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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250916, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345552

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Moringa olifera on the growth and gut health of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The feed having 30% crude protein was prepared as an experimental diet with 4%, 8% and 10% M. olifera leaf supplementation, respectively. The control diet was devoid of M. olifera leaves. The 10 weeks feeding trial was carried out on 60 fish in aquaria. Fish was fed @ 3% of body weight twice a day. Diet with the high level of inclusion of M. olifera leaves significantly increased the growth rate, Survival Rate (SR), Specific Growth Rate (SGR) and Feed Conversion Efficiency (FCE) in all treatment groups compared to the control group. Similarly, Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) gradually decreased and found highly-significant. To check the gut health of the Tilapia, random samples were selected and dissected. Nutrient agar was used as culture media to check the growth of bacteria. Pour Plate Method was used for viable colonies count by colony counter. Through staining method, the different bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were identify abundantly in the intestine of control diet fish but less number present in treatment diets groups. These results showed that M. olifera leaves up to 10% of dietary protein can be used for Nile tilapia for significant growth and healthy gut microbiota of fish.


Resumo O estudo foi conduzido para avaliar o efeito da Moringa olifera no crescimento e saúde intestinal da tilápia (Oreochromis niloticus). A ração com 30% de proteína bruta foi preparada como dieta experimental com 4%, 8% e 10% de suplementação de folhas de M. olifera, respectivamente. A dieta controle foi desprovida de folhas de M. olifera. O ensaio de alimentação de 10 semanas foi realizado em 60 peixes em aquários. O peixe pesava 3% do peso corporal duas vezes ao dia. A dieta com alto nível de inclusão de folhas de M. olifera aumentou significativamente a taxa de crescimento, taxa de sobrevivência (SR), taxa de crescimento de sobrevivência (SGR) e eficiência de conversão alimentar (FCE) em todos os grupos de tratamento em comparação com o grupo de controle. Da mesma forma, a taxa de conversão de alimentação (FCR) diminuiu gradualmente e foi considerada altamente significativa. Para verificar a saúde intestinal da tilápia, amostras aleatórias foram selecionadas e dissecadas. O ágar nutriente foi usado como meio de cultura para verificar o crescimento das bactérias. O método da placa de Verter foi usado para a contagem de colônias viáveis ​​por contador de colônias. Através do método de coloração, diferentes como Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella e Pseudomonas aeruginosa foram identificados abundantemente no intestino de peixes da dieta controle, mas em menor número nos grupos de dieta de tratamento. Esses resultados mostraram que M. olifera deixa até 10% da proteína dietética e pode ser usado para tilápia do Nilo para um crescimento significativo e microbiota intestinal saudável de peixes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cichlids , Moringa , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Plant Leaves , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Diet/veterinary , Animal Feed/analysis
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 546-553, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394725

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review the evidence behind the role and relevance of redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the current practice of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A comprehensive electronic literature search was performed to identify articles that discuss the practice of PCI and redo CABG in patients that require coronary revascularization. All relevant studies are summarized in narrative manner to reflect current indications and preference. Results: The advancement in utilization of PCI has reduced the rate of redo CABG in patients with previous CABG that requires revascularization of an already treated coronary disease or a new onset of coronary artery stenosis. Redo CABG is associated with satisfactory perioperative outcomes but higher mortality at immediate postoperative period when compared to PCI. Conclusion: Redo CABG patients are less likely to develop comorbidities associated with revascularisation, but the operative mortality is higher and long-term survival rates are similar in comparison to PCI. There is a need for further research into the role of redo CABG in the current advanced practice of PCI.

3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(3): 375-380, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384186

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction In many regions, laryngeal carcinoma is a common upper respiratory tract cancer, most commonly involving the glottic region. The treatment of early glottic cancer includes radiotherapy, open surgery and laryngeal laser microsurgery. However, the preferred treatment for early glottic cancer is still controversial. Objectives To study the factors affecting the 5-year survival rate of Tis-2N0M0 early glottis cancer and to demonstrate the oncological safety of different treatments. Methods 144 patients with early glottic cancer were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were clinically node negative. 53 patients underwent open surgery, transoral CO2 laser microsurgery in 46 cases and radiotherapy in 45 cases. The patients were followed up for 26 − 84 months, with an average follow-up period of 62.9 months. Results The 5-year overall survival was 82.6%. The 5 year survival rates of open surgery, laser microsurgery and radiotherapy were 83.0%, 82.6% and 82.2%, respectively. There was no significant difference in 5-year survival rate among the three treatments (p= 0.987). In multivariate analysis, age, T-stage, pathological grading, and anterior commissure involvement were important prognostic factors for early glottic cancer. Conclusion There was no significant difference in 5 year survival rate among patients treated by either radiotherapy, laser microsurgery or open surgery for early glottic cancer. We urge more attention to the age, T-stage, pathological grade, and anterior commissure involvement of the patients.


Resumo Introdução Em muitas regiões, o carcinoma de laringe é um câncer comum do trato respiratório superior e geralmente envolve a região glótica. O tratamento do câncer glótico inicial inclui radioterapia, cirurgia aberta e microcirurgia a laser de laringe. Entretanto, a forma preferencial de tratamento do câncer glótico inicial ainda é controverso. Objetivos Estudar os fatores que afetam a taxa de sobrevida em 5 anos do câncer glótico inicial Tis-2N0M0 e demonstrar a segurança oncológica de diferentes tratamentos. Método Um total de 144 pacientes com câncer glótico inicial foram analisados retrospectivamente. Todos os pacientes eram clinicamente negativos para linfonodos. Cinquenta e três pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia aberta, 46 à microcirurgia transoral a laser de CO2, e radioterapia em 45 casos. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por 26 a 84 meses, com um período médio de seguimento de 62,9 meses. Resultados A sobrevida global em 5 anos foi de 82,6%. As taxas de sobrevida em cinco anos da cirurgia aberta, microcirurgia a laser e radioterapia foram de 83,0%, 82,6% e 82,2%, respectivamente. Não houve diferença significante na taxa de sobrevida em cinco anos entre os três tratamentos (p = 0,987). Na análise multivariada, idade, estágio T, classificação histopatológica e envolvimento da comissura anterior foram fatores prognósticos importantes para o câncer glótico inicial. Conclusão Não houve diferença significante na taxa de sobrevida em 5 anos entre radioterapia, microcirurgia a laser e cirurgia aberta para câncer glótico inicial. Deve-se estar atento à idade, estágio T, histopatológico e envolvimento da comissura anterior dos pacientes.

4.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(1): 67-71, mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376379

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El colangiocarcinoma es una neoplasia infrecuente que, debido a su localización anatómica, plantea una dificultad técnica para su resolución quirúrgica. La cirugía en el colangiocarcinoma perihiliar sigue siendo el único tratamiento curativo con el que se consiguen las mejores tasas de supervivencia a los 5 años. La invasión de la vena porta conlleva la necesidad de asociar una resección portal y su correspondiente reconstrucción. Sin embargo, la invasión tumoral de la vena porta es, en la mayoría de los casos, un hallazgo intraoperatorio, por lo que es importante contar con opciones para eventuales reconstrucciones vasculares. A continuación presentamos un caso de resolución quirúrgica de colangiocarcinoma perihiliar con identificación intraoperatoria de compromiso portal.


ABSTRACT Cholangiocarcinoma is a rare neoplasm and a difficult challenge for the surgeon because of its anatomic location. Surgery remains the only curative option for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma with the best survival rates at 5 years. Portal vein invasion requires portal vein resection and its corresponding reconstruction. However, as portal vein invasion is an intraoperative finding in most cases it is important to count with options for in case vascular reconstructions are needed. We report a case of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma successfully treated with surgery with portal vein invasion identified intraoperatively.

5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 30: e20220089, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to retrospectively collect clinical data to evaluate the influence of possible risk factors on the long-term success of implant treatment with extra-narrow (2.9 mm diameter) implants in a daily dental practice setting. Methodology Data were collected from records of patients who received at least one extra-narrow implant from 2012 to 2017, regarding implant survival, prosthesis survival, patient characteristics, and implant characteristics. The association between the dependent variables "implant survival", "prosthesis survival," and "adverse events" related to patient and implant characteristics was statistically evaluated by chi-square tests. Moreover, implant and prosthesis survival were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Results The sample was constituted of 58 patients (37 women and 21 men) with a mean age of 54.8 years old (SD: 12.5), followed up for up to eight years. In total, 86 extra-narrow implants were placed within this sample. Four implants were lost, resulting in an implant survival rate of 95.3%. A total of 55 prostheses were inserted and only one (1.8%) was lost, resulting in a prosthesis survival rate of 98.2%. The mean implant and prosthesis survival time was, respectively, 7.1 years and 6.3 years, according to the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. A correlation was found between smoking and implant loss, which makes implant loss eight times more likely to occur in smokers than non-smokers. A significant association was also found between prosthesis loss and previous need of prosthesis repair. However, it was not considered clinically relevant. No association was found between the occurrence of adverse events and later implant or prosthesis loss. Conclusion High implant and prosthesis survival rates were found in the long term for treatment with extra-narrow implants. Moreover, a significant correlation between smoking and implant loss was observed.

6.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 25(supl.1): e220017, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387838

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate specific five-year survival in women diagnosed with cervical cancer living in the municipalities of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study with information from the Cuiabá Population-based Cancer Registry and the Mortality Information System. To estimate the probability of specific survival in five years, the Kaplan-Meier estimator and the log-rank test were used aiming at verifying if there were statistical differences in the lifetime per groups. To verify the proportionality of the failure rates, the Schoenfeld residual test was used according to the statistical significance level of 0.05. Results: Specific five-year survival and median time were 90.0% and 50.3 months, respectively, for cervical cancer. When analyzing by age, the highest specific survival was among women aged 20 to 49 years (91.7%) and median time was 53.3 months. For the histological type, the highest specific survival was among women with adenocarcinoma (92.3%) and the mean survival time was 53.5 months. Conclusion: This study showed that specific survival after five years of diagnosis remained about 90% in patients with cervical cancer. Patients aged 20 to 49 years had higher specific survival and there was statistically significant difference only between age groups.


RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a sobrevida específica em cinco anos de mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer do colo do útero que residem nos municípios de Cuiabá e Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva com informações provenientes do Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional de Cuiabá e do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade. Para estimar a probabilidade de sobrevivência específica em cinco anos, foram utilizados o estimador de Kaplan-Meier e o teste de log-rank. Para verificar a proporcionalidade das taxas de falhas, usou-se o teste de resíduos de Schoenfeld, conforme o nível de significância estatística de 0,05. Resultados: A sobrevida específica em cinco anos e o tempo mediano de sobrevida foram de 90% e 50,3 meses, respectivamente, para o câncer do colo do útero. Quando se analisa por idade, a maior sobrevida específica foi entre as mulheres de 20 a 49 anos (91,7%) e o tempo mediano de sobrevida foi de 53,3 meses. Para o tipo histológico, a maior sobrevida específica foi entre as mulheres com adenocarcinoma (92,3%) e o tempo mediano de sobrevida foi de 53,5 meses. Conclusão: Este estudo mostrou que a sobrevida específica após cinco anos do diagnóstico se manteve em torno de 90% em pacientes com câncer de colo do útero. As pacientes entre 20 e 49 anos tiveram maiores sobrevidas específicas e houve diferença estatisticamente significativa somente entre as faixas etárias.

7.
Mastology (Online) ; 32: 1-6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363057

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The presence of brain metastases secondary to primary breast cancer implies a worse prognosis for those affected. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the median survival after the diagnosis of brain metastasis in patients with breast carcinoma in a center in northeastern Brazil. Methods: The medical records of 345 patients diagnosed with breast cancer, treated between 1998 and July 2018, were analyzed. Those with brain metastasis along with their treatment performed and survival were identified. Results: Nine (2.6%) patients had brain metastasis; the mean age was 56.8 years. The mean survival time determined by the Kaplan-Meier method was 23.8 months (95%CI 6.9­40.8). Seven patients (78%) died from the disease and two were lost to follow-up (22%); invasive carcinoma of no special type was the most frequent (78%). Molecular classification by immunohistochemistry was possible in seven patients: five luminal B subtype cases, one luminal A case and one triple-negative case; luminal B subtype was associated with longer survival: 23.3 months (95%CI 3.0­43.6). As for the initial clinical staging, according to the TNM Classification of Malignant Tumors, there was one IA case, one IIA case, three IIB cases and two IIIB cases. Three patients underwent modified radical mastectomy, and six underwent conservative treatment (quadrantectomy); there was no statistical difference in survival between the different forms of treatment (p=0.771). Conclusion: The median survival after diagnosis of brain metastasis from breast cancer was 23.80 months.

8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRW6339, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364802

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate whether the addition of statins to the new antiandrogens (enzalutamide or abiraterone) affects overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Methods We searched studies in English language including the keywords statins, overall survival, and metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, at PubMed® (MEDLINE®), Embase and Cochrane databases. Results A total of 195 articles were initially identified, but only four met the inclusion criteria and were selected for the meta-analysis. A total of 955 patients, 632 on the new antiandrogens only group, and 323 on the new antiandrogens + statins group, were analyzed. In all four studies the combination therapy (new antiandrogens + statin) was well tolerated, regardless of which new antiandrogens were used. Neither the type of statin nor the doses and duration of use were well specified in the studies. The combination therapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer was associated with an overall survival improvement, and a 46% reduction in death (hazard ratio of 0.54; 95%CI 0.34-0.87; p<0.01) in multivariate analysis. Conclusion There seems to be a clinical benefit with the association of statins to the new antiandrogens in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, suggesting longer overall survival with no important collateral effect. However, due to fragility of the studies available in the literature, we are not yet capable of recommending this combination of drugs in the clinical practice. Further randomized prospective studies are warranted to confirm these beneficial outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920550

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of elective neck dissection on the 5-year survival rate of patients with early oral squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#The data of 100 patients with early oral squamous cell carcinoma (cT1-2N0M0) were retrospectively analyzed. In 61 cases, the primary tumor was subjected to elective neck dissection (END). Neck observation and follow-up (NOF) were performed in 39 cases with enlarged resection of primary lesions. Clinicopathological data such as pT staging, pathology classification,the rate of cervical lymph node metastasis and the 5-year survival rate of the patients were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#The 5-year survival rates of the END and NOF groups were 86.9% and 69.2%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.028). END treatment was significantly better than NOF in controlling cervical lymph node metastasis in early oral squamous cell carcinoma (P=0.009). After stratified analysis of histopathological features, the 5-year survival rate of patients with pathological T2 (pT2) stage OSCC in the END group was significantly higher than that in the NOF group (P=0.020). The 5-year survival rate of patients with moderate and poorly differentiated pathological grade OSCC in the END group was significantly higher than that in the NOF group (P=0.013). @*Conclusion @# END is effective for the management of the cervical lymph node metastasis rate in early OSCC patients. For patients with pT2 stage or low differentiation pathological grade, active END can significantly improve the 5-year survival rate.

10.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(4): 544-548, out.-dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357198

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto no número de casos de oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea e as taxas de sobrevivência nos anos seguintes à pandemia de H1N1 de 2009. Métodos: Avaliaram-se dois períodos distintos de utilização de oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea como suporte para insuficiência respiratória em crianças, por meio da análise de conjuntos de dados da Extracorporeal Life Support Organization. Foram construídos modelos autorregressivos integrados de médias móveis para estimar os efeitos da pandemia. O ano de 2009 foi o ano de intervenção (epidemia de H1N1) em um modelo de séries temporais interrompidas. Os dados colhidos entre 2001 e 2010 foram considerados pré-intervenção e os obtidos entre 2010 e 2017 como pós-intervenção. Resultados: Em comparação com o período entre 2001 e 2010, o período entre 2010 e 2017 mostrou aumento das taxas de sobrevivência (p < 0,0001), com melhora significante da sobrevivência quando se realizou oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea nos casos de insuficiência aguda por pneumonia viral. Antes do ponto de nível de efeito (2009), o modelo autorregressivo integrado de médias móveis mostrou aumento de 23 casos de oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea ao ano. Em termos de sobrevivência, a curva mostra que não houve aumento significante das taxas de sobrevivência antes de 2009 (p = 0,41), porém o nível de efeito foi próximo à significância após 2 anos (p = 0,05), com aumento de 6% na sobrevivência. Em 4 anos, ocorreu aumento de 8% (p = 0,03) na sobrevivência, e, 6 anos após 2009, a sobrevivência mostrou aumento de até 10% (p = 0,026). Conclusão: Nos anos após 2009, ocorreu significante e progressivo aumento global das taxas de sobrevivência com oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea para todos os casos, principalmente em razão de melhoras tecnológicas e dos protocolos de tratamento para insuficiência respiratória aguda relacionada à pneumonia viral e a outras condições respiratórias.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate whether there was any impact on the number of pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation runs and survival rates in the years subsequent to the 2009 pandemic. Methods: We studied two different periods of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for respiratory failure in children by analyzing datasets from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization. Autoregressive integrated moving average models were constructed to estimate the effect of the pandemic. The year 2009 was the year of intervention (the H1N1 epidemic) in an interrupted time series model. Data collected from 2001 - 2010 were considered preintervention, and data collected from 2010 - 2017 were considered postintervention. Results: There was an increase in survival rates in the period 2010 - 2017 compared to 2001 - 2010 (p < 0.0001), with a significant improvement in survival when extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was performed for acute respiratory failure due to viral pneumonia. The autoregressive integrated moving average model shows an increase of 23 extracorporeal membrane oxygenation runs per year, prior to the point of the level effect (2009). In terms of survival, the preslope shows that there was no significant increase in survival rates before 2009 (p = 0.41), but the level effect was nearly significant after two years (p = 0.05), with a 6% increase in survival. In four years, there was an 8% (p = 0.03) increase in survival, and six years after 2009, there was up to a 10% (p = 0.026) increase in survival. Conclusion: In the years following 2009, there was a significant, global incremental increase in the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation survival rates for all runs, mainly due to improvements in the technology and treatment protocols for acute respiratory failure related to viral pneumonia and other respiratory conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency/epidemiology , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics
11.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 25(3): 154-159, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376841

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El carcinoma adrenocortical es una neoplasia endocrina infrecuente pero con un comportamiento altamente agresivo y pobre pronóstico. Dado su baja prevalencia, la experiencia de los centros de referencia es fundamental para aumentar el conocimiento de esta entidad. Métodos: Se elaboró una serie de casos de pacientes con carcinoma adrenocortical, tratados en una institución oncológica de referencia entre enero de 2007 y diciembre de 2017. Se describieron las características clínicas e histopatológicas de los pacientes. Se estimó el tiempo de supervivencia libre de progresión y el tiempo de supervivencia global (SG) de forma gráfica y con funciones de tiempo al evento mediante la función de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: Se identificaron 19 pacientes, 14 de los cuales fueron mujeres con edad media al diagnóstico de 43.4 años (rango 20 - 65). El 58% de los pacientes tuvo secreción hormonal, siendo el síndrome de Cushing el predominante. 7 pacientes tuvieron compromiso metastásico al momento del diagnóstico. Todos los pacientes fueron llevados a adrenalectomía y el estado postquirúrgico en 10 pacientes fue R0. Al final del periodo de estudio, 11 pacientes estaban vivos. La mediana de supervivencia libre de progresión fue de 18 meses +/- 7.86 y la mediana de supervivencia global fue de 30 meses +/-19.80. Conclusión: En la población de pacientes analizada, se encontraron desenlaces de supervivencia libre de progresión y supervivencia global similares a lo reportado en centros de alta experiencia en patología adrenal.


Abstract Introduction: Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare endocrine neoplasm, but with highly aggressive behavior and a poor prognosis. Given its low prevalence, the experience of reference centers is essential to characterize the factors associated with this disease. Methods: It is a case series of patients with adrenocortical carcinoma, treated at a reference oncology institute between January 2007 and December 2017. The clinical and histopathological characteristics of patients are described. Progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) were estimated graphically and with time-to-event data using the Kaplan-Meier function. Results: 19 patients were identified; 14 of them were women with a mean age at diagnosis of 43.4 years (range 20-65). 58% of the patients had hormone secretion, with Cushing's syndrome being the predominant one. 7 patients had metastatic compromise at the time of diagnosis. All patients underwent adrenalectomy, and R0 was the post-surgical status in 10 of them. At the end of the study period, 11 patients were alive. The median progression-free survival was 18 months +/- 7.86, and the median overall survival was 30 months +/- 19.8. Conclusion: In the analyzed patient population, outcomes of progression-free survival and overall survival were similar to that reported at centers with extensive experience in adrenal disease.

12.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(1): 11-16, mar. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388128

ABSTRACT

El trasplante de pulmón (TP) es una opción para pacientes pediátricos con enfermedades pulmonares terminales. OBJETIVO: Evaluar resultados y sobrevida de pacientes pediátricos trasplantados de pulmón. MÉTODOS: Análisis retrospectivo de registros clínicos de pacientes TP ≤ 15 años de Clínica Las Condes. Se analizaron datos demográficos, tipo de trasplante, función pulmonar basal y post trasplante, complicaciones precoces y tardías y sobrevida. RESULTADOS: Nueve pacientes < 15 años de edad se han trasplantado. La edad promedio fue 12,7 años. La principal indicación fue fibrosis quística (7 pacientes). El IMC promedio fue de 17,6 y todos estaban con oxígeno domiciliario. El 77% utilizó soporte extracorpóreo intraoperatorio. Las principales complicaciones precoces fueron hemorragia y la disfunción primaria de injerto mientras que las tardías fueron principalmente las infecciones y la disfunción crónica de injerto. Cuatro pacientes han fallecido y la sobrevida a dos años fue de 85%. El trasplante les permitió una reinserción escolar y 3 lograron completar estudios universitarios. CONCLUSIÓN: El trasplante pulmonar es una alternativa para niños con enfermedades pulmonares avanzadas mejorando su sobrevida y calidad de vida.


Lung transplantation (TP) is a treatment option in children with terminal lung diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results and survival of pediatrics lung transplant patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical records of lung transplantation of patients ≤ 15 years from Clínica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile. Demographic data, type of transplant, baseline and post transplant lung function, early and late complications and survival rate were analyzed. RESULTS: Nine patients ≤ 15 years-old were transplanted. The average age at transplant was 12.7 years. The main indication was cystic fibrosis (7 patients). The average BMI was 17.6 and all the patients were with home oxygen therapy. 77% used extracorporeal intraoperative support. Average baseline FEV1 was 25.2% with progressive improvement in FEV1 of 77% in the first year. The main early complications were hemorrhage and primary graft dysfunction, while late complications were infections and chronic graft dysfunction. Four patients have died and the estimated 2 years survival was 85%. They achieved school reinsertion and three managed to complete university studies. CONCLUSION: Lung transplantation is an alternative for children with advanced lung diseases improving their survival and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Lung Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Lung Diseases/surgery , Pediatrics , Bronchiolitis Obliterans , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Survival Analysis , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Lung Transplantation/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Hemorrhage/etiology , Cystic Fibrosis , Primary Graft Dysfunction/etiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Lung Diseases/mortality
13.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e20210255, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1340729

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Analyze risk factors for infection in kidney transplant recipients from deceased expanded criteria donors (DECD) in the first two years of follow-up. Method: This is a prospective cohort study with 466 patients from DECD who underwent kidney transplantation in 2015 and 2016 in Brazil. A total of 551 events were recorded. The largest incidence of infectious events occurred in the first month after kidney transplantation. Cytomegalovirus infection was the most common infectious episode. Results: The incidence rate of infections was 57.1%. Among bacterial infections, only 4% were due to multidrug-resistant microorganisms. The death rate was 3.3% (15) patients. The main cause of death was infectious (73.3%). Hospitalization until the first infection (aOR:1.61), Number of infections in 1 year (aOR:40.16), and Cytomegalovirus infection (aOR:13.84) was risk factors for infection by multidrug resistant microorganisms (MDR). Conclusion: Infection incidence with MDR bacteria was high among kidney transplant recipients from DECD, and the main cause of death was infection. Survival was high among patients with infection.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar los factores de riesgo de infección en receptores de trasplante renal de donante fallecido con criterios expandidos (DFCE) en los dos primeros años de seguimiento. Método: Estudio prospectivo de cohorte con 466 pacientes con DFCE sometidos a trasplante renal, en 2015 y 2016, en Brasil. Se registraron un total de 551 eventos. La mayor incidencia de eventos infecciosos ocurrió en el primer mes después del trasplante de riñón. La infección por citomegalovirus fue el episodio infeccioso más común. Resultados: La tasa de incidencia de infecciones fue del 57,1%. Entre las infecciones bacterianas, solo el 4% se debió a microorganismos multirresistentes. La tasa de mortalidad fue del 3,3% (15) pacientes. La principal causa de muerte fue infecciosa (73,3%). La hospitalización hasta la primera infección (ORa: 1,61), el número de infecciones en 1 año (ORa: 40,16) y la infección por citomegalovirus (ORa: 13,84) fueron factores de riesgo de infección por microorganismos multirresistentes (MR). Conclusión: La incidencia de infección bacteriana por MR fue alta entre los receptores de trasplante renal DFCE y la principal causa de muerte fue la infección. La supervivencia fue alta entre los pacientes con infección.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar fatores de risco para infecção em receptores de transplante renal de doador falecido com critério expandido (DFCE) nos primeiros dois anos de seguimento. Método: Trata-se de estudo de coorte prospectivo, com 466 pacientes do DFCE submetidos a transplante renal, em 2015 e 2016, no Brasil. Um total de 551 eventos foram registrados. A maior incidência de eventos infecciosos ocorreu no primeiro mês após o transplante renal. A infecção por citomegalovírus foi o episódio infeccioso mais comum. Resultados: A taxa de incidência de infecções foi de 57,1%. Entre as infecções bacterianas, apenas 4% foram devidas a microrganismos multirresistentes. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 3,3% (15) pacientes. A principal causa de morte foi infecciosa (73,3%). Hospitalização até a primeira infecção (ORa: 1,61), número de infecções em 1 ano (ORa: 40,16) e infecção por citomegalovírus (ORa: 13,84) foram fatores de risco para infecção por microrganismos multirresistentes (MR). Conclusão: A incidência de infecção por bactérias MR foi alta entre receptores de transplante renal de DFCE, e a principal causa de morte foi infecção. A sobrevivência foi alta entre os pacientes com infecção.


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Infections , Transplantation , Survival Rate , Mortality
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201079, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340114

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To examine the factors affecting the transitions through treatment interventions after failure of non-surgical root canal treatment (NS-RCT). Methodology Insurance enrollment and claim information for enrollees of Delta Dental of Wisconsin (DDWI), USA were analyzed for 438,487 initial NS-RCT procedures to determine the effect of initial provider type and other covariates on additional treatments (no additional treatment, nonsurgical retreatment, surgical retreatment and extraction). A multi-state model was created using the "mstate" R package. Transitions between the four states identified by Code on Dental Procedures and Nomenclature were analyzed. Cox proportional Hazards regression stratified by transition type was used to estimate the effect of provider type on the risk of each transition, adjusting for covariates. Results The overall survival rates for all teeth that were treated by NS-RCT was 82.8% [95% CI 82.57%, 83.11%] at 10 years. Approximately, 7% of cases changed from the first state of initial NS-RCT during the 13-year study period with ultimately 0.9%, 0.4% and 5% of cases receiving non-surgical retreatment, surgical retreatment or extraction, respectively. Teeth are more likely to be retreated non-surgically than surgically, and to be extracted than retreated. In general, the probability of a tooth having non-surgical retreatment was higher if the initial provider was not an endodontist (Hazard Ratio (HR)=3.2). Molars were more likely to be non-surgically retreated (HR=2.0) or extracted (HR=2.8) when compared to anterior teeth. The probability of non-surgical retreatment (HR=0.93) or extraction (HR=0.50) was lower when a crown was placed within 90 days after NS-RCT. Conclusion Most teeth remained in the same state after treatment with no additional treatment transitions. When a transition occurred, it was more likely to be an extraction. Type of provider, age, location of the tooth, gender, and time to placement of final restoration significantly influence treatment transitions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pulp Cavity , Root Canal Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Retreatment
15.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210015, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1289856

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The investigation of peri-implant diseases risk indicators helps to prevent and target treatment techniques. Objective The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the occurrence of peri-implantitis and its potential risk indicator factors, besides to assess the long-term success and survival rates of dental implants after 8 to 10 years of function. Material and method For this, fifty individuals who had received their implant-supported rehabilitation between 2003 and 2005 were included. Data regarding demographics, medical and dental history were collected and a complete clinical examination was performed. Multivariate analysis was used to identify potential risk indicator factors related to the occurrence of peri-implantitis. Overall, 211 implants had been placed; 197 were in function, 9 were still submerged, and 5 had been lost. Result Success and survival rates were 81.5% and 97.6%, respectively. Peri-implant mucositis affected 77.1% of subjects and 52.3% of implants. Peri-implantitis was diagnosed in 14 individuals (29.2%) and 25 implants (12.7%). Subjects with osteoporosis (OR = 2.84) and generalized bleeding on probing (OR = 8.03) were significantly associated with higher odds of peri-implantitis. At the implant level, visible plaque (OR = 4.45) and deep probing depths (OR = 4.47) were significantly associated with peri-implantitis. Conclusion Through these results, our study suggests that osteoporosis and generalized periodontal/peri-implant mucosa inflammation increase the likelihood of peri-implantitis.


Resumo Introdução A investigação dos fatores indicadores de risco para as doenças peri-implantares auxilia na prevenção e direcionamento das técnicas de tratamento Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi determinar a ocorrência de peri-implantite e seus potenciais fatores indicadores de risco, além de avaliar as taxas de sucesso e sobrevida em longo prazo dos implantes dentários após 8 a 10 anos de função Material e método Foram incluídos cinquenta indivíduos que receberam sua reabilitação implanto-suportada entre 2003 e 2005. Dados demográficos, história médica e odontológica foram coletados e um exame clínico completo foi realizado. A análise multivariada foi utilizada para identificar potenciais fatores indicadores de risco relacionados à ocorrência de peri-implantite. Ao todo, 211 implantes foram colocados; 197 estavam em função, 9 ainda estavam submersos e 5 haviam sido perdidos. Resultado As taxas de sucesso e sobrevivência foram de 81,5% e 97,6%, respectivamente. A mucosite peri-implantar afetou 77,1% dos indivíduos e 52,3% dos implantes. A peri-implantite foi diagnosticada em 14 indivíduos (29,2%) e 25 implantes (12,7%). Indivíduos com osteoporose (OR = 2,84) e sangramento generalizado à sondagem (OR = 8,03) foram significativamente associados a uma maior chance de peri-implantite. Ao nível do implante, a placa visível (OR = 4,45) e as maiores profundidades de sondagem (OR = 4,47) foram significativamente associadas à peri-implantite. Conclusão Por meio desses resultados, nosso estudo sugere que a osteoporose e a inflamação generalizada da mucosa periodontal / peri-implantar aumentam a probabilidade de peri-implantite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Implants , Survival Rate , Risk Factors , Peri-Implantitis , Prevalence , Indicators (Statistics) , Disease Prevention
16.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 22: e70836, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1340613

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar a associação da sobrevida às medidas de atendimento de emergência, sintomas clínicos e marcadores bioquímicos usados para pacientes intoxicados por paraquat. Métodos coorte retrospectiva, norteada pela ferramenta Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology . O protocolo de coleta e análise de dados foi baseado em duas fases: primeira, com o levantamento das fichas de investigação de intoxicações exógenas da Secretaria de Vigilância Epidemiológica; segunda, com a análise das informações nos prontuários médicos impressos. Resultados dos 36(100%) pacientes investigados, 19(53,0%) sobreviveram; no tocante às manifestações clínicas, houve significância estatística para o sistema respiratório (p=0,003); no que tange às variáveis bioquímicas, houve significância estatística para as enzimas hepáticas. As medidas de emergências inicias 13(56,5%) dos sobreviventes receberam lavagem gástrica com carvão ativado. Conclusão observou-se falta de eficácia dos impactos das medidas de atendimento de emergência e dos medicamentos em aumentar a sobrevida dos pacientes.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the association of survival to emergency care measures, clinical symptoms and biochemical markers used for paraquat intoxicated patients. Methods retrospective cohort, guided by the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology tool. The data collection and analysis protocol were based on two phases: first, with the survey of the investigation forms of exogenous poisoning from the Secretariat of Epidemiological Surveillance; second, with the analysis of information in printed medical records. Results of the 36 (100%) patients investigated, 19 (53.0%) survived; regarding the clinical manifestations, there was statistical significance for the respiratory system (p=0.003); regarding the biochemical variables, there was statistical significance for liver enzymes. The initial emergency measures 13(56.5%) of survivors received gastric lavage with activated charcoal. Conclusion we observed a lack of efficacy of the impacts of emergency care measures and medications in increasing patient survival.


Subject(s)
Paraquat , Poisoning , Survival Rate , Amazonian Ecosystem , Emergencies
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-7, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281776

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate implant and prosthesis survival rates in full-arch rehabilitation supported by implants with platform-switched Morse taper connection submitted to immediate or delayed loading, after up to 5 years of follow-up. Material and Methods: Data was retrospectively collected from clinical records of patients who were treated by means of implant-supported full-arch rehabilitation. Survival rates of implants and prostheses were evaluated according to immediate or delayed loading. Results: The sample comprised 967 implants. Of those, 627 were submitted to immediate loading (IL) while 340 to delayed loading (DL). After a follow-up period of up to 5 years, the implant survival rate for IL was of 99.7% (622/627 implants) and 97.2% (333/340 implants) for DL. The overall implant survival rate was 98.8% (955/967 implants). Prosthesis survival rate was 100% (N = 178) for both groups. Significantly more implants in the DL group presented bone loss (p > 0.01), either greater or lower than 2 mm, during the follow-up period. Conclusion:Within their limits, the present results suggest that full-arch rehabilitation with platform-switched Morse taper connection implants can lead to surgical and prosthetic predictable outcomes. Moreover, immediate loading protocol seems to be a good option for the rehabilitation of fully edentulous patients, as it involves a shorter treatment time, which may lead to greater patient satisfaction. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as taxas de sobrevivência de implantes e próteses em reabilitações de arco completo suportadas por implantes de conexão cone Morse e platform switching submetidos à carga imediata ou tardia, após até 5 anos de acompanhamento. Material e Métodos: Os dados foram coletados retrospectivamente em prontuários clínicos de pacientes que foram tratados por meio de reabilitação de arco completo suportada por implantes. As taxas de sobrevivência de implantes e próteses foram avaliadas de acordo com a carga imediata ou tardia. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 967 implantes. Destes, 627 foram submetidos à carga imediata (IL) e 340 à carga tardia (DL). Após um período de acompanhamento de até 5 anos, a taxa de sobrevivência de implantes para IL foi de 99,7% (622/627 implantes) e de 97,2% (333/340 implantes) para DL. A taxa de sobrevivência geral dos implantes foi de 98,8% (955/967 implantes). Taxa de sobrevivência da prótese de 100% (N = 178) foi encontrada para ambos os grupos. Significantemente mais implantes no grupo DL apresentaram perda óssea (p > 0,01), seja maior ou menor que 2 mm, durante o período de acompanhamento. Conclusão: Os presentes resultados sugerem, dentro de seus limites, que a reabilitação de arco completo com implantes de conexão cone Morse e platform switching pode obter resultados cirúrgicos e protéticos previsíveis. Além disso, o protocolo de carga imediata parece ser uma boa opção para a reabilitação de pacientes totalmente edêntulos, pois envolve um menor tempo de tratamento, o que pode levar a uma maior satisfação do paciente (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Rehabilitation , Dental Implants , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1623-1630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relevant prognostic factors and construct a nomogram to predict the relapse-free survival of cervical chordoma.Methods:Data of 48 patients with cervical chordoma treated by operation from November 1994 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 28 males and 20 females, aged 48.5±15.4 years (range 5-70 years). Data extraction comprised patients age, gender, Karnofsky performance status scale (KPS), duration of preoperative symptoms, location, involved segments, preoperative Frankel score, diagnostic biopsy method, adjuvant radiotherapy, surgical option and complications. Follow-up was conducted at 3, 6, 12 months after surgery and annually, X-Ray/CT/MRI were used to evaluate the progress of disease. Univariate analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log Rank test to identify prognostic factors relevant to relapse-free survival, and multivariate Cox regression analysis was used in multivariate analysis, then R 3.6.2 was used to construct a nomogram.Results:Mean follow-up time was 66.6±51.1 months (range 14-228 months), 35 cases relapsed up to follow-up time, the cumulative 1-year, 3-year and 5-year relapse-free survival were 70.8%, 42.1% and 30.9%. Univariate analysis showed that diagnostic biopsy method ( P=0.016), adjuvant radiation therapy ( P=0.027), surgical option ( P<0.001) were relevant to relapse-free survival of cervical chordoma. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that surgical option (intralesional resection after extracapsular separation vs. directly intralesional resection), HR=0.209, 95% CI (0.076, 0.575) had significant impacts on relapse-free survival of cervical chordoma. A nomogram with c-index of 0.760 to predict 1-year, 3-year and 5-year relapse-free survival was conducted basing on age, gender, location, involved segments, diagnostic biopsy method, adjuvant radiation therapy, surgical option. Conclusion:Aspiration biopsy, intralesional resection after extracapsular separation and adjuvant radiation therapy could prolong the relapse-free survival of cervical chordoma. The nomogram in this study could predict 1-year, 3-year and 5-year relapse-free survival of cervical chordoma with relatively good accuracy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the factors associated with long-term survival and guide the decision for primary surgery in patients with advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer(HGSOC).Methods:In this case-control study, clinical parameters, including surgical and non-surgical associated factors, were collected and compared between the patients with short-term (<2 years) and long-term (>5 years) survival who all underwent primary debulking surgery (PDS) followed by carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy from January 2004 to December 2016. Univariate analysis was examined by chi-square test and multivariate analysis was performed by logistic regression analysis.Results:There were 95 cases long-term survival (LTS group) and 77 cases short-term survival (STS group) in 698 newly diagnosed HGSOC patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ⅲc and Ⅳ who met include and exclude criteria. (1) Univariate analysis showed that the proportion of complete cytoreduction with no visible residual disease (R0) at PDS and platinum sensitivity in LTS group were significantly higher than those in STS group ( P<0.01). The surgical complexity score (SCS), the preoperative serum CA 125 level and the ascites volume in the LTS group were significantly lower than those of the STS group (all P<0.05). In the LTS group, the preoperative incidence of lesions in retrograde peritoneum of the bladder, serosal and mesangial membrane of the small intestine, upper abdominal peritoneum and liver parenchyma were significantly lower than those in the STS group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that platinum sensitivity ( OR=0.016, 95% CI: 0.004-0.063, P<0.01), ascites volume >500 ml ( OR=3.193, 95% CI: 1.285-7.930, P=0.012), and SCS ≥8 ( OR=17.433, 95% CI: 2.281-133.25, P=0.003) were independent factors affecting long-term survival ( P>0.05). (2) Totally 37 of 95 in long-term survival and 16 of 77 in short-term survival achieved R0 cytoreduction at PDS. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative serum CA 125 level, preoperative lesion score, preoperative lesion (DS) score, ascites volume, platinum sensitivity,and SCS were significantly correlated with the R0 PDS (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ascites volume >500 ml ( OR=5.199, 95% CI: 2.015-13.409, P=0.001), DS >2 ( OR=15.264, 95% CI: 5.843-39.874, P<0.01) and SCS ≥4 ( OR=4.176, 95% CI: 1.618-10.777, P=0.003) were independent factors associated with R0 cytoreduction. In patients with DS ≤2 or SCS <4, but not those with DS >2 or SCS ≥4, R0 cytoreduction was significantly associated with long-term survival. Conclusion:The intrinsic biology of tumor is the factor influencing long-term survival of advanced HGSOC patients, and those who present with wide intraperitoneal metastases and need to remove multiple organs may not benefit from R0 cytoreduction.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1135-1140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909986

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the survival rate change of retinal ganglion cells(RGCs)in a mouse of optic nerve crush(ONC).Methods:Ninety-seven male C57BL/6J mice(6 to 8 weeks)were selected and divided into normal group( n=5), sham-operation group( n=5)and ONC group( n=5)according to the random number table. In normal group, both eyes of the mice did not receive any intervention. In sham-operation group, the right eye of the mice received sham operation, while the left eye reveived no intervention. In ONC group, the left eye received ONC, and the right eye received sham operation. In normal group, the density of RGCs in both eyes was quantified and compared. In sham-operatioin group, the density of RGCs in the sham operation eye was calculated and then compared to the average density of RGCs in normal group. In ONC group, the survival rate of RGCs was set as the ratio between the left eye(ONC eye)and the right eye(sham-operation eye). The survival rate of RGCs in ONC group was compared after crush injury for 5, 10, 20, 30 seconds)(the sacrifice time was set at day 7), and was compared after sampling on days 3, 4, 5, 7, 14, 30, 60, 90, 180(the duration of crush injury was set as 20 seconds). Results:In normal group, the density of RGCs in the right eye was(5, 167.3±55.6)cell/mm 2, with no statistical difference from that in the left eye[(5, 199.6±44.8)cell/mm 2]( P>0.05). The density of RGCs in normal group and sham-operation group was(5, 183.5±33.4)cell/mm 2 and(5, 151.5±87.6)cell/mm 2, showing no statistical difference( P>0.05). The survival rate of RGCs in ONC group after crush injury for 5, 10, 20, 30 seconds was(37.6±1.1)%,(34.0±0.9)%,(33.6±1.6)% and(30.3±0.6)%( P<0.01). In comparison, there was statistical difference in the survival rate of RGCs between crush injury for 5 seconds and for 30 seconds( P<0.01), but not among other duration of crush injury( P>0.05). The survival rate of RGCs in ONC group after sampling on days 3, 4, 5, 7, 14, 30, 60, 90, 180 was(85.4±2.0)%,(67.6±3.1)%,(43.0±1.0)%,(33.6±1.6)%,(22.7±2.0)%,(12.8±0.6)%,(10.4±0.8)%,(8.6±0.5)% and(6.7±0.2)%( P<0.01), showing the most obvious drop from day 3 to day 5. Additionally, the curve became flattened after 30 days. Conclusions:In a mouse model of ONC, varying durations of crushing will lead to different damage to RGCs in a progressive mode, indicating that following the primary injury(ONC), the RGCs suffer secondary injury as well. Therefore, effectively controlling the secondary injury may be the key point of treating optic nerve injuries.

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