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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550864

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la inmunosenescencia está asociada con un mayor riesgo de desarrollo de cáncer. Dentro de las hemopatías malignas que afectan a este grupo de edad, está la leucemia linfoide crónica (LLC), caracterizada por trastornos en la inmunidad adaptativa que incluye las subpoblaciones de linfocitos T. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de las subpoblaciones de linfocitos T en los pacientes adultos mayores con leucemia linfoide crónica evaluados en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología de Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 30 adultos mayores con leucemia linfoide crónica. Se cuantificaron los linfocitos TCD3+CD4+ y TCD3+CD8+ en sangre periférica por citometría de flujo. Para la lectura y el análisis de los datos se empleó un citómetro de flujo Beckman Coulter Gallios. Se utilizaron los valores porcentuales, la media y la desviación estándar. Se consideró estadísticamente significativo si p≤0.05. Resultados: Hubo un predominio de hombres que representaron el 56,7 por ciento y del grupo de 70-79 años de edad. No se reportó ningún adulto mayor con LLC con valores altos ni normales de linfocitos TCD3+CD4+. Predominaron los hombres con valores bajos porcentuales de linfocitos TCD3+CD4+, TCD3+CD8+ e inversión del índice CD4/CD8 en relación con las mujeres. Conclusiones: Los adultos mayores con LLC presentan alteraciones en el número de las subpoblaciones de linfocitos T. La acción de estas células en relación al crecimiento de células B malignas aún es desconocido y resulta importante determinar si esto puede reflejar un intento de evasión de las células tumorales al control inmunológico(AU)


Introduction: Immunosenescence is associated with an increased risk of cancer development. Among the malignant hemopathies that affect this age group, it is chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL), characterized by disorders in adaptive immunity, which include subpopulations of T lymphocytes. Objective: To determine frequency of T lymphocyte subpopulations in older adult patients with chronic lymphoid leukemia evaluated at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology of Cuba. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 30 older adults with chronic lymphoid leukemia. TCD3+CD4+ and TCD3+CD8+ lymphocytes were quantified in peripheral blood by flow cytometry. A Beckman Coulter Gallios flow cytometer was used to read and analyze the data. The percentage values, the mean and the standard deviation were used. It was considered statistically significant if p≤0.05. Results: There was a predominance of men who represented 56.7 percent and the age group of 70-79 years. No older adults with CLL with high or normal values of TCD3+CD4+ lymphocytes were reported. Men predominated with low percentage values of TCD3+CD4+, TCD3+CD8+ lymphocytes and inversion of the CD4/CD8 ratio in relation to women. Conclusions: Older adult with CLL present alterations in the number of T lymphocyte subpopulations. The role of these cells in relation to the growth of malignant B cells it is unknown and it turns out important to determine if this may reflect an attempt to evade tumor cells from immune control(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Leukemia, Lymphoid/complications , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 422-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986146

ABSTRACT

Objective: T lymphocyte exhaustion is an important component of immune dysfunction. Therefore, exploring peripheral blood-exhausted T lymphocyte features in patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure may provide potential therapeutic target molecules for ACLF immune dysfunction. Methods: Six cases with HBV-ACLF and three healthy controls were selected for T-cell heterogeneity detection using the single-cell RNA sequencing method. In addition, exhausted T lymphocyte subpopulations were screened to analyze their gene expression features, and their developmental trajectories quasi-timing. An independent sample t-test was used to compare the samples between the two groups. Results: Peripheral blood T lymphocytes in HBV-ACLF patients had different differentiation trajectories with different features distinct into eight subpopulations. Among them, the CD4(+)TIGIT(+) subsets (P = 0.007) and CD8(+)LAG3(+) (P = 0.010) subsets with highly exhausted genes were significantly higher than those in healthy controls. Quasi-time analysis showed that CD4(+)TIGIT(+) and CD8(+)LAG3(+) subsets appeared in the late stage of T lymphocyte differentiation, suggesting the transition of T lymphocyte from naïve-effector-exhausted during ACLF pathogenesis. Conclusion: There is heterogeneity in peripheral blood T lymphocyte differentiation in patients with HBV-ACLF, and the number of exhausted T cells featured by CD4(+)TIGIT(+)T cell and CD8(+)LAG3(+) T cell subsets increases significantly, suggesting that T lymphocyte immune exhaustion is involved in the immune dysfunction of HBV-ACLF, thereby identifying potential effective target molecules for improving ACLF patients' immune function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/pathology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Receptors, Immunologic
3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 910-914, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998981

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) vaccination is the safest and most effective means of preventing hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. HepB non-response is influenced by multiple factors, and solving the problem of poor immune response after HepB vaccination is of great significance for controlling HBV infection. Bile acids play an important role in human immune regulation, and whether bile acids have an effect on the HepB immune response has not been definitively studied. This article reviews the correlation between bile acids and HepB immune response, and provides a reference for further clarifying the pathogenesis and immunoprevention of bile acids in vaccine immunity.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 810-816, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997813

ABSTRACT

Organ shortage is a critical factor limiting the development of organ transplantation. Xenotransplantation is expected to resolve the problem of organ shortage, which has become a new research hotspot. Study of costimulatory signaling pathway related to T cell regulation is a hot topic in terms of immunity of xenotransplantation. Since the discovery of costimulatory molecule CD28, multiple costimulatory molecules have been identified, including costimulatory and coinhibitory receptors and their related ligands. Specific T cell activation of donors is the key factor leading to acute immune rejection. The expression and induction of costimulatory molecules on T cells differ during different immune stages, and these costimulatory molecules play a key role in maintaining T cell tolerance and the balance of T cell immune response. At present, increasing attention has been diverted to the role of costimulatory signaling pathway in organ transplantation. In this article, the latest research progress in costimulatory signaling pathway related to xenotransplantation immunity was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the optimization of xenotransplantation immunosuppression regimen.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 745-753, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987127

ABSTRACT

Regulatory T cells (Treg) are important inhibitory immune cells to establish immune tolerance, which play a pivotal role in regulating excessive immune response and autoimmune diseases of the host. Previous studies related to transplant immune tolerance have confirmed that increasing the number of Treg in vivo or enhancing the function of Treg serve as a therapeutic strategy to induce transplant immune tolerance. At present, Treg-based induction methods for transplant immune tolerance include adoptive infusion of Treg, in vivo amplification of Treg and utilization of antigen-specific Treg. In this article, the characteristics and mechanism of Treg, the latest research progress on basic experiments and clinical practice of Treg related to transplant immune tolerance at home and abroad were reviewed, and future challenges and development of Treg therapy were prospected, aiming to unravel the significance and application prospect of Treg in transplant immune tolerance, explore the advantages and limitations of Treg therapeutic strategies, and provide reference and evidence for subsequent research in this field.

6.
Adv Rheumatol ; 63: 40, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513557

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Serum from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients has been shown to induce T-lymphocyte (TL) apoptosis. Given that different cells of the immune system display different sensitivity to apoptosis, we set to evaluate the in vitro effect of SLE serum on regulatory T-cells (Treg), Th17, Th1 and Th2 from SLE patients and healthy controls. Methods Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from SLE patients or normal controls were exposed to a pool of sera from SLE patients or normal controls. Annexin V was used to label cells in apoptosis or necrosis. Annexin V-labeled Treg, Th17, Th1 and Th2 cells were determined using flow cytometry. Results Total CD3 + and CD4+cells from SLE patients showed higher frequency of spontaneous apoptosis/necrosis, whereas Th1 cells from SLE patients presented reduced spontaneous apoptosis/necrosis rate as compared with cells from controls. Incubation with SLE serum induced increased frequency of apoptotic/necrotic CD3 +, CD4 + and Th2 cells from normal controls or from SLE patients as compared with cultures incubated with normal human serum (NHS) or without human serum at all. Incubation with SLE serum did not increase the apoptosis/necrosis rate in Th1 or Th17 cells. Treg cells from SLE patients were more prone to apoptosis/necrosis induced by SLE serum than Treg cells from normal individuals. Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells presented increased apoptosis rates in cultures without human serum. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the serum of patients with active SLE stimulates apoptosis of CD4+T cells in general and exhibit differentiated effects on CD4+T-cell subsets.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1198-1205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996677

ABSTRACT

@#Objective Establish quality control methods for critical quality attribute of bispecific antibody against programmed cell death protein 1(PD-1)/cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4(CTLA-4).Methods The biological activity of PD-1 target was determined by reporter gene assay,and the competitive binding activity of CTLA-4 target was determined by flow cytometry;The antibody molecular size variants were controlled by reducing/non-reducing capillary electrophoresis-sodium dodecyl sulfonate(CE-SDS) and size exclusion chromatography-high performance liquid chromatography(SEC-HPLC);Charge heterogeneity was determined by imaging capillary isoelectric focusing electrophoresis(iCIEF);Bispecific anti-PD-1/CTLA-4 antibody was identified by peptide map analysis;Glycosylation was analysed by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC)Results The concentration for 50% of maximal effect(EC_(50)) of PD-1target was(6.91±0.78) nmol/L,and the relative biological potency to the reference was(103.50±13.08)% with the RSD of 12.64%;The EC_(50) of CTLA-4 target activity was(0.35±0.28) nmol/L,and the relative biological potency was(99.30±9.15)% with the RSD of 8.32%.The percentage of peak area of light chain and heavy chain of reducing CE-SDS was(98.86±0.02)%.The main peak area percentage of non-reducing CE-SDS was(93.07±0.13)%,fragment percentage was(4.44±0.13)%,and polymer percentage was(2.49±0.15)%.The peak area percentage of SEC-HPLC monomer and polymer were(97.20±0.01)% and(2.68±0.01)%,respectively.The area percentage of peak A group,peak B group,peak C group and peak D group were(38.43±0.54)%,(43.26±0.32)%,(11.31±0.14)% and(7.00±0.17)%,respectively.Peptide mapping showed the specific spectrum of the bispecific anti-PD-1/CTLA-4 antibody,which could be adopted for identification test.The highest proportion of glycotype was GOF,with a content of(41.06±0.11)%,There were three types of glycan containing sialic acid,namely G2F+G1F-NANA,G2F-NANA and G2F-2NANA,with the content of(12.44±0.12)%,(12.00±0.05)% and(5.37±0.05)%,respectively.The total content of glycan containing sialic acid was(29.80±0.20)%.Conclusion The critical quality attributes of bispecific anti-PD-1/CTLA-4 antibody were studied and the corresponding quality control methods were established to ensure its safety,effectiveness and quality control,which provides a reference for the quality control methods and strategies of this type of monoclonal antibody products.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 309-314,C5-1-C5-3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992934

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of intestinal microbiota in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and further explore the relationship between microbiota and CD4 +T lymphocyte subsets and disease activity. Methods:Fecal samples were collected from 96 patients with SLE, and 96 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs). The gut microbiota were investigated via 16s rRNA sequencing. Flow cytometry was used to detect peripheral CD4 +T lymphocyte subsets of Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg cells. Indicators of disease activity such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), complement C3 and C4, Systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index(SLEDAI) for each patient were recorded. Differential abundance analysis was carried out using the edgeR algorithm. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to compare alpha diversity indices, bacterial abundances, and the F/B ratio between groups. R (version 4.0.1) was used for comparative statistics, and Pearson′s correlation analysis was used to assess the correlations between the relative abundances of bacterial genera and serum levels of ESR, CRP, C3 and C4 in the samples. Results:The alpha estimators of richness (ACE and Chao 1) were significantly reduced in SLE feces samples compared with those of HCs ( P<0.01). Bacterial diversity estimators, including the Shannon ( P<0.01) and Simpson′s ( P<0.01) indices, were also significantly lower in SLE. Significant differences in gut microbiota composition between SLE and HCs were found using the edgeR algorithm. Compared with HC, 24 species of bacteria were significantly different in SLE patients at the genus level ( P<0.05). Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between CRP and Coprococcus ( r=0.30, P=0.014), C4 and Corynebacterium ( r=0.31, P=0.013) and Faecalibacterium( r=0.25, P=0.048), Hemoglobin and Morganella( r=0.41, P=0.001), as well as SLIDA and Corynebacterium( r=0.25, P=0.047). In terms of lymphocyte subsets, there was significant positive correlation between B cells, Treg cells and Eubacterium eligens group, as well as CD8 +T, CD4 +T, NK cells and Corynebacterium. In additional, Th1 was positively correlated with Shigella Escherichia coli ( r=0.52, P=0.008), and Th2 was positively correlated with Dielma ( r=0.51, P<0.001). Conclusion:The abundance and diversity of intestinal flora in SLE patients were significantly reduced, and the differentially expressed bacteria were closely related to the CD4 +T lymphocyte subsets and disease activity indicators of patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1012-1017, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991858

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of probiotics on intestinal flora, intestinal function, and T lymphocyte level in patients with cervical cancer after radiotherapy.Methods:A total of 92 patients with cervical cancer who underwent pelvic radiotherapy in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from September 2020 to February 2022 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into control and experimental groups ( n = 46/group). The patients in the experimental group took probiotics during radiotherapy, while the patients in the control group did not take probiotics during radiotherapy. The amount of intestinal flora, D-lactic acid, diamine oxidase, and T lymphocyte subset levels pre- and post-radiotherapy were compared between the two groups. Urinary lactulose (L) and mannitol (M) concentrations were determined in each group. Urinary excretion ratios of L to M were calculated. Results:After 10, 15, and 20 times of radiotherapy and after all radiotherapies, the amount of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( F = 128.60, 224.99, all P < 0.05). The amount of Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( F = 2 065.46, 948.23, both P < 0.05). After 10, 15, and 20 times of radiotherapy and after all radiotherapies, plasma D-lactic acid level in the experimental group was (9.34 ± 1.63) μg/L, (9.15 ± 1.36) μg/L, (8.68 ± 1.06) μg/L, and (8.05 ± 0.82) μg/L, respectively. After 10, 15, and 20 times of radiotherapy and after all radiotherapies, plasma diamine oxidase level in the experimental group was (86.34 ± 20.25) μg/L, (84.28 ± 17.45) μg/L, (80.40 ± 13.35) μg/L, and (76.85 ± 10.87) μg/L, respectively, and urinary excretion ratio of L to M in the experimental group was (1.84 ± 0.16), (1.55 ± 0.12), (1.26 ± 0.09), (0.98 ± 0.06), respectively, all of which were significantly lower than those in the control group ( F = 121.60, 31.73, 417.84, all P < 0.05). After 10, 15, and 20 times of radiotherapy and after all radiotherapies, CD4 + level in the experimental group was (39.80 ± 4.90)%, (40.92 ± 5.30)%, (42.52 ± 6.14)%, (43.83 ± 6.55)%, respectively, CD4 +/CD8 + was (1.52 ± 0.25), (1.63 ± 0.22), (1.71 ± 0.39), (1.83 ± 0.22), respectively, all of which were significantly higher than those in the control group ( F = 58.69, 31.07, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Probiotics can improve the status of intestinal flora and intestinal barrier function in patients with cervical cancer after radiotherapy, and simultaneously improve the cellular immune function of patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 651-656, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effects of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate on oxidative stress and peripheral blood Th17/Treg balance in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis.Methods:A total of 102 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis who received treatment in the Marine Police Corps Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police, China from March 2020 to June 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo treatment with either tenofovir disoproxil fumarate ( n = 51, observation group) or entecavir ( n = 51, control group) for 42 weeks. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), T helper 17 cells (Th17), regulatory T cells (Treg), Th17/Treg ratio, hyaluronic acid (HA), laminin (LN), type III procollagen (PC III), type IV collagen (IV-C), hepatitis B virus DNA negative rate, HBeAg negative rate, and alanine aminotransferase normalization rate pre- and post-treatment as well as the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results:Before treatment, there were no significant differences in SOD, MDA, NO, Th17, Treg, Th17/Treg ratio, HA, LN, PC III, IV-C between the two groups (all P > 0.05). After treatment, SOD and Treg in the observation group were (121.52 ± 23.52) U/L and (3.51 ± 0.70)% in the observation group, respectively, which were significantly higher than (113.30 ± 20.05) U/L and (3.14 ± 0.49)%, respectively in the control group ( t = 1.90, -4.14, both P < 0.05). MDA, NO and Th17, Th17/Treg ratio, HA, LN, PC III, and IV-C in the observation group were (7.40 ± 1.35) mmol/L, (22.56 ± 4.25) μmol/L, (1.29 ± 0.46)%, (0.45 ± 0.11), (212.52 ± 16.62) μg/L, (135.52 ± 14.02) μg/L, (132.52 ± 15.62) μg/L,(96.52 ± 10.02) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower compared with the control group ( t = -6.81, 4.02, 3.10, -8.46, -13.27, -15.23, -13.67, -17.38, all P < 0.05). Hepatitis B virus DNA negative rate, HBeAg negative rate, and alanine aminotransferase normalization rate in the observation group were 76.47% (39/51), 68.63% (35/51) and 74.51% (38/51), respectively, which were higher than 56.86% (29/51), 41.18% (21/51), 54.90% (28/51) in the control group ( χ2 = 4.41, 7.76, 4.29, all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is highly effective on hepatitis B cirrhosis. It can reduce oxidative stress and regulate peripheral blood Th17/Treg balance.

11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 247-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991000

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics and clinical significance of mitochondrial injury of T lymphocyte subsets in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH).Methods:The clinical data of 57 patients with AIH (AIH group) from June to December 2021 in Hangzhou Xixi Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, while 60 healthy physical examiners were included as healthy group. The peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets (CD 8+ T lymphocyte count and CD 4+ T lymphocyte count) were detected by flow cytometry, and matched mitochondrial staining value according to certain algorithm was used to determine the mitochondrial damage of helper T lymphocyte (Th cell) and suppressor T lymphocyte (Ts cell). The levels of IgG, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured using a Roche E170 automatic electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) titer was measured by immunofluorescence. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of mitochondrial damage of Th cell and Ts cell in patients with AIH. Results:The ALT, AST, IgG, positive rate of ANA titer, CD 4+ T lymphocyte count, CD 8+ T lymphocyte count, rate of Th cell mitochondrial injury and rate of Ts cell mitochondrial injury in AIH group were significantly higher than those in healthy group: (118.90 ± 37.61) U/L vs. (30.96 ± 14.37) U/L, (102.40 ± 36.51) U/L vs. (31.12 ± 14.06) U/L, (18.40 ± 3.71) g/L vs. (13.89 ± 1.98) g/L, 96.49% (55/57) vs. 16.67% (10/60), 438 (323, 637) × 10 6/L vs. 398 (272, 469) × 10 6/L, 296 (211, 296) × 10 6/L vs. 270 (193, 322) × 10 6/L, 61.40% (35/57) vs. 8.33% (5/60) and 82.46% (47/57) vs. 11.67% (7/60), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that the AST elevated and CD 8+ T lymphocyte count reduced were the independent risk factors of Ts cell mitochondrial injury in patients with AIH ( OR = 1.06 and 0.99, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.10 and 0.99 to 1.00, P<0.05); the ALT elevated and IgG elevated were the independent risk factors of Th cell mitochondrial injury in patients with AIH ( OR = 1.08 and 1.66, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.14 and 1.11 to 2.48, P<0.05). Conclusions:It is of positive clinical significance to measure the T lymphocyte subtype mitochondrial injury in patients with AIH. The probability of mitochondrial injury of T lymphocyte subtype can be predicted by biochemical indexes such as ALT, AST and IgG, so as to indirectly evaluate the liver cell necrosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 239-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989933

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictive value of soluble cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (sCTLA-4) and RAD51 paralogous gene C (RAD51C) protein in the recurrence of cervical cancer patients after interventional therapy.Methods:A total of 107 patients with cervical cancer who underwent interventional surgery in our hospital from May. 2015 to Apr. 2019 were selected as the research group. postoperative recurrence were recorded. Another 107 patients with benign cervical disease during the same period were selected as the control group. The protein expressions of sCTLA-4 and RAD51C were compared between the two groups and patients with or without recurrence. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of postoperative recurrence of cervical cancer patients, and a nomogram model of postoperative recurrence of cervical cancer patients was constructed and verified by calibration curve. The postoperative recurrence rate of cervical cancer patients with different sCTLA-4 and RAD51C protein expressions was compared.Results:The level of sCTLA-4 and the high expression rate of RAD51C protein in the study group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). High-risk human papillomavirus positive, vascular infiltration, interstitial infiltration ≥1/2, paracterine infiltration, high expression of RAD51C protein and high SCTLA-4 level were independent risk factors for postoperative recurrence of cervical cancer ( P<0.05). High-risk human papillomavirus, vascular invasion, interstitial invasion, parametrial invasion, RAD51C protein and sCTLA-4 levels were used to construct a nomogram prediction model for postoperative recurrence of cervical cancer patients. The consistency indices were 0.610 (95% CI: 0.511-0.702), 0.616 (95% CI: 0.517-0.708), 0.640 (95% CI: 0.541-0.730), 0.609 (95% CI: 0.510-0.702), 0.728 (95% CI ranged from 0.633 to 0.809), 0.817 (95% CI ranged from 0.731 to 0.885), and the calibration curve validation showed high consistency. The net benefit rate of combined detection of sCTLA-4 and RAD51C proteins was greater than that of single detection. Conclusions:sCTLA-4 and RAD51C proteins are highly expressed in cervical cancer patients, and the high expression of both indicates that cervical cancer patients have a higher risk of recurrence after surgery. Clinically, the detection of sCTLA-4 and RAD51C protein expression can be used to screen patients with high recurrence risk.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 166-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of CAG stimulating regimen for refractory adult early T cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) complicated with fusarium infection and the clinical features as well as antifungal strategy of cutaneous fusarium infection.Methods:The diagnosis and treatment of 1 adult patient diagnosed as ETP-ALL complicated with cutaneous fusarium infection in the First Hospital of Jilin University in September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and related literatures were reviewed.Results:VICP chemotherapy regimen showed no effectiveness in this patient who was presented with persistent agranulocytosis complicated with cutaneous fusariosis infection. After amphotericin B therapy for infection, he achieved the stable disease and successfully underwent CAG stimulating regimen salvage treatment. The minimal residual disease turned into negative after consolidation chemotherapy based on the myeloid regimen. Finally this patient survived from haploid allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after consolidation chemotherapy and fusarium was under the control by using posaconazole as secondary prevention therapy.Conclusions:CAG stimulating regimen can be recommended as reinduction therapy for relapsed/refractory ETP-ALL. Sequential therapy of amphotericin B followed by posaconazole can be a useful antifungal strategy for fusarium infection.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1894-1898, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010056

ABSTRACT

T-lymphocyte tumors are a group of diseases containing various types of lymphatic system tumors, with strong heterogeneity and poor clinical outcomes. Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy, as a new immune cell therapy, has made a breakthrough in the field of B-lymphocyte tumors. People are interested in the application prospect of this technique in the field of T-lymphocyte tumors. Some studies have shown that CAR-T cell therapy has made some progress in the treatment of T-lymphocyte tumors, and CAR-T for some targets has entered the stage of clinical trials. However, due to the characteristics of T cells, there are also many challenges. This article reviews the research and application of CAR-T cell therapy in T-lymphocyte tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , T-Lymphocytes , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/metabolism , Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 529-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of herbal cake separated moxibustion on macrophage effector molecule T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-4 (Tim-4) and ubiquitination of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) in rabbits with immunosuppression, and to explore the possible mechanism on herbal cake separated moxibustion in improving immunosuppression.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two big-ear white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a moxa stick moxibustion group and a herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 8 rabbits in each group. Except the normal group, the immunosuppression model was established by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide of60 mg/kg in the other 3 groups. "Shenque" (CV 8), "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Zusanli" (ST 36), etc. were selected in both the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group. Moxa stick moxibustion was applied in the moxa stick moxibustion group, one cone at each acupoint; herbal cake separated moxibustion was applied in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 5 cones at each acupoint. The intervention was given once every other day for 10 times in both groups. Leukocyte content in peripheral blood was detected by blood cell analyzer; the positive expression of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was measured by flow cytometry, the serum levels of interleukin 2 (IL-2), CD8, CD68 and Tim-4 were detected by ELISA, and the expression of Tim-4 and F-box only protein 38 (FBXO38) in the liver and spleen tissues was measured by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, in the model group, white blood cell count (WBC) and percentage of neutrophils (NEU%) were decreased while percentage of lymphocyte (LYM%) was increased (P<0.01) in peripheral blood; the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were increased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were increased (P<0.01), the serum level of CD8 was decreased (P<0.01); the average optical density (AOD) of Tim-4 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the liver and spleen tissues was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, WBC and NEU% were increased (P<0.01); the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were decreased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were decreased (P<0.01), the serum levels of CD8 were increased (P<0.01); the AOD of Tim-4 and FBXO38 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the spleen tissue was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the moxa stick moxibustion group, in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, the positive expression rate of PD-1 in CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was increased (P<0.05); serum level of Tim-4 was increased (P<0.01); AOD of Tim-4 in the liver tissue was decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Herbal cake separated moxibustion can improve immunosuppression by regulating the expression of macrophage effector molecule Tim-4 and the FBXO38 mediated ubiquitination of PD-1, Tim-4 may be one of the specific indexes of immunomodulation involving with herbal cake separated moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Interleukin-2/genetics , Moxibustion , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics , Immunosuppression Therapy , Ubiquitination
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 493-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and to preliminarily explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four patients with CFS were randomly divided into a moxibustion group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off, 1 case excluded) and an acupuncture group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the moxibustion group were treated with bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion, while the patients in the acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture. Both groups were treated once a day, 6 days as a course of treatment with 1 day interval, for a total of 2 courses of treatment. Before treatment, 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up of 14 days after treatment, the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) and somatic and psychological health report (SPHERE) scores were observed in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were measured and CD+4/CD+8 ratio was calculated; the clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the two groups were decreased 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up (P<0.01), and the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the moxibustion group were lower than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio in the moxibustion group were increased after treatment (P<0.01). There was no significant difference of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio between before and after treatment in the acupuncture group (P>0.05). After treatment, the contents of CD+3 and CD+4 in the moxibustion group were higher than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the moxibustion group, which was higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion could improve the physical and mental fatigue symptoms and psychological status in patients with CFS. Its effect may be related to regulating the contents of CD+3, CD+4 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and CD+4/CD+8 ratio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Physical Examination
17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 578-582, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980000

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the level and timeliness of CD4+T lymphocyte cell (CD4 cell) counts at first measurement among newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province from 2012 to 2021, so as to provide insights into improving the management of HIV/AIDS cases. @*Methods@#Demographic data and first measurement of CD4 cell counts of newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Taizhou City from 2012 to 2021 were collected from the HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Control System of Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System. The level and time of CD4 cell counts at first measurement were descriptively analyzed, and factors affecting CD4 cell counts at first measurement were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model. @*Results@#A total of 4 834 newly reported HIV/AIDS cases were recorded in Taizhou City from 2012 to 2021, including 3 889 men (80.45%), 2 005 cases at ages of 20 to 39 years (41.48%), and 2 130 farmers (44.06%). There were 1 664 cases (34.42%) with CD4 cell counts of <200/mm3 at first detection, 2 576 (53.29%) with CD4 cell counts of 200/mm3 to 499/mm3, and 594 (12.29%) with CD4 cell counts of ≥500/mm3. The proportion of CD4 cell counts of <200/mm3 showed a tendency towards a rise from 2012 to 2021 (χ2trend =4.250, P<0.001). There were 3 465 cases (71.68%) that had an interval of ≤14 days between the first detection of CD4 cell counts and confirmatory HIV test, 740 (15.31%) that had an interval of >14 to 30 days, 315 (6.52%) that had an interval of >30 to 90 days, 135 (2.79%) that had an interval of >90 to 180 days, and 179 (3.70%) that had an interval of >180 days. The proportion of an interval of ≤14 days appeared a tendency towards a rise from 2012 to 2021 (χ2trend=6.874, P<0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified women (OR=0.630, 95%CI: 0.529-0.751), age of ≥20 years (OR: 1.958 to 3.218, 95%CI: 1.216-5.412), other or unknown routes of HIV infection (OR=1.785, 95%CI: 1.100-2.896), and identification by medical institutions (OR=1.779, 95%CI: 1.497-2.114) as factors affecting CD4 cell counts of <200/mm3 at first measurement. @*Conclusions@#The timely detection of CD4 cell counts at first measurement gradually increased with year among newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Taizhou City from 2012 to 2021; however, there were still 34.42% of cases with CD4 cell counts of <200/mm3. Gender, age, route of HIV infection, and sample source were factors affecting CD4 cell counts of <200/mm3 at first measurement.

18.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 215-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979619

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the prognostic influencing factors and recovery of CD4+ T lymphocytes in elderly HIV/AIDS patients after antiviral therapy by analyzing basic data and clinical follow-up data of elderly HIV/AIDS patients. Methods The clinical data of 3 618 elderly AIDS patients aged ≥50 yeas who received antiretroviral therapy (ART) at HIV ART sites in Liuzhou City from 2005-2015 were collected. The data, including basic information, CD4+ T cell count, WHO clinical stage, infection route and follow-up, were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the differences in patient survival, multivariate Cox regression to analyze the independent influencing factors influencing the risk of death, and to compare the recovery of CD4+ T cell counts during follow-up of patients of different genders. Results During the follow-up period, the 5-year cumulative survival rate up to the observation endpoint was 0.82 (female) and 0.66 (male). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors affecting the effect of antiviral treatment were age (OR=1.909, 95%CI:1.474-2.464, P<0.001), body mass index (BMI) (OR=0.744, 95%CI: 0.574-0.965, P=0.026), opportunistic infections (OI) (OR=1.223, 95%CI:1.028-1.454, P=0.023), gender (OR=0.692, 95%CI:0.503-0.952, P=0.023) and baseline CD4+ T lymphocytes count (OR=0.563, 95%CI:0.429-0.739, P<0.001). Recovery of CD4+ T lymphocyte counts showed when baseline CD4+ T lymphocyte counts were less than 200 cells/mm3, older women with HIV/AIDS had higher CD4+ T lymphocytes than men at all times of ART treatment (P<0.05). Conclusions Older women have a higher survival rate than older men after five years of antiviral therapy. Age, BMI, gender, OI and baseline CD4+T lymphocyte count may be important indicators that affect the survival of elderly HIV/AIDS patients. Older women showed better recovery of CD4+ T lymphocytes than older men during the 4-year follow-up period after ART.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 46-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973131

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Tongxie Yaofang on the immune microenvironment of colorectal cancer in mice under chronic stress and the underlying mechanism. MethodA total of 40 male SPF BABL/C mice were randomized into normal group, stress group, Tongxie Yaofang group (13.65 g·kg-1), and Tongxie Yaofang-stress group (13.65 g·kg-1), with 10 in each group. Chronic restraint stress was induced in mice and administration (ig) of Tongxie Yaofang began after 7 days of stress. On the 14th day, forced swim and tail suspension tests were used to examine the behavioral changes of mice after stress and the subcutaneous colorectal tumor was implanted in each group of mice. The effect of this prescription on the body mass and tumor volume of mice was observed. After the last administration, mouse serum and tumor samples were collected. The content of T lymphocytes (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+/CD8+) in tumor was detected by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry and levels of corticosterone (CORT) in peripheral blood, and interleukin (IL)-2, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), IL-6, and IL-10 in the serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein expression of inhibitor of nuclear factor-κB(IκB) kinase α/β (IKKα/β), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)α (IκBα), NF-κB p65, and phosphorylated (p)-NF-κB p65 was measured by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the stress group had large tumor volume (P<0.05), low content of CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ (P<0.05, P<0.01), high content of CD8+, low content of T helper 1 (Th1)-secreted IFN-γ (P<0.05), high content of T helper 2 (Th2)-secreted IL-10 (P<0.05) and CORT (P<0.05), high protein expression of p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, and IKKα/β (P<0.05), and low protein expression of IκBα (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the Tongxie Yaofang group showed slow tumor growth, high content of CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ (P<0.01), low content of CD8+ (P<0.05), high content of Th1-secreted IL-2 and IFN-γ (P<0.05), low content of Th2-secreted IL-6 and IL-10 (P<0.05), low content of CORT, low protein expression of p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, and IKKα/β (P<0.05), and high protein expression of IκBα (P<0.01). Tongxie Yaofang-stress group demonstrated slower tumor growth, higher content of CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ (P<0.01), smaller content of CD8+ (P<0.05), higher content of IL-2 and IFN-γ (P<0.05), lower content of IL-6, IL-10 (P<0.05), and CORT (P<0.05), lower protein expression of p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, and IKKα/β (P<0.05,P<0.01), and higher protein expression of IκBα (P<0.01) than the stress group. ConclusionTongxie Yaofang can delay the growth of colorectal cancer under chronic stress and alleviate the deterioration of the immune microenvironment, possibly by inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway, regulating the function of T lymphocyte subsets, and thus suppressing the secretion of pro-inflammatory factors.

20.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 64-78, mayo 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393996

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El consorcio europeo BIOMED-2 se creó para determinar si una población linfoide de difícil clasificación patológica es clonal. En Colombia, la implementación de estas pruebas comenzó en el 2015 en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología E.S.E. (Bogotá). Objetivos. Determinar el comportamiento de las pruebas de reordenamiento clonal o clonalidad linfoide. y determinar las dificultades de su uso en nuestro medio verificando su adaptación local y los resultados en una serie retrospectiva de casos y consecutiva de proliferaciones linfoides sometidas a los protocolos BIOMED-2. Materiales y métodos. A partir de las historias clínicas, se recolectaron los datos clínicos e histológicos y los resultados de los análisis de los reordenamientos en todos los casos de proliferaciones linfoides sometidas a los protocolos BIOMED-2, entre febrero de 2015 y mayo de 2019. Resultados. Se hallaron 132 casos, de los cuales 47 se clasificaron mediante los protocolos de Biomed-2 como hiperplasias linfoides reactivas, 62 como linfomas T, 19 como linfomas B y 3 como neoplasias linfoides de linaje no establecido. Solo en un caso falló la extracción de ADN. Según estos resultados, la mayor dificultad diagnóstica para el patólogo fue el análisis de los infiltrados linfoides T, la mayoría (44) de los cuales correspondía a lesiones cutáneas. Conclusiones. Las pruebas de clonalidad pueden usarse en tejidos de diversa calidad en nuestro medio como ayuda en el diagnóstico de proliferaciones linfoides de difícil clasificación. Es importante hacerlas e interpretarlas de manera multidisciplinaria y considerar cada caso por separado.


Introduction: The European BIOMED-2 consortium was created to evaluate clonality in lymphoproliferations that are difficult to diagnose. In Colombia, the implementation of these tests began in 2015 at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología E.S.E., Bogotá. Objectives: To determine the behavior of the rearrangement tests for lymphoid clonality and the difficulties of its implementation in our field through a series of retrospective and consecutive cases of lymphoid proliferation subjected to the BIOMED-2 protocols. Materials and methods: Clinical and histological data and the results of the rearrangement analysis of all cases of lymphoid proliferation subjected to the BIOMED-2 protocols between February 2015 and May 2019 were collected from clinical histories. Results: We recovered 132 samples from which 47 corresponded to reactive lymphoid hyperplasias, 62 to T lymphomas, 19 to B lymphomas, and three to lymphoid neoplasms of unestablished lineage. Only in one case did DNA extraction fail. According to these results, the greatest diagnostic difficulty for the pathologist was the analysis of T lymphoid infiltrates, most of which (44) were skin lesions. Conclusions: Clonality tests can be used in tissues of different quality to help in the diagnosis of lymphoid proliferations that are difficult to classify. It is important to implement and interpret them in an interdisciplinary way considering each case separately.


Subject(s)
Lymphoma , Immunoglobulins , Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte , Genes, T-Cell Receptor , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
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