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2.
Medisur ; 20(5): 895-906, sept.-oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405977

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento la enfermedad nodular benigna de tiroides es motivo frecuente de consulta médica, su conocimiento es de vital importancia para el cirujano. Objetivo: caracterizar pacientes operados de nódulos benignos de tiroides. Métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de serie de casos sobre los pacientes operados de nódulos benignos de tiroides en el Hospital Dr. Gustavo Aldereguia Lima, en un periodo de cinco años. Se revisaron las historias clínicas y protocolos de biopsias, cuyos datos fueron vaciados en un modelo recolector. Se analizaron las variables sexo, edad, color de la piel, localización del tumor, así como sus características físicas e imagenológicas. Además, modalidades de biopsias utilizadas, así como la variedad histológica, la técnica quirúrgica empleada y las complicaciones. Resultados: predominaron las femeninas mayores de 50 años de edad y de piel blanca. La manifestación clínica predominante fue el aumento de volumen en el cuello, así como la presencia de nódulos únicos y sólidos. La asociación de la biopsia por aspiración con aguja fina y parafina fueron las modalidades más utilizadas. El bocio multinodular fue la entidad diagnosticada con mayor frecuencia. Conclusiones: la enfermedad nodular benigna de tiroides, aunque no constituye un grave problema de salud, sí, en el medio del estudio, se diagnostica con mucha frecuencia y se realiza tratamiento quirúrgico, fundamentalmente en mujeres mayores de 50 años.


ABSTRACT Background: benign nodular disease of the thyroid is a frequent reason for medical consultation, its knowledge is of vital importance for the surgeon. Objective: to characterize patients operated on for benign thyroid nodules. Methods: a retrospective case series study was carried out on patients operated on for benign thyroid nodules at the Dr. Gustavo Aldereguia Lima Hospital, over a period of five years. Medical records and biopsy protocols were reviewed; whose data were emptied into a collector model. The variables sex, age, skin color, location of the tumor, as well as its physical and imaging characteristics, were analyzed. In addition, biopsy modalities used, as well as the histological variety, the surgical technique used and the complications. Results: women older than 50 years of age and white skin predominated. The predominant clinical manifestation was the increase in volume in the neck, as well as the presence of single and solid nodules. Likewise, the association of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and paraffin were the most used modalities. Multinodular goiter was the most frequently diagnosed entity. Conclusions: Although benign nodular thyroid disease is not a serious health problem, it is very frequently diagnosed in our environment and surgical treatment is performed, mainly in women over 50 years of age.

3.
An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 83(3): 174-179, jul.-set. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403119

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción. El nódulo tiroideo en niños generalmente es asintomático, de presentación múltiple y aislada, con dificultad para instaurar el riesgo de malignidad, sobre todo si no es palpable. Objetivo. Determinar las características epidemiológicas, clínicas, ecográficas y manejo quirúrgico del nódulo tiroideo en pacientes del Servicio de Cirugía de Cabeza, Cuello y Máxilo Facial del Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (INSN) - Breña, 2000 -2020. Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo. Se usó la clasificación Bethesda para los estudios citológicos. Los datos fueron analizados en el programa SPSS versión 22. Las variables cualitativas fueron expresadas en frecuencias absolutas y relativas; y las cuantitativas en medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Resultados. Fueron 66 casos, el promedio de edad fue 10,94 ± 0,88 años, el 48,5% entre 11 a 15 años, el 78,8% fueron del sexo femenino, un 89,4% no referían antecedente familiar de cáncer. Predominó la forma asintomática (74,2%). Ecográficamente el 43,9% de nódulos se localizaron en lóbulo derecho, presentación única (68,2%) y menor a dos centímetros (43,9%). El 82,6% de los 23 casos Bethesda II fueron hemitiroidectomizados y el 86,4% de 22 casos Bethesda VI fueron tiroidectomizados. Conclusiones. En pacientes pediátricos, los nódulos tiroideos se presentaron mayormente en mujeres de 11 a 15 años, sin antecedente familiar de cáncer, asintomáticos, localizados en lóbulo derecho, únicos y menor a dos centímetros. El grado II de la clasificación Bethesda fue la más frecuente. La hemitiroidectomía fue la intervención quirúrgica más utilizada.


ABSTRACT Introduction. The thyroid nodule in children is usually asymptomatic, multiple and isolated presentation, with difficulty in establishing the risk of malignancy, especially if it is not palpable. Objective. To determine the epidemiological, clinical and ultrasound characteristics and surgical management of thyroid nodules in patients of the Head, Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery Service of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (INSN) - Breña, 2000-2020. Methods. Observational, descriptive and retrospective study. The Bethesda classification was used for cytological studies. Qualitative variables were expressed in absolute and relative frequencies; and quantitative variables in measures of central tendency and dispersion. Results. There were 66 cases, the average age was 10.94 ± 0.88 years, 48.5% between 11 and 15 years, 78.8% were female, 89.4% had no family history of cancer. The asymptomatic form predominated (74.2%). Ultrasonographically, 43.9% of nodules were located in the right lobe, single presentation (68.2%) and smaller than two centimeters (43.9%). 82.6% of the 23 Bethesda II cases were hemithyroidectomized and 86.4% of 22 Bethesda VI cases were thyroidectomized. Conclusions. In pediatric patients, thyroid nodules occurred mostly in women aged 11 to 15 years, with no family history of cancer, asymptomatic, located in the right lobe, single and less than two centimeters. Grade II of the Bethesda classification was the most frequent. Hemithyroidectomy was the most used surgical intervention

4.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(1): 97-102, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364924

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Fine needle aspiration cytopathology (FNAC) is widely used for the stratification of thyroid nodules. Objective The objective of the present study is to validate FNAC reporting based on The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) at our institution and to calculate the risk of malignancy in each category. Methods This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted jointly at the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat and at the Department of Pathology for a period of 1.5 years (May 2018 to November 2018). All cases presenting with thyroid swelling in the outpatient department were investigated with ultrasonography (USG) of the neck, thyroid function test, and FNAC. All FNAC reporting was done according to TBSRTC. Results A total of 134 thyroidectomies were performed during the study period. The female to male ratio was 5.3:1. The age ranged from 11 to 74 years old. with a mean age of 51 years old. The FNAC has a specificity of 84.9%, a sensitivity of 89.4%, a positive predictive value of 86.4%, a negative predictive value of 88.2%, and an accuracy of 87.3% in detecting thyroid cancer. The implied risk of malignancy (ROM) in Bethesda II, III, IV, V and VI is 11.7%, 25%,40%,76.6% & 96%, respectively. Conclusion The four studied categories had a ROM comparable to other studies, except for the Bethesda III category. Further studies with larger sample sizes and with the use of USG guidance for the aspiration from the thyroid swelling may give better results by reducing the number of false negative and false positive cases.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920369

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of thyroid nodules in women participating in physical examination in Beijing and analyze the influencing factors. Methods The data of physical examination (height, weight, blood pressure, blood glucose, etc.) and questionnaire survey (activity intensity, eating habits, etc.) of women in Beijing in 2016 were collected, and the influencing factors of thyroid nodules were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results A total of 4 732 women were included in this study. The prevalence of thyroid nodules was 49.6%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with women aged 18-29 years, OR value was 1.769 (95% CI =1.489 ~ 2.102) for women aged 30 ~ 59 years, and OR value was 4.716 (95% CI = 3.577- 6.216) for women aged 60 years and over. Compared with the balanced diet, the OR value was1.237(95%CI=1.056-1.450)for vegetarian diet. Compared with the normal weight, the OR value was 1.331(95%CI=1.153-1.537)for the overweight. Compared with the healthy women, the OR value was 1.405 (95%CI=1.146-1.723)for hypertension, the OR value was 1.184(95%CI=1.040-1.347)for hyperlipidemia, and the OR value was 1.779(95%CI=1.178-2.687)for diabetes, while the OR value was 1.183(95%CI=1.018-1.376)for women with mammary gland nodules, and the OR value was 1.376(95%CI=1.201-1.575)for women with uterine leiomyoma. Compared with the education degree of high school, technical secondary school, technical school and below, the OR value was 0.648(95%CI=0.522-0.806)for college or undergraduate, and the OR value was 0.564(95%CI=0.440-0.723)for graduate students and above. Conclusion The prevalence of thyroid nodules in women in Beijing is at a high level. Age, vegetarian diet, overweight, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, mammary gland nodules and uterine leiomyoma are risk factors for thyroid nodules. Education level is a protective factor for the prevalence of thyroid nodules.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 215-220, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between breast cancer and thyroid diseases, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of thyroid diseases in breast cancer patients.Methods:A total of 511 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were recruited between March 2018 and August 2019 from Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital, and 303 age-matched newly diagnosed breast benign disease patients and 341 age-matched healthy controls were recruited during the same time-frame. Thyroid B-ultrasound and thyroid function test were performed in the three groups. By reviewing the medical records, the general and clinicopathological data of the patients were collected, and the differences in the prevalence of thyroid diseases among the three groups were compared. The changes of thyroid function in breast cancer patients before treatment, in the middle stage of chemotherapy and at the end of chemotherapy were compared.Results:Among breast cancer group, breast benign disease group and healthy control group, the differences in the prevalence rates of hypothyroidism [32.5% (166/511), 25.7% (78/303) and 21.7% (74/341)], thyroid nodules [50.7% (259/511), 43.2% (131/303) and 41.6% (142/341)] and Thyroid Imaging Reports and Data System(TI-RADS) grade 4 and above thyroid nodules [15.4% (40/259), 14.5% (19/131) and 4.9% (7/142)] were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The abnormal rates of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (fT4) in breast cancer group were higher than those in breast benign disease group and healthy control group [34.1% (174/511) vs. 26.1% (79/303), 23.5% (80/341); 24.9% (127/511) vs. 8.6% (26/303), 3.2% (11/341)], and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05). The levels of fT4, free three iodide thyroxine (fT3), thyroid immunoglobulin antibody (TgAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) in breast cancer patients before treatment, in the middle stage of chemotherapy and at the end of chemotherapy were statistically different (all P < 0.05). The abnormal rates of fT4, TgAb and TPOAb in the last chemotherapy cycle were lower than those before chemotherapy [11.5% (59/511) vs. 24.9% (127/511), 5.1% (26/511) vs. 17.4% (89/511), 11.9% (61/511) vs. 20.4% (104/511)] in breast cancer patients, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.001). Conclusions:The breast cancer is associated with thyroid diseases. Clinicians should pay more attention to the changes of thyroid diseases and thyroid function during the treatment and in the follow-up process of breast cancer patients, so as to detect the thyroid diseases early and carry out standardized treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinicopathological features of thyroid nodules and to assess preoperative diagnostic methods for the nature of nodules.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 2 132 patients [456 males and 1 676 females with a mean age of (48.7±11.4) year] with thyroid nodules who underwent surgical treatment in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among all patients, 433 nodules had complete fine needle aspiration biopsy cytology (FNAC) and ultrasound results were selected for further assessment. According to preoperative high-resolution ultrasound images, the nodules were classified by Kwak thyroid imaging and reporting data systems (Kwak TI-RADS) and American College of Radiology TI-RADS (ACR TI-RADS). ROC curve was used to assess the diagnostic efficacy of the two ultrasound modes and FNAC.Results:In 2 132 patients with thyroid nodules, 743 were benign and 1 389 were malignant. In all malignant cases 1 119 were females, accounting for 80.56%. In newly diagnosed benign nodules, 67.97% (505/743) were found by examination, and 32.03% (238/743) were self-found. In malignant nodules, 48.67% (676/1 389) were detected by examination, 51.33% (713/1 389) were self-found. The malignant rate of nodule diameter≤1 cm was the lowest in 1 118 patients with complete thyroid ultrasound data. In 628, 722 and 782 patients who underwent surgical treatment in 2017, 2018 and 2019, the proportion of malignant nodules was 56.37% (354/628), 66.48% (480/722) and 70.97% (555/782); the proportion of benign nodules was 43.63% (274/628), 33.52% (242/722) and 29.03% (227/782), respectively. Among all malignant nodules, papillary carcinoma accounted for 95.18% (1 322/1 389), followed by follicular carcinoma 4.32% (60/1 389), myeloid carcinoma 0.43% (60/1 389) and undifferentiated carcinoma 0.07%(1/1 389). Among all benign nodules, the proportion of nodular goiter was the highest (95.56%, 710/743). The proportion of patients undergoing preoperative FNAC in 2017, 2018 and 2019 was 57.96% (364/628), 63.43% (458/722) and 69.44% (543/782), respectively;the coincidence rate of preoperative FNAC and postoperative pathological diagnosis was 46.15% (168/364), 52.18% (239/458) and 62.06% (337/543), respectively. Among 433 nodules with both FNAC and ultrasound data, the areas under the ROC curve(AUC)of FNA, ACR TI-RADS and Kawk TI-RADS were 0.91, 0.74 and 0.59, respectively ( P<0.05). The sensitivity of ACR TI-RADS and Kawk TI-RADS was 84.34%, 37.35% ( P<0.05) and specificity was 56.29% and 79.14% ( P=0.075). Conclusions:The study reveals that from 2017 to 2019, both the number of cases and malignant rate of thyroid nodules shows a rising trend, meanwhile the application rate of preoperative FNAC and its coincidence rate with postoperative pathology shows an increasing trend. FNAC, ACR Ti-RADS and Kawk TI-RADS have certain diagnostic efficacy in differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules, and the diagnostic value of FNAC is the highest followed by ACR TI-RADS and Kawk TI-RADS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic efficiency of the 2020 Chinese Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-TIRADS) and the 2017 American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR-TIRADS) in the diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the two-dimensional ultrasound image results of 324 thyroid nodules in 289 patients with thyroid nodules and thyroid nodules were performed in the physical examination of the Health Management Department of the Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital from January 2018 to January 2019. A superficial professional doctor with a senior professional title simultaneously uses the C-TIRADS and ACR-TIRADS methods to evaluate the above nodules. The results are all pathologically referenced for the χ2 test and the receiver operating characteristic curve is drawn. Results:The sensitivity of C-TIRADS in diagnosing benign and malignant thyroid nodules was 81.90%, specificity was 97.72%, accuracy was 92.59%, negative predictive value was 91.85%, positive predictive value was 84.51%; ACR-TIRADS diagnosis The sensitivity of benign and malignant thyroid nodules was 59.05%, specificity was 99.54%, accuracy was 86.42%, negative predictive value was 83.52%, and positive predictive value was 98.41%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.958 and 0.935( Z=2.31 P=0.021). Conclusion:C-TIRADS classification based on counting method is better than ACR-TIRADS classification based on sub-method in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. It has better efficacy and is more suitable for the current status of diagnosis and treatment of thyroid nodules in China.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 297-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the iodine nutritional status and the prevalence of goiter and thyroid nodules among children in Suqian City, and to provide a basis for prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders.Methods:From May 2019 to July 2020, the counties (districts) in Suqian City were divided into 5 areas according to east, west, south, north, and middle, each area selected 1 township (street) every year, and 40 non-boarding students aged 8 - 10 years were selected (balanced age and gender) from 1 primary school from each township (street). Children's urine samples and household salt samples were collected to detect urinary iodine and salt iodine contents, and some children were subjected to thyroid examination and height and weight measurements.Results:A total of 1 999 urine samples were collected from children aged 8 to 10 years, and the median urinary iodine was 221.0 μg/L. There was a statistically significant difference among different counties (districts, H = 147.89, P < 0.05). A total of 1 999 edible salt samples were collected from children's homes, and the salt iodine content was (24.01 ± 4.55) mg/kg. Among them, iodized salts was 1 979, the coverage rate of iodized salt was 99.00%; the qualified iodized salts was 1 910, and the iodized salt qualified rate was 96.51%, and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 95.55%. A total of 1 000 cases of children's thyroid were examined, and 22 cases of goiter, 51 cases of solid thyroid nodules, and 54 cases of thyroid cyst were detected, and the detection rates were 2.20%, 5.10%, and 5.40%, respectively. There were significant differences in the detection rates of solid nodules and cysts beteen different counties (districts, χ 2 = 16.41, 37.66 , P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in the detection rates of goiter (χ 2 = 8.65 , P > 0.05). According to Spearman correlation analysis, children's thyroid volume was positively correlated with height and weight ( r = 0.403, 0.315, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The iodine nutrition of children in Suqian City is at an excessively suitable level of iodine, and the salt iodine monitoring indicators meet the national iodine deficiency disorders elimination standards (the coverage rate of iodized salt ≥ 95%, and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt > 90%). The children's thyroid volume is affected by factors such as height and weight.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 209-215, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the correlation between urinary iodine, salt iodine and thyroid nodules in children aged 8 - 10 years and pregnant women in different regions of Fujian Province, and to explore the influencing factors of thyroid diseases.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dongshan County and Pingtan County of Fujian Province from September to November 2019. According to the inclusion criteria, 140 pregnant women and 270 children aged 8 - 10 years were selected in Dongshan County, and 189 pregnant women and 368 children aged 8 - 10 years were selected in Pingtan County. Random urine and edible salt samples were collected to determine iodine content, and iodine nutrition was evaluated in each population. Thyroid was examined by B ultrasound and questionnaire survey of thyroid diseases was carried out. The correlation between urinary iodine, salt iodine and thyroid nodules in children aged 8 - 10 years and pregnant women in different regions was analyzed.Results:There were statistically significant differences in the median urinary iodine among children in different genders (male: 151.30 μg/L, female: 130.30 μg/L) and regions (Dongshan County: 160.30 μg/L, Pingtan County: 129.70 μg/L, P < 0.05); there was no significant difference in the median urinary iodine among children of different ages (8, 9, 10 years old: 141.60, 128.05, 150.30 μg/L, P > 0.05). The median urinary iodine among pregnant women was 119.30 μg/L, and there was no significant difference in median urinary iodine among pregnant women in different stages and regions ( P > 0.05). The medians of salt iodine from children and pregnant women were 20.30 and 23.65 mg/kg, respectively. Urinary iodine in children was positively correlated with salt iodine ( r = 0.13, P < 0.05). However, there was no correlation between urinary iodine and salt iodine in pregnant women ( P > 0.05). The detection rate of thyroid nodules in children was 21.79% (139/638). There was significant difference in the detection rate of thyroid nodules in children of different ages ( P < 0.05). The detection rate of thyroid nodules in pregnant women was 4.26% (14/329). There was no correlation between detection rate of thyroid nodules and urinary iodine or salt iodine in children and pregnant women ( P > 0.05). Thyroid volume of children in the two counties was within the normal range, and there was no correlation between thyroid volume and urinary iodine or salt iodine ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The iodine nutrition of children in Dongshan County and Pingtan County is suitable (100 - 199 μg/L), while iodine deficiency (< 150 μg/L) exists in pregnant women. Urinary iodine in children is related to salt iodine, and urinary iodine increased with increase of salt iodine. The prevalence of thyroid nodules in children of different ages is different, which requires further study. The detection rate of thyroid nodules in children and pregnant women is not correlated with urinary iodine and salt iodine.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the correlation of different ultrasound characteristics with thyroid cancer, and evaluate the effect and safety of different surgical strategies in pathological suspected cancer and highly suspected cancer by pure ultrasound.Methods:The clinical data of 679 patients (787 thyroid nodules) underwent thyroid surgery from August 2016 to December 2019 in Beijing Daxing District People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, including ultrasound characteristics (echo, margin, form, ratio of tall to wide, calcification), surgery data (operation time, surgical strategies, whether the second surgery), recovery process (whether combined with secondary injury, including hoarse voice and choking on drinking water; drainage tube retention time and postoperative drainage), pathological examination results (pathological types, whether included parathyroid gland in the submitted specimen and whether lymph node metastasis). The effect and safety were compared between dissection and non-dissection of central group lymph nodes in pathological suspected cancer patients and highly suspected cancer by pure ultrasound patients.Results:Among the 787 thyroid nodules, 316 nodules (40.2%) were malignant nodules, including 308 papillary carcinomas; 471 nodules (59.8%) were benign nodules. The rates of low echo, unclear margin, form irregularity, ratio of tall to wide >1 and microcalcification in malignant nodules were significantly higher than those in benign nodules: 90.5% (286/316) vs. 38.9% (183/471), 52.5% (166/316) vs. 11.5% (54/471), 53.8% (170/316) vs. 11.5% (54/471), 30.4% (96/316) vs. 5.5%(26/471) and 65.5% (207/316) vs. 8.7% (41/471), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). Among 26 patients with pathological suspected cancer, there were no statistical difference in operation time, drainage tube retention time, postoperative drainage, surgical complications and paraffin pathology result between patients with dissection of central group lymph nodes (17 cases) and patients without dissection of central group lymph nodes (9 cases) ( P>0.05); the patients with dissection of the central group lymph nodes were all proved to be cancer by paraffin pathology examination. The highly suspected cancer by pure ultrasound was in 57 cases, there were no statistical difference in operation time, drainage tube retention time, postoperative drainage, choking on drinking water or hoarse voice between patients with dissection of central group lymph nodes (23 cases) and patients without that dissection (34 cases) ( P>0.05); the incidence of parathyroid gland in the submitted specimen and malignant rate of paraffin pathology result in patients with dissection of central group lymph nodes were significantly higher than those without that dissection: 39.1% (9/23) vs. 2.9% (1/34) and 30.4% (7/23) vs. 8.8% (3/34), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). Conclusions:Thyroid ultrasound characteristics have important predictive value. It is recommended to clean central group lymph node in most cases of pathological suspected cancer; while when highly suspected cancer by pure ultrasound happens, it is recommended to clean lymph node only when lymph node metastasis is highly suspected.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the diagnostic value of the artificial intelligence (AI) diagnostic system, ACR TI-RADS classification and AI+ ACR TI-RADS combined diagnostic performance in benign and malignant thyroid nodules and its guiding significance for surgical treatment.Methods:From Nov. 1, 2021, to Feb. 26, 2022, 349 patients with 605 thyroid nodules who received surgical treatment in Department of Thyroid (Hernia) Surgery, Department of General Surgery, the First Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital, were selected. There were 95 males and 254 females, male: female=1:2.67, aged 16-78 years, and the nodule diameter was 0.2-5.6 cm. SPSS 26.0 and R studio software were used for data processing. AI diagnostic system, ACR TI-RADS grading and AI+ ACR TI-RADS combined diagnostic efficacy were statistically analyzed, respectively. ROC curve analysis was performed in parallel.Results:The AUC value of AI+ ACR TI-RADS combined diagnosis was 0.900, greater than 0.857 of AI diagnostic system and 0.788 of ACR TI-RADS, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z= 7.631, both P<0.001) . The sensitivity of the combined diagnosis was 95.32%, the specificity was 84.61%, the accuracy was 92.56%, the positive predictive value was 94.69%, the negative predictive value was 86.27%, the missed diagnosis rate was 4.68%, and the misdiagnosis rate was 15.38%, which were better than the other two diagnostic methods. With an excellent coincidence rate with postoperative pathological results ( Kappa=0.804, P<0.001) . The accuracy of combined diagnosis in identifying the maximum diameter of different tumors was 89.58% for d≤0.5 cm, 96.09% for 0.5<d≤1.0 cm, 95.45% for 1.0<d≤2.0 cm, 87.88% for 2.0<d≤4.0 cm, and 85.71% for d>4.0 cm, better than the other two diagnostic methods. Conclusions:The combined application of AI+ACR TI-RADS has a certain primary screening value in evaluating thyroid nodule properties. The combined diagnosis of the two can more effectively determine the benign and malignant thyroid nodules.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930288

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence of inadequate specimens of thyroid nodule fine needle non-aspiration cytology and its possible influencing factors.Methods:Clinical data of 1571 patients with FNAC of 1638 thyroid nodules were analyzed retrospectively, according to whether the FNAC specimen were adequate or not, all cases were divided into adequate group and inadequate group. The related influencing factors on inadequate specimen were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression.Results:Inadequate specimens occurred in 301 of 1638 (18.4%) nodules. Logistic regression analysis showed that the influencing factors of overall specimen adequacy included operator experience ( P=0.00) , nodules size≤0.5 cm ( P=0.00) , eggshell calcification ( P=0.00) , and cystic ( P=0.00) . Excluding the impact of operator experience, the influencing factors of specimen adequacy included nodules size≤0.5 cm ( P=0.00) , eggshell calcification ( P=0.00) , and cystic ( P=0.00) . Conclusions:Operator experience, nodules size≤0.5 cm, cystic, together with eggshell calcification are influencing factors of specimen adequacy of fine needle non-aspiration cytology in thyroid nodules. For experienced operators, what restrict specimen adequacy is the limitation of FNAC technique. For inexperienced operators, what restrict specimen adequacy is operator’s experience.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927844

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of micro-flow imaging(MFI)in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Methods Totally 50 patients with thyroid nodules examined by conventional ultrasound,MFI,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound and confirmed by histological or cytological pathology in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from May to December in 2020 were enrolled in the study.The clinical data and ultrasound images were retrospectively analyzed.A binary logistic regression model was established to evaluate the performance of the model in predicting benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Results Logistic regression showed that composition and "S-W-C" sign were independent risk factors for predicting malignant thyroid nodule.The sensitivity,specificity,and Youden index of the logistic regression model were 73.33%,80.00%,and 0.53,respectively,and the area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.799(95%CI=0.662-0.899). Conclusion MFI facilitates the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and has the potential to be applied in the future.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
15.
Acta de Otorrinolaringología Cir. Cabeza cuello. ; 50(2): 112-116, 20220000. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1381676

ABSTRACT

Introducción: evaluar la concordancia de la clasificación TI-RADS (Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System) y el sistema Bethesda para detectar malignidad en pacientes con nódulo tiroideo. Material y métodos: mediante un estudio observacional, retrospectivo y transversal en 90 pacientes con diagnóstico de nódulo tiroideo a los que se les realizó un ultrasonido de cuello, un estudio histopatológico definitivo y se les aplicó las escalas TI-RADS y Bethesda durante su abordaje desde julio del 2018 hasta noviembre de 2020. Resultados: se encontró una predominancia del sexo femenino, una sensibilidad del 43,6 % y una especificidad del 94,2 % en la clasificación de TI-RADS. Respecto a la clasificación de Bethesda obtuvimos una sensibilidad del 94,5 % y una especificidad del 51,4 %. Como resultado, se obtuvo una concordancia baja entre las dos pruebas. Discusión: de acuerdo con los resultados obtenidos en nuestro estudio pudimos constatar que los pacientes con nódulo tiroideo se ven beneficiados al realizar un abordaje adecuado que incluya un ultrasonido (USG) Doppler de cuello realizado por un profesional con entrenamiento, además de la realización de una biopsia por aspiración con aguja fina (BAAF) en los casos en que estén bien indicados. La prueba de concordancia fue baja, por tanto, consideramos necesario el uso de ambas pruebas diagnósticas dentro de la práctica clínica. Conclusión: el correcto uso de la clasificación TI-RADS para identificar las características de un nódulo tiroideo permite diferenciar de forma confiable a los pacientes que ameritan someterse a una BAAF frente a los que no la requieren. El sistema Bethesda puede apoyar en la toma de decisiones o cambiar una conducta terapéutica, sobre todo en pacientes con alta sospecha de malignidad.


Introduction: Evaluate the concordance of the TI-RADS classification and the Bethesda system to detect malignancy in patients with a thyroid nodule. Material and Methods: Through an observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study in 90 patients with a diagnosis of thyroid nodule, to which neck ultrasound was performed, definitive histopathological study and the TI-RADS (Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System) and Bethesda scales were applied during their approach from July 2018 to November 2020. Results: obtaining as a result, a predominance of the female sex, a sensitivity of 43.6% and specificity of 94.2% in classification of TI-RADS. Regarding the Bethesda classification, we obtained a sensitivity of 94.5% and a specificity of 51.4%. With a low agreement as a result between the two tests. Discussion: according to the results obtained in our study, we could verify that patients with thyroid nodules benefit from an appropriate approach that includes a neck Doppler USG, performed by a trained professional, in addition to the realization of a Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNA) in the cases in which they are well indicated. The concordance test was low; therefore, we consider it necessary to use both diagnostic tests within clinical practice. Conclusion: the correct use of the TI-RADS classification to identify the characteristics of a thyroid nodule allows reliable differentiation to patients to undergo a FNA of those who do not require it. The Bethesda system can support decision making or change therapeutic behavior, especially in patients with high suspicion of malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Nodule , Adenocarcinoma , Classification
16.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 53: e318, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365448

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los nódulos tiroideos son un crecimiento localizado en el tejido tiroideo, aproximadamente el 8 % son malignos, y el ultrasonido es el método ideal para detectarlos. Objetivo: Determinar cuáles son los hallazgos ecográficos que pueden sugerir una mayor probabilidad de malignidad del nódulo tiroideo. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo de tipo corte transversal en pacientes con nódulo tiroideo en una institución prestadora de salud de Neiva. Resultados: Se evaluaron 63 pacientes con un promedio de edad de 52 años, 95 % fueron femeninos y el 5 % masculinos. El 71 % presentaron nódulos tiroideos benignos, y el 10 % nódulos malignos. En el 100 % de los nódulos tiroideos malignos se encontró vascularidad aumentada, microcalcificaciones, adenopatías asociadas, bordes irregulares y componente sólido, y los hallazgos con respecto a hipoecogenicidad y diámetro anteroposterior mayor al transverso (más alto que ancho), se encontró en el 83 % siendo estadísticamente significativos. La sensibilidad de los hallazgos ecográficos supera el 80 %, excepto la variable "tamaño del nódulo mayor a 1 centímetro". Conclusiones: Los hallazgos ecográficos como adenopatías y el diámetro anteroposterior mayor al transverso son indicadores potenciales de nódulos tiroideos malignos, el tamaño mayor a un centímetro no siempre es predictor de malignidad, sin embargo debido al tamaño de la muestra en nuestro estudio no es posible generalizarlo como un factor determinante para la realización de biopsia, por ende recomendamos el seguimiento de los nódulos teniendo en cuenta los criterios ecográficos de malignidad y la clasificación TIRADS para tomar decisiones con respecto a las biopsias tiroideas.


Abstract Introduction: Thyroid nodules are a localized growth in the thyroid tissue, approximately 8% are malignant, and an ultrasound is the ideal method to detect them. Objective: Determine which are the ultrasound findings that may suggest an increased probability of thyroid nodule malignancy. Methodology: Descriptive cross-sectional study amongst patients with thyroid nodule in a healthcare institution in Neiva. Results: A total of 63 patients were evaluated with an average age of 52 years, 95% were female and 5% male. Seventy-one percent had benign thyroid nodules, and 10% malignant nodules. In 100% of malignant thyroid nodules, increased vascularity, microcalcifications, associated adenopathies, irregular borders and solid component were found, and the findings regarding hypoechogenicity and anteroposterior diameter greater than the transverse (higher than wide), were found in 83%, being statistically significant. The sensitivity of ultrasound findings exceeds 80%, except for the variable nodule size greater than 1 centimetre. Conclusions: Ultrasound findings such as adenopathies and anteroposterior diameters greater than the transverse one are potential indicators of malignant thyroid nodules, the size greater than one centimetre is not always a predictor of malignancy; however, due to the size of the sample in our study it is not possible to generalize it as a determining factor for biopsy. Therefore, we recommend monitoring the nodules considering the ultrasound criteria for malignancy and the TIRADS classification to make decisions regarding thyroid biopsies.

17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 752-757, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349998

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the total costs of surgery and radiofrequency (RF) ablation for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules. Materials and methods: This is a prospective randomized study comparing cases treated with US-guided RF ablation (cases) and surgery (control). They were selected and allocated to groups (thyroidectomy or radioablation) by permuted block randomization in blocks of five cases each. Results: Five cases of RF Ablation were compared with five cases of thyroidectomies conducted in the same period. Similar complication rates were observed in both groups. Shorter operating time and hospital stay were observed for the RF group. In the evaluation of the total cost between procedures, radioblation represented 76% of the cost of partial thyroidectomy. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that radioablation has a competitive cost, making it an effective alternative in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Radiofrequency Ablation , Thyroidectomy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cost-Benefit Analysis
18.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 682-695, 20210000. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365770

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coexistence between thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism is rare, and most of the nodular lesions from which a malignant tumor is documented in this group of patients correspond to cold nodules. Justified by the increasing number of reports in the literature about malignant tumors diagnosed from hot nodules, a systematic review was carried out to determine possible factors associated with the diagnosis of thyroid cancer from hot nodules in patients with hyperthyroidism. The results suggest that the clinical diagnosis of toxic nodular goiter, nodular lesions of diameter > 10 mm and a histological type compatible with a follicular carcinoma, are factors that on their own increase the risk of making the diagnosis of cancer from a hot nodule.


Resumen La coexistencia entre cáncer de tiroides e hipertiroidismo es infrecuente, y la mayoría de las lesiones nodulares a partir de las cuales se documenta un tumor maligno en este grupo de pacientes corresponden a nódulos fríos. Justificado en el creciente número de reportes en la literatura acerca de tumores malignos diagnosticados a partir de nódulos calientes, se realizó una revisión sistemática que tuvo como objetivo determinar los posibles factores asociados con el diagnóstico de cáncer de tiroides a partir de nódulos calientes en pacientes con hipertiroidismo. Los resultados sugieren que el diagnóstico clínico de bocio nodular tóxico, lesiones nodulares de diámetro mayor de 10 mm y tipo histológico compatible con carcinoma folicular, son factores que aumentan por sí solos el riesgo de realizar el diagnóstico de cáncer a partir de un nódulo caliente.


Subject(s)
Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular , Systematic Review , Hyperthyroidism
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 682-695, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291253

ABSTRACT

La coexistencia entre cáncer de tiroides e hipertiroidismo es infrecuente, y la mayoría de las lesiones nodulares a partir de las cuales se documenta un tumor maligno en este grupo de pacientes corresponden a nódulos fríos. Justificado en el creciente número de reportes en la literatura acerca de tumores malignos diagnosticados a partir de nódulos calientes, se realizó una revisión sistemática que tuvo como objetivo determinar los posibles factores asociados con el diagnóstico de cáncer de tiroides a partir de nódulos calientes en pacientes con hipertiroidismo. Los resultados sugieren que el diagnóstico clínico de bocio nodular tóxico, lesiones nodulares de diámetro mayor de 10 mm y tipo histológico compatible con carcinoma folicular, son factores que aumentan por sí solos el riesgo de realizar el diagnóstico de cáncer a partir de un nódulo caliente


Coexistence between thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism is rare, and most of the nodular lesions from which a malignant tumor is documented in this group of patients correspond to cold nodules. Justified by the increasing number of reports in the literature about malignant tumors diagnosed from hot nodules, a systematic review was carried out to determine possible factors associated with the diagnosis of thyroid cancer from hot nodules in pa-tients with hyperthyroidism. The results suggest that the clinical diagnosis of toxic nodular goiter, nodular lesions of diameter > 10 mm and a histological type compatible with a follicular carcinoma, are factors that on their own increase the risk of making the diagnosis of cancer from a hot nodule


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms , Hyperthyroidism , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular , Systematic Review
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 402-409, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285714

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Ultrasound sonography provides a quick method for determining which nodule to sample for fine needle aspiration biopsy in thyroid nodules. On the other hand, the computed tomography examination is not restricted by echo attenuation and distinguishes between benign and malignant nodules. Objective To compare computed tomography examinations against ultrasound/fine needle aspiration biopsy in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Methods Data regarding computed tomography examinations, sonographic finding following fine needle aspiration biopsy, and tumor histology of 953 nodules from 698 patients who underwent thyroidectomy were collected and analyzed. The beneficial score for detection of the malignant tumor for each adopted modality was evaluated. Results Ultrasound images did not show a well-circumscribed solid mass in 89 nodules, and ultimately did not detect nodules in fine needle aspiration biopsies (false positive non-malignant nodules). Ultrasound images showed parenchymatous disease (false positive malignant nodules) in several nodules. Computed tomography examinations demonstrated higher difficulty in detection of malignant nodules of 1.0-2.0 cm size than ultrasound examination following fine needle aspiration biopsies; compared to tumor histological data, computed tomography examinations had a sensitivity of 0.879. Conclusion Computed tomography examinations are a more reliable method for differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules than ultrasound examinations followed by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Level of Evidence III.


Resumo Introdução A ultrassonografia é um método rápido para determinar de qual nódulo se deve coletar uma amostra para biópsia por aspiração com agulha fina. Por outro lado, o exame de tomografia computadorizada não é restringido pela atenuação do eco e distingue entre nódulos benignos e malignos. Objetivo Comparar exames tomográficos versus biópsia por ultrassonografia/aspiração por agulha fina no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos tireoidianos. Método Dados sobre exames tomográficos, achados ultrassonográficos após biópsia por aspiração com agulha fina e histologia tumoral de 953 nódulos de 698 pacientes submetidos à tireoidectomia foram coletados e analisados. O escore de benefício para detecção do tumor maligno para cada modalidade adotada foi avaliado. Resultados As imagens de ultrassom não mostraram uma lesão sólida bem circunscrita em 89 nódulos; e na análise final não foram detectados nódulos nas biópsias por aspiração com agulha fina (nódulos não malignos falsos positivos). As imagens ultrassonográficas mostraram doença parenquimatosa (nódulos malignos falsos positivos) em vários nódulos. Os exames de tomografia computadorizada apresentaram grandes dificuldades na detecção de nódulos malignos de 1,0-2,0 cm de tamanho em comparação com o exame de ultrassonografia após biópsias por aspiração com agulha fina; comparados aos dados histológicos do tumor, os exames de tomografia computadorizada apresentaram sensibilidade de 0,879. Conclusão Os exames de tomografia computadorizada são um método mais confiável para o diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos tireoidianos do que os exames de ultrassonografia, seguidos por biópsia por aspiração com agulha fina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis, Differential
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