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1.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 26(4): 995-1001, oct.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405688

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El insulinoma es un tumor poco frecuente de las células de los islotes pancreáticos, caracterizado por la proliferación de las células betas. Son tumores neuroendocrinos pancreáticos, generalmente benignos y de pequeño tamaño, caracterizados por el síndrome de hipersecreción de insulina con el desarrollo de hipoglucemia. La mayoría de estos tumores son esporádicos, solo alrededor de 15-30 % es hereditario; está asociado a enfermedades como la neoplasia endocrina múltiple tipo 1, o el síndrome de Von Hippel-Lindau. La incidencia de dicho tumor es de 3-10 casos por cada millón de habitantes. La edad media de aparición es entre 40-50 años de edad y es más frecuente en mujeres. El reconocimiento temprano y el diagnóstico adecuado de este tumor pancreático raro, son aspectos importantes pues es potencialmente curable con un tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno.


ABSTRACT Insulinoma is a rare pancreatic islet cell tumor characterized by proliferation of beta cells. They are pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, generally benign and small in size, characterized by insulin hypersecretion syndrome with the development of hypoglycemia. Most of these tumors are sporadic, only about 15-30% are hereditary; it is associated with diseases such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, or Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. The incidence of this tumor is 3-10 cases per million inhabitants. The average age of onset is between 40-50 years of age and it is more frequent in women. Early recognition and proper diagnosis of this rare pancreatic tumor are important aspects, as it is potentially curable with timely surgical treatment.

2.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 29(2): 162-168, maio-ago. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394356

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a aplicabilidade do Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) em recém-nascidos (RN) cirúrgicos como ferramenta para avaliação do desempenho motor; e avaliar o benefício da fisioterapia. RN cirúrgicos, divididos em grupo sem fisioterapia motora (n=38) e com fisioterapia motora (n=38), foram avaliados pelo TIMP e reavaliados duas semanas depois. O grupo com fisioterapia realizou exercícios para estimulação sensório-motora uma vez ao dia, enquanto o grupo sem fisioterapia recebeu os cuidados habituais da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN). O diagnóstico cirúrgico predominante nos dois grupos foi de gastrosquise, seguido de hérnia diafragmática congênita. Na avaliação, não houve diferença no desempenho motor entre os grupos, classificados como "abaixo da média" para a idade, com escore-z=−1,28 (p=0,992). Na reavaliação, o grupo com fisioterapia apresentou melhor pontuação (p<0,001) e maior diferença de escore (p<0,001), com uma porcentagem maior de RN classificados como "dentro da média" em comparação ao grupo sem fisioterapia (44% e 2,6%, respectivamente); além de maior porcentagem de ganho de peso (p=0,038). Na reavaliação, verificou-se piora do desempenho motor em 10,5% do grupo sem fisioterapia (p<0,001), enquanto a melhora do desempenho motor foi observada em 81,6% do grupo com fisioterapia e em apenas 13,2% do grupo sem fisioterapia (p<0,001). Concluiu-se que o TIMP foi aplicado de forma segura e eficaz e necessita ser realizado por profissionais experientes na abordagem dessa população. A fisioterapia motora melhorou significativamente o desempenho motor, e, se iniciada precocemente, pode ser capaz de adequar o desenvolvimento motor desses RN, antes mesmo da alta hospitalar.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la aplicabilidad del Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) en recién nacidos quirúrgicos (RN) como una herramienta de evaluación del desempeño motor, y analizar el beneficio de la fisioterapia. Los RN quirúrgicos, divididos en los grupos sin fisioterapia motora (n=38) y con fisioterapia (n=38), fueron evaluados por el TIMP y reevaluados dos semanas después. El grupo con fisioterapia realizó ejercicios de estimulación sensoriomotora una vez al día, mientras que el grupo sin fisioterapia recibió la atención habitual de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatal (UCIN). El diagnóstico quirúrgico predominante en ambos grupos fue el de la gastrosquisis, seguido de hernia diafragmática congénita. En la evaluación, no hubo diferencia en el desempeño motor entre los grupos, clasificados como "por debajo del promedio" para la edad, con puntaje -z=−1,28 (p=0,992). En la reevaluación, el grupo con fisioterapia tuvo mejor puntuación (p<0,001) y mayor diferencia de puntaje (p<0,001), con mayor porcentaje de RN clasificados como "dentro de la media" en comparación con el grupo sin fisioterapia (44% y 2,6%, respectivamente); además de un mayor porcentaje de ganancia de peso (p=0,038). En la reevaluación hubo un empeoramiento del desempeño motor en el 10,5% del grupo sin fisioterapia (p<0,001), mientras que se observó una mejora en el desempeño motor en el 81,6% del grupo con fisioterapia y solo en el 13,2% del grupo sin fisioterapia (p<0,001). Se concluyó que el TIMP se aplicó con seguridad y eficacia y que este debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia con esta población. La fisioterapia motora mejoró significativamente el rendimiento motor y, si se inicia precozmente, puede ser capaz de adaptar el desarrollo motor de estos RN, incluso antes del alta hospitalaria.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to verify the applicability of the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) in surgical neonates as a tool for evaluating motor performance and to evaluate the benefit of physical therapy. Surgical neonates, divided into group without physical therapy (n=38) and group with motor physical therapy (n=38), were evaluated by TIMP and reasssment two weeks later. The physical therapy group performed standardized exercises for motor sensory stimulation once a day, whereas the other group received the usual care from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The predominant surgical diagnosis in both groups was gastroschisis, followed by congenital diaphragmatic hernia. In the initial evaluation, motor performance was equal between the groups, classified as "below average" for age, with z-score=−1.28 (p=0.992). In the reassessment, the physical therapy group presented better scores (p<0.001) and a higher difference in z-score (p<0.001), higher percentage of neonates classified as "within average" (44% in the physical therapy group and 2.6% in the no physical therapy group), as well as a higher weight gain percentage (p=0.038). We found a worsening of motor performance in 10.5% of the no physical therapy group (p<0.001) in the reassment. Motor performance improved in 81.6% of the physical therapy group and in only 13.2% of the no physical therapy group individuals (p<0.001). Conclusion: TIMP was safely and effectively applied to newborns; notably, the test must be performed by professionals experienced in care of neonates. Motor intervention was beneficial, significantly improving motor performance, and if applied early, it may adequate the motor development of these neonates, even before hospital discharge.

3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e171-e174, Agosto 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378563

ABSTRACT

La atresia de coanas se caracteriza por la obliteración de la abertura nasal posterior. Es la anomalía congénita más frecuente de las fosas nasales. Tiene una incidencia de 1 cada 5000 a 7000 neonatos, con predominio en el sexo femenino. Puede presentarse en forma aislada o asociada a otros síndromes como el CHARGE (coloboma [C], malformaciones cardíacas [H], atresia de coanas [A], retraso psicomotor y/o en el crecimiento [R], hipoplasia de genitales [G], malformaciones auriculares y/o sordera [E, por su sigla en inglés]). Las manifestaciones clínicas son la obstrucción nasal, cianosis y dificultad respiratoria desde el nacimiento cuando es bilateral. Las atresias unilaterales se caracterizan por insuficiencia ventilatoria nasal y rinorrea unilateral, y pueden pasar inadvertidas. El diagnóstico se realiza mediante endoscopia y estudios por imágenes. El tratamiento es quirúrgico; existen diferentes técnicas y vías de abordaje. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 7 años con atresia unilateral de coana derecha con resolución microendoscópica, colocación de tutor externo, con buena resolución.


Choanal atresia is characterized by obliteration of the posterior nasal opening. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the nasal passages. It has an incidence of 1 in 5000 to 7000 newborns; predominantly female. It can occur in isolation or in association with other syndromes such as CHARGE (coloboma [C], cardiac malformations [H], choanal atresia [A], psychomotor and/or growth retardation [R], genital hypoplasia [G], atrial malformations and/or deafness [E]. Clinicallypresents nasal obstruction, cyanosis and respiratory distress from birth when bilateral, unilateral atresias are characterized by nasal ventilatory insufficiency and unilateral rhinorrhea, which may go unnoticed. Diagnosis is made by endoscopy and imaging tests. Treatment is surgical, with different techniques and approaches.A 7-year-old male patient is presented with unilateral atresia of the right choana with microendoscopic resolution, placement of an external tutor, with good resolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Coloboma , Choanal Atresia/surgery , Choanal Atresia/complications , Choanal Atresia/diagnosis , Nasopharynx , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Endoscopy/methods
4.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(2): 245-249, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379881

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pênis embutido é uma patologia rara relacionada à redução do comprimento peniano. É descrita com maior incidência em crianças, porém acomete também adultos. Nesta população está associado principalmente a obesidade e acúmulo de gordura em região suprapúbica, sendo considerada uma afecção de difícil manejo e tratamento. A intervenção cirúrgica é a base do tratamento e o objetivo principal é o retorno da função urinária e sexual. Múltiplas técnicas cirúrgicas são descritas para reconstrução em pacientes com pênis embutido e devem ser adaptadas para as características apresentadas pelo paciente. Relato de Caso: Nesse artigo é relatada a abordagem de um paciente com pênis embutido, utilizando-se da técnica cirúrgica de lipoaspiração superficial e dermolipectomia associada à fixação da base do pênis em sínfise púbica com o uso de enxerto de pele parcial. Conclusão: A técnica apresentada demonstrou bons resultados funcionais pós-operatórios, devido apresentar melhora clínica das queixas iniciais do paciente, e estéticos, verbalizados pelo paciente e pela responsável legal em virtude do baixo nível cognitivo do paciente.


Introduction: Buried penis is a rare pathology related to the reduction of penile length. It is described with a higher incidence in children, but it also affects adults. This population is mainly associated with obesity and fat accumulation in the suprapubic region, being considered a pathology that is difficult to manage and treat. Surgical intervention is the basis of treatment, and the main objective is the return of urinary and sexual function. Multiple surgical techniques are described for reconstruction in patients with buried penis and must be adapted to the characteristics presented by the patient. Case Report: This article reports the surgical technique of dermolipectomy associated with the fixation of the base of the penis in pubic symphysis and a partial skin graft to approach a patient with a buried penis. Conclusion: The presented technique showed good functional postoperative results due to clinical improvement of the patients' initial complaints and aesthetic ones, verbalized by the patient and the legal guardian due to the patient's low cognitive level.

5.
Medisur ; 20(3)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405931

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La polidactilia es una anomalía congénita caracterizada por la existencia de dedos supernumerarios o bífidos. Esta puede presentarse aislada o asociada a otras malformaciones formando parte de algunos síndromes conocidos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo mostrar los resultados quirúrgicos de dos pacientes en edad pediátrica que tuvieron mayor grado de complejidad, de raza negra africana, los cuales presentaban polidactilia y fueron operados por galenos cubanos en la ciudad de Gaborone, en Botswana. Los dos pacientes tenían patrón de herencia autosómica dominante. El tratamiento quirúrgico logró armonía y simetría en miembros superiores e inferiores con buenos resultados estéticos y funcionales.


ABSTRACT Polydactyly is a congenital anomaly characterized by the existence of supernumerary or bifid fingers. This can occur isolated or associated with other malformations as part of some known syndromes. The objective of this research is to show the surgical results of two pediatric patients with a higher degree of complexity, black Africans, who presented polydactyly and were operated on by Cuban doctors in Gaborone city, Botswana. Both patients had an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Surgical treatment achieved harmony and symmetry in upper and lower limbs with good aesthetic and functional results.

6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(3): 456-467, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385115

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Flexible ureteroscopy is a well-established method for treatment of urinary stones but flexible ureteroscopes are expensive and fragile devices with a very limited lifetime. Since 2006 with the advent of digital flexible ureteroscopes a great evolution has occurred. The first single-use flexible ureteroscope was launched in 2011 and new models are coming to the market. The aim of this article is to review the characteristics of these devices, compare their results with the reusable devices and evaluate the cost-benefits of adopting single-use flexible ureteroscopes in developing countries. Materials and Methods: an extensive review of articles listed at PubMed and published between 2000 and 2021 was performed. Results: Single-use flexible ureteroscopes have a shaft with 65 to 68cm length and weight between 119 and 277g. Their deflection goes up to 300 degrees. Their stone-free rates vary between 60 and 95% which is comparable to reusable scopes and operative times ranges from 54 to 86 minutes which are lower when compared to reusable flexible scopes. Their costs vary between 800 and 3180 US dollars. Conclusion: single-use flexible ureteroscopes are lighter and have superior quality of image when compared to fiberoptic ones. There are no definite data showing a higher stone-free rate or less complications with the use of single-use flexible ureteroscopes. Each institution must perform a cost-benefit analysis before making the decision of adopting or not such devices depending on the local circumstances.

7.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(2): 11-32, 15 de junio 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378683

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study describes basic nursing care during the perioperative. Introduces the origins of perioperative nursing, general care that must be practiced with patient in this context. During the preoperative, care related with risk assessment and preparation of patient from the emotional and physical point of view are important. The trans-operative is related with the anesthesia used, surgical position, preparation of the skin, maintenance of normothermia, among many others. The postoperative depends on the type of anesthesia and surgical procedure, emphasizing on airway permeability, hemodynamic stability, pain, and symptomatology being presented by patients until they are stable and suitable for transfer to another service or their home.


Resumen Se describen los cuidados de enfermería básicos durante el perioperatorio. Se presentan los orígenes de la enfermería perioperatoria, los cuidados generales que se deben tener con el paciente en este contexto. En el preoperatorio es importante los cuidados relacionados con la valoración del riesgo, la preparación del paciente desde el punto de vista emocional y físico. Durante el transoperatorio se relacionan con la anestesia utilizada, la posición quirúrgica, la preparación de la piel, el mantenimiento de la normotermia, entre muchos otros. En el posoperatorio dependen del tipo de anestesia y procedimiento quirúrgico, realizando énfasis en la permeabilidad de la vía aérea, la estabilidad hemodinámica, el dolor, y la sintomatología que va presentando el paciente hasta que este estable y apto para trasladarse a otro servicio o para su casa.


Resumo São descritos os cuidados básicos de enfermagem durante o período perioperatório. São apresentadas as origens da enfermagem perioperatória, bem como os cuidados gerais que devem ser tomados com o paciente nesse contexto. No pré-operatório, são importantes os cuidados relacionados à avaliação de risco e o preparo do paciente do ponto de vista emocional e físico. Durante o transoperatório, estão relacionados à anestesia utilizada, à posição cirúrgica, ao preparo da pele, à manutenção da normotermia, entre muitos outros. No pós-operatório, dependem do tipo de anestesia e procedimento cirúrgico, enfatizando a permeabilidade da via aérea, estabilidade hemodinâmica, dor e os sintomas que o paciente apresenta até que esteja estável e apto a se transferir para outro serviço ou para sua casa.


Subject(s)
Operating Rooms , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Perioperative Period , Nursing Care
8.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 13(2): 1-12, 20220504.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402297

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os sistemas de saúde foram desafiados a desenvolver estratégias organizacionais para a prestação de cuidados cirúrgicos. Objetivo: Apresentar as estratégias dos serviços de saúde no que se refere às práticas de cuidados cirúrgicos em tempos de pandemia de COVID-19. Materiais e métodos: Revisão integrativa, desenvolvida em seis etapas, cuja busca dos artigos ocorreu na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, SciELO, PubMed e ScienceDirect. Os descritores controlados em saúde adotados foram "Centros Cirúrgicos" e "Infecções por Coronavírus", de acordo com os sistemas DeCS e MeSH Terms. Foram selecionados 60 artigos de 405 estudos encontrados. Resultados: As principais estratégias utilizadas pelos serviços de saúde foram: a suspensão e adiamento de cirurgias eletivas durante as ondas de contágio da doença; e a triagem cuidadosa dos pacientes para COVID-19 antes e após intervenções cirúrgicas. Discussão: A suspensão e o adiamento de cirurgias eletivas devem ser avaliados com cautela pela equipe de saúde, de forma individualizada, para cada paciente, visto que situações clínicas não urgentes podem agravar ao longo do tempo, aumentando as chances de morbimortalidade desses pacientes. Conclusão: A triagem dos pacientes e dos profissionais da saúde para COVID-19 são estratégias importantes para evitar a contaminação desses sujeitos. A suspensão e o adiamento de cirurgias eletivas, durante as ondas de contágio por COVID-19, são recomendados para aumentar a capacidade de leitos disponíveis para pacientes graves hospitalizados por essa doença. Essa recomendação também auxilia no remanejamento de profissionais desse setor para as unidades com a demanda de cuidados de saúde mais elevada.


Introduction: Health systems were challenged to develop organizational strategies for the delivery of surgical care. Objective: To present the strategies of health services with regard to surgical care practices in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: An integrative review was conducted following six stages; the search for articles was performed using the Virtual Health Library, SciELO, PubMed, and ScienceDirect. The science descriptors adopted were "Surgicenters" and "Coronavirus Infections," according to the DeCS-MeSH terms system. We selected 60 articles from 405 studies found. Results:The main strategies used by the health services were to suspend and postpone elective surgeries during waves of disease transmission and careful screening of patients with COVID-19 before and after surgery. Discussion: The suspension and postponement of elective surgeries should be carefully evaluated by the health team, individually for each patient since non-urgent clinical situations may worsen over time, increasing the chances of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Conclusions: Screening patients and health professionals for COVID-19, according to the reality of surgical units, centers or outpatient clinics, is an important strategy to avoid contamination of these subjects. The suspension and postponement of elective surgeries, during the waves of contagion by COVID-19, is recommended to increase the capacity of beds available for critically ill patients hospitalized for this disease. This recommendation also helps in the reassignment of professionals in this sector to the units with the highest demand for health care.


Introducción: Los sistemas de salud fueron desafiados a desarrollar estrategias organizacionales para la prestación de atención quirúrgica. Objetivo: Presentar las estrategias de los servicios de salud en relación a las prácticas de atención quirúrgica en tiempos de la pandemia por COVID-19. Materiales y métodos: Revisión integradora, desarrollada en seis etapas, cuya búsqueda de artículos se realizó en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, SciELO, PubMed y ScienceDirect. Los descriptores de salud adoptados fueron "Centros Quirúrgicos" e "Infecciones por Coronavirus", según los sistemas DeCS y MeSH Terms. Seleccionamos 60 artículos de 405 estudios encontrados. Resultados: Las principales estrategias utilizadas por los servicios de salud fueron: la suspensión y postergación de cirugías electivas durante las oleadas de contagio de la enfermedad; y la detección cuidadosa de pacientes para COVID-19 antes y después de las intervenciones quirúrgicas. Discusión: La suspensión y postergación de cirugías electivas debe ser cuidadosamente evaluada por el equipo de salud, ya que situaciones clínicas no urgentes pueden empeorar con el tiempo, aumentando las posibilidades de morbilidad y mortalidad en esos pacientes. Conclusión: El triaje de dos pacientes y dos profesionales de la salud para COVID-19 son estrategias importantes para evitar la contaminación de estos sujetos. Se recomienda la suspensión y postergación de cirugías electivas, durante las olas de contagio por COVID-19, para aumentar la capacidad de camas disponibles para pacientes críticos hospitalizados por esta enfermedad. Esta recomendación también ayuda en la reasignación de profesionales de este sector a las unidades con mayor demanda de atención en salud.


Subject(s)
Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgicenters , Coronavirus Infections
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 110-119, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356276

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Nephrometric scores play an interesting role in nephron sparring surgery (NSS) planning. The aim of this study is to evaluate if R.E.N.A.L. score (RS) is capable to predict the occurrence of adverse events in laparoscopic NSS. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied 150 laparoscopic NSS between 2015 and 2018 to evaluate the relationship between RS and incidence of adverse events. Clavien 3 or superior complications, warm ischemia time (WIT) over 30 minutes, tumor violation, positive surgical margins (PSM) and necessity of amplification of renal parenchyma during the resection of the masses to obtain free margins were considered as adverse events. We compared each item of the RS isolated and divided the patients between low risk and high risk. Results: Adverse results occurred in 48 cases (32%). Amplification of the margin of resection was observed in 28 cases (19%). WIT exceeded 30 minutes in 9 cases (6.1%), complications Clavien 3 or superior occurred in 13 cases (9%) and PSM were detected en 6 cases (4%). Comparing the patients with adverse outcomes and each item of the RS we did not find any statistical difference, but when divided into high risk and low risk, we found that patients in the high risk group had a higher tendency to present ad-verse results - 25.84% vs. 44.26% (p=0.03). Conclusions: RS system is a good way to predict adverse outcomes in NSS, especially in cases over 7. Further studies should focus on robotic approach and patient's characteristics other than the masses' aspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Nephrons/surgery
10.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-7, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1377721

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar os níveis de risco decorrentes do posicionamento cirúrgico em pacientes submetidos a cirurgias cardíacas. Método: Estudo observacional, transversal, documental, descritivo, realizado em um hospital filantrópico em Salvador, Bahia. A amostra foi composta de 258 pacientes que se submeteram a cirurgias cardíacas entre janeiro de 2018 e janeiro de 2019. Utilizou-se um formulário com variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e a Escala de Avaliação de Risco para Desenvolvimento de Lesões Decorrentes do Posicionamento Cirúrgico (ELPO). Os dados foram analisados quantitativamente, utilizando-se tabelas com frequências absolutas e relativas. Resultados: Dos pacientes, 59,7% eram do sexo masculino; 53,1% foram submetidos à revascularização do miocárdio; 69,8% foram classificados como grau 3 segundo a American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA III); 68,2% tinham índice de massa corporal alterado para mais; todos os pacientes foram submetidos a anestesia geral e posicionados em supina, com os membros em posição anatômica; 63,2% tiveram tempo de cirurgia acima de 4 horas; todos utilizaram colchão de visco elástico e coxins; 60,5% exibiam doença vascular. A pontuação da ELPO revelou 90,7% dos pacientes com baixo risco de desenvolver lesões por posicionamento. Conclusão: Segundo avaliação por meio da ELPO, os pacientes apresentaram baixo risco para lesão de pele durante as cirurgias cardíacas, resultado atribuído ao uso de colchão de polímero viscoelástico nas mesas cirúrgicas.


Objective: To assess the risk levels resulting from surgical positioning in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Method: This is an observational, cross-sectional, documentary, descriptive study carried out in a philanthropic hospital in Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil. The sample consisted of 258 patients who underwent heart surgery between January 2018 and January 2019. A form with sociodemographic and clinical variables and the Risk Assessment Scale for the Development of Injuries Due to Surgical Positioning (ELPO) were used. Data were analyzed quantitatively, using tables with absolute and relative frequencies. Results: Among the patients, 59.7% were men; 53.1% were submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting; 69.8% were classified as stage 3 according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA III); 68.2% had higher body mass index; all patients were submitted to general anesthesia and positioned in the supine position, with the limbs in anatomical position; 63.2% had over 4 hours of duration of surgery; all used viscoelastic mattress and pads; and 60.5% had vascular disease. The ELPO score showed 90.7% of patients at low risk of developing positioning injuries. Conclusion: According to the ELPO evaluation, patients were at low risk of developing skin injury during cardiac surgeries, a result attributed to the use of a viscoelastic polymer mattress on the operating tables.


Objetivo: Evaluar los niveles de riesgo derivados del posicionamiento quirúrgico en pacientes sometidos a cirugía cardiaca. Método: Estudio observacional, transversal, documental, descriptivo, realizado en un hospital filantrópico de Salvador, Bahía. La muestra estuvo conformada por 258 pacientes que se sometieron a cirugía cardiaca entre enero de 2018 y enero de 2019. Se utilizó un formulario con variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y la Escala de Evaluación de Riesgo para el Desarrollo de Lesiones Procedentes del Posicionamiento Quirúrgico (ELPO). Los datos fueron analizados cuantitativamente, utilizando tablas con frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: 59,7% de pacientes del sexo masculino; 53,1% fueron sometidos a revascularización miocárdica; 69,8% ASA III; 68,2% con índice de masa corporal cambiado a más; todos los pacientes sometidos a anestesia general y posicionados en decúbito supino, con los miembros en posición anatómica; 63,2% con tiempo de cirugía mayor a 4 horas; todos usaron colchones y cojines viscoelásticos; 60,5% tenían enfermedad vascular. La puntuación ELPO mostró un 90,7% de pacientes con bajo riesgo de desarrollar lesiones de posicionamiento. Conclusión: De acuerdo con una evaluación utilizando la ELPO, los pacientes tenían un bajo riesgo de lesiones en la piel durante las cirugías cardíacas, resultado atribuido al uso de un colchón de polímero viscoelástico en las mesas quirúrgicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgicenters , Thoracic Surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Vascular Diseases , Anesthesia, General , Nurses
11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 483-488, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920918

ABSTRACT

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a digestive system malignancy with extremely poor prognosis, and the survival time of patients with BTC has been prolonged with the development of various treatment methods in recent years. This article reviews the current status and advances in surgery, systemic therapy, radiotherapy, and interventional therapy for BTC, so as to provide a reference for the treatment of BTC in clinical practice.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913121

ABSTRACT

Primary liver cancer is one of the most common and fatal malignant tumors, and surgical treatment is the most important radical treatment method, but there is still a high postoperative recurrence rate and poor prognosis. In recent years, emerging techniques represented by artificial intelligence have achieved rapid innovation and are gradually integrated into the whole process of the diagnosis and treatment of primary liver cancer. Promoting the implementation of artificial intelligence in the surgical treatment of primary liver cancer is of great significance to the high-quality development of precision liver surgery. At present, researchers have extensively explored the application of artificial intelligence in treatment decision-making, preoperative evaluation, surgical implementation, postoperative management, and adjuvant therapy for primary liver cancer. This article reviews the advances in the application of artificial intelligence in the surgical treatment of primary liver cancer, so as to accelerate the application of artificial intelligence in clinical diagnosis and treatment, improve clinical service ability, and ultimately improve patients' prognosis.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933602

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and surgical treatment of abdominal unicentric Castleman's disease.Methods:The clinical data of abdominal unicentric Castleman's disease cases admitted to the General Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital,Nanjing Medical University from Jan 2009 to Dec 2019 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 18 patients were included with definite pathological diagnosis. The main complaint was abdominal pain and discomfort (50%, 6/12), dizziness and fatigue (25%, 3/12), multiple rash with oral ulcer (16.7%, 2/12) and weight loss (8.3%, 1/12). All patients received surgical resection. Postoperative pathology showed clear vascular type in 15 patients and plasma cell type in 3 patients. There were no major complications nor mortality.Conclusion:Abdominal unicentric Castleman's disease has diverse clinical manifestations, which was difficult for preoperative diagnosis, postoperative prognosis is satisfactory.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the perioperative safety and long-term prognosis of allogeneic vein replacement in abdominal surgery.Methods:Clinical data of 115 patients receiving allogeneic vein replacement from Jan 2013 to Dec 2020 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:The most common operation was radical pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer (75.7%), and the most common vascular replacement sites were the junction of portal vein system (53.9%), followed by superior mesenteric vein (23.5%) and portal vein (18.3%). In our group, 6 patients died (5.2%), 31 patients had complications (27.0%), and 2 patients had portal vein thrombosis (1.7%). During the follow-up period, 8 cases (7.5%) had mild stenosis, 12 cases (11.5%) had moderate stenosis and 14 cases (13.2%) had severe stenosis. The half-year, one-year and two-year incidence of moderate and severe stenosis were 8.0%, 24.4% and 34.5% respectively.Conclusions:The early and mid-term result of allogeneic vein replacement is satisfactory. Use of postoperative anticoagulation may help reduce the incidence of thrombogenesis or stenosis .

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 430-433, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore rational surgical treatment for childhood nail matrix nevi.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data from 35 children with pathologically confirmed nail matrix nevi, who received surgical treatment in Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from September 2015 to March 2019. Different surgical approaches were adopted according to the site and width of lesions. For lesions with a width of ≤ 3 mm, the nail bed and nail matrix lesions were directly excised with 1-to-2-mm margins and sutured in 11 cases. For lesions with a width of > 3 mm, one of the following 3 surgical procedures was selected by the children′s parents: (1) shaving of nail bed and nail matrix lesions under a microscope at ×8 magnification (8 cases) ; (2) excision of lesions followed by full-thickness skin grafting on the periosteum of the phalanx (8 cases) ; (3) excision of lesions of the second to fifth fingers followed by transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area and full-thickness skin grafting (5 cases) , or excision of lesions of the thumb followed by abdominal-wall flap transfer (3 cases) . The patients were followed up for 12 months, and clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:During the follow-up, no recurrence occurred in the 11 cases receiving direct excision and suture, with good appearances and longitudinal linear scars on the nail. Among the 8 cases receiving shaving therapy under a microscope, 4 experienced relapse during the follow-up of 6 - 12 months, and the nail/toenail plates were rough and poor in lustrousness in the other 4 without recurrence. No recurrence was observed in the 8 cases receiving excision of the lesions and full-thickness skin grafting, of whom 1 experienced skin graft necrosis, and skin grafts survived with obvious pigmentation in the other 7 cases. Among cases receiving excision of the lesions combined with transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area or abdominal-wall flap transfer, no recurrence was observed, and all transferred flaps survived; good appearances, nearly normal color and gloss of nails were obtained in the cases after transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area, while the color and gloss of postoperative nails were markedly different from those of normal nails in the cases receiving abdominal-wall flap transfer.Conclusion:For nail matrix nevi with a width of ≤ 3 mm, direct excision and suture with 1-to-2-mm margins are recommended; for those with a width of > 3 mm, excision of lesions combined with full-thickness skin grafting, transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area or abdominal-wall flap transfer is recommended; the shaving procedure under a microscope should be used with caution.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932800

ABSTRACT

Hepatolithiasis refers to a disease with stones located in bile ducts above the bifurcation of the left and right hepatic ducts. It is a common benign biliary duct disease. Hepatolithiasis is often associated with intrahepatic bile duct strictures. Due to its complex etiology and pathological changes, its treatment remains a hot topic for debate and research in biliary surgery. In recent years, new treatments have been introduced, but they are all faced with problems such as high recurrence rate, postoperative restenosis rate and reoperation rate. This article reviews the recent progress of surgical management of biliary strictures in the treatment of hepatolithiasis, including the use of hepatectomy, biliary plastic surgery, choledochoenterostomy, choledochoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography biliary stent placement to provide a up-to-date view surgical treatment of hepatolithiasis associated with biliary strictures.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety and efficacy of combining portal vein resection and reconstruction (PVR) with resection of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC).Methods:A total of 104 patients with PHC who underwent hepatectomies for either biliary resection alone or biliary resection combined with PVR from October 2006 to December 2019 at the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary, Ningbo Medical Center of Lihuili Hospital entered into this study. There were 63 males and 41 females, with the age of (64.4±10.4) years. The control group consisted of 75 patients who underwent biliary resection alone, while the PVR group consisted 29 patients with biliary resection combined with PVR. The patient characteristics and the follow-up outcomes of the two groups were analyzed and compared. Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan Meier method with the log-rank test.Results:Wedge resection of portal vein, side to side anastomosis in 2 cases, segmental resection and end to end anastomosis in 27 cases. The time taken for PVR and portal vein resection were (12.7±2.9)(range 8 to 18)min and (20.7±7.3)(range 8 to 38) mm, respectively. The estimated blood loss for the PVR group was significantly more than the control group [ M( Q1, Q3)] 800.0 (600.0, 1 500.0) ml vs. 600.0(500.0, 1 000.0) ml ( P<0.05). Based on postoperative pathological studies, the proportion of lymph node metastasis was significantly higher in the PVR group than the control group (58.6% vs. 32.0%, P<0.05). Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ and above complications were 30.7%(23/75) and 34.5%(10/29) in the control and PVR groups, respectively ( P>0.05). The re-operation and postoperative 90 days mortality rates were 9.3%(7/75) and 2.7%(2/75) in the control group, compared with 3.4%(1/29) and 0 in the PVR group, respectively (both P>0.05). The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 81.1%, 44.8% and 36.4% respectively for the control group and 78.1%, 35.9% and 31.4% for the PVR group (χ 2=0.33, P=0.570). Conclusion:When compared to biliary resection alone, biliary resection combined with PVR did not significantly increase postoperative complication and mortality rates, but with comparable long-term survival outcomes. Combined biliary resection with PVR was safe and improved the resection rate in selected patients with locally advanced PHC.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932790

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Objective:To analyze independent influencing factors of surgical textbook outcome (TO) in patients with gallbladder carcinoma, and to establish a nomogram for predicting TO and evaluated the predictive ability.Methods:Patients with gallbladder carcinoma who underwent surgery in Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery at Dongfang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Tongji University and Department of Biliary Tract Surgery Ⅰ, Third Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University (Shanghai Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital) from January 2013 to December 2018 were included and the clinical features were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 232 patients were included, including 114 males and 118 females, aged (61.0±9.8) years. According to whether TO reached or not, they were divided into TO group ( n=86) and non-TO group ( n=146). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the independent influencing factors of TO. The predictive nomogram model of TO was constructed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive ability of the model, and the consistency of the predictive model was evaluated by the consistency curve graph and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test. Results:The 1-year and 3-years cumulative survival rates of patients with gallbladder carcinoma in the TO group (86.0% and 62.8%) were better than those in the non-TO group (46.6% and 27.3%), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=60.74, P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, higher T stage ( OR=0.16, 95% CI: 0.03-0.79, P<0.001) and cervical gallbladder cancer ( OR=0.14, 95% CI: 0.02-0.94, P=0.004) had the greatest negative association with a TO, and the higher the degree of tumor differentiation ( OR=7.08, 95% CI: 1.34-37.56, P=0.001), the easier it is to achieve TO. The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve of the predictive model was 0.84 (95% CI: 0.79-0.90), suggesting that the model had good predictive performance. A nomogram to assess the probability of TO was developed and had good accuracy in both the consistency curve and Hosmer-Lemeshow test (χ 2=5.77, P=0.673). Conclusion:Tumor T stage, tumor differentiation degree and tumor location are independent influencing factors for achieving TO in patients with gallbladder carcinoma after surgery. The nomogram model constructed according to the above conclusions could accurately predict the probability of reaching TO.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical results of personalized surgical treatment for portal hypertension based on portal venous hemodynamics.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on patients with portal hypertension who underwent surgical treatment from January 2016 to December 2020 at the People’s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Wuhai People’s Hospital. Of 229 patients included into this study, there were 156 males and 73 females, with age of (4±11) years old. Portal vein CT and ultrasound doppler examination were performed preoperatively and portal vein manometry and ultrasound doppler examination were performed intraoperatively to evaluate portal venous hemodynamics. Based on the evaluation results, different surgical treatments were adopted. Postoperative complications and results of the operations were recorded. Long-term outcomes were evaluated by the rate of recurrence of gastroesophageal varices which was classified as disappearance, mild, moderate and severe according to endoscopic findings.Results:All the 229 patients completed the operations successfully. All together 13 operative treatments were used: (1) simple splenectomy ( n=11); (2) devascularization ( n=176), including 86 patients with splenectomy combined with extensive devascularization, 44 patients with splenectomy combined with selective devascularization and with preservation of paraesophageal veins, 39 patients with splenectomy combined with selective devascularization and reconstruction of spontaneous portosystemic shunt (34 patients with selective devascularization and reconstruction of spontaneous gastrorenal shunt and 5 patients with selective devascularization and reconstruction of spontaneous splenorenal shunt), 4 patients with secondary devascularization for variceal recurrence and 3 patients with devascularization and preservation of spleen; (3) shunt procedures were performed in 42 patients including 21 patients with splenectomy combined with coronary renal shunt, 11 patients with splenectomy combined with coronary-caval shunt, 6 patients with distal splenorenal shunt, 2 patients with proximal splenorenal shunt combined with devascularization, 1 patient with right gastroepiploic vein-inferior vena cava shunt and 1 patient with trans-inferior mesenteric vein coronary renal shunt. There were no operative deaths. The Clavien-Dindo grade 3 and above postoperative complication rate was 6.6% (15/229). Two hundred and eight patients were followed up for 6-60 months, with a median follow-up of 38 months. Severe recurrent varices were found in 21 patients (10.1%, 21/208), with 5 patients (2.4%, 5/208) presented with variceal bleeding. The rate of severe varices after selective shunting and selective devascularization by reconstructing the spontaneous portosystemic shunt (4.2%, 3/72) was significantly lower than that of the other devascularization procedures (13.7%, 17/124)(χ 2=4.53, P=0.033). Conclusion:Better clinical results were achieved by selecting the appropriate surgical procedures based on portal venous hemodynamic characteristics of patients. Selective shunting and selective devascularization by reconstructing the spontaneous portosystemic shunts significantly reduced the recurrence rate of severe varies.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the surgical treatment of isolated traumatic radial head dislocation (ITRHD) after failed close reduction.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 8 patients with ITRHD who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital for operation after failed close reduction from January 2011 to December 2020. They were 2 males and 6 females, aged from 15 to 41 years (average, 27 years). The left elbow was injured in 3 patients and the right elbow in 5. At the last follow-up, elbow flexion-extension and forearm pronation-supination were recorded and Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) was used to evaluate functional recovery.Results:The 8 patients were followed up for 2 to 13 months (mean, 4.5 months). At the last follow-up, elbow flexion-extension averaged 136.9° and forearm pronation-supination 143.8°. None of the 8 patients had significant pain or joint instability. Of them, 7 had good motor function but one reported significant limitation of forearm rotation. All the 8 patients scored a full MEPS mark.Conclusions:If close reduction failed, ITRHD should be treated in time by operative treatment the efficacy of which is reliable. Fixation of the proximal radial-ulnar joint with Kirschner wire should be avoided. Early exercise for full range of elbow motion is necessary.

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