 were analyzed. Patients were divided into endoscopic surgery group ( n=95) and open surgery group ( n=95). Results:The operation time and the hospital stay in endoscopic group were longer than that in open surgery group[(153±25) min vs. (116±17) min, (5.56±1.08) d vs.(5.08±1.04) d, t=11.827,3.083, both P<0.05)]. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss [(33±14) ml vs. (37±16) ml, t=-1.851 P>0.05], recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis, hypoparathyroidism and wound complications (4% vs. 9%, 9% vs. 15%,1% vs. 3%, all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the number of central lymph node dissection between the two groups (6.12±3.54 vs. 6.35±4.75, t=-0.404, P<0.05). The length of scar in endoscopic group was shorter [(3.03±0.27) cm vs. (6.47±0.53) cm, t=-56.138, P<0.05), and the postoperative cosmetic score evaluated by the patients was higher (8.76±0.75 vs. 7.39±0.76, P<0.05), than those in open group. There were no tumor recurrence nor metastasis in neither group by short term follow-up. Conclusions:TET is similar to OT on clinical curative effectiveness for differentiated thyroid carcinoma while carries a better cosmetic result .

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1396-1400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the early efficacy of direct anterior approach versus posterolateral approach for total hip arthroplasty in elderly patients.Methods:The 48 elderly patients receiving total hip arthroplasty from September 2017 to September 2019 were divided into two groups: DAA group(n=23, 30 hips)receiving direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty, and PLA group(n=25, 33 hips)receiving posterolateral approach for total hip arthroplasty in this retrospective study.The operation time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, acetabular abduction angle, anteversion angle, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups.The hip function was compared with Visual Analogue Scale(VAS)and Harris Hip Score(HHS).Results:All the 48 patients were followed up for 7-31 months, with an average of 22.8 months in DAA group, and 24 months in PLA group.The operation time was less in PLA group than in DAA group[(49.3±5.7)min vs.(70.3±6.2)min, t=12.22, P=0.00], while the hospital stay was longer in PLA group than in DAA group, with a statistically significant difference[(7.8±1.5)d vs.(5.6±1.3)d, t=-5.40, P=0.00]. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the two groups[(173.1±47.9)ml vs.(189.6±48.7)ml, t=1.18, P=0.24]. The VAS and HHS scores were better at 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up than before operation in both DAA and PLA group(all P<0.05). The VAS and HHS scores were better in DAA than in PLA groups( P<0.05)at 1 month after surgery.However, at the last follow-up, there was no significant difference in VAS and HHS scores between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:The early results of direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty are satisfactory in patients aged 85 years and older.It has the advantages of less trauma, faster postoperative recovery and shorter hospital stay.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1247-1256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects between Dynesys dynamic stabilization with microendoscopic discectomy (MED) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) treatment for the degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis in the elder, and to evaluate clinical advantages of Dynesys with MED according to enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).Methods:All of 79 cases (male 31, female 48) who suffered from the degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis were include mean age 67.32±5.88 years (from 60 to 81 years) during January 2012 to December 2017. Thirty-nine patients received Dynesys dynamic stabilization with MED (Dynesys group) and 40 cases undergone PLIF (fusion group). The operative time, blood loss, drainage, length of hospital stay, and complications were compared between the two groups. The visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to assess efficacy. The range of motion (ROM) of the lumbar spine and the adjacent segment by dynamic radiographs between two groups were reviewed to evaluate radiological results.Results:The fusion group was larger than Dynesys group in operation time (271.00±57.19 min vs. 193.85±32.17 min), blood loss (458.25±136.85 ml vs. 316.41±87.64 ml), drainage (143.12±47.46 ml vs. 101.67±31.23 ml) and length of hospital stay (15.70±3.01 d vs. 13.38±2.72 d) with statistics differences ( P<0.05). There was a significant difference in VAS and ODI between the two groups at the final follow-up, and Dynesys group was superior to the fusion group (VAS: 1.51±1.21 vs. 2.40±1.48, t=2.910, P=0.005; ODI: 11.90%±6.15% vs. 17.73%±6.85%, t=3.974, P<0.001). The lumbar ROM of Dynesys group increased comparing with the fusion group at post-operation one year (19.21°±6.08° vs. 14.08°±5.80°, t=0.425, P<0.001) and final follow-up (20.56°±6.37° vs. 16.33°±6.94°, t=2.828, P=0.006). ROM of the adjacent segment increased in fusion group at final follow-up (7.45°±2.45°) compared to pre-operation (4.68°±1.98°) and post-operation one year (4.83±1.43°) with significant difference ( F=24.437, P<0.001). The rate of epidural damage, delayed union, surface infection, internal fixation loose, thrombus, pulmonary infection, bedsore, reoperation of the fusion group were all higher than Dynesys group. Conclusion:The Dynesys with MED demonstrated better clinical and radiological results than fusion for degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. As a method of safety and efficiency, the Dynesys and MED can speed up postoperative recovery of elderly patients in line with ERAS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing in the treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological dysfunction.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 24 patients who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital Affiliated to Inner Mongolia Medical University for multi-segmental thoracolumbar fractures from January 2019 to December 2020. They were randomly divided into a robot group ( n=12) in which the minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing was assisted by a surgical robot and a manual group ( n=12) in which the minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing was performed manually. There were 8 males and 4 females in the robot group, aged from 35 to 74 years; there were 7 males and 5 females in the manual group, aged from 36 to 69 years. The clinical effects were evaluated by comparing the 2 groups in terms of operation time, fluoroscopy frequency, fluoroscopy time, intra-operative needle adjustments, intra-operative blood loss, screwing accuracy, and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, anterior vertebral height ratios and sagittal cobb angles at preoperation, postoperative 3 days and the last follow-up. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). A total of 128 screws were implanted in the robot group and 126 ones in the manual group. In the robotic group, operation time [(129.2±10.5) min], fluoroscopy frequency [(8.5±2.1) times], fluoroscopy time [(9.8±1.9) s], guide needle adjustments [(2.3±1.4) times], and intraoperative blood loss [(65.3±9.8) mL] were significantly less than those in the manual group [(153.8±18.1) min, (39.8±5.1) times, (43.9±4.8) s, (18.6±2.6) times and (96.8±10.9) mL] (all P<0.05). Regarding the screwing accuracy evaluated using CT scanning, the robot group was significantly higher (93.75%, 120/128) than the manual group (84.92%, 107/126) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in VAS score, anterior vertebral height ratio or sagittal cobb angle at postoperative 3 days or the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The VAS scores, anterior vertebral height ratios and sagittal cobb angles at postoperative 3 days and the last follow-up were significantly improved than the preoperative values in all patients ( P<0.05). There was no supplementary surgery or screw loosening in either of the 2 groups. Conclusion:In the treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar fractures, robot-assisted percutaneous pedicle screwing can achieve satisfactory clinical effects, because, compared with traditional open surgery, it has exhibited advantages of less operation time, lower radiation exposure, less intraoperative blood loss, and higher screwing accuracy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the significance of S1 posterior edge inlet view for placement of percutaneous sacroiliac screws.Methods:1. CT data of the pelvis were collected from 134 normal adults and introduced into Mimics Medical 21.0 system. Anatomical parameters of sacral vertebrae were measured and analyzed to observe the anatomical disparities between the anterior and posterior edges of S1 vertebral body. A mathematical model was established using the data acquired. 2. Manual placement of sacroiliac screws was performed using a conventional S1 posterior edge inlet view on the pelvic specimens from 5 adult cadavers in simulation of actual surgical situations. After placement, the inlet views from both the S1 anterior and posterior edges were taken to observe the imaging differences and to check if the screws had pierced the sacral canal. 3. A retrospective study was conducted of the 11 patients with posterior pelvic ring fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Tongji Hospital from January 2019 to October 2020. Their fractures were fixated by percutaneous sacroiliac screws under the guidance of a C-arm X-ray machine. The manual placement of the screws was guided intraoperatively by the inlet views from both the S1 anterior and posterior edges to secure a safe placement. Pelvic CT examinations were performed to check any screw dislocation.Results:1. CT measurements in the normal adults showed that the angle of S1 anterior edge inlet view (20.71°±11.89°) was smaller than that of S1 posterior edge inlet view (41.99°±11.67°) and the width of S1 upper end plate [(32.22±3.41) mm] greater than that of S1 lower end plate [(20.10±3.28) mm], showing significant disparities in anatomy between the anterior and posterior edges of S1 vertebral body ( P<0.05). 2. In 2 of the 5 cadaveric specimens, imaging differences were observed between the inlet views of the anterior and posterior edges of S1 and the screws pierced out of the sacral canal. 3. Satisfactory closed reduction was achieved in all the 11 patients. A total of 17 screws were placed, with 12 ones into S1 and 5 ones into S2. Operation time ranged from 84 to 141 min (average, 114.4 min), fluoroscopy frequency from 69 to 101 times (average, 89.6 times), and intraoperative blood loss from 110 to 463 mL(average, 296.6 mL). No screw dislocation was observed on postoperative CT. Conclusion:As there is a difference between the inlet views of the anterior and posterior edges of S1 vertebral body, the inlet view of the posterior edge of S1 can display the posterior edge of S1 more clearly so as to improve the safety of placement of percutaneous sacroiliac screws.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of a new 3D printed guide plate in the minimally invasive treatment of fresh closed Achilles tendon rupture.Methods:From January 2019 to January 2020, 14 fresh closed Achilles tendon ruptures were treated by minimally invasive surgery at Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Xuzhou Renci Hospital. There were 13 males and one female, with an average age of 39.1 years (from 18 to 63 years). The rupture of the Achilles tendon body, 3 cm in length on average, was located 2 to 6 cm above the attachment of the calcaneal tuberosity. The ruptured Achilles tendon was repaired by suture with the aid of the new 3D printed guide plate. After operation, in cooperation of the Rehabilitation Department, we performed rehabilitation exercise under the guidance of the concept of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS). The length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, ankle function at the last follow-up and follow-up complications were recorded.Results:In this cohort, incision length averaged 2.5 cm (from 2.0 to 3.5 cm), operation time 45 min (from 30 to 60 min), and intraoperative blood loss 15 mL (from 10 to 20 mL). The 14 patients were followed up for 13 to 16 months (average, 14 months) after operation. In one patient, the epidermis at the incision edge became black and necrotic, which was healed after dressing change. Follow-ups observed no such complications as suture rejection, sural nerve injury, or Achilles tendon re-rupture. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scores at the last follow-up averaged 98 points (from 93 to 99 points), yielding 13 excellent cases and one good case; according to the Arner-Lindholm evaluation, the efficacy was excellent in 12 cases, good in one and poor in one.Conclusion:The minimally invasive treatment of fresh closed Achilles tendon rupture with our new 3D printed guide plate has exhibited advantages of minimally invasive incision, limited complications, simple manipulation, good functional recovery of the ankle joint and strong reproducibility of surgical operations.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909997

ABSTRACT

Pelvic fragility fractures are increasing with the aging population in China, characterized by high incidence, high mortality and high morbidity just as geriatric hip fractures. In diagnosis of a pelvic fragility fracture in the elderly, the patient's age, comorbidities, osteogenic factors, clinical manifestations and imaging examinations should be taken into consideration, as well as the special anatomical features and morphologies resulted from degenerative anatomy of the pelvis in the aged. Standard pelvic X-rays and CT scans may confirm the diagnosis in most cases, but MRI may prevent missing a fracture of malfunctioning pelvis or an insidious fracture line on the posterior ring. Fragility fractures of pelvis (FFP) classification, base on X-ray and CT checks, is a common guiding system in current clinic. Usually, conservative treatment is indicated for fractures of FFP types Ⅰ-Ⅱ while surgery for those of FFP types Ⅲ-Ⅳ. As far as possible, minimally invasive reduction and simultaneous fixation of the anterior and posterior rings are recommended. This article intends to review the characteristics, classification and development of minimally invasive techniques concerning pelvic fragility fractures in recent years, and to discuss the future trends in treatment of geriatric pelvic fractures.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the advantages and disadvantages of percutaneous compression plate (PCCP) for femoral neck fractures in the elderly patients.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 31 elderly patients with femoral neck fracture who had been treated with PCCP from January 2012 to December 2018 at Orthopaedic Department, The First People's Hospital of Yancheng, Orthopaedic Department, The Ninth People's Hospital of Wuxi and Department of Orthopaedics, The People's Hospital of Wuxi. They were 16 men and 15 women, aged from 65 to 80 years (average, 70.5 years). By the Garden classification, 7 cases were type Ⅱ, 15 cases type Ⅲ and 9 cases type Ⅳ; by the Singh index, 4 cases were level Ⅲ, 11 cases level Ⅳ, 10 cases level Ⅴ and 6 cases level Ⅵ. The time from injury to operation ranged from 3 to 14 days (average, 5.8 days). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction, fracture union time, complications and functional recovery of the hip were observed.Results:The operation time averaged 73.4 min and intraoperative blood loss 116.4 mL. At one week after operation, the Garden alignment index was level Ⅰ in 25 cases and level Ⅱ in 6. Superficial incision infection was noted in one case intraoperatively. Follow-ups for the 31 patients ranged from 12 to 47 months (mean, 18.9 months). All the fractures united after 4.9 months on average (from 4 to 8 months). Delayed union occurred in 2 cases, neck shortening in 12 cases, and avascular necrosis of femoral head in 3 displaced subcranial fractures 2 of which were high shear ones. The necrosis of femoral head was treated by arthroplasty in 2 and by conservative treatment in one. The Harris hip scores at the last follow-up for the 31 patients averaged 90.9 (from 75 to 100), giving 15 excellent, 12 good and 4 fair cases and an excellent to good rate of 87.1% (27/31).Conclusions:In treatment of femoral neck fractures in the elderly patients, PCCP has advantages of allowing early weight-bearing after operation, a high rate of fracture union, limited complications and quick and fine functional recovery of the hip. However, it should be used with caution in patients with severe osteoporosis, displaced subcranial or high shear fracture.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 571-576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909906

ABSTRACT

The pelvic and acetabular fracture accounts for 3%-8% of all fractures, and is often accompanied with injuries to the bladder, rectum, important nerves and blood vessels. The fatality rate and disability rate are as high as 18%. The treatment of pelvic and acetabular fracture has experienced conservative treatment, surgical treatment and minimally invasive treatment. In recent years, minimally invasive surgery has been widely used in internal fixation of pelvic fracture. The anterior pelvic ring is an important tension bow of the pelvis. For unstable pelvic fracture, the anterior pelvic ring fracture accounts for almost 3/4. The authors review several minimally invasive surgical techniques for anterior pelvic ring fracture, including internal fixation (INFIX), anterior column channel screw internal fixation, pubic symphysis channel screw internal fixation and anterior ring bridge plate osteosynthesis, so as to provide a reference for choice of clinical treatment methods.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1172-1175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze curative efficacy and pronosis of three-dimensional reconstruction combined with 3D printing assisted minimally invasive surgery in the treatment of hepatolithiasis.Methods:92 patients with complex hepatolithiasis treated by minimally invasive surgery in Qingdao Hospital affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from November 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively selected. According to different surgical positioning methods, they were divided into the control group [50 cases , conventional computer tomography (CT) positioning] and the observation group (42 cases, 3D reconstruction combined with 3D printing technology). The curative effect, stone residue rate, operation related indexes, complications and recurrence rate were compared between the two groups.Results:The excellent and good rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (95.2% vs 80.0%), and the rate of residual stones after surgery was lower than that of the control group (4.0% vs 22.0%), with statistically significant difference (both P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had shorter operation time, less intraoperative blood loss and postoperative abdominal drainage volume, shorter postoperative abdominal drainage time and hospital stay, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications and recurrence rate in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (11.9% vs 30.0%, 2.4% vs 18.0%), with statistically significant difference (both P<0.05). Conclusions:Three-dimensional reconstruction combined with 3D printing assisted minimally invasive surgery is effective in the treatment of complex hepatolithiasis and can reduce the recurrence rate.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive rotary resection versus open surgery in the treatment of benign breast tumor. Methods:The clinical data of 112 patients with benign breast tumor who received treatment in Jiamusi Central Hospital, China between April 2018 and October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into minimally invasive rotary resection group ( n = 56) and open surgery group ( n = 56) according to different surgical methods. The minimally invasive rotary resection group was treated with an Anke minimally invasive system, and the open surgery group was treated with open surgery. Operation time, pain score, incision length, incidence of complications, and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups. Results:Operation time, pain score and incision length were (15.39 ± 3.21) minutes, (2.36 ± 0.52) points, (3.0 ± 0.11) mm, respectively, in the minimally invasive rotary resection group and they were (32.55 ± 4.56) minutes, (4.45 ± 1.48) points and (22.65 ± 8.23) mm, respectively in the open surgery group. There were significant differences in these indices between the two groups ( t = 23.027, 9.970, 17.865, all P < 0.05). The incidence of compilations in the minimally invasive rotary resection group was significantly lower than that in the open surgery group [1.78% (1/56) vs. 14.28% (8/56) , χ2 = 5.920, P < 0.05). Patient satisfaction in the minimally invasive rotary resection group was significantly higher than that in the open surgery group [96.42% (54/56) vs. 80.35% (45/56), χ2 = 7.049, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Minimally invasive rotary resection surgery for the treatment of benign breast tumor has an obvious therapeutic effect, a low incidence of complications and high patient satisfaction.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 715-720, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907511

ABSTRACT

Acute abdomen is often a general term for abdominal diseases with acute abdominal pain as the main manifestation. Common clinical acute abdomen includes acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, acute cholangitis, acute pancreatitis, gastrointestinal perforation, intestinal obstruction and other diseases, its characteristics are great changes, rapid progress, high misdiagnosis rate, high postoperative complication rate and high mortality rate, accurate diagnosis and early treatment can obtain a good prognosis. With our in-depth understanding of the occurrence and development of acute abdomen diseases and the development of evidence-based medicine, minimally invasive technology plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis and treatment of common acute abdomen. Laparoscopy on diagnosis can clarify disease diagnosis to a large extent. For those who cannot undergo surgery, decompression and drainage under endoscopy provides a diversified plan for treatment decisions. In addition, minimally invasive techniques are also used in etiological treatment and complications. Disease, prevention of recurrence in all aspects, Minimally invasive technology is beneficial to the etiological treatment of biliary pancreatitis, appendicitis and cholangitis, and endoscopic technology is more consistent with the minimally invasive concept in the treatment of complications.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and security of posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PPECD) in the treatment of single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification.@*METHODS@#Twenty three patients with single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification were treated by posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy between August 2017 and July 2019. There were 16 males and 7 females, aged from 29 to 74 years old with an average of (50±13) years.The disease duration were 3 to 120 months with a median of 6 months. There were 9 cases of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy, 6 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and 8 cases of mixed cervical spondylopathy. According to the characteristics of ossification, 17 cases were osteophytes on the posterior edge of the vertebral body;3 cases were protrusion ossification;3 cases were posterior longitudinal ligament ossification. According to the position of ossification in spinal canal, 14 cases were medial and lateral type, 5 cases were central type, and 4 cases were mixed type. Posterior percutaneous cervical endoscopic cervical discectomy in patients performed by the same surgeon. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were compared separately before and after operation. At 3 months after operation, clinical effect was assessed according to modified Macnab standard.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful. The operative time was 30 to 155 (69.1±27.2) min. The bedridden time was 2 to 3(3.0±0.9) h, length of postoperative hospitalization was 2 to 7(4.1± 1.5) d. Three dimensional CT reconstruction of the cervical spine at 3 days after operation showed that ossified tissue of 13 cases were completely removed, and 10 cases were left after operation, and the residual was located at the posterior edge and/or center of the upper vertebral body. VAS score at discharge from hospital was significantly lower than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For an experienced surgeon, percutaneous posterior cervical endoscopic discectomy is safe and reliable in treating single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification, and can obtain good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteogenesis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799757

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the curative effect of minimally invasive cosmetic technique in emergency patients with facial soft tissue trauma.@*Methods@#From January 2015 to October 2017, 92 patients with emergency facial soft tissue trauma in Rongjun Hospital of Zhejiang Province were selected and randomly divided into two groups according to the digital table, with 46 cases in each group.The observation group was treated with minimally invasive cosmetic technique.The control group was treated with conventional technique.The patients were followed up for one year, the facial scar color score, facial skin flatness score, facial skin elasticity score, wound healing rate, quality of life score and satisfaction were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#The facial scar color score, facial skin smoothness score and facial skin elasticity score in the observation group were (0.36±0.12)points, (0.52±0.23)points and (0.49±0.23)points, respectively, which were lower than those in the control group [(0.89±0.17)points, (1.12±0.31)points, (0.95±0.12)points] (t=17.725, 10.542, 12.026, all P<0.05). The wound healing rate of the observation group was 91.30%(42/46) and the satisfaction rate was 95.65%(44/46), which were higher than 81.74%(33/46) and 73.91%(34/46) of the control group(χ2=5.845, 8.425, all P<0.05). The quality of life score of the observation group[(102.65±2.78)points] was higher than that of the control group[(89.24±2.36)points](t=24.941, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Minimally invasive cosmetic technique has better curative effect on patients with emergency facial skin and soft tissue trauma.The rate of grade A wound healing is high, which is helpful to repair the facial skin of patients, improve the satisfaction of patients and improve the quality of their daily life.

15.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 91-96, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799481

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical application effects of portable visual retractor in superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting.@*Methods@#From January 2010 to June 2019, 27 patients meeting the inclusion criteria and planning to perform operation of superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting were admitted to the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of the First Clinical Medical Center of the People′s Liberation Army General Hospital. The patients were divided into traditional surgical method group [6 males and 3 females, aged (34±14) years], cold light source retractor group [6 males and 4 females, aged (35±16) years], and portable visual retractor group [7 males and 1 female, aged (30±14) years] according to way of superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting. The superficial temporal fascia flaps of patients in traditional surgical method group were resected by traditional way of resection, and the superficial temporal fascia flaps of patients in cold light source retractor group and portable visual retractor group were resected at assistance of cold light source retractor and portable visual retractor, respectively. Length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss volume, postoperative drainage volume, and postoperative complication of patients in 3 groups were observed and recorded. Data were processed with Fisher′s exact probability test, one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Bonferroni correction.@*Results@#The length of incision of patients in visual retractor group was (3.6±0.8) cm, significantly shorter than (12.6±1.6) cm in traditional surgical method group and (5.8±0.9) cm in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The incision length of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly longer than that in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The operation time of patients in visual retractor group was 24.0 (23.3, 25.8) min, significantly shorter than 35.0 (30.5, 36.5) min in traditional surgical method group and 28.5 (26.8, 30.5) min in cold light source retractor group (H=16.5, 9.8, P<0.05). The operation time of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly longer than that in cold light source retractor group (H=6.6, P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss volume was (26±3) mL of patients in visual retractor group, significantly less than (34±4) mL in traditional surgical method group and (30±6) mL in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss volume of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly more than that in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The postoperative drainage volumes of patients in visual retractor group, cold light source retractor group, and traditional surgical method group were (33±4), (34±6), and (31±7) mL, respectively, and there were no significantly statistical differences in postoperative drainage volumes among patients in the three groups (F=0.3, P>0.05). There were no severe complications such as ischemia and necrosis of superficial temporal fascia flaps in patients of the three groups. One patient in cold light source retractor group had subcutaneous hematoma after operation, which was improved by removing stitches and hematoma.@*Conclusions@#Superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting at the assistance of portable visual retractor has the advantages of clear visual field, simple operation, short operation time, small incision, and less intraoperative blood loss.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 57-60, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798714

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive surgery helps enhance postoperative recovery and improve quality of life of the patients by minimizing surgical trauma and decreasing incisional pain. Minimally invasive pulmonary resection, including both video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and robotic surgery, is mainly used for surgical management of peripheral early stage lung cancers. Because of tumor location, lymph node involvement, and treatment modalities, surgery for central lung cancers is often technically demanding. Open thoracotomy is still the dominant approach for these tumors, especially when complex procedures such as sleeve lobectomy or pneumonectomy are needed. With the advent of surgical techniques, minimally invasive techniques have started to be tried in treatment of central lung cancers. Initial results have proven their feasibility and safety in sleeve lobectomy and pneumonectomy, showing a great potential of minimally invasive surgery in the future. Further study is necessary to prove its functionally superiority and oncological equivalence to open surgery, so that more lung cancer patients could benefit for minimally invasive surgery.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827245

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of channel-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with percutaneous short segmental vertebral fixation for the treatment of non-specific lumbar intervertebral infection.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 12 patients with non-specific lumbar intervertebral infection treated from January 2014 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 males and 4 females, aged 39 to 65(51.00±12.36) years old. Infection site located in L2, 3 of 2 cases, L3, 4 of 3 cases, L4, 5 of 6 cases, L5S1 of 1 case. There were 3 cases of hypertension, 2 cases of diabetes, and 2 cases of urinary tract infection. None of the 12 patients had a history of lumbar puncture and surgery. Debridement, autogenous bone grafting, minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion via Quadrant invasive system, and percutaneous short segmental vertebral fixation were performed in the patients, the diseased tissue samples were collected for bacterial culture and pathological examination. The operation time and the amount of intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured before and after operation. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were used to evaluate the clinical effects and the imaging data were used to assess the fusion of vertebral body.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful, with operation time of (176.00±20.76) min, and the intraoperative blood loss of (155.00±30.56) ml. The patients were followed up for 12 to 18 (14.69±4.78) months. The VAS and JOA scores at 1 week after operation and at the final follow up were significantly improved (<0.01). The improvement rate of JOA in the final follow-up was 94%. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were reduced to normal level in all patients, and the bone grafting got fusion. There were 7 cases of positive bacterial culture and 5 cases of negative.@*CONCLUSION@#Debridement, autogenous bone grafting and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion via Quadrant invasive system combined with percutaneous short segmental vertebral fixation is a safe, clinically reliable, minimally invasive surgical procedure for the treatment of non specific lumbar intervertebral space infections.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infections , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866279

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of endoscopic minimally invasive surgery on thyroid tumors,and its influence on serum interleukin-6 (IL-6),cortisol (Cor) and norepinephrine (NE).Methods Eighty-two patients with thyroid tumors admitted to Tianning Hospital of Wenzhou from January 2016 to January 2019 were randomly divided into laparoscopic group (41 cases) and traditional group (41 cases) according to the digital table.Traditional thyroidectomy was performed in the traditional group,and laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery was performed in the laparoscopic group.The operative indicators and complications,pain at 24 and 48 hours after operation,and serum levels of IL-6,Cor and NE before and after operation were compared between the two groups.Results The amount of bleeding during operation [(25.46 ±7.82)mL] and the amount of drainage after operation[(73.24 ± 13.25) mL] in the laparoscopic group were less than those in the traditional group [(53.21 ± 9.97) mL and (107.38 ± 16.52)mL],the length of incision [(3.04 ± 0.45) cm] in the laparoscopic group was shorter than that in traditional group [(7.18 ±0.76) cm],and the operation time [(67.84 ± 15.46) min] in the laparoscopic group was shorter than that in traditional group [(98.73 ±25.31) min],the differences were statistically significant(t =14.023,10.323,30.014,6.669,all P < 0.05).The incidence of postoperative complications in the laparoscopic group (4.88 %) was lower than that in the traditional group (26.83 %) (x2 =7.405,P < 0.05).The VAS scores of the laparoscopic group at 24h [(3.64 ±0.82) points] and 48h [(2.53 ±0.57) points] after operation were lower than those of the traditional group [(5.37 ± 1.29) points and (3.70 ± 0.81) points] (t =7.247,7.564,all P <0.05).The serum levels of IL-6,Cor and NE in the two groups at 24 hours after operation were higher than those before operation (all P < 0.05).The serum levels of IL-6 [(49.98 ± 10.21) ng/L],Cor [(125.63 ±17.68)ng/mL] and NE [(167.86 ± 13.42) ng/L] in the laparoscopic group 24 hours after operation were lower than those in the traditional group [(83.25 ± 14.62) ng/L,(167.51 ± 25.47)ng/mL and (209.81 ± 17.86) ng/L](t =11.947,8.649,12.024,all P < 0.05).Conclusion Endoscopic minimally invasive surgery is effective in the treatment of thyroid neoplasms,which has little effect on stress response and can relieve pain and reduce postoperative complications.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745832

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate endoscopic surgical treatment of synchronous esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinonm at the esophagogastric junction.Methods The clinical data of 17 patients with synchronous esophageal squamous cell carcinoma associated with adenocarcinoma of esophagogatric junction between Jan 2010 and Jan 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.Results Among these 17 patients,9 patients underwent thoracoscopy and laparoscopy with partial resection of esophagus and proximal stomach,and gastroesophageal and neck anastomosis.3 patients underwent thoracoscopy and laparoscopy with partial resection of esophagus and proximal stomach,gastroesophageal intrathoracic anastomosis.Laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy combined with radiotherapy for esophageal cancer was performed in 5 cases.There was not perioperative death or serious complications.The cumulative survival rates of 1,3 and 5 years after surgery were 100%,42% and 24%,respectively.Conclusion Thoracolaparscopic surgery combined with local radiation therapy is a safe and effective treatment for patients with synchronous esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma at esophagogastric junction.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 865-870, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796370

ABSTRACT

Odontoid fracture is the most common type of upper cervical vertebral fractures. Because the blood supply of odontoid is poor and the healing rate of part fractures is low, surgical treatment can increase the chance of fracture healing. Compared with traditional open surgery, minimally invasive treatment has obvious advantages, such as less trauma and faster recovery. Different types of odontoid fracture should be treated with different surgical methods. Only by accurately classifying odontoid fractures and choosing accurate minimally invasive treatment methods can we achieve safe and effective expected results. The author introduces the classification of odontoid fracture and the selection strategies of minimally invasive treatment methods, and puts forward the existing problems and development prospects, so as to provide help for the treatment and research of odontoid fracture.

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