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Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 90(2): 101376, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557338


Abstract Objectives To assess the safety and effectiveness of bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy in thyroid tumor. Methods Bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy and other approaches (open thyroidectomy, transoral robotic thyroidectomy, and bilateral axillo-breast approach endoscopic thyroidectomy) were compared in studies from 6 databases. Results Twenty-two studies (8830 individuals) were included. Bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy had longer operation time, greater cosmetic satisfaction, and reduced transient hypoparathyroidism than conventional open thyroidectomy. Compared to bilateral axillo-breast approach endoscopic thyroidectomy, bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy had greater amount of drainage, lower chances of transient vocal cord palsy and permanent hypothyroidism, and better surgical completeness (postopertive thyroblobulin level and lymph node removal). Bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy induced greater postoperative drainage and greater patient dissatisfaction than transoral robotic thyroidectomy. Conclusion Bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy is inferior to transoral robotic thyroidectomy in drainage and cosmetic satisfaction but superior to bilateral axillo-breast approach endoscopic thyroidectomy in surgical performance. Its operation time is longer, but its cosmetic satisfaction is higher than open thyroidectomy.

Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 28(1): 12-21, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558011


Abstract Introduction The most common postoperative complication of total thyroidectomy is hypocalcemia, usually monitored using serum parathyroid hormone and calcium values. Objective To identify the most accurate predictors of hypocalcemia, construct a risk assesment algorithm and analyze the impact of using several calcium correction formulas in practice. Methods A prospective, single-center, non-randomized longitudinal cohort study on 205 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. Parathyroid hormone, serum, and ionized calcium were sampled post-surgery, with the presence of symptomatic or laboratory-verified asymptomatic hypocalcemia designated as primary outcome measures. Results Parathyroid hormone sampled on the first postoperative day was the most sensitive predictor of symptomatic hypocalcemia development (sensitivity 80.22%, cut-off value ≤ 2.03 pmol/L). A combination of serum calcium and parathyroid concentration sampled on the first postoperative day predicted the development of hypocalcemia during recovery with the highest sensitivity and specificity (94% sensitivity, cut-off ≤2.1 mmol/L, and 89% specificity, cut-off ≤1.55 pmol/L, respectively). The use of algorithms and correction formulas did not improve the accuracy of predicting symptomatic or asymptomatic hypocalcemia. Conclusions The most sensitive predictor of symptomatic hypocalcemia present on the fifth postoperative day was PTH sampled on the first postoperative day. The need for algorithms and correction formulas is limited.

Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 22: eRC0528, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534327


ABSTRACT Schwannomas commonly develop in the cervical region, 25% - 45% of cases are diagnosed in this anatomical region. Tracheal neurogenic tumors are exceedingly rare and can be misdiagnosed as invasive thyroid carcinomas or other infiltrating malignancies when present at the level of the thyroid gland. Here, we present a case of synchronous benign cervical schwannoma with tracheal invasion and papillary thyroid carcinoma in a patient who was initially hospitalized for COVID-19. The patient presented with dyspnea that was later found to be caused by tracheal extension of a cervical tumor. Surgical excision was performed, and the surgical team proceeded with segmental tracheal resection, removal of the cervical mass, and total thyroidectomy. The specimen was sent for pathological analysis, which revealed synchronous findings of a benign cervical schwannoma with tracheal invasion and papillary thyroid carcinoma. The literature on this subject, together with the present case report, suggests that neurogenic tumors should be included in the differential diagnosis of obstructing tracheal cervical masses. Surgical excision is the first-line of treatment for benign cervical schwannomas.

Rev. mex. anestesiol ; 46(4): 256-262, oct.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536639


Resumen: Las hormonas tiroideas forman parte fundamental del mantenimiento de la homeostasia, se encuentra particularmente relacionado con la función cardiovascular. Los estados distiroideos clínicos o subclínicos pueden comprometer este sistema en forma significativa durante los procedimientos quirúrgicos. Existen múltiples fármacos que pueden modificar la patología tiroidea en mayor o menor medida, disminuyendo el riesgo de complicaciones en la eventualidad de una cirugía. La utilización de anestesia general, ya sea balanceada o total endovenosa, se ha convertido en el estándar de oro, por la menor tasa de complicaciones asociadas. Durante el período perioperatorio se debe mantener un monitoreo estricto de la función cardiovascular para detectar alteraciones en forma temprana e iniciar las correcciones necesarias.

Abstract: Thyroid hormones are a fundamental part of the maintenance of homeostasis, it is particularly related to cardiovascular function. Clinical or subclinical dysthyroid states can significantly compromise this system during surgical procedures. There are multiple drugs that can modify the thyroid pathology to a greater or lesser extent, reducing the risk of complications in the event of surgery. The use of general anesthesia, whether balanced or total intravenous, has become the Gold standard, due to the lower rate of associated complications. During the perioperative period, strict monitoring of cardiovascular function must be maintained to detect alterations early and initiate the necessary corrections.

Acta méd. peru ; 40(3)jul. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527626


Theodor Kocher (1841-1917), an exceptional Swiss surgeon who described a technique for the safe removal of enlarged thyroid unraveled the true function of this endocrine gland but also made significant contributions to many other fields of surgery. Kocher was the first surgeon awarded the Nobel prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1909 for his work on the physiology, pathology, and surgery of the thyroid gland. He was professor and clinical director at Insel Hospital during 45 years. Kocher created the prominent Surgeon's School in Bern. He was the first president of the International Society of Surgery in 1903 and the founding president of the Swiss Society of Surgery in 1913.

Theodor Kocher (1841-1917), excepcional cirujano suizo que describió una técnica para la extirpación segura del agrandamiento del tiroides y desentrañó la verdadera función de esta glándula endocrina, pero también hizo importantes aportaciones a muchos otros campos de la cirugía. Kocher fue el primer cirujano galardonado con el premio Nobel de Fisiología y Medicina en 1909 por sus trabajos sobre la fisiología, patología y cirugía de la glándula tiroides. Fue profesor y director clínico del Hospital Insel durante 45 años. Kocher creó la destacada Escuela de Cirujanos de Berna. Fue el primer presidente de la Sociedad Internacional de Cirugía en 1903 y el presidente fundador de la Sociedad Suiza de Cirugía en 1913.

Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 67(3): 355-360, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429748


ABSTRACT Objective: Our aim was to assess the ability of serum magnesium (Mg), measured on the first postoperative day (Mg1PO), to predict the need for calcium (Ca) replacement in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT). Subjects and methods: Eighty patients undergoing TT, with Mg1PO and PTH dosage in the first (PTH1h) and eighth (PTH8h) hours after TT, were evaluated for the need for Ca replacement. Data were evaluated by uni/multivariate logistic regression and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: 32 patients (40%) required Ca replacement. Median PTH1h, PTH8h and Mg1PO were higher in the no replacement group: 17 versus (vs) 3 pg/mL (p < 0.001), 18.2 vs 3.0 pg/mL (p < 0.001) and 2 vs 1.6 mg/dL (p < 0.001), respectively. Mg1PO was the isolated predictor for this replacement (odds ratio = 0.0004, 95% confidence interval: 0.000003-0.04; p = 0.001), with the cut-off value of 1.8 mg/dL showing sensitivity and specificity of 78.1% and 87.5%, respectively. Conclusions: In this group of patients, serum Mg1PO was the isolated predictor for the need for Ca replacement.

Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 67(3): 372-377, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429753


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the distribution profile of thyroidectomies in Brazil from 2010 to 2020 from a macro-regional perspective. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective, detailed and descriptive study built on secondary data obtained from the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System (SIH/SUS). We organized the data in tables and grouped them according to the federative unit, macro-region, type of procedure, mortality rate, and year of performance. We performed statistical analysis using the χ2 test to assess the association between the variables, observing a P value of < 0.05 and a confidence interval of 95%. Results: From 2010 to 2020, 160 219 thyroidectomy surgeries were performed, of which 77 812 (48.56%) were total, 38 064 (23.76%) partial and 41 191 (25.70%) oncological.The Southeast was responsible for the largest share of procedures, with 70 745 (44.15%), followed by the Northeast with 43 887 (27.39%). In 2020, the procedure was less performed, with 9226 (5.75%) surgeries. The total mortality rate was 0.16% during the study period. Conclusion: We found that thyroidectomies are carried out mainly in the Southeastern, Northeastern, and Southern regions, and showed a downward trend in 2020, which may be related to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, total thyroidectomy is the most performed surgery, and the Northern region had the highest mortality rate.

Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530085


Introducción: Los nódulos de tiroides son un problema clínico común. La tiroidectomía es una de las técnicas más realizadas en los servicios de cabeza y cuello y constituye un tratamiento con intención curativa en el cáncer de tiroides y afecciones benignas como el bocio nodular y el adenoma. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en cirugía de tiroides del servicio de cabeza y cuello en el Hospital Oncológico Conrado Benítez. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo de los pacientes que recibieron algún tratamiento quirúrgico por enfermedad tiroidea en el período comprendido entre el 1 de septiembre de 2017 y el 31 de agosto de 2022. Resultados: El 87 por ciento de los pacientes eran mujeres, con una edad media de 47,1 años. A todos se les realizó ecografía y biopsia por aspiración con aguja fina con una estrecha concordancia con el diagnóstico definitivo. Predominó el carcinoma papilar (39,5 por ciento), la tiroidectomía total como técnica más empleada (86,5 por ciento) y el 94,6 por ciento de los pacientes no tuvo complicaciones. La lesión recurrencial solo estuvo presente en el 1,1 por ciento de los casos. Conclusiones: La experiencia en tiroidectomía en el Hospital Oncológico Conrado Benítez es buena, con una concordancia entre medios diagnósticos y biopsia definitiva, tiempo quirúrgico adecuado y pocas complicaciones(AU)

Introduction: Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem. Thyroidectomy is one of the most performed techniques in head and neck surgery services, as well a treatment with curative intent for thyroid cancer and benign conditions such as nodular goiter and adenoma. Objective: To describe the experience in thyroid surgery at the head and neck surgery service from Hospital Oncológico Conrado Benítez. Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out with patients who received any surgical treatment for thyroid disease in the period from September 1, 2017 to August 31, 2022. Results: 87 percent of patients were female, with a mean age of 47.1 years. All of them underwent ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration biopsy, presenting a close concordance with their definitive diagnosis. Papillary carcinoma predominated (39.5 percent), total thyroidectomy was the most commonly used technique (86.5 percent) and 94.6 percent of patients had no complications. Any recurrent lesion was present in only 1.1 percent of cases. Conclusions: The thyroidectomy experience at Hospital Oncológico Conrado Benítez is good, based on the concordance between diagnostic means and definitive biopsy, as well as adequate surgical time and few complications(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e56371, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436170


Introdução: Alterações na tireoide e a tireoidectomia podem levar à sintomatologia vocal e emocional.Objetivo: Correlacionar sintomas vocais e traços de ansiedade e depressão pré e pós-tireoidectomia. Métodos: Estudo observacional, longitudinal. Participaram 20 pacientes submetidos à tireoidectomia, ao exame visual laríngeo e à Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV) e Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão (HADS) no pré-operatório, pós 1 semana e pós 3 meses, com média de idade de 54,5 anos, maior prevalência do sexo feminino (85%) e tireoidectomia parcial (70%). Resultados: Os pacientes autorreferiram sintomas vocais em todos os momentos, com maior frequência após uma semana e diferença significativa entre o domínio físico pré e pós 1 semana. Na HADS, observou-se maior escore total no pré-operatório e diferença significante nos três momentos, em todos os domínios, com maior diferença entre pré e pós 1 semana. Houve correlação positiva fraca entre os domínios limitação, emocional e escore total da ESV com a subescala de ansiedade pós 1 semana, entre o escore total da ESV e o escore total da HADS e correlação positiva moderada entre os domínios limitação e emocional da ESV com o escore total da HADS após uma semana. Conclusão: Pacientes submetidos à tireoidectomia autopercebem sintomas vocais e traços de grau leve de ansiedade tanto no pré quanto pós 1 semana e após 3 meses de cirurgia com pior autorreferência após uma semana. Quanto maior a autorreferência de sintomas vocais, mais traços de ansiedade o paciente pode apresentar. (AU)

Introduction: Thyroid alterations and thyroidectomy can lead to vocal and emotional symptoms.Purpose: To correlate vocal symptoms and anxiety and depression traits pre and post-thyroidectomy. Methods: Observational, longitudinal study. Participants were 20 patients who underwent thyroidectomy, laryngeal visual examination and the Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) preoperatively, 1 week and 3 months after, with a mean age of 54.5 years, higher prevalence of female gender (85%) and partial thyroidectomy (70%). Results: The patients self-reported vocal symptoms at all times, more frequently after one week and a significant difference between the physical domain pre and post 1 week. In HADS, there was a higher total score in the preoperative period and a significant difference in the three moments, in all domains, with a greater difference between pre and post 1 week. There was a weak positive correlation between the limitation, emotional and total score of the ESV domains with the anxiety subscale after 1 week, between the total score of the ESV and the total score of the HADS, and a moderate positive correlation between the limitation and emotional domains of the ESV with the HADS total score after one week. Conclusion: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy self-perceived vocal symptoms and mild anxiety traits both before and after 1 week and after 3 months of surgery with worse self-report after one week. The greater the self-report of vocal symptoms, the more traces of anxiety the patient may present. (AU)

Introducción: Cambios en la tiroides y tiroidectomía pueden provocar síntomas vocales y emocionales. Objetivo: Correlacionar síntomas vocales y rasgos de ansiedad y depresión antes y después de tiroidectomía. Metodos: Estudio observacional/longitudinal. Participaron 20 pacientes que se les realizó tiroidectomía, examen visual laríngeo, Escala de Síntomas Vocales (ESV) y Escala Hospitalaria de Ansiedad y Depresión (HADS) en preoperatorio, 1 semana y 3 meses después, con edad media de 54,5 años, prevalencia del género femenino (85%) y tiroidectomía parcial (70%). Resultados: Los pacientes informaron síntomas vocales en todo momento, con mayor frecuencia después de una semana y una diferencia significativa entre el dominio físico antes y después de 1 semana. En HADS, hubo mayor puntaje total en el preoperatorio y diferencia significativa en los tres momentos, con mayor diferencia entre pre y post 1 semana. Hubo una correlación positiva débil entre limitación, emocional y total de los dominios de la ESV con la subescala de ansiedad después de 1 semana, entre el total de la ESV y e total de la HADS, y una correlación positiva moderada entre la puntuación de limitación y dominios emocionales de la ESV con la puntuación total de HADS después de una semana. Conclusión: Los pacientes sometidos a tiroidectomía autopercibieron síntomas vocales y rasgos de ansiedad leve tanto antes como después de 1 semana y después de 3 meses de la cirugía con peor autoinforme después de una semana. Cuanto mayor es el autoinforme de síntomas vocales, más rastros de ansiedad puede presentar el paciente. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Anxiety , Thyroidectomy/psychology , Voice Disorders/psychology , Depression , Postoperative Period , Thyroid Diseases , Voice , Preoperative Period
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1515259


Introducción: En las últimas décadas la incidencia del cáncer tiroideo en el curso de la enfermedad nodular se ha incrementado debido a las novedosas técnicas de diagnóstico; sin embargo, la tasa de mortalidad se ha mantenido muy baja. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas, epidemiológicas y quirúrgicas de pacientes con afecciones nodulares tiroideas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo observacional de cohorte prospectivo, longitudinal con los pacientes operados de afecciones tiroideas durante el período comprendido entre enero del 2008 y diciembre del 2018. El universo y la muestra quedaron constituidos por 467 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: Predominaron el sexo femenino (89,5 por ciento) y el grupo etario de 45-60 años (29,5 por ciento). Asociaron comorbilidades 338 pacientes y algún factor de riesgo de malignidad (6,2 por ciento). Un total de 174 pacientes manifestaron síntomas y 264 mostraron algún signo. Predominaron los reportes ecográficos (TI-RADS) y citológicos (Bethesda) tipo II (54,3 por ciento) y (55,5 por ciento), respectivamente. La hemitiroidectomía fue el procedimiento más realizado (59,9 por ciento) y la disfonía la complicación más encontrada (1,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: El diagnóstico oportuno del cáncer tiroideo en el curso de una enfermedad nodular contribuye a individualizar todas las decisiones terapéuticas atendiendo a las características de cada paciente y sus circunstancias(AU)

Introduction: In recent decades, the incidence rates of thyroid cancer in the course of nodular disease has increased due to novel diagnostic techniques; however, the mortality rate has remained very low. Objective: To evaluate the clinical, epidemiological and surgical characteristics of patients with nodular thyroid disease. Methods: A descriptive, observational, of prospective cohort, longitudinal and observational study was conducted with patients operated on for thyroid disorders during the period from January 2008 to December 2018. The study universe and sample consisted of 467 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Results: The female sex (89.5 percent) and the age group 45-60 years (29.5 percent) predominated. Comorbidities were present in 338 patients, as well as some risk factor for malignancy in 6.2 percent. A total of 174 patients manifested symptoms and 264 showed some sign. There was a predominance of echography (TI-RADS) and cytology (Bethesda) type II reports, accounting for 54.3 percent and 55.5 percent, respectively. Hemithyroidectomy was the most performed procedure (59.9 percent), while dysphonia was the most encountered complication (1.9 percent). Conclusions: Timely diagnosis of thyroid cancer in the course of nodular disease contributes to individualizing all therapeutic decisions considering the characteristics of each patient and their circumstances(AU)

Humans , Thyroid Diseases/epidemiology , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Thyroidectomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 27(1): 138-142, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421694


Abstract Introduction The identification of thyroid cancer may be conducted through clinical detection, imaging method, and histopathological examination. Both solitary nodules and multinodular goiter are associated with malignancy. Objective To assess the risk factors for malignancy among patients with multinodular goiter submitted to total thyroidectomy. Methods A series of 712 consecutive patients, submitted to total thyroidectomy between 2005 and 2016 with multinodular goiter regarding clinical, ultrasound, and pathological variables, was retrospectively evaluated. Results There were 408 cases of papillary carcinoma (57.3%), with the remaining being benign. Gender had no statistical significance (p = 0.169) for malignancy, unlike the Bethesda index, higher age group (p = 0.005), shorter clinical history time (p = 0.036), smaller number of nodules (p < 0.0001), and smaller nodule size (p < 0.0001), which were related to malignancy. Conclusion The Bethesda index, older age group, shorter clinical history, smaller number of nodules, and smaller size of nodule were related to the diagnosis of papillary carcinoma.

Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440509


El carcinoma papilar tiroideo es el tipo de cáncer más común de esta glándula, y su tratamiento de elección es la tiroidectomía. Entre las complicaciones asociadas resalta la parálisis de las cuerdas vocales, la cual ocurre por una lesión directa del nervio laríngeo recurrente durante la cirugía. Se presenta una paciente de 22 años de edad con este diagnóstico, a la cual se le realizó una tiroidectomía total; en el postoperatorio inmediato la paciente comenzó con estridor laríngeo intenso que requirió una traqueotomía de urgencia. En el examen físico se constató una parálisis bilateral de las cuerdas vocales y se decidió comenzar un tratamiento de rehabilitación del nervio recurrente laríngeo con laserterapia y HIVAMAT-200 como modalidades combinadas. Los resultados alcanzados con la fisioterapia fueron satisfactorios y la paciente se reintegró rápidamente a su ámbito familiar, escolar y social.

Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common type of cancer of this gland, and its treatment of choice is thyroidectomy. Vocal cord paralysis stands out among the associated complications, in which a direct injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve occurs during surgery. We present a 22-year-old female patient with this diagnosis, who underwent a total thyroidectomy; in the immediate postoperative period the patient began with intense laryngeal stridor requiring an emergency tracheotomy. Physical examination revealed bilateral vocal cord paralysis and it was decided to begin rehabilitation treatment of the recurrent laryngeal nerve with laser therapy and HIVAMAT-200 as combined modalities. The results achieved with physiotherapy were satisfactory and the patient was quickly reintegrated into her family, school and social environment.

Thyroidectomy , Tracheotomy , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(1): 66-71, Jan. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422577


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: A significant proportion of patients may experience moderate pain requiring treatment in the postoperative first 24 h following thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the evaluation of postoperative patient-reported pain from intraoperative intravenous infusion of lidocaine in patients undergoing thyroidectomy surgery. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classifications I and II, aged 18-65 years, who were scheduled for elective thyroidectomy with the same indications under general anesthesia at the Ataturk University Medical Faculty's Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic between November 2019 and February 2020, were divided into two equal groups as randomized and double-blind. Before induction of anesthesia, patients in the lidocaine group were given 1.5 mg/kg lidocaine IV bolus infusion during the operation and until the end of the first postoperative hour, followed by a continuous infusion of 1.5 mg/kg/h. Patients in the control group were given 0.9% isotonic solution according to the same protocol. In the postoperative period, 50 mg of dexketoprofen trometamol was administered and repeated every 12 h. Postoperative pain scores, additional analgesia, and side effects were recorded. RESULTS: Postoperative pain scores were significantly lower in the lidocaine group (n=20) compared to the control group (n=20) at 30 min and 1st, 2nd, 4th, 8th, and 12th h postoperatively (p < 0.05). Additional analgesia requirements were also significantly lower in the lidocaine group than in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: We recommended the use of intravenous lidocaine infusion intraoperatively in thyroidectomy surgery as it reduces pain scores.

Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 173-177, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994558


Objective:To study the safety and feasibility of gasless transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy though vestibular approach using self-retaining retractor for papillary thyroid carcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 39 papillary thyroid carcinoma patients undergoing gasless transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy were collected at Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from Nov 2020 to Jun 2021.Results:All cases successfully underwent laparoscopic surgery without conversion to open surgery. The mean duration of operation was (142±35) min, and the postoperative mean hospital stay was (4.1±0.8) days. The mean maximum diameter of the tumor was (8.5±4.5) mm, and the mean number of lymph node harvest of by central compartment dissection was 7.7±5.9. Postoperative complications were transient hypoparathyroidism in 2 cases but recovered in 1 month. Scalp hydrop in 1 patient,fading subsequently. Transient sensory change around the lower lip in 3 cases, which recovered in 6 months. No patient suffered from recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy or hematoma, no permanent hypoparathyroidism occurred, nor of the postoperative bleeding .Conclusion:The gasless transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy viaoral vestibular approach is a feasible approach in selected papillary thyroid carcinoma patients.

Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 105-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994551


Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology applied in thyroid surgery to identify parathyroid gland.Methods:From Oct 2021 to May 2022, data of 42 patients undergoing thyroidectomy via gasless unilateral axillary approach in Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. Cases using intraoperative fluorescence imaging technology(42 cases) were compared with conventional laparocopic approach.Results:The number of parathyroid glands dissected in the study group 1.57±0.61 was higher than that in the control group 0.56± 0.59 ( t=-5.472, P<0.05). The PTH value of the study group was (2.88±1.23)pmol/L on the first day after operation, which was higher than that of the control group (2.16±0.10)pmol/L ( t=-1.844, P<0.05). The blood parathyroid hormone value on the third day(3.22±1.31)pmol/L was higher than that of the control group (2.55±0.81) pmol/L ( t=-2.041, P<0.05). There were 2 cases of hypoparathyroidism in the study group, less than 5 cases in the control group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups( χ2=0.942, P>0.05). There was 1 case of hypocalcemia in the study group and 3 cases in the control group ( χ2=0.731, P>0.05). Conclusion:Using indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology to identify parathyroid gland is feasible, simple, fast, safe and effective.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 338-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989458


Objective:To compare the effectiveness of areola approach endoscopic thyroidectomy (AET) and conventional open thyroidectomy (OT) in treating papillary thyroid carcinoma.Methods:Four hundred and twenty-eight female patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma who were treated at the Department of General Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital between January 2017 and January 2020 were included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, of whom 183 underwent AET (AET group) and 245 underwent OT (OT group). Direct comparison and subsequent propensity score matching methodology were utilized to compare the differences between the two operation methods in terms of surgical time, intraoperative parathyroid transplantation rate, intraoperative nerve injury, postoperative complications, reoperation rate, number of lymph node dissections, postoperative lymph node metastasis at 2 years, and route tumor implantation. Data analysis was performed by using SPSS 25.0 software. The metric data of normal distribution was represented by mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and the t-test was used for between-group comparison. The Chi-test was used for between-group comparison of count data. Results:The AET group had an age of (38.89±9.08) years, weight of (62.10±10.45) kg, and height of (161.97±5.31) cm; the OT group had an age of (45.88±12.47) years, weight of (65.11±12.72) kg, and height of (161.62±5.24) cm. The differences in age, weight, and body mass index between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The surgical time in the AET group was (183.00±137.22) min, which was significantly longer than (87.94±28.25) min of the OT group ( t=16.67, P<0.001). The parathyroid transplantation rate in the OT group was significantly higher than that in the AET group (49.39% vs 34.97%, χ2=8.87, P=0.003). There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of intraoperative nerve injury, postoperative complications, reoperation rate, number of lymph node dissections, postoperative lymph node metastasis at 2 years, and route tumor implantation. After propensity score matching based on differences in age, weight, body mass index, and soon, 183 cases of AET (AET-PS group) and OT (OT-PS group) were obtained for statistical analysis. The surgical time in the AET-PS group was (137.22±32.77) min, which was significantly longer than (90.26±29.35) min of the OT-PS group ( t=14.44, P<0.001). The parathyroid transplantation rate in the OT-PS group was significantly higher than that in the AET-PS group (53.01% vs. 34.97%, χ2=12.08, P=0.001). There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of intraoperative nerve injury, postoperative complications, reoperation rate, number of lymph node dissections, postoperative lymph node metastasis at 2 years, and route tumor implantation. Conclusions:AET and OT are equally safe and effective in treating papillary thyroid carcinoma. AET surgery can be performed safely and feasibly under strict adherence to surgical principles.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 6-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989397


The treatment concept and standardization of primary surgery for patients with differentiated thyroid cancer vary among different regions and different treatment centers in the same region, resulting in different reoperation rates for patients. Intraoperative experience, preoperative evaluation, surgical approach, and procedure may all influence the success rate of reoperation. In order to reduce the risk of surgery and complications, reoperation should be treated standardized, while combining the current diagnosis and treatment techniques to provide individualized treatment options for reoperation patients, under the premise of ensuring efficacy, to broaden the indications of surgery, make large incisions into small incisions, and change traditional open surgery into minimally invasive surgery, improve the quality of life of patients and confidence in coping with social stress. This paper will summarize the main content of preoperative assessment at the time of reoperation in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer, analyze the notes and rationally developing a surgical plan for patients, in the hope of attracting the same emphasis and normalizing the reoperation treatment, so as to achieve reoperation of the tumor R0 resection.

Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 168-175, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971657


BACKGROUND@#Treatment duration of wrist-ankle acupuncture (WAA) is uncertain for post-thyroidectomy pain relief.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the effect of different WAA treatment duration on post-operative pain relief and other discomforts associated with thyroidectomy.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This randomized controlled trial was conducted at a single research site in Guangzhou, China. A total of 132 patients receiving thyroidectomy were randomly divided into the control group (sham WAA, 30 min) and three intervention groups (group 1: WAA, 30 min; group 2: WAA, 45 min; group 3: WAA, 60 min), with group allocation ratio of 1:1:1:1. Acupuncture was administered within 1 hour of leaving the operating room.@*OUTCOMES AND MEASURES@#Primary outcome was patients' pain at the surgical site assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) at the moment after acupuncture treatment (post-intervention). Secondary outcomes included the patients' pain VAS scores at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after the thyroidectomy, the 40-item Quality of Recovery (QoR-40) score, the grade of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and the use of additional analgesic therapy.@*RESULTS@#The adjusted mean difference (AMD) in VAS scores from baseline to post-intervention in group 1 was -0.89 (95% confidence interval [CI], -1.02 to -0.76). The decrease in VAS score at post-intervention was statistically significant in group 1 compared to the control group (AMD, -0.43; 95% CI, -0.58 to -0.28; P < 0.001), and in groups 2 and 3 compared to group 1 (group 2 vs group 1: AMD, -0.65; 95% CI, -0.81 to -0.48; P < 0.001; group 3 vs group 1: AMD, -0.66; 95% CI, -0.86 to -0.47; P < 0.001). The VAS scores in the four groups converged beyond 24 h after the operation. Fewer patients in group 2 and group 3 experienced PONV in the first 24 h after operation. No statistical differences were measured in QoR-40 score and the number of patients with additional analgesic therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the 30 min intervention, WAA treatment with longer needle retention time (45 or 60 min) had an advantage in pain relief within 6 h after surgery. WAA's analgesic effect lasted for 6-12 h post-operatively. Please cite this article as: Han XR, Yue W, Chen HC, He W, Luo JH, Chen SX, Liu N, Yang M. Treatment duration of wrist-ankle acupuncture for relieving post-thyroidectomy pain: A randomized controlled trial. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(2): 168-175.

Male , Humans , Ankle , Wrist , Duration of Therapy , Thyroidectomy , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/drug therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Pain/drug therapy
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 695-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011058


Objective:To compare the clinical effect of transaxillary non-inflatable endoscopic surgery and traditional open thyroid surgery in the treatment of PTC. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 342 patients with PTC treated in the Otorhinolaryngology Department of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from December 2020 to December 2022. There were 73 males and 269 females, aged 16-72 years, who underwent unilateral non-inflatable transaxillary endoscopic thyroid surgery(endoscopic group) and unilateral traditional open thyroid surgery(open group). There were 108 patients in the endoscopic group and 234 in the open group. Results:The endoscopic group was lower in age(37.1±9.4 vs 43.5±11.2) years and BMI(23.4±3.4 vs 25.7±3.8 )kg/m² than that in the open group, and the difference was statistically significant(t was 5.53, 5.67 respectively, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in hospitalization days between the two groups(P>0.05). The logarithmic curve of the operation time showed a smooth downward trend, and the overall operation time of the endoscopic group was relatively consistent. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the endoscopic group(13.3±3.2) mL and the open group(14.7±6.3) mL(P>0.05), but the operation time(130.1±37.9) min was longer than that in the open group(57.4±13.7) min, and the difference was statistically significant(t=19.40, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in complications such as temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve injury within 3 days after operation between the two groups(P>0.05). The aesthetic satisfaction score of the surgical incision and the incision concealment effect score in the endoscopic group were higher than those in the open group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with traditional open thyroidectomy, transaxillary non-inflatable endoscopic thyroidectomy has more advantages in the concealment and aesthetics of postoperative incision. Although the former has longer operation time and more drainage, it is still a safe and feasible surgical method with good postoperative clinical effect.

Male , Female , Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neck , Thyroidectomy/methods , Endoscopy/methods
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 288-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982734


Objective:To explore the safety and feasibility of bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robot in the operation of thyroid cancer in obese women. Methods:The clinical data of 81 obese female patients who underwent da Vinci robotic thyroid cancer surgery(robotic group) at the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, PLA 960 Hospital from May 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed and compared with the clinical data of 106 obese female thyroid cancer patients who underwent open surgery(open group) during the same period. The age, body mass index(BMI), mean time of surgery, mean postoperative drainage, tumor diameter, postoperative tumor stage, number of lymph node dissection in the central and lateral cervical regions, number of positive lymph nodes in the central and lateral cervical regions, postoperative cosmetic outcome satisfaction score, mean postoperative hospital stay and postoperative complications of all patients were counted. The results were analyzed using SPSS 26.0 statistical software, and the count data were compared using the χ² test, and the measurement data were compared using the t test. Results:All patients completed the operation successfully, and there was no conversion in the robot group, postoperative pathological results were all composed of papillary thyroid carcinoma. The operation time in the robot group was(144.62±36.38) min, which was longer than that in the open group(117.06±18.72) min(P<0.05). The average age of the robot group was(40.25±9.27) years, which was lower than that of the open group(49.59±8.70) years(P<0.05). The satisfactory score of cosmetic effect in the robot group(9.44±0.65) was higher than that in the open group(5.23±1.07)(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in tumor diameter, BMI, average postoperative drainage, temporary hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, number of central and lateral cervical lymph node dissection, number of positive lymph nodes in the central and lateral cervical regions, and average postoperative hospital stay between the two groups. There was no permanent hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in both groups. Conclusion:The application of BABA pathway robot in thyroid cancer surgery in obese women is safe and feasible, and the cosmetic effect is better after operation.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Robotics/methods , Retrospective Studies , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries , Thyroidectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Neck Dissection , Treatment Outcome