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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252845, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355877

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate whether skeletal development of the Pantanal Caiman (Caiman yacare) is similarly influenced by temperature variation and controlled increases in embryo motility. All eggs were incubated at 90% humidity and 29 °C for the first 45 days. Thereafter, the incubation temperature was either maintained at 29 °C and embryos were treated with 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on days 46, 47, 48, and 49 (Group I, 29 °C 4-AP, n = 15); maintained at 29 °C (n = 14; Group II); or at 33 °C (n = 14, Group III). Embryonic movement was measured using an Egg Buddy® digital monitor on days 30, 35, 42, 49, 56, and 60, at which point embryos were euthanized and samples were collected for analysis. No differences were observed between groups with varying incubation temperatures. In contrast, embryonic motility was greater in embryos treated with 4-AP (P < 0.001) on day 49, and this was associated with higher proportions of snout-vent and hand lengths. This study demonstrates for the first time that pharmacologically induced increases in embryo motility result in phenotypic changes to the proportion of elements during prenatal ontogeny, thereby effectively altering the adaptation of the species to specific environments.


Resumo Este estudo objetivou avaliar os efeitos da temperatura e motilidade embrionária sobre o desenvolvimento esquelético de jacaré-do-pantanal (Caiman yacare). Os ovos foram incubados com 90% de umidade e empregou-se a temperatura de 29°C por 45 dias. Após, para a incubação do Grupo I a temperatura continuou em 29°C, mas associou-se à injeção de 4-aminopiridina (29°C-4AP, n = 15) aplicada nos dias 46, 47, 48 e 49, do Grupo II permaneceu em 29°C (n = 14) e do Grupo III elevou-se para 33°C (n = 14). A movimentação foi mensurada através do monitor digital Egg Buddy® nos dias 30, 35, 42, 49, 56 e 60 dias. Aos 60 dias, os embriões foram eutanasiados e coletadas amostras embrionárias. Na análise estatística não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos para o fator temperatura sobre a motilidade embrionária no desenvolvimento esquelético. Em contraste, a motilidade evidenciou diferença estatística no dia 49 para o Grupo I (P < 0,001) e apresentou maiores proporções de nariz e mão. Esses dados demonstraram pela primeira vez que o aumento na motilidade, induzidos farmacologicamente resultam em divergências fenotípicas na proporção de segmentos anatômicos durante a ontogenia pré-natal, podendo alterar efetivamente a adaptação dos animais em ambientes específicos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Alligators and Crocodiles , Temperature
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245206, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339387

ABSTRACT

Abstract A huge amount of rice cultivation and consumption occur in Asia particularly in Pakistan and China. However, multiple abiotic stresses especially high and low-temperature proved to be a substantial threat for rice production ultimately risks for food security. To overcome various types of abiotic stress; seed priming is among the effective approaches to improve the rice seed germination and growth vigor. Therefore, the present study was planned to evaluate physiological and biochemical modifications in Chinese and Pakistani rice varieties by Qiangdi 863 biological assistant growth apparatus nano treated water (NTW), Osmopriming Calcium chloride (CaCl2), redox priming hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hormonal priming by Salicylic acid (SA) under temperature stress conditions. The experiment was performed with completely randomize design conditions. Five rice varieties, nomenclature as Zhongzoa 39, (Chinese rice variety) KSK 133, KS 282, Super basmati and PK 1121 aromatic (Pakistani rice variety) were sown under low temperature (LT) (17ºC), optimal temperature (OT) 27ºC and high temperature (HT) 37ºC conditions. The present study indicated that nanopriming were the most effective treatments increased Germination Energy Percentage (GEP) (96.1, 100, 100%), Speed of Germination (SG) (27.2, 35.45, 37.1), Final Germination Percentage (FGP) (98.2, 99.1, 99.4%), Seedling Dry Weight Biomass (DWB) (0.1, 0.137, 0.14g), Total Chlorophyll Content (0.502, 13.74, 15.21), antioxidant enzymes Superoxide Dismutase (SOD)(3145, 2559, 3345 µg-1FWh-1), Catalase (CAT) (300, 366, 3243 µg-1FWh-1) and decreased Malondialdehyde (MDA) (6.5, 12.2, 6.5 µmol g-1 FW) for Zhongzao 39 and KSK 133 rice varieties under low (LT+NTW), optimal temperature (OP+NTW) and high temperature (HT+NTW) stress., Therefore, nano-priming is recommended to cope with the high and low-temperature stress conditions along with improved productivity of rice.


Resumo Cultivo e consumo de arroz ocorrem em grandes quantidades na Ásia, particularmente no Paquistão e na China. No entanto, vários estresses abióticos, especialmente de alta e baixa temperatura, provaram ser uma ameaça considerável para a produção de arroz, em última análise, riscos para a segurança alimentar. Para superar vários tipos de estresse abiótico, o priming de sementes está entre as abordagens eficazes que melhoram a germinação e o vigor de crescimento das sementes de arroz. Portanto, o presente estudo foi planejado para avaliar as modificações fisiológicas e bioquímicas em variedades de arroz chinês e paquistanês por Qiangdi 863, aparelho assistente biológico de crescimento com água nanotratada (NTW), Osmopriming cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2), peróxido de hidrogênio redox (H2O2) e priming hormonal por ácido salicílico (SA) em condições de estresse de temperatura. O experimento foi realizado em condições de delineamento inteiramente ao acaso. Cinco variedades de arroz, nomenclaturas como Zhongzoa 39 (variedade de arroz chinês), KSK 133, KS 282, Super basmati e PK 1121 aromático (variedade de arroz do Paquistão) foram semeadas sob baixa temperatura (LT) (17 ºC), temperatura ótima (OT) 27 ºC e condições de alta temperatura (HT) 37 ºC. O presente estudo indicou que nanocondicionamento foi o tratamento mais eficaz: aumento da porcentagem de energia de germinação (GEP) (96,1%, 100%, 100%), velocidade de germinação (SG) (27,2, 35,45, 37,1), porcentagem de germinação final (FGP) (98,2%, 99,1%, 99,4%), biomassa de peso seco de mudas (DWB) (0,1 g, 0,137 g, 0,14 g), conteúdo total de clorofila (0,502, 13,74, 15,21), enzimas antioxidantes superóxido dismutase (SOD) (3145, 2559, 3345 µg-1FWh- 1), catalase (CAT) (300, 366, 3243 µg-1FWh-1) e malondialdeído diminuído (MDA) (6,5, 12,2, 6,5 µmol g-1 FW) para as variedades de arroz Zhongzao 39 e KSK 133 sob baixo (LT + NTW), temperatura ótima (OP + NTW) e estresse de alta temperatura (HT + NTW). Portanto, o nanopriming é recomendado para lidar com as condições de estresse de alta e baixa temperatura, juntamente com a produtividade aprimorada do arroz.


Subject(s)
Oryza , Seeds , Stress, Physiological , Temperature , Germination , Seedlings , Hydrogen Peroxide
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 830-833, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376730

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction There are slight differences in heart rate variation (HRV) between athletes from different sports, and different exercise loads justify the most important reason for this slight difference in HRV. Objective To study the detection of heart rate and body temperature in adolescents by physical training. Methods Twelve young basketball players were randomly selected. Heart rate variability and body temperature indicators were collected before starting the sports intervention activity, lasting four weeks in a specific protocol. After the intervention period, the participant's heart rate variability indicators and body temperature indicators were collected again. In an attempt to understand physical function training using comparative analysis and data processing obtained before and after the exercise intervention. Results A high increase in blood circulation velocity after exercise is directly proportional to the increase in body temperature. After four weeks of training, the heart rate of the 12 athletes increased from 92.35±3.65 to 84.77±5.13 beats per minute. Conclusion Body temperature can rise from the average temperature of 36.5°C before training to 36.7°C. The maximum temperature of 37°C can be reached within 5 minutes after stopping activity. The increasing intensity in physical function training can effectively improve the Standard deviation of the average normal RR intervals and root mean square velocity in the domain index in heart rate variability. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução Existem pequenas diferenças na variação de frequência cardíaca (VFC) entre atletas de diferentes esportes, e a razão mais importante para essa pequena diferença de VFC é justificada por diferentes cargas de exercício. Objetivo Estudar a detecção da frequência cardíaca e temperatura corporal em adolescentes pelo treinamento físico. Métodos Doze jovens jogadores de basquete foram selecionados aleatoriamente. Os indicadores de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca e os indicadores de temperatura corporal foram coletados antes do início da atividade de intervenção esportiva, com duração de 4 semanas em protocolo específico. Após o período de intervenção, os indicadores de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca dos participantes e indicadores de temperatura corporal foram coletados novamente. Utilizando a análise comparativa e processamento dos dados obtidos antes e após a intervenção do exercício, buscou-se compreender o treinamento de função física. Resultados O elevado aumento da velocidade da circulação sanguínea após o exercício é diretamente proporcional ao aumento da temperatura corporal. Após 4 semanas de treino, a frequência cardíaca dos 12 atletas passou de 92,35±3,65 para 84,77±5,13 batimentos por minuto. Conclusão A temperatura corporal pode elevar-se da temperatura média de 36,5°C antes do treino para 36,7°C. A temperatura máxima de 37°C pode ser alcançada em 5 minutos após a interrupção da atividade. O aumento da intensidade no treinamento de função física pode efetivamente melhorar o desvio padrão nos intervalos RR normais e a raiz da velocidade quadratica média no índice de domínio na variabilidade da frequência cardíaca. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción Existen pequeñas diferencias en la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca (VFC) entre atletas de diferentes deportes, y la razón más importante de esta pequeña diferencia en la VFC se justifica por las diferentes cargas de ejercicio. Objetivo Estudiar la detección de frecuencia cardiaca y temperatura corporal en adolescentes mediante entrenamiento físico. Métodos Doce jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto fueron seleccionados al azar. Se recogieron indicadores de variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca e indicadores de temperatura corporal antes del inicio de la actividad de intervención deportiva, con una duración de 4 semanas en un protocolo específico. Después del período de intervención, se recogieron nuevamente los indicadores de variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca y los indicadores de temperatura corporal de los participantes. Utilizando el análisis comparativo y el procesamiento de datos obtenidos antes y después de la intervención de ejercicios, se buscó comprender el entrenamiento de la función física. Resultados El elevado aumento de la velocidad de la circulación sanguínea después del ejercicio es directamente proporcional al aumento de la temperatura corporal. Después de 4 semanas de entrenamiento, la frecuencia cardíaca de los 12 atletas pasó de 92,35±3,65 a 84,77±5,13 latidos por minuto. Conclusión La temperatura corporal puede subir desde la temperatura media de 36,5°C antes del entrenamiento hasta los 36,7°C. La temperatura máxima de 37°C se puede alcanzar dentro de los 5 minutos después de detener la actividad. El aumento de la intensidad en el entrenamiento de la función física puede mejorar efectivamente la desviación estándar en los intervalos RR normales y la velocidad cuadrática media en el índice de dominio en la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(8): 3295-3306, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384487

ABSTRACT

Resumo As doenças cerebrovasculares (DCV) estão entre as principais causas de mortalidade no mundo e a temperatura do ar é um dos seus fatores de risco, embora sua relação seja pouco estudada no Brasil. Este artigo objetiva investigar a relação entre temperatura do ar e mortalidade por DCV em 10 microrregiões nas cinco grandes regiões brasileiras. Foi realizado estudo de séries temporais com os óbitos diários por DCV e a média diária de temperatura do ar no período de 1996 a 2017. Foram utilizando dados do Departamento de Informática do SUS (DATASUS) e modelos aditivos generalizados com distribuição de Poisson e os riscos relativos e atribuíveis foram estimados (com intervalo de confiança de 95%) até uma defasagem de 14 dias com modelos DLNM (distributed lag non-linear models). No período ocorreram 531.733 óbitos por DCV nestas microrregiões, dos quais 21.220 (11.138-30.546) atribuíveis à temperatura do ar. As temperaturas de mortalidade mínima variaram entre 20,1°C em Curitiba a 29,6°C em Belém. Foram observadas associações entre temperaturas não ótimas do ar e aumento no risco de óbito em todas as cinco regiões brasileiras, destacando Manaus com risco relativo (RR) 1,53 (1,22-1,91) e Campo Grande com RR 1,52 (1,18-1,94) no frio, e Manaus com RR 1,75 (1,35-2,26) e Brasília com RR 1,36 (1,15-1,60) no calor.


Abstract Cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the leading causes of mortality globally. Air temperature is one of the risk factors for CVD; however, few studies have investigated the relationship between air temperature and mortality from these diseases in Brazil. This time series study investigated the relationship between air temperature and CVD mortality in 10 microregions located across Brazil's five regions during the period 1996 to 2017 using mortality data from the national health information system, DATASUS and daily mean temperature data. The association between mean air temperature and mortality from CVD was measured using generalized additive models with Poisson distribution and relative and attributable risks were estimated together with 95% confidence intervals using distributed lag non-linear models and a 14-day lag. There were 531,733 deaths from CVD during the study period, 21,220 of which (11,138-30,546) were attributable to air temperature. Minimum mortality temperatures ranged from 20.1ºC in Curitiba to 29.6ºC in Belém. Associations between suboptimal air temperatures and increased risk of death from CVD were observed in all of Brazil's five regions. Relative risk from the cold was highest in Manaus (RR 1.53; 1.22-1.91) and Campo Grande (RR 1.52; 1.18-1.94), while relative risk from heat was highest in Manaus (RR 1.75; 1.35-2.26) and Brasília (RR 1.36; 1.15-1.60).

5.
Entramado ; 18(1): e216, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384882

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las industrias de alimentos generan residuos orgánicos que ejercen presión sobre el ambiente, pero que, seleccionados y procesados, son insumo para acondicionadores de suelos. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue caracterizar el compost derivado de la descomposición de residuos de la agroindustria de jugo de naranja como alternativa de ciclaje de materia orgánica en clima semiárido. Se recolectó cáscara de naranja, suelo, hojarasca, cascarilla de arroz y gallinaza, con los que se conformó seis tratamientos modificando su porcentaje. Se evaluó color; olor textura, humedad, temperatura, pH, conductividad eléctrica, N, P K, Ca, S, Mg, Na, Carbono y diversidad microbiológica. Los resultados analíticos fueron comparados con la norma técnica colombiana NTC 5167. Se reportó aportes de nutrientes <1%, pH alcalino, CE elevada, baja carga microbiana y presencia de patógenos vegetales en T1, T2, T3 y T5, siendo T6 el que mostró mayor abundancia y diversidad de especies. El producto obtenido en los diferentes tratamientos cumple con los paramentos de pH, CE y humedad, pero cuatro de los seis tratamientos presentaron patógenos que pueden limitar su utilización en labores agricolas siendo necesario monitoreo de la actividad microbiológica en el proceso.


ABSTRACT Food industries generate organic waste that puts pressure on the environment, but selected and processed are inputs for soil conditioners. The objective of this work was to characterize the compost derived from decomposition residues of orange juice agribusiness as an alternative for the use and cycling of organic matter in a semi-arid climate. Orange peel, soil, litter; rice husk, and chicken manure were collected, and six treatments were formed by modifying the percentage of inputs. Color odor texture, humidity temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, N, P, K, Ca, S, Mg, Na, Carbon, and microbiological diversity were evaluated. The results were compared with the Colombian technical standard NTC 5167. The results showed contributions of nutrients <1%, alkaline pH, high EC, low microbial load, and presence of plant pathogens in T1, T2, T3, and T5, being T6 the one that showed the highest abundance and diversity of species. The product obtained in the different treatments complies with the parameters of pH, EC, and humidity. Still, four of the six treatments presented pathogens that can limit their use in agricultural work, so monitoring the microbiological activity in the process is necessary.


RESUMO As indústrias alimentícias geram resíduos orgánicos que pressionam o meio ambiente, mas selecionados e processados são insumos para condicionadores do solo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar o composto derivado de resíduos da decomposição da agroindústria de suco de laranja como alternativa para o aproveitamento e ciclagem da matéria orgánica em um clima semi-árido. Foram coletados casca de laranja, solo, serapilheira, casca de arroz e esterco de galinha, e formados seis tratamentos modificando a porcentagem de insumos. Foram avaliados cor odor textura, umidade, temperatura, pH, condutividade elétrica, N, P, K, Ca, S, Mg, Na, Carbono e diversidade microbiológica. Os resultados foram comparados com o padrão técnico colombiano NTC 5167. Os resultados mostraram contribuições de nutrientes <1%, pH alcalino, CE alto, baixa carga microbiana e presença de fitopatógenos em T1, T2, T3 e T5, sendo T6 o aquele que apresentou a maior abundáncia e diversidade de espécies. O produto obtido nos diferentes tratamentos obedece aos parámetros de pH, CE e umidade. Ainda assim, quatro dos seis tratamentos apresentaram patógenos que podem limitar seu uso na agricultura, sendo necessário o monitoramento da atividade microbiológica no processo.

6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 394-400, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376546

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Here we describe our technique and results of beating heart pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in four patients for treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: Retrospective analysis of data from patients who underwent PTE for CTEPH between January 2019 and September 2020. Patients were followed up with clinical assessment, 2D echocardiography, and computed tomography pulmonary angiogram. Results: Four patients were operated for CTEPH using our technique. Moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and severe TR were found in two patients each. Severe right ventricular (RV) dysfunction was found in all cases. Thrombi were classified as Jamieson type II in three cases and type I in one case. Postoperative median direct manometric pulmonary artery (PA) pressures decreased (from 46.5 mmHg to 23.5 mmHg), median CPB time was 126 minutes, and median temperature was 33.35 °C. Mechanical ventilation was for a median of 19.5 hours. There was one re-exploration. Median intensive care unit stay was 7.5 days. There was no mortality. Postoperative 2D echocardiography revealed decrease in median PA systolic pressures (from 85 mmHg to 33 mmHg), improvement in RV function by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (median 14 mm vs. 16 mm), and improved postoperative oxygen saturations (88.5% vs. 99%). In follow-up (ranging between 2-15 months), all patients reported improvement in quality of life and were in New York Heart Association class I. Conclusion: With our described simple modifications, advances in perfusion, and blood conservation technologies, one can avoid the need for deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during PTE.

7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(3): 213-216, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365719

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Physical activity is accomplished by the coordination of various organ systems of the human body, and physical exercise can positively impact the activities of many of these systems. Because the impact of high-intensity sports on human organs is different according to the environmental temperature and exercise intensity, we must make more detailed observations and discussions. Objective: To analyze the changes in the body shape, function, and organ function of middle school students before and after high-intensity physical exercise through the study of human movement. Methods: Through the experimental research on the characteristics of metabolic gas exchanges in high-intensity incremental load exercise of college students. Results: There were statistically significant differences in the incidence of physiological reactions shown by the students who underwent high-intensity incremental load exercise, such as abdominal pain, dyspnea, tachycardia, nausea, dizziness, and muscle aches (P<0.05). Hypothermia was accompanied by a decrease in heart rate during exercise. Conclusion: Carrying out overload training can effectively mediate physiological functions. It is an important, in improving sports performance, to carry out warm-up activities in a low-temperature environment to increase body temperature. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A atividade física acontece por meio coordenação de vários sistemas de órgãos do corpo humano, e os exercícios físicos podem ter impacto positivo nas atividades de vários desses sistemas. Uma vez que o impacto de esportes de alta intensidade nos órgãos humanos é diferente de acordo com a temperatura do ambiente e com a intensidade do exercício, é necessário realizar observações e discussões mais detalhadas. Objetivo: Analisar as mudanças de forma e função do corpo, e das funções dos órgãos de alunos universitários antes e depois de atividade física de alta intensidade, através do estudo do movimento humano. Métodos: Pesquisa experimental sobre as características da troca gasosa em exercícios de alta intensidade com aumento gradual de carga em alunos universitários. Resultados: Houve diferenças estatísticas significativas na incidência de reações fisiológicas dos estudantes que passaram pela atividade de alta intensidade com aumento gradual de carga, incluindo dores abdominais, dispneia, taquicardia, náusea, tonturas, e dores musculares (p<0,05). Na presença de hipotermia havia uma queda na frequência cardíaca durante os exercícios. Conclusão: Exercícios de sobrecarga podem mediar funções fisiológicas eficientemente. Para melhorar a performance esportiva em ambientes de baixa temperatura é importante realizar exercícios de aquecimento para aumentar a temperatura do corpo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação de resultados de tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La actividad física ocurre por medio de la coordinación de varios sistemas de órganos del cuerpo humano y los ejercicios físicos pueden tener impacto positivo en las actividades de varios de estos sistemas. Dado que el impacto de deportes de alta intensidad en los órganos humanos es diferente de acuerdo con la temperatura del ambiente y con la intensidad del ejercicio, es necesario realizar observaciones y discusiones más detalladas. Objetivo: Analizar los cambios de forma y función del cuerpo, y de las funciones de los órganos de alumnos universitarios antes y después de la actividad física de alta intensidad, a través del estudio del movimiento humano. Métodos: Investigación experimental sobre las características del intercambio de gases en ejercicios de alta intensidad con aumento gradual de carga en alumnos universitarios. Resultados: Hubo diferencias estadísticas significativas en la incidencia de reacciones fisiológicas de los estudiantes que pasaron por la actividad de alta intensidad con aumento gradual de carga, incluyendo dolores abdominales, disnea, taquicardia, náuseas, mareos y dolor muscular (p<0,05). En la presencia de hipotermia se produjo un descenso cardíaco durante los ejercicios. Conclusión: Los ejercicios de sobrecarga pueden mediar las funciones fisiológicas eficientemente. Para mejorar el rendimiento deportivo en ambientes de baja temperatura es importante realizar ejercicios de calentamiento para aumentar la temperatura corporal. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados de tratamiento.

8.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 44: e58431, mar. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1391277

ABSTRACT

Hesperozygis ringens (Lamiaceae), popularly known as espanta-pulga, is a threatened species endemic to rocky and sandy regions of the Pampa biome. One factor that can influence the low number of individuals of a species is a low seed germination rate influenced by temperature and/or light. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of light and temperature on the seed germination of H. ringens. The seeds of two lots were sown on a paper substrate and maintained in BOD chambers at temperatures of 15, 20, 25 and 30ºC in the presence and absence of light. The germination speed rate was evaluated every 3 days for 21 days. The experiment was completely randomized with treatments that had a 4 x 2 factorial design. The first visible sign (protrusion of the primary root) of germination was observed seven days after sowing. Germination occurred both in the presence and absence of light and the lowest temperatures significantly influenced the germination process and germination speed. For germinating the species, 15°C was the most favorable temperature compared to 20, 25 and 30°C. It can be concluded that a temperature of 15ºC favors the germination process of H. ringens seeds, which are insensitive to light.(AU)


Subject(s)
Seeds/physiology , Temperature , Germination/physiology , Lamiaceae/physiology , Light Signal Transduction
9.
Eng. sanit. ambient ; 27(1): 1-9, jan.-fev. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364827

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As florações de cianobactérias vêm aumentando em intensidade e frequência em todo o mundo, ameaçando a sustentabilidade dos recursos aquáticos e o abastecimento humano. A construção de reservatórios, o uso de fertilizantes artificiais e o descarte de esgotos não tratados são os principais motores dessa expansão. As alterações climáticas, como o aquecimento global, as chuvas e as secas extremas, têm contribuído para a acelerar esse processo. Qualquer medida de mitigação dessas florações deve considerar os impactos sobre os outros organismos, os custos, além dos resíduos gerados. Nessa perspectiva, a aplicação do peróxido de hidrogênio em reservatórios artificiais traz uma série de vantagens para o controle a curto prazo, sendo uma das principais a destruição seletiva de cianobactérias. Apesar de vários estudos indicarem que as cianobactérias são o alvo preferencial do peróxido de hidrogênio, uma explicação bioquímica desse fenômeno ainda não foi encontrada. Este trabalho, portanto, procura congregar assuntos relacionados a esse tema e traz também uma coletânea de experiências recentes sobre o uso em escala real do peróxido de hidrogênio, apontando as principais lacunas de conhecimento que deverão ser preenchidas caso sua utilização em reservatórios seja para abastecimento. Uma das lacunas a ser preenchida está relacionada às vantagens do peróxido de hidrogênio sobre outros métodos de controle, pois apresentam maior eficiência no controle de cianobactérias posto que são preferencialmente destruídos pelo peróxido de hidrogênio, em relação aos fitoplânctons, sendo, dessa forma, importante o estudo de técnicas de aplicação do peróxido de hidrogênio em reservatórios de grande porte.


ABSTRACT Cyanobacterial blooms are increasing in intensity and frequency throughout the world, threatening the sustainability of aquatic resources and human supplies. The construction of reservoirs, the use of artificial fertilizers and the disposal of untreated sewage are the main engines of this expansion. Climate change, such as global warming, rainfall and extreme droughts, has contributed to accelerate this process. Any mitigation measure of the blooms should consider the impacts on the other organisms, the costs beyond the waste generated. In this perspective, the application of hydrogen peroxide in the artificial reservoirs has a number of advantages for short-term control, one of the main ones being the selective destruction of cyanobacteria. Although several studies indicate that cyanobacteria are the preferred target of hydrogen peroxide, a biochemical explanation for this phenomenon has not yet been found. This work, therefore, seeks to gather subjects related to this topic and brings a collection of recent experiences on the real scale use of hydrogen peroxide, pointing out the main knowledge gaps that should be filled if their use in reservoirs is for supply. One of the gaps to be filled is related to the advantages of hydrogen peroxide over other control methods, as they present greater efficiency in the control of cyanobacteria, as they are preferentially destroyed by hydrogen peroxide in relation to phytoplankton, therefore, it is important to study the application techniques of hydrogen peroxide in large reservoirs.

10.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e236354, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249288

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cladocera represent an important zooplankton group because of their seasonal prominence in terms of abundance and their contribution in controlling primary production (phytoplankton). On a global scale, there are few studies on Cladocera in hypersaline environments. The present work aims to evaluate the spatio-temporal variation of the Cladocera assemblage across a salinity gradient in the habitats of the Araruama Lagoon. Samples were collected in random months over a period of four years at 12 fixed stations in the Araruama Lagoon using a WP2 plankton net equipped with a flow meter. Our results do not reveal significant influence of the tide and seasonal variation as factors affecting the Cladocera assemblage. Five Cladocera species were found in the Araruama Lagoon, only in stations 11 and 12 where they reached an average of 1,799 ± 3,103 ind. m-3. The mean of the Shannon Diversity Index was 0.45 ± 0.2. The species that stood out in terms of frequency and abundance were: Penilia avirostris (frequency of occurrence: 71%), followed by Pseudevadne tergestina (41%). The same species also stood out in terms of relative abundance, Penilia avirostris (87%) and Pseudevadne tergestina (11%). The absence of Cladocera in the innermost parts of the lagoon suggests that their entrance to these locations is possibly inhibited by the salinity and temperature gradient of the lagoon, being the main factors influencing the dynamics of the Cladocera assemblages.


Resumo Os cladóceros representam um importante grupo de zooplâncton, devido ao seu destaque sazonal em termos de abundância e à sua contribuição no controlo da produção primária (fitoplâncton). Em escala global, há poucos estudos com Cladocera em ambientes hipersalinos. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar a variação espaço-temporal da assembleia de Cladocera em um gradiente de salinidades da Lagoa de Araruama. As amostras foram coletadas em meses aleatórios, durante um período de quatro anos, em 12 estações fixas na Lagoa de Araruama, utilizando uma rede de plâncton WP2 equipada com um fluxômetro. Os nossos resultados não revelam uma influência significativa da maré e da variação sazonal como fatores que afetam a assembleia de Cladocera. Cinco espécies de Cladocera foram encontradas na Lagoa de Araruama. A assembleia apresentou maior densidade absoluta estações 12 e 11, atingindo uma a média de 1.799 ± 3.103 inds-3. A média do Índice de Diversidade de Shannon foi de 0,45 ± 0,2. As espécies que se destacaram em termos de frequência e abundância foram: Penilia avirostris (frequência de ocorrência: 71%), seguida de Pseudevadne tergestina (41%). As mesmas espécies também se destacaram em termos de abundância relativa Penilia avirostris (87%) e Pseudevadne tergestina (11%). A ausência de Cladocera nas partes mais interiores da lagoa sugere que a sua entrada nestes locais é possivelmente inibida pela salinidade e gradiente de temperatura da lagoa, sendo os principais fatores que influenciam a dinâmica da assembleia de Cladocera.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cladocera , Phytoplankton , Plankton , Seasons , Zooplankton
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e236355, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153474

ABSTRACT

Abstract Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (Malpighiales: Caryocaraceae) trees have a wide distribution in the Cerrado, and it is protected by federal laws. The need to monitor and understand pest damage to crops and forests is a major motivation for the study of population distribution. The mites (Acari) population distributions on C. brasiliense are unknown. We studied seasonal mite population distribution and their ecological indices on C. brasiliense trees in Cerrado areas during three years. Greatest number of Agistemus sp. (Stigmaeidae), Histiostoma sp. (Histiostomidae), Proctolaelaps sp. (Ascidae), and diversity and species richness on leaves of C. brasiliense occurred in the autumn; Tetranychus sp.1 (Tetranychidae) on leaves in the autumn and winter; Histiostoma sp., and Proctolaelaps sp. in fruits in the summer. No significant effect of season was observed in the abundance of Eutetranychus sp., Tetranychus sp.2 (Tetranychidae) and Acaridae. The populations of Acaridae, Eutetranychus sp., Proctolaelaps sp. and Tetranychus sp.1 negatively correlated with temperature. Proctolaelaps sp. and Tetranychus sp.1 correlated negatively with rainfall and Eutetranychus sp. and Proctolaelaps sp. positively with sunlight. The period with low rainfall and relative humidity increases the phytophagous mites and their predators, especially Agistemus sp.. The Tetranychus sp. and Histiostoma sp. species may become pests in C. brasiliense in the Cerrado domain.


Resumo As árvores Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (Malpighiales: Caryocaraceae) têm ampla distribuição no Cerrado e são protegidas por leis federais. A necessidade de monitorar e entender os danos causados pelas pragas às culturas e florestas é uma das motivações para o estudo da distribuição populacional que para ácaros (Acari) em C. brasiliense é desconhecida. A distribuição sazonal de populações de ácaros e seus índices ecológicos em C. brasiliense em áreas de Cerrado foram estudados durante três anos. Maior número de Agistemus sp. (Stigmaeidae), Histiostoma sp. (Histiostomidae), Proctolaelaps sp. (Ascidae) e diversidade e riqueza de espécies nas folhas de C. brasiliense ocorreram no outono; Tetranychus sp.1 (Tetranychidae) no outono e inverno; Histiostoma sp. e Proctolaelaps sp. em frutos ocorreram no verão. Não foram observados efeitos das estações na abundância de Eutetranychus sp., Tetranychus sp.2 (Tetranychidae) e Acaridae. As populações de Acaridae, Eutetranychus sp., Proctolaelaps sp. e Tetranychus sp.1 correlacionaram-se negativamente com a temperatura. Correlações negativas foram observadas entre chuva e Proctolaelaps sp. e Tetranychus sp.1 e positivas entre luz solar e Eutetranychus sp. e Proctolaelaps sp.. Baixa pluviosidade e umidade relativa do ar aumentaram os ácaros fitófagos e seus predadores, principalmente Agistemus sp.. As espécies Tetranychus sp. e Histiostoma sp. podem se tornar pragas em C. brasiliense no domínio do Cerrado.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tetranychidae , Malpighiales , Mites , Seasons , Trees , Demography
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411321

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of room and body temperatures on cyclic fatigue resistance of three endodontic nickel-titanium rotary files: Hyflex EDM (HEDM) (Coltene/Whaledent, Switzerland), WaveOne Gold (WOG) (Dentsply Maillefer, Switzer), and EdgeOne Fire (EOF) (EdgeEndo, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA) in a double- curved canal. Material and Methods: In this study, Sixty NiTi rotary files were used. These files were divided into three groups (n = 20 for each group). Group A: HEDM (size 25, taper 0.08), group B: WOG (size 25, taper 0.07), and group C: EOF (size 25, taper 0.07). Each group was subdivided into two subgroups (n=10 for each subgroup). One of the subgroup was subjected to cyclic fatigue test at room temperature (20±1°C), while the other subgroup was subjected to cyclic fatigue test at body temperature (37±1°C). These files were tested by using a custom-made artificial canal with a double curvature (coronal curve: 60° curvature with 5 mm radius; apical curve: 70° curvature with 2 mm radius). All instruments were rotated according to the manufacturer instructions until the fracture occurred by using electric endodontic motor (Wave One, Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). The number of cycles to fracture (NCF) and the fractured fragment length (FL) were recorded for each endodontic file. The data were gathered and statistically analyzed using shapiro-wilk test and two-way ANOVA test. The statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: The NCF of WOG and EOF were significantly lower at body temperature as compared to room temperature (p ≤ 0.05), whereas no difference was observed in NCF of HEDM at body and room temperatures (p>0.05). At 20±1°C, the results showed a non-significant difference between NCF of WOG and EOF (p>0.05), while the NCF of HEDM was significantly lower than the other groups (p ≤ 0.05). At 37±1°C, the results showed a non-significant difference in NCF among the tested endodontic files (p ≤ 0.05). There is non-significant difference in FL of each group at (20±1°C) and (37±1°C) (p>0.05). No statistical difference in FL among the tested files at room and body temperatures (p>0.05). Conclusion: The temperature has a significant effect on cyclic fatigue resistance of EOF and WOG, whereas no effect was observed on cyclic fatigue resistance of HEDM. WOG and EOF had a comparable NCF, while HEDM had a lower NCF than other groups at room temperature. At body temperature, all tested files have a comparable NCF. These results were attributed to the type of the alloy and heat treated that was used to manufacture these endodontic files. The cyclic fatigue test should be done at body temperature (AU)


Objetivo : Investigar o efeito das temperaturas ambiente e corpórea na resistência a fadiga cíclica em três instrumentos endodônticos rotatório de níquel-titânio: Hyflex EDM (HEDM)(coltene/Whaledent, Switzerland), WaveOne Gold (WOG) Dentsply Maillefer, Switzer), e EdgeOne Fire (EOF) (EdgeEndo, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA) em canais com dupla curvatura. Material e Métodos : Neste estudo foram utilizadas sessenta limas endodônticas rotatórias. Esses grupos foram divididos em três grupos (n=20). Grupo A: HEDM (tamanho 25, conicidade 0.08), grupo B: WOG (tamanho 25, conicidade 0.07), e grupo C: EOF (tamanho 25, conicidade 0.07). Cada grupo foi subdivididos em dois subgrupos (n=10). Um dos subgrupos foi submetido ao teste de fadiga cíclica em temperatura ambiente (20±1°C), enquanto o outro subgrupo foi submetido a ao teste de fadiga cíclica em temperatura corpórea (37±1°C). Essas limas foram testadas em um canal artificial feito sob medida com duas curvaturas (curva coronal: curvatura de 60º e com 5 mm de raio; curva apical: curvatura de 70º com 2mm de raio); Todos os instrumentos foram rotacionados de acordo com a instrução do fabricante até que a fratura ocorresse utilizando um motor endodôntico elétrico (Wave One, Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). O número de ciclos até a fratura (NCF) e a comprimento do fragmento fraturado (FL) foram registrados para cada lima endodôntica. Os dados foram coletados e analisados pelo teste shopiro-wilk e ANOVA two-way. A significância estatística foi 0.05. Resultados: O NCF do WOG e do WOF foi significantemente menor na temperatura corpórea em comparação à temperatura ambiente (p ≤ 0.05), enquanto não foi observada diferença entre NCF em HEDM em temperatura corpórea e temperatura ambiente (p>0.05). Em 20±1°C, os resultados mostraram diferença não significativa entre o NFC com WOG e EOF (p>0.05), enquanto o NCF com HEDM foi significante menor que os demais grupos (p ≤ 0.05). A 37±1°C, os resultados mostraram diferença não significativa em NCF entre as limas endodônticas testadas (p ≤ 0.05). Há diferença não significativa no FL de cada grupo (20±1°C) e (37±1°C) (p>0.05). Não houve diferença estatisticamente diferente no FL entre as limas testadas nas temperaturas ambiente e corporal (p>0,05). Conclusão: A temperatura tem efeito significativo na resistência a fadiga cíclica do EOF e WOG, enquanto não foi observado nenhum efeito na resistência a fadiga cíclica do HEDM. WOG e EOF tiveram um NCF comparável, enquanto HEDM teve um NCF menor do que os outros grupos em temperatura ambiente. À temperatura corporal, todas as limas testas apresentam semelhante NCF. Esses resultados foram atribuídos ao tipo de liga e ao tratamento térmico que foi utilizado na fabricação. O teste de fadiga cíclica deve ser feito à temperatura corporal (AU)


Subject(s)
Body Temperature , Analysis of Variance , Dental Instruments , Fatigue
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-13, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1400962

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo-cego e boca dividida avaliou o desempenho clínico de um novo compósito termoviscoso com pré-aquecimento (PHT) em comparação com uma resina composta sem aquecimento (NHT) em restaurações de lesões cervicais não cariosas (LCNCs) durante um período de 6 meses. Material e Métodos: 120 restaurações foram realizadas em LCNCs com dois materiais restauradores (n = 60). Após a profilaxia, os dentes foram isolados com isolamento de fio retrator/rolos de algodão e um adesivo universal foi aplicado na estratégia de condicionamento seletivo do esmalte. Para o grupo PHT o aquecimento foi realizado a 68°C usando um aquecidor de bancada por 3 min. Por outro lado, para o grupo NHT, nenhum aquecimento foi aplicado. Ambos os materiais restauradores foram colocados no dispensador de cápsulas e inseridos nas LCNCs. Após 6 meses, o desempenho clínico das restaurações foi avaliado de acordo com os critérios FDI. A análise estatística foi realizada com teste Qui-quadrado para todos parâmetros da FDI (α = 0,05). Resultados: Apenas três restaurações no grupo NHT foram perdidas/fraturadas após seis meses de acompanhamento. As taxas de retenção (intervalo confiança 95%) por seis meses foram de 97,5% (88,6% - 99,0%) para o grupo NHT e 100% (93,9% - 100%) para o grupo PHT (p > 0,05). Vinte e duas restaurações (8 para NHT e 14 para PHT) apresentaram pequenos defeitos de adaptação marginal aos seis meses de acompanhamento (p > 0,05). Vinte e seis restaurações apresentaram alguma retenção de biofilme aos seis meses de acompanhamento (11 para NHT e 15 para PHT; p > 0,05). Em relação a todos os outros parâmetros de FDI avaliados, todas as restaurações foram consideradas clinicamente aceitáveis. Conclusão: O desempenho clínico do novo compósito termoviscoso de pré-aquecimento mostrou-se promissor após 6 meses de avaliação clínica quando aplicado em LCNCs.(AU)


Objective: This double-blind, split-mouth randomized clinical trial evaluate the clinical performance of a new preheating (PHT) thermoviscous composite compared to a non-heating (NHT) composite resin in restorations of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) over a period of 6-month. Material and Methods: 120 restorations were performed on NCCLs with two restorative materials (n = 60). After prophylaxis, the teeth were isolated with retraction cord isolation/cotton rolls and one universal adhesive was applied in the selective enamel etching strategy. For the PHT group heating was carried out at 68°C using a heater bench for 3 min. On the other side, for the NHT group, no heating was applied. Both restorative materials were placed in the caps dispenser and inserted in the NCCLs. The restorations were evaluated after 6-month of clinical performance according to the FDI criteria. Statistical analysis was performed with Chi-square test for all FDI parameters (α = 0.05). Results: Three restorations only in the NHT group were lost/fractured after six months follow-up. The retention rates (confidential interval 95%) for six months were 97.5% (88.6% - 99.0%) for the NHT group and 100% (93.9% - 100%) for the PHT group (p > 0.05). Twenty-two restorations (8 for NHT and 14 for PHT) presented small marginal adaptation defects at the six-months follow-up (p > 0.05). Twenty-six restorations were found to have biofilm retention in the six-month recall (11 for NHT and 15 for PHT; p > 0.05). Regarding all others FDI parameters evaluated, all restorations were considered clinically acceptable. Conclusion: The clinical performance of the new preheating thermoviscous was found to be promise after 6-month of clinical evaluation when applied in NCCLs (AU)


Subject(s)
Temperature , Viscosity , Clinical Trial , Composite Resins
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928879

ABSTRACT

Body temperature is an essential physiological parameter. Conducting non-contact, fast and accurate measurement of temperature is increasing important under the background of COVID-19. The study introduces an infrared temperature measurement system based on the thermopile infrared temperature sensor ZTP-135SR. Extracting original temperature date of sensor, post-amplification and filter processing have been performed to ensure accuracy of the system. In addition, the temperature data of environmental compensation which obtained by polynomial fitting is added to the system to further improve measurement accuracy.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Body Temperature , COVID-19 , Humans , Temperature , Thermometers
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928819

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Associations of acute glycemic complications with season and ambient temperature have been reported in general population with diabetes. However, little is known about the risks of acute glycemic complications in relation to season and ambient temperature in pregnant women, who are likely to be even more vulnerable. This work aimed to investigate the associations of season and ambient temperature with pregnancies complicated with hyperglycemia emergency or severe hypoglycemia.@*METHODS@#Two separate case-control studies were nested within 150,153 pregnancies by women with type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes between 2009 and 2014 in Taiwan. Hyperglycemia emergency (mainly diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state) and severe hypoglycemia occurred in 77 and 153 diabetic pregnancies (cases), respectively. Ten control pregnancies were randomly selected for each case by matching each case pregnancy on type of diabetes (i.e., T1DM, T2DM, or GDM), maternal age on the date of acute glycemic complication occurrence (i.e., index date), and "length of gestation at risk" (i.e., period between conception and index date). Meteorological parameters were retrieved from 542 meteorological monitoring stations across Taiwan during 2008-2014. Conditional logistic regression analysis with generalized estimation equation was separately performed to estimate the covariate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of each of the two acute glycemic complications in association with season and ambient temperature within 30 days prior to the index date.@*RESULTS@#Compared to summer, winter season was associated with a significantly elevated risk of severe hypoglycemia with an OR of 1.74 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-2.79). The OR of hyperglycemic emergency was also elevated in winter season at OR of 1.88, but the significance is only marginal (95% CI 0.97-3.64, p = 0.0598). Subgroup analyses further noted that such seasonal variation was also observed in pregnancies with pre-pregnancy type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes. On the other hand, ambient temperature was not significantly associated with the two acute glycemic complications.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A moderately but significantly elevated risk of severe hypoglycemia was found in pregnant women with diabetes during winter season, and such increased risk was more evident in pregnancies with T1DM.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Female , Humans , Hypoglycemia/etiology , Incidence , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Taiwan/epidemiology , Temperature
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940564

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study on the suitable cryopreservation conditions of Carthamus tinctorius seeds. MethodThe germination rate,relative conductivity,soluble sugar,soluble protein, and related enzyme activities of C. tinctorius seeds, as well as the hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) content in Carthami Flos after storage and breeding for four months were detected under different temperature conditions (long-term storage,medium-term storage,short-term storage,room temperature,and ultra-low temperature refrigerator),different water content (8.1%,6.6%,5.2%,and 3.9%),and different storage time (2,4,6,8, 10 months). SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis. ResultDuring the storage for 10 months,the changing trend of the germination rate of C. tinctorius seeds revealed that it was more suitable to store seeds with low water content at a lower temperature. The differences in germination rate of seeds caused by storage temperature,seeds water content, and storage time were statistically significant. After storage for 10 months,the germination rate was significantly correlated with other detection indexes. ConclusionThe proper water content of C. tinctorius seeds in long-term and medium-term storage is 5.2% or 6.6%,and that in short-term and ultra-low temperature refrigerator is 3.9% or 5.2%. As revealed by the comparison results, the optimal storage conditions for C. tinctorius seeds were long-term storage and water content of 5.2%, which resulted in the highest germination rate and content of soluble sugar and soluble protein and the lowest relative conductivity after storage for 10 months. Additionally, the content of hydroxy safflor yellow A (HSYA) in Carthami Flos obtained after breeding and regeneration for four months was higher than that obtained after room temperature storage.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939828

ABSTRACT

Superchilling is an emerging technology for meat preservation; however, the temperature changes during the process have been commonly ignored. Thus, the effects of temperature fluctuations on meat quality during superchilling are yet to be evaluated. In our study, pork loins and salmon fillets were stored for several days (0, 8, 15, 23, and 30 d) under different temperature fluctuations based on -3.5 ℃ as the target temperature. The results showed that after 15 d of superchilling storage, the values of total volatile basic nitrogen, total viable count, and lipid oxidation were significantly (P<0.05) altered in the ±2.0 ℃ fluctuation group compared with the constant temperature group. On the contrary, there was no significant difference in these parameters between the ±1.0 ℃ fluctuation group and the constant temperature group after 30 d of storage. In addition, irregular temperature changes significantly accelerated the modulation of various indicators. In brief, temperature fluctuations and irregular temperature changes accelerated the destruction of muscle structural integrity, increased the water loss, gradually widened the water loss channels, and thereby reduced the edibility by accelerating the spoilage of meat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lipid Metabolism , Pork Meat , Red Meat , Salmon , Swine , Temperature
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939820

ABSTRACT

The negative effects of low temperature can readily induce a variety of diseases. We sought to understand the reasons why cold stress induces disease by studying the mechanisms of fine-tuning in macrophages following cold exposure. We found that cold stress triggers increased macrophage activation accompanied by metabolic reprogramming of aerobic glycolysis. The discovery, by genome-wide RNA sequencing, of defective mitochondria in mice macrophages following cold exposure indicated that mitochondrial defects may contribute to this process. In addition, changes in metabolism drive the differentiation of macrophages by affecting histone modifications. Finally, we showed that histone acetylation and lactylation are modulators of macrophage differentiation following cold exposure. Collectively, metabolism-related epigenetic modifications are essential for the differentiation of macrophages in cold-stressed mice, and the regulation of metabolism may be crucial for alleviating the harm induced by cold stress.


Subject(s)
Acetylation , Animals , Cold-Shock Response , Epigenesis, Genetic , Macrophages/metabolism , Mice , Mitochondria/metabolism
19.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 803-808, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936799

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify the most appropriate meteorological variable for forecasting the health risk of high temperatures.@*Methods@#The surveillance on causes of death, meteorological data and surveillance on air quality among registered residents in Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province during the period between May and October from 2013 to 2019 were collected. The association models of daily minimum temperature, average daily temperature, daily maximum temperature, daily minimum heat index, average daily heat index, daily maximum heat index, average daily apparent temperature and torridity index with deaths and years of life lost (YLL) were created using time series analysis and distributed lag non-linear models, and the model fitting effect was evaluated using the minimum Akaike information criterion (AIC) procedure. The most appropriate meteorological variable for forecasting gender-, age- and mortality-specific health risks of high temperatures was identified.@*Results@#A total of 120 628 deaths were reported during the study period, with daily deaths of 94 cases, and daily YLL rate of 19.74 person-years/105. Except for daily minimum heat index and torridity index, the exposure-response relationships between other six meteorological variables and deaths and overall YLL rate all appeared a “J” shape. The lowest AIC values and the optimal model fitting effects were measured for the association models between average daily temperature and whole populations, females, subjects at ages of 65 years and older, and deaths and YLL rates due to circulatory diseases and respiratory diseases.@*Conclusion@#High model fitting effects are observed between average daily temperature and deaths and YLL rates, which are more suitable for forecasting the health risk of high temperature.

20.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936730

ABSTRACT

Sweat contains electrolytes (minerals), therefore, it is necessary to consider its loss through sweat in the fluid replacement strategy in sports. The purpose of this study was to compare the concentration of components in sweat, such as electrolytes (minerals), when endurance exercise is performed in hot and neutral thermal environments. Eight men cycled for 60 min at 55% VO2peak under two envitonment conditions: a hot environment (WetBulb Globe Temperature (WBGT): 29.0±0.2℃; Heat) and a neutral thermal environment (WBGT: 20.5±0.2℃; Con). During exercise, sweat loss, core temperature, and heart rate (HR) were measured, and sweat from the chest, back, and thigh was collected. The core temperature, sweat loss, and HR increased significantly in Heat. The sweat electrolyte concentration was significantly higher in Heat than in Con only for Na. Regarding the amount of electrolyte loss from sweat, Na and K showed a significantly higher value than Con in Heat in comparison of each region, and the total loss amount of three regions in Cu also had a significantly higher value than Con in Heat. In addition, there was no difference in the concentration of Ca and Cu between the regions, but there was a significant difference in the amount of loss. It was concluded that even if there was no difference in the electrolyte concentration in sweat, the amount of electrolyte loss increased in K and Cu in a hot environment, and that there was a site difference in the amount of loss in Ca and Cu.

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